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White Pass & Yukon Route : the scenic railway of the world / compiled and edited by Trevor Corry

Author:Corry, TrevorPublished:1900Type:Description & TravelMARC Record:PAC MARC RecordDownload PDF:1900, White Pass and Yukon.pdf (44972 KB)
Frc-- The White Pass and Yukon Route x The Scenic Railway of the World .... .,.,0; Cf!NTUify M#HTlNQ 00., SEA.7tS :-- .. -.,,' I J. F~:~-H--- I. HULME ---:~ :~S~~I~~:~NO R. V. ANKENY ~RE.IDINT MANAGER SECRETARY TRI •• UR~R I 'The Vulcan Iron Works Co. ---.-- --- -- - --~- .. =-C=~.. ==.-=------- SEATTLE, WASH. Founders, Machinists and Blacksmiths Nlan"'acturers 0' Machinery ======================~====~======================== ·:==-=c=--:c.::-:o.= SAW AND SHINCLE MI LL MACHINERY !! ARCHITECTURAL IRON WORK MINING MACHINERY MARINE ENGINES GANC-EDCERS RAILROAD SUPPLIES PROPELLER WHEELS ....:::-:--_.-. __ .-. _~-=-:-:- ____ -. ________________________ . __ "_" _____ . __________________ . ____ I ----- -----~ - - -- -----,--- i Complete Line 0' Supplies Wire Rope and Fittings , Steam, Vacuum, Ammonia and Othe,. Gauges I Pipe and Pipe Fittings, Valves, Etc. Asbestos Mill Board, Pipe Oovering, Etc. Shafting, Machinery Steel, Etc • . ~----=- :=-=-::.... .-::.--:.- ------- .. --- =-:-:-:-==--:-::--=--------:---~-===---=-:-=.=:.::=--- ---- i eEST STOCK OF PATTERNS IN NORTHWEST II L NO EXTRA CHARGE FOR USE OF SAME ~ j ............ ~~ ....... ~-+-+- ••••••••• ~ ... t t I ! t t + I t 1 1 f i i _ __________ _ __ ~t ~======~~ t 400 feet ,teel arch hri 1g-e at ,ummit of White p"" II.: Yukon Route. PUGET SOUND BRIDGE AND DREDGING CO. ( Incorporated) ENGINEERS AND CONTRACTORS SPECIALTIES: Bridges, Structural Work, Piers and foundations, Dredging by the Hy- draulic Method . . . . SUCCESSOR TO SAN FRANCISCO BRIDGE CO. FOR WA.H .• ORE •• IDAHO, MONT., e. C. AND ALASKA SEATTLE, CABLE ADDRESS "DREDGING," SEATTLE A. B. C. CODE WASH. , i + • • • • • • • .......................................... Ie le.e •• Ie ..................................... ae ae ae •• t ........ ~ ............................................ . . '. • • • • • • i CALDW[LL BROS. E • • • • • • • • • • • • • • : ENGINES, : • • • • : BOILERS, : • • • • : PUMPS·nd : • • • • : SUPPLIES : • • • • • • • • • • • T W· : acoma." " ash, • • • • • • • • • • • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• I A. CHILBERG, PRESIDEIH A. H. SOELBERG, C. SHIER Capital and l'ndiYided Profits ..... . Deposits ...................... . E. L. GRONDAHL, FIRST VICE-PRESIDENT o. o. SEARLE,' SeCONO VICE-PRESIDENT .5 110,OOO.CO 1.000.000,00 The Scandinavian American Bank Transacts a general banking business, Pays interest on time and savings de­ posits, Gold dust received for de­ livery to the U_ S. assay office in Seat­ tle, and prompt returns made. Drafts and money orders issued on all parts of the world. Railroad and steamship tickets sold to and from Europe. . I Seattle. W ash. ~ Cor. Yesler Way and First Avenue South .~®~~~ DESCRIPTIVE AXD SCEXIC SOUVE~IR THE SCKSIC RAIL"WAY OF THE 'VORL}) THE ATJ ... I~ GOI"D FIELDS 'VHITE HORSE COPPER BELT KI"O~DII{E Y{;"I{O~ AND CAPE NO~IE GOJ"D FIELDS TO 'VHICH IS ADDED A CO:\IPESIHUM OF THE PRr~CIPAL POIST~ OF ISTERE"T ALOSG TIll" PICTURESQUJ;; ROUTE. COMPILED AND EDITfo:n BY TREYOR CORRY SEATTLE" " .. .ASHINGTON COPYRIGHT APPLIED FON 4 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. PORCUPINE MOUNTAIN (THE GATEWAY TO THE YUKON). SCE~IC ROUTE OF THE 'VORLD. "The Great Scenic Route of the \ V orld" practically begins in Pu­ get Sound, whose great inland waters, dotted with beautiful is­ lands that are green with verdure the year round, with a back­ ground of snow-tipped moun­ tains, form a panorama of scenic delights that the eye never wear­ ies of gazing upon. The course to the vVonderland of maj estic scen­ ery, Alaska, is also, after you leave the Sound, through an in­ land sea, and in the thousand miles from the Sound to Skag­ uay, the head of navigation, the passenger never is out of sight of land. The wondrous scenery of Alas­ ka is at present known only throtigh photographs, and in these, of course, only the line of tourist travel is touched. Only two or three landscape artists vis­ ited the country before this year, and they were attracted by what they saw in these photographs. This year there were others, and in the exhibitions of next year can be reasonably expected pic­ tures such as those that made Bierstad fame and fortune. He was for many years the painter of the Rockies and the Yellow­ stone, and the glory and grandeur Of the scenery he depicted first riveted attention upon the scenic beauty of that region and led to tourist travel from all parts of the world. Next year it will be the same with Alaska. The whole course of tourist travel will be turned fro111 Europe to this great X orthland. vVhat have they in Europe, it may properly be asked, that can compare with Alaska? What are the Alps compared with our mountain ranges? Where have they such magnificent waterfalls, such roaring mountain torrents, such immense ice fields and gla­ ciers, and such glorious sunshi"e and clear skies ? Nowhere in the world. The great glaciers are an inter­ esting study, and probably no­ where as well as in Alaska can they be studied to such advant­ age. Here are innumerable gla­ ciers, some of world-wide fame, on the line of travel to Skaguay. They are what are scientifically designated as "living glaciers;" that is, huge bodies 'of frozen snow that are in continual mo­ tion, wearing down and grinding into shape the surface of the earth. In them one sees the pri­ mordial forces that made the earth what it is; that ground the rock into the soil which gives us food and flowers; that made this earth useful to man and heauti­ ful. To watch this action is one of the keenest of delights in a trip to Alaska. It is this action which deposits the gold in the placer mines, and there has been scarce­ ly a day of the past year that has not had its stampede to some new " diggings." But to begin the journey, and to make this a story of what is to be seen on this great scenic route. 6 - . THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. AMONG THE CLOUDS ON THE WHITE PASS & YUKON RAIL'\VAY THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 7 The sail in inland waters contin­ ues until Victoria has been passed and Queen Charlotte Sound is reached, and then for a few hours the voyager is on the bosom of the Pacific and with no land in sight to westward. Soon, however, the beautiful Grenville channel is reached, which is in no part over a mile wide and often narrows to half a mile. On either side are snow-clad mountains sheering ab­ ruptly into the clear blue water. There is a series of islands and a labyrinth of waterways, so that every turn of the boat discovers some new point of scenic beauty. Stern cliffs, sylvan dells and in­ numerable waterfalls in a contin­ uous panorama, with lofty snow­ dad peaks and an occasional gla­ cier as a background to the ver­ dure, all serve to keep the voyag­ ers in a state of continual enjoy­ ment. This is the case all the way to Skaguay, scenery-viewing en­ grossing everybody often far in­ to the night, as in the summer in these northern regions the nights are light and the transition from night to dawn can scarcely be dis­ tinguished. The first point in Alaska touched at is Ketchikan, where the ship has to be cleared. This is the entry port of Alaska, and where a new town has recently sprung up as a consequence of the quartz discoveries and their de­ velopment. Metlakahtla is often touched at and is a point of great interest. Many years ago the Rev. Duncan had an Indian mission in the ter­ ritory of Canada. but here he was oersecuted. and so he obtained from Congress permission to move his flock to this little island. There he has educated the Indi­ ans and made them self-support­ ing. He has a large cannery in operation, a sawmill and other in­ dustries, all carried on by the In­ dians he has educated. Annette Island is rich in minerals, but by the terms of the concession to the venerable pastor no white men may settle on it, as he fears the contamination of his people from such intercourse as would follow. The Wrangel Narrows are fa­ mous for their sylvan beauty. Wrangel itself is one of the oldest settlements in Alaska, started originally by Russian fur trad­ ers. It gained its first prominence during the gold rush to Cassiar in the sixties, and it had another boom only two years ago when the Dominion Government start­ ed to build a railway from Tele­ graph Creek, on the Stikeen River (the mouth of which is near \Vrangel), and by way of Teslin Lake to the Yukon. The starting of operations on the White Pass route from Skaguay killed the Canadian enterprise and left Wrangel, after a few months of bustling activity, to the quietude of its former existence. The vessel has to steam slowly through the Narrows, because of their shallowness, and it winds in and out along a narrow, tortuous passage well marked by buoys, past many pretty islands and bays and headlands. The water's sur­ face is crowded with wild fowl, and occasionally a deer or two will step out from the willows and gaze with wonder at the passing steamer. The passage through these narrows will be much im­ proved next year, and also the whole of this great inland water­ way, as Congress this spring ap­ propriated $350,000 for the plac­ ing of lighthouses and other aids and safeguards to navigation, and the work on this began early this season. 8 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Photo by Bariey, Skaguay, Alaska. EAST FORK OF THE SKAGUAY. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 9 There is a large cannery at the head of the Narrows, and next comes the Indian village of Killis­ noo, where there is a mission and a mill at which about fifty white men are employed. After this comes Sumdum and its quartz mines, and then up through Ste­ phens Passage and the Gastin­ eaux Channel we round Douglas Island and at its last bend have a view of the old but Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. except one in the Black Hills, Da­ kota, where go~d-bearing quartz is quarried · instead of being mined. It is a vast deposit of low-grade ore, \ averaging not more than $3 per ton in values, yet the company is one of the highest dividend-paying mining companies in the world. Tourists are generally shown over the workings and the stamp mills and chlorination works. THE SWITCHBACK. still active town of Juneau nestling under a lofty, beet­ ling cliff. Juneau has the : largest pay roll from her mines of any city in Alaska: and has in ad­ dition the great Treadwell mine, just across the channel, which is one of the most famous mines in the world, an" d has the largest number of stamps at work. It is · also the only mining enterprise, Back down Gastineau· Channel again the vessel enters Lynn Ca­ nal, the name of canal being a misnomer of the very worst kind. I t is a beautiful winding water passage, sometimes over a mile wide, .that is interspersed with wooded heights, perpendicular cliffs, waterfalls, islands and some of the most famous glaciers in the world. The Muir and the David- 10 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 11 son are world famed, while there are many others not as well known. The excursion steamers on the return journey generally take their passengers right to the foot of some of these mighty and everlasting products of Nature, and in no country in the world can the action and actual move­ ment of these great masses of ice, grinding down the surface of the solid rock, be studied to such ad­ vantage. It generally takes ardu­ ous travel into almost inaccessible regions to sep them. but here they can .be viewed at short range from your stateroom window. A large rock shaped like a pyramid, clear of verdure and guarding the entrance to a wide bay, denotes the approach to Pyramid Harbor, on one side of which is the large Indian village of Chilcat and on the other side one which is known as Pyramid, where the Alaska Packing Com­ pany has one of its largest canner­ ies. The salmon in these parts is so unusually good that the pack is generally sold at advanced rates before a fish is taken from the water. At Pyramid, which is on the west side of the beautiful bay, begins the celebrated Dalton trail, running up the Chilcat and Klahena River banks and over the summit to Fort Selkirk on the Yukon. Some sixty miles up this trail is the prosperous placer mining camp of Porcupine. But the landing place for these mines is now Haines Mission, where there is a large dock, a small town, a large Indian village and a Pres­ byterian mission. Past two wide inlets, one the Chilkoot, leading to Chilkoot In­ dian village and Chilkoot Lake, a lovely piece of water some six miles long, swarming with sal­ mon: the other, the Taiya, headed by a glacier which extends back to the Dyea trail, and then a bend in the winding waterway shows you the gold port of Alaska, Skag­ uay, and the terminus of the great scenic railway of .the world, the \Vhite Pass & Yukon. There are four wharves running­ out to deep water from the tide flats and river bed, which is the site of the thriving town of Skag­ uay, the largest and best equipped one being called Moore's wharf, after the old cap­ tain who was the first set­ tler at this point. This is shelt­ ered under a huge bluff, and has sufficient accommodation for five large vessels to tie up at once. The \Vhite Pass&Yukon Railwav has one of its termini in the rea'r of this wharf, and by means of a large crane freight in transit can be swung directly from the ship's hold on to the freight cars. But the passenger depot of the road is at the end of this long wharf and at the foot of the prin­ cipal street of the city, Broadway. The city is a surprise to all who land here. Those to whom Skag­ uay is merely the name of the gateway to the Yukon and the Klondike, cannot have imagined such a well laid out city, such fine streets and pavements, and, best of all, such conveniences and com­ forts as a first-class water supply, adequate fire protection, electric light, telephone and telegraph systems, and so forth. To those who have made one or more trips to this port the result on landing is equally surprising, so rapid are the improvements that have fol­ lowed each other since the Klon­ dike rush over the White Pass trail set in in July, '97. For months after that there was no dock. and freight was dumped on the heach. Then the hoatmen Photo by Barley, Skaguay. Alaska. PORCUPINE POINT, NEAR WHITE PA&S SUMMIT. ~ .tV ~ ::t= trj r.JJ () trj Z ~ ~ e: t"4 :e ~ o ~ ~ ::t= trj ~ o ~ t"4 ~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 13 charged exorbitant prices and made fortunes. Later the packers made and spent fortunes. At one time it cost as much as a dollar per pound to pack goods over the pass to Bennett, a distance of about forty-four miles; now the rate is only 3 cents per pound. Living was then high in Skag­ uay, and merchants starting in a little tent were in a year or two able to erect the handsome stores that now line the streets. Now living is no more expensive here than that in the Coast cities, and there are churches and school houses and all the comforts and conveniences of life. And all in three years. And now for the great scenic railroad route of the world, a rail­ road from tide water over the mountains, that has to attain an elevation of nearly three thou­ sand feet in about fifteen miles, one of the most remarkable feats of railroad engineering that has ever been accomplished. The pass through which this railroad has cut a way was declared to be unfeasible even for men and horses, and the fact that some three thousand dead horses were strewn along the old trail was some basis for the declaration. In those early days if a man made the trip from Skaguay to Dawson in thirty days he was doing well ; now he wants to make it in three days. "All aboard," the bell rings and you are moving off upon as handsome a train as is to be found anywhere. Past the big stores and wholesale warehouses of Broadway, then into the suburbs where many pretty cottages are surrounded with flower and vege­ table gardens, thoug-h it is in Alaska, and then a swing- over the Skaguay River into a well-wood- ed lowland all dotted with truck farms. For Skaguay now grows her own vegetables and raises her own poultry. Out of these woods again and along an embankment on the bed of the Skaguav River, again crossing it to the east side and leaving behind Liarsville, the point at which the climb began on the old Dead Horse Trail. Fronting you is a great glacier, and toward its heights the climb begins. Running up into a ravine the East Fork of the Skaguay River is crossed, and the course is first south and then west around Rockv Point, back to the Skag­ uay River, which runs in a deep canyon over one hundred feet be­ low. Yet the elevation is merely the old river bed of ages ago, gla­ cial action having since worn it to its present bed. Going around the point there is a glimpse of Skaguay Bay, which has the appearance of a lake, then through a well-wooded section for a mile or two and again into the sunshine on the mountain side overlooking the canyon, through which the Skaguay River swirls and roars. Weare rising higher and higher, but the valley below is also rising, so that the gain in altitude is scarcely appreCiated. until the valley in Which \Vhite Pass City used to flourish is reached. The few tents and build­ ings which distinguish this first resting place on the old trail anel the wagon road that followed it are seen far below. and away on the mountain to the east of it, so high up that you have to crouch low down in your seat to catch a glimpse of it, is seen the track over which you will shortly pass. Here is where. the vast engin­ eering difficulties of the road most forcibly strike you. Away up and near the summit of a moun- 14 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. A ROTARY AT WORK ON TUNNEL MOUNTAIN. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 15 tain of smooth, almost perpen­ dicular rock, so sheer that the men had to hang in ropes while putting in the first shots to form the ledge on which the rails are laid, the line is seen to climb, and the natural question is, "How the dickens are we ever going- to get up there?" This is done by a long run up the valley, at the head of which is a switchback. The company is now erecti.ng a steel bridge to do away with the switchback, which crosses the ra­ vine at an altitude of about 235 feet only. but in reality has an altitude of over two thousand feet above Skaguay, a splendid view of which is g-ained just after cross­ ing this bridge, with the Skaguay River 'showing the windings of the narrow valley. The engine puffs hard as it drags the train through the snow­ sheds ,and we feel that we are going higher and higher. Over to the westward, or toward Dvea, g-reat snow fields can be seen. and the aspect is bleak, rug-g-ed and grand. Through a short cutting-. then a snowshed. and you catch a glimpse of two flags some vards apart, which mark the modus vi­ vendi boundary line so long- dis­ cussed between Canada and the United States. The summit. an altitude of 2885 feet. is reached. The photog-rapher here does a rattling business. aT'd all the ko­ daks are out to snap the excur­ sionists "under two flap-s." \Vhether the summit is the in­ ternational bound"rv or not. it is certainly the dividing- line of two ~reat watersheds. for here within a few feet can be seen the source of the Skavuay River. which flows to Lynn Canal. sixteen miles be­ low and on to the Pacific Ocean and the creek that helps to for~ Summit Lake, the first of a series of lakes that go to swell the Yu­ kon, which empties into Bering Sea 2300 miles away at St. Mi­ chael. In fact, this tiny rill from the summit is now generally rec­ ognized as the headwaters of the mighty Yukon. The train swings westward from the chain of lakes on this plateau, which was the winter trail of the packers, and while the scenery on the other side was near enough to throw a cigar stub at,. it has now broadened out into a. great rolling plateau of boulders, desolate, weird, barren. Many crystal pools and lakelets are passed, sheets of the clearest glass. in frames of rugged granite un­ adorned by vegetation. Although at such an elevation, mountains. running from four to five thou­ sand feet bound the horizon, but at a distance of some miles. As we rush down the grade the landscape gradually improves, so far as vegetation is concerned, and past Log Cabin the course is. through timber, then on the side of a foothill looking down into a great meadow of grass, besprink­ led with flowers, which presently becomes Bear Lake. It is the prettiest lake in this region, though Middle and Shallow Lakes just passed are fine sheets of water in extent. But Bear Lake shows a greater variety of vegeta­ tion, and it is likely that' not only with the bears, but with the moose and caribo~, and the moun­ tain goat and sheep, and the wild fowl, it is a favorite resort. Running along on an easy down grade through woods and over fens, with glimpses of the celebrated Lake Lindemann seen at intervals, then over two miles· of sand bank, and Bennett is reached. Bennett was for a time the terminus of the road and lies- 16 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD at the head of the lake, which is the beginning of navigation down the Yukon. Then it was a hust­ ling town, principally of tents, but many substantial buildings were erected, which still stand. And there is still considerable' business there in the manufac­ ture of lumber, the building of scows and boats. and so on. But Photo by Barley. Skaguay. Alaska. There is little of interest for the tourist at Bennett, beyond the unique Presbyterian Church on ' the hill, which is much bephoto­ graphed, and views on the lake itself. On the 7th of July, 1897, the first pack train started from Skaguay over the White Pass trail to Bennett ; on the same date the next year the railroad ran its THE HANGING ROCKS OF CLIFTON. the glory of the ofd time, when the prospector came here with his tons of stuff to tranship on scows, and when he returned from his arduous trip with sacks of dust, has departed, for now the meeting of railroad and river transporta­ tion is seventy miles farther north, at White Horse. fir~t ~ocomotive along Skaguay's pnnclpal streets. In July ' of the next year the railroad operated its firts regular trains to Bennett, and on July 30th, 1900, the first passenger train from White Horse to Skaguay came through; The road from White Horse to Caribou had been running since THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 17 the opening of navigation, this .spring, however, connections be­ ing made with Bennett by Sleam· er. From Bennett to Caribou by rail is a delightful ride, the road following the meandering of the lake all the way, and at but a slight elevation from its waters. There is always a cool breeze from the surface of the lake, and the scenery on its western she,!·" i~ grand, the great granite moun­ tains sloping gracefully down to the water, in which they are re­ flected. This section of the line to one not versed in railroad en­ gineering seems a very simple proposItIOn. It is simple, taken CIS a whole, from Bennett to Car~­ h f)ll. and yet there is one mik d it that cost about $200,000 to build. The lake is some two to three miles wide at points. and narrows to a little neck. called Caribou Crossing. over which the train passes by means of a unw bridge. There was the beginning of a town here, but it has moved it,r· ther on to White Horse, l~aviEg but one hotel and a few (': lIe! business places. But now that this point has been made the ter­ rTlinus for the Atlin mining dis­ trict, the town may have a l:ev,' boom. From here to Atlin bv steamer is a pleasant trip 0\,([ a huge body of water bankeci by great mountains, in which the ge­ c10gist will notice an entire change in the formation from .he granite that he has hitherto on his journey been so closely acquaint­ ed with. Here the formation is of white limestone and marble, with little timber and with little or no other vegeta­ tion. This continues for about forty miles, when the country becomes lower, willows begin to fringe the margin of the beautiful sheet of water, and then co:ne wild flowers along the banks and berries of a1l kinds in g:eat profusion, the black and red cn)"­ rants being especially fine and as large and luscious as those gr,nvn in the gardens of the ea;"tern states. Golden Gate IS where the steamer turns from Taku into East Arm, and at the turning point begins the large mineral belt of which the Engineer group -so called because it was staked by a number of the railroad en­ gineers-and many other valu­ able mining properties have been discovered. Here you see great rugged mountains that seem to be only a mile away, but which are probably fifteen to twenty miles distant, and between their peaks immense glaciers. This is the ver­ itable home of the winds, their birthplace. The sun beating upon these glaciers raises the wind, so to speak, which hurries down the passes, gathering force from its constriction, or sweeps the wild plains to the northward. All this country, so far as prospected, is rich in copper, free-milling gold and other ores. This is also the land for the sportsman. Golden Gate is the name of ,a narrow neck of water, and is the point that the moose and caribou and other game come to in great herds in September to cross to the-ir wint~r quarters, which lie between Taku Arm and Lake Atlin. On the surrounding mountains, too, at that time of the year, mountain sheep and mountain goats can be seen in big droves, and as to grouse, one does not need a gun, but can do as the prospector does, kill them with rocks or with a stick, so tame and so unacquainted are 18 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Photo by Barley, Skaguay. Alaska. ROCKY POINT. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 19 they \yith the slaying instincts of mankind. Fish, too, abound­ salmon, trout and grayling; and the sedges are alive with ducks and geese. From this narrow passageway the course for Atlin is due east, in what is known as East Arm, to Taku, where there is a two-mile railroad to Atlin Lake and a steamer ride of seven miles on its surface to Atlin City, which, with Pine City and the great mini~g development of the district, is de­ scribed elsewhere. Let us get back to Caribou and the great scenic railroad of the world. Caribou is a sand flat, and was at one time the bottom of the lake. Around the adjacent mOUll­ tain sides you can see the high water marks of who knows how many years or aeons ago? It is nearly a hundred feet above the present high water mark of the lake. The course of the road is at first N. 17 minutes W. and soon one enters a region of pretty low­ lands covered with poplars, wild fruit trees and flowers, and out of this pastoral scenery, as thf' train swings northward again, it begins to climb a country of sand dunes of the most wondrous for­ mation. This is in the valley of the great Watson River, which is today a wild, muddy stream la­ den with glacial silt. It has car­ ried this matter down to Bennett Lake and emptied it, and, as the prevailing summer winds are from the south, all this sand has been blown inland and formed these peculiar dunes, in cones and pyramids and knolls and ridges and dykes of every quaint descrip­ tion. Then you go through a mead­ owy, swampy country for about three miles, a country of spruce and pine and willow brush, and flowers. The curious thing about the spruce trees is that they grow such huge knobs on them; in some cases even every twig on the tree bears such excrescenses. N ext comes a cutting through a heavy sand bluff and you catch a glimpse of the Watson River Falls, which are about twenty feet high. Above them is a most fantastic log, or, rather, tree jam, the trunks being piled up so heav­ ily that you could possibly run a railroad over it. One huge tree stands upright in the center of this jam, held by impact with the rest of the jam, and underneath this the torrent has been raging for probably some centuries. You catch glimpses of the Wat­ son River again from time to time, in the course of its many windings. This is a. veritable snake river, for, although at this point only about ten miles from Bennett Lake by the tortuous river, it is probably over fifty. A couple of miles further on, or fifteen miles from Caribou, through a cutting and Ot,lt on a sharp bend we come ona long­ trestle crossing a canyon formed by a branch of the present Lewis Lake. The name Lewis must n.:1 be confounded with the Lewis River further down the Yukon, a" this would be robbing a skillf'li engineer of some of the fame tha~ rightfully belongs to him. Th:,. lake is named after A. R. Lewis. the locating engineer of this p"l ~t of the railroad, and it serves to commemorate one of the most skillful engineering feats of which so many are found on this WOll .. derful line. When he arrived at this point with his survey party there was a grand lake ancI no easy way of crossing or gettin~ around It. Just as easy as one 20 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF 'THE WORLD could rub it off the map he tapped the lake, and as you cross the trestle over the seventy-foot can­ yon, you can see the marks on the banks of the former surface of the lake fifty feet above the railroad grade. A weird scene is next unrolled. What was the bottom of Lewis Photo by Barley, Skaguay . Alaska. Vl atson River, which in thi!; :n­ stance seems to be conun;! straight toward you in its wtnd­ ing course, and soon, past a num­ ber of pretty lakelets, you reach a high, level plateau which really forms the summit of the Watson Valley. This is 2521 feet ablh'~ sea level, while Lake Bennett is SUMMIT OF WHITE PASS. Lake, or the nameless lake, is now a vast expanse of white mound .;; and ridges of hardened sand ar.d alkali clay, dotted with pool':; of clear blue water. There are mUl-e great sandhills crossed on th~ east shore of 'Lewis Lake and tTi .:n through a meadow country an~I you get your last glimpse of th . :! 2150 feet. You are now in a well-wooded country, and here you have the only chance in Alaska, and per­ hays elsewhere, to ride for five mIles on a perfectly level grade and a perfectly straight Iirte through an avenue cut out of the forest. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 21 \\'hen you come out of this dim light into the sunshine again you pass along the shores of :Murray Lake and soon see Cougar Lake, which is curious from the fact that it is hemmed in by hills and has no outlet whatever. The water is very clear and highly im­ pregnated with alkali. When there is a strong wind blowing it lashes the water into lather, which piles up along the shores like great banks of snow. This lake would have been round but for a peninsula in the center which makes it into the form of a horse­ shoe. The road runs over the two ends of the horseshoe on trestles, a.fter which comes an embank­ ment and swampy meadow land and then begins a more pro­ nounced down grade. Part of this is on the bank of a pretly gurg­ ling stream which widens out in­ to Lake Ruth, perhaps the most bt.autiful of all the lakes met with on the trip. The track is laid on the west shore of this. I t is a water famous for ducks and geese, grayling and sandpipers. Beyond this is a deep cut, one of the most expensive on the line, for the reason that it is a fortv­ foot deep cut through glacial m~­ terial, which proved harde:' to work than rOck. When the first train went through you could s('e the frozen walls, the ice holdil:g the gravel as the pebbles and shells are held in marble. Dug" dale Station, thirtv-two miles from Caribou, is. where the cop­ per mineral belt begins, and at \Vigan, six miles further. Y )1\ come out on a high bank an i have a view of l\Iiles Canyon. 250 feet below and a mile awav, even at that distance its water~ white with foam and its basaltic waIL; looking like carven colt1n~m·. The sylvan beauty of tIle ,,-,ille- spreading Yukon Valley fnll11 this point on, its glorious sun­ shine and its wealth of vI·geta­ tion and fruits and flowers, ie;].ds one to exclaim: "This can,lo: be Alaska." It is not the Alaska of which you have read, but a" ay off in the distant bltle are 5 1 ;1I the mountain peaks capped witl-, eternal snows. No more gloric-tls summers are to be found ailY­ where else on the earth's su· face, nor, for the sportsman the Ala::;ka autumn. Here, in the late autlilnI. before snow flies, you can SIt ,)l1t­ side your tent and hear the m·)ose and the caribou calling that it i~ time to get into the favorite m 'a:l­ ows where they winter; hear ill those white, soft evenings the goats and sheep tramping in droves and seemingly conferring as to the best location for the sol­ stice; and there are bears, blac';;: and grizly and cinnamon; and th~ ducks and geese can be heard di.,­ cussing their annual excursion to Florida. It is a hunter's para­ dise. But the train scoots on down grade as we think of these things, past many lakes that are swarm­ ing with fish, of more kinds than are possibly yet identified in these regions. Many of these are mys­ terious lakes, having neither inlet nor outlet, but fed and discharg" 1 by subterranean passageways. The blue grouse, the pine grouse. the ptarmigan and the porcupine scamper through the rustling leaves as the train whirls by, and the little prairie dog and his big brother, the whistling marmot, sit on their haunches with stolid immobility and prob­ ably philosophize on this strange thing. All through this northern countrv the woods are full of life and tile waters full of fish, and the latter are not yet edtlcated to 22 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 23 the difference between a brown hackle and a ladybug. \Nith them everything goes. Going down this gentle slope past the dreaded Miles Canyon, Squaw and the White Horse Rap­ ids, which have been the cause of so many disasters, the train pres­ ently reaches the town of White Horse, situate on an ideal site for a city. The slope is gradual down to the river bank, where the rail­ road company has a freight ware­ house 1500 feet long and calcu­ lated to accommodate six or sev­ en thousand tons. On the east side of the track is the river wharf, where the steam­ ers can come right up and load; on the other the railroad tracks and platforms. There is also every convenience for load­ ing the steamers direct from the -cars; that is to say, of course, the Canadian Development Com­ pany's steamers, which are oper­ ated in connectipn with the rail­ road; the other steamers tie up higher up to the banks and throw out a gangplank. The steamers of tlte Canadian Development Company are a great surprise to the traveler. They are commodious and as re­ plete with every convenience as are the steamers plying between N ew York and Boston. Aboard one of these first-class vessels the traveler passes down Fifty Mile River, a narrow stream of many windings, until it broadens out in­ to Lake Labarge. This is one of the handsomest sheets of water on the route to the interior, being -in parts over three miles wide. It is 'full of trout and whitefish. There is Upper Labarge and Lower Labarge, and crossing­ these the waters narrow into what is known as Thirty Mile Rh·er. This is a beautiful stream to look at, but in the past was a hard one to navigate, being full of rocks and swirls and eddies which to many a scow and steamer have brought disaster. Steam steering g-ear is here brought into requisi­ tion, and sometimes the steamer swings stern foremost in making the sharp turns of this rapid river. Bending westward and then southward, the mouth of the Hoo· tal in qua is reached. Hitherto the waters have been very clear and bright, but the Hootalinqua is a muddy stream, and from this point on to Dawson and beyond the stream is the color of the Mis­ sissippi at St. Louis. But the scenery is beautiful. Big Salmon River comes in, and then Little Salmon River, and as the steamer has to stop at stations occasion­ ally to wood up, the passengers get off and enjoy themselves gath­ ering flowers and picking berries. Bv the addition of these three large rivers the volume of the Yu­ kon has been much added to, and a few miles above Little Salmon the current increases and is very swift when Tantalus Butte heaves in sight. Then follows an inter­ esting twenty miles which is a succession of windings from east to west and from west to east, and then the much-dreaded Five Finger Rapids and Rink Rapids are reached and passed. These have to be .piloted with great care, but the dangers are not nearJy as great as formerly, the Canadian Government having removed many of the dangerous rocks and buoyed the .best passage. On the west bank just beyond Rink Rap­ ids comes in the Dalton trail, the beginning- of which was pointed out at Pyramid Harbor. From the raoids down to Fort Selkirk is probably the most magnificent in 24 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ci ..I( II) '" I ; ~. '" ..I( ~ - rll ; CI) 1: '" III £ 0 0 .c 0.. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 25 point of scenery of any part of the Yukon Valley. Selkirk is also an ideal spot for a townsite. A hundred years ago it was a Hudson Bay trading post, and at the beginning of this cen­ tury there was an Indian upris­ ing, the white men were butch­ ered and the fort and buildings burned down. But they were re­ built and the trading post con­ tinued. In '99 it was selected as the capital of the Yukon. The Canadian Government sent a regiment of regulars and barracks were built; also government buildings. But the capital of the Yukon territory is, and will re­ main, at Dawson. Selkirk during that time had its little townsite boom, as it was also the proposed terminus of the White Pass road; but pretty much all that is left of this boom is a large truck farm a mile back from the town, which helps to supply Dawson with fresh vegetables. There is also in this vicinity vast stretches of fine grazing land. Opposite Selkirk the Pelly Riv­ er comes pouring in from the east, and from this point there is ample water for navigation all the way to St. Michael, no matter how low the river may be. It is here that the mighty stream takes on itself the name of the Yukon River. The broad expanse of the great waterway is dotted with islands and the current is only about four miles an hour. The ·White River comes in from the west and soon after that the mountain range known as the Upper Ramparts is reached. Then the mouth of the Stewart River is touched at. Last year there was a big stamped~ from Dawson and Skaguay to this river, and since some claims along its tributaries have been sold at high figures. There is a polic~ post here, and in summer any number of dogs frolicing on the banks. In the winter they are all at work, forming one of the means of transportation over the ice to Dawson or the outside. Then they are worth from $75 to $200 a head, and to steal a dog in the Yukon territory is a worse offense than stealing a mule in "Missouri. Sixty Mile River comes in from the west and a little above that on the opposite bank is the mouth of Indian River, the creeks of which have been found very rich in gold. The Upper Ramparts has been designated as the boun­ dary of the Klondike gold belt, and Indian River as about its center, geographically. All there is to see above this is the broad surface of the mud-colored river, its little islands and bars, and the great mountain ranges in the background, the gashes in their sterile sides marked with streaks of white snow. But presently, winding eastward, the town of Klondike comes in sight, and the mouth of the Klondike River, and in a short time after that you are moored at a substantial dock in the capital of one of the most fa­ mous placer mining districts of the world-Dawson. Here the trip ends for most of the tourists, as it does for the Klondiker, and if this account of it has given an inkling of proof that this is really the "greatest scenic route of the world," it has served its purpose. No space can be devoted to a description of the city of Dawson and its great in­ come from the many rich creeks in the immediate district. These. and also the copper deposits at \Vhite Horse. which are now be­ ing developed, the discoveries of 26 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD coal on the Yukon, and iron-all these are matters which have no bearing on the scenery and mere­ ly tend to show the widespread activity and the possibility of im­ mense development the railroad has made possible in this distant and practically unknown coun­ try. New discoveries and new en- Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alas' :a dough," or Yukoner, "the ground has been barely scratched." Some of the tQurists will go on . from Dawson down the river to St. Michael, and from there make the pleasant ocean trip back to the Sound. This trip, part of which is made within the Arctic circle, is one that, once made, will never EXCURSION TRAIN AT WHITE PASS. terprises are starting up every day, and no territory in the world offers such inducements to the man of energy, with capital or without, than does this great Yu­ kon Valley. More fortune, s have been .made in it during the past three years than in all the rest of the world put together, and yet, in the language of the "sour be forgotten. Every bend and turn of the great waterway is full of interest, and shows landscapes of surpassing magnificence and variety, each one of which has a . distiNct character of its own. Painters of world-wide fame are · beginning to seek out these re­ mote and hitherto unheard-of beauties of the land of the mid- THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 27 night sun, and soon the world will have among its art treasures pic­ tures of natural scenery from this far northland that will far sur­ pass in awesome graudeur and weird loveliness all the dreamy imaginings of the most gifted po­ etic minds. Then this w.ill be proyen to be what it now claims to be, ~bt Setale 1taUway of tbt 1I0rt"_ SKAGUAY THE GATEWAY TO THE YUKON, KLONDIKE, ATJ ... IN ANn CAPE NOME GOLD FIELDS. A little over three years has elapsed since the first authentic news of the gold fields on the Klondike startled the world. When it became an established fact that the rich placers had been discovered in the far north, when the gold was brought from that country and found its way into the channels of trade, then, and not till then, were the stories of the ricn finds given credence. At once the mercantile world of the Pacific coast, and in many in­ stances the mercantile energy and brains of the east, began 'cast­ ing about for a route by which the new El Dorado could be sup­ plied with all things that were needful to sustain life in the then far-off country of the great Yu­ kon valley. The old prospector and miner who had braved hard­ ships and perils of the far north for many years had traced for himself a route into the vaHev of the Yukon by wav of White Pass and the lakes. His initial point of departure by land was Skaguay. From that point for nearly noo miles northward he had traveled with camparative ease and rapid­ ity. In the winter he had hauled his supplies by dog team and in the summer the great waterways of the Upper Yukon had afforded him ready and rapid means of transportation. His preference ot route was quickly noticed and dis­ cussed by the newer gold-hunter, and the tenderfoot decided that if the overland route was good for the pioneer it was good for him. Hence the man with snap and vigor, with blood and nerve, chose to follow in the steps of the early pathfinders. Of the many passes that were tried, none proved so easy of ac­ cess, so easy of crossing and so easy of reaching from the centets of trade as the famous White Pass, at the foot of which is built the city of Skaguay. The feasi­ bility of the White Pass route was at once established, and it was but a few months until none other was taken under consideration bv the traveler to the Klondike. Th-e city of Skaguay, from a few tents in the forest at tidewater, became a real. live city, with all the mod­ efTl utilities-electric lights, grad­ ed and graveled streets, a com­ vlete svstem of water works, fire apparatus for protection against 2~ THE SCEXIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD TUf ROSS-HififilNS CO. SKAGUAY, ALASKA The leading Wholesale and Retail Merchants OPPOSITE POST OFFICE J. T. ROSS H. C. THOMPSON E. Z. FERGUSON J. E. HIGGINS C.B.HARADEN AGENT'S: STANDARD OIL CO. CHASE & SANBORN ELGIN BUTTER CO. THE LEADING Clothing and Men's furnishing Store SOLE AGENTS FOR HATS Cheney·s Boston Sto:re Complete Outfitters in Men's Apparel SKAGUAV, ALASKA THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 29 30 SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD II KELLY « co. Whol...t. and R.tail DRUGGISTS SKAGUAV. DAWSON AND NOME. JOS. BURKHARD & CO. General Merchandise Do not buy until you get to Skaguay. We will save you money. We have everything you need in this country Clothing, Gents' furnishings, Boots, Shoes and Groceries Outfitting for the in· terior a specialty WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Cor. Fifth Ave. Bud Broadway SKAGUAY, ALASKA. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 31 fire, municipal government, a board of trade, a national bank, and all that goes to open the channels of trade to the business man and the investor. For a town of scarcely three years' existence, its progress at once strikes the newcomer with wonder ij.nd ad­ miration, and he mentally casts about to foretell its future. The Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska permanent as a trade center. It is the gateway to the Yukon ,. Klondike, Atlin and Cape Nome diggings. Thus the great regions of the Yukon, Klondike and Atlin, prac­ tically illimitable in area, must draw for their supplies on the city of Skaguay, and that city with its vim and vigor is already in posi- SKAGUAY VALLEY. sight of the White Pass & Yukon Railway, with its engines and trains, the thousands of workmen scattered from tide water along its length, all 'cause him to quick­ ly conclude that here, at least, is " not a mushroom dty. There is too much money being invested, and ' already invested, for the town of Skaguay to be otherwise than tion to furnish those supplies. The business men of Skaguay have, from the first minate they cast their fortunes with the town, had: an abiding faith in its stability and permanence as a commercial point. They built large and com­ modious stores, stocked them with the most superior articles of goods suitable for the 'trade of the gol- 32 SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD !\ f~w 1R~asons tIt11hy \2ou Should Stop/ -AT THE- GOLDEN NORTH HOTEL GOLDEN NO"TH HOTEL The Hotel is new and up-to-date Has 52 rooms and every room an out­ side one En Suite or single Well heated and lighted NO BAR Two blocks from depot and easy access to steamboat landings. Free bus meets all trains and boats Rates from 75cts. to $3.00 per day . . Special Rates to Parties of T~o or ~ore ••• GOLDEN NORTH HOTEL ••• SKAGUAY, ALASKA. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 33 8 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .TO"~ IN JUNEAU KAUfMAN BROS. Dry Goods, Ladies' Suits Ladies' and Gents' furnishings Clothing, Hats and Shoes STOllE IN SKA6UAY KAUFMAN BROS. 507 BROADWAY SKAGUAY Stores and Bank at Juneau B. N\. BEHRENDS SKAGUAV DEALER IN DRV GOODS BOOTS AND SHOES GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 35 den north, and are selling them at exceedingly reasonable prices. They are doing business on a busi­ ness basis and are satisfied with the legitimate commercial profit exacted in older cities within the borders of so-called civilization. It is an inclisputed fact that miners. prospectors, railroad men, hotel men and all other persons requir­ ing goods and supplies of any de­ scription can purchase them in such quantities and at such rates as defy competition by British Columbian, Puget Sound or Cali­ fornian cities. \Vhile Skaguay is all that has been said about its real commer­ cial merits and stability as a busi­ ness center, it has not been ad­ vertised either by its business men or by its private citizens. The former are too busy in their re­ spective lines to gi':e the time to advertising a town the) thought did not need advertising, and the latter, for the most part, consid­ ered themselves only wayfarers who were likely to move on with the next "rush." But within the last few months it has dawned upon the vision of many of these wayfarers that Skaguay is a good place to tarry, and so they have begun to build homes ano to make a local habitation and a name. Families have rejoined the head of the house, and, contrary to expectation, found Alaska a pleasant country to live in. Schools have been established un­ til at present the Gateway City boasts of one public and several priv'ate schools, the Bishop Mc­ Cabe College, and the happv. careless laue-hter of children may now be heard where but a few years since nothing broke the stillness of the great pass save the shrill shriek of the bluejay or the discordant cry of the seagull in its daily pursuit of the dog s;11- mono K or has the spiritual welfare of mankind in this northern latitude been neglected. The various de­ nominations have churches where services are held, and the sound of the church-going bell awakes the cold solitudes of the vlacier i:1forming the sinner and saint alike that here he can be guided in the straight and narrow way as earnestly and as eloquently as in the more costly church edifices of older civilization. Thus it has come that Skaguay has distanced all competitors as a business center, and has by the energy, vigor and vim of its in­ habitants added to its natural ad­ vantages, marched far in aclvance of all other points in the great northwest. Its future is assured and its destiny forecast. I t is to the mineral deposits that Skaguay looks tor its future importance and wealth. This is an industry yet in the very infan­ cy of development, still sufficient progress has been made in the line of investigation to show that all the precious metals ,and espe­ cially gold, abound. Almost ev­ erywhere in the vicinity of Skag­ uay where the prospector has pushed his researches have there been found indications of the pres­ ence of pay gold. New finds are almost daily re­ ported in the country adjacent to Skaguay, and there is a large area not yet prospected, which will doubtless yield even mof'.! phenomenal returns. It is a coun­ try of illimitable possibilities and is oply passing the early stages of development-a 1'1er a snatching of the surface. There is f'verv in­ dication of a yield of the precious metal th:'lt will soon astonish the world. The whole country tribu- 3 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ~ ............ ~ .. ~ .. ~~ ........ . •••••• II ...................... 1 The Best Assortment of .... 1 HARDWARE I 1 1 i • " l l In Skaguay, Alaska, you will find at Allen Brothers Sash. Doors, Stoves, Pipe and Fittings, Brass Valves for Steamboats and Saw Mills, Tinshop and Plumb­ ing. Shelf and Heavy Hardware. Whole,ale to dealers only Crackers, Caudy, Nuts, Paper Bags, Wrapping Paper and Twines. P. 0, BOX 190 'Wholesale and Retail Crockery, Glassware, Lamps, Bar Goods, Wood and Willow Ware. SKAGUAY, ALASKA. ~ •••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••• Ie ............................. . E. R. PEOPLES UNDERTAKER, SKAGUAY Bodies disinterred and shipped from all points in 1 + Alaska and Yukon Territory. Correspondence sohcited. References l Canadian Bank of Commerce I t SltaguaY!I Alaska. i········· .................................................................... ·1 I The Seattle ! I l HEHMA" GHIMM, p;:::::~: for its celebrated German, Swedish 1+ Norwegian, Danish, Irish, Scotch and Amer~ The Seattle Raini;~n R~'h~~ian Beer on Draught I 1 Oulet Place Gentlemen Only f Cor. Sixth Av,'nue anliState St" SKA,.I'AY. ALASKA, -.~.~~~~ ............... ~ ......... ~ .................. ~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 37 Pho:o by Barley, S~aguay. Alaska . REID'S FALLS 38 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ..................................................... : Alaska Telephone Company ~ Telephone service to all parts of ci ty •••• Eleot,.io Supplies of all Kinds •••• Contractors Rnd builders of Elpctric Plants, buildings wired for Electric Lights. Electric Hells, Annunclaturs, Fire Alarms, tlurglar Alarms, Speaking Tubes, etc. E. O. CASWELL, MANAGER SKA(;U A Y. ALASKA • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• " NOTARY PUHLIC Established August, 1897 I PHIL ABRAHAMS I Licensed Real Estate Dealer. Mining Brokrr, Conveyancer of Deeds and Bnsiness Ducu­ men ts, Collections. 515 Fourth Ave., SKAGUAY, ALASKA. •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• • • : W. L. GREEN · HARDWARE Heater", Cooks :tnd Yukon Stoves. Pipe and Pipe Fittings, Tinners' and Plumbers' Supplies. Brass Goods. \Vire Rope. Steam and Water Hose. Carpenters', Miners' and Builders' Supplies, Tin and Granite Ware. Pumps. Pitch. Oukum. Tents. Awnings and Cutlery. 'j in and Plumbing Shop. Cor. Broadway and Fifth Avenue SKAGUAY, ALASKA . ............................ ~ ....................... . •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• N.K. \J\IILSON ••• SKAGUA Y'S LEADING DRUGGIST ••• • • • • • • • • • • Finest line of Drugs, Medicines and Toilet Articles • in the city. Fine Cigars. Gunther's Candies. : Most reasonaLle prices. • • • • • • • • COR. FIFTH AND STATE STREETS SKAGUAY. ALASKA, • • • ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 39 tary to Skaguay is being devel-­ oped with amazing rapidity. In the Por'cupine district good finds have been reported and it is now the scen'e of active operations. It is now a promising field for in­ vestment of capital. Within a radius of 3S miles of Skaguay several quartz ledges have been located that average $S and upward to the ton, and a few running $1 sand $18. While the Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. best as a divid- end produce!'. Southern Alaska is full of low­ grade propositions which, when developed, will grow into big, le­ gitimate and payin'g mining en­ terprises. Much interest is being taken by mining men in the quartz loca­ tions being made in the Skaguay river canyon, and location notices are being stu'ck up nearly the en­ tire length of the liver. From as- EARLY MORNING ON LAKE BENNETT-I A. M. greater part of this ore is low grade, considerable of it must be classed as pay ore. A mining ex­ pert claims that "ore that lies in large bodies and assays above $3 to the ton is classed among the pay." The celebrated Treadwell mine, on Douglas island, averages something less th'an $3, hut with­ modern methods the company employs to handle and work in the min' e, is considered among the says made in S~n Francisco and Helena, the ro~k runs rich in gold, and capital is being inter­ ested in the work of opening up the discoveries. The construction of the railroad up' White Pass is 'really as bril­ liant an exhibition of modern en­ terp1"is~' and ingenuity as ' the world has recently been afford­ ed. Three years ago, when the wonderful riches of the Klondike 40 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ~++++++i+++++++++++++++++++++++++ .... +++++++++.J:.+++++++++~ t f. H. Clayson & Co. t + . + + + t LARG(ST (XCLUSIV( * ~ CLOTHING HOUS( ~ + IN ALASKA + + + + - + + + CLOTHING, HATS, GENTS' FURNISHINGS + + + ~ Sole Agents ~ + A. A. CUTTER SHOES + + ~ TERMS CASH 4th and State St., * or SKAGUAY, ALASKA. + + . + ~++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++~~+++++++++++++~+++++~ ." :::r o o cr ' co ~ Ii" ': til i:f i ' : » t([ oi:f ~ . ~ i ~ ~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 41 42 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .................... -!~-~~ · · · . · · · · · · · · · · GEORGE E. HENTON BLACKSMITHING AND HORSES HOEING Ship Work a Specialty. New work given particnlar attention. Third Ave .. near Broadway SKAGUA Y. ALASKA. : Arctic Meat Company p, E, KERN • Herman Meyer, President and Mgr. J ubben and Dealers : fresh Meat, Live Stock, Provisions, Poultry V;e earrya full lim' of Hay, Brain and Fperl. Lath, :-Shingles, Limt , Cement, BricK, Pl~ter. P. O. Box 106 SKAG1'AY, ALASKA. Gold and Silver Smith Diamonds and Watches SKAGUA Y. ALASKA. . · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · · Case & Draper D. C. BRC \J\INELL ': ... PHOTOGRAPHERS ... The only thoroughly eqipped s'udio in Alaslm. Kodaks. Cameras and supplies. P. O. Box 235 Broadway. bet. -1th and :;th Ska~llay, Alaska. \N. F. ILIFF Manl1iu.cturer of find Dea1er ill MOULDINGS, LUMBER, Shingles. Lath and Building Material. Office and Mill Foot of 3rd Ave. Orders promptly filled. Skaguay, Alaska Ower in HARDWARE Iroll. Stppl PiVe Fttting'~. Brass Ooocis. X ail "". :-;teall1 Hose. Rope, Pitch, TIU, Oakum. \Vire Callifl'. Agent for Guillt Pvw iel' aud P. & H. BUlldlllg Paper. SKAGUAY, ALASKA. The Mug Restaurant J. M. HUTTON, Manager. Clvil treatment and prompt strvice. Our lunch counter is the pride of the city. We will please you. Holly St • oPP. Fire House SKAGUAY. ALASKA. · · · · · · ,. · · · ,. · · · (0 · (0 · ~:R------------------------------------------------------------------------- : · · · · · · · · · '. · Larss & Duclos rHOTOGRArHERS Keep on hand the larg-est assortment of : % I ALASKAN VIEWS I i DAWSON, Y. T. I ~~ ................. " ......... - THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 43 were discovered, some 60,000 men hurried from all over the earth to try their fortunes in the new gold fields. The extraordinary diffi­ culty of crossing the Chilcoot Pass suggested at once the con­ struction of a railroad. American and English promoters sent en­ gineers, many of them notable men, to Skaguay and Dyea to make preliminary surveys for a new line into the interior. Al­ most unanimously they vetoed the idea. The scheme was im­ possible. One exception there was, E. C. Hawkins, who report­ ed in a different strain. A line could be built and he would build it. He is now chief engineer and manager of the vVhite Pass & Yu­ kon Railroad. TABLE OF DISTANCES. MILES San Francisco to Skaguay ............................ 1,696 Portland to Skaguay, ................................. 1,255 Tacoma to Skaguay ................................... 1,034 Seattle to Skaguay ................................... 1,000 Victoria to Skaguay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 927 Vancouver to Skaguay... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . 867 DISTANCE FROM SKAGlJA Y TO Shops., ... , ., ., ...... . Boulder .............. . Rocky Point .......... . Clifton ..... , ., ....... . Quarry ............... . Heney ................ . Glacier ........... , ., .. Tunnel .............. .. Switchback ........... . White Pass .......... . Meadows ............. . Fraser ............... . Log Cabin ........... .. Bennett ............... . Pavy ................. . Pennington ........... . Cariboo ...... , ., ..... . Lansdowne ........... , MILES TO MILES 1 Lorne................. 80 4 Wette Lea. .. .. .. .. .. .. 87 6 Robinson.............. 90 8 Cowley................ 96 10 Dugdale.... .. . .... . .. .. 99 13 Wigan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 14 White Horse. . . . . . . . . . . 112 17 Selkirk................ 383 19 Dawson City ... , . .. . . .. 559 21 Eagle City.. .. ..... .... 607 26 Fort Cudahy. . . . . . . . . . . 626 28 Circle City.. .. .. .. .... 797 32 Fort Yukon.. .. . . . . . . . . 877 41 Minook ................ 1,097 46 Weare ................. 1,164 53 *N ulato (cut-off) ........ 1,367 68 St. Michaels ........... 1,872 75 Cape Nome .... " ...... 1,982 *Skaguay to Cape Nome via cut·olr at Nulato about 1.6:«1 miles. 44 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. SHIPYARD AND CREW OF V. Y. T. CO •• BENNETT. The V. Y. T. Co., Ltd. Pioneers in the Lumber and Scow building industry on the Upper Yukon MANUFACTURERS OF Rough and Dressed Lumber, Scows, Boats, Etc. Dealers in Sash, Doors and Building Hardware. Scows and Boats, ready rigged, constantly in stock at both Bennett and White Horse. MILLS AND SHIPYARDS, Bennett, B. C. LUMBER YARDS, ETC., White Horse, Y. T. HEAD OFFICE, Victoria., B. C. FRED Q. WHITE, M ........ Victoria-Yukon Trading Co., Ltd. TJIE WHITE.: PASS-- . AND YUKON ROUTE 45 46 i t f ! l l THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD • The Locomotive shown in the above cut is of the Climax Patent Geared type, built by the Climax Manufacturing Co., Corry, Pa., U. ~. A. This style of locomotive is for general railroads, mining, lumbering and plantation use and is being adopted all over the world, where steep grades and sharp curves are necessary. Even in far away Australia, Sand wich Islands, Cape N orne, etc., i ts su~cess is .phenominal, . :.~eeding the expectations of the inventors a~d . build,ers. Please .. read what the pur­ chasing agent of the White Pass & Yukon-the mountainous, the picturesque, the romantic and scenic railroad of N orth America~says: PACIFIC CONTRACT CO., SEATTLE, WASH., CLIMAX LOCOMOTIVE Co., CORRY, PA., Gentlemen:-We have heard some good reports of the Climax Locomotive from our operating department at Skaguay. On the trial trip she pushed five loaded cars and a locomotive up our steep grades and sharp curves for a distance of ten miles, to the gratifica- tion of our people. Yours very truly. PACIFIC CONTRACT Co • LTD. Per E. B. H USISEY. flease write Climax Mfg. Co., Corry, fa., for Circulars and frices. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 47 48 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~*-~~~~ w ~ ~.t\:. CARIBCO CROSSING, Y. T . VICTORIA, B, c., WHITE HORSE, Y. T oo !!J'Q '!.l! Saw and Planing Mills Head Offices Lumber Yard ~ "0.ti1 ".,,~ 1l(j; All correspondence to be addressed to the Company and not any officer thereof t![}. ~ ~ ~ Upper Yukon Consolidated Co. Ld. ~ ~ ~ rflfd MILL OWNERS, SCOW AND BOAT ~ ~tiJ BUILDERS AND LUMBER DEALERS PJfo.. ~ ~ t:li; M . KING , MANAGER , !!J~ @ Formerly manager and owner V. Y. T. Co. ~@ • .t\:. . g(tl 1i1ll .\(~ ~ ~ ~ PJfo.. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~(j; . . ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~. ~ J ~ ~ ~ ~:. ~ ~ Khtg's Mill !!J~ ·tiJ ~~ ~ Through Rates from Bennett to Dawson for freight ~Q~ t/iJ Towing by Steamers Kilbourne, Goddard and tully C. !!J~ ~ ~~- ~ ,. For further particulars apply to i!:fo.. ~& KING'S NiILL ~Q~ ~. ~® ~ CARIBOU CROSSING , Y . T . ~ @ ' P . G.COPELAND ' ORR T ~ (Ii. UKEY , f!F.! SKAGUA Y, ALASKA . DAWS '@. ON , Y. T . • • ~~~ ~ !S',. ~~~.~.~~~~~.~.~~.-.;;:,.~.~.~.';;::, .g;... . ~~.p~~.p~~~~~.p~~~~~~©~~~~~~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 49 50 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Bank of British North America PAID UP CAPITAL - - $4.886,666 RESERVE FUND ~ - - 1,581,666 GENERAL MANACER, H. STIKEMAN, ESQ, MONTREAL Correspondents in the United States: New York-Messrs. W. Lawson & I . C. Welsh,52 Wall Street. San Francisco-Messrs. McMichael & Ambrose, 120 Sansome Street. Seattle-Messrs. Dexter Horton & Co. Chlcago-M e r c han t 's Loan & Trust Co. Gold Dust Purchased The Bank has a well­ equipped Assay Office. The C anadi an Bank of Commerce HEAD OFFICE: TORONTO Gold Assayed, Purchased or Taken on Con­ signment. Assay Office in Connec­ tion for Gold Dust Only. Offices in Seattle, Skag- . uay, White Horse and Dawson. T. R. BILLETT THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 51 Photo by ~rley , Skaguay, Alaska ATLIN LAKE, B. C. ' ATLIN, BRITISH COLUMBIA. The town of Atlin has an ideal and extensive site on the eastern shore of Atlin Lake. The aspect of the town is indicative of the faith that financial and commer': cial institutions place in the fu­ ture of the country. The Mer­ chants' Bank of Halifax, the Bank of British North America and the Canadian ' Bank of Commerce are all established in commodious premises erected by themselves at large cost. Each bank has an as­ say office in connection with its premises. The visitor will finC! in Atlin all of the necessities and most of the luxuries of life procurable in plen- ty-and at moderate prices. Any­ thing except heavy machinery can be purchased there at prices such as to discourage even the heaviest operator from importing supplies. The hotel accommoda­ tions are excellent. There are three sawmills in the town. The Atlin Claim Publishing Co. issues a w.eekly paper and exe­ cutes all classes of job printing in good style. There is an effective volunteer fire brigade under the control of a paid chief. . Atlin has two places of wor­ ship, belonging to the Church of England and Presbyterian de- 52 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~ . . ..' , .. - THf MfACnANTS ~ ~ BANK Of HALIfAX ~ tJ}J ATLIN. •• C. iti il:iJ ~:' lfJJ ~~~~~il;!~n~~~ ·t:~:~ ij}. tli1 Incorporated 1869 ~ ~1\:' Exchange purchased and ~ \lI money transferred to all ill parts of the world I!l- ~~ ra .. \UI Coli elpoocieotl: ':~ ~ ~1\;' London. Bn&tand-Bank of f!l}. \UI Scotland. @ New York-Chase National ~ ~1\:' Bank. 1f'I'I •• \UI Chlcogo-American National ".v.~ ~1\;' Bank. . ~ ~ San F .. nclsc:o-F irs t Nat- '#i... \UI 10na.l Bank. ':~~ ~1\:' Seattle-Washington Nat- 111\ •• \UJ ional Bank. ".v.~ ~ W. A. SPENCER ~ ~1\~ .ANAGER ~ \UJ ... "". ATLtN, . : c . i.v.~ ~ '. ",,,,,~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~@~. :·G;d&~;·H:;;;;;C~i~:· DEALERS IN Hardware, Stoves and Tinware, Paints and Oils, Glass, Putty, etc., Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Gaint Pow­ der, Caps, Fuse, etc. All kinds of Tin, Copper and Sheet Iron Work done on the premises. Plumbing, Gas Fitting and Metal. Roofing. ATLIN, BRITISH COLUMBIA . . ' " .: ................... ~ ........ .. .. ~..................... ~ ........ . I Atlin Lumber & Mining Co. . Large stock of Rough and Dressed Lumber alway.s. on hand. Special prices in large quantItIes. Scows for sale at Bennett and Whi te Horse. MILLS AT ATLIN ------ A . ~ . BAKER E. G . TENNANT ! • .. .. .. .. .. . . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. e ' . .. .. .. .. .. .... ' •••••••••••• .: • .: THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 53 "0 :r 0 0- 0- ' 00 ~ iD ': en I ;.;- '" ~ I» , ': iii" '" ;.;- , ?' 5.+ SCEXIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ~~~~~~~-~~~~~~~~~~~ F. E. N\CFEEL V & Co. SH~~A~; HARDWARE Stoves. Granite and Tinware. Drill Steel. Dynamite Fuse and Caps. ------- X Crockery and Wall Paper a Special~y. Builders,' Mill and Miners' Supplies "Tinshop in Connection. X X X Cor. rearl and first Streets, Atlin, B. C· ~-- ~ ~ ! THE ONLY FIRST CLASS HOTEL IN THE CITY I AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN PLAN Grand 1bot~1 and taf~ RICE 6. HASTIE. PROPRIETOR I DAVID HASTIE. MANAGER = ATLlN, B. C. ~---- ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ J, St, Clair Blackett & Co, X Carry the largest stock . of General Mer­ chandise and Miners' Supplies in the North. Large orders promptly executed at close prices. 5\oTe.==1\."s\ 5\,,\'.\'.\, 1\\\\.'t\, ~. e. 'BTa:t\.C\\ at "PM\. ~o')m ~~~~~~~~~~~~~--~-~ .~ M .. ~- - ---- -- '(Q Always Go to a Competent Optician Ii The Seattle Optical Co. Ii The.olde~t 111'm on this Coast. never fail to !I ~i\'e satisfaction in the most critical cases. :1 We curry the large,t stoek appertaining to the Optil'al busine,s, and make any ,pecial .1 . [rame desired: also grind in our own estab- I lIshment th,..e lenses used out of the ue:--;f material obtainable. There i:-; no guesswork in nur method. \ au eU!l }'t'ly on uur work: ',ve han the late~t and mo:-;t approyed apparatus for I accurate eye testIng ano rna 10\ e no l'harge- for eye examination. : • Seattle Optical (0 .• Mfg. Opticians.· 715 Second Ave .. Seattle. Wash. ~ ----_._- - -- .. ~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 55 nominations, respectively. Under the administration of the Presby­ terian church there is a good hos­ pital where patients are cared for by trained nurses. Amongst other important insti­ tutions of Atlin are the provincial government offices, post and tele­ graph offices, the Atlin Abstract Company, Limited, the Atlin Mining and Investment 3ureau. Limited, a school, etc. There is a satisfactory bi-weekly mail service and telegraphic com­ munication with Bennett and Skaguay on one side and the Yukon country on the other is well sustained. Before the end of this season Atlin will be in direct telegraphic connec­ tion with the outside world; the wire is now being laid between the town and Quenelle so as to ultimately join the Canadian Pa­ cific Railway system. To the tourist, the prospector or the investor looking for "likely things," the Atlin country offers a most attractive, novel and ac­ cessible field. No hardship need be encountered. Facilities- for travel in any direction are at hand and the scenery of the region can­ not be su'rpassed. The delightful summer Climate that the country enjoys, with its dry, bracing air, will be of benefit to the delicate or the robust; and the novelty of the conditions obtaining cannot fail to be of interest to all visitors. The scenery in and around At­ lin, which has been aptly de­ scribed the Switzerland of Can­ ada, is superb; and in keeping with its natural beauties is the magnificent climate with which it is blessed. The summer lasts from the 1st of June to the 1st of October and in this interval there is but little rainfall. A succes­ sion of warm. bright days marks the season; a novelty to the visi­ tor is the constant daylight that preva.ils for a part of the time. The transition from summer to winter is a quick one, and by the beginning of January the lakes are frozen and journeying over the ice begins. The snowfall has been light in the two winters al­ ready experienced-not more than four feet of snow has fallen on the lower levels - and the spells of fine, sunny weather even at this time of year are long and continuous. There is complete immunity from blizzards. The mlmmum temperatures registered-and these but rarely -have ranged between 40 and 48 degrees. By the end of May the snow on all but the higher levels has disappeared, the ice on the lakes breaks up, and the lakes are open to navigation at the begin­ ning of June. When compared with that of lower British Columbia and Washington, the growth of tim­ ber is not large. but spruce and jack-pine are to be had in suffic­ ient quantities to meet the re­ quirements of the camp without going far afield. The grazing is good from May to October; "bunch grass" is found over con siderable areas. The profusion and variety of wild flowers and fruits is remarkable. Trout, grayling and whitefish are to be found in all the lakes and in the streams; the market is always well stocked with fish. Grouse, ptarmigan, snipe and wild duck are common in season. Moose, mountain sheep and cari­ boo are to be had in winter. The permanency of Atlin will lie in the wealth of its mineral ores. The exploration work done has proved the existence of large bodies of rock carrying gold. 56 SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ; t§,\ ~ ~ ~ ~ AlLIN BREWING OOMP'y ATLIN. B. C. ~ ~ Brewers of Steam and Lager Beer. ~ None but the best ingredients used ~ in tile manufacture of our Beers. 0~ The only Brewery in the Arctic ~~ Regions. Orders promptly filled ~ G~ for all parts of the Yukon Terri- ~ ~ tory and Northwestern British ~ ~ Columbia. Tttl ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Russell & Whei rfritz ~ ~ ~ ~ ATLlN, B. C. !B ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 57 Ledges in free-milling gold quartz have been opened up to a depth of twenty feet or more with most encouraging results. Large plants for hydraulic and quartz mining are being put in, and Atlin ~ill rank among the great produc­ mg camps. The Atlin Gold Fields, British Columbia. The Atlin gold fields of Br'itish Columbia, owing principally to peculiar legislation-legislation opposed to British traditions and suicidal in principle-earned an unenviable reputation in the past year as a placer mining- camp. Measures which aim at correct­ ing, in part at least, the mistakes of last season are being put through the provincial parlia­ ment now and aliens will hereaf­ ter be able to purchase and work placer. claims in British Colum­ bia. Whether it be for its gold alluvials or its gold quartz-not to mention good copper prospects­ the Atlin camp is well worth the attention of mining men. The value of gold won during the past year in the district-en­ tirely from placers by an ex­ pensive method of working-can­ not be gauged by the government r~turns of royalty paid. A very large part of the gold taken out of the best claims escaped paying royalty. inasmuch as the wages of laborers employed were generally paid in gold dust and the claim owners' supplies wert: frequently purchased with gold dust. so that. at best. it was but the profit from such claims that paid tax. The prodttction of the great bulk of the claims. which either barely met expenses or were worked at a loss. paid no royalty. Of' 2fi.S80 ottnces of golrl a royaltv of I per cent was collected: this wottlrl represent a total production of $425,280, allowing $16 per ounce. I t is estimated that the actual gold output of the camp in the past year was probably not less than $1,250,000. Much of the ground was tied up by litigation until after July, and as work end­ ed with September, the gold was taken out in two months' time. As far as last year's work shows, this countrv cannot be cor­ rectly described ~s a good field for the individual working miner. The mining done last season is useful as indicating the value and extent of the gold-bearing depos­ its and as partly demonstrating the position, nature and lay of bedrock. Whether in creek beds or in the benches on either side of the latter, excellent prospects have been found. There are sev­ eral creeks where, in parts. the value of the gravel in crel?k bed will average over $~ per cubic yard in a strip from 5 feet to 15 feet deep, while in places the benches will give at least $2 per cubic yard for a strip of 50 feet. This mav be taken as a conserva­ tive estimate founded on actual results of work done. The conditions necessary for successful hydraulic working are existent in a marked degree. The g-old-bearing- creeks have gener­ ally a rapid fall-from 60 to 400 feet to the mile-and as a rttle they carry an ample supply of water. by placing conserving dams on feeders and thus con­ trolling the flow of the creek, a scarcity of water toward the end of the season can in anv case be prevented. A good dumn is gen­ erally to be fOl1"rl: the ];tkes af­ ford a practir~lIy u"limited ca­ nacity for rlebris' anrl there can hI' no trol1hle on tpis : rcount. The workinO" season extends 58 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD R. S WBASBY, President. n. KALISH, Oen'l nanacer. ..THf •• HUMBOLDT ST[AMSHlr CO. Operatlnc the Alaska Flyer, the New . 55. HUMBOLDT .carrying U. s. nan and Alaska Pacific Express. 7~ Hours to Skag .. ay. via Ketchikan and Juneau EVERY TEN DAYS For Passenger and Freight Rates Apply to GENERAL OFFICE E. E. CAINE 302 California Street, Agent, 622 First A venue, San Francisco, Cal. ' Seattle, Wn. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 59 from June 1st until September 30th. For nearly half of this pe­ riod there is constl l.11t daylight and for the whole four months the climate is all that could be desired. Leases of ground by hydraulic mining are granted for a term of 20 years. The placer mining act limits the length of each lease on a creek to half a mile, and in other placer grounds to an area of 60 acres, with a frontage of 1,500 feet on the creek. The yearly rental for creek leases is $75 and for other leases $50. A condition of each lease is that a certain amount of work shall be done an­ nually. It is open to anybody­ British subject or alien-to take up ground for hydraulic mininR purposes, just as anybody may stake and record quartz or miner­ al claims and even procure a 'crown grant of the latter. The prospecting work done on mineral properties has been suf­ ficient to show that there are in different parts ledges of quartzite rich in free RaId. The work has not advanced sufficiently to prove the extent of ore body in any property, but it is found so far that the gold values hold tor some 20 feet or more, which is the depth reached in a few cases. Large veins of auriferous sulphides have also heen found, hut as yet little attention has been paid to such ores. The gold ores generally ap­ pear to carry some silver. Bodies of copper ore, showing free copper, have been discovered in different parts of the district. In one of the largest of these veins the copper is assocIated with manganese. As may be inferred from what has been said above in regard to the hydrographic features of the country, water power can be made a vailable in all directions for min­ ing, milling and transportation purposes. There is sufficient tim­ ber in the vicinity of the camp to satisfy lumber requirements for some years to come. Atlin, unlike much of the "fro­ zen north," is easily accessible. There is regular steamer service from Washington ports as well as Vancouver and Victoria to Skag­ way, and the White Pass & Yu­ kon Railroad is open from the lat­ ter port to Bennett; from this point, after the beginning' of June, steamers run to Atlin. In winter communication is kept open bv a sleigh road from Log Cabin (a station on the White Pass & Yu­ kon) about 5S miles long; this trip con conveniently be made with dogs in a day and a half; there are good stopping places on the road. ' 60 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORL.D ­ .0 o o ..c 0.. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 61 WHITE HORSE, YUKON TERRITORY TEBMINU8 OF THE WHITE PASS & YUKON RAILWAY. White Horse is the Yukon ter­ minus of the White Pass & Yu­ kon Railway. It is situated I II miles from Skagway, the coast terminus of the railway, and at the head of navigation on the Lower Yukon. Steamers from St. Michael can ascend the river as far as White Horse, but are prevented frpm going further by the formidable White Horse Rap­ ids, two miles above the town. This led to the selection of White Horse by the White Pass & Yukon Railway as the terminus of their line. Flom this point water communication with all points in the valley of the Lower Yukon and its principal tributar­ ies is available. The Hootalinqua, the Big Sal­ mon, the Pelly, the White, the Stewart, Forty Mile, the Tanana, the Klondike, the Koykuk, and all the other gold-bearing streams tributary to the Yukon can be more readily reached from White Horse than from any other point having transportation connec­ tions with the outside world. So also can Dawson, Circle City. Rampart City, St. Michael and Nome. White Horse is the point of transhipment of freight and pas­ sengers for all that vast region known as the valley of the Lower Yukon, having an area in Canada and Alaska combinea of fully half a million square miles. Within a few months this young ~nd th~iving town has sprung mto eXlstence. It is an ideal location, just this side of the famous White Horse Rapids, wi th the Yukon river in front and the beautiful mountains as the background. The foothills are thickly wooded and broken here and there with little streams of clear, cold water. Front street, which faces the river, is a busy scene i two and three-story buildings are under construction, and smaller ones are bobbing up here and there. The railroad warehouses surpass any­ thing in Alaska; they extend 1,000 feet along the banks of the river, and are amply able to house the immense quantities of freight which is daily transferred from the cars to the steamers. The copper almost at its doors is bound to make White Horse a prosperous town. The facilities for a smelter are all that can be desired. Six miles away are the White Horse Rapids; power can be transmitted from there in suf­ ficient quantities to ooerate all the machinery in the district. The surrounding hills contain any amount of hematite, which can be used for flux. A large number of locations have been made in the copper belt, but there is still an immense area of countrv that has not been even looked at and has never had a pick stuck into it. The possibilities of the reg:on are unknown. The limited amount THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .. ~ THE BIG OUTFITTERS .. ~ CENERAl MERCHANTS Buy your goods at White Horse and Bennett. We have everything you need for this country. Outfitting- for the interior our specialty. Wholesale and Retail. • ~~=================== .======~========== BENNETT, B. C. WHITE HORSE, Y. T • White Yukon Railway. H Yukon Terminus of the White Pass and orse ••• The Com In I[ Metropolis of the Oolden North. All steamers plying to and from Dawson and other places on the River Yukon and its tributaries must make White Horse their terminal points. The new gold fields on the Big Salmon can be more easily reached from White Horse than from any other locality, thus it is certain to be­ come the great distributing center for the whole Canadian Yukon. Wonderfully rich copper deposits in its immediate vicinity and dis­ tributed over a wide area to the westward and southward will certainly make White Horse an important industrial center. . I The townsite is heautifully situated on a level tract of land 011 the west hank of the Yukon river and just below the celebrated White Horse Rapids, around which all goods have been hitherto transhipped from the steamers on the upper river to those on the lower river. Lots are now on the market. Plans of the towl1site can be seen and prices and all information re- garding the same can be ohtained at the office of the undersigned at 36 Fort street, Victoria. Offices W. P. & Y. Ry. Co., Skaguay. Front street, Bennett. First avenue and Main street, White Horse; and also at the offices of Sander & Haynes, corner of Pioneer Square and First avenue south, Seattle, \Vash.; and also at the office of J. J. Bonfield, 607 Hastings street, Vancouver, B. C. A. G. PRESTON, General Agent. I .--~~.~~~-~--~---~---~---=-~-~-~~~----------- .. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 63 64 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ++-+-+-+-4-+-+-"'+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+ . + i I raclfic toast Steamship to. I i , + + Col1llecting at Skaguay With .. + , + The White Pass e. Yukon Route : + , + Has been twenty-five years in the Alaska + + business, carrying United IStateslm l ai~ andfi ex- + + press, and now operates the fo owmg rst- + . class passenger steamers between Skaguay .. + and Puget Sound ports: .. • + + Queen, Cottage City, City of Topeka, AI-ki .. + , , + : Stopping at all important points. including .. + Ketchikan, Wrangel, Juneau, Skaguay, .. + Glacier Bay and Sitka. ... + .. + Otber Sleamers ownal ' , and ___ laI by Ibe + + ' + .""PACIFIC COAST STEAMSHIP CO.".. + . + 1- L"matilla, Walla Walla, Senator, Gypsy, Santa + + Rosa, City of Puebla, State of California, Alex. ... ..I... Duncan, Corona, Pomona, Santa Cruz, Bonita, +' T Orizaba, Willamette, Curacao, Coos Bay, + ' + ON THE FOLLOWING NAMED ROUTES: + ..I... Between San Francisco and Guaymas, Mexico, and + T intermediate ports; San Diego and intermediate + + ports; Eureka and intermediate ports; Portland .. ..i.. and intermediate ports; Puget Sound ports, Be- + T tween Seattle or Tacoma and Cape Nome, + .. + Folders will be mailed or other information furnished on .. + application to the undersigned or to any of the company's + + ' ~~ , -+ f. W. WHITE, Agent, SkaguaJ, Alaska : ..I... H. F. RUBISSOS. Alaska Superintendent GOODALL. PERKINS & CO .. Gen. Agts. +' T Juneau. Alaska. Market St., San FranciSCO, Cal. + c. "-. MILLER. Asst. Puget Sound Supt., + + Ocean Dock. Seattle. WaSh. .. +-+-+-+-+-+-++-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-+-*-~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 65 of work done has proven that they are among the big prospects of the coast, as far as explorations have been made. There has not been a single shaft sunk nor a drift run that has not shown a deposit of copper so rich that the owners have refused prices up in the thousands,-' and which prom­ ise fabulous development, and will meari the introduction of much capital and machinery and the employment of many men for the working of the mines which promise to be inexhaustible. The railroad company has offered ex­ ceptionally favorable freight rates on ores. The company recogniz­ es that the speedy development of these mines will do much to fur­ nish employment to a large and permanent populatioI].. Recent Assays Prove Them Very Rich. The following in regard to the copper properties at White Horse, Y. T., is taken from information furnished to the Daily Alaskan of July 3d, by Mr. J. K. Man­ kowski: "White Horse is a wonderful camp and the croppings and sur­ face showing are certainly of a very high grade of copper ore, with gold and silver values. The ore is found on a contact of lime, quartz and granite, some por­ phory mixed with the lime forma­ tions. "The nearest mines from the townsite, which, by the way, is an ideal one, in a beautiful valley on the shores of the Lewis River, are from four to five miles distant, in a westerly direction, and others from seven to eight miles in a circle to the south. The proper­ ties of the B. A. C. Co. show the most work, the Pueblo group hav- 5 ing a shaft of some seventy feet, and a cross cut of about the same length, all in ore. The character of the Pueblo ore is hemetite iron with copper, gold and silver val­ ues, a most suitable product for the Coast smelters. "The Carlisle belongs to the same company and is being worked under Capt. Garland's di­ rections. The shaft is some forty feet in the most beautiful ore I ever had the good fortune to look at, in peacock copper, bornite or erubescite and chalcocite, running very high in copper with gold and silver values. "Messrs. W. P. Grainger and J. McIntyre are the fortunate own­ ers of the Copper King group. Their shaft is daily giving up ore more valuable and of a bornite character, and they will soon ship a few carloads as a starter. "The Anaconda group with th~ Rabbit-foot and White Horse, owned by W. A. Packett, Charles Ward, O. Dickson, W. F. O'Neal and A. P. Benton, is another wonderful property with consid­ erable dead work and uncovering of ore bodies accomplished. They have three shafts sunk on the property, all in valuable bornite ore, with charcoite in deeper cuts. One assay made by A. de Roux, a reliable and competent assayer from Skaguay, gives some choice ore from this group, $2J3.60 in copper, $10.80 in gold, $14.20 in silver, a total of $258.60. "On the lower end of the Ana­ conda we saw a tunnel of some 150 feet in length of a different formation entirely, a free milling quartz, running an average of $8.30 in gold per ton. The mouth of the tunnel is not far from Por­ ter Creek, an ideal site for a saw mill. The Rabbit-foot shows the same high grade ore as the Ana- 66 SCEl':IC RAILWAY ()F THE WORLD Washington and Alaska Steamship Company Operating S. s. City of Seattle Makes three round trips a month from Seattle to Skaguay calling a t Port 'fownsend, Ketchikan and Juneau. S. S. Ruth Makes two trips a month from Seattle to Skaguay, calling at Port Townsend, Helm Bay, Petersburg, Quodra, Revella, Ketch­ ikan, Wrangel, Juneau, Chilkat, Haines Mission and Pyramid Harbor. fOR RATES ETC. ADDRESS Dodwell & CO., Ltd., General Agents 113 James St.. Seattle. or Tacoma. Wn .• Portland. Ore., Victoria. B. C. Through Tickets and Bills of Lcding to Dawson and all Yukon River Points. i:' . -.0 ril ~ o ~ z o ~ ~ t o ~ rf) rf) p.. ril E-1 ~ ~ ­ ~ ril ~ E-1 Photo by Barley. Skaguay, Alaska . . WHITE HORSE, Y.T., TERMINUS OF THE WHITE PASS & YUKON ROUTE. THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD MORAN BROS. COMPANY SEATTLE, WASHINGTON SHIP AND ENGINE BUILDERS STEEL AND WOOD VESSELS, STEAM OR SAl L FOR OCEAN. SOUND AND RIVER SERVICE FOUL~~G~~'! ~~~sHl~DEl~u~[LT~~~~D rE~~I~fM~~PPS HEAVY FORGINGS A SPECIALTY DRY DOCK AND MARINE RAILWAY Two-Section balanced floating dry dock, 400 ft. long, 60 ft. betweer1 towersj patent steel wedge keel blocksj 12,000 tons displacement. CAPACITY OF MARINE RAILWAY 1500 TONS SHIP CHANDLER~EERS' SUPPLIES SAW AND PLANING MILL CAPACITY: TIMBER, 48 INCHES SQUARE 12~ FEET LONC Including every descriptIon of ROUCH, DRESSED or KILN DRIED YELLOW FIR, RED CEDAR OR SPRUCE We make a specialty of long and large timber and can DRESS FOUR SIDES 20 x 30 INCHES. 'SPARS THII LONCEST. LARCEST. CLEAREST AND BEST IN THE WORLD; ROUCH OR HEWN. PI LES OR TIMBER OF ANY DESCRIPTION. CARS FROM ALL TRANSCONTINENTAL ROADS ENTER OUR YARDS AND DOCKS DOCK SHIPMENTS TO ALL PARTS OF THE WORLD ELECTRIC CRAN E Cllpaolty to tranefer 75 tone from oar to vessel WE INVITE CORRESPONOENCE THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 69 conda and of large extent; the shaft is thirty-five feet in bornite ore. "Many other properties are be- ing opened up, the Miller group, the Valeril, the Grafter group and many, many others too numerous to be mentioned as . they deserve.'" DAWSON THE CAPITAL OIl' THE YUKON TERRITORY. Dawson, after all, is Qut a sup­ ply point for the mines. Its ware­ houses, its banks, its hotels, its theaters, its newspapers, are all catering rather to the men of the Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. as Dawson have grown up-built oy the prospector and poor miner, and then died down and been de­ serted and given over to the blue­ jays and squirrels as their only SUMMIT LAKE. creeks than to the denizens of the town. In most of the great m1l11l1g districts of the world, towns such inhabitants, until such time, years after, that capital would come in and rebuild them. But things move more quickly nowadays, 70 SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE '~VORLD White Horse Ho'e/~-----==- Steve O'Brien, Norman Macauley. Props. BAR AND GRILL ROOMS LEADING HOTEL IN TOWN WHITE HORSE, Y. T. FALCON JOSLIN ••• BROKER AND FINANCIAL AGENT ••• Expert Report on Mines 24 per cent net on Investments. ---__ DAWSON, Y. T. I Leland Hotel I A. L. DR .\KE, MANAGER. SPECIAL ATTENTION PAID TO ALASKA MINING MEN. RATES, $200 PER DAY. HASTINGS STREET. VANCOUVER, B. C. Dr. M~Kenzie's English Catarrh Cure is guaranteed to cure. Free trial treatment at Our 8 Drug Store, corner Second Avenue and Yesler Way, Seattle, Wash. ~ 1- ~ ~ o ~ z o t o ~ ~ z rJJ 'f/) ~ . ril ~ ~ tI: ~ ril tI: ~ Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. DRIVING LAST SPIKE AT WHITE HORSE, Y. T., JUNE 7, 1900. 72 SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ~ The fioneer Merchants and Traders of Dawson and the Yukon Country T T T T T GENERAL DEALERS in Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Hardware, Stationery, Gen ts' Furnishings, Hats and Caps. TIlE LADUE SA W MILL Manufacturers all kinds of Rough and Dressed Lum­ ber, LDoors, Windows. All kinds of Building Material always in stock and promptly furnished. MACHINERY Bod MINE.RS' SUrrUES A SrECIALTY Joseph Ladue, President of the Company, was the orig­ inal owner of the townsite of Dawson, of which the Company now have a large number of town lots for sale. CALL ON ORR &, TUKEY THE FREIGHTERS For rates to all the Creeks. A specialty made of and fully equipped for E. S. ORR w. V. TUKEY MOVING HEAVY MACHINERY DAWSON Ol'I'ICE: Daily stage to and from Grand Forks ca~rying Hoyal Mail. I'ORKS Ol'I'ICE: A. C. CO.'S BUILDING. OPPOSITE GORD HILL HOTEL TELEPHONE CONNECTIONS BOTH POINTS. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 73 and the prospector is hardly al­ lowed to leave Dawson before capital follows fast upon his heels and prevents the town from go­ ing to decay. While Dawson has lost in popul.ation during the past year, it has gained in wealth, and now there is being built up a substantial city that will last for a great many years. Two years ago the water front was lined with boats, built at Bennett, and on which thousands of people had floated down to Dawson. A large proportion of these camped either on their boats or in tents on the townsite, and made this place look more like a tented army field than a city. Today there are few tents, and nearly all of the peo­ ple are building permanent resi­ dences, if they have not already done so. There are now in Dawson near­ ly 1,000 women, or nearly one­ fifth of the population. Quite a large proportion of these are the wives of men who have come here to make this their home. A couple of years ago few would have thought of asking their wives to come to the place, partly because they were uncertain of a future_ for the town and partly because of the difficulties of life there. Now all this is changed, and with the conveniences which have been brought in or estab­ lished there, and with the marvel­ ously pleasant climate, owing largely to the dryness of the at­ mosphere, the average man feels that he can make a home as com­ fortable along the Yukon as in nearly any other part of the world. Before the townsite had been drained and food supplies were very meager, there was a great deal of sickness. mainly typhoid fever and scurvy. The day of scurvy and typhoid has gone by, and there remains today in Daw­ son, monuments in their honor built by the liberality of the miners-a large number of empty hospitals. Dawson is now in telegraphic communication with the outside world, and London capital, now seeking investment here, will be able to keep in touch with the country, and this means very much for its welfare. A large part of the gold output that comes from the mines heretofore has been taken to the outside, and as a consequence there has been need for the introduCtion of capi­ tal, but want of communication has done much to retard its in­ coming. Now, there is no reason why Dawson shall not be in close touch with the financial center of the world. Formerly a winter trip from Dawson was regarded as an ar­ duous undertaking. N ow there is no reason why, even in winter time, this trip should not be made by anyone with a very reasonable degree of comfort, and at com­ paratively small expense. Dawson now has first-class res­ taurants, good hotels, and as well appointed clubs as may be found in much larger cities in other parts of the world, and as many churches as are necessary for the population. It may seem to the man on the outside that Dawson has not much use for churches; but it may well be said in reply that whether the good people of Dawson attend church in as large proportion as they do in cities in civilization or not. thev certainly give them far more liberal sup­ port. Thev have good govern­ ment so far as the prevention of 74 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD PALM ER BROS. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL OUTFITTERS FANCY GROCERIES A SPECIALTY FRONT ST., OPP. AURORA DOCK BRANCH STORE AT GOLD RUN DAWSON. Y, T. A. J. Bannerman REAL ESTATE, MINING AND FINANCIAL AGENT Mlnlnll C/a/~. Bough' and Sold E~tates managed. rents. interests, dividends. etc. collected. Pa~'ment of taxes made. renewal grants, free miner's certificates. etc.: money received for in­ vestment on murtgages or other securitie". SpeCial attention given to the management of mining claims for non-residents. References Furnished Correspondence Soliei ted MONEY TO LOAN Office "Victoria Chambers" cor. 1st Ave. and 2nd St., DAWSON. Y. T. Dawson Sawmill & Building Co. O. W. HOBBS, Proprietor )[anufacturers of Brick, Lime and Lumber Sash, Doors and Blinds, Mouldings, S croll and Band Sawing CORRESPONDENCE SOLICITED 473 FRONT STREET DAWSON. N. W. T. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE . . 75 STREET SCENE, DAWSON. Y. T. crime goes, and protection of property. The best evidence which Daw­ son can produce to prove the present stability and future per­ manency is the large number of permanent mercantile firms. whose investments in stocks and buildings range in millions of " dollars and whose extensive and • varied trade ranks them on a par with the. great wholesale houses of the larger cities of the coast. Dawson is now, and will prob­ ably be for many years. the caoi­ tal of the Yukon country. It has a beautiful site, and is in what those who have been there for any length of time. know to be a glorious climate. The time should come before long when this will be a resort for tourists, both in summer and in winter. who. tired of the older and more beaten tracks, care to look at new fields. No more beautiful scenery can be offered in Norway or other north­ ern countries of Europe than can be shown on the Yukon. A year ago or more it would seem ridiculous to make these statements about Dawson and about the Yukon country, but ex­ perience and enterprise have done 'so much to develop the natural resources of the country, that the general aspect has entirely changed. This subject might be pursued, to show how much more comfortable life is in Dawson than it was a year ago. Some of the old "sour doughs" 'can appre­ ciate what they went through in those old times, but the world w- ill never know. 76 SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ·IL-H_o-te-I-D-o-n-o-v-a-;-n----"-!:1 PROPS. Newly furnished with Modern furniture from Top to Bottom European and American Plan -=0.~~~ A quiet, lirst-class house. Ladies and gentlemen will lind it a pleasant house. The table is furnished with the best the market alfords. First-class attendance. NO BAR IN CONNECTION WITH THE HOUSE Rates. American Plan .. Rates. European PI"n __ . _ ... St.OO a day and up. . . _ ~2.00 a day and up. Within two minutes walk of steamship landing. Excellent '"Table d' Hote" Meals. Best accom­ modation~ in the city." Hotel Donovan Cor, Second St. and Third Ave .. N. W. T. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 77 STREET SCENE IN DAWSON FOURTH OF JULY, 1900. Facts About Dawson. Banks, 2. Doctors, 25. Dentists, 10. Churches, 4. Skating rink. Laundries, 12. Social clubs, 4. Assay offices, 5. Bottling works, I. Population, 5,000. Public hospitals, 2. Private hospitals, 3. First class hotels, 12. Fraternal societies, 4. Shipyard and ways, I. Express companles, 3. Number of brick yards, 3. Number of sawmills, 6. Manufacturing jewelers, 7. Athletic and sporting- clubs, 2. Tonnage from St. Micha'el, I 5,~ 000. Cold and warm storage ware­ houses, 8. Distance between Dawson and Skagway, 628 miles. Amount invested in realty and improvements, $20,000,000. Local revenues from liquor and trade licenses and court fines, $208,000. Customs receipts, port of Daw­ son, January 1st to October 1st, 1899, $23 1,182.09. Weekly mails in and out of Dawson by dog and horse teams during the winter and after close of navigation. The largest nugget ever found in the Yukon territory was brought to the surface in creek claim No. 34, Eldorado, on Aug­ ust 31, 1899, by Peter Gordt, who, with his partner, Low Swanson, had been given the privilege of 78 THE SCEXIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD _\. c. t'o."s Office Building- Emil Blau' PIONEER REAL ESTATE AIID M'"'"G BROKER Real Estate Agent for Harper & Ladue Townsite Co., Harper's Ad­ dition, Menzie's Addition. Financial Agent. Mining Broker . • nsu"ance 'nlpe,.I.' Ufe Assu,..nce •• • I Co., of Penn. Make a specialty of Rents and Interest collections. Money loaned on good se­ curity. Property of non-residents so­ licited. DAWSON, N. W. T. w. J. WALTHER, PRES. A"D M'GR J. B. LlBSY, V'CE' PRES W. C. DAWSON, TREAS Yukon Iron Works The rioneer Machine Shops and Boiler Works of the YUKON The most complete machine shop north of Puget Sound. We manufacture the most successful BOILERS, THAWING MACHINES and PAINTS in Use. All classes of repair work promptly and satisfac­ torily done. A complete stock of Boilers, Engines, Pumps, Steam Fittings and all classes of machin­ ery supplies always on hand. OFFICE AND WORKS: PRINCIPAL OFFICE: SIXT", ST. "NO SECONO AVENUE PORT TOWNSEND. WASH. DAWSON. N. W. T. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 79 doing free summer gleanings, or, in the vernacular of the creeks, were "sniping." The discovery was made in bedrock under five feet of gravel. The nugget is 5 9-16 inches long and 2 1-4 inches thick~ It weighs six pounds and six dollars, and represents $1,158 in gold. Dairies,s· Theaters, 3. Lawyers, 25. Breweries, 2. 9· Miles of improved streets, 5. Salvation Army with barracks. Coal mines in the vicinity,s: Turkish and plain bath houses, Number of children of school age, 200. Electric light plant, supplying the City. Water systems supplying the city, 2. Government and commercial telegraph office. SCOWS LA~'DING FREIGHT IN DAWSON. Public hall, I. Pack trains, 8. Gymnasium, I. Planing mills, 2. Machine shops, 3. Private schools, 3. Suburban towns, 2. Steamboat docks, 12. Suspension bridge, I. Up-river steamers, 23. Vegetable gardens, 12. Down-river steamers, 41. Restaurants and 'cafes, 40. Output of mines for last year~ $15,000,000. Newspapers, daily, 2; semi­ weekly, I; weekly, 3. Telephone system in operation covering the whole mining dis­ trict. Transportation companies on ' the upper river, 3; on the lower river, 8. Fire department, with 2 en­ gines, 2 hose carts, 2 chemicals,. and a hook and ladder truck. ~o THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Regina Club ... Hotel Thirty-five elegantly furnished and well heated, electric lighted rooms. European Plan rates $2.50 and upwards. Sample Room for Commercial Travelers FIRST-CLASS BAR T. C. HEALY. MANAGER AND PROP. DAWSON. N. W. T. The Yukon rlumbing, Heating and (ngineering Supply Co. SAMUEL A. WYE. Manager. HEADQUARTERS FOR THE ABOVE LINES COR. THIRD AVE. AND THIRD ST. &eMTa.\ b\OTa.l,le \\.,,1\ ~\\o\e,,\\.\e DAWSON, N. W. T. e.omm\&&\o" l teTC\\\\."\& l\.e\enMt e&l\&\\\&l\ YI&l\\t 0\ e01\\1\\eTet "\I)&nno'lu,n eOT. I\\n f \. &l\\\ ?T\\ 'i\'Ot. 0H\ce, ~. &l\\\ e. 1)oe\t 1)&\1O.0l\, l .. "\I). '). THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 81 KLONDIKE GOLD FIELDS. A little over thirty-six months have elapsed since the Western world was thrown into a state of great excitement by the reports of the discovery of rich placer gold fields on the Yukon. erties of all kinds' sold at a sacri­ fice, and fortunes great and small -even lives-were risked in the endeavor to reach the place where gold was to be found in such quantities. STEAMERS IN PORT AT ' PAWSON, Y. T. The miners returning to thei;­ various homes with big sacks of the precious dust and with still bigger stories, lent assurance to these reports, and the conditions of the financial world being pe­ culiarly favorable, one of the greatest "stampedes" known in history resulted. Homes were mortgaged; prop- It is interesting, after this lapse of time, to read the stories which caused people to tear themselves from home and all its associations and take up a life to which not one in twenty had been used, and, ' while most of them consist main­ ly of ridiculous exaggerations, yet each day brings us nearer to a realization of the fact th~.t_ af1.~x. ! 82 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ~~e l ttTe\\a~\~ "P. a l\~ 0' ~a\\'a~ CAPITAL, $2,000,000. RESERVE FUND, $1,700,000 J. H. FE~OUSON, Acting Manager Bennett Branch. Photo by Barley, Skaguay. Alaska. Scows being towed down Lake Benuett, en route to Dawson. BUILT BY HOLLAND BROS. SCOW AND BOAT BUILDERS Only Puget Sound Lumber Used. BENNETT, B. C . . ALBERT MAYER Watchmaker and Manufacturing Jeweler Nugget Jewelry and Souvenirs a Specialty. Seattle Office: J B. Mayer Bros, Assayers and Refiners, 116 Cherry St. Dawson, Y. T. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 83 all they missed the mark only a little. The Truth Good Enough. And it is gratifying to know that, stripped of its filmy vest- sensational newspapers, wilful falsehoods told for a more ser­ ions purpose by the boomer of 'wild-cat" claims-to say noth­ ing of the "official reports" of "the-man-who- happened- to-be­ there," and who was supposed to FRONT STREET, DAWSON, DURING LORD MINTO'S VISIT. ments woven from fabrications invented by returning miners whose quick transitions from pov­ · erty to opulence had turned their heads, stories manufactured by more experienced word-carpen­ ters for the benefit of readers of 1~'10W all about it-it is most grat­ ifying to know that when all such delusions have been set aside and the mists have been cleared away by the rigors of three arctic wi11-­ terse tog-ether with all the inciden­ tals and ups and downs exper- 84 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF T~E WORLD I W. P.fuller & Co. Manufacturers and Importers Paint., Oil., fila •• , Doors and Wind"",. WORKS AT SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO Pioneer White Lead is strictly pure and is made · by the old Dutch process. Fuller's Pure Prepared Paint a perfect paint for house and steamships. Lubricating Oils and Compounds are beat for Marine, Mining and Mill Machinery. P R_ B BUILDING PA.PERS • a, .• REA.DY ROOFING 209-211 Occidental Avenue. Seattle. --o~~._ STORES AN D WAREHOUSES SAN FRANCISCO, LOS ANGELES, OAKLAND, SAN DIEGO, SARAMENTO, PORTLAND,STOCKTON. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 85 ienced by the average man who participated in that memorable stampede for a fortune, the hopes and disappointments, visions of wealth and hard rubs with cruel poverty, and, taking into consid­ eration all the difficulties and hardships under which the pur­ suit of a paystreak must ever b~ made in this 'country-in other words, seen as it actually is, this district is considered by those best acquainted with it and most capable of judging, one of the greatest mining camps of modern times. '1'he Creeks. The famous Gold Hill, the out­ put of which from first to last ex­ ceeds $3,000,000, is but a portion of a continuous bed of gravel which extends, so far as known at present, from French Hill on El­ dorado, to No. 49 below on Bon­ anza, on the left limit, a distance of over seven miles, and uniform­ ly rich. At No. 49 above men­ tioned, this gravel bed is lost, but another appears at No. 76 below on Bonanza, on the right limit, which many claim is a continua­ tion of the one first described. Be that as it may, the writer will venture the asser'tion that for the full distance of seven miles this "white paystreak" (so-called from the faCt that it is composed almost entirely of white quartz gravel, boulders and ground-up quartz of the variety known to Colorado miners as "bull quartz") will average $1,000 per lineal foot. This sounds very much exag­ gerated no doubt to those who are unfamiliar with the ground in question, but it is fully borne out by the prospecting that has been done and the results thereof. At Gold Hill, this pay streak is about 200 feet in width, while at Monte Cristo gulch it is fully 750 feet in width, and while it may not be so rich in spots as Gold Hill, it shows as much gold per running foot at the lower end as at either Gold Hill or French Hill, while that portion of it lying between Little Skookum gulch and Adams creek, and known as Cheechahko Hill, has so far proven the richest portion of it. OTHER CHANNELS. Similar channels on Hunker, Dominion and Quartz creeks, that on Dominion having been proven up for a distance of over IS miles, it will be seen that nature has been most considerate of the poor prospector and has distributed her, treasure not only lavishly but i m partiall y. There are those, 01 course, who will dispute many of the above points-many who, through some unfortunate circumstance and probably through no fault of their own, have been unsuccessful, 'and who are consequently discour­ aged and somewhat pessimistic. THE PRINCIPAL CREEKS. Bonanza creek, originally the discovery creek of the Klondike district and its famous tributary, Eldorado, still hold the lead. George Carmack was the discov­ erer of Bonanza creek and dis­ covery claim is located about midway between the mouth and the source. There are about 100 creek claims on Bonanza creek proper above discovery and 10-5 claims below. Of these. 12 claims below and 22 above were worked this season. About 329 hillsides and bench claims out of a total of over 1.500 were worked. To­ tal output, about $4,000,000. THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD tSlllollsheO 1~70. Oldest Bank in Washington. M. THIII\1 ::;EN , President. ca~ltal St~ck, $zoo,ooo . Surplus, $100,000' bexter. Horton &, Co. BANKERS Seattle, Washin·gton w. M . Ladd. President. R. H. Denny. Vice-Rresidellt. N. H. Latimer, ManaF:er. M. W. Peterson , Cashier. C. ~ . Burnside, Asst. Cashier. A General Banking Business Transacted. R. C. HASSON , Manager. (t~nt~nnial Mill (tompan, MANUFACTURERS OF ¢tattltnlal's Stst and Gold :mfO~ flOUfS 1lo11td eats aad farla (PATENT. ) _btlt lIanla Daily Capacity of Mills, 2,000 Barrels. All Orders Promptly Filled. Address, (t~nt~nnial ~ill (t01Rpan, Stattlt, Glasb. THE W~TJ;. PASS AND YUKO~ ':R0UTE 87 Eldorado has 80 creek and about 1,000 bench claims (mostly located under the old regulations, and therefore only 100 feet square), of which about 30 creek claims and 100 bench claims pro­ duced gold. Total, about $3,500,- 000. Hunker creek, running about parallel with Bonanza and enter- Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. tends from Last Chance to the mouth of Hunker, which would, If staked in 500-foot claims, make the total number of creek claims below discovt!ry 1 II. Of these about 20 above and 12 below were worked. About 600 hillside and bench claims have been located un Hunker creek and its principal tributary, Last Chance, of which LEWIS LAKE TRESTLE. ing the KI.ondike about 10 miles from the mouth, is about the same length as Bonanza creek, having 60 claims in all abov~ discovery -right and left forks included­ and 81 claims below discovery and above the , mouth of Last Chance. A government conces­ sion, three miles in .length, ex- nearly 200 produced gold this sea­ son. The total output, about $1,- 500,000. Of the tributaries of the above mentioned. cre~ks, but few pro­ duced any. Dominion is a good sample of some of the richest creeks which in the n'atural course of things 88 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD E. W. NEWHALL & CO. SEATTLE, WASH. Importers Dry Goods, Fine Millinery, Men's Furnishings. Stationery. Toys, Toilet Articles, Etc. MAIL ORDERS A SPECIALTY LARGE ASSORTMENTSI MODERATE PRICESI E. W. NEWHALL &. CO. SEATTLE, WASH. ~ ~ ~ ~ I :1 THOMAS CARSTENS ERNEST CARSTENS CARSTENS BROTHERS eOLESALE BUTCHERS and PACKERS ~Ianufacturers of all kinds of Sausage, Washington Brand Hams, Bacon and Lard, Tallow. Neatsfoot Oil, Bone )Ieal. Live Stock bought and sold. Cattle, Sheep and Hogs a specialty. SEATTLE, WASH. ~,==============~==============~ . -------- . I II Fashionable Dressmaking and Ladies· Tailoring The Fit a Specialty All Work UpAo,..Date The Lawrence method of measure-fitting taught. School and Parlors ROOMS 6 AND 7 HINCKLEY BLOCK 712 SECOND AVENUE, SEATTLE, WASH. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 89 may hope to be discovered in this country; excellent ground, and every claim will yield a handsome sum, but not an Eldorado ~ Being O o shallow, averaging about 18 feet to bedrock, and the gravel a very fine wash, it is o perhaps the cheap­ est ground there is in the immedi­ ate district to work. Scarcity of wood for fuel and the lack of enough large timber for sluice lumber is the chief drawback, as it is with all creeks on the south­ ern side of the divide. 0 Sulphur creek has been rather "bao ckward in coming forward," principally owing to the fact that the muck is very deep-averag- Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. . cellent showing, and Gold Run properties in the locality indicat­ ed now comma t1(J a l'n\..~ equal to that of best Duminion claims. The pay is much the same as thc~.t of Dominion, being confined for the most part toa narrow strip on bedrock. The hillside claims have not been sufficiently prospected as yet to make an estimate as to their value possible. Quartz creek has been pros­ pected off and on for the past 10 years, nearly everyone of th~ early prospectors having followed the bars of Indian river as far as Quartz creek and then tried the creek bed. But it remained for JUNEAU, ALASKA. ing abot\t 3S feet--and the creek bed very wide, making it difficult to locate the pO ay streak. But now that heavy machinery has been brought in, all this is changed. Gold Run is a tributary of Do­ minion, coming in at No. 228 be­ low discovery, but it is quite pre­ tentious enough to be entitled to a place amongst the larger 0 creeks. Staked in March, 1898, it was not prospected until the autumn of that year, and only seven claims were worked seriously. These were Nos. 22, 23, 24, 34, 37, 41 and 48. These claims all made an ex- this season to demonstrate that this creek also has an accompany­ ing old channel on which have already been found some rich benches. Those lying between Canon and Calder creeks on the right limit of Quartz aO re very rich. There is some very good sum- o m- er ground on Eureka creek, a tributary of Indian river, on the 0pposite side to Dominion and Quartz, but owing to its great distance from the base of supplies little more than representation work has been done so far. 90 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD You know the brand has stood the test. Be sure to get it-­ Agen's Best. More of Agen's · Butter, Cheese and Eggs sold in Alaska than all other brands put together. The only Hay to get for Alaska is the DOUBLE COMPRESSED BALES. We have both the square and round bales. You save money in freight. It is easier to handle. There is no waste in feeding, as the weeds, dust and dirt are all re­ moved in re-baling. CLIPPED OATS. The cheapest oat to' bny is our oats that are cleaned and clipped. We have the only com­ plete plant on the Coast for putting up the above. l~lY, BOGARDUS .. & CO. Wholesale Hay, Grain, Flour, Feed. SEATTLE THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 91 SEATTLE, WASHINGTON, U. S. A. Seattle is be'autifully situated on the east shores of Puget Sound, on ' a spacious harbor, among the finest in the world. In point of business activity, rapid growth and substantial progress and prosperity, it leads all other cities on this coast. Just now it clearing house for Klondike gold. Ships from all parts of the world enter its harbor, and the city is generally looked upon as the com­ ing great commercial and manu­ facturing entre pot for foreign trade on this coast with the Ori­ ent and Pacific isles. RAILROAD AVENUE, SEATTLE. commands greater attention from the outside world than any other city, and those familiar with it and its advantages predict for it a great and grand future. It is the -metropolis of Puget Sound and of the State of Wash­ ington; the greatest railroad cen­ ter on the Pacific Coast ; the great­ est seaport in the North Pacific; the chief sailing, outfitting and trading port for Alaska, and the Its mines produce annually over half a million tons of coal. Its lumber mills cut annually over 500,000,000 feet of timber; its shingle mills produce upwards of 1 ,000,000,000 cedar shingles per year, all of which find ready sale in the markets of the world, where they are favorably re­ garded. Western Washington possesses the largest and finest timber forests in the world, and THE SCEXIC RAIL""AY OF THE WORLD •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• Galbraith-Bacon & Do. '''0. WHOLESALE .... Hay, Grain, flour, feed, Lime, Plaster, Cement. ... i'rooriPtrlrs of Rainier Feed Mills. agcnb for Roche Harbor Lime. operator,; of plant fur Double ~ompres.inlC Hay. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • SEATTLE, WASH. • O,.'ICE, WHARf', MILL AND WAREHOUSES GALBRAITH DOC .... "OOT MADISON ST. • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• John Finn Metal Works ."~' ... JOHN FINN, PRES. Babbitt Metals, Solders and Galvanizing 313-315 Howard Street 1255 First Ave. South • • • • • SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. SEATTLE. WASH. • • ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• -,'-+++++++++++++++++++ ++++++++++++~ +++++++1-++++++++++++-". + + + ROBT. G, WESTERMAN, PRIES. A. T. TIMMERMAN, SEC'V + + + + + I tlll~st~rman i + + + + I 1ron tlllorks I + + + + + + + + + + * ... MACHINE FORGING ... i ~ + + + + + :j: Car Work. Ship, Steamboat. Bridge and t :j: Building Work. Estimates Furnished. t + ~ :t ~---- + . + t Telephone Rainier 10 P 0 B 1-1 + ":" . . ox , + + + + 1120 FIRST AVENUE SOUTH S ttl W h + :j: COA. CO"NOeT,eUT aT. ea e, as. + ."+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++I-++++++++++++++++++-t THE \VHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE I II HARBOR SCENES OF SEATTLE. The upper picture shows one of the big Oriental Liners taking on cargo . 93 94 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ............. ............................................................... ! ROHLFS&SCHODER BANK. OFF'C~. SAL.OON F'1CTU"~. t • •••• STfAMBOAT WORk A SrfCIALTY •••• t + -Dealers 1n- ! An K'nds o' HAltDWOOD LUMBEIt 1 • 610-620 First Ave. South SEATTLE, WASH. i • GET OUR FIGURES + ................................................................... . I 1 1 i TENTS WeAre Up .. to .. Date Manufacturers and Jobbers in our Lines. All Goods at Wholesale. We make steel-ribbed folding canvas boots, canvas covered horse hlankets, nose bags, tarpaulins, mining hose, ore sacks and gloves Catalogue on application. ~ .................................. •••••••• II' •••••••••••••••••••• t FREIGHT PASSENGERS BAGGAGE i The Seattle Transfer Co. ; All kinds of freight hauled. Baggage and freight . stored. Pool cars dis- I tributed. Passengers for Alaska can have ba.ggage taken to our otnce held three days free of storage, and ha.ve access to same at any time, without extra charge. Storage ~ts. per week after three days. ~engers on all trains and boats will exchange checks. Freight transferred:tlhd stored. SEATTLE, WASH. rR: · 'S~~;;d' , 8;' 'C~_' · , ., · , · , · , · ,. + Importers and Wholesale Dealers in High Grade WINES AND LIQUORS U5 JAMES STREET and U4 YESLER WAY SEA. TTLE. W A.SH.- \ .......................... - .......................... ~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 95 this in itself will prove a constant and increasing source of wealth to Seattle. Seattle is the center of govern­ ment improvements of magnitude and importance. It already pos­ sesses a naval station, and a dry dock, the largest in the United States, and a government assay office, which during 1899 received and paid full value for many mill­ ion dollars worth of Klondike and Alaska gold. A military post has been established here recently, buildings for which are now un­ der process of erection, which will cost many thousands of dol­ lars. Extensive fortifications are also under contemplation, and active work will soon begin in the construction of a ship canal con­ necting Lakes Washington and Union with the Sound, costing up­ wards of $3.000,000, which when completed will supplv a fresh water harbor whose equal can no­ where be found. The varied and boundless re­ sources surrounding the city. with the important advantages possessed by it in the way of fa­ vorable location, an expansive field for trade, shipping facilities of the best, both by rail and water, and last, but not least, cheap mo­ tive power supplied from Sno­ qualmie Falls, combine to make Seattle an ideal city for manufac­ tures, and which fully determines its destiny as a great manufac­ turing city. The city has upwards of 100 miles of street railway, electric and cable, diverging to all parts of the city to points of interest. It possesses beautiful lakes and parks, fine bicycle paths, and ev­ erything to make it attractive to tourists, health, pleasure and home seekers. It is blessed with a delightful and salubrious cli- mate, devoid of extremes of heat and cold, and is surrounded on all sides with scenery of the grandest the world affords. The city is provided with an abundant sup­ ply of pure water, a fine public library, educational institutions of the best, and church facilities suited to all religious beliefs. Its population has grown from 3500 in 1880 to 85,000 at the pres­ ent time. The general belief en­ tertained is that its population will reach 100,000 before the close of 1900. Its citizens are imbued with the true spirit of American push, pluck and enterprise, which is forcibly illustrated in the re­ markable progress it has already made. and which will prove a po­ tent factor in promoting its future greatness. Seattle is a wonderful city with wonderful possibilities, offering at the present time special at­ tractions to capital and human enterprise of every nature. The Exports of the City. In round numbers the leading exports from Seattle are as fol­ lows: Coal, by ship, 1,200 tons per day. Lumber, by ship and car, 200,- 000 feet per day. Shingles, by car, 1,100,000 per clay. Flour, by ship, 1,000 barrels per day. Wheat, by ship, 5,000 bushels per day. Vessels built, $r,ooo per day. Vessels repaired, $1,000 per day. 11erchandise to Alaska, $20,000 per day. Merchandise to British Colum­ bia. $1,000 per day. 96 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ............................... , ...................... : • ·C.E.BOGARDUS i • ASSAYER AND CHEMIST : • • BULLION WORK A SPECIALTY : . . COAL, IRON, NICKEL, TIN, ETC. ASSAY AND CHEMICAL : • WORK OF ALL KINDS • • • : 60 COLUMBIA STREET, SEATTLE, WASHINGTON: • • • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• • • • W. D. HOFIUS WK. PIGOTT • : W. D. HOFIUS &, CO. : • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • : R. R. Sp'ikes Bolts Locomotives : : Bar Iron, Steel, Iron Pipe, Pig Iron, Machinery, Shingle Bands, Beams, : • Girders, Angles, Plates, Channels, Tin Plates. SEATTLE, WASH. • • • ................... ........ .................................. .... .... ~.~~ .... ~ .. -;"~~i ~. ~. ~~~ ......... 'I~~~ Manufacturers' Agents : The GIant Powder Co., Con.-Giant, Jud- Chisholm-Moore M'K. Co.-Chain Blocks. son Improved Powder. ncCaffery File Co. Fairbanks, Morse Ie Co.-Scales, Trucks. The Anti-Caloric Co.-Pipe and Boiler ~ Railway Supplies, Gasoline Engines, etc. Covering. The Gurley Handle Co.-Axe, Pick and Jas. nacbeth Ie Co.-Electric Blasting Ap- ~ Sledge Handles. paratus Hartz All-Steel Tackle Blocks. SEATTLE, WASHINGTON .: . . . . . . . . . .. ... . ..... _ ~.~.~.~.~~~·~·~·M~~~~.,. ...................... ~--- I H.sthe~~~.il:~~~!~.nY!l~~e~~p~~~~~orth of I the city of San Francisco. ~ • The only absolutely independent newspaper published in the Pacific ~ Northwest. " . It owns the complete day leased wire of the Associated Press. The Times publishes four editions per diem. Average daily circulation " ~ for the first seven months of 1900-22,843. ! ~ .. .: .: ...... .: ..... .: .. .: ... '. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 97 ." :r S- o r::r ' to ~ ii" ': (J) ~ CIQ fl ~ : 12: ~ ~ F i ~ ~ ~ ~ - : Z I::! ~ ~ t'=J ~ ~ ~ "'3 ~ p; r 7 98 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE 'WORLD ~--------------------------------------------------------$ P . O. ,Box 96 J Bre\\!ery. Union 44 Telephones I Bottling Works, Main 730. 1btntricb 1Sros. 1Srtwing to. Howard Ave. North, Seattle, Wash. Brewers of Lager Beer and Porter Pure, rnvlgoratinK, StrengthenlnK. Bottled tor tam ­ ily use and delivered to any part ot the city. Try a case of two dozen half pints at $1. ~--------------------------------------------------------~ ~----------------------------------------------------------.~ MONUMENTS P. O. Box 1013 Telephone Buff 1992 A. D. Thompson a Do. MARBLE AND GRANITE POLISHING WORKS Cemetery and building work a specialty. The larges t stock to select from, both in Marbles and Granites . in the Northwest . Owning our own quarries and having the only pow" r polIsher in the Northwest. we can give better satisfaction than any other dealer. 1531-1533 first Ave. North e;, SEATTLE. I One block north Pike St. The Occidental OLDS & ORTON, Props. The only Steam-heated hotel on the Pacific Coast north of Puget Sound. Electrically lighted ·throughout. Headquarters for mining men and Commercial travelers • The Leadillg Hotel of Alaska .••. ... ______ Juneau, Alaska. ~------------------------------ ~ ~--------------------------------------------------------~~ WILSE.. 811 Second Avenue All kinds of views of Seattle and the Sound. Scenic Photographer S~ATTLE. ~--------------------------------------------------~ ~ ~ Monod Hospital (A Private Gelleral Hospital) ELIZABETH M. CORRIGAN ALMA S. ANDERSON Prices, $12, $15 and $20 per week. Obstetrics a specialty. 2H23 First Avenue Telephone Ullion 6 Seattle, Wash. ~------------------------------.------------------~~ CJ\ CJ\ ~ E-1 ~ o ~ Z o ~ ;:J ~ ~ ~ rn rn ~ ~ ~ E-- H ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ E-1 Photo bv Barley. Skaguay, Alaska. LEWIS LAKE ON THE -LINE OF THE WHITE PASS & YUKON ROUTE. 100 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .~~~~~~~~~~~~*'~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .~ ~ ~ tjjp ~ ~~~ t/i; \lUll ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ tjjp ~ tjjp ~ If in a hurry ~ri1 tli; Seattle to Da"""son ~D~ ~ @ ~ Take the Yukon flyer Line, Ltd. ~ 'f/iJ Choice of any line of iJi; 'fli1 steamers Seattle to Skag- ~tiJ f:li; UflY, White Pass route to tliJ ~~~ White Horse, and direct ~~~ \!UJ connection the n c e to \W 1itiJ Dawson yia the fast and ~ f:li; com modious steamers fJJp ~ Eldorado and fJJ"o ~ ~ flJ~ Bonanza King tjjp rJJ~ Lowest Rates tjjp fb Ouickest Time ~tiJ flJ~ Best Se,.vice fJJfl @ @ 1itiJ ~ tJJ~ For rates apply at Company's Offices. t¥i; ~D"O City Office: 114 James Street. Tel. Main ;;01. fJJ"o ~{'j; 6eu'IOffice: 406-7 Mutual Life Bldg. Tel. Main 747. ~Ijp ~ ~ @ ~ tjjp ~ '~... \lUP \lW 'ri1 ~ ~ @ 'f/iJ ~ ~ .~ M: "". 'M/ ~. .fflJ ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~'~,;;:J.,;;:J.~~(;;;1.~~~~ ·='c='·P·P'P·P'P·P·c=';p·p·?~~~~~~~~~~g. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. The White rass and Yukon Route From Skaguay, Alaska to White Horse, Y. T . •.• I N A ••. Modern Railway Train The line of" The White Pass & Yukon Route between Skaguay, Alaska, and White Horse, Y. T., is now com­ pleted and in operation, thereby giving the quickest 'Possible dispatch of passengers and freight between Skaguay and White Horse. The dangers, difficulties and delays of the old method of reaching Allin, Klondike, Yukon and Cape Nome Gold Fields Now overcome. THE OLD WAY. Ship your freight" by taU over The White Pass & Yukon Route, the most direct route to all points on the lakes. Klondike and Yukon districts. We are authorized Canadian and United States Bonded Carriers. Shipper8--C8n arrange to pay customs duties at Bennett, B. 'C., Atlin City, B. C., Dawson, Y. T. 101 102 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ~-~~-€®-~:!)-~~~ . ~ Our Motto: promptness, Dispatch Correspondence solicited + ~ ENG,!;!~~!s ': CO. i + ..G:n Forwarding Agents ~ ~ BENNETT. CARIBOU. WHITE HORSE. AND DAWSON. ~ I ~ ~~~~®-~~-®~~®~~-~-~-@-~ '~ i . J. J. HAGGERTY . f ~ @ + . ~ .~ :r~ '~ ~ ® $ ~ ~ ® $ + ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ @ ~ ~ @ ~ + ~ ~ * $ ~ ~ y ! i ~ t ~ t· ® + Wholesale and retail dealer in Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Agent tur • ® Schlitz Brewing Cu. 109 Second Ave. S., Seattle, Wash. (~ i ~®-~®4-~-~®-~4~-~:!)-~@-~@-0-®-~-®- e®-(. -~-0-® ~ . ~ ~ . ASSAY OFFICE AND CHEMICAL LABORATORY ~ ; 28 Broad Street, Victoria, B. C. ~ + WILLIAM F. BEST, F. c. s. * i Analyiical(H~d~£!!1!~tLe~~g~ Assayer f ~.' rersonal Attention given to all Assaying and Chemical Analysis !~ (!; Samples by mail or express promptly attended to. ~~~®4-(!:-0-®4-®-~~ • • • • •• ~ THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 103 The White rass and Yukon Route United States and Dominion of Canada Customs Regulations Governing Shipments of Goods into Alaska and British Territory via Skaguay. Considerable delay and confusion has been caused in the past by shippers not understanding the requirements of the United States and Dominion cus­ toms departments. The following information is given for the guidance of shippers, and the instructions herein contained must be strictly adhered to: Shipments of goods from United States ports destined to points in British territory via Skaguay must be accompanied by four (4) certified copies of invoice and two (2) ~opies of bill of lading. Shipments of goods from Canadian ports destined to points in British territory via Skaguay must be accompanied by two (2) certified copies of invoice and three (3) copies of bill of lading. The following certificate must be written or stamped on face of each and every certified invoice: "This invoice is true and correct; and where there is a difference between any of the prices shown therein and the orrlinary credit prices at which same articles are now sold bona fide by the exporter in like quantity and condition at this place for consumption in this country the latter prices are shown on the margin or elsewhere on such invoice. "Dated at ............................. 190 ... " Hach package must be plainly marked, showing consignee and destination and contents of package. Invoices must show the exact number of packages, and this number must agree with number on bill of lading. All goods ~estined to points via Skaguay reached by The White Pass & Yukon Route and their connections should be consigned to the Pacific & Arctic Railway & Navigation Company, to be delivered by them to the con­ signee. This is of the utmost importance, and should be strictly observed. ~oods received at Skaguay not having proper papers will be placed in bonded warehouse, and if not released in reasonable length of time they will be sold by customs officers to the highest bidder. Goods shipped from Canadian ports to points in British territory via Alaska in boud are bonded through United States territory duty free. Goods shipped from Cnited States ports destined to points in Alaska via Skaguay and Yukon river are bonded through Canadian territory dutv free. Baggage from Canadian ports destined to Canadian ports via Skaguay may be sealed at point of shipment and pass through United States territory to point of destination free of duty. Baggage from Cnited States ports to points in Canadian territory via Skaguay will be inspected by Canadian customs officials at Skaguay, and if not dutiable will go through to destination without further inspection; if dutiable articles are found in baggage it will be sent through to Bennett or end of tracks and duty collected 3t that point. 104 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD --.................. . i . ~ I The Best is the Cheapest . i ~ •• You will be convinced of this'after using Giant Powder as made by The Giant Powde,. CO_II Con., who have factories at Victoria, B. C., and Giant, Cal., U. S. A. This Company IS in a position to furnish the best grade of all kinds of Explosives, Caps, Fuse and Elec­ tric Blasting goods. Agencies all over the Pacific Coast of U. S. A. and Canada . Prices as Low as the Lowest Canadian Headqua,.te,.s . ..... The Giant Powder Co., Con. . 90 Go"e,.nmenl St •• opp. T,.oun.e Alley. V/elo,.I •• B. C • :_~_~~c$ M~~: JifO\!~ t2JifO\! t2JifO\!~ t2 JifO\!d 1 ~ d2 ~ ~ d21iffl-«£ ~~~®~~~~~~~ ~J ~ . , 'i W!@ WILSON BROS. ~ Ii IMPORTERS AND ~ f,1 Wholesale Grocers Zi I Headquarters for Northern Trade VANCOUVER. Powell Street . THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 105 VICTORIA, 13RITISH COLUMBIA. Victoria, the most westerly city of the Dominion and the British Empire, nestles on the sunny side of the Straits of San Juan de Fuca. Its beauty is obvious. Such continuous splendors can be viewed in very few places in the West. As the. visitor enters the little land-locked harbor he is at once impressed with the beauty of the surrounding landscape, as well as with the sightly buildings of the city itself. Rising gradu­ ally from the water front the grades extending through the business section of the city to the suburbs are unmarred by declivi­ ties or rough breaks. The pictur­ esque harbor is dotted with as much of its extensive shipping­ which includes the largest sealing fleet in the world-as is "at home." To the right is James Bay with its flotiila of yachts and its club houses, and beyond rises that imposing pile-the Govern­ ment buildings. Further still are the wooded slopes, the charming driveways, and the drift-piled beaches of Beacon Hill Park­ three hundred acres of scenic beauty. Close at hand to the left the business blocks crowd the slopes and even in their compact arrangement they charm the eye. Beyond, standing prominently on a pretty green height, is Duns­ muir Castle, and a number of pretty residences are perched around it. Turning still more to the left two bridges are seen reachirig to the Indian reserve. Beyond them a forest of schooner masts, with the smoke of the saw­ mill and manufactory chimneys for a background. \Vestward, the fortified arm of Point Ma­ caulay, with its mysterious cav­ ern-held artillery, juts out to sea, and in a splendidly sheltered har­ bor beyond is Esquimalt with its armed hills, docks and fleets, which guard the interests of Her Majesty in the Pacific. It is to its own natural advan­ tages, which were apparent to in­ telligent observers even before the axe had been laid to the first pine on its site, that Victoria owes not only its birth, but its growth in population-thirty thousand in less than fifty years, exclusive of Asiatics and Indians-and com­ mercial importance. Its streets as they are seen to­ day are wide and handsome. Gov­ ernment, Fort Yates, Douglas and Johnson streets are all bustling commercial thoroughfares. A vast amount of business is also transacted daily. with very little show, on Wharf street, the mart of the wholesalers. Government street was the first street of the city and continues its chief thor­ oughfare. Douglas street. with its massive blocks of brick and stone, is rapidly attaining a rival prominence. On each and every one of the business streets are buildings of imp9sing design and mOQern arrangement, and while unlike Chicago, there are no "sky­ scrapers," yet many of Victoria's lO() THE SCENIC RAJL"-AY OF THE WORLD , ................................ e •• I. I .................................. ;1 I Victoria Machinery Depot! 1 Consulting [ngineers, Draughtsmen, ! ! Machinists and Boiler Makers t I 1+ l Iron and Brass Castings supplied at lowest rates Machinery erected or , superintended. Builders of Marine, Stationery Engines and Boil- 1 t ers. Quartz and all kinds of Mining Machinery a 1 1 1 specialty. Agents for YALVOLlNE Cylinder I ~ and M~chinery oils, Dodge Wood SpJi t Pulleys, etc. t i l. ~~~::~ ~~[.h~:~ ~~~~~:~~~~~V~~t.o~~a: . ~'. ~: .I :;.-+++++++++++++++++++*++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-~ + + i ELECTRICAL CONTRACTORS I + + + For Lighting Plants + + + t Power Plants ~ t Mining Apparatus ~ + + + + + + + + + *+ + + + • + . + + + + + + I + ~ + + + + t Steamer Lighting : + and + t Isolated Plants i + + + + + + + + + + ~ Attractive Prices Quoted on Request-- .- =cc= c _ ~ + + ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++f++++++~ ~ ~ ~ ~ o ~ z o ~ ::;J ~ A Z en en p.. ~ ~ ~ ~ riI ~ ~ ~:~j~ Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska . HOUSE OF PARLIAMENT, VICTORIA, B. C. 108 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD . Canadian Pacific Navigation Co. ld. HEAD OFFICE VICTORIA, B. C. Steilmers O.nube Amur Tees Leave Victoria eve r y Wednesday at 11 p. m. an rl Vancouver every Thursrlay at 2 p. m. for Wranlel ilnd SkilluilJ Connecting With White filSS & Yukon Route All of the steamers of this .Company carry Her Majesty's mails. G.A.CARLETON C.S.BAXTER GENERAL FREIGHT AGENT GENERAL ~A •• ENGER AGENT THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 109 buildings would present a credi­ table appearance in any city. Looking over the business sec­ tion of Victoria, it is easy to be seen that buildings have been erected only to supply an existing demand, rather than prospective, and here is shown the conserva­ tiveness of Victorians, which has placed the credit of the city on such firm basis. So high indeed is the credit of the city of Victoria that not long ago, when the mu­ nicipal council brought about a consolidation of the municipal loans, they were able to place their debentures, amounting to $210,000, with a life of twenty years and bearing 4 per cent in­ terest, at 34 per cent above par, and it should be noted that the purchasers were a financial firm belonging to the city. By the expenditure of hundreds of thousands of dollars, private enterprise has constructed at the entrance to the harbor proper. docks capable of accommodating and sheltering in the roughest gale that blows the largest steam­ ers and sailing vessels to be found· upon the waters of the Pacific. Their course from the ocean is a clear one. there being no danger· ous or tortuous channels, and no shoals or rocks. At the outer dock abundant water and excel­ lent wharfage is afforded for ship­ ping of any draught. The shore line of Victoria harbor. which is entirely protected bv the natural conformation of the land. is about seven miles in length. \Vell ap­ pointed wharves extend for over a mile in almost unbroken succes­ sion. and there are a number of private whan·es. The majoritv of the wharves are lig-hted bv electricity and provided witi, ~odern appliances for tl.e quick dIspatch of business. Victoria's wharves are scarce1\" ever empty, for not only is th(o;; port the gateway of the Domin­ ion trade with the far-east from Singapore to Saghalien, but it is also the key to the fast-growing trade with Australasia, Polyn­ esia, Hawaii and Alaska-in fact, with all the countries washed by the Pacific. Then, again, it is the headquarters of the seal-hunting, the salmon-canning and the deep­ sea fishing indm,tries, each of which contributes materially to the prosperity of its citizens. It is the home of the leading export­ ers and wholesale merchants of the province, and the vast volume of its foreign imports is almost balanced by the contributions to the markets of the world which its productive industries mak~ possible. During the year end­ ing June last alone, the exports from the city of Victoria reached a total valuation of $3.050,529. compared with $2,335,065 in the year bef,ore, and the. exports $2,­ ?1O,794. compar~d WIth $2.388,571 111 the y'ear prevIOUS. Another great trade which brings millions of dollars to the coffers of Victoria firms is the lumber trade, which finds em­ ployment for monster fleets of sailing ships and big ocean-going tramps. some carrying over three million feet of rOllgh lumber to the Chinese and other Oriental mar.kets. and to the British, South African and American and other consumers in various parts of the world, Year by year this trade is g-rowing. and so great is the de­ mand at Chemaintls mills that they are obliged to build another mill. construction of which will be shortly commenced. to fill their orders. Other mills also tell of rrreat demands on them. To show how the trade is increasing. the 110 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ••• SA\AlM,LL OF ••• J- A_ SA YW ARD VICTORIA, B, C, Manufacturer and Dealer in Firf Spruce and Cedar Lumber Yukon River · T rade Scows for Sale Also a large stock of coast lumber always on hand for scow and building trade. See me before purchasing. YARDS AT WHITE . HORSE. Y. T. ~ ~ ~ ~ Head Office Victoria, B. C. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON" ROUTE 111 lumber cut during 18y~ exceeded that , of the year before by about nineteen million feet, and when the returns are in this year, an­ other big advance will be noted. The scarCity of tonnage and the inCidental high rates alone are militating against this industry. Victoria possesses an extensive system of water works, operated by the corporation, which, with the well-equipped and efficient fire department, reduces fire risks to a minimum. The city's water supply comes from a number of spring-fed lakes, which after pass­ ing over filter beds is distributed through steel . mains, thus insur­ ing purity. Improvements have been made in this system from year to year and it is now ap­ proaching perfection. The sewer­ age of the city is upon the sepa­ rate system, the general scheme being as recommended by the eminent New York engineer, Mr. Rudolph Herring. All the sew­ age is carried far out to sea by the tide. The. electric railway system of the cIty has been in operation sin'ce 1P90. under the manag-e­ ment of the British Columbia Electric Ry. Co. ' It was the third line constructed west of the Mis­ sissippi-the second in Canada~ It gives a quick service through the city and to the suburbs of Es­ quimalt, Oak Bay, Victoria West,. Spring Ridge, Beacon Hill, etc. An excellent telephone service is· enjoyed by the city, and in a few months a long-distance telephone cable will be laid conne'cting the city with N anaimo, Vancouver and New Westminster. Both tele­ graph lines entering- the city do­ considerable business. There are three hospitals-the Providence Royal Jubilee, a gift from the citizens in honor of Her Majesty's Jubilee year in 1887,. which stands back in commodious grounds on Cadbora Bay road and which cast $55,000; St. Joseph's Hospital, which stands facing the convent of St. Anne on Humboldt street, and the Marine Hospital on the promintory across the harbor and adjoining the government re­ serve. This hospital, which is­ solely for the merchant marine, is owned by the Dominion govern­ ment and supported by a collec­ tion of proportionate tonnage onl all vessels entering the port. Photo by Barley, Skaguay. Alaska. ATLIN LAKE. 112 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD Mallufacturers of all Killds of rlain and fancy Biscuits and Confectionery BRANCH VANCOUVER, B. C. EST ABLISHED 1858 VICTORIA, B. C. • • ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ i Merchants, Traders and Contractors § ~ . ~ ~ ~ S Can be sure of the best line in ·Sauces, ~ ~ Catsups, Pickles, Preserves and Confec- ~ tfJ tionery, if they get ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ O'KELL & MORRIS' ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . ~ ~ We have been awarded fifteen gold medals . ~ S and every prize in Western Canada for ~ ~ Puri ty and Excellence. ~ ~ ~ ~ Call or Write for frices to Victoria, 8. C. ;. ~~~~~~~ :~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~~~~, • EUROPEAN PLAN ,illl UP AMERICAN PLAN IZtf UP STEAM LAUNDRY AND SAMPLE ROOMS IN CONNECTION THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 113 Photo by Barley, Skaguay. Alaska. 8 UPPER SKAGUA Y CROSSING. ~ " . " 114 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• • • : Dominion Hote/~ : • • • Stephen Jone .. , Prop. • • • • Again enla.rged--s:~:tOOO spent on enlarging and mnof-'fllizing in less tha.n three • • years. Now best equipped and I"urnished hotel in Western Canada-BAR NO;';E. • • 100 rooms. all light. IOU rooms with prIvate bath attached. 101. rooms with run- • • ning water ()nl~' hOl,cl in the \Vt cst ha.ving telellhones eonnecting room.., with • • oftlce. Electric lighted throughout and servict the be .... t. Uni4ue feature-a • • central court with rockery a.nd fountain-tt. COOl retreHt on a hot day. • : The de Luxe of Popular Priced Hotels. : • • • American, $1.25 and up; Rooms, SOcts. and up; • : Meals, 25cts; Free Bus. VICTORIA, B. C. : •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• • • • J. Lemon B. Uonnason A. Gonnason • • • : Lemon, Gonnason &. Co. : • • • • : I CAPITAL PLANING MILLS : •• • • • • Manufacturers of Doors. Sash. Blinds, Window and Door Frames. Moulding'S. • • Brackets, Balusters. Mantels. Stair Railings. Newel Post . Scroll Sawing. • • Turning and Pla.ning. Wood Finishing of e\'cry va.riety for Stores. Dwellings, • • etc .. executed to ordl'l'. Klondike trade solicited. Speci~lty, SHEET GLASS. • • • • ORCHARD STEET, ROCK BAY VICTORIA, B. C. • • • ......................... ~ ........................... . .... +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++~ ;--1-+++++1-++++++++++++'" + + + + + J. FOHTES('UE FOULKES N. B. V AN DEH GU(,HT + + + + + * J. F. Foulkes & Co. : + + + + =I: ••• Mining Operat~!s_.!lnd Stock Brokers... t + + + + =I: All Codes Used 35 Fort Street, t + Cable Address: "Fouvan" VICTORIA, B. C. + + + + + + + + + * The Brackman-Ker Milling Co., Ltd. f + + i ~,.~ .. - f + Double Compressed Hay B. & K. Rolled Oats ~ + + =I: Extra Cleaned Oats Etc. Etc. t =I: t :J: VICTORIA AND VANCOUVER t ~++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++.++++++++++++++++++i l/') ....-4 ....-4 ~ t-t ~ o ~ z o ~ ~ ~ o z rJJ rJJ ~ ~ t-t ~ ::t:: ~ ~ ::t:: ~ Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska BLACK LAKE, NEAR SKAGUAY. ON THE LINE OF THE WHITE PASS & YUKON ROUTE. 116 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD HOTEL DALLAS VICTORIA, 8. (. FREE BUS IN CONNECTION =~ ....... .... ~ ............. . Fashionable summer resort of Vic t oria City, now open for the season of 1900, under the new man­ agement of Mrs. M. Walt With Weekly and . Monthly Rates I · Hotel Vernon 1 MRS. M. WALT, PROP. VICTORIA, B. C. Entirely Rerpodeled and Newly " Furnished First"Class Sample Room for Commercial Use, FREE BU. S IN CONNECTION 7J THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE THE WHITE PASS & YUKON ROUTE OFFICIALS S. H. GRAVES, President...................... Chicago, Ill. F. J. CUSHING, Vice-President ........................... Chicago, Ill. J. W. PROBERT, Treasurer.. . . . .. ................... . Chicago, 111. F. C. ELLIOTT, Secretary. . . . . . . . . . . . ......... Chicago, III. E. C. HAWKINS, General Manager ........ Seattle and Skaguay, Alaska S. M. IRWIN, Traffic Manager ..... Skaguay, Alaska, and Seattle, Wa~h E. B. HUSSEY, General Purchasing Agent. .............. Seattle, Wash A. L. BERDOE, Auditor ............................... Skaguy, Alaska JOHN HISLOP, Assistant Chief Engineer .............. Skaguay, Alaska J. P. ROGERS, Division Superintendent. ............. Skaguay, Alaska R. T. ELLIOTT, Assistaut Superintendent ........... White Horse, Y. T. GENERAL AGENTS J. S. WILSON, Claim Agent. ......................... Skaguay, Alaska J. H. ROGERS, Agent................. . ......... Dawson, Y. T. S. P. BROWN, General Agent..... . ................. Seattle, Wash. J. H. GREER, Commercial Agent. .................... , Victoria, B. C. M. P. BRASCH, Com'l Agent, 536 Market Street .. , .San Francisco, Cal. A. H. B. MACGOWAN, Agent ......................... Vancouver, B. C. C. W. COOK, Agent..................... . .......... Tacoma, Wash. GENERAL OFFICES 1016 Chamber of Commerce Bldg., Chicago, and Skaguay, Alaska. Printed matter and information about routes, rates, tickets. etc., promptly furnished on application to any of the above-named officials, agents or representatives. Route Your Freight and Purchase Tickets via The White Pass &. Yukon Route 117 118 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .. I"f .. DRIARD Hedon & Hartnagie. Props. The leading hotel in British Columbia. Modern in all respects. Luxuriantly fur· nished. Can accommodate 300 guests. The cuisine is unsurpassed. VICTORIA, B. C. Private dining rooms for parties or guests. Rates, $3.00 to $5.00 per day. o. L. ALLAN A LARGE STOCK OF 13-15 CORDOVA ST , VANCOUVER, B. C. WHOLESALE BOOTS SHOES AND RUBBER GOODS MINERS' BOOTS LUMBERMEN'S RUBBERS GERMAN SOX MOCCASINS AND FELT GOODS SUITABLE rOA NORTHERN TRADE ALWAYS ON HAND. Ask for Red X Miners' and rrospectors' Boots. They are the Best Made. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 119 120 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .~.s:;;;..s..:.8.s:;;;..s:;;;.:.8.s:;;;..s:;;;.:.8.s:;;;..s:;;;.~.s:;;;..'g.:.8~~~.:s..:s.:.8~ ~?~~.p~~.p~~.p:"23~.c~~.p~~;P:"23~·P~~. ~ ~ ~ 7'111 ' ~ 0J~ •• w nlon.. iJi; ~ ~ ~~ St~amsbip ~o. of 113. (t.t ltd. ~ ~ @ flJl.. HEAD OFFICE AND WHARF. VANCOUVER. B. C. "6"ti; ~~------- t1JiJ ~ .~~ v.I(. \l..w ro~ ALASKA AND ATLIN "6,,{iJ ~ ~ w. Cutch ~ails on the 1st, 10tb and 20th of every @ W. ~. fS. V months making the Iast~st dir~cht sehr- ~(iJ f!b VICe rom ancouver to kaguay, connectmg WIt t e f:li; ~O~ White Pass & Yukon route to . @ ~ 'fu ':Il. \l..w ~~ DAWSON AND ATLIN ~ ~ ~ ~ ~fu ~. ~. Through Bills of Lading and tickets ~ssued dur- ~ ':Il in£' the season. \W ~ OJ ~ ~ ==--= iJiJ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~® RIVERS INLET, ALERT EAY and Way Points t/iJ ~ ~ ~.'()~. S. S. COQuikam Sails every Thursday ~ VII\! at 9. a. m. \!lK) ~ .~~ ':Il. \l..w ~ tliJ ~@ TEXADA ISLAND, SHOAL 6i\ Y and Way rorts 'fl'j ~ .~~ ".Il. \l..w ~.O~. ~~~ S S C Sails e\'ery Tuesda\' and Frida\' \W ~~ · . omax at 9 a. 111. - - ~~ ".Il. \l..w ~O~ . - ---- -- iJi; ~ iJi; t1l\l.. For Particulars Apply to the Office .~~ ".Il. \l..w ~ H. DARLING, MANAGER ~ '1';1-~ .rg; ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ THE WHITE PASS AXD YUKON ROUTE 121 VANCOUVER, 13RITISH COLUlIBIA. Vancouver occupies a position on the extreme northwest Pacific coast of the American continent. In the early eighties it was a small hamlet called Granville, whose central figure was a saw­ mill. All along where the city of Vancouver now stands was a dense, almost impenetrable jungle. Four great factors com­ bined with smaller ones are what have made Vancouver the prog­ ressive city she is today. The first ,and the one holding the greatest possibility for.the fu­ ture, is the spread of Oriental trade. It is not oretended that this is now the main item in the city's prosperity, but unless prophecies fail, it is destined to be so at some time within the next two decades. Enthusiastic Van­ couver people will tell you that the city is nearer the great ports of the Orient by several days than either San Francisco or Seattle. Only second to the Oriental trade in the line of future possi­ bilities is the natural advantage possessed by Vancouver in the trade of Alaska, Northern British Columbia and the Klondike coun­ try. The new I\'" orne rush has benefited Seattle principally. be­ cause Cape Nome is on American soil and "trade follows the flag." But Vancouver now does a large trade with Dawson Citv and the other great mining ca~ps lying Upon British soil. The Xorth­ west Territorv trade. \vhich was the original ;aison d'etre of the British Columbian cities, still con­ tinues and grows more and more certain and vigorous as time goes on and stable industries replace the arts of half-wild men. In spite of its northern site, this ter­ ritory will in time support a fairly large population. The factor which is of the greatest present importance to Vancouver's prosperity lies in the resources of the province itself. Of these, mining for the precious metals and coal, lumbering and the salmon industry at present hold the main place. The district is still in the transition stage be­ tween the period when man takes what nature has g-iven him, ready to his hand, and the period when man begins to encourage nature. Agriculture, therefore. is of much less importance than it will be in time to come. but it already cuts no small figure. .-\fter the wood­ man's axe comes the farmer's plow; when the forests shall have been thinned somewhat, the matchless virgin soil will beg-in to lend a golden harvest to the agri­ culturist. Finally. Vancouver has passed all her British Columbian rivals as. the great railway terminus of \Vestern Canada. The selection of the city to close the sea-to-sea connection of the Canadian Pa­ cific system assured this. The great line feeds the coast steam­ ers plying north and south to .-\la~ka and the States. and is itself fed by numerous small lines now 122 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD I Canadian General Electric Company. Limited/" • Manufacturers of Electrical Mining Apparatus, Hoists, Pumps, Blowers, Fans, Blasting Apparatus .... Dynamos for Lighting and rower and Motors for all rurposes •••• Electrical Transmission of Power success­ fully operated up to fifty miles by our THREE PHASE TRANSMISSION SYSTEM Capile! $1.500,000 WRITE US. I Head Offices: Toronto,Ont. Factories: Peterboro, Onto Branch Offices: ·Halifax. N.S., Montreal. Que .. Winnipeg, Man .. Rossland. B. C. Vancover. B. C. Branch offices in British Columbia: ROSSLAND, V AN'·OUVER. I I ~~~~ .......................... ~.-.......... . G. C. SAla~R ALFRED BERG Vancouver Bottling Works - WHOLESALE- Liquor Dealers and Bottlers Sole Agents for British Columbia Cold Storag~, Bonded Warehouse. Our Own Track to the Works France-Ruinart & Foureaux Fils, Epernay; J. Brisson & Co., Bordeaux; A. C. Meukow & Co., Cognac. Germany-J. A. Gilka, Berlin; C. Schultze, ~ordhausen, Lachmann & Jacohi, San FI'ancisco, Cal.; Pabst Brewing Co" Milwaukee, Wis.; Seattle Brewing & Malting Co" Seattle. I CABLE ADDRESS: "ORlOV J " VANCOUVER ! CODES' A, B. Coo LIEBER'S CODE, UNICODE VANCOUVER, B, C. I .................................. I ................................... -........................................... : THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 123 124 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE 'WORLD HENDERSON BROS. WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS Victoria and Vancouver, B. C . ... N. HIiNDIiAeON T. M. WIl"OIiAeON w. HIiNOliASON ROBT. WARD & CO., LTD. COMMISSION MERCHANTS AND IMPORTERS General Agents fiRE and MARINE INSURANCE Charters affected and Indents executed for every description of British and Foreign Merchandise. )Ianufacturers agents for Linseed Oil. Wilkins' Steel Wire Rope. Cement. Bar and Sheet Iron and Steel, Salt. Fire Brick and Fire Clay. Managers Curtis & Harvey's Sporting Powders. and agents Moodyville Lands and Sawmill Co .• Ltd. Agents Puget Sound Tug Boat Co. VANCOUVER. B. C. VICTORIA. B. C. AND 70 BASIN OHALL ST .. LONDON • ... The Hotel. .. Badtninton First-Class itt Every ~espect. ~ates $2.50 Per Day .~ VANCOUVER. B. C. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 125 built or building along the trans­ continental way. _ The Seattle & International Railway gives close connection with the different cit­ ies of Puget Sound and the Pa­ cific coast. This links it with the Great Northern and Northern Pa­ cific systems, but the conpection is destined to become even clo~ for the enterprising- Great N orth­ ern, which is doing ::;0 much to open up the Northwestern Em­ pire, and a branch now resting- at Brownsville, on the Fraser, and the next year may see it coming into Vancouver. The Canadian Pacific is also planning an exten­ sion to Steveston and the great salmon regions of the Fraser riv­ er. The Crow's Nest line and the extension of the Columbia & Western, both to be in operation inside the year, will open great tracts of immense natural wealth in mines and agriculture. Be ... sides this, a line up the valley of the Fraser, planned to open up _ that fertile region, is in contem­ plation. The city is a modern one, albeit it stands on the western limit of the Anglo-Saxon advance. It is well laid out, well lighted, well paved. It owns its own water supply, which comes froni sourc­ es capable of mi~istering to a much larger population. The sewers have lately been improved and extended, so that the sanitary condition is first Class. Two hun­ dred thousand dollars 'were ex­ pended in municipal improve­ ment in 1899. The tax assess­ ment for last year was $17,000,- 000, with a taxation of 16 mills on an assessment of half value on all improvements. There is a com­ plete educational system, one of the best in any British colonial city, with an enrollment of 2,750, and school property rated at $318,300. There are three daily newspape'rs, three clubs, three hospitals, several first-class ho­ tels and more building~ sev­ eral bank buildings ranking with the best in the country, fifteen churches and a convent and two good theatres. Ari era of great building a'ctivity has just set in, and substantial business blocks are going up on every - hand. And, best of all, since we are enumerating the substantial achievements of the city, there is a progressive and enlightened Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. CARIBOU CROSSING. Y. T. 126 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• • • • • • • • • • • : Hotel Vancouver : • • • • • • • • • • : RATES, $300 PER DAY AND UPWARDS : • AMERICAN PLAN ONLY VAN,COUVER. B. C •• • • • • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• •........................................... ' ......... . The Pioneer Steam Laundry Of VANCOUVER. 8. C. Does the Best Work in the Province D. M. Stewart, Prop. P"rticui u attention paid to traveling mens' linen. • • - • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • PHONE 346 910-914 RICHARDS STREET • • • •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• I ~~·················· I Importer of Fishing Nets and Twines, Cotton Ducks and Drills, Cotton and Manila Ropes, Flags and Bunting, Rubber Goods and Oiled Clothing. AGENCIE" • The Canadian Rubber Co .. Montre"l. Que. • The Canadian Oiled Clothing Co., Limited. Toronto. Onto Yarmouth Duck and Yarn Co.. Limited. Yarmouth. N, S, MONEY Is SAYED By ... :VERY BUSINESS MAS WHO RJo:ADS TII}~ TRADE REGISTER HEHT (:()!\olhiERC'I,\L JCU'RXA]. os Till-: COAST. ISSUED SATURDAYS S~ A YEAR ";EA'I'TLE P. O. BOX 373 TELEPHONE 303 QRANVILLE STREET, VANCOUVER, B. C. L'E'£ Us PHJSTING ANI) You WILL BE SATI"'FIEll IS EVERY PARTIC(.'I.,\H. SOOTHING roo SMALl •• SOTH1NG TOO LARGE. CKSTURY PRI'STISG CO., ",":ATTI,E J ... OVRTT M. WOOD, PROPRIETOR .THE WHITE PASS AND ·YUKON ROUTE 127 pUblic spirit, a ·disposition to grasp opportunity as it presents istelf, which San Francisco and the other rival Pacific. 'ports would do well to emulate. To recapitulate. The adyant­ ages offered to settlers and in­ vestors by Vancouver and the surrounding part of British Co­ lumbia are as follows: For the homeseeker, who comes with moderate capital or w· ith no capi­ tal at all, there is an untouched and unbroken country of the greatest fertility and promise in a climate which is the mildest, for the latitude, of any in the world -thanks to the Japan current. There are great lumber mills in operation or in' building through­ out the great forests; there are great tracts heavy with coal and precious metals only partially ex­ plored and prospected. But, af-. ter all, to this class agriculture offers the greatest chance. For the business man or the capitalist, there are unlimited opportuni­ ties. The mines, especially the coal mines, will bear much ex­ ploitation, and smelters are bad- ly needed and would return great profit, since most of the ore mined in the region goes into the States to be smelted. The . lumber fran­ chises are still open. The sal­ mon industry i~ not worked to its limit. But the greatest chance of all for the individual 'of moder­ ate means who wishes to go into business for himself, lies in the city of Vancouver proper. Here, where the Oriental trade is grow­ ing day by day, he has the best possible opportunity of building up a business which holds possi­ bilities for the future. If it is in commerce, he can be assured that the number of keels in Vancou­ ver harbo'r will increase year by year; if in manufactures, he has the asssurance that coal, the great necessity of all manufactures, lies in abundant supply close at hand, and that he has, in the nearing Orie:nt, a close and permanent market. In becoming a great city,. Vancouver is bound to make great fortunes, and the ultimate pos­ sessors of those fortunes will be the ones who sieze the present time for a beginning. 128 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD W. PELLEW HARVEY, f. C. S., M. I. M. M. MINING ENGINEER AND METALLURGICAL CHEMIST Assayer in charge of the Provincial Government assay office. SpecialtiE's: Bullion melting and assaying, superintendence of ore sampling and pulp checking at smelting works. treatment of ores, assaying and analyses, mine 'reports. the Cyanide process, mill tests of.all descriptions, re­ porting on and sampling of mines, contracts made for assaying of all descriptions. London office, care the A, ssociated Australasian Miners, Limited, a Ruffolk House, Cannon 6treet, E. C. Cable Address: "Analysis," VancouvE'r. Codes: A.B.C., Moreing & Neal and Liebers. For Full Particulars Apply to the Office, VANCOUVER, B. C. THE B. C. Assay and Chemical Supply to. ltd. Dealers in and Direct Importers of .assay~rs $uppli~s Acids, Chemicals, Chemical Glassware, Fire Clay Goods and all Prospectors, Mining and Mill Supplies. Sole Agents for Morgan Crucible Co., Battersea, f. W. Braun & CO.'s Comblnatl.n furnace, 4insworth Sons, and Becker Sons 4ssay Balances and 60ld Scales Large stock always on hand and orders promptly filled. Catalogue and quotations sent on application. 733 Pender St. , Vancouver, and Nelson, B. C . THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 129 THE WHITE PASS & YUKON ROUTE "'Paei.'i.e ~ ~Te\i.e 'Rai.\wa\} a'\\d. 'lla\)i. ,la\i.oll. eo. "BTi.\i.S\\ eo\\\m'oi.a ),\\\\tOll. 'Rai.\wa\} eo. "BTi.\i.S\\ ),\\\\tOll. 1Xt. ~. ~ ~. eo • ... SPECIAL ORE TARIPP ... EFFECTIVE JUNE 15,1900. Naming Rates in dollars per ton of 2,000 pounds on ore in bulk or sacked, when value per ton does not exceed amounts given below: When value per I Bennett to Skag- Cari bou to Skag- I White Horse to ton of 2,000 lbs. is uay. Rate pEr uay. Rate per I Skaguay. Rate not more than ton ton per ton Sacked Bulk Sacked Bulk I-sacked Bulk $ I ;;0 {. 5 00 $ 6 00 {. 6 00 $ 700 I $ 7 00 100 6 00 7 00 7 00 8 00 8 00 150 7 00 8 00 8 00 9001 900 200 8 00 9 00 900 10 00 1000 Minimum Weight, 24,000 founds Add $3.00 per ton, sacked, and $4.00 per ton, bulk, to the above rates .for transportation from S~ag­ uay to Seattle, Tacoma or Everett, Wash. $ for Rules lind Conditions Governing Shipments See Agents E. C. HAWKINS, S. M. IRWIN, 8 00 9 00 1000 1100 General Manager Traffic Manager. 130 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD ARMSTRONfi & MORRISON IRON AND STEEL WORKS Vancouve,., B,.lt;sh Oolunlb;a Manufacturers of ........ . Hydraulic Oiants Riveted Steel Pipe Orizzlies, Riffles Ore Cars, Ore Buckets Steel Wheelbarrows Boilers Stationary, Marine and Logging Engines Steam Pumps Boiler Tubes Wrought Iron Pipe and Fittings Engineers' Brass Ooods and Supplies Marine Repairs Sheet Iron and Steel. Work, etc., etc. TRUAX ORE CAR Situated in the very heart of British Columbia Mining Interests, we are in closest touch with minin!! requireme11ls. With the biggest and best equipped plant in the country, operated by a large staff of skilled mechanics, we are in a position to guarantee absolute satisfaction with every order with which we are intrusted. We make a specialty of Hydraulic Giants and Riveted Hydraulic Steel Pipe. The latter we make complete for immediate ust', or we cut, punch and roll it, to be riveted at destination. 95 to 98 per cent. of Hydraulic Mining Plants in use in British Columbia were manufactured by us. Correspondence solicited. OFFICE AND WORKS: Foot of Heatley Ave. P. O. Box 51 'Phone 250 Vancouver, 8. C. ~ M ~ ~ ~ o ~ z o ~ ~ ~ o z : rn rn : ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ Ph.oto by Barley. Skagway, Alaska . . RED LINE TRANSPORTATION COMPANY'S TEAMS AT WORK. 132 THE SCENIC RAIL""AY OF THE WORLD CHAS. C. MOORE It CO. Engineers and Dealers in Motive PolVer Machinery of the Highest Grade MODERN STEAM SPECIALTIES, NOTE THIS LIST. THE FIRST CHOICE OF THE ENGINEER; Babcock & Wilcox Boilers, McIntosh & Seymour Engines, Ham­ ilton Corliss Engines, N. Y. Safety Automatic Engines, Westing­ house Gas Engines, Refrigerating Machinery, Laidlow-Dunn-Gor­ don Air Compressor, Green's hconomizers, Wheeler Condensers, Barnard-" heeler Cooling Towers, Hoppes Live Steam Purifiers, Goubert Feed Water Heaters, Stratton Steam Separators, Snow Steam Pumps, Quimby Screw Pumps, Edmiston Feed Water Filters, Bundy Steam Traps, Spencer Damper Regulators, Hyatt Roller Bearings, Chapman Valves, Magnolia Metal. SEND FOR CATALOGUES Branch Offices: Main Office: 103 South Broadway, Los Angeles, Cal. 313 Plrst Avenue South, Seattle. Wash. 32 First St •• San Pranclsco, Cal. rolson Impliment and Hardware Co . ... Jobbers ... BAIN Mountain and Farm Wagons COMMON SENSE Bob Sleds FARM Machinery and Vehicles GRADING Rlows WHEEL and Drag Scrapers ... ____ SEND FOR CATALOGUE 806 ... 606 W estern Avenue SEATTLE. WASH. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 133 ",To Dawson,,, Upper Yukon Route Speed and Comfort Photo by Barley, Skaguay, Alaska. The following are steamers of the Canadian Development Company, now p,p;erated and controlled by Tile Whne Pass « Yukon ~ailway, as a part of the system: Canadian, capacity 180 tons freight, 175 passengers. Columbian, capacity 180 tons freight, 175 passengers. Victorian, capacity 180 tons freight, 175 passengers. Yukoner, capacity 200 tons freight, 175 passengers. Sybil, capacity 180 tons freight, 175 passengers. Bailey, capacity 75 tons freight, 100 pas­ sengers. Zelandian, capacity 75 tons freight, 100 passengers. I Australian, capacity 75 tons freight, 150 passengers. Clossett, capacity 75 tons freight, 50 passengers. 134 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD C. T. WERNECKE MANUFACTURER OF ROBES AND FURS Dog Moccasins Ladies' Furs Yukon Caps. Etc. REPAIRING DONE Columbia Dock, 809 Railroad Ave., Seattle, Wash. Gold Dust Bags Mittens Fur Coats Parkeys CASH FOR GOLD IN LARGE OR SMALL QUANTITIES Full "ssay Value. No Delay. Full Returus witbiu Five Hour!! of Time of Depo!!it. Purcbased iu 1899. over $1,000,000. J OS. Mayer & Bros . ... A.ssyers & Refit1ers ... Seattle, Wash. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 135 136 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .. ~~.~ alaska $t~amsblp (tom.,an,~--~ ~ Fast Twin Screw Steamer Dolphin I Also the Al Steamers Dirigo and Farallon between Puget Sound and All Points in Southeastern Alaska Connecting at Skaguay with the White Pas!{&''\rukon Route for Dawson and: Atlin. - '~ Operating the ~.r -~.r -~.r -~.r -~ r -~.r -~.r -~.r -~.r -~.«" -. ~~~~--~~~--~--~ ~ ~ I ~~~m I ~ I'~~ .;).'tiio"",~. I •• ~ .~ ~.~.~.~TWIN SCREW STEAMER DOLPHIN~~.~~.~ ~ ,aitut . st~al\~r 01 tb~ alaska .out~. ~ VICTORIA ROUTE: This Company also operates the Popular Steame,. Rosalie between Seattle, Port Townsend and Victoria, B. C. Leaves daily from the above-named points. Be sure 'your· -tickets-:' readi:· - via '-'Alaska' Steamship · to. ~ For information apply to frank (. Burns, ~ I I A Walter Oakes, Charles (. Peabody, !Ai ~. M.n·g~:;'ttle , W .. h. General Agent. a~_ . ~ ska.ua"ig THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE 137 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ I STEAMSHIP CONNECTIONS I ~ ... AT... r;;,~ ~ ~ ~ SKACUAY, BENNETT AND WHITE HORSE ~ ~ ~"~"~"~"~"~" ~ ~ ~ ~ The White Pass & Yukon Route makes direct ~ ~~ connections at Skaguay, Alaska, with the fol- r;;,~ ~ lowing steamship companies from Puget Sound ~ ~~ and British Columbia ports: ~ ~ Puget Sound ports-Alaska Steamship Com- ~ ~oo 0 pany, Pacific Coast Steamship Company, ~~ ~ Washington & Alaska Steamship Company, ~ ~no 0 Humboldt Steamship Company. ~oo 0 ~ From British Columbia ports-Union Steam- ~ ~ ship Company, Canadian Pacific Navigation ~ ~~~ Company. ~~~ ~~~ Connections at Lake Bennett-Irving Navi- ~~~ ~ gation Company. ~ ~oo 0 Connections at White Horse--Canadian Devel- ~oo 0 ~ opment Company, Limited, and all river steam- ~ ~ ers for Dawson, Cape Nome and intermediate ~ 00 0 0 0°0 0 points. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ SCHEDULE TIME ~ ~ Seattle, Tacoma, Victoria or Vancouver, B. C. ~ ~ ~ ~oo 0 Skaguay, Alaska ..................... -l days ~'t2.oo 0 ~ Skaguay to White Horse (all rail) ..... 7 hrs. ~ ~ White Horse to Dawson, river steamers 2 days ~ ~ Puget Sound and British Columbia ~ ports to Dawson, Y. T.. . . . . . . . .. . .. 7 days ~ ~ ------- ~ ~ ,... See that your Freight Is Billed Through and your Ticket re~d. via ~ ~ The White Pass a: Yukon Route. ~ 000 000 o 0 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ 138 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD .. .. • .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. • .. .. .. .. .. • .. .. • • .. .. .. .. .. .. e .- ....... ... · FLVONTHEFLV.ER· SEATTLE-TACOMA ROUTE FOUR ROUN-O TRIPS . DAILY. EXCEPT BUN DAY TIME CARD S~NDAYS : Leave Seattle 7:~6,11:16 a: m., 2.:45, 6.:16 p. m'll Flyer or State of Wuh'ington. • Leave Tacoma 9.30.a.m., 1.00,4.30,8.00 p, m. .Leave Seattle 7:30 a; m., 12:00 m., 6:00 p. na. Table Service Unsurpassed. Leave Tacoma 9:30 a. moO 2;30, 7:30 p. m. U. SEE LEV, Jr., Agent Seattle Telephone Main 176 (In Enect June 6, '99) Tacoma Telephone 211 • ·MEVER~ :~~T~~~ IDbotograpbtr · COR. SECOND AVE. AND COLUMBIA ST., SEATTLE ENTRANCE ON COLUMBIA ST. ALASKA AND KLONDIKE VIElNS • UNITED STATES AND CANADIAN fRANK (. ADAMS PATENTS REGISTERED ATTORNEY . ~ ................. ' ... . PATENT SOLICITOR MECHANICAL ENGINEER DRAWING BLUE PRINTING Colman Bldg., Seattle, Wash. • . ..... --~~ THE WHITE PASS AKD YC"KON ROUTE. 139 lNinter Service ----- ~ --~ -T'o- ~ Dawson and Yukon Territory ~ ~ ~ -VJa- The White rass & Yukon Route The Scenic Railway of the World Operating Daily Between Skaguay. Alaska and White Horse. Y·. T. Quick time from White Horse to Daw­ son. Sleighs drawn by horses will leave White Horse several times a week via the new cut off road. H.oad houses with good accommodations every twenty miles. Through Telegraphic Communications to the U. S. and Canada. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I I~ ~ ~ 140 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE Head Office: T9ro1lto Established 1867 DAWSON BRANCH HON. GEO. A. Cox, President B. E. WALKER, General Manager . J. H. PLUMMER, Assistant General Manager Paid up Capital (six million dollars) ............ .. .. _; .......... $ 6,000,000 Surplus __ .. ... ............................ .. . . . ...... ..... ...... 1,250,000 Assets, May 31 , 1900 .................... __ ..................... $42.822,799.11 60ld Dust Bought or Advances Made Thereon Pending Assay. Accounts of Corporations. Merchants and Individuals received on favorable t~rms. Drafts, Commercial Credits, Travelers' Credits and $jircular Notes issued available in any part of the ~orld. " ,, ' :': ', ' '; • . ," .'5.i.'" • . . ··t f'~J " 'This "Bank Has Mcrre Branch~s Than Any Bank in America Western Branche!': Dawson City, Atlin, Skaguay, White Horse, Fernie, Cran­ brook, Fort Steele, Greenwood. Vancouver, Seattle. A aen ... al Banlelng Bua/n ••• T .. anaacted Skaguay Branch, A. Scott. Agent. Seattle, Wash., Branch, D. A. Cameron, Dawson Branch. H. T.Wills. Manager. II Vancouver Branch, H. H. Morris, M'gr. White Horse Branch, H . M Lay. M'gr. Acting Manager. Atlin Branch. T. R. Billett, Manager. I Co ... . Jam.a lit. and Second A" •• , ~.attl •• THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 141 "'0 . :r S 0 r:r ' OJ ~ il '; (/) tr i ': )- p;- en :0\'" !" t( ~ ~ ~ ~ q; rJJ (":l l:I:J Z t:EJ rJJ ~ Z '" ::r:: t:EJ ~ t'I 0 Z ~ ~ ~ t:EJ q; 0 t'I ~ '%j ~ /.2:j ~ t::! f1J 1+2 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD BONNEY &. STEWART Funeral Directors and Embalmers - and deale" in all k indH of - Burial Cases, Caskets and Undertakers' Goods Parlors: Third AW'e. and Columbia lit., S.attl •• Preparing- bodies for shipment a specialty. Tel. Main 13 All orders by telephone or telegraph promptly attended to. R. PETKOVITS :\Ianufacturer, Wholesale and Retail dealer in Manufactu,.e,. of Fancy Fu,.s Marion St., bet. first and Second Aves., Seattle, Wash. WHERE TO PURCHARE FURS There is a great deal to he considered in purchasing furs. The intending purchaser ,hould have the ad\'antage to he derived from a dealer who has had long years of experience in the fur busiuess and whose judgment can be relied upon. R. Petkovits, prior to estahlishing himself in Seattle fourteen years ago, was connected with the leading fur houses in Paris, London, New York and Boston. These long years of experience are very valuable to him in knowing just where, when and how to huy furs, and giving him a thorough knowledge of the fur trade. He is therefore prepared to give lady patrons the latest designs, correct styles, and guarantees perfect fit in all kinds of fur garments. His sealskins are all carefully selected, and are the very best London dyed skins. He has just received ~ large consignment of all kinds of furs, such as heaver, otter, Persian lamb, astrachan, marten. etc., together with some of the finest brocade satins in all colors for lir.ings. and is therefore prepared to man­ ufacture any kind of fur garment. He also makes a special business of Alaska furs, such as coats, caps, mit­ tens, sleeping robes, etc., both for ladies and gentlelllen. Mr. Petkovits not only employs experienced operator~, but carefully supervises all work himself, and as his reputation is of inestimable value to him, it goes without saying that everything will be found exactly as repre­ sented. Moreover, he fills all orders promptly. orders from a distance receiving as careful at:!d prompt attention as if the persons placing them were present to talk it over. Prices are always consistent with perfect workmanship and proper goods. Ladies who have not visited the establishment of Mr. Petkovits should most assuredly do so, and they will easily be convinced of the superiority of the workmanship and the excellent quality of the material used. Especial 'attention is given to rebuilding garments. Mr. Petkovit's address is 11U Marion street. Wholesale and retail Alaska fur goods. Highest price paid for raw furs. THE WHITE PASS AND YUKON ROUTE. 143 1/ 1 f rJl a:: I-d t"I tz.l 0 ~ t"I 0 ~ rJl ~ ::tl 0 a:: ~ = I;!j rJl ~ ~ tz.l 0 ~ :a rJl = ~ ~ ~ ~ 0 Z 0 \ 144 THE SCENIC RAILWAY OF THE WORLD a;~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ .()i;.~ ~~. ~ Morgan. Jacobs & Trenholme ~ ~ Manufacturers' Distributing Agents ~ TfI Storage a~~_~~r~housemen tiiJ ~ tiiJ "flj 406, 408, and 410 Occidental Avenue, Seattle, Washington iliJ fliJ-REPRESBNTlNO ~ i:jj AMERICAN BISCUIT CO., Cracker THE J. B. FORD CO., Bell Starch and fIfp '0/:i1 Manufacturers, San Francisco. Wyandotte Soda, Wyandotte, rllch. '0/:i1 ~II:' ROTHSCHILD &: EHRENPFORT, nfg. ANDERSON PRESERVINO CO., Monk ';II~ iJjp ~ Confectioners, San Francisco. '0lfp~ Table Luxuries, Camden, N. J. ST. PAUL SYRUP REFININO CO .. 'fIi! Maple Syrup, etc., St. Paul. Minn. Show Cases of all Kinds. 'fIi! ~ ='f=====' .===\:: ="~ ~ ==::==""::::"""""::"::::::::,::""::"""""""",::""::::"",,,,,,,,,,,. ~"'" ~:':::: ':':' ~ !I:! Ii! Ii! 'fliJ :: ' ': '0/:i1 TfI!: i i:~ ~!: ,::,1,:::,. ii~ ~:: ::~ i:jj): l: ::tJj; \\'};j: __ .J. .::. __ i: __ __. __ .________ . __ . ______ L __ .1L'0/:i1 TfI·-------------------------------------------- --------------- .. ---------- - -_ .. - - ---- -- --- - -----------.- f/iJ ":'11'" YOUR nAIL In our Care will be Promptly Attended to. ":'11'" 'tf.. HEADQUARTERS •• nake our Place Your Headquarters when In the City. 'tf.. lUI SPECIAL ATTENTION to all Your Mall Orders tor Anything you may Want. lUI tl:iJ COnE and See us at all Events. 'fJj @ f/iJ '&iJ Our 50 yeus' Biscuit experience is. at,yourservice. All we fJiJ t/:iJ loose in experimenting is your gain. Not in the Trust. '0/:i1 fIi; AMERICAN BISCUIT CO. iJjp '0/:i1 tJj; '0/:i1 ROTHSCHILD &: EHRENPFORT, Fine Candles of all Descriptions. '0/:i1 f/iJ f/iJ i:jj STO RAG E The Finest Storage in the Northwest; house tJj; '0/:i1 light, dry and safe from fire. Insurance rates '0/:i1 ~ low. Negotiable receipts issued. Advances made on Consignments. ~ ~ ..- R. R. TRACKAGE TO THE DOORS. rw ~~~~:.8.s.~~.s..s.~:.8:.8~;;z,., . . ~~~~~~~.~d'..~ .'8~~.p~~~~~~.p.'=:J~~~~~~~~~~g. I J.FURTH L. SCHWABACHBR JAS. R. HAYDEN DllllItCTORa; S. FRAUENTHAL S. SCHWABACHER JAS. S. GoLDSMITH L. S. SCHWABACHER O""ICE".: J. FURTH, President J. S. GOLDS'"TH. Vice Pres. R. V. ANKENY. Cashier I The Puget Sound National Bank OF" SEATTLE, WASH. General 'Banking Business Transacted Correspondence Solicited National Bank of the Republic, , , New York Nevada National Bank" ,San Francisco Commercial Nallonal Bank, ' , , , .. Chicago I: Bank of California,.. San Francisco Globe National Bank Soston I First National Bank Portland Parr's Bank, Limited .... London i: First National Bank. .. ..... St. Paul H. C. HENRY, O. A. SPENc~a , It. H. SPENCER. Pre.ldent Ass!. Cash Ie!' Cashl('!' The National Bank of Commerce Seattle, Wash. CODES: A, B. C., LtEBER'S CABLE ADDRESS: COMMERCE Consignments of Gold Dust received for delivery at U. S. Assay Office in Seattle and prompt retu1'nS made, Foreign Exchange a Specialty SAFE DEPOSIT VAULT BOXES TO RENT I I I I I ---_ .. _-, ~ining ~acbin~r, ~I Especially Adapted for Alaska Work I f I· \, Steam Thawing POint., I Automatic Hoi.t., and Conveyor. Hydraulic Giants and Pipe, Pumps, Engines, BoHers, Pipe and Fittings, Steam and Hydraulic Hose Having several years experience in t,he Alaska trade we are enabled to furnish just whut is suit.­ able. Send for catalogue of Alaska Mining Ma­ chinery. Special Machinery built to order on specifications. Mitchell, Lewis & Staver Co • . Seattle!l Wash.