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Klondike News, vol. 1, no. 1, Dawson, N.W.T., April 1st, 1898, reproduced by Earl Mickel

Author:Mickel, Earl, Moore, VirgilPublished:1898Type:Yukon Newspapers (Special Editions)MARC Record:PAC MARC RecordDownload PDF:1898, Klondike News.pdf (116304 KB)
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Frc-- . ,\" ~~\., . . ".-' .' ". " .. :-. "':':" SA'N 'FRANCISCO,CAL. AND '. ,.:::: I ,·~~\:U·'.:"', ' - ... . .... .... '. . VO L. 1. DA\vSON, N '. W .T. APRIL I~:. 18gB. NO.1 •. =" ============================+==================::::::::======= - .~= OFFICE OF PUBLICATION NO. 23 MAIN ST" SAN FRANCISCO , 'CAL. Reproduced by Earl Mickel FROM SCHMIDT L.8c LITH ,CO. S ,P. COPYRIGHTED VIRGIL G EO. W. CARMACK. . SUBSCRIPTION $2 ,00 PER ANNUM • THE LARG ' t:.ST GOLD ' NUGGET, FDUtrD !NIL DDRADO CREfK NO 36 BY M, KNUSr.D", WEIGHT 35 OUNCES ' VA WE (,530'1° The Bf1itisb Amerriean Company, ll'd.~ ___ ............ PATRICK GALVIN, President, DAWSON. • ••• • THE BHNNER -~--::.- -----== FOR LINE • • •• • DAWSON AND INTERMEDIATE YUKON RIVER POINTS __ • .:::.....:.::: . : :: :.'~. .. ___ .... . _. _ . ~ .. .. ... . .. c. .. . .. . . . . • ......... - - _ .. ... .. ... . . .. . ll! THE MARV ELLEN GALVIN. LENGTH 200 FEET, BEAM 40 FEET, DRAUGHT ONLY 18 INCHES AND OF 20-KNOT SPEED. ACCOMMODATIONS FOR 435 PASSENGERS. This steamer has 1 '260 horse· power engines, the MOST POWERJi'UL ON THE YUKON; fitted with electric light thronghout; steam-steering gear; strong room with safe-deposit vault ; hot and cold water service; ladies' and gentlemen's baths, social hall, piano, smoking and card rooms. As this steamer was built by experienced Yu kon navigators, there is no doubt of her ability to reach Dawson City within eleven days from St. Michael. Flllllll!IIJ.I!U.L1/111111 11IU.ll . ..I.illll'I'illlll'III~.l...ll..JJ......l.JJ.~ § MOSQUITO PR00F ~ LrTTTrrrrrn"TIT'Hr...-" I r t" r, fit frrTTTn"TT"TTT1'TTTn·nnT 'TT .... Trf~ THE CAPTAIN . Capt. E. S. Morine, the captain of the "Mary Ellen" has had fifteen years experience on the Pacific Coast in navigating and commanding steamers, and is thoroughly familiar with Norton Sound and all the approaches to St. Michael. He has often taken heavy draft vessels through these waters in safety, and in all his long experience has never had a serious accident happen to any vessel under his command. ~ The Handsomest and Most THE ENGINEEIXS. The Chief Engineer of the "Mary Ellen" has officiated for many years in a similal· capacity on the best boats running on the Yukon river. He is not only an engineer of long experience but a good Yukon Pilot as well. The first a9s't engineer has also had four years experience on Norton Sound and the lower Yukon. Spacious River Boat on * I ~..I. ... .u.J ..... I. .. LI....I.~il!.LII.l.4!11j, '! I.I..l.J...u..L.LIj,.I. ! I!!!II!.1I.l11 11IIIII"!'~ ~ REFRIGERHTORS ~ ~, fT f r ff ff tf f f Tt t"TTTTTTTTTTTrTTTTTT'f' r ff II f' n ff" n tr f f I f r f ftTTTT'T , TI'''~ THE PILOTS . The long residence of Mr. Galvin in Alaska has enabled him to secure the services of two Expert In­ dian Pilots, both of whom where born llpon the Yukon . The Indians names ate" Tanana Tom" wtn hilS had 16 years experience in piloting boats up and down the river, and the celebrated river navigator "Pau]" who is the oldest and best pilot in that country. the Pacific Cabin and Table Service Unsurpassed. State Rooms Large and Commodious . LADIES' PARLOR. • ~~ . - - ------- FUEL. The "lUary Ellen" will · can·y with l1el· over 300 tons of coal so that no delay will occur en route in stoppiug for fut'J. SMOKERS' ROOM. Antone F. Standard. G REAT is Eldorado I Bonanza, Hunker and Dominion, are also great, and cov­ . er many miles of gravel beds, but the five miles of Eldorado contain more wealth than all of these combined. The history of the world does not show such an auriferous strata of gravel as that contained in Eldorado Creek. The whole Cassiar country during , the entire time it was worked did not produce more than half the amount of gold that will come from Eldorado this year. The richer districts of California in her palmy days could show nothing like this golden stream. The wildest imagination of ancient .. nd modern dreamers pictured nothing to equal it· . From the time of Pactolean streams running over beds of pure gold, to the fabled Isle of Monte Christo, the mind of man has been unable to conjure up a vision that will equal the reality of Eldorado to­ day. It gives employment to one thousand men and pays out in wages more than a half million dollars per month. It will yield independent fortunes to several hun­ dred men by the present system of work­ ing and fabulous amounts when reworked by modern improved methods. And the question now naturally arises who discovered this wonderful stream j who took the first pan of dirt out, and WhD found the first nugget? The newspapers of last year were filled to overflowing with the records and richness of the men of the Klondike j everyone has read or heard of the names of Berry, Phys­ cater, Kellar, Clemens, Bowker, Lippy and the others who startled the world last July by the exhibition of.huge piles of dust and nuggets , and their stories of the northern lands of gold. F ew thm'e are, though, who have heard the name of Antone F. Standard, and yet to him, more than all others, is due the credit of nncovering these tons oj' gold. It was the last day in the month of August 1896, that Antone Standard and four companions made their way up Bo­ nanza creek and camped ot the mouth of Eldorado. Mr. Standard's companions were Whipple, Clemens, Kellar and Phys· cater, and the ll.vemen were somewhat dis­ couraged. They . were almost entirely out of grub, apd their dinner on the first day of September consisting of slap jacks, bacon and tea, exhausted the baco,n iII the party, and made sad inroads on their flour. After dinner they wandered up the Right Fork of Bonanzll. creek to what is now known as Eldorado, in rather an aimless way. knowing that ·they had to return to Forty Mile almost immediately for provisions. Mr. Standard, in company with Frank Kellar, commenced digging on what is now known as No.2 Eldorado, whel'e they were joined by the rest of the party. Standard was busily engaged in digging through the muck, and although urged to ltlave by some of the others, replied: "that he would stay at least until he could take a pan of gravel " Mr. Whipple, who located claim No. I, became quite impatient and a quarrel almost arose; at · last Antone Standard's hot southern blood arose and he proceeded, to declare himself by saying,"If you fel- lows don't like what; I'm doing. goon about your business j there's plenty of room in this country." By this time, however. the young miner had reached the gravel and the first pan yielded a small amount of gold. The second was even better. and the third proved conclusively that good dig­ dings had been struck. Then the entire party staked their claims, Mr. Whipple taking No. I,. Physcater No.2, Clemens No. 4, Kellar No.5, and Standard No.6 . The claim now known as No.3 was held as Discovery claim and was afterwards jumped by K. Halstead. The party then went to Forty Mile Post to obtain provis­ ions. Mr. Standard, who was a stranger in Forty Mile, without money and without friends. found it quite difficult, and in fact impossible at that time to obtain sufficient provisions to carry him through the winter. He knew that his claim on Eldorado was very rich, and was. more than anxious to put in his time there during the winter. In his dilemma h e approached a bar-keeper by the name of Clarence Berry for assist­ ance, The saloon man was the owner of claim No. 40 above Discovery on Bonanza creek, then supposed to be of little value, and Mr. Standard proposed to trade a half interest in his Eldorado claim, for a half the Bonanza claim, provided, that Berry would "stand good" at the store for a small outfit. This proposition was accepted and the rapid development of Eldorado from that time on is a matter of history. The two · men afterwards bought a con­ troling interest in No. 4 and 5 Eldorado, and are full partners in these three wonder- ful claims yet. . 'fhe first boat that went down the riyer that summer carried away Mr. Standard's four former companions, as well ashis pres­ ent partner. And w,hile their names were in everyone's mouth and their wealth the nine days wonder of the year, Mr. Stand­ ard, with as much or more than any of them, remained quietly at home. His innate modesty would have prevented him in 'the first place from making any ex­ hibition of his newly-found wealth had he accompanied his 'friends. and his , business sagacity taught him that he could well afford to stay another year in the North to make sure of the fortune almost in his grasp. This is why the name of Standard has seldom be, en heard outside of Daw8on,and perhaps explains why the group of claiJ::Qs in which he owns the largest share are of times called "the Berry Claims." Antone Standard was not born with a gold spoon in ' his mouth, and has often looked upon the seamy sid.e of life. He has herded cattle, dug coal and sustained him­ self for years with his two hands. In the past ten years he has visited almost everyone of the United States in his restless search for fortune, and the Antone of to day despite the millions at his command is the same Antone of the past. Quiet, unassuming, soft-spoken and polite, the young millionaire goes about his business unaffectedly glad to see an old friend and ever ready to help a former com­ panion when in need. In all that great land of sudden fortune there is no one more deserving of the bless­ ings of wealth nor less envied in its posses­ Aion than this young miner. Antone P. Standard was born June 16th, 1867, in the Province Unterkrien, District of Litte, in Austria. At the age of twenty he left his native home and landed in New York City with $1.75 in his pocket. Unable to speak one word of English and totally unacquainted, he resolutely set out to find employment, and journeyed on foot half way across the continent to Johnston, Ohio From there he went to Brown's Park Col­ orado. Herding sheep, rounding up cattle and digging coal, he put in his time for several years ' picking liP dollarB and acquiring an education. That he has picked np many dollars everyone knows. and it is greatly to his credit to say that he is more than ordinarily well educated at the pres­ est time, and speaks the English language fluently and with little foreign accent. At '. one time in his career he was the pro\1d owner of a hundred and sixty acres of. Colorado real estate in the shape of a side-hill farm, but the life of. a farmer was too slow for this restless spirit, and he did not continue at this vocation very long. It W . IIS about at this time that the young Austrian took the gold fever in a violent form and struck out for the North. His adventures on the road differ only from the many ' otherswnuh'ave made the trip, in that they were more varied imd somewhat more disastrous. At one period he found himself standing on the 'bank of a river watching his boat di~appear .down the rapid cnrrent, with the prospects of snow balls for supper and spruce boughs for a bed i and the prospects were fully realized. Now, however, with an abundance of wealth he can well afford and does laugh at the hardships of the past. The Standard residence is a neat log cabin on the side of the snow-shrouded Eldorado hills overlooking his little garden patch of gold, and where each day he pans enough golden nuggets to payoff all his help. On the dumps there is a perfect glisten of gold in the sand and gravel and in places it seems almost as plentiful as the sand. There is a strong force of men working on the claims and this year's clean-up will amount to one million dollars. At one time Mr. Standard was offered a million and a half dollars for his holdings on Eldorado, but he very wisely refused, for after ex­ tracting that sum 'from these chiims by the present mode of working, large companies with improved modern machinery will take out as much or more from the ·gravel now eupposed to be worked out. . The claims in which Mr. Standard are interested are Nos, 4, 5 and 6 Eldorado and No. 40 Bonanza. The latter claim, by the way, is one of the very best of the many good Bonanza claims, and is yielding hand­ somely. 'fhere is a romonce too, in the life of this young Austrian, for it was the love of a beautiful woman that was partly responsi­ ble for sending him into the unknown North. It was while he was still poor that he first met Miss Violet Raymond, an actress, and, 8TANDARD'S ELDORADO' CLAIM. dressed as he was in the rough gll,rb of the country and with few dollars in his pockets, his suit . did not progress as rapidly as it might. for she was tile undisputed belle of the camp and could number her admirers by the score . . But, after the summer's wash-up in 1897, he made a mast.er stroke; he purchased all the diamonds in the camp and presented them to the lady. This proved that his judgment of woman's weakness was good, and from that time on he led in the race for beauty, and soon the day was set. Mr Standard has already presented his fiancee with twenty thousand dollars in dust, to say nothing of such little things as a lard bucket full of odd-shaped nuggets. They will join hearts and hands in July and spend their honeymoon in the Orient, visiting Japan and China, and .will return to the little brown cot on the hill before making a trip to Paris to the Exposition. May your ,"oyage down the stream of life be one of happiness and pleasure, and may your future for ever be as prosperous as your short stay on Eldorada has been, is the wishes of THE KLONDIKE NEWS. Miss Violet Raymond Bride Elect to Millions. E VERY patron of the playhouse on the Pacific Coast will remember Violet Raymond, known in Vaudeville fame as one of the Raymond Sisters---Maud and Violet---who for years have delighted thousands with their sweet faces, graceful dancing and perfect acting. Miss Violet Raymond three years ago accepted an en­ gagement in Juneau, where she was a great favorite and broke all records in the Juneau Opera House by holding her engagement for two years. At the expiration of that time she was engaged atan enormous salary as the leading attraction in a big opera company then en route for Dawson. At, that time only a few I adies had undertaken to cross the perilous Chilcoot Pass. Early in the spring of '97 Miss Raymond, in com­ pany with a dozen other performers, in a big scow began the descent of the river amidst big floating icebergs that 'threatened to wreck the frail craft at every turn. At Windy Arm when a high sea was rolling and strong . men paled beiore the mighty storm, Miss Raymond Bat as cool and com­ posed as if in a comfortable arm chair in some quiet parlor . She shot the White Horse Rapids, a raging torrent where hun­ dreds of brave prospectors had lost their lives, without betraying ' the least sign of fear. Some one has said that "fortune favors the brave," such is the CRse of this fearless little actress. She made her debut in Dawson among a shower of nuggets and a storm of applause. Then Antone Stand­ ard fell in love with. her charming manners. He wooed and .won, and when the floating palace, "Mary Ellen Galvin" makes her first trip from Dawson this year the happy couple will start on their wedding tour. When the steamer's whistle indicates that the boat has crossed the Canadian line, the wedding bells will ring out and 011 Uncle Sam's do­ main Antone F . Standard and Miss Violet Haymond will be made man and wife. Louis Empkins. Passing up J jldorac1o Creek beyond the claims of Antone Standard, the traveler will see on his left a substan­ tial looking cahilL Jt is a typical Yu­ ]con cabin, perbaps a little more bome­ lJl~c than the ordinary, but at the same time not what one wonld pick out as the home of a millionaire. A knock at the door or a pull at the latch-string will usually bring one face to face with its owner, IJouis Empkins. Tall, broad-shouldered and handsome is Mr. F]mpkins, with ia resolute face that always commands respect. 'rhat he owns one of the richest claims c-n the richest creek in the worl:": is due solely to his inilomit? ryj" :!,l;·.ck and until'ing en. crgy. Long before the Klondike strike had interested the world, Louis Empkins roamed thr011gh the Yukon country unrewarded. He prospected hundreds of miles of fro7.en creeks and streams during the year 1895 without finding enough to warrant a location. Capt. c. W. Anderson. . Capt. C. W. Anderson, whose photo­ graph appears in this issue of the "Klondyke News," was born in Holmes COllnty, Ohio, in 1844 and moved to Iowa in 1863. The following year he ~tartcd for Idaho, attracted by the re­ ports of rich diggings there. }i'rom Idaho he followed the first mining ex­ citement into 1fontana, where for llbout eight years he spent his time in mining and exploring. When Montana was at the mercy of the hostile Sioux; when the painted devils were in the habit of sweeping down on the early lettlers, murdering and mutilating their families and making desolate their homes, twice was Capt. Anderson chosen to lead volunteer companies of miners to drive back the Indians, which he successfully accomplished. Being a daring, fearless rider, a quick and sure shot with either rifle or pistol, he made a record as an Indian fighter in his early.life. His narrow escapes and daring exploits would makc a large THE KLONDIKE NEWS. In the Spring and Summer of 1896 he fought mosquitoes and mined tho gravel on Miller Creek without start­ ling success at either occupation. Still he was not discouraged. Unlike hun­ dreds of others who start North these days, only to view the Chilkoot moun­ tains with a shiver and turn back, Mr. Empkins per1'\evered. And when at last the hig strike was reported, and the prospectors' dream realized, he was right in line for a choice claim, for such indeed is No. ':' Eldorado. The "pay gravel" is from 60 to 100 feet wide and from 3 to 6 feet deep, running the entire length of the claim, or 500 feet. In' aU this gravel it would be hard in­ deed to wash (lut a pan and not get fifty cents, and many pans yield one huunrcd d.:lllitii;. When one stops to consider that at tifty cents a pan, the labor of one man for a day would net over four hundred . dollars, some idea of the richness of this claim may be had. In the Spring of 1897, Mr. Empkins with the help of, one man, took out and interesting volume. In 1876 he was in the Black liills, where he was elected captain of a weU~eqnipped .Company sent out to .fight . SittiDig Bull, and they literally fought their way from ]'ort Laramie to Deadwood, · 'fhe Captain has always been consid­ ered 8 lucky prospectorl and in Klon­ (like this has been no exception to the rule. He arrived in Dawson, following his long-established custom of person­ ally inspecting every new miniIig camp, and after investigating remarked, "The half has not been told of the richness of this country." He owns on Soda, Nine l\fi}e and Henderson Creeks, and an 800-foot strip of the richest part of Hunker. His Hunker claim is below the mouth of I~ast Chance Creek, and the gravel yields from thirty to sixty cents a pan. When the immense width of this stream is taken into consideration, 8S . well as the fact that there is six feet of pay dirt, it can be readily seen that Capt. Anderson has a fortune in sight. Capt. Anderson is also a poet, writ­ ing excellent verse, and is often dubbed "'rhe Bard of Klondike." Five dollars per hour is the price of horse labor in Dawson.. There are a number of horses in the Klondike that have worked eight hourll per day for five months at the above figure. The Tanana' river can be ascended at ordinary stages of water · for 400 miles by boats drawing four feet. The · Andreafsky is navigable for 100 'miles, the Porcupine for 155 and the Koyuk­ uk for ' 300 miles by boats drawing three feet. The Stewart can be navi':' gated with light · draft vessels for 220 miles, and the ~elly for 250, while the White river has three feet of naTiga- . ble water for 150 miles. The Hoota­ linqua generally has five or six feet of water, and the Lewes haa about 30 inches in ordinary stages · from its mouth to the Rink rapids. thirty-three thousand dollars for their month's work, and the Spring clean­ up of this ytlRr will be fully three hun­ dred thousand dollars. This will rep­ resent the work of twelve men for eight months, and the gold comes from six "holes" or shafts. The owner of all this is still a young man and a native of Illinois. He first saw the light of day in a small town just across the M :ississippi River from St. Louis. While attending the W orlel's Fair at Chicago he heard of the possihilities of Alaska, and upon re­ turning home made up his mind to take a rOllgh-and-tumble chance in the then comparatively unknown Yukon coun­ try for a few years. So, early in the Spring of 1895 he turned his face to the North, and. the month of March found him pulling a sled over . the famous Chilkoot Pass. There were no wagons or wagon roads in those day" to aRsiRt the prospector from Dyea to Sheep Camp, nor tramways over the summit. It was a case of climh up one side and slide do,vn the other. Once · over the snowy sum:mit, our young · prospector contimled his journey afoot across the chain of lakes and rivers to Lake Le Barge, where the sawpits were rigged and the necessary lumber ,for a boat whipsawed by hand. Early lJl May the lake began to break, and Langlow Bros. Among the very rich claims on Eldorado is No. 12, half of which be­ longs to the Langlow Brothers. They are IJouis, Gans and Kanute. Several years ago the three brothers left their native home inN"orway, to seek fortunes and homes. They first settled in Ta­ coma, 'Washington, but in the Spring of 189::1 decided to go further Nodh. Inured as they were to hard work and an outdoor life, a trip across the Chil­ koot Pass was but pleasure to them, and thewhipsawingoflumber and the build­ ing of a boat worried them not at all. When the last gorge of ice had disap­ peared in the, Upper Yukon, the brothers set sail for the unknown. Without misbap they landed at Forty Mile Post on June 14th, and ' during the Summer and Fall succeeded in get­ ting good diggings. Louie Langlow the mighty river below to open, and Mr. Rmpkins soon found his boat nlsh­ ing adown the rrhirty-mile River at tho rate of ten miles an hour.: He had neither difltance card, nor "Guide," and . the dangers of the White Horse Rapids and Grand Canyon were alike unknown to him. Straight through the center of the roaring Five Fingers he guided his boat, and in due time . landed at 60- Mile Post, which is just fifty miles above DawAon. Making his headquar­ ters here, he prospected the small streams emptying into Sixty-Mile Riv- · er, u.ntil March, 1897. He then as­ cended Sixty-Mile River and crossed over to Miller Creek, a distance of one hundred miles. On this creek there were a number . of good claims, and al­ most anyone could make wages. But wages do not satisfy the average Yukon miller, and the man from Illinois was no exception to the rule, and in the sultry month of August, when the long-legged Arctic mosquito is succeeded by his more vicious broth­ er, the "black fly," and "Old Sol" shines twenty-three hours of the twenty-four, Mr. Empkins started fol' the new diggings. Unlike most of th! "old-timers" and "sour-dough boys," who make it a point to disbelieve any and all stories of new strikes, the man NO. 7 ELDORADO. is married and the father of . a bright and beautiful daughter, now five years of age, who · is the pride of I!}ldorado. This golden-haired little fairy, not only , absolutely bosses No. 12 Eldorado, but the entire Creek from Chief Guleh to the Klondike River. The collection of nuggets owned by little Marie would astonish almost anyone who has never heen in the Klondike. l\frs. Langlow has been with her husband on the Yukon for almost three years, and after the wash-up this ses­ son the family will leave Dawson for their home in Tacoma. During the Winter they will visit the East, Europe, and spend a few months in Norway. After viewing the wonders of the Paris Exposition in 1900, they will re­ turn to Tacoma, and take up a p'erma­ nent residence there. While they are away the Gans and lCanute will work the claim, and it is NO. Y2 ELDORADO. who now owns No. 7 "pelieved, ventur­ ed. saw and was convinced" that a new Eldorado had been found. So he hasti­ ly gathered up a few necessary belong­ ings, and by paddling night and day reached Dawson September 1st. He had killed two gigantic moose en route, and the luscious meat of the animals b.elped out wonderfully in the grub line. The morning of September 1st found him toiling over the "summer trail" up Bonanza Creek, and he camped at the mouth of I~ldorado. At that time no one thought of going into the "moose pasture" now known as Eldo­ rado. anii the grand rush was for Up­ per Bonanza. Seeing some camp fires up Eldorado, he decided to take a short tramp in that direction, and soon came across some men at work shoveling gravel. . They were kind enough to inform the stranger that the creek was "no good" and that they would not think of lo­ cating on it. A short walk brought him to the ground he now owns, which had been staked, by the way, for a man in l!'orty-mile by one of his friends. As such things are not allowed by the Canadian laws nor by the unwritten laws and customs of the prospector, Mr. Empkins promptly restaked the claim. The nrst hole put down proved that the claim was very rich, but in order to have a partner to work with, he sold a one-fourth interest to Mr. }'red Hutchinson, and the two men nre now the sole owners of the .claim and its vast riches. safe to Bay that they will dig out more money than the absent ones can pos­ sibly speno. "ShoTeling in" commenced on Bo­ nanza and Eldorado creeks last year about May 7th anrl .lasted probably five weeks. It· will be necessary to "shovel in" a8 10Dg as the water lasts this sea80n to wash up the big dumps. The big striks on Zeke Ogilvie's No. 6 Bonanza claim, is another proof that Eldorado creek ODce flowed over the Skookum hills. Everything indicates that this great gold-producing stream crossed the country from No. H Eldor­ ado and emptied into Bonanza on No. 6 below disoovery. The new strike shows a face of nearly 100 feet in length and from five to six feet in thickness, running as high as $600 to the pim. Thomas Pelkey. U MONG the many remarkable men of a remarkable cDuntry, is ThDs. Pelkey. Yet 0.11 the sunny side of fifty, Mr. Pelkey's well thatched and well shaped head ShDWS a few threads Ronald Morrison. D MONG the~experienced and experc miners who arrived in DawsDn last year was Ronald 'Morrison. Mr. MDrrisDn had been mining in ColDradD for twenty-five years, princi­ pally in and about Leadville. He had been manager of the Golden Chain Mining Company and Dne Df the prin­ cipal owners in the Ibex - CDnsolidatiDn and connected with many other deals of great magnitude. Haviug been well and favorably known to many of the leading mining men in Dawson, he was no stranger when he arrived there, and had no. difficulty in securing some very valuable, prDperty. AlthDugh he has been in Dawson less than one year, he has succeeded in amassi ng a small fortune, and has in­ terests in Sulphur, Quartz,Henderson, DDminion, Baker and Moose Hide creeks. He is also associated with Aleck McDonald in a quartz ledge on No. 27 Eldorado, which on develop­ ment may prove to be the MDther IDde. One piece of quartz taken frDm this ledge was assayed and yielded free milling gold ot the rate ' of a hundred thousand dollars a ton. A ledge three feet wide like this would of CDurse be worth milliDns, and Mr. MDrrisDn is confident that he has it. RDnald MDrrison was born in Nova Scotia about forty-three years ago, and came to Colorado while still in his teens. When the first news Df the KIDndi, ke strike awakened the West as well as the Eallt, Mr. Morrison left his valuable holdings in CDlorado and jDurneyed to Skaguay. After a remarkable fast trip of eleven days he landed in Dawson with two -tDns of provisiDns, on Sept. 24th, 1897. Having been an old friend and comrade of Aleck McDonald's in Colo­ rado., he was at Dnce sent out by the "King" to investigate the new rliscov­ eries then being made. His researches on Sulphur and Do­ minion at once led him to believe these THE KLON DIKE NEWS. of silver, caused, as he says, by getting up early in the morning to go , to ' church. He is ~ never-~iring traveler ,and many a man of half his age has been glad to. see the sun go. dDwn when on the trail with him, . His last trip over the ice from Dawson to Dyea was accDmplished in nineteen days, which is Dnly Dne day behind the recDrd. He was bDrn in St. Alma, Canada, where he spent his early life. During the ' succeeding ten years he resided in the United States and during which time he visited every state in the UniDn. His home fDr many years has been at Williamsport, Pennsylvania, where he was engaged in the hotel business. He is a splendid caterer, a ~ connoisseur in wines and an epicure at the table. During his business life in the United States he has owned and managed some of the leading hostleries in the State of Pennsylvania, among which may be mentioned the Arcade in WilliamspDrt, the CDttage HDtel, at EmpDria, and the Club HDuse Hotel at Pen Yan, N. Y. Some four years ago. having sDld out in the hotel business, Mr. Pelkey heard of the ,tales of gDld in far away Alaska, and being a man who. fDllows his first impulses, started at once fo~ the far creeks would rival any thing yet found, and upon his advice large purchases were made there. That his judgment upDn these creeks was gODd is evi­ denced by the fact that , the prices Df claims in that district have doubled and then quadrupled, and will doubt­ lessly' double and quadruple again. Among the valuable claims owned by Mr. MDrrison are NDB. 32, 35, 36 and 37 )n "The MODse HDrn" which is Dne of the best fDrks of HendersDn creek. The claims just mentiDned being owned jDintly by Messrs. McDonald and Mor­ rison. Mr. Morrison has had proba­ blyas much experience in mining as any man in the KIDndike, baving been in the placers of California, the lead mines Df ' MDntana, the silver leads Df Nevada and in the rich mineral dis­ tricts of Colorado. When asked for his opinion of the KlDndike CDuntry, he said witbout hesitation. '''It is the greatest in the world, and the early days of Leadville will not make a liIide show when com­ pared with Dawson and its mines." He is of the opinion that the discDver­ ies Df the next few years will mDre than equal the discDveries of the past, and that twenty years hence the CDuntry will hardly be scratched by the pick of the prospector. The opin­ ion Df Mr. Morrison in this respect is , of more than passing value, as he has no int.erest in "booming" the country, and would in all probability be better off from a financial point of view if newcomers were barred froDl the place. We present herewith a picturt!l of Mr. MDrrison, taken out of doors in the blinding light of a perfect Arctic Spring day. ' This may account for the far away 10Dk in his eyes and the pained expression upon his face. And we are violating no confidence when we publicly state that Mr. Morrison is a fine specimen of physical manhood, and much better looking than the pic­ ture. He thinks nothing of a little jaunt of forty miles Dver th' e Dominion Creek between meals and is constantly on the go. He has in all probability a north. In the month of May, when the mosquitDs are just cDmmencing to. crawl from the moss, a bDat contain­ ing Mr. Pelkey, flDaled down the YukDn River and was finally tied to. the bank at Forty Mile Post. Here he located on No. 18 Glacier creek, put a force Df men to work and tDDk out several thousand dDllars. In the. fall 1895, returned to. Pennsylvania, fDr the winter, and in March 1896, re­ turned to FDrty Mile. Here he met GeDrge Carmack early in the month of August and learned of the discDveries of gold on Bonanza. With character­ istic prDmptness he set out for the new gDld fields and succeeded in distancing the rushing crDwd and staked No. 41 above DiscDvery. It was no trDuble to find the pay on No. 41, and from the first hole sunk in the auriferous gravel, he took as high as $68.00 from a single pan. Seven weeks Df drifting and sinking yielded $23,648.00, the result of two men's work. He next bought a fraction of 131 fet;lt Dn EldDradD, which is known as No.. 3 "A." On this piece ,of ground from a hole 8 x 8ieet square, to bed rock, he took out $9,000., SDme pans gDing as high as $300, on this unuAually rich fraction, the pay streak has been located fDr over 100 feet from NO. 4 Y BONANZA ABOVE. more accurate knDwledge Df the topo­ graphy of the cDuntry lying adjacent to the DDme MDuntains than , any man in the district. The NEWS is greatly indebted to Mr. MDrrisDn fDr informatiDn regard­ ing the source of the richest streams of the Klondike and of the probable de­ velopment of the nDW unknown streams HDwing into. the Upper river. It may also be well said of Mr. MDrrisDn that he is of an exceedingly sociable nature and dDes not obje~ ,t to imparting a little information to the tenderfoot. The usual mining expert when on his stamping grounds is an exclusive in­ dividual, with a high regard fDr him­ self and hill' Dpinions, and thinks it is , beneath his dignity to let a sucker know that water HDWS down hill, or that "gold is where you find it." 4 to 5 feet deep, and extending from bank to bank a diRtance Df 300 feet. Mr. Pelkey also owns claims No. 2 and 7 Dn Lucky Fork of All GDld creek. All Gold is one of the coming creeks by the way. It drains a large territDry and heads in the Dome mountains much the same as Hunker creek. Claims on All Gold are ranked as gilt edge in the Dawson mining market. Mr. Pelkey's first location on No. 41 BDnanza will bring him more wealth than all the others. The pay streak has been cross cut and found to. be 120 feet wide and from 4 to 5 feet deep. ' At the prt;lsent , writing a fDrce of . twenty men are kept busy drifting on a strip fDrty feet wide and the entire length Df the claim, This will be just one-third of the claim and will be wDrked out this year. This strip will yield in good Bonanza gDld , $ilOO, 000 and samples of it left at the Mint show it to be wDrth over $17 per Dunce. It will take two more years to work the claim Dver once and it will enrich its Dwner to the tune of one milliDn dollars. Pans yielding $50, are not unCDmmon and from one bucket Df dirt there has been washed over $900. Mr. Pelkey is now in the United States for rest and recreatiDn and will In this respect Mr. Morrison differs from the usual high and mighty authDrity Dn 'mining. His Dpinion is probably asked, Bnd given, mDre fre­ quently and cheerfully each day in DawsDn, than any Dne man there. TransactiDns Df great magnitude often hang upon his say, and thous­ ands of dollars change hands almDst daily by his advice. But while this expert miner is advis­ ing others he Dften whispers a quiet word unto himself, as his mining pos­ sessiDns show, and os he Cfln command almost unlimited capital his prDspects in the Yukon gold fields are unusually ' bright. It is his intentiDn to. remain in Dawson Dr upon the YukDn for at least two years more, 'and from there go to visit his DId home. After a short visit there he will once mDre investi­ gate the resources Df Colorado and at- 3 return)n Aug~st. Mr. Alfred Pelkey, his son, is in charge of the prDperty during his father's absence. YDung Pelkey has been in the KIDndike country two. years and owns stlveral promising claims. The P elkeys­ father and son-will spend one more winter in the north and will then return to. Pennsylvania to take up their perma II ell t Ifsidence. tend to bis interests in tqat section. The allurements of travel, hDwever, will nDt permit him to remain long in one place, and with his future assured in a financial sense, he will see the wDnders of Dther cDuntries. - In writing of the possessiDns Df Mr. Morrison, we have almost forgDtten to mention his extensive interests with Aleck McDonald and E. M . Sullivan in one of the larg~st hydraulic propo­ sitiDns known to the country. It in­ volves the wDrking Df no. less than , eight miles of the sands Df the KIDn­ dike river from the mDuth of All Gold down stream. -· Application has been made to the DDminiDn Govern:.nent fDr this right and it will be undDubt­ edly granted. With the proper appliances fDr working this immense stretch of grDund, tons of gDld will undoubtedly be extracted, and if the ground was easy and accessible as the placers Df CalifDrnia and CDlorado it is the opin­ iDn of Mr. MorrisDn that gold WDuld be demonetized in four years'. Mr. Morrison is also interested in an immense stretch of submerged ground at the Mouth Df DDminiDn Creek, which will be extensively worked the cDming year. Tha future development Df this min­ ing region will be phenomenal during the next few years, and it is to such men as Messrs. McDonald and MDrrisDn, that it's wDnderful grDwth is due. He has , also valuable real estate holdings in the town of DawsDn, and the constant advance of values there makes this an assured SDuroe of wealth. Unlike many others the subject of this sketch has no fault to. find with the climate Df his adopted home. And when in the future he is traveling in the Orient or enjoying the luxuries of the trDpical zones, in our opiniDn Mr. MorrisDn will long fDr the, blizzards of ,the NDrth, and a snDwstDrm will have more attractions for him than a shower of roses. 4 THE KLONDIKE NEWS. John' Erickson. The "Kings" Claims. THORPE BROS. & STEWART. Wm. Lee Thorpe, Edward A. Thorpe and of the Klondike. They had been joined en­ George Stewart, are a trio of young men route by Mr. Stewart, and the three young men succeeded in getting a • 'Iay" from who have done well in the Klondike. The Thomas Pelkey on his fraction No. 3 A Thorpe Bros . have lived in Alaska many Eldorado. Ell. Thorpe, the younger brother years, they being the sons of Willis Thorpe, is a nott!d traveler, having made no less a well known Alaska pioneer. Long before than four tri ps, both over the water and the iee. from Dawson to Juneau .. On f:lept.ember gold was discovered on Bonanza Creek, the the 2nd, IB97, he star k d with eighty head Thorpe Bros. s.tarted for the Yukon River of catt le anli" thirty-five horses 'to go to with a band of cattle, in onler to supply Dawson, hut the early snows rendered it fresh mpat 'to the miners at Forty Mile and impossible to cro~s the summit. and he was " compelled to turn. He then made a flying Circle City. They left Chilcat lVIission, July trip down the rapid ly icing-in waters of the the 6th, 1896, to drive tho cattle over the Yukon, and reached D'Lwson, November then almost unknown Dawson trail, and the 2nd. just .two days ah~ad of the final after numerous adventures, rpishaps and freeze-up. 'The Lay" owned by these young men on the' 'Pelkey Fraction" will accidents, arrived at Fort Sen,irk. Here net the three boys fully $100,000. they butchered haH the cattle and with the They also own other valuable mining other half alive, em barked on a big raft interests in the Klondike district, including down the Yukon . At the mouth of White three quartz leads in the richest parts of Eldorado Creek. Their cabiri on the hill· River their raft was sW2.~ped, but they side opposite No. 3, is the stopping place succeeded in getting thelr stock ashore, for all vieitors from Dawson. The latch where t.hey hUW}'-,,'edthe cattle t~"t were Btring is I!-lways out and the traveler is alive . . Constructing a new raft the. con, -alw :~::~ :;ill 9~ ~_hearty welcome from these tinued their journey. This was late in the hospitaule young-·miners. And d l1 • in 3"Jle :Fall and they were 'in blissful ignorance of long winte! nIghts there is .generally a the intense mining excitement on the gleam of light from the cablll Windows, Klondike, or the existanc~ of such a place and oft' times a sound of revelry th~t echoes as Dawson. The arrival of the meat at far down the valley. The faVOrite song Dawson was hailed by the miners as some- seems to he "There will be a Hot Time on thing equally as fo rtunate as finding the the Klondike To-:YighL" and the tinkling pay streak on a Bonanzl\ cla im. By quar- of the guitare and the "plunk. plunk" of ters and by halves the cattle were soon sold the banjo chords musically with the voices and the young men found themselves in the of ' the 'harpy-hear~e~ YukO I1!'rs as they possession of $IG.OOO in bl'ig-ht yellow gold warble thell' soul·stlrrIng melody. Miss Belinda Mulrooney. I N the rush of the thousands who started for KloDflike in '97, history will never record the number of strong men who paled before the dangerous hardships and the many vicissitudes en route, and returned to ' their homes determined to wander no ' more. Does anyone know of a woman who grew faint-hearted and turned back of her own accord. If you have an aversion for the "new woman" a week on the Skaguay or Dyea trail would change that ave~sion to admiration, 'or there ' you may Bee big, husky husbands and brothers discouraged and faint ·hearted prepar­ ing to return to the comforts of their homes, while. the brave little wife 01 sister begs with tears in her eyes to contiuue the journey. Miss Belinda Mulrooney, the subject of this sketch, had no big brother or husband to rely ~pon, but she bel~eved that if women could grace almost any business or profession at home she could be a successful trail blazer: She was born in Scrantoil, Pennsylvania, and early in her teenswent'toChicago. where she opened . an employment agency. When all America was pre­ paring for the Columbian Exposition she erecte l a building on Oottage Grove avenue and there conducted a restaurant during the Fair. When the Exposition was over she moved to San Francisco where .he again em. barked in the restaurant business. Her: place was on the corner of Sixth and Market streets, and sbe was most surcesf.lful for the two years that she conducted the business. In 1895 she accepted the position of stewardess from the Pacific Coast Steamship Company and wa' s employed on the southern run being finally transfe.rred to the northern line. It was while so em'ployed that she became acquainted with many Alaska miners and their tales of the gold in that country caused her to resign her posi­ tion and start for the rn,ines. She fitted out in Seattle in March '9S and started alone to Dyea which place she reached on April 1st. Here she joined a party of prominent mining men and made the trip to Lake Bennett where she joined some Seattle merchants and in a large scow started for the mines. On the way to Henderson creek where she arrived just as the boom was on, . she kept the patty supplied with fish and meat by the aid of gun and rod, in the han~ling of which she is an expert. Here Mlss Mulrooney .staked out olaim 22 below on Henderson, a loca­ tion. which is destined to have a pro­ minent place . in mining ' in the near future. On June 10th she arrived in Klondike City :with a 2000 pound out_ fit and only twenty-five cents in money. She threw the coin far out into the swift water of. the great Yukon, "just for luck" as she e'xpressed it. The sale of light silka and other valuable merchandise which she had brought J OHN Erickson first looked acrOS8 the broad Yukon in the Spring of 1895. He had followed mining for ten yeara in the United States, and at once recog· nized the fact that he was in the finest mineral country in the world. He first stopped on the Hootalinqua river. where he prospected and mined the bars with only moderate success. From there he went to the Stewart river, and again his efforts. were unrewarded , When the first fall of anow came and the rushing waters of the northern river were preparing for a winter's rest, Mr. Erickson journeyed to that Mecca of the early Yukoner, Forty Mile Post. There he mined on Miller creek until Sep­ tember. 1896, when the camp was thrown into wild excitement by the news of the find on Bonanza Creek. Joining in the stampede that followed, he reached the Forks of Eldorado and Bonanza only to find the latter stream all taken up and dozens of men flocking up Adam's Gulch, another tributary of the main stream. Here it was that his ten years of mining experience stood him in hand, and what many of the old timers rejected and laughed at, l\ir. Erickson considered good, accord­ ingly he staked Number Ten, on the now famous creek, and at once went to develop­ ing his claim. Almost the first shovelful of gravel revealed the fact that the ground was literally honeycombed with nuggets of shining gold, and the first pan on bedrock almost took the minpr's hreath away. From two·shafts·this year on this wonder· fill claim there will come fully $300,000, which places Num ber Ten in the front rank of the modern Golconda. Mr. Erickson will take a W~ 11 deserved rest after the cleanup this FaU, and spend the winter in trawl and recreation in the Unit~d States,. and Europe. The following list of claims, owned wholly or in part' by Alexander MoDonald, are a . few of the eloquent reasons for his title of "King of the Klondike." No. 19 ................ : .... EldoradoCreek .e 22..................... ., " 27 ... . •.•...••.•.•... o. ,. " 30.. .. .............. . .. .. ,I 34 . .. . •••• •••• 0 •••••••• " 36 .... .. .............. . II " 37 .................. . " " 40 .. .. .. ..........•..•• .. " 41 .................... . " " 46 .................... . ,I No. 34 above discovery . .. " ... .... Bonanza " 6 below " .. .. . .. . .. .. " 7 ........... . " 20 " " " .. ~ ... ... ... " 33 ,I ..... ....... " 37 " " .. .. ... .... . .. 43 , I " " .......... .. No. 8 above Upper Discovery ... Dominion " 2 below"" to 3 " 7" It II " 8 " " " II " 13 " " 17 " " " " 18 " " " " 19 " " 20 " I. I, " I, 21 " " 22 II .. " " 23 " I, 24 " " " " 2:3 H ,. 27 " N 0. 6 auove Lower Discovery . .. Dominion " g I. 'I ".. • 'I " 47 below"" " No. ]:0 ELDORADO. yielJed her a profit of from 400 to SOO per cent. A few weeks after her arrival in Dawson Miss Mulrooney was again in the restaurant business. She charged from $1.50 to $4.50 for a meal, until the panic cry was raised and provi­ sions went up to t2 a pound. She then built a two story . hotel at the forks of Eldorado & Bonanza and named the town site "Grand Forks" where ehe now does a thriving trade. Besides 22 below on Henderson, . Miss Mulrooney owns No. 27 below on Dominion, an interest in 57 above on Bonanza. one_sixth of the stock of the Bonanza Eldorado Quartz and Plaoer M ining Co., one half of 34 on MOORe Horn, ten per cent of the stock of the Yukon Telephone Syndicate Co. and a valuable claim on Hunker creek. Miss Mulrooney is a modest, refined and prepossessing young woman, II brilliant conversationalist and a bright business woman. She makes the Iii mile trip to Dawson in a basket sleigh drawn by her faithflll dog Nero II noble animal of the St. Bernard br~ed aud the largest dog in the Northwest. 1'he trip is made in less than three hours. That Miss Mulrooney bas never married is no lault of the many wealthy and gallant miners who admire her. Eldorado No. 46. g WAY up on Eldorado, near the forks of Chief gulch, lies tbis claim, where, nine feet from the frosty crest is a stream of gold inter~ingled with the .coarse gravel. James Quinn lind Jack Caffery, two brawny. hard-working sons of the Emerald Isle, are the happy owners. James Quinn was born in Ireland in 1842, came to America in 1858 lind two years later engaged in mining in Ne­ vada, Montana, Arizona and Dakota. Four years ago he crossed the Chilo coot Pass, floated down the river to Forty Mile and began prospecting in the mountains. In March '97 he dis­ covered a fraction on 46, located it, and then went into partnership with Jack Ca,ffery, He worked all winter with but httle encouragement. He and his partner had paid in $800 at the ' Healy store and left their orders for provisions, but were allowed only one sack of spoiled flour, bacon and beans in proportion, and were flatly No. 46 ELDORADO No. 18 below Dillcovery •.••.•...... Sulphur " S aboTe " • I ••••••• • •• .. .. 10 " .. .. · .......... , " 13 " .. " • a •••••••••• .. 14 " " • • ••••• " .1' .. " 15 .. .. '" ......... " 27 " " " ..... ...... , " 29 ,. .. . .. ....... , " 30 " " . .... ....... " 32 " " " ... .... ..... " 33 .... ........ " 34 " " . ........... " 35 ,. · ...... ..... " 36 " .... ... .. .. . II 37 " " ....... ... .. No. 3 above Discovery ......•..... Hunker " 4 'c " ••• ••• • ••••• " I • . 3 below 6 I, 23 " " 26 " 27 " " 28 " " ., II " " " The"King"also owns Discovery claim and number 8 and 9 on Gold Bottom, No.5 below on Bear, N 08. 1 and ' 2 on Skookum Gulch; a claim or two on All Gold. some· bench claims on Eldorado, lind several claims on Baker Creek. He has large holdings on Henderson Creek and its branches and is still huying on this last named stream. House Room in Dawson T HOSE who expect to arrive early in the season, had best make arrange­ ments for their own accommoda­ tions. It is quite probable that every building will be crowded and all the hotels filled to overflowing. A good roomy tent set up on the hillside will afford very comfortable quarters for several months, and the traveler need not hesitate to take in a whole bolt of mosquito-bar. A pair of gum boots in which to wade from Dawson to his hillside h~tne will also be found quite handy. While. other stories may have been exaggerated ~bout the land. of gold, we may assure the reader that. all the tales of mud and mosquitos yet coming beneath our notice have not infringed upon the truth of a terrible reality. told that that was the extent of their grub stake from that quarter. In February '9. 7 they made three holes but the water bothered them. Discouraged and almost "grub struck" they sunk a fourth, in which they found good pay and several nuggets. Running a cross-cut they found a big pay streak and a $455 nugget. John Caffery io a bright and ener­ getic Irishman 34 years old. He cams the second time to the U. S. in '92, driftsd to BritiLil Columbia and thence to the N. W. T. Prospected at Forty and Seventy Mile and on Sept. 19, '9S, staked 46 Eldorado. The claim pays from a good pros_ pect to $19 per pan, has a width of over 100 feet ana a thickness of pay from three to si &. feet. Though it has been worked scarcely enough to show where the dirt came from, the owners will clean up enough tbis spring to make them comfortable the , reat of their lives. They also own claim 9 below on Bear and one on Chief gulch, both of which are valuable properties. THE KLONDIKE NEWS. 5 William Scouse. O N THE heath-covered hills of far away Scotland stands a picturesque little cot­ tage which looks out upon the country road. Surrounding it is a well kept little garden that adds much to the attractiveness of the place. From the vine­ embowered windows a pretty landscape greets the view. The meek looking cattle grazing on the green hillsides help to fill out the background to thiS charming pic­ ture of ~urallife. In the fields, the ripen­ ing grain, stirred by the gentle breezes, waves to and fro in golden billows of light and shade. The birds flitting from tree to tree in the bright sunshine are making the for winter has thrown its icy mantle upon everything. The few trees native to the country, stand stark and stiff, their icicle laden branches throwing fantastic shadows around. In this unpretentious little home dwells William Scouse, a sturdy son of Scotland, who rambled away from the little cottage nestling among the green hills about eighteen years ago and came out to the land of the free in search of a fortune. That he has been successful a glance in to the little log cabin would show, for on shelves and table are bottles and cans full oj bright yellow nuggets, which represent a fortune which will insure to the sturdy miner many years of comfort and pleasure. The sight of this treasure often makes the owner's mind go back to the land of No. 14 ELDORADO. LAMB, SCOUSE &. CO. quiet morning melodious with their sweet songs. In great contrast to this is a little cabin which hngs a bleak hillside on Eldorado creek, in the wilds of the great Northwest Territory. No roses climb about the door nor sweet-smelling honeysuckle vine twines i\;~cK about the logs of which it is built, Charles Lamb. O N No.8 Eldorado, and in the first cabin built on that now famous creek, is Charley Lamb and family. Mr. Lamb is counted by many to be the second richest man in the Klon­ dike. Most people who hold ' an in­ terest in 0 .e claim, either on Bonanza, Eldorado or Hunker, is dubbed a mil­ lionaire by the time he reached the out­ side. At this ratio where will the fig. ures stop for the lucky man who re­ presents eleven interests in the best claims in the Klondike district. Charley Lamb was born in Iowa, January 18th, 1859, and spent the first year of his life in an ox wagon en route to California, where his parents moved when trials and hardships of the early pioneers could only be endured through the hope of fortune in glitter­ ing gold that laid in the Western Eldorado. The Lamb family were of the old frontier type, always looking for past­ ures new. They first settled in Amador County, and then moved to San J, oa­ quin County. Always engaged in mining and grazing, Charley Lamb spent his early life on the broad plains of the San Joaquin Valley on a stock ranch, taming the VIcious broncos and manipulating a long rope, for which the Oalifornians have become so famous the world over. When the no-fence law drove the stockmen from their Western paradise, Mr. Lamb engaged in trading and farming and moved to Tulare Oounty his birth, and in fancy, sees himself frolick· ing "on the banks and braes" with the friends of his youth, and awaits with impatience the days when the reign of the ice king is over and he can go to the outside world and visit the home of his childhood. William Scouse was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1860. He trod his native heath ill 1881. 1887 he fell in love with Miss Norcross, the belle of Tulare City. They were married and moved to Los Angeles County the following year, where the Dew Hunker-Eldorado­ Bonanza King . found employment in the Electric Street Car Oompany's ser­ vice. To work for others is not char­ acteristic of the sons of Oalifornia ! ioneers, and the subject of this sketch was no exception to the rule. The in­ bred frontier instincts handed down from his parents caused a longing for the freedom and opportunity of new and distant lands. The circumstances under which he threw off the yoke of the wage slave, in this particular in­ btanc 1 are worthy of note. During a controversy belween the Superintend­ tnt of the Road, and an old man who bad been in the employ of the Com­ pany for a number of years, Lamb took the part of the latter, and had his manly conduct rew/uded by a sumo' mary discharge. He sacrificed a posi­ t 'on for a principle. B9t like Henry Clay, he would rather be right than be President. The trait that cost him his position brought him a well deserved fortune. Lamb's Wealth the R.esult of a Confidence Scheme. A. confiding acquaintance who need­ ed the assistance of a few weeks board, interested Charley Lamb to such an extent that he started for the North after losing his place with the Traction Oomp'my, and had gone as far as Fresno, towards Alaska, before he dis­ covered that his informant had never been in the land of the Northern Lights, and that his story of the Alaska gold fields, was fiction pure and simple. If Lamb were to meet that man to-day he would probably present him with a nugget as large and as heavy as the wife's proverbial first biscuit. Because, after investigating the resources of Alaska, he decided to try his fortunes in the frozen North, and now instead of being the employe of a car company he could buy all the street car lines in Southern California and have plenty of money left. Take a stockman or a cow-boy away from their horlle, and as a rule they until he grew to be a rugged, sturdy lad of nineteen, as vigorous mentally as physi­ cally. At that age he bade good bye to his old home and started for America, the land in which so many of his countrymen had made names and fortunes for them­ selves. The first three years of his resi­ dence in America were spent in the 'East, but in 1883 he came West and settled in Washington. An out-door life being best suited to his nature the yo. ung Scotchman engaged in the business of mining. Shortly afterwards he went to British Columbia where he prospected for two years. The prospects of wealth which had allured him to that country proved to be not as good as he had anticipated for h I met with very little success. Though he did not gather great riches he did not consider the time completely lost, for the exp~rience he had acquired was of much value to him. In the spring of '96 when thollsands of gold-seekers were rush­ ing into Alaska, Mr. Scouse joined the throng Rnd landed at Dyea. from which point he went over the summit to the coun- are as helpless as a duck out of water, such however was not the ('ase with Mr. Lamb. Raised in the warm val­ lies of California, he , seldom ever ex­ perienced weather below the freezing point. Now . he never sees the earth for the snow and ice covers it for more than five or six month's in the year. In the early part of April 1896, with a party of six, Lamb sledded his out· fit over Ohilcoot Pass, built a sailing ' boat at . Lake Bennett, and sailed over the ice to the foot of Lake La Barge. There he waited one week for the breaking up of the ice and then floated down to Forty Mile Creek, Four of his company prospected l!'orty Mile Oreek, and two went to American Creek, when word came of Oarmack's discoveries; Lamb and his present partner, Jas. McNamee hastened to the ground. Lamb staked No.8 Eldorado, and McNamee staked on Bonanza Oreek. They also bought some in­ . terests on Hunker and built the first cabin in Eldorado. One year ago last February, Mr. Lamb, in company with several others, started out over the ice, a long and dangerous journey. Most of the millionaires of the age ride in Pullman Palace Care and Tour­ ists Steamboats, in parts where every­ thing is plentiful. six hundred miles over trackless waste of snow and ice without a station or broken trail in­ deed requires a man of nerve and a constitution of iron to withstand. At the beginning of this journey the weather was mild, and in order to ex­ pedite matters they thought 'to lighten try which was the scene of his operations and where he acquired the claims which have already yielded him a fortune and which promise to add to it ten iold. He first prOllpected along ,Stewart river which stream he ascended for 10() miles', working the bars of that and other creeks which he passed. Success attended his ef­ forts for he found gold on all of the creeks. On the McQuesten river which he pros­ pected for twenty miles, the gold was much coarler than that found on the Stewart river. In the fall he came out with a large amount of "dust" for the season's work. Mr. Scouse went down to Sixty Miles and found that the town was deserted, the male population havlDg stampeded to the Klon­ dike on receipt of the news of the rich 27 and 28 on Hunker creek; the rival of both Eldorado and Bon!,nza-On Eldorado the pay is from four to six feet thilikand from one-half to six feet in the bedrock. It has a width of from 200 to 600 feet. Nos. 14 and 15 Eldorado are considered the banner claims on the creek and the "pans" will average with the best taken from any other claims in that section. The claims on Hunker in which Mr. Scouse is interested viz: Nos, 8, 9. 27 and 28, are va.luable properties. The pay streak is wide and contains coarse gold all along. Another good claim which he own .. is No. 32 above on Bonanza. Besides these interests the young Scotch­ man owns some valuable town property which will one day pay him a handsome No. 15 ELDORADO. LAMB, SCOUSE & CO strike on that creek. The only one left was a lady who had charge of the store. The young miner remained just long enough in this Adllomless Eden to get a supply of grub and to learn tne news of the big flnd, and then "steaked" it to the new diggings where he staked No.4 Eldorado, his part­ ners staking 15 on the Bame creek and 8, 9, their loads by cacheing their stove and tent. Only a day or two later, the weather changed and the thermometer registered 60 below. Oold chilly blasts swept down the Yukon and in the faces of the travelers. Proviiiions were short and the party was compell­ ed to face the drifting snow. Finally, worn, fatigued and hungry, they reached the summit, tied their sleds en-tandem and pushed them off over the glaciers; and lying down they in , turn followed the sleds, using their knives aa a break in the ice. - The perilous slide.was made without acci­ dent and a week later the hardy Klon­ dike miner was home in Los Angeles. . Mrs. Lamb, who had no mail from her husband for nearly a year, was passing the long days and weeks and earning a liv. elihood in a millinery es­ tablishment; one evening upon return from her work and the Postoffice, where she had oalled so often and re­ ceived no mail, her surprise and joy can well be imagined when upon open­ ing the door of their little home, she found herself in the arms of her lost husband. Dramatists may have creat­ ed scenes of the meeting of long lost loved ones, where the stage settings gave the incident greater glamour, but it is doubtful it they lave lever dealt with a case where there WIIS a more pedect comingling of hearts than was experienced on that occasion. Hope and happiness had taken the place of . distress and dispair. While the loyal wife's first and great­ est joy was in the loving em brace of her husband. Another surprise was a sack of large gold nuggets which he poured upon the modest center table. The scenes . that followed can only be imagined by those who have experi­ enced the heart aches caused by the absence of loved ones, and the pangs of poverty at home. Two weeks were spent in preparation and husband and wife, and the little Edna Bell Lamb, set out for their new home o'n Eldorado Creek. The handi­ work of Mrs. Lamb is . shown in these tasty and comfortable quarters. And to see the luxury in which they live profit on his investment. Mr. Scouse is an unassuming, qui(,'t man, with a kindly nature. He has a cheer.ng word for the many friends who vioit him i" his little cabin, Bnd among the miners o. the district he iB a ~enel'al favorite. He expectl to go to the outsido by way of St. Michael'S in the fall. would be a revalatio. n to those on the outside who read of famine-stricken Klondike. Little Edna Bell Lamb, the sweet­ faced and bright-eyed little being, had a call from Santa Claus in the way of presents that would do a Ohristmas Tree in the land where toy shops are plentiful. She busies herself. gather­ ing nuggets from her father's claim, and will have more than she can com-· fortably cal'ry away before the second boat goes out, which will take them back to Oalifornia. To go to Klondike without visiting No.8 Eldorado, is like going to Brook­ lyn wit hout seeing the bridge, or to Paris wHhout a sight of the Eiffel Tower. Mr. Lamb and his partner, Mr. Mc­ Namee, who is now in California, own interests in the richest claims and on the best creeks in ;the district. They have No.8 Eldorado, an interest in Nos. 14 and 15 Eldorado, No 3 Bonanza below, No. 26 "B" Bonanza, above, and No. 32 Bonanza above;. Nos. 8-9-27 and 28 on Hunker above • . A full description of these properties, appears elsewhere in this issue, and. no doubt will be read with interest Mr. Lamb is working a light force of men on all of his claims; he realizes that the gold is as safe in the ground as it is on the outside. He realizes that he can save hundreds of thou­ sands of dollars by waiting until the' advent of machinery into the country, and when provisions and labor are cheaper. 6 ErnUl Gay. W HENEVER the number 13 shows there is an old superstition among sports, showmen and the "hunch" playing element that there is a hoodoo attached to it and they shy clear of that unlucky number with as much alacrity as a Spanish warship attempts to dodge a Yankee gunboat. There are cases, however, when the superstition counts for noth­ ing, and.No. 13 on Eldorado is one of them. T :lat claim has proved to be one of the richest in all the district. No. · 13 is located in a part of the canyon where it narrows up, the rocks pitching from either side and form­ ing B natural sluice box from which hundreds of thousands of dollars have already been taken and where ' Emil Gay and George Lamarre are now m:lking their everlasting fortunes. The pay . streak is not very wide nei­ ther is it deep but what it lacks in ex­ tent is more than compensated for by its richness. Nowhere in the district can as fine a display of nuggets be seen than is shown in the Gay and Lamarre claim. Emil Gay comes of a good French family. Ha left his home in 1878 when but a mere child, and went to 80o .. th America. He remained thue awhile and then went to Mexico, where he lived for several years. The fortune he ~ad accumulated in. those places he soon pr.L,~"d w it'" for his dis_ position, like his name, was gay, and the young man believe in getting the Illost out of U e. Though his money 'Was gene, his good spirits remained Dr.P. J. Benoit LeBlanc I T is largely owing to the energy and progressiveness of the gentleman w hose portrait accompanies this sketch-Dr. P. J. Benoit LeBlanc­ that Dawson will enjoy telephone facili ties. He is the President of the Telegraph and Telephone Syndica~e which was formed by the most promI­ nent men in Da wson for the purpose of' establishing communication with the outside world. Only those who have been in the Northwest 'can fully r ealize the difficulty of the task which the Syndicate has undertaken, but that it will be carried to a successful issue there is not the slightest doubt, for the fact that Dr. LeBlanc is at the head of the movement insures its success. A great deal of the work has already been done and it will be only a short time when the people of Dawson will be receiving the benefit of as good a ·telephone service as can be found any­ where. The Bell system will be used as it has been found to be the best ; adapted for long distance service in that country. A man has been sent out to the States for supplies and the work will be hurried to completion as fast as circumstances will permit. Although Dr. LeBlanc is at the head of the Telephone and Telegraph ,Syn. dicate Company he has other interests which are as equally important and which rate him as one of the rich claim owners of the Northwest. He has never used II right in the country but has made shrewd purohases and is now the possessor of some of the best claims on the richest creeks in the mining district. For some of the best purchases Dr. LeBlano is indebted to the kindly advice of his friend, Aleck McDonald-the richest and shrewdest mining man in the country. It was through his friendly suggestions that Dr. LeBlanc acquired by purchase a valuable claim on Henderson and anotller one on Dominion early in 1897 while they were still cheap, In Ju :y of the same year he bought Claim 10 above on Bear and shortly after bought 31 below on Dominion. [ , wad about this time that Sulphur THE KLONDIKE NEWS. and he cast about lor a method of re­ couping his fortune. He soon found an opportunity in PortIilnd, Oregon, and he settled down there to learn the trade of a baker. When he had mastered his trade the young rover went to San Francisco and embarked in the business of selling waffles, but that proving too slow. he Bold his wa­ gon and started for Circle city by way of Dyes. and the pass. The same inci­ dents attended his trip that wait upon the thousands of gold seekers and which are now too familiar to need re­ petition. It was in January 1896 that the young adventurer reached the new El­ dorado and discovered and located the gulch which now' bears his name and on which he owns the richest cillim. He also took a "lay" on No.8 Eldora­ do, one of the best claims' in Klondike. Notwithstanding the fact that he was badly handicapped on account of a scarcity of grub and tools, Mr. Gay, unaided, took out more than $10,000 in less than a month. He then bought an interest in 35 Eldorado, which in itself is holding enough for one man in any country. The spirit of specu1ation was strong in Mr. Gay and he purchased a quarter interest in No. 8 above on Bonanza whioh he alterwards sold at It hand­ some figure. Besides the properties already mentioned he has a "lay" on 25 above on Bonanza and a quartz claim whioh cuts No. 13 on Eldorado. He has also two half interests in 13 Bnd 14 on French Gulch. Some idea. of the value of his olaim on Eldorado may be gained when it is stated that there Bre 100 feet of ground to be worked which will yield $3000 to the foot. He will clean up 13 this summer and will then turn his atten­ tion to rus other interests. Gay Gulch is even richer than Eldorado at the mou th; in fact, it is believed to hold the pa.y of both streams at this point. With average luck Emil Gay will leave the Northwest 'l'erritory B millionaire. Mr. Gay is a good natured lighthearted young man, and his fortune has not spoiled his happy disposition. He refers to the tIme when he sold wafiles on the streets of San Francisco and the thougth gives him pleasure for he smiles whenever he thinks of the old days. George Lamarre. J o better exemplification of the old adage "Where there's a will there's a way," could be found than that which is furnished by George Lamarre, the partner of Emil Gay in 13 Eldorado. HiB experiences g to show that in the land of the rich pla­ cers, a poor man, if made of the right B~uff, can carve out a fortune for him­ self. Many young men have been deterred from going into the gold fields because they were led to believe that the Northwest country was no place for a poor man. Had Lamarre been of that stamp he would probably have remained at home and have missed the great fortune which by his energy and perseverance he wrested from the frozen earth. 1\1r. Lamarre is a Canadian French­ man 34 years old. He is a fine speci­ men of physical manhood, his early life in Canada innuring him to hard­ ships and giving him that self-reliance which has been worth so much to him in his sojourn in the Northwest Terri­ tory. He came into the Klondike "dead broke," but that fact did not LAMARRE AND EMIL GAY O N N o . 13 B ONANZA. creek began to attract considerable atteution and he turned his eyes in that direction and bought interests in 27 32 and 33 on that creek. He next m~de an investment on Eldorado, get­ ting No. 56 on that creek, and a ShOTt time after purchased B good claim on Swedish Gulch. This was not the last of his purchases, for American creek shortly afterwards offered him good inducements and he bought olaim's the1'e. Dr. LeBlanc is justin the time of life when he can get the most out of his great fortune. He is a hale, hearty man of 34, having been born 1864, in Mouston, N. B. He was educated in New Brunswick and in 1883 took a medical course in St. Joseph's College at that place. Subsequently he attend­ ed the Detroit College of Medicine in Michigan from which he graduated in 1886. The praotice of his profession began immediately after in the suburbs of Detroit and hi's success was so pro­ nounced that he became well known as one of the most successful physic­ ians there. With his success oame an increased demand for his senices and three years later he moved into Detroit where he enjoyed a large pract­ ice until January, 1897, when he left for Dawson. Arrived at Dyea, Dr. LeBlanc made the trip over the pass and down the lakes and river reaching Dawson on June 11 th of the same year. He loca t. ed there and entered upon the practice 01 medicine and the same success which had attended him in his home waited on him. The mines offered him a good field for investment and he was ,not slow to take advantage of some good chances. His claims are rich enough to enable the doctor to live at his ease but his habits of in­ dustry are strong and he still devotes considera ble time to the relief of the bodily ailments of the people of Da.wson and adjacent camps. ' Personally, Dr. LeBlanc is a genial, wholesouled man, and his courteous ways have made him a host of friends who rejoice at his good fortune. He is a good type of the hardy, jovial men to be found about the mining camps of Alaska. His praotice is large and be­ sides his regular work he is the attend- ant physician at the hospital in Dawson. Having considerable executive ability he was just the sort of man to be sought after to head an enterprise of great magnitude and importance and it was just for this reason that he was selected to represent the Syndicate which is now engaged in putting in II telegraph and telephone system. The work on that enterprise will soon be completed and the promoters will be­ gin to get snme return for the vast outlay of capital which has been made. The benefits which the people of that far away region will receive cannot be estimated, for not the least of the great ad V'antages which will accrue to them will be the saving of time which weaus much in the regions of everlast­ ing snow; There is not a man in Dawson who does not rejoice at the Doctor's ,good fortune. for he is deservedly popular. and whether administering bitter tonics for the scurvy or slichig oft' frozen toes the Dr. is always making friends. depress his naturally hopeful spirits. His worldly possessions consisted of the clothes upon his back and two months grub. That was a little over one year ago. Today he could buy the best business block in Montreal and still have all kinds of good mines left in the Northwest Territory. The great fortune which he now owns did not cOlne to him suddenly, for it was only after B series of disap­ pointments sufficient to discourage any other man that he unearthed the glittering nuggets which insures him all the comforts of life for his old age. He first went to Forty Mile and pros­ pected on Miller creek but without success. A year ago last December he went to French Gulch which he dis­ covered and named. BeRides his interest in 13 Eldorado, Mr. Lamarre owns interests in Bonan­ za, French Gulch, Dominion and Glacier Gulch; in other words, in six: of the best locations in the country. Not only does Mr. Lamarre own some of the most valuable mining pro­ perty, but he also counts an;'-ong his riches several houses and lots III Daw­ son. With a business instinct worthy of an older head he invested some of the profits of his mining venture, in business property in Dawson which now yield him good returns. With" foresig h t which is hig hly commenda ble the young man seoured , the property while Davuson was in ·its swaddling clothes, knowing ; full well that with influx of the thousands of fortune hunters which the news of the great strikefi would cause to rush to the Klondike, lots in Dawson would in­ crease in value. He was right in his surmises for the property which he purchased at a comparatively low figure could ~ot nolV ~e bo,:!ght for thrice the prICe he paId for It. Not the least of his available assets is a big sack of nuggets which his industry has won him. Dr. P. D. Carper. D R. P. D. CARPER, who is manager of the Eldorado and Bonanza Quartz and Placer l\iining Com­ pany, is one of the few quartz ex­ perts in the country. He graduated from the Iowa State University in ge. ology and mineralogy and afterwards took a post graduate course in mines and mining in Chicago. He has ex­ perted some of the best quartz mines in Cripple Creek, Colorado, as well as many in Arizona and California and has had placflr mining experienoe on the head waters of the Arkansaw, Platte and ' Colorado rivers. , The Kootenay district is also familiar to him for he spent some time engaged in the pursuit of his profession there. Dr. Carper arrived in Dawson in August 1897, and at once wen t to pros­ pecting for quartz. The Company of which he is the manager has some ' splendid looking quartz leads and has done a great deal to develope the country in this respect. The Doctor is also interested in It. number of good placer . claims on Eldorado, Bonanza, Hunker, Rein­ deer, Nine Mile and Rosebud creeks. His reports on both quartz and placer are looked upon with the same sub­ stantiality as are those of Murat Masterson, Col. Bowie, R. Morrison and Cbas . Meadows. A DAWSON RESTAURANT BILL OP FARE. The following is an exact copy of a Bill of Fare lthat hung in a Dawson restaurant a111ast winter: Bowl of Soup ............ .. $1.00 Mush and Milk ............ 1.25 Dish of Canned Corn.. . . . .. 1.25 Dish of Canned Tomatoes.. 2.00 Stewed Fruit .... .. .. .. .. .. 1. 25 Slice of Pie....... . ....... .75 Doughnuts, Pie or Sandwich with Coffee or Tea. . . . . . .. 1. 25 Beans, Coffee and Bread .. . . 2.00 Plain Stesk.. . . . • . . . . . . . . .. 3.50 Porterhouse Steak. . . . . . . . .. 5.00 The largest nugget from Klondike oame from Lamb and McNamee's, No. S Eldorado. ••• 01;,." Charles B. Turgeon. ELDORADO, BONANZA. DOMINION BEAR. FRENCH GULCH. O. K.GULCH. DION GULCH. HUNKER. T HESE. are some of the ,creeks on. . which Oharles B. TurgeOI! owns claims. From the fact that. they are the very best in the Klondike district, it will be no stretch of the imagination for one to surmise that Oharlie is "on to his job." Then he has been in the Yukon country fOI four years, which in these days of tenderfeet is a long time. Mr. Turgeon has often looked on the seamy side of life. He knows full well that he is in a country of more square miles than meals, and there have been many days in his Yukon ex­ perience that brought no beefsteaks. That the future holds but few priva­ tions for him-that is if wealth can purchase immunity' from them-is a fact generally recognized in Dawson. Charles B. Turgeon was born in Quebec, Canada, about forty years ago and spent his early life there; coming to the United States in 1880. The year before the discovery of gold near Dawson he spent on Miller creek, where fortune treated him rather more L. 0. Crossley. F AR away in old England about 45 years ago, the subject of this sketch opened his eyes to the light of the world. In that little isle, the home of the people on whose possessions the sun, never sets. L. G. Crossley grew to man's estate, a sturdy, robust subjed of the Queen. He imbibed a love of liberty and a taste for adventure, and it is probably owing to these characteristics that he be· came a rambler in foreign lands and laid the foundation for the fortunes which he accumulated during his voluntary exile from home. And be it said here in paren­ thesis, that the iortune which is now his was not the first which the untiring energy of this adventurous miner enabled him to amass, for on more than on'e occasion dur- THE KLONDIKE NEWS. kindly than it did the other pioneers, and when he arrived with the stampe_ ders at the new diggings he Was able to buy for cash some splendid claims which cost him comparatively little money. That his judgment has been more than good is evidenced by the fact that although he bought them ing his eventful life he could have drawn a check for from $20,000 to $48,000 which his bankers would cash on recognizing his signature. During a l twenty· six years residence in California. Crossley has visited a great many of the rich mining districts and has helped to make the history of many camps which have become famous for their output of the yellow metal. He has prospected in California, was foreman of large quartz mills in Ari· zona, and has even journeyed to old Mexic0 where he followed his chosen vocation, and in all the different roles of prospector, mill man and mining speculator he met with almost phenomenal success. So great has this success been that those who have known him in the different mining sections where he has been, consider him one of the luckiest miners who ever panned a shovel­ ful of auriferous gravel or opened a lead in No. 45 BELO'W BONANZA. while they were yet entirely undeveL oped the majority of them are among the choicest in the district. ' He first bought No.8 above Bonan­ ,za, but considering Eldorado better arid having an opportunity to close on his purchase ,at a round profit he did so and became intere.sted in 35 Eldora· a quartz ledge. Mr. Crossley followed the trade of a butcher in the old country but when he came to America in 1872, he left that voca· tion and made his debut in Boston as a wood contractor. This business was fol· lowed successfully for over three years when it was abandoned and young CroBs­ ley came to Virginia City, Nevada. Those were the pahny days of the Comstock, and mining was a flourishing and thriving busi­ ness. The life of a miner seemed to be peculiarly pleflsing to the tastes ' of the . stranger and he engaged in the business of milling and mining in Nevada for six years. Leaving the Comstock, our friend went . to Tombstone, Arizona, where he secured the position of foreman of the Contention mill. Hi~ knowledge of quartz mining ' enabled him to form a good estimate of the value of mines in that section and he began speculating in quartz properties. He was extremely lucky and some of his invest· ments were made to such great advantage that he realized enormous profits from them. He was in Arizona during the troublous days between the Earps and Clantons. After a residence of two years in Arizona he went to San Francisco where he remained for a time and then took a trip to Old Mexico to look at some invest· ments there, He was fairly successful and · returned to California and located in Eldor­ ado county where he engaged in mining. The good 'tuck which ' had attended his first ventures. still followed him and his investments in Eldorado brought him a fortune. From Eldorado he went to South­ ern California and got a six year's lease oil six mines in South Riverside, and erected a small mill on the property. Before the Alaska boom started he made the acquaintance of Tom O'Brien, who had been prospecting on the Klondike, and whose tales of the rich placers which that country contained filled Mr. Crossley with a desire to visit the far away land. On March 19, 1897 he st.arted for Alaska and a short time later arrived at Dyea from which place he began the ascent of' the summit. The trip over the Chilcoot was made with the usual difficulties being encountered and he arrived in Dawson on June 8th of the same year. His first venture' in the new country was on Bonanza creek where he took a "lay" , of 150 feet on 45 below. There were two part­ ners in the claim, and one of them wishing do which he still owns. When it be. came known' that Hunker would turn out weil, ha purchiLsed No. 15 below on that stream. Then turning to that wonderfully rich little sheam, Bear creek, he secured a half interest in No. 19 above. On French Gulch, where tile very latest strikes had been made, both on the hillsides and in the creek he owns No. 14. His attention was then attraoted to Dominion creek, whioh now ranks as third in the district, and on this he secured No. 6 above and Nos. 149, 169 and 174 below discovery. He also owns No. 26 on O. K. gulch, just four miles from Dawson and No. 12 on Dion creek, whioh is just four miles up the river from Dawson. Besides these magnificent holdings, he has town property of constantly increasing value, including the cele­ brated Eldorado saloon. 'It is hardly necessary to state that No. 35 Eldora­ do is a rich claim, the mine being just below the mou th of Gay gulch, in which such wonderful pans and buck­ ets of pure gold Bre being taken, and will Blone yield a comfortable fortune. On Hunker creek the pay is wide and deep at the point where Mr. Turgeons' claim is situated, there being two runs of gold crossing. The outside world will probably .be sur· prised to learn that Bear creek is even richer than Bonanza and this lucky miner's holding-No. 19-will alone produce enough "dust" to make him rich. to go to the outside dispossed of his inter· est to Mr. Crossley, who paid $500 down, the balance to be paid on August 1st of the following year. This investment has proved a source of wealth to the lucky in· vestor, for he expects to clean up t:qis spring $60,000. This is a very rich claim, and ~eems to contain three separate pay streaks. The indications present show that atone time there must have been three separate streams. These three streaks make a total width of 400 feet and a depth of seven feet. There aloe two feet of pay in the bedrock and five in the gravel. It runs from ten cents to $36 to the pan. The claim is good summer and winter diggings. which is an advantage that insures a very great output in the year. There 81'e fifteen men working on it at present. Besides this valuable piece of property which in itself will yield him a snl1~ for­ ·tune this spring to say nothing of the rIches that it will produce In the years to come, Mr. Crossley owns 22 above on Sulphur , and 33 above on Hunl er .. _ He is also nego­ tiating for 31 and :12 Hunker, All of these claims are very valuable and are good sum- mer diggings. " . When Mr. Crossley gdes home next year he will take with him at least a quarter million dollars. Those who know him will be glad to read in the NEWS the success which has attended him during his sojourn in the land of gold. . The cuts accompanying this article give a . good idea of Mr. Crossley's handsome feat­ ures and the claim which has contributed so much to his fortune. K. Halstead. U MONG the ellrlyarrivals on Eldor­ ado Creek was K. Halstead, who now owns the fabulously rich claim known as Number Three. When he arrived on the creek early in September in the year 1896, he found five men holding the first six Claims up the stream from Bonanza Creek, and as there was no known law to warrant this, Mr. Halstead planted his stakes and recorded the claim. It only took him ten minutes to do this and he made one hundred thousand dollars a minute by doing so. Mr. Halstead was born in the year 1860 in Norway, where he learne~ the trade of carpenter and joiner. The spring of 1889 found him at Seattle following bis tradeland the half a dozen years that followed found him fairly pros­ perous. But the same spirit that prompted him to leave bi~ native home While on many of the. streamEiof;,ti1~ Klondike the PflY ~treakis ,erratic@'d has the annoying faculty of dodftilrg shafts and drifts, it is generally c~­ ceded that it is more uniform on Do· minion than on any other creek. Be· tween the two Discoveries values are increasing daily. None of Mr. Turgeon's claims on this latter stream are in the disputed district. Mr. Turgeon is over six feet tall and is built like a gladiator. He is a noted pedestrian Bud can climb moun­ tains and scale cliffs that would give a Cheechaka the heart disease. Though a perfect type of the generous, free­ hearted miner, "easy come, easy go,' will hardly apply to him. He will rsmain in the Northwest for another year and will then take a trip to Paris to be 'present· at the exposition to be held there in 1900. The treatment for scurvy is simple, consisting of a warm bath daily, and a strict attention to diet. The best food for the sufferer is raw. meat chop­ ped fine and plentifully sprinked with pepper and vinegar. This is spread upon thin slices of bread or 'made into a sandwich. This treatment, with a cup of "spruce tea" before meals, will cure almost any case of scurvy in ten days. Fifteen men cleared over $3,000 apiece in 60 days, rocking on the bars of Seventy Mile river last summer. On fhe Klondike to·day there are many lawyers chopping wood, doctors digging ditches Bnd gamblers cleaning out spittoons for their breakfast. On one claim on Hunker last winter were three lawyers, three doctors, a sea,Captain and a preacher, all digging into the frozen earth for day's wages. Once in the country, you will fiud there a place ' where all men are equal. You cannot distinguish the millionaire from his hired man by their clothes; and if you have money enough to pay your way in on the steamer and permit you , to live a life of ease after getting there, you had better go to . Paris, for you'U have more fun and it won't CORt ad much. Geo. Carmllck, the discoverer of Bo­ nanza, is getting as high as $218.00 to the pan on his No.1 claim above Dis­ covery. Hay is worth $400 per ton in Daw­ son, it grows wild and there is a world of meadowland, in the deltas of the tributaries of the Yukon, was urging him to something better than building houses on Puget Sound! and in the spring of 1895 he climbed the steep mountains above Dyea en route for an unknown land. At the head of the lakes he built his boat and all alone and with only a few months supplies this intrepid son of the North set forth. He reached Forty Mile Post in safety and the following year brought him the magnificent fortune that was ap­ parenUy reserved to him by fate, for fortune favors the brave. Associated with Mr, Halstead in the working of No. 3 is Mr. Fred Bruseth, one of the Yukon pioneers. They employ from sixteen to twenty men and from a small fraction of the claim will clean up ,over two hundred thousaud dollars in the Spring of 1898. The pays extends almost from "rim to rim," a distimce of four hundred feet, and can be worked In summer as well as in winter. 8 Peter A. McDonald. O UT of the thousands who have sought fortune in the land of the mid-night Bun. · there is probably no man whose . career so aptly illustratcs the ups and downs of life in a new mining camp, as does that of genial Pete McDonald of Daw­ eon. His career has been one of genuine romance. So closely has he been associated with the stirring events of that Mecca of the gold hunter. that its history, teeming as it is with interest, could well be told in the history of his life. He is part and parcel of it just as much so as the name it­ self. Any reference to this. the greatcst gold mining camp in the world. would be . as incomplete without a. mention of hand­ some dashing Pete McDonald, as would the play of Hamlet, with Hamlet left out. He bElIongs to that class of men who make themselves indispensible in frontier life. They are found everywhere, and as a gen­ eral thing in the fr.ont rank of all public movements. If there is a subscription to be raised, a case of distress to be relieved, or some public movement to be inaugurat­ ed, there is always some man in the new town to whom everybody instinctivly turns to start the ball rolling; in Dawson, that man is the subject of this sketch. His patience and his purse ure always at the disposal of his frienus. As the result of a 'combination of these happy qualities, the man who tramped into Dawson a little more than a year ago with a ten-dollar piece in his pocket, is to-day the possessor of a vast fortune and the owner of the most valuable building in the whole Northwest Territory. To attribute this transforma- . tion to luck entirely, would be to rob one of Nature's noblemen of deserved laurels, so it may be said, that while Pete McDonald has received more than a passing smile from Dame Fortune, (as he does from most other dames,) hlS succes. is closely associ­ ated with individual effort. His experience in the Far· North, so far as money making is concernedi it is but 0. repetition of his experiences in the pine forests of Michigan, or in the boom towns of Washington. It has often been said , that if Pete McDonald, could by some mysterious power, be drop­ ped down into the heart of the Sahara Desert it would't be twenty-four hours until he was Rurrounded with women, children , and dogs; these are all known to take to kindly natures. It goes without saying that the men would follow, and the first thing they knew they would have the neuclus of a to\'{n. Like all men blessed with a gener': ous nature, and a striking physique, Pete McDonald has the faculty of drawing people toward him and what is better still, mak­ ing them feel at ease when they do so. It is very evident from the throng that con­ stantly surrounds his tall form from day­ light until daylight, or rather from dark until dark, because the days are very short in Dawson, that he does not belong to the ' Glacial Age. He has nothing of the icicle about him, but on the contrary, he is what is generally regarded as "Hot stuff" by his friends and that means everybody who knows him. The man in Dawson who doesn't know Pete McDonald, doesn't know he ia alive. His place is the headquarters of all those who make any pretentions to being alive. He can talk to more people at one time, and on more different subjects, than any man on the Yukon. He has been known to open wine with one 'hand while signing checks with the other, and to enter­ tain the crowd between acts with a well told story. Although he is essentially a man of the frontier, delighting in all of the ups and downs, which such a life implies, he is a faultless dresser and the very per­ sonification of neatness_ These qualities excite no little surprise among the "tender­ feet" who are taught to associate success in mining, with deer horns and bear claws. So far as the elegance of the place and the manner of the proprietor could produce such a result, the visitor to "The Mc Donald", the name of his new opera house in Dawson, could easily imagine himself in the lobby of the Baldwin Theatre of San Francisco. And yet he re­ mains in touch with all classes. He can open a bottle of beer with ihe man who has not yet struck the "pay dirt", and talk over the prospects of the claim with perfect familiarity, or he can open a bottle of Mumm withou~ reaching for a cork­ screw, and discuss stocks and bonds with Jim Keene. He is what is known in the Western world as an all-round man; these versatile qualities have been his only capi· tal in a dozen ventures no less marked in success than his present one. He has been the possessor of several fortunes. His ca­ reer began in Ottawa, Canada where he was born in 1858, and covers a very great portion of the American continent. Being of an adventuresome disposition he has kept in the vanguard of mining and other speCUlations almost from boyhood. Early in the eeventiel he drifted into Michigan, when that state was enjoying the height of a pine timber boom, and being a good judge of timber as well·as a bold operator he Boon became the possessor of a handsome for­ tune. For awhile things went swimmingly with him, but the tide of fortune finally turned through fire and other causes, until the man who was measuring swords with General Algarin an effort to corner the lumber market of the Badger state, woke up one morning and fohnd him­ self with nothing but an exceedingly healthy appetite. The vast fortune had taken wings, and le;t him almost as poor as he was at birth. But this did not dis­ turb him. He was not a man to look back- ward. Like Horace Greely, he knew that Lhe only way to get out of a place was to get out, and he "got". His next venture was in Wisconsin. This, too, was in tim­ ber. The beer business was not then thought of, or he might have been II Schlitz or Pabet, however, he didn't go into that line. He opened up at Chippawa Falls, with a capital consisting largely of energy but Boon became prominent in the lumber world. By dint of application he succeeded ill amassing another fortune, which he en­ joyed for nearly eight years, when he again went down in the crash that broke nearly every large operator in that country. The bottom had dropped out of the lumber business. While most of his fellow suffer­ THE KLONDIKE NEWS. least inclucled himself in the accusation, when he declared that ,. All men are liars". ' Pete was willing to exem pt the tim ber land promoters of Puget Sound from that charge. He regarded their statements as modesty itself. In the sixty· mile ride from the summit of the monntains to Seattle, he figured out no less than half a dozen for­ tunes in the forest at his feet. He had vis­ ions of SIlW mills, railroads and ships galore, but these all vanished like an icicle under a noonday sun, shortly after he struck Seattle. He had encountcrcd a real estate agent from Snohomish. The man who dealt in dirt at Snohomish, was what is called a "bird"-"ot a bird of prey, but just something 8wiL It took him less t.han and as everybody WIIS looking for silver up there about that time, it took like II Daw­ Bon City house afire. The agent had lied to Pete, but he was glad of it; things were commencing to hum around Snohomish. Jim Hill had not yet Belected it aa the term­ inus of his. Great Northern railroad but the lo~al papers said he had, an· d 'that made it a fact in thl! eyes of all the good pcople of Snohomish; The Snohomish papers never lie. The fame of the place commenced to spread like a private tip on II San Francisco. race track, and the first thing they knew they were in the midst of a full fledged boom. The hum of machin­ ery and the clanging of car bells had be­ come a living breathing reality, the real ers were s tan din g around trying to find out where It had s tr u c k , Pete Mc Donald complacently packed his truuk, l'e­ qnested his friends to let him know if they ever fonnd out what struck them and set out for Montana. Here again. his ver· satility came into:play Shortly after his ar­ rival in Missoula, he was appointed Super­ intendent of Con­ struction of the Bitter Root Valley Rail roau, where he remained in successful charge of affairs for over two years. His work upon this rather difficult piece of construction is generally adinitted by railroad men to be the best in that state. Up.on the completion of this branch, he was offered a position with the Northern Pacific Railroad, which most men would have been only too glad to ac­ cept, but Pete was not a man who fell in love with a salary, no matter how tempting it migM be. He look­ ,._-=-"_ '"":::-_--: _ _ ,......~-....... ....,.... . .,.".= . .,.,...,.,.,...~.....,.~~...,.".""'"-~-=_-------- estato agent turned out to be a prophet instead of a prevari­ cator. He was the real thing, and every­ body was his friend. Snohomish was fairly in the swim. Busi­ ness was increasing at a stupendous rate, the saw mills were kept busy day and night furnishing stak­ es for the new town lots that were being laid off in the forest additions, and every­ body was happy. The tide came twice a day to Snohomish, and brought new evidenc­ es of its future great­ ness with every move­ ment. The Board of Trade, realizing that there would be a stampede to Snohomish when its great advantages became fully known, petitioned Conll;ress to widen the Straits of Fuca in order to facilitate the shipping which was certain to follow. The Straits at ..... w!;OMi.jIoii...~~!:.;i.~~~'""'"..-.""""~.L-"~ that time were only fourteen miles wide. On the strength of P. A. McDONALD, - ---------------------------------------------------------------- this, and other glow- ed upon a salaried·position a good deal like a traveler looks upon a bridge-simply as II. means to an enu- and he therefore de­ clined. As there was no timber in Montana that would pass muster even for speCUla­ tive purposes, he made up his mind to go where the timber grows just as a pastime_ This brought him to Puget Sound. They say that when he first looked down from the Summit of the Cascade Mountains in­ to t!l:e Sound Basin, and saw trees stand­ ing there three hundred ft'et high without a limb, and thicker than mosquitoes at a Circle City social, he quietly admitted that he had been wasting his time on underbrush in Wisconsin and Michigan. He had heard of the wonderful forests of the Sound, but like many others he looked upon these statements as the efervescent product of the real estate boomer. But now he was convinced that the poet hll;d at ten minutes to convince Pete, that the forest he had just passed through, was but a three week's growth of whiskers compared to the trees that grew on the banks of the Snohomish. And as for Seattle, for which Pete had expressed a liking, the real estate agent declared that it wasn't in it for a minute with the town that he hailed from. "Don't you know," he said, "1 take a run up here to Seattle every week or two just to enjoy the quietude, It does one good to get away from the hum·of ·machinery and the clanging of bells such as we experience every day at Snohomish." That real es­ tate agent's name was not Sly, but it might have been. The next day found Pete at Snohomish. He didn't find any town there, but he found what he consider­ ed a splendid opening for one, and he start­ ed in to build it. The first thing he did was to open "The Silver Dollar Saloon", ing statements made, Pete built the Alca­ zar Theatre. And it took like a suggestive joke at a select sewing circle. The people of Snohomish were cosmopolitan, they knew a good thing when they saw it, and they invariably saw it at the Alcazar. Pete Me Donald never put anything on . the boards of his theatre that wore moccasins. Silk, satin and a lingel'ie of delicately em­ hroidered laces was about all that could be seen above the foot lights of the Alcazar. Snohomish was not a jay town. It was not an Al Haymen's "All the World Theatrical Circuit". This thing continued for about three years and brough t all kinds of dol, lars, some good, some bad and some plug­ ged, into th~ coffers of the man who had already acquired the title of "The Prince of Puget Sound". But there came a day, when everything stopped at Snohomish, except the people. The boom was busted. PETE M~DONALD'S NEW- PAVILION. Everybody had run out of collateral through the demonitizatioll of silver or something else, and qnietude, that quiet­ ~de that the real estate agent once Bought m Seattle, now prevailed in Snohomish. Hi~ dream of eternal rest was a reality. Thmgs became eo quiet in Snohomish that you could hear the only man left in Ana­ cortes snoring. some forty miles distant. This was the condition of the great north­ ern Bea port, when the first news of the Klondike discovery broke in upon ita deathlike silence. Among the first to take the fever and subsequently the trail, was Pete Me Donald. Gathering together the few plugged dollars he had left over from the boom he placed his business in the hands of an agent and started Ill!' JJ f "a, :where he took the trail, arriving in Dawson m March 1897, with just ten dollars in his inside pocket. This he spent without much of an effort the first night, as he found many of his old friends there. The next day he leased. a lot, and before night, even though the days were short, had the neuclus of a sawdust palace laid alongside of what was then the leading opera hOllEe of the town. He kept on adding to hig little dug-out from time to time. until he had a structure twenty-fOlll' by seventv-five feet. By the middle of July his b~r re­ ceipts averaged foul' hundred dollars per day, by November, just before the fire, it reached three thousand, seven hundred dollars per day. By this time, through his great popularity, he had closed his preten­ tious neighbor, the· opera house, aml waR in undisputed possession of the busin r ss of the town. When the great fire broke out .on Thanksgiving evening it took just twenty minutes to reduce one hundred thousand dollars' worth of Pete McDonald's ,property to ashes. · When the flames shot up through the roof of the adjoining building, lighting up the Heavens and . relieving a t em­ perature of fifty-eight degrees below y.ero, Pete McDonald was the first man upon the scene. His giant form could ·be seen dodg­ ing hither and thither endeavrring to save everybody's property bnt his own. Before attempting to save even his own books 01' papers, he succeeded in carrying out sever­ al hundred pounds of gold dust belonging to others which had been placed with him for safe keeping: His los8 did not serm to even phase him, his concern was wholly for othe·rs Tn addition to hiF th~­ atrical and sal('An interests, he owns some of the most·aluable claims in the Klondike. Among these may be mentioned a fraction on the Eldorado, which is the richest piece of ground in the country, and four claims on Skookum Gulch, all of which are being worked. On Eureka Creek, he owns one-half of claims Nos. 9, 10, 11 and 14. He also owns eighty-seven feet on No. 2 Bonanza, and a lay on all that two men can work on that claim for one season. The value of these propcrties can hardly be estimated, but it. is safe to place it well np in the hundreds of thousands. The fortune acquired by genial Pete McDonald, while it may be greater than that falling to the lot of the average gold seeker, is none too large to meet the generons fancies of its owner. He can spend money faster than any man in the Klondike; the wish of his fri~nds is that he may always have it to spend. The next day after the fire Pete was hustling for a new place. He knew how to go about it, for he had been bnrned out three times before in a period of five years, so in less than a week the new" M & M " was being fi tted up. It was then that all his great executive power was taxed. It was almost impossi­ bl e to obtain I urn ber; nails had been cor­ nered, and bar fixtures had to be manu­ factured: All the glassware in town was in a few men's hands and they asked from five to ten dollars apiece for common whiskey glasses. The glassware problem he quickly solved by having little tin and copper drinking cups made from the size of the ordinary whiskey glass to the large schooner of commerce. The big log house that Mr. McDonald secured soon began to assume a businesa­ like look, and the fame of the new "M &; M" went abroad. The new place of busi­ ness was far down the street from the main part of town and prophesies of his speedy financial ruin could be heard on all sides. But his friends and customers of the old 14M & M" followed him to the place, and as usual, he was soon doing all the businesB in town. . During the winter Pete's fertile brain Watl busy planning for the spring campaign Bnd his first hard work was to secure a choice lot in a favorable locality. The lot bought by him is situated on a corner, just one block from the Alaska Commercial Com­ pany's store, and in the business heart of that growing city, and on which there is by this time one of the handsomest buildings in the Northwest. The cut shown in this article is taken from the architect's drawing of the pro­ posed new -building, and will give the , reader a good idea of what the Nu:w Mc­ DONALD is to be. It will be fitted up with luxuries and comfort seldom or perhaps never before seen in the N orthw(lst. Here the sojourner in Dawson can find rest, recre· ation and oomfort. According to the plana the entire upper :8oor ill to be used for sleeping apartments; tbesewill all befurn· ished with carpets, electric. bells, mirrors, u}lholstel'ed beds and other things well cal­ culated to surprise the old-timers. A splendid restaurant will be one of the features of the place, where guests may obtain all the delicacies afforded by the Dawson market at reasonable prices. As in the past, Mr. McDonald will have the very best music obtainable j dnring last winter a feature of the M. & M. wa. the splendid music of the Hueston orches­ tra, which. by the way cannot be excelled even in the larger cities of the Pacific Coast. This year the orchestra will be en­ larged by the addition of a celebrated New York cornet player aud other artists spec­ ially engaged. Geo. W. Carmack. It becomes now our pleasant duty to write about the man who made all the :rouble. The man who was inconsiderate enough to find gold in large quautities in a cold and desolate country so far from the comforts of our pleasant homes. The finding of gold "Beside the old birch tree" on that eventful day in Au­ gust, 1896, was largely accidental, al­ though the discoverer had roamed the Yulwn.from Dyea to Behring Sea for a full dozen of years, constantly searching for it. On this afternoon, however, he had been fishing for salmon, and happening to glance at the rim rock opposite the claim which he now owns, was greatly surprised to see a sprinkling of gold on the projecting bedrock, washed there by the running water. This same Bonanza Creek had borne the footprints of many a prospector be­ fore, who did not deem it worth his While to stop and investigate such an unvrom­ ising looking spot. Gold had already been found in small quantities by Hen­ derson, on'Gold Bottom Creek, across the divide from Bonanza, but it remained for }eorge Carmack to discover "The Klon­ dike" of to-day. And what 3. lot of trouble it has caus­ ed. Homes have been mortgaged, wives and families deserted and employers rob­ bed by people of high and low degree de­ termined to reach the land of gold at any cost. It has loosened up capital all over the world, stimulated inventive genius and created a market for much of our surplus products. It has given employment to thousands of men, caused cities and towns to spring up both at the mines and on the roads leading to them, and has put into com­ mission mauy worthless hulks and boats that have since gone to the hottom. It has helped San Francisco, revived Portland, and been the making of Seat­ tle. But more remarkable than all these things that this discovery has done, is the wonderful effect it has had upon the lives and happiness of about fifty thou­ sand dogs. It has given them ' a com­ mercial value that they never enjoyed before, caused them to eat food that cost a dollal' a pound; and entitled them to a degree of respect that the most self-re­ specting dog heretofore could not expect. The man who kicks.a dog in the Klon­ dike may well expect to be kicked twice in- retul'll. And still the dogs are not happy. It was remarked very aptly ' re­ cently that if the dogs of the Klondike but knew who discovered the gold and brought all the honor and hard work upon them, that they would rise as one iog and chase George Carmack out of the country. . But of course George can't help all THE KLON DIKE NEWS. \ this, aDd it is suspected that he is glad that he found it. Geo. \Y. Carmack is a native son of the Golden West. He springs from one of the old frontier families that stampeded in 1849 and made for the borders of civ­ ilization shortly after the discovery of gold by Marshall. His youth was spent mostly on the back of a bounding mus­ tang in picturesque and sunny southern Califol'llia. Carmacl{ was born at Port Oosta, California, Sept. the 24th, 1860, on a cattle ranch. When the tide of civilization turned to­ ward the land of the setting sun, when grazing lands were converted -Into orange orchards and vineyards and the fields in­ to fiower gardens; whIm the romantic vacqueros became a thing of the past, and the mustang gradually became ex­ tinct, then the pent-up frontier instinct that was smoldering in the breast of George Carmack, burst Into a fiame of stampede. He could no more settle down to the humdrum life of a farm or village than an eagle could thrive in a cage, and looking the broad land over he decided to strike for the unknown and unexplored interior of ,Alaska and the Northwest. Accordingly on the 31st of March, 1885, he left San lrrancisco, and arrIved in Juneau in April" where he organized a party of seven which crossed Chilkoot Pass in May and prospected the hear:1wat­ ers of Lewis River and the Lakes as far as Mile Canyon without success. 'H e returned 10 Juneau in the Fall. In the following spring he built a station at Dyea, crossed the Pass again late in the Summer and prospected the headwaters of the Lewis River as far as Big Salmon, retracing his steps again In the .Fall. In the following Spring he joined Major Ogilvie's surveying party and plloted them to Lake Bennett. He then again re­ tUl'lled to Salt Water and took a stock of Indian goods over the Pass and down the lakes to the mouth of the Hootallnqua. Here, with two Indians, as companions, he spent the summer casting about with pick and pan, gun and traps. During the eleven years that the dis­ coverer of the 19th Century EI Dorado wandered among forests and lakes, rivers and marshes, glaciers and mountains, two trusty Siwash Indians, "Skookum Jim" and "Takish Charlie," were his only com­ panions. Their white friend soon taught the aborigines how to hunt for gold. During one season spent on the Hootal­ inqua, one sack of flour was the allow­ ance for the party. They were all good huntel'S and trappers and lived by their guns. In 1889, Carmack boate!l down tUe Yukon River to I 'orty-Mile Creek, and from there to Fort ):. ukon and back. The year 1890 found this restless prosp, ector oil Birch Creek, where ' he found a fair showing of gold, but had to return to Forty-Mile for provisions. During I the Ilext four years he had a trading post at Five Fingers, and built the Mission build­ Ing at Pelly River, or old Fort Selkirk. Early in the spring of '96, the man who set the whole world wild by his discover­ ies separated from his red companions and found his way to Forty-Mile again. On August he went fishing for salmon on t J 1e Klondike River. "Skookum Jim" and 'Takish Charlie" grew lonely and yearn­ ed for their white companion. They uad started down tbe river shortly ufter tile break-Up, and at the mouth of the Klon­ dike there was a reunion of the three hunters. They decided to cross over to Gold Bottom, w here it was reported that gold hac I been found in small quantities. On August the 17th, about twelve miles from the mouth of Bonanza Creek, Car­ mack stuck the first shovel in thQ ground beside a big birch , tree. As a result of the pan several coarse colors were found, and one-half hour's worl{ by the three men filled a shotgun cartridge full of yellow metal. Carmack staked Discovery claim, commencing at the big birch tree; "Skookum Jim" took No.1 above, and "Takish Charlie" No.1 below, and the party then started to Forty-Mile to record. '1.'he first parties met were Mc­ Kay and 'Waugh, Dave Edwards and Dan U cGllvory, four worn-out miners, dis­ couraged and disheartened, who had spent the Winter and Spring in frUitless search for gold in the Upper Yukon. When they saw the gold and heard Carmack's story of his discovery, and knew that they were to be the first upon the ground, their faces brightened and their spirits revived. They were fortunate in locating on choice ground. C. Raymond, H . Peterson, soon deserted. Circle City also got word of the new EI Dorado, and about holiday time the whole town maddened with ex­ citement rushed to thE!- new gold fields, Many who. could not get claims on Bonanza Creek were forced to go to Ell Dorado or return without staking. Adams Oreek and several tributal'ies to Bonan­ za were staked in preference to Eldorado. Many men have laid claim to the dis, covery of gold in Klondike, those who found colors back as far as the Hudson ~ay Company, on the Yukon River, and let it be s;lid to the credit of the N orth­ west as a gold bearing region, that hard­ ly a shovelful of gravel along the Yukon River and its tributaries can be found, that will not show colors of gold. But the man who discovered gold in paying quan­ tities is George Carmack, who has spent the best part of his life searching for it SUMMER SLUICING ON BONANZA. L. Cooper and Mr. Monoham, were the next party to learn of the find; they lo­ cated below Discovery. Two Frenchmen corning down the Yul,on in a boat were hailed by Carmack's party and informed of the big strike on Bonanza Creek. 'l'hey it once took the fever, and unloading their boat, forgot to ti e it in their ex­ citement, and started for the new Jig­ gings. When Carmack reached Forty-Mile he at once began to celebrate his discovery by getting on a spree, getting the whole Forty-Mile Camp on ajambort;e. Most of the townspeople stampeded at once, and the news spread like wild fire. The mer­ chants and real estate owners of that town tried to discourage the excited miners, but all who knew Carmack had faith in his stories, and Il'orty-Mile Creek ' was )ver the broad domain of the Northwest In regions unknown to the white man. During all the excitement and squab­ ble for grounds, Carmack has protected his Indian partners against the specula­ t ive and w ily white man. The fifteen hundred feet of ground owned by himself and the two red men of the forest is the richest spot on all the Klondi ke. A pay streak fully one hundred feet wide, from four to five feet deep, would show at tlle low estimate of fifty cents per pan, two and a half millions of dollars. Since some of this ground pays as much '3 s one hundred dollars per pan, and that hardly a prospect of less than twenty­ five ceuts can be found on the entire ground, it can readily be seen that the fortune that Carmack has dreamed of for veal'S has materialized beyond his expec­ tations. Carmack Is a handsome specimen of typical frontiersman, over six feet tall, wit.h broad shoulders and a handsome face. He has a deep, serious look and is not given to talking much. His love for new scenes has inspired In him the idea of building his own boat to visit the PariS Exposition in 1900, and he has selected for his tour an extended voyage through the South Sea Islands, Japan, China, through the Straits' settle­ ment ann Suez Canal, taking in the Holy Land and the country bordering on the 'Mediterranean Sea, returning by way of the Atlantic. From an old memoranuum book is tak­ en a f ew lines written by the wanderer on Christmas, 1888, wh en in his mount­ ain habitnt, far from civilization and many miles from the track of an;v living man. CHRTSTMAS THOUGHTS. By George Carmack. Christmas Eve, 1888: 'I'm cnmped on a mountain side to-night one hundred miles from the sea, "And the smell of the cat'ibou steak on the coals, is a grateful odor to me. "For the deer wel" e fieet-footed and shy to-day and I've roamed the mount­ ain's breast, '''rill the bear skin robe on my cozy bed seen)s beckoning me to rest. "But a t all old Spruce by the camp-fire's . glow bows his glittering top to me, . "And seems to whisper 'Tis Christmas Eve and I am your Christmas Tree.' "Then a flood of memories o'er me sweeps and my spirit afar doth roam, "To where there's another glittering tree, in a California home. DISCOVERY CLAIM, BONANZA. "There all is light and life and love and the children laugh with glee, "And I cannot but wonder with wistful pain are they thinking to-night ot me? "But a whisper comes from the tall old Spruce and my soul from pain is free, "For I know when they kneel together to­ , night they'll all be praying for me." These tender lines show that a love of home is deeply implanted in Carmack's breast in spite of the fact that he has been a wanderer for many years. '1'hls is further evidenced by the surroundings of his home life upon the claim. In that neat cabin upon No.1 Bonanza, tile vlsit­ )1' is likely to receive some surprises. The first of these will be a handsome organ, and the second will be a well stocked lib­ rary; on the centre table one can !Llso find magazines of more or less re­ ~ent date, such as the Scientific Ameri­ ~an, The North American Review and rhe Review of Reviews. '1.'he 'host can !!.lso discuss intelligently all the recent In­ ventions of the day, although he has never seen an electric light nor heard a 1riend shout "Hello" through a telephone. The editor of the "News" recently spent an evening at the Carmacl{ cottage and was greatly entertained by Mr. Car­ mack's discourse on scientific subjects, such as sound waves, sympathetic tele­ graphing and the theories of Nicola r esla. "Skookum Jim," as his name Implies to the initiated, is a stalwart specimen of the interior tribes of the Yukon, without tbe oriental characteristics that a too close connection with J apan has given his coastal brothers. He enjoys the novel distinction of being a millionaire im­ mensely, and spends money with both hands. He is a hard and faithful worker, how­ eyer, and spends most of his time upon his claim. "Taldsh Charley," his brother, is not quite RO "skookum" In size, but more than makes it np in speed, and is "speedy" In every sense of the word. He dresses like a tailor's model, spends his money like a road agent, and never bets less than the imlt. Mr. Carmack keeps a watchful eye up­ on his two proteges and they will un­ doubtedly have plenty of money in their old age. CarmaCk, by the way, likes a touch of high life occasionally himself, and is very popular among the boys. One of the favorite songs in Dawson relates how Carmack found the gold, and is as fol­ lows: (Tune, I Wonder Why.) George Carmack, on Bonanza Creek, went out to lool{ for gold, I wonder why, I wonder why; Old-timerR said it was no usc, the water was too cold, I wonder why, I wonder why; '1.'hey said that he might search that creek until the world did end, Alldnot enough of gold he'd find a post­ age stamp to send, They said the willows on that creek the other way should bend, I wonder why, I wonder why. CHORUS. I wonder why, I wonder why, to solve the mystery I very often try, I wonder why, I won.del' why. Now he's worth a million dollars, the old­ timers they are broke, George Carmack roamed the Yukon from Dyea to Behrillg Sea, I wonder why, I wonder why; Before he sunk that little hole beside the old birch tree, I wouder why, I wonder why; 'Twas Providence dhected him, 'tis agreed by everyone, That people might inhabit this fair land of mid-night Sun, Who all join to honor Carmack for the work that he has done. Who wonders why, who wODders why. CHORUS. I wonder why, I wonder why, to solve the mystery I very often try, Now Carmack is rewarded for the work that he ha.s done, Who wonders why, who wonders why. Once Marsha.ll up on Sutter Creek, pick­ ed up a chunk of gold, I wonder why, I wonder why; How oft in song and story this discovery has been told, I wonder why, I wonder why; It was a lucky accident that Ma rshall famous made, His stat.ue caryed in marble guards the spot where he is laid, Where ere a native son may roam, his memory cannot fade, Who wonders why. who wonders why. CHORUS. I wonder why, I wonder wby, to solve the mystery I ' very often try, We will mould a statue of pure gold 9f Carmack by and by, Who wonders why, who wonders why. \ Skookum Jim. 10 Web. Lumpkins, John Hartwell, and Thos. Ashby. Here is the story of three boys, who, after years of vicissitude and hard work, which was however not unmixed with fun, are at last on top of the h eap. Everybody knows of the richness of Eldorado as well as that of Bonanza, and these three young men own three of the choicest claims on the two creeks. These are 44 and 45 Eldorado and No. 11 Bonanza. The names of these fortunate young m en a~e: Webb M. Lumpkin, John Hartwell and Thomas Ashby. Lumpkin and Hartwell left Juneau in the spring of 1896, and made their way to Forty Mile. Shortly after their arrival they mct George Carmack, who had come to town to celebrate his dis­ covery and incidentally to buy a little grub. Knowing Carmack to be a truthful man, they did not, like many others, doubt his worq, but started with all speed for Bonanza. On this creek Hartwell staked No. 11 above on Discovery and Lumpkin No. 45 Eldo­ rado. They also staked Nos. 1 and 2 above Old Discovery on Gold Bottom Creek, and then returned to worli: their Bonanza claim. They soon struck a streak of gold and gravel that made their wildest dreams of avarice seem like a peanut proposition. Pan after pan thcy washed, getting from $5 to $50 at each washing, and in a very short space of time took out $70,000. Everett J. Ward. This claim was staked by Everett J. Ward, on August 30, 1896. It is one of the richest in the district, and has al­ ready yielded its owner a fortune which will be ' more than doubled when the big "clean-up" is made this spring, and will continue to produce fabulous amounts for many years to come. Mr. Ward is a native of Nova Scotia, baving been born in Kings county, on Januury 26, 1863. He was a member of the Northwest Territory Mounted Police, and since 1879 was stationed at Fort Saskatchewan, in tbe northern part of the territory, 200 miles from tbe railway. Wben in 1895 volunteers were called for service in the Yukon country, Mr. Ward was one of the first to sign tbe . roll, and in company with Captain Con­ stantine's force of twenty men left Seattle on June 5tb of tbe saIDe year on board the steamer Excelsior, !lnd after a perilous voyage of ten days on tbe Belu'ing Sea landed at St. Micbaels on July 3d. They then took passage on the river boat P. B. Weare and came up tbe Yukon, and after a trip of twenty-one days arrived at Fort Cudahy, where there were but a few log-houses. Here they bullt their winter quarters. In tbe spring of 1896, Mr. Ward, ac­ companied by six of the mounted porice, went up the Yulwn in a small river boat to the present site of Dawson to cut logs to complete their barracks at Fort Ou­ dahy. '.rhey cut 13,000 feet of timber on what is now the central part of Dawson, made rafts of the logs and floated them to the fort. where they were used to finish the buildings. By permission of their officer, In­ spector Strickland, Mr. Ward and two companions came up to Lousetown and went over the summit, arriving at No. {)o below, on Bonanza creek, on August 29th. Tbey went down to No. 52 below, where they made camp and stayed all night. All they had with them was a blanket apiece and a small amount of flour and bacon. The blankets were wet, for it had been raining. They slept tbat night in their wet · blankets on a bar in the creek. The next morning was a very TEE KLONDIKE NEWS. They then became associated with Thomas Ashby, and together they bought No. 44 on Eldorado, the three men being joint owners in all of the claims. Tommy Ashby is a pioneer of pio­ neers, although still under 35. ' It is a round dozen years ago that Tommy first viewed the Yukon. He and his brother Oscar, with a party, mined the bars of. the Stewart river in '86, and they were the first party who ever took a stove and tent over the summit. They were also the first to introduce the "burning system," now so well known in that frozen territory. This experiment was tried on Franklin gulch in the Forty Mile district. Last season the boys d~voted mqst of their time working No. 11 above on Bonanza. This is one of the prettiest disagreeable one, and tbere WIlS a driz­ zling rain falling which wet tbem to the skin. ~'hey started up Bonanza creek to stake a claim. When they arrived at No. 36, which was the last claim staked, they drew lots to see which one of the three should have. the privilege of staking the first claim. John Brothers drew the longest straw, and be staked No. 37. The next choice fell to Mr. Ward, and he staked 38. Tne third one of the party, Mr. Jenkins, got No. 39, and it pro.ved a good one, for he afterwards sold it for $125,000. After staking his claim Mr. Ward hurried bacl, to the island and finished the wood cut­ ting, and then maldng up the rafts stan­ ed down to Fort Cudahy. He bad nis claim recorded by Captain Constantine, who was at that time the recorder. Mr. 'Ward let out a fraction of his claim on a "lay," and he remained at tbe NO. II BONANZA ABOVE, claims in t):J.e entire district, as may be seen from the cut which. accompanies this artiQle, and the pay in it is even prettier. There is seven feet of pay gravel that fairly glistens with gold, and every day's work put in on the . claim by its owners enriches them many hundreds of dollars. At one time they employed several men to work on No. 44 Eldorado, and as the work was very poorly done t1,f' results were far from satisfying. But Mr. Ashby and his partners could not believe that the richness of Eldorado eould skip their property and reappear above. The contour of the hills showed to their experienced eyes that the pay was not to the right nor to the lert. They also knew that it could not sink below the bedrock, and they were rea­ sonably certain that it could not fly from the air and strike above. NO. 38 BONANZA ABOVE. fort doing police duty until August l. 1897, when his term of service having expired he got his discharge. The following spring-1897-the tide of emigration from Porty Mile went up the Yukon to the Klondike, and Captain Con­ stantine, thinking It ad.visable to change his headquarters from Cudahy to Daw­ son, removed bls men to the latter place and . establisbed Fort Herchmer. In June, 1897, after the first "clean up" at the mine, Mr. Ward went up to his claim to settle with his laymen, and found that they had washed up nearly $40,000. This represented o'Qly two months work of foul' men. Not being able to carry the dust baclt to Dawson-a distance of eighteen miles - Mr. Ward conclndedto Invest It In min­ Ing property, and accordingly purchased an interest in claims Nos. 23 and 42 above on Bonanza, which Investment has since proved a very profitable one. He also bought an interest In No. 3 below Old' Disco.very on Gold Bottom Creek, and in September, 1896, acquited by purchase a So it did not surprise them at all when they sunk a shaft on No. 44 early this spring, to take from it a haHul of nuggets and several buckskin bags full of coarse dust. At one time we remember negotia­ tions for the sale of this claIm were al­ most completed, the price being one hundred thousand dollars cash. It is safe to say that the owners are ex­ tremely thankful that the sale' was not consummated, and that twice that sum would not tempt them to part with the property now. Messrs. Ashby and Lumpkin are al­ so the owners of what is probably the most valuable quartz ledge in the en­ tire Yukon country. It is located on a small stream which empties into Gold Bottom Creek, about one mile above Old Discovery. The ledge proper is fully eighteen feet wide and lies be- half. interest In No. 30 above Discovery on Bonanza. After leaving the service of the Mount­ ed Police" Mr. Ward came up to No. 38 on Bonanza and employed men to build his cabins and to cut wood In pr~para­ tlon for thc winter's work. In October the work of sinking shafts and drifting was begun. Some Idea of the richness of the claim may be gained from the fact that the owner has panned out $113 to the bucket. The pay streak has been located for 100 feet wide and Is from foul' to fiye feet deep. It will aver­ age from twenty-five cents to $46 per pan. ~'he fortunate owner expects to "clean-up" at least $150,000 in the spring. '.rhls is not a large estimate, as will be found when the final "wash-up" is made. There has been a large force of men at work on the claim, and considerable pay dirt has been drifted , out, and It would not be at all surprising If the amount taken out at the end of the season was much greater than the figures given above. tween well-defined walls. It can be traced for nearly a mile up the hill from where it was discovered, and there are thousands of tons of quartz now in sight. It is what is known as "rose quartz," and although the sur­ face rock does not assay largely, it is certain that development below the weather line will fully account for t he· richness of the placer claims below. Owing to the many and varied in­ terests of Messrs. Ashby and Lumpkin,. they found it impossible to devote the· time and attention necessary to de­ velop this property, and late last fall: sold a one-third interest to a well-· known mining broker at Dawson. The· broker is now in the United States for the purpose of interesting capital in the development of the property. He will rdurn in the spring with experts. from several syndicates, who ,vill re­ port upon the property to their princi­ pals at once, and it is quire probable­ that the necessary machinery inr its proper working will be on the ground this year. From a personal insp(~ction of this. wonderful ledge, the "News" prophe­ sies that its develoPJll01lt will revea~ wealth almost untold, and w:n startle the quartz miners of the world. Mr. Ashby is a natural mu.sician, playing several instruments with great skill and taste. At their homes oEl. Bo­ nanza, there is generally to be found a. jolly crowd, the trio of owners being about as happy a lot as one would wish to meet, and there is always music, laughter and song in their warm cabins during the long winter nights. The accompanying Hi111stration 01' the claim was made from a photograph taken at the mine last l~ebruary, in the middle of the busy season. While No. 38 will produce enough gol'd to enrich a dozen men. it is not the only source of revenue which Mr. Ward en­ joys. No. 23 above on Bonanza, in wbich he has an interest, is proving a very pro­ lific gold producer and yields as mucb as three ounces to the pan. A 300-foot strl!} is being worked by tbe owners, and the remainder of the claim has been let out on "lays." 'I.'he lessees are working their portion of it to advantage, and will real­ ize large amounts on their cOlltmcts when they make the "clean-up." MI'. Ward's pile is also being increased by the output of No. 42 above Bonanza, In which he also has an interest. 'l'llis is one of the richest claims on that creek, and the pay dirt which it contains is al­ most inexhaustible. It extends from rim to rilIl, a distance of over 300 feet, ancl is from four to five feet deep. It has pro~ duced as high as $53.50 to the pan. It Is believed that it will yield several millions before it is all worked out .. There will also be a good revenue from No.3 below on Gold Bottom creek to help fill the coffers of Mr. 'Ward, who bought an interest In that claim at a reasonable figure. It is one of the most promiSing in the Hunker creek district. The men who are working on Mr. Ward's claims have no reason to change employers, for that · gentleman Is paying the highest wages paid on Bonanza creek. His men get $1.50 per hour, and work eight hours per day. Mr. Ward feels that he has earned a short rest, and he intends to take a vaca­ tion after the spring "clean-up." He will go to the United States via St. Michaels, and will spend the summer in the East. After several months of Sightseeing and an Indulgence in those luxuries which the toiler on the Klondike forsakes when he leaves Civilization, he will return to his mines in the spring of 1899 by way of St. Michaels and the Yukon river. Mr. Ward Is a strong, healthy man, ·a typical specimen of the sturdy, adven­ turous miner. His long service in tbe mounted police has sfrengthen' ed a phys­ ique capable of withstanding any hard­ ship or fatigue, and his soldierly bearing gives . him a peculiar distinction which mal!ks him out as worthy of notice above his fellows. In temperament M '~!! sociable and good natured, and pOBsesse~ a large share of the "milk of human kindness." nis genial manner has won him hundreds of friends who are pleased at his success . .-LOOI DOT for the Summer Edition of "THE ILORDIIE REWS." James Monroe. W r;; NOW corne to the pleasant task of . recording the good fortune of James Monroe, but before we start in, in order to let Yukoners know who we are talking about. we will say that the James 1\1 onroe of this story is none other than "Curly" Monroe" whom everyone knows He was born in St. Louis, Mo. in IB61, and while still in his teens started West. Then through Mexico, Texas, New Mexico and Arizona, he roamed as a cow boy and prospector, drifting at last into Lower Cali­ fornia and from there into Oregon and Washington. Early in 1894 "Curly" arrived in Juneau, where he spent several months. Having always been on the frontier, Mr. Monroe did not hesitate to brave the hardships of the then almost unknown Yukon river, when the first stories of gold came from Circle City. And a few months after he was digging for gold on Birch creek. He spent the summer at Circle City and late in the fall took the steamer for San Francisco, where he spent the winter. Even though big discoveries had not been made at this time, the country Buited "Curly" and in the spring of 1B96 he again took to the trail with eighteen people and seven tons of provisions. He made the trip in safety and opened an opera house THE KLON DIKE NEWS. the big strike was made on the Klondike and "Curly" at once left his people, his provisions and his mines, and started for Dawson. This habit of stampeding has ever been strong in "'Curly,' and even now with wealth and plenty, he is ever ready to rush to a new discovery. In fact he is called "Th. Chief of the Stampeders;" by his friends. When Mr. Monroe first went to Dawson, he did what few others were wise enough to do and that was to take along an outfi t, and he in fact, brought the first out­ fit into Dawson. Once upon the ground he did not rest until he had personally inspect­ ed every stream then prospected. And to-day he enjoys the distinction of being one of the best posted men in regard to the mines of that district residing in Dawson. 1\11'. Monroe can come nearer telling who the owner or owners . are of any claim anyone may mention by number than any four men in the district In fact he is a walking encyclo­ pedia in this respect. Or, if one will but mention any well known miner "Curly" will tell you off-hand what claims he owns, how many men he is working and what the probable out­ put of the mine will be. The property owned by Mr. Monroe is ex­ tremely valuable, his claims being located upon the creeks which have turned out to be the best. His interests are scattered over the entire district, but are mainly on Bear and Hun­ ker creeks. On the latter stream he owns in numbers 20, 29 and 45 belo~ Discovery. No. 45, by the way, might well be called a crackerjack. The pay is wide and deep and averages well. On this claim, as well as on others on that creek, there are two runs of gold; the one coarse and the other fine. His holdings on Bear creek are a fortune in themselves, he being interested in No. 13 "A" and 15 below Discovery. Bear creek also has two runs of gold i and is second to no creek in the district when its size is con­ sidered. He also owns No.4 on French Gulch, where the late discoveries were made, and No.1 on Gold Bottom, which are turning out extremely well. 'On Swede creek he is the owner of No.6, and besides these he has a number of bench claims. Last, but where a shovelful of gravel ofttimes yields as much as the laboring man in the Unit€d States would earn in a year. As might be surmised from his title of Chief of the Stampeders, Mr. M. is always roaming up the creek; . one may meet him at the head waters of Hunker to-day, over on Chief Gulch to-morrow, and run across him in the streets of DawEon before night­ fall. He is owner of a splendid team of dogs and thinks more of them than of any thing except his best girl. This Bummer he is engaged in the pleasant pastime of training six fine malamute pups for h·is winter's stampeding, He built and furnished last fall a neat and cosy cabin on Second street in Dawson, where he keeps bachelor's hall, with all the comforts that mortal heart could wish for. It is a great treat to be invited to take dinner at "Curly's" house, but fishing for an invitation will not bring it. It may ,elm strange to outsiders that this millionaire mine-owner prides himself on his culinary skill and is a plain and fancy cook out of sight. And it will be useless for any of our lady readers to apply for that position at the Monroe House. He is an exceedingly active, atheletic man, who enjoys a run behind the dogs in cold weather better than . a ride upon the sled. and can make fou~ miles and a half an hour without drawing a long breath. Exceedingly good-looking too, is " Curly," with deep blue eyes, that look straight at the per­ son to whom he is talking, and which beam with friendship most of the time, but can sparkle with hatred if the occasion demands. One needs but look at "Curly" Mon­ roe to know that he has courage of a high order; not of the prize fighter order nor the brute, but a man who is 'not afraid of the devil with his horns sharpened. His well-turned chin is now concealed by an abundant growth of whiskers. which threat nor persuasion can induct' him to part with. And if the picture shown does not look like the' 'Curly" of old we can not help it. The fact of his being a mil- 11 lionaire and wearing big whiske!'!! however, shall not deter us from stating that he is one of the boys. And we WIll 'presume, upon long acquaintances, to further state that a more good-looking, jovial, compan­ ionable man does not grace the Yukon than "Curly" without his whiskers. With the whiskers, though, there is a sort of dignity quite becoming of course to a millionaire, but far from pieasing to the gang. The picture shown below shows the in­ terior of Mr. Monroe's comfortable cabin taken by flashlight, while he is entertain­ ing a few friends with an exhibition of nuggets. But little work has been done on Dominion, except locating the pay streak. The pay streak bids to rival or even surpass Eldorado or Bonanza in richness. It commences immediate­ ly under the muck, in the top of the gravel and runs from a few cents to $%.00 per pan. and theater in what was then the metropo- not least, the fortunate "Curly" has a large li~ of the North. In the fall of that year interest in No 22 above on Bonanza creek, FLASH LIGHT PHOTOGRAPH OF INT:kRIOR OF MONROE'S CABIN. David Me Kay and Harry Waugh. Y OU who live in comfortable homes in a mild and equable climate, who have fresh fruits and vegetables three times a day, and who, when night comes, turn into soft, downy beds without a fear of what the morrow will bring, may read of the return of the Rlondiker and call him lucky. You will perhaps lament over the cir­ cumstances which prevented you from journeying to the land which your imagination has pictured carpeted with a layer of shining nuggets, and you will perhaps exclaim in the deep despondency caused by your disap­ pointment for having remained away. "That lucky fellow went up to the Klondike and made a million in a few years", but you will not once think of the cruel privations, the heart-break­ ing disappointments o~ the terrible hardships which the pioneer in that frozen land had to undergo before he gained the much desired gold . . To such we will say that there was not always a Klondike on the Yukon and that many of the "old timers" worked hard all summer to get the plain and poor fare to keep the life in their bodies during the long, cold winter, and that those who achieved a fortune in the late strike, earneo. and deserved every penny of it. .Of such is the subject of this sketch, David McKay, whose experiences as a prospector and miner in the North­ west Territory, if given in detail, would cause the dissatisfied "stay-at homes" to feel thankful that they did not hav6 to undergo the like. Mr. McKay was born in Nova Scotia in 1860 and it was there that he spent his early life. In 1887 he came to California and located in Los Angeles where the climate is all that the most enthusiastic "boomer" olaims for it, but men cannot live on climate alone, and the Golden State proving golden in name only to Mr. McKay, he cast about for a plaoe where courage and industry promised to bring their reward. The country which seemed to offer the best inducements was the great Northwest Territory, and the young man accordingly directed his steps thither. He ptlrchased a small outfit and crossed the snowy hills into the Yukon Basin. This was in 18D5. The members of the party in which Mr. Mc Kay had cast his lot, crossed the lakes and steered their boats down the swift waters of Thirty mile river to the mouth of the Hootalinqua. lIere they found colors of gold, and believing that they would find richer diggings further up the stream decided to ascend it, and during the summer they mined on the bars, fought mos­ quitoes, killed bears and hunted moose. It soon became evident to them that there was no more than wageli in that section and that it was hardly a desirable place to winter in, so, in the month of August '96, they launch­ ed their boat and floated down the broad bosom of the Yukon. The part,.. was composed of Mr. Me Kay, Harry Waugh (his partner) Dan Mc Gilvary and Dave Edwards. They were very short of grub and were making for Forty Mile Post which was the only source 01 supplies in those days. They camped at the mouth of the Klondike and replenished their lard'er with a goodly supply of salmon which were then running up the river in immense numbers. It was while here that they heard of Henderson's discovery of gold on the fork of the stream now known as Hunker creek and which is called, Gold Bottom creek. They proceeded on their way and about a mile below the mouth of the Bonanza creek on the Klondike river, met George Carmack, the discoverer of the now .world-famous placers of the Bonanza, who told them of his discovery, Dnd exhibited a sack containing OT8r $700 in gold dust, as undeniable evidence of the richness of his strike. Skookum Jim and Tagish Charlie, the two In­ dians who had accompanied Carmack in his roamings over the Yukon and who were with him at the time of his wonderful discovery, also showed a quantity of gold which they had washed out. At this time the Mc Kay party was somewhat discouraged. The heat was intense and the mud along the flats knee deep, but the sight of the bright and shining gold revived and enliven­ ed them and they started up Bonanza creek with renewed vigor. Oarmack and the Indians had staked ihe dis­ covery claim of 500 feet lind No.1 above and No. 1 below. .Mc Kay's party were the first people on the ground; however, after the discovery and got the choicest of the claims. Mr. Mc Kay staked and recorded No. 3 below discovery. This he after­ warda sold for $15,000 and subse- Nos. z4~J:5 AND z6 BONANZA BELO'N" quently bought a half interest in Nos. 14, 15 and 16 below, which he aiill owns. At this point the creek swings off to the leW, leaving the' three claims in the pocket, and the gravel there is rich in nugget gold. Each and every bucketful of dirt brought up is rich with little chunks of ihe yellow metal from the size of a pin head up to a walnut. A large force of men were at work during the winter and as these claims are what are known as -'summer dig­ gings" work can be continued the year round. During the stampede to Hunker creek, Messrs. Me Kay and Waugh succeeded in locating Nos. 16 and 17 which alone will produce enough of the yellow metal to make them in de­ penden tIy wealthy. It is the lucky owner's intention to work his claims at least another year. Mr. Me Kay has great faith in the future of Dawson and he has mani­ fested his confidence in the assured growth and prosperity of the town by investing some of the output of his mines in l'eal estate, That he has suc­ ceeded in amassing a fortune, is in one sense of the term, a streak of luck, but when one considers the hard work and physical courage required to pl'ospect in the unknown country, "far from the busy haunts of men", and where starvation, or death by freezing, or by being caught in an avalanche might at any time overtake the luckless pros­ pector, it must be admitted that the good fortune is as well deserved as it has been hardly earned. In person, the locator of the rich claims on Bonanza, is a perfect type of that hardy and adventurous class of men who blazed the way for the thousands of people who now go to the Klondike in comparative ease, and to whom the credit is due for the dis­ coveryand development of that won­ derfulland of gold. After the final "clean up" is made, it is Mr. 1\1c Kay's intention to make his home in California where, under his own 'fine and fig tree he may pass the declining years of his life, sur­ rounded by the comforts which wealth and a contented mind will bring. ( 12 Alphonse Lapierre. R LPHONSE LAPIERRE, a native of Quebec, Canada, will soon return to his native heath to enjoy the immense wealth which he accumulated during his eleven years residence in Alaska. The first years of his residence in the lapd of ice and snow were discouraging. for the golden nuggets which now form the greater part of his fortune did not appear to reward him for the painetaking lahor which occupied his days. He went over by Dyea, pros­ pected the Salmon river, and though he found gold it was not in satisfactory quanti­ ties. He prosecuted his search along the bars of Stewart river and finally, in despair, went to Forty Mile. Some time was spent by him on MiHer creek, but the gold did not gladden his Billht there and he went back. Disheartened and discouraged, he went along in a small boat from Gold Bottom to Forty Mile, the hot sun blistering the face of himself and com­ panion. Their bacon had run off in a greasy stream and the flour was out. This was on the 10th. , of August 1897. On the way they met Georl;ie Carmack, who ~as on hiB way to Forty MI.le to rec?rd the dIS!!ov­ :;1/ on Bonanza, which has smce electnfied the world. They turned back and Lapierre's com­ panion located Claim No.9 below Discovery, a haH interest of which he sold for $1.000 and later sold the other half for $16.000. Lapierre located Claim 10 below discovery which he still owns. He has taken out a fortune and considers his claim good enough to .keep. He will leave after the clean up this fall, for Paris, where he will enjoy life as it is found there. o. L. Rickard. R MO:NG the plucl(y young men who helped to develop the Yukon coun­ try lon g before Bonanza or E:dor­ ado were even named is G. L. Rickard, whose handsome features adorn this issue. He was born in Kan­ sas City,Mo., in 1870. At the age of three years.l e accompanied his parents to Texas, settling in the town of H en­ rietta. At the age of twenty-three he was elected City Marshal of the town where he had lived so long, and served in that capacity for two years. Being a native of Missouri, and having been elected in 'l'exas compels us to believe that Mr. Rickard is a Democrat, but whatever his views or the silver ques­ tion might have been previous to his going into the Northwest, it is safe to say that he thinks gold is a pretty good metal now. At the age of twenty-five he left for Juneau and spent the winter there. . From his old friend , A!. Mayo, who afterwal·ds became his partner, he learned of the glorious possibilities of the North, and accordingly sent back his resignation as City Marshal of Henrietta and prepared for a trip to the Yukon. AI. Mayo, who by the way is a pioneer of pioneers, declares that when he first came to the country the Yukon was a amaH creek [and the Ohilcoot mountains a hole in the ground. Mr. Rickard journeyed over the Pass and pulled his sled across the THE KLONDIKE NEWS. No. 22 Bonanza Above. T HIS phenonenally rich claim is the pro­ perty of W. M. Cowley, and W. E. Ayers, and the two fortunate young men are now engaged in the pleasant work of digging from it a fortune. The fame of Bonanza creek is world-wide, and as is generally well known, Its riche9t part is above Discovery and in the twenties. It is nothing unusual for Messrs. Cowley and Ayers to hoi~t a bucket of gravel fairly shining with irregular shaped lumps of gold, and many of the pans taken from No. 22 have yielded $100 of the auriferous metal. The pay streak is wide and the claim is much more easily worked than many of the Bonanza claims. "Curly" Monroe is also interested with Messrs. Cowley and Ayers in No. 22, and the partners are employing eight men dur­ ing the winter. The spring wa!h·up will yield from $80, 000 to $100,000., and only a very small por­ tion of the claim will be touched to produce this amount. Messrs. Cowley and Ayers are an exceed­ ingly businesslike and enterprising pair of young men, and their success is largely due to their own energy and hustling qualities. lakes r early in the spring of '96 In crossing Lake LeBarge the ice gave way and he was precipitated into the chilly waters. He managed to pull his heavy boots off and succeeded in extricating himself after having been in the water for ten minutes. He was then compelled to run two miles to camp in his stocking feet with the thermometer registering 15 degrees below zero. However, this did not discourage the man from Texas, and he pushed bravely on. The river opened early that year and he arrived at Oircle Oity on May 25th and at once went to hustling. He first succeeded in gettin g hold of a claim on Dead­ wood gulch, in the Birch oreek distriot but met with. poor success. When the news of the strike on the Klondike finally reached Circle Oily and was believed, Mr. Rickard and his friend Jack Dodson started over the 300 miles of frozen river to the new diggings. This was in February 1897, and they were just twenty days in making the trip. Once on the ground, Mr. Rickard's experience stood him in good stead an'd he succeed­ ed in purchasing a half interest in No. 3 below Bonanza for a small sum and afterwards sold to Ashby & Leak for $20,600. He also purchased an inter­ est in No. 4 below Discovery on Bonanza which he afterwards dispos­ ed of to R. B. Wood, the representa­ tive of an English syndicate for $30,000 in cash. . His attention was ned turned to that very rich but litUe talked of stream, Eureka creek, and there he acquired by purchase interests in Nos. G, 11 and 17. These claims are almost as rich as those of Eldorado and are equal to any in the district. They are what are known as "summer dig­ gings" and pay from the top of the gravel which averages eight feet and which yields from fody cents to half an ounce to the pan. Besides i these he owns claims on Swedish gulch and other 'Valuable mining properties. The fact of his having formerly lived in Texas led his friends to dub him "Tex", and to distinguish him from a short legged gentleman from the same State he is generally called "Tall Tex." When the news of a strike comes to town "Tex" and his dog team are John R. Dodson. T · HE hardships which John R. Dodson had to undergo shortly after reaching Alaska would have deterred many an­ other man, but being blessed with a de· termination which the hardest knocks could not kill, he persevered and to-day enjoys health and wealth. Mr. Dodson arrived in Lousetown (now known as Klondike city) on August 23. 1896. The strike on Bonanza had been made a few days before, but, NO. 22 BONANZA A BOVE. among the first to lead the trail and the way his tall form "pierces the breeze" is a caution to a tenderfoot. During the coldest part of last winter he prospected the outlying districts for a radius of sixty miles, living in a tent. In the picture accompanying this sketch, our artist caught him on Bonanza creek with his fine dog team, returning from a two weeks trip over the "Dome." It will be noticed that the "wheel" dog is raising his muzzle to hen en in a protest far from mute. He is in a hurry to get home and evidently thinks stopping for a photo a waste·of time. During the month of March of this year, Mr. Rickard left Dawson on an extended prospecting tour into Ameri­ can territory and was still absent at the time the "News" staff departed. Late reports from the "Americ~n side," state that big discoveries have been made there and it is 8afe to say that "Tall Tex," with his intimate acquaint­ ance with the lower country, and his experience in placer mining, will be among the fortunate ones. The young Texan reside8 when in Dawson; in a new and tasty cottage just beyond "Tammany Hall" where Dodson, like hundreds of others, followed bad advice and went to Circle city believing' that all the claims had been staked. At Circlc city he got better reports and left for Dawson where he arrived on Feb. 28, 1897. The trip was an arduous one and occupied twenty days, being all made on the ice, with the thermometer registering 60 degrees below zero. Some time was spent by him in prospect· ing on Little Blanche and Quartz creeks, after which he went to Eldorado creek. Subsequently he took an option on No.5 below on Bonanza and it proving richer than he expected, purchased it in conjunc· tion with L. W. Fox. The purchase price was $12,000. The property was afterwards sought by parties who offered $100.000 for it, but the owners refused to sell. Mr. Dodson is the owner of sonte other valuable properties which are yet undeveloped . John Dodson is a smoothfaced, athletic young man, who was born in Bloomington, Ill., in April 1869. When 20 years old he left for Chicago where he followed railroad­ ing for six years and then left for .the west. He was appointed by Cleveland as Internal Revenue officer for Circle city. He owns a fine dog team and has done more traveling than any other man in Alaska. He h9s made two trips to St. Michael and eight to Circle city, over the rugged ice and through deep snows, where trails there were none j and a little journey of 500 miles in 'the dead of winter is only a pleasant outing for him. he often entertains a party of friends with true southern hospitality. The habit of "Nicknaming" among the residents of Dawson is not confined to the "tough" class as in some locali­ ties and the fact of Mr. Rickard being called "Tex" is no indication of a slouch hat, top boots and an arsenal of six-shooters. On the contrary he is extremely neat in his dress, and every inch a gentlemen in appearance and demeanor. He has a quiet self reliant way that inspires confidence in others and his experience as Marst 11.1 of a Texas town has given him confidence in himself. There is little doubt that his latest purchase on Eureka creek, will turn out as well as his earlier transactions on Bonanza creek, as the former stream is now rated among the best in the district. n is his intention to make a big clean up this fall and take a trip to the outside world. He will go at once to the Lone Star state, on a visit to his mother and sisters at Henrietta, nnd while there will probably purchase a big stock ranch, where he and the ones he loves so well may be always sure of a home, whether the "pay streak" on the Yukon claims is found or not. TEX AND DOG TEAM. R. B. Wood. 8 B. WOOD, of No.4 below Bonan­ za, is a native of Hayle, Cornwall, • England. He has been engaged in mining nearly a llhis life and in pursuit of that occupation has visited many countries and has had the management of some of the most im­ portant and extensive mining proper­ ties in Australia and otber places. He was only sixteen years of age when he engaged in placer mining in the Ovens diBtrict in Victoria, Australia, where he followed that calling on the Ovens river and Morse creek until he was twenty years old. He then turned his attention to quartz mining and at the age of twenty-two became the manager of the Oriental & P ersever­ ence Quartz Mining and Milling Oom­ pany. Mr. Wood also engaged in mining in New Zealand before coming to the Klondike. He was superintendent of the Ymir and Alma group of mines -ten in number-which are on Wild Horse creek about twenty miles from Nelson, B. O. This property is ownrd by the London & British Oolumbia Goldfields, Limited, of London, Eng­ land. The manager of that Oompany for the United States and Oanada is J. R. Robertson, whose headquarters or offices are in Nelson, B. O. Having been chosen to represent that Company's interests on the Klondike, Mr. Wood left Kootenay on July 26, arriving at Dawson on Sep­ tember 29. He purchased a lot and cabin on · Front street, Dawson and also bought claims 17 above on Hen­ derson, . 50 Eldorado, and 4 below on Bonanza. On Dec. 1st. he let No. 4 out in ten lays of fifty feet each with the stream. At present twenty-four men are employed on those lays but that number will soon be increased as the lay holrJers are well satisfied with the prospects obtained and are anx­ ious to get as much pay dirt drifted out before the expiration of the lease which is on July 1st. n is safe to S8 Y ' that not more than one third of this claim can be worked out by that time which wm leave two­ thirds to be operated on by Bummer sluicing which it is the intention in future to do The r ay streak, which has been traced right through the claim. averages about four feet in thickness. but its width cannot be determined l)c,sitively until more work hSB been done Tbe pay dirt which has already been drifted out l'uns from ten cents to $,1 67 to the pall. T HEREisnol'OYall'Oad to the Yukon. The "Allwater Route" may be alluring but it has its drawbacks. Last year most of those who started that way were compelled to return and many spent the long, (laId winter caged up like rats in a trap. If you can't cross "Old Chilcoot" with a pack on your back you are not fit to go into that country. If the White Horse Rapids scare you now they will Eend you into SPRSmS when you face them. If you expect to take oabin pa6sage in 8 palatial steamer, tread on a velvet carpet all the way and live in Dawson without doing 8 deal of hard work you will probably get glori­ ously left. Money is worth ten and fifteen per cent. a month in Dawson, giltedge security, Think of this ye money lenders, and get a move on There were seven restauran ts, nine lodg­ ing houses, four stores, two butcber shops. seven . gam bling hells and two dancing houses in Dawson last winter. THE KLON '~IKE NEWS. 13 AS IT WAS. Our motto. Boil it down until it simmers; Polish it until it glimmers, When yon've got a thing to say, Say it! Don't take half away: Famine in Klondike. F OR the past ten years the bmine cry has agitated the Yukoner every winter, just as regular as the old moose cows have calves in the spring. And just as regular as the famine and high prices come, the man­ agers of the old trading compauies have that plausible way of "peddling the bull" to the miners, as to how the last bOllt got stuck in the ice or ground­ ed against a sand-bar and thus brought about a shortage of provisions. Take an Aillskan miner with a Yukon IlP petite in the winter with a fllmine on, and several thousand miles from sup­ plies, and he is as meek and flexible as a hazed Freshman, and is ready to con­ cede to any terms or pay any price for an outfit. The man who would face a siX-shooter without flinching in defense of his cillim or his .girl, becomes an easy prey to the advance agents of famine; these companies realize this, and that they can get more money for a few provisions at famine prices than ' they could for ten times the amount at regulation store prices, and as a nat­ ural consequence, the last boat usually gets stuck somewhere in the river out­ side of the reach of the miners. This makes the work of "holding them up" comparatively easy. The stores seU only at store prices the year round, but then the emploY 3rs' mess which is a sort of ("My partner Levy") to. the store, alwllYs has a little surplus and the miner with the big sack could alwllYs fit out from that source at fancy prices. Let it be said however, to the credit of Oapt. Hansen, the present manager of the A. O. 00., that the miners have no cause to complain over last year's grub question from that source. Their last season's doings however, does not exempt them alto­ gether from censure for the suffering, anxiety and damage they have caused in years gone by. No doubt that this season there will be a sort of eleventh hour repentance,' but of oourse it is better in that form than not at all. The old Yukoner will shout with joy when he sees the big barges come down the river laden with supplies, and the ' new boats and new trading companies coming up the river. There will be a kind of a happy realization that they oan go and deal with gentle­ men and p ay their money for goods without bending the knee or suffering insult at the hands of the men they have made. Competition will at least bring civility. The famine play brought about last year by the Trading Oompany closing its doors-although it will undoubtedly cause ruin to that ooncern-has in a great measure solved the grub question of the Northwest forever. John J. when he lDade the play., saw how he could rob the miners who had guaranteed orders with him for so mnch provisions at a certain price, had nothing to sell but a few canned goods. Delicacies, coal oil, candles, flour, butter, etc., had to be brought from Forty Mile Station by dog teams, as he explained, and of course brought fancy prices. To be sure he got a few dollars the best of the deal for a while, but he scared from the country over a thousand Oheechacahs, who sold their outfits, and the high prices prevailing caused hundreds of new trading companies to start to the new oommercial fields. His spirit of greed developed a most formidable opposition. The one thou­ sand who left the Klondike, left en­ ough provisions behind to feed an equal number who had no outfits. The result is that the big warehouse, so full of supplies, has them still on hand. The "penny wise and pound foolish" piece of robbllry caused the Canadian Authorities to compel everyone going into the Northwest territory to take with them one thou­ sand pounds of provisions. So at the time of writing, this Oompany with millions of dollars invested, have en­ ough supplies to feed every man in tbe Klondike, and not enough patron­ age to keep a one-lunged clerk busy. Now, Capt. (?) you can go lock your­ self up in your little glass office and no one will bother · you this season. The ladies won't come frightened. with famine and listen to your off color antediluvian stories for the privilege of paying you two prices for mllsty canned goods, while the miners will see that neither themselves nor friends go near your pawn shop. The best that you can say for yourself or that your friends can say .for you, if you have any in that country, is that you have the money and the goods too. The former you will have the pleasure of paying out in damage suits to pe~ple whom you have wronged, the latter you will be able to keep without ever insulting another patron. To say that your name is '!Mud" does not express it-Heeley is a better term when applied to "back numbers." The man who killed the goose that laid the golden eggs as told in fable, was the paragon of wisdom compared with the management of this company. "Big Aleck" McDonald has been buying up & few more blocks of real estate in Dawson. Late reports say that he has pur­ chased every lot that was for sale on the water front. The property could not be in better hands for he will improve every foot of it. He is progressive in every sense of the word and Dawson needs a few more men just like him. Galvin'. Floating Palace will carry :about four hundred passengers to Dawson, or treble the num· ber of any boat, unles. it should be the Boston­ Alaska Company's boatB; both seeming to have a big passenger list. The completion of a Oanadian Rail­ way to the Yukon will be disastrous to American trade in that section. The largest and must valuable tree found on the Yukon River is the White Spruce. Its wood is white, close, tough and straight grained. It often attains a height of 100 feet and from one to two feet in diameter at the butt. The Yukon Valley produces the finest wild berries Imaginable. Among these may be mentioned blueberries, blackberries, strawberries, raspberries, high and low ' bush cranberries, red and black currants, gooseberries, salmon berries, serviceber­ ries, thimble berries , moss berries, killkin­ nick berries, juniper berries and roseber­ ries. AU of these, except the salmon berriee, are excellent antiscorbutics and possess beside their edible qualities other medicinal virtues. They make excellent preserves when properly prepared. H OW to Prospect. n PROSPECTOR should be able to rec­ ogmze gold, mica, galina and chalcopy­ rite He should . familiarize himself with the gold· bearing rocks of the district he expects to prospect . . He certainly should be able to pick · out granite ' sandstone, limestone, slate, ser­ pentine and schist, as well as talc, trop. deorite, diabass: dolerite, dolomite and porphyry. But if one knows nothing and hardly that, about prospecting and cannot tell serpentine from salmon eggs, it is no reason why one should not try. but if this is the case it will be better to confine ones­ self to some well known gold belt. The usual method of the Yukon prospector is to confine himself to the bed of a stream and look for high rim rock along its banks. That is where one can see'the bed rock projecting from the hill side. Colors of gold, however small in the gravel on the rim rock, are enough to war· rant sinking a hole. The first thing is to get through the muck, (decomposed vegetable matter), which is found on all northern streams. This varies in depth from two to forty feet. On Eureka creek in places it is but t. welve inches deep, while on Alder Gulch, ju~t opposite No. 35 Hunker, it has been found to be forty-five feet to gravel. It will average however, about eight to ten feet. On Bonanza and Eldorado there is gener­ ally found from four to eight feet of this muck, and on Hunker from five to twenty feet. Pure muck can be removed with pick and shovel at the rate of four or five . · ..feet per day, but if mixed with sand, m:ust be thawed. When the top gravel is reached put in a "fire" and pan as you go down Remem ber that the very richest claims only yield five or ten cents to the pan in the top gravel, and any kind of colors are encouraging. If the gravel removed from the "hole" is good, it should be placed on a bed of moss , which is called the '·dump bed." Upon reaching bed rock a good miner goes down two or three feet deeper and drifts down stream. The chamber thus formed is afterwards filled up with the waste and refuse of the mine so that any water coming in will run into the lower chamber and not put out the fire. In a few spots on Hunker Creek there is "soft ground", but almost everywhere else it is frozen solid Winter and Summer, anll the shaft never caves. A poorly constructed fire however may thaw out the "roof" and cause much trouble, so a few words as to "how to put in a fire" will not be amiss. Place shavings and fine kindling along the lower face of the drift and build up with short dry wood. Then put on the green wood left unburned from the day before. On top of this, the greenest wood obtainable should be closely piled to force the heat against the face of the drift. This is called "blanketing" and the top layer of wood is stood on end to the height of the pay streak. This fire is left to burn all night, or until burned out and the gravel thawed by its heat remo~ed at once. Great care must be taken to avoid foul air and gl!.S, as many deaths have occurred iI·om carelessness in this regard. . If your candle goes out when descending IOto the shaft, come up at once. Many claims have an air shaft, and there are numerous inventions in the way of pumps and fans that will clear away danger. . T~e old. timer generally agitates the air III hiS Bhaft by waving a blanket over the Mouth. It is to be hoped that of the hun­ dreds of contrivances invented last Winter for boring, blasting and thawing out frozen ground, that some one of them will prove a success, and the old way relegated to the shades of obscurity. Pat. Galvin bas done more towards bringing the old Pirates down from th~ir perch on the lofty grub stack tban anybody else. More men like Galvin IS what the counLry wanto . The MARY ELLEN GALVIN will bring out more gold from the Klondike on ber fi rst trip than all other boats. There will be a big time on tbe "FLOATING PALACE" on her return trip. The old companies' boats a.re lea.ving: here pra,,· tica.Uy empty as far as passengers a.re concerned. Peor,le in this 19th century read, and they are 0.11 "on' to how the passengers were trea.ted last year. Minerals other than Goldo I N THE sands of many of the . streams along the Yukon, platinum. has been noted, but ~iners .as a ru. le pay little attention to 1t, ow 109 to 1tS ' want of brigLt color. Native silver is also r e­ ported to be quite plentiful. Native copper has been reported to exist in the Copper River country for many years, but it does nnt appear that the depollits have been discovered. On Deadwood Creek, ' in the Binh Crpek district, there is a wide vein of gah'na amI silver. At the Mouth of Clinton Creek, there is a mineralized zone in limestone stained a dark red and known as Cone Hill . Green stained specimens from it where found. to contain nickel, chromium. arsenic arid antimony. A small v,:in of argCl~tiferoua galena crosses Forty­ mile Creek, a few miles above its Mouth. Between Forty-mile and Fort Reliance, ("Jpper pyrites occur at several points. J W. Sullivan TPports the finding of lar/(e quantities of aluminum abuut a hundred miles below Dawson. In this region small " .. ins of coal are of fI-equent occurrence. Small pieces of asbestos are frequently f"und ill the Seventy-mile River, and it's quite probable that as experienced pros­ pectors reach this country that its mineral developments will be even Illore astonish­ ing. AS IT WILL BE. A DAILY HISTORY OF THE WAR. FEBRUARY. 15-Maine blown up. 17-Court of Inquiry appointed. 21-I. nquiry begun . MARCH. 7-Fifty million dollar bill for National defences introduced in House. S-Bill passed by House. 9-Bill passed by Senate. 28-Main inquiry report sent to Congress. APRIL. 5-Consul General Lee recalled. 10-Consul General Lee and all our Con- suls leave Cuba. . II-President McKinley asks authority to 'intervene in Cuba. 19-Congress passes intervention resolu­ tions. 2O--Ultlmatum sent to Spain. 21-Spain sends passports to Minister Woodford. 22-Proclamation of Cuban blockade. First prize, the steamship Buena Ven­ tura captured by gunboat Nashville. 23-Thei President calls . for 125,000 volun­ teers. 26-8tate of war declared by Congress to have existed since the 21st. 27-Admiral Sampson bombards Matan­ zas. 29-Spain's fleet left t he Cape Verde is­ lands, sailing Wll il.t. MArY. ' I-Commodore Dewey sinks the Spanish fleet at Manila. 2-Widespread riots in Spain, Martial law proclaimed in many places. 4-Admiral Sampson, with a fleet of bat­ tle ships, leaves Key West in search of Spain's fleet near Puerto Rico. The President appoints thirty-six Gen­ erala. 6-French steamer Lafayette captured as a blockade runner, but .at once re­ leased. 7-Commodore Dewey's official report of his victory at Manila arrives in Washington, and causes 'great popu­ lar rejoicing. Dewey is made Acting Rear Admiral. 8-Admiral Sampson's fleet arrives off Haiti. 9-The President notifies Congress of the victory at Manila in a special mes­ sage, and Congress gives Acting Rear Admiral Dewey a vote of thanks. The regiments of the volunteer army are directed to' assemble at Chicka­ mauga to prepare for active service. ll--First Americans killed. Ensign Bagley and four of .the crew of torpedo boat Winslow killed at Cardenas. 12-San Juan, the capital of Puerto Rico, is bombarded by Admiral Sampson's battleships. General Merritt is selected as Military Governor of the Philippines. 25-:-First troops sail from San Francisco for Manila. 25-Second call for volunteers-75,000 men wanted. 3D-Positive statement by Commodore Schley that Ct)rvera's fleet was at Santiago. 3I-Schley bombards the forts at entrance to Santiago's harbor. JUNE. 3-Lieutenant Hobson and seven men sink the collier Merrimac in entrance to Santiago Harbor. 7,Monitor Monterey sailed for Manila. 10 American flag raised by marinee at . Guantanamo. Cuba. Some fighting. 15 Second expedition to Manila sails. 16 American fleet leaves Tampa. 19 Fleet reaches Cuba. 23 15,000 Americans under Gen. Shafter landed on Cuban soil. 25 Roosevelt's Rough Riders charged double their number in a pitched battle near SantIago. 13 were killed and 50 wounded. Spanish loss over 300. . Pat. Galvin swooped down on Dawson last month like a whirlwind and cornered all the Wa­ ter Front; bougbt something . like a. hundred thousand dollars worth of real estate, bonded se­ veral of the best mines on Eldorado and Bonanz,,", established a balf dozen stores and trading posts and made a million or two of honest dollarshwhile the old trading companies were studying ow to rob the miners out of a. few ounces. Cbarley Anderson is riRhteonsly indignant at Capt. Healey and will make him think he has struck a hornet's nest before be gets tbrough. Klondike needs more men like Anderson; bonest, God-learing and outspoken, he will have his rights or spend an Eldorado claim learning the rea.son why. The Klondike Presbyterian Church. T HE Klondike Presbyterian Church had its inception in the keen interest felt by the Christian people of the United States in the spiritual welfare of their sons, fathers and husbands who were flocking by the thousands to the frozen land of gold. Ministers of several other denom­ inations offered themselves for the import­ ant field, but either took the ocean and Yukon route, and so failed to reach Dawson, or delayed so long that it was impossible to reach the region before the ice closed the river Rev. S. Hall Young, who had been ten years 'as a missionary of the Presbyterian 'Board ' of Home Missions in southeast Alaska, was selected by the same Board to go to the Klondike region; and Rev. Geo. A. McEwen. M. D., of Farmington, Mo., was chosen to go with him. They. went by the Dye", route, and aHer the usual 'rust­ ling" arrived in Dawson , October S, 1897. They at once secured · a house, prepaying the rent until May 15th, but after occupy­ ing it for a month it was accidently burned entailing a loss of o-,rer $10JO . Nothing daunted, the Pioneer Hall was secured, and meetings have continued with increasing success. A membership of forty or fifty has been gathered and a r c:!gular congregation of over 100. A large and commodious church will be built next summer. All evangelical denominations are uniting enthusiastically in this enterprise and the membership is increasing from week to week. A branch mission has been well started at the mouth of the Eldorado, and other points will soon be occupied. GOOD ADVICE. There will be weeping end wailing in the ranks of the old navigation firms and the jerk wator trensportntion companies thi s year o"dng to I!L shortage of traffic. The old trad ing and naviga.­ tion companies last year robbed their patrons and then tricc1 to stl!.rve them to death; this they have done for years. If you think of going to Dawson by any of these lines take two vears' supplies and a gatling gun, lor tbey never will land you as long as they bave bar flxtures, whiskey and billiard tables to transport. The jerk water companies, organized on wind, can not get there; they have nO'pilots, no wood and cannot land in Do.wson J S. every foot of tbe water·front is monopolized by Pat Ga.lvin and Boston and Alaska Transportation Companies; the two last na.med companies will land their passengers aU right if their past record is any criterion to go by. But if you want to getto Klondike this year, shoulder a pack and go over the Chilkoot Pass, Or keep clear of the old com­ panies' and oj the fly by night boats. Dawson wants merchants, you can sell ANYTHING in Dawson. The Good Samaritan Hospital. T HE Klondike is a region not of homes but of cabins . The great majority of its inhabitants are only camping tem­ porarily, ready to move on when their interests demand it. Their cabins are small, dark and often damp, devoid of means of comfort, especially in case of sick­ ness. There is hut one refuge in Buch a case-the hospital. Scurvy, rheumatism, pneumonia, freezing and accidents in the winter, and typhoid and malarial fevers in the Bummer, are prevalent. The Catholic Hospital, .established in the summer of 1897, has been doing good work, but has been overcrowded already, and an­ other and larger institution of the same kind is imperatively needed. So the Gool! Samaritan Hospital, non· sectarian and free alike to all, has been started. A liberal subscription has already been made, an efficient canvasser put in the field to raise the forty or fifty thousand dollars needed. plans drawn up, a contract for logs and lumber let, n urses and hospital supplies sent for from the United States and Canada,. and every arrangement made to erect a good building, capable of accommodating 100 patients early in the spring. A board . of nine managers has been chosen, of which Captain Constantine of the Mounted Police IS Chairman, and every effort is being·made . to make this in every respect a well equip. ped hospital,-a blessing to the whole. country. Success is certain. 14 TH~ KLONDIKE NEWS. ALEXANDER McDONALD. "KING 0F THe KLONDIKe" U the subject' of this sketch, Alexan­ der McDonald, who is popularly known as "The King 'of the Klondike," had been a ,resident of the I"ar North; in the days when Richard Henry Savage gathered the material for his celebrated novel en­ titled "'Phe Princess of Alaska," it is safe to say that he would have been' the cen­ tral figure in that highly interesting story. The tales of golden treasure told In that work, while they are such as t~ quicken the action of even the marble heart, are but commonplace events when compared with the possessions of the un­ crowned king of to~day. The "Island of Gold," for thl) posses­ sion of which the novelist made men travel ov'er the ban'en wastes of Siberia, f '1d brave the dangel'S of tbe northern seas, would be regarded as a mere pocket alongside of the auriferous depOSits of the whole-souled Scotchman, whose ef­ forts and success have done so much toward calling attention to the wonderful possibllities of the northern Eldorado. And while his career and consequent suc­ cess may be due hugely to effort and a valuable experience which he carried there" with him, thereby neutralizing it to some extent as a criterion for the unin­ itiated, it establishes one thing beyond the shadow of doubt, and that is that Alaska and the Northwest Territory pos­ sess placer deposits equaled in richness by no other political subdivision of the world. This after all is what the specu­ lative world wants to know. While I the desire to individually pos­ sess the yellow metal is the paramount one with all fortune-seekers, the knowl­ edge that it exists makes an excellent ~Qnsolatlon purse for those who go in search of it, even though that search De a vain Olle. To the extent of this, if there was noth­ Illg ' else In the man to be conSidered, AL­ exander McDonald has been a public benefuctor. He has demonstrated that Immeasurable wealth exists in the land of the glacier, ' and that it can be extract- -ed without undue suffering or loss of life. ' Tile old adage of :'What man has done man can do" may not be capable Df lit­ eral application in the case of all those who would duplicate ' Alexander McDon­ ald's experience, but it will serve to, quicken the hopes, and thereby lighten the burdens of many a weary prospector. J!'rom his experiences, however, some valuable deductions can be made. The first of these is the fact that , intelligent effort rarely ever goes entirely unreward­ ed. The success of McDonald, while phenomenal, as measured by the millions he possesses, Is not wholly the result of luck. It is true that fortune has favored him in many respects, but it did not take him by the cDat collar, and drag him over the Chilcoot Pass, at a time when it was worth a man's life to undertake that journey. Pluck and experience would come nearer telllng the story of his success than that of any other extremely rich man In the Klondike. If luck plays any part at all in his accumulations, It Is largely In the fact that nature blessed him with a rugged constitution, which enllbled him to withstand the rigors of that climate, and a happy, generous, dis­ pOSition, which made him a welcome vis­ itor at every camp In the country. To this extent he is indebted to the elements over which man exercises no control, but beyond that, the man alone is to be con­ sidered. Individuality, supplemented by favorable environment, tells the balance of his StDry. His has been a well-won victDry In the struggle for riches. In purse, he was probably poorer than nine-tenths Df those whO' sought fortune In that far-off land, but in experience he was rich beyond comparison. A lifetime spent in the gold-fields of Colorado and other places gave him a special fitness for exploration In a country where man was obliged to rely largely upon his own efforts. This he used to good advantage not only In the matter of making loca­ tions, but In working them. Wasted ef­ fort forms no part of his remarkable work In the Klondike. This Is saying a ,great deal, when it Is considered that he was operating in a region covered almost perpetually with snow and Ice but with ,all that, there Is not an aband~ned "pot- hole in the country that can be referred to as the property of Alexander McDon­ ald. His has been a series of uninter­ rupted successes. , l!'allure, either In the matter of loca­ tions.or his Subsequent purchases, which are numerous, is nowhere recordea againlilt him. To say that this Is the re- suit Df gODd luck alone , wDuld be to say that skill In any of the branches of sci­ ence is a useless factor. Buzz-saws have been known to remDve hands and arms where the victims ' have lIved, ' but that experience does not alter the fact ' that the skilled surgeDn is a safer agent to employ in cases of necessary amputation. ~'his is more or less true In mIning. Luck has been a factor in all mining camps, but science after all is the real agent Df development. '1'here is prob­ ably no branch of science where intelli­ gent deduction counts for so much, or where it Is so generally employed as it Is in mining. This is made necessary by the absence of what may be called mate­ rial subjects. In all other branches of research, the student or the expert, as the case may be, has some tangible matter upon which to operate; as for instance. the lawyel' has precedent and statute; the doctor the subject, either conscious or uncollscious. to direct him in his efforts; but the miner, like the minister, Is often cDmpelled to deal with invisible forces. ~'his does not necessarily lead him into dark places, but it compels him to em­ ploy the light of reason to a very liberal extent. King Solomon Is credited with saying that: "Silver is found in ledges, but gold is found wherever you find it," and, while there Is some truth in this, there is notll- ing that would justify men looking fDr gold in the tree tops or other improbable places. The next thing to' being able to produce the gold, is to pick out Its prob­ able location. This Is what the experi­ enced mIner does; ,he may not be able to locate it 'In all cases, but he at least knows where It ought to be. This Is a prerequisite to success in the mining world. The other qualitIes which dis­ tinguish men, especially in such a coun­ try as the Yulwn was two years ago, IS a good constitUtion, a generDus affable na­ ture, and an endless amDunt of grit. These happy qualities, Alexander Mc­ Donald possessed to a marked degree. Born of Scotch parents in the frigid at­ mosphere of Nova Scotia, he Inherited that tenacity of purpose which has made the descendants of the Scotsman a con­ spicuous figure, not alone In America, but all over the world. He has proven no exception In that general result of race dDmlnancy. These were the conditions under which the "King of the Klondike" graduated for a life, which, In point of riches, promises to outrlval that of the fabled Count of Monte Cristo. To say that a man cDuldstart out up­ on such a journey as a trip to the upper waters of the YukDn Implled at the time he did, land there with three dollars and a half in his pocket, and In less than two years count his wealth by the millions, sounds like a fairy tale, and yet It Is the actual experience of the subject whose kindly tace adorns these pages. Great as has been the success of others who wooed fortune In the halcyon days of mining In California and other rich fields, It Is safe to say that none reaches that of Alexander McDonald. This Is saying much, but much can be said of a man whose income for the first year exceeded a million dollars in what was then an un­ known and undeveloped country. Add to til is the ownership of miles of claims, where the product is measured by the pan, instead of the ton, and some Idea of his 'Vast wealth may be Dbtained. But with all this, there Is no one who begrudges big-hearted Alexander Mc'Donald his good fortune. It could not have fallen , :to the IDt of one capable Df doing more good with It. Instead of tak­ ing hIs departure for Europe to spend his fortune in the gay capitals of the eastern hemisphere, as many others have done, he is content to remain among the friends of his adversity and use his money for their good , and the gDod of the country where he made i, t. This commendable spirit has quickened the esteem In which he has always been hel~ by , his frontier associates, and made him at once the foremost figure of the Northwest Terri­ tory., Alexander McDonald's rise from po, v­ erty to affluence reads like a chapter from the "Arabian Nights." From 1880 to 1894 he spent most Df his time In the mines of Colorado, where he experienced all Df the ups and downs that usually fall to the lot of a miner. This means that a man might be rich one day and bmke the next; to this general rule the bra wny Scot proved no exception. When the panic of 1894 visited that State in common with all other silver producers, cau~ing a shut-down in the mines, where in many cases it meant a loss of fortune, Alex McDonald concluded to try his luck in a land where silver had not yet been discovered, and where law was still an unknown agent. On November 30th, 1894, he first set foot upon the fDruidding sDIl of Alaska. This was at Juneau. His capital at that time consisted of three dollars and a half in cash. But he had a physique that would have attracted the attention of the Spartans in the time of Leonides, being over six feet in height, straight as an arrow, and tipping the scales away above the two hundred pound mark, and there­ fore did not escape notice even among the hardy frontiersmen of Juneau. When he applied for work In the mines on Douglas Island a few days later, he was readily accepted. He was the , kind 'of man that was wanted; he had bDth the constitution and the experience. But , Alex was not a man to content himself with wages" no matter how tempting the position might be. His Scotch nature chafed under the restraint of employ­ ment. This feellng of discontent was In­ tensified by the stories of golden treasure from the far-off Yukon which , came straggling Into camp,so he worked liere just lDng enough to get a grub-stake and then struck out for the country which has, since made him famous. BefOl'e leaving Juneau, however, he made a superficial examination of the quartzite fDrmatlon around that place" and while he was satisfied that It was' good and would eventually prove a great SDurce of wealth, he concluded to go ln search Df the real thing; He arrived at Dyea in April, 1895, where he lost no time In taking to the, trail. In due time he reached Lake Bennett, where his me­ chanical genius was brought into play in bulJdlng a boat. While his companions were giving vent to their surprise or dis­ gust on the trip, the man who had spent loug years In the volcanic regIons of Colorado, kept a sharp lookout for quartz Indications. These he finally found. At many places along the road he discovered unmistakable evidences of ,mineral wealth, but as his means were limited both In the matter of mO.\ley and g~ub, h~ was obliged to push Dn, In many in­ stances against his will. PDverty alone prevented him from de­ veloping - or at least prospecting what yet may become a greater source of wealth than even the rich placers he sub­ sequently discovered. In fact, Alex was so well pleased with the prospect at the mouth of Indian Creek, that he tried to Induce his companions to join him in the exploration of that sinuous stream. ,His thorough knowledge of formations con­ vinced him that there was mineral wealth there in abundance, but as a ma­ jority of the party had their minds set on I"orty Mile Creek, and would Hsten to no other proposition, he deferred to, their wishes and moved Dn. He was satistiefl that he was right in his conclusions, but he was not a man who allowed his CDn­ victions to' assume the form Df cDntrarl­ ness. He was democratic to the extent of deferring to the wishes of the major­ ity. At FDrty Mile Creek a thorough system of prospecting was Inaugurated, which resulted in some very rich discoveries. By this time the reputation of the Colo­ rado miner had reached the local mana­ ger of the Alaska Coniinercial CDmpany, and Alex McDonald was taken into their employ with power to prospect and pur­ chase on joint account, anything that ap­ pealed to his judgment. Several good prospects .were secured on Miller Creek, and work was just being fairly stal·ted when the news of the great Klondike dis­ covet'Y broke in on the camp. This, as might be expected, caused a stampede. Men who had been delighted with the first prospects of the place, threw up their jobs and abandoned their claims with the utmost . disregard. Nothing could induce them to remain. McDon­ ald, who felt in honor bound to stay and protect the interests Df his backers, pleaded with his companiDns to stay, but withDut avail. ~'hey were determined to go at any cost. Neither moral nor legal obligation 'COUld restrain them. They had the gold fever in a violent form. But big Alex McDonald stayed with the camp until he succeeded in squaring up with his backers, and then strucl;: out for the Klollllike, where he arrived in Septem­ ber, 1896. Once on the ground, his energy was again brought into play. While there wus no grass there, it is safe to say that If there had been, he would not have al­ lowed It to grow under his feet. He struck a bargain with two Indians to take him up the river, which he prospect­ ed fDr a distance of sixty mlles, finding gold In more or less favorable quuntities all alDng the route. His search was a very careful one. The notes made by him on that trip have since proven to be marvels of mineralogIcal notation. He declared then that the Upper River was an unknown quantity; time has since demonstrated the correctness of his, judg­ ment. The declaration made and deduc­ tions drawn from that trip, have had an important bearing upon the subsequent history of the camp. He found many veins ~isplayin:g free gold in places where the quartz had been exposed by the removal of the moss.. lle determined then to work some of those properties just as soon as he could lay in a stock Df giant powder; this he will shortly undertake to' do. For the sake of refuting the general belief that that country has all been staked off, it may be well enough to say that Alex McDon­ ald, who owns miles of the best claims on Eldorado; Bonanza, Hunker, Dominion, and the other fabulously rich streams below, intends to prosecute research in the territory of the Upper Klondike, this summer. When he returned that fall from his researches on the Upper Klondike, he found Eldorado and Bonanza (which were the only creeks then known) all staked and recorded. It was believed then of Bonanza and Eldorado, as it is now of other places, that all the good ter­ ritory had been taken, but the subse­ quent discoveries Dn Hunker, Dominion, Sulphur and other rich placer streams, dissipated that belief, just as the discov­ eries of the future will dispel the present notion that all of the good ground Is taken. Many of those who had staked off claims on Bonanza did not have the ut­ most faith In their richness, but McDon­ ald had, and used what little money he possessed to good advantage in bnying them out. For the sum of four hundred dollars he bought the whole of CJalm Number twell.ty-seven on Eldorado, and a half Interest In ' Number thirty on the , same creek for two hundred dollars.' He had anDther claim bargained fDr on the stream for five hundred dollars, but could not raise the money. He tried to mort­ gage the clalm~ he had already pur­ chased for enough money to ' buy more, but he was laughed at for his enthusi­ asm. He tllen started out to rustle up mDney for outfits and prospecting, and for this purpose went to I 'orty Mile Creek, returning to Dawson , on October 27th. '1'he catching of the steamer on this oc­ casion, he regards as a piece of good luck, as It landed him in DawsDn at a time , when he was enabled to buy lots for twenty-five dollars apiece Dn credit. These lots are now worth almost that many thousands. He built a cabin with the help of two Indians on Dne of these lots before starting back to the mines. The first work he did was on clalm Num­ ber twenty-seven, and turned out exceed- ingly well, but as everybody either had a claim or was vigorously engaged in look­ Ing for one, the questiDn of procuring help became serious. It was at this stage of ininlng develop­ ment that Alexander McDonald Intro­ duced what Is now popularly known as the "lay" system. He gave the miners fifty per cent of the gross receipts, with the express undOl'standing that full wages were to be paid to them if the pay dirt was not strUCk, but strange to say this offer was refused. Later on he start­ ed work Dn Claim Number thirty, where pay dirt was strucl;: almost Immediately. Two men, were given a "lay" on this prDperty, which resulted in their taking out thirty-three thousand dollars in forty-five days. Two other men, wno were given a similar layout on another property, succeeded in cleaning up twenty-nille thousand dollars in forty days. In the meantIme, the "King of the Klondllce" succeeded in personally pan­ ning out five thousand dollars from one of the other claims. The money derived from these several claims he used tn the purchase of other properties. From this time Dn the career of McDonald was one of uninterrupted success. Everything that he touched tllrned to gold. He bought a half interest in Number twenty­ eight above, two-thirds of twenty-nine and the whole of twenty-seven on Bo­ nanza Creek; these properties he subse­ quently sold for three hundred aud twenty-five thousand dollars. Wit h tIlls enormous sum in cash most men would have foWed their tents and moved Dn, but McDonald was not one of that kinel. Being a thorough mining man, his judg­ ment was not swayed by sudden success. He had just as much faith In the country with a half 'million dollars at his com­ mand as he had when he was a poor prospector. With the almost unlimited means now at his command there was no undertak­ Ing too great for him. Propositions In­ volving hundreds of thousands of dollars were entertained as readily as were those involving hut hundreds in the days of hIs ad versity. Success had neither driven away old friends, nor weaned him from his chDsen prDfeRsion. I The scenes of his early struggles were now destined to" be the fields of his greatest triumphs. Like most men whO' have participated In the fellowship of the mining camp, where men are measured by their acts Instead of their ancestors, l\'[cDDnnJd longed for no change; with him it was "a miner Dnce, a miner always." The at­ mosphere of the country was not as con­ genial at times as he would like to have had it. but that -of the camp itself was all that could be desired. , Environment had worked no change In the natures of the Argonauts of that country. There was ice everywhere, except in the hearts of the miners. So far as a hand-shake was cDncerned, the visitDr to the Yukon counh'Y, even at the most unfavorable moments, could easily imagine himself Dn the deserts of Arizona. SOCially, there Is no difference between Dawson and Yuma; all miners are built alike. Lati­ tude wDrks no change in the character Df those who seek fortune In the bowels of mother earth. That spirIt of greed which attaches Itself to minted gDld In the com­ mercial ranks of the wDrld, does not ap­ ply to the y~lIow metal in a virgin state. This feature of wealth applles with pe­ culiar force to the subject of this sketch. McDonald , was not of a commercial turn of mind to the extent of becoming a professional money-lender. Hls inclina­ tion was along the line of development; this he has carried out on a most exten­ sive scale. With the money derlved 'from his first sale, he purchased Claims Nos. 36 and 37 on Eldorado Creel{, paying therefor the sum of twO' hundred thou­ sand dollars in cash. His friends milrlly Intimated that he was crazy, but Aleck had faith in the district, and quIetly Ig­ nored the gOOd-natured comment. A few days later he stIll further surprised them by purchasing Dne mile and a half on Sulphur Creek, one mile on Hunkel', two miles on Dominion, and one very rich claim Dn Bear Creek. He also owns Discovery, and many other valuable claims on Henderson Creek, and is still buying in that district, which he IDOks upon with great favor. The clean-up from his partially devel­ ~ped properties last year exceeded a mil­ lion dollars; the output for this year will exceed that sum many times. Any at­ tempt to fix a value on all the property he owns would necessarlly run the fig­ ures up Into fabulous proportiDns. In ad­ dItion to the prDpertles already men· tloned (which are given In detailed form In another column), he owns a number of valuable lots in Dawson, where he in­ tends to erect some handsome buildings during the present season. He Is also a large stockholder In the Bonanza and Eldorado Quartz and Placer MinIng CDmpany, which is one of the greatest corporations In the North­ west Territory. It is his intention SDme time late in the fall to return to civiliza­ tion, coming out over the Dalton trail. The party will pole up the l'iver from Dawson to Fort Selkirk. This will ' be the "I{lng's" first visit since his memDr­ able advent in the Klondike. It goes WIthDUt saying that he will be warmly weltOmed by his old friends, and become a subject of general Interest wherever he goes. Prices in Dawson. The following prices were asked and freely paid during the past winter at Dawson. While the store prices were in many instances less than half of these amounts, it must be remembered that ~ven when the goods were on the shelves of the store, only a few of the , favored ones could buy them, and then only in sillall quantities. . Many articles were "cornered" dur­ ing the winter by speculators and their prices constantly advanced. All articles of food brought an aver­ age price of $1 per pound, but while staple articles dropped in price, the fancy advanced. For instance, flour that once Bold for $75 per sack dropped in December to $50; in February it could be bought for $4:0, in March for $30, and the latest reports are that it may be had for $10. Butter could be bought in the Fall for $1.25 per 2-lb. roll but as flour dropped, butter ad­ van'ced, and in March sold readily at from $6 to $8 per roll. Brooms were very scarce in Dawson last winter, and brought $5 each, but even at this price could not be obtain­ ed. The good housewives in Dawson, as well the many bachelors who kept their own houses, were in despair. 'rhere were plenty of whisp brooms, however at the stores, and one long Jegged genius conceived the idea of bindinCT two small brooms together with a hroad bmld of tin, and affixing a long handle thereto; this contrivance made an excellent broom, and clean Hoors were the rule and not the 'excep­ tion, at the Meadows cabin thereafter. Window glass' was very scarce, the small six-light sashes bringing fro~ $35 to $50. Many a Klondike cabm last winter received its only light from a row of bottles set in a square frame and affixed in an aperture cut in the walls. The only proper foot-.wear in c?ld weather in the North IS the IndIan , ( d moccasm, and these were s~arce an high, until teaming was possIble from the towns down the river. A good pair of moccasins brought from $8 to $12, while the muck-a-luck, or water­ boot of walrus hide brought $17 dur­ ing the winter, and as hi1 h as 3 ounces, or $51, late in the Spring. Rubber boots were also very scarce and brought fancy prices. Furs. were worth more than their weight in gold, a good robe of wolf, fox or lynx skin, 8x8, bringing from $300 to $500. P arhes were worth from $50 to $100, and men's fur coats, although not much in demand, were valued ~t from $100 to $300. Fur caps were m demand at from $15 to $50. During the early winter it was im­ possible to obtain writing paper, and, forty or fifty cents a sheet was often paid. Enveiopes were worth twe~ty­ five cents apiece and there was no mk for sale at the stores. Add to this $1, the price paid for carr;ying letters, and it will probably explam to the people outside why they received so few let- ' ters from their Yukon friends. At one time last fall padlocks were in great demand and sold for $25 ~piece, they being mainly used for locklll~ up "caches" of provisions. .'rhe habI~ of cache-robbing became qmte unfashIOn­ able and the price of padlocks dropped after the burial of a notorious cache thief, with twenty-four large cold buck­ shot deeply planted in his person. It was impossible to get a good ax for some time, for less than one ounce or $17; picks brought an equal amount, and shovels were held at half an ounce. There seemed to be an overabund­ ance of gold-pans, but tinware as a rule came vcry high, the one tin shop of Dawson fairly coining money. They charged for a copper bottom teakettle $8.50; coffeepot $3 to $4; 3-quart pan $2.50; stovepipe $2.50 per joint, and for a sheet-iron stove from $4:0 to $60. Agateware was in great demand at fancy fignres, and dishes of chinaware unobtainable at any price. One of the stores had a quantity of carpet for sale at from 3 to $5 per yard. Clothing was comparatively cheap; a good suit of heavy woolen bringing but $25, and a warm serviceable overcoat of the same material brought the same sum. Flannel shirts were Bold for $8.50; woolen socks, $1.50 a pair; German socks, $8.50, and a good wool hat could not be obtained for less than $12. One bright young man cornered all the nails on the river, which he readily sold at from $3 to $8.50 per pound, ac­ cording to size. Another man tried to corner all the matches; he went every day to the stores and bought from different clerks . one or two cans; he sent his wife, his daughter, and his friends to the stores to buy matches, and he also bought from private. parties. Soon he had a roomful of matches, and he thought he must surely have them about all. But one day he went to the store to try and get another can or two, and the clerk, who was in a hurry, told him to go into the warehouse and help himself. When he reached the warehouse he was near­ ly paralyzed at the sight, for he saw matches piled up to the very roof; there THE KLON DIKE NEWS. was enough matches there to fill his whol~ house, and he now has "matches to burn." It seemed as though every man com­ ing down the river was "long" on tea and matches,and "short'~ on coffee, salt and sugar. The ordinary five-cent sack of salt brought $5 in Dawson. Sugar was very cheap early in t):le Fall, selling for thirty cents a pound, but later brought as high as $2. While the saccharine matter was still cheap one young man bought all his capital would admit of, and started a candy factory, peddling his wares from door to door. He sold his taffy for fifty cents a package (about i of a pound), and earned several hundred dollars a day while his sugar held out. Bacon and beans dropped to sixty­ five cents a pound in the Spring, while rice (being largely used for dog food), advanced to $1.50. It is worthy of note here that a mala­ mute dog that is supposed to eat any­ thing , on earth is· not · fond of beans, and unless very hungry refuses to eat this miners' favorite dish. VIR G: IL MOORE, THE EDITOR. Fresh beef sold for $1.25 per pound by the quarter, until January, 1898, when the restaurant-keepers combined The above cut is a flattering likeness of and bought up all there was for sale. the Editor of the "News." He was bori! in Anyone who hungered for a porter- Califorllla some 34 years ago, where he has house (?) after that, could obtain it at resided almost ever since and done nothing worthy of note, He spends his time in the restaurant at $5 per. Dawson in buying and eelling mines, prac- Whisky brought $40 to .$?O per gal- ticing law, writing syndicate letters to the Ion; high wines and SPIrIts, $75 to hewspapers and editing the '·News." He $100, ' alcohol, $80,' .and champagne, distinguished himself last year by riding over the Chilcoot Pass on a horse and which retailed for $30 per bottle, was walking around the White Horse Rapids. out of market. He will return to his home in Santa Rosa, . Cigars retailed for fifty cents each, Cul.!(if he ever gets money enough)and buy and could be bOU~lt in almost any r a chicken ranch. quantity at the stores for $300 per =============== thousand. Cigarettes sold .readily for $1 per pack. Tobacco brou~ht fancy prices in the early Fall an~ Wll1t~r, and until an invoice from Cucle CIty ar­ rived. Che,ving was then to be had at $6 and $7 per pound, and smoking for $10. A t en-cent pack of Durham brought $1.25 in Dawson. Pipes were very plentiful, one of the large stores having an overstock. Wall-paper and house-lining was very scarce, and had. to he. brought from }'orty Mile and Cucle CIty. Wood sold for $50 a cord, lumber for $175 per thousand at the mi~l, .and it CaRt twice as much to haul It mto town as it did to buy it. The hatlling question was a serious one in Dawson last year. Dogs brought from '$250 to $500 apiece, and rented for $5 a day. '1'he few horses in town, were held at frqm $1,500 to $3,000 each, and a team could not be had for . less than $12 per hour. At one time during the season c~­ dIes were worth $1 apiece and coal 011 $40 a gallon, and the man who became tired and despondent from the ever­ lasting darkness, and concluded to go and hang himself, had to pay $1 a foot for rope. A good cabin rented 'for $75 or $1?0 a month; a shave cost fifty cents, haIr­ cut $1, and those who, f~r fear of. con­ tracting scurvy, took a dIP at the p~~­ lie bath house, paid $2.50 for the PrIVI- lege. . Evaporated vegetables for a time brought $2 a pound, but after the miner had soaked his evaporated pota­ toes over night, boiled them for eight or ten hours, and then found the who.Ie mess tough enough to make moccasm soles out of, the evaporated vegetable sunk into inacuous desuetude. Desiccated vegetables, such as pota­ toes, tomatoes, onions, etc., of the ~est brands such as the Hayden Paclnng Comp~ny, of San. Francisco, were worth their weight 111 gold. This list might be continued indefi­ nitely, but we think enough, h~s been said to give the reader a faIr Idea of what became of our wages last year. This state of affairs will not exist during the coming year, after compe­ tition has broken the combination heretofore existing between the two old companies and when the "last boat" does not get "stuck" on a "sand­ bar near Fort Yukon." Fractions. 'rhose contemplating · the purchase of a fractional claim will do well to make careful measurements before do­ ing so. One man in Bonanza located a frac­ tion that proved to be but nine inches in length when the snrvey was macle. Robert Insley of Dawson bought a fraction on Sulphur Creek supposed to be several hundred feet in extent, but up to date, "Bob" has failed to find even an inch of it. Practions are safe only on a sur­ veyed stream, and Eldorado and Bo­ nanza have alone been surveyed. Hun­ ker Creek abounds in fractions and double numbers, there being five num­ ber thirty-fives below Discovery. On Sulphur Creek above Discovery, there are several missing numbers, there be­ ing p,o number 50, , 51, 52, or 53. On I,ower Dominion, there is a hopeless jumble that only the surveyor can straighten out. The only safe plan is to have an ab­ stract of title from the Gold Commis­ sioner. " CRAS MEADOWS, THE MANAGER. This is the man who is supposed to pay the bills of the' 'News." The picture was taken at the head of Eldorado Creek last January. The manager at the time was looking towards the Dome wondering if the "mother lode" would ever be found and killing time until supper would be ready at Oscar Ashby's cabin. W. C. WILKINS, THE ARTIST. This is a splendid likeness of Col. Warren C. Wilkins, the artist of the "News" He is a resident of Pittsburg, Pa .• when at home for good, where he is well known as an architect and builder. While in the Klondike, ColWilkine buys and sells mining property, tells good stor­ ics. sings capital songs and uses his splen- did camera with great skill. , At the present time Col. Wilkins is chafing over the fact that he can not get a lick at the' Dons in Cuba or Manila." The United States Mall The average Yukoner does not com­ plain at small ~nconveniences. He can eat sour beans and rancid bacon apd sleep on a snowdrift with one blanket without a whimper, but his deep and bearlike growls over the poor mail ser­ vice of both the United States and Canadian governments last year were frequent and well founded. We speak of this as a "poor mail service," and in this we were wrong, for there was no mail service whatever, and there are thousands of men on the Klondike to-day who have not heard from home and the loved ones for a , whole year. The compen­ sation for carrying the U. S. mail from Juneau to Circle City was absurdly in­ adequate under the abnormal condi­ tions existing. The contract called for a monthly letter service for $6,999.00 a year, and at the prices prevailing would not have fed Ii healthy dog team. When the United States' carrier did come down the river, he carried the mail of thousands of people living at Dawson straight through to Circle . City, where it got lost in the shuffie and is probably now going down the river towards the Dead Letter Offi~e. The Canadian mail service was even worse, and at one time some fourteen hundred pounds of precious letters were held at a point up the river less than a week's journey from Dawson for months. This condition of affairs will no long­ er exist, however, after July 1st, 1898. 'l'he Postmaster: General, on March the 29th, 1898, awarded a contract for car­ rying the mails from Juneau to Weare, Alaska, at an annual compensation of $56,000. The contract provides for two round trips a month for a period of four years, beginning July 1st, 1898. The contractor obligates himself to pro­ vide supply and relief stations, and to stock them with ample supplies and provisions, reindeer and dogs. The contract also calls for Laplanders, car­ riers, and dog teams in sufficient num­ bers to insure a regularity of service. The principal intermediate points on the route are Dawson and Forty Mile, N. W. 'r., and Circle City, Alaska. The Canadian government has con­ sented to the establishment of neces­ sary supply stations on her territory. It must be said that the Canadian officials now located at Dawson are a splendid lot of men. And the same may be truthfully said of all of the members of the Northwest Mounted Police force. There is :little or none of that peculiar phase of American life in which the offender escapes punish­ ment, either by "fixing" the Court, or exercising a political "pull." If you break the Canadian laws, swift Canadian justice is certain to fol­ low. The Canadian officials high in power, however, have an uncomfort­ able way of arbitrarily interpreting laws, and when there is no law to suit their purpose they have a happy fash­ ion of making one to fit the occasion. These they call "regulations," and they do not suit the American miner always. To combine the legislative, the judi­ cial and the executive power in one man, does not generally meet with American approval. Considerable indignation ~as caused. amongst the ladies of Dawson, on ac­ count of the statement in one of the sensational coast papers to the effect that the Klondike was no place for la­ dies. This is reported to 'have come from Mrs. Clarence Berry, and in an interview she ' is supposed to have said that it was unsafe for a lady to walk on the streets of Dawson, owing to the rO'\Ydyism and incivility of the miners. We do not believe that Mrs. Berry was guilty of such a misrepresentation of Klondike gallantry. That the pa­ pers printed such a statement is true enough, in what w~ supposed to be an interview, but it is quite likely that she is not the author of such a' falsehood. The miners of Dawson have a high de­ gree of chivalry, and a more gentle­ manly and manly lot have never been thrown together in anyone town. Oapt. Phil Bay in his report to th~ United States government recommend. the construotion of a railroad trom the head of Oook's Inlet to the Tanana Biver, and thence to Circle Oity; he a, sks that a survey be made at once. Amerioans who complain of the ex­ cessive Canadian duties must remem- , ber that the United States authorities collect $aO on a broken_down Oanadian cayuse pony, worth less than $15, and that they also harass the Oanadians in divers other ways. There are woIves in both oOllutries. Jaok McQuesten,., "The Father of his Country," returned to the Yukon about June 1st. He spent the winter in New York and San Francisco and enjoyed himself hugely. Whilst in San Franoisco Jack was the guest ef mine host, Edward Hol­ land of the Commercial Hotel, the headquarters of most of the Yukoners visiting San Francisco. The two old Trading Oompanies have decided not to take orders for the next year, this was before they realized 'hat they had opposition, and they were paving the way for a little $1 per pound for their goods the coming win­ ter. The only difference between these companies and the California Greaser, is that the greasera, who once owned the country have been gradually pushed back imd out by the progress­ ive white man, while these oompanies are quietly pushing themselves into the background, and will gradually pass into history and soon be num­ bered with the has-beens. There is a rumor about that Major Walsh will soon resign as Commis­ sioner (or Governor) of the Yukon District. We sincerely hope that thIs may prove untrue. With a handful of mounted police Major Walsh did more to aid the un­ fortunate and needy Americans along the Yukon last winter, than all of Uncle Sam's officers with their $200,- 000 in cash, their Laplanders and reindeer. The Canadiun government will find it hard to get an official to fill this office who understands the needs of the country as Major Walsh does. or one with ihe executive ability to en­ force the fron, tier laws. "Isaac," the Siwash Mormon, with three squaws, a dog team and toboggan sled, passed through Dawson last week en route to the , moose pastures, about one hundred miles up Klondike River. "Isaac," whose grub-stake amounts to about seventy-five pounds, is to be gone several weeks, and will get a moose in about one Sunday, he thinks, but in two Sundays sure. Then his dogs, he says, wil~ be "Hiyu fat." He says moose are plentiful up the Klon­ dike, and that cariboo run in droves of thousands. Under the prevailing prices of a dollar a pound, some good white hunter could find a little Eldo­ rado in the moose pastures. THE DAWSON CITY BELLE. Down In Dawson on the Klondike, there's a lady in command ' Who rules the good old pioneers and the great Vheechacah band. To the Company's store she goes each day ,and there she h elps herself To anything that pleases her they dnre p~t on tbe sheH. Oh the Captain never Rays to her, "1 have no goods to sell." . She,'s a hiyn.skookum lady, she's the Dawson City belle. - CHORUS: She"s refused just /lve and forty of the Eldorado kings, The Swedes upon Dominion think she wears a pair of wings. On BOllRllza from Discovery to Forty·two above, You cOllld lIOt Ilame a Single claim she could not buy for love. On every new discovery she's sure to hlLve "cllLlm. Sbe stempedes like .. whirlwind and sbe gets there lust the same, At the Gold Commissioner's office then she taps upon the pane And smiles upon the clerk inside,and never smiles in vain. That the door is quickly opened, oh I do not need to tell, For this hlyu-skookuDl lady, for this Dawson Cit,. Belle. Chorus. In furs she Esets the fashion for the other girls In town She receives her friends each morning in a Iovel,. bea ver gown, Her parkee, made of carribou, it i~a loyely fit, And she's "n right from ·muck·a·luck unto her dainty mit. Th!s Lovely Klooeh is fond of Hooch, and makes It very well. She's a hlyu.skookum lady, she's a Dawson City belle. .... A study of The Dawson City Belle maJ bolo seen on next page. 16 THE KLON DIKE NEWS. THE DA ~SON CITY BELLE. SCHEMES. The woods are full of inventors, schemers, and promoters. We have been visited by the representatives of railroad, wagon road, tramway and steamer projects, until we are sick at heart. We have been besieged by the inventors of alleged labor-saving de­ vices, whereby the gold of the Klon­ dike can be bored out by augers, fanned out with condensed air, thawed out by steam, and burned out with furnaces, Then there is the fellow who expects to "get the money" in Dawson by feed­ ing the miner condensed food and sat­ isfying his thirst with evaporated drinks. One of these we highly recom­ mend and believe that it will fill a long­ felt want. It is called a "cocktail on ice," and consists of a small capsule containing ingredients of that delicious morning drink. All the miner needs to do is to cut a small hole in a cake of ice, insert the capsule, and wait thirty seconds for it to mix itself. The cocktail is then ready to be drank. One enthusiast visited our rooms yesterday with a great scheme. His idea was to take up about a thousand packages of root beer, and he, explained with great plausibility how a five-cent package of root beer would make five gallons of delicious beverage, which at fifty cents a drink would bring forty dollars. 'He figured that a thousand packages would cost fifty dollars and would bring in forty thousand dollars, and all he wanted was the fifty dollars to buy the root beer with, a year's pro­ visions and a ticket. We told him that our money was all invested in five hundred live turkeys. These we proposed to keep on soft food until they were eager for pebbles and gravel, which the 'well regulated turkey always keeps in his craw, and that we would then drive them up Bonanza Creek, knowing they would pick up every nugget in sight, and when the dusk of ' evening softly shaded the dumps (at about 11:30 P. M.) we would shake the turkeys down for the day's pick-up. We explained to him that we proposed to work our turkeys long hours during the summer season, and would have no time to attend to the weighing out of our share of the pro­ ceeds from the sale of the root beer. And then there were the fellows with saccharine, canned codfish balls, fruit juice, extract of beans, condensed doughnuts and Joaquin Miller's evap­ orated poetry. Others there were with ice bicycles, paper boats, aluminum houses, rubber moccasins, divining rods, pneumatic beds, jack-rabbit robes, and red pepper insoles for cold feet. We also received a call from the agent of The Mosquitoes' Delight. This is an invention that will be hailed with joy. All you need to do is to sprinkle a little of the "Delight" on some per­ son for whom you have no particular love, and all the mosquitoes for blocks around will follow him, leaving you alone in comfort. One tenderfoot, straight from New York, is waiting patiently at Lake Ben­ nett for the return of Messrs. Pelkey, Carlisle and Thorpe, who purchased all the stock in "The Yukon Dredging and Diving Company." The New Yorker is a professional diver (and the Yukon­ ers professional "Bull coners"), and h e is waiting the return of the Klondikers, who have promised to bring a complete diving bell equipment. In this the man from ' N (i)W York expects to walk along the bed of the Yukon River and gather up the large nuggets which he is sure are there. There are also on the market other inventions of equal value, such as steam sleds, scurvy cure, portable cabins, and nugget-in-the-slot machines. Some of the nugget-in-the-slot ma­ chines are quite ingenious. By drop­ ping a small-sized nugget, one can hear the last words of Durrant or a prayer from Dr. Parkhurst. Some of them 1vill hand out a cigar with a liglit­ ed match, or paper, envelope and stamp. In others you may peep in and see the great battles of history, or a picture of your future wife in a bathing dress. There are inventions, however, other than those just mentioned, which will undoubtedly pro, ve of great value in the future develoPlIient of the Northwest, There was exhibited in San Francisco yesterday a portable lamp without wire attachments which gave a pure white soft light of a thousand candle power, the stated cost of which was a half a cent an hour. This light is gener­ ated from kerosene heated to incan­ descence and the vapor arising mixed with air, resulting in a rarified gas. This will knock the gas machines of Bob Insley and Gus Seiffert into a cocked hat. H this thing keeps on, the future Yukon traveler will be able to start out with a stove in one pocket and a thou­ sand-candle power lamp in the other, and with five dozen eggs in a pillbox, and a keg of beer in a two-ounce phial, "go out over the ice" on a steam sled without regard for the weather clerk. THEORIES. ' l OST Klondikers oling to some pet theory as to how the gold oame to be deposited in their favored land. :M:any believe that it comes from the quartz ledges far up in the mountains. It is a mistaken notion that gold is found only in quartz veins. Many of the best placers of California were in regions where quartz veins were almost unknown. A. a matter of fRct gold iii found in a gold bearing region in nearly all rocks, both granite and porphyries, in oonglomerites and serpentines, in limestones and in slates. ThE!se, after thousands of , years, might liberat, e sufficient gold to make paying plaoers. There lire others who hold to the belief that small stringers of quartz have been the resting places of all of the gold now found. There is OBcar Ashby who thinks the mighty Yukon onoe rolled over the spot now known 8S No. 31 Eldorado. Tom. Wilson goes him one better and points to the sea shells found in the hillsides of Eldorado as indisputable proof that old ocean once washed across the whole country and sluioed the yellow metal out of fissures. Some talk learnedly of "glacial ac. tion" and this we must demolish, by quoting from the U. S. Geological survey reports which say that the great glaciers of former times in that region followed approximately the 62d paral1el, crossing the Lewis river just above the mouth of Big Salmon and the White river near the Donjek, "so that the Yukon Basin below these points has not been affected by any general glaciation." Mrs. Charlie Lamb argues for "vol­ canio action" with great cleverness, and points to the indisputable fact that living volc~noes still exist in the country , In this she is upheld by Miss Mel­ bourne, who deolares that the Dome is visible evidence qf the truth of their assertions. ,Pete McDonald says that a long·tail­ ed oomet once burst over that section and spilt red hot gold fr~m its fiery tail over the hills as well as the vales. It is well worth a visit to hear him ex­ plain the ~'whys and wherefores" of that heavenly disturbance. There are B few who believe that the man in the moon had something to do with the distribution of gold, and the editor of the NEWS once told. in the San Francisco BUL­ LETIN how the "sun showered the gold in the lap of his sweetheart Alaska." As this tale was not gener­ aUy believed we feel constrained to give the problem up. We do know, however, that the gold is there in untold quantities; that hundreds of our friends are digging it out in big chunks, and that we are glad of it. THE MAN FROM DAWSON CITY (TUNE: Ta·ra·ra·Boom·de·ay) A man Irom Dawson tha, t you all know. Thought he'd 'take a trip below And the city people he "ould show Many things they did not know So from his mine h e 60ld some stock, pm the money in his sock, Landed on th e 'Frisco dock One morning just at ten o'clock. crONE: The 'Man That Broke the Bank at Monte Cnrlo), , As he strolled along up MarKct street some (unny things he 'spied. And his mouth flew open wide Till all th e people guyed. You could hear them Sill' , with nod and beck ItGet on to the ,man with the rubber neck," H e must hllve just arrived from Dawson City. N ow soon he heard an auction bell In a place with jewelry to sell, Said he," Of this I've oft heard tell " ,. But they can't fool tc.e for I'Dl on too well." So he strolled in to tha t jewelry store And a big crowd followed him through the door, The Quctioneer bega.n to roar And sell gold watches by the score. Said the auctioneer: "Here's a diamond ring, That fifty dollars can't buy." ' And he winked the other eye At the capper Btanding by. Then-the bids came fast, the bids came plenty, Until some sucker hollered "Twenty l' And he knocked it down to the man from Dawson City. That night he thought he would like to go To an entertainment not too slow, Where the ladies wear their gowns eu t low And kick their heels up high you know. In the Tenderloin he foun,d a place Where they eoppered the deuce and played t he ac The girls didn't wear much silk or lace But set a very llvely pace. A charming lady in a box His attention at once beguiled, And h is heart was beating wild When she beckon ed to him and Bmlled. • Ah," said he to himself," 'Tis plain to see That the girl in the box is stuck on me, She m UBt have heard of me up in Dawson City." So into that box he went to see Who the girl that was mashed on him could be. fI'Vhy, how do you do, come in," said she, And seated h erself upon his knee. She said, liMy dear, you're look ing fine," Just push the button for a bottle of wine. Alter the show we'll go out and dine, Then out 'round town fat a high old time." 1l.ut when he came to pay the l ill He .Jooked for his money In vain. He missed his watch and chain. And he roared with might and main. Then-In came the bouncer six feet tall And out of the Geezer took a fall; ,And they bounced the man that came trom Daw. son f:ity. When he had escaped from the crowd of men He longed for the old Yukon again, So he hurried down to Uncle Ben To soak the diamond ring for ten, But the Sheeney laughed when he heard the price, And said : "Its a. r·rhlnestone, very nicel You must bave von it shaken dice; l cud sell you a dozen for h~lluf the prlce.I' So he sold tbe ring for a dollar and a half, And to J unea u beat his wily. 'And "fter great d elay He managed to rench Dyea.. And there was many a time on the Chilcoot Pass, He stopped 8wh ile to kick himself, And wished that he was safe in Dawson City. The Output. .As will be seen from our cover, we have placed the output of gold for the year 1898 at forty inillions of dollars, this of course includes all the, mines on the Yukon River and the summer clean-up as well as that of the spring. Our calculations are based upon the estimates of conservative, well-inform­ ed miners residing there, and we be­ lieve that we are not far wrong. Sam W. Wall, the,well knoWn syndi­ cate correspondent, after a personal ARIZONA CHARLEY. The luckiest of al! the 1807 pilgrims to Klondike, is tl]e king of the cow boys, "Arizona Charley,'" rancher, miner, Wild West showman and all round frontiersman, so famous in the Southwest as an Indian fighter, a.nd known the world over as the greatest horseman on earth. pbarley landed tbe largest outfit of anyone man In the Klondike last year, taking 12 men on tbe grub stake plan and seven tons of provisions. His bad luck and misfor tune in the beginning was enough to have disheartened anyone, and of the two thousand who crossed Chilcoot Pass at the time h e did, not a half dozen reached the Klondike. The Sheep Camp flood swept the entire ou t fit away and a t Long Lake his horses which were poisoned ty the grass, a.11 died in one night. At Wind y Arm h e was wrecked and at Stewart River frozen in, but the word fall he never knew and quit he never did. Surrounded by such Old. tried and true trail blazers as Al Ford, Del Bishop, Bill Hempstead, Fisher, Beaudry, Anson and Alk elVch. they faced hardsh ips and dangers without flinching and laughed at misfortune and fate, until the middle of December, when they reached tbeir destination. A ,urn mary of the magnificent holdings of the Arizona man show that no ice melted under his feet duriIig his short stay in the land of gold. The Klondike is the Meccaof the plunger; it is there that tbe "Cinch playing two per cent per month" individual sees himself snowed with a comfortable start and barely making a living, while the reckless , and wild Cllt speculator attains tbousands and oft'times millions from a mere shoestring. Arizona Charley h':s 81 ways bee n a plunger, ha.s made and 'spen t half a dozen fortunes and has al ways been most , successful in his business enterprises In the Klondike his record beats that of all the gold hunters dur­ ing his short stay there. He 'bought, sold, bonded, traded and located mines and identified himself with severa l private enterprises. Just four months after his arrival in Klondike he r eturned to the outside with fifty thousand dollars in dust and some thirty interests in tbe very richest part of the diggings. He owns on·Dominon. Bear Creek, Skookum and Henderson; hils a one-sixtb interest in the Alaska Placer and Coal Company, the richest and strongest mining company in th e whole of Alaska. In this group there is fourteen miles of placer claims, four hundred and eigbty acres of coal land, a rich and well de­ fined quart. ledge and an elghtY'acre island of the richest bar diggings in the world. Mr. C. Meadows, which by the way is his proper name, is now on the Pacific Coast, organizing the best equ ipped pros­ pecting party that has ever gone into the Northwest country. He will return in July with flfteen pros­ pectors, all the latest modern mllchinery and two small light draft steamers for prospecting purposes. The history of ArizolJa Charley is familiar to all the English speaking world, he being one of the first settler. in Tonto Basin, Arizona, where, his father and two brothers were killed by the Indians. His youth was passed amid all the excitement and turmoil Incidental to strife and discord in an unsettled community, where the embers of Indian contention smoldered u ntil it burst into warfare! a child of the plains raised on borse back, by birth Ilnd early aSSOCiation, insensibly inured to hardship and danger. he has without knowing or intending it, made himself nationally famous. General Miles in his his tory of "Border Heroes" eulogizes the Arizona plainsman and attributes the capture of Geronimo and his murderous followers to the untiring efforts of the su bject of tbis sketch. During the last six years he has been twice aronnd the world, and has been entertained by almost every crowned bead under the Sun. He is a. shrewd business man, modest a.nd unassuming and free from the common faults of tbe typicial frontiersman. , 'His Agents are now in Paris arranging the preliminaries for a Klondike exhibition at the Exposition in 1900, one of the features of which will be a million dollars in !,;old dust from the New Eldorado. inspection of the leading creeks of the Klondike and Indian River districts, places their output in round figures at $27,000,000. Mr. Wall is a careful and conscien­ tious man with a reputation to sustain, and his figures are more to be relied upon than anyone's else we know of in the district. And while it is true that Capt. Ray, U. S. A., in his report places the out­ put at between eight and nine million dollars for the district, we would re­ spectfully suggest that although Cap­ tain Ray may be a good guesser, that he spent but two days in Dawson and never saw as much as a prospect hole during his visit. , Whether ,or not this enormous wealth will be shipped to the "outside" this year we are not prepared to say, but it would seem to anyone having a knowl­ edge of the country that such a pro­ ceeding on the part of the owners of the gold would be the rankest kind of folly. The rates of interest in Daw­ son are and will be five times as great as any investment the outside may offer, a~d equally as safe. The oppor­ tunities for investment in mining property and real estate are unequaled, and business chances afford larger profit there ' than any place in the known world, and it is hardly prob­ able that the wealth produced this year will be shipped unless the owners come with it. There is a prevailing noti~n in the United States that Dawson IS a very rough camp. When they pick up the morning paper they always expect to read of rapine and robbery, murder and violence. They fully expect a man for breakfast and think the news in this respect is being suppress~d. They will probably be surpnse~ to learn that such a thing as a shootmg­ scrape is unknown in Dawso~. Bya wise provision of the Canadian laws the inhabitants of Dawson and of the whole of Canada are prohibited from carrying "guns,;' consequently the man who loads himself up on "Hooch" and forty-rod whisky is not anxious to pick a fight, emboldened by the confidence which a six-shooter gives. The police protection under the Canadian laws is most admirable. This, together with the nl!turally ~eaceful disposition of the N 0r:t~e~n pIOneers, makes Dawson and VIClllity as law­ abiding as any prohibition town in :rvlaine. ADIOS. (:to-NIGHT the Editor sleeps. For full ~ five months he has been in a state of insominous inoxuetude. The first three months of the year he spent in running up and down the creeks seeking the information contained in these pages. Then came six weeks of tramping over the ice and traveling by steamer and rail from the sanctum in Dawson to the com­ posing room at San Francisco, and now we are finished. Hurrah! The printer's devil from the Schmidt Label and Lithographic Co., (who did the mechanical work for us) has just arrived to say that the foreman wants more copy to compiete the last form. We hasten to comply and take the oppor­ tunity of paying a well deserved compli­ ment to 0111' printers for the handsome paper they have turned out. The Schmidt Label and Litho Co., has been the leading house of its kind on the Pacific Coast for many years and in fact is the largest this side of Chicago. Max Schmidt the president and manager, commenced business ' in San , Francisco just 25 years ago with a capital of $40. Now, a hundred of complicated presses are whirling in the immense establishment and giving employment to 250 hands. The ten forms composing the "Klondike News" will soon be iSBuing from ten of these presses at the rate of 1,500 per hour for each machine . A half a hundred pretty girls will be en­ gaged b' efore the day is over in gathering and binding the forms together and the finishing touches will be put upon the first edition before this time to-morrow. Selah 1 If we have interested the reader and given him any information, our mission is accomplished. We did not write to boom the country-it needs no booming, and what is said here is but the simple truth of a wonderful country. Now a little rest and then-liThe Sum- mer Edition." V ALE. THE KLONDIKE NEWS. Frank Conrad. , THB experiences or J1'rank Conra. d, the owner of No. 15 above on Bonanza" from the time when he left his home , in Germany, to cut out a fortune for himself in foreign, lands, would make as interesting a book as ever was written. Such a book would differ from the general run of yellow-backed, blood-curdling nov­ els of the "Three-Finger Jack" type, i~asmuch as the adventures related would have the charm of being true. A detailed , history of Frank's travels would be replete with stories of hair-raising encounters with wild animals, hand to hand fights with bears, narrow escapes from falling into the hands of Indians and a hundred other ad­ ventures, the narration of which would eause the chills to go chasing up .one's spine. The story of his life furnishes a striking , example of what pluck and perseverance will do for a poor boy, who, alone and wi~h­ out friends, has to make the struggle 'for iortune against overwhelming odds, and forcibly emphasizes the fact that determin­ , ation and untiring effort will win their reward. Frank Conrad was born in Germany in 1861, but he left the Fatherland when barely 16 years old, and came to America, landing, in Baltimore. He was a stranger .in a strange land, but little acquainted with the language and less with the cus­ toms of the people, without a friend and not ' a cent in his pocket. Many others much older than he was, would have been in despair, but Frank had a hopeful nature and did not waste any time in grieving. He found employment at various things and remained in Baltimore a year. At the erid , of that time he started 'West, working his way on fast freight trains. When he ar­ rived at Bismarck, Dakota, he was com­ pelled to stop as that town marked the terminus of the Northern Pa­ dfic railroad at that time. Many river boats were then plying up and down the yellow bosom of the mighty Mis­ souri, and on one of these the youn'g man secured a job and for several months made the run from Bismarck to Fort Benton. This was in the days of the great activity in the quartz mines in ~ontana, and the Ezekiel Ogilvie. E ZEKIEL OGILVIE, whose portrait as he appeared in his winter cos­ tume, adorns this page, is a strong and athletio Nova Sootian 32 years old, as hard as an Arizona cowboy, and as agile as a cat. "Zeke" a8 he is familiarly called, made his advent in the Northwest in the fall of 1896, and located on Miller creek, where he prospected for 80me time with but little success. The golden nuggets did . not aW'lrd his searoh, and he was almost disheart­ ened and thoroughly' disgusted, when he heard the news of George Carmaok's' rioh discoveries on the Bonanza, which flew across the country like scandal in a prohibition town. He lost no time in conjectures as to ,the truth of the news but struck out at once and was one of the first fifty men on the ground. When he arrived he found that No. 32 above on Bonanza had not been located and he staked it. A less fort­ unate stampeder came along a short time after and to him Mr. Ogilvie sold out at a low figure. Zeke then bought a half interest in No.6. below on Bo­ nanza, one of the banner claims on the creek. There are forty men at richness 01 the quartz ledges that were being discovered cansed a great deal of ex­ citement throughout the country. Think­ ing that he could better himself, he went to Butte and worked in the quartz mines at that place and also in the mines at Phillips­ burg and Gregory. After working ten years in different parts of Montana, during which time he acquired valuablelmowledge of quartz; he went to Portland where he remained until the fall ofl1885 when he em­ barked on the steamer Ancon en route for Juneau. In those days enough was known about the mineral deposits in the interior of Alaska, to excite the curiosity of prospect· ors, who believed that the almost unknown country afforded a good field , for their rasearches. The young man spent the win­ ter in Juneau, gathering some very valua- · ble information about the country and when spring opened left Juneau to go into the country over the Chilcoot pass. But he;e a disappointment awaited him for the Indians who were much more hostile than now, forcibly protested against the invasion of the country by the "Cheechaka," that being the name by which the Indians dub­ bed'the white men. All the blandishments and threats which were used by the miners work on the claim now getting out the .paygravel, which from its immense width and depth; would take them years to work out at the present me­ thod of working. The pay streak Beems to run the full width of the creek bottom at this point, which is more than 300 feet from rim to rim. Rich bench claims are located on each side in which the pay dirt is present in large quantities. Mr. Ogilvie bas a half ~nterest in No. 3 above on the now booming mining section, Hunker creek, and a full claim on the Calder creek, another promising stream. He will come out this summer and visit ,the United States, and it goes without saying that he will enjoy his visit after his long absence from ci viIi­ zation. ' The deepest shaft in Klondike is - 104 feet, and is located on Sko lkum Gulch, Ithe ground is frozen all the way to that depth, and bed rock bas not been reached. Some energetic farmer Can make a fortune by bringin'g in a few sacks of seed potatoes. Potatoes raised here are worth from $1.00 to $2.00 per lb. ann on the Pelly, Stewart and Sixty­ mile rivers, they produce equally as well as they do south of here. No 6 BONANZA BELOW to get the natives to recede from the posi­ tion they had taken and to permit the party to proceed on its way over the sum­ mit, were in vain. As the natives were there in a strong force, and as the trip would not be expedited by an encounter, the whites were forced to give way and they turned reluctantly back towards the ' coast. The expedition would have been aban­ doned but for the arrival at Sitka of the U. S Revenue Cutter Bear. The party has­ tened to Sitka and told their story to the Captain of the 1ship who ieturned with them and made a speech to the angry natives, in which he told them that the white men were "good medicine.'~ It was owing to the great I influence of the officer of the Bear that the Indians consented to cease their hostili ties and a !low the "Cheechakas" to go their way unmo­ lested. Mr. Conrad and party reached the Big Salmon river without further annoyance from the Indians. Here they built a raft and loading on their provisions and cook­ ingutensils, got aboard and went down the river for about sixty milee, prospecting as they went aloug· It waB on this river that the party met with an accident that came No, J5 BONANZA ABOVE. w. A., Miller. T HOSE who were caught in that disas· trous avalanche known as the "Sheep Camp Flood," will never forget W. A. Miller, the subject of this sketch, and what words of praise may be wrItten concerning his noble deeds on that memorable occasion, when men were swept into eternity without a moment's warning and others were miraculously rescued, des· titute, but thankful, will never convey to their minds ohe·half what is in their hearts. If ever there was a time that would try men's souls, and bring out the good quali­ tiPR "f the heart, tbat was one of them. l\lr. l\liller showed that beneath his coat beat a heart filled with love for his fellow man and sympathy that did not end with kind words. He escaped the full force of the flood and was one of the first to the rescue of those who had felt its violence. Tearing off his slicker he placed 'it about the shoulders of very nearly costing them their lives. That they ever lived to get out is due to the ' cool headedness and prompt action of Con- . rad. They were floating down the river one day when one of the sweeps got caught in a tree and before any of the party knew how it happened the raft capsized, throw­ ing Conrad and four others intothestream. .The young man succeeded in grabbing hold of the raft, and while still in the water managed to cut the tree "which held the sweep and the raft righted itself. The men were saved but all of the provisions and the cooking' utensils were lost. This accident necessitated a trip to Fort Yukon where supplies were purchased and the party then renewed their prospecting. The Stewart river was prospected for 100 miles, the bars yielding considerable gold, Conrad rocking out $300 for a ,grub 'Stake. It was while coming down this river that he killed a magnificent moose which furnished fresh meat for the party. Afterwintering at the mouth of the Stew­ art, Conrad went down the river to Forty Mile in the spring of '8i where he prospected for some time and where he had some very exciting experiences with the bears, which were 'very numerous in that section at the time. I· when twenty-four years pld came to New r, York. Possessed of great executive and business ability, he was imide manager of the American Trust Company of 173 Broad­ way, New York. The position was one of grave responsibilities, and .one seldom en­ trusted to so young a man, but Mr. Miller proved that his ability was equal to the great trust and he held the managerial chair for four years, giving the utmost sat" isfaction to the company, In 1892 he re- a half-naked man, and then went to the I signed on account of his health which had aid of others of the unfortunate He begun to fail. That was not the only posi­ divided his food with them, and bought , tion of trust with which the young man clothing with which to clothe those who was honored for he w.as given the manage­ had lost their all in the rushing waters. ment of the Methuen Mining Company of His kindness was not alone for the living, Eastern Ontario, a concern which repre­ for the dead appealed to his great heart and sented vast interests. He al~o officiated in he saw that those whose poor crushed the same capacity Jor the Ontario & Michi­ bodies were rescued from the debris were gan Mining Company and subsequently given a Christian burial. He smashed his was called to take charge of the Canadian boat and with the lumber made coffins for Mica Mining Company and went to Victoria, the interment of th~ ,unfortunates. It was in one of these coffins that the body of young Choyinski was buried. The gold seekers could find no more worthy man to put on the committee formed for the relief of the sufferers in tbe flood, and his work in ministering to their wants justified the confidence reposed in him. B. C., in its interests. When the news of the goldtstrike on the Klondike came he was filled with a gteat desire to go into that country where thous­ ands of seekers after fortunes were rushing. His first, intention was to go to Cook's Inlet and he started on the trip but very fortu­ nately abandoned the idea and went to Dyea. Mr. Miller was born inToronto, Canada, At this place he .was joined by Murat in 1864, of American parents . He gradu- Masterson, an old mining expert and one ated from the UniverSIty at that place, and of the best authorities on mines in the t7 One day while out prospeoting with a partner, a bigsil ver ti Ii bear ' came ' upon them. The pattnerstreaked it d'own the river for a gun, puttin~four 'long milE\s be· tween himself and bruin. Conran threw stones at the bear, who, not likirig ' tl:i~t. sor~ of attention, emitted a growl ' and ' /3tarted down the hillside like a "locoed" broncho in the direction of the miner. Frank gave a yell and made a wild dash for a tree, mak· ing better time than he ever did before in his life. He scrambled up among the branches and sat there awaiting the return of his partner and the gun. Bruin sat on his haunches at the foot of the tree, lick· ing his chops in anticipation of the meal which he would have when the man came down, but Frank was enjoying the scenery from his , high perch and never moved. After wai ting a long time tlie bear finally got disgusted and went away much to the satisfaction and relief of the man in the tree whose position was getting to be some· what painful. At another time while he was busy pros­ pecting in the dver, a big bear jumped off a bank and getting up on his hind legs, rushed at Conrad and offered to give him an old fashioned embr'lce with his hairy arms. That was one of the times that Frank took water, and he doesn't care who knows it. The act saved his life for the bear evi­ de'ntly preferred something stronger in hia, and refused to follow him. Mr. Conrad spent Bome time in prospect- 1 ing on Miller creek and also in Franklin gulch, making good grub stakes in both places. ' In the winter of 1896, he followed up ~he stampeders to the Klondike,' where 1!e bought a half interest in No. Hi above on Bonanza creek. This claim is known &s one of the best paying properties on thl'! Bonanza. It is being worked by a force of twenty-five men and quite a large amount of pay dirt has been put on the dumps. When this is washed up in the spring it will be found to yield a large fortune in shining, yellow gold. The pay streak on No. 15 extends from rim to rIm, Ii, distance of about 300 feet and has an average depth of five feet. The dirt is very rich and a large portion of the ground yields from $1 to $30 to the pan. This fcrtunate young miner also owns a quarter interest in No. 11 Eldorado, which is one of the richest claims on that stream. In 1897 he took twenty ounces of gold from one pan taken from the drift. Mr. Conrad is a good' natured young fel­ low, who loves a joke, and is fond of a good story. He is a strong, active man, a true type of the hearty frontiersman, and an all round good com].lanion. country to-day, and together they went in light over the pass. When at Sheep Camp they were delay­ ed for a time by the flood, and in the work of rescue that followed, Mr. Mil­ ler was ably assisted by his companion, Mr. Masterson, a big-hearted miner, in reliev­ ing the distress occasioned by that catastro­ phe. The trip to Dawson was not devoid of incidents which, though important, appeared but trifling in comparison to that which they had experienced on the trail. The great ability which had caused him to be selected to take charge of the large mining interests represented by the com­ panies of which he had been the manager, soon made itself man~fest in the country of rich placers and it was not long before he became known as a successful mining oper- , ator. Mr. Miller owns some of the richest claims in the Klondike district, and is rep­ resented on many well known creeks. One of h is val ued possessions is , a bench claim ' on Bonanza, opposite No. 40. It is very rich and yields considerable nuggets. Nug­ get gulch is another rich section where he has a claim, He owns No. 16 there. He has many interests in Hunker, both above and below discovery, and these will, with­ out doubt, produce a fortune for him. Another source of prospective wealth is a claim on Henderson creek where he owns No. 49 above. On Greunele creek, a small stream which promises to yield rich depos­ its, he located and still owns the discovery claim, and has interests in Nos_ 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 11 below and 3,7 and 8 above on that creek. On Ensley he owns 16 and in-. terests in 13,14. ]5 and 18 above, and on Rosebud, he has No. 15 below. Besides all these good properties he owns No. 21 and a half interest in No. 67 on Nine Mile, and 37 on Baker and a half interest in38 on the latter creek. It is difficult to estimate the amount rep­ resented in all these interests but it is safe to say that it will reach at least a million. Mr. Miller is a good-looking young man, a neat dresser, and a courteous, kindly gen­ tleman. His ,picture, which is , shown herewith does not do him justice for it was taken in winter wh~n the sun did not show his face, and the artist was further handi­ capped by the moon which, at the time, was in the dark. 18 The The site of the city of Dawson, or the major portion of it,is owned by the Daw­ son Town Site Company. It was bought from the Dominion Gov­ ernment at the rate of ten dollars per acre, and the final certificate of owner­ ship was issued in June, 1897, to Messrs. Arthur Harper, Joseph · Ladue and Thomas Kirkpatrick, who constitute tne Dawson Town Site Company. The com­ pany's title is considered perfect, and the final receipts from the Land Department of the Canadian Government may be seen at their office. That tOwn lots in Dawson are destined to be very valuable it can be readily un­ derstood, when the limited area of level land is taken into consideration. A glance at the birdseye view above will give tne reader a better idea of the situ. ation than a whole page of print. In the whole town site there are per­ haps a hundred and sixty acres, or not over two thousand lots. And if all the people now en route for the Yukon coun­ try should decide to settle in Dawson, there will not be standing room for them. As may be seen from the picture, the town at the time the photograph was taken was mainly situated on the banks of the river and extending from one end of the fiats to the other. It will no doubt be bnilt up this summer far into the foot­ hills. There is a: fall of about nine feet from the foot-hills to the river bank, and the distance is less than half a mile. There is a prevalent notion abroad in the land that Dawson will he an extreme­ ly unhealthy spot during the coming sum­ mer. There Is no reason why this should be so. There is everY,: facility for drain­ age, and arrangements looking to this end have been perfected. Ditches and drains will be constructed from the high ground to the river, and all standing water by , this means carried away. It must also be remembered that, while the site of Dawson is low and swampy, -there Is solid ice a few feet under the mud, and the festive microbe will have a very chllly time trying to propogate his kind. Every effort will be made to clean up the filth and rubbish which neces­ sarily accumulates during the six months or more in which snow covers the ground, and all possible precautions will be taken to render the sanitary conditions as near­ ly perfect as possible. The health of Dawson during the win­ ter has been remarkably good, and in cur opinion the sickness that it is supposed will dep. epulate the town will be found wanting. Such things are always exag­ gerated. It is not the intention of this article nor of the entire paper to boom the country or the town. '.rhe town needs no. boom­ ing, and there are too many people there now in all prebabllity. Our mission is only to give the news and tell the truth regarding the place. There have been and will be enormous fortunes made in Dawson Real Estate. The lot now known as the ··Opera-house Lot" sold for five doHars. in the fall of 1896. In Jl1ly, 1897, it was sold by Harry Ash to Bakke. Wilsen & Co.. for eight thousand dollars. At the time of the fire in November It was appraised at fifteen _ thousand dollars, and in December a third interest was sold at the rate of thirty thousand dollars for the entire lot. The lot on which Smith & Gates' Monte Carlo building now stands was bought by Jim McCauly In the fall of 1897 for three thousand doHars, and was considered a bad speculation. He sold it for twelve thousand dollars In three menths, and ·It would be very cheap now at thirty theu­ sand dollars. The first ten lots on ]'ront Street were sold for less than one hundred dollars, Ilnd they are new worth, and would read­ Uy bring, a quarter of a million. T:-I E KLON DIKE NEWS. Dawson Townsite Company and Lot 5 in Block "B" of Dawson was sold last week (March 15th) for fifteen thou­ sand dollars in cash, Its only improve­ ment being an old cabin. This lot could have been bought less than a year ago for a hundred and fifty dollars. The let on the corner of Second Street and 'l'hlrd A venue sold in the spring of 1897 for a thousand dellars; In July of that year for twenty-two hundred dol­ lars; on February 22nd, 1898, it brought six thousand dollars in cash, and on March 1st Its owner refused ten thousand dollars for it. It will probably be worth forty thousand dollars before winter sets in. There was no survey of the town site back of Third Avenue unt!llast summer, when it was then surveyed up to and in­ cluding Seventh Avenue. Lots on Seventh Avenue were selling early in the spring of 1898 for three hundred dollars, with five hundred dollars for corners, having doubled In value in Sixty days. And it was the inten.tien of the cempany to. double the prices again May the 1st. -- the leading feature of a new mining camp is entirely absent In Dawson, and sin fiaunts Its scarlet face in the great cities of the United States more openly and with less lawful check than in this far away mining camp. The regulatlo,ns for the governing ef the retail liquor tramc are quite stringent, and are as follows: Regulations governing the retail sale of Intoxicating liquors In tbe Yukon dis­ trict, adopted at a meeting of the Board of Commissioners held on W,j!dnesday, the 20th day of April, 1898, at Dawson, N. W. T.: 1-Every appllcant for a permit for the sale ef liquer shall deposit with his ap­ pllcation the sum of $50. 2-The building for which the permit Is avplied must be satisfactory to the Board of Commissioners, having sleeping ac­ commodations for at least twenty guests, such sleeping accommodations to be sup­ plied not later than 1st day of June, 1898, . and must be provided with a suitable eut­ house. LEADING REAL ESTATE O"WNERS. Late reports from Dawson published in the Pacific Coast newspapers tell of boom prices for town lots that are quite aston­ Ishing. By the same means we learn that the most rigid sanitary regulations are being carried out by the inhabitants of Daw­ son, and the threatened epidemic has been nicely headed off. Owners of property are now compelled to ditch and drain their premises, erect outhouses and put down sidewalks; and a well-paved city is rapidly taking the place ef a very muddy town. Of course, the buildings used for resi­ dence purposes are nothing mere than log cabins, but some of the structures of this summer will be of two and tbree stories, and would be a great credit. to any town. The very best of order Is observed In Dawson, and a lady unaccompanied may safely walk the streets either by day or night without the remotest fear of an un­ civil word or rude action from anyone. The lewdness generally supposed to be 3-Every person whose application for a permit for the retail sale of liquor shall have been approved shall pay for such permit an annual fee of $2,000. 4-0nly one bar or place where liquor Is sold shall be allowed in any premises, and the Inn In which such bar is situated shall be entirely partitioned off from any portion of the premises in which busIness of any other nature Is carried on. Any epening in such partition must be so ar­ ranged that the interior of such ether rooms or recess shall not be vIsIble from the bar. 5-Bars shall be closed and no sale or other disposal o· f liquer shall take place therein, o- r on any premises for which a permit has been granted, between the hours of 12 o'clock on Saturday night and 6 o'clock on Monday morning, or between the hours of 2 o'clock and 6 o'clOCK on · the mornings of Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday In each week, Northwest Terrlto- ry Mounted Po­ lice Barrack time. In case it Is neces­ sary to go through the bar to enter the otber portions of the premises the con­ tents of tbe bar must be entirely hidden by a wooden screen during such hours as by these regulations the bar Is required to remain closed, such screen to be pro- vided not later than 1st day ef June, 1898. 6-Any inspector appointed by the Board ef Cemmissleners shall, for the purpose of preventing or detecting the violation of any of these regulations, at any time have the right to enter any and every part of any premises In respect of which a permit has been granted and to make searches in every part he may think necessary for the purpose of seeing if there is any immoral conduct allowed In the premises. 7-In case the holder of any permit sball bave been convicted for the third time of the sale of intoxicating liquor contrary to the regulations herein pro­ vided, his permit shall be immedIately canceled by the board. In this cennec­ tlon, the conviction of the servant or em­ ployee of any holder of a permit shall be considered as a conviction of the helder of the permit himself. 8-No holder of a permit shall be al­ lewed to. transfer bis permit or to remove Into other than those premIses In respect of which such permit was granted with­ out the written consent of the Board of Cemmlssloners and the payment of a fee of $50. 9-These regulations sball be subject to revision at any time by the Board of Commissioners. CLIMATE. About the first question asked of a Yu­ koner when he returns to Civilization (?) Is, "How in the world do you stand the cold ?" .Llke many other things In the Yukon country, the severity of the climate has been exaggerated. Not that the Mercury does not drcp to the bottom o- f the bulb and remain there for days at a time, but the cold is clear and dry and there Is very little suffering in thIs respect. 'l'he winters at Dawson are extremely pleasant; the wind does not hOWl through the cracks in the cabin, and no storm clouds the skies. And while it Is true that the sun neglects to show his face fer two months of the winter, yet there Is no darkness. The reflectlen of the stars upon the . white glistening surface of the earth Is sufficient to light up the valleys and the hills, and no Dawsonlte ever thinks of carrying a lantern. Tbere is positively no suffering on ac­ count of the cold, and miners werk each and every day in the year. II "...c... .- -- --- -- --:=::-- --=---=. - ---------~ No one was fl·ozen to death in the Klo-ndike ceuntry last winter. Three men, however, were foolish enough to at­ tempt to travel with wet feet, and as a natural consequellce are now minus sev­ eral toes. The old-tim- er always steps and builds a fire if by chance he should get wet, and the new-comer will do well to profit by his example. It Is safe to say that a more healthy climate than that of Dawson during the winter does not exist on the face of cre­ ation, and those contemplating a trip there will do well to have their clothes made several sizes too large in order to provide for the increase in avoirdupois that always follows a residence there. The weather during February and March is usually delightful, with the ex­ ception of a few days, the sun shining for a good twelve hours and the thermometer ranging not far from the zero mark. Be it remembered, however, that the dry cold of a zero day is much pleasanter than a misty, windy fifty-degree-above day upon the Coast. In June the sun at­ tends strictly to. business, and were there chickens in Dawson, they really weuld not know when to go to roost. Old Sol barely dips behind the Dome in mid-sum­ mer, and twilight blends into dawn with a celerity truly amazing. It is hardly necessary to say that at this season things get rather warm, the mercury hovering around the hundred mark for several months, and the most pertinent climatic question that could be put to the returning Yukoner would be, "How in tbe werld do you stand the beat?·, WATER. There is an abundance of water all over the Northwest, but during the heat­ ed term it would be found best to boil all . the water used for drinking purposes. During the winter the water supply at Dawson and surrounding country is ob­ tained by melting ice and from the "air holes" cut through the ice of the river. The water obtained from the river dur­ ing the winter is an exceedingly pure, healthful and quite chilly beverage, which is indulged in much more freely than might be supposed. Every saloon and most of the business houses keep a large tank of river water and melted icc in a prominent place for the benefit ef their customers, and it is constantly pat­ ronized. Exceeding dryness of the atmo­ sphere keeps the Dawsonite continually thirsty, and although other liquids · are partakeu ef with joy and alacrity, It Is also necessary for even the natives of Kentucky resident there, to take a drink of Ice water ever and anon. No ill effects are experienced from the large quantities of water drank and these copious libations are popularly supposed to fatten up the drinker. · The ice in the river opposite Dawson formed to a thickness of three feet dur­ Ing the past winter, and just below town there was· open water for nearly half a mile during the entire season. Wby this water did not freeze, with the thernwm­ eter sixty degrees below, is a problem for which we offer no solution. It is a common sight to see citizens of high . and lew degree traveling to and from the "water hole" with a tea kettle in one hand and a tin bucket in the other, while those who do not live close to the "water hole" could be as often seen ge­ ing eut with a gunny sack and an axe or pick to . get their daily water supply. :Many men made good wages In supplying customers at fifty cents per" bucket. During the summer, however, the wat­ ers of the rIver are muddy and unfit to drink. Ice, too, Is quIte scarce, and was a lux-· ury last summer, costing fifty cents per· pound. Large quantities of it was packed dur­ Ing the past winter for the coming sum­ mer's use, and It Is not expected that such prices w1ll be obtainable another· season. There Is a large spring ot. pure cold water gushing from the hillside just above the tewn, and arrangements are­ beIng made to sup· ply the city from this source during the summer months. The exceedingly light fall of snow in this section contains very little moisture, and It is said that water thus obtained is. very debilitating when used as a drink. Any lack of good drinking water this, season will be more than compensated by the establishment of several breweries, however, and no suffering is anticipated frem abnormal thirst in the future. THE ' KLON!JIKE NEWS. Harper and Ladue Mill Company.~-........-..... Equal to the best Eldorado gold mine Is the Harper and Ladue Saw Mill. The mill was not operated during the winter, but will be running in full blast early this spring. It is equipped with all the latest machinery, and will turn out over a mil­ lion feet of lumber this summer, worth from a hundred and fifty to two hundred dollars per thousand. The company pays spot cash for logs or wood, and people coming down the river cannot do better than to stop a few days in the heavy timber above Dawson, and construct a raft of good house or saw logs, or even a raft of logs suitable for firewood. There is money in it. ']'he mining interests of the Harper and Ladue Company are enormous, being on the very l'ichest creeks and in choice loca­ tions. It is no exaggeration to say that millions of dollars will come from the claims !n which the company is interest­ ed. ']'heir interests are mainly centered In Hunker and Bonanza, although they own one full claim in the heart of El­ dorado and several upon that wonderful­ ly rich feeder known as "French Gulch." As is now well known, Hunker Creek is at its best from Discovery to 50 below, a distance of about five miles, and in this stretch of gravel they own no less than six full claims. The following list of claims are the ones in which Messrs. H arper, Ladue, Kirkpatrick and Morford, are interested. Bonanza. No. 3 above-Stewart, Kirkpatrick, Harper and Ladue. No. 30 above-Harper, Ladue & Co. No. 47 above-Harper, Ladue & Co. No. 9 below-Morford, Kirkpatrick, H arper and Ladue. No. 11 below-Morford, Kirkpatrick, Harper and Ladue. No. 12 below-Morford, and Jack Dal­ ton. , No. 50 below- Morford & Co. Hunker. No. 30 above-Morford, Harper & Kirk­ patrick. No. 16 below":"Kirkpatrick, Harper and Ladue. No. 17 below-Harper, Kirkpatrick, Morford & Co. No. 18 belo'w-Harper, Kirkpatrick, Morford & Co. No. 20 below-Harper, Kirkpatrick, Morford & Monroe. No. 23 below-Morford, Kirkpatrick, Harper & Co. No. 25 below-Harper, Ladue and Aleck McDonald. ' Messrs. Harper, Ladue, Kirkpatrick and Morford also own No. 39 Eldorado, No. 15 Adams Gulch, several claims upon Bear Creek, and extensive interests in Gold Bottom. It will be noticed that the claims above mentioned are in the very best portions of the richest creeks, and have most all ,been purchased at good round figures and only after careful inspection. JOS. LADUE. To the majority of our readers It is quite possible that the name of Joseph Ladue is more familiar than anyone of whom we have been called upon to write about. When the first news reached the United States til at gold had been discovered in larger quantities than in any placer de­ posits 'yet known, and that a town called Dawson was rapidly springing up near the site of tile discovery, people also heard at the same time that the town site was owned by Joseph Ladue. 'rhp. newspapers fairly bristled with me name of Ladue; we were told by the veracious chronicles that he was born in Canada, California, England, and on the Yukon, and his wealtJi was estimated by the same reliable sources as exceeding ( '-~l_ .-/' c: ----'-_.L-L~,- - - , --- --~ -------, - -----~-.... - :::::...-- .........=---=--- - the Vanderbilt, Gould and Rockefeller estates. The papers also conceived all sorts of romances about this northern pio­ neer, from killing Indians to getting mar­ ried. Mr. Ladue is really a native of the State of New York, having been born In the little town of Plattsburg, something like forty-three years ago. He , came West while still in 'his teens and lived for some time in Dakota, landing on the Yu­ kon River, however, some fifteen years ago. There he met Arthur Harper, one of the first men to have visited that sec­ tion, and with him formed a p{lrtnership that lasted until the latter's death. They were engaged in mining and trading on the Yukon during this time, their princi­ pal place of business being at the mouth of the Pelly River, or what Is known as Port Selkirk. Mr. Ladue was one of the fi.rst men to reacll Dawson after the strike, and he saw at once that the town-site' of the city that must 'surely follow would be upon the little flat just below tile mouth of the Klondike River. With commendable business sagaCity he at once secured from the Canadian govern'ment a land grant conSisting of the best part of the flat, and proceeded to layout a town. - .~ .- low on Hunker, one of his most valuable claims on Gold Bottom Creek, and an im­ mensely rich quartz ledge on the same strearq. He also conveyed to it the saw­ mill and timber grant, as well as forty of the choicest town lots in Dawson. This deed was ratified by his partner, Mr. Harper, who , came out In September, and the two men became large stockhold­ ers In the concern. The capital stock is five million dollars, and there is one mil­ lion dollars of preferred treasury stOCk. The ' company also purchased several steamers to run between the Pacific Coast and Dawson, being what is known as "The Gold Pick Line." They will also operate warehouses and stores at different points on the Yukon River, and have purchased and shipped over five hundred tons of -prOVisions for this purpose on their three steamers. The "Joseph Ladue Company" also in­ cludes In its assets all of the property of the Golden Wedge Mining Company, of Rossland, B. O. It Is thelt purpose to, extensively work their mining Interests at once, especially the quartz ledge on Gold Bottom. And for this purpose have purchased and shipped to Dawson a splendid stamp mill of a new kind. It will be operated by Thos. Kirkpatrick. The resident superintendent of the im­ mense Interests of Harper anll Ladue, in the Dawson 'I'own Site Company, in the sawmill, and in their immense mining interests Is Thomas Kirkpatrick, who is also a part owner in the property. So excessively modest, however, Is Mr. Kirkpatrick, that we have been unable to obtain any particulars of his life upon which to base a biogl~aphical sketch. tie fiies from a newspaper man like an east­ ern tourist in a California earthquake, and it was as impossible to obtain a phot­ ograph of his handsome features as it would have been to have eaten turkey at our Christmas dinner. Tom Kirkpatrick is a man of affairs; one who handles large transactions daily and with consummate ease. :tiotbing seems to worry him nor frustrate him, and he moves on In the even tenor of his _ way as calm -as a Spring morning, while others, with one-eighth of his business cares, fiy around with feVerish haste and , accomplish nothing. 'I'he responsibility upon Mr. Kirkpat­ riclt's shoulders would prove a heavy burden to many - a man, but to him seems to be just what he expected all the time. MAIL LEAVING THE BARRACKS. Duriitg the past winter, Mr. Ladue and his attorney, Mr. E. F. Botsford, have been in Ottawa, Canada, arranging for the confirmation of the grant, and now hold fr?ID the Canadian government a patent which forever sets at rest any questions as to the title of town lots in Dawson. While the mining excitement there was still in its infancy, Mr. Ladue located and purchased some of the most valuable mining properties in the district, and also secured a timber grant, he having re­ moved his sawmlll there from up the river. In all these ventures Arthur Harper was an equal partner, and the two men afterward became ,associated with M.r. Kirkpatrick. Mr. Ladue left Dawson in June of lti97, and visited the eastern part of the United States, where he organized the "Joseph Ladue Gold Mining and Development Company of the Yukon." His promi­ nence in the mining metropolis of the Yu­ kon was not underestimated in such places as New York and London, and some of the most prominent men In the United States became officers and direct­ ors of the new company. He deeded to the corporation formed claim No. 23 be- steam, and contain two sets of tools, with power for twenty stamps. The officers and directors of the "Jo­ seph Ladue Gold Mining and Develop­ ment Company of the Yukon" are as fol­ lows: Officers. Joseph Ladue, President; Smith M. Weed, Vice-President; E. F. Botsford, Secretary and 'Treasurer; Thomas Kirk­ patrick, Manager; S. O. Morford, Attor­ ney; Samuel T. Coniding, Superintendent, W. H. B. Lyon, Assistant Superintendent, W. T. Libby, Superintendent Quartz Mill. Directors. Joseph Ladue, lion. James A. Roberts, Sir James Grant, Ely J. Gage, Hon. Smith M. Weed, Irwin O. Stump, Edwin G. Maturln, .Thomas Kirkpatrick, Hon. Thomas L: James, E. F. Botsford, W. J. Arkell, Willard Brown, E. B. Bronson, Hon. J. Nesbit Kirshoffer. '£hls powerful corporation wlll do much to break the iron rule of the old companies, and its advent Into the com­ mercial world of Dawson will be hailed with dellght by those who have so long felt the despotism that sprang from no competition. There is very little of that element known as luck in tile successful career of this young man. There wel'e hundreds who arrived at Dawson at the time he did with equal capital and possibly bet­ ter opportunities, and while many have succeeded, few, if any of them, have done as well. When the first few homes were erected in Dawson, fortune stood knocking at each door; some opened the doors a little, and some threw them wide open, but 'I'om Kirl{patrlck took the door from its hinges and threw it into tile Yukon. We will not say that Tom Kirkpatrick is "everybody's friend," but the friends he "has and, their adoption tried," need want no better friend. He is still young in years; possibly thirty-five, rather above the medium height, and a glossy dark mustache adorns his regular pleasant features. While he is perfectly at home in th e office of the company, or while keeping the books of the store, he Is also one of the Yukon's noted travelers, and may often be seen on the coldest winter days speeding behind a splendid dog team on a fifty or hundred mile journey. Every detail of the Company's Immense bUSiness, from the value of a dump to the number of feet of lumoer in a saw­ log, he Is thoroughly familiar with, and might be termed an all-round business athlete. ARTHUR HARPER. The death of Arthur Harper in No­ vember last removed from the Yukon one of its old landmarks. Fully a quarter of a century ago Mr. Harper first arrived on the Yukon, and it was his home continuously up to the time of his death. When he first reached the country the Indians were hostile and treacherous, and had just burned several of the posts of the Hudson Bay Company. -One of these are situated near the site of what is now known as :B'ort Selkirk, and where Mr. Harper resided for so many years of his life. By kindness and fair dealing he won the everlasting regard of the Indian tribes, until they came to look upon hIm as a father, and flocked to him for ad­ vice. Very little Is known of Mr. Harper's early life, but its latter twenty-five years Is an open book, upon whose pages there can be found nothing that ever sullied his fair fame. lIe was a kind-hearted man, greatly admired by his white neighbors and worshiped by his darker friends, and there will , be mourning among the Children , of tile Forests when the news of his departure to the Great Spirit becomes known. Mr. Harper's residence at Fort Selkirk had probably more to do with placating the hostile Indians, and thus allowing the white man to develop the country than any other factor in the history of the in­ terior. He was Sixty-three years of age at the time of his death, and had long been suf­ fering from that dread disease consump­ tion. It was hoped by his family and friends that a journey to the warm and dry climates of Arizona and New Mexico would benefit the sufferer and prolong his useful life. But the trip was too much for his enfeebled system, and his gentle spirit passed away at Yuma, on November 24, 1897. Although he died fal' from the northern home he loved so well, his good deeds there live after him and will ever be a monument- to his memory. s. O. MORFORD. Judge .s. o. Morford, who Is the resi­ dent manager and legal adviser of the Harper and Ladue interests, was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, in 1849, and spent his early life on the farm. He graduated from the State Normal School, Edinborough, Pennsylvania, and a few years after, took a course in law at the, Hastings Law College, In San Francisco. where he was admitted to the bar. '£he young lawyer then taught school In Lake County, and there served as Superintendent of Public Schools in the years 1878,9. He next practiced law in San :B'rancisco for foul' years, and from there went to Yakima County, Washing­ ton, and engaged in the practice of the law for almost a dozen years. In the Spring of 1895, Judge Morford started for the interior of Alaska'; his ad­ ventures, trials and hardships on that eventful trip would fill many ' pages of the "News" with an interesting story, but as it is against the wishes of the judge that even this short story Is print­ ed, we wlll be brief. He was one 01' the unfortunates who went on the Takau trail, which starts near Juneau' and ends in a wilderness, and the Morford party were several months In reaching theil' destination. ' Mr. Morford went on a prospecting trip up the Klondike River last Fall, where he was caught in a terrific storm which nearly resulted in his death. For thirty­ six hours, without blankets or food, he struggled through a blinding snowstorm, with the thermometer below zero, finally reaching a miner's cabin completely ex­ hausted. Mr. Morford's mining interests, whIch are large, appear upon this page. Judge Morford is a very robust, vigor­ ous man, both mentally and physically. 'I'he cold weather has no terrors for him, and he wears neither furs nor overcoat, and, in fact" is generally In his shirt sieeves both winter and summer. In the picture of the Harper and Ladue office, Judge Morford may 'be seen, coat­ less as usual. He is the right hand fig­ ure ;n the group. The Klondike News. PUBLISHED QUARTERLY BY THE KLON DIKE "NEWS PUBLISHING CO. Entered in the Postoffiee at San 'Francisco as second class matter . Fully Copyrighted in the United States, Canada and G reltt Brit!l-in. VIRGIL MOORE, l'ditOT. CHARLES MEADOWS, Gen'J Manager. W, C. WILl\:INS, Artht. Earl Mickel 1971 SAllUTE. @ 011TH this iss ue THE KLONDIKE -~ NEWS e nte rs a new and un- tried field , but with flattering prospects and' with no fear of fa ilure . As th e first a nd only newspaper eve r at­ tempted on the great Yukon River, we occupy a unique place in journalism and feel extremely proud of this distindion . Backed and promoted as we are by the miners a nd business me n of Dawson and vicinity, it will be our constant aim to serve th e ir inte rests. Th~se in high places will receive no more consid e ration t ha n the humb Jest in. dividual in the land, an d any proposition we believe to be detrimental to the inter· ests of the country will be handled with­ out gloves. In our eyes the prospector who roam s these mountain s with a grub stake on hi s back, is doing as mu ch to bu ild up the country as the capitalist who buys the products of his toil, and the penniless miner who sin ks a hole on an undeve loped creek does more for us than the speculator who buys our real estate. ' So without regard to "color, race, sex or prevIous condition", we adopt our Motto of "Equal Rights to All ". The Upper Klondike. T HERE is every reason to believe that im portant discoveries will be made on the Upper Klondike this year. The lower river has given u~ Eldora­ do, Bonanza, Bear , Hunker, Gold Bot­ tom, All Gold, Too much Gold and many other treasury-laden gravel beds, so what 's the matter with the upper river doing a little good for its country. The river is popularly supposed to be a 150 or more milcs long and the rich tribu­ taries just named all occur on its lower forty miles. Several trustworthy prospectors have reported the existence of a large stream heading j. ust beyond the "King Dome" and fl owing .. toward the Klondike, almost parallel with Too Much Gold Creek . E x­ plorations up the Klondike, for sixty miles however,. donot r eveal its Mouth and it will undoubtedly prove to be the Right Fork of the Klondike . . If such is t he case this stream must be fully seventy-five miles long, circling far off to the right through unexplored te .. rit.ory and adjoining the Klondike Il.bout eighty mBes above Daw­ son. There will be room on it for fifteen hun­ dred claims, to say nothing of its "pups" and feeders. The existence of this large stream has been known in Dawson since late last Fall, but it was im possible to reach it with supplies during the winter. It is unoffi cially called "Big Too Much Gold". but we would respectfully suggest that its official name be "Nothing But Gold" . Many of the best informed miners on the Yukon will prospect the Upper Klon ;l.ike this summer. Among whom may be men­ tioned Dick Lowe, Duncan Stewart, Ronald Morrison, Dr. Carper, Frank Berry, W . A. Miller and "Curly" Monroe. .Aleck Mc . Donald is one of the men who has been up the Klondike any distance, and he will leave his immense interests about Dawson, and with p ick and pan prospect the upper 'Klondike this summer as though he W88 the poorest miner in all the land. Frank Conrad was in town last week. trotting a fast mile. A. Alkeviech one of the best assayers and mining experts of the Coast, has a lay on No. 5 -Bommza below. Bowman, Beall and Johnson three of God's own noblemen from Monta­ na, are amongst the luck locaters on Henderson. Messrs. Pond, Latham, Fairbanks and Whitney, well known in San Franci~co, are the lucky owners of a good block of claims on Henderson. There is fully a thousand sure thing men enroute to Dawson. About 99 per cent of them will be hauling a sled for a living before the season is out. In Dawson it must be square, and the square sport takes the sure tiling man's money easie!: than he himself gets it from the hay seed. TEE KLONDIKE NEWS. DESERT MINING VERSUS KLON~ DIKE. (A. 1. Townsend in Los Angeles Times.) I'm a miner from the desert, and I want a change of base. I'm done with gentle w 'inds that singe the whisk­ ers from my face : S o I'm gO ing to Alaska, where it's colder than the d euce, And you needn't tJ y to stop m e , for i t ain't a b i t of use. I'm sick of finding rattlesnakes a-sleepi n g in my bed; I n ever liked th e :flavo r of tarantulas in bread; And centipedes and lizards- they are good enough in shows, t blamed if I en joy th~m a-crawling OJ[ my toes. RandsbUT I,l' was kind of gamey, byt it's slowing up 1 in gait, So to get a little pleasure, I'm a-pulling my freight Up to the polar regions, where they say its awful cold, But every dogged miner get his breeches full of gold I Confound the bloody cactus, 'th its cnnning little thorns! Dogon the little toad that has a dozen kind" of horns I D ingblaR t the Palo V erde, with its bristles stand­ ing out I I'm a-going to Alaska. and J know what I'm about I I'd rather ieed mosquitoes with the balance of my blood I I'd rather go a-crawling thrOllgh the blackest kind of liudl I'd ra.ther have t he " roarer borealice" for a light, Than to live out on the desert when the sun is feeling rightl Lord bless me, ain't it plelLsant when it pops above t h e pa ss. Like a polished copper kettle or a platter made of brass. And when it gets a fellow in 9. bed of glaring sand Dogon if it ain't more than any human ought to standI ' I want to see the mercury go crawling in a hole I I want to see the polar bear a-shinning up the polel . Greenland will maybe suit me, if Alaska isn't nice, For there reside the Eskimos that mosey on the iee r Just wa.it till I can travel on a. frozen r oad or so ; I've got so full of heat, I'll melt a gully through the snow I And those ;' hO follow after me will reverence my name I I'm a regular volcano, and can breathe a streak of flame I Confound the hungry desert, where the sun is n ever pa.le l Take away the little scorpion, with poison in his taU! Blast all the springs of alkali that used to make me sick! I'm going to A laska, and I'm going mighty quick! I'm done a-breathing blazes till my very soul is t. fried I I'm done a-drinking coffee and then boiling it in~ide l I'd rather be refrigerated in e. vale of teMs, Than to swelter in the desert in the shadow of my ears I -~Health Reports. - ~ T f!:E records of the hospital at Dawson show just seven deaths fr om th~ time that the institution wa; completed in August to March 15, i898. SBv~n deaths in seven months among seven thousand people. Of these deaths, three succumbed to pneumonia, two to fe~els, one w as cllused by heart disease and one by accident. No on , was frozen to death and no­ body died of scurvy in the ' Klondike country last winter. It must be remembered, too, that all cases of sickness -H I'e attended to at this hospital. T be largest number of cases in the hospii.31 at anyone time was forty-five. Of these, twenty-one were suffering from scurvy, a disease, which by the way, is I:.either painful nor dangerous, and can be cured in from three to ten days if properly treated. Dr. Le Blanc, the attending phy­ sician at the hospital, has been making a close study of the disease, and con_ cludes that the immoderate use of coffee is responsible for many cases. The absence of fresh meat and vege­ tables is supposed to bethe principal inducement to scurvy, but, as a matter of fact, improper ventilation and, an aversion to bathing, are responsible for the majority of cases. The symptoma are not unlike those preceding a bad cold or an aHack of the grip. The patient experiences a ' soreuess of the bones Rnd a "tired feeling." Soon his ankles begin to turn black and blue, and if the dIsease is allowed to run unchecked, those colols are supplemented by green and yellow, until thelovrer limbs look like a Spanish flag in mourning over the 10ils of Cuba._ Sixty-eight below was the coldest registered in Dawson last winter. • 'Side Hill" Frank Berry was a laughing stock in Dawson when he advocated the finding of gold on the Eldorado hills. Frank is laughing . himself now behind a · half dozen bench claims worth from fifty to one hundred thousand each, . Coal on the Yukon. T HAT there are large quantities of coal along the Yukon River, is now well known, and its commercial value can­ not be overestimated. A belt of coal­ bearing rocks stretches th. i:ough thiB region in a Northwest-Southeast direction, generally parallel with and often very close to the river. it has been noted on the Lewis River, on Hess Creek, Coal Creek, Seventy-mile River aud in fa!!t almost every stream entering the Yuk' on. It bas been found in paying quantities in se, eral places, notably near the Five Finger Rapids by George Carmack several years ago, and a' company -is now developing extensive coal fields at that point. . J . 1rV. SulliVAn, of Dawson, is the owner of an immense bed of coal about one hun· dred and twenty miles below Dawson. It is a blanket ledge covered with sand and clay and crops out for over three hundred feet . About half a mile up the Seventy­ mile River on the rigbt bank, the Alaska Placer and Coal Company are developing a vein of excellent coal, which has 'widened from eighteen to forty feet, and promises to yield a fort:me to its ownerB . J,yman Burrell, is the manager of the Company, and R. Aggasi is the secretary and treasurer, and their headquarters are at Dawson. The ledge will be extensively developed this summer and will prove a godsend to the hundreds of ri..,er boats now ascending the river, which in all proba­ bility will experience great difficulty in obtaining wood for fu el. Tests of this coal show it to have a full value of about 0.9;;0, which is but little less than the Naniamo and Weilington coal. It shows only five or six per cent of moisture and about ' twelve per cent ash. All the coal of this section is found in thin-bedded lime-stone shales and sand stones, and it is supposed to be of an earlier age than the Kenai period. . It is somewhat brittle, has a brilliant lustre, and carries some pyrite and amber. It is all lignltic, and it is thought will not bear transportation to any great diBtance. That the days of fifty dollars a cord for wood in Dawson are well over is certain now, and seventy-five degrees below zero will have few terrors in the future with a binful of coal and a good moss-chinked cabin. Bench Claims. B ENCH claims, which are under the n ew mining laws known as "Hill claims," are a very desirable property. Under the old law the prospector got but 100 feet square, which was called a "Bench claim." As the Canadian mining laws' change so rapidly and the Canadian mail moves so slowly, this information in regard to the "Hill claims" may not reach Dawson for . some time. The new law gives the " Bencher" 250 feet in length, drawn paral­ lel to the main direction of the stream or ravine on which it fronts, with the other lines running to the summit of the hill, provided the distance does not exceed OnB thou~and feet. This makes the "Hill claim" under the new law equal to twenty-five of the old "Bench claims." Had the new law been in force when Peterson staked his celebrated bench claim on Skookum Gu~ch, he would now own twenty-five of these auriferous little squares. And twenty-four men would be out the comfortable little fortune that they are now so busy digging. It must be remembered too, that the Gold Commissioner refuses to record Bench claims on unsurveyed portions of any of the creeks. This limits the "Hillsiders" to :Eldorado up to 50, and to Bonanza from 50 . below to 60 above. .A few bench claims were recorded under the old law on Hunker Creek, and the practice was stopped by the Commissioner on account of the ambiguity of the descrip­ tions they were compelled to Uge . The mail of March the 1st brought to the Recorder's offi ce 'something ' of a curio in the shape of a deed for twelve bench claims on Bear Creek. It was received from a prominent bank in San Francisco, and the consideration expressed in the deed was --five hundred thousand dollars. It will probably cause the grantees under this deed a bad half hour to know tb at there never was a bench claim recorded on Bear Cre. ek. The new law allows a free miner a hill claim as well as a creek claim in every min­ ing division, which increases the rights of those now in the district to eight iristead of four claims. When the Government ' Surveyor travels along Dominion, Hunker and a few of the other.richer streams, he may expect to see an army of hillsiders .following close in his tVake. Winn Oler met an old friend who had no claim and made him a present cif43 below, on Hunker. It was in tb.isclaim tha~ the richness of Hunker was discovered. It is now valued at over a hundred thousand doUars. Willis McKinnis traded a Dominion claim for a half case of RyeWhisk:ey. The claim has already been sold for twenty thousand dollars, and could not DOW be bought for double that amount. Extent of the Gold Belt. f: E interior of Alaska and the North­ west Territory is 8S yet unexplored. The reports of surveyors of the Can­ adian Government . and the United States Geological Survey make no at­ tempt at giving accurate information re­ garding the country, It is Bupposed that Ketchum and Lebarge of the Western Dnion Telegraph expedition were the first white men to traverse the entire length of the Yukon River. They ascended the river over the ice in the Winter of 1866 - 67 to Fort Yukon, and the following Summer as far as Fort Selkirk and back. In 1887, Dawson and Mc. Connell of the Canadian survey ascended the Stikine, and in the foll owing season ascended the . Porcupine River to Yukon. Wm. Ogilvie, on the Canadian survey entered the Yukon District in 1881 , and in 1889, r. C~ Russell of the United States Geological survey, ascended the river from its mouth to the Lakes. In 189l, C. W. Hayes reported on lhe Copper River country. In 1895, G. F. Becker and W. H. Dall made examinations of the Coastal regions with reference to gold and coal, anrl in 1896, J. E. Spurr made a valuable repol·t on tbe I!;old-bearing rocks of the Yukon. From all these reports we find, that fine gold may be found in almost every stream aud even the silts of the Yukon yield it in places. It is found along the entire length of the Lewis, the Hootalinqua, the Big Salmon, the Pelly, the Stewart, the Selwyn and almost continuously down th 9 main river. Still further Ea r-t, Francis and Dees rivers, branches of the McKenzie, are ,-known to carry gold. In the Cassiar ' Dist­ rict gold was discovered as early as 186l, and yielded five million dollars in gold dust. These upper regions are distant about one thousand miles in a straight line from the known outcropping on the Lower . Yukon. Northwest from the Lower Yukon gold­ bearlDg region, the precious metal has been found quite extensively, it is said, along the Koyukuk River, and further East at the Head of Dall River, prospectors re­ port finding gold. Still futher Northwest, to the Northeast of Kotzebue Sound, gold has been reported from the Kowak and Noatak Rivers. Prospectors also r eport a belt of country parallel to' the known gold belt, but off to the South West, which correspondes to the southwestern flank of the Granite Back­ bone. Various persons report having found gold about the sources of the Copper and White Rivers. From th ere on to the Head waters of the Tanana, the country possess­ es great possibilities in the way of mineral development, but it being very difficult of access, it is not adviaahle to attempt.it.s: ex­ ploration . until facilities ' for travel nave been increased. - More acces9ihle is the region North of the Tanana River, known 8I:l the Tanana Hills which is a granite region and undoubtedly rich in gold. Late reports by prospectors in the Tanana rel!;ion state that the ri;'er is navigable for small steamers from two hundred mIles above its Mouth. Colors are found in all branches of the Tanana, those heading toward Forty Mile and Seventy Mile promising best. It will be noticed in this region that the gold is con­ centrated mainly in the siliceous rocks, although it is known to occur in limestone. but not as a rule in the Yukon country. In searching such places the prospector must study the character of the pebbles that make up the conglomerate. Ita only when these include fragments of the gold­ bearing rocks that they are likely to be productive. J. E. Spurr pointed out early in the sum­ mer of 1896, that the Klondike and Indian Rivers, were likely to show rich placers, because of the schists and marbles forming the bed-rock. All along the summit of the Coast Range the prevailing rocks are gran­ ite, cut by later prophyry dikes . They form a belt from twenty to eighty miles wide, and are generally of the horn blend type. They extend mid-way down Lake Bennett. Between Miles Canyon and the Hootalinq ua there are diabasie eruptive rocks and lime­ stone. Along the region of the Five Finger Rapids and below the Big Salmon there are Cretaceous rocks overlain in places by lava. Below these are greenish eruptive rocks and near the mouth of the Pelly, granite is encounted again, This is succeeded by Basalt for twenty-five miles, where granite rocks again appear and are followed by chrystaline chists of various kinds, which constitute the prevailing formations nearly to Forty Mile. About one hundred and twenty-five miles below Dawson, on Seventy'mile River and American Creek, ·the gravel is made uP . of granite, quartzite, chist and marble, and is certain to contain gold in large q uan tities. The chists fragments lie flat and are.mix­ ed with sand; showing that the sorting . action of running water has not becn car­ ried far. In the concentrates from the sluice boxes the heavier minerals associated with the gold, such as galena', magnatite, limonite. hornblende and garnet, are ·iden­ tical with those found ' in the neighboring schists and the nuggets of gold often contain pieces of quartz. All these facts are evidence that the gold is derived from rocks in that vicinity am.! not brought from a great distance, by glac­ iers as many erroneously suppose. . The region between Dawson and Circle City affords room for One hundred thoueanJ . prosp' ectorB, all of whom can reasonably (O X­ pect to be rewarded; if the seaTch. be pro­ secuted with diligence and intelligence. Finding the Pay. J A.TURE does not always easily yield her treasu re even in the golden wonderland. The one who is easily discouraged may walk away from untold wealth, and instan­ ces of abandoned fortunes are numer­ ous on the Klondike. Joe Howard put two holes down on that very rich bench claim now owned by Petersen & Kresky, and left it in disgust. Mr. Petersen drifted in be­ tweeu the two shafts sunk by Howard and took out $100,000. Bielenberg kicked 6 nugget out of the moss just abov8 and one of his neighbors spent four months in fruit­ less work before he found an ounce. Tommy Ashby put down mllny holes on 44 Eldorado before he began tak­ ing out three ounces to' the pan, and they worked for months on 46 Eldora_ do before' they located the pay they knew to b A there. Gavin Bros. & Pichon, on No. 20 above, on Bonanza. put twelve holes down ·to bedrock and nearly crosscut the claim without locating the pay. They finally found a golden streak of gravel on the right side, fully 100 feet wide. On No. 41 above on B onanza, Mr. Pelkey found pay in the first hole bot it went onJy fi ty cents to the pan. A s econd hole a few yards beyond yield­ ed $25 10 the pan. On No. 32 ahove, on Hunker, J ack Smith had more than 20 m en at work on "lays" , and after the:- had sunk a number of holes to bedrock in a vain attempt to find the elusive gold, they threw up the job. The very next wef' k the pay was uncovered in large qlla nti­ ties. On Bear creek there were mallY instances of this kind. On 35 below on Hunker, the ray was found in the first hole , but it was soon lost find more than .ix lllot;ths were spent ill findiu g it again _ It is 8sid that on 52 below on Bonan­ za, over fif !"y boles were sunk before good pay could be found. The following rough diagram will help the reader to a proper under­ standing of "pay st.reaks." \:';, }:"'t;'~~~\ n ~f {~~JC:;: o : " ? ' ;k\- .n~ \ .. ~ .. \~ ~~~\~ .. : ..... :.\ ~.'e==:::== . . .. . ~:. . :: i u~·~ :·: · : .. : .. . . , I­ / .. '. " I ' . ' . .. f • 0 ' : . ' . ' ,.' :: . ./ .. .- : F / .. ~\~;~...,....,..., 't,;.r,-,- PAY 4- b It can readily be leen from the dia­ gram that on claim No. 1 no "pay dir~" could be fonnd on the left hand side of the creek, and that on claim 2 the 'same would be true on the right side. The owner of No. 3 might cross-cut the upper end of his claim in vain and the bench claims opposite him wouhl be very rich. Then, too, No 3 would not \ e able to understand why a straight line from the good dirt of 2 to the richness of 4 crossed only barren ground on his claim. That "gold is where you find it" is true, but persistance, industry and a little study of the ' conditions sur­ rounding, will always help. WOOD. There is no scarcity of wood in and about Dawson, as a glance'at the hill sides in our illustrations will show. That a cord . of wood cost fifty dollars there last winter was due to the scarcity of labor, and not of the raw material. The man who trans­ ported a cord of dry timber from. the hill side into Dawson on a hard running and balky band sled, and there sawed, split and piled the frozen wood, was most assuredly laboring under difficulties of which the ordinary r eader cannot well imagine, and most certainly. earned his fifty dollars. PAT GALVIN. Nothing succeeds like Success. The success of Pat Galvin in the past few: years had been phenomenal; everything he- touched seemed to turn to gold Midas like. But unlike the mytholog­ ical Midas, Pat had to hustle to obtain his rich es, and is hustling. yet. He is at the head of a Steamboat Company; the President of one of the strongest mining corporations in the country, is the active manager of a big Commer­ cial Company, and is buying real es­ tate, selling mines, traveling oyer the country on foot, by dog team, steam­ boat and rail, looking after his immense interests. Mr Galvin did not always have im­ mense interests to look after; he was not born with a silver spoon in his mouth; no wealthy father had he, to raise him in idleness and leave him a fortun e,: and all that he inherited from his parental sire was a sound physique . aud a good constitution. Apeculiar man is Pat Galvin; not ec­ centric, whimsical, notional, or cranky, but just peculiar; just a little different frem the ordinary man; strong where the ordinary man is. weak, and one whom prosperity camiot weaken. After making ·a sale of a part of his property for three hundred thousand pounds sterling, which is a million and a half of good American dollars, Pat was able to, and did do more hard work, more hustling, rustling, walking, running and riding, than any man we know. And what is more, he is still at it. 'rhe average man with a million and a haH would have said: "Now I'm fix­ ed," and would have called a coupe every time he wanted to go round the block, aud in most cases would only , remove his kid gloves when he went to bed. The man from Dawson l of whom we are writing, is no stranger to coupes and kid gloves when the occasion de­ mands, but this Spring he journeyed behind a dog team in a pair of fur mits. The journey .Df which we speak is perhaps the mDst remarkable in the an-_ naIs of a remarkable country, and, weI might say, was made by a very remark­ able man. We will have more to flay of this further on. As we said before, Mr. Galvin was not always wealthy; he has worked with hand and brain all his life, and we must say, with tolerable success. He was born, to the best of our knowledge, in Kerry County, Ireland, and came to this country when a mere boy. As we have been unable to inter· view him as to his early life, we' will have to skip it, or write from common repDrt. We frrst hear from him as a hardware merchant in Belle Plains, Minn., and after that in Helena, Montana. In the latter place he was Chief of Police, manager of a newspaper, superintend­ ed some big mines and an aU round hustler. When the boom of Puget Sound be­ gan to reverberate ' over the world the echoes did not fail to. reach Helena and Pat, and the Queen City of the N orth­ west was his next home. Our personal acquaintance with Mr. Galvin dates back some four years, when he was sent for by D. W. Walker, a leading hardware merchant of Ju­ neau, who wanted a reliable man to take charge of his business, during a somewhat extended trip in the East. It was here that our friend learned of the possibilities of the Interior, and his long residence among the blizzards of the Northwest having inured him to extremely cold weather, the exag­ gerated tales of the old-timers did not deter him, (as it did many others), from starting for the Arctic Circle. He took in with him a large stDck of hardware and tinner's materials and established at I!'orty Mile a stove fac­ tory and hardware store. He also had ~ branch store at Circle City, and as he made good stDves was fairly prosperous. The reader who has seen a Yukon stove may think that simple of CDn­ struction as it is, with its four walls of sheet iron and door at one end, that anybody could make them. This is in a measure true, but to make one that will properly draw; not burn all the · wood in the country, and diffuse a lit- THE KLONDIKE NEWS. tle heat is an art in itself, and one that Pat understood full well. So, he was bn~ily engaged in making· · stoves, and had a large number of customers until the Fall of 1897, when each · and every man who had money enough to buy a stove lit out for the Klondik€. As there Iyas no use making stoves where there - were no buyers, Pat followed his , cllstomerB . '¥nen he arrived :in Dawson he found that there was some difference between Forty Mile or Circle City and the new mining camp. In the com­ paratively quiet old towns, making stoves was a pretty good business, but in the new camp he saw possibilities in ano, ther line. . I . Here - was the chance for the specu­ lator; here was the chance of his life, and he fully realized it. During his residcnce in the mines he had gained what was now worth to him more than money, and his practiced eye saw at once that the greatest gravel mines of the world had been discovered. For­ tunately he was not without some meam and· he promptly invested every dollar. He bought upon the very best creeks and in the best localities, as sub- sequent development proved. One of his first purchases was num­ ber 41 on Eldorado, which he bought in partnership with Aleck McDonald and George Byrnes. Nine men were put to work pn "lays" and after one or two unsucQessful attempts in finding the pay, seven of them gave up and quit. It will perhaps be small conso­ lation to the unpersevering seven when they read of the richness of No.4!. It so happened tbat the writer chanced to be on No. 41 on the 22nd day of Feb­ ruary of this year, when the greatest strike ever made in the claim was un­ covered. . The gravel struck on this national American holiday was literally lined with nuggets, and if Pat and Aleck do right they will declare a hol­ iday on this claim at least, every time Washington's birthday rolls around. The three gentlemen just mentioned, also own No. 40 on the same ,creek, which is equally rich, and although very little work has been done upon it this year, it will yield . a comfortable fortune. Mr. Galvin was also lucky enough, or had judgment enough, to purchase a half interest in No. 35 above on BD­ nanza, right in the very heart of the richest part of this rich creek. This claim will yield more than a hundred thousand dollars this year, with but few men working, and only a fraction­ al part of the claim will have been touched. He also owns in partnership with Aleck McDona~~ and Mr. Byrne No. 5 on Bear Creek, which is a claim that will make fortunes for its owners. There are two pay streaks already loca­ ted, and with the Galvin and McDon­ ald luck a third one is not improbable. On Hunker creek and in the very richest part J\fr: Galvin owns a large in­ terest in several claims. Among these may be mentioned Nos. so and 31, be­ low, two of the very best iive hundred foot stretches of gravel in the Whole country. NO. 5 BONANZA ABOVE. On these claims about ] 5 holes have been sunk to bed rock, and fully $100.- 000 will lodge in the sluice boxes there this spring. He also bought a great deal of min­ ing property on creeks not now so well known but which may in time be equal­ ly if not more famous. It may be depended upon that any claim in which he put his money was on a good creek and in a good location, and he owns of these not a few. After the wash up last year 1I'Ir. Gal­ vin -determined to pay a visit to the "outside." , His movements while "out" show that he did not go entirely for pleasure' and that he fully realized the commer· . cia 1 possibilities of the New Eldorado as well as its mineral supremacy. Unlike the usual millionaire mine owner, Pat, ''hit the trail" when he came out. Taking passage on the lit­ tle steamer "Koyakuk" he was landed lt Fort Selkirk and from there made his 'way over the mountains and val- PAT LEAVING TO-WN. leys to salt water, from where a coast steamer carried him to Seattle. When he landed there he was not dressed as fastidiously as he might have been and . this fact did not help to gain him a . civil answer from a lot of boys of whom he inquired the whereabout!! of the Hotel Butler. The urchins quickly surmised however that he was a "Klon­ diker" and one offered to show him the way for $1.00: A second lad eagerly of­ fered to do it for 50c. and a third cut prices further and tendered his servic­ es for a quarter, but the Yukoner re­ fused to pay for the information. Just then a quiet looking boy stepped in and said "I'll show the way for noth­ ing mister if you are a stranger," and Pat and his young guide set out. The manly and polite manners of the little fellow pleased Mr. Galvin im­ mensely and after the hotel was in si rrht he asked him to accompany him into a nearby clothing store. When they emerged from the store the boy was weariug new clothes from head to heel, and as they parted the generous hearted miner handed the astonished lad a ten dollar gold piece and a hand­ some gold nugg!Jt. This incident il­ lustrates Galvin's nature to a dot; while he could not be bled or gouged out a single white quarter he cheer­ fully spent forty or fifty dollars reward­ ing a kind act . . From Seattle the Yukoner journeyed to England where he organized and in­ corporated the North British Amel1can Co. Ld. with a capital of several million dollars . . Mr. Galvin is president of the Co. and Joseph Bell is the vice presi­ dent. He conveyed to the new com­ pany some of his best mining property and with almost unlimited capital to operate with returned to America. Almost his :first work after reaching home was to establish a splendid line of steamers to operate between Pacific coast ports and · Dawson, !Called the Banner Line. His long experience on the river came into good play and refmlted in the building and equipping of one of the finest river boats that will ever ply on the bosom of the Yu­ kon., This boat is called "The Mary Ellen Galvin" and she is a beauty. She is 200 feet long, 40 feet beam, draws but 18 inches and will accom­ modate 435 passengers. She is fitted up with 1260 horse power engines, has a 10,000 candle power searchlight and in fact all the coliveniences (If the. mod .. ern ocean flyer. A complete descrilltion of this .. and other boats belonging to the "Banner Line" appears npon the inner pages of the cover of this paper . He was also able to secure, by resspn of his long resid ence in Alaska, two of the best Indian pilots on the river which insures flafe and speedy trips for the "Mary Ellen." Recognizing the necessity of compe­ tition in the mercantile line along the . Yukon, :Mr. Galvin commenced the erection of several large warehouses and stores at Dawson, Fort Selkirk and St. Michaels, and. he has already pur­ chased and shipped there o,'er 500 ·tons of suppli es. ~ 'rhat he will get almost the entire trade of his old. friends and comrades in the mines goes without saying, and the active opposition of this powerful company will do much toward making the old companies quit ''holding up" their customers in the future, if they have any. The indefatigable Pat next bought 1200 head of fat steers and started them across the Dalton trail for Daw­ son, and we can now look forward to an occasional porterhouse steak this winter without giving up an ounce of gold dust for it. When the cattle were all rounded' up; the steamboats well under co:o.­ stniction; the supplies all packed imd a hundred other details attended to it was quite late in the spring, but nev­ ertheless Pat announced his intention of going to Dawson and back over the ice. . . -, Those supposed to know the country best declared the feat impossible. They conced.ed that he might get "in" by good luck, but to come "out" again this year seemed clearly out of reason. In this connection it might be well to state that bets were being freely made in Dawson this spring that parties leaving Dawson after 1-~arch 15th would never reach the "outside'~ until after the ice broke and they could pole up the river. Yet Pat Galvin started in about April the 1st; arrived safely, stayed long enough to buy $60,- 000 worth of water front property and the Lord only knows how many hun~ dred thousands worth of mines, and then returned to salt water over the melting, cracking, rotten ice. To accomplish this truly wonderful feat, he was compelled to make new trails, try all kinds of "cut offs" and was lost for a week in the mountains, without food. . But little things like this do not w~rry the man from Kerry. He takes thmgs as they come and is thankful for the best that offers. He can dine on turkey and · truffies and listen to the popping of corks, or eat red beans and drink river water with equal grace. As a traveler he has few equals in the land of "magnificent distances" and the last time the editor of the "N ews" had the pleasure of meeting him wa~ on Lake 'fagish one . evening last April. He came swinging across the lake at a five mile an hour gait and only stopped long enough to learn the whereabouts of A. D. Nash, with whom he was haviug a friendly race to Daw­ son. When he learned that Mr. Nash and party were· only fifteen miles away, he declared his intention of traveling all night and passing his unsuspecting opponent in the darkness. This, as we afterwards learned, he did, much to. . the discomfiture of Nash. In traveling over the ice the Yu­ koner takes a long swinging trot that will carry him along at the rate of four or five miles an hour and one who ha& made a long journey this . way can, readily be distinguished by his pecu­ liar gait. This "dog trot"Pat has down to per­ fection and heaven help the checchaca· who tries to travel in his wake. He is about the medium size of man­ kind in genera1" but is a bundle of" nerves and einews. One of those ner-­ YOUS, active, wiry men often met with on the frontier, who think and act alike quickly, apd ,get in and out of dangerous places with equal celerity. Somewhat under middle-age, and with hair just showing the touches ' of time, he moves like a freshman after a football, but uses his head like a professor of mathematics. He is happily married to one of the most charming ladies ever living under the American or British flags, and who is a helpmeet in every sense of the­ word. In one of the illustrations here­ with Mr. and Mrs. Galvin may be' ~een standing near their humble cabin, on claim No. 0, Bonanza. The other' illustration shows how the crowds­ gather in Dawson when a party is­ about to leave for the outside. We ,cannot relcognaze Pat's genial' features or agile form in the assem­ blage, and he is probably in Pete Mc­ Donald's taking a parting drink. Mr. ani! Mrs. Galvin are now on the' Pacific Coast, and' will rettrrn to Daw­ son some time in .Tune, probably by way of St. Michaels, and if so, oli that elegant steamer the ''Mary Ellen Gal~ vin." 22 THE KLON DIKE NEWS. TliE YUKON APPETITE. If you're going to Yukon I'll tell you wnat to do, Be surQ you take a t6n of grub, or better yet, take two. . F-or. Y01.1'11 flDd tli,af you'lI be hung'y, both ·'lnorn· . ing; lioon', and night, AmI l'Oli:U soon have what the people call a Yukon api)~tite. CHORUS: When you reRch the Yukon River It w!\l liven up your live r. Your dy spepsia. soon win vanish, your d igestion be all right, Things you never liked before, you w!ll eat and howl for more, Whe n you once ncq ulre that Yukon appetite. When a Dawson man starts breakfast he thaws out his .our dough cnn . AI1/1 he flips ahundred flap·Jacks In .. greasy frying pan, 'I'hen he fries a slab of bacon, where no pay streak Is In sight. And with thirteen cups of coffee soot.hes his Yukon appetite, Chorus. If Jack Sprat and hls denr wife hRd settled there for We, He could ent fnt Malam ute dog, cold boUed owl she would not m ind, And when bacon calU" in sIght they'd devour It every mile And then fight the rub to see who got the rind. Chorus. It "' ... th is Yukon appetite thnt brought th~ famine on, ·l'or people never \Vent to bed, but ate from dark t!lldawn, An f.lls soon as It "as dayligb t they appeared upon the street To try and buy a pound or two of something good to ent. Chorus. ·1:here is no necessity for the visitor walking from Dawson to the mines when a good saddle horse can be had for $60.00 a day. "The Bulletin" of San Francisco has always been one of the most popular and reliable newspapers on the Pacific Coast. It long ago outstripped its evening competit~rs and is now neck and neck with the morning dailies. Its circulation has more than dou­ bled in the past year. No other pa­ per of San Francisco has gained ten per cent. during that time, and the twelve months just past have not been especially prosperous around the Gold­ en Gate. Why then should the' 'Bul_ letin gain 100 per cent. in circulation? We modestly suggest that the Editor of the "Klondike News" has been writing for the "Bulletin" just a year. The Editor was always modest. ALL THE CREEKS. BONANZA. The creek that will produce the most ·gold this year is Bonanza. Bonanza 8reek is a tributary to the Klondike Riv­ er, emptying about three miles above Dawson, and heading in the Dome moun­ tains, some thirty miles away. It is estimated that the clean-up this year on Bonanza will amount to over THIRTEEN MILLION . DOLLARS. It must be remembered too, that only the richer ground is worked at the present time, owing to the primitive methods and high rate of wages. Persons having "lays" or leases on Bonanza ground are generally required under the terms of the lease to work all ground running over ten cents per pan, and the refuse gravel when reworked by large companies and Im­ proved methods will yield as much or more per square yard In future as it has in tbe past. The same may be . said of every creek in the district. ' On Bonanza there are one bundred claims, from No. 50 below to No. 50 above, with hardly a blank. And even as far down as ·,·S5 below and as high up as 57 above g;od pay is found, and it is be­ lieved that the pay will be found event­ ually on every claim upon the creek. The lower end of the stream yields flne gold alone, coarse nuggets being found only above No. 17 below. The pay streak is very wide, running from forty to three hundred feet, and bedrock is generally struck at an average depth of fifteen feet. Bonanza Creek has many gulches, feed­ ers and "pups" emptying into it, which are more or less rich, and among which may be mentioned Boulder, Adams and Eldorado creeks; and numerous gulches, the richest of which are Big and Little Skookum. These two gulches will produce over a million dollars this year. Bonanza Creel, and Its tributaries and gulches will give employment to several thousand men for many years to come. ELDORADO CREEK Is a tributary to Bonanza, coming In at No.6 above Discovery, and is the most uniformly rich of any creek on the Klon­ dike. From the mouth of the creek to No. 50 there Is not a blank. Its banks are much more sloping than Bonanza, and conta.in many rich bench claims. The · bedrock is found much nearer the surface than Bonanza and much of it can be worked in the summer. The output for this year will be over TEN MILLION DOLLARS. There are many gulches coming into Eldorado and all of them are believed to be rich. Chief Gulch, which is properly a continuation of Eldorado, is reported to be good. French Gulch, which comes into No. 17, is extremely rich at the mouUt and will prohabl. v yield well for several miles. Gay Gulch is wonderfully rich, and the flrst half a doz­ en claims from its mouth compare well with the parent creek. ',L'l;1.~ii there are also Irish Gulch, Nugget Gulch and Little Eldorado, w.hich will IUndbubtedly prove good. . HUNKER CREEK The next creek in Importance in the dis­ trict is Hunker. It empties Into the Klon­ dike, some fiftee:n miles above Dawson, NORTH AMERICAN TRANSPORTATION & TRADING Co OLD COLONY BUILDING. C.E.Whitney & CD •• CHICAGO, May Gth,IS9B . San Franoisco, Cal. Gentlem,m:- In reply to your esteemed favor of recent date,oeg to state that we have used your-Cold BrOOk Creamery Canned Bu·tter" and have found it par exoellent. It has sucoessfUlLy Withstood the rigors of the Alaska ol1mate for the length of time neoessary to carry it from season to season •• It 15 so oonvenlently paoked 1n tins with key openers a114 h8Jl!lbs and tire proof bottOlll$,.th.at It makes it particularily valuable for the Alaska and No~th ~estern territory trade. We have received no oomplaint.but on the contrary,we find the demand Increasln& for it trom our various tradlne P9sts throuahout Alaska and the Northwest. Very truly yours. liortll Amencan franspo1'la1iOD II Trading lA, .W.d.?..:-.-- ~tJ.g4l\(. -~~ and heads in the "King Do~e" nearly twenty-five miles to the southeast. It has many gulches and tributaries, the most important of which are Last Ohance, Indepepdence and Gold Bottom. The rich­ ness of Hunker was not generally known un­ tll late last Fall, and the output th is year will probably exceed THREE MILLION DOLLARS. 'l'llis creek is very wide at its mouth and has been locate:d for sev­ eral miles for Itydraulicmg purpOEes. Dis­ covery claim, which belongs to Andrew Hunker and his partner Oharles Johnson, is about thirteen miles from its mouth, and the pay is found, with some intervals of interruption, for about seven miles be­ low Discovery, alld for some three miles above. It has been lately found that there are "two" runs of gold on Hunker Creek, oue fine and the other coarse, and the fu­ ture of the' creek Is very bright. BEAR CREEK empties into the Klon­ dike a few miles above Bonanza, and Is only about five Utile, 1 01lg. EV t.ry foo t of it has been $ked, of course, and as far as prospected has been found to be very rich. It will produce this year ne1l.r­ Iy a million dollars. It produces the fin­ est quality of gold and there are two runs on it, one coarse and the other fine. It is almost impossible to buy a Bear Creek claim. TOO MUCH GOLD CREEK empties into the Klondike above Hunker, and will undoubtedly prove to be one of the rich creeks in the district. It has several branches and but little prospectlng has ben done upon it. ALL GOLD CREEK is the next creek above Too Much Gold Creek emptying in­ to the Klondike, and Is a very fine look­ ing stream. It drains a large amount of country and heads well in the Dome mountains. It has been well prospected and found to be quite rich, but very little work was done upon it last year. . Above "All (Told" the country is almost unexplored. QUIGLEY, ALKI, "EROY and LEOTA Creeks also empty into the Klondike, and are more or leas prospected, although littk~ work has been done upon them. All the creeks and gulches before men­ tioned form the "Troandik Division of the Yukon District," and but one creek claim can be located in it by anyone person un­ der the Canadian laws. INDIAN CREEK DIVISION. The best creek in this division, and one of the best in the district, Is Dominion Creek; it heads squarely in t.he King Dome and swings off to the right In a.n almost southerly direction to Indian Creek, a distance of nearly forty miles. It has two Discovery claims upon it and the pay ie more uniform there than in al- most allY of the other new creeks: . The best pay is found betwen the two discoveries, a distance of about four and a half miles, and although little work has been done upon this stream yet, It will yield several hundred thousand dollars. There are a.bout three hundred claIms and almost as many fractions located upon Dominion, and below Lower Discovery there is ·some confusion caused by over­ lll.pping claims. The chief tributary of Dominion .is Sul­ phur Creek, the two streams being, how­ ever, of almost equal size and length. We clip. the following from the "National Maga­ zine." "NEW BOSTON." "A new town bas sprung into being in Alask .. and is called New Boston. New Boston, It is claimed,. w1l1 become the rival of St. Michaels as a seaport and tralisfcr station for the gold diggings. Parties representing the pro· moters are now on the ground making prepar ... tlons for the opening of naviga tion in the spring. when it is expected the first load of New England passengers wlll be landed . at New Boston. The 1I10uth of the Yukon River forms a delta, the northern and southern chllnnels of which are nav· igable. Until quite recently it has been the common be. Uef that only the northern channel was navigable, so that all the traffic for the Klondike and inland towns, such as Circle City and Dawson, .has been via St. Michaels. The steamships and salling ves· sel. frum Seattle and other ports proceeded to St. lIiichaels, from whence passengers and freight have been transferred to the· river boats. These river boats then steam down the coast in the wa· ters of North Sound, enter the northern arm of the delta and thence up the Yukon River. In view of the anticipated results from the open· ing of the gold fields in the interior, the discover­ ies of the promoters of New Boston are likely to prove important, and a brisk competition between the transportation lines will naturally follow. . New Boston has been located by the BOSTON AND ALASKA . TRANSPORTATION COMPANY a few miles south of the southern arm of the Yukon delta, and one hundred and fifty miles nearer Seattle than St. Michaels. With the opening of traffic in the spring the promoters put into service a new line of steamships to run between Seattle and New Boston. Eight new river boats have been constructed to operate with the Seattle line to take passengers and frelgh t up the Yukon, Its·seemsa bit ftIlproprl­ ate that the first people to land at New Boston shaH be Ne.w Englanders. Three hundred people ,from the New England States purchased tickets for the first trip of the S. S. "Brlxham." A saving of several hundr· ed miles of travel, necessary under the present condition of going up to St. Michaels and back again to the mou th of the Yukon. It Is also claimed that traffic opens via 'New Boston considerably earlier than by the pre-. sent route. ' . • . Norton ~ound Is filled with ice untll early . June, preventing the access of boats to St. Michaels. The water at New Boston is practically free from ice ·bn May 20, and the new channel open for navigation." There is no opening for professional men from the United States in Dawson. Those going may expect to be "pull­ ing a sled" or chopping wood for a living before next spring. There were 6824 claims recorded at the Gold Commissioner's office at Da'Y­ son, up to March lOth., 1898; and the number will probably be inoreased to 10,000 before July lat. 400 claims paid the annual renewal fee up to Maroh 1st., and over 200 quartz looations had been filed up to the same date. SULPHUR CREEK is staked from its contiuence with Dominion to its head wa­ ters, and some work was done upon it last winter. It is thought that It. will produce about TWO HUNDRED TH~U- . ~AN]) DOLLARS this year. There are good summer diggings upon Sulphur, . and there will be a great deal·of ground sluia­ ing done upon it the coming season . 'l'hl;re al'e many good feeders coming into both Sulphur and Dominion Oreeks, as a glance at our map will show. QUARTZ CREEK is the next import­ ant tributary of Indian River. It heads· in the "Queen Dome" and tiows south. Very little work has been done upon Quartz Creek, and the yield this year will be inconsiderable. At about two mUes from the mouth the creek forks, and the right hand branch is called Toronto Creek. TORONTO CREEK was stampeded late last Fall and gives every evidence of being good. There is one company that holds eighteen claims connected, from · No. 9 above Discovery to No.8 below Discov­ ery, and big d",veiopmenlM Will IJe, cc'm' menced upon them- during the · coming season. There is a natural reservoir Site at a point near 25 above, and there is a good fall, plenty of water, and fine dump­ ing ground. The creek was discovered by H. W. Savage, who is now in New Yorl, arrang­ Ing for the necessary machinery to oper­ ate a hydraulic plant upon the eighteen claims. Calder Creek and Little Blanche are also tributaries of Quartz, and promise well. EUREKA CRI Jl!JK comes in from op­ pOSite Sulphur and Dominion and empties Into the Indian River between the two. Experts who have visited Eureka say that it shows every indication ·of being an extremely rich creek, some .golng so far as to say that it will equal Eldorado. Of this we have our doubts, but at the same time there is no doubt that it is a gold-bearing stream, and that it will probably astonish some of the old-timers. 'fhere is very little muck on Eureka, and bedrock is found quite close to the sur­ face. The other main streams not already named emptying into the Indian, are Ruby, Ophir, Twenty-Mile and Nine-Mile Oreeks, and there are several large streams as yet unprospected and un­ named. All streams emptying directly into the Yukon with their tributaries are a divi­ sion by themselves, and on which but one claim may be taken, whether they be two hundred and fifty miles long, like the Klondike and Indian Rivers, or two and a half miles in length, like Dion Gulch. The most Important ot these not al­ ready mentioned is Henderson Creek, which has as trib.utarles Lost Pup, Moose Horn, Sixty Creek, Golden Gate and Left Fork. Henderson empties into the Yu­ kon a few miles below Stewart ·River and there is quite a settlement at its mouth. Considerable work was done there this year and good reports received. Between the Stewart · River and Daw~on we also find 'Uoseblld Oreek, Sixty Mlle, Reindeer, Ensley, Baker, Montana, Swed­ ish and Rryant, and several other creeks, all of which are comparatively undevel- oped. . Below Dawson, there is Moose Hide Creek to the right, and Deadwood Oreek comfng in to the left, about four miles down the stream; the latter creek is con­ s .~dered by many to be one of the banner streams empt:tlng into the Yukon, and claims upon it bring round prices. Development this year will probably bHng many of the old creeks and gulch& Into prominence and uncover the richness of a number of new ones, until the map will have to be entirely changed. WHEN THE BOAT COMES 'ROUND THE BEND. The following song was written during the famine days; when the mere , mention of fresh vegetables would make a Dawson­ ite homesick. It must be remembered that the river below Dawson makes II big bend, that the smoke of the coming !Iteam­ boat can be seen long before its {velcome whistle greets the waiting crowd. In our little moss.chinked palace 'Neath the ·Aurora Boreals. We are waichlng, waiting, praying, for the "eary time to end, When against the northern sky We Can see the smo h:e on htgh, From the smollestack of the · stcnmbollt that 18 coming 'round tbe bend. Then there'll come a funny feeling O'er our sol ar plexus stealing, As the wrinkles in our stomac b do d istend; A I the though ts of new potn toes, And those juicy ripe tomatoes, That we know are In the steamboat that Is coming 'round the be..nd. PI10RUR. When the boat comes 'found the bend. Then our troubles all will end, And across the water one loud sh out we'll send j There'll be homesi~i men an(l WOlUen Who will want to go out swimmill', jllst to meet the boat ncoming 'round th e bend. To the gang who runs th e store we wi!! bend the knee 110 more. Nor beg for musty. canned good s that our, stomachs do o r lend ; They enn take their last year's wares and go feed the polar bears, For we'll hav e hiyn-muck-A.-Il1Ilf'.k wh e n t he boat comes 'rounel th e bc n(1. Then the bacon unrl the beans will gi ve pIne€" to beef and gree ns, And the doctor a\ ou r bed sid e n o longer will attend; And while slowly convalescing irom the s cu rvy we'll b e bleR~ing, That wel com e lillie steamboat thnt has sailed around tb e be nd. Chorus. And you will not find us grieving when the little boat is leaving, '''·e win gat her by t.he river a h e l pinghnnd to le nd : 'Whe n :o;he backs out from th e landing, On h er d eck )'ou'll find us standing, And we'll ne vcr be quite happy till sh e fl oats around t il e be nd . . And as soo n n.R we a r e nbl e yon' n find ll S at ! h n f U ,l " 'Mid the ouians and t h e kHtu Ct: , anu lll~ ~v\.'J things withol1tenrl; With 11 dozen ~o ft·bo!1ed eggs, a pai r of chicken legs ,"Va will try to be contented tilt she ft oo.ts A .ro und th e bcnd. Chorus SPEED COMFORT SAFETY Boston I Blasla TIansDortallon Go. OWNING AND OPERATING THE STEEL, A·I STEAMERS "B, RIXHAM," "SOUTH PORTLAND" and "LAURADA" Connecting with their ow.n fleet of Modern Yukon River Steamers now on the river "Col. McNau&'ht," "GOV. Pingree," "A. E. Fay," "Philip B. Low" "B. B. Gloscock" AND PASSENGER BARGES "New York," "Michigan" and "Washington." '" FOR. DAWSON CITY and intermediate Yukon River points { S. S. BRIXHAM, July 10 Sailings S. S. LAURADA, July 20 S. S. SOUTH PORTLAND, July 30 And every ~ IO days thereaCter during the season. AGENTS. L. Jr. JONES, . 28'Exchange St., Buffalo, New York E. L. MABERRY 1 , . 21-1 tioutb Spring St .. Los Angeles, Cal, A. E .. JOH~SON &. CO., 27 Broadway, New York E. P. CRO.,KER, • • . 104 La Balle St., Chicago H. D. BUZZEE, • . . . . Ea.t Harupton, Mass. A. 1-;. VEAZEY .. 'fioket, Agent N. E. R. R. Waterbury, Conn. P. B. LEMMON, . • 162 Market St., Lynn, Mass. CLOES & FINLAY CO., S09Ma11 & Express Building, New York, N. Y. G. E.CHASE, C. P. & T. A. Erie R. R. Co., Buffalo. N. Y. W. B. KIDDER, lIuffalo, Rochester & Pittsburg R. R. Warsaw, N. Y. G. W. E. GRIFFITH, 102 W. 9th St., Kansas City, Mo. WILLIAM HENRY, W.E.STARR, U6 St. Peter St., Montreal, Canada. Room 608 Hamilton Building, Plttsburg~ P ... J. E. HATCHER, 401 Neal Building, Baltimore, Md. F. L. GUNN, ', . 271Maln St., Springfield, Mass' E. S. BATCHELDER, . . . . . Springfield, Mass. HAMILTON P. BURNEY, . The Arlington, Washington, D. C. J. M. HOFFNEE, . . 287 Main St., Buffalo, N. Y. E. C. WOOD, • Maine Central R. R., Auburn, Me. COMLY JENKINS 116 South 9th St., Philadelphia, Po.. A.PHILIPS & CO., • • . • . Los Angeles, Cal. F. A. GROSS, General Freight and Passenger Agent 256 Washington St., Boston,Mass. 11. M. HAINES, Contracting Frelgh t and Passenger Afent 20 Montgomery St., ean FranCisco, Ca . H. J. CALLINS, . .Boundry Line Agent, Dawson City, N. W. T. H. I. FAY. • NO.1 Baggs Hotel, Utica,New York. A. E. CRONENWETT, General Tramc Manager, Seattle Wash. Sailings from the Company's Wharf, Seattle, Wash. Lowest Prices. Best ACcoDlDlodatioDs. ISO POVNDS BA.GGAGE FREE. Alexander Bielenberg. I LEXANDER DIELENBERG fit-at . had I an attack of the gold fever .. early in 1897 and left SeAUe and made a fast trip to DaWBOll over the trail, arriving there on June 1st. H~ didn't waste any time fooling around town trying' to find the "limit" or the hi~!h price of town la' s, but left at once for the diggings. leaving his party at LOLlBetown (now Klondike City) On .the road up tbo gulches he heard of the new iliscovery on Dominion creek and at once set out to get a claim, jf possibl~. Although it was a scorch-' :i~g day and he bad a trip of 25 miles before him h (3 completed his journey . before nightfall, staked a claim and bis first dllY's wOl'k will net him $50,000. On tLe road that day were probably 250 m6n all bound for the point where the strike had been made. Being a very energetio man he outstripped all but seven. By a great effort he finally i succeeded in passing two of these and before another hour forged ahead of three more. The two mon who were still in the lead saw him coming and then took place one of the most unique races that was ever witnessed anywhere. The men ahead droppe.d their packs and started along the road like soared wolyes, with Mr. Bielenberg tearing along in their rear. He was wiry and swift and though the men strained every nerve to reach the goal first, he closed the gap, passed them, and ar­ rived at the discovery ahead of all others. Everything above upper discovery had been staked, but all below wss still vacant. He looked at Nos. 2, 3 und 4 but as they did not suit him passed them by. No. 5 pleased him so he set his stakes and started home to record. There was no Gold Com­ missioner then so that · it was,: some little time before he could get his claim recorded, but as Boon as that was done he set out with two months grub and began work. Scraping up ~ the muckt he put in a fire ,and from the first panful of gravel got six oents. This encouraged him and he went to work in earnest. When through nine feet of gravel he reached bedrock ond there got as high as $7 to the pan. On the rim of the claim, he found in the grass . roots, fifty cents io· the pan. Convinced that he had a good claim and that It would pay better · to work it in' win ter he returned to Dawson. He had Pllt in fifty-nine days aud had · just one meal left. Mr. Bielenbl'rg next went on the Henderson creek stampede and from there went to Skookum Gulch being attracted by the hill~ide claims. And now we have to relate one of the most remarkable things that ever happened in the Yukon country . . It was just about dusk (10 o'clock p.m.) one even­ ing , when Mr. B determined to walk to the' top of the little hill ,which di­ vides Eldorado from Skookum Gulch. He had no intention of going pros­ pecting. Neither did he dream of finding a mine on the top of the hill. THE KLONDIKE NEWS. Sllch 's t,hing had nevey. been heard oJ. When part way up the hill, which was . rather steep, he espied in the moss a goodly sir.;ed, nugget of gold. Thinking that some one had dropped it be put it in his pocket and walked to the top of the hill, where 'aHer admiring the glorious scenery, he re­ turned to the cabin of Il Jriend and weighed the nugget, finding it! to be worth $'5,!l5. He could not help thinking about his find ~nd wondered who could ]lave dropped it. Taking some tools he went back to thehiU and after scraping off the moss took a pan o~ gravel from the surface without . fire. H yielded. $1.07, Iie ,next dug a small hole abo~t two feet by three and eight­ een inches deep · and picked out· with lis fingers $32 Borth of nuggets, and on sinking to bedrock got $60 to the pim," -' From 119 wheelbarrow loads which be. dug out at one burning he washed out over $30JO. The bedrock is rotten and about seven feet from the surface and the gravel averages $1.57 to the pan. . The claim is fully 600 feet abo~e the creek claims below, on a steep hillside. It is the fifth from Skookum and the sixth from Bonanza. As soon as Mr Bielenberg'S remark· able find became known in Dawson it created the greatest excitement and a stampede to the spot began. Hun­ dreds there were, though, who disbe· lieved the story, saying that it was something unheard of and impossible. There were several hundreds however who were willing to stake anything so long as they got a claim and these cre­ dulous ones are now comparatively wealthy. It is now known that this hillside was once the bed of Eldorado creek as the ..-!haracter or tLe gold is identical w~th that taken from the stream. On these hillside claims an unusually large number of small nuggets are found averaging about one ounce or $17. a piece. On one of these claims, a little boy eleven years old, picked out of the dump a tin-cup full in less than an hour. The method of working these side­ hill claims is to shovel the gravel into little cars which are run on a Bart of a double track t~amway. By this means the pay gravel is run down to Bonanza creE.lk where it is washed by sluicing. Mr. Bielenberg owns three of these bench claims either oi which wm yield !l. comfortable fortune. He also owns No.3 on Canyon creek which promises large returns. He is investing his money largely in tOWIl property, and owns a very comfodable residence on Third street which he occupies a good part of the time. He is an artist of great natural ' ability and some of his sketches create much amusement in Dawson. He is · also a splendid draughts man and his map of the Skookum hills and the surrounding country showing the old bed of Eldo­ rado, is the best ever made. Personally, he is a whole-souled, generous man, fond of a good time, liberal to a fault and the prince of good fellows. He comes to Dawson often to spend a few days and his . hundreds of friends hail his appear- ance with delight. . Willis McKinnes. For the benefit of Dur lady readers who. have never had the pleasure of seeing Dr realizing what a BDnanza King looks like, we will attempt a pen pictnre of onG who. is tDD modest to sit fDr a phDtDgraph. This king is a Kentuckian by birth, abDut thirty years 01 age, and a natural born colDnel, with a fDndness for the B,luegrass State and all Its principal pro­ ductions, as we will see further on. He is tall, athletic, and finely proportioned­ one of those men o.n who.m a rough shoo.t­ irig .jacket 10Dks as well ,as a sUk-lined dress suit. A long, well-, trained blDnde mustache shades a· firm but flexible . mouth, and there is that about his well­ turned chfn that deters men from taking unul1lmi.1 liberties with its o.wner. Un! usually long lashes shade a pair of fine, expressive eyes, · frtl'ift' whose kindly depths there beams ; ID· ve of pleasure and the finer things of life. They are not the eyes of a poet or painter, but they in­ dicate that their Dwner is II IDver of the beauties of nature and one who would take pleasure in a gODd coUection of the poet and painter's wDrks. A well-shaped head ado.rns his brDad shoulders, thE! whole going to make up a fine specimen of the American race. This is but a po.Dr description o.f Willis McKinnes, That Co.l. ;){cKinnes is a millionaire before the age of thirty-five is due to. a c,ombination of circumstances. Some might,say that he had experienced much bad luck in the past, which in a measurll. is true; but the hard luck Df other years has helped to. strengthen the character Dt the supject o.f this sketch, and has given him a true co.nceptiDn . o.f the value of the great wealth which is now his. This is not the first time that DUl' young Kentuckian has had wealth, and he knDws full well that it is nDt Dnly the birds Df the air that have wings. He has tasted of the higher pleasures of civiliza­ tion and then plunged headlDng into. the hardships of the wilderness, He has waded through mDsquito swamps, slie l down glaciers and swam the icy nDrthern rivers to. get what is nDW lIis, and he de­ serves every Dunce of it, 'l'h,1 cDIDnel left his native .state and journe)~d to. Oalifornia in the yeal: 1.'l1l\'). and whl'n they were selling" clima.te l;ly the yard and r~l estate,:·by' the i~ch 'in SQuthern Califol;n~a, he ·purchased bo·th in largo quantities. He afterward SDW., his real estate fDr enough to. I carry him north and left his share of the climate fDr the : Dne~IU)lgel's of the iliast, But he was . !?-ot always unsuccessful on the PaCific Ooast or in the great West, and for sev- Jack Donovan. 'l'he subject of this sketch .is .r ohn Donovan, a hail-fellow-well-met, a gDod friend and a hustlei· from the word go. Jack, as he is familiarly called, was horn in IJi.verpool, came , to America in 1881, and up the mouth Df the Yu­ kon Hiver in 1894. Par two years he was head steward of all the river boats. When th~ big stampede came, and all the people of Alaska rushed to the Klondike gold fields, Jack tendered his resignation and joined the rush. He arrived ill Dawson in June, 1897, and two hours aIter his arrival had headed a party fDr DDminiDn Creek It was h() who had the honor of naming this rich Rtream, and his claim is No. 7 abDve Discovery. He also owns a rich bench claim op­ posite No.. 5 Eldorado, which in itself is a comfortable fortune. Last sum- eral years traveled through Wyoming, Dakota and Montana, gathering experi­ ence and dollars. l 'inally he settled on Puget Sound, and, during the bODm which ,inflated thiLt country, he acquired mnch valuable knowledge Df when to sell, It was early in 1896 that our friend concluded that there was little to be made in boomland besides a living, and he · accordingly turned his face to the auriferous North. He first joined the Thorp party which took one of the first droves of cattle . across the Dalton trail to the Yukon River; and frDm there ·they embarked fo.r l 'ortv Mile on a: raft. It was late in the fall and the bosom Df the great river had already begun, to harden. At· the mo.uth of White River · they fDund themselves st1"uggling amid the floating ice, and it 'Was o.nly by a tremendDus effDrt and a happy fate that they reached the shDre. The river "opened" again, however, ana on anothel ' raft they prDceeded Dn their journey. -It had been their o.riginal intentiDn to take their, beef to. Fo.rty Mile, never hav­ ing heard of the Bonanza strike, but when they reached the big flat below the mouthDf the KIDndike niver, they were greatly surprised to find their prospective customers building a new town on the site of what is nDW Dawson. The first mining property th:tt the OolDnel bought was No.7 on Bonanza, and hereon hangs a tale. He had owned the claim scarcely a month when he was offered $25,000 for it, and he acceptec. t4e Dffer, receiving in payment a draft for tile amount o.n an Dutside bank. So, as SODn as the ice was firm enough he joined a party en rDute fDr Juneau, Jj'Dr over a month they struggled against blizzards and snow­ storms, with the thermDmeter varying from 40 to 50 degrees below zero.. At tile Pe,lly PDst they cached their tents and stoves in Drder to. lighten the IDads Df their wDrnDut dogs, and pushed on, 'l'he summit of Ohacoot Pass was finally reached, when tbe treacherous old mDun­ tain was dark with a bllnding snow-fall. 'l'hel'e were no. steps, trails or tramways dDwn the steep "scales," and as delay was fatal, they let go. all hDlds and "shDt the chutes.': It is a mile and a quarter to. the bottDm of the hill, .and an almost straight descent, but down they went, men, dDgs, and sleighs, in a flying grDup, and IllUded safely in the'·sDft sn~w at the bllse of the hill. A !'ew· days later found. Ool.McE:innes again dressed in a boiled shirt and stand­ ing cDllar, iistening to. a bank cashier's ' tale ·of "no funds." The draft had been dishouo.red. Had tllis mOlWY been paid it is extremely do.ubtful if .tb e ODlonel ~·o.uld ha ye ever again '""':visited ille fi·o.zell NO, :3 BONANZA BELO-W. Iller he purchased No. 18 below Dn Bon­ anza from Geo. F. Burke, and a force of twenty nien are now sinking and drift· JACK DONOVAN. ing o~ the claim. 'l'he width Df the pay streak is ahout two hundred feet ~n ,d from two to seven feet deep. He 23 North, and the great fortune wliich Is now his wDuld have 'f~lleu toilome Oth~r lucky Klondikerr. A shDrt time after, lI;1s, d()gs were again in harness, and, with onW.~ufilcient , food fDr himself and his animals.: Wflllsagatil faced toward the Icy North. whn~1ie was away, however, '. 0. 7 Boilanza ·wllll· yielding much gDld, and upon his '~riva1 the man who had gIven the wOl,ihiess check had $25,000 in cash, In place of the check 001. McKinnesaccepted 'the money, and with it purchase~ mans other and better claims" He had. WI outfit, thDUgh, and was fDrced to pay famine prices for his supplies.' AmDng the "necessa,ries." that our . Kentuckian bought was'-a case of whisky, prDbably the IlloSt expensive in ' lie histDry Df the comitry, for he gave a daim Dn Dominion creek for it which is nDW wDrth $20,000. Col. l\1cK.innes now owns No. 34 below on Bonanza, Ko. 11 A on Bear, No. 45 be­ low o.n Hunker, and one-half of No.3 be­ IDW on Bo.nanza. In the latter claim he is in partnership with Oharlie Lamb, and It is beyond dDubt Dne of the banner claims o.f the district, It is a full claim of 500 feet and from 400 to 600 feet In width, while tbe pay dirt is from three to sevcn feet decp. It is nothing unusual to. find two ounces in a pan of dirt, on No.. 3, and it will yield ihis year a quarter of a milliDn do.llars. Twenty men are kept at work, and it wiil take many years to. exhaust the claim. No.·. 34 belDw o.n BDnanza, o.f which 00..1. I1icKinnes is sDle owner, is equally · as good, There the bedrock is only tweive feet from the surface, and the claim can be worked during the summer by grDu~d sluicing. Several prDspect boles which have been 11ut down this winter, show a wide and unifDrm pay streal;: fro~ which thDusands of dollars will be extractetj. this SUIllmer. No.. 45 below, on Hunker, is anDther most magnificent property. Tile adjoin­ ing claim so.ld a few weeks ago fDr $45,­ OUO in cash, and the new run Df CDarse gold on tllis famous creek places his prop­ erty among the nDtable claims o.f the KlDndike. On that auriferDlls Httle stream known as Bear Oreek, the young miner also. Dwns a claim. Bear Creek, accDrding to its length, is secDnd to no stl'eam in the dis­ trict-not excepting EldDradv . . Tllis is the recDrd ofa Ipan wIll), I~Sf! than two years lj-,gD, \ 'was ~erdlng enUle Dver the rDugh YUlWll hills. 001. l\1cKinIies nDW spends his time in scanning the map and tracing routes thrDugh foreign climes. He lias had enough Df tile cold and ffl.lZI)l\ North, and · will therefore sell lIis entire IJl'Operty thig ~veat'. also has interests in MinoDk, RDse Bud, Nine Mile and Sulphur Creek. In January, 1898, he headed an expedition to the American side, ,vhere he is noW' prospecting. .r ack is a great stamped­ eI'. The mere whisper of a new discov­ ery starts him going; he does not wait to. envelop himself in furs 01' lay in a month's supply Df grub; and be it thirty miles or three hundred, he never stope until he has staked his claim. Next year the genial J acle will pay a visit to his friends in Liverpool, with enough of this world's goods to keep himself and his in luxury for life. IL his rambles throughout the country, :Mr. Donovan ever has an eye for quartz, and he expects to electrify t.he entire camp before the summer wanes by the news of his discovery 6f the ' mother-1Dde, His many friends only bope this will prove true, and that the lode will include the whole .dDme and go a million dollars to the ton. 24 WILFRED GAUVIN, Messrs. Gauvin Bros. and Pichon. No. 20 above .Bonanza, No. 47 below I~onanza, No.7 Dominion, No. 8 Dominion, No.1 Gauvin Gulch, No. 148 Dominion, No. 18 above Too Much Gold, No.4 above Rordelaux Creek, No. 15 below Miller Creek, No. 16 below Miller Creek. Tn the Spring of 1895, three young men left San Francisco, bound for­ they did not know where. They knew they were going into the Far North on 8 long and perhaps dangerous journey to be gone an indefinite length of time, and of. course had hopes of wresting a fortune from the frozen earth. N at a great big fortune of rilillions; not even a half a million; but just a few thousands wherewith to buy a neat lit~le cottage on some California hill­ side, surrounded by a few acres of vine­ yard and perhaps a few fruit trees. Their wildest dreams of avarice did not extend to the one-tenth part of what they now own, and all acquired in less than three years. The reader will perhaps exclaim, "How lucky!" and to which we will reply, "How plucky." , You who are going to the Klondike now, may have misgivings over the trip, even though each foot of the way is outlined by maps and guides and every danger , and hardship fully ex­ plained by the newspapers. \ You can pick up your "Klondike News," and read how to go, wheIl' J to go, where to go, and what to take; it will tell you where the richest mines are who found them and what they , . will prod1lce. It will even tell you how to prospect and where you are likely to find unprospccted ground. _ Hut our three young men had no such information; they had heard vague reports of the mines on the Yu­ kon Hiver, and only knew that they must start at Dyea and make their own way into the interior. They were in search of adventure as well as fortune, and it is quite probalile that if at that time "war's dread alarms" had been sounding throtlgh­ out the land, that they would have chosen to have battled with fever and the Dons at Manila, or in Cuba, and they may have returned decorated with a captain's bars, or even a General's stars. They are of the stuff that sold­ iers are made. But all was quiet at the time, and the month of April found them well over the high and snowy mountains of the Coast range, waiting for the ice to break on the mIghty Yukon. Their strong brawny arms sent their hoat flying across the lakes and steered her through the flying rapids of the river without mishap, and in due time they arrived at Forty Mile Post, where they decided to remain. With characteristic industry they at once began to investigate the mineral resources of the camp, and to learn 88 much I¥l possible of placer diggings. By pooling their issues they were en- THE KLONDIKE NEWS. abled to purchase It claim on Miller 'Creek, and were busily engaged in dig­ ging out the fairly rich gravel of the claim, when the much richer discov­ eries of Bonanza stampeded the camp. It goes without saying that they stam­ peded too, and they have every reason to be glad of it. They left San Francisco with but few dollars and not overly supplied with grub; to-day they could buy the biggest grocery store in San Francisco and the building contaaning it and have plenty of money left. Bl1t, by tIle way, we have almost for­ gottcn in our introduction to give the names of these young men. '1'hey are Wilfred and Alfred Gauvin, and their friend and comrade, Frank Pichon. Frank Pichon. Frank Pichon was born in France, February tllE' 9th, 1872, and came to America, with his parents at the age of ten years. The Pichon family went directly to San Francisco upon their ar­ rival in America, and finding in Cali­ fornia a climate not unlike their native land, determined to make it their home. rrhey are now residing in Santa Clara County, near Alma. Frank Pichon, the son, resided in San Fran­ cisco for sevcral years prior to his de­ parture for the Yukon, and worked in the Claus Spreckels sugar refinery. Alfred Gauvin. Alfred Gauvin was born at St. Simon, Romonesque County, Province of Quebec, lYlay 22d, 1860. While still a very young man he left his native home, and went to Fall River, Mass., where he found work in a cotton-mill. I'rom there he went to Grand Rapids, Mich., where,he spent eight years. For several years he"worked as cook on boats running on Lake Superior, making his headquarters in Duluth, Minn. The experience gainea there made him a chef of renown, not only on the foating palaces of Lake Superior, but upon many a row-boat and by many a campfire on the Yukon. During the halcyon boom days of the great Northwest, when the mud-flats of Puget Sound brou&ht thousands of dollars per foot, Alfred drifted to Seat­ tle, where he worked for the Stimson Mill Company three years, and until he left for the Yukon in 1895. It is quite a step from a sawmill to a Bonanza claim. Wilfred Gauvin. Wilfred Gauvin was born June 29th, 1871, at the old Gauvin Homestead at St. Simon in Quebec . . The home m 3st could not contain Wilfred after he had reached the age of seventeen, and up· on leaving home he joined his elder brother at Grand Rapids, where he re­ mained three years; from there he went to Lake Linden, and the next three or four years found him earning a live li­ hooa with his two good hands, but ever on the lookout to better his condition. When his brofher and Mr. Pichon made up their minds· to go North, Wil­ fred was no't unwilling, and. that he did so he is not sorry. '. As stated hefore, the three young men were quietly working their claims on Miller Creek without the hope of an ullusllally large fortunb, but confident that perseyerance and industry would FRANK PICHON. bring them a competency, when the news of the Hona~za Creek came as It bomb shell into their midst. It was decided that the two brothers shonlil. remain and work the claims while Pichon went up to investigate the strike on the Klondike. Upon his ar­ rival on Bonanza, he saw at once that one of the greatest discoveries of the NO. 20 BONANZA. age had been n~ade, and he staked No. 47 below Discovery. He then returned to Forty Mile to record his claim, and at the same time to tell the Gamins of the richness of the new digging, and of the great excitement there. Wilfred left the next day after Pichon's arrival, and a: few days later found himself on Eldorado Creek. Lik\,! every other miner at that time, how­ ever, the looks of Eldorado aid not seem to him to warrant a location, and not wishing to lose his rigllts went back to .the :Fork8 aud made his way up Bonanza. '1'he result of this trip was the secming of No. 20 above Discovery, which is as good a claim as the Klon­ dike can produce. He then returned to Forty Mile to record his claim, his whole trip taking him about a week, and a more profitable week's work has seldom been accomplished. When the little "Arctic" came up the river that Summer, Wilfred was on the wharf with his blankets, tools and pro­ visions, intent on prospecting his Klon­ dike claim. The river-boat landed him at the mouth of the Klondike, and a few trips over the "Summer 'trail," through mud to his knees and mosqui­ toes by the barrel, landed him and his outfit on No.. 14 above Discovery, on Bonanza, where he built a cabin in partnership with his friend Joe Le­ fond, who owned that claim. Here he lived during the Winter walk­ ingoverthe half a mile which intervenes between the cabin and his claim each morning and returning at night. There was much to encourage Wilfred in those days, and he returned to the cabin each night more confident that No. 20 would yield him a fortune, and that the hardships and toil that he had endured in the North had not been in vain. In Lhe month of :March his explora­ tions in the claim led him into a pay streak of gravel that almost frightened him by its richness. Pan' after pan he washed, each richer than the one pre­ ceding; he hoisted buckets that seem­ ed half gold; and his modest visions of a cottage in California grew into vision.s of a castle in France. He sent for his partner Pichon, who was working on No. 47 below . on. the same creek, and getting remarkably good pay, but nothing like that of No. 20. Together the two friends contin­ ued to work the claim during the Win. tel', piling up the big dumps for the Spring 'wllshup, and contented with their lot. Hut fortune was even willing to smile again on these two young men, and in April when the richness of Do­ minio\!- was uncovered, they stampeded early in the flight and secured claim! Nos. 7 and 8 below Lower Discovery. These two claims did not come to them as a gift, but only after hard work and hardship. There was snow on the ground that month and the thermometer registered far below the zero mark. It was sixty miles to Do­ minion Creek, and there was neithel road nor trail over the high mountains anil around the dome to Dominion. Nevertheless, they donned their snow­ shoes and their furs, and, with sixty pounds of grub and their blankets on their backs, made their way across the trackless passes and down the stream to the new discovery. They at once pros­ pected their newly found claims, and 'with gratifying results, and it was they who first found gold below Lower Dis­ covery. '1'here is a wide and uniform pay strcak on Dominion below Lower Dis­ covery, as well as on most every part of the creek, and it is the opinion of ex­ perh in gravel mining that it is even now the third creek in the Yukon coun­ try. Duri.ng the Winter" Alfred Gauvin had remained at l!~orty Mile working his claims, and early in the spring he CRme up to visit his brother in the Klon 1ike. He was too late to stake on Eldorado or Bonanza, but they told him his prospects on Dominion would be good. So all alone and without a guide, this young miner set out over the mountains to secure a claim. It took him just nine days to make the round trip, sleeping on spruce boughs at ALFRED GAUVIN. night without tent or stove, and cook­ ing by a campfire. He succeeded in getting a good claim, however, and af­ ter a short visit with his friends, re­ turned to JVhller Creek well satisfied. Thc spring was now well on, old So} shone fOllrtf!en or fifteen hours a day,. Itnd the water was booming in Miller­ Creek, so he set his sluices and shoveled in the dumps of gravel, from which h~ cleaned up several thousand dollars: He then retumed to Dawson and on June the 1st opened the Palace Res­ tam'ant there; such meals the miners. had not eaten for years, and in sixty days his provisions were exhausted; he had been eeten out of house and home. Since that time the three young men have been working together on No. 20~ reinforced hy a large number of men~ and are taking out gravel as full of nug­ gets as raisins In a fruit cake. It does not astonish these young­ men to find six ounces of dust in the­ bottom of a . pan, nor do their hearts. beat any faster when they are hoisting out five hundred dollars to the bucket. '1'heir pay streak is a hundred and fifty feet wide and from five to six feet deep, and has been located the fll111ength of their five hundred-foot claim. It ranks amc.ng the richest of the many rich claims on Bonanza, and its . output for­ this year will run high into six figures. Ii'rank Pichon and Wilfred Gauvin are jointly interested in Nos. 'I and 8, on Dominion, and Nos. 20 above and 47 below on Bonanza, the four c1aimsc heing all they can well attend to and all that any reasonable person could: wish for . . Although Alfred did not stampede with the others immediately after Dis­ f!overy, he has done exceedingly weU for the short time he has been there, and own!;! all of No.1 on @auvin Gulch (which adjoins No. 20 Bonanza), half of No. 148 on Dominion; half of No_ 18 above on '1'00 :Much Gold Creek;. half of No.4 above on Bordeleaux (which is ,a tributary of Hunker), and' Nos. 15 and 16 below on Miller Creek,.. in the Forty Mile District. This Miller Creek property, by the way, is gilt edge, and was considered before the Klondike strike to be a, phenomenon in placer mining. It is much more favora.bly situated for­ working on a large_ scale and with im­ proved methods than the claims on the Klondike, and will 8:t no distant period l yield bushels of gold. That these three friends have been· _ so well rewarded far their enterprise· and pluck in penetrating the glacial North, is only just and right, and that­ their fortunes did not come to them, except through intelligent effort, hard' work and many hardships, is a sure in­ dication that the riches acquired will not be idly spent. They are an exceedingly jovial and lighthearted trio, whose manners sug-­ gest the proverbial politeness of French extraction. Before many more long and cold' Arctic winters come and go, whitening the hills of Bonanza, these young men will be found visiting their native land and enjoying pleasures that wealth and It long isolation from home ever makes· keen. T~ the Old World as well as the New they will direct their footsteps, and af- · tel' a protracted pl'easure trip will prob­ ably retul'll to California and purChase, each an elegant home. They will be well able to buy climate and scenery in, large chunks, and are fully capable of appreciating the Land of Flowers and: Sunshine. Jack Smith. One of the substantial citizens of paw­ son is Jack Smith. ~'he name given hiln by his parents some thlrty"five years ago was in all pl'obability John, but he is not 'known at all by this name in the North­ west. Everybody knows him, 'andeve.ry­ body calls him "Jack." 1111'. Smith spent his' early days in Oali­ fornla, and was for some years a resident 'Of San li'l;anclsco; he has also lived in Eureka, Humboldt County, California. He first truveled down the Yukon River in the year 1895, and located, as all' other pioneers did. at Forty Mile Post. T~lngs were not coming us easy for the Yukont.'r iu those days as they do now, and big nuggets were as scarce at Forty Mile Post as big dollars are now in San Fran­ .::isco. '1'hls state of affairs, however, diel not discourage Jack, for he had been use\l to hUstling for blmself all his life. When tile Klondike was struck Jack was the first man to receive the informa­ tion from George Oarmack, and not being the kind of a man that lets ice melt un­ der bis feet wben there is a good thing in sight, he lost no time in getting on the ground. Here in the new camp, with its hustl!? and its bustle, where the opportunities for making IJIoney were numerous and speculation rife, Jack was strictly in his element. 'Tile first hard work he did was to go up the creek and stake No.7 on Bo­ nanza; this he afterward sold for a good round sum, and invested the proceeds in other mines not so high priced. He had had experience in California and Wash­ ington land booms, and it did not take him long to 'see that town property in Dawson would be more valnable per foot than claims on Eldorado. He accordingly set about obtaining from the Canadian Government a plot of ground just below the Dawson Town Site Company's lots, and succeeded In buying forty acres. This he had surveyed and platted, and it Is now known as "Smith's Addition." Smith's Addition will always be the residence part of Dawson. It lies high and dry above the marsh, on the undu­ lating ground at the lower end of the flat, and is probably the most' healthy 'spot in ,that vicinity. Mr. Smith's next venture was the pur­ chase of a controlling interest in the saw­ mill, now lmown as "The Smith' and Wil­ lil;lms M .ll!." This little mill has earned thousands of dollars for its owners, and has been running all winter. The site of the mill during the winter was near the mouth of Bear Creek, some six miles up the Klondike River, where the timber was large and plentiful. From there tne manufactured lumber was hauled down by horses and dog-teams into Dawson. It is the intention of the owners to re­ move the mill into town this spring and fioat their logs down stream to the lum- bel' yard. Another venture, which will in all probability net Mr. Smith a tidy sum this summer, is an ice-house filled with flve hundred tons of ice. He also owns mines galore, many of them on the choicest creeks. One of the best of these is No. 32 above Discovery on Hunl,er Creek, for which he refused fifty tbousand dollars last month. 'I'he history of this claim proves that perseverance and some faith is necessary in mining matters as well as in love af­ fairs, for the pay streak on No. 32 was as hard to find as a girl without a sweet­ heart in Dawson, and Mr. Smith spent many dollars and much profanity in lo­ cating the el'l'atic streak. People were wont to declare that the creek was "spot­ ted." Subsequent investigations have proved that the creek was spotted, but spotted wltb nuggets. Among Mr. Smith's many other good. claims No. 15 below on Bear Creek de­ serves special mention; not that it needs any mention, for money tall,s, and No. 15 is quite capable of telling its own story. Mr. Smith's tall flgm'e, incased in a cal­ ico-colored parkee, may be seen in the pictnre accompanying this article, the central figure in the group. It might per­ Imps be well to state right here that peo­ ple in Dawson as a rule do not wear fur parkees in the summer except when they are' having their pictures taken, and that Mr. Smith Is no exception to the rule. He dresses 'just exactly as the business men in the eastern cities of the United Sfates do, with the possible exception of u 'boiled shirt." He is one of the best­ known men in Dawson and everybody's friend. He employs a great many men in his various enterprises and it Is his boast that he always pays the highest going wages. Although Jack .Smith is a business Il\lln, handling many large enterprises, he Is. also a thoroughbred up-to-date sport, and can make or take bets running into the thousands with the abandon of a boy playing marbles. THE KLON DIKE NEWS. This unpretentlous log house with the pretentious name, was the first saloon in the Klondike. It is still standing, its look un­ changed, but its glory has departed. Its successor is the handsome building shown in the eut below. The proprietor of "The Bonanza", (who is now the proprietor. of The Monte Carlo), was Jack Smith, whose tall figure and hand­ some features may be seen in the center of the group in the picture. And although he did not build ·The Monte Carlo out of the profits of TlJe Bonanza, at the same time the income derived from the little log house was enormous. It is not unusual for the receipts to run up to one hundred ounces, or seventeen hundred dollars a day, and one millionaire mine owner, is said to have spent twenty­ five hundred dollars there in a single night. ----::::-- --- This handsome building is the proposed new "Temple of Pleasure" now being conBtructed by Jack Smith and Swiftwater Bill. At the time the "NEWS" staff left Dawson this spring, ground was being broken and the material for the new building was on the premises. And it is in all probability fully completed by this time It ie the intention of the proprietors of The Monte Carlo to make it the most noted sporting , houae in the world, not excepting its famous namesake. It will not be surrounded by bowers of roses, sylvan grottos and Lover's retreats; ~uch as are found at the Eu­ ropean Temple, but on the contrary, will stand in a lomd of almost perpetual winter, its foreground the mighty Yukon, piled high with jagged ice, and its background the everlasting hills. Neither will it be the haunt of broken down noblemen looking for a grub stake in the shape of im American heiress. The misery and suiCIdal features of its eastern rival will also be an unknown quantity there. Gayety alone will hold sway in the northern Temple of Pleasure; there will be sweet strains of music and bevies of beauties not "To the ma.nor born", but of the very cream of the theatrical world. Its patrons will not be those who have inherited fortunes, bnt those who have made them by individual effort. Unlike the eastern resort of Royalty, where only a eer.tain amount may be wagered at a single bet, thill northern Monte Oarlo will be run wide open, and WitllOut limIt ' The millionaire miner who wants to make a swell bet w'ill find the hole cut in the ceiling, 80 that he can sack his money up into the very cupola without protest. , "The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo" will be a "Chubber" compared to the man who make)! Swiftwater Bill and Jack Smith "Turn over the box". . 25 Swiftwater Bill :Wm. C. Gates, better known as "Swi.ft­ water Bill," is one of the ·best-known 'me~ in the Klondike country, and iEi nQtali;o­ gether unheard of throughout the United: States. It is said that Swiftwater gained ' his reputation and his name by shooting the swift waters of the Yukon,while other re­ ports are to the effect that his soubriquet resulted from walking around the rapiOs. Vlie do not believe this latter tale, how­ ever, and think that it is more probable that this unusual nickname was be­ stowed upon him from the fact that he was a little "swifter" than the ordinary Klondiker, and in fact, the swiftest of the swift, In more ways than one. That he spent his money with both hands, faster and in mo're ways than al­ most any other man in the camp, is well known, and that he will play higher and take more chances than any sport in Dawson Is also true. Mr. Gates is a partner with Jack Smith In the proposed new Palace of Sport known as "l'he Monte Carlo," and will preside over the sporting department of this 'high-class resort during tbe coming yell:r. Dawson is now, and has been, for the­ past year, the mecca of the high-roHer. Men from all over the World who are willing to spit at a mark for their whole pile, or cut the cards for an Eldorad.o claim, will be there in great numbers; and it is safe to say that they will be able to get action on tbeir money When' they enter the Monte Carlo, and meet the quiet lit~)e gentleman, with the black heard, that tile boys call Bill. ' .. In order that the sporting fraternity) may know what manner of man Swift-, water is, we wlll say that when the play gets slack at his faro game he pays six tor one for calling the turn on a "cat­ hop" and throws off the limit. But there is another side to this quiet gentleman that may interest the mining world. He is probably the best judge of the richness of a gravel bed or the value of a dump of any In all the Klondike, and hIs servIces as experf in this respect are in great demand. It was he who discov­ ered and located the first claim on Sul­ phur Creek, and thereby enriched the country by many millIons. He was like-' wise the first man to discover that No. 13 Eldorado was worth countless thou- . sands, and it was through him tbat the many partners In No. 13 have all accumu­ lated fortunes. The newspapers of the United States had, or thought they had, a great deal of sport out of Mr. Gates when he was there. This came ab rot from the fact that he refused to be interviewed by tne sensational papers of the PaCific Coast, and in the absence of facts they dealt in fancies, and where they could not obtain information ~hey drew upon their imagi­ nations. Mr. Gates came to San Francisco in the course of events, and there had some fun with the girls, as is his usual custom, which fact shonld not have astonished the not overly-prndish people of San FrancIsco. Nevertheless, the sensational press took his domestic affairs up as though they were matters of national im­ portance, and his every movement was duly chronicled from his early morning cocktail to the color of his night-robe. Meanwhile, the festive William was quietly proceeding on the even tenor of his way, incorporating companies, build­ ing steamboats, , /lnd buying supplies. HaviD.g plenty of spending money, he did not consider it extravagant to tip the porters, waiters, and other poorly paid help of some of the big hotels to· an occa­ sional handful of silver, and also to buy a few quarts of wine for the thirsty rounders about the lobbies. ' 'I'his may have been Bill's way of ad­ vertising himself, and If so, it was a good one, for the capitalists of the city begl1l1 to hunt him up, thinking he was a "good thing" with something to give away, and, ever and anon the quiet William would let some greedy capitalist in on a "good thing" by selling him a mine somewhere about 350 ab( ve discovery on Nowl:!ere Creek. They reasoned that a man who could afford to give away a handful of .money must certainly , have some wonderful claims, and that in all probability he did not know the value of them. The result of their belief was that they got toe mines and Bill got the money. And the question is who will pay for the experi­ ence. Mr. Gates bought, among other things, a residence on liJast 11'ourteenth Street in Oakland, for twenty-five thousand dol­ lars, which had been tbe home of 11 well-known banker there. He also pur­ chased about fifteen thousand doUars' worth of fixtures and sporting tools for the new Monte Carlo; he bought mirrors ten feet long and vel'vet carpets an inch thick, and oil paintings that were the work of the .best artists. He also built a steamboat, bought a big stock of goods, and bargained for all the dogs. In San Francisco. His diamonds were the talk of the city; his apartments were the finest that could be secured In the swell hotel, and he had several furnished flats in different parts ·of the city. He left the Pacific Coast early this Spring with a fine outfit, his pockets full of greenbacks and a company of the prettles~ girls that California could pro­ duce, and his advent into Dawson will create a sensation second only to Car­ mack's great discovery. This is the record of an unassuming, mild-mannered, miner from the Klon­ dike, who was not looking for notoriety, but had it thrust upon him. At the present writing Mr. Gates is President of the Alaska Transportation Trading and Mining COmpany, with a capital of two mlllions of dollars. 26 THE KLON!).IKE NEWS. Alexander Morrison. I T is ,not alone the pioneer in the land of the midnight sun who has reaped the golden harvest of nug­ gets, for there are many who might be classed as "new comers" who succeed­ ed in amassing fortunes in a few years, and Alexander Morrison is one of them. He, like some of the old pion­ eers, has money to burn, but unlike them will see that the pyrotechnical display will not consume the entire earnings, but that there will be enough left to provide the comforts of life dur­ bis sojourn on this earth. Mr. Morrison owns many valuable claims on some of the richest creeks in the Northwest Territory tributary to the Klondike. All of these he acquir­ ed by purchase, and the judgment dis­ played in the selection of them proves him to ~ave a first class knowledge of the value of mining property. His claims are located on Eldorado, Bo­ nanza, Sulphur, Dominion, Oariboo, · and a number of streams in the Indian river district. Besides the wealth represented in these mining claims, the lucky Klon­ diker hilS another source of revenue in "The Morrison" one of the best known and finest buildings in Dawson. This is now being erected by him at a cost of $25,000. The accompanying cut shows what this magnificent hostelry will look like when completed. It is destined, under the able management Marcus L, Hamilton. W E present herewith what is sup­ posed to be a picture of M. L , Hamilton. That it is not a good likeness we will admit, but we are fully prepared to defend ourselves in libel proceedings when "Lafe" finds out that the picture is intended as a likeness of him. We respectfully re­ fer him to our artist, Col. Warren C. Wilkins and the bright Yukon sun that interfered with the artist's work. Mr. Hamilton who is really an ex:" ceedingly good-looking young man is a native of Illinois. He first saw the light of day in the month of March, 1862. At the age of 24 he came west and for several years served as Deputy United States Marshal at Seattle. of Mr. Morrison, to become famous also one of the best caravansaries in the Klondike. It is clmtral'y located , anLl will be provided with all the conveni- - ences. Alexander Morrison was born at Woostock, Ontario, Canada. He left his home in 1887 and went direct to San· Francisco, where he engaged in the stock business for , the period of two years, From the coast he went to the Northwest Territory and continu­ ed to dealt extensively in stock, unlil 1888, when he returned to the States and located in Duluth, Minn. He be­ gan operating in minet:l, real estute, and stock in Duluth and West Superior where he was very successful. At the end of this time he moved to Washington, and engaged in mllllllg operations at the Cascades, making his headquarters at Seattle. It was while at this place that he hearu of the great possibilities of the great KIon~ dike country and he determined to go to Dawson and take a chance with the throng that wos leaving the coost for the new gold fields~ O, n August 9, 1897, he sfliled for Skaguay on the steamer Willamette. He was accompanied by his faithful wife, who choose to share with her hus­ band the hardships of the trip. Arriv­ ing at Skaguay, he learned that the prospect of getting over to the lakes was better by the way of the Chilcoot trail. so he went to Dyea and prepared for the arduous trip over the summit. A large force of Indians were employed to pack his outfit over the summit to and Eldorado creeks, arnvmg there before a stake had been driven on the latter creek. It must be remembered that Eldorado did not appeal to the early prospectors liS a very promising looking stream, and the young miner therefore crossed over the hill and down into Bonanza where he staked No. 57 above. He then took passage on a small boat down the river to Forty Mile and went from there by steamerio Seattle where he spent the winter. Early in the spring of 1897 he re­ tur~e,d over the pass with a large out­ fit including a load of ~orses, all of . which were frozen to death en route. His judgment in attempting to bring in horses was good as is evi­ denced by the fact that a team of hors­ es in Dawson last winter could not be tented for less than $9 per hour. At Dawson Mr. Hamilton bought an interest in the Green Tree hotel which he still owns. The "Green TreEl" is a large structut'e of logs, fine­ ly located on Front street, in the benrt of the town. It will be greatly Lake Bennett. Here Mr. Muni-on bum a boat, and started with his com­ panion down the chain of lakes. As it Was late in the Benson and the possi­ bility of getting frozen in was great, it was decided to lighten the load in order that the trip might be made as expeditiously as possible. Accordingl] all of the provisions, except just enough to last him to Dawson, were disposed of, and thecou pIe proceeded on their way. The dangerous passage ot the Oanyon . and the White Horse Rapids was made without accident and they sailed out onto the beautiful waters of the Yukon. By making early starts from camp and sailing until dark a great many miles were covered daily, and on September 25, Selkirk was reachec'l apd on the first day of October, 1897 tl e property owned by him is a bench claim on Eldorado, opposite No·4 in the first tier. This is on the old bed , of Eldorado, and adjoining claims will yield as high ara $5'0,000 this year. Mr. Hamilton also numbers among his possessions a bench claim on the wonderful Skookum hills in the third tier, in the heart of the rich diggings. Besides these he owns 84 below on . Sulphur, two claims on Bryant, one on Montana, one on Cariboo and other interests in the Klondike. No. 7 , abOve on Hunker was also amoiig: h11! . ; 'property but he disposed of it for a large sum On American creek this fortunate mining investor owns two miles of claims, and at the present time has nine people "grub staked" prospect­ ing that creek andexpectll to own ten miles of it . before summer. He is also largely interested in the Alask~ . Placer and Coal Company who own immense properties on Seventy lVIile creek. This interest alone will yield him over a quarter of a million dollars. Mr. Hamilton is a live young man, a fair sample of the hustlers who have done so much to build up the North­ west Territory-jllst the kind of men who helped to build up Seattle in the boom times. He is a good business man, a keen buyer, and a fine judge of mining property. During the past winter he kept hundreds · · of men in his hotel who had no other home nor money, and by reason of hiEi having so many friends is always one of the first . on the ground in a new discovery. Early in '96 he joined a party of pros­ pectors for a two years' t:dp to the Northwest. They journeyed over the only trail and pass then known to ex­ ist which led to the promised land, and safely landed at Sixty Mile post after a trip ' that was not without its incidents and narrow escapes. Mak- . . ing this their headquarters they pros- . improved this spring and will be one of the leading hotels of the place. In stature he is about 5 feet, 10 in­ ches, and has square, broad should. ers. He has a firm, resolute jaw which denotes determination, clean cut lips and bright dark eyes. He is a tasty dresser and lives in oomparative luxury in private apartments in the hotel. As a matrimonial catch he is all that could be desired and the eyes of many young ladies in a great many other cities besides Dawson will turn longingly towards the Northwest as they read of Mr. Hamilton and his great success. pected the surrounding country. They poled their boat up the sinuous Indiau river and prospected the branch of the stream now known as Quartz creek, where they fourid indications of gold at almost every step. · Hearing of the big strike made by Oarmack they hastened to Bonanza When Dominion oreek began to show up as a possible gold producer, the genial Boniface purchased No. 46 below discovery. The claim as for as , pr09pected shows · an unu!lually uni­ .form pay streak and will yield a for­ tune for its owner. Another valuable It is quite probable that his immense business interests will keep Mr. Hamilton in the. Yukon country, but when his affairs are in such a shape that he can leave their management to some one else, he will seek rest and recreation in travel. boat arrived lit Dawson. All thllt was left of the outfit was ten pounds of beans and a part of a sack of flour. · It was a time when there was great scar­ city of provisions at 'Dllwson and hundreds of people, fearing that there would be a famine in the · city before the winter was lialt over, wpre leaving the camp. This did not dampen his atdor in the least and by dint of hard rustling he s}lcceeding in purchasing an outfit for a year, paying at the role of $1.25 a pound for it. He also man­ aged to secure enough provisions with which to start a restaurant, and with the assistance of his energetic and never tiring companion, began serving meals to the crowds of hungry men who were left in the camp without su'fficient grub to last them through the winter. To those who had money Ctood .. 51}i f)~S. "Curly" Monroe fed four tho· usand three hun~red and twenty pounds ol bacon, fish and 1l0ur, worth one dollar per pound to six half-breed pups. By: the time they are grown and fit for . service they will be worth . about twelvE!. dollars and a half each. . One young man in order to show hi~ appreciation for his . sweetheart's cooking gave one hundred each for a half dozen biscuits. OharleyLamb loaned forty-fiVE! thou; sand dollars to his friends and ae:; quaintances for six Dionths withou~ interest. lIoney in Dawson is wortli ten per cent per month. Oharleyw8~ a ··Good fellow" to the e:r.ten~ 01 twenty-seven thousand dollars. "Swiftwater Bill" cornered~ll the eggs in Daws\)n, some twenty~seveg hundred, at one dollar each, to prevent · his girl, with whom he had quarreled~ from having an egg breakfast. Aleck Beil;~burg, the King of Skoo; kum, bought seven hundred doI1ar~ worth of dance checks at one time, in. an attempt to corner all the "All-It:.. mandleft" at Pete Mc Donald's dance hall; he and his friends had not reach­ ed the limit the following morning at eight o'clock. ~~--..,- Louie Golden lost $24,500. in two hours at San Bonifield'/il faro gamEl, trying to make a Saturday night sys­ tem work on Monday morning. 001. Wood, one of the mining and criminal lawyers of Butte, Montana, wintered at Five Fingers, and will be amongst the first arrivals in Dawson this Spring. The slaughtering of seventy-five Caribou in three hours, was the , re­ cord Broch Bennett and two compan- 'tnd could afford to pay he charged , ' ,)3.50 for a good meal, but those who bad none were never turned away , hungry. l\b. l\lorrison is certainly deserving of much cledit, not only for the suc­ e'eSs he has won for himself, but for the energy and 'pluck which enabled Lim to do so. lie is one CJf Dawson's leading lind most enterprising citizens, and has made a host of friends during Lis short stay in ibis, the largest place'r mining camp in the world to­ Llay. He is certairtly entitled to all the good things that shall come to him uuring his residence in the "land of gold and the midnight sun." There is no doubt that wheuhe gets ready to retire from actIve business and return to the outside he w 11 bave enough wealth to insure to himself and his faithful wife, all of those comforts which will make their declining years peaceful and bappy. Paul Denmark IIrrived from Ameri­ can creek, ninety miles below Dawson au the American side, and verifies the statement that good Bummer diggings have been struck on Seventy-mile creek The pay averages about one hundred dollars a day to the man, it has a width of about forty feet and twenty miles in length. Many of the Dawson stam­ pedars are en route, and there are about seventy men now on the creek. The American laws allow thirteen hundred and twenty feet to the claim. ions, on the Head Waters of flunker . last fall. ·L. P. Oksvig. Of. the rich mines above Discovery on Bonanza creek none is more pro­ minent than No. 17, owned in par' by Mr. L. P. Oksvig. This claim has Q pay streak of from three to' six feet in depth, extending from rim to rim a distance of about 400 feet and full length of claim 500 feet. A force of fifteen men are at work on the claim. sinking shafts and drifing out very rich pay dirt. 1.0 the spring "clean up" this will rank among the best gold producing claims on the Bonanza. Notwithstanding that many thon­ sands of dollars will b~ taken out this season, only a · small fraction of the claim will be worked. Another -valu­ able property in whioh Mr. Oksvig owns an undivided half interest is No. 1 below Discovery on Bear creek. ThiEi claim promises to equal any on Bonanza. On account of the scarcity of provisions men could not be secured to .work the claim this winter. Nos. 7, 18 and 19 below are yielding very rich pay as are also a number of claims abov~ Discovery that are being worked bJ . individual owners. Mr. Oksvig was born in Norway in 1871. He came to America in 1891 . and went to San Francisco where he resided ti1l1895. In February of that year in company with the Langlow Brothers, he started for the land of ice, and snow, going by way of Dyea, the, Ohilcoot Pass and Yukon river, and. landed at Forty Mile, where he pros­ pected the tributaries of Forty Mile creek until January 1897. He then purchased an interest in No. 17 above on Bonanza creek. Soon after making · his purchase, he left Forty Mile and traveled over the snow and ice of the YukoD and Klondike rivers to his claim and began work at once, finding good pay in the first hole he sunk. lie has been very successful ever since. . No. I7 BONANZA ABOVE. Many years ago, when Geo-rge Oar­ mack roamed the Yukon from Dyea to Behring Sea, he kept a keen eye on the minerallzed ' , portions of the country, and among othe~' things he found indications of coal. It vms, as a rule, impure lignite. At one point, on a higb bluff on the right hant! banI, of the Yukon, just below lJ'ive Finger rapids, he discovered several vein.s containing from 18 to 20 inches of clear coal. It remained fOT the "Oheechalm," or new-comer, to develop these veins and give them a commercial value. Early in last sPi'ing there was incorporated a com­ pany which bears the name of "The Five Finger Ooal Oompany. Its officers are: "V. T. Edmonds, president; William Fon­ dran, formerly of Hock Springs, Wyo­ ming, treasurer; H. A. Barr, of Eugene, Or., secretary. '1'hese gentlemen had already secured a tract of 320 acres just above the old discoveries of George Carmack. A tUD­ nel drilled into the vein proved it to bl a good quality of coal for fuel and for steamboat us!:). W. O. Edmonds, the president of the company, was born at South BoSton, Va. He engaged In coal mining for the Al­ goma Ooal and Ooke Oompany of Al­ goma, . West Virginia, the Turkey Gap Coal and Coke Company of Ennis, West Virginia, and ·the Crozier Ooal and Ooke Oompany of the same State. Leaving the coal mining business, he went to Bluefield, and entered the Bluefield In­ stitute ill 1897, remaining there one term; At th~ close of the school he started for the Klondike gold' fields. 'Young Edmonds reached Skaguay August 13, 1897, and went over the 'White Pass to Lake Bennett, and then went back to Dyea over the Ohilcoot trail. Here he found employment pack- THE KLON DIKE, NEWS. 27 THE FIVE FINGER COAL COMPANY.~G ing freight over the Chilcoot, and kept at that arduous work for a month, when he joined a party at Long Lake and with them started for the long trip to Dawson. Some idea of the difficulties of the tri1 may, be bad when it is lmown that two of the party-LoomiS and Hensel of Se­ attle-turned back when they arrived at Windy Arm, taking their packs and go­ ing back to Dyea. They w ere afraid to face the unknown dangers still before them, l1aVing had already a somewhat hazardous trip. Edmonds was not so easily d. iscour­ aged or . disheartened, so, taking the boat, he guided it alone down the stream to '1'akish House, and . next morning shot the White Horse rapids and wlmt through the canyon without accident. When he and the remrunder of the party got ab'out fiye miles above Five Fingel' rapids, he stopped and made an examl- nation or the vein which cropped out on the right side of the Yukon, where they subsequently purchased the valuable coal fields which they now own. The jour­ ney down the river was then continued, and the party arrived at Dawson aftel' an uneventful trip, on September 24th. Mr. Edmonds started up Bonanza Creek with the intention of staking a claim, and after prospecting along that stream for some little time and not find­ ing anything that he deemed . would pay him to record and work, packed his traps and went on the Eldorado to try if he could not do better there. Here he met with no better success and after prospect­ ing awhile returned to Dawson, where he remained for several weeks. At the end of that time .the young miner set out again to prospect, and 'this time with better success. He crossed the divide to Dominion creek and went down in Green Gulch, where he located No.6 on that gulch. Returning to Dawson he recorded his claim, and then, hearing of the excite- Mr. Lowe discovered the wealth of the Illack Hills country. He returneq. to civ­ ilization and told his tale of the discov­ ery. Subsequently he went to Idaho and Montana and stampeded through the various mining excitements which fol- . lowed in the succeeding ten years. About four years ago he made his advent on the Yukon riYer, and met with considerable success in the placers neal' Circle City. He is one of the best judges of gold­ bearlllg gravel on the Yukon today, and his advice on mining matters is sought by men of high and low degree. He is the soul of honor, and a man whose word is better than his bond. In­ vestments running high into six figures have been made in Dawson during the. last years upon the suggestion and ad· vice of this expert miner. Mr. Lowe Is possessed of a snug for­ tune, which was accumulated mainly through shl·ewd investments. He keeps well posted on the development of the different creeks, and is a persistent buy­ er. At present he has no intention of leaving the land of gold. Ashe & Lowe. ment on Henderson Oreek which the rich finds there had created, he started witll his dog-team up the Yukon, and arrived at the scene of the late discoveries while the rush was still on. He staked No.2 on Sixty Oreek, a tribu­ tary of the Henderson, and shortly afte· l' stampeded to Dion Oreek, where he got in early enough to locate No. 5 below Disco· very. Shortly after this the excitement on Chicken Oreek in the Forty :Mile district began, and the young stampeder took his dog-team and joined the rush. No.1 on Stone House Jj'ork was located by him, and he then returned to Dawson. Besides these minIng properties Mr. Edmonds owns a clrum on a gulch com­ ing in at 15 l5elow Upper Discovery, on Dominion No.2, and a half of No.5 on Green Gulch which enters Sulphur at No. 3S above Discovery, and No. 3 on a gulch coming into Moose Hide at No. 8 above Discovery. All of these claims give promise that they will yield vast On Olalm 43 it ',vus that the first big strike on that creek was made, and which sent prices in one weel, from $5Ul to $5,000, and in the succeeding week from $5,000 to $50,000, and at the prel$ent writing it would be difficult indeed to place a value on the pro'fjerty. On No. 38 the pay gravel IS six ~eet deep, and the writer has ~een " ·buckets of dirt coming from its sha, f t that were :lO per cent pure gold. .' Mr. Ashe lately sold, in:.: New York, No. 4 below Lower Discoyery on Domin:on Creel{, amI 32 below on Bonanza, and al­ though the price received was something over $100,000, it must be said that it was a poor sale. On the Dominion Olaim there is uniform pay streak wide and. deep. '1'he richness of Dominion was un­ known to even those who owned claims thereon until quite late last fall, and the ' news did not reach Mr. Ashe until after the sale was made. Claim 3:l below on Bonanza is also a magnificent property, which will yield a fortune each and every year for the next ten years to come. Lower Bonanza does not yield nuggets to any great ex­ tent, but the quantity of coarse "pin­ head" gold more than makes up for its lack of nuggets. '.rllen there is the "Dick Lowe Frac­ tion" on the Bonanza Creek at the mouth of the Skoolmm Gulch. 'l'his is the most wonderful strip of ground in the North­ west, and is the lucky holder's 1irst lo­ cation in the Klondike. '.rhe story of how he came to stake and record it is a tale of great interest. It 'was when Mr. Ogllvie, the Canadian surveyor, was marking off the claims Oil Bonanza, that Mr. "Dick" got his celebrated fraction. sums for the lucky young man, whose abilities bid fall' to some day place him in the ranks of the successful mining operators and claim-owners of the North­ west Territory. Some of the money realized from his claims has been .invested in town proper­ ty, for lJesides a house and lot on Sixth . street, he owns a valuable lot on Fourth avenue. The young man purchased this property when it was ~heap, for .he be­ lieved that Dawson would soon assume big proportions and real estate there would be valuable. His purchase justi­ fIes the statement that he has It good idea of business. Mr. Edmonds is a bright, ambitious colored lad of about twenty-five years of age. AS a rustler he has not his peer anywhere, for ·hls sojourn In the North­ west Territory shows this conclusively. Ifrom the day he landed in Skaguay to the present he has been on a lively hus­ tle, and it Is due to that trait in his char­ acter that he has been so successful in thc land of the glaciers. 'L'he Five Finger Coal Oompany, of which Mr. Edmonds is president, is fully satisfied that the coal lands they own will prove as good a source of wealth 118 . many of the placer claims. 'l'he subject of fuel is one which wlll play a very im­ portant part in the development of the mineral resources of the country, and as the years go on the need of a good steam I1ml firtl V1'uti UCtll" w lli be 8trollgly tillt. In some of the thickly settled mining districts, wood Is a scarce as well as an expensive article, and it,will not be long before the necessity for some fuel to take Its place will be in great demand. Some of the steamboat companies are already making arrangements to use coal for fUel, if It can be had, on account of the increasing scarcity of wood. '1'he Five Finger Ooal Company Is mak­ ing arrangements to supply Dawson with coal for fuel during the winter. For that purpose they expect to put on a line of barges during the summer, so that they can haul the product of their mines to the thriving city. When the surveyor had finished the sur­ vey, IIi which he had been assisted bY' Mr. Lowe, he found that there would be a fraction between Nos. 2 and 3 abo,ve DlscoYel'Y, extending several hundred feet across the creek and about 100 feet in width. No one seemed to want to waste a right on this small piece of ground until Mr. Lowe appeared upon the scene. His experienced eye at once saw that the streak of land received the entire wash from Skookum Gulch, and would in all probability be rich in nug­ gets. That his judgment was good on this as well as all of his other mining moves goes without saying. The first hole sunk into the gravel of the fraction yielded $48,000, and the output this yellr will be fabulous. Messrs. Ashe and Lowe also oWn six­ teen quartz claims at Sum Dum Bay, near Juneau. These are near the cele­ brated Grey Eagle mines, and are some of the finest properties in the coast quartz belt. '1'hey have been developed enough to show that the vein Is continu­ ous throughout the claims and that they contain immense bodies of rich ore. Many other claims on the different creeks tributary to the Yukon belong to them, 'and they are the owners of consid­ erable to\vn property which is constant­ ly increasing in yalue. Mr. Lowe acts as supel'intendent of the minIng property, and resides in a com­ fortable cabin on a hillside opposite No. 6 above Bonanza. He keeps open bouse, and friends from Dawson when up that way are certain of a cOl'ulal welcome and a seat at a table which is always loaded with delicacies seldom seen in the frozen north. HARRY C. ASHE. It is quite the thing nowadays to be known as a returned KlondikeI'. '.rhis insures one much attention and plenty of free drinks. Oonsequently, returned Klondikers are plentiful. The man who has been as far as Dyea 01' has seen the glistening summit at a distance firml;r believes himself to be a Yukon pioneer, and he tells the story so often and be­ lieves It so well himself that he expects. others to do the same. There is one way the genuine KlondikeI' may always be distinguished. Ask him if he knows Harry Ashe and Dick Lowe. Not to know those two "old sour-dough boys" argues oneself unknown In the Yukon. Harry C. Ashe Harry C. Ashe., whose handsome face looks at you from a cornel' of this page, Is about 36 years of age. His mining ex­ perience commenced in the Black Hills in 1876, when he was a lad of 15. When the gold excitement of that section had in a measure died out, Mr. Ashe came west and, in 1883, crossed the country into British Oolumbia. From there he went to Juneau, where he resided for sev­ eral years. In 1896 he was in Circle City, and when the news of the stril{e on the I{londilw became known ' joined the first rush to Dawson. Here he opened the first opera tiouse which that city boasted. It fairly( coined money for its owner. In July, \97, he disposed of the op~ra house and invested ·the entire pro­ ceeds in mines. . In the fall of that year Mr. Ashe vis­ Ited the outside, and spent the following winter in San Francisco and New York, returning early in the spring of 1898 with ' a large outfit and ' a supply of improved mining machinery. He is an exceedingly jovial man and a prince of good fellows. He is generous to a fault and fond of relieVing distress in a qUiet way, and is very unassuming. Accustomed to handling large sums of money, he manages his fortune with sin­ gular ability. A good judge of mining property, he plunges when, in his judg­ ment, the occasion demands such speedy action. . While 1I1r. Ashe is a miner and pros­ pector of many years' experience, one need not expect to find In him a typical looking miner with blue shirt and gum boots, for he has a fondness for fine linen and the tailor'S art, and might be transported from Dawson to the swell­ est club in New York, where his appear­ ance would excite no comment, nor his manner be distinguished fl·om those or clubdom. Richard R. Lowe. Hichard H. Lowe Is a rugged, wiry, American miner, about 45 years of age. He first engaged in mining in 1876 in the-Black Hills. There he led a party of seven before the white man had Invaded that country, and they camped on the site of what is now known as Deadwood City. '1'0 Mr. Lowe belongs the honor of discovering the grea.t mineral wealth of the Black Hills . . The Sioux Indians at that time were fierce and blood-thirsty and resented the white man's intrusion. In those days Mr. Lowe was engaged in transporting a large amount of supplies across the coun­ try, and had all of his savings Invested in mule teams. The Sioux swept down upon his party one night,drove , away the mules and burned the wago· ns, and held high carnival with the supplies. After untold hardships they succeeded In making their way across the country on foot, and it was while on the trip that It is not our attentiou to attempt any lengthy history of these two men, as that would fill every page of the "News," in­ cluding the ·covers, with an interesting narrative. The story of their wander­ ings would lead the reader into th" Black Hllls in 1876, when the Sioux in­ dian in his war-paint kept the prospector busy dodging bullets ; it would take him through the great Northwest to each and every mining excitelljlent . for tile twenty , years last past, and would land him UtI In Dawson, ending the story there like the regulation novel with the statement that "there they made their fortunes and lived happily ever after." '.rhe friendship whicb exists between Harry and Dlclc has 'lasted through all the changes a.iJ.d incidents of the laat twenty years, and the viCissitudes which they have undergone together on the trackless plains and In the wild mountain fastnesses where the treacherous red man lay in wait to shoot down and scalp the hardy prospector, have served to strengthen ·and cement it firmly. There is a world of meaning in the word "pard­ ner" which only those who have spent months together away from civll1zation and shared their last crust can fully ap­ preciate. They have been likened to those old heroes, Damon and Pythias, whose strong friendship has given the world a lasting example of loyalty. The two friends have prospered amaz­ ingly In late years. Their largest inter­ ests lie on that woilderful creek, Hunker .. Here they own Nos. 29, 38, 40, 41, 43, and 62 below. Discovery on Hunker. These claims lie in the heart of the gold belt. R. R. LO'WE, 28 Andrew Hunker. One of the richest creeks In the Klon­ dike district bears ~he name of the sub­ ject of this sketch, but as the story of the discovery of that wonderful gold­ bearing stream is fully told in an article on this page, nothing more than the mere mention of the fact will be made here. As the accompanying picture shows, An­ drew H unker is a man whom anyone would pick out of a crowd as an individ­ ual whose strength of character and strong determination would persevere against the most overwhelming odds, and succeed in undertakings lJefore which a less determined nature would quail. One would not have to be a phrenolo­ gist to see t he dogged, resolute purpose expressed in his well chiseled chin, or to learn from his steady, obserVant eye, the quick intelligence necessary to direct the g-reat forces of a phySique made perfect by tbe hand of Nature and strengtbened by tbe healthful exercise which his call­ ing gives, for his features truly and un­ mistakably denote the traits of bls cbar­ licter. Mr. Hunker is a native of Germany, and was born in Wittenberg in 1851. 'feu years later he came to America and locat­ ed in Pennsylvania wbere he made his home until 1875, leaving that place to go west. He spent some years in the quartz mines of Siskiyou and Trinity counties and in 1882 went into British Columbia where he prospected in North Townsend and Big Bend, in the Kootenay district. H e made considerable money In the Con­ solidation claim, but sank it again in de­ wloping other properties. In the spring of 1894, Mr. Hunker, in company with four other prospectors, came to the North West ~'erritory, by way of the Dyea Pass. He prospected the streams all along the main route and found gold in nearly all of them. He 3pent some tim e in the vicinity of Selkirk and then w ent to Forty Mile, and thence to Miller and Glacier creeks which streams hc prospected and found but lit­ tle "'old. He also prospected on Little Gol; creek, but that stream appeared to be wrongly named, for there was no gold there. In company with his partner; Mr. John­ son, he w ent to Bear creek and was working the bars along that stream, when the news of the Bonanza discoveries reached him. He did not wait, but start- . ed for the new diggings with Mr. John­ son, on the evening of the day the news reached them. He staked 31 below on Bonanza, but as others claimed it, an~ as serious complications" have arisen In re­ gard to t he ownership, in consequence, he sold out at the very small figure of $1,500, $500 of which was paid In cash and the balance was to be paid on the bedrock. The bedrock was apparently very deep on that claim, for Mr. Hunker has not yet received the $1,000 which Is THE KLONDIKE NEWS. still due on It. The claim is now In the possession of Lou Cooper. On September 5th, he arrived on the creek which now bears his name and the next day staked the Discovery claim which was the first recorded In the dis­ trict. Mr. Hunker has interests in the Discov­ ery and on 1 above and 1 below. The claims have proved very rich. The big­ gef1t nugget ever found on the creek was found by him and weighed $52.50. From a hole 8x8 feet $1,200 was taken, ana from another about 20x18, $11,000 was taken. The hardy miner crossed over McCor­ mick's forks without a guide. Another Instance of his hardihood was his encoun­ ter with a big bear which he killed in front of his cabin. After the spring clean up Mr. Hunker will visit his relatives In the east. The Golden Hunker. Hunli:er Creek, the fame of whose gold­ ladened bed, has gone over the world, lind the story of whose riches has as­ tonished mankind, runs almost parallel with Bonanza Creek, and empties into the Klondike .nearly twenty miles above Dawson. It is fed by Last Chance, Gold Bottom and many other streams whose waters run over golden sands. It is a stream that has been but little worked as yet, for it may be said that mining is in Its infancy there, but enough hlls been done to show that the rich treasure which lies in the gravel above the bedrocll:, and in the banks 'which are kissed by its gold­ on waters, is practically inexhaustible. Nature seems to have been more tlian prodigal in the distribution of her wealth tllong that favored stream, for, in the gmvel that forms Its bed at its source to the sands that glisten along Its banks at its mouth, the yellow nuggets are strewn like shells on the beach. 'l'he journey from Dawson to the point where Hunker Creek mingles its waters with the Klondike Hiver can easily be made in a day, but it will ,requir!j an­ other day to complete the trip to the place where the discovery claim is staked; but one need not go very far along the Hunk­ er before meeting with husky looking miners who are delving in the ground for .he shining nuggets which they know to b{; there, anp. who think themselves very fortunate to be able to lay claim to a lo­ cution anywhere on that creek. The history of the discovery of the creek and the rich placers which have IUade it famous, is a romantic one, and the name itself suggests to those who are famlllar with the story the unusual in­ Cidents which preceded the bestowal of the title by the discoverers. Chance had considerable to do with the discovery of the gold which has since made the name Hunker familiar to thousands who have never been in the Northwest 'J'erritol'Y, and if possible had more to do with the naming of the creek, for had tlle silver coin which was tlipped into the air by the happy prospectors who unearthed the first gold there, turned over once more before it fell on the sands, the rich wat­ ercourse might have gone down into the records of the Northwest and out into the world as the Johnson, instead of the Hunker. But to the story. Andrew Hunl{er and Charles M. John­ son, when they heard the news ot George Carmack's lucky strike on . Bonanza Creek, immediately left for the new dig­ gings. They had spent considerable time prospecting on the various creekS, and had come to the c(mclusion that there was gold in large quantities in the coun­ try awaiting the lucky man who should stumble onto it, and as soon as they had arrived at Bonanza they determined to iook for the rich placers which they were sure were no great distance away. 'I 'hey remained on Bonanza just long enough to locate a claim apiece, and then, with packs upon their backs, started over the mountain from Bonanza. Although the country was unknown to them, they crossed over McCormick's forks, without a guide, to the head of a stream which was afterwards named Last Chance, and whiCh proved to be a tributary of what is now the Hunker. With much difiiculty they made their way along this creek, on which the foot of n white IUan had probably never trav­ ,,,It·d before and came to a large creek. Th£·y went up this latter stream, pros­ pecting as they went along, and were gratified to find colors of gold at differ­ ent places. When they had gone about eight miles up the stream they stopped and began panning on the rim of the creek, which was what is known as a small rim. The first panful of dirt yielded ten cents, the next twenty-five cents and the third one $2.50. In six hours they pan­ ned out $22.75. The next day, Septem­ her 6, 1896, they set their stakes on a claim of 1500 feet ')'Vhich they located as the discovery, and then located Nos. 1 above and 1 below. As it was necessary for the purpose of recording their claims to have a name for the creek, the partners concluded to bestow one on It, and agreed to let chance decide which of the two should have the honor. A half dollar was pitched into the all', the partners agreeing that on its head or tail the name of the creek should be settled. Hunker chose "head" and Johnson "tail." The coin was tossed and when it landed the head of the piece was uppermost and Hunker named the creek after himself. After locating the partners went to Forty-Mile to record their claims and in­ cidentally to get provisions. Bonanza and Hunker were formerly two mining divisions, but later all the streams flow­ ing Into the Yukon were united and merged Into what is known' as the Troan­ dik division of the Yukon mining district. When they returned they built a cabin on their discovery claim and began sluic­ ing. One man worked three hours one afternoon and sluiced out $75.00. In the spring of '97 they sluiced out some ground and cleaned up about $16,000. A great many nuggets were found and among them was the largest one that has ever been taken in the Hunker district. It weighed $176.00. The claims on Hunker are what are known as good summer and winter dig­ gings. There Is from 15 to 20 feet of gravel, and the po.y dirt is from one to six feet deep and abollt 200 feet wide. On discovery some of the banner pans yield­ ed $200. No.2 is a good claim as is also No.3. The pay streak on Nos. 4 and 5 Is very rich, as It Is also on the other claims in the district The creek was not long ~acant after Messrs. Hunker and Johnson made their discovery known. The news spread rap­ Idly and in a surprisingly short time, a stampede had taken place. A big crowd rushed up to the discovery and began panning out. They staked Hunker to the narrows and to the head of the creek on the right hand fork. A great many oench claims were also staked, and many of them will yield fortunes to their own­ ers, and when the creek is surveyed there will be an opportunity to stake more bench claiml:l. ~'he pay streak on Hunker is much longer than that on Bonanza, although not nearly as much work has been done. As has been said, mining on the Hunker ·is as yet in its infancy. 'J'he reasou for this is that the road to Hunker is hardly worthy of the name, while it Is much easier to get to Bonanza and JjJl Dorado, ana in consequence the work on those two creeks has progressed much more rapll1ly than it has on hunker. When the problem of getting to Hunkel: Oreek with tile appliances which will be brought lll­ to the country has been solved, tne ricl! placers on that creek will be developeu lllore rapidly than they are at the presellt LIme. At the present rate of working, it Will taKe at least five 01' six years for tne llIiners to get the main pay sh'eak worK­ ed and at the end of tnat tillle, COlll­ vunies can take hold of the property and wit11 improved methods go on worklllg lSU{;{;e:s,;rullY and witn much profit tor twenty years to come. The 11igh price ot living and the expense of labor maUe it impossible to work any but the best claims last year and nothing but tne richest streaks were touched. Many por­ tions of the claims now on Hunker which are not worked for this reason, will pay well under the altered conditions wnich the next few years will bring about. It is not a very wild prediction to say that in the near future some very rich de­ pOSits of quartz will be found near the headwaters of the Hunker. The charact- I er of the gold found .in the stream would indicate as much. Whether the gold ex­ ists in ledges or not seems to be a moot. ed question. 'fhe majority of the minerb along the stream, who have given tne subject much thought, incline to the be­ lief that the quartz is in pockets. 'I'he doubt will at some near time be set at rest, for the source of all the coarse gold cannot long remain hidden from the ob­ servant eyes of the hundreds of experts of quartz who will go Into the country when the craze after placers has some­ what abated. A great deal of gold has already been taken out of Hunker in the form of nug­ gets and coarse gold, but the amount al­ ready washed up will not be a drop in the bucket to the fortunes which will be brought out in the spring. Conservative men place the yield of Hunlrer this year to be between five to ,ten millions. That this is a low estimate, none who have seen the gold that has been drifted out already, or the amount of dirt on the !lumps awaiting the spring wash-up, will lloubt. And the amount that will be brought away by the fortunate miners this sum­ mer will only represent a fraction of that which will be taken from the almost in­ exhaustible treasures in Hunker Creek. HAULING HAY ON MOUTH OF HUNKER. Charles M. Johnson. Charles M. Johnson, a picture of Whom appears on this page, has the distinction of being one of the two men wno dis­ covered Hunker Creek, and gave to the world the [mow ledge of the placers whose richness has made that creek famous. As will be seen by the picture Mr. Johnson is a tall, strong looking man, a typical specimen of the hardy, advent­ urous frontiersman, whose untiring en­ ergy and indomitable courage have open­ ed up some of the best mineral producing countries in the world. The big fur coat which envelops his robust form, is the kind which the severity of the weather in that frozen region makes it incumbent on the miners to wear. From his beard­ ed face, beam a pail' of kindly eyes, which reflect tile goodness of a heart that beats in sympathy with t he misfortunes of hiR fellow man. Mr. Johnson was born in coun- ty, OhiO, in 1850, and when 15 years old went to Illinois where he engaged In tile occupation of a farmer, r emaining there until 1871, when he removed to Linn county, Missouri. He followed agricult­ ural pursuits there until 1874 when he left and in the spring of 1875 went to California. Going to the r edwood forests of Humboldt county, he engaged in the business of logging, which he followed until the fall of 1879, when he took a trip to San Francisco where the winter was spellt. ~'he following spring the young man spent on the Columbia River, Oregon, and in the following summer proceeded to Victoria, British Columbia, amI thence up to Yale on the Frazier River. From here he carried his blanket to Clinton, in the Luluwood district, where he secured work on a hay ranch. After remaining there a short time he pushed his way Into the Caribou mining district and spent some time in prospecting on the south fork of the Quenselle river. He after­ wards secured work in the South Fork Hydraulic Mining Company. . He remained In British Columbia about fourteen years, spending a part or the time In Queen Oharlotte Island, where he prospected for coal and timber. Another winter was spent in San Francisco and when spring opened he went to Cook's Inlet and in the summer that he spent there prospecting, he 10-. cated valuable petroleum deposits, which on being tested were found to contain 53 per cent of illuminating oil. In the spring of '06 Mr. Johnson left San Fran­ CiflCO for Fortr-Mile via Dyea. He made the trip in safety carrying 1000 pounds of provisions and arrived at his destination early In July. Some months were spent In prospecting on Miller, Poker, GlaCier, Davis, Bear and Clinton creeks. While at Forty-Mile Mr .. Johnson be­ came acquainted with Andrew Hunker, and hearing of the strike on the BOJ"anz:a they went together to that stream and 1,,­ cated claims there, the formel' staKlng No. 43 below. He went to Forty-Mile to record his claim and when he got back he, in company with Mr. Hunker, started out with a pack on his back and discov­ ered the creek which now bears the name of his partner, Hunker. He and his partner staked Discovery and Nos. 1 above and 1 below. Tbese are the rich­ est claims on the creel" In the spring of '97 $16,000 was sluiced out and the amount that will be taken out this spring will far exceed that. These claims are rich In .nuggets. Thomas Young. I HOMA8 Young np.eds no intro. dUCtiOn to anyone who ever lived on the Yukon River, as he is known from Cir­ - cle City to Sixty Mile, and from the Cassiar to the Klondike. He was born at Toronto, Canada, in 1857, where he learned the trade of carriage builder. H e removed to Rabbit Point, Manitoba, and engaged in the boat building business, where he became acquainted with Lord Alfred Wing Everest, of the Ridg l­ mere- Stock Farm, Count de Lanvil, a French nobleman and several other gentle­ men, who were just starting on a two year's trip to the interior of the Northwest Ter­ Iit6ry. They proposed that Mr. Young should accompany them and he at length con­ sented. The party started in May, 1886, and went to Calgary, by rail, a distance of eight hundred miles, and from there with horses by an almost unknown trail to the Athabasca Lake. Crossing this t hey en­ tered the Slave River, crossed the Great Slave . Lake, boated down the McKenzie River and finally la nded at Fort McPherson at the mouth of the Peel River, sixty miles from the Arctic Ocean. Up t he Peel River and over the moun­ tains the advent uresome party made th eir way to " La Pierre's" House, one of the oldest trading posts on the Bell River. They floated down the Bell River, reached the Porcupine and fi nally arri ve ri at Port Yukon. It was originally Lord E verest's inten­ tion to be absent two years, but one morn­ ing he awoke and in formed Mr. Young that 11e bad dreamed that his mother was dying. and he started Ilt once for England, Dan Me Vicker. D AN, McVicker, who presideH with his partner, Tom Moore, over the cabin and claims on No. 35 B. all Hunker, is one Qf the oldest and most experienced placer miners in the whole Yukon country to-day. He was born in Ireland 51 yeare ago, and came to America in 1873. Prior ' to that time he was attached to one of t he' liners that lied between Ireland ana. New York. Far back in the early '70's, when the ex­ citement caused by the discovery of the his­ torical and fabulously rich placers at Cas­ siar, B. C. was at its height, Mr, McVicker stampeded with hundreds of others who rushed into that country. The excitement of a miner's life had a great charm for the young Irishman, and after working about Cassiar for some time he began a series of explorations into the interior of that little known country in search of undiscovered placers. He found some rich placers on Ti bbet creek and Five Mile Gulch. Later he started into the Northwest territory and pursued his search after the shining metal and with an energy that never tired. It was at this time that he began specu­ latingin mining, but his ventures were dis­ astIous. He was a member of the Emmet. Company and the Ophir Company and lost considerable money in t he Centennial Com­ pany, baving invested heavily in all of them. In April, 1891, Mr. McVicker left Tihbet creek and made his way to Telegraph creek where the 150 mile trail to Teslin Jake commences. Alter a bard journey over. the t.rail he at length stood on the last divide which lilY between him and the beautiful Teslin Valley. Standing on the hill top he gazed with admiring eyes upon.the beauti­ ful " mother of the Yukon" which lay in the lap of th e valley. With abated breath he beheld the picturesque scene, so grand and awe-inspiring, t hat it caused expres­ sions of delight to burstinvoluntarily from his lips. Like a great diamond, Lake Tes­ lin sparkled and glistened in the sun, the green slopes of the valley making a fit set- · ting for such a gem. The great lake is sur­ rounded by hundreds of smaller ones. From the hill thirty-seven of these small bodies of water could be seen sparkling like THE KLONDIKE NEWS. arriving just ·fourteen days before his mother's death. Mr. Young accompanied him on the long journey down the river to St. Michaels and by steamer to San Francisco, where they separated. But life seemed slow in civilization after Buch a trip, and our friend determined to )'evisit the country he had just crossed, believing that at would afford him a lortune. This time he came over the now famous Chilcoot Pass, which was then an almost unknown route, and located at Forty Mile in June, 1887. In the ten yeare that fol­ lowed he penetrated the interior alone and with Indians on many an expedition, and is probably the best informed man on the Yukon . to-day on the formation of the country and the extent of the gold belt. He was one of the fi rst men to reach Dawson after the strike, and located No. 27 below Discovery on Bonanza Creek. He also l ocated No. 39 below Discovery on Hunker Creek, both claims proving to be exceptionall y r ich. Last :Fall he disposed of half of hie inter­ ests to James W. Morrison, and the two men are now engaged in the pleasant work of washing out a. fortune. He is an '.)ld and valued member of the' Order of Yukon Pioneers and one of the most popular men on the great river. It has been eleven years since he saw ihe out­ side world, but contemplates a trip to his old home this Fall. His career has been varied, his adventures would make an in­ teresting volume, and his wealth bas only been ga ine,l after many hardslJips. gems clustered about the larger one which blazed like a soliail'e in the center. Lake Teslin is in the midst of a great game region. Bands o[ mountain sheep occupy the dizzy peaks which enclose the vallE Y, and on the ferWe plains of the val­ ley thoueand of cariboo graze on t1e rich herbage. From every thicket great flocks of ptarmigan or white grouse, startled by the approach of the hardy prospector, rose with a great whirring of wings and hid themselves in the tall grass which covered the fe/'tile fields. Fringing the lakes the tim ber is large and , James W. Morrison. J AMES W . MORRISON, whose pic­ tureadorns this sketch, is II bright young man who has be,en identi­ fied with the history of Alaska for several years. He was born near London, Middlesex County, Oanada, on S eptember 9, 1863. His early .ed­ ucatior was a,cquired in the public schools of his birth· place after which he entered the Normal school at Toronto, ana graduated with honors. Mr. Morrison made his advent in Alaska in 1895, locating at Juneau, where he soon became known as one of the leading ('itizens of that place. He built and managed the Louvre theatre there. Being a public spirited man be soon became identified with publio affairs, and ere long became recognized as a leader in Republican politics in Alaska. On the election of President McKinley and the appointment of Mr. hey as Oolleotor of Oustoms, Mr. Morrison was tendered the appoint­ ment of Deputy Oollector for Alaska, but having contracted a severe case of the Klondike finer, he declined the office and Bet about making prepara­ tions to depart for the gold fields. 'On July 12, 1897, Mr. Morrison was married to Miss Eugenia L. White, a breeze,'skimmed over the 120 miles of water to the head waters of the Hootalinqua and then on down this broad and shallow river to the junction of Thirty Mile river, and thence along the Yukon to Dawson. Shortly aiter his arrival, Mr. McVicker formed a partnership with Tom Moore and on July 12, 1897, located No. 35 B. on Hun· ker. Thiais one of the richest claims on that stream, and has the benefit of a rich" pup" that runs into it. Six shafts which were sunk for prospect purposes showed good pay dirt extending over 500 feet, the pay gravel being from one to six feet thick. No. 35 B. HUNKER, BELOW. plentiful and in these forests wolves and faxes which are attracted there by the im­ mense flocks of ptarmigan, roam. Being accustomed to the use of tools it was no trouble for McVicker to build a beautifully modeled boat and in which he madethe rest of the trip. This part of the journey was a delightful one for the l~ke was full of beautiful trout which were easily caught by trolling and which furnished a tempting repast to the prospector. There were no dangerous rapids to shoot, or swirl­ ing; tumbling waters to avoid, and the light boat, borne along by a refreshing Tom Moore. T OM Moore, the subject of this sketch although a miner, is not at all like the man of the same name who flourished in the "days of old, the days of gold, and the days of '49," and whose fame as a .. relic" is perpetuated in song. Though a new comer in the •• diggins," he is well known as a successful miner and as a part­ ner in No. 25 B. on Hunker. His hair has not been whitened by the snows of many winters epent in mining camps or in far charming young lady of San Francisco. The ceremony took place at Juneau and two days later Mr. Morrison and his bride started for the Klondike by way of Dyea, on a bridal trip. The young couple made a speedy trip over the summit with an outfit of 3900 pounds. Mrs. Morrison, being a plucky young woman, enjoyed the unique bridal tour immell-sely. The trip down the lakes and river was a pleasant one and will long be re­ membered by them, and they arrived in Dawson on August 2nd. The golden dreams which enhanced the pleasures of the trip were Boon to be realized; fo r in September Mr. Morrison purchased II half interest in Claim 27, below Bonanza and also in No. 09 below Hunker. 'fhe view accompanying this article shows the latter claim which is fur richer than the fortunate OWIJel s imagined. Immediately after purchasing his interest Mr. Morrison put a force of men to wVl·k on 39 Hunker and the re­ sult of the prospect showed that the claim was fabulously rich. Out of the nine holes Bunk pay dirt was taken from all of them. There is a pay streak 186 feet wide and 5! feet deep which will average sixty cents to the pan and the ground . carries a great many bIg nuggets which will bring the amount that will be cleaned up this summer up to an astonishing fig­ ure. This property alone will bring the partners a fortune in itself enough to make them comfortable the balance of their lives, not to say anything of away mountains in search of auriferous gravel, for he is a young man in the prime of life, full of hope and vigor, and before April of last year was a stranger to the pick and pan, and" strikes," "veins," "leads" and" pups" were as unknown to him as is soap to a Si wash. He ie one of the lucky young men whose experience in mining was small, but. whose stock · of determination was large enough to carry him through all the difficulties which surrounded a trip Into the heart of the great Northwest country and land him a winner where others of larger experience failed. Tom Moore began life in Canada twenty­ eight years ago. He lived on a ranch in that country until he was twenty-one years old, the outdoor life giving him a robust fram e. In 1891 he came to Chicago and en­ gaged in the business of dairying, where he was successful and in which he continued for six years. Hllre he might have re­ mained, lea.ding a bucolic existence and ending his days following the quiet pursuits of a· farmer had not the news of the great discovery of gold on the Yukon bl1en made known. When this news reached the East and wae · setting the ;people the nmount which their Bonanza claim will yield. The claims on HUIlker ILnd Bonanza, however, lire not the only ones in which he is interested for he is repre­ sented in five other prominent creeks which are all of them rich. Just what amount th f' se will yield cannot be es­ timated but it is certain that the treas~ urewhich they contain will be sufficient to give Mr. Morrison nnk with the mining kings of the Klondike. Mr. Morrison is a bright, industri­ ous, enterprising young man. Rich as his mines are, he har a ricber treos_ ure in his wife, whom he adores, He attributes oIl of hi!'! good fortune to the woman who bears his name and who BO courageously braved the un known dangers of the Ohilcoot Pass and the swirling waters of the White Horse rapids. He takes pride III tell­ ing his friends that it pays to get married and deClares that his wife has been a mascot to him. Of that there can be no doubt, for through all the long days she hos been a falthful wife and .oving companion. • The hundreds of friends whom Mr. Morrison has made by his genial ways will be glad to hear of that gentle­ 'man's good fortune. He has youth lind health with which to enjoy the riches which are now his and his fut­ ure is 'bright indeed. Althou/2"h but little above medIUm size Mr. Mortison is an athelete and once Ilstonished all Dawson by the deft hllndling of a burly prize fighter who was attempting to run the town. He is a lover of all clean sports and often acts as master {)f ceremonies in . the sporting tourn~ments that take place in Dawson. · . And when the "big cleanup' is over this fall '\nd the shining dust and nuggets safely stowed away in the big buokskin "pokes" "Jim" and his good wife will take passage for the outside world, where hundreds of friends will welcome them, not for their wealth but for their many sterling qualities. wild with excitement it thrilled him and filled him with a desire to visit the wonderful land whose rivers "wander o'er sands of gold." The tales of the rich placers created in him a restlessness, and becoming dissatie­ tied with rural pnrsuits, he sold out his' business and turned his face towards the land where thousands of others with the same object in view were wending their way. Mr. Moore left Chicago in April, 1897, and arrived at Dyea shortly after, from which point he had decided to make the journey to the Yukon. With one compan­ ion he made the tedious trip over the Chil­ coot Pass and arrived at Lake Bennett without incident worthy of llotice. Here tbey constructed a boat and embarking on the lake, began the long water journey which did 1Iot end until June 22d. when they landed in Dawson. It was in Dawson: that he met and formed a partnership with Dah McVicker, and shortly after his arrival went to Hunker creek and staked the claim now owned by the firm . Tbe claim has proved to be richer than the partners at first supposed. It contains a great body of pay dirt, which is extremp.ly rich in auriferous matter and which yields as high as $13 to the pan. A strip 40x'20 feet has been drifted out which, it is estimated, will yield when washed out in the spring, at least $40,000. It may do even better than that for the estimate has been made on a very conservative basis. This amount does not represent a tittle of the wealth which the claim contains, for there is still enough pay dirt left to yield a for­ tune each and every year for the next ten years to come. Mr . Moore has many friehds in the States and Canada who will be glad to read in the NEWS of the great good fortune which the young man has met with, and they will not be sorry to learn that their friend has been Buccessful in the quest that led him to leave them and venture into the wilds of the Yukon country. The accompanying cut shows the claim which will make its lucky owners rich. The picture was taken when the snow was on the ground and will give the r!lader a fair idea of a winter Ilcene on Hunker creek. Mr. Moore, his 'Partner, and their crew of miners are depicted at work get­ ting out the dirt for the spring washup. 30 Wm. R. Lloyd. Among the few pioneers left in Daw­ son, is Wm. R. Lloyd, better known as Billy Hoyd. He first navigated the wat­ ers and tramped the ice of the Yukon a full decade ago, when according to ma~y of the pioneers, the river ran the other way and the Behring Sea was a small pond. He was born in Manchester, England, some forty odd years ago, and came 'to America while still a boy. He was for several years on Lake Superior, on the Sascachewan River, milling, and after that was a hotel-keeper. His roamlngs over the country finally landed him in the Far West, and after two or three trips to Brazil and other foreign lands, he drifted into the Northwest Territory. It was in 1888 that Mr. Lloyd and two companions started out to tramp across the hIgh mountains which have det erred so many from investigating the Yukon, and they were hal'dly well started before Mr. Lloyd found himself all alone and his two friends on th e back track for home. A little thing like this, however, did not phase Billy nor cause him any loss of sleep, and he promptly boarded the boat and all alone proceeded down the treach­ erous river. He shot the Hapids before he knew it, and'when far down the river was inquir­ ing where the "bad water" was. On one occasion he camped at the mouth of the Klondike River, and for a while had de­ termined to prospect it, and while he might not have discovered the Klond!l{p of to-day, still it is within the range of possibility that Mr. Lloyd, and not Mr. Carmack, would have uncovered the rich­ es of Bonanza. He spent some little time 'at Forty ' Mile, where ,he made his snug stake, and he determined to visit his old home. But, after a lengthy tour through the United States and England, he grew homesick for the North, and made up his mind that t here was no place like the Far North. While he was in England his stories of the quartz and placers ' of the Yukon greatly interested some of London's heaviest capitalists, which resulted in the forming of a com­ pany with unlimited capital, its object being to investigate the richness of the country. This was in the spring of 1896. It was the irony of fate that the big strike should come while Mr. Lloyd was away, even though he had waited vainly for it eight long years. He was in Seattle when the news ar­ rived. The news that he had long been waiting for; The news that he knew would come sooner or later, and for which he had braved the heat of eight summers and the cold of eight winters. Mr. Lloyd did not discredit the news, as many others did; he knew it was true; So, with a small outfit, he hurried across the mountains and over the raplu­ ly breaking ice of the lakes, and reacheu the Lewis River just as it was breaking up. His boat's prow was against a mov­ ing mass of ice all the way down, and he reached Dawson on the 17th day of May, almost the first man to arrive. To the reader in his comfortable home this trip may appear to be easy, but Wihen we consider the work necessary to sl~d eight hundred pounds of provisions across the frozen lakes by hand, a distance of several hundred miles, and to navigate a boat through the grinding ice of the larg­ est river in the world, then we have but , a faint conception of the terrible dangers and untold hardships of such a trip. But the trip of Wm. Lloyd has not been made in vain. He has property that will keep the wolf, or a whole flock of wolves. from his door for all time to come. One of his valuable holdings is a qnartz claim within one mile of Dawson. Itas~ says nine dollars to the ton upon the sur­ face, and in all probability will be one hundred times as ,rich when development follows. He also owns a ledge of three thousand feet at a point some thirty-five miles below Dawson. This ledge Is locat­ ed on a mountain sprinkled with quartz, and the lead seems to be fully two hun­ dred feet wide strongly impregnated with copper anll- Iron, and known to carry gold-and free milling gold at that. Mr. Lloyd has ever had more of an eye for quartz than for the placers, and also owns quartz ledges on Miller Creek. He has also located a galena ledge, which carries gold and silver, and which assays twenty-two dollars to the ton of 'the rich­ er metal. THE KLONDIKE NEWS. Mr. Lloyd has made considerable money in business at Dawson, and is the owner of two very valuable town lots on Front Street in that growipg clty. He likewise owns the largest frame house in Forty Mile. He is at present engaged In ' running the Lo-ha-na Inn in connection with MeSS1·S. Harrison &:. Nash. Billy Lloyd is a well preserved man of middle-age, strong, supple and wiry. ~o h'ip, however tiresome, daunts him, and no obstacle, however serious, discour­ ages him. He is a man who is bound to ' succeed, having perseverance, industry and courage, of a high order, which are the three attributes to success in any land. Dur, ing his ramblings over the world, Mr. Lloyd has been a collector of curios, and in his tasty rooms may be found the strange and curious relics of many a for­ eign land. He is a charter member of the Order of Yukon Pioneers, and has held every office almost In the gift of the Order. having been president and secretary at different times, and at the present mo­ ment holds the responsible position of treasurer. Billy Lloyd has all the virtues and few of the vices of the pioneer; he Is hospit­ able, charitable and tender-hearted. No deserving appeal for assistance ever falls upon his ears In vain, and his hand Is constantly in his poclret to assist others. A.nd when the large fortune that seems to be knocking at his door at the present time is well within his portals, he may lock and close the door, and still a goodly part of it would find its way out of the window If the voice of charity was heard , pleading at his gates. James V. Harrison. With a cash capital of just ten cents, the subject of this sketch landed in Daw­ son less than ten months ago. How he succeeded in his new home will be related below. Mr. Harrison comes of a pioneer fam­ ily of California; his parents crossed the continent in 1849, and settled in the Gol­ den State when times there were some­ what like the era of plenty now in Daw­ son. It was in the year 1863 that Mr. Har- , rison first saw the bright sunshine of California, and It was in the city of San Francisco, and as he very truthfully re­ marks, "They were having splendid .. . ,,~. :, " . :::. : ':': .'.': .. . , ; .. weath~r In San Francisco my first day (}n earth." When hIs school days were finished he learned the stereotype business, and was employed on the San Francisco "Chron­ icle" for about six years, and from there went to Los Angeles to work on the "Tribune." 'rhe Seattle "Post-Intelli­ gencer" next secured his services as fore­ man of their stereotyping department, and therE) he remained another half a dozen years. Early in the Spring ~f 1897, and long before the news was generaJly known, Mr. Harrison heard that the horn of plen­ ty had been tipped over somewhere in the North; and on March 25th of that year he set out to get his share of It. So, in the leafy month of June, when t~ song of the mosquito is echoed back fr(}m the banks of the Yukon, and the refrain taken up by that beautiful bird, "The Camp Robbcr," the young Californian found himself in Dawson in the posses~ sion of all that wealth mentioned In the first line. His thoughts were to get hold of a lit­ tle cash for traveling expenses, and he went to work at a dollar an hour in a lumber-yard. He soon secured a better position in the Alaska Commercial Com­ pany's warehouse, 1:mt in the month of July hastily resigned In order to go on a stampede. At that time, it must be remembered, such a thing as a bench claim was un­ known. A day or two before Clarence Berry left for the outside world last summer, his brother Frank remarked to him, "I II , ., " ~ .... ~ ' .. .. ' . '. .... " : :: ,(' : 't • • ":' . ' . ..' . t believe that there are good diggings on the slde-hms opposIte Nos. 4 and 5 Eldo­ rado. What do you think about it?" Clarence Berry promptly replied, "They are not worth sIx bits apiece," and this was the general Impression everywhere at that time. But one man was foolish enough to sink a little hole on the side­ hill and take out several thousand dollars in a few days, and the "six-bit" side-hill claims opposite Nos. 4, 5, and 6 Eldorado are n(}w quoted in the mining market at from ten thousand to one hundred thou­ sand dollm's apiece. It was the stampede that followed this side-hill discovery that made Mr. Harri­ son quit working for wages, and he suc­ ceeded in recording one of the choIcest of the bench claims opposite No.4. He also owns a half interest in No. 10 below Upper Discovery on Dominion Creek, which is worth a small fortune; a half interest on Eureka Creek; an In­ terest in No. 16 below on All Gold; all of claim No. 32 below on All Gold; half of No.8 on Little Jim; and No.6 below_ on Montana. He has likewIse acquired a three hundred foot fraction on Sulphur Creek, known a s "No. 31 A below" and a half Interest in No'. 59, on that King of all the creeks, Eldorado. It is impossible .to estimate the value , of these holdings, but it is safe to say they are wOl·th a million times the origi­ nal capital of their owner. He also owns valuable town proDerty, including a third interest in the "Lo-ha-na." Mr. Harrison is an athletic young man, well capable of taking care of himself In a f1nll:ncial or personal altercation. His smoothly shaven face sh(}ws character and strength of purpose, and he is a man that nothing will stop when he believes himself to be In the right. He is affable, polite, and extremely obliging, and num­ bers his friends by the thousands. Thomas ,J Nash. The owner of this good American name was born in that good American town, Buffalo, New York, a scant thirty-two years ago. During these thirty-two years he has been constantly moving West, until, barred by the shore of the Pacific, he turned his face to the North, and is now comfortably situated not far from the Arctic Circle. This young man Is tall and erect, with a swinging carriage that denotes The cut above ' sbows what the LO·HA-NA ought to look like when it is completed, it being under course of construction at the , time the "News" staff left Dawson. " Messrs. Lloyd. Harrison and Nash, purchased the property while the Barnes of the big fire of last Fall was stIll illuminating the sky, and have spent the winter in remodeling and enlarging the building. The original building was what was known as • 'The Jimmy Treasure Place" and consisted of only a large, plain wooden structure. The new proprietors promptly purchased the lot immediately bebind their place of business and at once made preparation to extend tbe building through tbe entire block from First to Second streets. All during the winter they have been busily engaged in securing the necessary material for this magnificent building just riow completed . . The magnitude of this enterprise can only be imagined by ODe familiar with the situation at Dawson last winter. With lumber at two hundred dollars a tbousand at the mill and twice as much to get it hauled to town; with nails from three to eight dollars and a half per pound and all otber things in pr9Portion, the building,has been erected and stands 8. monument to tbe owners' enterprise and energy. It-will be magnificently fitted up with all the conveniences of the modern hotel and will be one of the famous resorts of the Northwest. The name Lo·ha·na is derived, as the rea"der may have shrewdly guessed, from the names of the three proprietors: , Lloyd-Harrison-Nash. self-reliance and a confidence In himself which inspires others with a confidence in him. He has regular features and a pair of rather lustrous eyes, shaded by long dark lashes. A sweeping black mustache shades a handsome mouth and a set of white and regular teeth. His chin is well turnetl, firm, and characterIs­ tic of strength of purpose and indomi­ table courage. He Is an unusually tasty dresser, his clothes appearing to set upon him as though put on without thought, and at the same time in a way extremely be­ coming to the wearer. , This ought to be the description of an extremely handsome man, and If our readers do not accept the description as such, we most respectfully refer them to­ the photograph above. In order to anticipate any questions iii this respect we will say now that Tom is still single, mid, as far as we know" heart-whole and fancy free. When he first started out as a mere boy to earn hIs own li,ing, his first occupa­ tion was that of a clerk, and In this ca-' pacity he worked in some of the leading mercantile establishments on the Pacific Coast. A. taste for speculation soon lect him into the real estate business, and he plunged a t the tail end of a California land boom with great disaster to his pocket. His next field of operation was in Se­ attle, just after the big fire that devas­ tated that town had made times good, and there he remained four years. But when hard times made the elusive Puget Sound dollar even harder to pursue­ than at the present time, Mr. Nash shook, the mud , (}f Seattle from his feet ancI: went .to Juneau. 'rhis red-hot little min­ ing town was more to the young New Yorker's liking than anything he had yet­ seen, and the news of a better town still farther north set him stampeding. So,_ with the thousands of others who went n(}rth that year, he outfitted and crossed' the mountains, arriving in Dawson early In the summer of 1897. There he bad no­ difficulty in securing a responsible posi­ tion in one of the leading business houses; in Dawson, where he remained for sev­ eral months at a handsome salary. During this time he kept a keen eye on' the main chance In the mining line and succeeded in purchasing and locating sev-, eral very valuable claims. One of these­ is No.5 Nugget Gulch, and anot):ler is on Little Jim Gulch, a tributary to Hunkel1' Creek. He also owns a half Interest in. No. 14 Bryant Creek and two interests Inl the richest part of Dominion. Mr. Nash also owns a one-third inter-, est In the "Lo-ha-na," the handsome' building that may be seen in the cut be-­ low. This property Is Situated In the­ princlpnl block of Dawson and owing to­ the extreme popularity of Mr. Nash and his partners, is the resort of many hun" dreds of Dawson's best citizens. Mr. Nash Is a man of great naturali taste, being somewhat artistic in his tem­ perament, this being evidenced by his, handiwork in and about the L(}-ha-na" which Is fitted ' up with an elegance not exceeded in similar places in the cities of , the Pacific Coast. During the present season the best tal­ ent of the theatrical world will be en­ gaged to amuse the patrons of the Lo~ha­ nn, and the fact that it is under the per­ sonal care of the' three partners, insures, its success. Sufficient grain can be sown and harvested each year for the home de­ mand for cattle , . feedJ if the proper energy is displayed. There'is also a species of wild grain found growing there that matures a small kernel -which the squirrels gather and store for winter use. There is also wood· meadow grass in abundance, and blue-joint grass grows with marvelous luxuriance, it bAing found in favorabl e locations from three to four feet high. Kentucky blue grass covers millionC! of acres of the Yukon fiat land and grows , luxuriantly as far as the Peel river. It endures the heat of summer and the cold of winter equally well, and supplies the, hay of the Yukon. THE KLON DIKE NEWS. SOMETHING NEW IN VEGETABLES. 309=311 DRUMM ST., SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. Among the many new inventions that will prove of value to Klondikers, the most useful in our opinion is the new process of "Desiccated Vegeta­ bles." All old time Yukoners are familiar with the "Evaporated" and "Granu­ lated" varieties that they have so roundly cursed in the past. That variety of succulent tubers, sliced thin, and so white and appetizing to look at, but when soaked all night and boiled all day were still tough as sole leather and not even fit for dog food. To discover the secret of properly evaporating or drying vegetables has occupied the attention of manufactur­ ers for several years. They first sliced a potato and then evaporated it; this they fou~d impos­ sible to cook on account of lts starch and gluGose matter. They next tr.ied slicing, evaporating, and cooking without success. Then they ground the sliced and evaporated vegetables into what was called "Nugget," and which cooked up into a thick, soup- like, and unpalatable mess. . It remained for a San FranClsco gentleman to study out .the probl~m and produce a perfect arhcle of deslC­ cated vegetable. This was Mr. E. Hayden, of the Hayden Packing 00., of San Francisco. It was only after years of experi­ menting, however, that Mr. Hayden arrived at the solution of the problem and produced a perfect artic~e. At the present time the company lS man­ ufacturing not alone desICcated I?ota­ toes but also sweet potatoes, omons, carr~ts, cabbage, turnips, string beans and tomatoes. Although the preparation of the . Hayden brand of vegetable is a secret known only to the firm, and one that requires complica~ed mac~in.ery and an immense estabhshment, lt lS not a secret that the vegetable is first thor­ oughly cooked, then groun~, and then goes through the evaporatmg proc~ss. The n ew desiccated potato, unlIke the old evaporated kind, does not. re­ quire four or five hours of soakmg, but can be prepared for the table in less than five minutes, making a de­ licious mashed potato, hot potato pan­ cakes, or, when cold, fried into an ap­ petiZIng potato cake. All of the other vegetables manufactured by this Oom­ pany go through the sam: process as the potato, and are as easlly prepared for use. 'They are pllt up in water-pr.oof drums, or moisture-proof sacks or tlllS, and are warranted to keep for any length of time in any climate. The person who feels sorry for the Yukoner in regard to his menu t~is year will be wasting sympathy, for, III our opinion, these evaporated 'or desic­ cated vegetables, when of good qual­ ity and properly put uJl, are even bet­ ter than the fresh ones, for the reason that there is no loss by evaporation or decay, and that they will stand heat, cold or dampness. They are also more economical, being always at hand and more easily prepared. They are especially valuable to the miner and prospector in a country where vegetable diet is so necessary for the maintenance of health, and in purchasing this variety of goods one should be very careful to get the best the market affords; the few cents dif­ ference in the price of a No. 1 desic­ cated and a poor quality of evaporat­ ed, should never influence the pur­ chaser. California-grown vegetables are noted for their excellent flavor, and also for the large amount of nutritive matter they contain. Another article manufactured by the Hayden Packing Oompany deserv­ es special mention; this is "Hayden's Golden" Soup preparation. One spoonful of the preparation stirred for a few moments into a pint of boiling water makes a delicious soup, already flavored, 6ea60ne~, and fit for an epicure's table. It lS put up in small tins ready for i~sta~t use, and · is composed of a comblllahon of vegetables and meat. Our readers are warned against pur­ chasin~ the old vari~ties of evaporate.a vegetables, with whlCh the market IS flooded, as they are positively detri­ mental to health. 'rhe fact that the new process vege­ tables sell for a few cents more per pound seems to have influenced the big trading companies to purchase the old evaporated varietie~, they probably thinking that anythlllg was good enough for a Yukon miner. In the language of a well-known manufacturer of the old kind, speak­ ing of his own goods: "They are not worth the solder in the cans or the nails in the caf!es." The jobbers and wholesalers o~ the big cities also seem to prefer bllylllg a poor article at six cents a pound and selling it for fifteen (telling the pur­ chaser that "~hey're just. as good"), than to pay twelve or thIrteen cents for a first-class article upon which they may make less profit. Those who are not able to get what they want in this line from the. store!! will do well while in San Franclsco to pay a visit to the Hayden factory on Drumm street, where they will be made welcome. It is an unusual and instructive sight to witness the preparation of this class of goods and well worth anyone's time. In the "Sample Room," Mr. Hayden, Jr., takes pleasure ~n prepar­ ing the most appetizing of dishes f~r the visitor by means of an electnc stove. He appears to be an expert cook, and turns out beautifully brown­ ed potato cakes, appetizing soups, and Spanish dishes of tomatoell, .with the deftness of a French chef. Yukon bachelors will do well to visit the fac­ tory, . if only to get a few hints qn cooking. A half an hour spent in there will convince the most skeptical ·' person that the Hayden process of evaporat~ ing vegetables is one of the most valu- able inventions of the age. . THE KLONDIKE NEWS is not an advertising medium, and we men­ tion these' goods and their manufac­ turer bec. ause we think it will be of interest, as well as a benefit, to our readers to know the truth in this re­ spect. Mae Melbourne, One of' the Richest Women in Dawson_ It was the spirit of the days of '19, handed down from fathe;to daughter, th .. t led handsome Mae Melbourne, the belle of Santa Cruz, Cal., to drop the comforts of a refined home and cross the \rugged mountain slopes of Alaska till she reached the golden Klondike. where, in the autumn of last year, the miners were preparing to work their cla.ims during the winter season. In the gold fields of the Yukon many a woman before ~Hss Melbourne had found the opportunity t~··make h erself rich in afew months. The first chronicles of Dawson were filled with tales of the women of the camp, whO indulged in the pleasant pastime of picking up large nuggets on the dumps which the miners had overlooked in their haste. It was not Miss Melbourne's good fortune to follow this easy road to atlluence, but by business sagacity and grit she found another and perhaps a better one, and to-day sh e Is ra ted in the capital of bonanzfl.land at $100,000. Miss Melbourne was accounted one of the handsomest girls of Santa Cruz when the people of the cities and towns of California were inflamed by the tales of great ilches brought to Seattle by the steamer Portland ill .Jul y of 1897. Those of the Argonauts of the days of '49 who were yet able to shoulder a pack and wield a pick were a.nxlous to ma.ke the start at. once for the new gold fields, Miss Melbourne, the daughter of a forty-niner, felt h er blood pulsate through her veins with an ever·growing desire to make her way to the land of great riches,a8 her father had done many years before. As she read in the newspapers of the miners returning from Dawson with their buckskin sacks filled with gold dust and nuggets, she became determined to try her fortune in the Klondike, and despite the remonstrances of her friends, she joined a party of twelve people, who had as their guide Charles Meadows, thc ~ Arizona miner and plainsman. Two other ladies were in the party. They sailed from San Francisco in August last and sfter considerable delay succeeded in gettingltheir goods started over the trail from Dyea. At Sheep camp Miss Melbourne's outfit was destroyed by the flood that swept half the ca.mp out of existence. From some of the disheartened gold hunters onthe traU Miss Melbourne purchased entire outli ts for herself and two men who were in the party. These men entered intoa grubstake agreement with her, by which they were to give h er half of everything they made. No further mishap wa.s encountered by Mi" Melbourne on the trip to Dawson. She still had ~5,OOO on reaching the camp, and this she immediately invested in claims and business real estate. Miss Melbonre is said to be worth to-day something like $100,000. Many of her ventures yielded her rich returns. The men she had grubstaked located claims on Bear, Hunker and Dominion creeks and Skookum gulch. On the way to Dawson Miss Melbourne staked a claim h erself on Henderson Creek, where there was a big stampede early last winter. This woman attends to h e r business affairs herself. Her city property is a.ccounted very valuable in view of the',rapid growth of Dawson. One of her claims on Rear creek is rated at $20,000, a.nd her other interests w1th the prospecting work that has been done already, are developing valuable properties. New Laws For Alaska. At last Alaska is to have a new code of laws. The Congress of the United States has awakened to the necessity, and a Code Oommission will beap­ pointed at once. The ancient statutes of Oregon, made by legislatures composed largely of farmers, will no longer govern this rapidly growing commonwealth; neith­ er }Vill the "Organic Law" made by the "Wise Men of the East" who never saw Alaska, longer stand as a legal absurd­ ity upon the statute books. Alaska has been in a peculiar position in the mat­ t er of government. The organic la.w which succeeded the statutes of Oregon in 1874, did not change with the growth of the territory. Had Alaska been allowed to continue under the laws of Oregon, which changed from year to year to meet the rapidly chang­ ing conditions of both places, all would have been well, but the "Organic Law" stepped in and said, "You may use the laws of Oregon up to 1874, but I will be yom law from that time on, and I never change." In consequence of this ironclad con­ dition we are confronted with the spec­ tacle of the general government issu­ ing a yearly license to liquor dealers and then sending officers to arre~t them for dealing in liquors. As the r esult of this paradoxical policy in some Alaska towns forty or fifty sa­ loons may be seen running with wide­ open doors and yet a t ourist, attempt­ ing to bring a bottle of whisky with him into Alaska, would be apt to find himself in the hands of a.n officer. This in effect placed a premium on smuggling. The very officers sent to pTevent smuggling formed smuggling rings. Those who pay for the privi­ lege of selling liquor under one law are deprived of its protection by another. The Oode Oommission should con­ sist of men not only with legal educa­ tion and much wisdom, but they should be selected from the residents of the Territory, wher~ there are plenty of men well fitted by learning and ex­ perience for the work. Oonditions exist heTe which are found in no other political subdivision of the nation. With rivers one hun­ dred miles in width at the mouth, navi­ gable for a distance of two thousand miles: a sea coast eighteen thousand two hundred miles in length, being greateI; than the entire coast line of the entire United States; and an area of five hundred and eighty thousand one hundred and seven square miles, covered with forests of unknown value and underlaid by coal and petrvleum and interlaced by preclOus metal, the value of which is beyond computa­ tion -the wOTk of codifying the laws of Alaska is one that requires not only a thorough kn?wledge o~ law, but a:n intimate acquamtance w::th the phYSI­ cal conditions of the terntory. If the people of A~a.ska are t? have no voice in the makmg of then own laws, they should at least. be represent­ ed in the national commlSSlOn selected to do the work. It is a fortunate thing for Alaska that it has a powerful friend in Wash­ ington, in the person of .Senato~ Geo. O. Perkins, of Oaliforma. Belllg a miner of the days of '49, he is thor­ oughly familiar with the needs of the country as to its mines and mineral resources, and his large commercial in­ terests have made him familiar with the products of the country. Oalifornia is, and has reason to be proud of the record of her Senator. How Alaska Got Her . (i'old. 1 '1'he following Indian legend of "How Alaska Got Her Gold," appeared in a letter written by the editor of this paper to the San Fmncisco Bulletin some time last winter: The writer accredits the story to E. L_ J eifrey, of San Francisco, who is known in Juneau as "The silvery­ tongued miner of Sheep Oreek," and is as follows: Many, many years ago, Alaska was as a beautiful maiden, cold and proud. Wrapped in a mantle of snow and decked in fantastic icy ornaments, she dazzled all the planets and was beloved by the Sun. But the maiden loved only the pale and distant North Star, and rejected the warm advances of his Solar Majesty. Year after year he came to woo her, and at each visit remained a little long­ er. In the warmth of his love he took from her the mantle of snow and the icy ornaments and dressed her in a beautiful garb of green. Still the maiden was true to her love, the North Star, and the Sun went his way. But again he came and poured out . his love. Neither sleeping nor rest­ ing, he caused the most beautiful flow­ ers and for ests to grow about his sweet­ heart and bedecked her with crystal lakes and limpid streams. He stocked the streams and lakes with fishes and the plains and forests with game, until she became the loveliest of her kind. And then into her lap he poured a shower of gold and precious metals, and with his face all aflare with love, asked her to be his Queen. But she spurned him and said: "Oh thou inconstant King; on others have I seen thee beam with even fiercer ar­ dor. Go! Nor let me see thy face again." Blazing with anger the King went his way, vowing to take away the gifts he gave. He stripped from her the garb of green, caused the flowers and forests to wither and die, and made the limpid waters to turn cold and hard as the heart of his lost love. But the maiden, caring not for . these, hid the gold and precious metal deep in her bosom, wrapped herself in a snowy bridal robe and married the North Star. Each year the Sun returns to tear away her bridal robes, that mortal man may steal from her the hidden gold. Then the lakes and streams he created dimple with pleasure in his pre~ence. The forests and flowers who love him well, raise their drooping heads for his kiss of welcome, until overcome by the sight of all the beauty he hAd loved so well, the jealous Sun again departs and leaves the North Star and his bride with their well-guarded treas­ nre. But little work has been done on Dominion, except locating the pay streak. The pay streak bids fair to rival or even surpass Eldorado or Bo­ nanza in richness, It commences immediately under the muck, in the top of the gravel and runs from a few cents to ,85 per pan. Some energetic farmer can make a fortune bringing in a few sacks of seed potatoes. Potatoes raised here are worth from $1 to $2 per pound, and on the Pelly, Stewart and Sixty­ mile rivers they produce equally as well as they do south of here. 31 ODE TO HOOaCtiIN~OO • Poetical Sentiments of "Judge" MoorE'!. Oh sing to meof Hoo-chin-oo, That nectar rare, the 8iwash brew. ­ The brewery on a glacier blue- And drink the chilly winter through. I've filled oft' times my precious skin With distillations thick and thin' Some innocent, some full of guile: Some harmless some kill-at· a-mile I At banquet, baT, "lodge room" or lunch In cocktail. "sour," "just straight'" or punch; Both fiat and foamy, 80ft and hard, By gallon, bushel, pound and yard; By bottle. bucket, tank or pail. . On shipboard, bike, balloon or rail; Of every density and hue- But never tackled Hoo-chin-oo. And now I'm out for Hoo-chin-oo, That tough c6mpound, the Siwash stew­ The stewery on a glacier blue- Specific gravity of glue. No more I'll seek the seal-brown draught, Of bops or barley I have quaffed; . The tuns of wine I've often poured In wild libations to a horde Of merry gods, I'li now give up, Likewise the rye and corn juice cup­ No more I'll Rip the liquid sin Found coiled down in a glass of gin; 'fea. coffee, milk. church lemonade And even water I'll evade j All other drinks I'll quite eschew And get right down to Hoo-chin-oo. It Saves the Gold. Our attention has been called to a Oalifornia invention for saving fine gold, that is truly remarkable. It is called the "Klondike Gold Saving Machine" and its simple construction, light weight, and thorough work makes it a veritable boon to prospectors, A member of the NEWS staff recently wit­ nessed a practical demonstration of what the machine will do at the exhi­ bition rooms of the patentees at No. 33 Market street, San l!'rancisco, and was greatly surprised and pleased ot the results. A bucket of gravel in which 8 pinch of fine gold had been scattered was run through the mochine and the scales showed that less than one per cent was lost by the operation. The machine can be taken apart and cleaned in less than five minutes; weighs a bout 45 pounds, and will work . out from 4 to 6 tons of gravel per Jay. It is worked by a crank that a child can turn, and has a "panning" motion that saves the gold better than any­ thing we have eveT seen. For use in the cabin or where water is scarce this machine, in our opinion, is the very thing. Gravel that is now considered worth­ less on the Klondike can be worked with it and big wages made. The machine may be Been at the office of the KLONDIKE NEWS on Front street, Dawson. It has to be seen to be fully appreciated. Poor Lo! The noble Red man of the North­ west does not enjoy as much attention as his feathered and painted brother on the United States reservation. This is probably due to the fact that the Oana­ dian government does not feed him, or furnish him with blankets .and guns, and hold a big treaty meeting and medicine powwow every time he gets on the war-path. The Northwest abo­ rigine dresses a little better than the average Yukoner; lives on the fat of the land, has better dog-teams, as rich mines, and works just the same and takes an even chance with the unpro­ tected white man. When "Skookum Jim," "Takish Oharley," "Tanana Tom," or the Big Ohief "Isaac" arrive in town, they are not besieged by lady admirers or cov­ ered up in bouquets, a la Sitting Bull, Geronimo or the Apache Kid, who wear their paint and feathers, bowie­ knives and guns, and in their belts the scalps of white ranchers. Uncle Sam, with all of your Fourth of July smoke and fire crackers, you can learn some­ thing about handling the red and cof­ fee colored races by just watching how the British do it. Parties who bought property on Front Street were promised right of way to the Steamboat Landing. The tents, "shacks" and boat-houses on the bank are a gre· at nuisance. The au­ thorities should see to it at once that the waterfront is clear for the benefit of t.he original pllfchasers. 32 THE KLONDIKE NEWS. Bruseth & Blake. T HERB is gold enough in No. 11 Eldora­ . do to enrich a dozen men, and half of . it belongs to ·Fred. Bruseth. This is . not all that the lucky Frederick owns, b y the way He has interests in Nos. 3 and 33 Ehlorado, also No. 12 above Hunker. These holdings put him in the millionaire rank and it would be hard indeed to find anyone in the broad Yukon country who does not rejoice at his good fortune. Mr. Bruseth first looked 011 life in Norway, some thirty years ago, and has been in the Northwest Territory for the past five years. He has prospected far up the Mc Questen l{iver, mined on Miller Creek and killed moose and bear on the bead waters of the Stewart, long before the late gold excite­ ment filled the public mind. His interests in No. 12 above Hunker is a fortune in it· self, and the half of No. 11 Eldorado is more than he can ever spend. The other half of:Ko II is owned by Thomas Blake. genial, good-natured Tom, who first struck tilU lllk ·, n cOllntrya dozen y~ars ago. He of course had hopeI! of coming out some day with a fat sack, his most modest estimate was a buckskin bag full,· and his wildest dreams of avarice did not extend to anymore than he could carryon his back. ' Now he can estimate the gold on his claims by the tons and ten horses could not pack it out of the country. The claims that will yield this immense fortune are No. 11 Eldorado and No. 15 abovo Discov­ ery on Bonanza. In the Bonanza claim he has for a partner, that famous bear hunter, and prince of good fellows, Frank Conrad. These two claims are among the choicest in the Klondike district. and long after the present owners have worked them out with pick and sbovel, they will yield thousands by improved methods of bydraulic mining. Tom Blake was boni in Ohio in 1858, and came West in 1881, he has been on the Yukon River for eleven years, never doubt­ ing that fortune would some day be his . And during the ten summers of his Yukon life he always ma,le enongh to keep him­ self in comfort during the cold Beason, and he now has, in the sumlller of his life pos­ sessed hilllself of more than enough to keep himself in luxury during its winter. No. II ELDORADO. The Klondike Gold Prospector. T HE attention of our readers is called to the description of the Klondike Gold Prospector which we have every reason to believe will prove a great success and, be of great value to the miners and prospectors of the Yukon. This Prospector is the product of careful study and experiment extending over several years. Before the manufacturers would place it on the market they 'had it tried in every possible locality under all sorts of conditions. They have demonstrated by actual work that it will bore through frozen gravel, muck, bonlder, bed rock or anything encoun tered in Alas­ ka or Klopdike Placers. It has been thoroughly tried in exploring the California ancient river or"Blue lead" channels and has cnt through lava cap and obsidian to a depth of 300 feet. No difficulty, whatever, was experi­ enced in the gravel beds beneath these layers and samples were brought up with ease from the underlying: bed rock. construction. It will not wear out and will not break. The tubing is seamless and drawn mild steel of a tensile strength of 30,000 pounds to the inch. The bitt is made of the best nickel steel and can be worn down to the collar before requiring renewal. The . angle of the cutting edges is so ar­ ranged that the blades will sharpen themselves by the wear. Another point, and one of greatest value, is that the cutting edges of the bitt over- This particular pattern of the Pros- lap, thus avoiding the dead center ' of pector was designed for prospecting the great Placer fields of the Klondike and Alaskan Territories. To that end ordinary bitts and requiring much less force to push through hard r:Jck., The legs being on joints enables the the metal used is' of the best and will shaft to sink at any angle, and when t ' d th 'once set the tubing is always held s an e severest strains of work or cold. The cylinder is ~ade of nickel aluminum, thus making a saving of six pounds. The gears and bands of phosphor bronze. This wonderfully strong metal iii not affected by cold . and is malleable under all conditions and enables these parts to be made five (5) pounds lighter. The clutch bear­ ing on the shaft is made entirely of phosphor bronze and brass and , will not rust nor wear out. The machine will work under any condition of weather, wet or dry. lt has no delicate mechanism to get out of order. The whole machine is simplicity itself. It is made of the best materials that can be bought 8n~ the best workmanship is used in its firmly in line. The guy chains need only be used w hen the machine is boring solid rock and then only to save the cylinder from heavy strain from the crank. With all these facts in view the makers feel confident that the buyer of this machine will have a perfect Prospector that will save him a large amount of money. In actual practice the machine has borea, w~th two men, through frozen mnck eighteen feet deep and an underlying gravel ,bed eight feet deep, twenty-three holeam eight hours. Those who have spent weeks in bor­ ing a prospect hole, will ,realize the immense advantages of the Prospector over the old way. No. 37 Above, on Bonanza. T HIS claim was staked by John Brothers on August 30th, 181)6, he being one of the party of three lucky Mounted Po­ lice who went over the divide to Bonan­ za creek when they learned of the discovery on that stream. Having won by lot the choice of the first claim above a6-which was the last one staked,-Mr. Brothers selected No. 37, which be located. No. 37 is one of the very rich claims on Bonanza creek. The pay streak has been located for over sixty feet and the indica· . Duncan D. Stewart. D UNCAN D. Stewart who is largely in· terested on Eldorado, Eureka, Bonanza and Sulphur creeks, first started min· ing in Aspen, Colorado, nearly fifteen years ago. He was only 21 years of age when he arrived in Colorado, and a few years later met Aleck McDonald, his present partner ' A strong friendship sprung up between the two men, and from that time to the present they have been firm friende. It was owing, in a measure, to this friendship that Mr. Stewart is to. day an owner in some of. the richest claims in the Klondike. for it was with Mr. Mc­ Donald that he first set foot on the golden shores of Alaska. No. 37 BONANZA ABOVE. tions are that it will be found twice that distance before the season's work is done. The pay dirt will average six feet deep. Shortly after locating Mr. Brothers sold a half interest to P. Galvin. It is expected that the big "clean up" in the spring will yield fortunes for the part­ ners, when :\OIr. Brothers will leave via St. Michael to pay a visit to his old home. John Brothers was born in Fraughtnac, Kingston Connty, Ontario, Canada. He enlisted in the ~orthwest Territory Mount­ ed Police in 1891, and on June 6th, 1895, left Seattle on the steamer Excelsior for St. :Michael, stopping at Unalaska. on the way. He was with Captain ConBtantine's force The young miner then devoted some at­ tention to Adams creek on which stream he made his next location, staking claim No.5 which h'e still owns · Having a good knowl­ edge of milling property he began looking about for opportunities for making invest· ments, and did not have long to wait. 'He purchased a fraction of 300 feet between 46 and 47 on Eldorado, and also secured a claim on Eureka that has given good prom­ ise. It is the opinion of many mining men that Eureka creek ' will be second to none before the year is out. , All Gold creek, which is one of the finest looking creeks in the Klondike, next came in for a share of his attention and he made Bome very good purchases there. ' He bought on Hunker and invested in a claim on a tributary of Calder creek. He al~o DUNCAN D. STEW" ART. During his stay in Colorada., Mr. Stewart worked in the silver mines and soon got hold of paying silver and lead producing properties and in which he is still largely interested. In 1895 in company with Mr. McDonald he came to Juneau and worked in the Doug. lass Island ~·ine. As soon as the big strike in the Klondike was made, he received word from hi. partner who had gone to the Klondike before hand, to come at once to the new diggings. Duncan lost no time in complying with the wishes of his friend and made the journey into the interior, ar· riving' in DawBonin July, 18!l7. ' . His first 10cationwaeoD. Henderson creek and then he began an hivestigation of Quartz creek, where he got · good prospects and a good claim. owns a "lay" on No.1 above Bonanza which is proving a very prolific producer of wealth for him. On the advice of lVIr. McDonald he ex­ tended his investments to Sulphur creek where he purchased largely. All of the purchases which he has made show that his judgment of mining values is good. In December of '97 he came out to buy machinery to be used in the mines owned by him, and Mr. McDonald, and will return to Dawson by the first open water in the spring of '98 by way of the pass, bringing with him four tons of machinery. He spent the winter in the principal cities of the Pacific Coast. Mr. Stewart is the discoverer of a creek which is supposed to be very rich, and to which there will be a great rush next of t.wenty men, who were t,he first Monnted Police in the Yukon district. 'He arrived at Fort Cudahy, July 24th, 1895 arid began building the barracks, and was with the party that went up the river cutting logs for the Fort. He spent the ' winter and following Bummer at the barracks, and in the fall of '96 was getting ou t a raft of logs abont nine miles above the Fort. While . there, a party of stam peders passed on their way to Bonanza creek and it was from them that Mr. Brothers learned of the strike. Two weeks later, when he was up the river getting a supply:of wood for the winter, he got permission to go to Bonanza and it was thus that he got Claim 37. sprmg. The creek is as yet, unnamed bll t it is believed by some to he the right arm of the Klondike which. Bwing~ to the right in a great circle and heaus near the Dome The discovery was quite an accident and occurred in the following way : Some time ago Stewart an'd Calder-·-after whom Calder creek is named···took a long trip up the Dome intending to drop down into All Gold creek and do a litt le pros­ pecting. They went 'further than they in­ tended to when they started and before they arrived at a place where the d~scent into the creek ~ould be made without much difficulty it began to grow dark. They started down towards the creek, but had not gone far when darl,ness overtook them. Falling over rocks and branches of trees, they groped th{ ir way down the side of the mountain, . and finally after a great deal of trouble, reached what they believed to be All Gold creek. They camped there that night. When the morning came they lound to their surprise that they were on a stream that was new to them. They had missed thoir way in the darkness and had! traveled away !rom where All Gold creek lay Tbe men, after making a trip along the stream and taking notes of their position ,came to the conclusion that they were on the right arm of the Klondike river. They made some prospects and found that the creek gave every promise of being rich. At the present writing, tho creek is not staked, but there will be a great rush t(} the new location in the spring. If the reader will look at a map of the Klondike region he will se!! that the right arm of the Klondike river is not shown as heading 150 miles or more above, but the discovery made by Messrs. Stewart and Cal· der, shows that the Klondike forks just in the manner in which they state and heads up near the Dome, just as the other rich creeks in the vicinity do. Mr. Stewart has great faith in the Klon­ dike country and is pleased with its climate. He will probably remain for several years looking after his vast mining interests there. In the coming summer, he will, in co'mpany with Messrs. McDonald and Cal­ der, leave on a prospecting trip along the upper Klondike, as he believes that there are many rich placers there as well as quartz, and the journey will be made for the purpose of locating some of them. In appearance, Mr. Stewart is a tall, robust, good-looking young man, about S5 years ' old. He is genial, good-natured and entirely unassuming, Though a man of few words he has a pleasing disposition and the faculty of making warm friends. Charles Lamb, of No.8 Eldorado, has a. magnificent specimen of Mammoth tusk. found seventeen feet below the surface on hiB Eldorado claim. THE KLONDIKE NEWS. THE ALASKAPLA.CEK .AND COAL COMPANY. Ll1MAN S. BURRELL. M .auager. ANDREW NELSON. Assistant Manager. RICHARD AGGASIZ. Secretary. ]II. L. H:.t..MILTON. Trea.urer. N. N. BROWN. Snperlnten,lent. T HE gentlemen whose namas appear above are all well known business men of Dawson. They are all young men who have accumulated fortunes in the last year or 80, their principal holdings being in American territory about a hun­ dred and twenty-five miles below Dawson. When the first news of the rich strikes on Missoin and Seventy Mile Creek became imown, these young men outfitted for a two month's trip, and with a fast dog team lelt Dawson about the first of Januc ri · They were. gone between five and aix weeks and their trip will net them fully a quarter of a million dollars a piece. This may sound to the reader like the wild ravings of a gold-crazed lunatic, but is is literally and absolutely true. fhe property owned by this Company in the American Territory is as follows: THE MISSION CREEK DISTRICT. Nos. 1,2,3,4 and 5. on Twelve Mile Creek. NoS. Mo, 9, 10, 1111.0 1 12. b e low Discovery on Wolf' Vree k. THE SEVENTY MILE DISTBICT. Nos , 1, 2, 3 s 4: Rnd 0, on SOJlniclt:soll Creek. NOH. 2,3,4, .5 and a, below Discovery on Green Gulch. Nos. 1,2, 3, 4: and I), above Discovery on BI'oken Neck Creek. Nos. 1,2. 3, 4 and 5 , on Sutter Creek. Nos .. 2, 3 r 4 , 5 a1H1 G, on lUogul Creek. Nos. 1 2 J 13, 1 4:, 15 and 16, on Crookc(l Creek No •• 1 2 3 an d 4, orEar Diggings below Seventy Mile Falls. The four claims last mentioned are on an Island, just below the Falls, and consist of about eighty acres. On this Island men with rockers have washed out from fi fteen to forty dollars per day to the man, and it is the intention of the Company to hy­ draulic the entire Island in the near fqture. The~e is an immense body of w~ter flowing over tue Falls and a pipe line three-quart­ ers of a mile in length will give them a fall of over seventy-five feet. Conservative experts estimate the profits of. the venture at two million, five hundred thousand dol­ lars. 1'he Company also own twenty acres of bar diggings just above the Falls. Another very valuable piece of property owned by them is a quartz ledge about twenty-two miles from the Mouth of Mission Creek, on the right bank of that stream: . It is a beautiful ledge, fully eighteen feet in width; the quartz being "in place" between well defined walls, and the lead can be traced from the river bank fully .a half a mile up the hill. This ledge is of peculiar forma.tion, and although the. surface rock does not show it to be very riell in free gold, there is every indication that development will prove it to be of.immense va.lue. A peculiar circumstance in regard to this . ledge, is the unusual formation of its. walls j while the one wall is of stratified slate, the other wall is a pure vein of coal, about an inch and a half in width. This Company is also owner of one of the most promising looking coal veins in that region. All through that section of the country, small veins of impure lignite can be found at intervals in the shale and sandstone, but the vein located by the Alaska Placer and Coal Company is fully eighteen feet wide at the point where the out-croppings were flrst noticed and widens rapidly to nearly forty feet. It is extreme­ ly favorably located for commercialpurpos­ es at the Mouth ; f Seventy Mile River, at a point about a half a mile from th, e Yukon. Barges can be loaded with this coal and floated clear to St. Michaels. Some forty-five miles ' up the Seventy Mile River, the Company also own three hundred and twenty IIcres of coal fields; .this latter coal although of a better quality than the hundred and sixty acre-tract at the Mouth of the river, is of course inac­ cessible at the present time. . A glance at the map below will show the re.ader the holdings of the A. P. & C. Co., and which, enormous liS they lire, will be greatly increased during the coming season, it being the intention of the managers to bond or purchase every claim offered for sale in that vicinity this year. The five gentlemen above nalPed were originally the sole owners of this immense property, but have since Bold a one-sixth mterest t 1 Charles Meadows, the well known mining expert and plunger, of Phoenix, Arizona. As Boon as Mr. Meadows succeeded in acq uiring his interest he start­ ed for the United States to purchase the ' necessary machinery to develop and work the property during the coming Beason. !.VIr. Meadows will also purchase and equip a small steamer to nm between Daw­ son and the Seventy-Mile and Mission Creek Districts. The headquarters of the Company are now at Dawson, but will be removed early in the Summer to Star City, at the Mouth of Seventy Mile River. Star City, by the way, is destined to be one of the leading towns on the Yukon River. That there will be an immense influx of people into this section this year is a fore­ gone conclusion. Not only on account of the richness of the mines thereabouts, but also on account of the too liberal mining laws of Uncle Sam, which are noted at lenght in an other article. In one respect, however, the United States laws are much better than the Can­ adian, in that they do not permit the spe­ culator to gobble up a whole town site and Bell lots to the miners at boom prices. A miner who desires a lot for residence purposes in Star City, or Eagle City, or in fact any part of Alaska, must within one year after locating it, build a house thereon and otherwise im prove his property. Possession is the only titl e in Alaska. Upon this page the reader will find a good pictu're of Lyman III. Burrell, the manager of the Alaska Placer and Coal Company. Mr. Durrell has traveled over almost every mile of the country adjacent to the Yukon River flOm Circl~ City to Sixty Mile, and can draw off-hand a map of the country that would put the United States Geological Survey to shame. Andrew Nelson, the assistan t manager of the Company, is a bright young man, who · has been several years in the country anLl who recently sold one small interest which he owned on Bonanza Creek for seventy­ five thousand dollars cash. Mr. Nelson as well as all of the other members of the Company is a largeowllerintheKlondike district, but believes that his Seventy Mile property will be much more valuable than anything he has yet acquired on Canadian Boil. RIchard Aggasiz, who occupies the re­ I!ponsible position of Secretary, arrived in Dawson last Bummer from his home ill Seattle, and by his unusual business abili. Y and hustling qualities, hal! made a rap,d fortune. M. L. Hamilton, the Treasurer. is one of the solid bllsine8s men of Dawson. H ,s picture and biography' appear on anol hd palte. N. N. Brown who acts as Superintendpllt at Seventy Mile, is a hardy. wiry, rustlillg e~pert. ~in!lr, al!d it was largely. thrOll!!ll IllS ablhty m thIS respect that this Immense property was acquired by the Company. Charles Meadows, "the outside manager' has been written up·in every newspaper in the United States, -as well as in foreign countries. He has been tw!ce around the world and in every mining excitement of note for the past ten years, and in his opinion the developments oithe next tlYO years on the American side will astonish the world. Seventy Mile River is supposed to be about 300 milel! in length, but has never been prospected.for more than fifty miles from its mouth. It lies directly in the Gold Belt and has numerous tributaries heading high up in the rugged mountains adjacent. It is not a NEW country when compared with the Klondike, and had been prospect­ ed before the Klondike craze to some extent. Three men by the names of Froelicb, Beam and Rundell, were there at the time of the 'Bonanza strike. They found on Crooked Creek a tributary some twenty-five iniles from the Mouth of I:leventy Mile, pay dirt from the grass roots up, and they averaged better than twenty dollars a day a piece summer au'd winter. But this did not satisfy tbem and they removed to Mogul Creek, where they found Igood pay for six miles. This they also gave up and went to Broken Neck Creek, a mile or so above, here they built a cabin and took out as high as thirty-five hundred dollars in two weeks. At the Mouthof Sonnickson Creek, a young Swede r. ecently panned out flfty-four dollars in dust, and picked up a nugget weighing twenty-six dollara and thirty- two cents, in one afternoon. One advantage this country ,has over the Klondike region is that there are winter and summeT diggings. There ground sluicing and hydraulicing can be carried on for nearly five months in the year. Timber is large and plentiful, and a saw mill will be erected there in the near future. Emptying into the Seventy-Mile River at a point forty miles from its Mouth, there is a tributary called "Barney" Creek, from which there comes a most pathetic incident. LYMAN S. It was eeveral yeare .ago that an old man who was known only on the Yukon as "Barney" went up the Seventy Mile River on a prospecting trip. He was an exper­ ienced miner and the indications for gold there delighted him. He managed to obtain a small outfit and in a fiat-bottom boat started to pole IlP the river. When just below the Seventy Mile Falls he met with a serious accident, ' his boat being overturn&d and his provisions swept down the rapid current of the river. He succeeded in rescuing a sack of be.ans, two sacks of flour and some bacon. and with this meagre variety continued his journey. He at length located for the winter on the creek which now bears his name, where l,e found wbat he had long been dream ing of. The gold was there, nuggets and dust, dust and nuggets; and in larger quantities than he had ever before seen. With fever­ . ish haste he erected a small cache and hard­ ly stopping to properly cook hiB food, work- ed during the summer. But at len~th a etrangefeeling oflethar/l:Y came over hlm; his bones ached and it was with difficulty that he arose from his bed of boughs each morning. A few days later he noticed that his ankles were turning black and he then realized for the first time, that he was the victim of that dread disease of the Yukon, the scurvy. But he was loath to leave his garden patch of gold, and postponed his departure from dar to day. All this time he had been liVlDg on sourdough bread and beans straight, his bacon having long since been 33 BURRELL. exhausted. . When he at length determined to start for Forty Mile, b. e bad bardly strength enougb to st(er his hoat down stream, and it WllS only after a terrible journey, that he succeeded in reaching the Yukon, where he was picked up by a passing steamer. Everything that medical aid could sug­ geat was dono for the unfortunate man, but the disease had made fatal inroads upon his en feebled system, and his death occurred a few days later. Before dying he t.oln. the manager of the North American Transportation and Trad­ ing Company, of his claim, and deposited his money with the Company. And let it be said to the credit of ' the· manager, tbat the old man's secret was weJl guarded until tbe news of his death arrived, and the . money left in the Company's care was for­ warded to the wife and daughters 01 the deceased . As will be seen from the map the placer properties of the A. P & C. Company are 10 almost every instance in blocks of con­ nected claims. And their entire boldi ngs would make nearly eleven miles of gravel. beds. The Company is not incorporated, but is, a partnership concern, and there is no stock far sale. It is quite probable how· ever, that Mr. Meadows will make arrange­ ments while in the United States for a eyndicate to take hold of the property and furnish the capital n('c~saryfor the speedy workings of the properties by improved methods. I~------~--------------~ J---- '~----- I QUARTZ LEDGE! . A . P.8 C.C(J, j. 34 THE KLONDIKE NEWS. Whether to Go. The man who is still debating with himself as to the adVIsability of .going to the Yukon is still very much in evi­ dence. He is still undecided as to whether he can stand the cold and en­ dure the hardships of ' the trip, and also as to whether he can make any­ thing if he does get there. We would advise all such to stay at home; they are not the stuff that pio­ neers are made of. He is in much the same fix as the young man who thinks he is in love, but is not quite sure; who has doubts as to the advisability of getting mar­ ried, as well as to his ability to support her if she says yes. Our advice to this young man would be, DON'T. If he were really in love there would be no room for doubt in his own mind on the subject, and the only question that woul ;t present itself would be, "Will she have me?" ' The man who will make a success in . the northern mines has no fear of cold, dangers, nor of his own ability to succeed, and the only question he asks himself is, "Can I get there?" Any young man in good health, who is without family ties and who has no prospects in life other than a steady job and a living, is very foolish · if he do,es not take a rough-and-tumble ; chance up North for a few years. It will broaden his mind, harden his mus­ cles, improve his health and possibly gain him a fortune. And even though he returns to civ­ ilization (?) at the expiration of two or three years without a dollar, he will be better off than the man who remain­ ed at home and did not save a dollar. This of course applies only to those who can land upon tlfe river with a year's provisions. When to Go. The Yukon mines can now be reach­ ed any month in the year, but the trav­ eler will have to choose his route with much care. '1'he Dalton trail has been found to be unsafe after Septeinber the . 1st, and the Sl),me may be said of all the other overland trails, except the Dyea and Skaguay routes. Taking last year as a criterion, it will be found that steamers cannot be expected to leave San Francisco or Seattle later than August 15th, and land their passengers at Dawson the same year. and will afford more comfort than any­ thing else in the outfit. It is not necessary to take a small drugstore witn you if going to Dawson, or any of the Alaskan towns, for such things will be found there in abund­ ance. The traveler over any of the older trails will have no use for a gun, as he will see nothing larger than a wild duck en route. In the grocery line much has been written, and very little of it is oorrect. One will find that a diet of . beans, bread, bacon and rice will render life burdensome, and there will be a wild yearning for what in that country might be termed luxuries. Don't for­ get a variety of spices; be sure to take along plenty of raisins, currants and dried fruit. Evaporated vegetables of the very best brand (such: as the Hay­ den Packing Company of San Fran­ cisco put up), are worth their weight in gold . . Diversify your outfit; instead of tak­ ing four hundred pounds of flour, take half . that quantity, and then add graham flour, cornmeal, rolled oats and other ceteals in its place. The :usual outfit contains too much bacon and not enough sugar. Do not try to take in canned fruits, as the dried varieties are so much more easy to hanole and are the more ·wholesome. Don't forget some evaporated vine­ gar, and if possible a few pickles; your system will crave the acid in these things. A few boxes of macaroni will not come amiss, and a small Holland cheese to be used with it will add vari­ ety to the menu. Tea is a much better drink than coffee, the latter being conducive to scurvy; one pound of tea is worth a How to Go. In these days of rapid changes, when one reads of railroads in impos~ible places and steamboats that will shoot r, apids, one hardly knows how to ad­ vise on this subject. What to-day might be an utterly impracticable route, may in a few weeks be open for travel by . steamboat, railroad, bicycle, . or balloon. Wbatwe have to sayan this subject is from our own actual ex­ perience during several years residE nce in the country. The different routes by which Daw­ son may be reached are supposed to be as follows: The Edmonton :r:oute. The Copper River route. The Stickine route. The Takau route. '1'he Dalton trail. White Pass or Skaguay Trail. The Chilcoot Pass or Dyea Trail. The St. JYIicha.el's or All Water route. The Bdmonton Route. The Edmonton route is out of the question at present for anyone taking in an outfit, as it involves long portages between rivers and lakes and hundreds of miles of travel through an unknown country_ It would take fully six months to reach Dawson -this way. The Copper River Route. We warn our readers against any at­ tempt to . reach the Klondike country by way of Copper River. No living man ever made the trip, and the bones of many a prospector whiten the way. The Takau Route. 'rhis is another back-breaking, soul­ destroying way of reaching the Yukon. It has to recommend it as a possible route, grand scenery, fine fishing -and hunting, and a splendid opportunity for physical exercise. In the month of August, 1897, the editor of the "News" was one of a party that made the pilgrimage from Juneau to 'res lin Ijake. Assisted by six stal­ wart Indians we put in ten days of ter­ rible labor in dragging, poling and packing a canoe to the "head of navi­ gation:" 'rhen we spent six delight­ ful days in fighting our way through mud and mosquitoes to the head of the lake. There is one mountain over- which the traveler must pass that is 5,200 feet high, and where one misstep would give the climber a fast mile. This is the celebrated Sin-Wah-Clan moun­ tain. It is twenty-two miles from the head of navigation, at the junction of the Silver Salmon and Nahkanah riv­ ers. To make the trip from Juneau to the head of Lake Teslin in eighteen days is considered fast traveling over that part of the country, and for the sake of comparison we will say that our trip from Dyea to Dawson in Oc­ tober last was accomplished in twelve days. . The Dalton Trail. For those who have cattle and horses the overland route offers many induce­ ments if the trip be made in midsum­ mer. There is plenty of grass for stock, fine huntIng and fishing, and good camping accommodations. The The failure of the steamship com­ panies to ascend the river in August and September, 1897, was due .. how­ ever, to the extremely low water more than anything else. And it is possible that the light 'draft steamers especially constructed for the traffic may be able to run up the river as late as the mid­ dle of October. CROSSING LAKE LE BARGE ON SAILING SLEDS. The Skaguay or White Pass trail is undoubtedly the best winter trail, and should be used by those contemplat­ ing going in or out over the ice. Those who expect to transport their own outfits by way of the "passes" should not start later than August 1st. The "poor man's time" for going in over the trail is the months of Febru­ ary, March and April, when he can sled his own supplies in over the snow. A large proportion of the boats leav­ ing Lake Bennet after October 1st last year were caught in the ice, and their , occupants were forced to winter along the river without the opportunity of earning a dollar or of even prospect­ ing. dozen pounds of coffee in a cold coun­ try. Avoid the use of baking powder; its continued use will ruin your health. Take along a few yeast cakes, to start your sour dough with. Sour dough cannot be excelled for making hot cakes, biscuit or bread, and if you do not know how to use it you can learn in five minutes. In extremely cold countries the sys­ tem demands the use of oils and fats, and it will be found that olive oil will come nearer filling the bill than any­ thing else. After you have made up your list, go over it and double the quantity of olive oil. Don't think that you can get along without butter, for you will find yourself buying it in midwinter at $1"0 per pound if it is not included in your outfit and that price is asked. In place of tinware, take agate .and porcelain, and let your dishes be of the last named material if possible. If you are going over the trail this summer or fall, remember that it will rain. constantly, .and make your prep­ A great majority of the people going a~tlOns .accordmgly. Have every­ to the Yukon take too much, and load thmg penshable packed _ in waterproof bags. Thirty per cent of the outfit themselves down with useless clothes, going over the trails last season was What to Take. furs, drugs, firearms and other things, ruined by the rain. Have your stove­ which in all probability they will :irevefpipe made to "telescope," and select find use for. . ... pots and pans that will "nest." Strange as it may seem, more people IIi. concluding these few hints it may are frozen to death from wearing too be said that the nearer you buy your many clothes than hot enough. ' The . outfit to the place you intend to use it, man who starts out for a long walk the better it will be and the most suit­ over a rough country swathed in heavy able for the country. woolens or furs will soon :find himself If' you are going to Dawson you will perspiring freely. And from that time be, in civilization in the full meaning on a stoppage of five or ten minutes of the term, where the people act and for rest is fatal. dress much the same as in the northern A fur .coat is a positive detriment part oUhe Ullited States; you will find to one going to the mines, it being there the ~ost sociable people on earth, too heavy to work or walk in, and fit and you ,WIll -be called 'upon to attend only fo1' wearing when riding on 9. balls, parties, entertainments and so­ very cold day. The Yukoner does not cial reunions that will necessitate some get many opportunities to ride. A fur attention to the toilet, so take along robe, however, is almost indispensable, your best suit of clothes. In the first place it is almost impos­ sible to ascend the Copper River. There are trackless mountains to cross, by the side of which the Chilcoot Pass trail is a boulevard, and rapids that would make the White Horse dry up and quit business. Finally the White River is not navigable for loaded boats. Certain unscrupulous parties operat­ ing steamboats up that way are issuing gaudy pamphlets with nicely worded directions of how to travel over a coun­ try that white man never s~t foot in. This is worse than murder, and such crimes deserve to be punished to the full extent of the law. We would sug­ gest that they be hung, drawn, quar­ tered and fed to a pack of hungry Malamute dogs. The Stickine Route. One of the advantages this route is supposed to enjoy is its freedom from rough and dangerous water, such as the White Horse Rapids. While it is . true that by going this way o· ne woul'l escape the danger of walking around the White Horse Rapids and the ex­ pense of sending the boat through by tramway, we wouli "1ggest that there are only a few hur vards of rough water in the WhiL ~v .. ,o:; Rapids, and there are 150 miles of Stickine River, and a more swift, crooked and danger­ ous river does not flow. The portage of 150 miles from Tele­ graph Creek to Teslin Lake is one that the traveler will . never forget, even though made over a wago';!. road, and we would advise our friends to wait un­ til the long-talked-of railroad is com­ pleted and go over this route by Pull­ man car. trail starts either at Haynes' Mission on the Lynn Canal or at Pyramid Har­ bor in the Chilkat Inlet. From either of these places the road follows the meanderings of the Chilkat River and over a comparatively easy summit of 2500 feet to the Altsek River, and thence along this latter water course to Dalton's Post. From the post the trail turns to the right and follows the borders of Lake Arkell to the Tah­ keena River. Ascending this river a well-defined trail leads to Hoochia Lake. Here it branches, the one to the left, although shorter, is much more difficult and rough, and will lead the traveler to the Pelly Post, otherwise known as Fort Selkirk. The regular trail keeps straight on to the Nuttsendone River, and will land one on the Yukon at a point just below Five Finger Rapids. From here steamboats will be in op­ eration this summer that will carry travelers to Dawson in a few days. The entire distance from the Chilkat Inlet overland to the Yukon is vari­ ously estimated from 375 to 400 miles. On this trip one needs both shotgun and rifle. There are moose, caribou, deer, mountain sheep and other ani­ mals to be encountered, as well as vast numbers of ducks, geese, grouse, and other small game. The lakes _ and rivers are filled with splendid fish, including trout, bass, pickerel and white fish. In the Roo­ chia Lake there may be caught a yel­ low meated fish of exquisite flavor as yet utmamed, but one well calculated to appease "the Yukon appetite" that is certain to be acquired. But it must be remembered that the snow falls early and deep in this region, and in no event should the trip be attempted later than August 15th. The writer started from Haynes Mission en route for Dawson on the 12th of September and was compelled to turn back. Other parties who start­ ed about the 1st of September were caught in the most terrible storms wh~n half way across. Their stock penshed, their provisions had to be abandoned, and it was only after fear­ ful hardships that they succeeded in reaching the coast. The trip may be safely made, however, at any time be­ tween May 15 and August i5th. Dyea and Skaguay Trails. So much has been said and written of these two trails that it seems a waste of words to describe them. They start six miles apart and end at the head of the lakes, the, Dyea or Chil­ coot tra~l being 28 miles in length and the WhIte Pass or Skaguay 33 miles. The intending Yukoner w~uld better make his own inquiry and investiga­ tIOn before choosing either. 'rhe Dyea or Chilcoot is the old r eliable trail, and ~as been traveled for many years; but If a good wagon road is con­ structed over the White Pass it will be the better route, being a thousand feet lower. We would advise our read­ ers, however, to fully satisfy them­ selves on this point before starting. The trip from the head of the lake~ down to Dawson can be made in from eight to fifteen days. Light draught steamers will ply on Bennett, Marsh and Takish lakes, and the dangeru and difficulties encountered by the old timers will not be met with by the trav­ elers of 1898. The St. Michaels, or All Water Route. It is well known that in the years gone by the Yukon River boats belong­ ing to the old companies had a per­ sistent habit of sticking on the sand bars far below Circle City, and it was about an even thing whether or not they would land their passengers and freight. . There is a sneaking 'idea prevalent, however, that this state of affairs was not the result of carelessness, igno­ rance, or the · natural conditions sur­ rounding navigation, but part of a well-laid plan. The United States government sent a representative into the Yukon coun­ try last year and his report appears in the May Bulletin of the Department of Labor, and from which we quote the words of Capt. E. D. Dixon, an old Mississippi River steamboat man, and now engaged in running a boat up the Yukon. Capt. Dixon says : "I have never seen the river with less than six feet of water at any point below Fort Yukon. The shallowest . rime is at White Eyes, and the lowest water I ever saw there was six feet, and that was the lowest water known there for years. At a medium stage of water there is sufficient depth at Fort Yu­ kon. The steamers have been running in the wrong channel."* * * * "From White Eyes to Fish Camp, twelve miles above Circle City, the , current averages about five and a half miles an hour. It runs swifter than that on the riffles of course. From Fish Camp to Dawson we have a nar­ row river, averaging about a half a mile in width, with an average current of six miles an hour. ]n ordinary stages of the river there is from six to seven feet of water on the highest bars. The Yukon is an ideal river for navigation. There are no rocks, no boulders, and no snags to hinder navigation. All the rocks in the river are easily located by the breaks the current throws over them, and they are all near shore. It is one of the pretti­ est rivers under the sun to navigate." In the year 1897, the Yukon was opened for navigation by May 17th, and the first boat arrived at Dawson June the 2nd. The. Bering ,Sea, how­ ever, does not open until the fore part of July, and it is useless to leaye the Pacific Coast until the middle of June. '1'he trip from St. Michaels to Dawson occupies from twelve to eighteen days, according to the swiftness of the steam­ er traveled upon, and the distances to the principal points are asfollows: Fort Adams, 1250 miles; the Tanana, 1265 miles; Minook, 1315 miles; Fort Ham­ lin, 1385 miles; Fort Yukon, 1665 miles; Circle City, 1750 miles; Forty Mile, 1997 miles; Dawson, 2050 miles. The river boats consume from one to two cords of wood per running hour, and the traveler should inquire care­ fully into the fuel supply of the boat he intends going on. . Many of the boats recently con­ structed for the navigation of the Yukon draw less than three feet of water, and will make the trip from St. Michaels to Dawson in twelve days. . Given a good modern river boat, a qualified pilot and an abundance of fuel, and it is safe to say that during the months of July and August the companies thus equipped wm land their passengers safely and in due time. J. W. Sullivan. 'Were it not for the adventurous pros­ pector, who leaves home, friends, a,nd the comforts ot, civilization, and pushes his way into unknown and unexplored countries In search of the mineral treas­ ures which nature with a guarded hand' secretes in the most inaccessible places, the great posslb1lltleswhich new coun­ tries conlain would remain unheard of, and the development of the resources which enrich and benefit mankind 'would . be long delayed. The hardy trail-blazer endures hardships, privations and suffer~ tngs, the very · recital of which is enough to call forth heartfelt sympathy, to give to mankind knowledge which makes the world richer, and which affords fields for the enterprise and industry of the peo­ ple. The history of all new countries is dosely linked with that of the pioneer, and the story of the development of the great Northwest ~'erritory is one which is but a pat·t of the lives of the pioneers ()f that country. 'When the names of the discoverers of the vast deposits of mineral wealth shall ' be enrolled upon the scroll of fame, that ()f J. W. Sullivan will be found there, for he has the distinction of belnlt. the dls­ -coverer of the first coal deposits on the Yukon River. It is owing to the indomi­ table courage and indefatigable industry ()f the subject of this sketch that the val-. Ilable coal ledges which will play such an Important part in the conquest and de­ velopment of that snOW-bound country lately made known to the world. There is hardly a creek in the whole country from Dawson to St. Michael that is not known to this untiring prospector, who rowed or poled his boat on nearly all the tributaries of the Yukon. In all th'at country to-day there Is no man who can speak with better knowledge of Its capabilities, for no one is better informed ()n the subject than he. Mr. Sullivan was born in Ontario, Can-. ada, in 1864. He spent his early life there, and when 20 years old came to the Pacific Coast. He drifted to San Diego, and enga, ged in the real estate business there during the boom, and after the craze for climate and soil died out, he left and embarked in tlie bUSiness of speculating in mining and in prospecting. He followed these pursuits ·In California, Oregon and Washington. His experi­ ence in the real estate business had much to do with his success, tor his assocla- Whereto Go. It is now estimated that one hun­ dred thousand people will be found up­ on the Yukon River and its tributaries this yoor, and the question naturally arises, Where will . they all settle? They certainly cannot stay in Dawson, for there would not be even standing­ room for them there. Some intend to search the headwat­ ers of the Felly and Stewart, and oth­ ers will go up the Hootalinqua, but a still larger number will go to what is called "The American side." We will venture to prophesy that before the year 1898 has passed into history, sev­ eral new towns will boom, bloom and blossom on the "American side." There is Star City, at the mouth of Seventy Mile River, and Eagle City, at the mouth of Mission Creek, both des­ tined to be thriving towns. These two towns will grow for sev­ eral reasons. In the first place it is now believed that the Seventy Mile, American and Mission Creeks, with their tributaries, will prove fully as rich, of greater extent, and more easily worked, than the Klondike diggings. And secondly, the inhabitants of these new towns will be able to enjoy life under the too-liberal laws of Uncl~ Sam. The Canadian law allows a pros­ pector but two hundred and fi:fty feet, and but one claim in a "division," while the American regulation permits of as many "1320 foot" claims as there are creeks. The recording ' fee on the Canadian side is $16.00 in gold dust, and on the American side but $2.50. Then, too, on the American side, there is no annual renewal fee, no al­ ternate claims for Uncle Sam, no ten or twenty per . cent royalty and only one month's work (amounting to $100.00), required each year, while the Canadian regulation calls for three months of continuous work. The Canadian officials have the power to make new "Rules and Regu­ lations" without notice, which radical­ ly change the mining laws in iorce, and it would seem as though they were trying to discourage the development of their country. THE' KLONDIKE NEWS. J. "W. SULLIVAN DISCOVERER OF ~COAL ON THE YUKON. tion with some of the real estat«i! boomers in San Diego had given him a confidence in himself and. a faith in the merits of the climate or quartz, whichever he hap­ pened to be selling-and he succeeded in Imparting some of that faith to the peo­ ple who were anxious to exchange their money for either of those articles" and In most cases it turned out that they were more than pleased with the exchange. From a speculator In mines Mr. SUlli­ van became a toiler in them, and for two years was the efficient shaft boss in the well-known ~'readwell mine on Douglass Island. During the spring vacations be packed his outfit and went prospecting. In the spring of 1894 he went up the Stewart River for seventy-five miles and prospected the bars along that stream. He made as high as $20 a day, and dis­ covered . some very good iron ledges. All that summer he worked ·in the Stewart River country, and In the fall went down It is quite probable that big strikes will " be made on the Upper Klondike this year, and reports of rich finds on the headwaters of the McQuestion are coIiring in daily, but when everything is taken into consideration it would seem as though the American sid~ of­ fered the greatest inducements to pros­ pectors. Miller Creek, which is a tributary of Sixty Mile Creek, but in the Fnrty Mile District, had many claims ,lat yielded from five to fifty thousand dol­ lars each during the seasons of 1896-7. Walker's Fork, Napoleon and Davis Creeks, all tributaries of Forty Mile, are known to be rich. Chicken Creek, which was discovered two years ago, is the best creek in the district. It en­ ters Forty Mile about one hundred and fifty miles above its mouth, and can be worked either in winter or in, summer. The ground is rich, but irregular. The greater part of the Forty Mile District was for many years supposed to be in American territory, but by the survey of Mr. Wm. Ogilvie, in 1896 (and of which there is some. doubt as to its correctness), the panadian govern­ ment claims jurisdiction as foll ?ws: Gold Creek Glacier Creek, MIller Creek all b~t one mile of Bedrock Creek' Moose Creek, First Fork of Moos~ Creek twenty-three miles of Forty Mile River, 'one mile of t~e Three Heads of Smith Creek, one mile of the several heads of Canon Creek on the east side of the main stream, and about one mile of Davis and Poker creeks. The boundary line is plainly marked by cuts through the woods from the creek beds to the hill tops. Circle City will also undoubtedly prosper during the coming year, a~d will probably be the largest town 1D Northern Alaska. It is about eighty­ five miles in a direct line from the boundary line, although the distance by way of the. river ~s oyer two. h~n­ dred miles. Cucle CIty IS the distrIb­ uting point for the Birch Creek mines, which . were discovered in August, 1893. Birch Creek is about three hun­ dred and fifty miles long. The North Fork has its source in the Ratzel moun­ tains, one hundred miles west of Circle City, flowing to the southward some fifty miles, and then to the eastward neady one hundred miles, completing an almost perfect semicircle at a point eight miles west of Circle City, and thence flowing parallel with the Yukon for a hundred and fifty miles, to where it empties into the latter stream below Fort Yukor. The South Fork flows i~ a nort]J'j~sterly direction and unites with the :c-rorthFork sixty miles south­ west of Circle City. to Circle City and located on Masto­ don and Deadwood, doing fairly well. . . On the latter he bought 1000 feet of good summer and winter diggings, which proved to be exceptIonally rich and . which yielded from two to six ounces a day to the man. Before the Klondike strike was made Mr. Sullivan discovered coal. He was out prospecting for gold when he made the find, and observing some oily sub­ stance on the water followed up the clue and came upon the outcroppings of a 'coal ledge. He tested the coal and found It to be a good quality on the surface, Im-, proving as he went In on the ledge. The coal find was sold to Tom O'Brien at a good figure, and it will prove a paying Investment to the owner. At this time Mr; Sullivan had every­ . thing prepared to begin the winter's work on his claim OB Deadwood. He had a . In this district Mastodon Creek is the best, and up to the discovery of the R;:londike was known as the richest placer diggings in the world. Not over one-tenth of the claims known to be rich were worked last summer, ' and yet over three hundred thousand dol­ lars was produced. There are ten miles of ground al­ ready prospected on this Creek, which will prove as productive as any ten miles of ground in the Klondike dis­ trict.. Independence Creek is also known to be rich, but. was not worked last year to any great extent on account of the scarcity of miners. Eight claims on Deadwood Gulch . yielded over one hundred thousand dollars last suminer. There are forty­ seven claims located on this creek. Miller Creek has sixty-four claims located, rune of which were worked last Summer, and produced thirty thousand dollars. Eagle Creek, discovered in 1895, haR about fifty located claims on it, only four of which were worked during the past Summer, on account of the scar- ' city of miners. The four claims pro­ duced over seventy-five thousand dol­ lars. Gold Dust Creek has sixty claims, which were paying well, but were all abandoned during the Klondike Btam~ pede. . Harrison Creek is thirty miles long and contains about one hundred loca- cabin cache full of grub, and had hlred a force of eight men to assist . him in get­ ting out the pay dirt. It was destined that he should not put In the winter there, for the news of the Klondike strike reached tlie men, and one by one they b~ gan to make excuses and left, and in a few days he found himself alone. On February 20th, he hitched up his big dog-team, and abandoning every­ thing, joined the stampede to the new diggings. The story' of tlfiit mad rush to the Klondike Is enough to make one shudder. There were fuliy 600 men and women struggling to get across the long stretch of Ice between them and their destination. Many of them sold their claims. for dogs, so that they might be able to haul enough provisions to last them while they made the trip to the new discovery. It was so cold that the mer­ cury In the thermometer was doing Its level best to drop out of the bottom of It, but the men and women, made frantic by the news, lost their senses, and rushed wildly on. Many of them were not pro­ vided with sutllcient food, and not a few were improperly clad. But this did not deter them in their struggle to get on. Dogs and horses died on the road, and their carcasses were met with at short distances apart. Some of the gold-crazed stampeders threw away everything ex­ cept their stoves and tents, ,and the con­ sequence was that the suiferlngs they en­ dured were terrible. All along the icy route were camped people whose hands and feet were frozen, and many of them who were without prOVisions saw starva­ tion ahead of them. Mr. Sulllvan)lad passed many of the stampeders and was well In the lead whenbe reached Dawson. He was tired out after the trip, which was one of the worst that he ever undertOOk, and he be­ Ueved that were ft not for the wolf-dog which he had with him he would n9t have been able to make the journey In such good time and have ' escaped It freez­ ing. The hardy miner did not waste much time In Dawson, but .went over to Bo­ nanza and bought In on No. 2i:i below, which he immediately began working. At the present time there are 20 men at work on It drifting out . the pay dirt, which is three feet deep and runs from a prospect to two ounces to tlie pan. The clean-up this spring will yield him It tor­ tune. Besides this claim, he owns a valuable . one on Dominion adjoining the Discov­ ery on that creek, has three Important tions. There is probably not a claim on the creek that will , not yield-'ten dollars to the shovel, and having an ample · supply of water and a good grade, will eventual,ly produce mil­ lions under hydraulic'process. Porcupine Creek is about the same length as Harrison, and has been lo­ cated for hydraulic pUrposes. It was abandoned, and is subject to rel09a­ tion. Lower Coal Creek is also about thir­ ty miles long and subject to reloca­ tion. It enters the Yukon from the west some :fifty miles above Circle City. Preacher Creek, which enters Birch Creek sixty miles from CirCle City, is one hundred ana fifty miles in length and has been prospected hut little. There are a large number of creeks in the Birch Creek District which will pay from $8 to $10 to the man, but which of course cannot be worked at the prevailing wages and under pres­ ent processes. The gold of these creeks is of better quality t.han any other district on ' the Yukon, much of it going as high as $19 per ounce. The ground in most of the gulches is shallow and easily worked, and are winter as well as summer diggings. Then there is in the Minook Dis­ trict, the Tanana, and a large number of other . streams which are known to carry gold, and there Will be no trou­ ble for the prospector to find plenty of territory to ramble over without being crowded for elbow room. NO. 1:9 BONANZA ABOV!t. 35 Interests on Henderson ·Creek, ·owns Nos. 10 IIJld 14 above on All Gold; .and 1'10 •.. 1 aboye ' on Swede Cre.ek. AU of these claims are in rich sections · and wlll yield comfortable fortunes to the lucky owner; Not the least of his interests is that which he owns with McDonald and Mor­ rison on Dominion Creek below SUlphur and Eureka creeks. The partners in this venture have applied for four miles, with the priyllege of the full extensions. It Is confidently believed that this last prop­ erty will prove as valuable as the other mining property which he owns. While it is thus shown that Mr. SUlli­ van is a large holder of rich gold-produc­ ing claims, they are not by any means the only source of wealth at his com­ mand. A mine of wealth in the shape of rich coal deposits awaits him on the banks of the Yukon, on trie American side of the river, 120 miles from the Canadian line. He owns a half interest in 160 acres of 'coal there. ~'he deposit is in the form of a blanket ledge covered with sandstone and clay, and is 600 feet wide. It crops out for a distance of over 300 feet. The coal is of a good quality in the outcroppings, and is known to improve the further it extends into the mountain. The mineral resources of the country seem to be Inexhaustible in point of varl· ety as well as the quantity of the depos­ Its. Aluminum, one of the most valuable of all metals, has been found to exist in large bodies there. A deposit of clay 1320 feet in extent, which Mr. Sullivan owns,' contains about 75 per cent alumi­ num on top. The clay has much the ap­ pearance of soft lard, so strongly is it mixed with aluminum. Experts who have examined it say that it will improve in quality as it is drifted into, Mr. Sullivan believes that the Tanana country will p· rove to be a great one. He bases his belief on his observations made there. His explorations in the country drained oy the ~'anana River entitle his opinion to a great !leal of consideration. His prospecting trips there have made him pretty well acquainted with it, and he believes that he knows the spot where the virgin copper that has been brought out of the country by the IndJa.ns comell from. . The United States sOldiers will have a post there soon, and it may not be a great while before Mr. S'ullivan's pre­ diction may be tested. A valued friend and faithful companion . of the hardy ploneer- is a big wolf-dog, which he bought from the Juneau In­ dians, and which accomplmied him on the memorable rush to the ,Klondike, The dog Is a good hunter and fisher, and at one time caught a monstrous moose. which he held until his owner arrived and killed It . . It is a very plucky dog, ann would tackle a bear. One of its peculiar. ities is that it howls instead of barks. Mr. Sullivan is a fine specimen of the hardy frontiersman. He is tall, broad­ shouldered, and has arms that would do credit to a prize-fighter. He is a jovial, good-natured fellow, and Is considered "one of the boys." He has tlie faculty of, making friends, being of a very so-­ clable disposition. No 19 Bonanza Above. T his is one of the riCh. claims on Bonanza creek and was ataked by John Wick on August 24,1896. The "clean up" in the spring will yield a large amount of gold, but it is safe to say that not one-tenth of it will', ba worked onto With the present method of working, twenty men could find employment for ten years and at the end of that time a company conld make a big thing by buying it and working it according'to improved me­ thods. Mr. Wick is a native of Norway. . He left Seattle and came over the Dyea trail and down the Yukon river to Forty Mile in the summer of 1895. He prospected in the Forty Mile district for about a year. When the news reached him of the big finds on the Bonanza, he immediately left his clai~ on Chicken creek,. abandoning his ' t, ent, stove, tools and everything but a little grub and started on a stampede for Bonanza creek. He began pros­ pecting his claim in December '96 and worked alone until February '97:, On April 1st he commenced hiring men to assist him and at present has sixteen men employed working eight hours a day. Quartz Mining IN THE Klondike. Although quartz mining is yet in its infancy on the Yukon river, it is a lusty child, and bids fair to develop ilnto a giant that will astonish the modern world. The early prospector on the Yukon did not look for quartz, knowing that after he had found it he would be compelled to spend several weary years in looking for capital to develop his find, and that in all probability he · would never be able to get machinery to the scene of his discovery. But of late large mining companies have been formed, and extensive develop­ ment of the many known quartz leads adjacent to the Yukon River will be actively carried on. , One of the largest and strongest of the recently formed companies is the Eldorado-Bonanza Quartz and Placer Mini.ng Company, of Toronto, Can­ ada, who own an immense property in the Klondike. This includes nine quartz claims, or a hundred and ninety-three acres of quartz mining ground and two million six hundred thousand feet of placer ground. The directors residing in Dawson are among the best known of the many practical miners there, and their names afford a sufficient guarantee that their properties are , of the best. Such men as Alqck McDonald, the Berry Bros., ltL:t: McNeil, and Dr. Carper do not need an introduction at our hands. Messrs. McDonald and McNeil hav­ ing been in Alaska for many years, have had ample opportunity to examine its mineral resources, and have select­ ed only the choicest locations offered in the mining market to add to the holdings of this company. Heretofore it has qeen impossible to . work without powder and machinery, but with the advance of civilization and the increased facilities for trans­ portation these may be had in abun­ dance and development will be quite rapid. The quartz veins are rich in free milling gold; with well defined walls. The water supply is all that can be desired, and fuel Will be in abundance, there being plenty of timber and many coal deposits along the Klon­ dike and Yukon Rivers. Quartz claims Plunger, Regina, ViCt01·, Globe, Anaconda, and Aetna, of the Eldorado-Bonanza Quartz and Placer Mining Company, are located seventeen miles from the mouth of the Klondike River, at the junction of El- . dorado and Bonanza creeks; covering the entire mountain from Eldorado Creek t o Skookum Gulch, and extend north to Bonanza Creek on either side or this mountain. This ricnest placer ground in the world is found yielding coarse rough gold and large nuggets, mixed with q~artz, showing it to have been broken off the ledges and that it has traveled only a short distance. These placer claims have a deposit of gold that has been ground from the quartz and carried down into the benches and creeks. There, three and a half feet thick is the gravel and brok­ en quartz that is almost one half gold, and a very cornmon 9ccurrence -is to wash a pan of thi~ .and get from $100 to $400 to the pan, and there has been as high as $600 found to the pan in the richest pay streaks, which may THE KLONDIKE · NEWS. ( DlRECTOR.S • . W. L. STOCKING, Attorney. E. F. SWINNEY, Cashier 1st Nat'l Bank. W. T. POSEY, Pres. Posey-BrobeckMer.Co. JNO. J. RIEGER, Capitalist. J. D. SEITZ, Pres. Sheidley Cattle Co. C. W. CLAPP, Real Estate. R. T. GLENN, Promoter and R, es. Mang'r. CLARENCE J. ;S~RRY, Mine Owner. H. F. BERRY, Mine Owner. be from fifty to two hundred feet wide. The bucket they use in raising this gravel holds about six pans, and two men can raise from one hundred to one hundred and fifty buc1cets a day if everything is in readiness, so they have very little extra work to do. The placer claims on Eldorado Creek, opposite the quartz claims of the Eldorado-Bonanza Quartz . and . Placer 1fining Company, have pio­ . duced the enormous sum of $4,500,000 in two seasons. Adjoining on the north there has been taken out in the same time $1,250,000, and from Skoolmm Gulch, adjoining on the west. $353,000. The largest nuggets found in the Klondike district, in fact, the largest ever found in Alaska, have been found at the mouth of Skookum Gulch and on Eldorado Creek. A short distance above its mouth three placer claims have only been partially worked, and many million dollars more will be taken out before the final clean­ llP, which ",-ill be several years hence. Development of the quartz claims is being pushed forward as fast as con-· ditions permit. A tunnel is being driven through the mountain from the Bonanza side, about fifty feet above the creek bank; the work is pro­ gressing at . the rate of about three feet per day. At this writing one hundred and fifty feet distance has been gained. This tunnel will diag- . onally cross-cut the vein at a distance . , of about two hundred an. d fifty . feet, from the entrance, and at a depth of about five hundred feet from the sur­ face. CREEK GLOBE . ANACONDA fETNA IIIIITIE Town of ELDOAADO Map showing location of Qy.art~ Mines owned 15 THE ELDORADo-13ONANZA QUARTZ"\ PLACER. MINING- COMPANY X Where ~lie lao/cst nU9!1(Jtshavebeen found. 0 · Where tile coar.sest gold lias /Jeen found. II Tunnel, ® First discover!! of gold IJy (Jeo. Carmack Auf/. 7096, Ol1ill Site, (5iicres), . PAID·UP CAPITAL, $1,500,000.00. (Incorporated). EliD8Nj'lD8-B8N7INZll ~U7I~JI!Z lIND Pli7lC~a~ MINING ,COMPANY. Mines on Eldorado, Bonanza, Reindeer and Henderson Creeks, Klondike District: Northwest Territory, Canada. Quartz claims Eureka" Last Dollar, and Eldorado Queen, are located on the east side of Eldorado Creek, oppo­ site placer claims Nos. 44, 45, 46 and 47. A well defined vein extends through these claims, of blue quartz twelve feet wide, running northeast and southwest; another vein nine feet wide crosses this at right angles. Both these veins show free gold and of a very high grade. A shaft will be sunk on this property in the Spring as soon as powder and material can be liad, and work pushed as fast as pos­ sible. As there ·is a scarcity of pow­ der, it is impossible. to work this prop­ erty until the boats get in next Spring, but it promises to be one of the best quartz properties in this region,. The placer claims on Eldorado Creek Just below these veins are very rich, and all coarse gold. They produced last sea- son over one million dollars, and are scarcely touched as yet. Quartz claims in the Northwest Territory of Canada are fifteen hundred feet long and six hundred feet wide. In addi­ tion to this, the company has two mill-sites of fiye acres each, which are located on the veins, making one hun­ dred and ninety~three (193) acres of quartz claims.. A large ,stamp-mill will be erected on the property as soon a~ the same can. be brought into the country, and it will be erected in such a manner as to be kept in operation continuously throughout the · entire year. Placer claims Nos. 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, and 65, below Discovery claim,on Henderson Creek, are owned by the El­ dorado-Bonanza Quartz and Placer Mining Company. Gold was first eli§!­ covered on Henderson Creek in May, 1897, and for the time it has been worked, it is making a good showing. Bedrock is from.18 to 24 feet from the surface and carries about three and a half to four feet of pay gravel, running from $.50 to $3.00 per pan, and as work is carried forward where the pay s.trea,k is located it is averaging fully as well as Hunker, Dominion, and Sulphur creeks. Henderson creek empties into the Y l1kon river, three and a half miles be­ low Stewart river, and is about seventy­ five miles long, heading in the same range of mountains as the Left Fork of Stewart River (or McQuestion's Fork), which, so far, is the only tributary of Stewart River known to carry gold in paying quantities. . The . claims are well located, 500 feet long and 600 feet wide, each making 3,000 feet long of placer ground. There is plenty of water and a good fall, so no trouble will be had in ground sluicing. The meth­ od of working placer claims in this country is dit1'erent from that in the United States, as the ground is frozen the entire year, and the gravel is cov­ ered with about one foot of moss. There is also from four to fifteen feet of "Muck" that covers the gravel. If it is more than 10 or 12 feet to bedrock, it is worked in the winter by burning the grollI).d and sinking shafts to bedrock, then by drifting and taking out only the gravel .. that pays, piling it up and washing it out in the Spring. If bedrock is near the surface the gravel is stripped of . moss and muck and ground sluiced in the summer. Reindeer Creek empties into the Yukon River, six miles above Indian Creek; it is about thirty miles long, running .parallel to Henderson and . Indian Creeks. OFFICER.S AND DIRECTORS. F. C. BERRY, President. M. J. McNEIL, Vice-PreB. and Sub·Treas. ALEX. McDONALD, Treasurer. DR. C. C. SAVAGE, Secretary. P. D; CARPER, General Manager. Office, 216 Sheidley Bldg. Kansas City, Mo" U. S. A~ Phone 2830. R. T. GLENN, Correspondent. B. A. MULROONEY, Mine Owner. W. H. BERRY, Mine Owner. Placer claims Discovery, ~ os. 1, 2- 3 and 4 above Discovery, and Nos. 1, 2, . and 3 below Discovery, making 1600, feet long and 500 feet wide of placer ground on Reindeer Creek, is also own­ ed by tile Eldorado-Bonanza Quartz: and Placer Mining Oompany. These claims can be worked the entire yea:r~ and will probably pay as well as' any on Bonanza or Eldorado creeks,. which pay from $100 to $1000 per foot .. No claim on Eldorado from No. 1 tOo No. 47, inclusive, can be bought for less. than $1,000 per foot, and sonie ask much more for their claims. The company intends to develop and work all claims as rapidly as possible, and ex­ pect to be able to have them paying dividends in a . short time. 'rhese­ placer mines, togethe~ with the quartz. mines owned by the Eldorado-Bonanza Quartz and Placer Mining Company,. place it far in advance of any company so far organized in Alaska or the N orth­ west Territory of Canada, and they in­ vite all those who would like to be­ come interested to call and inspect the· titles of the properties, consisting of translers, deeds and abstracts of titles,. as issued by the Gold Commissioner for the Dominion of Canada. The company has many samples of ore and coarse gold and nuggets which will be shown to· visitors, and any infor­ mation pertaining to the Northwest Territory will be given with pleasure­ by the o£ficers of the . company, who have been in Alaska and are thor­ oug:!).ly acquainted ' with all its re­ sources. The Eldorado-Bonanza Quartz and Placer Milling Company has incorpo­ rated under the laws of the State of . Missouri, with a capital stock of $3,- 000,000, the shares selling at $5(} each, and the same can be had at the company's principal office, at 216 Sheidley Building, Kansas City, Mo.,. U,S.A. DISTRICT C'-1lVADl '-~ DISTANCES FROM DAWSON Sfewart River StXf!pMtle River For'!l-MtIe (' Henderson Creek Rosebud Reindeer Indlim D/on gj/nf Montana Swedish Moosehlde Deadwood Eldorado Hunker quartz Sulphur Dominion Eureka Too Much Gold All Gold MADE ESPE~IALLY BY 70mtles C'l SO ;1 45 69 :.ss 4Z .30 3iZ 6,/z 5 /I ,oi 3 5 IS lEi .30 . " 37i 13 70 35 Ff,EFFRENC'ES. o DISCOVERY , • RICHEST • BENCH'''''''T1,,'''' , X ' COARSE GOLD " ~ WHERE LAR{jEST NU&6fTS WERE FOUIYP. .. ••• __ • TRAIL 40 I Fo~:)IKE NEWS" 'filA EN r ILKINS. $1'I-cd row~ -'~----~ ... :;;,~~ ", [\lr-; 'F," 1':, . . illll"; w:-~o ...... _~ (j! l! "1 f { ~ ~ •• ~ ~ "'I . . ~ ~ .... \", ;"1. ,l ~ / ' ',~ ::/ "", , ",/ ~ I \' / /\,:: '"/I(tl~ ' ~"'" . ~ .. ,'i / "} \ \ ..... ..: , . / It\..~.'lll\''·'''' I\.' fP ~, ,\1: '~s',; Yl'~:. ~:. . ... ,,' , .... ; "' I,,., ;: /,,~ /I~: . ; II' '?,.". 1'(/" U/;, . ""' " ...... " ........ I)' •. .... 1 111'-," .:::" \\ ...... I ~ The North British American Company, L'd. ( " - ) OPERATING THE POPULAR ~ III Steamer " G ItEVEItllND." CAPACITY, 1,500 TONS. ACCOMMODKfrONS FOR 250 PASSENGERS. - -= CONNECTING WITH THE ELEGANT RIVER STEAMER "MARY ELLEN GALVI N" Dawson or Fort ~FOR~ Selkirk . + - AND ALL YUKON INTERMEDIATE RIVER POINTS. The Speediest 9 Safest and Handsomest · Boat on the Yukoni THE COMPANY ALSO HAS UNDER CONSTRUCTION c "THE SARAH BELL" "QUEEN OF THE WEST" "BELLA ISLE H STORES AND W AREHOUSE§ The North British American Co. Ltd. has large warehouses at St. Michael, Dawson and Fort Seikirk, where great quantitiE's of Supplies and Provisions, Hardware, Tools, Clothing, etc., are on hand. In order ~o stock our warehouses in Canadian Territory at cheapest rates by AVOIDING DUTY, most of our supplies were purchased in Canada. By this means the miner at the Goldfields will have the advantage of buying his goods FREE OF DUTY. MERCHANDISE Mr. Pat. Galvin the President and Active Manager of the Company has been engaged in Merchandising on the Yukon for many years and is thoroughly posted on the needs of the country. The stock includes everything the miner or prospector is likely to want, and was purchased under the personal supervision of Mr. Galvin. LETTERS OF CREDIT The North British American Co. Ltd. will issue Letters of Credit at a reasonable charge; these letters will procure for you either cash or merchandise as desired from any of our agencies along the Yukon. SAFE DEPOSITS Each of our comlllodious warehouses at St. Michael, Dawson and Selkirk, as well as our ocean and river steamers will be furnished with a Safe Deposit Vault, for the convenience of customers. FRESH BEEF 1200 head of choice beef cattle will be driven across the Dalton trail by easy stages thjs summer and taken to Dawson on our steamers. They will arnve 1ll fine condition and will be converted into beef and sold by the company a.t reasonable rates. The North British AmepicCln Gompany, It'd., Pat. Gdlvin, ppes't, Dawson.