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Alaska gold-hunters. Alaskan gold-fields. Correspondence from the Klondike, Dawson City, Yukon, Northwest Territory, June 23, 1897 / William D. Jones

Author:Harper's WeeklyPublished:1897Type:Klondike Gold Rush NewspapersMARC Record:PAC MARC RecordDownload PDF:Harper's July 31, 1897.pdf (35998 KB)
Frc-- Vor:. XLJ.-No. 2119. Copyright, 1891, by HARPER & BROTHIlRS. ... /1 Riglou a.-.td, , . ( . ," I NEW YORK, SATURDAY, JULY 31, 1897. TEN CENTS A COPY. FOUR DOLLARS A YEAR . FELT HER SEIZE MY HAND AND SHAKE IT."-DRAwN BY W. T: SMEDLEy . , [Sn " COLONEL BOGIE," A GOL~ STdRY, BY GUSTAV KOBBE, PAGE 757.] ,.' '750 HARPER'S "\IVEEK L : Y. (TWENTY-FOUR PAGES.) NEW YORK CITY, JULY 31, 1897.' TERMS: 10 CENTS A COPY.-$400 A YEAR, IN ADVANCE. Sllb.'C I·iption.' may be giu with any Numb!!',. .. . :, HAR~ ER 6 BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS, NEW YO~K, N_ Y. THE PAi::iSAGE OF 'I'HE 'l'ARIFF -BILL 'I'HE tal'iff bill, wllich was finillly compH~tkd III cOllference committee, out of the way , ·bt:i·s.in~·ss will pl'obably respolld by a renewed aeti·viii, and the long-awaited pl'ospel'ity will probabIYa'i·£lve. FOI' some weeks thel'e has beel! an atm'os~he~e of hope, hardly more than that, among· :bu'slness men, and its soul'ce alld inspil'ation have been the consciousness that the tariff bill wou14 SOOIl be finished , and the worst knolVlI . Bll$inessJtas been waiting so 10llg fOl' a. I'evival tIH~t ·,:jt ,would 110t be skallge if we should now hav· ei': period of pl'osperity gl'eater than the counlry ·b~ kllowll sillce the cl'ash and 1'lIin which foHo.~';e!l the passage of the McKINLEY bill of 1890 and We SHER­ MAN si I vel' act of the same year. The GQllh tl'y is so rich , the outlook fOl' the farmer is so favGI'able, tl'ading has beell so long suspended, that e¥:.~n this tal'iff bill, bad as it is, cannot pl'Obably pi;ev·~tit the awakening of the business activities of the Ilation. Indeed, if we are to have the pt'osperity hb~d for and pt'edicted, the pl'osperity that alolle can~'prevent the election of a BRYAN House of Rept'eser.~t.ives next year, it will be becausc thc tat'iff agitltlou is ovet' for the time, and becallse the dicl{el'ei-~ and log-rollers ha ve at last corn pleted theil' ta~k. of' ~poil­ ing the people in behalf-of the tt'usts ,and mall u- facturel(s. · -. , , . .,. It is a cUI'ious featul'e of the histol'Y of· this tal'iff bill that its discussioll in CQilgress ha~. excfted:ilittle public ,intel'est. The countl'Y has seenled ;i,.apa­ thetic. Apparently people were concel'Ded m6illly ill its speedy passage, in ot'(]er that they .Itlight know accUl'ately the burdells which wel'e tb . he imposed upon them, and might fix pl'ices of J!Jeir goods accordingly. Thet'e is no dO\lbt that ~gbod many friends of the protecti ve-tari ff system .l'~gard this attitude of the countl'y -as ·ind.icativ. e or the definite adoption of protection as the 'pe;~I~aiIeilt policy pf the govel'l1ment. Thel'e are; §igns that encourage this belief. In the fil'st place,: the Dem­ ocrats 'in the .House of Repl'e~entatives chose as theil' leader a young man not only· absolu~i in­ capable of dealing with the'question, but one ~hose opposition is 1I0t based on principle. Mt,. ~A]LEY is a Democrat who, Jike · TILLlIIAN, pl'efel's 16 gl'ab pal'l o'f the -pi under for his own cOllstituency rathel' , than to stop the stealing. ' The Populists and some Democratic Senators also manifest this readiness to participate in the benefits of 'protec­ tion. TILLlIIAN is not the olllv Southet')l Sena­ tOl' who sympathizes with McENERY'S wiili)lgness to permit any outl'age upon the p)'ofessed ' prin­ ciples of his pat'ty if the products of his own-people are "taken cat'e of." The ellactment of the bill was attained with the aid and the connivance of men who have professed to be 9Pposed to class legisla­ tion apd to the whole system of taxing the ,public for the benefit of individuals. It is this betrayal which leads protectionists to believe that their pol­ icy is ~ow definitely and permanently established. We are inclined to think that they will' speedily discover theit' mistake; that they will find that the appal'ent apathy of the countt-y was due ~o a con­ sciousness of impotence; that, instead of acquiescing in the protective principle, the countt·y ~s rn,olie alive t.han ever to the essential immol'ality of tal~iff legis­ lation; that thel'e are deep-seated anger and It fil'm determinatiou-to punish those who are responsible for the greedy corruption which mal'ked every step in the composition of this uisgl'aceful and n'1enda­ cious measut'e. To suppose that the countl'y ac­ quiesces in the bill which has been pl'odulled . at Washington is to suppose· that it llas become in­ diffel'ent )Jot only to the vicious practice~ which have been the fruitful parents of its va l'ions sched­ ules, but to the reckless and shameless display of them. The gl'eat central fact in the histol'Y 'of this measure is the continued domination of the Sugar Trust over~Congl'ess. _TueJ.:e js some pretence of diSpute as to whethel' the House or the Senate was victorious in the final al'l'angement of the sugar schedule. But it maLtel's little which sclleme fOl' increasing the pt'ofi, ts of.the SlIgal' Trllst was adopt­ ed, The people who specu·late in sugar seclti'ities llave expI'essed theil' opinion of this Jegisla.tipn in Wall Stl'eet, The common stock of the Trust wus HARPER'S WEEKLY . selling at 110 when the work of making the bill was begun, and after the confel'ence report was made' the stock sold at 146. In other words, the "Sil'eet" assumed that the sugar schedule, as fi lIal­ ly adopted, had added $13,000,000 to the value of the cOlllmon stock. For three years the Sugar Trust has legislated fOl' 'itself, and has been able to tax the coun tl'y fOl' its own benefit, its agents in Congl'ess being re­ stl'aineu only by fears of theil' constituents. Wllat the Sugar Tl'ust has done ill a lal'ge way has been dOI]e ill a smaller way by other beneficiaries of this tar~ff bill. 'flte pu bl ic interests have 110t been con­ sulted by the public's repl'esentatives. EVeJ'y tax imj: o~ed by this bill is in aid of a private enter­ prise, and tIle rate ill nearly evel'y case has been dictated by tIle beneficiary. The pl'ice of neal'ly_ evel'y al-ticle ill common use is incl'eased by tIle act except the products of the fal'mel', who cannot be .benefited by a tal·iff tax. But tIle old ruse on th!:) farmel' has been ag-ain attempted, alld while the go¥el'Ument pel'lTlits hilll to be despoiled by the mf!J1ufactUl'el's of cotton ties, cotton bagging, and eV~I'Y othet' article that he must use, it offers him the wortlJless gift of a tax on the products that lie' sells to Ellglaud. The pretence has been that this log - 1'011 ing scheme of public pI ulldel' h ilS ha~l_ for its object the raising of revenue. But this pl'etellce has 1I0W been abandoned. and e\-en MI'. DINOLEY confesses that the pl'edictions of in­ crlias, ed income to be deri ved fl'om the meaSUI'e, wl~iQh he made 011 intl'oduciug it, were untrue, whil~ lie now seal'clles for excuses to explain th~, looked - fOl' deficiency of the CU I'l'ent yeal'. 'l'1(att the first effol'l of tltis Congress in dealing with the revenues should have been to equalize re­ ceipts and ex r1elldituI'es is beyond dispute. That this re~ul~ should have been sought through retl'ellch­ nlent in expenditut'e will not be denied by intelli­ gept men who have in mind only the best interests of the gove..rlmellt. That, in the absence of the will 01' the cOUl'age to economize, taxes should Ilave been levied that would certainly inCl'ease rev'­ ellue~, follows inevitably. But this Congress 'has illl?isted 011 'contitllling extl'avagallt appl'oJ)I'iatiolls, all,d llas voted down nearly eVeJ'y reasonable prop­ osition that has been made to incl'ease revenues. TI!e session llas been devoted to inc;'easing the pt-pfits of private corporations and pt'ivate citizens who Ilre suspected of possessing a corrupt in fiuence in Washington, and it mattel's not, so far as the im­ mediate interests of the country and the fortunes. qr'the Republican party are concerned, whether the suspicion be just or unjust. Whatever else may be tIle outcome of this tariff measure, whether or not we shall ' be ·fortunate enough to escape the dil'eful economic and polit­ ical consequerlCes that would follow the tt'iumph of the silver I 'nen next year, we firmly believe th~t ti-lis measul'e will hasten the end of the protective P91icy. ' We 'do not believe that the country will much longer ~olerate a policy that is hostile to co~­ merce, wpichwas spreading under the lowertari: fi'; ~lOJtije to manufacturel's, many of w~lom have ~n­ JOfed the ben.efits of fl'ee raw matel'lal, now to be ta~ed; hostile to the consumer; hostile to al'!. ind le~ters; and such a huitful bl'eedel' of COI'I'upj.,ion th~t wheneve'r a tariff bill is up, the Senate-h~use· at , Washington becomes a mal'ket. The end of all th~s must come, and the men who al'e responilible: foi' vhis latest phase of the protection barbai'jsm' will go down befOl'e the just indignation of · the· country whose public opinion they have ign~red 01' openly contemned. . I THE ALASKA GOLD-HUNTERS. '._ T~E reports of extraordinal'y discoveries of gold jt) i\laska are not only dl'awing thousands of men flr Qm points along the Pacific coast to the new gold . ~Q\lnky, but already the East has 'begun to send r~cruits to the new mining-fields. It is charactel'­ istic of the speculative nature of the American that II'\. is. willing,to take chances of extreme hardship, aliP even of deatll, for the remote possibility of qJickly found fortune. How l'emote that possi­ bility usually is has been illustrated at the opening of evel'y new mining country, and it llas been proved again and again that the proportion of men who gl'ow wealthy in mining is almost as small as that of the men who break the bank at Monte Carlo. A few years ago California sent a band of argo­ nauts to Austl'alia, where some very rich gold dis­ covel'ies Ilad l?een made. Before they reached their destination discollraging repOl:ts began to come fl'om the new gold-fields. These reports showed that while a very few men had grown enormously wealtllJ thl'OllgII tIle' discovel'y of I'id) gold depos­ its; theil' ·less fortunate associa:tes had undergone fearful hardships without reward. Both watel' and food had been lackillg, and, men wlJO had Ilad little VOL. XLl., ~O. i11O • ca,pltal found themselves confronted not only witll poverty, but with starvation. Go~ernment reports, baSlld on a careful census, showed that the average pl'oduction of the precious metal was somethillg less than $300 to each miller for twelve months. 1\1 a country whet'e supplies sol~ fOl' extravagau.t prices, $300 a year was a starvation income. When fl'OlD the aggregate tllEi enol'mous takings of the fe.w more fortunate miners were subtracted, it re­ (h~c~d the average·Cor the less successful more than one:half. A similar condition of affairs ex ists Oil the Klon­ di)te· , if the repOt'ts which come I, y way of San Fl'aucisco aud Seattle are tt'ustworthy. Provisions are'·scal'ce and deal'; hardshi ps a1'e great; the I)I'om­ ising place I' tel'ritory is limited, and alt'eady there al'e enough eagel' wOl'kel's in the field to exhaust its 9apacity. Only tile fOt·tunate have retUl'ned to ci vilizatioll , bl'ingiug their bags and boxes and cans of .,gold-d.ust to pt'ove the wonders of which they tell. ' The men who are fightillg p,ovel'lY and hun­ gei' ,beyond the Chilkoot Pass are still to be heard. Soniething of this experience is fOl'eshadowed in the StOl'Y of the man who has b~qught a substan­ tial for· tune with him to San Francisco after a struggle with disaster fOl' three dl'eal'y years. But the glittel' of the gold he bl'ings, and not the shauow of his stt'uggle with misfol·tune, will linger in the memol'y of tens of thousallds of men whose hearts at'e yearn ing to-day toward the new California. SOME BARBARISMS OF OUH OWN. IN loo many pat'ts of this country thel'e is too liUle civilization. It is best to go fal·ther and to coufess that some communities in tbe United States are lamentably ignorant and barbarous whenever tlley come to deal with cel·tain facts of life. This bat'bal'ism is 1I0t confined to any particular section of the countJ'y, but it has more frequent OPPOt'tuni­ tiei;, for displaying itself ill the South than else­ w4~i'e, owing to the social conditions arising thel'e fl'om the pl'esence of a gl'eat numbel' of blacks freed ft'om slavel'y ollly a little nlOt'e than a genel'ation ago, . The mo~t serious blot upon our civilization finds its ~."pression in the defiance of the law, alld in the lack' of that self-colltrol which is perbaps the fillest attl'ibute of the civilized man. Occasionally there is s\; mething more: thel'e is exl\ibited 1'y the mob a dOWllrigJlt love for blood-letting and fOI' mangling the ;bodies of its victims, a passioll fot, cl'uel mutila­ tiol) which is generally su J.lposed to be limited to the most ferociou's tt'ibes of Indiaus in our own co un tl'y, and to some of the most untamed of the'African ne­ gl'oes, The fel'ocity in mangling and the furious joy that js pl'oduced by the sigl}t'of blood are some­ times manifested , it·is tt'ue, by qthers than admitled savages, The Spaniards, for e!,ample"al'e accused of bat'barous bl'utality ill their treatment of the Cuban insurgents. The Japanese are clla l'ged with 110\'I'ible cl'uelties to the captUl'ed and wounded Chinese at POI't Arthul', and one of the excuses of­ fered for them is that the CiJinese had been equally brutal. . The Turks al'e known to be guilty j)f mur­ der and of worse in Armenia. Comfortable Christians in our own country and in .the States of Ohio, Tennessee, Alabama, and Kentucky, as well as elsewhere, shudder when they read of the savages· of foreigu · and un-Christian lands gluttiilg themselves with blood and murder_ Our Congress and State Legisl~tures tremble with hOt'l'or and indignation at the ac. counts of Armenian outrages and of the starving and shootillg of Cu­ bans. T,):tey expl'ess theit, .ind\gllation ill resolu­ tio1'ls which upbraid Eur~pe fo;' tolel'3ling the Turk, and they insist that the Spallinrd shall cease to offend our susceptibilities in Cuba. Thei'e is llO hypocrisy ill all tlti$, for, as a rule, we are a law-abiding people and we are IJUlllane Chl'istians, but whether the tllillg tllat is in our own eye be a mote 01' a beam, there is souiething there that ought to be removed before we pass any more resolutions about·the t.lling that obstt'ucts Ot' diverts the vision of OUI' bl·othel'. The incident at prballa, Ohio, had not been fOt·­ goiten before lynching parties defied tlte law ill other States, and now a negro has been most honi­ bly , killed-stoned to death, his body riddled with bullets and burned-in Tennessee, and within a few days of the fil'st ftturder anothet' negro was killed in ·'the same lawless w~y in Alabama_ In Ken­ tudry a judge has liberated a confessed murderer on ~he gt'ound, deliberately stated, that there is all unwritten law in Kentucky which permits the hus­ band to . kill his wife's paramour. ;I:.Jle mobs that kill negroes, and the communi­ ties that excuse the ,killers, are barbarous. The ' men engaged in the bloody work in Tennessee and Alabama a l'e murderers, and should be hanged. If -the communities permit them to go free, they at'e, to that extent, uncivilized communities in JuJ.Y 31, 1891. which passion is supel'ior to the law. The.1udge ill Keutud,y is wOI'se evell than the " }ay of­ fendel'S, fOI' he has studied the law, knows, if he does not feel, its spil'it, and is, SWOI'II to adlJ!iutstel' it fail']Y, justly, and thol'Oughly. , Besides '(;onui\'­ ing at and encoUl'aging murder, he has viQlated his oath, and if the community in which he lives were wholly fit to govern itself, he would be dl'iven fl'om the bench. " These al'e some of the instances which pl'b'ie the statement made at the beginning of this{al,ticle, that ill too many parts of this countl'y th, t!)'eis too little civilization. III view of them modestj)'L~ould be becoming in the best of us. We may 'pl'operly continue to shudde l' at the cruelty of 'ful'ks and Japauese and Spanial'ds, t().. qeplore the :)'. b~utal­ ity of the black savages of Africa and tile red sav­ ages of Amertca, but until we tame and civilize OUI' own white savages, until we tl'eat al!; iHegal killing as really murder, and until we drive ,from the bench, such judges as the man wlto has rece.p,tly disgraced the State of Kentucky, we wo~d :'best make up OUl' minds that the tasks we have:,at Iwud are so exacting that we Ilave· no .time for intel'­ ference ill foreign countl'ies 01' with strang'e popu­ lations, either through ad vice Ol' annexation. . OUR INTERNATIONAL IRRESPONSI- BlU'ry, ~ " ~ WE complain that foreigDel's do not un.d~rstand us. In intel'llational atfail- 's that is no ' \v: 09del', III Europe a ministel' cOl1lposes his de~a~ches undel' a burden of responsi~ility which isi'a1mos~ crushing, As LOI'd DUFFERIN ~aid ill the' speech last year in Paris in which he bade fal'eweF\ to the cal'eer of diplomacy, if anyone of half ,lj. d~zell august pel'sonages "I'aises bis voice abOVI'l .,a whis­ pel'," a shivel' I'uns over all the exchanges a:rd through all the barracks of Europe. Conse%uelltly the august personages do not raise theil' voi. ces above a whispel' unless they mean somethitig \el'y serious indeed. Observe the studious moderatioh of the language of the ambassadors at Constantinople. They do not in the least" cry Havoc" eve~ \yhen they al'e actually pr~p!J.ring to "let loose une \logs of war." We, OIL the contrary, througll'Ollt; legis­ lators, scream at the top of 'OU I' voices even \vhen we do not mean anything in pal,ticular, and tlt~ vQci f­ erolls persons are immensely surpl'ised when they are taken sel'iously. ,~, It is humiliatillg to ha.ve OUI' friends explaiuing abl'oad that we al'e not to be taken ~erious~f' But that OUI' orators and legislatol's ,do no\. i nientl to be taken sel'iously they take. fl'equent dccasion' to pl'ove. This was shown in a remal'ltable ma,Jlllel' on Iy a few days ago i 11 the Senate" 'fbat ~ . dy ~Iaq. taken action in the case of Cuba calculated- to give gl'eat offence to Spain, and in th~ case of Ha'i'aii calculated to give gl'eat offeuce to Japan, :. If the Senate was pl'epal'ed to stand by its owtJ. ac'6~oll, . .an illCl'ease of the lIavy, amounti.ng almost to d~ubl~ng it, was of the most urgent necessity. "\Ve were ex­ posed, by the action of the Sellate, to an attack upon both flanks" It was Ilecessal'y foi' us to maintain at once on the Atlantic coast a fleel su~~riol:tt'O t"hat 'Of Spain, and on-the Pacific coast~ th~t of. Japan, Everybody knows that we are vel'y. fal: shorl:rof that condition 'Of prepal'edness, 'And yet the, Senate showed the il'l'esponsibility and insincel'i[~ of its own previous performance by resQlving that we should not have such a navy. FOI' tl~t was really the meaning of the refusal of that body to allow contracts for al'mOl' plate to be made at the price offered, It is possible "t,bat .al'm~~ plat~ could be pt'ovidbd at a profit at $300 a ton, ~he fig­ ul'e beyond .which the Senat~ dec-lirred. to go,' whel'e;' : as the pl'ice charged was $425: It is' said t)lat tllis latter price_ is l.owel' thal.!. ,that paid by ~nglalld 01' Fr'ance or Germany, In that case the stlOwing that we could get armor plate for more than a f'Ourth less would shed an interesting side-lrght 011 the il'on a.lld steel schedule of the tal'iff, Bl~t, hQw­ eVel! that may be, we must have al'mOl' ,plate at ollce and at any pl'ice if the Senate mean't w lint its bellicose behavior seemed to mean" We wel'e really at the mercy of the contl'actors, fOl' the only alternati ve proposition to that of buying ';" of the manufacturel's at theil' own pl'ice was the estab­ lishment by the government of its own pt!\lit fQI' making armo1' plate. That suggestion has been made berOl'e, in rather a speculative way. But this time, always assuming the sincerity and responsi­ bility of the Senate, the question was not specula­ tive, but intensely pI'actical, and even vital. Battle­ ships cannot in any case be improvised, hut to postpone the completion of them until the govel'n­ ment supplied itself,with a plant fOl' armor plate is like adjourning it without day, And nothing mOl'e practical was 9.one than the bare sugges~ion in de­ bate of such a mode of. escape from the r.apacity of the contractors, That is to say" the Senate,:ha ving .~ , I HARPER'S WEEKLY ill vited war f!'Om twp powers, refllses to make any preparatious fOl' that wal'. III t11is case tl1e HQuse has concUl'l'ed in the actiou of the Senate, though it is true that tIle Senate is responsible for the creation of the threalenillg couditiolls. Is it any wonder that EUl'ope does lIOt know what to make of us? PARTISAN MUNICIPAL GOVERN­ MENT. OF the al'guml'nts in favor of pal,tisan muuici­ pal govel'Umeut, that l'ecently published by ex­ Goverllol' ROSWELL P. FLOWER appears to have attracted the most attention. He admits that the failure of partisan govel'ument in cities has" in sollle instances been conspicuous and humiliating," But he affil'ms, 011 the othel' hand, tIJat" " some of tIle WOI'St instances of maladministl'ation have QC­ cUl'l'ed undel'lIomina~llon·partisallship," He fails, however, to specify such instances.. He only says: "I believe tllat the net I'esult of the'noll-partisan mQverneI\t wh,ich elec'ted Mayor STRONG has been of distinct advantage, in som·e respects, to the'peo- ' pIe ' of New York i but its merits. have been COIl­ fined to the sel'vices of a few men who have CQn­ ducted theil' offices ~ith conspicllous fidelity and intelligence. As a test or demonstration of wltat constitutes genuine non-partisanship, it has been a failul'e." Tlle llIistakes committed by Mayor STRONG consisted, rio{ : ill appointing to office pel'­ ~O IlS who were pal'ty l!1en, but in selecting for ap­ pointmellt men Oil account of theil' belonging to this 01' that pal'ty ol'gal~ization, in~tead of choosing tHelll solely accol'ding to their titne' ss for the official duties to be discllal'ged. Aud if MI', FLOWER will candidly analyze tlte 'successes and failures of Mayor STRONG'S adrnill~stl'atiou, he will agree with the genel'aI judgment that in the different depart­ mellLs it succeeded in the same measure as the true principles of nOll'pal'tisall govern JIIent were faith- fully ob:;;erved, and it' failed in the same measure ~s those principles wei'e departed from, The most conspicuous succesS \vas achieved in the stt-eet­ cleaning departmen t, . w),lich was most conspicu­ ously conducted in the lion-partisan spirit, Tlle failLtres it is' needless to point out. Mayol' STRONG'S administration therefore shows, 1I0t that non-partisa'u 'muuicipal governmeut is im­ practicable, but that, in the pl'esent case, it has splendidl y succeede~ whei-e it was fairly and consist­ eptly tl'ied, and tltat th~ failures occurred where it was not. NOI' does the fact that 'Mayor STRONG made some appointments for pal,tisan reasons prove that when a ticket on a uon'partil;iau platfOl'm has been suppol-ted by se,·el'al partisan ol'ganizations, those elected must make partisan appointnlents, On the contl'ary, the expel'ience of tlte last two years has demonstrated that Mayor STRONG'S ad­ ministration would 'have beet! 'stronger in public .­ opii1ion, more hal'monious, more etfective in pro­ l1l0ting the public good, IDOI'e acceptable to the. peo­ ple, alld mOl'e apt to seclll'e the triumph of the non­ pal,tisan principle in coming electious, if he had ll}ade no appointments onwarti$an gl'Qunds at all. B,y this time Mayol' STRONG probably tl1inks so . himself. It is one of the faV:OI;ite arguments of the ad vo­ cates of partisan mnnicipal govel'Dmeut that such a government will be restl'alDed; from evil practices by the feeling that it is "responsible" to a party ol'ganization, This is a catch plll'ase, What does such" I'esponsibility" mean? It means, pl'actical­ ly, in the fil'st place, that the heads of such a par­ tisan govel'rHtJent wfll be held" responsible" for putting the offices at 'their disposal into the hands - - ! ~ , of thei!' pal'ty OI'gani~tion. It means t in the sec- ond place, as , 1.0 the responsibility' of' ~he party to the public, tilat when such pal,tisan officers, in doing all they can ·fol' the bene;P,t' of tlteil" pal'ty orgallization, 'Offend the mOt'al ~e .use of the public and get into difficult.y, the Pll-~:ty ol'gani­ zation will do all it can' to CQVel' up their misdo­ illgs and to help them out. The party organiza­ tion will usually stand by the evil-doer if he has been" true" to it in the matter of patronage and other plulldel', somet.imes to the last ext.'emity, sometimes at least until his case is absolutely hope­ less and the attempt to sllstairl llirn would mean immediate party disastel', Such has been ,fOl' many years the history of such party ol'ganizatiolls as those we have to deal ' with in New York, If any such ol'ganization Ilas held one of its leaders ill office" responsible," with regard tQ his official con­ duct, it has been not fOl' official misconduct ever so gross, but fOl' permitting himself to be " found out." No fair-minded man will belieye that this SOl't of " responsibility" to 01' by party organiza­ tion can,-ullder eXlsting_ qircumstances, be condu­ cive to good municipal government. Will, on the other hand, as MI', FLOWER thinks, '751 non-partisan IQunicipal government, not llOlding itself respollsible to a party organization, be with­ out the necessary sense of responsibility? Here is a pl'actical example, Of all our pI'esent city offi­ cel's Colonel W ARING is probably tIJe most" inde­ pendent" in seutimeut. Few citizeus of New York know to what party lle belongs, 01' whether he be­ longs to any. If anybody should speak to him about his" responsibility" to a political party lIe would chuckle. But what sane person will say that Colonel W ARING, as an officer of the city gov­ el'l1meut, is without a proper sense of responsibility? He simply feels himself responsible to the people of New York and to the judgment of his country­ mell fOl' cleaning tbe streets of the city to the best of his ability. And there are otller city officel's animated with the saDle spirit and devotillg them· selves with the sallle fidelity to theil' duties, Now let Mr, FLOWER compare these meu, whom he COll- , sidel's ill a seuse "irresponsible, " wilh a majority of ~heil' pl'edecessors under partisan muuici pal gov­ ernment with " all the moral weight of tIleir respolI­ sibiJity to partyorgauizatiol1 UpOIl them-and where does he fiud tbe stl'ongest sense of responsibility of the genu ine kind? And wllich kind of responsi­ bility serves . the public besU ~ , --': .' NQthing could'possibly be more deligl1trul than the stJ'ing which Mr. FLOWER attaches to his plea in sayiug: ," Behind any defence of municipal gov­ ernmeut by party, however, must stalld the im­ pel'ative condition that the party' ol'gauization be intelligent, bonest, and broad - minded. Corrupt and incapable local ol'ganizatious pan not give good local governme!lt and al'e a menace to party suc­ cess in either State or national contests, But with clean men dit'ecting party effort,and insisting upon honest, faithful public servic~ as a condition for rewal'ds, municipal government it! safe in partisan hands, and evils which have grown up under COII­ tl'ol by party need not exist," This is the 11 ugest joke of the seaSQn, considering the character of lite party organizations we have to deal with in New York city-Tammany Hall under Boss SHEEHAN on the 'Qlle side, and the Republican machine UII­ del' Boss 'PLATT on the other, ' Yes, if 'l'ammany Hall anci'the PLATT macltiue, or either of them, were or could be made party organizations unsel fishly devoted to 'the public g.ood, municipal govel'llmeut migllt be . as safe in their hands as in those of any other set of virtuous patriots, ' But will not tIle mere suggestion of such a pos~ibility provoke a general guffaw? " Mr. FLOWER tells us that" par­ tisanship in city government differs from nOll­ partisall,~hip in being a reflection of conditions as they e'xist-not as they ought to be." Well, will not then partisanship in our city government re­ flect existing conditions wllich al'e very bad? Aud al'e not good citizens in duty bouud to strive for a change of conditions in the direction of what tbey "ought to bs"? Alld could there be anything mOl'e'nopeless than an attemptt feffect that change by a: tl'ansformation of Tammany 01' of tile PLATT machine intp ,d.evotees of g()od goveI'Dment? Under such cil'cumstances there is something of comedy in the spectacle of a COmpaIJY of souncl­ money Democ\'ats meeting at dinner like tIle Pickwick Club to devise methods of attaining ~'ood municipal ' govel'nment by electing only , .. DemoCl'ats" to the city offices, anll_·of " uniting" all "l)emoCl'ats," Tammany includi!d, to that end. These gentlemen seem to be haun ed by a vague apprehension that any independilnt municipal movement may somehow hurt thetr party, what­ ever that at present may be. The 41'011 confusion of this idea is mercilessly betrayed ]h MI'. FLOWER w hen he says: "A battle fo\' tal'i~ reform or for honest money might be lost~ ,r part, activity were resel'ved on ly for Federal electiQns." If this be tl'Ue; might not li'kewise a battle for high pro­ tection or for free silver be lost, if party activity were reserved for Federal electiOl)sl And is not this even fal' mor~" likely because' independent action is most apt to ,weaken the J'egular 'OI'ganiza­ lions, which at present work,~ o$tQ fOI' high protec­ tion and the othel' fot, free sityer? Those gentle­ men are no less at sea with reg{l.rd to the municipal situation. Do they not kuow ~'I'hat evel'ybQdy else knows, that if Tammany " unites" with them on a respectable Democrat for the Mayoralty and keep's BI'yanism in the background, fOt, the time being, it " does so only for the purpose of tiding over a dangerous C1'ISis, and of claiming the victory and monopolizing its huits if the" united" Dem­ oCl'ats win? Do they not see that by such an un­ principled" union" of sound-money men and BI'y­ anites as "Democrats," Lhey would simply make themselves a mere tender to Tammany HalB If they really mean to serve the cause of good govern­ ment in New York they cannot too soon join the independent citizens' movement and contribute their sbare towal'd keeping it in the truest sense non'partisa 11, -CARL SCHURZ, t, '. t-.. HARPER'S WEEK.LY CHINESE CHRISTIAN ENDEAVORERS AT MECHANICS' PAVILION. Photographed by Weldner. THE FIRST !MEETING OF THE CONVENTION AT MECHANICS' PAVILION, JULY T. Photographed by Tnber. CHRISTIAN E~DEdVORERS FRO~[ AR~{ENIA. PhotoJ:raphed by Wtlidner. CHRISTIAN ENDEA VOR COMMITTEE. PhotogrKph ed by W~idner. MECHANICS' PAVILION, WHERE THE CONVENTION WAS HELD. Photographed by Taber. CHRISTIAN ' ENDEA VORERS' BAGGAGE. P.hotQgrAphed by Wtiidner. ARCU OF WELCOME AT MARKET STREET. Photographdd by Taber. THE SIXTEENTH INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION OF THE SOCIETIES OF CHRISTIAN ENDEAVOR, AT SAN FRANCISCO, JULY 7-12. [St:E PAGE 766.] MR. FHEDERIOK MAOMONNIES'S GIWUP. MR. FUI£DERICK MACMONNIES has forwarded from his studio in Paris a photograph, expressly pt:epared for' HAR­ PER'S WEIl:KLY, of his model sk(,!tch for ~ colossal group which .is to adorn one of the entrances tp Prospect Park in Brooklyn. : The -heigilt of the group will be fourteen feet, and tilat of the pedestal on which .it will stand nine~ teen feet. The general schem, e , oe Park adornment, of wilich, the group will be a fei1ture, is ,being carried out ,by the firm of architects Messrs. McKim, Mead, & White, and is a further illustration of tIle, fact that no . city on ·this continent ilas a fuller appreciat~on of the real' valu'e of urt to life than the City of ,Cilurches. A study of the picture leads one to the conclusion tha.t this compositi9n ",ill reveal the sculptor at the higilest point of vigorous conceptiqn and I1lature execution, th~t , he has yet reached. We have kn9 n him to be possessed of an ex. traordinary feeling fOl texture, of perfe9tion in drawing. and the , po\yer of expressing spo,nt~ne!ty o, f movemet;lt. He gave I1, S an example of thIS 111 ' the "Bacchante," with its exquisitely natural spdng, that is the triumph of mit; lUte observation and tecilnical facility'. for the pose'is momentary, and no model can give more than a suggestion of it. But in this group of horses is a transition from the idyllic to tile hel'Oic, from a rippling rhythm of movement to a veritable explosion of action. Step by step Mr. Macmonnies has mounted the pedestal of his power, until now we feel that he is conscious of full maturity, and fairly revelling in his strengtil. His ebullient vitality is contagious. It is impossible not to feel enthusiastic in the presence of a work so stirring­ sufficiently classical, and yet aglow with that passionate yOllng life that characterizes American civilization. ' Evidently the camera, as so often, has played false with the subject, and made the hind quarters appear small in scale as compared with the horse's head and shoulders. But, having made allpwance for this" one can enjoy with­ out stint. What , a magnificent crescendo of 'impetus in the action of the front horse, from the rigid , thrust of the hind leg, which carries the weight, up to the spontaneous exultation of the arched n~ck! Then how confide!ltlr daring is that strong diagonal -line formed by the rider and the horse's fore legs, -which, forces the interest 'l)aclc into the centre ef the composition: and forms an attach:­ ment to the towering mass of the other ,horse I The pic, ture, though nec,essarily a one-sided view, enables one to see with what, judgment the sculptor has controlled the vehemence of his group, and kept its parts froni starting asunder hy the opposing direction , of the horses' heads. Not the least admirable characteristic is the breadth and simplicity of modelling. , The sculptor, .whose work 'h&s often been so e'xquisi te in detail that one ilad to pass one', s hand 0 ver it to appreciate ' the ' delicate gradations, ' has here assumed unreservedly, the big manner, subordinating mere line to vigorous contour, and subtlelies of surface to imposin~ masses of light and shade. Mr. Macmonuies has always been a prolligy among his fellow-artists, and' his work early won the admiration of the critics for its brilliant techniqu e. It is good to see that Il man can come through -such an ordeal unspoiled, lInd grow ' to larger and laq~er effort; that the horizon of his puryose is widening, and each fresh example of his work is.,richer in sjg. nificappe, (1.ll).pler in conception, and more matured in treatment ! :: O~ARLES H. OAFFIN. HARPER'S WEEKLY , i MU, FHEDERICK MACMONNIES'S GROUP F(,)R PROSPEC'!, PARK, BROOKLYN • . '. , , ' THE NEW ESPLANADE .~ND DmVEWAYS ALONG 'l'HE SUHUYLKILL RIVER A'l' FAIRMOUN'l' PAUK, PHlLADELPUlA.-[SsK PAGE 7: 4.] 753 '154 LONDON. ," uly 1,1897 . I CONTINUED, last month, to sepk private di version, whici1J·fouud to be more aud more reqllired liS the ma· chinery of public began to work. Never was a lJeller chance, apparently, for the great anodyue of art. It was a supreme opportunity to test the spell" of Ihe magician, for one felt one was saved if a fictive \\:orld would open. I knocked, in this way; at a dozeu doors; I read a S ll (;ces· sion of novels; with the effect perhaps of feeling III 0 re than ever before my inili vidual Jiabilil-y ·in 0111' great gen­ eral debt to the no velists . The great Ihing to. say for th em is surely that, at any given moment, they',offer us another world , another consci!lusness, an e~perien !JC that, us e f· f ective as the deutist's ether, Illufiles·the ache of'the IlNual aild, by helpin g us to au interval, tides liS over and Illuke~ us face, in the ret.urn lq the inevitable, a comlJination ~hat may at least have changed. What I\"e get, of cours~, in p rop"rtion as the pictul'e Jives. is simply Ilnother acllllll­ the actual of other people; and I no more than any-one else pret, end to say why that should be a reJief--;--a relief, I mean, as great as it practically proves. We meet, on this que_tion, I think, the e!ernal mystery-the mistery that sends liS back simply to;the queer constitution of man and that is not in the least lIghted by the plea of .. romance." the argument that relie~f depends wholly upon the quanti· ty, as it were, of fahle. It depends, to my sense, on the qhantity of nothing bllt ar t-in which the material , fulJle or fact or whlltever it he, falls so inlo Solulion, is so re· duced and transmlll ed, t hat 1 absolut ely am acquaint ed with no receipt whattJver for comp~tiQg its proportion add amount, . The only amount I can compute is the force of the author, for that is directly rtJgistered in my IIttt'ntion. mx submission. A hllnorecl things, naturally, go to make it up ; bllt be knows so much better thau 1 what Ihey al'e that I should blush ' to give him a glimpse of my in­ ftjrior account of them.' The anodyne is not the partic­ ular picture, it is ollr own act of surrc nder, and therefore most, for each reader, "'h ,~t he most surrenders to. This latter element would seem, in tUl"O, to vary from case to case, were it. not in!l tJed that th tJre are reader~ prepn.red, I believe, to limit their surren!ler in advance. With some, we ~ather , it declines. for instance, to operate save on a ll ex lllbilion of .. high life." I u others again it is proof against a ll Y solicitation but that of low. 1n many it vi­ hi'ates only to "adventure" ; in many only to Charlotte BI 'onte; in va rious g roups, according to affinity, only to J ane AlI3ten, to old Dumas, to Miss Co relli , to Dostoievsky, or to whomever it Dlav lie. The readers easiest to con· ceive, however, are probably those for whom, in the whole ilD'pression, the 1I0te of sincerity in the artist is what most matl.ers, what mos~ reaches and tou:ches. Thllt, ob­ viously, is the relation that gives the ~idest range to the anlldyne. " . I am a fraid that, profiting by my license, I drag for­ ward Mr. Gcorge Gissin~ from an antiqu'ity of stJ veml weeks. I blow the t.lust of obli vion from M. Pierre Loti, allll indeed from all the compllny-they have btJen pnb· lished for days and. days. I foresee, however, that I must neglect the company for the sake of the two IlIembers. I Il iwe named, w riters-I speak for myself-always ill order, though not, I admit, on quite the s,~me line. Mr. Gissing would hl~ve been particularly in order had he ouly kept for the present period the work preceding his latest; 11.1\ the more that I n the YBal' of Jubilee has; to my percep· tion , some points of S UP!lriority to The Wltirlpool. For this author in general,at any rate.l profess,and ha ve pro· fessed ever since reading The Nelo Gr- ub Btl'eet, a persistent taste- a taste that t riulll phs even over the fact Ihat he almost as persistentl y disapPOints me. I fail as yet to make out why, exactly, it is t bat, going so fill', be SI) sturdily refu ses to go furth er. The wht)le business of di~tdbution and composition he strikes me as having cast to the winds; bu t just this fact of a qnestiou about him is a part of the wonder-I use tbe word ill the sense of en joyment-that he excites. It is not every day in the year that we m.eet a noveliflt ahout whom there he a question. The circumstance alone is almost sufficient to beguile or to enth ral I ; and I seem to myse lf tu IHIVe said almost everything in speaking of somet'hing that Mr. Gissing " goes far " enough to do. To go far en, ,ug h to do anything is, in the conditions we li ve in, a li vely achieve· ment. The Whirlpool, I crudely confess, WflS in a ma nner a grief to me, but the bool{ has much substance, and there is no light p rivilege in an emotion so sustain ed. This emotion perhaps it is thilt most makes me, to the end , stick to :Mr. Gissing- makes me, with an almost nervous clutch, quite cling lO him: I shall uot kuow how t, o deal with llim, however, if I withhold the last outrage of call­ ing him an interesting case. R e see lll~ to me ahove all a case of saturation, and it is mainly his saturation tbat makes him interesting-I mean e~pecially ill t he sense of making him cnrious. 'l' he interest would be greater if his art were more complete; but we must take what we can get, and Mr. Gissillg h us a way of his o wn. The great thing is tbat his saturation is with elements that, presented to us in contemporary En glish fiction, affect us as a product of extraordinary otidity and rarity: he I'eeks with the savor, be is bowed beneath the fmi ts, of contact with the lower, with t he lowest, middle­ class, and that is sufficient to make him an aut hority -the authority in fact-on a region vast and unex­ plored. The English n OYel has, as a generlll thing, l{ept so desperately, so nervously clear of i t, whisl~ing back eompromised skirts and bumping frantically against ob· stacles to retreat, that we welcome as the boldest of ad venturers 1\ painter who hlls faced it und survived. We have had low li fe in plenty, for, with its sores and vices, its crimes and penalties, misery hlls color enough to open Ihe door to any quantity of artistic put. )"t)nage. We have shuddered in the dens of t.hieves and the cells of murderers, and have dropped the inev itable tear over tortured childhood and puritled sin. We have popped in at the damp cottage with ;my lady and heard the quaint rustic, bless his simple heart, commit himself for our amusement. We Illlvc fraterpized, on the other . , HARPER'S WE· EKLY VOL. XLI., No. 2119. hand, with the peerage and the count.y families and. slaid to drif~ too much with his tide, he gives us, in tbe great at the fine old house till ex hausted uature has, for this welter of the sILvorless, an individuat munly strain. If Ire source of intoxication, not a willk of sociability left. It ollly haa distinction he would make the suburbs" hum. " has grown, the source iu question, as stale as th e sweet I don 't mean, of course, uy bis circulation there - the biscuit with pink enhancemtJnts in tila t familiar j.u· of the effect lbsen is supposed to~have on them ; I mean objec­ refreshment couu ter from which evell the aLlendant yo ull g ·ti ve ly !ljld as u rounded whole-as a great tl,e lUe trenled. I11dy in black, with admi rers nud a social positio ll, hesi- I am asqamed of postponing Ral1luntcllO, for Ramun tclio ''tates to extract it, We have recognized tile hllmble, is 11 direct I :ecal\ of the beauty of Pee/wm' d'Islande and tile wretched, even the wicked; also we have recognized . .Mon j 1 'e :l'e Y'/Jes-ill other words, a litel'llry sensation of the " smurt. " But save under the immense pressure of the IH OSt exquisite order. ;',Perhllps indeed it is as wet! Dickens we'have lI ever done anylhiilg so dreadful as to that a critic should postpone, - a nd quite indetiuitely~an I"tJcogllize the vulgar. Wc have, at tHe very most, recog· Ilhthor as to vhorn be is rtlu -' dy to confess that his critical nized it as tile ex trav!lgant, the gn.t, esque. The ca~e of instiuct is , qhite suspended. ' Oh, the blessing of a book, Dickens was absolu ttJ1y special; he ·dealt intensely with the luxury uf a .tlllent. that one is only anxious not to " Iuwer middle, " with " lowest " middl e, elelll tJnts, but he !'t'ason about, only anxious to turn over in the· mind .a nd escaped the predicament of showill g the m as vulgar by to tasle! H is a poor busilless perhaps, bllt I ilave nothing show ing them only as prodigiou~ly droll. W he ll his 'more responsible to say of Loti than that 1 love Il im. I people are 1I0t futlllY who shall dllrc to say what they are? -Illve him when he is ·.,lJad....:.aod R eaven kn ows he has oc· The critic may draw breath as from 1\ respo llsibilit.y av ert- ('asionally been so-more thill 1 love other writers when ed when he reflects t hat tlrey 1I 1111 0St always are fUllny. t hey are good. If, Ilrerefql'e, he is on the whole quile at They htJlong to a walk of life tilat we mlly be ilumoro lls, his best ill Ramuntclw I fenl' my IIpprecialion is a Sen ti. but must never be serions, about. W e Ulay be Irllgic, but rnent al most too person,rI· for t his llind of exposure. I that is often but a form of humor. .1 seem to hear Mr. 'ca n give}t uo more cohci-e)lL form than to say t, I'ilt he Gissing say: .. Well, dreariness fur d reariness, let us try ' lil akes tile act of tusting olle of tl, e joys that, as tlrings Brondcsbury and Pinner ; especially as, in the first place, l.nainly 1$0, a reader nlllst b~ prctty well pl'llvided 10 afford I know thelll so well ; as, 111 the secoud, they are the lIot to Jump at. And yet there are reader~, npparently, essellce of Ellgland; a nd,as, in tire thil'd, they are, artisti· who al'e so providcd. Thei~ are readers who dOIl 't JUIIIP cally speaking, virgin soil. Behold, them glitter ill t he . ilhd are cocksure t hey can ~fford it. My privllte conviC­ morning dew." . HtllI remains that they are "Tong- that, at a time so im· perfec\.ly solvent, literally nobody can. I defy it not to So 11e is ~erious-almost impertu'rhably-nbout them, nnd, as it IIII'lIS out, eve n q llite marifully and admirably sad. R e Iras lir e great thlllg : his saturation (with tbe visihle alld audible COl 11 lllO Il ) can project itsel f, let him get outside of itnlld watk round it. I sc:areely tilink he stays, liS it were, outside quite IIR lIIuch as he might; 110ft on the question of form he certainly strikes nie as stnying far too , little. It j " form , abo ve all, that, is lalent, and if Mr. Gissing's were proportionllte to his .knowledge, to what may be called hi s posse~sion , we shhuld ha ve a larger force to reckon with. That-not to speak of the lack of in tensity in his imagination-is the direction in whicil olle . would wish him to go further. Our Anglo·Saxon trud i· t ion of tbese matt ers remni ns surely, in some res pects, the stran~est. Alter the perusal of such a"book li S Tlte Wltil'l· pool l feel as if I had almost to explain that by " these matters to I mean the whole question of composition, of foreshortening, of t he proportion a'-vd relation of parts. Mr. Gissing. to wind u p my reserves, is gu ilty of 8n nl· most fatal nbllse of collt)quy; though I ,hasten to add that this abuse is so general a sign, in these dnys, of the Ellglish IInd the American novel as to deprive a'challenge of every hope of credit. It is attended, visihly- t hat is, visibly to those who can see-with ·two or three wofnl results. If it b lld none other it would still deserve arraignment on the simple ground of what it crowds out-the golden blocks, themselves. of tile struC lUre, the whole di vine exercise and mystery of the exquisite art of presenta· tion. The u gliest trick it plays, at any rate, is its effect on thllt side of the novelist's effort -I he side of mo~t difficulty IInd thereby of most dignity-which cO llsislS in giving the sense of duration, of the lap!'e a lld acc ulllula­ tion of tim e, This is altogether, to Ill)' view, the stiffest problem that lhe lIitist in fiction has .to tackle, and no· thing is lllore stri king !;It present than the blankn esR. for the most pari , of his illdifference to it. The uncontrolled mul l iplication of talks is the last thing to strengthen his han d. Such un ex pedient works exactly to the opptlsite end , IIbsollltely minimizing, in regard to time, our impres· sion of lapse II nd passage. That is so much the case that I can think of 110 novel in which it prevails as giving at all the sense of the gradual aud t he retarded-the stretch of Ihe years in which developments really take place. The picture is nothing unless it is a picture of the conditions, and the cond ilions arc usually hereby quite omitt, ed. Thanks to this per versity, everything dealt with in fic­ tion appears at present to occur simply on the occasion of a few conversations alJout it; th ere is no other consti· tution of i t. A few hours, a few days seem to IIccount for it. The process, the " dark bacl\\\'Iird and abysm," is really so little reprod uced. We feel tempted to scnd lII any 1\11 author, to learn the rudiments of this secret, hack to his Bulzac again, the most nccomplished master of it. R e will leal'll also from Balzac, IV hile he is about it, that no­ thing, furthermore, liS iutrinsic effect, so much discounts itself as this alJuse of colloquy. "Dialogue," as it is comm only call ed, is singularly suicidal from the moment it is 1I0t directly illustmtive of something given liS by another method', ~omething consti· tuted and presellted. I t is im possible to read work even as iuteresting as Mr. Gissing's withollt recognizin g the impossihilit, y of making people at once talk so much and talk · with the neetlfllI differences. The Ihing, so fllr as we have got, is simply t oo hard. There is a lways, at the best, tbe author's voice to be kept out. It eall be I,ept out for occasions ; it can not lJe kept' out always. The sollltion, therefore, is to leave it its function, for it has the supreme one. This fllnction, proP tJrlj exercised, averts ' the disaster of the blight of the colloqny really in place­ illustrative and indispensable. ~othillg is more 'inevitable than such a blight when, antecedently, the general effect of the process hlls been undermined. We then want dialogue- want dialogue only. But, proportionlltely, it doesn't come-i t isn't there. It hlls been fatally clieap' ened, There is no effect., no relief. I am w ri ting a treatise when I meant only to give a j!l llnce; and it llIay be nsked iT the best thiug I find in Mr. Gissing is, a ft er all t hen, hu t an opportunity to de­ nounce. The answer to th nt is that I find two other things - or should find them, TIIther, had I not depri ved myself, liS usual, of proper splice. One of th estl is the p retext for speakin /!, by absolnte rebonnd, liS it were, and in the in­ terest of vivid contmst, of Pierre Lot\; the other is a better oCC'lIsion sti ll , a n occ'lsion for .the liveli est sym­ pathy. I t is impossible not to he affected hy the fmnk· ness and strllightness of Mr. Gissin~'s feeling for his sub· ject. a subject almost IIl ways distinctly rem unemtive t.o the ironic and even to the dramatic mind . R e has the strongest, deepest sense of common hnmanity, of t.he gen· eral struggle and the general gray, grim comedy. Re loves the l'eal, he renders it, and though lle has a tendency tell somewhere- become u' gap one can immediately '~spot ;" ~; ; . It is well to content olle's self, at 1111 events, wilh IIffection; so stiff a job, ill 'such a cuse, is IInderstullding or, slill'~JlIore, explallation. ' There is a kind of finalily iil Li)ti's siinplicity-if it even .be si mplicity. He performs in an ail' in w hich, on the phrt of tlIe spectator, aualysis withers ' and only suhmissioD lives. 'Ras it nnythin g- to do wh h lit"" ature? Ras it l~nything to do with nature'? It mu s); be, wc should suppose, the last refinemeut either of one or .of the other. Is it'all emotion, is it 1111 calcu la­ tion , is it all truth , is it all IIlJmhug? All we can say, as :l'eaders, is that it is, for ourselves, all experience, IInd of ,t~~ 1l,10S~ peI:soual intensity. ·?-,h.e great question is whet.h­ er It IS eillotlOn "neat" or emotIOn rendered and recluced. If it b E,:' l'esolved into art, why' hasn't it more of the chill? If it be [Wtlsibility pure, why isn't it cruder and cl umsier? What is")jxquisite is the contact of sensibility made, some· how, so ,cf nvenient-with only the beauty p resel'ved. It is not too .mnch to say of Loti that his sensibility begins where 'that,of most of the frate1'llity ends. If, moreover, io.teffcct; he represents the t ritImph of instincr, wilen I\"IIS ii\i;tinct ol'lver so sustained and so unerring ? I t l eeps him 1 7 i:tfailing)y, tu the matt.er 'Of •• dialogue," out of the over­ flow IIn9' the ~plllsh . It is a joy to see how his looseness is perv!ltled ufter all by proportion. ' HENRY JAMES . . : ;.· l '. ,~~, ' . . FAIRMOUNl' PARK'S , NEW ESPLANADE. .. .' '. ~ . THE RE is no healthier chal~acterist ic in modetn Amer­ iC'an lifc"t, hllll the care which' is hestowe(1 upon the ex- . tension ijf, public PI II'ks alld upl!l evar(\ s; ani1 Ihe ·utili· za­ Uon a n!;! enhancemen't of natllral IIdvantllgeS. ·Tt tis :a c' olnplet!3 trefuta tion of the.c j!arge t hat we are oc(:'u'pr el"f " 'Ynolly in the pursuit of the clollar, and bespeaks even riiore tlui'ri:a hearty love of the'beautifu l, for it shows that ciur pntrioiism is large enough to inclnde a solicitnde for those wliQ will come IIfter liS. The exa lllple set by the l;ationl1.l government in the chllrmin l-': park systl'm of Washi rigton and the unrivalled g randelll' of Yellow'stone Park 4I1,~,\)~en followed by all .6ur big cilies in·a , WilY tbat excites tf{e~miration and envy of t he Old World , where the canditions are not So fa voi', able to exte nsive and sys· tematized .. treat, ment. The pieturc on page '753 shows · Phillldelphia's latest accomplishment in t his direction, rile eas@1'Il atld western han ks pf the Schu ylkiIJ Ri· ver in Fllirmolin~ Park, strctching , ·from Ihe Girllrd Ave nue Bridge southward to a point where the river leaps down 11 d eep dam · breast to tide · levcl, Ims heen reclaimed. ':Vlmt \yils-,J'ecelltly IIn unSig htly expanse of sWllmp Ilml scrub .1 )lIs been converted, by filling , into' a' noble drive­ way, bord.ered by a sloping terrace fifty feet lligh, which issUl'mo. ullted by nn esplanade. Adjoining the driveways are" ral,lJ bles," fringed with shade trees, for the benefi t of p'&Icstril\n~. The magnitude 'of the 1I11dert aking can Le more appreciaJed when one remembers Ihat the grade of the esplllnade has been raised sufficiently h igh to carry it over t ht New York division of the Pennsylvallia Rail· road , allrl E;l~l!It an unilltelTupted terrace swceps from the Girard BrIdge to the most beautiful part of West Phila· delpbill· ;· .. !Some work still remains to be don e. The steamboat lfll;iding is' already connect.ed with the drive and esplunHde QY broaa gi'allile stairway'!, but the old buitdillg is 10 be tprn dOly.n Ilnd a handsome structure erected , which will \:)e in character wi th the new .suITolllldings. A hi sloric land mark is also to be removed. The old Scllllylkill Nav· igation ,()Qmpany's locks will he fill ed in, and the lock· house, huilt early in the century. torn down to make way fo!' the ~~er driveway, which skirts the ri ver, and ·at this point crosses over the hills .llld joins the espl llnade. As a specimen of landscape art this great work is very successflll. The ri ver, betwee"l its stone embankmen ts, is lI OW a stretch of ornamentnllake, which, with the IIrchi · tectural features of the bridge, driveway, and esplanade, and the 'formal expnnse of terrace, composes most ag ree­ ably against the leafy backgl:ound of the park. -As an add ition.t o the houlevard system it will be an incalcula· hIe lJO OII. These lIew driveways will connec t., by way of ThirtietlJ Street Boulevard un. d West Philadelphia, with all th e Jj~idgescrossing the Schuylkill Ri ver, and with the extreme'bollndaries of F airmount Park, the F alls of t.he Schllyl!\.Hl, Wissahickon, Germantown, Chestnut Hill, Rilxb01:o - ;,lwd all the halldsome suburball sections hordeI'· ing on .th~. park. Alonft with the recently established purk tro)!,ey systrm, which crosses the ri ver midway betwet'n the past a n!1 west ptJl'liolls of Fail'mount, this lIew csplatllld e. t c:rrace, Ilnd : driveway is one of the grcflrest, und ertak ings the Park Commissioners have yet accomplished. " . When slial! we he able to chronicle t.hat the Palisades arc sllved tn poste rity; and tbat th(l W(lS~~n:1 §hore of the Hudson llas its-drive\Vuy ? JULY SI, 1897. ;1 , , d ONE of Ihe phellomenn tllat we must expect:ns n can$e­ quence of the Ilews that Hefl' Andree and his balll)on have IIctllnlly made 1I ,~tart is a sudden stimulation o(the pro­ pensity of the people of the Weslern Slates to sec o .bj~ct.s fiolLting in the ait·. Already a report from the '··extr.eme Northwest bas I; een in the newspapers which . ree(?rded the belief of s tme supposed observers that they 'J1I\rl 'S~\l1l Andree; but that must hnve been IL premlltQ ,re, £liglltQf the imaginatir-tn, since Andree antI his compa~i!in.s 'fe'i'e due ILbout that . time at the north pole. It wOQJd ' seelD that the gold· miners of Alns\;a are as well sitlH~l ·ed .n$ I\iiy one to Clllilll ~n: .early view of Andree and his 'Oi'l\ft; ullt their imagilla~!qns lire workin~ in a differellt 1:lirec~iQI,I, IIlld they ure less likely thall idler people to sig11L , 11 1Ja1- loon thlLt is ~'6t there. Tbe proxilllity of n ,' 1 tJ,leg,:l1llh station secms to' 'help watclH'rs to believe Ihey .l,ave ' E(tlan something, and }h lt aid the miners hIck. '.:' .. nO~,ton . I!ave l-ieutenallt Penry nn enthusiaslic sen!I-qf!' on July 19. At.nine o'clock ill the mornillg ,Ltt('re "'/la 11 crowd of 200Q:'persolls nt the wharf to ~ee I he Hope !ltl. II't. She got undel' ' v,ay allli 1 volleys of cheerS,and wentrlhWI! the hllrbor to We tooting of stelllll -whi~tles, It will 'be rememberl'd that her trip this year is ollly a 'preliniinf,lty voyage for Ihe e~tablishment ot' a col OilY in Whafe SOl)uQ; but Whale SOIiild, on thc norlhwestern coas~ 9f Grerp­ land, several hu}ldred miles ueyond Upernavik\;i~ priltty far nort.h, and from there to the north pole is (Hlly a,little trip of nbout f\ thousand miles. \.. " " Mr. W. J, 4s!lley, who ~rite~ in 'the Atl~ntu:.;Af0.4~l(i '/l IlbClut "JCll\'e~'t and the Ulllverslty Ideal," falls \rtt'QIl, (1.16- (:us"ioll of tbe iieed that university professors sliotihl lIot be RO constantlY, busied with tenching liS not to huv.e . lei~iU·1l for original research. In commellting 011 the a!jYlillta~~s nnd drawbacks .of Hnrvard in this purticuhll: ·.~~ .finds a good deal toli\lllent, Ilnd even dllres 10 enl~il'eFale. as " slilllLnother danger" "the pecunillry temptalirn-hl~rQ­ Iy resistible oy:.weak human nature - to rep~I!,t ;ol\ago lectures to tIle women sturlents of Radcliffe." ,,'. This view ' of Rndcliffe, as an institution thnt ' te\llpls Harvard professors to give time and energy to tf:acbing women which, ~hould he devoted to work of re9-l imjlQJ'­ tance, is novel; imd, objectionable as it may seem, ' it m.ay have some r~aSonable basis. "To be sure," adds ~I' . Ashley, perh'ajis by way of apolllgy, .. the prelltlnt Rllq- Hffe system is but a makeshift, and an unsatisfac~o)'y one.': ; ' . The" Idler '~ of the Evening Post complains of the iQdis­ position of the' native-l)(ll'n American 10 continue ·in ,: t\ie I:!flhere of li~~ .in which he is born-unless, indeeil, 'it lili.'p­ penR to ue a satisfactory one. He grumbles heeause, tie thinks all the Americall boys sel'm to want to keep in .tlle line of succession to the White House, and, aspiring to, t$e hest jobs, neglect and too Oftt!1I despise those .that are aVILilable. Tlley don't like to wenI' liveries nnd tbey rflre­ ly make good 'servants, and the" Idler" cbides theme!ol' their indQciJltY. ' ''''. Bllt, l'J'p .amq~'i/,t ,of,chiding is g'ling to cure this ,.(\.IT\e'tli­ can-born'-disposition, It has its great dl'llwbaek's and in­ conveniences. and also 'its good points. - -0ut of the' l\liN­ ions lwho asj)iI'e to a more independent and rem ,I'lper~Mve vocation thall Jheir fathers enjoyed, a good mlllly p11~Ke"·tL fail' proportio(\ of their dreams come true. TI!a~ i~ , UIIl gooq point . . 'the bud point is that some aspire.)oo bigh for their slr~ngth and their intelligence, and wi llo up'lll"1l, worse position than if they had been conteut· wjth less. After all : t.he race iSIISlllllly tothe swift; victriry,i, 1) 1!1t\ long-I'IID, is to the strong; /Lnd the superior peop'li~ may pe trustt!d to come to the top. Let us not worry I. Jildl'll,v about the restlessness and bumptiousness of tije nlltlve Americans. It is not really a barl quality ill th\! IItl)'lf\8- phere of a country that it makes all comers hOPe ' for ~be hest. Eveltts are strollg-pr Ihan homilies, and experience will teach its lessons even to · the citizells of l( l'epll\)lic. As t.he country fills np Ilnd habits become mote seltled, the propensity to migration will douutless lessen, and 'l\'e will a).] ue :$omewhat more clisposecl 10 follow on .in the parental tra~ks, and to stick to tltem until we Itave de'niim: strated a ca:p~city for something uctter. . The new-Yorkvill c uranch of the New York Free' Oir­ culating Librnry thinks it hus hroken the library repord for the quick development of a large circu. liltion;·,.· H openeo in Iqharters at Seventy-nint h Street and S~cond Avenue with 2oo0 .books. Within two weeks its ciroll1i\- ' .. ion for a sihgle day was 556. It is adding to its stook I'lJ ]' .... I,s, but tStill finds it difficult to keep any hool,s o~ ,its "hel ves. Iri view of the extreme briskness of ils .bllsiness: tlte ~orkvi\le branch discloses its engerness to receive gifts of books. ,.It gives notice that" anyone who wishes 'to sec an interesting sight will do well to visit 1523 Secll~~ Avenue in • rush hours,' say 12 to 1 P. 111. , and in ' tho evening." . III an alticle in the WEEKLY of July 3, about Paul Jo,,~s and his fight with the &rapia, Mr. H. F . Keellau say~ : "', '1'he family ·nnme of the gl'e3t admiral waR Pant. For ~OIne reaM, n, nev o'·r ~aUsr .. ctorily Rtnl.d, ,Tunes was added when John Puut, Ih"; fn­ lho.', married Jean MucDufL A reade!' of the ' WEEKLY senrls to it n clipping Inn~e last year from the Willllillgton (North Carolina) MeS8eM~; which gives the following account of the dcrivatiQiw(if the.Jones in Paul .Tones's name: . Ill. real nume wns Juhn Paul only, hut he himself noded the "iaine' Junes, III complimenl to the HOII. WlIIie Jones, of Hulifax, Nnrtb Ol\r­ Olillll, whom, he vi.lled ill hi. yonth, .ulld for whom and Iji~ , accom~ ),li.hed wife, born Mnntt'oro, Jnhll Panl entertained the g~llleRt A d­ mirntlon und affection. It was 011 Ihe recommendation (jf'tlo~ Hon. Wllllc ,Jones thllt John PUIlI wuB comml.s!onel! a Jientellllllt in .. the Ulliled Slate's nnvy, ill Decemhel', 1775 ; and 118 he owed ~i~ CO~Ili~ 810n to the Slate, IInd .doplell the nRme nf one of her mo~t prnminenl. citlzen~, he may be Mid, in 00 f"I' at lellst, to - he a NOlth C~ro\iuian. Colonel Higginson's new AmeriCAn hymn, which, as .s~t to music b! Mr. O· 9. 90!)v!lrs.e, first appeai'ed in the ~AR~p~E~Rm ,s~ wm~~~mK~L~---='- ~·--~·'·~ _~J"~ ' ~~~~~~--~~~~IDU i ,.,~ WEEKLY, was sung from sheets furnished by Harper & BnnJfof " England saved them from bankruptcy, In the Brothers. on July 5, in Independence i::lqual'e, Philadelphia, coui's'~lof sevt!ral years they succeeded in paying off debls .ljy. the cho.rus of the Society of the Will' of 1812. It has of $100,.600.000, but meanwhile Lord Revelstoke came since been puulished in slteet form hy OliveI' Ditsbn & dow. {w plain living on $15,000 a year, sold his new Lon­ Co" who pay royalties to alllhorand composer. Mr, : Von- don p,@. se 1 .0 Baron Hirsch. and sent his art collection to verse writes that he intends 10 assign his royally i\ltiere~t the ,"IAt:~il)ri-r,oqms. It is a great slory, tlte tale of Ihe to Ihe societies of the Sons of the Bevolution and or the col\l!j)IIJ!H1f' tJle Bllrings. Few cllllpters of financial history Colonial Wars, whi :h will donbtless ue thereby stimilXllkd a!'e mO-re 'S,tirring Ilr helter reading. to promote the adoption of the hymn as 11 nalionn1 Itn- ".' ,. t.helll . .1lh~'i, most satisfactory newspaper reading that offers "" • . - in. tW, !l-- j 8!lIlBOn of IlInguor and suspended energy are the -, In choosing the shore of Lake Chnmplnin for his sum- stoi '~l{s ·.(lf"l'eturning prosperity in the West. It is impor­ mer home Mnjlll' McKinley shows Itimself IL trlle ., rresh- tnnt;il~ al! the cOllntry that the West should feel a great ",vater Presidellt, to whom the charms of the benll~f,I)1 ill- , deal ~tte,' thlln it has felt for some ;ears past, and every liuld lakes appeal more strongly than ulue-fish, f9gs, IIncl . de~p{1t(:h tltat talks of great crops ID KIIIl~as, Nebraska, tlfe salt smells of the ocean. Bluff POilll., on Lake"Chum- thi ,Dak-otlL§; W,ashingtoll, Hncl all the grellt Northwestc.rn plilill, where he hus settled himself for the dog-;i;IYs, is ' S!atesf8:~ves-cpmfcirt to Easlel'D readers. If there is such oillhe New York shore, ahout nn hour's sllil from 1~II:ling- a 'tlli..~.g, ~glntting the West wilh prosperity they WRllt to . ton, Vermont. No douut we shaH hellr liS much of'Lal(e see it~ne': At allY rnte, they want to see such a d istriuu­ Uhamplllin for Ihe next yenI' 01' two liS we IllLve beeti .used tioill:of'·R~andnnl · dollars in the unensy Stales as mlly re­ in years past 1 0 hear of Buzzllrds Bay. There is pl~'nly viv~ .:~\1.e ,interest of the people, of those States in the ex­ to be said, and there arc those who do not hesitale tI, sllY chan: g. I!l' :value of'the liollars whieh Ihey get. With tile it. : The residents of Burlingloll, for example. are reii!ly at prioe·uf wbcllt in the eigbtie~, great crops in Ihe Unite!l aity time t-o declare, nnd to maintliin hy sworn dep!}, sip olls Stat~~ ·&rid' .a : gl'eat demanrl fl:om foreign parts, there is atH) comparisons, that their town commands the ',i,no~t rea~Ql\ ~o bope thlll, the yearning for fift,y-cellt dollars may e,cstatic Wilier view in Ihe world. , They compare t'!Ie:Bur- abale . .ffOil~. @ur mid~t. . IIDgton water-front with the BIlY of Naples, admlttihg a GQod'!l'eadhlg, too, as fill' as they go, are the tllles of tlle liKeness. hut claiming thnt they have the hest "o~ the gold , .d~co.Yeries in Alaska. There are objeclions t· o all comparison. ;~, . ' ' .~ propo$a'If\.Io supersede gold hy Rn increaserl use of silver, ~, ; ~. but 110 p ile seemR distlll'ued by any pos~ihility 01' prospe'(;t ;·::.The Church of the Stmngers, in :Mercer Street, betlVeen of an.Q~.er;pToduction of gold. More gold Ihan the world Eighth Slreet ano WaverIy Plllce, was huilt in 1834,Ylpon kno",~t,\Vp.at to do with is what the honest-money mlt!1 leftRed land belongillg to the Sailor's Snug Hllrbot ei\tate, thinkitll'e would just like to see,lInd every miner 's pick ~ow the lense hitS expired, the cOIl~reglltion has notice to tha~zjk~s a nugget seems to bim 11 blessed implemcllt mnve, lino the chlll'ch is to he 10l'll 'ilown to mnl,e \vli.y fOl' and ~1J employed. lI . st'clllar builrling. This is the church that Comml)dore ,.,~..;" .,:. . 'Vnncicrbilt hought for $50,000 IInd gave to Dr. Dliarles The .. ·.~eP.orts of the Ashburnhnm Library snle, which F . , J)ecllls. · How :Ihe g·ift ('lIlne to be l.J'Iade is an i~~rest- beg~w..i\,i:Lopdoll on June 24 a!,d lasted eight days, Ihough ing story, which is well told in a uiog-raphy of f)r :'~ellls o~ g,~ : ~ interest to uook-collectors, is not of eape- cial Sl .~g­ thl\t WIIS latelv published. Dr. Deems clllne to New ;York nlllp,. e' ~Q other people. The Gutellberg Bible of the frq'm the South, afl er the Will', to start a we('kly pape~ In c~lI~cl ' ~(1 'brought £4000 from Mr. Quaritch, which ,*"s such lime as he c:ould spare From t.he somewilat engrossing an 1l U~I :e of £600 on the purchase plice. Biulia PlfiI­ bil:' iness of publishing tL new paper without capit~l: he peni@',oA, n 'original block book estimaled to ue of the flr­ ga~hered a congreglttion, largely made up of strangeh, or teent~'Jl!;lptu:ry, brought £1050. A Latin Bihle dated 1642, ' new-comers to New York,like himself, to whom pre&,ently the ~ · PF{l)t\ld ., with; a date, urought £1500. Sixteen .lIe' held forth regularly on Sunday mOl'llings in a :. hlill of hundr~"III.I!l eighty-three lots brought $150.000. Their the old University Building. He fell in ufter a Lirfle: with cost han' ,,lBep rllcor~ed, 'ROd amounted 10 $60,000, so Ihe Commodore Vanderuilt, who li verl in I hilt neighborliood, late ~1 .. w.~Q:got the library together must be considered and t he Commodore liked him,and liudillg Ihat he wAnted to hav.Cjdo'~I\:a good stroke of uusiness. '- a ~hurch and intended to raise mOlley t(~ buy '~qe, lie . ...,,~~' '.' " . bought the Mercer Slreet church and gave It to lurn !lS n DOI\..M j.:;o.llege, in Crete, Nebraska, which celebrated petsonal gift. So fot' twenty-five yellrs Dr. Deems owned this ·y.e~r,'\h~·.tw.t!nty-fifth anniversary of its foundation, the church he preached in, though before his dea~h he ' 'bas hJ 's'!lvei'nl particulars an excellent title to not.ice all(t de~ded it to Imstees for his congregatiOl,l. The 'c!~'ngre- resp'e it:~',· Ips satisfierl with ueing a college and doing a gntion which he gathered still holds together, and iniends colll\f.,e:s w· Qrk, and does not aspire to he a university. III ~o !Iave a new building somewhere nenr the site of tJ:le old the ~{U),el.t.wenty-five years of its existence it hlls only one. .. , I con{El"I-e t-one honorary degree, and that one (A. M.) went " ~ i' to a ,sli:lltillgu.ished engineer. It bas fOllr buildings ': for . Everyone who carps nnything about the Con!rressjollaI ' ge'nel:II'li:CQlfege uses, two dormitories, a library, and . the Liul'llry is grateful to Libmri,," Young for his apPolntpJent only:®e6!1vatory in Ihat part of the counlry. Last sum­ of Tilorvald Solherg, of BoStoll, 10 ue register of ~'opy- mert;~pen:. lh.e schoolmastel' was in such request among rights. Mr. Solher~ was employed in the Congresdl'o'nRI WeSli :&i-11i\ lToters, it kept ils lihl'llry open all the summet Libl'llry for thirteen yenrs, bnt eight years ago weot to for ~h~ .. bepefit of students of the CUlTellt polilical issues Boston, where he bas since heen ellga~ed in business. Bis who .~IIIHed . to learn how 10 vote. Its professors, ' too; appoilltmellt was urged hy Iile Authors' Copyright League, 10 .. 1 , (i\thflnd)n politics and did effective work for BOund anti by many leading pllulishing-houses. , : 1II0u~y~,ql1?""agains.t BrYlln, who is personally well kl~own : ' atO!'9~" an.ll1s sald' to have first made, at a Chautauqua The University Settlement Society of No. 26 Delancey c()nf~nce held there, the speech which he afterwards re. Stl~eet rejoices in the prospect of a new five-story builrl- pelll~~,.a~ :Chicago with such dazzling results. ing, to cost $100,000, and to occupy a · lot 67 feet by " ). .'. 80 on the corner of Rivington and Eldridge streets. '. Le~ ,~ .··l:' : ,Ulliversity,.1ike J~hns Hop~ins, is leaming the In : I .he basement of it is to ue IL gymnasium Ilnd swim- InelCP;,'Wi.ellC(f of haVing all Hs eggs ID one basket. · Le­ ming-Illltb; on the first fioor, a branch of the PrhVjdent hig-hW ch,lM, if not its sole, means of support are seclll'iLies LO: illl Association; 011 the second fioor.a library and I~ hnll of t,b~:~~lgh Valley Railroad, which have paid no divi­ fo~ dances, lectures, and otlier entertuinments ; on the d .. nd~l'li:!t4.ree years PRst. The uuiversity can economize, Ihird fioor, club-rooms for grown people and play:rooms and hjls:tioonomized even to the extent of closing its library for children ; aud on tbe fourlh and fifth fioors,Ji~ilJg- Ilnd !~.YlQg: 9ff its choremen, uut it caDl~ot live. on nothing rooms for tlte resident workers. On top of all will be a a Yell'l:ri' ~tbas asked the Pennsylvania Legislature for roof garden. The architects of this uuilding nre staled to $200,~ ;W ,tide it over Ibe harrl time~, anrl unless Gov­ be ·Messrs. Stokes and Howells, uoth at present sttidents erno~);t~,tillgs sees his way to sign the uillmaking that of arcb itectul'e in Paris, tlnd the junior member f the appr?~rl%ti@n, it may have to sh~t ils doors and ' decline firm the Mr. John Howells to whose successful 'studies 10 I:ecp~·yti thll 500 students whom It expecls next fnll. It iLl lllsion was made in the WEEKLY a fortnight ago.' i is t~f~~ars ,since~saP!lcker started Leh,igh on its edu- catlol'l~rcareer, and !lS fnends are exceedmglyaverse to ~. Miss Jean Ingelow, who died in London on July 19; was IlIIvil'/~4t,~'1lCtivities checked. . not as continuous in her liteml'Y activities as Mrs. Oliphant, ~IHI hlls pnulished little during the last fifteen yeAt's, uut she was very well known and appreciated in this co'pntry, where not less than 100,000 copies of her poems have be('n sold Ilnd more than 35,000 copies of her prose wrhings. Her Songs of Seven are familiar in thousands of AijJerican !tbmes. Off the Skelligs and others of her novels have been wirlely read. She was born in 1830, in Bostoil, Lin ­ colnshire, England. Her fatbel', W.illiam lngelow, was a banker; her mother, IL Scotch woman. Her home for inany yenrs has been in London, where she lived in Old Kensington, in a big brick hOllse of the time of Queeu Anne, standing well back from the slreet, with j10wers and shrubs about it, Her first volume of poems ap'peared in 1863, and hlld an immediate success, running quicldy through a score of editions. Erlward Charles Baring, Bnron Revelstoke, senior , part­ ner of the banking-house of Baring Brothers, who died in England on July 18, is interesting (like Steve Bl'Odie) be­ cause of the grent distance he dropped. He was bol'O in 1828, and wns admitted while slill a young man, to the family firm. It was It great firm, that had include.d some . falllous statesmen, among them Lord Revelstoke'~ ,uncle, ·..Alexander Bllring, Lord Ashburton, who in 1841 negoti­ iLted with Daniel Weuster the so-calle'rl Ashburton treat.y. ·Edward BlLring, devoting himself to 'finallce, became the ~ead of the firm, and in 1885 was raised to the peeral!e. ~t seems, however, that his judgment did not always in­ spire confidence, since onll of his .partners, Mr. Thomlls Baring, so distrusted his schemes that he withdrew from the firm, taking his money with him. Between 1885 and 1890 Baron Revelstoke was a great power, with nn.income of $200,000 a year, a famous art collection, a mag~lificent 'country-seat in Devon, and a new and splendid town­ house. Report at that time took note of tbe probability that he would be made a duke, and that his eldest son would marry the second daughter of the Prince of Wales, Suddenly, in 1890, came the slump in Argentines; which hit the Barings so hard that only the intervention of the ,.La~~,o\v;ek was Jnbilee week in Utah. It is fifty years slll~e~bn' .;ruly 24, 1847-tile Mormon pioneers came down IhrpQ!i:bl'Einigration Canyon in the valley where the wn­ tt- r" IQ, I~l.l\.ke fiowed through a short river into IIn inlllnd se::. ' Tlleppmbination reminded Brigham Yonng of PIlI­ esti~e:R\idJhe Jordan, nnd he accepted the valley as the M"rI\loYlf~p'romised land. Of 4000 pioneers of '47, 650 are left. \~cll "of them received last week a gold badge, en­ grnvettwit\,lBrip:ham Young's portrait. The celebration, which;::w.iJ.s {TIilitary, reli~ious, historical, and social, begun on Ji\J- x :20:and lasted through the week. Ptt/.. ~I; as will be remembered, is the youngest State in th~ .JJ!I. ioiJ, to' which it was admilted January 4, 1896. liS pOr'!,ll!at.lti)n, 'of auollt 270,000, allows it to be illcluded among Itije .eleven States. of which the total combined popuhi~ion Is less than tuat of Grenter New York. The '~i:iter of a recent article in the WEEKLY on" Pub­ lic Art,in Cincinnati, " names as one of the judges in the comgefWon for decorating the Dew City Hall, .. Mr. Du­ veneck:, \he bead of the department of painting in the schoo. \s,. conpected with the Cincinnati Museum of Art." It app6!j.i's . that this is an inaccnrate description of Mr . pll~e!lepk, who, nlthough he hns taught a class in paint­ lllg Ill: tlie Museum of Art, has not been a teacher or officer of tDe' 8 ;hools which' are connected with the museum. The· principal of the faculty of the Art Academy of Cin­ cinnati ·.is Professor Thomas S. Noble, who went from New York to take charge of the school when it was founded in 1869. The ne ew building for the Botanical Gardens in Bronx Park, a picture of which was given in the WEEKLY of July 17, was designed by Mr. R. W. Gihson, of New York. The architects of the new public lihrary in Erie, Pennsylvania, of which a picture was published in the same numuer, are Messrs. Alden and Harlow, of Pittsburg. Owing to an oversight the architects' names were not puhlished with these 'j)icturC's, E. S. :»AltTJ~ , l' 756 . , ", HARPER'S WEEKLY " THE RAILWAY SUSPENSION-BRIDGE WHEN FIRS'!' ERECTED ACROSS THE NIAGARA GORG!£. . THE RAILWAY SUSPENSION-BRIDGE BE'FORE THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE STEEL ARCH. UPPER SUSPENSION-BRIDGE, TO BE SUPPLANTED BY A STEEL ARCH, THE FIRST BRIDGE ERECTED ON THE SITE · OF 'l'BE UPPER SU,SPENSIO:-I­ BRIDGE . WRECK OF 'l'HE OLD LEWISTON BRIDGE. 'l'HE RAILWAY SUSPENSION-BRIDGE, SHOWING THE NEW S'rEEL ARCH. THE PASSING OF THE FAMOUS SUSPENSION-BRIDGES ACROSS THE NIAGARA GORGE.-[SEE PAGE 762.] ,- , . ; I. " ., j . I , W HEN I discovered that I W/lS really in love witp Kitty, I went to see Mariall. 1 had lieen ill love with Marian two years before-not real­ ly in love, YOIl know, only hopelessly-and we had remained fast friends. Every' young man - 111 our set had to fall in love with Marian. who h/ld slid ll'racefnlly from one ~enerntion to another withollt seem­ II1g to grow any older. She , appeared to have the fountain of eternal youth in her beart ; and while those who had been girls with her were either heavy matrons or .sour old maids, she was still loved and loving-in fact, perpetulllly engaged; not because she was enamored of every young chap who proposed to her, bu t he cause she WIIS, too obliging to say no, /llld had rather long, slender, graceful Ilrms that se~med dcsigned by nature to twine. Her alI 1irs lasted sometimes 1\ weck, sometimes a month, ]'arely more' th/ln two. They left no scars on either side. She and her" exes" remll.ined delightfully c1mmmy. In­ deed, she was so pleasantly good-natured, so affable, so ah· solutrly guileless, that mothers IIctulllly approved of her as a kind of prepllratory school for their sons; while /lS a chaperon, to quote the very young men, .. she was just the cheese." She and Kitty were about as op'posite liS two humlln beings could he. Mariall had a certain artistic slapdash; Kitty WIIS trim to the last stitch. Marian was wholly feminine, clinging. Ilnd con tiding; there was just a touch of the new woman in Kitty, a pinch of mannishness that meant .. K eep off the grass" for any sentimental tres­ passer. And yet I WIIS sure that underneath it all she I,ad the most lovable of natures. the tenderest of hearts, - She'd sail over a tennis - cOllrt like Il swallow, and glide by on her whecl like a dream. But I was willing to stllke my nil that slle'd love like a goddess­ tllat, whoever won her, ~he would be wholly, passion­ at.ely, exclusively his. But to win her-to own that little heart of hers that heat so gayly, to hllve it loo", right lit you out of her liquid hrown eyes, to know that t.he clear rush of crimson to her cheeks WitS for you, to feel that tile hrighi smile with which she raised her face to you WIIS for sheer joy that at last she had been lIeaten in a love set-how could I hope that I might be the lucky one to possess this sweet, clean, wholesome, well-groomed, joyous creature, who no sooner saw a hllnd stretc:hed Ollt to ca.tch her than she fluttered away with a, laughing grace which made h('r the more bewitching to the baffled pl\l'suer? Ought I 1I0t rather to take warnirg from Torn Foote's experience with her? Tom's father would have set­ tled (I million on him and another on her. and she knew it ; blIt, just when he thought he had her; she cJn.pped a band on his shoulder, exclaimed, .. What a jolly day for a race .I\\I'Qund the lake!"-this was at Southampton-leaped on her bike, and the last he SIlW of her the jimmiest pllir of ,russet gaiters, a flash of sleel, and a smile were vanishing 'round the corner. Tom, who's a regular leak concerning both himself and others, told DIe all Ilbout it. I felt sorry RARPER'S WEEKLY 757 COLONEL BOG I E 'El (5olf .stOfl? BY GUSTA~ KOI3B(. for him; nnd ,Yet perhaps not. so sony as I might have. " Golf does seem to have ljllite a Inngunge of its own," because. you see, I was cramming for my own" prelims" remarked Marian . with her-practising up my tennis and learning to wheel; .. I shall certainly write to the Committee of Ten Bug­ trying to persuade myself that I liked it even lIetter than gesting that !,hey allow it to be offered as a substitute for horseback riding-though I never did and never shall, for Greek at the cntl'llnce cxaminations for college. If this it's live flesh and bone IlDd muscle I love to sit astride of lJad only been permissible in my day I might have RC­ Imd to mnster. To control n spirited must,lIng, bronco, or ,quired the language ' ; hut now. while I shall be hllPpy to thoroughbred-what gives you a greater sense of power, assist some day in lofting Colonel Bogie, I slmll let a except perhaps the discovery that a rebellious; athletic ,'stymie' severely alone-at least unt.i1 1 find out what little womlln, on whom her own capacity for love has not it is." yet even begun to dawn , is beginning to feel your hand? And now Mllrillll, inspired doubtlcss hy my jealous ref- I suppose she and Marilln were sllch fast friends be- erenpe to' Colonel Bogie, rnised her eyehrows, shook It er cause they were exact opposites. At all event.-, I went heali 'Critically, and reud, wilh cruel emphasis: to myoId flam e to find out if she thought my altnr Inmp .. 'Colonel Bogie is the most fascinating IInd populnr would trim her wick to burn more brightly for m~ than man 'down here. I have n mutch with him cvery day­ for any qne else. I was not surprised to find Marinn en- sometimes twice a day.'" gaged in tying a pink love-rihhon around a bundle of It had been my intention to deliver the packet of letters letters and an engngement ring which she was about to and the ring for Marian. I did nothing of the kind. I return. (Dear mel if she'd kept all her letters and rings, went hom e. I walked u'p and down my room,and smashed she might have started a paper-mill or a jewelry store.) 11 grinning little red china devil thllt mocked me from my "Well, Jack. " she said. when I told her what I'd called bureRu. to see her about (hllving first helped her tie the love-ribbon IT. in a bow by holding down the knot for her)," shc respects It is extraordinary l,ow few men object to maldng fools you because you shoot and ride better than she does- of themselves in public. I can account for it only on the she's had the hrush and musk you won with the Sussex supposition that th ey clo it unconsciou~ly. I have often llOllIIds mounted for her room-and she likes you for congratulated mysclf that when I made up my mind to -never making love to her; but whether ~he'd Iikc YOIl if play goH I decided to learn the game on grounds near you did is a question she'll never answer anyone but my stables and kennels at Hill Top-one of those pleasing yourself. There's onc thing you'll have to learn, though, suburbs composed of husbands, wives, and bubies. The or YOII won't stand a chance-golf." ' ages of thc babies ranged from one hour to five ycars; the "Golfl" I exclaimed. .. Do you mean to say I'll have ages of the parents, from twenty to thirty-five. Between to walk llround a field hitting lit a quinine pill with a long nnd ahove these ages all was 1\ blank. Family life was stick?" simple. Every mOl'lJing at 7.28 the husband, still chewing .. Well, if that's yml1' idea of golf," said Marian, "it the cud of breakfast (the wife at the window in a wrapper, isn't Kitty's," and dmwing a letter out of her belt, she calling a list of things after him which he was to hring began reading it to me. You may imngine Kitty's enthu- home from the cily in the cvening), rushed from his house siasm from this sentence: - to the depot" bOllrded the 7,30 express just as il. WIIS mov­ _ .. , Driving is an art, iron-plllY a science, putting an in- ing out, and was projected through twenty-one miles of spiration.' " , back yards, odoriferous salt meadows. and Il tunnel. At At that time these terms were Greek to me, but 1 think half past six in the evening he alighted agllin at Hill Top. the general drift was obvious enough. Then came whllt or was gently deposited there at midnight (Saturdays she called," A Few Simple Hules for Beginners ": only). in which latter cllse his efforts to give an air of " 'I. In order to play golf well you must begin by pro- verisimilitude to n bald and unconvincing fal sehood were nouncing it its if it \\'ere spelt goff. truly pitiable. During the day the wives pushed per- .. ! n. :Mflke a friend of Colonel Bogie. ambulators a'nd conversed with one another about the '" Ill. Don't call a club a stick. babies therein-all this until golf st1:llck Hill Top in some " 'IV. Find' out t,he smartest caddie, and tr,Y always to miraculous way, when, 101 it was discovered thllt nmse- havc him carry'youi' c1uhs nnd make your tee for you,''' ' ,maids could push perambuhltors as welllls mothers, tllat "A regular tea-caddy," I remarked, parentheticlilly. IIrlificial foods for infants were numerous and superior, " 'V. In lofting n stymie-' " and that in the end it was more economiclIl to have a sellm- "Stop!" I cried. ' "'I'I'e studied Llltiu and Greek imd stress finish up ha by's dre~ses at fifty cents each tllUn 10 have a smattering, of Sansluit, but this belongs to no hln- 'wear one's own 'fingers Ilnd eyes out over them. As indi- guage, living or dead." - " - , cated above. I had a poor opinion of golf IlS 11 gll~e, but Marian; however, was impertllrbahle. She continued: I had to acknowledge that , it had worked wonders for " • VI. If you find yourself dormie-' " Hill Top. " Mariau," I said, " forbear. This sort of thing may do Mothers ceased to walk with their hands stretched out for Choctaws, but we are living in a civilized community," in front of them as if they were groping for the handle , 758 of a baby-carriage; midnight vigils became things of the past, for the male popUlation of Hill Top got out as early as possible in order to meet the female populalion at the links. In the early history of th e golf club a mother had appeared with a perambulator and a bahy, whereupon thc executive commitlee, composed of men and women, and upon tlte motion of a woman, passed a by-law that no one under eighteen years of age be admitted to the club house or links. It was to these links I hicd myself, in order to gain a few points ahout the game by following the play of others. When I stepped on the club piazza a person whom I took for a servant in livery, because of hi s bright red jacket, hurried loward me. Just as I was thinking how assidu­ O llS in t heir attentions the J eemscs of Ihis club were, I recog ni)\ed thc features of t he leader of the Hill Top's F our Hundred- or, rather, Thirt.y-seven. Theil I recall ed that Ki tty, in one of the letters which Marian had for­ wa rd ed to me (probably because of several enthusiaslic referenel's 10 Colonel Bogie). had written of the red blazers worn by go][ers, and advised that I get one. "Wilh hi s quiet. lasles, " she wrote, " he will doubtless find them m1.llPr outre, bllt I'm told they're the swngger ihing from the Cheviot Hills to Land's End. " I rememher how that .. I'm told" and the" Cheviot Hills " alld "Land's End " riled me. Who told her? Colonel BOl!ie, of course, who probably, as his name indicated, ",ns a Scotchman, one of - those hll'ge-framed, heavily bearded , self-contained, mid­ dle-aged chaps-just the kind of fellow to impress Kitly_ Yes, 1.he reference to the Cheviot Hills and Land's End mn~t have come from him. . Before my red-blnzered fri end reached me I had taken in t he rest of the costume-Ilis baggy knickerbockers, . which looked ns if he had cut the balloon sleeves off his wife's tai lor-made dress and Ihrust his legs into them; ail- d his rougll plnid stockings, which were turned down at the top as if they were that mu ch too long for him-;from nll of which I formed the opinion that golf costume wa§ as' weird as golf language, nnd, with the dangerous·looldng clubs w hich I saw a caddie bearing in a' bag, ought tu' be exhibi ted in the Museum of Natural 1.Iist:ory, among the spears, boomerangs, and feathers of the Fiji·I"landers and' other savage tribes. I little knew how comfortable I would find golf attire until I got into it-that is, into all of it bll t the Britishlil e red blazer, which I never would wear; for my stables and kennels are rigllt ill sight of one of lhe numerous houses in which GeOl'ge Washington did hi s great sleeping act-Hill Top lIaving been sliced out of a historic neighborhood. My friend greeted me effusively. I was only a . semi­ residcnt of Hill Top, simply having my stables and ken­ nels there because it was convenient to tlle citv. This was my first visit 10 the Golf Club, and I SUl)pOSe lie wnnted me to feel at home: t . "Glad 10 see you," he exclaimed. "Sorry you dinn't _ come last week, when we had our malches with Colonel Bogi e. Of comse the colonel beat us. He was nine up wit,h th e best of us." This was a pleasant way for him to open on me, wasn't it? But fortunately 'he swilched off on to professional players, and told me nbout Will ie Park senior,W illie Park junior,Willie Dunne,and Willie this and that,till it seemed that, willy-nilly, a professionnl golfer must be a W illie of some sort-except Ihat my friend mentioned" Old Tom : Morris" in a deli ghtfully familiar way (as if he hadn't only just read of him in some boo k), and said he was the _ Dr. Grace of golf-so English, "don'tcher Imow !" I now .t. hought it was time for. me to say something, ~oI remarkc(1 that it was a pity tlui links wcre div illed by the railroad. as it marred their .picturesqueness. H e eyed me sad ly, as one wllo needed to be born again nnd rebaptized in the faith, nnd said the railroad track was their best hazard, and the location ' of tlle links had been delermin ed upon largely because of it. I thonght this an opportune' moment to wntch two pro'­ fe~sional players who were abollt to begin a ma. tcll; so I joilled the throng behind them, first getting some points aiJont I he gnmf! from acquaintan_ ces, so that !.couldJollow it intelligently. The small square near the club-lIouse with tllO hox of dirt and t.he wal ering-pot was the first "tef!ing-.gronnd." From here there was a sloping de­ sccnt, then it low stretch, and lhen a rise to a slab of soft turf. This was tbe " putting-green," and I was told that in Ihe middle of it was a hole, into which it was the object of the player to pl nee his ball in as few" strokes," 01' " shots," as possihl e from the teeing-grou nd. The first teeill~-ground and the tirst puttin g-green were about two hundred and fifty ynnl s apart, ano constituted the first " bole." All told, there were f.- lll"teen hol es, covering about two miles. The course W:lS tri:lng u.lar, the home hole being lIeartbe. club­ house-so that the last shot as well as the first was made from lIear that point. The two professionals were now on thc teeing-ground . Willie No. 1 held O llt his hands, which were ti~htly closed. "I call your right!" said Wi lli c No. 2. N o. 1 opened his right blind . In it lay a golf-lmll. "You have t he honor," he said. N o. 2's caddie sprinkled the earth in the box with the waterin g- pot, pnt a pinch of it about an inch hi gh on the ground , nud placed the" globe" lightly on the apex. I had learned tha t it was an advantage 10 " have t.hc honor," for if you" foozled " your opponent was apt 10 do the sallle, while if you made a long drive the chances were he would get ratt.led and " press." No. 2'8 c:lddic handed him a " driver "-a long cluh wi th a short Ihi ck wooden hcad. Facing the" globe " squ:uely Ilt right angles, holding him se. 1f l~osel)', his knees slighlly bent, he hcgan "addressmg. After a prelimina ry swipe through th e air, as if to Iimher up. he ma(le two or three short passes in front of the hall. This was the" wa. g-gle. ·' Then, with an ea~y swee p, he hrought the-club b: lCk ovcr his shoulders. Do\\'n in thc hollow was a low hrenstwork of earlh-a "bunker." If the ball fell close to the face of this bunker the player woulc l be obliged to use the" lofter"-a cl ub wilh a slightly in ­ clined iron head-to" loft " over the bunker, and could make on ly a comparatively shorl. shot. There was a sud ­ den sweep through the air, a sharp click, and . the whilc ball sniled away like a bird. Now it descrihed ifs down­ wnrd cu r ve. Would it clear t he bunker? No! Yes ! It struck the face, bounded over it, and rolled along to the foot of thc fmther mound. No.2 fonowed ,dtll a strong­ er drive, but" drew" to t he left and into -the" fog "-the longer. grass outside the course. No. 2, lyi ng short, now 'playen the" odd" or third shot. It was his" approach," as it should carry him on to the green, where a "putt " or HARPER'S WEEKLY two ought to place him in t.he hol e. H e Imd a " brassie lie," his globe being poised on a bit of turf, a natural tee, whence, if he had hat! a low stretch of ground to cover, he might have made a long shot with his" brassie "-a club much like the driver. But as he was obliged to "ap­ proach " up the mound , he used his" mashie" lo raise the 1mB. He succeeded in "laying " it ou the" g reen," nnd "dead" for the hole. No. 1 was so nenr the mound he could not see the g reen, but a fluttering gui~e-iiag gave him the direction. He llIade a beautiful shot, l,is globe dropping on the green, and rolling along untii it stopped right between No. 2's ball and the hole. " Now wateh him loft a stymie!" said one of the spec­ tators, as No. 2 gave a ge ntlc wrist-cut; and his ball, clear­ ing No. l 's with a pretty litlle jump, rolled over Ihe smooth turf and vanished ill the hole, which thus was his, "one up "-he lending his OPPO II C llt by one stroke. I now knew \\"l)(lt " loftin g !L sty mie" WIIS, and I found myself won ­ dering if the detestable Uolonel Bogie could do it as prct· tily . . At the twelfth IlOle No. 2 was " two holes up, " and t his I was told made him " dormie "; fo r his opponent, if he won t he next two hojes, could do no better I .han "halve" th c match with him. He did win th e Ihirtcenlh, - but fast the home hole by a stroke. ~, _. Close behind Ihis match were two amateurs eno-aged in " medal play," in which the players score by the ~ggre­ gate number of strokes around the cou rse instead of. by holes. There were also several " foursomes" or "doubles:" as we would call them in lennis, the partners taldng alter­ nate strokes off the same ball. Before I left th e linl,s I asked the winner in the profes­ ~ional match if he had ever played Colonel Bogie. Yes, lIIdeed, and lost more often than won; but then the Col­ ohel was well nigh in vincible. His score on these links *;i); 61, a nn no one else had been ahle to go around in less than 63. I asked to what nationality the Colonel belonged. Hc. looked at me, as much as to as k, " Are you really in earnest?" (l suppose he tholll!ht anyone who was al­ lowed to go at large should know what country had th e honor of giving birth to such a disti ll g uished indi vidual­ these golfers are so enthusiastic) before he answered, with a laugh : "Scotch-like everytlJin g else tbnt's golf." But golf nml Colonel Bogie had fill eo my henrt with a jealous anger that was humau, lIot simply Scotch ; IInd it was with a wrathful determination to beat the Colonel at his own game thnt I left the links. IlL lt did not tak e long fo r me to have a short course of my own laid ont, and mighty glad I WII S that my first efforts were not made in pUblic. Instead of hilting the golf " globe" when I attelllpted to drive, I ploughed up the terrestrial glohe for more than a foot behind it. After various vuin essays I managed to touch the ball, but I only" toppe(l " it, so that, iustead of sailing gracefnlly into the air, it dropped a few yards from the tee, and end­ ed its iuglorious career with a short roll alon g Ihe ground. Agaiu and IIgain my efforts were failures. At first I felt like using slrong language, .thcn like giving up golf; but I remembered the story of the Scotch minister, who, find­ ing that he eould not play golf without swearing, gave it lip-that is, the ministry.) After a while, however, I did better, for I found that hy keeping my eyes on the lower curve of the hall I could str.ike it t here amI g ive it the ae rial flight whkh meant distance. My links were some­ w .hat .ro. l1 gh .. and had many. "-,cuppy lies," tlte globe. drop­ plllg llIto a little hole or cup m the grouud. In this case you have to use one of tile iron clubs. so thnt in making the stroke you cut away sOllle of the earth behind the globe, and I became qui te expcrt ill these kinds of shots. I also had a number of buukers and" approaches" up ri si ll g g round, so· that I o fl en-brought the lofl.er or masil ie ) nto play. · I had now sllccumbed completely to the fa sci"- nation of the game, which lnigely lies in your contitlence -that your next stroke will be hetter than your last, ~o Ihat the golfer is one of those blissful creatures who live in perpetual hop~. There was no doubt, however, that I was improving, for I wa s st.ead ily reducing my number of shots around the co ul'se .. This ndded 10 Iny enlhusiasm. A clean click of the globe was like music to mf', and I came so mllch under the spell of the game thnt I founcl myself -rattling off golf terms to peo ple who had nevc r sce n a club, let alone held onc in their hntids. I even christ­ ened t.he late~t litter in my l ennels " Brassie," " Mashie," ." Niblick," and other golf names (excepting Colollel Bo­ gie), with thc result that I disposed of. all t he pups at Hill '1'0 1 ) in less thnn tl O lime. . In order to find out how my game compared with the play at the local cluh, I en gHged a cadd ie fmm thei'e for an nfternoon. On the very first hole I was struck wilh the mar vellous 'score (nuirvellous, at leHst, for me) which I was making. 'l'ruc,I'rl made some lucky hits,but I'd never played the hole iu so few strol,es. I I ept a ern'eful mental tally on the next hole, and found that the caddie deli bel'­ 'ately deducted a slro l,{e. Thus early in my experience I disGovered Ihat a "enndie scorc" is a'combillation of luck and ly illg. This heing therefoi'e an unsatisfactory method of gaug in g my gnme, I determined holdly to sally forth and challenge . the best player iu tbe Hill Top Club. I did so, arid heat him " five lip." It seem s this plnye)' was pretty well 1010wn as an amateur, atl(l my victory was re­ ported in the papers. Bu t I had ~ more subslantial re­ ward in a letter from Kilty , snying Ihat she would lil,e to ha ve me for her partner in the coming " four"omes" chiun­ pipnship Il)atches at the Matinicocklinks, H nd inviting me to sl.op at her mother's eottagc dming the matches. Yet, after all, there was a drop ef wormwood in the cup, for she added: "Who knows but that lOU may yet beat the fa­ mous Colonel Bhg ie, who so far has proved himself invin- cible here_ " . I saw Marian before I went clown to Malinicock. ,. Ma­ rian," I snid, " I wisll you would become engnged to Col- onel Bogie and remnill so." . " I would," she replicd , "if I didn't think that possibly K~tty had a prior claim to him .!' It was a cruel thrust, lJllt perhaps I deserved it. IV_ Th e Matinicock liltks are the most benutiful in Ibis coun­ try, reminding 'One more of the famous SI. Andrews lilll,s in Scotland t.hlm a'nything else I have seen this side of the" Western Ocean," as the sailors say. The very term " links" suggests the sea, for it means sand that has ceased VOL. XL!., No. 2t19. from being blown, having found a clinging-place ill t he roolS of grass and heal her, or a lasting shelter under grass; and Matinicock is cver swept by Ihe salt wind, for the links lie where Long Island narrows between two broad bays, into one of which HillS a point of lnnd, an arm whose haud deftly ba lances a tall , slender light-house, wilh the sea tossing beyond. The links are a series of beautiful mounds and hollows, ribboned Wilh narrow yellow sand roads, which in slln set lights I ha ve seen change 10 a purple-gray . Matinicoek Indian cadd ies in red sweaters brightly doL the rollin g green. Everything is aflutter-the grass, the low shrubs, the little guide-flags, a nd. the ribbons and l()o~e sleeycs of the wom.~n, _ who here, as elsewhere, nre among the mo~t enthl\sias~jc players, each striving to become a s{'cond Lady Margaret Sco,tt. .. Golf is a .. roynl game," for Idngs have delig hted in it; but on tile Matinicock links one can­ not but give credence to tile legend of its humble origiu -a shepherd striking at stones with hi s crook-since no­ thing would be more fitting to the Matillicock landscape than a shepherd gazing seaward from" Ben Nevis," t1lf~ highest point on the Iiuks, while his collie circled around the flock in the hollow, giving tongue at cvery stl":l!!gler. E ach hole is named, There are, for instance, the " Belfry," called from the pre~ty little sh ingle tower nt the rnilroad . crossing, where an Indian girl in red tolls a bell so long as a train is within the limits of the links; and the "Cloister," which has its name (rolll the picture~qllc near-by re~idence of one of Ih tj officers of the National Golf Association, who is sllch 1\ devotee of th e game that he goes down to Matinicock in winter, to wander over the hill s with his clubs nnd caddie. But witll nIl its heauty I fOllnd it a coy course, with many cuppy lies in Ibe sand , a perilous hazard in the railroad Irack, which had to be crossed 11 0 l('ss than four tim es, tricky rllts and hoof- lII arks in the sand roads, and , as if these were not enough, a number of artificial hllnkers eager to catch up your globe and to give you a lofting-stroke or two to get out. These were my impres­ sions of the links from going over them the a ft emoon before the match to study the lay of Ihe lnnd. Olll'S was to he the final malch of the series, ollr oppo­ nents having made the best score so far, They were t.he · "Hector " and a lady whom Kitty had just barely de­ feated around the ladies' course of nine holes. , . If I could only get her 10 go around the men's course," Kitty had said, in tel ling me ahout it, " I could tire her out :lUd beat her easily." And so she could, for Kitty is a stayer. W e saw the tall fi!!"ure of our reverend opponent in rough Cannda gray swinging along on foot ahead of li S as Kitty was driving me over to the linl,s the morning of the malch. When we caught up wi th him she reined in the mare aud asked if he would have a lift. " I'm sorry," she said, " I cn ll 't offer YOll anything bet­ than a d08·a.d08 /" "Wcll," he answered, "so long as you're one of Ihe does, I dou't object." I suppose, if Colonel Bogie hnt! said that, I would llIlve heen ripping; but with the " Rector " mttling it off I thollght it a clever hit of reparl ee nnd laughed over it. We pnssed a elusler of low pi cl uresq ue cOltages. Killy told me it was the Art Village. A noted America n arl ist has a studio there, and onc(, a week the student s bring their worl to be criticised. SO lne of them passed us with slahs of canvas with ·tll ree stripes of, paint-a yellow one for the bench,n green one for Ihe spa, alld a blue one for the sky; though sometimes the blue was varied wilh pink­ a sunset etTect, I suppose. Kitly remarked thnt while a llumber of the slud ents showed grent cleverness, many of th.em worked most IlliJQriously, putting ill eve ry blade of gra~s or lenf. A scene near tbe Art Village-nll old Ilflm and a corn-fiehl-wus their special vicl im. "Yes," said Ihe '.' Rector, " "some pictnres nre too good to be true, hut theirs are too true 10 be goorl." " Anyhow," I added, " a person shOU ldn't pnint or al ­ tempt anything in the way of art unless he hns a call from -heaven." ." Well," said Kitty, '''I'm sure the sooner hcaven enlls some nlleged arfists the better for all eotlcernct!-exct pt possibly the upgels." She touehed Ihe mare with Ihl! ·whip, and we drew i'apidly away from the barn alld corn ­ fi eld and a group of their lorturers. After getting into my golf c10lhes I Joullge(1 nround IlIe ·club-house si lting. room. waiting for Kitty to appear. On -the walls were a number of comic golf prints, onc of ·t hem ,dlh a couple of verses after Goldsmith. Here they are: "' " hen lovely woman tries to vollcy, " But ·find s too lute thu t. men WOII', plny, Whn t chal'1l1 C:l lt foloothe her melancholy Y What game cun turn hel' grief away? The me:ms hel' E:lph"itt\ to Tt'COVCl't 1'0 still th e jeers CIf th()~e that scoff, ']'0 rll~ciJlnle til e lnrdy lover AmI gnill hitl favur, is-to golf. v. Our opponellts drew the hOllor, and Ihe" U{'ctor" being D oted for hi s strong drives, his partner per, ll n(led IJim to ta\;e the first shot. "Click!"-the match had begun. The ball sailed past the windmill in t he hollow, Ullcl was sig­ nn lled by the" Rector's" forecaddie half-way up 1he op­ posil e ·slope, or two-thirds of the" Mews," as t.he first hole is cnl le(l. Kitly wanted me to follow . . But I insisted on her play in g off for li S, and I think my confidence in her pleased her. Something else I did also took her fancy. I had nn open-face watch, and laying it 011 the ground, I teed Ihe globe on the crystal. A " scrape" or "schnff" would knock the walch into smithereens, but I knew what to expect of her. Nothin g {'ould be more fetching-lookin g than Kit.ly as she faced the globe in her golfing sui!. She wme a nisp straw hat ribboned with the club colors, a butT waist, with loose sleazy slceves t hat rustled and crinkled in the breeze, a rough grass-clolll tie in a j nuuty baw, a russet belt, a short whip-cord sk irt fnced with leather, Scotch gaiters, a nd pointed tan shoes. Limher, wiry, and active, her ey(!s bright with t.he excitement of the moment, hersel.f Ihe pic­ ture of wholesOme, eager youth, she addn'ssed the gloUe. Her preliminary stroke made the air whistle. whil e her "waggle" was liS graceful as-tb8. flutter of a bird. With a loose, free sweep she hit "sweet." It was not so long Ii drive ns th, e "Reetor's," but it WIIS perfect for directioll, dropping beyond Ihe snndy road and where a ·lon g ap­ proach s hot might lay it 011 the' green. But, while J rellched a corner of. the green, the "Rector's " pal'lller JULY 3t, 1891. made a ueautiful approach, lnyin g him dead hy the hole, It seemed hardly possible that we co uld do it in less than four to their three; but Kitly made a rapid str~igt.t putt inlo the hole (a "gobble," the " Rector " call ell It), so that we halved the" Mews" in there-a capital score. by-the­ way_ They were" one up" at the" Belfry, " /lnd the best we could do was to halve the " Crater." This grcen lies in a hollow. toward which the ground slopes from all sides; and Kitty, with a neat little slice, played a "hang­ in"" hall so that it trickled down the hill, leaving an easy Pl~tt for me_ After crossing the" Plateau," we were able to knock off om' opponents' lead and tie t he score ut the ~ . Bastion_" This is a short hole, only 151 yards_ The teeing-ground is perched on a COlllmlllHling knoll, with a dellr vi'ew of the flurried bays, the sand hills on the beach, aud the gleaming sails of passing ship s_ Of course in play ino- you get hnrdly a chance to look at the lovely views from the Mutinicock Hills. but you feel them with­ O llt looking nt them, and there is someth ing exhilarati ng in the spaciousness wilh . which this 'panorama of hill ami hollow, sea and sky, hnrsts upon your inner vision. It gives added zest· to the play, for you feci as if with every breath you were drawing brine· and hea­ ther into your lungs. Yes, for ideal golf, gi ve me the Matinicock Hills links! I think it mllst have heen brine nnd ' heal her that inspired nle to d ri v~ »\ from the" Bastion" tei' on to the green. '1111(1 ,} Kilty (whORe putling is truly great) to draw It head right on the hole and pili t us in straight as a rifle -shot. Our "pponents, on the ot her hand, foozlell into Ihe bunker, and lost a stroke playing Ollt. We halved Ihe"Cloi~­ ter," lost one to them on the "Long Acre, " but won it back on ., Sandy ~louDt," Kitty driving with the brassie instead of the driver. calculating thllt she could bet ter play ullder the ball with the former and clear the rnilroad emlmnkment, which she did, while our oppo­ nents struck the rise and bOllnded between the rails, thlls losing their lead. We now worked up the long as­ eeut over t.he .. Wind­ mtll" IInd Ihe .. Brae" to .. Ben Nevis," an 1 down again over ti,e " Knoll" ann .. Round Top," into the .. Low­ lands," to .. Eastward Ho." We had been pbying with varyin .~ fortunes, yet wonderfully close, a nd here on the tee of the ,ixteenth hol e they were three up. It was still a nyhody's malch. but they were playiug" a strong game, and might hold their lead, or even increase it. HARPER'S WEEKLY for a last effort. Both lies were euppy, thotlgh not badly so. .. Take a little earth, madam '" shouted the " Rec­ tor," atld slicing into the ground half an inch behind the globe, so as not to play out too str~JDgly and drop beyond the green, she laid it dead for the hole, amid the applause of the spectators and a shout of approval from the" R ec­ tor." I knew that the crisis had come, and that the whole brunt of it rested on me. There lay the little white ball half-way up the mound. Could I drop it on the green where one of Kitty's exquisite putts would 1'011 it into the hole? I kllew she expected no more of me. If I did thut we \Voulll halve this match and have another chance. If my stroke was too short or too long we were lost, ILnd I might as well pack up anel be off. Htlt I was thrilled with a wild, almost crazy hope. I clambered up the thirty yards of rise to the grecn and exami ned it. I saw it was heavy, and that the ball wonld dmg IInless it had plenty of go to it after dropping. Then 759 Kitty said) slraight for and into the hole-and the mntch was ours .. une up," OUl' opponents still having to putt. That nigilt I sat on the dun es with Kitty nnd wateiled the moou rise over the sea. 1 shall not tell you what I said tu her IInd what she ansll ered - hut she did not .. bike "arollnn the lake this time; and next day, when we drove over to the links, we passed wilhout ltoticing them the Art Villnge and even the .• Hector " (he congratulated ns as soon as he reached the cltlu-hollse), uecause we were absorbed discussing a becoming costume for Marian, who was to be maid of honor. While we were sitt ing on the Clllu-hollse pillzza., Kitty said: "Jack, you ought to plny Colonel Bogie. I b~lieve you can beat him." ,. I'm willing to try now. A week ngo I should have liked to drive him from t he' lI'Iews' tee into the hole, ami then to stop it lip so he'd never get out!" I spol(e a bit hotly maybe. Anyhow, she lool,ed at me with questioning sllr­ prise. So I suid, .. Why did you want to meution him iu ev· ery letler to Marian,lInd nenrly drive me llIad with jea lotlsy'/" She didn 't seem to quite understand mc. Then a ;ndden light came into her eyes. "How I~ng do you Ihink Colonel B()~ie 's heen playing golf?'" fhe asked, with 1I rogllish slllile. .. As I don't Iwow him, I can't say," I an­ swered, somewhat testi­ ly. .. How long?" .. About five IJUndred years," she ~uid. .. Ever since golf began. He's us old as the galue, you dem:. rl~li :ious hoy! Don't you know there's a 'bogie sCore' for every golf eolll's~? A profes­ sional goes over the links, makes up his miud IV hat 1\ ou ld be an ex­ traordinarily'good score for th"m, nnd tllat he­ comes tile' bogie score' for that lillks. Tllerc's been a 'Colonel Bogie' bi llce tile year Olle of golf. Tile' hOl/ie seorc' for Matini('ock IS eighly ­ one, IInd whtn we Slart 011 t to do bet ter we're playiug IIgllinst' Colouel Bogie.' He's nn iuwgi- 11ury characler-;-un ideal golfer-like yourself!" No one WitS f 'lbout thc elub - house. Tile cad­ dies were loungillgdown hy the" Mews," nUll IlIe juniors' anllex was de­ serted. There wus 110 olle to see us Ullt the SIlU, and lie was, unlil,e myself, under a cloud. So I kissed Kitt.y. .MUSIC N O'l'ES. In driving from here the wind drew me to the left. and I lost (listance. so that, although I made a IlIcky pitch right on lOp of the little mound, which rises like a turfy pymmitl frolll the level, and t he ball bounded well up, it dropped al­ most IIgflinst the bunk­ e l' just beyond. Bnt Kilty was e(1'lal to the emergency. 'Lying uack ngainst the face of the bllnl(er.and bracing Iter­ self hy thmstiug her heels into the snnd, she lofted wilh a strong wrist and forearm "THAT NIG IIT I SA'!' ON TIlE DUNES WITH KITTY AND WATCIlED THE MOON RISE." l'r is midsnmmer 11('nr­ ly, but a new cOlllic opera is heing I ried on the IOWII, and tried ou (or ull places to give it a frame and to give an nudieuee elbow - room) II~ the Madison cquare Garden, in pretty nearly the unubridged aud ito­ rium . The title of the work is Captain Cook­ wldcil at once und am­ ply hints at what may be its ground -work ana local color-as to vege­ tation and complexions. Tlte libretlo is uy Mr. Sands W. Formnn; the music is by Mr. Nonh Brandt - both of Sl1n Fl'f\lIcisco. .Mr. For­ mun's book is Inrgely R n effort to be humor­ OilS; bllt its hUlllor, like stl'Oke. But for this we would have lost the hole instead of hal ving it with our opponents . . But they were still three lip. and only three holes from home. " Peconic" li es from a high mound to a lower one, two hundred and fifty yards away by groul1(l meaSllre, but nearer in a ll air-liue. A strong drive should Cttrry t.he player from the tee to ·the green-he should be "u p " in one. The" Rector" was "liP " ill one, but so was I . and with t.he next stroke Kitty rolled ns inlo the hole. 0111' opponents foozled two ensy putts, and at the" Dell .. they took four to our three, so that we. began play on the .. Home" hole tied. This is a short hole. but almost entirely liP hill, tlte green lyin g on top of a high mound near Ihe club house. A group had gat herell to watch the finish, for word of our close phty ha 1 travelled ahead of us. '\'ell up the mound were the foreeaddies perched on a rock. Tile" Reclor" made one of his grand rlrive~, lIut no 1)I'lter Iba. 11 Kitt.y. WrlO dropped ollr hall in line with his. His part ne r played the odd. Her a ppro:tches throll~h­ out the maleh had been beautiful, and she now prepared I placed my forccaddie in line wilb the hole aud went down. 1 can still see the piet.lIre before me as I looked np the mound before add ressill!! tile ball-tile hevelled edge of Ihe green, tile reel' cap of the ea dllie just visible ahove I .he rise, the head and shoulders of tile tall .. Rector," tile f'urving tip of Ihe featiler in i1is parlner's Alpine hat, and Kitty, looking dowlI at me from a lIigh corner of tltc green witil a smile of encouragement that inspire(1 me with the dptermination to do 01' die . I hearli t.lte click, I saw the ball vanish over the beveJlefl edge, and thell I watched Kilty. She gave a little start., there was a shout and a forward move from the on­ lookers, and then Kitty fairly fle w dowlI the hill toward me, :lnd I fell her seize my hand and shake it as if she would wring it off. A Dloment later the" Hector" clapped me on the siloulder. This is what had happened: the hall liad dropped on the green, given two or three little leaps. just as I had calculated, and tllen dragged slowly (,'Oll, 80 slowly!" the dusky faces of the nativ{'s ill the chorns. is something monotonous nnd obseu. re. lIIr.13randt's score is much the btst of the two essentials; it has idea~,alld oflen a clever and graceful expressioll of theltl. In such a hall, 'lowever, it is scarcely fair to pronounce 011 IV Imt a com­ poseI' hns meaut to do 0 1' hus dIme. The opera is well eIJolIgh sun g i1y a large cOlllpuny, and the audience have the unkind advantage in hearing it that if they (10 1I0t care for it Ihey can retire to the other extremity of the hall, :md neiLher see nor heal' it. There is a gooll lleal in a name. But even with Mr Seidl's devoted personal following nnldndly deprived of Ihe conductor's visihle presence-thanks to London nud Baireuth-even with the Seidl baton alld back ~afar, his orchestra's cOllcerts 011 the Mndisoll Square GlLrd~!tI'8 roof are popular. Mr. Nellndorfrs progrummes arc mOl'e _ Ski1r.lll~y. eompo\lnd_ ed than if they were tlte strict result of the i:3eid1 prescript.ioll-formulas lately grown something too monotonous-and a fine range of grave nnd frivolous music vilries th0ir mak ing-up. E. 1. S. - ( ; I~ :-II HAL VI R'" (W '(' Il ~; G1t L ' NJ)::; N I' 1'11 £ ) (AI:-I ENTRA);C ~: I J bokpphM t) .hd Lin.l.hl I IvrUIf.IIII. A PA H'r O~' OLD 'l'OCKHOL~l , A LAPLAN DEH 110Y OF 'I'II K llE'IY I'ER l ' L :-;! , 'howin rr Orflull COlll I I'iFtillg a l..nuorcr, Pent'ullL Oirl, ifi 1. 11, Dol', ilnd \,rn rft 'r. PhOllozY1lI,ht-ot I.~ K. :.old", H~nlu ... ·Uhl 'J'llE 'I'1'Y OF TOCKU L~l" EXPO J'l'1O~ BC1LUl ::\G, H ARPER " T liui lt. ill ~l{' I'!!; K . LAPLA);D AND DALAR:-IE PEASANTS OA" ' I:-IG A lto 'NU T il E 111 0 nl.\l£~ THE I TERNATI "XAL EXP TT1 ~ \T ~T KJ(OLhl WEDE - PEOPLE VEEJ\ L1 UE OLD II&LI.-'I'OIl'EI{ IN 'KA ' EN, olhlulld I:"lO Yenrs "l''', olld IrnllSporlt!d ill '~'Ctioll. 10 the 1,.,8111011, '1'ol el' Ud llllllll ill the Foregruund, l - E" E ]'OLE- f:\()L""THl.\!. HALL I N 11 1": BACKGROUND, AXD EXE ' ROU~O THE }'.\ll Yf EW IW 'r/a; )I ARK E'I'- I'LA ' E, or,l) ' TO KHO!')I, SlIuwillg Oruup ul ExposiliotJ Guards, Pcn~ant \\'OI11cn, :-'hor)ooAU~l1dflnI8t NC. 1' YPE OF ' ,,"EIlI ' 1! PEA:-;A:\T GIH L. , TilE FRONT OF '1'HE FOR I( 'PItY BUILD!)/(;, I'h') II~"'I}h"ll by A.ld L lndahl 1 hW kb"IIll. I., DIE " I{BCEI'TION I'A,' ILIO A:\O 'I'YPl('AL I~OO'I'1! 76 2 CHILDHOOD, WHEN wintel' winds sound wild and shrill A tiny red tlower blooms ; I ts crimson burns on heath and hill Tbrougb deep .hiberual gloOllls. It smiles amid some bitter blast And when the fleet mins blow; Wbere men stand stricken and agbast It flames witb teuder glow. ffilat joy of lifc thrills all its veins Ami curves itA modest head! See how it drinks the fallin g mins That flood some river's bed ! .... A chilli is kin to such a flower, '1'0 its irl'lldiaut strife, Which wins at last a precio lls dowel', A loveliness of life. A child-a little child-yoll say? Time is ·a sacred gage To this unbroken s01l1 whose way Leads to some golden I1"C Od. E. .MONTGOMEUV. THE SCANDINAVIAN EXHIBITION. I N th e ghostly twilight, red IInd blue and white'p ennons flu tter above a white-fioored circle-:I dancing·platform with green - painted seats arl'llngh l about its generous girth. An ollter circle of rich g reen grass is patrolled by a thirteenth , century warder in res plendent yellow and brown garb and bearing a savage pike, while beyond the grass· plot stand thousauds of people watching the dancers upon the platform. It is half past eleven o'clock, you notice a~ YOIl look at youI' watch; the mi,lnight is flist coming, and yet YOIl may reco),(nize your friend easily away across the phlza; nnd as for the dim lanterns in their curious tin cages, they fiicker away shamefaced in the presence of this queer powerful twilight. The sun did not go down until after nine o'clock, a nd he will soon be on duty again, long hours before these revell crs have danced themselves ont. It is Midsummer eve in the city of Stockholm, anll these thllllsan(\s of people, and those quaint-garhed tiudlers, ami the queer ohl man with the key-harp in his ~lI'lns, and the hundreds of young men and women from the far-away provin cial places of NorwllY and Sweden and Russia and Denmark have come up here to Skansen to enjoy, even more than elsewhere in these strange lands, the delights of midsllmmer-time. Skansen is one of the features of the World's Fail' in this ciiy, an open-air museum of zoology, history. alHI ethnology, and .present - day affairs as well, which h,IS been incorporated for the time being into this eX I )Osition, which is attracting so many thousands from nil quarters of the globe. ]t i~ qilite enoug h to blind your eyes to watch these dancer~ . so wildly fast they whirl , the gllllant now and a .~ ,dn liftin g his green-bodiced partner from her feet, to hring her down a step or two furth er on in 'precise time wit,h the music, while now the two cluinge from the fierce m'ld polka they have been dllncin .~ to .execute no end of g'l'Ilceful countl'y figures, as the fidrllers play like mad and th~ crowd claps with delight. These peasant dancers have cO ll1e from sea-beat Holland to the south, from Dallll·ne. froll1 Hal)aranda, Illld the fm: north , aorl the nimble feet of a young girl from Lapland are beating the measures with the hest of th em. Some of the women whirling past you in the dllnce have brilliant NI! dres~es bound at the waist by a cardhlhl belt of reIl leat.her. above which is a gny bodice of green, and ahove it.s intel'illcings snowy ruching to the chin. a quaint filmy lace whit.e cap above the yellow hail'. The. nex t (Lt ncnr ha~ t he tall peaked' cap, blue 'a~ her eyes, and bor­ dered at its edge with a cord of vivid red. a bodice of crimson ll. short skirt of blue·hhlck stuff, wit,h Iln apron from bl:'4 to feet indescribably bl'illiant in reds and yel- J ows and gl'cells. . His s \\'ninsitip wears a pail' of elk·skin knee-breeches, cancrht lit Ihe calf with a glly piuk rosette, a coat of black reac'hin !\' allllost to his heels, its edge hordered with brill· iant red, 11 wid e- brimmeu, low-crnwned hlack Imt, and a vest so yellow it would put a canary-bird to the blu~h . The dancer that follows him wears a mouse-colored pale­ tot, belted [Ibollt t.he waist,. with crossed strips of snowy whi t.e leat.her on the back frtlm shouldtll' to hips, a pail' of immense baggy trousers 1J10u~e-colorell to the knee and black f .... 1II the Iwee to the feet, a waistcoat of g reen fi gllred silk . a llll upon his 11ll'lll a quee r bhtck hat with enormous hrim, and urounti its cro wn a wide band" of crimson slltin ribbon falling below the brim in fantastic tassels. '" • SI) might onc write indefinitely of the holid'IY fin ery of these peasllnts. the variety' bein~ well nig h in· finite. Ev­ erywhere about the g rounds of t.hi s picturesque exposi­ tion you may see these quaint-cl:ld peasants, filliug the plazas wi.tli fine notes of C910r, blending into the soberer garb of the city foil where the crowds. gather th~ckest about the music-stands. types of the bright free hfe of these humllle Norse yeomeu, as yet unmixed with the blood of Ihe town. I think fhe key-note of this World's F ail' is picturesque­ ness. You scldom see the commonplace. You may - look in vain fO l' such splendid buildings as those which adorned the Wori l's Fail' in ·Chicago, but-you will not seek in vain' for strangely picturesque features. The buildings are quaint rather than large. delicate in decoration rather than gorgeous, antique and picturesque in architecture­ !'ather than massive. Some of them, however, are of no mean size, and the central building. the building devoted to machinery a mi that given lip to art, woulll not have seemed so dimiuutive eVen among the Chicago mam­ moths. The exposition grounds arc quite nem' the heart of the city, on a beautiful islaild, one of the seven on which Stockholm is huilt. The grollnlls are reaehed In' electric launch, by street car, or . 1'011 can tnke a brisk walk fl'om almost !lily part of the city, so pcculiarly compact it is, and be at the entrance-gate in a half-hour 01' less. 'rltere is little attempt at electrical display-save in one rare-colored fountain which plays late at night-for the reason that at ten o'clock, or even elevcn, it is so light the HARPER'S WEEKLY electric display woulll fade sadly. Two features of es­ pecial iuterest may be reser ved for complc:te consideration by t llemselves-Sllansell, mentioned above as the place wh c:re the peasant folk h llve just held, at this writing, their Midsummer-day festivities; and Gamla Stockholm, or old Stockholm, a reprod uction in most picturesque form of the city as it was known just" hundred years after the discovery of America-two of the most R triking ele ments in .the exposition. The main building, or Industrial Hall, stands in the centre of the grounds, its qlleer cnpolas visihle from almost uny part of Stockholm. It is crowded with the choicest that these nort.hel'll countries can prod uce in the wide realm of industry.- an epitome, widely inclu­ sive, of all that is progressiVe and stable in their com­ Illercilll life. Across a high white viaduct stllnds the great building devoted to the exhibits of mnchinery, while hard by it the art-gallery, a long, handsome building, gives space to -the best that the Northmen hll.ve done, and affords ample evidence of mllch of the best that has been done lIy the painters and sculptors of other lands. Then there arc the tourist pavilion, illustrating with many a quaintly ingenious device the physical attractions Il.llll the sports of the north; the grcllt museum, affording oppor­ tunity for extensive study into muuicipal, 'educational , and sanitary progress and history; the Fishery Hall,show­ in g in compact form the phases of one of the IDOSt impor­ tant indnstries of these sea-girt lands; the buildiugs de­ voted to an exposition of the army IInd navy, the building of forestry, of mines, of horticulture, the electrical build­ ing, and so on, and so on. At every turn you find the oddest pav ilions, some of them ill use as offices or restaurants or coffee-houses, some of tIIem bnilt by business firm s from various cities to ad­ vertise their wares, and all of th em int eresting from an architectuml as well as from a decomti ve staud -point. An immense white candle, It hundred feet or more in height, rises in snowy brightness above IIn t'iectrical display. A chll.mpagne merchuut hll.s a pagoda or exhibition hall huilt almost wholly of champagne-bottles, through which the light falls in a lllellow green upon the samples displayed; wltile another wine-merchant coutents himself with a I!i · gllutic chatupagne-bottle, big enongh to drown the woes of IL viking gianL A ~urious reddish-brown wOOll bnild­ ing, carved with many fantastic til(urcs, holds all lllunner of toys for children, while near to it stands the pavi lion of u perfumer and sonp-manufacturer, made in the likeness of a g reat b~~rrel, with immense perfumery-bottles nt tbe foul' corners, the whole a delicate green in color. Queer­ shaped water-Idosks-tiuy buildings with Rnssiau o l'Il a­ lll entation-abound , where one may buy ices, ice-cream, or various mineral waters. The small buildings devot ee! to the police or tlte exposition employees are a ll built in the quaintest manner possible, with steep peak ell roofs paiut­ cd a bright green, aud sides of red or brown. The choco­ late cafes nre dainty, and in some cases highly ol'llate. III one of them are \i fe·size fi gures of the King alle! Queen done in chocolat e. sitting on chocolate chairs which rest on a chocolate fioor UpO II n bnse of cltocoltll e ntarble. The buildings of the various countries and (If the icity of Stockholm are all keyed up to the sllme note of picturcsqneness. The Russian building is particularly pec'uUnr, a gorgeously fantastic affair, wi th no end of iu­ rerestillg ex hiIJits in the illterior. And amid all the ndd, and in SOllle few instances gro­ tesque, displays there ris yet. a most delightful harmony. The colors of the huilllings are iu many cases brilliant ; and so powerful is this northern ~uu at this time of the yellr,and so uniformly clear the nil'. thllt all the striking hues of the buildings I(re accentuatt'd. and tlte whole forms a pictnre oue may never forget. I df) not think any oue can visit this exposition without huving his imu gination stimulated, and his love for the beuutiful aud picturesque -the one inclusive of th e other-charmingly satisfied. The grounds, especially near sundown, 01' say at 8.30 or 9 o'clock, are thronged . These thollsands of lIorthern people tak e life easily. Th ere is 110 rush, 110 hnrry, no hustle. The newsboy or newsgirl who accosts )'ou 011 the street does so in a half-apologetic mllnner. aud lllod­ e~tly trots away if you decline to purchase. The drivers of the street-car horses. the cab·drivers, and even the dray­ Illen down in the hellrt of the city conduct their various steeds in a manner to malw one who luts faced the dead ly cahle grip and the delldlier trnck-horses of, lower Broau­ way thank fortun e there are some people left ill the world who would rather tUl'll out than run over you. The most ex pensive dinner you can huy on the exposi­ tiou grounds. which is, say, ten to twen ty-five per cent. higher than the regular city restaurant dinner, costs you, for a ll it s manifold courses, three and -oue-half kroner­ ninety· four cents. 'l'hi , includes the inevitable " slllor­ gasbol'll ," an initial a ppetizer. so to speak, consisting of ancho vies, sardines, pickl es, cheese, cold salt meats, and some liquiq stimullltol' of a morc or less pungellt nalure. In a private dwelling this is servcd on a silleboard. to which the guests go and help themsel ves before sitting tlown to dinner. At the restaurant. s. however, t he smor­ gasbord is served on the tuble. Then come soup, fish, meats of several varieties, with vegetahles usua lly served upon the ~ame large silver platter with the courses of meats, salads, Ilnd what not-It loug array of edibles, ex­ cellently cooked, ending with dessert and coffee. Since the exposition opened. ou the 15th of May, to date, 11 little over six weells, there have lleen just seven arrests for disorderly conduct on the grounds-surely a not bad showing,. when thousands IIpo.n ·thousand~ of people have been here. The man who speaks no lan 1!uage iJllt Engli~h may visit this exposition, confident that he will find his native tongue at every turn. As a 'young Brooklyn mun said to me at di tiner;" You can't get'away from the Eng­ lish speech." And it is so; and I thiuk the man wh o spell.ks Eng lish, es peciully if he be an Americun , gets quicker serviee, and is more carefully g uided about by the guard , -free of all tip suggestiveness, than the man from ­ auy othe'r coulltry. America is very close to these northern people, for - when they have given two millions and more residents to America the.y must perforce have keener in- terest in one who comes fl'om that laud. .. Of course t. here are mauy special days when there Il.re particular atll'llctions-a' s Midsummel' _ dllY;JlllJ.1 _ the b st days of the presellt week, devoted to the mell wh o l't'pre­ sent the International Press Congress, journalisls from 'aU over Europe; who' are enjoying an outing in this far northern couutry. Nearly every day at presont eil her ti,e Cl'Own -Prince or the King, or both of them, visit the VUL. XLI., No. ~ 1 19. grounds, and walk about amon g thc people, inspecting the exhibits in a truly American fashion. The King seems universally heloved, and yon will find 110 Swede-at least I have fouud none-who is not intensely devoted to his sovereign. It would not be easy to exaggerate the picturesq ue chal'flcter of this World's FiliI', nor would it be easy to c.ti­ male its importance to the countries represented, from either a commercial, an indu!ttrial, or an aesthetic stand- point. W. S. HAuwooD. STOOKIHH,M, Ju.ne !7. REBRIDGING NIAGARA, WITHIN a few months the great suspension -bridges across the Niagara gorge will be nothing hut memori· es. One by onc they a re pllssing awny nnd giv ing place to new steel arches. Th e railway suspension - bl'itlge has already been supplanted by an arch, and the c(,ntract IllIs been awarded for IInother arch to take · the place of tlac IIpper suspension -bridge. 'rhe tulling dow r !' of these structures is of more than ordinary interest, for they ha ve al ways had pluce among the really g rea t hridges of the world . Among many visitors they have no douht cxciled as ml;ch admiration as the Falls thcrmelves, and ' th eir spider-web appearance will be recalled by travellers the world over. That hoth of· these famous bl'idges should give way to a modern crell.tinn in a shlgle' year ' is It re· markable incideut, and that the first to come- should he the first to go. is bnt an observance of the ordd of' things which holds good in muny other fi elds. . ., .... The Ilsefuluess of t,he railway suspension-bridge,\\' I.tich was the first great bridge of its Idnd erected in A'merica, and also the first brillge to splln the Niagam cha!lln, hus been ellllcd. Its towers nnd cables have heen removed, and the suspe nded portion is meeting th e same fate. The charters for the erection of this bridge were obtaiucd in Cauuda nnd New York in 1846. A means of cOlllmllllica­ t ion was established between the two cliffs lit the site of the bridge by a boy named Roman Wlllsh, who is slill living, and who, while flying his kit e, allow ed it to st' t.!.Ie on Lhe Cunadiau bank. The kit e string servt'd to pull a cord a.cross the river, which in tnrn was followed hy a rope, and then by a wire cuble. On this wire cll ble a car wus opera tell as a ferry and to facililate th e building of lhe bridge. This ca hleway \yas probahly the first used in America, and was first operated on Mllrch 13,1848. The car, or basket, is uow treaslll'eti IlS one of the po~sessious of the Buffalo Historical Society. I t is made of ~trips of bnnd iron, and W!IS designed by T . G. Hnll eU, of Niagnrn Falls. Seveml yellrs were consum('d in huilding the bridge, so that it was not until March 8, 1855. that I he first trnin crossed it. This first IJridge was of wooel , with stone tow ers. In 1880 the suspendl·d structure \\'IIS rl'newed in SI eel, and ill 1886 the stone tow ers gnv(' wny to stee l successors. - This r emodelling was done willlOnt any in ­ terruption to tmillc, and wus uuder Ih e ~upervisioll of L. L . BIlC k, M. Am. Soc, C. E. As compared with the time it. took to builtl the suspension-hridge. it is interesf­ in g to note thut the arch which has taken it s pluce was erected.\\'i)hin a few llI onth s, and is a mnch Illrger bridge. On its upper deck ~he new arch has .douhle tracks 1'01' steam-cars, while its lower deck is tall ell np 'hy a trolley track-the first to· cross to {Jlllluda-'c~lITiageways, IIlld walks. It is a grnceful structure of large supporting cnpacity, and is leased hy tlte Grand Trunk Rll.ilway. Th e abutments for the arch that is to replace the upper sllspeusion-llridge are in place, IInd the work of erc:cting the steel will commence in October, at the close of the summer business. Tltis arch will be tlte fourth bridge erected on this site. It is this IJridge t llll.t Ildj oins the State reservation. Previous 10 t.he cn' :tion of a bridge at this point crossing was nHlde by ferry. Th e first bridge here was built in 1868, conuection between the cliffs hnv ing heen made by carrying a rope across on IIn ice brid ge. The fO l'lnul opening occurred on Janullry 2, 1869. This bridge was also of wood. In 1887-8 lh e sus­ pended stl'llcture and towers were renewed in sted, com­ pletion lJeing reached in Dece mher, 1888. On th e night of J anuary 9-10, 1889, Niagam WIIS visited hy 11 violent wind -storm . which tore the entire R uspended ~tructure from the suspenders, and it dropped, botto m upward. into the gorge. That portion of tlte wrecked bridge lying on tlte d ehris slopes of the bllnlls was rl'IDoved. but tlt e waters of the river still hid e from view the greater por­ tion of the full en bridge. Th e controlling companil's at ouce placed orders for ullother bridge, autl in 117 dllys traffic was resumed across tiJlJ new structure. As origi­ llally built., the wooden bridge 'allowed hut u single vehicle to cross oue way at a time, hut wh en renewed in steel the structure was wide ned so thllt carriages could pass onc another on the way. It is this -bridge that is to give place to a second arch, fur all it is less than a decnde ohl. At this point the river is about 1200 feet wide, IInu the arch to be erected will be the largest in the world. Hs proportions will be lIIagnificent and g l'llccful. It will have but one deck. the width of wlrich will be about fifty feet. This will provide room for a double trolley trllck, carri'lge wnyR, alld walks. An intere ting incident in connection wilh the removal of the upper suspilllsion-bridge is t.hat wh~n it is tllken down it will he conveyee! seven miles down the river to Lewiston, and there rebuilt on the site of the suspcnsion­ bridge wrecked hy wind 0 11 April '16, 1864, IInd never since replaced. On the occasioll of a hig ice jam the guys were pulled up on tlte bridge. During the pleasant weather that followed; those in charge of the structure neglected to replace the guys' , and a hig h wind carried 'the bridge away. It is understood thllt trolley tra :ils will also be laid on Ihis bridge when it is rebuilt. This remarkable activity in bridge-building on the Ni­ agam border may be, in part, artrihuted to the electri cn l development thereabouts, for it will be ollserved thut all the new brid~es are to ha ve electric railways, w hich will afford a novet means of connection between ·th e Dominion of Canada and thc United States. and make possibl e the view ing of the henuties of the Nillgara gorge without leav­ ing' one's seat in a trolley·car. From an engineerin g sta nd-point the bridge constrllction is thoroughly interesting, for to-day the gorge hlls three notable types of bridges-Cllnti'\evel' -(Michigan Ce ntral), suspension, and arch. ORnIN E. DUNLAP. VINTAGE."*· A S TOR Y 0 F . THE G R E E K WAR 0 FIN D E PEN DEN C E . . , 13Y E. F. B EN SON, AUTHOR OF "DODO," .. LIMITATIONS, " .. THE. JUDGMENT BOOKS," ETC. CHAPTER VI. did she, a Greek, come to be in Cle house of a Turk? \I!\I HEN Constantine looked at one of the ferment· Then, with a fI.lsh of awakened memory, he remembered ing barrels of wine on the fourth day, he saw the evening when he and Nicholas had sailed across to· Ihat the crust of skins, stalks, and stones had gether, how a man came up and struck a woman who was risen to within six inches of the top, and was leaning on the sea· wall, how she had cried out, and said in 1.1lickly· covered witll a pink, sour·smelling frotli. The Greek," What was that for?" fermentation was at its height, and it was time to mix The flapping of the sail against tbe mast roused him, the crust witb the fluid again to excite it even further. and he looked up. The wind had died out, and he was In one barrel, into whicll the ripest fruit from the south floating in the middle of darkness. He had no idea where corner of the vineyard-which lay more directly under he was until he saw the lights from Nauplia where he the shelter of the banked·up strealll-had been put, this least expecled them-on the left of the boat and far away, crust had risen even higher, anr! nlmost threatened to over· instead of behind him. The boat, left to itself, had of flow. The ordinary custom in Greece at this time wns course I'Iln straight before the land·breeze out into the for a naked man to get in to the barrel and stir it up again mouth of the gulf. Meantime the breeze had died out, -a remnanl., no doubt, of some superstition; bllt Con· and he was miles from land. That did not trouble him stantine, thongh he still put the gropes of one vine in a much; fishing was a minor consideration, and spending basket for the birds to eat, did not think it nccessary to the night in the boat was eveu less worth bothering ovcr. make this further concession, but only stirred up the He wanted one thing only-to get back to the white glim. frothing llIass with an instrument like a wooden pavier. mering wall and the voice from the darkness. The crust was already gctting thick and solid, and it was A puff of hot air wandered by the boat., and the sail ten minutes' work in each case to get it tllOrougllly mixed shivered for a moment and was still again. A veiled up again with the fluid. flash of lightning gleamed through the clouds over the From the seething surface there rose the thick, sour Tripoli hills and was reflected sOlllbrely over the sky, and fumes of decomposing lIlatter, heavily laden wilhcarhonic· .a droning peal of thunder answered. A faint rim of light, acid gas. One barrel leaked a Iittlc round the tap at the like the raising of tired eyelids, opened over the sea, and bottom, aud was drOl)ping on the floor. A little red he saw the ropes of his boat stand out sharp against it. stream had triekled down to the edge of the veranda, and Then suddenly there came from the hills a sound he he noticed that it was full of small bubbles like soda· knew, and knew to be dangerous-the shrill scream of a water, showing that the ferm entalion was not yet over. mounlain squall from the mountains at the mouth of the He calked this up with a lump of resin, and then moved gulf. He sprang to the ropes, and had the sail down just all the 1l1lrrels into the sun for un hour or two, so that the before it struck him; bllt·in less than a minute the boat's heat might hasten the second fermentation, which natu· head was driven round, anr! the white tops of little waves rally was slower and less violent than the first. The bar· began to fleck the bay. He felt the salt spray on his rei and a half of fine wine, however, he did not touch; in hands and face, and laughed exultantly. This was what thl~se it wns hetter that the fermentation should go on he wanted. slowly and nall1l'ally. With a drunken joy in the danger of the thing, he ran That evening Mitsos went out fishing, as the work of up the sail, and in a moment he was tearing back straight wine·making was over for the present. In. four or five fOl' the wal1. At the pace he was going the boat was days he would have to go over to Epidaurus to get the quite steady, cutting through the waves instead of rising resin from the pine·trees; but just now there was nothing to them, and now and thel\ one was flung over the bows to be done. like a white rag. Before long the wall appeared agaiu, Thou~h it 'was still early in the antumn, and ns a rule and he took in his sail; the water was nlrendy rough and the fine weather continued into the middle or end of Dc· WIlS dashing up against it, but he let the boat drift on till tohe~, the top of the hills above the f. urther side of the he was within thirty yards of it. The rim of light over gulf had been covered all day with thicl(, storm·boding the sea had widened, and he could see the edge of the top clouds, and as sllnset drew near, these sprcad eastwards of the wnll quite distinctly, and, behind, the taIl sombre over the sky. The sun, as it sank behind them, illumined cypresses in rows. But there was no one there. Just the edges of them, turning them 10 a dark amber color; . . then the . !ai,n'.began,.hissing into the sea like s~ot, and .fol' and after sllnset the aftcr·glow which spread slowly across a few mlllutes t~rulng the whole surface mIlky while. I he sky cast a strange lurid light through the half-opaque Mitsos put up his collar and swore gently, and w .ith some floor of clouds, and the night would 800n fall dark, per- . difficulty proceeded to put about. The wind was blow· flaps with storm. It was very hot, and the land· breeze ing hard ashore, and he had to take down the sail alto· hlew but languidly, as if tired out with travelling over the gether anll row. Even then hc seemed hardly to be mak· broiling plain. Bat thcre was quite enough wind to send ing way against the squall, and it was a quarter of an Mitsos's boat along at a good pace. He tacked ouce out hour's hard work to get far enough from the shore to sail into the bay for two miles 01' sO,and then back more slow.. again. Then he . fetchcd a long tack towards Nauplia, Iy to the head of the uay, for he was sailing within thirty and ' from there he got home in one tack, sailing forty " degrees of the wind. It had grown quite dark on his first degrces from the wind. The sUff was breaking rather tack, and when he put the boat about for the second he nastily on the shoals near the shore, allll he had to pass had to keep a sharp lookout whcn he neared the land. through a narrow channel, on both sides of which was shoal There were no other uoats in the bay, and so he did water not sufficiently deep to allow the boat to pass; uut not think it necessary to Htrht his lantern in the bows. he had the light from his own house and that from the cafe Against the dark sky and Ih~ dark water it would hardly oppositc to steer hy, and he knew that he could run in have ueen I )Ossible to see the uoat from more than twenty when they were in line. As he neared the shore he could y,U'(ls distant ; and even then, if the thin white liue or see it was impossible to bring the boat round sharply bmken water at the forefoot had not caught your eye, or enough, and he beat out again for a quarter of a mile, and the regular subdned hiss as it cut through the sea fallen approached the channel again. This time hc was success­ on your ear, it might have passed close and not ueen no· fu.1, and the boat ran past the tumbling white watcr on ticcd. The second tack took twenty minutes, and at the each side, safe into the smoother water behind. end of this time he saw faintly the white glimmer of the His father was .waiting up for him, and when his tall sea· wall of Abdul Achmet's house straight in front of fi~ure nppeared in the doorway Conslantine looked lip him. He wished to mn up as close as possible to this, with relief. " for thel] one tack more might take him across to the bay .. Mitsos, you shouldn't sail on nights like this," he he was making for; and sitting with the rudder in his said;" the best seaman in the world might not ue able hand, he waited till the last possible moment before put· to manage a boat on such a night. How did you get in?" ting about. As he got close to the wall, howevcr, the "It's easy enough when YOII get the lights frolll the wiud blowing from that quarter was intercepted by i1., house and the cafe in a line," said Mitsos; ., besides, I was and the sail fell dead lL,!!ainst the mast, nnd the yard six miles out in the bay when the sqllall came down." swung straighl, the line of white water faded from under "That was an hour ago," said his father. the forefoot, and the hiss of the motion was quenched. Mitsos walked to the door .to close it, turning his back He got UI) for an oar, so as to pull the boat round again, on Constantine. when qnite suddenly he heard the sound of a woman's "As much as that?" he said. voice from the terrace, siuging. For a moment or so he Constantine did not ask any more questions, and ~ilsol! stood still, and then his ear focussed itself to the sounds. went to make himself some coffee and get Ollt of his wet She was singing a song }Iitsos knew well, a song which things, for he was drenched from head to foot. the vine - tenders sing as they are digging the vi" nes in Two days after this the ordil1ary wiue had cleared com· spring, and she sang in Greek : pletely, and it was decanted into fresh barrels, for if it "Di,!! wc deep nrtll1ud the vines t Give th t! Sweet spl'illg showers a home, El:te t.he fnil'cst t! 11U thnt shines L ends 110 8p(lrkl~ to om' willes, Scnd8 110 lustre to the fomll. tI He could not see the singcr; all he saw was the circle of black lIight, the faint lines of his boat even blacker against it, and just ahead the white glimmer of the wall. Tile voice, low and sweet, Came Ollt of the darkness liIw n hiI'd flying through a desert-a living thing amid death. }'litsos stoo(1 perfectly still, strangely and bewilderingly cxeited. 1'hell he took up his oar and tU1'lIed thc boat's head round, and waited again. But the voice had ceased. He felt, somehow, unllccountahly shy, as if he had in· truded int. o some other person's private affairs; but hav· ing, intruded, he was ·determined to m,dw his presence known. So just as the sail c.mght the wind again he " answered the voice with the second verse: stood too long on the lees, or in contact with the skins and stalks. it would bccome hitler. The crust itself Con· stantine removed from all the uanels, and put into the still to make hrandy. 1'his only required one man to look after, aud on the day Mitsos went to Epidaurus to get the resin his father employed himself with it. The apparatus was of the" simplest. He placed all the crust from the barrels in a big iron pot, under which he lit n slow churcoal fire. Into a hole ill the " lid of tliis, which screwed on to the body, he inserl ed a bcnt iron pipe, on to which he screwed anot.her pipe made of spi. rals. A big wooden tub filled with water, through the boltom of whicll passed a. third pipe, fitted at one end into the spirals which lay in the water, and communica­ ting at the othel' with the glazed jar · into which the spirit was to bc stored, completed the apparatus. The fire drove off the alcohol from the ·fermented crust of the wine, which distilled itself into brandy as it passed through the tube that lay in the cold water, and dripped out at the further end into the jar. Next day this would was still half an hour above the horizon when Mitsos got into the boat. The lnnd· breeze was blowillg cool and strong, and his boat dipped to it gently, and glided stead· ilr. on the outward tack. Between him and the Argive llllls hung a palpablc haze of thinnest blue, but the whole plain slcpt lIuder Il mist of gold. The surface of the water, unruffled under the shlldow of the lnnd , was green, and burnished like a plale of patinated hronze, and the ripple from the bows 1'l'Okc creamily, and flowed out be· hind the boat in long featherlike lines. As the sun neared its sett.ing the golden mist grew more intense in col 01', and the higher slope of th e--mountains turned pink behind their veil of blue. The sky was cloudless from rim to rim , except jllst above the sun, where I here floated a few thin skeins of vapor, visihle against the incredible bluc only because they were t,ouchcd wilh red. Just as Milsos neared the wall on· his second tack the sun's edge was cut by the ragged outline of the monntain, and in ten minutes mOre it wOllld set. She, the nameless, ineffable she, was leaning on the edge of " the wall, looldng seawards. She saw Milsos sit· ting in the stern of his boat, and guessed at once it was he who had sung the"second verse of .the vine.tendcr's.song two nights ngo. Guessed, too, that it wus his boat which bad passed close under the wall lust night ·when Ihe other womeu of the harem were there wilh her. She had not known till she saw him that she wished to see the owner of that half·former! boyish voice w hich hlld come so plea· . santly Ollt of the darkness, and now, when she did see him, she looked long. He, too, WIIS looking, and her eyes mlLde a bridge over golden air that lay between, on which his soul stepped lightly out to meet her. The boat drew closer, and she dropped her eyes and began playing with a.spray of rose that trailed along the top of the wall. She picked a couple of buds, smel~ them, and then very softly she sang again the first verse of the vine·tcnLler's song. . The boat had got under the shelter of the wall, and drifted closer so slowly that the mol ion was impercepti· ble. Mitsos was still looking at her; her eyes were still downcast. She sang the first verse through, nlld the first two lines of the second verse, and then apparently she recollected no more, for she stopped, and from the boat Mitsos sang very softly the next two lines. Still, with· out looking at him, she sang them nfter him; he finished the verse, and she sang the whole through. From the bay the sun had set, but the mountains on tbe enst glowed rosier and rosier every moment. All that Mitsos saw was a girl's slender figure " wrapped in a loose white cloak, a hand that held two rose· buds, a fnce wilh eyes down·dropped," and eyelashes that swept the cheek. "There is the third verse," he said. Then she looked up and smiled at him, and her eyes were as black as shadows in the moonlight . .. I willlenrn that another"lIight, if it be you will teach me," she said, .. and this is for your teachillg. Go, now; others are coming." Half carelessly sbe threw into the boat the buds she bad picked, and turned away. Maria was maTJ'ied the next morning, and Milsos WI:'11t to the wedding. The bride and bridegroom appeared to him to be admirably suited to each other. About four o'clock Ihat afLemoon Mitsos was just about to set off down to t.hc shore, when his father appeared. "We'll finish with the wine this evening," he said, (. Come and begin at once, Mitsos." Mitsos paused a momeut. •. I was just going sailing," he said~ .. Can't we do it to·morrow YO' . .. No; it had better be finished now; besides, you clln sail afterw[mls. Come, it WOlI't take a couple of hours." .. Uncle Nicholas. told me to sail every day," be begnn. "And to obey me, Mitsos." . Mitsos stood for a moment il'l'esolute, but his habit of obedience reasserted itself. .. Yes, father," he said, .. I will come." The barrels iu which the first fermentation had taken place had been thoroll ghly scoured with boilillg water, and had quite got rid of I he SOliI' smell of ferm~nt('d sI uff, amI the men were to dccnnt the resinated wine back into them. They filled each barrel again threc·qllart.ers 'fllll, and into the remaining space they poured a portion of the fine wine, dividing it equa:Ily 'among each. To Milsos the process seemed insufferably long and tedious. The sun had set before the barrels werc filled, and it was dark befoi'e the work was over. Ncver before, it seemed to him, had the taps dribbled so dispirilingly. His falher now and then addressed some remark to him which he barely answered , and after a time they both lapsed into silence. 'Mitsos kncw that he was behaving IIbominably, and Iw thought Ihat be could not help it. Perhaps she was there ; perhaps-bewilderiug thought-she was even wondering why he did not come. How could hCl simulate the slightest in.terest in the wine of grapes when Ihe wine of love was fermenting within him, driving him mad with those sweet, intoxicating fumcs for which there is no all)ethyst? At last it was over. No, he would not eat now. He would eat when he came in. Ten minutes later he was on his way. Soon his wall began to glimmer" in front of lrim. Something, it looked only like a white slindow, was lean· ing on it, and 8S he drew nearer he heard again the voice sil,!ging low in the darkness-singing the common couutry ~ong which had become. so beautiful. " Dig' wc deep; the snmmer's here. 81lw wc lIot nmoltg t!lC eaves Summer's IIleS8C1lgCl'S appen,l'­ Swallows flitting here and there In amollg the almond leave8 1" be distilled again to purify it further from any oily sub· CHAPTER VII. The boat bent over to the wind, Ihe white line streaked th e water. and thcn hissed off int.o the night·again. !:Ie sat down and let the boat run on by itself. He had never known that the common country song was beauli· ful till he had heard a voice out of the darkness sing it-a voice low, sweet, soft, which might have be!ln· the dnrk­ ncss itself mad e audihle. Who was Ihis woman? How • Begun ill llAKPEs's \VltKKt.\' No, 211:). sta"lces which might have passed the first distillation. ' NICHOLAS got safely across to Corillth early in the mol'll· He finished the day's wOl'k soon after five, and having .ing after he had left Mitsos, and ,,:aited there a few days husiness in Nauplia, set off lhel'e at once, so that Mitsos, fOl' a caYque to take him to Plltrus. The work wll,ich 'thc .return!ng a littl.e. lnter from Epidaul'us, found him. out, leading Grceks were preparing throughout the Pelopou· Ilnd WIthout W ailIng to get any food, he set off agalll at nesus . was there .in the hands of Germanos, the Bisliop. once down to ~he bay. . LBw Nicholas, lie lOO had fclt the cruelty and nppetiles It was drltwlIlg near that moment when all the heauty of Ihe Turk,.!Iud, like Nicholas, he was willing to wait for of. the day in sea, land anr~ s~y is gathered into the · ten .. revenge unl t1 the whole scheme was ripe to the core. An nllnutes of sunset. At tillS tune of the year t.he sun set agent of his Imd met Nicholas at Corinth, bidllin" g him almost due west, through a low pass in the hills, and it come, if he had a few clays to spare, at once; if 1101., ns 764 I, - ----, I I "HALF UAHELESS Lt- SHE 1'I:IREW INTO THE BOAT 'rUE BUDS SIlE HAD P1 CK:ED." soon as he coulfl. Nicllolas. however, hafl left Nauplh wit.h the idea of prollcedin.,g on to Patras at once, and lie sent the messenger back, sayin~ he was on lIis way. It was not ~afe for h.im, 1I0wever. to go by limd. That he was suspected of being concerned in intrigues against tile 'furk he knew, and as his plans were now already begin­ ning to be thoroughly organ ized, he wished to avoid any neefl less risk. - On the second day, however, a Greek caYque laden with fi gs was starLing from Corin th. and Nicllolas went on boa~d soon after dark. Aholl~ midllight they started. For II few Ilom s a steady breeze drew up from t he nar· 1'0\'" enrl of the gulf, but it slaekened and dropped between three and foll\' in the morning, and daylight found them hecalmed, with slack sails. some eight miles Ollt at sell, nearly opposite Itea. To t.he nC)rth Pa rnasslls had already :' taken the morning, " and stood flushed whit red high above them while they still lay on a dark plain of 'waler smooth as gla~s. On the opposite side of the gulf. but furth er abead, Cythene aild Helmos, on the north side of which last winter's snow sti ll lay jleraldically in bars and bezants, had also caught the light, which. as the Slln rose higher, flowed like some Illmino lls liqllid down t.heir slopes, wooded helow with great pine forests. Nicholas, who slept like a dog, lightly,. and only when . he had nothing else .to do, was lyin g on deck, and only woke when, the slln had risen high ellough to touch the cni"que . . The captain a nd owner of th~ bQat, who had been allnight ·in the little close cabin below, oltme on deck at that mouient, and sat down near him. '. "The wind has dropped altoget,her," lle snid. " W e may be here for hours. Are YOIl in a hmry to get on ?" Nicl!olas filled his pipe very carefully. '. •. L am never in 1\ hurry," he ~"irl, " if 1 am goin g ns quick liS 1 can. 1 cannot ma l{e the wind, and so 1 am .conterit to wait. You seem to have a good heavy cargo." "A good heavy cargo," said the man. ""Yes. and it would have he!)n half as much again if those devils had not seized a lot of it at. Corinth." .. The Turks?" said Nicholas. " Yes; port dues they caned them. Much of a port is Corinth; a heap of stones tumbled into the water, and a rickety ·staircase." "That is new, is it not.? The harhor dues, 1 mean." . " Yes . . Put:on a month ago," sai(lthe .man ; "but if 1 hear right it won't he very old when it is taken off again." . , What do YOIl mean ?" " They say the devils are to be treate(1 ns such. 1 spend my life on the sea, and don't hear much , bllt surely you heard what was being said at Corinth - thnt before a year was out we Greeks would not have these masters any 1 0I'lger?" One of the crew was standing near, and the captain mo­ tioned him to go away. ., I don't like talking too much, especially before my own men, "'he said, .. but I don 't mind telling you. You will be landed at Patras, and YO II will go your way nnd I mine. I heard it at the cafe last night. FOIll" Turks were talking about the arms whieh they say the peasallts !\re collecting. They spoke of one Nicholas Vidali~ as a lead­ er. They expected to catch him, though; t hey knew he was travelling to Corinth." .. The deuce .tl. Jey did," thought NiellOlas. Then aloud, " Wht is this Nicholas?" ,. NIIY, I don't know him, " sairl the man. " I am from the islands. , 1 thought YOII might have heard of him." .. From the ishmds, are YOII? From which f' " Over from Spetzas." . Niclwlas li t his pipe with a lump of charcoal and in- haled a co uple of long breaths, si lent. bill. with a matter in balance. Then, lookin g stmight at the man, he said: " I am Nicholas, the man they thought they could catch. Blit they don't cat.ch me, YOII know, for I am a clean flml God·fearing man, and 1 hate the devil whose name is the 'furk. And uow there arc two ways open to you ; one is 'to give me up at Patras, t he other to try and help me a nd others in what we are rl oi ng. For t his will be no ti me for saying, ' I have nothing to do with this -let Tllrk a nd Greek fight. it out.' You will have to take one side~ and you had .hetter begin at once. See, I have trusted you with my secret, becallse you may be of use to me. You come from Spetza~, and you probably know the coast 01: Greece nB a man lwows the shape of his boots and ga it.ers. \Ve have got plenty of men to fight on laml , and plenty to pay them with; what we want ure little ships which in case of need will hang about the Turk s. if they try to es: 'cape, and sting tlIem as the mosquito sti ngs the cattle in -the evening." " Nicholas paused for a moment, Rnd his face lit up with hate. · "For it, wi1J be even ing with them, " he said. "A morning shall daw n., bllt night shall havli overtaken them, and they will awake no more.. Do you know what is the 'strongest feelin g that ever grips a man's heart? No. not love, nor yet. fpar, but· revenge. And if you had sllffered . as I have suffered, yon wOllld know what i t. is to he filled , with one thought only-to .see blood in the sunrise and blood in t he setting of the sun, and feel that YOII have ceased to be a 'man and have become a sword . 'fhat is what 1 am, and I a'm in the hand of God. And by. me He will smite and ~pare no t. And when t.here are no more to smite, perhaps I shall hecome a man agai n and li ve to see peace and plenty bless a free people. But I know no· thing, and 1 rlo not greatly care. Come now, what an­ swer do you give me?" Nicholas rose to his feet; I.he other had risen too, and they faced each other. There was something in t he ear· lIestness and intcnsit.y of tllis man with one idea which would not but be felt, for though we may raise onr eye­ brows and shrug our shoulders, enthusiasm remains the one driving.force in the world, whatever engine it chooses to drive. And his companion felt it. .. Tell me more," he said, eagerly. .. But wait a mo­ ment; liere is the wind." . He hurried aft to give orflers to th e men. Far away on the polished surface of t· he water behind t'henl , as smooth and shining as a seal-skin, a line had appeared, as if the coat" had ueen stroked the wrong way. In a couple of minutes the men were busy with the ropes, and two stood ready to slacken the sheets of the mainsail in a moment if it was a suflden squall coming, IInd one stood at the tiller, for som'e cross current had tnrned the hoat ronnd, and it would be necessary to Pllt abol1l.. Mean time the rOIl,(h line had crept nearer, and behind it they could see the top of little waves cut off by the wind and blown about in spray. ·A couple of men had put ou t one of t he long oars, and were tugging hurried ly at it to get the head of the hoat straight before the wind before it stru ck them. But t hey were not in time; the wind came ,Iown with a scream, the boat heeled over, the lpeward gunwale tonch­ ed the water, al1d the mast bent; then at ('xactly the right mom ent the sheets were slackened for a mom ent to let bel' ri ght Jierself, and then brnced again. and in a few seconds they were sClldding straight down the gul f almost direct.ly before the wind , till with their in creasing speed, it seemed to die down lIgain. The .water all rollnd them was broken up into IIn infinite number of little green, white-fringed hollows, tiJrough which, at the pace they were going, they moved lICrosS as quickly as a sknter 011 smooth ice. . Nicholas had cllrefully watched the handlin g of the boat during these operations, and he saw thnt the littlr· crew of six men l,new their work perfectly, And that tiJey were qllick and prompt at the moment when a mishap might easily have occl1l"red. He never let slip the small · est opportunity wllich might some day prove to be use ful, and he knew that for anything liI{e united act,ion it wonld be neces~ary for the Greek to have, if not ('om­ mand Qf their sea· coast., at any rate the power to COl11IllU· niCllt.e ~iLh .each other. The ontbrcnk, liS he had planned it,would take place in the Pelopollnesus, bu t to he of any .v alne it wOllld have to ~pread over t he nortb. Plltras and Missolonghi were within a few miles of each ol,her by sea. hut unless there was frequent communi CA tion by sea they would be powe rl ess to help en eh other. To some extent both his fear and his hope were realized. [TO BY. clONTI NuRn. l HARPER~S WEEKLY ~1JNERS ON 'r il E snUIIT OF THE CHILl oo'r PASS. ENTRANCE TO A TUNNEL IN THE COMET MINE. r CAMP A'r 'l'IIE FORKS OF TilE CANYON, DYEA. 1I11N lmS LEAVING J UNEAU FOR THE YUKON. · . ASCENUlN G TO 'l'UE SUMm'l' Ol" TUE ClIILKOOl' PASS. YUKONElis 'Al' SIIEEP~·K'Mf'. I I";. • LOG- CABIN cnUUCH, JUNEAU. GREA'l.' Q.UAI{TZ~MiNING REGION AT SEWAIW. CllT, NEAH '[,HK b:N'1'HA'NCE '1'0 'l'HE CHILKOOT PASS. THE GOLD DISCQVERIES IN THE KLONDIKE, NOR'],HWEST TERRITORY-VIEWS AT JUNEAU AND ALONG ",HE CHlLKOOT PASS ROUTE TO THE YUKON.-[SEE PAGE 767.] 765 766 THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL GOLD­ MINING OONVENTION_ BY WILLIAM ALEXb:NDER PLA't"r. HARPER'S WEEKLY TlVent.y-~ve years ago it WIIS a 'silve~ camp. It" played Ollt" before 1880, and was deserted. In 1880 trnces of cinnal)llr were ' discovered by n German prospector, antl the claim ")Vas cllllecl hy him Mercur-the German word ONLY those who have aC LUallyatteneled 11 convention for quipksilver. The quicksilver,ffiine failed too, and it can 'tell whether it was a sll'ccess or not. The details of WIIS not till late in the '80's that traces of gold were dis­ proceedings cannot convey to the reader the IItmosphere covered au~ mipLJlg began in earnest for that metal. First -the sentiment which affects the delegates and in some t he a~'llgalnatibg process WIIS tried on the ore obt.ai ned, subtle way enables tbem to know whether tlJeil' meeting hut it wnS ~ faHnre. Then the cyaniele procesl1 was at­ hlls been profitable. .~ . tempted~ bilt at first it proved a failure too; and it was That tile first - an el last - InternatiOJlfll Gold.mining alnwst hY'Ilure ricc ident t hat the lIIiners discovered that Convention was almost an unqualified succeSs is the lIuan· if th ity 'cru~h6a t heir ore coa rse instead of fin e hefore imons testimony of those who were present. In the num- leaching ..yltl.J the cyanid e solution the resu lt~ , ~ould be bel' and chal'l\cter of the delega(es present, in their wide satisfllclOry. Since tha t eliscovery the camp l(a~.:been a geogmphiclIl distribution, in tile bhllmcter of the proceed- success, and in the last fOllr years the Mercur Mine has ings, in tbe nature of the resolutions adopted aud those paid to its own· er.s three·q uarters of a million ddllars in suppressed, and, finally, in the whtlle tone and temper of divid!ln,ds. • . l' : t he convention, there wns that which was a pleasant sur- This ,ca~e is fln ilInslra~ion of t l. e rnct that ml)!1y an old prise not only to the more conservative deleglltes, but camp which has ueen gIven up liS u~e less r.n"y, by the even to the originators and promoters of the ent.erprise. applicatiQn of modern scientific methods, he lII ad'e to plly Severnl perso lls were refen ed to at the gathering as re· handso nl , ly. There are Il grellt IlIllny mill eR no\v worked spectively the" father" of the convention. The truth nt a profit :,wbich ulld er the crude methods of thirty yellrs seems tf, be thnt the idea of holding such a gnthering was ago were al; .~ndoned. t ., first suggested uy Mr. Louis R. Ehrich. of Colorado Anotherjl'ffper of great practical value flnll interest was Springs, tbat the idea was taken up by Mr. J. T. Uorn- by PI;ofessOI' Lal(es, on the ~eologicnl conditions of ore forth and Mr. Irwin Mahon, of Denver, and that Mr. R. deposits in the R.oclcy Monntnin region, The first dis­ F, Hunter, of Deliver, as ch(lirrrinn' t)f the ,executive COlll- coveries of gold were made in pla ;e~s, ;lJld the , ph\cer­ lIliltee and head of the" steering commit,tee" of the con· miners, sl,(mmed the cream off t he slll'face. theu the vention aft.er it met, diel more than any otiler one IIIan to gold' was·. raced to the veins, and for n long tini(J' it was make it n pmctical success. thoulrht tjr~t n true fissure vein was necessary in order Mr. Ehrich's original idea was to hold an exposition, to get ~old. , Litter the igneous rocks were di~cov.ere(l to keeping it open for n mouth, and having for its promi- contain d~po~its . Then clime the grent eliscovery of the nent fenturc nn exhibition of ~old - mining machinery, lead·sil ver·caruonates of Leadville and Aspen , anll tillal­ illcludin g all the processes of reduction, in practical op' ly the 'e.xpl. oit.!,tion o'f the lavas thrown out hy t.he old el'lltion . . This plan would have :calJed for a larger ex pen· volcanoes .of Cripple Creek. Professor Lllkes Slimmed diture o.f money thall the Denver people felt able to pro· up bysayipg that.the igneollsrocks are the fri e!Hls of the vide for at sho.rt notice; and so tbe idea was changed to Rocky Mountain miner; and it is only where i!!h have a conierence of practical mining men, who silould meet beep ,force. d lip by seismic or volcanic action th~.(Jgh the fo.r three da)'~, and discllss methods, compare notes, be- overlying,strata, and. where the superheated at~lIm and come better acquainted with one another. and visit, so far chemicals "of underground action have worked upon as they IlIight ue able, some of the gold-mining districts of t,bem, clJaJ;ging them witil deposits of the preciolls Jllet­ Colorado. and beco.me familiar wit h the conditions of the als, th !!t gold and silver are founel. The sllrrounding indu st.ry in th is State liy IIctual inspectiou. strata may 'be archrean granite or carboniferous lime- The exposition ide.I, however, WIIS partially carried stone,or tiny thing between, but the igneous dikes aud out, for the Cripple Creek district and tile Pine Creek veins lmd ' fissures are the depositories of the precious district Rent fine samples of their ores, and these 'were ore. • arranged in cauinets for the inspection of visitors. This An excellent paper on the Cripple Creek region was feature will probably be much enlal'ged at the next meet· read by Professor Moore of tilat camp. Cripple Creek is in!! of the congress. of couJ'se pne o.f the most remarlmble camps in t.he world. The convention was got together on'compamtively short : It s ore, is of exceptiOJHllIy high grade-or perhalis i~ would . notice, and there was much doubtl lls to its success. A be h!ltter~~o , say thnt in connection with large· bodies of ' vcry large number of delegates were appointed from Col· low-grnde',ore there occur veins so exceptionally rich that OI'ado, and particularly from Denv';'r, every organization thus far it is practically only the high-grade ore which of every sort iu·the city having apparently sent its quotl!, has been.mined. The Cripple Creek uureau of'ivforma­ II mong them being a number of wom'en appointed from the tioll ·~t tql!. convention had on exhiuition there Pieces of various women's cl uhs in the city. I t was not generally ex- ore froi)1 ~'e 'Independence Mine which runs 8000'01lnces pected, IIntil tile conven tion actually met, that there would to t he ,ton~oQe-follrtil pure gold. Of cOllrse this is rare, ue a large number of delegates present from other States, eveil in, CHpple Creek; but a g reat many samples were and it was a pleasant surprise Iwhen the roll was made sholVl~ which J l n all the way from three to thit ty ounces up ,to discover that there were pre!!imt representatives of to the ton: Or/( like t,his is treated either at the. slrielteries twenty-six States and Territo ries in C he Union and of seven 0.1' at the cl110rlilation works. The cost of treatment here foreigu countries. The States ea~t ot the Mississippi which is higlier than by some other processes, but the results are were represented were Massaeh, usehs, New York, P enn - satisfactory, and the ore is rich enough to pay' the $8 to sylvllnia, Ohio. West Virginill, North Carolina, Georgia, $10 per to'l! which the, se methods cost. . Alabamll, Michigan, Wisconsiu,: ana Illinois. The for- For! 1 0)V.grade ores the processes adopted are either ehm countries were Venezuelll and. Mexico on tilis COLI· concentl'lltion or cyaniel e. Concentration means the selec· tiiient, and Italy, D enmark, Belgium, Switzerland, and tion O f t lie ~est par~' o( the ore from the droS, s: It is Sweden and Norway in Europe. effec ted generlllly by siziug - picking out by Illlnd the The numerical majority of del\!l!ates were nnturally piece!\! of ,auou~ the same size which look pro Ji!i~ing to from Coloracio and t.he States nnd Terri tories adjucent, the sl(iIIed sorter,and then dropping these throll g.h water, and these, if they had cilosen, unacr lthe loose organizlltion' when . th~, \jeavjer come t.o the bot tom first, and ot course which prevailed ut first, might easi y have sWllmped the are tile ori~ ii, which tbe heavy metal is containelh After convention and turned it into..a )em'onswation in ' favor of ; cOllce,ntr~~i'on\the valuable remainder is smelted. , l ' the immediate and nnconci itional free coinage of silver at In. ~he cy'arilde proce~s the mass of ore is crusbed to a t he ratio of sixteen to one. 'I'hose,wilo remembered the "mlls'jJ." f:rbm-one-ql,lartcr to three-quarters of IIn·. inch in silver convention of fom year~, ago- the one at which the diameter 9f tile largest particles, anll then placed in 1\ Govel'llo.r Waite made his noted" blood-to-the-bridles" vat, o t· t~!l;l- wilere a solution contllinillg 11 smap perceut­ speech - feared t hat this would ue the outcome of the IIge-,..gell'!:ralIy:one.qullrter to one·half of olle per eent.­ gather ing. But the fear turned " out to be grounciles~, and of ?Y'tI.Iliif'!-l . , qf potassi um is pOUJ'ed ill, IInd the ore is the delegates from Colorado deserve creciit for their self· tilereby U~a,ciletl.. .: restmint. By tltes~prpcesses anyw ilerc from seventy-fi ve to nine- The self-rest raint of the delegates was, indeed , the most ty·nine ph cent. of the value in the ore is saved. The cy­ strikin g feature of the proccediligs.. The" key-note" of nnide pl'lice,ss 1\1 Merr!ur, for instance, saves ahdut eighty­ the gatherin g was sounded by Governor Adams in his thr.ee; pei ·cellt. of the value. at, a cost per tOli, of auollt speec h of welcome, when he sai, l ·that t hi s cOllvention cig)Jty centoS . . This proces, is particularly IlPV!icnule to should show to tile world that gold:mining is a busint:s-l low.gradl:l orlls of so ft consistency. Smelting saves lIeurly proposition, not a gamblill~ vcntlJl'e. While hc was un - Illl-~aYi n.inet :-nine per cent. - of the value, IHit costs able to keep from referriug to poliLi. eal matters, Ilnd sho w- 1ll0r(j per tOil . 1 ,\. ing very plainly that he would neVl'r ue satisfieel with W4th,. the applic~tion of modcm scientific methoels tIJe anything short of sixteen to one, tbe speech as a whole cost of prollucti, ; Hl of gold is becoming a calculilble quan­ was in striking contrast with Wllite's of foUl' y~ars ago. tity. Giyen ore of a tolel'lluly uni form val ue and char· The days of "hlood-to-the-hrielles" Governors in Colorado ncter, and, it can'he estJlnflled with an npproach to exact­ are happily past. This Iley-note was taken up by the nessjust h_ ow n. mch it, will cost to get it out of the earth committee on organization, which recommended that pol- and treat It ,hy one or otber of the pro.cesses in use, and itics be rigorously excluded fro'm :thc proceedings, and also what 'Percentage of th e ore value can he saved. The that·no State represented in the .convention .should have element oLluek is becoming more and more eliminated. more than ten votes. Their report was aelopted unani- Especially. in plines which contai n large boclit:s ,of low. mOlls1y, and by adoptin g it the numerical mujority of tile grudl; ore, the capitalist who puts in his 1Il00uiy ~mn cal­ convention surrendered their possibility of controlling its enlate, at least liS exactly liS in tlte cuse of an iroll-mine 01' action. '. ' 1\ coal-mine, ~het.ber lie can make a profit, und about how The most remarkable exhihition of self-restraint, how- much that prQfit will be; anel tile vlllue of the.product is ever, was in tile emphatic rejection, twice during the ses- much more stable thun in t.he case of the iron 01' coal SiOIlS, of a reso]utiou in f.lvor of the free coi nage of silver. mine, for gold ,is the 'standard of value, while coal and This was first presented in the form of a minority report iron co.ntinually fluctuate. from t he committee on resolutions by Mr. Gnyot of New It .is, in bringing facts like these to the attention of Mex ico, and was promptly lllid on the taule: Afterwards, operators and investors generally, in demonstrating that at another session, an attempt was made,to recon~ider the gold,miniug is a regular and legitimate business, in com· vote, uut the motion to reconsioer Was laid on the tnble paring liotes as to methods and cost of production, in hy a large majority, and witho.ut the formality of a call by getting mining men uetter acquainted with 0I1Cl anothe r, States. When one considers tile fact that probably nine- that a convention like this has a practical effect. Of its tenths of the delegates were silver mep, this action is moral , el'fect, as ·sliowin g the practical accept&nce of the something wonderful. It is tile first time, so far liS cred- existing, situation of the mining men, who Ilr~ I !esolved, ibly reported, tbat a sixteen-to-one resolution has ever since tile world wants gold, to mine all of it they can and heen defeated in any convention . of any kind held in the neglect ~ilver comparatively for the present, and as show­ State of Colorado. And it is nIl the more to th e credit of ing also:the possibility of a convention of milling men, a the convention because it was done for the rel son that it- ml\:ioritjr of whom are for the free coinage of silver, com· was considered out of order at snch 1\ gathering: IInd not ing 'tpgEjther in session for three dnys and attending rigor­ hecause the great majority of those present did not be· ously to the business of the gathering, and suppres~ing lieve in the doctrine proposed by the resolution. all attempts to make political cnpital out of it-of this Excellent papers were read by half a elozen delegates on men;ion has already been made, a llel this alone wonld be va rious topics pertinent to the purpose of the convention. more thlln a compensation for the trouule and time and Mr. Dern of Utah gave an account of the development of money :tha~ were expended in bringing the convention the Mercur district in his Stllte, which was exceedingly togetiler. interesting. The history of Mercur is a sample of that It was largely due to the effort to establish a bnreau of of Ill'Jre than one camp il,l the Rocky Mountain region. , mines ~and mining at Wushington that the convention " , Vnt .. XLT., No. 2119. \ changed its name from the International Gold-mining Convention to the lnternatiolllll Mining Congress. At the next session all s01'1s of miniug will be considered. Whether this was a wise move may be doubted. Only experience can demonstrate the feasibility of a convention whicil shullundertllke to consider /Ill kinds of mining. The next session is to be held at SaIL Lake City, amI in view of the environment it is re/lsonable to expect thllt the practical work of til e couvention will be largely on the same lines as that of "the oue just held. "CALIFORNIA, '97"-A WONDERFUL CONVENTION. BY HEV. FRANCIS E. CLARK. IN some respects the sixteenth international convention of the societie8 of Christian Endeavor, held in San Fran­ cisco, July 7-12, was the greatest and most successful evet· held. A totll.l registration of over 26,000 Endeavorers, UI\ attenelance Of 40,000 different people who had come to San Fl'Ilncisco expressly for the convention, an aggregate attendance nt all the meetings of not less than 300,000, tells the story so Jar liS mere lJumuers go ; but how small a pllrt of such 1\ story figures can tell! They do not tell of enthusiasms kiudled, of devotion arollsed, of I'lltriotism stimulated, of loyalty pledged to God amI the ChUJ:ch and the country, of friendships cemeuted, of hearts inspired by tJ.!e call of duty. Yet these intangi. ble results ~)f the convention are the ones best worth recording, t\JOugil they cannot be tabulated or so easily expressed in written charucters. But even in mere size this convention compared favo.r­ ahly with the greut gatherings that have preceded it, though it was held on t.he westernmost rim of the conti­ nent , nearly three thousand miles from tile centre of the Ohristian Endeavor ho.sts. To ue sure, one or two con­ ventions have exceeded it in size-notably the BostoJl convention of '95, attended by more than 56,000 delegates. But when we rememuer tile vast distances traversed, aud tilat the immediate local constituency of the society is comparatively small, the IlHendance of 40,000 persons who had come from a greater or lesser distance to attend the convention \vas remarkable. For days the Western rail· ronels were blocked witil such a traffic as was lIever know-n since the last golden spike Ilt Promoutory secured in its place the iron girdle hetween the East und the West. Trains rolleu into San Francisco twelve, twenty·four, thirt.y·six hours lute, repo.rting tilat still scores of trains Wilh tilousands of pnssengers wefe behind them. The last of the excursionists did not reach Sun Francisco until three davs ufter schedule time. As a railroad man on the Denver and Rio Gl'linde said , with pardonable exaggeration, .. You can wall~_~)D the. tops of the. Pullma n cars all tile wily from Colorado Springs to Canon City." Forty-two tilousllnd passengers, we are told, crossed the mountains, of wholll probably one·half attended the convention, the otiler hnlf being excursionists attl'llcted by the cheap rates. Yet, though the throngs were so great and the conse· quent delay was serious, the rail roads stJ'Uggled with the congested tmffic as well lIS possible, tilough if they hlld listened to and believed the predictions of the leauers of the society concerning the probable attendance they would have been better able to cope with the unexpected rush of business. But even the leaders were sllrprised, and each State delegation _ of Endeavorcrs was nearly twice as large as was at first ex pected. However, I heard no complaints even from the most belated pllssengers; a ll felt that under the circumstances everything possible was done for tileir comfort and safety, and every newly arrived delegatiou declared that they IJad the banner truin, the hest complluy, /lnd the most joyous time 'of 1111 011 the way. The IIlTangements in Snn Francisco were all that could be elesireel . The lIumerous committees, numuering in all 2000 Q r 3000 young men and women, did their work most efficiently. Beautifnl auditoriums with capital acoustic qualities were provided. The streets were gay with lillnting uy day IInd brilliant with electric· light welcomes by night. A great arcu spangled with electric-light de­ vices spanned M.lrket Street, with the dates, "Maine, 1881," "Cu lifornia, 1897," on eitiler side. The Golden Gate Park was bri~ht with flower devices in pUl'ple and gold, tbe Califol'lllll Christian Endeavor colors, telling of the city's welcome, and on every hand signllls of gladness and greet­ ing awaited the visitors: The speakers who were adver· tised, among them many of the most eloquent divines of the country, were present almost without exception; the tide of joyous enthusiasm rose higher anel higiler with each succeeding day_ The convention passed off without accident or jlaw of any kind, aud. though now only a memory, it is' an imperishable memory for all who en­ joyed it. What flre the lasting results? They are not easy to formulate, but these arc Rome of them: l 'irst, increased patrio.tism and love of country. To many youths amI maidens this was their first longJ ·ollrney . They saw their own country uneler the most elightful circumstances. They spent from six to ten days crossinl! her bl'o.\d pmi­ ries, climbing her rocky bllckbone, visiting, if only for 1\ few brief hours, her great inland cities. Every mile was a lesson not only in geogmphy, but in patriotism ami love of coun try. My country, 'lis of thee, t;" ect land of liberty, will mean more to tens of thousands than it ever did be­ fore. A ~econd result WIIS a destruction of unworthy section­ alism. From E ast IInd South and North and W est they came. A thous/lnd Elldeavorers from Illinois, 150 from Texas .. 800 from Pennsylvania, 300 from Kentucky, 600 from Massacllllsetts, 20 from Hawaii, 3 even from Alaska, etc., etc. There WIIS uo race liue, no denominationalliue, no color line,'no sectional line drawn. Maine and Teuness('c, Vermont and Alabama, Canada and Oregon, rolled into San Francisco together, and wilen they got tilere tht'y toucped elbows in the crowded auditorium in tile utmost fraternity. Sectional prejudices cannot live in such an atmosphere; sectional jelllousies witiler and die. The evangelical denomin lltions are every year entering more heartily into the movement. Many other countries besides our own alHl Canada were represented in the convention, for in , , Great Britain, Austrlllia, Indin, SOllth Afri­ ca,and Chiua the society is rapidly growing; while in Germany and in all othe!: European countries a good-begin'hing hlls been made. 80 that intenmtionnl liS well as intersection al good feeling is promoted. ,As some one said lit the convention, " The Eneleavor move­ ment is an arbitration treaty of love and good - will between the English - speaking races that cannot be amended or rejecteel." A third result was ' the creation of a re­ ligions atmosphere. For a week at least in San Francisco it was the popular thing to be a Christian, "For tlie first tiine in my life I feel as though I wlls..in the mlljority," said an ageel minist er of the coast. The Sunday of the convention was' one of the most quiet nrul free from crime e'ver known in the city of the Golden Gllte. Everybody secme(l to he going to church. Many pastors had to organize one IInd two :lDd even three over' flow meetings. The papers reported the parks Ilnd pleasme resorts comparative­ l y deserted, and every place of worship crowd, eel. Fou rLh; '1 he great est nnel best result was I,he wider outl oo k, the spiritual uplift, the Godward g-I!lnec of til e convention. Every one who attended lifted up his eyes" unto the hills." He could not help it. It was a mighty" object-lesson to the whole country. Here were 40,000 people, nearly 30,000 of Ihem young men IInd women, who were will­ ing to spend their iJard ·earned money and their preciolls holiday , weeks in going to a purely religious meeting rather than to some vacation pleasnre resort. A pmyer-meeting and a consecration service are more attrllc­ tive to them thno any combination of so­ called amusements. Here is the great lesson of the, convention: The Bible is not an ohso­ lete book. The Gospel is not a discarded, powerless fahl e. The Church is not dying. Th e reli gion of Jesu$ Christ is the most mighty and , regnaot tliing in this world to­ day. EAH'fHQUAKE OBSRl{VATIONS AT THE LIOK OBSERV ATO}{Y. " BY ED}VA1W H, HOLDEN, LL.D., DUU(OTOlt OF 1'IJJ~ OHSRlt.VATOU,Y. I HAVE thought, that a brief account of an earthquake shock reco rcled June 20. 1897, at the Lick Obser:vatory migJit he interesting. The astrooQmical instruments, of the obser­ vatory, in order to do their work properly, must ,remain in fixed ,positions. If they He moved "it is necessary to introduce slight cor­ rections ,in ,tile c"lculalion of the results. In California ,we ,have mllny , very ,slight shocks and tremors. Ilnd occasionally n shock as se­ vere as', tIle Charleston earthq ultl,e of 1886 (as, d'or ' example,. the San Francisco ea rth­ quake .0f 1868, the J oyo' County shock of 1872,' and t.he 80lano County sbock of 1892). Most-of these, shocks .:ire so light that they are not felt. by any one;who is moving abollt, hut, require a cleliaate .instrument-techni­ cally. a s'lis7I&f)gmph- to detect them. In plal,nin ,~ the instrumental equipment of the ohservatory it was a rnllll!"ed to install instrll­ men('s of this kind, which w4 uld record the circumstallces · of an earthqnake sbock nnd nlso the ell:llct time of its occurrence. Hence the , nstronomer, when he comes to calcnlate his ' observations, ·is on the lookout for changes in the position of his telescope snch ILS might- be p,rodnced by earthqunkes; nnd as h e knows · the times at which all shocks occulTecl, it , is easy fo'r him to deteC't such effccts, Our earthqll:dw instruments were o ri ginally installc(1. t.hereFore, solely as au aid to the IIccurate cn lculalion of our astro- f" F1~. 1.-The Jtwil1J! ~ej~mogrn»h for )'ecording Eurthq\UlkeB. 'file 11l8u'urnellL' is tlO COlltlrrllct­ ed that. the hfn~~ J) j~ I'\lcucty dlll'iut;! nu Enlth­ qUAke. He llc~ Lhe nod C Ullcl tilt! Pen A IU'e AIt:udy. 'J'h~ ~mokcd - glutolB Plate B, on the othtH' hnlld, moves wit.h the .moving Ellrtb, and the Pen A Wl'ites on Lhe Plllte the Lrae Record of the EXCUl1'iou. of the EllrLb. (See -Fig. 2.) nomica,1 observl1tions~ for which purpose the time lS the only needed datum. Tile instru­ ments, however, do' more thlln re~ord tl!e time. T~ey.give a 'graphic repi'esentfLtiot) of the motions of the earth. The observatory print, s each year, in the Publicntions of the Astronomical Society of the Pllcifie. IIn ac­ count of the shocks which have occurred in the past twelvemontlt. A vel'y sun den Ilnd rather severe shock took place on Sunday, June 20, 1897, I\t about noon_ Fig. 2 gives the trace of the motion of the earth (considerably m!l!!,niRed) as obtaiued by a seismograph (invented by Professor Ewing, of Cambridge, England), shown in Fig. 1. Such an instrument gives the tl'llce in the horizontal directions onlv­ east and west, north and south,1wt up and down- nnd it does uot record the time. Other machines snpply the missing data. The Ewing seismograph consists, essential­ ly, of two heavy pendulums joined together Fig. 2.-Move';'ent of tbe 'Earth recorded hy the Ewing Sei~mogr~ph' aL the Lick Observatory, ,Jnne 20,1897, lit 12 h. 12 m. l56 •• (lIoon), m.g­ JI i Hed. 1'he 'frail commeaces at I he Bottom of the CUI. within a wooden box resting on a solid pier (see Fig. I). Tbe weigllt D is suspend, e(\ by three wires alid is very stable; the inverted pendulum F E is balanced on its points and is very nnstabie. They are joined together hy a ball-joint' near E, and their lengths and weights Ilre so proportioned am} , adjusted that the systtlm is steady during a shock (within limits). No matter how much the pier and the ,,,ooden box may tremble duI" , ing a shock (within limits), the pendulum D remains steadY. H ence the rod C is steady, and also the pen A, which is part of. it. The box and the . little sbelf B" on the other hand, are moving ' as the earth moves. A smol{ed glass plate on B will move under the steady pen A. and will record the true tmce of the earth's motion , especinlly for light shocks. In heavy ones the limits are passed; and the whole system has n vibration of its own which fnlsifies to SOllle degree the recorded motion of the earth alone. Jj'or Ill!' ordinary pu ,rpo~es. however, this exceeding­ ly simple and jngenious instrument is en· tirely satisfactol'y. On the day ih question the pen wns quiet­ ly resting ou the plate (at the bottom o( the Cllt, Fig. 2)_ The first few shocks were quite sharp and sudden, and the pen moved by quick jerks towards the nortbeast. The subsequent treli\ors nnd ex"cnrsions are plain­ ly registered ill Fig. 2 (somewhat magnified), and can be followed by the eye. , It is I!eces­ sa.ry to say, ho*ever, that the record is not qllite complete o n the western side, because the pen in its excursions here met a wire which was uniiitentionally left in its path and to !I slight , extent interfered with its movements. Still, the record is !I good one, a.nd it is quite instructive. If the machine were perfect, tne pen should return, tit the end of the earthquake, to very near its poi nt of starting; bu t friction and other causes, some of }vhich have been referred to, IIsually i:llterfere to prevent this exact return in most long shocks, as they have in this one. One of 'tht! effects of a shock of this in­ tensity is to produce na.usea in those who expe rience it. The tmce of the shock in Fig. 2 shows why this is. The motions of the earth ILre quite antllo/!'ous to those of a vessel on tile high sea. During our experi­ ence of nine veal's at Mount Hamilton there has heen onli, one shock more severe than that which has just been described. YOUR father made cocktails with ABBOTT'S ANGOS­ TURA BITTERS. You make them now. The Bitters are the same. Druggists. Grocers.-[Adv.] DON'T be deceived by fraudulent impositions. DR. SIEGEKT'S ANGOSTURA BrITERs-the only genuine. -[Adv.] ADVERTISEMENTS. THE CELEBRATED SOHMBI Heads the list of the hlghed-grade pianos. ,It Is the fuorlte of the artists and the refined musical publlo. SOH MER 6: CO., Piano Manufaeturen, 149 to 11111 Eat 14th St., N. Y. -', ALASKAN GOLD-FIELDS. ., W~ Mr. Seward purchased Alaska for ~7,OOO,OOO i~ was thought he had bought an ICe-box. ~Iaskll, however, bas proved to be UP91 !l Sam's gold-boX, or strong· box. The tlrst ,pividend of Alaska was the sClIlrskin, \'v~ich spe_ ediJy reimbursed the Natiolfal 'rtellsury with the cost price of the Territory. ~fw(\uld seem that time has been wasted in . catcIlIng seals, as we are now told that gold ~ay 'be . lmd for the shovelling in the head­ waters of the Yukon. ~ Gold -mining 'in Alasllll is divided into the same'-two general classes that prevail else­ \\!pere, placer and quartz, the former in :;aililches lLnd the latter 'in the mountnins. ')V~lile the greater excitement prevails -in regaro to the placer Klondike region. some t1! ,.t:he greatest mining operations of the con­ ~~nent1nre carried on io the coast regiun some s_ \XJ.vmiles north of Juneau. Immensecapi- .. ~I ns invested in the coast mines about Sew- 4i-d City, operated mostly by the Rotbschilds, I . 0 .. Mills, the Noewells of Boston, the ,ernet:e Bay Mining and Milling Company, lider ,the directiun of Colunel Juhn F, 'flimm'er, of New York, lLnd others. , The product of the Juneau mines for 1896. WIIS $2 1500,OOO-equal to the product of all the placer. Qistricts of the Territory. - Juneau is the key 10 the new Klondike r~gion and the head-waters of the Yukon. TJi~ose who are wise take this short though ifi'ffieult route, Rnd make their way over Chilkoot Pass to the lakes- and head-waters df tile Yukon, t'llence to float down stream, instel\..tl of going upward from St. Michael. A ghmce ILt U Dlap will sllow the proximityof ' the Juneau coast min.es to the Klondik~ pla­ qers, ilcrosR the horcler, in British p{lsses­ sions. It is possible Ibat some day lIIining " 767 will be continuous from the coast to Klon­ dike. quartz and f)ssure veins prevailing in the ultitudes IInd placers in the gulches and stream-beds. It se~ms anomalous that would­ be miners sllould hurry throug)J the' richest gold-fields in the 'world at Seward 'City in order, to reach the lesser pincers of the Klon­ dike. But such is t.he not oriety of the pla­ cers tllat tenderfoot Rnd old - timer alike tramp unheeding tlver millions of tons of quartz veins of g~ld, situated convenient to the ocean, in ordl! to reach a regiol~ almost inaccessible, and from which it is difficult and dangerollS to take the product. The Y ukon Ba~in covers IL vast area of the interior of Alaslm r llll the adjoining Cana­ dian territory. Flom source ' to mouth lire vast treasure-beds', not only of untold mill­ ions of gOld; but tif coal. copper, marble. and all metllls, awuitiog development. R ecent explorations IULve ~ developed the amazing fnct that probably nil of the innumeruble tributaries of the Yukon carrY ,fiour gold, which increases in coarseuess as one ascends to the sources. Fortunately the Y,ukon is navigable for most of its entire,length, and its tributaries will Ildmit of smaller Hnd flllt­ bottomed craft, . Of course, only the ~ma)]est fraction of Alasku, !lnd even less of the Ca­ nadian territory, has been prospected. Nor have the prospecte!1 sections been tho.roughly gone Qver, as yet. ' , Fortune-seekers :eport discoveries and for­ tunes IIlmost incre~ible, Rnd perhar~ scnrce­ Iy paralleled jn Ih~ lIistory of gold-!lIining, even bv the well-remembered scenes of the Uassah= and Caribq ,p. In 1893 ouly 300 peo­ ple had penetrateti the Yulwn golQ - fields, increasing to 3000 ru 1895. ' The pas~ season hlls witnessed nn influx uf mnny thouslluds, IIt,tmcted by the reports which have come back to civilizutiun .. Transportntiol-l facili- 'Ball ~ Pointed Pens Luxurious Writing I (H. HEWITT'S l?ATENT). SultaJ;lle for writing In every position; glide over any paper; never scratch nor spurt. Made of the finest Sheffield rolled ' steel, BAL~POlNTRD pens are more durable, and are ahead of all others FOR EASY rtRITING. $I.~O per box o.f I gross. Assorted samPle box o.f 24 pens .for 2S cts., post fru from all stationers, or'lvltolesale of H. BAINBRIDGB & Co .. 99 William Street, New York. J. B. Llft~i~i,TL~W~~ ·i[le~~,a~k~ti1tlSt~~erhN!~~~~hia. A. C. M'CLUNG & CO., 117 Wabash Avenue, Chica£,o. BROWN IJKOS,. LItH., 68 Kill&, Street. Toronto. 768 ties have been increased, and will doubtless keep pace with the march of tile new ambitions. Too much stress canuot be laid on the warning that comes from the Yukon tllat only those WllO intend to engage in mining should make tile journey. Professional men, clerks, bookkeep­ ers. etc., will find no occupation. No one should go there witllout at least $500 in pocket, and stores of food and clothing. To all such, it may be said, a fortune awaits for'two years of hard work . . The climate of Alaska is healthv. The wiuters on the coast in the vicinity of Sitka anel Juneau are compara­ tively mild. Although excessively cold in the intcrior gold regions, tile ail' is dry, making tbe climate 'endurable ' with suitable clotlling, shelter, and fuel. The summer season is sllort and delightful, with but little rainfall. The wintcrs nre almost dayless and thc summers Ilightless. The mining season would ordinarily last from two to foul' months annually, but necessity has resulted in the metlIod known as "burning "-that is, fires and tunnels, by means of which work is prosecnted during the winter. Pay dirt is stored on the banks of streams, aud in spring is ready for the sluice-box when water is released from ice. Cli­ mate is no longer a factor in Alaska mining. The Yukon region is at present one of tile great game-fields of tile world but the miners tlIreaten to ,kill off the animals for fobd, and it is to be hoped that Canada and the United States will adopt timely rileasnrcs of protection. The up­ pCI' basin is productive of bear, moose, caribou, and small game; the stren'ms have salmon, white-fish, trout, etc. 'l'he lower areas abound in ducks, swans, geese, grouse, etc. Forty-Mile Post, Fort Cuddahy, Circle' City, Seward City, Juneau, and Sitlm-the first three in the Yukon basin, the last three on'the coast-are the principal mining settlements and centres. Circle City has a population of nearly 3000, with stores, hotels, etc. Fort Cuddahy and Forty·Mile Post are in Canadian te1'l'itory, and develop rapidly with the mining interests. All along the Yuk?n are native villages and small settlements of traders, mls· sionaries, and indians. The Yukon is navigable 1200 miles for large craft. After that many kinds of small craft nllly be used. Fort Cuddahy is the present terminus of the steamboat line, although not at the end of navigatiod. The fare from Seattle via St. l-lichael to Circle City, Fort Cuddally, and Forty-Mile Post is $150, which includes berths and meals. OORRESPONDENOE FROM THE KLONDIKE. DAW80N CiTY, YUKON, NORTUWEST TERRITOHY, June & 3, l 1i97. DAWSON CITY, born last fall at the mouth of the Klon­ dike, where it empties into the Yukon, will soon be one of the world's great placer camps. But for the difficulty of communication with the outer world it wonld be now. Discovered last August by a squaw-man and an Indian, it was not nntil December, when a hole was sunk to bed-rock, tllat the great richness of the strike was known. Holes went down rapidly, and $5, $10, $50, $150 to the pan were found on bed-rock, picked pans going as high as $500. Owing to scarcity of men, only a few hundred being here, comparatively little was done, as the men wanted to work on shares, though wages went up to $15 per day. It was late in the winter before much was done, yet, despite this, nbout 8l.500,OOO was sluiced out of the dumps on El Dorado this spring, and about $500,000 out of Bonanza Creek-wllich was taken out by men who in the fall had not, many of them, money for a grnb stake. Many of the locators have sold out for from $10,000 to $50,000, and the buyers will reap a .fortune. The dig­ gings are generally "drift," or \vinter diggings. the ground, eternally frozen, being thawed by fire, and pny dirt hoisted to the surface, to be sluiced iu the spring. The winters are inteusely cold, the thermometer going down to -70° at times. III the summer it goes as high as 93° in the shade, 115° in the sun, in the long June·July days. The scarcity of "grub" is the constan~ dread of miners here, and should there be any great rush this fall, great 't; HARPER'S WEEKLY DAWSON CITY, AT THE MOUTH OF THE KLONDIKE, ALASKA, JUNE, 1897. THE RUSSIAN OENSUS. RUSSIA GROWING, THE pUblication of the retur' ns of the first .. one· day census" ever taken in Russia reveals some very interest­ ing facts, although tbe items arc by no means all before the world. The first fact is the census itself, which is the first of any degree of completeness since 1851. In 1858 a par­ tial but still somewhat unsatisfactory one was taken; but with that exception, reliance has been placed on estimates based in their turn on isolated censuses of cities and some provinces. This time, uuder the geueral direction of the vice-president of the Russian Geographical Society, 230, - 000 persons, including a large nnmber of students, have beeu employed iu the only satisfactory way to secUl'e an absolutely accurate enumeration of the population. The next fact is the steady aud rapid growth of the popuTation. The censlls of 1851 gave 67,380,645. Twen­ ty years later the estimate was 85,685,945; in 1882, 102,- 889,520; in 1890, 118,014,187. The present census gives 129,211.113. :Mean while the territorial additions have been of comparatively little importance, so that the in­ crease may fairly be set down as the normal growth. This is more than double the rate in Germany, while France is stunding aghast at finding that she has not grown at all-is, in fact, standing stili. In this connection it i~ interestiug to note that while in Russia itself there is much the same proportion of males to females as iu the rest of Europe, in other part~ of the empire there are far more men than women, so that the balance gives an ex­ actly even proportion of each. The third fact of special note is the growth of cities. In the past the chief strength of Russia has been in her rural population. There have been few large cities and few large towns. Now SI. Pelersburg bas 1,267,023 in­ habitants, and ranks closely with Vienna, and not so far below Berlin. Moscow has very nearly a million, War· saw over 600,000, while among the 19 cities of over 100,- 000 are TilEs and Baku iu the Caucasus, as well as Kieff, Kharkoff. Riga, and others in Russia, and 'fashkelld ill Asia. There are also 35 cities whose population is be· tween 50,000 and 100,000, and 69 more under 50,000 but over 25,000. The growth Ims been very rapid. In 1891 men than by reason' of tbe inherent force of her people. Settin g aside her Asiatic provinces, she ontranks Germany :~ud A ustria-Hungary combined by 26,000.000, w.hile with the -addition of the Steppe provinces she has more to call upon for defence than the whole Triple Alliance. 'rite male population of ElIl'opean Russia alone, without tak­ ing Poland or the Caucasus, is almost equal to the elltire popUlation of the German Empirc, while tile proportion of popUlation to territory, oll ly eight per squtlre mile, shows lllat there is ample 1'00111 for even more rapid de­ velopment in the futlll'e. Considercd merely as a col­ lection of individuals, it is easy to believe that before very long she will, or may, not merely overshadow but over­ awe and overbeur the whole of adjoining Europe. With.... central Europe very nearly stationary and Russia growing at such a rate, it will be only a question of time when Russiau rule will take the place of Russian influeuce. The third fact, however, comes in as in some sense a counterbalance. The growth of cities shows tlIlIt the Russian himself is changing. The zemstvo is giving place to the municipality, the muzhik is becoming a citi· zen who no longer obeys blindly either the official 01' the nihilist leader, but reads and tlIiuks for himself. NihilisUl is in the background. Socialism is coming to the fwnt, and strikes are succeeding to . plots against the ,'Offi'cial~. Autocracy has not ceased . . Administrative process is still in vogue. It is 110 safer now than it has been for mCJl 01' women of high position to assert tllemselves in oppo­ sition to the established order, but this is 011 the ·surface. Underneath there is a movement., how strong it is as yet impos:\ible to estimate, yet genuine, and in all human probahility destined to increase. which will at some time assert itself, Will this assertion be in the form of revolutiou? Is the France of a century ago to be repeated in the Russia of the next century? That is the question, whether spoken or. unspoken, which is in the minds of all-Rus­ sians probably as well as tJlOse who look on with wouder aud somewhat of dread, as one watches the incoming of a high tide. With all his stolidity, there is a strangely powerful element of imagination in the Russian. In what other country on the globe could such a self·immo­ lation IlUve occnrred as when those misguided fanatics suffered themsel ves to be walled up alive, and held them­ selves so firm tbat when the bodies were exhumed it is said there \\' ere no traces of the death·struggle? The wildest fakirs of India, the most ferocious votaries of the bloody Muharram in Persia, show no greater power of fanat­ icism than many of the sects of Russia, such as the skopsi or eunuchs, while the heroism of the Huguenots or of the victims of Diocletian was no more pure than that of many of the Stundists of the preseut day. This element, mis­ directed, inflamed with false ambition, aroused by evil men, might well spread like a scourge. It cOllstitutes a great danger, and the future safety of the empire de­ pends upou the way in which it is guided. WIN'fER DRIFTING ON EL DORADO GULCH, ALASKA. Fortunately there are indications that wiser counsels than have too often governed are coming into control. Proposals are IInder consideration for lightening the 'se­ verity of the press laws, and wllile tlIere is no chauge in the form of statement of law, the number of dissenters in prison is said to be rapidly dimiuishiug. It is to be re­ memberctl, also, that the Church has a strong hold llpon the people, and has never committed itself to that bitter opposition to reading the Scriptures which has been char­ acteristic of most Roman Catholic governments, The problem for tlte Russian authorities is how to furnisb op· portuuity for development, how to utilize the vitality of the race, and to keep it in line with the best iuterests of the nation. For tltis the first essential is peace, and the re­ sults of this census make more apparent than ever the reason for the absolute insistence by the Czar's govern· ment ou the prevention of war. Every possible means must be used for . internal development, meeting the changing conditions of a wonderfully growing empire. In view of these facts, it is scarcely surprising that the Christians of Turkey are overlooked, 01' that the friendship of a repllulic is sought by the most absolute monarchy in existence. EDWIN MUNSELL BLISS. suffering and starvation must res.ult, as the ~oJl)panies cannot till the demand, and it is a terrible trip to get out of the country in winter, and then only when well pro· visioned and with good dog teams. Next summer facili· ties will be enlarged, and 'any one coming here should wait until then. The gold territory is a large one, though such a gulch as El Dorado is likely never to be found agaiu. and Ihe Yukon will be one of the great gold couu - tries of the world. WILLIAM" D, JOHNS. Moscow had only 800,000, and iu five years St. Petersburg bas gained one-sixth of her present population. The first thought that comes in connection with these facts is that of the immense vitality of the race. There is no immigration; the growth is lIatural , normal, and it indicates a marvellous power, which must inevitably ill­ crease rather than decrease. vVhat is to be the effect of this increasing power? Russia is to·day the do.minant influence '1\ Europe, not more by reason of the skIll of her states- ON LONG ISLAND SOUND. A ROCK·RIBBED shore, A distant wall of blue. Blue sea, with sails besprinkled here and there. An anodyne of glory in the air To one who, lying in an open boat, Looks up to other stlils that softly float Upon another tide of azure blue, ALBERT BIGELOW PAINE. - . \VHEN 'l'HE LAWN-TENNIS SEASON opened this year it looked as though tbe '97, standard of the American game 1V0uld depend on the amount of .development Illade by Whitman, .Ware, Sheldon,and Driscoll, wbo cOlllprised . the promising younger element of ·last year. Gradually several of thc older phlyers have made their appearance, although there are still absentees, who are very unlikely to put in an appearilnce_ 'Of the veterans, Wrenn, Lamed, and SteVC1l8 are really the only ones who can be counted ' upon to play at Newport. Clarence Hobart will certainly , not play in tournaments this year, and CalT Neel; Hovey, and Chace are probably out of the game. At all events, the . present situation is not hopeful for the '97 attainment of American lawn -tennis. Wrenn and Lamed are tbe only men playing \vho may be called first class, and Larned is vcry unsteady. This first-class representation, however, small as it is, will constitute the bulwark of American defence against the impending English invnsion. And of this representa- , tiO Il , \Vreun is rcally our only dependable challlpion. Larneq hlls skill; IInd has made some highly praiseworthy records, but so many times after performing brilliantly , he has failed to s llslain the pace that we can only view : lJim in the light of 'a bope which is as likely to be realizerl as not. He did well iu England last year-well enough ' to be rated sixth-and reached the semi-finals at Newport, where he was beaten by Wrenn. As FOR THA T PROMIS ING YOUNGER SET, it has only in . part given evillence of adequately . supplying tbe de· pletcd first class. Driscoll has surpassed ex-pectations, and W are's performances in Canada seem to indicate that he will eqnal expectations. But Shelrlon and Whitman have fallen much below the mark tlJCir '96 work suggested for the opening of '97. P erhaps it will be interesting alld instructive at the opening of the '97 season to publish t he '96 officialmnkiug: Class I- Owes three-fourths of fift eeu. f(. D. Wrenn, W. A, Lamed, C. B. Neel, F. n. Hovey. Clns" 2, semteh-E.;P. Fiseher, G. L. Wt'enn, R. Stevens. Clnss 3-Receivesnne-fllur l.h of fifteeu. M, D. Wbitmau, L. E, Ware, G. P. Sheldon, C. R. Bndlol1g. Cluss 4-Rceelves one-bulf of fltleen, G. W, Lee, J . D. FOt'bee, W. . ..,- :M,. Scudtlel', J. C. Neely. Clues 5-Reeeives three-fourths of fifleen. D. F. Dnvis, n. Ward, R. p, Dnvi~, W. A. Betlt el, C. P. Dodge, J . C, Davidson, A. P. Huwe •. Class ! --Recelves fifteen. C. Cragin, R. Fillel,e, Y. M. Edwllrd., R. H. Carltoll, H, E. Avery. .HARPER'S WEEKLY 769 THE LARCH MONT HARBOR FROM THE CLUB DOCK. Ware met Whitman in the third round, and beat him with. surprising ease-with such ease, illdeed, it seemed as though Whitman were ai ling , Neither Ware nor Ward was put to much exertion in their other matc:hes. The Metl'Opolitan (N. Y.) c:hampionship prov:ided some exceedingly interesting play betwcen the second - class men. J . C. Davidson bent W. Gordan Parker, 6-3, 6-3, and E. P. Fischer beat J . P . Paret. 6-4, 6-4. in the second round. In the semi-tiual S. O. Millett created a mild sen­ sation by beating Fischer, 6-4, 4-6, 6-4, though Davidson's conquest of P arker, 7-5, 6-3, was not unexpected. So also MilleU's victory over Dav idson, 6-4, 11-9, 7-5, which gavc him the tournament, WflS on the cards, although the Southerner made an exciting contest of it. Millett, with G. L , Wrenn, WOll also the doubles over Fischer and Parker. THE MIDDLE STATES CHAMPIONSHIP at Orange fur­ nished quite the most interesti ng play, nnd was th e first tonrn ament to bring out any of ihe old er men, Slcveus and Larned and Millett being entcreJ. . One of the sur· prises of the early rounels was the success of J . P . Paret, who beat both W are and Sheldoll. Paret, although a greatly improved player over his form of a couple of years ago, has neither the form nor brilliancy of either of these two young collegians, his success being due to steady, consistent play, and therefore the more creditable. Millett's light went out on the third day, partly becanse of his own poor play-his lcibbing especially being badly judged- and partly because Whitman put up a much stronger game than he had shown at LOllgwood, and smashed with exceeding accuracy. Ward's pros­ pects were arso cut short by Larned. Meantime an interesting if modest struggle was pend­ ing at MorristolVn, New J ersey, for the possession of the , Morris County Field Cluh trophy. It was local in en· tries; and won by J. D . Forbes, who easily disposed of several apponen ts. IN THE WES T the Chicago Club's annual tournament has developed a new claimant for Western honors in Kreigh Collins. He entered the tournament somewhat unknown , but made the notable record of playing through without losing a single match , J efeatin g W. S. Bond, L. H . Waidner, W. L . Myers, Harvey McQl.Iiston, Norris Mundy-all of them familiar names in Middle Western tennis. The interest of Chicltgo, indeed of liS all, at, the pre,sent moment, is centred on the W estern championship singles and the United States championship dQ ubles, which be­ gan Monday (July 26) on the Kenwood Courts. Car I' B. Neel now holds the singles, and tbe Neel bro­ thel's the doubles championship, but it is very doubtful . if they will defend the doubles-though S. R. Neel is an entry for the singles, and Carr Neel, who is very much confined by his professional duties in Michigan, may spare time to defend his title. ] f he does, and has had any opportunity at all for practice, it is safe to say he will de­ fend it successfully. UNLESS WARE AND SHEI.DON, who have gone West for the doubles, also enter for the singles, there will be no like­ ly E astern winners in t.he tournament. And very properly so. Of the Western aspirants for singles honors tbe most promising are S. R. Neel, Bond , Neeley, W aidner, Myers, Collins, and Evarts Wrenn. S. T. Chase, one·time cham­ pion, and J . W. Carver, will neither of t.hem enter. Among the local men, Collins, by his recent perrormance at the Chicago Club tOllrnament, would seem to be a fa­ vorite, although S. R. Neel has perhaps a cleverer gn me, which hitherto he has not been able to sustain throughout a five-set Illatch. A PICTURESQUE BIT OF LARCIIMONT SHORE. The ' sem i - tinals found Stevens and Pm'et, and Lamed and Whitman, op­ posed. Ncither match was close, and the ease with wh ich Paret was defeated indicated. after his victory over Ware and Sheldon a couple of days earlier in the week, how wide apart are the games of the first clnss and that" coming" class Entries are reported as numerous, but, with only a fa· miliar name here and there, are unknown to the tennis worlrl. One of these is D. Davis, from St. Loui s, who caught R. D. Wrenn off form at Newport last year and beat him one set out of four. Belden, who hns hncl so successful. a career in the Northwest, is another. Even George Whitney, the P acific coast champion, is ~aid to be cOllling, but that very likely is mere rum or. Ware IHls a good chancc of winning from anyone of these men, and so would Sheldon if he had the form of last slimmer. . .Several Eastern playe rs were not ranl ed because they played too seldom. Clarence lIobart, for instance, beat Wrenn at Orange early in the season, and did not play again. A. E. Foote won the New England championship, ' beating Mal colm Chace, but neither of them played there­ after. Driscoll beat Ware and Budlong in the Inter-col­ legiate championships, and lost to Wltitman. FEW WES TEUN AND SOUTHEUN MEN are rated because of the Ranking Committee's unfamiliarity with the play­ ers in those secI ions, That, howeve r, is p o.or consolation ' to the individuals West and South, and not likp.ly to popularize either thc gallle or the Association. The As­ sociation should follow the example of the League of American Wheelmen,and appoint sectional representatives and, now that classitication has lJeen attempted. sectional handicappers. Otherwise little permanent general good will result. Thus the first ten playcrs are R. D, Wrenn, Larned, C. ' B. Neel, Hovey, Fischcr, G, L. Wrenn, Stevens, Whitman, Ware, and Sheldon, a nd , of these, four only arc really first class, and but t\\"o of ~hem are in active play this season. " THE SOUTHERN CIlAMPlONSIHP :It Washington was the earliest tournament of the year, and gave Thomas A. Driscoll the tirst opportunity of showin g how much he has improved since he won the Pacitic Ooast champion­ ship, and defeated Ware and Budlong in the In ter-colle­ giate challlpionship last autumn. He met J . O. David-' son, one of the strongest of the Southern experts, in tlte tirst round, and defeated him ha'ndily in straight sets: and baving beaten F. P. Warfield, he then encountereq last year's Southern challlpion, J . P. Paret, from whom he also easily won in four sets. The New England championship had several Western entries, notably O. 1'. Wilson, of Chicago, but both he and J. C. Belden, also of Chicago, were defeated in the tirst round-Kellogg, from the same city, surviving. Ricll' md Hooker was the most formidable man to dispnte Driscoll's progress, but his effort was unavailing, the Southern champion defeating him very easily in straight sets. Arthur E. Foote, winner in '96, being absent, Dris­ coli acquired, by default, another championship. THE MASSAC H USETTS STATE TOURNAMENT at Long­ wood had, as usual, a well· filled entry list, with some ex­ cellent play resulting. It served, too, to bring Holcomb Ward once more be­ fore the tennis world , and this time in the successful role of State champion, won by beating Ware in the finals and throu gh R. D . Wren-n's default of the title. Ward has entered Harvarrl, and the cbances are good that the ability which his occasional appearance has suggested as latent will now be fully developed. on which hang all the hopes ' of American tennis in tbe immediate future. 'fhe prospect is sufficiently doleful to drive us all to golf. WHl'l'MAN HARDLY PLAYED WELl, ENOUGH to make his match interesting, and Lamed won with great case, show­ iug the best tennis of the week. Stevens managed to prolong one set dcuce in his match with Larned, but otherwise the latter ha 1 very liltle diffi- ' culty in winning with play that was al ways good tennis, and occasionally very brilliant. If Lamed could only . maintain his .brilliant streaks he would have been a will­ ner at Newpor. t long ago. His winning Stevens score was 6-3, 7:"'5, '6-:1. Clai·ence. Hobart, holder, defaulting in consequence of his father's death, Larned won the title without farther effort. , Whitman did better work in the hand icap singles, which he won, beating C. P.Dodge, who beat Edward Lyman for the consolation.' H . Ward and D. F. Davis, both of Har-' If the N eels do not clerend the douhles championship, Ware and Sheldon will I'-ave an excellent opportunity of bringing that title back with them. I should rather see a W cstern temu win it, and if the National Association ' CommiUee does what i~ wise. in this hour of lawn -tennis need, it will prohibit touring the country for championship trophies .. Only national events should be open to the country. The Western sin­ !!Ies or doubles championship should be open only to a Western man , the New England championship only to a New-Englander, the Southern to a Southerner. If tbis were done, more encouragement would be offered resident players. vard, made a strong doubles combination, beating Larned" THE LAWN·'rENNlS EVENT, however, towards which: all and Stevens, who were an ill-assorted pair, but finally snc· 'American eyes are no'w directed is the Longwood (Bos­ C limbing ·to Leo Ware (Harvarcl) and G. P. Sheldoll, Jr: tOll) tournament ' this week. · Through the entrance' of (Yale). the Britishers-Mahon~y, Eaves; and Nisbet-the tourney becomes international, with,R. D. Wrenn and W. A: Lar­ ned the mainstay of our hopes for American success. THE CANADIAN CHAMPIONS niP served to rather brill­ iantly exploit Ware, who, if sustaining the pace he has­ recently cut Ollt, may fillnlly outrun his confreres and' swell that .Jiminished first class. We hope he may. ' His game' is a ·thoroughly good one, he is a spoi'tsman, aUlt the first class is in dire need of re-enforcement. . Fischer's play was not up to the best form he has re:· vealed on occasions, as may be judged by t he difficulty (10-8,7-5) with which he defeated J. P. Parct. And this is not to belittle Parel's gam: e, which, though having maclc most commendable advancement, is yet far below FJsch­ er's. \Vhitman macle rather a good show ing, . hei ng opposed by comparatively easy men, until he Illet ,Ware in the semi-finals, and then he was outplayed lit every poinh W are winning, 4-6; 6- 1, 7-5. Fischer, who had not previously met a formidable opponent, beat Sheldon (~-4 ; 6-2) also in the semi-fi nals so easily thl!J. the Yale man' ap­ peared a novice in co rn pal'ison. .'¥'"';' t ~. In the final Ware defealed Fischer in straight s :ls, 8-6, 6-1, 6-2, and as R. D. Wrenn clCfaulted, he won with it the championship of the Dominion. Ware's play against Fischer was very clever and hard tennis, for though Fischer is not at his top form. he was snfficiently near it at Niagara to require good work to beat him. Ware subsequently won the handicap event, and, with Sheldon, the Canadian championship doubles from Fisch­ er and Whitman, 6-1, 6-4, 2-6, 6-3. Miss .Jlllietie At­ kinson, of Brooklyn, also successfully defended her title to the wOlllan's singles championship. So the conquest of lawn;tennis Canada seems to have been rather thorough. The most expert of these 'visiting Britishers is H: S. THE CLUB LAUNCH DELIVERING GUES'l'S TO YACHTS. l\'lahoney, who lJeld the All-England championship in '96, bnt was recently defeated for the J itll\ by a Cambridge University man, R. ~. Doherty, in straight sets, 6-4, 6-4, 6-3, after the latter had beaten W. Baddeley in the semi­ finals, 6-3, 6--0, 6-3. In company with Dr. Joshua Pim, the then English champion, Mahoney visited this country in 1895, and both played at Longwoocl, meeting Hobart, Hovey, Larned, and Chace-R. D. Wrenn, in fact, being the only absentee of our first-class. The l'esults of that meeting were, briefly: Mahoney beat Hobart, Lamed, 770 Hovey, and Chace; Pim beat Larned, Hovey, Chace-and Mnhony twice ; Pim was beaten by Hobart, who through­ out the match maintained une of those brilliant streaks which have proved him invincible on occasions. H obart nnd Hovey bent Pim and Mahony in the most brilliant doubles matches I h!1ve ever seen. MAHONY's FORM IS HIGH CLASS, nnd his play reminds one of that other high·class British player, M. F. Good­ body, who, in '94, by beating Larned, won the All Corners at Newport, bnt was beaten for the National champion­ ship by R. D. Wrenn, the present champion. The Iri~h­ man's service is sure and well placed , and freq llently he runs up on it, as Cnmphell used to do aOLI Cnn Neel does. Both in back and fore handed play he g ives n decided Cllt, not unlike the cour~-tennis stroke. He seems to prefer making returns bacRh nnded , nnd is t.he strongest back­ hand player who has played in Al)1erica. He keeps the head of the racket, op these strokes, higher than the hand, and the entire racket, in consequence, is about horizontal, whereas all our players maintnin an almost vertical racket. ; , W. V. Eflves is a1~0 first class, and for several years has maintained a p~sil .ion a lll ong th e best four or six of British players. In the AII-Englnnd championship this year he won his way to t he final, meeting Dohcrty, ·who beat him two sets, 6-3, 7- 5, and had him. 2 love on the third, when E aves, who was not well, defaulted. Vol­ leying is the strong point in Eaves's game. Nisbett is not so well known on this side, nor is he so strong a player as either of the other two. He is, how­ ever, of t he first class. There seems slight hope of a conq nel'Or of Mnhony fnr­ nished by t he Longwood ent.ries. If Larned could sustain one of those brilliant streaks he sometimes exhibits, he might beat MalJOny, bnt not otherwise. ' On every day - six out of seven day-form Mahony is the better man. What Larned can do with Eaves remains to be seen; he has a chance of winniug if he can play steadily. Stev­ ens or any of the others do not seem to have a chance. THE HONOR OF TilE AMERICAN G AME on this occasion, as it will iu every event this season in which the 'British­ ers enter, rests upon R. D. Wrenn. H e is the only mnll we have who plays a high ·cla~s game and can be depend ed on to die in the last ditch. He holds the Longwood Cup and will defend it, meeting Mahony in all probability. Mahony is a stron ger player than Goodbody, whom Wrenn dl,feated, and it must be remembered that he comes to us just after t.he English championship, fitted by a hard preliminary season. Our season, on the other hand, is but just begun, and Longwood will be Wrenn's first appearance this yenr in singles. The chances are cer­ tainly against Wrenu defeating MalJOny ~t Longwood. AN INVITATION TOURNAMENT, August 2. given by the St. George Cricket and Tennis Club at Hoboken, New Jersey, will follow Longwood. The contestants will be Mahony, Eaves, Nisbett, Wrenn, Larned, and Stevens. The scheme of play is that every American meets every EngliShman, but the Englishmen and Americans do not meet one of their own nationality. In this wn,y there will be an absolutely fair test between the two, with no wasted energy in matches not hearing directly upon the absorb- ing question of international supremacy. . With Longwood to tune him up, Wrenn is sure to play a stronger game on tltis occasion; perhaps he migh t even beat l\iahony. But I do not look for him tp be at his best before Newport, and then should Mahopy win the Al1 Corners-as there is great probability onlis doin g­ Wrenn, I think, may be depended on to keep the United States championship in the United States. fIARBER's WEEKLY Name. ~Leng!h~ Over all. L.W. L Beam. Owner. --- · rt. ID. rt. In. rt. ID. Aronea (eentrebonrcl) . SO 08 17 06 10 OH w. W. Hownrd. AI-A nl,a (cen treboard) SI 00 11 06 8 06 C. H. Crllne. Ken eu (cenll'ehollrd) . . SO 06 17 00 8 00 Montgomel'Y Clol'k. M .. ntank (tin keel) '" 29 .OQ 17 06 6 11 Chlll'les Olm.tead. MOlllo (centreboRrd ) .. 29 06 H 06 8 00 H. M. Crane. SI ute (centrehoard) .. . 80 00 11 06 8 00 Irving Cox. Sbark (till keel) ...... SO 00 17 06 6 00 A.s a means to winning back ihe Challenge Cnp perhaps these freaks will sel've a beneficent purpose, a mi in time lead to the designing' of something more worthy of the nllme of hoat. But 3{i'for milkin g any impression on naval archi tect life or in any . pnrticular suggesting a future class, tbey are of. no consequence at all. , ~. THESE BOATS AR~ " ALL CUT off substantially the same pattern-some fhitte'rnild broader thau others, hut all of them unsightly, w~th a depth of hull running from five to eight inches. The o'nly praiseworthy feature of, such a freak class is the dem'and created for good sailor· men, nnd the conseq uent devel Qpmeut in this direction. It takes good work to sail one of these pumpkin·seed things on its beltm end, oi' even J,o keep it afloat on occasion. Th e boats whicl. r~ced for this International trophy last year and ~he year'before were 15·footers, and I fnil to see what practical advantage thhr year's 20-footers have over the smaller class. ' Their initial cost' is more, twice as much-or, to be definite, the difference between $600 and $1500-it takes three men to sail t.he twenties, where­ as two men could sail' a 15-footer. The 15-footers were raCing-machines, and' SO are the 20-footers, the latter class being more unwieldy to handle, and more useless, if pos­ sihle, at the end of their racing life. Of course the 20- footer is fuster than the 15·footer, but comparatively there is no apparent increase in speed,-besides which a half­ dozen 10·second runners will make just as exciting racing as the same number of 9!·second men. If as much fun can be had on $600 as on $1500, what is the sense in spending an extra $900, unless something is to be gained for the science of bOat designing and build­ ing? This '97 class offers no such compensation. More­ o.ver, greater cost lesse)ls the number who can afford to join in tbe sport. ' There were nearly three times as many 15-footers last year as there were 20-footers this year at Oyster Bay. A SMART SOU1'HERLY GALE in the first trial stirred lip . Oyster Bay, drenched the crews, and buffeted the freaks mercilessly. Out of nine starters, three crossed the finish­ line, accidents of various kinds having overtaken the ot.her six. Those t~'ee were H omo, Montauk, and ·Keneu. Skate, which had done some excellent work in other regattas, and is perhaps, WIth its fet'ry-boat bow, ihe ugliest appearing of the lot, led the fleet until three Imndred yards from home, when too much canvas and a sudden puff of wind turned her over. i.~. Fickle winds ruled-'o'n the day of the second trial, and though the course was meant to be a test of the wind­ ward and leeward qualities of the boats, the shifting breezes defeated the committee's purpose. Nine started, and all finisher! save Al-Anka, which strained her mast. Homo again won, leading the fleet from the very first mark, althou~ being t4e eighth across the starting-line_ On the next £'0 tlte last turn Skate caught Homo, and for one leg of reaching fiu;:ed away from the fleet; but H011l0 snhseqnentlyoverhauled and beat her on this her strong­ est point of sailing. : There were only 6 seconds between Homo and Skate, while Shark-the third-was about 2 minutes behind Skate. The course was twelve miles. THE THmD OF THE TRIAL RACES was, to be truly Hi- - MEANTIME THE ST. GEORGE CLUB, of which R. D. berniun. a drift. Although it had no official conclusion, '. Stevens is the practicai sponsor, is withholding uo effort to the committee calling t\le trial off hecause a finish was provide good courts and attractive prizes for this very improbable, yet the day.proved H017W the best under such important tournament. conditions. Six of the twenties went to the starting-line, F ollowing Hoboken, tlte Euglishmen will rest until the A1'auca. Vaga1'Y, Ha1'Y, 'I Lnd Idea being among the miss­ United Stntes championship tournament, which opens in g. Al-Anka led the drifting fleet for two legs, with Tuesday, Aug ust 17, at Newport. Homo and SltOll'k seconc;I. and third, but when the com- It is greatly to be regretted that the fact of there being mittee postponed the tri6l Homo had crept into first and three expert foreign players in our midst, seeking to carry Al·Anka gone to third, Sha1'k being second. our highest law n·tennis honors out of the country, is not T wo races were sailed on the next day, Saturday-the sufficient to keep in nctive practice those Americans tbat fourth trial of the 20-footers in the morning, and the an- . Itave but just stepped out of the ~ame. It is a pity, in- nual race for the Alfred Roosevelt Memorial Cup in the deed, Hovey and Carr Neel and Mfllcolm Chace cannot afternoon. And it was well for the International Cup find time and inclination to enter at Newport.. . committee it was so, else, after H 017W'8 defeat in the last .\ triul; another series might have been considered necessary. THE 20·FOOT FREAKs-one'raters, so ~lIed , and erro-. H017W, Al-Anka, K eneu, Slta1'k, Skate, and Arauca start- neou~ly so-have had their trial rnces in OJi\ter Bay uuder ed in the morning, and oq the flrst leg Homo parted the the Seawanhaka - Corinthi an Club auspices. Thc one lashing of her jib, which,~although repaired, delayed her which the committee considers the best all- round boat enough to give Al-Anka ail advantage that she never lost. will next month sail for the Seawanhaka·Corinthian In- Having gained the lead :on the flrst turn by 1 minute, ternfltional Challenge Cup, which Mr. George Dug-gan's Al·Anka held it to the last, beating Homo, which was 15 - footer Glencai1'n captured last year from El Hei1ie. slowly and slovenly hllndled, by nearly 3 minutes. The Last year the match race was on Oyster Bny; this year it rest of the fleet waS distanced. Shark finished third, 7t will be on Lake St. Louis, nbout ten miles from Mon- minutes after Homo. Keneu was 5 minutes later, Skate treal. 10 minutes behind Keneu, and Amuca 11 miQutes after Up to the day of our going to press, there has been no Skate. Outside of HomO and Al-Anka the ra€e was very official declaration of the committee's choice, but the four uninterestin g. . i days of racing furni shed rnther convincing evidllnce of In the afternoon ' Uq:mo, Al-.Anka, Shnll'k, and Skate the superiority of Momo, and she is more than likely to be sailed, and all did bet(er, save Al-Anka, which had some finally appointed to represent the club. Certainly Homo of Horno'8 hard luck of the morning; she twice parted her made the most consistent record for the week, and did the jib· halyards. But · the race was always between Homo most uniform work. Skate'8 upset on the first day gave and Al-Anka, the others being outclassed. Homo as­ Homo that race, but Skate proved hy her subsequent work sllmed the lead at the start, and never lost it, crossing the that, although exceptionally fast in reaching. she is slow ' finish-line fi)1ally 3 minutes before Al-Anka. Shark was on other points of sailing. Momo, on the other hand , was third,5 minutes behind Al-Anka/ and Skate, badly beaten, a good second to Skate on that first day of wind and sea. finished last of the quartet, 6 minutes after Sha1·k. -close enough to get first handily when Skate turned. In the Melllorial Cup race were also &cret. a centre- over. board sloop of modern type, and Nameless. Il. Gardiner 25- On the other days light wind prevniled, and on two of footer; but ~hey were no match for the 2O-foot racing­ them Homo's sllccess was emphatic. She attained the lead machines, Sec1'et finishing ahout 21 minutes after Skate, or early and held it to the finish. In the fourth race a slight ·about 35 minutes after H omo. accident to her jib and rather poor handling were suffi- The Seawanhaka-Corinthian Club merits congratulation cient to lose her !first place to Al-Anka, which was well . c ; m .having so pract.ical and sportsmanly a committee as handled. ' . that which managed these races. Yachtsmen appreciate THE CLASS ORIGINALLY' HA D TWELVE .entrie!\, bnt:Pio:­ neer and AstluJ1'e were failures as racing - machines, 'and . Ma1'Y, Idea, and Vagary sailed only a; couple of times. and then withd· l'ew. .This red uced the. class to seven, and one of those, Ara1.lCll, cnt very little figure in the racing. what these men are doing to nourish the interest in small­ boat ral!ing-which.means_ developing yachtsmen. THE LARCHMONT YACHT CLUB RACE WEEK; which 'had a brilliant ending on Saturday night. was even more enter­ taining. than last year, And that. is saying a great deal. VOL. XLI., No. 2119. 1'0 provide an entire week of racing is, in these dull days of yachting, with their unfilled classes and lack of novelty, to nccomplish what perhaps no other club than the Larch­ monl would even undertake. Yet from July 17 to 24, in­ clusive, there was interesti ng racing every- day over the club course, and in the club-house some kind of enter­ tainment every night- music, fire-works, minstrels, or legerdemain. There is some good reason, of course, for the success of the Larchmont Club. Several good reaso ns, indeed. Ef­ ficient officers-elected not because they have a long hank account or a big steam·yacht, but because they are fitted to lead a progressive. growing club ; practical, energetic committeemeu-appointed becanse they know their busi­ ness; no" chosen few " self·ordained to "ruu things"; allli the owner of the smallest sailing yacht given equal audi­ ence in the council·chamber with the opulent landsman wh ose private signal may float over n steamer and an entire fl eet of launchcs. These are a few of the reasons why the Lurchmont Club entertains where others bore, why last yenI' it was compelled to build a ninety-foot addition to its club-house to accommodate an increasing membership, and why final­ ly it holds more regattas iu a season than any other club in th e country. . Some others not so successful would do well to study the methods of the Larchmont. CONSIDERING HOW IMPOVERISHED THE CLASSES seem to l .)e tltis year. it was quite remarkable what interesting raclDg was had last week at Larchmont by the assem­ bled fleet. In the large Schooner class, Oolonia and 1i}memld of course were the centre of interest ; there were no others. in fact, of the same or an approximate class to compete with them. And indeed there will be none seen at any regatta this season, unless some yachts­ man or club sufficiently apprep.iates the needs of the present situation to classify the schooners, and sloops too. according to the years of their construction. and offer prizes on that basis. Such deep-draught schooners as Oolonia, Eme1'ald (in her recently altered condition). A11l01'ita, and Qui8setta have, in t heir respective classes, put all the others ont of the racing. Of the sloops, there was the new F . H. Hoyt S,1/ce, which had been g-oing from regatta to regatta with out finding a rival, until H. M. Gillig bought. Vencedo1' in Chicago, and had her sail plan enlarged for Eastern racing. Venced01"s racinl! length is 48.38 (Syce being 50.86), and she is the boat built by Ber­ riam of Chicago last year to meet the Canadian Oanada, in a race for the championship of tbe Great Lakes. Ven­ cedO'l'was overbuilt., nnd much bandicapped by the smlllI amount of canvas put on her in order to keep within the prescribed racing figures. She was easily beaten by Oan­ a, d(/.. When properly canvassed she has given some iudi­ cation of speed; but she is really untried. So FAR AS "COLONIA" AND "EMEl!ALD" are con­ cerned, the week's racing at Larchmont convin cingly de­ ten:nined the faster boat. In the Atlantic nnd New York Yacht Club regattas 1i}mfYl'ald had defeated Oolonia once by fluky air and once solely on merit; but at Larchmont Colonia, in their duels, settled whatever doubt may have existed as to the supremacy. In the first meeting it was a wind -jamming match, and a.lthough 1i}me1'ald was over the line first nnd rounded the first mark a minute before Oo«mia, the latter eventually beat her 7 m. 51 s. A. fine bre\lze and a little jump ofsea were the conditions on tlte second meeting, aud again 1i}me1'ald got the better of theJ start, this time by 57 s. E11lemld held her ad­ vantage uuiil half - way to the first (windward) mark, where Oolonia overhauled and beat her on that leg 1 m. 20 s. Oolonia lost down tlte wind, but on reach­ ing and working to windw ard she did the better, finally winning by 3 m. 41 s . . The third race between the two resulted in a still more decisive ·victory for :Colonia, tbe conditions being a vel:Y strong southwest. wind and a choppy sea. E11le1'ald crossed tbe starting-line 1 m. 43 s. before Colonia. To the first mllrk Emerald ·held the lead, but on the thresh to windward for the second mark Oolo­ nia assumed the lead and never lost it, winning by 12 m. 30 s. On Saturday E11l fYra· ld declining a fourth opportu­ nity to meet Oolonia, the latter had a sail over. Syce very easily defeated Venced01' (about 10 minut es) in tlteir first race, and on tlte second attempt Vencedor was disabled by carrying away her peak halyard s. In the third race tbere was no accident, and Syce outsailed Vence­ d01', beating her 4 m. 8 s. Another chance came on Satur­ day, and again ill-luck overtook Venced01'. She lost her spreader, but continued racing, and was beaten 19 m . 36 s. Among the smaller sloops, Acusltla and SU1jJ1'ise (Class M), and Husme, Oa1'0lina, and Raceoon (Class N special). provided some very good sport, Acushla winning once and Surprise once, while of its class Raccoon won every race (4) she entered.:....Oa1·olina once winning first from H ulJ'l'M and twice second to RacclJOn. H OU1'i again took the' honors in her class (P ). The cat-boat classes filled well nnd provided some ex­ citing racing, those having wins to their credit being Kit (2), D080riS II., and Volsung, Class S; &quel, Win in' Lose, and Pre8to, Class T; Hinnetonka, Class V. A COLLISION DURING SATURDAY'S RACING resulted in the sinking nnd loss of one of these cats, Dorothy. and but for the prompt assistance of the regatta committee steam· er one of her crew, who could not swim, would have drowned. It is difficult to decide W110 is the fitt er subject for the fool-killer-he who trifles with the " unloaded" gun, or he who, not knowing hQw to swim, yet ventures aboard a small boat as one of its racing crew I The most int eresting feature of the entire week, t.o my mind, was the handling of the boats in the smnll classes by their Corinthian crews. These little boats count more for the future of A.merican yachting than all the steamers in Christendom, for they are owned and sailed by ynchts­ men,-sailor-men who have the sport's welfare at heart, know its needs, and distinguish between theory and prnc, tice. Therefore are not th~ yacht ;lu.bs wise. that welcome such members as these to the council'chamber? R eSU11le o f polo season defer1'ed to next week. CASPAR WmTNEY. "SEEN FROM THE 'SADDLE."'-Bv ISA CARRINGTON CABELL.-)2MO, CLOTH, 50 CENTS,-PUBLISHED BY HARPER &_ BROTHERS, :'NEW YORK_ J ULY 31 ,1801. 1egal $loticea A TTENTION IS CALLED TO THE ADVER· TISEMENT IN THE .. CITY RECORD," commencing on the 30th day of June, 1897, and con ~ tinuing therein consecutively for nine (9 ) days there ­ after, of the confirmation by the Supreme Court, anti the entering in the Bureau for the Collection of A ssess- A~&Sumi'~~t!fH~~s~~'i,';,t~:ll~,~~:~~~ s~~Ps and a venues in the 12th WARD: 178th STREET, between Amster , dam A venue and Kingsbridge Road. 23d WARD: SPENCER PLACE, from East 144th St. to East 150 St. 23d and 24th WARDS : STEBBINS A VENUE, from Dawson St. to Boston Road. 24th WARD : OAKLEY STREET, from Mount VernoD Avenue to Verio Avenue. ASHBEL P . FITCH, Comptroller. ~~~~:r~:;:s ~%~~~]~~~c;o?i'~~r.ment, A TTENTION IS CALLED TO THE ADVER·" TISEMENT I N THE .. CITY RECORD," commencing on the 13th day of July, 1897, and con, tinuing therein consecutively for nine (~) days there­ after, of the confirmation by the Supreme Coutt, and the entering in the Bureau for the Collection of Assess· , mentsJ.e~~ of the assessments for OPENING AND ACQuhu NG TITLE tothe following· named streds in the respective wards herein designated: 23d WARD: CROTONA PARK, South, between Fulton and Prospect Avenues. St.MARY'S STREET from St. Ann's Avenue to t he Southern BO\ilevard. 24th WARD: EAST 187th STREET from Van· derbilt Avenue, West, to 3d Avenue. EAST 180th STREET (formerly Samuel Street), between Webster and 3d Avenues. ASHBEL P. FITCH, Comptroller. Comptroller's Office, J uly 17th, 1897. N OT ICE: The Department of Docks w ill sell at 12ublic auction by Woodrow & Lewis, auction­ eers, July 30,1897, at 2 P . M., on the premises, paving­ blocks, flag -stones, etc., on Bank, Bethune, and W . 12th Sts., and 18th Avenue . .For particulars see Ci~y Record. N OTICE: Estimates for repairing the platform at the foot of Seventh Avenue, Harlem River, under contract No. 595, will be received by the Department of Docks, at Pier U At" Battery Place, N. R., until 12 f;g~~~. ~:'Gri;;"k~~~~d. August 3d, 1897. For par· N OTICE : Estimates for preparing for and bUildin~ Rive~, ':.";,de~I~~n~:':~t ~~, f386, ~iNt';,kr~~';~ ~oge ~~fiir2~'~}~fkDn~:,a~~~e;;: t~~~~(ttitr9~~ap~~p!;~ ticulars see City Record. N OTICE: Estimates for furnishing cobble and rip· rap stones, under contract No. 599, will be. re­ ceived by the Department of Docks at Pier" A," jJat­ ter y Place, N. R., until 12 o'clock noon, Tuestiay, August 3d, 1897. For particulars see City Record. ...... , HARPER'S WEERLY Hu,nter ': The AUlerican Oetltl~than's Whiskey. Baltimore Pure and Mellow~ ... l~ye. , : WM. LANAHAN &. SON, BALTIMORE, MD. PROVIDEN~T LIFE AND TRUST COMPANY, ··OF PHILADEL:PHIA. Insurance in Fdrce. $1 13,000 ,000. A~8ets , $31 ,600,000. I ' I'/, everllthittg, which m(l,kes Lif e Insu1'q,nce.saie; des' i1'able, and m od ­ m'ate 'in (:ost tlwP"ov'ideut is unstwpassed. , .A gents carefully . trained arul instructedj : ,. ' . Th uf E Ii hT b ,Capstan ose FIne ng s 0 accos Bird's E y e ~ut up by W : : D. & H. O. WILLS of Bristol/ England. llT estward Ho and famous the w !i:~d over for their superh tlavor and uquJalt& aroma ,ea';, , Three Castles be obtained foryouhy your dealer ...... .. .. .... ... .... "'~\...~"" G 1.JF.1 k It he w1ll not get 'th,m, write 10 Us ·for'price.J.i8t ofuiew';ll.knoWil'biS!ld.r, ~· 0 u a e,etc. J. Wl. SURBRUO, Sole Agent, tS9 Fulton Str~~t, NEW YORK. ~~~:i]j~~~?t~t~ I r;~;;~;~m~~-;; forlr;I~~~II~~I~ ~/~:F:~t A new Manual and Guide Book of this wonder· perfect saff:ty. If your ful cave just issued, 'with 43 Illustrations and ~i~;tr :'ndsw~o\~iha;~r!t~rdr~;~ Map. Price, faper .50c., Cloth $1.00, by mail. ~rie~::~;;.~:f. UpOIl rtceipt o f ) JOHNP. -MO~TON&COMPANY , Pub\lshers , GEO. JIILSF.NDEGEN, Louis vl1le, Kentucky . Manufacturer, i . Detroit, .. M l eh .. G0f)03QE3D00UEX3000x:s.~ 171 . " H : ~~O:~I~'I~ViS~~:dA~a?s~e~E will be sent by mail to any address on receipt of ten cents. I •• ' T HE CENUlNE JOHANN HOFFS MALT EXTRACT MAKES FLESH AND BLOOD AVOID SUBSTITUTES ", (I ,NI fl ., MLN[)ll'::,UN CO. Nf.v'V YORK, AC[NTS I** ........ •• ...... ~·· .. •• .... ,· ........ • ............. I I Alaska~n~o~~~:~n!~~~Cainps SUMMER READING I I · FLOWERS OF FIELD, HILL, AND 'SWA~P. By CAROLlNE A. : . By KIRK MUNROE CREEvEY.lllusttated by BENJAMI N ~ANDER. Crown 8vo, Cloth, ~ Ornam~rtta l ;' $2 50. .. • • : _ :' .' Sno;~::~~t~:.S a~~t ~~~~~~~h , Ornamental;- $1 50. AN EPISTLE TO POSTERITY. Being Rambling Recollections of ! .:.~:::: .. Many Yearsof My Life. By M. E. W . ~HERWOOD. With a Photo- ..- This stor y d eal.'I di'l'ectly wUh liff( in th e / amo'U.'4 gravure P6Hta~t. Crown 8vo, Cloth, Upcut Edges and Gilt Top, : Camp FO'l·ty_Mile. .. : Ornamental, $2 50. ... The Fur-Seal's Tooth I' " THE PEOPLE FOR WHOM SHAKESPEARE WROTE, By CHARLES (" Snow-Shoes and Sledges" is a sequel to this.) A Story of . - w ' ALASKAN ADVENTURE. Illustrated. Post 8vo, Cloth, DUDLliY . AR~ER. Illustrated. 16mQ, Cloth, Ornamental, Deckel :~~ : Edges and GilfTo p, $1 25. Ornamental, $ 1 2:;. ~ .. ~YE SPY.: Afield with Nature among Flowers and' Animate Things. ... THE REAL CONDIT.ION OF CU~BA TO-DAY Writt~fi ··and U1ustrated by WILLlAM HAMILTON GIBSON, Author of .. " Shar~ Eyes," . ;, Highways and Byway~," etc. 8vo, Cloth, Orna- .. By STEPHEN BONSAL. With an Illustration and a Map. mental, \ $2 50. • , Post 8vo, Paper Cover, 60 cents \ .. * , : Many books on Cuba have been written within the last ye;/~r two, but very few of IN,' ~,IMPK'~SVILLE. Stories.' By RUT~ McENERY STUART. lIIus- ! - them are as attractive or as instructive as this one. , .. He dOIl.~i not write from hearsay, trated. : Post 8vo, Cloth, Ornamental, $1 25. W- ~ but from personal knowledge, . . , The friends of Spain may find some passages in it not . ' . ! . . !1. • _ to their liking, but unless they are insufferably prejudiced they ~annot claim that the au· .. I, ' : . thor has distorted facts or wilfully gone out of his way ill onler ':to produce a misleading .. H, LL F~R S~~TAIN," and Othe~ Storic$. B y JOHN Fox, Jr. Post .Ih. impression.-New Y01'k Hemld. . l' 8 CI I h 0 I U E~ • d C i d T $ ,.- A decidedly valuable addition to current light on the situation. Mr. Bonsal has VO, ' ~t, ~ rnamenta , ncut ;.uges a~ 0 ore op, I 00. • brought his record up to a very recent date, and the result of his investigation as a corre· • S~O~el?t ~fsthe N.S~w York :;:ald ha,s.a1r7'ea?b Y been made the text for several speeches in MR. PE'(lERS. A NoveL By RICCARDO STfPHENS. With Illustrations • : t e mte tates enate.- znneapo I S n 1me. by E. M. ASHE. Post 8vo Cloth Ornamental $1 50 .. A most effective and striking account of the present condition of Cub~. He writes, of '. " iI{ " w- . course, from the point of view of a partisan, but he narrates unquestionable facts, and i ,v ". i'.i· I.': ' :. : does not color his pictures unduly .... The book is all important contribution to the his· 'TH-E STORY OF ' THE RHINEGOLD. (Der Ring des Nibelungen.) . " tory of the controversy,-News and ,Courier, Charleston. T Id f, Y P I I B A A ' C Illustrated. Post .. It is a graphic and intelligent series of articles, . and contains much valuable informa. 0 or oling eop e. y NNA LICE HAPIN. .. : . tion on the subject.-Satl Francisco Argonaut. 8vo; Cloth, Ornamental, $ I 25. • . 1 NEW YORK AND LONDON: ~ .. . HARPER & BROTHERS, PUBLISHERS ! : ...................................................... . r--···· ..... _._. _ . .;;..._ ........ _ ......... ... ---t I VIOLETTE DE ,.LA:REINE i I . 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