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Dawson News Golden Clean up edition

Author:Dawson News Pub. CompanyPublished:1902Type:Yukon Newspapers (Special Editions)MARC Record:PAC MARC RecordDownload PDF:1902, Dawson News Golden Clean-Up.pdf (79879 KB)
Frc-- NEWS McLennan, McFeely & Co., Ltd. THE LEADING HARDWAR[ COMPANY OF DAWSON. --WE MAKE A.-- SPECIALTY OF" rIINING :rIACHINERY. The only complete line of Crockery and Bar GLASSWARE in Yukon Territory. AN UP=TO=DATE TINSHOP IN CONNECTION E. J. McFEELY, President. RODERICK ChISHOLn, Manager. R. P. McLENNAN. Sec. ~ Treas. ELECTRIC POWER Most Economical, Efficient and Convenient. DAWSON ELECTRIC LIGHT & POWER COMPANY, LD LONDON CIGAR STORE Domestic and Imported CIGARS A Choice Selection of Pipes and Tobaccos on Ha.nd. Copenhagen Snuff. Rea.sona.ble Prices. MISS EMILY ANDERSON 1st Ave •• nut Ca.mpbell's Dru.c Store Dawsoft. Subscribe for Dawson Daily News LA WICK, " THE GROCER The Pioneer Grocer of South Dawson. Special" Prices on Outfits Miners will do well to call upon us before placing orders for their outfits Good Outfits aDd Fair Prices Phol\e 78, P. O. Box 325. SOVTH DA WSf'N. The Bank 01 British North America. ESTABLISHED IN 1836. INCORPORA TED BY ROYAL CHARTER IN 1840. PAID·UP CAPITAL. £1,000,000 Sterling RESERVE FUND £350,000 Sterling LONDO" OFFICE 5 Gracechurch St. E. C. LONDO" BANKERS The Bank of England Messrs. Glyn. Mills, Currie & Co. GEN. MA"AGER H. Stikeman, Esquire Montreal, Canada. The Bank issues drafts and telegraphic transfers on all parts of the world and transacts a general banking business. Gold dust purchased at best rates and every description of assay work undertaken. Dawson Branch. Cor. 2nd Ave. and Queen St. D. DOIS, Manager. : ANGELO P. RENZONI, (Succe8sor to A. MAYER) Manufacturing Jeweler and Watchmaker. Diamonds, Watches and Jewelry. BIRTH STONES, Imported direct from Europe. NUGGET JEWELRY a Specialty. c. I. K. Grocery Dawson's Pure Food Emporium Everything that's Fit to Eat No old stock-every article guaranteed. We would be pleased to quote prices on any "old" bill. We issue special price list free to those desiring it. Thi,.d Avenue, Ilea,. the Poatolfice. L. R. RADCLIFFE. Wholesale Commission. GET YOVR JOB PRINTING AT THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS OFFICE. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS EMPIRE HOTEL. Partial View of front. EVROPEAN PLAN Room~ Haftdsomely Furftished. Bar Supplied with the Choicest Wines, Liquors, Cordials and Cijars. DAY AND NIGHT SERVICE. Reaaol\a.ble Ra.tea. JAS. F. MACDONALD, Prop. Queen St. Bet.l.t and 21\d Ave •• THE ORR & TUKEY COMPANY (LIMITED). DOM INION ST AOES. White House Coffee GILT EDGE CANNED GOODS HEINZE'S PICKLES DURKEE'S SPICES ~ .;. .;. and many other firs~·claeB brands are Bold at A VEil Y'S GROCERY Cor. Sth Ave. al\d Dugas St. DAWSON. MINfllS ~ CLAIM OWNfRS KINO ST .• Bank Building. Leave You,. Nllflllet. alld O,.del' WO,.II ."". DAWSON JEWELRY .. STORE I give my PERSONAL atteatlon to an WATCH Repair­ Ing. Satl'faalon parantee4 or money refunded. A. McCARTER. Manager. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDTTION. White Pass & Yukon Route THROUGH LINE-SKAGWA Y TO DAWSON. STEAMER WHITE HORSE LEAVING DAWSON. During the winter season this company operates a line of fast passenger and freight stageR between White Horse and Dawson, tri-weekly, carrying the royal mail and express. Time, 5l days. On the opening of navigation, we re8ume the daily service between Dawson and White Horse with our palatial passenger steamers. Close connections are made at White Horse with our trains. Through ticketd to all points. Time. 7 days, Puget Sound Points to Dawson. Through bills of lading are issued to cover freight shipments to and from the Klondike. The following steamers comprise our fleet on the upper Yukon river: "White Horse," "Dawson," "Selkirk," "Canadian," "Columbian," "Victorian," "Yu­ koner," "Sybil," "Zealandian," "Bonanza King," "Mary Graff," "Anglian," and "Joseph Clossett." S. H. GRAVES, Pres. A. B. NEWELL, Vice p,.es. & Gen. Mg". J. F. LE£, T,.affic Mg,.. Dhlca"o. Seattle & Skagway. Seattle & SIIallway. J. H. ROGERS, General Agent, DA WSON. THE DAWSON DAILY' NEWS The above cut shows my office, where I transact a general mining and brokerage business, acting as agent for non-residents, negotiating sales, lays, purchases, etc. EWEN MORRISON, Queen Street, Bet. 1st and 2nd Avenues c. s. BARWELL, G. WHITE-FRASER, C. E., D. L. S., M. E. c. E., D. T. S., E. E. BARWELL & WHITE-FRASER Dominion Land Surveyors Civil, Mining and Electrical Engineers Office-Bank Building, DAWSON. Telephone No. 170. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. J. L. SALE ra CO Have Designed al\d Mal\ufactured Every Luge Order of Jewelry al\d MADE DAWSON F AMOVS F~r its Nuggel and Native Made Jewelry of Every Descriplion...,c.,A J. L. SALE fA CO., LEADING JEWELERS DAWSON AND GRAND FORKS. OUR SPECIALTY! Scotch Marine Boilers These boilers are com pact and eco· nomical in the use of f\lel. Having water front and back, the fire box being entirely BUr­ rounded by a large water space, allowing perfect circu­ lation of the water on all sides: and presenting the greatest pos!!ible effective heatin~ surface. Hand holes for cleanin~ out sedimelJt and a fusible safety plug are placed in everyone. Klondike Thawing Machil\e Co. 210 Tkird Avel\\le. DAWSON. Y. T. TELEPHONE 7l. WHEN AT THE FORKS STOP AT THE NEVV PORTLAND HOTEL Oood Accommodations. Prlc:es Reasonable, No Bar. MRS. E. M. DUNLAP __ Proprietress. GERMAN ARCTIC LAUNDRY Conducted by MRS. ROSA MITTERMEIER. The proprletrells of Ihl:! t:stabhsbmeDt h.s maae a. for herself 10 resJlect to the excellt-Dce wlth which all work Is dODe. }'atIOD:lllre requested t.) DOLe a.ddr, ss. Firat St., and 4th Ave. near Cold Storatre Bulldlntr. Choice Designs " ' .... Larltest Stock ~ Lowest Prices MfNDHAM The Old Reliable J(WlLfR Old Stand, Front Street, Dawson, Y. T. Large Stock of Goods at Grand Forks Selected especially for our miner customers, wi th a know ledge of their want! You Want the Best and freshe!t goods, at lowest consistent prices. We are able and willing to supply you. We came early and hope to stay late. KEARNEY & KEARNEY ORAND FORKS. SAR6fNT & rlNSKA MfN'S OUTflTTfRS KEITH SHOES, SLATER IIHOES, A.A. CUTTER IIHOE8 Gold Seal Rubbers Strauss Overalls, Summrr Shirts, Asbestol OIoves and Mltu. Stetson Hats, Gordon Hats, Held Cap", Furnlshlntrs • lito,.., lIecond A ".n •• DAWIIOII. THE DA WSON DAILY NEWS THE N. A. T. ra T. CO. Th~ B~~t Eqni~~~~ M~r~antil~ H~n~~ in naw~~n A Pointer: We do business with nearly every claim owner and worker in the country. This means our prices and goods are right. BRANCH STORES IN Y. T. Forty Mile. Grand Forks. . 29 Bonanza. 36 Sulphur . 7 Below Lower, Dominion. T.G. WILSON BRICK BLOCK ~ ~ til )- "'0 0 - - 0 t-yj t!) t-t ~ ~ til til ::r ~ ~ Q ~ 0 - 0 Q.. til ~ ~ WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Groceries and Provisions Cor. 3rcl Ave. and Queen St. DA WSON, Y. T. Vaut & Kolh~ HARDWARf Fittings, Copper and , Sheet Metal The Portland PORTLAND. OREGON. Workers GRAND FOR~S, Y. T. American Plan. $3·00 per day and upwards. Cost One Million Dol ars Headquarters for TO\l,.ists aftd Commercial Traveler •• Special ra.tes made to tami ies and single gentlemen. The man­ agem~nt will be pleased at all times to sbow room'! and give prIces. A modern Turkish b;1th estllobl1sbment In the botel H. C. BOWERS. Manager. GOLDEN ·CLEAN-UP EDITION. ~ J. P. McLENNAN ~ -- Dry Goods House Furnishings Boots, Shoes, Etc We carry a full lil\e of Carpets, Curtail\s, Curtain Poles, Window Shades, Etc. - Ladles' Tailor nade Suits and Jackets a ~peclalty. Creek orders solicited. Your Money back if the goods are not what you want. 233 Fi,.sl Avenue, DA WSON, Y. T. _. " . n - ... : f' ...... The JABBE.RWO~ HeTE.L 61 ·HUNf Eg THE JABBERWOK HOTEL No. 69 Below, Hunke,.. First-Class Meals served at all hours. Private Rooms for dinner parties. Finest Wines, Liquors, Cigars, Etc. R.ooms for Ladies. M'RS • .fi. B. B'RE}V}VO,N. THE DOVGLAS RESTAVRANT Mr •• Ada It •• kinen and Mi .. Emm .. Johnston, Prope. Soliolt the patronage of those requiring olean and comfortable rooms at very reasonable rates. Grocerie..., Tobacco. and Ci,.r.. 2nd STREET SOVTB. Proprietre.r.r • GEORGE CLINE CARPENTER, BVILDER AND CONTRACTOR Ne .. r N. E. Cor. 2nd Ave. and lat Street Leave orders at a.bove address. fOR flNf JOB rlllNTINti 60 TO TUf DAWSON DAILY NfWS ROBERT HENDERSON Discoverer of the Klondike Gold Fields. DAWSON CITY.,...FROM WEST BANK. OF YUKON RIVER. Ohe'Dow.ron GOLVEN 'Daily New.r CLEAN-VP EVITION Ghe 1(/ondike. the G,.eat Gold F,eld.r 0/ the /Vo,.th-It.r Mine.r. Mine,..r. Mine,.a/ol and /Vatu,.al 'ReolOu,.ce.r INTRODUCTORY. HE KLONDIKE GOLD FIELDS. words fraught with Intense Interest to thou­ sands. After the lapse . of four years instead of a deserted mining camp. there is a flourishing gold district In place of diminution In gold producUon the record of all preylous years is bro­ ken. An era of prosperity unsurpassed in the history of Canada has fallen up­ on this region. To understand this one cannot take a field glass and view the distant hills and obtain more than an impression of its vastness or stupen­ dousness. Of real knowledge concerning the burrowing thou­ sands delving In gulch. hillside and mountain. one gains but little. To the task of obtalnng exact and accurate knowledge of the g-reatness and extent of the Klondike Gold Fields the !'Jews organized a corps of inaustrlous reporters with instruc­ tions to visit every claim on every creek where work was in progress in the district with the result that in the present Golden Cleanup Edition it presents to its readers a mass of pxact and perfect information not elsewhere or otherwise ob­ tainable. These facts are not set forth In the form of dry statistics. but are presented here In the more reaaable and entertaining form of descriptive matter concermng each creek 'and tributary where mining is in progress. Taking the reader as a fellow traveler we will lead him over the course followed by our reporters. setting forth all that is entertaining and in­ structive concerning the mines. the men that operate them nnd the surroundings that go to make the land picturesque and inViting. Progress. This of all words alone may characterize the Klondike as to Its past. the methods of the present and the promise for the futur... Crystallized discussion and review anrl the closest scrutiny and inspection will make this word pre­ .. mlnent as the crowning expression to cOI1\'''y adequately all that may be said of this wonderful camp. Since the first gold was found on Bonanza the star of th .. fortunes of the Klondike has e,'er been In the ascendancy. The fundamental Industry of the region. placer mining, has year by year attained greater impetus. and been crowned with more marvelous results. until now it has outgrown the primi­ tive state and Is advancing and expanding by leaps and bounds. The old ground. strange to relate. still produces its golden wealth. and new ground helps to maintain the output at the maximum. The gold area Is expanding and Individual Inter­ ests are multiplying. With all the progress attendant upon the primary pursuit. other Industries of vast Importance to the awakening and per­ manent habitation of a country ha,'e arisen. and with them have been Involved many more of significance which whe~ ana­ lyzed In their numerous branches. lead Into the countless ramlfi­ eations that are elemental In the building of a Dew empire. sueh as may said to ha,'e been formed here since 1896. The most significant fact of all. perhaps. and one most em­ phat'cally cOl1\'lncing of the stability of the Klondike is that thl' country has aC'qulr .. d all the advantages enjoyerl by those who resirle In the outside world. Rnllways. steamship and steam­ boat Iinl's have b .. en establlsh .. d. giving acc .. ss to the Interior. A metropoliS has sprung up In the ,' .. ry h .. art of the country which throbs nnd bents with all the activity of a cosmol'olltnn city of many times Its size In older quarters of th .. globe. Th .. thousands who have been attracted to Dawson. the " .. nter of life. have provided for themselves all the comforts of home as they may be found in any other part of the world. and hav .. engaged in business pursuits with all the equipment and stock that the most progressive minds and most aggress!\'e men of this ultra-progressl\'e age have been able to contri,'e and supply to those who may demand the product of their genius and skill. The great wealth which lay hidden in the pockets of naturl' in the Kiondlke has supplied th .. wherewithal tor the Klondike to advance to this extraordinary and most .. n"iable position in so short a time. The camp is the richest the world has ever known, and no mar,'el is it to thoughtful minds that this com­ munity. 80 remot ... and in the shadow of the Arctic circle. al­ most in the polar region. has been able to push to the front. Riches in the hands of the men who ha,'e grasped the situation nnd forced the issue. despite arbitrar~' conditions of isolation anrl rigorous winters have brought ahout this "ol1summation now so gratifying to record. On the horizon the glow of hope is bright as ever; the pres­ ent revels in the glory of the enrlless harvesting of the golden wealth, and all those who ha,'e cast their fortun .. s here par­ ticipate and send a share to less fa,'ored lands. that they also may live and enjoy some of the resultant blessings. The population has changed much as to social lines. ThO' rough and vicious tendency of the earlier days has been over­ come by the seething Infusion of more permanent and more lasting men of enterprise; men in substitution for the reck­ less ones who drifted elsewhere with the flower of those who seek the new sensations. Men who rlisappear when comfort succeeds hardship and el"ilization is I"'oh'erl out of chaos. Homes have been established. and In place of the stuffy cabin and its attendant evils miners have their fam,des. and in many instances handsome modern homes have been built. They live on the best the world can produce from its four quarters and they have the money to pay for all they consum .. ; they are living. not existing. Schools are here In plenty. new institu­ tions of learning. and appliances of ci"ilizution for mental, spiritual and physical development. and superior methods of government have been e,'olved from the .. xperiences of the past nnd are growing in perfection as time proc .. erls. Mechanical genius has been provoked and millions of dol­ lars worth of devices for extracting gold from the froz .. n grasp of nature have been. brought into the country. and the frosted lands are honeycombed as never before wherever auriferous gravels remain that the wealth from them may be secured. All this and more. which Is legion. has been brought about and the Klondike raised to a position which commands respect as a stable center. with the marvelous credit of no apparent diminution In production and the promise of its continuation for decades. if not generations. The prospects for finding permanent bodies of quartz and the uncovering of other natural resources of wealth that will support here In Britain's most northerly possession a perpetual and populous pole star pro,-ince. the permanency of whicb shall e"er be monumental evidence to the perse\'erance ot the hardy pioneers who first braved the prowess of the prevailing super­ stition against this land. and who placea the realm on the firm footing on which It stands today. a credit to the .. mpire anrl the marvel of the world. This publication is not news. It Is history; ther .. fore the read­ I'r Is brought very close to those things which have happened from day to day and are part of the life of the Klondike now. Usually an issue of this character deals with a wonderful dis­ covery which passes away with the life of the book In which 2 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS the event is chronlcl~d, hot so with the Klondike. Lapse of years affords no evidence of waning prosperity. but only a rec­ ord of enduring wealth ever continuing, ever expanding. The sinuous course of' the gold streak is being followed with untir­ ing energy by the diligent prospector, and long before one creek has ceased to yield up Its treasure another takes its place,' and year after year has passed and the figures multiply and the golden bulk increases. After five years of increasing output the Klondike occupies the proud distinction of beating its own record, a distinction of which it may justly be proud. The very necessities 01 the case have provoked invention which has assisted so much to­ ward the glorious sunset. Capital quickly stepped in and pro­ vided means of communication with the outside world. Tile Government established a telegraph wire so that the news of the world can be printed in Dawson every day as it happens. Permanent arrangements for the convenience of public busi- ness are matters of fact, and we live here in the vortex of a mighty industrial center. Nothing Is lacking which signifies advancement and progress, everything which tended to obstruct or bar the. onward march of progress has been rudely pushed to one side and the restless activity displayed Is only the ordi­ nary part and parcel of lIfe In the hyperborean metropolis of the North. As one of the conclusive evidences of this the power to pro­ duce this book is probably the most convincing. Nothing Is lacking to demonstrate the place to which we have come. No longer is this a mining camp, but the commercial center of the richest mining camp of modern years:" and the great plant which produced this book will be utilized in the further develop­ ment of a country which, while only a few years old, and with all the greatness to which it has already attained, is only now on the threshold of a glorious future, the possibilities of which are beyond present computation. THE KLONDIKE AND INDIAN RIVER DIVISIONS THEIR MINES AND THE MEN WHO~OPERATE THEM. FIrlST in the order of its discovery and its access from Dawson is Bonan­ za Creek. In 1896 Skookum Jim Tagish Charley, Indians, and their white brother-In-law, George Cormack, made the joint discovery of gold tha. brought to them fame anu fortune and to the world t.ts greatest placer gold field. To Cormack the worlu has granted the honor of this discovery because the legal records so declare, but Skookum Jim, the Indian, claims the honor for his very own, alleging that Cormack's knowledge was derived from him. Jim relates that during a hunting trip on Bonanza w"h his brother, Taglsh Charley, he stopped to drink from Rabbit Creek opposite the now famous discovery point and as he drank saw in the creek bed the glitter of a golden nug­ get. "With this as a talisman he visited the present site of Dawson where Cormack was camped with his Indian wife and revealed to him the locality of the nnd. Together the trio returned to the spot and staked off four claims, discovery, No. 1 below, and 1 and 2 above and Cormack thence proceded to Fortymile. bearing the news of the dfscovery, and recording the claims located by them. The rush of prospectors trom Forty­ mile followed soon after and from discovery poi"nt pushed their investigations over intervening hills to other valleys and creeks, widening the circle and extendmg the field of their activities until the region embraced in the Klondike Gold Fields covers the largest continuous area of known placer ground in the world. Operations on lower Bonanza and its tributaries are more widely scattered than nearer the source but give promise of much future activity. At No. 99 below C. S. Holcomb has an 8-horsepower hoiler installed and with two men to assist him is actively engaged in developing the property, which he will worK a t full capacity this winter. On 97A below discovery, a claim owned' by Dr. Cook, of the Ladue Company, M. V. Harper and son have located the pay­ streak and are opening the mine preparatory to working II. large force of men during the winter. They will operate through a number of shafts sunk 28 feet to bedrock, using II. pulsometer to thaw the pay gravel and a 12-horse power boiler to generate the necessary steam. J. L. Harper, the son, who is superintendent of the Hawkeye quartz mine at Republic, Wash., spent the summer in Dawson directing the development work on this mine. From 99 below to Lovett Gulch, the first tributary on the right limit of Bona nza, no work is In progress, most of the property having passed into the hands of a hydraulic syndi­ cate for future operations. On the upper half of the hillside opposite No. 4 below on Lovett Gulch, William Stewart is taking payout of 12 feet of bedrock at an elevation of oyer 100 feet above the present level of Bonanza Creek. This mine evidences one of the peculiarities of the Klondike region. In this bedrock is found what is known as the Bonanza run of gold. Several hundred feet high­ er up the hill on Lovett Gulch are found evidences of an ancient river bed, known to miners as the "White Channel," wherein is found gold of an entirely different appearance and value. Stewart's mine, while a placer, partakes of the nature of a quartz mine In that the gold he obtains is taken from the crev­ ices of the bedrock and not from the gravel. rte works an open face into the rock, patiently picks out the slabs and sep­ arates them from the silt that has settled in the crevices and dumping the slit into his sluice boxes, obtains ample reward for his own labors and those of the two men employed. No thawing;· Is required in chIS process. Alfred Barnes on the hillside claims opposite No. 2 below discovery on Lovett Gulch and the two adjoining benches has tapped the "White Channel" with a tunnel 700 feet long, connect­ ed with shafts, one of which has a depth of eighty-five feet and another of 165 feet. Mr. Barnes employs three men. A 12-horse­ power boiler Is used for operating the thawing apparatus, con­ sisting of steam pOints. '1 he lower half of the hlJiside opposite the discovery claim on the right limit 'of Lovett Gulch is being worked by Messrs. H. F. Faulkner, C. H. Faulkner, M. O. Peabody and T. C. Tiedemann. The "White Cha.nnel," which at this pOint has an ele­ vation of nearly 300 feet above the level of Bonanza Creek, is penetrated by four tunnels, one 400 feet in length and the others from 200 to 250 feet each. Here Is observed one of those peculiar variances of nature that afford constant surprises In the Yukon. This ground Is not frozen, therefore no machinery for thawing is necessary. The claim so far has proauced over a thousand ounces of gold and is not half worked out. It will be operated by the owners during the winter. Vogs constitute the motive power for operating the cars by wnlch the pay dirt is brought to the surface. On the hillside opposite the upper half of No. 1 and lower half of No. 2 Lovett Gulch Chris Hansen, John Lund, Frank Haskins and Harry Carpenter, the owners, are preparing for extensive work this winter. They have two tunnels of about 1,000 feet in all, run along the length of the "White Channel" in ground that Is not frozen. They will work a large force of men during the winter. In excavatmg for the foundation of a cabin they found dirt that ran as high as forty cents to the pan. The hi1lside opposite the lower half of No. 1 above discov­ ery, on the right limit, is operated by C. H. Krieger, his wife and son, Mrs. Krieger doing a man's work in the dump box and elsewhere on the claim. This family has accumulated a Com­ petence out of the property named and spent last winter trav­ eling in the United States and Europe. But 319 teet of tunnel and seventy-five feet of side drifts have been worked out. One of the most valuable properties on Lovett Gulch Is that owned by P. H. Calligan, F. R. Calligan and associates on the left limit, adjoining the lower half of NO.1 above discovery. It consists of a group of claims got together by purchase for economical and practical working and consists of four claims, half of the discovery claim on the gulch, the hillside opposite the lower half of No.1 and the adjoining bench claims at the rear of the last named, being a longitudinal extension along the line of the center of the "White Channel" of over 1,5(10 feet by 250 feet in width. 'I'he property has not been worked as yet, the owners not having quite completed the development CLEAN-UP GOLDEN EOITIO~. 4 THE DA WSON DAILY NEWS work, on which they have spent in the neighborhood ot $15,000 preparatory to operating on a large scaie. The mine is plan­ ned as a model for economical working and when in full opera­ tion wiil be one of the most productive in the district. 01 known richness its owners have preferred to cootent themseives with taking out money enough to pay for the claims and the de­ velopment work, and leave the properlY in excllent shape for a systematic cleanup later. Many rich properties have been rendered unproductive by the hasty endeavors of the owners to reap a rich harvest from the very outset. Thus they have been handicapped when reaching extreme depths by accumula­ tions of waste dirt that could not be handled witll profit. In this mine it is intended to drive a tunnel to the extreme boun­ dary and by means of a cross drift of the full width of the claim to obtain a working face of 250 feet and thus by shoveling back the waste to reduce the cost of handling it to a minimum. Al­ ready the main tunnel is in 350 feet ana a cross drift of the full width of the claim lays open a paystreal{ for the full distance both ways. The main tunnel is connected by an air shaft which gives a good circulation in the drifts. The mine is equipped with half ton self-dumping ore cars; a tramway is in course of erection from the mouth of the tunnel to the creek at discovery claim and pay dirt will be taken there in cars and dumped airectly into the sluice boxes when the mine is in full operation. The owners are P. H. Caldgan, F. R. Calli­ gan, William Sprague, J. P. McLellan and Walter McLellan, Mr. P. H. Ca11igan is the superintendent and manager. The lower half of No.2 below Discovery on Lovett is being worked by the owner, Mr. T. Su11lvan, who claims the honor of first locating the rich pay on the gulch. The upper half of No.2 is owned and operated by E. Mid­ dlekoff, who owns all other gulch claims intervening between that and the discovery on the gulch. The claim was purchased by Mr. Middlekoff for $100 from its former owners, who dis­ couraged by failure to find the pay after sinking several holes decided to abandon it. He drifted three feet from the line of the shaft sunk by the former owners and strucl{ $3 to the pan and thereupon bought all tne surrounding property obtain­ able. He uses a steam thawer, but hoists by means of a horse and derrick. The 11ft is 66 feet and the patient animal In a straight away pull lifts enough dirt to keep two men busy be­ low and one above at the sluice boxes. On 85 below on Bonanza and No. 4 below on Lovett Gulch, which claims adjoin, Mr. Middlekoff in company with Hamilton and Knox, the joint own­ ers, has located two distinct pay streaks, one of which shows the "Bonanza rUIl" and the other the "\Vhite Channel" run on the present level of Bonanza Creek. The claims will be opened up and worked extensively this winter. On the hillside opposite No. 84 below on the right limit Geo, W. Buxton, U. G. Norton and L. A. Tallman have been work­ ing all summer ground sluicing. A triplex plunger pump, oper­ ated by electricity and located on Bonanza Creel{, raised the water 112 feet in height, whence it was conducted through pipes to the ground to be sluiced. Mr. Buxton reports that by this means he was enabled to handle fifty cubic yards of dirt per day with eight men at a cost of $1. 75 per cubrc yards, with a re­ sultant product equal to $5 per cubic yards. The pay is located to a distance of 170 feet in the hiil. From No. 84 the paystreak apparently crosses Bonanza Creek and is next located on the hiilsides adjoining Nos. 81 and 82, where- four claims are in operation by the primitive methods of open fires for thawing the dirt and "rocking." une of these is worked on a lay by William Liggins, George Paul, George blee and Thomas Musgrave. 'I'hey report fair pay. Another is worked by the owners, E. SuUan and H. anu F. Johan­ sen, and the third by A. Bleeker and Charles Fletcher. The claims are so situated as to make sluicing impracticable, hence rockers are used in extracting the gold. A boiler has been in­ stalled on one of these claims and will be used for thawing this winter. One of the most thoroughly and systematically worked claims on Bonanza Creek fs that Quigg, Misner & Co., who are operating the hillside claims on the right limit opposite No. 79 below, including the hiilsides on Trail Creek, oPposite No.2. To the genius of Mr. John Quigg Is due the successful work­ ing of these claims. While other owners of hillsides and bench­ es have been occupied with the problem of lifting water to enormous heights Mr. Quigg's genius discovered that it would be far more economical to let gravity carry his dirt down to the water. The firm owns the creek claim, No. 80A below on Bo­ nanza, and utilizes the surface of that claim as a dumping ground for their debris. At the creek side Mr. Quigg has in­ stalled a centrifugal pump operated by eiectricity which lifts 600 gallons of water per minutes to a height of thirty-six feet, where It pours Into a flume Inclined toward the hillSide. From this flume the stream Is divided and runs Into tour sluice boxes, which are set at the foot of two large bunkers from which the pay dirt is ted automatically Into the siuices. These bunkers are connected by long metal chutes with hoppers lo­ cated at the level of the rimrock on the hillsides. The pay dirt is brought from the mine In self-dumping ore cars, each of which carries a half ton. Thirty-six men are employed in vari­ \lUS capacities about the mine and with tnis force Mr. QUigg extracts 400 of these half-ton cars every working day. Such is the arrangement of the mine that the greater part of the la­ bor is accomplished automatically by means of gravity. No engineer is required to attend the pump, nor is anyone re­ quired to "shovel in" at the siuice boxes. The gate of the bunker is opened and gauged so that just the quantity of earth is fed to the boxes that the water will thoroughly wash with­ out clogging the boxes. All the large boulders are dumped outside the bunkers and nothing but the actuai pay dirt is handled. Six hundred and forty feet of tunnels and drifts have been run since April 1, when the mine was first opened and the gold production has been sufficient to pay ali the costs of in­ stallation of the plant and a good comfortable income besides. Tne operations so far have been confined to developmen, work, and next season a crew of eighty men will be put to work. It Is Manager Quigg"intention at that time to operate his ore cars by means of an electric trolley locomotive by which means ore trains will be hauled out of the tunnels with loads of twenty tons' or more, to the bunkers. The pump capacity will be more than doubled and altogether lne capacity very much Increased. The same firm is operating nine claims on Boulder Hill, opposite 36 below on Bonanza, on the left limit. where sixteen men are employed, where V. r.lghtengale has superintendence over the work. The history of Manager Quigg is one of the romances of the Yukon: He came here In 1897 from Montana. where he had spent many years as a prospector and miner. Though provid­ ed with a iarge outfit of supplies, he had but nfty cents when he' reached Dawson and to his energy, skill as a miner and his pluck perseverance and practical knowledge is due the fortune that he has accumulated, and which enabled him last winter to visit Europe. For years Manager QUigg mined and pros­ pected throughout Montana, Idaho and British Columbia and his success in the Yukon is due neither to accident nor luck, but to good hard headed sense, practical experience and pluck. Upon his return to the Yukon last spring Mr. Quigg was mar­ riea and the bridal couple was the first to cross the new Ogil­ vie bridge on the Kiondike when that structure was inaugur­ ated. Mrs. Quigg is at present sojourning outside, whither the genial and skillful manager will go himself as soon as the winter closes in. Mr. Quigg's fortune was derived primarily from Chee­ chaco Hill, where he has successfully worked O).lt one claim. He has a number of private holdings in which none of his present partners are Interested, which he will open up and work next year. No. 79 below on Bonanza is famous for two things. First-The admirable roadhouse, a model of Its kind, which is operated by Mrs. C. F. Christianson, wite of one of the owners' of the claim, and, Second-For the two rich paystreaks which have been defi­ nitely located and which show two distinct runs ot gold. Of the road house that Mrs. Christianson runs It may be said "It is a model of neatness, cleanliness and gooa order." Mrs. Christianson, who until quite recently had been a resi­ dent of Honolulu, H. I., purchased the "Thistle" from Its former owner on June 10 and since that time has completely renovated and refitted It, stocking It with the Dest the mar­ ket affords of both food and drink. Mrs. Christianson is a model hostess, affable, attentive and courteous, so that the traveler on Bonanza willingly walks miles further In order to be able to make the "Thistle" hostelry hiS stopping place. The claim, No. 79 below on Bonanza, IS owned by Messrs. Paul Fisher and G. F. Christianson. These gentlemen have not as yet systematically opened up their property, but have pros­ pected It sufficiently to demonstrate the value of their hold­ ings. The claim was located In 1897 by John Barsten. Last winter the present owners prospected the claim thoroughly and located two distinct paystreaks. At the extreme left lim­ it of the creek they have found the "White Chanell" goid and at the extreme right limit they have located the Bonanzaz run of gold. In the "White Channel" the pay is general from grass roots to bedrock and in the Bonanza run it is concentrated in a nar­ row streak near the bedrock, but very rich. Next spring it is the intention to install an extensive plant of machinery, In­ cluding thawers, hoists and pumps. The sluice boxes will be COLDEN CLEAN~UP EDITION'. .5 elevated to a height of twenty-five feet and by means of a. cen­ trifugal pump the water will be raised to that level. Then by means of hoists and automatic machinery the rich auriferous dirt will be raised and dumped into the boxes wherein the gold will be extracted from the gravel. Trail Creek is the second tributary to Bonanza, on the right Umlt, coming in at No. 79 below. It is from the vantage ground of this break in the hlIls that the ,. White Channel," the bed of that ancient river which once ran abo,-e tho'se hlIls, is tapped. The hillsides opposite Nos. 3 and 4, right limit, are being worked by James Leishman and J. C. WerIine, who em­ ploy a rocker in extracting tile gold. The upper half of No. 3 on the left limit is worked by Alex. Hauat and Thomas O'Brien, who have run 200 feet of tunnel On the upper half of No.4, right lima, Thomas Riggin has encountered a large body of graphite in his tunnel which has rendered present working unprofitable, but with several men Is still prospecting for the paystreak. 'I'he hillside opposite the upper half of No. ~ , Tral1 Creek, left limit. was located by James McKinley, a VancoU\'er Is­ land miner. in Ib:l8. and he. together with his son and daugh­ ter. has worked it with success continuously ever since by most primitive methods. This Is but one instance of the many which the Klondike atrords where comfortable fortunes have been extracted from mother earth by patient, persistent toll. The claim will not be worked this winter. No. 78 below on Bonanza ht owned by a gentleman who boasts of not having seen a railroad for twenty years and ot having written no letters for thirty years and who wishes that railroads and postoffices no longer existed. Abraham H. An­ derson Is the name ot this hardy prospector. who has been ahead ot civilization tor a quarter of a century. He, first saw the bIcycle on Bonanza Creek. He Is working eight men in a desultory fashion on No. 78. He has located two distinct pay­ atreak •. If pay in any considerable quantity exists either in the creek or hillside from this point to No. 69 it is not apparent in surface indIcations, little or no work being in progress. At 69A Thomas Emerson, Oscar Emerson and Frank Baker have finally located pay near the right limit, prior owners having abandoned the search after many futile attempts. They have installed a 5-horsepower boiler and will work this winter, They claim twenty-five cents to the pan. William Coates and Asa Thompson are the owners of 69 be­ low. They, too, have located pay near the extreme right limit after having failed everywhere else. They have installed a 10- horsepower boiler and will work a force of men thi's winter. They procure water for sluicing from Pure lxold Creek, which produces pure water but no gold. They intend installing a large plant next year. J. A. Nichol has been operating the hillside opposite No. 65, on the left limit, all summer, employing eight men, with T. F. Allen as superintendent. By the use of two I5-horse power boilers and two oj-inch centrlfugal pumps, Mr. Nichol has been cleaning up 150 cars of dirt daily until near the close of the season. ",Vater was pumped from Bonanza Creek to the sluice boxes located twenty-five feet above the creek level, wherein the product of the mine was dumped. At No. 63 below, owned by the N. A. T. & T. Co., preparations have been made to work the ground on a large scale next season. The ground has been stripped of its muck for a width of 100 feet. the fUB length of the claim, and next season it is intendea to shovel into sluice boxes located near the level of the bedrock and to ele­ vate the tailings at the end of the sluices by means of a pump built especiaIIy tor that purpose. John L. Meder and brother are the owners of four rich claims on the hillside at the left limit of Bonanza, opposite No. 60 below. These claims were located in 1898 ana purchased by Mr. l'deder In the spring ot 1901. He installed an efficient plant, consisting of a I5-horsepower boiler, tram cars, tram- 6 ~1"'tln9 On ~9 .Btlow Di~(ovcrr .potJ,,,&Q,. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS TRA80CD ) HfDRIIVL,/t P~I\NT ~ 0') '1on~. (~ ; ~+o G·.ld, GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 7 way anu other conveniences tor the economic operation of the claims and In July began work by the opening 01 a tunnel Into the hIlt a distance ot 400 feet. At the back end of the claim It Is bisected by a cross tunnel of the full width of the claim and pay dirt Is brought to the surface in the tram cars and washed In sluice boxes at the mouth of the tunnel. The gold here obtained Is of the Bonanza run and is found main­ ly In tne bedrock, where the pay runs from 10 to 25 cents to the pan. In operating the claim Mr. Meder takes up about six feet of bedrock and finds rich pay in the interstices. With the three men now employed in operating the claim Mr. Meder extracts from sixty to eighty-five cars of pay dirt daily and is richly rewarded for his etrorts. Thawing is accom­ plished by means of a pump forcing a stream of tepid water against the frozen gravel. This water returns to a sump hole, where it is heated by the exhaust steam and is used over and over again. Mr. Meder will work his claims industriously this winter. On a bench back of the Meder property John hylin and Wil­ liam Letto are operating a claim which was abou. two-thirds worked out. Ten men are employed on the Bonanza property. Charles CarUns is working three men on the hillside oppo­ site 53 below on the left limit and by means of a fifty-foot tunnel is working out a bench claim in the rear of the hill. Creek claim No. 52 below, owned by Ole Finstad, is being worked under a lay lease by John Knudson, Nels ... ounson, R. Krokum, Henry Nichelson and Charles 'Westby. They work from an open cut to bedrock and use a Chinese pump operated by a water wheel to drain the cut. Opposite No. 52 on the right limit is a group of hillside claims which have proven exceeamgly rich, The conforma­ tion of the ground at this point seems to indicate that at one time the channel of Bonanza Creek ran behind the low hills which here intervene between the present creek bed and a de­ pression in the earth. Working through these low hills by means of a tunnel at a distance of 500 feet extraordinarily rich pay is ecountered. The low hills referred to consist of a ledge of rock and beyond this wash gravel is encountered. One of the claims here operated belongs to the law firm of Wade & Aikman of Dawson, but is managed by William Lowden, who Property of Hamilton Knox Collins. ' SLUICING SCENE ON MAGNET. Kinsey & Kinsey, Photo. worked oot oy its former owners. They expect to work out the remainder of the claim by the end of next season. On the hillside opposite No. 54 below, right limit, O. C. Ack­ erson and his , associate are working seven men In an open cut. ' , They employ no machi~e.ry, but ootain water for sluic­ Ing trom the ,adjoining claim of Mr. J. W. L. Gillespie. Mr. Gillesple's property includes two benches aajoining the Ackerson property. He pur~hased the property in 1898, since which time he has , been actively operating it. ' He has in­ stalled at the level of Bonanza Creek a 25:-horsepower boiler and with a thre'e-inch pump forces wtaer up the , hill to a pen­ stock from ' which it is conducted in, pIpes to the ground mined. Here the force , obtained by the fall from the ' penstock Is suffl­ clent to thaw and wash the muck and gravel from the bed­ rock and carry it through the sluices and by taking up the bedrock to a depth of two feet a rich harvest of gOl.! is ob­ tained. Mr. Gillespie owns No. 18 Sulphur Creek in company with Mining Inspector Belcher, and the plant described will be removed to that property when the claim on Bonanza Is owns a part of the adjoinin' g claim. A 500 foot tunnel pene­ trates the hill and through this tunnel the pay dirt is brought to the surface by means of a tramway operated by steam power. Fifteen men are employed and forty tons of pay dirt are brought ,to the. surface, and' sluiced daily. The claim- is splendidly equipped ,with machinery, Including a 25-horsepow­ er boiler, 'hoist. pumps, saws 'and all necessary appliances. The claim is worked cont:lnuouslY day and night. Mr. 'Louis Wels is the owner of a 100-foot portion of the ad­ joining claim, ·on the hillside abutting No. 51, the remainder of which is owned by Wiiliam Lowden. Mr. Weis bought the property in July with the proceeds of the sale of an interest in a claim he owned on Cheechaco Hill in partnership with Fred Rekate,who was drowned on the Islander. Mr. Wels· is working only five men and is doing development work only, but says the ground is paying ' him a profit nevertheless. He owns also a hillside on the left limit at No. 51 below on Eureka and another off No. 51 Sulphur. William Lowden is working fifteen men on the adjoining claim. 8 Tlilt DAWSON DAILY NEWS The history of Mr. \V. H . Kirwin, who owns the lower half of No. 50 below, illustrates how pluck and perseverance may overcome all difficulties and discouragements, especially when the man's efforts are seconded and encouraged by a faithful, loving wife. Mr. Kirwin. who was a painting con­ tractor at Tacoma, \Vashington, came to Dawson in 1898 and began to work for wages on No. 17 Eldorado. and with the money thus earned and saved purchased an interest in two claims on Gold Hill, which he worked out. During the win­ ter of 1899, while he was engaged in working the Golo. Hill prop­ erty, Mrs. Kirwin left Tacoma to join her husband and made her way to Dawson in company with Mrs. \VlIIs. also of Ta­ coma. They had a sled, upon which they carried their camp equipage, drawn by a pony , and walked from SKagway over the summit of \Yhite Pass to Fort Selkirk. During all this long and toilsome journey the two women did Illl their own work, camping out nightly under their tent. 'Vhen three miles out from Skagwa~ their pony ran away, scattering their goods over the intervening distance to Skagway, but the dauntless women returned, caught the animal, gathered up their goods and resumed their journey and reached Dawson safely. Mr. Kirwin is justly proud of his own success but his pride in the assistance his little wife has giYen him is greater and to her he gallantly ascribes the greater part of his sliccess. Kirwin and John Kerins purchased 50 below in 1900 and last winter worked the upper half from which they took 42,000 huckets of pay dirt. In the spring of 1901 they divided the property, Kerins taking the upper half and Kirwin the low­ pro The latter immE'diatE'ly installed a 15-horsepower boiler and hoisting engines, built three-quarters of a mile of fiume, and with nine men began the work of developing his prop­ erty. He is now taking three hundretl buckets of pay dirt out daily and is his own engineer ana superintendent It will take five years to work out this property. John Kerins, who owns the upper half. will let the property out on lays this winter. About 175 feet square has already been worked out and with the seventy-five men who will be at work on the property this winter Mr. Kerins hopes to work out the remainder before spring. He has located a hillside claim on the left llmit. adjoining his property and locateu pay in the gravel averaging twenty-five cents to the pan. Mr, Kerins Is an old placer miner. having spent twenty years in the Cassiar coun­ try. In coming to Dawson he came o\'erland from the Cas­ siar. by way of Tesltn Lake. where the boats were bullt In which he and his party came to Dawson. Mr. Kerins staked a claim on Cheechaco H11J in 1898. but neglected to record the claim. which has since proven one of the richest of that fa­ mous group. No. 49 below is owned by Ole Finstad and Philo Johnson . Elsewhere a view of this claim Is given showing both the owners. Mr. Finstad Is also the owner of part of 51 below and all of 52. Mr. Johnson has charge of the work on No. 49. The claim has been worked for two years and 1S good for three more. A 12-horsepower boller is used for thawing and hOisting. The paystreak varies from 1 to ti feet in depth. No winter work is done on this property. Mr. Johnson came to the Yukon in 1894 and spent two years prospecting on the Stewart River. He spent one winter 450 mlles up the Stewart river and made nothing better than a grubstake. He was on his way to Fortymile with a cargo of moose meat in the fall of 1896 when he heard of the strike on Bonanza at Sixtymile Post. Finstad, who was Johnson's partner at this time, had been working in a sawmill at Slxtymile Post and came to the I{londike, staking No. 60 below, which he sold, and with the proceeds bought all the other property enumerated. Mr. John son came to Juneau, Alaska. in 1892 and crossed the divide in­ to the Yukon in company with Mr. Finstad in 1894. Frank Buteau, the owner of No. 'i8 below, is another of the uld timers of the Yukon. He came to the Yukon In 1886 from YUKON GOLD FIELDS, LTD., LONDON, ENG. Cars oyer hopper at head of Gravity Tram. Goetzman, Photo. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 9 SLUICI~G SCENE ON POVERTY BAR. Kinsey & Kinsey, Photo. the province of Quebec and in company with his partner, P. G. McDonald, brought the first hydraulic plant to the coun­ try. That was in the winter ot 1892. Together with McDonald he had worked at mining in the Fortymile country and they during one winter whipsawed 75,000 feet of lumber for sluice boxes and flumes. They erected the first blacksmith shop in the country, using a boulder for an anvil and constructing their bellows out of moosehide which they rendered air-tight by s03.king in melted tallow. Their nydraulic plant was es­ tablished at Troublesome Point, at the mouth of Franklin Gulch, on the south fork of the Fortymile River. Their hose .was brought in from the outside for them by the A. C. Co. During the operation of their hydraulic plant they took out over $100, - 000 from 'l'roublesome Peint, but of this sum only a very small part was proM, owing to the excessive cost of all supplies and appliances. Mr. Buteau continued his partnership with Mr. McDonald up to the time of the latter's death. The claim, No. 48 Bonanza, was staked by Buteau, but had never been worked until last winter, when he employed thirteen men opening it up. Mr. Buteau relates with considerable amusement at the irony of fate that he might have traded his claim for No. 9, 13, 17 or 31 Eldorado, the original stakers of which be­ lieved 48 to be the richest, though the contrary has proven to be the case. Indeed, he tells that he bargained to trade a half Interest in 48 for a half interest in Ii, with the original staker, but that the latter sold instead for a small sum the claim which has since made the fortune of the Berry brothers. Bu­ teau owns a th'e-year water right on Bonanza and has a flume three-fourths of [;, mile long carrying 200 inches of water and affording a pressure of thirteen and a half feet at the claim. He will work No. 48 this winter with a full crew, Emil Seiler, a native of Alsace-Lorraine, is the owner of No. 46 belok. He came to the Yukon in 1894. He worked on Frank­ lin Gulch and located a claim on Chicken Creek in the Forty­ mile country, but his mining operations there were not at­ tended with success, He purchased No. 46 in Februa.ry, 1897. His partner, Louis Bailler, owns No. 28 Eldorado and recent­ ly purchased Joe Barret's Dominion property. This summ er No. 46 was worked on the lay system by a firm employing fifteen men. All open cut about forty feet wide and 100 feet long was opened up. Two boilers, aggregating 37-horsepower, were used with pumps, hoists and all other apparatus necessary to work the claim efficiently. Three years more will be required to completely work out this property. No. 47 below is owned and operated by \Villiam Gowvin, F . A .. Kirkpatrick, J. D. Regan and R. R. Miller, who employ eight men. Their work this summer has been merely prepara­ tory for the winter, when they will work on a large scale. About 300 feet of the claim have been worked out. 'lhe com­ pletion of the remainder will require about three years' work. A good example of Yukon mining IS the manner in which Messrs. George Spenser and James E . Kiddie, two young na­ tives of Scotland, work their bench claims opposite No. 4£ be­ low on Bonanza. They have worked their claims with a rock­ er since spring, taking out on an average $50 to $60 a day to the man. Of course these enterprising young men did not overlook the stampedes last winter and are now the owners of two claims of Cleark Creek ap.d three claims on Montana. Having also acquired the hillside back of their bench claim, they intend to drift this winter, getting out a large dump for the spring cleanup. A photograph of their Bonanza property is shown elsewhere. J. H. Woolfolk, a colored miner, is the owner of a bench claim opposite No. 44, which he is Industriously working, taking out good pay. Messrs. H. Rahm and A. Childs are working a hench op­ posite No. 44 with good results. On No. 43 below on Bonanza an immense dredger is at work, a fuller description of the work of which appears elsewhere. Opposite 43 on the right limit good pay has been located on the hillside at a height of about 200 feet above the creek level. A tunnel hall been driven 100 feet roto the hilllJide and 10 THE DA WSON lJAILV NSWS the property w11l be acttvely worked this Winter, with steam thawer and all necessary appliances. Messrs. W. F. Thomp­ son, R. Douglas, AI Ready and W1lllam Karss are the own­ ers. They also own a hlIIslde opposite No. 45. The claim of Joseph Snyder on the same bench will be worked this winter with a full crew, also one belonging to Charles Hall and another belonging to Frank Waldo. The pay located on these benches runs from five to forty cents to the pan and Is said to average fifteen cents. This Is one of the few localities where good pay has been definitely located In the hills on the rIght limit of Bonanza. No. 45 below Is owned by Kenneth Senkler, but Is worked on the lay system by Donald McLay and W. Wilds, who will operate the claim this winter. No. 44 below on Bonanza is owned and operated by Frank Baker, Joseph Winterholter and H. H. Hart, who will em­ ploy twenty mEm In their winter operations. The Boulder Hill Mining Co., owning an" operating nine claims on Boulder Hill, Is managed by John Quigg, an exten­ sive nOllce of whose operations is printed elsewhere. This property is being opened up for extensive work. A ditch and flume from the head of Boulder Creek brings water to the mouth of the main tunnel. A large dump will be taken out this winter. The mines of King Solomon which gave glory to the an­ cient monarch and to modern scientists a food for speculation have given alEo a name to one of the Klondike's richest treas­ ure houses. King Solomon Hill is located on the left limit of Bonanza Creek In th". vicinJty of No .23 below discovery. Its crest is crowned with a diadem· of wondrous wealth. Chief among the mines operated at that point is that of the Anglo-Klondike Mining Company. comprising seventeen separate claims known as the Goheen Group. The mines of the Anglo-Klondike Company are under the management of Mr. George T. Coffey, a nyuraul!c miner of long experience in both Cahfornia an 1 the Caribou country, who has introduced many innoyations of methods here wl1lch have resulted in minimizing expense and increasing output. Fifteen of the claims comprising the Goheen Group are lo­ cated on King Solomon Hill and two on Boulder Creek, which latter afford a dumping ground for tailings and afford a valu­ able water right on Boulder Creek, from which a ditch has been co.nstructed that will, during the spring and a~tumn fresh­ ets, carry 250 inches of water to the company's mines on King Solomon Hill and also to its Fox Gulch property. On Fox Gulch the company owns practically all the favorable ground, hav­ ing 13 hillside and bench claims, one fractional bench claim and three creek claims on Fox Gulch, together with dumping groun 1 on Bonanza. The property of the Anglo-Klondifle Company has been practically only in the process of development for the pan year as its water ditch was not perfected in time to take ad­ vantage of the spring freshet, hence there is an accumulation of nearly 10,000 tons of pay dirt on the dumps awaiting sluic­ ing. For the reason that all the available storage space on the ground is occupied, work has been temporarily suspended on the company's King Solomon Hill mines, but with a corps of fifty men the work is being rapidly pushed on the Fox Gulch properties. Here a sufficient volume of water is ob­ tained to render it possible to sluice up a portion of the daily output although the greater part of the output is stored for future sluicing. At the time of writing (August 26) about 400 cars per day are being taken out of the Fox Gulch properties, the major portion of which will be stored awaiting an ade­ quate water supply. Manager Coffey is authority for the statement that a large hydrauliC plant will be installed at both King Solomon Hill and Fox Gulrh next sprjng and the company's future oper­ ations conducted upon the large scale made possible by that method. For six weeks during the spring Boulder Creek car­ ries between 5,000 and 6,000 inches of water. Of this the com­ pany's ditch will carry 250 inches and this with the fall to Fox Gulch will give a pressure equal to about 125 pounds per square inch. With this enormous force it is proposed to work not only the ground on the creek claims on Fox Gulch but to wash over again the tailings and debris dumped thereon by this summer's operatoins. Mr. Coffey estimates that it will be prOfitable in this region to mine dirt that will pay an aver­ age of seventy-five cents per cubic yard and that ultimately much ground now considered as too low grade to work will be mined by this method. The four miles of ditch system by which water is brought from Boulder Creek includes 3,000 feet of flume and 1,900 feet of 15-lnch pipe constituting a syphon by which the stream Is car- rled across Boulder Creek. At the lowest point of this syphon there .Is a pressure of 376 feet. Even by the progressive measures outlined It will take four years to work out the companys holdings. It ~nere Is a suffi­ cient run of water this fall to clean up all the accumulated dirt the entire system of mmes will be operated throughout the winter. The company's plant consists of several large boilers furnishing steam for thawing, miles of track laid through the various drifts and tunnels, pumps and hoisting ma­ chinery. At the close of the season for hydraulic operations next year a tram-way will be Installed by means of which the mine output will be carried to the head of No. 24 below on Bonanza, where It will be sluiced by the ordinary methods. Mr, Coffey Is undecided yet whether to Install an aerial tram­ way or a gravity system, the present outlook seeming to fa­ vor the former as the more economical. Mr. Coffey s experience as a mine manager began In Ne~ vada County, California, where he operated for ten years with unvarying success. For four years he was associated with Hobson in the great Caribou Consolidated Mine where he assist­ ed In Installing the mammoth hydraulic plant tnat brought those immense gold fields into subjection. rle came to the Klondike In 1898 and was for two years manager or McDon­ ald's Bonanza Syndicate and later with the H)lnker Conces­ sion. His selection to manage the a1'l'alrs of the Anglo-Klon­ dike Company was a tribute to his ability as a miner. The condition of the mines at the time of his assumption of the management was anything but promising, but by the Intro­ duction of new methods he has materially decreased the cost of operation while vastly Increasing the output. One little contrivance of Mr. Coffey's is meeting the gen­ eral favor of miners everywhere, and has been generally adopt­ ed on the creeks. In the storage of pay dirt it had become the habit of Klondike miners to dump on the ground and "shovel In" when the water came. Mr. Coffey adopted Ute novel expedient of dumping his dirt into mammoth hoppers shaped like an inverted cone, whose apex rested directly over the slulce"boxes. The pay dirt was held within these hoppers by removable timbers at the bottom. When tne water began to flow these timbers were gradually. removeQ and. the dirt flowed freely and uninterruptedly. By this handy device the labor of scores of men "shoveling in" was saved.. Other miners have not been slow to adopt this plan. King Solomon Hill has yielded Its riches to scores of individuals. Here are the famous mines of Harry Ash, that have been worked so systematically for years, and where this summer all the old tailings and debris have been sluiced over with resultant big pay. J. Ben Lewis and J. A. McKay operate a group of several claims on this hill with a model plant, employing a large num­ ber of men. Mr. J. D. Hartman, formerly a distributor of the News, has established a road house on King Solomon Hill, where he drives a thriving trade. The success of Mr. Albert Trabold as a miner in the Klon­ dike has been due to unremitting toil and perseverence. After a series of disapPOintments calculated to discourage the ordi­ nary man, Mr. 1'rabold eventually succeeded to an extent which enabled him to make Investments out of which has grown the present admirable group of mines on Monte Cristo Gulch. Here he is operating In partnership with Messrs. Mel­ kel and Schindler, No. 3 Monte Cristo Gulch, by the ordinary method of sinking and drifting and upon his own behalf the claim known as No.2 Monte Cristo, the St. G£orge Bench, the Jackson Bench and the Mead Hillside. These latter claims he is working by hydrauliC, accomplishing as much with five men by this method as could be done with fifty men under the prevailing methods of mining. The ground he Is working will nowhere yield a prospect of more than five cents to the pan, yet so efficacious Is the hydraulic system that the prop­ erty Is made to pay handsomely. The difficulty of procuring water for this system is such as would discourage an ordinary man, yet Mr. Trabold, who formerly owned the water right on Boulder Creek, buys a partial supply from the company now owning it and a partial supply from the owner of an e1ectric plant on Bonanza Creek. With these two sources filling a reservoir that he has constructed he procures a sufficient supply to operate his mine, half of each day. "'ith 620 gal­ lons of water per minute conducted through a fifteen-Inch hose and an Inch nozzle, Mr. Trabold clears off his ground bedrock with amazing rapidity. The photograph elsewhere re­ produced gives an excellent Idea of the method of working the ground In quesUon. On the third tier off Fox Gulch discovery O. A. Schultz and A. E. Anderson have this summer finished taking all the pay GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDIT10N. 11 out of a 100-foot bench claim. They employed five men and have a large pay dump out. With favorable water this fall this will all be cleaned up. From No. 43 below on Bonanza to Nos. 30 and 31 on the creek little or no work was done this summer. Nos. 30 and 31 are owned by Williams, Staffora and Lowe. The claims have been worked since 1897 and were In full operation this summer in an open cut. A 35-horsepower bOiler was used for thawing and operating the pumps necessary for mine drain­ age and for lifting the tailings out of the open cut. From this pomt to the mouth of American Gulch there has been no acti­ vity whatever during the summer, though there is promise of large operations through the w,nLer. On uro Fino Hill, between Fox and American Gulches, the work Is mostly confined to the operations of Yv il,lam North­ rop, Farrar and Nelson and Rumsey, Harris & Co. twelve-inch stroke. This PUQlP Is In constant operation, both day and night, except Sundays, none of Mr. Northrop's prop­ erties being operated on the Sabbath. 'Vater Hom this pump is conducted by a two ana one-half-inch ' pipe to a large reser­ voir situated at a considerable height above the level of the sluice boxes. The water thus obtained is stored until needed when it is run through the fiumes and sluice boxes. By reference to the accompanying illustrations it will be seen that the operations of last winter produceu a pay dump of gigantic proportions. It contained over 80,UVO wheelbarrow loads of dirt and had a mean height of twenty-five feet, and was 200 feet in length. So large was this dump that the water of the spring freshets was Insufficient to complete the wash­ up, and there Is a considerable portion of it still on the ground. A run of four hours per day is now sufficient to wash up the daily product of the mine, and the remainder of the sluicing period of five hours is given over to cleaning up the winter's accumUlations. At the pres­ ent rate of progress the American Creek property will be worked out by the end of ne'xt year. No work will be done this win­ ter, however. FARRAR AND NELSON MINE, ORO ' FINO HILL. Messrs. C. M. Farrar and P. E. Nelson have by similar systematic operations made a success of their mine on Oro Fino Hill. To reach the pay on the ".White Channel," where tney are located, it was necessary to sink a shaft 149 feet to bedrock. Abo\'e the moutn of the shaft --ley raised a scaffold twenty-one feet. This work they completed in the fall of 1900. Last spring they began actively taking out the pay, having to raise the dirt 170 feet. 'Vhile the spring freshets were on the dfrt was sluiced as fast as re­ moved, bm now only very moderate sluicing is possible by gathering seepage water in a sump hole and circulating it through the' One of the most successful mining operators in the Yukon is Mr, "'illiam Northrop. formerly of New York City. Mr. Northrop's success Is attributable to the systematic operation of his mines more than to any chance or fabulous richness o( the ground - operated. His first venture was in the hillside group on Magnet Gulch known as the Crouch Claim, differing only from the surrounding claims in the matoematical preci~ sio'n ana exactness with which each department of tne work waS carried on. During the winter of 1900-01. Mr, N"orthrop began the operation of a second ' group of claims on American Gulch and Oro Fino Hill, where his former methods were en­ larged upon and if possible more thoroughly systematized, Here the ~orthrop properties consist of one gulch claim and ,hree hillsides. The mine is operated through a shaft, said to be the largest ever sunk in the Yukon-ninety feet deep and being 10x15 feet in the clear. This shaft is di\'ided into two compartments, having a sep­ arate elevator in each com­ partment, each capable of car­ rying two wheelbarrows. As one elevator ascends the other er descends and the lift of ninety reet is made'in fifteen' seconds. The mine Is equipped with a 35-horsepower boiler of the locomotive type and a dou­ ble cylinder reversible hOisting engine. The mine has a record of hoisting 1,325 wheelbarrow loads ot pay dirt in a ten-hour run. From the mouth of the shaft the loaded barrows are wheeled over bunkers, two of which are directly over the shatt, and dumped. These bunkers are so located that their contents are easily fed directly into the sluice boxes as fast as neded. 'Vater for sluic­ Ing is obtained from Bonanza Creek, where a model pumping plant has been installed. A 40- horsepower bouer furnishes steam to a duplex plunger pump, having a five and one­ fourth Inch water CYlinder, eight-Inch steam cylinder and a slulct:'s hy mt ans of a centrifugal pump. The water returns to the sump after passing through settling boxes, and ' is used over and over again. Messrs, Far­ rar and Nelson say that by this process the water becomes eventually so thick that the gold fIoats around the circuit and it becomes necessary to shut down to allow tne water to clear. A large dump of pay dirt has accumulated, which will be washed up in the spring. ' There are already between 1,200 and 1,500 feet of tunnels in this claim, and it is hoped by th e o'wners that two years more will suffice to clean up the prop­ erty. The same firm worked out claims on Cheechaco Hill and Monte Cristo Gulch, anu Mr .. 'Nelson is operating se\'eral claims on Jack Wade and American Creeks, in the Fortymile District , There will be no winter wor~ , The adjacent claim of A. Rumsey, Frank Farren , J. vV, GROUND SLUICING ON MAGNET. 12 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS Harris and J. Carsten 1s operated In the same manner. They have but about 450 feet of tunnels driven so far. The mine will be closed during the winter. william \Valker and Daniel Reid are opening a claim on the brow of Oro Fino Hill, opposite 23 below on Bonanza. They ca.1 their claim the "Emerald," and will endeavor to locate the pay this winter. Several other small claims on the hill are to be worked this winter that have been idle during the summer. American Gulch, which lies between Oro Fino Hill and American Hill, on the left limit of Bonanza, has been the scene of great activity during the summer. In addition to the prop­ erty of \Villiam Northrop, Hamiltull and Knox ha\'e been oper­ ating a claim with five men, using a sixteen-horsepower boiler anll hoist, there being but 250 feet of tunnel driven as yet. The gulch claims, Nos. 1, 2 and 3, owned by Dr. P. D. Car­ per, and the adjoining hillside owned by him. have been worked full-blast, with from twelve to fifteen men . The gulch claims are practically worked out, but the hillside IS only partially extending nearly to the borders of Magnet Gulch, Is the prop­ erty of Messrs. Lawsen, Fuller and Norwood. These gentlemen own several claims on American Hill opposite 17, 18 and 19 be­ low on Bonanza, comprising an area of about 750 by 1,400 feet along the extension of the "White Channel." They have driven over 4,000 feet of tunnel, including cross-cuts. 1 'our tunnels penetrate the hill at equal distances along the Bonanza face of the hill, and three gravity trams extend from the level of these tunnels a distance of about 300 feet down to the level of the sluice boxes near the foot of the hill. Five thousand feet of steel tracks are laid In the tunnels and cross-cuts, and the immense cars of dirt brought from the four tunnels go hurry­ ing down the mountain side to be dumped Into immense hop­ pers from which it Is fed direct to the sluice boxes. No steam power is used for propulsion anywhere in this mine, all the heavy work being accomplished by the force of gravity. Two boilers are used for steam thawing and flfty men are employed in mining. The firm purchased dumping ground for their tail­ ings and debris on Nos. 17, 18 and 19 below on Bonanza. Water VIE'''" OF MAGNET GVLCH AND HILL. Property of Messrs. Lawson, Fuller and Norwood, worked. A force of twenty-five to thirty men will be retained throughout the winter. A 25-horsepower boiler 19 used for thawing and operating an 8-horsepower engine. Two tunnels have been driven into American tiill a distance of 500 feet, and the pay dirt has been ta} en from the back end for the full width of the claim for a distance of eighty feet, and the miners are now working out toward the rim. During the winter operations the pay dirt 'will be stored in immense cribs built up over the sluice boxes of which three lines will be laid. An average of 200 cars of pay dirt will be taken out every day. Charles Arnold is the general foreman in charge of the work. J. A. Colims has spent the summer In opening up the ground on the hillside opposite the upper half of NO. 3 American Gulch, and will work a force of fifteen men this winter. The claim is the property of Mr. Collins, Robert Brownlee, J. R. Gan­ dolfo and Steck Brothers. Nea.rly all the remainder of the i'round on American HUl Kinsey & Kinsey, Photo. for washing the gravel is brought in an Immense flume from No. 14 below on Bonanza. The mine, which is under the man­ agement of Mr. Lawson, is one of the mOSl productive In the Klondike. Under the present system of worK and at the pre­ sent rate of progress it will require five years to exhaust the resources of the claim. Work will cease when winter sets in, and will not be resumed until l 'ebruary. In the engraving ot: American Hill but two of the gravity trams are shown. The third has since been constructed about midway between the other two. The same photograph shows the works of Crockett and Cunningham, on 18 below, Bonanza. The last named gentlemen have worked their claim for the past two years, employing ten men, but will not work this wIn­ ter. A peculiar feature of this claim is the immense slabs ot bedrock which It Is necessary to remove In order to get at the gold. A 16-horsepower boiler and hoisting engine are used in the operation of the claim. John Mallon, on 21 below, hal not been worklni' hili claim GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 18 this summer. but will start active operations this winter. On the fraction 20A below. "Bob" Oliver and W. H. Owens, well known Dawsonites, are operating the creek claim and ad­ joining hlllside. They w111 work this winter, employing ten men, and expect by the close of next season to nnish up with both claims. They use a 16-horsepower boiler and hoist in the operation of their claim. No. 17 below is owned by Dr. Wills. and is worked on the lay system by N. Castano. who employs six men, but no ma­ chinery. Magnet Gulch, which comes into Bonanza at this pOint, is a lively locality. Nos. 1, 2 and 3, gulch claims, are owned by Noah Davey, F. A. Schaal and D. A. Boehme. The ground was worked during the spring freshets by grouna sluicing, and will this winter be drifted, as it was last winter. Eight men have been employed during the summer. It will take five years more of work to exhaust this property. Messrs. Hamilton & Knox, who have properties scattered all along Bonanza Creek, are operating the hillside opposite have been operating for over a year. They are now employin&, twenty men, and have still two years' work before them, but wlll close down the mine this winter. The plam. at this mine is a model of beauty. A 25-horsepower boiler fur­ nishes power to a 20-horsepower hoist and steam for thirty points in thawing. The engine and boiler room is as neat as a good housekeeper's -kitchen, and the machinery as cleanly as her pots and pans, a rare sight in Yukon mine power stations. The shaft, 115 feet deep, is timbered with as mucn precision and care as a coal mine shaft intended to last a century; and everything, in fact, about the mine bespeaks the care and attention of the practical miner. And that Mr. Miles is, being a native of Wales, and a lifelong miner. He came to the Klondike from Nanaimo, B. C., and nearly all his employes are Nanaimo coal miners. Mr. McKenzie is not a practical miner, being a newspaper man instead. He it was who rirs~ discovered gold on Magnet Hill. He attemptea to record. a claim on the hill, but was refused a record, and procured the services of a lady to obtain record of his claim. Since that time the Adams Hill. 1.lILES & M'KENZIE'S MJNE. Kinsey & Kinsey, Photo. No.2 on Magnet. This property is under the management of Mr. H. C. Hamilton. Mr. J. B. Knox being just now in the United States. Twenty-five men have been employed in de­ veloping this property during the summer, and it w111 be closed down for the winter. The firm has just ttnished work on a Cheechaco Hitl claim, and all its other properties are in an embryo state. The 4O-horsepower boiler now on Cheecbaco HUl w111 be removed to American Gulch for next season's operations there. Messrs. Hamilton & Knox came to the Yukon togetber as partners, from Cripple Creek, Colo., where they had been mining tor three years. Their first attempt here was on a lay on a hilhlide at 30 Eldorado, where they did not succeed in making it pay. and they then turned their attention to the "White Channel" and Cheechaco Hill. They now own claims on Magnet, American and Lovett Gulches, on the "White Channe!." Messrs. Hamilton & Knox are owners of a quartz property at Cripple Creek, which it is their Intention to de­ velop on leaving the Klondike. J. E. McKenzie and John M.Iles are the owners of a very rich cla1m on tne left ihrut opposite No.3 M.agnet. wbich they firm has had to defend its title to the property in five law­ suits, each one of which they have won. The firm owns sev­ eral interests on Eureka Creek. Judge Davis and R. McFarlane own the adjoining claim to that of Miles & McKenzie. A 20-horsepower compound boiler and 14-horsepower hoist have been installed on the claim, a 100-foot shaft has just been completed, and the seven men employed on the claim are now putting in tracks, tramways and erecting the necessary buildings preparatory to beginning active operations in the spring. No winter work will be done on the property. Directly opposite this claim, on the other Side of the Gulch -that is to say, on lV .. agnet hill proper-is another mine in embryo. D. A. Waggoner and C. Collins are opening up their property by means of a tunnel which they have driven forty feet, and have just tapped the pay streak. They will work tnis winter. but will not put on a power plant until next spring. Magnet City, a thriving and busy community on Bonanza Creek, has grown up around the nucleus of a deservedly popu- 14 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS lar road houl!le. established and operated by a brainy and popu­ lar little woman. to whose far-seeing eye tne site ottered pecu­ liar advantages. The history of Mrs. M. P. Rothweiler Is one of the romances of the Yukon. and if the pen of Bret Harte were employed in the telling of it, it would become his mas­ terpiece. Armed only with her natural gifts, an attractive personality, n mind trained to busin('i'R, a sparkling wit and r-- - . by William Northrop and formerly operated by him. but now operated under a lease by E. L. French. Mr. French l's well known to residents of the Klondike as "French. of the C. D " because of his popularity while connected with the Canadian Development Company. Associated with Mr. French In the operation of the mine Is Mr. O. C. Messier. . The claims em­ braced in the group owned by these gentlemen are three bench claims opposite Nos. 2 and 3 on Mag­ net Gulch and the hillside opposite l'oIo. 16 below on Bonanza. Messrs. French and Messier began operations early last spring, and have pushed the work vigorously and thoroughly, employing twelve men in their drifts Rnd shafts. They use a ~O-horsepower boiler of the water tuDe pattern wherewith to furnish tile power ne­ cessary to operate their thawing and hoisting machinery. "IE\Y OF MAGNET Gl.."LCH AND HILLS. In the mine thawing is accomplish­ ed by hydraulics. A stream of warm water is forced against the frozen gra"el by two polsometers, with the result that the gravel is very easily and . readily removed to the desired height and depth with perfect ac­ curacy. At present the product 01 the mine is brought to tile surface in wheelbarrows, through tunnels and drifts and is dumped into a hOPlJer leading to the sluiceboxes, whence it is conducted to the sluices when the water Is running. About one-half of the area of the paystrea.c is worked out, and by present plans the re­ mainder may be cleaned up within two years. It is the purpose of Messrs. French and Messier to in­ .. tall a pumping plant on Bonanza Creek next spring which will force a big slulcehead sufficiently high to a (Ietermination to succeed, Mrs. Rothweiler arrived at Dawson in the summer of 1898, having been imprisoned by ice at the mouth of the Tanana River during the winter of 189i, while on her way up the Yukon River to Dawson. The winter was one full of hardships, perils and dIscouragements; yet with un­ daunted courage and brave determination to succeed, Mrs. Rothweiler came to Dawson and proceeded at once to estab­ lish herself. At that time near the Bonanza trail, in the vicinity of No. 17 below, there stood a sod shanty thatoore the sign "Mary's Place," where a sallow-faced little drudge of a woman doled out "coffee and sinkers at two-bits a throw," in the expres­ sive vernacular of the time. 'J.·he almost fabulous richness of the neighboring placer ground had not then been demonstrated, yet there was something in the - surroundings that appealed to Mrs. Rothweiler's instinctive knowledge of the future. She purchased Mary 's place and straightway transformed it. A cheerful log house with inviting exterior and comfortable in­ terior supplanted "Mary's Place." Attracted oy the good cheer offered by the home-like surroundings, by the pleasant, frank goodfellowship of the proprietress, the patronage of the place grew and grew until modest "Mary's Place" became the ad­ mirable "Magnet Hotel," voted the most comfortable on the trail. Gradually about the hotel there grew up a settlement; stores followed, other hotels, until today Magnet is the best and busiest of Bonanza settlements between Dawson and Grand Forks; and the whole is due to the genius and foresight of a woman, and that woman one to whose business ability many mine operators of that "icinity owe, not only encouraging words. but actual help in credit extended to them during the arduous period of de\'eloping their mines. ''''hat tortune Mrs. Rothweiler has gathered is due to her own untiring exertions and personal efforts, and if Magnet Hotel is popular, that pop­ ularity is based upon the good, substantial reason that within that hostelry three things are certain to the traveler. First. good cheer; second, well-COOked, well-served and bountiful meals; third, comfortable, cleanly sleeping quarters. Magnet Hill, so named for its fancied resemblance in form to the horseshoe magnet, has proven itself entitled to that name hy reason of the wonderfully attractive force of its contents. About the powerful magnet has clustered the busiest, most thriving community on Lower Bonanza. Here creek, gulch, hillside and bench claims all alike yield rich stores of gold. The most important mine on Magnet Hill is that owned enable them to work the ground next summer by hydraulic methods. At present water is obtained from their reservoir draining the hills back of Magnet, and from Newman's Adams Hill pumping plant, but the supply is insufficient for perfect work. A largely augmented force will be employed on the property this winter, it being the i'ntention of the operators to take out a large dump for early spring sluicing. MAGNET ROAD HOUSE. On Magnet Hill. opposite No. 15 Bonanza, left limit. James Fox. ,Yo A. Brown and John Mullen are working a hillside claim through se\'enty feet of tunnel. They employ an 11- horsE'power boiler for thawing and will lO,'Ork the claIm out completely by the time winter closes in. On the right limit opposite the same claim, on What Is known as Poverty Bar. L. L. Votaw is working ten D'ten on a lay, the ground belonging to the T. & E. Co. ldr. VI ta w ex- GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION, 1.5 peets to place sluice boxes in his tunnels this winter and wash up his gravel under ground. On the hillside on the left limit, opposite No. 14 Ole Erick­ son, Venus Stockwell and George Sutherland' are working, tak­ ing out good pay on a claim previously worked by former owners. They will continue to work throughout the winter. Numbers 14. 15 and 16 below on Bonanza, owned by Daniel McGlllivray and David McKay, are the most actively worked creek claims in this vici'nity on Bonanza. The average num­ ber of men employed during the summer has been thirty-five, which crew will be continued throughout the winter, should the owners decide to work them. In another column we give an Illustration which more fitly describes the method and char­ acter of the work done on this claim than a volume of words could. The property will require four years more of acth'e work to clean up the gold known to be within its boundaries. No. 11 below on Bonanza is owned by the Ladue Company. It has been worked during the summer by George H . Johnson, on a lay, but will remain idle during the ensuing winter. To- woman to establish a laundry in the Yukon. She says that, by her labors as a laundress she enabled her husband to con­ tinue his prospecting in the Yukon during many seasons of ill-success. NO.8 below is the property of Mr. A. Johnson, who has a most systematically organized method of recovering the gold from his claim. During the summer he has been working twenty men in two shifts, day and night. He began by takIng off the top muck and gravel from the claim by the use of scrapers, and having by this means reached the gravel, he began sho\'eling into the sluices until he got to bedrock. Then he installed an inclined tramway, by means of whiCH he hauled loaded cars of pay dirt from the level of tne bedrock to a plat­ form about twenty-five feet above the level of the creeks. At this le\'el he installed his sluice boxes and by using a six-Inch centrifugal pump lifted the water out of tne cut and out of the creek into his sluices. By this means he was enabled to dis­ pose of his tailings on his own ground without encroaching upon the property of his neighbors. He raises about 150 cars SLUICING ON ADAMS HILL. ward the latter end of the summer Mr. Johnson was compelled to suspend work on account of an infiux of waler into his drifts. On No. 10 below Mr. Napoleon Guimond has begun active preparations for winter work under a lease from the owner. Mr. James Desormier. The ground on No. 10 is all worked out, with the exception of about 100 feet along the lower line of the claim. Mr. Guimond expects to work out the remainder of the claim this winter. No 13 below on Bonanza was staked by John Horne in the first rush in 1896. and he sUll retains the ownership, Not much work has been done on the claim this summer, but it is the Intention of the owner to Install a fine steam plant next sum­ mer, in order to keep the water out of the open cut which he Intends to make for the more economic working of the prop­ erty. Mrs. Horn£'. who came into the Yukon with her husband in 1895. claims the distinction of being the first white woman to camp on the fiat where the City of Dawson is now situated, and the further distinction of having been the first white of dirt dally, and was enabled to clean up all but about a quarter of the ground. He will take out the remainder during next summer. Mr. Johnson is also the owner of the lower half of No. 6 below, which ground has been let out on lays.. His career in the Klondike is but another evidence of what indus­ try and endurance will accomplish. He arrived at Dawson in May. 1897, and after prospecting for a while located a bench opposite No. 6 below, and with the money taken out of this claim purchased his present holdings. Messrs Kinkaid & Sechrest are the magnates of Adams Hill. They own the hillside claims opposite Nos. 7. 12 and 13 below. The lay of this ground is such that the three claims almost abut one another, and a tunnel runs almost continu­ ously through the hill from one claim to the other. The firm has over $8.000 worth of wood on its claim. anu has three separate steam plants in op£'ration. Two chutes are used to carry the pay dirt from the level of the tunnels to the creek below. one at the outlet of each tunnel on either side of the b.... The claims will be worked this winter to their full capa- 18 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS city, employing forty men. The ground shows a paystreak 600 feet In width, and the 1,500 feet of tunnels already driven give the owners an excellent opportunity to take out large quanti­ ties of dirt daily; · but working at full capacity it is not ex­ pected that the claim can be exhausted in less tnan three years more. The firm Is composed of S. T. Kinkaid ana J. J. Sech­ rest. Mr. W. F. Sechrest manages the claims opposite 12 and 13, and Mr. Kinkaid that opposite No.7. P. Rost & Co. are the owners of claims opposite Nos. 7 and 8 below, in the second and third tiers on Adams tiill. P . Rost, Wi111am Stone, Richard Ware, George Fletcher, Mikal Stone, Matt. Arolson and Charles Bowie . comprise the firm. Twenty men have been employed on the property all summer and will continue throughout the winter. At the present rate of progress it will take about five y'ears to work out the claim. Water for sluicing Is obtained from the electric pumping plant situated in the valley below. Richard Harms, G. D . 'l'hrelkel and the Redmond Brothers. John, Charles and Frank, own and operate a claim on Adams Hill opposite No. 12 below. They only recently purchased the property and began the work of development in June, since which time they haye taken enough gold out of the ground to pay the balance due on the purchase price. They now employ twenty men and will continue throughout the winter the work of deyelopment . and next summer will employ u large force of men and a greatly augmE'ntect plant. NO. 6 BELOW ON BONANZA. that would have to be made were the claims workeu through a shaft from the top. By this means 300 cars of dirt are dally brought to the surface and lowered to the level or No.3 Adams, where they are washed in sluice boxes supplied with water obtained from No.6 Adams Creek. No work has been done on Adams Creek this summer with the exception of that performed by a small force of men on No. 10, where It Is believed tne "White Channel" crosses from Cheechaco to Adams Hill. At all events fairly good pay has been obtained in the creek at No. 10, although the hillsides In the vicinity do not bear out that theory. Nos. 1 and 2 Adams Creek and two of the hillsides adjoin­ Ing belong to Messrs. E. E. Andrews, C. A. McGraw and M. A. Howard, who are working about twenty-fi\'e men. By actlve work during the past two years the hillside claims have been pretty thoroughly worked out, and no work will be done this winter. The plant for the operation of this mine consists of a steam thawer and a gravity tram to the level of Adams Creek, and a steam plant in the creek for lifting a sluicehead of water into the boxes. Messrs. A. l 'assbender and J. A. May own two hillside claims adjoining those just described, and also own the upper half of No.6 below on Bonanza, purchased for dumping ground. The gravel taken from their claim is taken to the creek at No. G, where It is washed in water obtained from Bonanza Creek. Forty mt n were employed during the summer in operating the property. but work wlll be sllspended during the winter. The owners estimate that the claims are about two­ thirds worked out, and that next summer's operations will suffice to complete the work. Dr. M. ,\V. Johnson and ·L. Edgar own several bench and hillside claims on Chee­ chaco Hill, which they are preparing to open up for acth'e work neXl summer. They are sinking two shafts tnls fall in order to determine i. the groun l in ques­ tion carries pay. Showing Adam's Hill Operations. Lars & Duclos, Photo. Most of the claims on Cheechaco Hill have been worked out, and the greater part of the work done there this summer was done by Senator Lynch and \VilIiam Northrop and others heretofore described. Northrop has been working twenty-five men all summer until the lat­ ter part of August, when the claim was about cleaned up. Senator Lynch's oper­ ations have been on the largest scale ot any. The property jointly owned by him and David Dolg consists of three hillside and bench claims. From forty to fifty men have been employed constantly on the prop­ ~rty since last February. The creek claim .)n Bonanza adjoining these properties be­ l: :mg's to ' the same gentlemen, and is util­ Ized by them as a dumping ground for their was· te. A pumping plant situated on the opposite side of the creek raises a slulce­ head of water to a he;ght in the neighbor­ At the mouth of Adams Creek .is situated Alex. McDon­ ald's large pumping plant by means of which a IOO-inch stream of water is forced up to the crest of Cheechaco Hill, 380 feet above the level of the boilers. The plant consists of two 100- horsepower toilers and two duplex pumps . . The circuit fol­ lowed by this water is over the crest of Cheechaco Hill to the top of Little Skookum and . thence returning around the hill and back along the sides of Cheechaco to a point opposite No. 2 below, where the water is returned to Bonanza Creek. In this manner fifteen claims are supplied with water, a por­ tion of this number receiving their supply from a ditch from the head of Stampede Gulch, where McDonald owns a water right. Another large pumping plant in this same vicinity is that of Messrs. Newman & Howard, located at the base of Adams Hill. where a triplex power pump with /:SxlO water cylinders. electrically operated, puts 416 gallons to tne top of the hill every minute. Barrack & McDonald employ forty-five men on thei'r Chee­ chaco Hill property, comprising five bench and hillside claims opposite Nos. 3, 4, 5 and 6 Adams Gulch, which latter claims are the property of Alex. McDonald, and are not at present being worl{e 1. Thc bench claims ment:oned are worked through a tunnel from tJ:ie Adams Creek side of the hilI. ana tapped by means of a 500-foot tunnel, which obviates a lift of 150 feet hood of thirty-fiyc fect. The water Is then carrieJ across the creek in a nume and the iine of sluice boxes returns at a lower level to a point about halt way across where It dis­ charges the waste and tailings. So great has been the accumu­ lation of the tailings that a hlll twenty or thirty feet high has been erected in the middle of the creek. Senator Lynch hopes by the time winter sets in to have finished the work on this claim. Two 15 and one 40-horsepower boilers were necessary to operate this plant. In addition to the mines described the Roper mine has been in full operation throughout the summer and a number of claims that have been wholly or partially worked out have been given o\'er to the "sniper," who has been making wages and better rocking over tailings and little corners that have been overlooked 1n the larger operations. One of these "snipers" with a rocker in a favorable location has taken out as high as $80 a day. The Yukon Goldfields. Limited. a London corporation. has been working fifty men on Cheechaco Hill all summer on six claims on the Skookum side of Cheechaco lilll. The present management has been sluicing over the tailings left from last summer's operations, with good results. It is not yet de­ termined whether this property will be worked this winter. What-is known as tht EII!s Bench. now owned by John and Rudolph Karth, John Grasser. David Griffiths, William Howie GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 17 SLUICING SCENE, CHEECHACO HILL. and \Vatson Phillips, has been in operation only one month, and the present owners say that it will not yield enough to pay tor their labor. On the other hand, Richard Thorpe has a small fractional bench adjoining the claim of Cobb &. Morrow which he has been working through a tunnel on the latter claim and has been richly rewarder for his labors. Cobb & .dorrow·s ground has been idle in the summer, except for the work done by two laymen who will continue to work throughout the winter. On the right limit of Bonanza, opposite Cheechaco Hill gold has recently been discovered, and several claims are being opened up for extensive working. Opposite No.5 H. Archibald is working with a rocker, and is obtaining good results. Oppo­ s:te No.3, R. E. Bryan and 'V. E . James have opened ex­ tensive works, employing ten men. The plant has been in operation only a month, but the owners will work throughout the winter. A I6-horsepower boiler is used to pump water from the creek to the level of the claim, thirty-five feet above the creek, and a four-inch centrifugal pump creates a circu­ latory sluice by means of which the dirt is washed up on a space of ground not over fifty feet square. The tail­ ings are dumped in high piles on the grov"d worked out. The owners propose to run a tunnel into the hill this winter in order to establish the extent of the paystreak. Several other claims on the same level are being prospected in a small way. At No.5 below on the creek George Matthews, James Ken­ nedy and J. N. Hennessy are working eight men. They use a 25-horsepower tOiler and take out over 100 buckets of dirt dally. The claim is about half worked out. There Is a low projecting point ot land running out trom the main h111 into the creek at No.4 below on the left limit, affording several bench claims that have been worked for sev­ eral years. One of these, owned by Henry H. Darud, was oper­ ated this summer by means ot a pumping plant which enabled him to ground sluice the top off. He will work the property this winter. A peculiarity about this part of Bonanza lies in BONANZA CREEK, GOLD HILL TO THE RIGHT. Photo by Goetzman. the fact that good pay is found extending for tha full width of the creek and in the benches and hillsides on both sides. No.3 below, owned by C. W. Leak and Charles Lamb, is one of the most extensively worked properties on the creek. Thirty-five men are employed taking the pay from an open 18 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS cut ninety feet In width a.nd 200 feet long. A 65-horsepower boiler sta­ tioned at the lower end of this cut furnishes power for raising the loaded cars from tile Dottom of the cut over an inclined railway to a height of twenty feet above the sur­ face. where the sluice boxes are lo­ cated. Water for sluicing is pump­ ed from the bottom of the cut. in­ to which it seeps from the sur­ rounding earth. and also from the creek itslef. Four huntired cars 01 pay dirt are lifted out from the cut daily. and it is estimated by the owners tIlat by the end of next summer tne resources of the claim WIll have been exnausted. Discovery Group-l above. 1 be­ low and Discovery-are now the property of Skookum Jim (Tagish Jim) and G. D . Bentley. Tagish Jim made the discovery and was the original locator. George Car­ mack and 'J.agish Charley staked 1 above and 1 below. but jim was the Jnly one who retained his interest; the others sold. G. D. Bentley bought out Charlie's interest in June, 1901. The Indians who had held the claims let them out on a lay to H . H. Hart, who lost his money in the late wreck of the steamer Islander. Hart had been In the country fourt een years, at F()rtymile and elsewhere, and his lay would have expired September 15th, but he forfeited it when he left for the outside. The ground is two-thirds worl{ed out, and the pres­ ent owners expect it to take them four years to exhaust the claims. Forty men have been employed during the summer, but little worl{. except on lays. will lJe done this winter. The group is 1.500 feet long. Skookum Jim says he will make one more big discovery and then quit mining. He says he has already been on the new ground, and he shows big nUggets obtained, saying that the ground is as rich. even richer, than Bonanza Creek. He re­ fuses to divulge the location. but says it is in the Yukon region within a radius of 150 miles of Dawson. There is plenty of time. he says, and he is in no hurry to record the new discovery. but will wait till he has worked out his Bonanza ground. The Indians worked Discovery Group themselves for two years. and in 1~97 it took fourteen men to pack Jim's share of the gold to Dawson. The most gold is near the left limit. This is attributed to the fact that Skookum Hill, between Gold Hill and Cheechaco Hill, . is much lower than the level at which ~ __ REASURE LADEN GOLD HILL, the "Hub of the Klondike." is next in order of d !scussion. This mountain of gold. this desideratum of precious metal-sit­ uated in the geographical center of these great placer gold fields-lay for years, unalsturbed. unnoticea. Gold Hill is at the junction of Upper Bonanza, Eldora­ do and Lower Bonanza. anrl from its golden crest one looks down upon the thriYing mining town. Grand Forks. .k 'or nearly two years after tne discovery of gold by Carmack. during which time active mining operations were carried on all along Bonanza and Eldorado, the treasures of Gold Hill were unknown. Although discovery was made near the base of Gold Hill, no one dreamed that go • ...! would be found three or four hundred feet above on the apparently barren hill that frowned down upon them. Howeyer. there is always some one more venturesome than others. who is willing to suffer the scoff and ridicule of the masses in order to test some pet theory of his own. In this case a. Cheechaco (tenderfoot), either through sublime ig­ norance or by inspirat ~on. · commenced to prospect for gold on this hill. Even his own partner and cabiri mates "joshed" and ridiculed him for his supposed folly to su~h an extent that he could get no one to assist him, and was obliged to prospect NO. 25 BELOW. BONANZA. gold is found on the hills on either side. It is supposed that the ""White Channel" gold was there washed into Bonanza. Near the right limit Is found what is known as the Bonanza run of gold. Mr. Bentley was manager for the owners of this property up to the time he purchased his present interest. He came here from Tacoma. Wash., and has had about ten years' experience in mining. McDonald's Bonanza-No.2 aboye discovery. sixteen claims on Skookum. five claims on Little Skookum. The foregoing com­ prise the GrOup. but only No. 2 above, Bonanza. and No. 1 Skookum have been worked this summer. Forty men have been constantly employed with James Henderson as man ager. The creek claim is practically worked out. and Will undoubtedly be finished next year. No. 1 Skookum will be worked out next summer, and fi,'e years will probably finish up the remainder of the group. Mr. Henderson expresses it as his intention to hydraulic the hill claims. Nos .2, 3. 7 and 8 Skookum Gulch have never been touched, and prospecting on them has just been commenced. Mr. Henderson was sent from England last spring to manage this property. alone. He commenced sinking a "prospect hole" near the rim of the hill ,on the Big Skookum side. To do this work alone it was necessary for him to build fires to thaw the frozen ground. When a fire had burned out he would go down Into the hole, fill a bucket with the thawed out dirt. climb a ladder to the top and then windlass the bucket of dirt to the surface. By this slow process he finally attained a depth of sixty-three feet. and struck the rich pay which has since given Gold Hill its name. Probably no one ever realized more keenly than he did at that time that "He laughs best who laughs last." Naturally. a wild stampede followed. Claims were located far and wide. and soon the whole hill was peopled with burrow­ ing hundreds. Some were successful, others not; but the result of it all was the uncovering of one of nature's richest store­ houses. It was on Nels Peterson's property that discovery was made. After taking out $10.000, the claim was sold for $40.000 to the Al­ liance Company, of Philadelphia, who have already rocked out more than the amount they paid for the property. Out of a spot four feet square over $200 in nuggets was picked up. H. S. Bock and Lyman Tondro now own the property. and are roeking out big pay. They also own six adjoining claims. . Fred Hutchinson's Bench, on Gold Hill-E. Erickson, L. Olson and G. E. John'son will work with a steam plant this winter, and work the property out. Mr. · Erickson has ably managed the working of this property. The Connolley Hi11slde }o'raction, now the property of C. E. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 19 GOLD HILL. Pomeroy and John Flanagan, has been practically worked out. The Englebrecht Bench, Gold Hill, now owned by Louis Smith, has been worked with rockers all summer, and will be worked next summer. Thomas Charlton worked four claims in the fourth and fifth tiers, Gold Hill, all summer, sluicing up last winter's dumps. During the winter it is his intention to work a full crew on the hill and also to work No. ~9 above on Bonanza Creek, and the Hornbrook and McQuinn Bench, Gold Hill. Two years will be required to work out these properties. Mr. Charlton has in­ stalled a lO-horsepower boiler. and will put In two pumps, one for mine drainage and the other to pump water to a reservoir on the hill. A number of claim owners will pool their Interests In promoting this plan, which was suggested by Mr. Charlton, who Is one of the most up-to-date mining men In the Yukon country. The Gold Hill Mining Company, S. A. James. manager. owns fifty claims on Gold Hill. The Compa ny consists of S. A. James. Judge Lightfoot, Collins and De­ laney and two others. Eight men have been working continuously during the past summer. and will work l.IlS winter. The work Is done through tunnels. using a 15- l?orsepower boiler for thawing. Only about four claims have been worked out. Mr. James. the manager. is now on the outside. water for sluicing has been available during the latter part of the summer. and the pay dirt has been stored uP. awaiting the spring freshets. The Butler Bench. Gold Hill. owned by Mrs. Butler. has employed six men all Bummer. This claim is sixty-five feet to bed­ rock. and a small ship OOlier is employed. No '1'. CAHL'l.'ON·S MINE. GOLD HILL. ADJOINING DISCOVERY 20 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS On the bench claims of James Ferguson and Joe Dumbll one man rocked during the summer. About half of the claim has been worked out. The Victor Bench Claim, Gold HlII, opposite No. 4 above, Bonanza, is owned and operated by Mr. A. Bates and Mr. B. McDonald. A 160-foot tunnel is being rapidly pushed Into the claim, and with the steam plant now installed the property may possibly be worked out this winter. The Lawton Bench, Gold Hill, A. L. Ames owner, was worked all last summer on a lay by E. I,. Boone and W. T. noone. It is now about exhausted. Two seasons more will be required to work out the Dawley Bench, Gold Hill, now owned by Robert Staley and J. Hough. It is being worked this winter with five men and a 12-horsepower boiler operating a hoist, which raises the dirt from its elghty­ foot level. Next let us make passing mention of the Johnson Fraction, which is 100 feet to bedrock, and upon which an 8-horsepower bo.ler and hoisting plant has been Installed. This claim Is now the property of J. D. Perrault and H. A. Hansen, who acquired it by purchase. They expect to work the. claim this win­ ter. Three men have been working on Trevarrou's Bench during the summer, and a full crew will be put. on this winter ·by URPRISINGLY RICH ELDORADO CREEK a tributary of Bonanza, entering at No. 7 above Discovery, Is so well known that a minute description Is unnecessary. The phantom Eldorado in Central South America could not have been imagined to be richer than this veritable "chan­ nel of gold." Along Its length for nearly four miles there is not a single blank, and most of the claims are fab­ ulOUSlY rich. This cre.;k, the most productive of ~I. the Klondike region, was dlsoovered In 1896, shortly after the discovery of gold on Bonanza. By popular story those who got claims on Eldorado were ignorant Cheechacos, who knew nothing of mining, and the discovery of gold was the result of accident. This Is not according to the strict letter of history as tola by Mr. Frank Phiscator. In company with Antone Stander, Frank Keller, James Clements and one Whipple, Mr. Phiscator was looking for a location on Bonanza Creek, having come up from Fortymile on that account. The party had passed Eldorado and had located the claims Nos. 32, 23. 34. 35 and 36 above on Bonanza. On the way up the creek Phiscator had gone a little way up Eldorado and panned along the creek bed. He had obtained encouraging results. but the party, lured by the tales of richness on Bonanza. had passed by. However, as they came down from their Bonanza claims. Ph'scator prevailed on them to stop and have a tryon Eldorado. Phiscator put a hole down on what is now the line between Nos. 2 and 3. The result here encouraged him to believe that Eldorado was a rich creek. and he believed himself entitled to a discovery claim. He had been on the ground about six days when another party arrived. headed by a man named Cobb. Cobb, learning that Phiscator had staked a claim on Bonanza as well as Eldorado. put his stakes on the same ground Ph!scator had staked. and hence there ensued a contest over possession of the ground. Phisca­ tor claimed a discoverer's rights on Eldorado. calling the creek Whipple Creek, but Cobb contended that Phiscator, hav­ ing previously staked on Bonanza, was not entitled to a claim on the new creek. which Cobb In his application called Eldo­ rado. The name Cobb chose was finally given to the creek, but Cobb was deprived of a claim and Phiscator was awarded No. 2 Eldorado instead of a discovery on Whipple Creek, which at that time perhaps seemed a fair division of the honors, if not of the spoils. Strange as it may seem, Eldorado Creek. though now known to have been by far the richest creek In the country, was at first frowned upon as "only fit for Cheechacos." When all the available ground on Upper and Lower Bonanza had been located, miners reluctantly drove their stakes on Eldorado ground, cursing their luck in not being in time to get property on Bonanza. It was on No. S that bedrock was firs. struck on Eldorado, and pans of unprecedented richness were takerl out. From that time on all along the creek miners seemed to be vying with one another as to who s'hould locate pay first. The development of mining, the steady increase In the gold lo'red Madison and M. McKay, the present owners, who ara taking up several feet of bedrock, and are still I1ndml;l pay. The bench oppOSite No. 2 Eldorado, tier 6, left limit, 18 own­ ed by Mrs. Balderson. A full crew Is to be workea this winter, using a 6-horsepower boiler. The Lancaster or Discovery Claim, owned now by Fred W. Swanson, Henry Daum and Max Couch, cannot be passed without slight mention. This Is one of the rich claims on Gold Hill, for out of It alone over $200.000 are said to have been taken. The bedrock and pillars, and a fifteen-foot cross ~ection at the back of the claim, now being worked, will finish It up. The Benderman. Boyker and Meier Fractions and the Pulyer and Bell Bench Claims are being worked by Fred and Carl Meier, who Intend putting on a good crew th's winter. They have about 500 feet of tunnels and drifts and a tramway to the end of a long trestle. . A 12-horsepower boiler is now on the property. and a pumping plant will be Installed next spring, and these progressive miners will see carefully to the details of an economical plant. One might go on almost Indefinitely mentioning the claims on this rich hill; but suffice it to say no piece of ground of an equal surface area in the Klondike contains so large a num­ ber of rich claims and so few blanks. output and the constant improvement In mining methods have all kept pace with one another. From the wood fires and the windlass have sprung the steam thawer and steam holst. In­ stead of the pick and shovel of 1896-97 we have lhe steam shovel and scraper. The days of the "gum-boot" miner, so-called. are gone, and improved mining machinery now accomplishes the same work at infinitely less cost. Conservative estimates give Eldorado the ·Credit of produc­ Ing nearly one-half of the gold mined In tne Klondike and Indian River Districts. As near as can be arrived at the out­ put of these two districts has been $8,000,000, $12.000.000, $15.000,- 000 and $21,000.000 In 1897, 1S9S, 1899. and 1900 respectively. In the cleanup of last spring (1901) the estimate places the amount at something over $25,000.000. When one considers this wonderful output and then realizes that nearly one-half of It fs mined from the forty claims on El­ dorado, he may then grasp some little Idea of the wealth of Eldorado as a placer creek. No.1 Eldoraao, located by Whipple, fs now owned by S. S. Mitchell and his associates. Mr. Mitchell purchased the cla'm In 1897, and has worked it intermittently ever since. During the past season work has been carried on on a larger scale than ever before. The surface was first scraped away with steam scrapers and the gravel lifted and dumped directly into the sluices. Four to five feet of bedrock were taken up. and the ground thoroughly worked over for a distance of 400 feet and a width of sixty feet. A 15-horsepower boiler was used for furnishing power to the hoists and pumps required for the work, and twenty-five men were employed constantly throughout the season. Mr. Mitchell expects to be ab!a to work out the remainder of the claim next summer. Newton Halstead, Fred Brusett and Fred Mills are the own­ ers of No.3. During the summer Andrew HalSet has been working the left limit half of the claim on a lay. with eight men in his employ. An open cut with a Chinese pump has been the method used, and fairly good pay has been found. He will work the property th's winter. No. 2 Eldorado-Phiscator's claim-has remained his prop­ erty since he located It. The six days' prospecting which he gave to It before recording the claim in 1896 convinced him of Its very considerable richness, and he retained the ownership ever since. For four years the ground was worked by laymen. who all made fortunes In adaition to enriching the owner; but now Mr. Phlscator is preparing to work the claim over as though It had never been touched. During the summer thlrty­ five men were employea. and during the winter thIrty men wI\! be kept at work. At the upper line of No. 2 the creek bottom Is 400 feet wide. At a distance of about twenty feet below this upper line Mr. Phiscator proposes to erect a substantial dam ten feet In thlcknpss. In form like the worm fence. He wI\! then proceed to fill In behind this dam with waste dirt taken off the top of the ground below It, thus reinforcing and strengthening it. At Intervals along this dam sluice gates wI\! be provided, by means of which the water may be admitted to the sluice boxes in the summer. During the winter the work will be carried on In open cuts, protected from the weather by Im­ mense awnings erected over them. The pay dirt wI\! be stored in cribs adjacent to the sluice boxes, so that when the GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 21 water Is running the work may be pushed with all possible speed. Mr. l'hiscator estimates that three years will be re­ quired to complete the worK as now undertaken by him. At the time the News man visited the propeny they were using a 15-horsepower boiler, a derrick with boom, nine pOints for thawing. a steam hoist. a three and one-half-inch centrifu­ gal pump and a pulsometer. They intended to install a 35- horsepower S. M. boUer, a double drum hoist, wheel scrapers and two 8-horsepower engines. Mr. Phiscator expects to work the properties out in three years. He owns the fourteen-foot fraction also, and two side hill claims on the left limit. On No. 4 Eldorado, owned by Antone Stander, between thirty and forty men have been working all summer. Th~ season's worK is represented by an open cut 400 feet long by 100 feet wide, and work has now progressed to with :n forty fe~t of the left limit line. Installed on the property Is a 15-horse­ power boiler, operating a six-inch centrifugal pump and a pulsometer for b~drock sluicing. Mr. btander staked No. 6 Eldorado, and James Clements staked No. 4. Stander pur­ chased Clements' interest In Nos. 4 and 5. Berry and Stander owned Nos. 4, 5 and 6 in partnership, but the interests were afterwards divided; Berry taking the upper one-half and Stan­ der the lower one-half. . MR. AND MRS. ANTONE F. STANDER. Mr. Stander came Into the country In the spring of 1896 from Rock Springs, Wyoming, He was on Indian River prospecting when the rich strike on Bonanza was made, and arrived on El­ dorado September I, 1~96, and secured the properties which have since yield­ ed him such rich returns. He and his wife have spent two winters on the outside-the winters of 1899 and 1900. The accompanying photo-engraving of Mr. Stander and wife and two of the dogs from their "crack" team, In front of their home on Eldorado. will be a familiar picture to all Klondikers. Mr. Stander says that two years more ot active operations will probably clean up his properties. A crew of from twenty to thirty men ha\'e been working on NO. 8 Eldo­ rado all summer. This claim is the prop{'rty of Charles Lamb. with J. J. Hickey as foreman. The work on this property and also on No. 4, which like­ wise belongs to Mr. Lamb. has been or an up-to-date nature. A 16-horse­ power bOiler. steam hOist. self-dump­ Ing buckets. etc .. have been used to ad­ vantage. working some old Ilnd some npw ground this summer. Two more years will be required to work out No. 8. and at least one year to finish No.4. On No. 10 Mr. John Erickson has been working a cut the full width of the creek, using a revolving derrick, which raises immense cars and dumps them directly into the sluice boxes. The tailings are carried by steam scrapers to the renr part of the cut, which has been worked out. In operating the claim the muck is all scraped from the surface and piled mountain high by the revolving derrick, and then the gravel is all sent through the sluices. Mr. Ericl{son, who was the original locator of this claim was in Fortymile for three years prior to the strike. He com­ menced working the claim in 1~96, and has worked it on a small scale until this summer. The plant now on the prop­ erty in addit:on to what has already been mentioned, consists of a 40-horsepower boiler, 10-inch centrifugal pump and a re­ turn sluice, supplying two and· one-half sluice heads. From two to six feet of bedrock are being taken up, and at the­ sent rate two or three years will be required to exhaust the claim. No. 11 Eldorado, the property of Fred Brusette and Henry Lutro-Four or five men have been busy drifting this summer to determine the pay, and extensive work will be done this winter. The claim has been operated unceasmgly since 1896, and Is now nearly worked out. \Ve now come to No. 12 Eldorado, the property of Alex. McDonald and Mr. Healy. This property was originally staked by Captain Ellis, of Santa Barbara. California. It proved to be very rich and was written of extensively by Joaquin Mil­ It!r of the Examiner staff. Mr. Ellis is now in balmy Southern California, enjoying the wealth accumulated in the Klondike. He has innumerable friends here, and everyone speaks of him as a man of admirable qualities and industrious habits. The claim (No. 12) has been worked on a lay by Jens Langlow during the summer, and work will be carried on this winter under lay leases by Langlow on the upper one-half and by Thomas Peterson on the lower half. Opposite No. 16 Eldorado. on the left limit at the base of French Hill, is the bench claim of R. P. Elliott, which has during the summer been working sixteen men in an open cut. A handsome profit to the owner has been the result of the summer's operations. No. 16 Eldorado-Lippy's claim-is certainly deserving of special mention. V. C. Gorst, who is probably as well known and as universally respected as any young man in the Klon­ dike has had a lay on the entire claim during the summer. He has worked ten men all summer, and will continue to work the same number or more. until the expiration of his lay lease, in June next. He was given free use of all the machinery on the property and has worked piers and corners, etc., not previously touched. He has been "panner" on the claim since it was first opened up in 1896-97. and has conse­ quently a better knowledge of the lay of all unworked ground than any otner man in the country. His lay has been a profit- ERICSON BROS., NO. 10 ELDORADO. 22 1'HE DAWSON DAIt Y NEWS able one. Mr. Putraw, toreman ot the claim, who has been In the United States during the summer, will return next spring, bringing with him a steam shovel plant. It IS his intention to open up the claim trom rim to rim and work It as though It werc all virgin ground. 1'he result of this reworking of No. 16 1l\'ilI be watched with intereat. NO. 16 ELDORADO, FRENCH HILL IN BACKGROUND. RENCH HILL.-We have already spoken at length about Gold Hiu, Adams Hill, Chee­ chaco H .. I, King Solomon Hill, and, in fact, all the benches and hillside claims of im­ portance along the borders of Lower Bo­ nanza. First among the discoveries on bench and hillside ground was that made on French 11ill by an intrepid miner fami­ liarly known as "Caribou Bill." The dis­ covery was made in March, 1898, and it demonstrated the fact that all the gold in the Klondike was not in the creek claims, hut that thousands upon thousands of pent-up treasure lay within the rock-ribbed hills. French Hill, opposite No. 16 Eldo­ rado, on the left limit, has proven to be a fabulously rich find. The eight claims around discovery have probably not been ex­ celled in output of gold. While this gold Is of a low assay value, it is noted for its coarseness. More beautiful nuggets have been taken out of this hill than from half the Klondike beside. The accompanying photograph shows No. 16 Eldorado, with French Hill in the background. On No. 3 South, 15 West, E. M. White, W. Sheets, W. M. Dunham. Nels Anderson and John Erickson are working from two shafts. They own a group of five claims and are getting fairly at work. The first hole was sunk but little over a year ago, and over ten thousand buckets were taken out last winter. The depth of the workings is sixty feet, and wood fire thawing is used exclusively. This, the owners .say, is much more econo­ mical than steam thawing in that less wood is required and the ~round is dried out to such an extent that the dump does not freeze up again and may be readily sluiced In the spring. The ground is somewhat spotted, but all the claims are good pro­ ducera. No.3 South, 12 West will work four men all winter. Messrs. Watson Fife and David Edwards, the owners, use open fires, as, in fact, most of the French Hill miners do. About 4,000 buckets of pay dirt have already been taken out. On 3 South, 13 West Paul Miller Is operating a 5-horsepower boiler and working seven men. He has driven a 160-foot tunnel into the hill from the French Gulch side, and will thoroughly prospect a group of six claims. Nos. 9S. 2W. and 9S. 3W. , belonging to "Jack" Hannah and William Williams, are also being prospected by a tunnel, as above. Their properties are valuable. No. 28. lOW., the property of J. H . McKnight, James Culow, and James Bagley, will be worked this winter. The pay Is found at a depth of fifty feet, and is thawed by means of open fires. Rocking Is the method used in collecting the gold from the pay dump in the spring. The scarcity of water prohibits sluicing. Messrs. A. C. Anderson and C. Wll11ams will work IS. llW. and IS. 14W. this winter. 'They are both hard-working and industrious miners, and undoubtedly their future will be bless­ ed with abundance. A group of ten claims Is now being systematically worked by the owners, Messrs. E. McGarvey, William Steinberger and F . McGarvey. Only three men were worked during the sum­ mer owing to lack of water. The pay is all found on bedrock, or what answers for bedrock on French Hill. It is not real bedrock. but is a soft, der.omposed slate matter, and is found at a depth of seventy-two feet. A full crew will be put on this winter, working a drift six feet high and shoveling the waste behind them as they work. The claims In this group arc: IN. 4W., 2N. 7W., 2N. 8W., IN. 7W., one-half of 2N. 6W., one­ half of 2N. 6'Y., one-half of IN. 5W., 3S. 6W., 4S. 5\V., and one other. In working these properties some beautiful nuggets GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 23 have been picked up, ranging In value trom five dollars to an equal number of ounces. On the hillsiue opposlte No. 3 on French Gulch, William WUliamson and John Hannah, owners, are tunneling Into the hUl to tap 2S. 8W., 2S. 9W. and 3S. 9W. They will employ a tull crew this winter. They have already gotten good pay­ three dollars to the bucket-and have completed sixty-five teet ot the tunnel. Mr. William Keith, who owns IN. IE., 28. lW., lW. 3E. and 2W. 4E., and who has been working them all summer, will close down for the winter and work his Eureka Creek property instead. Nos. IS. lW., IS. 2W. and IE. 2N., the properties of J. Melish and A. Wilson, have been working over old rocker tailings by sluicing with good results. And now, before we leave this mountain ot gold, which has been a wonderful source of treasure since Its discovery, and which is now practically worked out, let us mention Nos. 28. 3W. and ::;S. 4W., which belong to Munroe & Gibbs. These claims are now about three-fourths worked out, and will be finished this winter. FRENCH GULCH.-This tributary of Eldorado, entering at No. 17, carries only such gold as has washed down from the "White Channel" pay found on French Hill. But little gold is found above the third claim from its mouth. No.3 French Gulch, staked by Noah Lanier in 1897-Albert and Amos Gauthier purchased one-half of this claim and have been working nineteen men all summer. Bedrock is found at a depth of from twenty-two to twenty-six feet, and the best pay on the gulch is taken out. A I5-horsepower boiler with friction hoist is used, and about 300 buckets are hoisted per diem. It was the only claim worked on the gulch last summer. To continue our trip up Eldorado:- No. 17, the property of James Hall, known to old-timers un- der the soubriquet of "Arkansaw Jim," much resembles No. 18, the last Eldorado claim described. Nos. 16 and 17 comprise by far the richest pieces of mining property in the Klondike, and there is probably not another equal area of placer ground In the known world that has produced so much gold. No. 17 Is Immediately at the mouth of French Gulch, and No. 16 is just below the mouth. The history of Claim No. 17 Is very interesting. In 1886 James Hall entered Alaska, then a wilderness. He rocked on the bars of Stewart River, and when gold was struck at Forty­ mile he pulled up stakes and fioated down the Yukon to the new camp. He was at Fortymile nearly all the time till the fall of 1891, at which time Davis Creek was struck. The story is told that Jim went up to the headwaters of Fortymile and worked with varied success for the next five years, waiting for the unexpected to happen. Coming down to Fortymile late In the fall of 1896, he found the town deserted. Carmack had made the discovery on Bonanza, and the stampeders were just re­ turning, reporting that the ~reeks were staked from one end to the other. Joseph Costello, better known as "French Joe," who had staked a claim orr" a tributary of Bonanza, offered to sell it, and Jim Hall and N. Picotte purchased the same for $600. This claim is now the famous 17 Eldorado. The following spring, when the newcomers discovered how rich the property was, they presented "French Joe" with seven­ ty-five feet of the claim, which he sold shortly after for a large sum. No. 17 has the widest paystreak of any claim In the coun­ try. It extends from rim to rim, a distance of not less than 500 feet. The bedrock is from sixteen to twenty feet deep, and no hole has been sunk without showing rich pay. From No. 17 to No. 23 are some very rich properties, which have produced, and are still producing, large amounts of gold. No. 23 Eldorado has had ten men at work all the past I',,' NOS. 16 AND 17 ELDORADO, LOOKING UP I 'RENCH GULCH. 24 'tHn DAWSON DAILY NltWS summer. The plant Installed on the claim consists of a 12- horsepower boller, a 6-inch centrifugal pump with return sluice, a pulsometer for drainage, pOints for thawing, and a steam holst. It was the Intention of the owners to work this win­ ter. About two years will be required to work out the claim. No. 25 Eldorado Is owned by Charles Worden and S. L. and William Stanley. The owners, known under the name and style of "Stanley & Worden," have worked about thirty-five men during the summer. At the same rate no less than two more years will suffice to work out the property. The method of working has been drifting, and the plant employed Is a 34- horsepower bOiler, a steam hoist and a return sluice. Their expressed Intention was to work twenty-five or thirty men this winter. Charles and M. C. Worden staked 25 and 26 respectively, and No. 24 was acquired by purchase. The two brothers were rocking on the bars of Stewart river at the time of the strike. They heard of it and came down and staked. They purchased not only 24, but also 32 Eldorado. 0"0 the latter they worked thirty men all summer, and it was their Intention to continue operations during the winter. This win­ ter's work will finish the property. At that time the Stanleys were partners on Stewart river. They had met on a steamer coming into the country In 1896, and reached the mouth of the Stewart on May '}{{. Mr. Stanley came down for supplies, and heard of the strike at Sixtymile, where he met a party going back to Stewart. He sent word back to the "boys" to come on. Bonanza was all staked when he arrived here, but notwithstanding the fact that old-timers said they would not take the best claims on Eldorado as a gift, he, on September 6th, 1896, drove his stakes and began sinking a prospect hole at once. It was December before he located the pay, wMch, when located, proved to be very rich. About one thousand buckets are now hoisted in a day of two shifts. After the claim has been completely worked out by drifting, the owners expect to work It all over again with the latest tested machinery and by means of open cuts. On 27 Eldorado, George Williams, Carlton McCaskill and John Patterson have been working ten men during the past summer, with the intention of continuing the work this winter. The property was originally staked by Andy McDonald, in 1896, and has been worked ever since. A 30-horsepower bOiler, steam hoist and other appliances going to make an up-to-date plant have been installed. Approximately one thousand buckets are hoisted per diem of one shift. There are always three buckets In the circuit, and the dirt is thus handled with surprising rapidity. The property has been operated only on lays, and four or five years will hardly sulIice to completely work it O'lt. The -hillsides opposite thp upper and lower one-half of No. 27, the property of George Starnes and Attorney Woodworth, have been worKed all summer. Two boilers, aggregating 37- horsepower, a steam hoist and a pump for sluicing constitute the plant used. Work will be prosecuted this winter. On No. 27 Pup, H. C. Horstman and C. A. Dunn ·are pros­ pecting a quartz claim, with ·encouraging results. They have put down a shaft forty-four feet, and the quartz found at that depth is free milling and assays from $26.00 to ,38.00 to the ton. Sixteen men have been worked all summer on No. 28 Eldo­ rado, and the hillside, left limit, the property of Ryan & Co., sometimes known as "Lyonaise du Klondike. Mr. Charles BI..,de, the manager, expressed it as his intention to work this winter. The Company, besides these claims, owns 46 below, PPER BONANZA is next in order of dis­ Clission. In the whole of the Klondike, with the possible exception of Eldorado Creek, there is no equal stretch of creek property that has proQuced as much gold as Bonanza above Grand Forks. The pay throughout the creek is for the most part steady and reliable, and I .. of sufficient richness to yield handsome financial returns to the owners. The gold is of a fine character, with but very few nuggets, and its assay value is higher than that of Eldorado, ranging from $16.70 to $16.90 per ounce. One fortunate feature of Upper Bonanza Is that it Is of such a depth as renders almost any kind of mining possible. In summer the claims may be worked by means of either an open cut, or by means of underground drifting. In the winter, of course, drifting Is the only kind of mining attempted. Most of the Bonanza, and four claims on Dominion, among the latter be­ Ing 32 below Upper Discovery. With tne single exception of No. 34 each claim from the mouth of Gay Gulch (37 Eldorauo) to the mouth of Eldorado Is valued In the neighborhood of ~,OOO, accoralng to the amount of virgin ground Left on the claim. No. 34 Is the prop­ erty of "Big Alex," and the estate of John Nelson, and com­ paratively speaking no gold has been found on the claim. However, It was here that the largest nugget ever found In the Klondike was picked up. It weighed $1,380 and was found by two old men who were "sniping" on the property. "Snip­ Ing" Is very common In thls'country, and many Claim owners get their properties represent~d In this way. The owners give permission to the "sniper" to do superficial work on the property, and give him all the gold taken out in return for the affidavit of representation. The nugget was found by probably the only Russian In the country; and, notwithstanding tne fact that It was worth much more than Its weight, he sold it to Mr. Nelson for an equivalent amount of gold dust. No. 37 Eldorado is the property of Alex. McDonald and Styles. The property Is now under lay leasrs to M. McBeth, C. E. Matheson and John H. McClain, who estimate that no less than two years w!1\ be sufficient time to work out the claim. No. 37A Eldorado-C. M. Woodworth-for A. E. Weinberg, G. M. Starnes, John H. Bates, has been working eighteen men all summer In an open cut. From present appearances one would judge that two years will be required to work the property out. The open cut Is from nine to thirteen feet deep, and Is worked by means of a 10-horsepower boiler and a 4-lnch centrifugal pump for bedrock drainage. During the past sum­ mer, by open cut work, they have completed l25x40 feet of ground. At the time the News representative visited the prop­ erty It had not been decided whether the claim would be worked this winter or not. No. 39 Eldorado Is one of the few claims on the creek that cannot be operated in winter on account of water. It seems that for some unexplained reason the ground here does not freeze as"lt does In other parts of the country, and water runs into the workings and drowns out the laborers. This pheno­ menon may be accounted for by the presence of. certain min­ erals In the water. During the past summer the claim has been worked by open cut on a small scale. It belongs to the Ladue Company, but has been operated by G. C. Buechler on a lay. Layman T. L. McGrath worked four men all summer on No. 41, and expected to continue operations this winter. The claim belongs to the Yukon Corporation. Three men have been working on No. 46 during the en­ tire summer, with the Intention of continuing this winter. John Claffey, James Quinn and Halfdan Grotschler are the owners. Above Chief Gulch, at a point where Eldorado forks. min­ Ing has not been very successful. and mining experts, especlaIly those experienced in quartz mining, contend that the gold of Eldorado Creek has Its source in the divide which separates Eldorado and Bonanza. In support of this contention they ar-. gue that all the small creeks, gulches, draws, tributaries, etc., of Eldorado and Bonanza wh:ch have their source In this dl­ vid~, carry gold, in most cases in paying quantities. Among these may be named Gay· Gulch, O'Neill GUlch, Victoria Gulch, No.7 Pup and Ready Bu\llon. Whatever may have been Its source, the gold of Eldot'ado Creek has certainly formed rich deposits which have given to the Klondike the name of being among the richest, If not the richest gold fields In the world. property has been worked during the past summer by means of an open cut, but numbers 27, 28 and 35 have been worked by means of underground drifting. Between Discovery and the mouth of Victoria Gulch, a dis­ tance of four and a half miles, 475 miners were employed at one time last summer, and the majority of the claims were being worked at· fuII blast. The plants InstalIed on these Up­ per Bonanza properties are up-to-date and operate as smoothly and as economicalIy. as any in the country. These plants, as a rule, consist of a boiler of from 10 to 100-horsepower, operating a steam hoist and In many instances a centrifugal pump and steam scraper as welI. The centrifugal pump is in many cases ITtlli~pel'slble on account of the scarcity of water on the cr\lek. To make a part of a slulcehead answer for a whole one, or a single slulcehead answer lor several, an ingenious contrivance was necessary. It was required to use the same water over and over again, and this was accomplished by plaCing the pump downstream from the sluiCe boxes. By 80 dOing the GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 25 GRAND FORKS, BONANZA CREEK. water travels in a circuit, and is used as long as required. It passes from the sluice toxes into the centrifugal pump and is by the pump returned to the head of the sluice boxes, thus being stored up, only the surplus water being allowed to escape. In addition to the centrifugal pump the steam scraper is a valuable addition to modern mining methods. The steam not only moves a vast amount of dirt in a very short time, . but also accomplishes the work at infinitely less cost than the methods formerly employed. It is used principally for carrying away the tailings and for stripping, preparatory to shoveling in from an open cut. The working of the scraper is very simple. It is fastened to a belt of steel cable, which is operated by an engine employed solely for that purpose. Frequently a thousand feet of steel cable are used in one of these belts, and thus the dirt is carried completely out of the way of the working~. The self-dumping trolley buckets, Ii modern appliance, is a valuable addition and auxiliary to the steam hoist. The im­ mense ore cars are hoisted with surprising velocity to the top of the shaft, where they are taken by the trolley carriage and conveyed on an overhead trolley cable to the dump box, where, by means of an automatically operating device, the pay dirt is dumped into the sluice boxes. By means of the self-dumper and steam hoist a bucket per minute may readily be hoisted, and some of the claims are said to have raised over 750 buckets in a single shift of ten hours. When one notices tHe numerous advantages of these contrivances one is surprised that so many claims are without them. Upper Bonanza has not only a brilliant present and a prom­ Ising future, but is also the subject of many an interesting anecdote ·of pIoneer days. Along its winding course, even to the present day, reside many of the most widely known pio­ nee·rs of the Yukon. If one becomes at all weary when "mush­ ing" up Bonanza, all he need do is to stop for a few moments at one of the numerous cabins, and he will forget all his troubles while listening to tales of days gone by, as related by some roughly clad yet fluent pioneer of the North. It was on Upper Bonanza that bedrock was flrst struck in the Klondike. The story that leads up to it is interesting in every detail. When George Carmack, on August 17, 1896, with his Indian wife and Indian brothers-in-law, stopped for dinner on what is now Discovery Claim, and panned from the rim rock getting fifteen cents to the pan, he little thought that the great Klondike goldfields of today would be the result. ·Whe n the news of his tind reached Fortymile and the stampede r esulted, none of the stampeders had any great faith in the new diggings. However, on August 25, Mr. L. R. Rhodes staked No. 21 above, and rushed baCK to record it. Ha ving recorded, he purchased an outfit and returned to the claim to prospect it. Rhodes commenced sinking over toward the left limit, and was the butt of much good-natured " joshing" on the part of those who had staked adjoining claims. He took the ridicule good-naturedly, sawed wood and said nothing. From the top he got prospects, which increased with depth. While he was at work Joe, or Jim or Bob would walk up and say in a laughing, bantering way "Well, Rhodes, how are they coming'! What will you take for your claim this morning?" His first reply to this was: "Boys, give me $250 and you can have her." That was a fair price for a claim in those days; but the next day his answer to the same question was $500. From $500 his price jumpel1 to $1,500 ; then to $15,000; and finally when bedrock was struck, at a depth of fifteen feet, and $62.::00 to the pan was ob­ tained, he said: "Boys, she's a peach, and $150,000 won't touch her." 'rhe news spread like wildfire. The value of claims jumped from a few hundred dollars away up into the thousands. The ultimate result was the stampede of '98-the greatest the world has ever known. Work immediately commenced all over the creeks, bedrock being next struck on No.8 Eldorado, and the fabulously rich pans taken out did not tend to soothe the fever of excite­ ment, but added f:.lel to the flames. Ever since Mr. Rhodes made his wonderful find on No. 21 systematic work has progressed on the whole of the creek. Up­ per Bonanza kept pace with the other creeks. As the years have slipped by modern machinery has been brought into the coun­ try, and this has EO reduced the cost of mining that ground can now be worked at a profit which no one would have at­ tempted to work a few years ago. Having written of Upper Bonanza as a whole, let us now take up the claims separately, and review any and all features and facts that may be of interest. Upper Bonanza (Bonanza above 26 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS the town ot Grand Forks) commences at No. 7 above Discovery and extends, so far as pay Is concerned, to and including No. 43 above. No.7 aLove Bonanzs, now the property of A. D. McDonald and Henry Reece, adjoins No. 0 Eldoraao-the only No. 0 claim In the Klondike. It was located in the spring ot 1897, and Is one of those peculiar claims which contains two entirely dlf'fer­ ent and easily distinguishable paystreaks. Coarse nugget gold passes across the lower end of the claim and the Bonanza paystreak of fine gold is found on the up-stream part of the claim. The clean-up last spring which amounted to close to $20,000, was the final result of "working out" the Eldorado pay, and Messrs. Tweed, Majaha and Gage, then the owners, thought their claims worked out. However, there appearea upon the scene two miners, who saw In No. 7 the possibility of another paystreak originatmg from the J::Ionanza wash. These enterpriElng p~oneers, who came to the Klonalke In 1897-A. D. McDonald and Henry Reese-were quick to grasp this chance of a lifetime. With business enterprise they, on June 10, 1931, purchased the claim and Immediately commenced systematic work. The new Bonanza pay was located and the output since then has exceeded by far their fondest expectations. A. D. McDonald, aged 25, came to the Klondike In the spring of '97 from Juneau, where he had been since 1895. HI! Is from Greenfield, Ontario, and since reaching the Klondike he has clung closely to mines and mining. He mined a bench opposite No.5 Eldorado and No. 78 below. Bonanza, with Jack Le Tendre, with good results In both places. Those employed on the claim during the past summer were J. Le Tendre, A. K. McDonald, Hans Wigg, Frank Trefil, Andrew Pearson, Roy Dobson. Pete Le Tendre, Jack Dunn, James Rob!nson, Harry Doty and !l!Irs. Mary Hampel. The method of operating this property has been rather crude, considering the location. A pulsometer is used for thawing and a steam hoist raises the dirt to the surface. No.8. so far as is yet known, Is a blank. It is the prop­ erty of the N. A. T. & T. Company. On No. 9 a little fine gold has been found on bedrock, which is reached at a depth of sixteen feet. The claim Is the property of Mrs. Captain J. J. Healy, who bought Fitz Cloke's Interest a year ago. No. 10 above Is not working, and has not been worked to any great extent since its first location. It was originally staked by one Fox, but was purchased this spring from Cook & Smith by Frank Anderson, Charley Holmes, Mr. Elliott and Mr. Wright, who each own a one-quarter interest. The little gold that Is found is of a fine character, assaying $16.85 to the ounce. No. 11 has not been worked during the past summer. Con­ sidera ble prospecting has been done ever since the fall of '96, but no pay streak has yet been uncovered. The fact that rich deposits of gold have been found an along Bonanza above No. 11, but no real paystreal{ from No. 11 to No.7. has given rise to the op!nlon that the pay is on th(' hillsides or benches on the left limit. At an elevation of 500 feet above the creek, opposite Nos. 10 and 11. left limit, active mining operations have been car­ ried on since 1898. Discovery claim at th's pOint was staked by Robert Alcorn, July 23, 1898, and work commenced Imme­ diately from the rim in. From July, 1898, until the freeze-up about ninety ounces were taken out. In 1900 Alcorn sold a half interest to H. R. Baldwin, and the next year Baldwin bought the remaining one-half. selling the same later to Ly­ man Tondro. Baldwin and Tondro now own the property in equal interests. They have worKed it industriously during the entire summer. taking out from $30 to $60 per day to each rocker. Tunnels have been run deep into the hill, revealing the fact that the pay extends far back from the rim. Mr. Baldwin, who is from Newark, N. J.. came to the Klondike in the spring of '98. and has been engaged in mining ever since. He mined on Hunker in 1f99. LYman Tondro. now running a store at Grand Forks. Is from Rochester, Minn .. and is one of the most interesting char­ acters in this country. He was born in Lockport. N. Y.. on February 9. 1840, and is now, as may be easily calculated, over sixty years of age. At the commencem('nt of the American Civil War he was a resident of Blackhawk County, Iowa, from which place he enlisted with the Northern forces. At the assault on Vicks­ burg Mr. Tondro was shot thl'ough both Mps. a terrible wound being Infilcted. The wound has ever slnce continued to be a running sore, but his wonderful vitality has sustained hIm all th('se years. Mr. Tondro came Into the Yukon countl'Y via the 'Whlte Pass route in the spring of '98. He was obliged to travel on crutches and was eighteen days on the way from Skagway to Bennett. Since his arrival In the Klondike Mr. Tondro's health has gradually grown better, until at the present time he says ne feels younger than he has ever Blnce the time of his unfortunate injury. Strange to say, the wound has almost entirely ceased to discharge, and is gradually clos­ Ing and healing over. He says his Improvement In health has caused him to rejoice that he came Into the Klondike. HIB wound Is minutely described in the Government's medical works and also In many private works on surgery and medicine. He now draws a pension of $150 a quarter, one ot th& largest penSions paid by the United States Government. Adjoining the bench claim belonging to Baldwin and Tondro, are several others probably of equal richness which have not yet been worked. By some people It is believed that the paystreak at this level-OUO feet above the creek-wlll be founa to extend all along the left limit of Bonanza to Eldorado. The first claims of any considerable richness are Nos. 12 and 13, owned and operated by Mr. H. D. Wright. Mr. Wright is one of the few successful young men of the Klondike. Young, ambitious and full of a fearless and adventurous spirit, he was lured from his home by the stories of the riches of the North. Leaving Prince Edward Island, he journey westward, and In 1893 entered the Yukon country. In the company of others no less hardy than himself, he soon arrived at the new diggings at Fortymlle. Harry's energy was soon rewarded, and he be­ came the owner of several good claims on both Miller and Gla­ cier Creeks. These he worked with fairly good returns until 1696, when news came to him of the discovery of gold on Bonanza. He needed no time to decide as to what course to pursue. He started for the new diggings at once, and was one of the first of the Fortymlle stampeder~ to arrive on the scene. Arriving a t the mouth of the Klondike, he shouldered his pack and picked his way up the Klondike to the mouth ot Bonanza, and thence through the tangled Bonanza forest to Discovery. Al­ ready eleven claims had been staked above Discovery, but noth­ Ing -daunted, in September, 1896, hI! drove his stakes about the ground known as No. 12 above, and further comment will show how fortune smiled on him. and rewarded his energy, Industry and perseverance. He lost no time in commencing to prospect his new property, and in December, 1896, he located the rich pay which has since so rewarded his industry. The hand of fortune holds heavy sway In the Klondike, and no one knows where or upon whom her smUe or frown may fall. Thus it transpired that, while a half mile of Bonan­ za Creek, embraced In Nos. 7, 8, 9 and 10 above Discovery-no less promising in outward appearance than 12, turned out to be blanks, or nearly blanks, No. 12, staked by Mr. Wright, was rich with yellow metal-that filthy lucre; that root ot all evll, for which mankind labors so long, so hard and so unceasingly. Mr. Wright was built of that sturdy stuf'f not spoiled by sud­ den good fortune. His head was not turned by wealth. He did not proceed, as did so many of his fellow frontiersmen, to cele­ brate his good fortune by revelry and debauchery. On the con­ trary. he lived on In his ordinary sensible and wholesome mode of life, treating his fellow-men with kindness and courtesy, and himself In harmony with nature's laws. Since the discovery of pay on No. 12 the claim has been continuously worked, with results far beyond the owner's fondest expectations. At the present time a modern plant Is in operation night and day, with eight men on each shift. The paystreak tends somewhat to the left limit, and the gold is of a fine character, assaying $16.78 per ounce. The bedrock Is of a broken mica schist formation at a depth of approximately twenty feet. About two years ago Mr. Wright became tired of slngle­ blessedness, and took to himself a wife. Together they now pos­ sess a neat, cozy and well-kept home on their claml, where ev­ erything savors of comfort. Mr. Wright is one of the men whose whole life is an example of steady, reliable, trustworthy and businesslike common sense, Is highly esteemed by hIS many friends. and says he is content to remain In the land which has brought him prosperity. On No. 12 Mr. Wright has had the following men employed during the summer: Day Gang-William Giles, Gus Erickson, James Porston, Carl Bloomquist, H. H. Hanson, John Hessinger, T. N. Peter­ son, O. Swansen, N. H. Pearson. Night Gang-Ed. Eckles, H. Martin, Fred Otto beau, H. Anderson. Rod McNeil, George GlIes, George Walker, George Roberts. Mr. Pyement, David Henry and R. Graum. No. 13 above was originally staked by Harry McCullough, and was owned In partnership by him and Mr. Wright till ]900, at which time Mr. Wright purchased McCullough's Interest. Many a romance centering In No. 14 above on Bonanza might be related, and, though true In every feature, these In- GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 27 terestlng taies wouid pOSsess all the strange, unusual and ex­ citing incidents embodied in fairy tales from the pens of writers of the most vivid imagination. No. 14 was originally staked by N. Picotte, in the fall of '9S. He worked the claim till the spring of '99, at which time it was sold to T. Simard, "Jack" Tremblay, O. Gravel, ~om Lloya and John Moe, part­ ners of equal Interest. The gross output of the claim since pay was first located will probably be about $140,000. The cleanup for 1901 was about $75,000. The gold is fine In Quality, and its assay value is $IS.80 per ounce. Bedrock is found at a depth of from twelve to twenty-two feet, and is quite SOild, with gold four or five feet in the bedrock. T. SIMARD OF 14 ABOVE BONANZA. Steam point thawing has been used since 1899, with self­ dumping buckets and a modern hoisting plant. This is one of the most economically acting plants in the country. Now as to the owners :-T. Simard, whose portrait appears sbo\'(" Is of French parentage, and was born in Quebec, Novem­ ber 9, 1873. He came to Klondike in 1898 and has ever since been mining. Dame Fortune has smiled upon him, and in addition to his interest in tuis rich piece of ground Mr. Simard owns No. 160 below lower on Dominion Creek, and bench claim opposite 246 below lower, Dominion, both very good properties. He also owns an Interest In a large block of very promising quartz properties on the divide between Rob Roy and Dominion. Mr. Simard is a steady, reliable young man of businesslike habits, and is possessed of an abundant supply of good common sense. Jack Tremblay and wife-About the life of this hardy pio­ neer of the Yukon clings a thrilling and beautiful romance. In the latter part of 1885, a young man but twenty-four years of age, brave of heart and of a restless and ambitious spirit, left the quiet of his home In Saquenay, Quebec, and di­ rected his course toward the wilds of the West and North. Fearing nothing, he crossed over the rugged Chilkoot In 1886, and braved the unknown dangers of the Yukon. He stopped at Stewart River, and was there when gold was first found at Fortymile. Hearing of the strike, he went to Fortymile and worked on the bars of that river. He spent his winters In Juneau, and In the summer traded in furs with the Indians of the Yukon. Many thrilling Incidents marked his experiences with these untamed savages. When gold was discovered on Miller Creek he had the good fortune to be in Fortymile, and he staked No. 2 above Dis­ covery and s~cured half interests in Nos. 3, 4 and 5 above. These claims, though not so rich as many in the Klondike yielded him handsome returns, and in 1893 he decided to visit civilization again. While in the quiet little town of Cohoes, near Albany, in the busy State of New York, he met Emlly Fortin, a brave and beautiful French madamoiselle. They were married in Cohoes, December, 1893, and his young bride was not only willing but anxious to brave all the hardships he had undergone, and come to the Yukon with her husband. Together Mr. and Mrs. Jack Tremblay crossed the Chilkoot, and in March, 1894, they reached Fortymile, where, by her kindness and courtesy Mrs. Tremblay won the hearts of all the brave men who surrounded her. No queen was ever treated with greater kindness and courtesy by loyal subjects than she by those rough miners. In 1895 they both returned to New York, where they remained until 1898, when tney again returned to GROUP OF MINERS 14 ABOVE BONANZA. the North, this time to the new Klondike diggings. Mr. Picotte was foreman of No. 17 Eldorado till he pur­ chased No. 14 above, Bonanza. He and his wife have been continuous residents of the Klondike ever since, and neither of them seem anxious to leave the country. O. Gravel and Wife : another romance-In the Far North, in the Territory known as the YUKon, in the far-famed Klon­ dike, on No. 14 above Discovery, Bonanza Creek, toiled a brave­ hearted miner. Owner of a fonrth interest in the rich claim on which he worked, he was none the less lonely. He had come to the Klondike from Quebec, in 1898, at the age of twenty-siX years, leaving behind him one whose memory and image hr.) carried with him where'cr he went. Many little love messages came to cheer his lonely life in the Klondike, but still he was not content; so in the early part of 1900 he sent for his be­ trothed, entreating her to lose no time in coming to the Yukon and joining one whose life was monotonous without her. On June 21, 1900, a charming brunette-Miss Mary Fortin (sister of Mrs. Jack Tremblay) arrived in Dawson by steamer. Mr. Gravel met her at the dock, and two hearts were filJed with joy that day. Long months of eager waiting made their meeting doubly a happy one. Preparations were immediately commenced for the wedding, and on June 2S, in St. Joseph Church, Grand Forks, they were quietly and solemnly joined in wedlock by the Rev. Father Demarias. This was the first wedding at Grand Forks, and if all future weddings result as happily none will have cause to regret. The accompanying cut shows the workmen on No. 14 soon after the wedding. No. 15 above, originally staked by the "Bald-faced Kid," In 1896, is now the property of Frank Conrad and Thomas Blake. It has been worked principalJy on lays, and the estimat­ ed output is: In the cleanup of '98, $140,000; In 1900, $70,000. anll In 1901, $80,000. This aggregates the handsome total of $190,000. 28 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS The claim Is about one-halt worked out. It has not been worked aurlng the past summer, but has been under the supervision of William Foster, who has acted as foreman of the property for some time. .de is a citizen of the United States, hailing from the State of Ohio. No. 16 is the property of Joe Saltz and an English Corpora­ tion. The claim has not been operated for over a year. It was stakea in If96 by James Monroe, who gave a half interest to Al Smith In cons:deration of representatIOn. Bedrock Is reached at a depth of trom twelve LO twenty feet, and the gold taken therefrom is of a fine character, navlng an assay value of $16.60 per ounce. The probable output of this claim to date is $200.000. Mr. Saitz, who owns a one-eight .. interest. carne to the Klondike from Austria in 1896. He is thirty-twO years of age and has had a varied experience In the country. Oppos:te No. 16, on the left lim't. Is a hillside claim that Is now being operated with good results. It is at only a slight eleva­ tion above the creek claims. The owners and present operators are J. Nelson, L. Hansen. Mr. Van Asten and Mrs. E. Langley. It has been worked on a small scale ever since 1898. the total output for last winter being 233 ounces. It is estimated that since 1898 nearly $10,000 has been taken out. The pay, which has an assay value of $16.75 and is fine in character, is found princ'pally on bedrock. For this reason several feet of bedrock are being taken out. Mrs. E. Langley is one of the most inter­ esting characters in the Klondike. She carne to Dawson in 1900, and though now past fifty years of age, she has the en­ terprise and spirit of youtn. In conjunction the three miners mentioned above she has purchased this hills;de claim agreeing that while they labored in the mine she would attend to the housework and cooking. Thus the work was equally divided, and all were to share equally m the profits of the enterprise. She is perfectly sanguine of success. and says that while others are complain'ng of their misfortunes she will be laying aside l .. e fortune which she has determined to accumu­ late. A n interesting story centers around No. 17. Whicle was originally staked by "Jack" Smith. October 23. 1896. lie sold a half interest to L. P. Oksvig in January. 1897; and the other half to the N. A. T. & T. Company, nearly a year later. The claim is now the property of Mr. Oksvlg and the N. A. T. & 'P. Com­ pany, each own'ng an undivided one-half interest. Mr. Oksvig personally superintends the working of the claim and it may truly be said that under his management it is among the most thoroughly and most economically worked claims in the coun­ try. Not a foot of ground is left unworked so far as the work has proceeded and the sluice boxes are so long and so care­ fully arranged and operated that it is safe to say that not a particle of gold is lost in sluicing. The depth to bedrock is only twelve feet, and the manner of working is by an open cut and sun thawing. No machinery whatever is employed, and both a day and night shift of twenty-five men have been at work. The whole plant operates with the steadiness and precision of a machine, anu a cursory glance is enough to satisfy anyone that the management is In the hands of a man of experience and ability. About two-thirds of the claim (chiefly the upper part) has been worked out, and the output to date w;ll probably reach $200.000. The output this year wiil be no less than $140,000. The gold is not coarse, but consists of fine particles, and has an assay value of $16.85 to the ounce. Mr. Oksvig hqs chosen two experienced and able miners to act as foremen-Erick Nelson for the day gang and George White for the night gang. L. P. Oksvig is one of the pioneers of the Yukon. Although born in Norway. He acts like an American, and he says he feels lilre one. He carne to the Yukon from San Francisco in 1F95. after living four years in the States. He is a m"n twenty-eight years of age and appears and acts wiile-awHlre. 'That he nnt only Hppe"rS to be. but actually is wide-a wake will appear from the following facts Arriving in the Yukon in 1895, he went directly to Forty­ mil( , where he worl{ed for wages. He was there wh~n F,otd was struck in the Klondike, but did not get to the new di~­ gings in time to stake. However, by industry and frugality he had managed to lay aside a few thousand dollars. and being offered a one-half interest in No. 17 for $5.000, he had business enterprise and pluck enough to cause him to grasp the oppor­ tunity and buy the claim. This was by far the largest pur­ chase made in the country at that time. But little was known about the country. no prospect'ng whatever had been done on the claim, and $5,000 was a large sum of money among the Yu­ kon miners of that day. Mr. Oksvig had the nerve and pluck to risk his capital In this most hazardous venture, and In possessing one ot the rich claims of the Klondike, he has only what he deserves, and no honest-hearted man will envy him his possession. Mr, Oksvig is universally liked. He has a large circle of friends, and in a bus:ness way his word Is as good as his bond. . No. 18 above was staked August 24, 11.96, by Bernard Ander- son, and is now owned by J. M. Rowen, better known as "Doc." Pay was located soon after its location and It has been a good producer. It is about one-fifth worked out. No work was done dllling the past summer. No. 19 is now owned and operated by Its original staker, John Wick. Mr. Wick is one of the pioneers of the Yukon, hav­ ing come to I ortymile in 1895, at the age of twenty-four years. He is a Norwegian by birth and is of an unostentatious dispo­ sition. He is of a quiet and sensible nature and shuns display of any kind. Being in l"ortym:le and hearing of the new strike on Bonanza, he joined the stampede, and was one of the first to arrive at the mouth of the Klondike. He shouldered his pack and pocked his way through the tangled underbrush and the swamps of Bonanza and staked No. 19 above Discovery on August 24. But a very short time elapsed before he had located pay. Mr. Wick is a man who Is not afraid of work, and his claim has been operated continuously, H;s industry has been rewarded by the handsome cleanups which have resultrd from his labor. He employed twenty-five men, with himslef as day foreman and Jock Bolton as mght foreman. The man­ ner of working is by an open cut, and they rely solely upon sun thawing. Bedr ock is found at a deptn of sixteen feet, and is of a granite and slate formation. The gold is mostly fine, and as­ says as high as $16.96 to the ounce. A nugget weighing $28 was found on this claim. A little over a year ago Mr. Wick decided to visit the States, ana while in the beautiful city of Minneapolis he met charmmg little Lena Roberts. A happy marriage was the outcome. Mrs. 'Wick is a modest little lady of unassuming nature and charming disposition. She was brave of heart, however, and was not only ready, but anxious to come to the Klondike with her husband: Mr. and Mrs. ~Vick now have a happy little home in their cabin on the claim, and undoubtediy Cupid looks down and rejoices over the happy result of his handiwork. No. 20-Frank Pishon was the original locator of this prop­ erty. He staked it August 24, 1~96; but it has since become the property of G. R. Clazy and Coffey. The output to date will probably reach $200,000, notwithstanding the fact that no work has been done for nearly a year. The non-working is due to the fact that the machinery which was ordered did not arrive. The creek is narrow at No. 20 and be rock is found at a depth of sixteen feet. About one-third of the claim has been worked. No. 21 is owned by the Reliance Mining and Trading Com­ pany. It was staked August 25, 1896, by L. R. Rhodes and was sold by him to the company in 1897. This company has a capi­ talization of $0,000,000 and owns a large amount of mining prop­ erty not only in this country, but also on the American side and along the Bering Sea coast. Mr. Rhodes is superintendent of its mines and .1. O. Hestwood is general manager. Mr. G. E. Remey, the foreman, is a miner every inch of him. He has reduced the economical working of low grade ground to a science. J. O. Hestwood, the manager, came to this country in 1894. He organized the company In 1897 with John Lowber Welsh (the Pierpont Morgan of Philadelphia) as president, and Cramps of Cramps Shipyards among the stockholders. In November, 1~96, L. R. Rhodes. now the superintendent of mines for the company, sunk the first hole to bedrock ever sunk in this country, getting $62.20 to the pan. (See Introductory write-up of Upper Bonanza, ante.) No. 21 has been extenSively operated during the past sum­ mer w'th up-to-date machinery and mining apparatus. A steam shovel capable of handling 1,000 cubic yards of dirt per diem will be installed next summer. This company also owns No. 23 above, where six men were engaged all summer stripping off ground for next summer. A steam scraper was used in the operat;on. No. 22 was staked October 23, 1896, by William Cowley, who still owns a one-half interest in the claim. The other half be­ longs ot F. L. Loring and Curley Monroe. About one-half the ground has been worked out, the resultant gross output being in the neighborhood of $175,000. Pay was first located in Sep­ tember, 1 97. and the paystreak has been found to be over 300 feet wide. Bedrock is reached at a depth varying from eight to sixteen feet. It is of a granite, shale and slate formation, carry­ ing some gold. The gold has an assay value ot $16.99. Cowley worked In the neighborhood of twenty-four men all summer with a steam plant and a pump to keep the cut free from water. The dirt was shoveled out of the cut onto tables and frOm GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 29 there Into the sluices. Work will be done all along the right limit next summer. No. 23 has just been referred to as the property of the Re­ liance Mining and Trading Company. One-half of the claim has been worked out. Gross output about $150.000. 24A-Dlck Butler's fraction-was worked during the summer with twelve men and a steam thawer. The steam thawer Is an Improvement on "sourdough"' mining. but the hoisting of the dirt from the mine is accomplished by the old time method­ the windlass operated by handpower. The work done was under a lay agreement by Will Butler. No. 24 above Is owned and operated by John Moe and Tom Lloyd. It was staked October 12. 1896. by A. L. Smith, who successfully operated the claim till Its recent sale to the present owners. The property is by no means worked out. and Messrs. Moe and Lloyd have already commenced the stripping of 16jx370 feet on the left limit. preparatory to next summer's sluicing. There is plenty of other virgin ground on the claim which they will work .nis winter. and from whicn they will undoubtedly have a handsome cleanup next spring. They also own one-half of 14 below. Bonanza. Messrs. Moe and Lloyd are both well known In the Klon­ dike. having been actively engaged in business as well as min­ ing for several years. Mr. Lloyd came to the .h..londike from Utah in 1897. and was followed by Mr. Moe, of Wisconsin, a year later. Both are of the same age-42 years-and it would be difficult to decide which of them possesses the widest circle of friends. They both belong to that open-hearted class of men so characteristic of all frontier towns. and especially min­ ing camps. and their many friends rejoice in their success. Mr. Moe will undoubtedly be remembered as the genial pro­ prietor of the Dominion Saloon. which he recentlY sold. He will soon move to the claim to Jive and to continue the working of the property. A !cordlng to late advlces from Seattle, Mr. Lloyd has dis­ posed of his interest in this property. No. 25 above on Bonanza was originally staked August 25. 1896. by J. M. Rowen. and Is now owned by Rowen and Burke. partners of equal Interest. The plant installed on the claim Is one of the most systematic and economic In the Klondike. It consists of a large centrifugal rock-pump, capable of Jiftlng several slulceheads of water to a height of twenty-five feet. The pump Is placed below the sluice boxes, so that the water is stored up and used over and over again. In this manner, even In dry weather. several slu'ce he:tds can readily be obtained. The ground Is stripped for sun thawing by means of a steam scraper. wh'ch also. without any d'fficulty. hanales the tail­ Ings while twenty-five men are shoveling into the boxes. The claim has been operated continuously since pay was first located. Mr. Rowen has had personal superv'sion of the claim. and the economical manner of working it is due largely to his etrorts. Mr. Rowen is a man of vast and varied experience as a miner In the North. He first came into the Yukon country In 1886. and was on Big Salmon rtlver when gold was first dis· covered at Fortymile. He was a "tillicum" of George Carmack, the discoverer of gold on Bonanza. while Carmack was a packer on Chllcat Pass. From 1886 to 1896 Rowan was in the States. but his ,nlrst for frontier life again drew him North. and In 1896. when gold was struck on Bonanza, he was in Fortymile. Being a friend of Carmack·s. he was one of the first to learn of the new discovery. and he arrived on the scene early enough ~o stake No. 25 above on Bonanza. which has since yielded him such handsome returns. Mr. Rowan. famlliary known among his Intimate friends as "Doc" Rowan. is not of the sto~k that Is spoiled by sudden good fortune or affluence, He still possesses tnat good-natured bon hom me and free-hearted ness wh;ch maCe ilim a favorite In the early days, He comes from the good old Empire State. his home being twenty-five miles up the Hudson. His good fortune In the Klondl1 "e Is only what he deserves. and no one can justly envy him his prosperity. The claim Is only fifteen feet to bedrozk. wh'ch consists of. broken quartz. The gold has an assay value of $16.80 and about 1200.000 worth of It has been taken out. 26A. the property of Gus Johnson. of Michigan. and Jack Olson. was not worked last summer. but preparations were be­ Ing made to work It In earnest this winter. 26B was staked by J. M. McNamee. who is its sole owner. He came Into the country in 1892 or 1893. At the time of the KlOndike strike he staked No.8 Eldorado. but was not allowed to record on account of having claims elsewhere. His wife and child are with him on his property. No great amount of work was done on this property during the past summer. Claims 27. 27A. 28 and 29 are owned by the N. A. T. & T. Co .. for whom Mr. H. J. Powers has for some l1""\e been mining su- perintendent. Sixty men have been at work all summer on 27A and 28 operating by a system of open cuts on the left limit and underground drifts on the right. The difference in the manner of working is due to the fact that pay is found at a much great­ er depth on the right limit than on the left. lIIIr. Powers ran a ninety-foot cut through 27 and 27A a d'stance of over 300 feet during the early part of the summer. and since that time the crew has been working No. 28. Paralleling the cut just men­ tioned. he has opened up another cut 200x225 feet ana has strip­ ped a piece of ground 300x400 feet preparatory to next summer's work. The plant installed by Mr. Powers is original in design and bespeaks the ability of the superintendent as a practical miner and manager. One feature deserving of speCial mention is the miniature sluice box for cleaning the gold from black sand. This hox contains metalic riffies. each of which is supplied with quicksilver which holds the particles of gold as the black sand is sluiced. Each riffle is also provided with a separate tap or vent through which the "quick" is extracted when it be­ comes laden with the yellow metal. By this simple device Mr. Powers has saved for his company a large amount of gold which would otherwiee have been lost. No. 29 has not been worked during the past summer. Skiff Mitchell. John Lind. James M. \\Tilson and the Ladue estate. who own No. 30. worked about fifty men last summer. Extensive open cut work was done. with Mr. Lind as manager. A large steam scraper is employed and two centrifugal pumps placed below the sluice boxes supply three sluice heads of water. One of these pumps has a diameter of six inches-the other. a two and a half-Inch pump. is used to recover the seep­ age. By using these two pumps practically no water is allowed to escape and several sluice heads are obtainen. even in the dry­ est season. Nos. 30A and 31 are the property of Cudahy. Hammil and Weare and have not been worked at all this summer. The Klondike Consol'dated Co. owns one-half and Scowth, Young and McNamee the other h'l.lf of No. 32. W. E. Anderson has been in charge of the operatoins during the past summer. He has had thirty-five men employed. working two shifts. Tho plant consists of steam holst. steam scraper. centrifugal pump. etc .. and has accomplished a vast amount of work durin \" the season. Mr. Anderson. the manager. Is the owner of Nos. 12 and 12A on Hunker Creek. It was on his claim (No. 12) th'lt the largest nugget ever found on Hunker Creek was picked up. The nugget weighed th'rteen ounces and three dollars. the equiva­ lent of $211 In currency. No. 33 be 10no:s to Ward. Nelson and Delo:ran. It h'l.s been worked by dr'ftlng during the summer w:th the Intention of operating by the same method thiS winter. We now come to the considerato;n of the most systemat'cally and most extensively operated claim on Upper Bonan,a-1\'o. 34. the property of "Dick" Butler and Alex. McDonald. This claim has employed more men and h'l.S worked them to better advant­ age than any other piece of mining property in the country. Mr. Butler. the manager of the operations. is deserving of praise for the way the work has been done. Although water has been scarce he has been obtaining three or four sluice heads all sum­ mer by means of the return-sluice system before described. The claim also employs the largest centrifugal pump in the country -a pump measuring ten inches in diameter-which lay rusting in Dawson until accidentally seen by Mr. Butler. He imme­ dlately decided that it could be used to advantage on 34 and so purchased it. That his judgment was good has long since been demonstrated. The summer's output was very large-the clean­ up from one set of boxes often reaching as high as 15,000 or $20.000. The open cut sy~tem was the manner of working and the same system will be employed next summer. No. 35 belongs to the Yukon Corporation Co. George Burns. who Is in charge. has had fifteen men employed work;ng on what Mr. Powers of the N. A. T. & T. Co. w()uld call "the ~ig­ zag and rat hole plan." This underground drifting seems t() be necessary on this part of the creek. Mr. Burns h'l.d nnt decided. at the time the News man visited h's property, whether he would work this winter or not. No. 36. the property of the N. A. T. & T Co .• has worked forty to fifty men all summer. No. 38 was staked August 20. If96. by E. J. Ward ann. h'l.s been operated almost continuously ever since discovery and will be worked this winter. The working is systemat'c; the method being drifts from an open cut. with cars and steel rails In the drifts. A steam ho'st is used. Bedrock Is found at a depth of sixteen feet; and the assay value of the gold is $16.90. Mr. Ward. the sole owner. Is from Nova Scotia. He came Into the eountry with Constantine In If95 and was with the police two years. No. 39 has not been worked this summer. It Is the property of the N. A. T. & T. Co. so THE DA VlSON DAILY NEWS On No. 4(), originally staked by Clarence Berry, Patterson and Brown have worked a few men all summer hoisting and sluicing. It was their intention to work this winter. At 41 C. E. Carbonneau has worked twenty-five men during most of the summer. An open cut 300 feet long has been opened up. Pay is found four feet in bedrock. Mr. Carbonneau uses well equipped machinery and is obtaining very satisfactory re­ sults from the work done. His wife, formerly Miss Mulrooney, is a well known pioneer. She possesses many other valuable mining interests in the country. No. 42 was originally staked by Henry Waberton, and is now the property of Cameron, Nelson, Ward and Dalgren. Mr. Cameron has had charge of the work during the summer. A steam thawer was used on the claim and fifteen men were employed. Bedrock is reached at a depth of twenty feet. Prep­ arations were made this summer for work this winter. No. 43, the highest point on Bonanza. where pay has been definitely determined, is directly opposite the mouth of Victoria Gulch and Is owned by Willett & Thompson. The claim was originally loctaed by Charles Frampton and he little thought when he drove his stakes that he was staking the last claim of any real value on the creek. Above this point on Bonanza but little, if any, pay has ever been found. Only a few men were working on 43 during the summer, using a small steam plant with hoist. Winter work was intended. VICTORIA GULCH enters Bonanza from the left limit at 43 above. It carries gold in paying quantities and in some places it is quite rich; however, the gulch is steep and the paystreak is narrow. Many of these properties have been worked out, but some of them are still being worked. The claims and their owners are as follows: 1. F. M. Thomp­ son and Willett; 2. E. E. Andrews; 3. lower half, Sinclair and McDonald; 3. upppr half. Sinclair and McDonald; 4. lower half, Carmack and Chisholm; 4. upper half, Pickett, McDonald. et al.; 4A, Houston and McPlail; 5 and 6. Stewart and McDonald; 7. Marcosse. Lewin. et al.; 8, McKenzie. Ch;sholm, et al.; 9, N. Hunt; 10. Tessier and Burnett; 11, Colonel Treat. Nos. 4. 5. 7 and 11 were being worked by a few men and the yield was reported to be very satisfactory. No.7 Pup. on the left limit. is also being worked. especially at the forks near the divide. The hillside claims are here prov­ ing to he the richest within the watershed of this tributary. Herman Haase, the owner of the hillside opposite No.5 on No.7 Pup. has taken out some beautiful nuggets of small size -the largest weighing about $20. He has had three or four lay­ men at work all summer. The ground is shallow. all the pay being found within three or four feet of the surface. The gold on this :1;. im as well as on the other claims on this pup is straggly, with sharp. unworn edges. This fact in connection with the fact that the hillside is about forty-five degrees of steepness. and that the gravel is sharp edged, broken-up quartz; these facts. I say, almost convince one that the mother-lode is but a short distance from this placer deposit. As an example that there are still chances for a wide-awake miner. 'one might be referred to Mr. Baker and his hillside frac­ tion opposite No.6 on the pup entering Victoria Gulch at No. 7. The creek claims all along this pup have been worked since 1898, but are now worked out. Early this spring gold was discovered in the hillsides on the right limit. about twenty-five feet distant from the creek. The claims were staked and worked with results far exceeding that received from the crp-ek claims. On July 4 Mr. Baker went up this pup, Intending to take a lay on a hillside opposite No.6. He was wide awak and no sooner did he see the ground than he noticed that the owner had more ground than the law en­ titled him to hold. He staked 106 feet of the upper end of No.6, arid immediately recorded it. He is now working it, and says he will not trade it for any claim on the creek. Mr. Baker came to the Klondike from Seattle in 1897, and his experiences in this country are vast and varied. He is made of the mettle that never gives up, and has plodded along despite misfortune after misfortune. His present success is only what he deserves. for he has been a hustler 'from the word go.". He was in AUin soon after the strike there. and last summer he followed the rush to the Koyukuk. He is 37 years of age, and everyone of his many friends is glad to hear. of his good fortune. P. Holloway is the owner of No. 7 creek and the hillside op­ posite. He staked the hillside last May and purchased the creek claim in July. He has been working the creek claim all sum­ mer and it Is now about exhausted, but work on the hillside has barely commenced. Mr. Holloway, who is a man of twen­ ty-five years, came to the Klondike from Wllkshire, Eng., in 1S98. He came over the Stickene River route and was a member of our N. W. M. P. until April, 1900, at which tlme he procured his discharge and turned his attention to mining. At the head of this pup and on the divide between Eldorado and BOilanza Creeks is a block of very promising quart prop­ erties lmvwn as the Lone Star group. From the fact that qUR.rtz is found here carrying free gold, and that Victoria, O'Neill and Gay Gulches head in this divide, Messrs. John A. Stewart, Emil Carthy and Fred Chule, the owners. argue that they have locat­ ed the mother lode. They argue that Bonanza and Eldorado Creeks as gold producers are only "!ineal descendants" ot this mother lode. Bonanza Creek above the mouth of Victoria Gulch, although thoroughly prospected, has proven to be unproductive. Ready Bullion, however, which enters in the sixties from the left lim­ it, and which has Its head in the Bonanza-Eldorado divide above referred to, carries some gold, though none of the claims have paio more than wages. Work on Ready Bullion has tor some time be ;n al):-l.!ltl'lnf:'d. At Cormack's Forks, near the mouth of Ready Bulllon, is the Colorado Roadhouse. COL ORADO ROADHO'C'SE, CORMACK'S FORKS. The aaily six-horse stage running from Grand Forks to Do­ minion and Gold Run stops for dinner at the Colorado Road­ house at Cormack's Forks. This is not only the most com'eni­ font, bJt is fLlso one of the best roadhouses on the route. The proprietor.:; are doing everything in their pov'er to make it comfortable awl homelike. The dining room service is unexcelled. Miss Graham, who has ('har~(! oi the C'ulinary end of the establishment, is mistress of her art of cooking and everything served has a fiavor and "tone" that can only be found in "home-cooked" meals. The proprietors sU}.lply her with the best goods in the market. and from these goods she prepares the best "dishes" in the land. The sleeping apartments arp. perfectly neat and clean. One can tell as soon as the inside of the rooms are seen that there is a lady about the house. 'fhe beds are supplied with first quality mattresses and pure white linen, and the rooms are warm and cozy. The bar carries the best brands of liquors and cigars, and the genial bartender Is always ready with a "smile" for everyone. Within a convenient distance of the road house, though not so near as to be an eye-sore, the proprietors have erected one of the largest barns In that part of the country. It is warmly built and its dimensions are 26x90 feet. This in addition to the barn they already had, which is 30x40, will comfortably house a large number of stock. Although the present owners have been in charge only since June 11, 1901, they have already made the Colorado the most pop­ ular house on the route and indications are that it will become steadily more popull!-r. The Colorado roadhouse is the property of Hadley & Short, the popular and successful grocers of Grand Forks. The store at the Forks is headquarters for general supplies throughout the creeks and the stock carried is the best to be obtained in the Yukon. The pollcy of the firm in dealing with the , public is to give the best quality for the lowest price consistent with the needs and requirements of the trade. Proceeding up the new government road toward "The Dome" ne cannot but feel grateful to the government for its liberal o enditure of money in constructing such a highway. Although ~~~ ascent necessary to be made Is high. the grade is gradual and steady and the construction Is good. As compared with GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDI1'ION. HI the steep road formerly used It Is Infinitely superior in every detail. The thousands of tons of machinery, provisions and sup­ plies of all kinds which are freighted from Dawson to the mines of Dominion Creek, Sulphur Creek, Gold Run, -and, in fact, to all pOints In the Indian River Division, all pass over this road ; and the reduction in cost of delivery of these goods resultant from the construction of this new highway will do more toward the advancement of this country and the development of its mines than any other one cause whatsoever. VIEW ' OF GOVERNMENT ROAD. At frequent intervals along the road arc wayside inns, com­ monly called roadhouses. Notable among these is the rodahouse belonging to L. J. McCarty, and known to almost everyone as "McCarty's." Mr. McCarty's carer In the Yukon is an interesting one. He came to the Klondike from Rossland. B. C., in the spring of 1898, and on June 1. 1899. opened a roadhouse at the junction of the old Cormack's Forks and ridge trails. He next opened up on No. 96 above on Bonanza. from which place he built the trail through from the head of Bonanza over the Dome. In March. 1900. he moved to his present location near the ridge cable. By public agitation Mr. McCarty did much to induce the Yukon Council to construct the government road spoken of above. and demon­ strated to them that this was the proper route for the road to follow. The government road was completed August 16, 1901, and ever since that date McCarty's roadhouse has enjoyed an enviable patronage. A large barn has lately been constructed for the housing of stock. and the inn Itself has been vastly Impr,oved and enlarged. The usual adjuncts, such as a bar. bunkhouse, and private sleeping apartments, are each carefully attended to. Mrs. McCarty has personal supervision of all cook­ Ing-a sufficient guarantee of Its excellence. The photo engraving elsewhere shows the roadhouse above mentioned. The history of business successes In the Klondike is not ex­ clusively a histGry of men. On the contrary, many brave and Industrious women joined the rush to the Northern gold fields and plunged fearlessly Into business enterprises there. Probably the most striking example of plucky womanhood now In the Klondike left her home In' San Francisco in the early spring of 1898. Full of daring and adventuresome spirit she took personal supervision of the packing of a five-ton outfit over Chil­ coot pass, and the bringing of it to Dawson. Arriving In Dawson, she plunged Into the excitem~nt of the time, stampeding the creeks, and staking property wherever opportunity ol'fered. However, knowing the terrible uncertainty of mining. she looked about her for a favorable opportunity for business in other lines. Being quick of perception she soon saw in the roadhouse business an opportunity for money making. In the spring of 1899, gathering together what capital she had at her command. she opened a roadhouse in a temporary tent structure on 57 below on Bonanza. Dame Fortune smiled upon the venture. business came pouring into the road­ house and only a short time elapsed before enough "dust" had turned the gold scales at the little tent to justify the erection of a permanent struc­ ture. A carefully constructed two-story log building­ one of the best on Bonanza Creek-was soon built. and the popularity she had gained brought to the new road house the best patronage on the creek. The gold scales were kept busy and the "poke" continued \.0 grow. till in the spring of 1900 the Nome stampede commenced. Receiving a hand­ some ol'fer for the place. she sold and started for "Nome." the center of the new excitement. At Nome during the rush success still attended her. and toe roadhouse which bore the same name as her Bonanza house yielded her handsome re­ turns. She sold at the height of the boom. and after making a flying visit to San Francisco. her home. she returned to Dawson with a twenty-five ton outfit of merchandise, which she sold at a fair profit. In February. 1901. Mrs. J. Carroll. of whom we have been writing. purchased a one-half interest I .n the rO~dhouse at No. 30 Gold Run . and alfo a me-half interest 'In the hoadhouse at the mouth of Eureka Creek; and has since secured an interest in the Dome roadhouse. of which she now has per­ sonal supervision. The dining room service of the Dome roadhouse Is excellent. for she herself attends to all cooking, and sees that nothing but the best quality of goods is used. The sleeping apartments are neat, clean and cozy and the beds are warm and comfortable. A store in connection with the roadhose handles goods of all kinds and supplies the miners with goods at Dawson prices, with a low rate of freight added. The bar dispenses the best brands of liquors and cigars. No lady in the Yukon is more widely known or more thoroughly respected than Mrs. J. Carroll. whose history we have briefiy wI·iHen. Her fearless sueculatlons :\nd brave business ventures have given her a pl:1.ce i~ the history of the Yukon. Her partner in the Eureka, ~O Gold Run and Dome roadhouses is F. A. Cleveland, the freighter. M'CARTY'S ROADHOUSE. Mr. Cleveland has several other business enterprises in the country. among them being his freighting business oyer the whole of both mining divisions and an up-to-date roadhouse and sawmill at the mouth of Quartz Creek. The photo-engraving elsewhere in this volume shows his Dome roadhouse, probably the best known resort of its kind in the territory. " On 'the Dome, at the headwaters of Bonanza and Hunker, 32 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS quartz was discovered by Thomas Kenan June 26, 1901. Adjoining claims were staked by Peter Farrel and Henry Bray. These properties now constitute wnat is known as the Ana­ -:onda Group of quartz claims. They have an elevation of 4,800 Feet and considerable development work has been done, disclosing 3.000 feet of ore, lateral extent. On Discovery claim a shaft has been sunk sixty feet with good indications. The lead is very straight. dipping about one degree. It Is six feet wide at a depth of plevcn feet. and its foot waH is a hard mixture of mica-schist and quartz. Thp hanging waH has not yet been lo~ated. It is said that aver­ age assays will run $112 a ton across the shaft; ~'j2 gold, ten per cent. copper. four ounces silver and some lead. Seven and one-half tons have been shipped to the o'Jtside for a smelter test. Less than half a mile from the Dume. on the government road COOK'S ROADHOUSE (DOOME), F. A. CLEVELAND, PROP. ~o Gold Run and Dominion is the S'Jlphur Springs roadhouse. The accompanying photo-engravir:g' shows this roadhollse and the sheltered nook in which it is situated. As its name implies, it is near the springs, at the head of Sulphur Creek. The springs afford sparkling drinking water. The roadhouse is the propert~' of C. H. Douglas, a man well known in the Klondike. who has had years of experience in the roadhouse business. He came to the Klondike from Brainard, 1\linnesota. in the spring of 1898 and successfully conducted a roadhouse at Selkirk until the spring of 1899. At the present time he OW,IS not only Sulphur Springs road­ house bu t is also proprietor of one of the best roadhouses on WILLIAMS' ROADHOUSE, MURRAY BROS., PROPS. SulDhur Creek. It is situated on No. 30 above, and is known as the Douglas roadhouse. Mr. C. H. Doug­ las has personal supervision of this roadhouse, and has secured an enviable patronane. A lady superin­ cooking is the result. tends the culinary department, and regular home The house at Sulphur Springs is in charge of his son, Roy E. Douglas, and wife. Roy and his wife have made every department of the place attractive. The bar carries the best of liquors and cigars, and Roy is always ready with a "smile" for everyone. The sleeping apartments are neat, clean and comfort­ able, and as the cooking is superintended by Mrs. Douglas no recommendation is necessary. A good. roomy stable for the housing of stock has been built and is a valuable acquisition to the place. Mr. Douglas is sparing neither trouble nor ex­ pense in making the place attractive, and he is alwa~'s ready with a hearty welcome for the traveling puh­ .IC. The next stopping place is at the junction of the Gold Run and Dominion roads, It is here the trav­ eler changes stages for Gold Run. The roadhouse is the property of Murray brothers. but is known as y,'illiams' roadhouse. ANOTHER VIEW OF SULPHUR SPRINGS ROADHOUSE. The dining room is large, bright and cheerful. and the meals are prepared by a master of the culinary art. The proprietors believe that their patrons appreciate good things. and for this reason the tables are always laden with the best the market af­ fords. The sleeping accommodations are good, the beds lJeing neat, clean and comfortable. Special private rooms with modern fur­ niture have been prepared for the accommodation of ladies. The bar in connection with the roadhouse dispenses the best liquors, and Mr. Murray, the genial bartnder, always meets SuLPHUR SPRINGS ROADHOUSE. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 83 strangers with a good-natured smile and a ver:table frontier welcome. He has a nack of making everyone feel perfectly at home without apparently troubling himself at al\ about them. This house now has the largest part of the road patronage and the prEsent management cannot fall to bring a constantly increaSing lJusiness. The proprietors, Messrs. G. A. and W. A. Murray, purchased the place OctolJer 1, 1900; and since that date have made many changes and improvements, making It In al1 respects an up-to­ date modern hotel. Their success in th's busint:ss goes to show that experience, energy and close attention to business will al­ ways win out In the end. From Williams' roadhouse the road to Dominion Creek Is clown a gradual incline to Caribou City, the most Important business center In the Indian Hiver Mining District. HUNKER CREEK AND TRIBUTARIES. UNKER CREEK Is the second in import­ ance and discovery in Dawson divi­ sion, and until the advent of Gold Commiss'oner Fawcett in the spring of 1897 was known officially as the Hunker district. It is not usually heralded witn the pomp and con'sequence of .cSonanza and its tributaries, yet it deserves a first place in the catalogue of gold producers. It may not have the rich­ ness of Eldorado in its creek, and Gold Hill may out-rival the benches and hillsides in Its immensely rich pay, still for extent of pay ground in its watershed, Hunker is without an equal. From 43 above to 2 belOW the con­ ~eSEon, a claim which is fully one mile be­ yond the Hunker Valley on the Klondike fiat, a total distance of sixteen miles, this creek carries pay ground, some of it being exceedingly rich. Gold Bottom, Last Chance and numerous other tributaries are rich contributors. Benches and hillsides on both limits of ",unker Creek, and the left limit of its, are very extensive. Hunker Creek from its head, at the Dome, to its confluence with the Klondike is about eighteen miles in length, and is very narrow, with the exception of a few places, until 44 l!elow is reached, where it widens considerably, there being places be­ tween 44 and 76 where it is 500 yards across the valley. At 76 it becomes very narrow and from there to the mouth of the creek it gradually spreads out, and at times is fully half a mile from base to base. Andrew Hunker, the discoverer of Hunker Cree._, located dis­ covery and 1 above on September 6, lE96. Hunker arrived from Fortymile on his way to the Bonanza stampede on August 21, and spent about ten days on the creek looking for "something good," which he was unable to find, and concluded to 1\:0' to Gold Bottom to see Henderson, but pass­ ed that creek, thinking it nothing but a pup. He reached what Is now Hunker Creek by the way of Cormack's Forks and Last Chance. and spent four days prospecting the creek. He arrived at what is now discovery on September 5. and finding a place where bedrock was exposed began panning and in two hours had panned $22.75. This was a little better than the "some­ thing good" Andy had been looking for, and the next day he staked. He worked the property on a smal1 scale until May. lor when he ~oltl to Tom Kirkpatrick. th~ present owner, for $16;.- 000. Hunker Is now enjoying "something good" on the outside. In the summer of 1f97 bllt little work was done on account of the almost utter impossibility of getting provisions and tools to the creek. In the winter of 1897 Hunker was alive with men and en­ joyed a huge boom in Nov~mber, and property sold for boom prices. After settling down to a steady basis the creek has ad­ vanced rapidly. yet Hunker has had up to the present year a great obstacle in her progress. the lack of a summer road. Freight rat~s to Hunkt'r were higher than to Dominion. Traffic up Hunker In the summer time was almost impossible. Last sum­ mer the government built a road from the _gilvie bridge to Dominion via Hunker, and no better road can be found any­ where. This will have a tendency to enhance the value of Hunk­ er property, and next year It wiJI be a beehive of mining In­ dustry. Those claims which were In operation last summer are In the summary below: The Hunker Vaney from the mouth to Last Chance derives special Intenst from both the numerous channels. past and present which have flowed Into and through It and the mineral belts and spurs which gridiron its area. These mineral belts, which are the main source of the gold found in this area, and the wealth of which is proven by the richness of the placers which have been worked, yet remain to be developed, but there can be no question as to the outcome of their being adequately prospected. At present the main interest is centered in the placer diggings contained in the various channels known and unknown. These channels are of various ages commencing with the famous "White Channel," which is represented by immense beds of gravel which are found more or less intact, upon the summits of the heights upon both limits of Hunker, followed by the low benches, such as the "Herkenrath" and "20" chan­ nels upon the left limit. and winding up with the gravel in the deepest parts of the valley. This interest is all the greater be­ cause, notwithstanding the richness of the various known chan­ nels and the great similarity of the gold, etc., of Last Chance with that found upon Henry Gulch, the Herkenrath, the Ander­ son concession, etc., there is an absolute break of a half a mile in their continuity. Where the government road leaves the foot of the hiIJ which it has followed for over a mile, and where it first comes in sight of the creek, and the valley of Hunker, there on the flat a mile from the actual mouth of the Hunker Valley can be seen the first evidence of its extent of riches. No.1 below the concession or No. 29 below Last Chance is owned by Hale 'WiIliams, H .C. Kaye and J. Conner, who began to sink on this ground about the first of last June, and were rewarded at a depth of thirty feet by fair prospects which were considerably better on reaching bedrock ten feet deeper. Ten feet of this ground is muck and the other thirty is gravel. The bedrock is a slate and eighteen inches carries very good pay. These three men own a SOO-foot claim; the next claim is two and a half miles in length. The first concession granted In the Klondike was the onc obtained by Robert Anderson, for two and a half miles of Hunk­ er Creek for a period of twenty years. the territory embracing an the creek bed from 1.000 feet below the mouth of Last Chance two and a half miles down stream, and from base to base. Anderson went to London and floated the company wh'ch now owns the property the Klondike Government Concession. Ltd. The property of this company is extremely valuable. many holes having been sunk and all found to contain pay of the highest order, yet no considerable amount of work has been done to fuJly develop this extensive grant, while Hale Williams is com­ pelled to work three months on his claim or it will revert to the government. To give an idea of the willingness of English C'lP;­ tal to invest in a mining proposition it might be interesting to note the amount of machinery which has been purchased, brought to the ground. and beyond some very un miner-like working done last Winter, Is left to rust. A partial list of the machinery and equipment on the claim: Two IS-horsepower toilers. two 20-horsepower boilers, 3 hoists, two 6-lnch centrifugal pumps. one 4-lnch duplex pump. two 7- inch pulsometer pumps. two 20-horsepower engines. 2.000 feet of "T" rail track. 1.000 feet of 4. 5 and 6-inch water pipe, with tool9 of every descript'on. And yet this "claim" thus splendidl~ equipped worked last winter cleaned up in the neighborhood of 10.000 ounces, nearly $150.000, and yet lost money so it is said. No wonder outside capital fails to appreciate the Klondike, when such rich gifts are so poorly handled. That part of the creek which has been prospected has de­ veloped two distinct paystreaks. both of which pan at times over $1. and yet last summer the Klondike Government ConceSSion, Limited. lay Idle. Considerable prospecting has been carried on on the hi1Jsldps adjOining the concession on the left limit from Nos. 1 to 12. On 16. opposite the concession, Humboldt Gates has been work­ Ing since April and has a 250-foot Incline reaching pay. A 'wen equipped plant Is on the ground to raise the cars, pump 34 THE DA "rSON DAILY NEWS NO. 35 BELO\V, HUNKER CREEK. Photo by Goetzman. water and do the thawing, and the men employed give the claim a general tone of prosperity. Mrs. Alice Kronert was working a fraction on the left limit, opposite 20, but the Milne concession claimed the ground and Mrs. Kronert was obliged to give up the ground after spending $15,000 in pntting up a plant and opening up the ground. Henry Gulr.h comes in on the upper end of 20 on the left lim­ it, and has become (nmous from the fact that after being pros­ pecteJ for three years with holes "punched" all over it it fairly startled eVer)'one by the finding of $2 and $3 pans as a regular t.hing. On the lower half of hillside adjoining No. 1 on the left Iiimt :Mr. E. N. Donaldson and Mrs. E. Ventzell have done a great deal of work and in conjunction w:th a well known and thoroughly competent geologist have been "ery active in proving the theory that an ancient bed of Hunker Creek with all its riches has been covered by a slide en masse. Before sinking the ground at considerable time and expense was drailled in a most miner-1i1{e manner. In s'nking bedrock was struck at a depth of thirty-two feet, but indications were presented to veri­ fy their theories and from a depth of thirty-two feet the shaft was sunk through an altered magnesium schist to the depth of 120 feet. where they struck appeared to he a bedrock slide en masse. The work done by these parties is worthy of especial mention for against all appeals from the sourdough they have continued to work and follow the laws of geology. Nos. 1, 2 and 3 creek claims and eight hillsides and benches adjoining are the property of Thomas Flynn. Elmer Crawford and Thomas Brewitt. C. J. Jones staked No. 1 in 1897 and two Russians staked 2 and 3. They all worked, but were driven out by water. Jones finally bought out the Russians in the winter of 1897. Flynn bought in with Jones in 19~0, and considerable prospecting was done to the extent of sinking twenty-three holes In all of which water has driven them out. Crawford and Brew­ Itt bought out Jones in November I, 1900. Up to this time wood fires had been used in thawing. but "Fitzgerald's famous kettle boiler of 2-horsepower" was put in comm'ss:on and a hole sunk which revealed pay, but only of a hopeful nature. The boiler being taken away again. wood fires were again brought In use, and the second fire put in resulted in finding $500 in the first four buckets. Th's was III December, 1900, and rich pans followed in quick succession, until noth'ng was heard of but Henry Gulch for qu:te a while. Needless to say, it was staked, re­ staked and staked again. The ground Messrs. Flynn. Crawford and Brewitt are work­ ing at present Is No.3. which is eighteen feet deep. seven feet of which is gravel, all carrying pay. The bedrock is a hard por­ phyry and two and a half feet of ,t carry rich pay. The ground is opened up from the top. The pay is hauled up in cars to be dumped into the boxes. which are supplied with water by a pulsometer. which drains the cut. The plant consists of a 35- horsepower boller, 12-horsepower engine and 8-horsepower steam holst. Fourteen men were employed. Colonel W. P. Edwards, George Brewitt. 'Villiam Brewitt, James Clayton and Jim Hill own 9. 10. half of 11. and half of ]3. Last summer they were prospecting on 13 and had sunk a hole fifty-two feet deep on the left limit and were drifting to­ ward the creek bed. Noth:ng of importance had been found, but they will give the ground a thorough test. Considerable annoyance was caused by the Milne concession contesting the claims within its grant, and was it not for this Henry Gulch would be alive with miners. Nos. 26 and 27. adjoining the concession on the left lim't. are the property of W. K. Fitzgerald. who has run two 100-foot tun­ nels. and i~ well salisfied with his pnSr'tels so 1.'.11'. Tilt· gold in tha fi-rst part of thl! tunnel was found to be fille. while It bt'­ came quite coarse as the tunnel cut back Into the old channel. A man's bclief in 1:1 creek or country Is generally hncked up by hIs cash, which being granted as true, speaks volumes for the faith GOLDEN CLEAN·UP [EDITION. 35 of Mr. Fitzgerald In securing and developing the following claims: On the left limit-Hillsides 26 and 27. adjoining the concession. On Dago Hill-Dench in the eighth tier opposite a, and bench In the ninth tier opposite 34. On Henry Gulch-Creek clahn 17 and a one-half interest in 18, 19, 20 and ~3. On the right limit-Hillsides adjoining the concession, 17, 18, 19, 20 and 21, and one-half interest in hillsides and benches ad­ joining 22, 23, 24, 25, 27, 28, 30. Also quartz claims which cover hillside claims Nos. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18 and 19. On Hattie Gulch, which comes in on the right limit atNo. 30A-all of creek claim No. 1 and the hlllsides on both lim­ its. and a one-half intere: t in creek claims 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. On a tributary which comes in at 3 below discovery on the right-Creek claim No. 1 and one-half interest in No.2. Hillside, left limit, adjoining lower half of 27 below discov­ E ry, and one-half interest in hillsides on the left limit adjoin­ ing 63 and 65 below discovery. Mr. Fitzgerald has a 2-horsepower prospecting bOiler, one which has been carried on the back of a man a number of times cession, had a 6-horsepower boller, and was doing considerable work in opening his ground. Dago Hill, the name given that hill which extends from Italian Gulch, a tributary which enters Hunker on the left limit to 30 on the concession to and up Last Chance. Dago Hill is principally owned by a syndicate, who are floating the property on the outside market. Messrs. Steele, Spencer, Phillipp, et aI., own or control forty­ six benches and hillsides, with a rimrock face on Last ChancE', Hunker and Italian Gulch. The ground has been extensively prospected and pay has been found in every hole. In fact. it iB ceFtain that the Hunker and Last Chance channe.s intersect on th:s hill. It is one of the finest properties that could possioly fall into .,le hands of a company. Josepr Stingle, Matt Probst and John Carlton were working an open cut on a fractoinal hillside on left limit, adjoining No.2 below the mouth of Last Chance. Fraction adjoining 2A below concession and hillside opposit~ 52 on the hydaulic concession-To facilitate the handling of th,~ ground and to have a dump ground 250 feet square on creek claim No.2 was purchased; also creek claim 2A below the moutll of Last Chance. Water in abundance is taken up at the mouth of Last Chance and brought to the claim in a .aitch. wh:ch with LOOKING DOWN HUNKER FROM 40 BELOW. Poto by Goetzman. and which invariably will raise a prospect as we.1 as steam, for it was with this small boiler that the famous pay of Henry Gulch was found. and good pay was first found on Dago Hill by this "good luck" bOiler. It had been used to prospect on French Hill and Gold Hill before being brought to Hunker. It has been borrowed and loaned as one would use a handy too\' Mr. Fitzgerald is ,'ery sanguine of success on the deep and Immense "White Channel" benches which crown the height of the right IIm:t. The quartz on his ledge has brought an assay of $19.50, but it Is h 's combined holdings which speak more the value of' the ground than words. On hillsides Nos. 28. 29 and 30. adjoining the concession on the IE'tt limit. John and Peter Herkenrath and Paul Geisler have a very rich claim. remarkably rich in fact. Two tunnels eighty and 100 fret in length tap the old channel. To get the benefit of' nll the ground the front of No. 29 and 30 has been ground sluiced for a length of 250 by 100 feet in width. In two to three feet of gravel excellent pay is found. while most am' kind of bedrock native to the country may be found: all of which. however. car­ ries the richest pay of' the claim. Seventeen men were working last summer, and four crews will be utilized next summer in working the ground In an extenslye manner. Hiram Ewing. on hi11side No. 34. left limit, adjoining the con- the high rimrock and dumping ground makes it one of the most economically worked claims in the district. The ground has a gentle slope to the hill and at present is only ten feet deep, all gravel. and to hasten matters a thawer is kept going just to take most of the frost out of the ground. One 6-horsepower up­ right and one ~O-horsepower fire box tubular boiler furnish the steam necessary to carry out this project and that the scheme works most successfully is attested by the rapidity with which the gravel is moved. No.2 creek claim below the mouth of Last Chance is owned by John Selin, who only commenced work last July. and h:tving ground which is only ten feet deep, with the employmen of two men, has made a most satisfactory showing and is highly pleased with the results of his labor. LAST CHANCE enters Hunker on the left limit at what would be 85 below discovery. Last Chance is another creek which has been muddled up with numbers. Commencing at the mouth the numbers run from 1 to 9, then comes 5 below discov­ ery and thence in regular order. On No. 2 from the mouth Carlo Till!. the owner, has opened up the claim on the left limit. where the ground is only eight 36 THE DA WSON DAILY NEWS feet deep, and found very rich pay. Shoveling in is very easi­ ly done. The creek ground is twenty feet deep and is for win­ ter work. S. A. Ripstein & Co. own the two hillsides on the left limit adjoining No. 2 from the mouth. 'rhis ground has the appear­ ance of being a sl1de from the old Hunker channel, which evi­ dently ran around the rim of Dago· Hill, and which has slid down to Last Chance. for it is a Hunker wash which is found here, being only ten to twelve feet in depth in a number of holes sunk in a number of places for a distance of 600 feet back from the present workings. and the ground is all thawed. Eight men were employed In shovel1ng in, while a plant consisting of a 1S­ horsepower boiler and 12-horsepower engine pumped the water to the desired level for sluicing. No. 3 creek claim is owned by A. Bouchard, A. Couet and I. Coty & Co., who have a number of men working the ground at all times." This claim is an illustration of what condemned ground often is shown to be by thoroughly prospecting it. This claim was sold in ]S99 at government auction. and since being opened up has produced $30.000. To those who will put money and labor in a piece of ground after being considered so in­ valuable as to be allowed to revert to the government. we can only wish continued success for such confidence an energy. Messrs. Brouchard and Couet are also owners of the hillsides on the left limit adjoining the upper half of 3 and lower half of 4. The ground Is extremely rich and easy to work. Its energetic owners are working It as I"apidly as possible consistent with miner-like methods. NO.9, LAST CHANCE. MINING 40 FEET UNDERGROUND. Flashlght by Goetzman. No.4 above the mouth is the property of O. Beaudoiu, Louis Boulgac. Louis Beaulanger, Ned Russo, Raymond Blairs, Louis Duclos and Alfred Bouchard. The ground is twenty to thirty feet deep and has been worked so extensively that in all prob­ ability this year will see it worked out. Hardly a color is found in the gravel, while three feet of bedrock is rich. No. 5 was worked to quite an extent by Messrs. Russ and Billideau. This claim has been worked since 1897. It is twenty­ four feet deep and has some of the bedrock which is found more or less on all the claims on the- left limit from 5 to 9 and wher­ ever found it generally carries good pay. It is peculiar in being the receptacle of such good pay. It is worthy of description and we quote. Mr. Asa Thurston Hayden, who says of it: "It is a reef of altered graphite slate altered by mineral action. The kaolin is largely replaced by silicon. It is a selicious diabase, very similar to the diabase found to the west of the mother lode, on the western slope of the S:erra Nevada mountains. Kaolin has been largely replaced by silica." Creek claim No. 6 from the mouth-Honore Lamoureux and Alexander Wildman are the owners. and while no extensive work has been carried on the claim has been a good producer. The ground is twenty feet deep. and the pay is principally found on bedrock, of which three feet are taken up at the lower end of the claim and from five to six feet at the upper end. On the upper half of the hillside claim adjoining six on the left limit John Forsyth. Alfred Gorman and William Reid have been working a little in prospecting. The cleanup for the winter of 1900 was very satisfactory. Little or no pay is found In the gravel. On the upper half of the hillside claim adjoining No.6, on the left limit John Forsyth, Alfred Gorman and William Reid have been doing a little prospecting. the cleanup having been highly satisfactory for the winter working of 1900. Little or no pay is found in the gravel. M. T. Kelly is the owner of a fractional bench 36x240 feet on the left limit adjoining No.6. He has let it out on lays and the laymen have a 10-horsepower porcupine boiler to thaw the ground. The ground is twenty-eight feet deep, with little or no pay in the gravel, while one foot of the bedrock is graph­ ite schist and carries most of the pay. No.7 creek claim is owned by Joe Mu1l1gan. This Is one of the lower claims. "While It is only being worked by a few men, yet it has pay across the creek and from end to end. Part of the bedrock found on this claim is clay, which also holds white quartz and porphyry. Six feet of the bedrock carries good pay. Charles Stanley has a hillside on the left limit adjoining the upper half of No. 7 on which he has been prospecting to esti­ mate on what scale he will be able to work It. No.9 is" owned by Pete and Nanisse Gosselin. They have been working this claim for two years and in a most miner­ like manner. They have a 16-horsepower boiler, with a 12- horsepower engine installed and give employment to fifteen men. The pay clings to the left limit, and very little is found in the gravel. while six feet of the bedrock is taken up. No. 5 below Discovery is owned by Mr. Miller. This claim was first operated in 1900. It is on No. 5 that the reef of graph:te slate which has been clinging to the left limit crosses the creek and makes the claim rich in consequence. It is twenty-two feet deep; two to four feet of the gravel carries a little gold, but bedrock for a depth of from two to six feet is excellent as a gold retainer. A. R. C. Newburgh and Thomas Davies are opening up the bench on the second tier of the left limit opposite No. 2 below, and have driven a tunnel from the hillside claim below to tap their ground and are finding from three to ten feet of pay gravel. Lyman Tondo and Mrs. Annie M. Smith have a bench in the second tier opposite the upper half of No.3 below. They have from three to ten feet of pay gravel and have a splendid equipment. but find water the principal inconvenience. James B. Younkins has a group of three hillsides. a fraction running along all of 4 and the back land and a bench in the second tier opposite No.2. The pay here var:es as it does on the others. being found in from three to ten feet of gravel. The bedrock is a reddish clay. and only the top is tak.en up. Mr. Younkins has a fine plant on his ground, but like others on the hill. "rain is his God." On Faulkner Hill. which fronts on Last Chance and Discov­ ery PuP. G. M. Faulkner. C. A. Paulley and William J. Mar­ shall have a rich group of claims which have made the name of the hill famous. They consist of two hillsides and a bench on the left limit of Discovery Pup. They also own creek claims 4 and 5 on the pup. The depth of the ground varies from four to forty-four feet .and ih the deeper parts as much as fifteen feet of the gravel carries pay. To get the required amount of water with which to sluice an immense pumping plant was in­ stalled on Last Chance. wh'ch raises two sluiceheads of water to the top of the hill. a height of 275 feet. The creek plant con­ sists of two 25-horsepower boilers. one 14 1-2 by 8 1-2 by 16 Du­ plex pump. The water is carried through the six-inch pipes a distance of 1.350 feet. For thawing and hoisting on the hill they have a 20 an"d one 12-horsepower ooiler and two steam hoists. Twenty-two men were employed last summer. On No.1 above Discovery Frank Berry and Emil Stauf had a number of men engaged in prospecting the ground in prepara­ tion for extensive work. Discovery Pup enters Last Chance at 1 above Discovery. Nos. 1. and 2 are owned by W. H. Campbell. J. B. Grandy. Allen McPhee and C. Brown. They have an excellent piece of ground and are working it in the most approved and miner-like manner. These pieces of ground have occupied more of the time of the courts in litigation than perhaps any other in the entire coun­ try. They have a small plant at present. but will probably work on a more extensive scale next year. HilIside on left limit at No.5. belonging to C. Guiber~on and G. Napier, is practically a slide from the hill above. but It is easy to work and shows excellent pay. Two boilers are installed and a pump forces the water to a height of twenty­ five feet into the boxes. which carry it to the foot of the hill, at which place wheelbarrows are employed in bringing the dirt from the face above. The sun does most of the thawing, but some. points are used to assist nature. Creek claim No. 7A above-A fraction of 130 feet. Thl8 claim has ~en worked by the owner. Patrick Perron, 8inee GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 87 l8S9. The ground Is thirty-three feet deep and tlve or six feet of the gravel carries pay, while the slate bedrock for a depth of at times two feet is also a good producer. Mr. Perron had only eight men at work, but intended to increase the number considerably during the winter. Hillside opposite lower half of No.7, on the left limit-Pat­ rick Perrin and Louis Dugelt are pulling the gravel from the hill above with a horse and sleigh, and wash it in a grizzly, th's being necessary on account of a "pug" or caYlor schist, which has been made pasty by the action of the water. It Is almost of the consistency of soft putty, and will travel several box lengths before water and the violence sustained In traveling over the riffles has any apparent effect on It, and even then it will at times travel through a string of boxes and come out the same size, if not larger, which occurs through the ball gathering up the fine substances In the rif­ ties. To thoroughly disseminate this material it is necessary to put it In a "grizzlY," and turn a stream of water on It, through a nozzle, having a fall of twenty feet. Even then it requires ten or fifteen minutes before the gravel is thoroughly cleaned. It is found on most of the hillsides from this claim to 15 Pup. T. \V. Watterston owns a fractional bench adjOining No.7. The ground on this bench Is all thawed, is from six to thirteen feEt deep, with a two-foot muck top; it Is all pay. The own er hauls his dirt to the creek below. No. 1 on "Hard Luck" Gulch or 8 Pup Is owned by Harry Woolrich and Robert Wickley. This ground has produced a good sized fortune and is now being worked on a small scale. No.9 creek claim Is owned by Fred W. Collins, Gus Stratton, and R. J. Ogburn, who will operate this winter. Last summer these gentlemen confined themselves to the development of two hillsides oppos'te No. 6 above, left limit, and a bench op­ posite 6 and 7. The "pug" which also exists on these claims, Is washed In a grizzly by water under a pressure of twenty-seven feet fall, to gain wh'ch 2,000 feet of fiuming is required. The ground Is brought from the hills above by a gravity tramway­ an excellent one, by the way-wh'ch Is 850 feet long. The ground on this claim Is only six or seven feet deep, and is handled in a most economical manner. It is due to Mr. Ogburn's inventive genius that the device for washing the pay was so successfully arranged. No. ]0 creek claim Is the property of Frank Beaudin and Louis Lagios and they are busy locating the best pay. The ground Is thirty-three feet deep. No. 13 above Is the property of Thomas J. Conway and Edward Counlf'[, who have spent one year in a miner-like meth­ od preparing their ground for proper work. They have taken out expenses while so doing, but they have the claim in sue)' a shape now that future work wiJI be done only In handling pay gravel, wh'ch averages very high. It is twenty feet depp, four to six feet of the gravel carry pay, while one to four feet of the yellow porphyry edrock are taken up. Messrs. Conway and Counlll: own and operate 2C, 4 and 4A on 15 Pup. No. 14 creek claim on Last Chance Is owned by Philip King, Paul Doran, Frank Moran, Godfois Meicies and Noel Legots, who have been getting out dirt continuously since last win­ ter, when the claim was worked for the first time. They have a 12-horsepower boiler for thawing. Creek claim No. 15 Is the property of T. Burns, Dan McDon­ ald, John McDonald and Simon Clements. They had eight men employed In working the ground, which has been productive of the very best results. The ground is twenty-eight feet deep and has a broken slate bedrock. Mr. Dan McDonala was for­ merly engaged In quartz mining in Darien, U. S. Colombia, South America, before coming to the Klondike. He says wages there are $1,200 In gold, and he predicts that that part of the world w.n yet see an immense stampede; but at present the Government and the climate are two obstacles in the way of a peaceful pursuit of-life. Crt'ek claim No. 1 on 15 Pup, a tributary of Last Chance coming In on the left limit at 1 •. Is owned by Elzear Carore, who has been working the ground since U99. No. 2B on 15 Pup Is owned by C. F. Hack. He hRS had three men at work. The ground Is forty-three feet deep; two to three feet of the gravel carry pay, and also one to two feet of the slate bedrock. No.5 is owned by Louis Brochu and Romand Blais, who have taken out $5,000 for the season's work. The ground is tlfty-four feet deep and the bedrock Is a mica-schist. Above No.7 the claims have been worked very extensively, and but little remains. John McDonald and J. C. Ratclll'!e have opened up their group of claims In a most thorough manner. This group con- s!sts of hlllsides opposite 15 Last Chance, 2, 2A and 2B on 15 Pup and benches adjoining the hillsides of 12, 14 and 1~ on Last Chance, and also creek claim No.2 on 15 Pup. The ground on the pup side has been opened up from the top and has been worked back to a face thirty-five feet in height. Teams and scrapers are used In handling the ground, the pay being run down on a tramway to creek claim 15. Six men and two teams are constantly employed. Harry M. Peek, Curtis Cramer, Louis Brandt and E. E. Stone own the two benches adjoining the hillsides of the upper half of 12 and the lower half of 13. The ground is forty-seven feet deep at the back end of the bench. to which a tunnel 400 feet In length has been run, which crosses both benches at the back end. The ground is being worked out from the back end by this means and the tunnel, which Is six feet in th0 clear by five feet at the bottom and three and one-half at the top, is timbered in that miner-like way which denotes th \ the owners are pract:cal miners. It would be well for others to visit this tunnel and inspect it, for it is certainly worthy of con­ sideration. A tramway 700 feet in length conveys the pay dirt from the mouth of the tunnel to creek claim 13, where it is sluiced. The largest nugget found on the creek and wh:ch weighed $116. was found on this claim. Cecil Cole, for twenty-two years a civil and mining engi­ neer In Africa, Australia and New Zealand, owns a group of six benches in the second and third tiers opposite No. 10 and the lower half of No. 11. This ground is worked as an open cut, and nowhere is it handled more cheaply or quickly than under the methods in vogue on this ground. A tramway 1.004 feet in length carries the cars, which hold 123 pans. to creek claim No. 9 to be sluiced. Smaller carriers convey the dirt from the face to these larger carriers and six of them, which make a load, are dumped every six minutes. The ground at present being worked is twenty-three feet deep. and pay Is found from the grass roots down. The bedrock is a broken slate, and coarse gold has been found in it at a depth of five feet. It Is Mr. Cole's intention to hydraulic the ground next year. At present twenty men are employed. On the upper end of Last Chance on both forks con! idpr­ able prospecting is being carried on, with fair Indications of pay ground being found. All the bench and hillside claims so far developed are on the left lim't of Last Chance. yet on the hill on the right limit which divides Last Chance from 80 Pup, a great hody of "'Vhite Channel" grayel exists. and Is being prospected, with good indications apparent in every pan. Coming back to Hunker again. we find a string of bpnch claims on the left limit extending from Last Chance to 80 Pup, which were worked extensively In 1899, but there was very little work done on them last year. Eighty Pup derives Its name from the fact that It enters Hunker Creek at that number. T. H. Adair and H. Cowden had a 14-horsepower boiler. and with engine and hoist were fully equipped to do considerable work. It Is forty-ei'l"ht feet deep, and the three feet of gravel found carry pay. The bedrock Is a clay and basalt .of which only six inches carry any gold. Three men are constantly emploYfd. No.4 helow Is owned b~' Allan R. Joy. who has let a lay on It for the winter. The ground here is forty feet deep, w'th from two to five ffet of gravel. which all carries pay; also two feet of the bedrock. which i", similar to that of No.5. J. P. Kazlnsky, Peter Heater and Ch3.rles Eaton own and operate No.3 above Discovery. A well kept and excellent plant Is to be found on this claim, with especial interest centered in the holst. it being a Hendue and Drlhoff compound steam hoist, manufactured in Denver. and one which has stood the test in Colorado. The ground is seventy-two feet deep. and whHe only one and one-half feet of gravel ~re found on the claim. it all carries the best of pay, as does also from one to four f( of the bedro('k. Eighty Pup has had a good deal of work done on it, and quite a number of the claims are worked out. Hunker, from 80 to n, received but little attention last sum­ mer. On n Mr. M. F. Keller was preparing for winter work. being especially interested in the erection of a log mansion. within the walls of which New Yorkers may come and chat and dream of days when other worlds were none except New York. Oh, well: they'll come again. Away back on the eighth and ninth tiers on the left limit opposite 68 four men are prospecting who are made of the stuI'! from which' a nation or people spring. These men are what might rightly be termed Isolated from the mining district, Inasmuch as they are so far away from the pay ground. They 38 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS have sunk several prospect holes. one of which Is 101 feet deep. Clark A. La Barre and S. S. Enett have a fractional bench be­ tween the eighth and ninth tiers opposite the lower half of 68. and the Lamb Brothers-Charles and Glenn-have six benches In the seventh, eighth and ninth tiers. oppos:te {6. 67 and 69, re­ spectively. Both parties have combined to prospect, and have a 6-horsepower boiler on the fraction where the 100-foot hole is sunk. The first ten feet are in muck; then come sixty feet of decomposed gravel, after which are thirty-one feet of e:,avel of a stained red color, the bedrock being porphyry. As yet noth­ ing good has been found, but these men will drift, and as one would naturally suppose from men who had the "stutr in 'em." to sink shafts to such dep hs, they are not discouraged. The ground will be thoroughly prospected. The Redmond group of claims consists of five benC'hes in the third. fourth and fifth tiers, opposite 66 and 67. They are owned by Frank, Charles and John U. Redmond. The ground Is sixty-five feet deep. thirty teet of which is a "white wash," ten feet prospect'ng well. The bedrock Is a black slate. Water is a most precious thing on th;s hill, and small ditches extend around Lhe hill like a collar to gather any moisture that is "big enough to run." No. 22 Hester was being prospected by L. Thlmme. No. 59 Is owned by the Klondike-Bonanza Co. (see 5 below). who have had a few men prospectlng the ground. John Frank. S. J . Mesher and Arthur Neaves on 57B were doing dead work in preparation for extensive work during the winter. The ground is twenty-five feet deep and the pay found so far is very good. On 56 considerable work was done. but for some realon the plant was closed down early In the fall. The upper three-fourths of 55 Is owned by John H. Crowley and George Gaillard, who nave sixteen men at work. The bed­ rock on this claim is porphry and pay is found to a depth of seven feet Messrs. Crowley and Galllard have an excellent plant with which to carryon their extensive workings. On the lower one-fourth T. L. Martlney and Gus Johnson are working seven men. No. 54 is owned by the N. A. T. & T. Co. and was let out on a lay last winter. No. 53 is the property of Charles Long and RODert Holland, who did a great deal of work In the early part of last seaEon, but closed down as soon as water became scarce in July. They will work a full crew this winter. No. 52 is owned by James Macklnson, S. R. J.. and "Jack" McCutcheon, and Is being worked as fast as wat­ ~r will wash the ground. It Is twenty-three feet deep, mostly all gravel. three feet Jf which Is pay. Last sea­ son they worked out €Ox120 f€t, and they Intend to work on a much larger scale next year. vVater is brought from the mouth of Indepen­ dence by flume 800 feet In length. Hillside. left limit, ad­ joining 51, Is owned by Wil­ liam Curve and John Ferny­ A tunnel sixty feet long has been run on this claim and eight feet of gravel is found. with three feet of pay. Bed­ rock is a very black slate, ~f which two feet carry pay. Only three men were em­ ployed last season. LOOKING UP n UNK~R FROM 36 BELOW. Independence enters Hun­ ker at 50 on the left Iim:t, and attracted considerable attention in 1898; and quite a lot of work was done, but poor results were obtained. Yet it is known that in Borne instances good pros- Photo by Goetzman. Robert Brown, F . Kuhns and David Fullerton have seven men employed in working their hillside claim adjoining 60 on the left limit. They find three feet of gravel and two feet of slate bedrock that pays. Water is brought from Hester Creek and the dumping facilities are excellent. A H-'llOrsepower loco­ motive style of boiler and 5-horsepower engine are but part of the plant used to work this claim. On the hHlside on the upper half of 60 John Campbell and Mose Digby have ground similar to the lower naIf, with the ex­ ception of being somewhat deeper, eight men were given em­ ployment last summer and will continue to work during the winter. HESTER CREEK is a tributary of Hunker, entering on the right hmit at No. 59 below discovery. No.1 is owned and operat~d by John Huntington, who has been working the ground for two seasons. It Is from thirty to forty-two feet deep and the run of gravel is irregular, although about four feet of it when found carries pay, but the principal pay is found in about two feet of the slate bedrock. He has a 16-horsepower pipe boiler and other equipment with which to work the ground. No. 2 is owned by E. V. Taylor, who has had five men em­ ployed in developing the grotltla. At the lower end the ground is thirty-six feet deep and at the upper end forty-eight feet. Seven feet of the gravel and two feet of b€drock carry the pay. pects were fount.... It will be like other creks. remain in its present condition untIl some one man or company gets hold of it. Last summer one man was prospecting in the 20's. No. 49 creek claim is the property of A. L. Spotts, who had nine men employed last summer in working the ground. It is from twenty to twenty-six feEt deep, with five feet of the gravel and from one to three feet of slate ana quartzite bedrock carry­ ing pay. Mr. Spotts will increase both his plant and crew upon resuming operations In March. A. Burke and J. C. Hall have an 18-horsepower boiler and 8-horsepower engine and holst working to their utmost capacity to keep the men employed busy. Last winter saw the first work done on this ground, which Is twenty-two feet deep, and has a peculiar slate for bedrock in which pay Is found two feet deep. William Briggs, of London, is the owner and W. R. Cuth­ bertson is the resident manager of a group of hillSIdes extend­ Ing on the right limit from the upper half of 48 to the lower half of 44. A plant consisting of two 25-horsepower tubular boilers. one 15 and one 12-horsepower engine and one twin 8- horsepower steam holst is Installed on the lower half of 45. Hlllside on left limit. adjoining lower half of 43 and upper half of 44. This grouno is the property of S. P. Johnson and Alfred Bedker. Bedrock is only twenty feet above the creek. An open cut 120x45 was made last year with a face fourteen feet in height. Of the eight feet of gravel found three feet carry good pay. I. J. Kintz and F. Hepler own the hillside adjoining 50 on the GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 39 right limit. It Is twenty-seven teet deep and two teet ot the nine feet ot gravel carry pay. Nos. 43 and 43A are lne property of J. B. Tyrrell. U. A. Ful­ ler and M. F. Keller. Mr. Tyrrell owns 44 and a group of hillsides on both limits adjoining all three claims. The first two named are both well known as pract:cal and scientific min­ ers. while the latter has handlev. slock and bonds enough to buy the Klondike. They have three excellent claims which have proven immensely valuable. The ground is an average of twenty-five feet in depth. and while ten to fifteen feet of gravel exists. only two feet carry pay. the pay being principally found in uearock to a depth of two and three feet. · .I:he plant on 43A consists of one 22-ho13e­ power pipe boiler and one 6-horsepower engine. Water is brought to 43A by a fiume 3.300 feet long. which carries seven slulceheads at the inlet and after supplying several claims on the way reaches 43A carrYIDg two slulceheads. On 42. the property of R. D. Tait and H. C. Gordon. fourteen men were employed last summer, and a great amount of work was done. No. 41A. a 200-toot traction. is owned by 1. F. Brown and B. A. Berton. Th!s little fraction is noted for the amount of money which it has produced. Messrs. Brown and Berton have an excellent plant on the ground and keep ten men busy sluic­ ing. The ground Is twenty-five feet deep. four feet ot gravel and two and a halt feet of the Quartzite and schist bedrock car­ rying pay. Creek claim No. ::9 is owned by J. B. Tyrrell, who will prob­ ably work out what pay is left next year. James McAll:ster owns the h'llside on the left limit adjoining 39, and has been prospecting the ground for three years. Last summer he ran an open cut ten feet wide and 200 feet In length, back to where he is finding good pay at a depth of thirteen feet. Two and a half of the five feet of gravel and two feet of bed­ rock are taken for pay. No. 25 Hunker Creek was staked by a man with an elastic tape judging from the fraction found to exist. Besides the or­ iginal 35 there Is 35A, 35B, 35C and 35D. No. 35D, 480 feet in length, is the property of F. M. Loring. who has F. W. Pope as manager. The ground is thirty feet deep and three of the twelve feEt of gravel carry pay. The bedrock is apparently a sample claim for the finding of any rock, . clay or schist known or unkonown in this country. Of all the types of boilers found In use on Hunker Creek the one in use on this claim, a Worthington water tube (marine type) boiler, is posi­ tively the most economical one seen. In comarison to a boiler of equal horsepower its consumption of fuel is at least fifty per cent. less. 25C Is owned by August Larson and P. O. Carlson. who last season were doing but little work, directing their efforts more to their bench claims opposite 32. 35B is 450 feet wide on left limit and tapers to 150 on the right limit. Edward Grumann and Albert Grumann purchased the claim last fall from Thomas Moore, who staked the ground In July, lS97, and had worked it continuously until he sold out. It is good for three years more. It is twenty to twenty-siX feet deep with from six inches to sixteen feet of gravel. Pay Is seldom found in any of the gravel besides two feet of decom­ posed sch!st. 35A is 400 feet in length and is owned by George Bemiliard and V. Schryer, who have quite an extensive plant working con­ tinuously in getting out pay. which is found in three feet of the twenty-eight feet of gravel and in two feet of the schist and . .slate bedrock. Fifteen men were employed last summer, and it is the intentIon of the owners to keep at least twenty-five men employrd during the winter. Hillside adjoining 35A, left limit-C. Albert Erickson has a tunnel 350 feet In length and will work eight men this Winter, working from the back end out. Fractional bench, left limit, opposite 25-Dr. P . D. Casper­ The ground Is ninety feet deep and the six to eight feet of gravel found Is all pay. the bedrock also having two and a half feet of pay. This ground gave employment to ten men last summer. No. 35 creek claim and group of nine bench claims adjoining on the lrft limit. This ground is the property of George Wil­ kin. G. Beaudet and F. De Journel. The creek claim has been worked out. Entrance to the bench claim Is made by three tun­ nels. each ~ feet In length. This ground is exceptionally well worked by Mr. Wilkins. t.he manager. who besides being thor­ oughly conversant with the gTound In this vicinity is an author· ity on Gold Bottom. Jack Horn. an Old-timer In the country has been working h's propf'rtv. No. 34 creek claim. since 1898. To Mrs. Horn be­ longs the honor of being the first person in the country to find gold in the "grass roots" or the surface of the ground. In the spring of '91, as soon as the sun had thawed tne snow from the ground, Mrs. Horn. like a good housewife, was arranging the little walk in front of the cabin on No. 13 below on Bonanza, when she was surprised to find several small nuggets lying loose on the surface. Further search developed the fact that it was there in sufficient quantity to warrant working, and the bench claim on this ground was one of the first worked in this coun­ try. On the hlllside on the left limit adjoining No. 34 Edward Chadwick, a recent purchaser, has commenced to work the ground on a more economical plan than the one followed by his predecessors. This claim was one of the first worked of the hlllsid€s on the left limit, and was opened up by Crutcher and Vaughan In '98. but through bad management was not made a paying proposition. It has since that time produced an immense amount of money. E. C. Curtis, George A. Funston, Ed. Hamilton and John L . McDonald have a group of benches adjoining the hillSide on the upper half of No. 32. A tunnel 200 feet in length has been run in following up the paystreak. This is the third summer this ground has been worked, and much better results could be ob­ tained if they "could only have a cople of montns of Seattle weather." The water at present is brought to the claims by ditches, which collect all the seepage for two miles back on the hill. Mrs. Curtis is an enthusiastic amateur photographer, and we reproduce a picture of the claim taken by her. August Larson and P. O. Carlson, who own two benches in the second tier, opposite 31 and 32, have a hydraulic plant in NOS. 16 AND 11 ABOVE, HUNKER. Photo by Goetzman. use with a twenty-foot fall of water. The water is brought from Soda Creek, on Gold Bottom, a distance of three ana a half miles. The ground being worked at present is six feet deep, all gravel and pay. The hill on which these claims are situated has been named Temperance Hill, and Discovery claim is owned by Mrs. Chambers. On a hillside claim opposite the lower half of No.4 on Gold Bottom. W . H. Perry owns a bench, and Mrs. Mary Perry owns a fraction. A ditch three miles in length brings water from a pup of Gold Bottom to a storage dam back of the claim. Six hundred feet of seven-Inch pipe and 600 feet of hose bring the water to the benches being worked, a fall of fifty-seven feet be­ ing attained, On creek claim No. 28 twenty-two men were shoveling in last summer. No. 27 creck claim Is owned by August Fogelstiner and Albert D. Young, who have ground-sluiced the muck from the claim. and now have twelve feet of gravel to shovel in. They kept ten men busy last summer. Charles Peterson and Edward Rice have a. bench claim on the second tier, left limit, opposite the lower half of No. 24. Last summer they worked out a cut seventy-five feet square. This claim anci the one adjoining above it are very similar. in that they have about the same amount of gravel-thirteen feet at present. Bedrock is a decomposed granite and porphyry. The upper claim is owned by Louis Colbert and Claude Sim­ onds. who also have five benches adjoining In the rear, and who, with Peterson and Rice, have dug a ditch to Mint Gulch, a (0 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS distance of four and one-half miles. for the purpose of bringing water to the ground. Th:s ditch also drains all the hillsides be­ tween Mint Gulch and these claims. and also 'plcks up" the water from 16 Pup. A storage dam holds the water as required. being then conveyed by pipe and hose to the claims. This gives it a thirty-foot fall at tne nozzle. Messrs. Colbert and Simonds worked out a hundred feet square very easilY last summer. No. 24 creek claim Is owned by Joseph Gandolfo. who Intends dOing considerable work in the spring. No. 22 creek claim is the property of A. H. Turnball. J. J. Williams and S. McKnight. 'This ground has been worked since 1897. and has a fortunate peculiarity in that it is already thawed. For some reason the owners prefer working in winter. al­ though the ground is only twenty-two feet deep. all gravel and pay has been found in as much as eight feet of it. 'l'en men are employed during the winter. W. W. Gregory is the present owner of No. 21. which has only a few unworked spots on It. and which four men will work out during the winter. 1t Is stated that the former owner of this ground lost $25.000 In working It. The hillside adjoining No. 20 on the right limit is being pros­ pected by Isaac Mallette. Henry Calder has sunk one hole thirty-six feet and will further prospect the hillside on the ~ight limit adjoining No. 13. Little Gem Is a tributary of rlunker. entering on the right limit at 13 below. The majority of this creek is held by a syn­ dicate of local mining men who are not overjoyed in thier hold­ Ings. as In two holes sunk nothing but muck has been found. and bedrock was barren. Hlllslae on the left limit opposite No.2 Little Gem is owned and operated by L. A. Hansen and Robert Peterson. who open­ ed up the ground last summer. It is right on the point of the hill and only twelve feet deep. of which eight feet are gravel. three feet of it bein1\' pay. The bedrock Is a graphite schist and the pay runs In two feet of it. The dirt is sluiced on No.2 Little Gem. to which claim a gravity tramway 400 feet in length ex­ tends. Lower half of hillside oppose No. 10 on the right limit. owned by G. H. Burke and R. C. Burke. An open cut has been made 170 feet long and 80 feet wide. Wheelbarrows convey the dirt to the boxes. A ditch 3.000 feet long brings the water from Little Gem to a tank 220 feet below the level of the claim. from which it is pumped to the tank above. When water was scarce last summer the same tank of water was used for eight hours. After coming from the boxes It passed through three settling tanks. and was thence pumped into the boxes again. Water be­ came so scarce In the latter part of July that canvas hose was used In the ditch to prevent the water from E01.king int!! the ground. One hundred and sevemy feet back from the rim the face Is twenty feet high. so that the rest of the gravel will be drifted. as only four feet of gravel and one foot of bedrock are taken out for pay. 'The bedrock Is mostly a graphite. which is' as nearly pure as will be found In this country. 'len men were employed last summer. When the same water is used continu­ ously for eight hours. a hand thrust In the boxes will become greasy. but not wet. Hillside. right limit. upper half of No. 10. Henry E. Pope. C. S. Nelson and Eugene Taylor-This ground nas been worked since the spring of 1899. The front of the claim. for a distance of 180 feet is worked out. and it is now th ;rteen feet deep. It Is proposed to drift. Four feet of gravel and a foot of bedrock are taken out for pay. Bedrock Is a graphite schist-almost pure graphite. Nos. 5A. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1". and 11 creek claims. all known as the J. George Johanssen Group of claims. which also mcludes hill­ sides. benches and fractions on the right Iim't. opposite Nos. 8 and 9. hillside on upper half. righ. IIm't of 11: hillside on lower half. left limit of 6. wth fractional bench adjoining on No.7 ·and two benches oppOSite NO.6 on the ri"ht limit. 'l'he principal In­ terest is centered In t.he hillsides. The hHisides and benc .. es opposite 8 and 9 are worked by hydraulic. On No. 8 creek claim about forty men were employed last. summer in working an open cut. The dirt Is shoveled into buck­ ets which rest In cars. and is thence conveyed to a hOist. which raises it to the boxes. On No. 8 the plant necessary to convey the water~ hillsides above is situated. This consists or three 30 ane... one 35- horsepower locomotive type boilers and two Worthington Com­ pound Duplex pumps. 10x16 by 8'hxl0. This plant will pump one million gallons to the required elevation. 285 feet. every twenty· hours. A muller for separating the gold from the black sand is In use on this claim. and has a capacity of one ton every twenty-four hours. Edward P. Canney. a native of Sierra Coun­ ty. California. Is the superintendent of the hillside workings. He Is only twenty-five years of age. yet his practicability as a hydraulic miner Is more pronounced tuan most of the gray­ haired veterans of the rocker and sluice box. It is through this young man's ability and knowledge that this piece of ground has been so successfullY worked. Our illustration gives an ex­ cellent Idea of the hydraulic workings. The (anA wh!ch Is so consp:cuous Is thlrty-1lve feet above a tank Into which the water fiows. after being pumped from the creek. With the water in the tank above a fall of seventy feet at the nozzle Is at­ tained. Mr. Canney Is seen on the left In the picture. giving directions. Since last spring this plant has wash.a a space 750 feet long by 250 wide. with an average depth of twenty feet. a total of say 1.250.000 cubic yards. About two slulceheads of water carried all this dirt. Twelve cords of wood a day are required for this plant. and three teams are continually employed In hauling this wood from an ever increasing distance. For the purpose of hauling this wood several miles of roadway have been built by Mr. Johanssen. In all Mr. Johanssen gives em­ ployment to over seventy men. No. 5 creek claim Is owned by the Klondike-Bonanza Com­ pany. of which A. Gordon McLaren is the resident manager. Last summer this claim presented an animated scene. having four strings of boxes going. whIch gave employment to twenty­ eight men. This ground Is very uneven as to deptn. running from five to twenty-five feet. and while it Is an gravel the pay is irregular. The bedrock carries the principal pay and from one to four feet are taken up. A horse and scraper are used to work the tailrace. The Klondike-Bonanza Company also own 14 and 14A above and 5 and 59 below. Mr. Arthur Fell. or Lon­ don. Is managing director of the company. John P. Peterson staked No. 4 below on September 7. 1896. the next day after Hunker had staked Discovery. He has work­ ed the ground continuously ever since the sprmg of 1897. Mr. Peterson was on the famous stampede to Bonanza and not be­ ing satisfied with the upper portion of the creek wnere he stak­ ed. concluded to go up to Gold Bottom to see Henderson. and In company wIth W. B. Stolder and H. Wobbldon left for the "next big creek coming in above Bonanza." They passed Go!d Bot­ tom. however. thinking it nothing but a pup. They were about to give up when they came across Hunker and Jo,lllson's stakes. and 2. 3 and 4 below were "p:nned" In short order. On his return pown the creek he met and put Joe Johanssen "wise." No.4 Is from ten to twenty-feet deep; but Mr. Peterson has applied such methods that the deepest ground has been worked at a cost which proves his gfnius as a mining man. 'there are from six to fifteen feet of gravel. with pay at times in all of It. and in from one to five feet of be arock. Last summer he gave em­ ployment to twenty-eight men and will use at least thirty-five on the new cuts to Le opened up next spring on the left limit. John Krole. on No.3 .has both summer and wlnler ground. which is from eighteen [0 thirty feet deep. He finds trom one to five feet of pay gravel. and two feet of •. le bedrock also have pay. The ground Is to be worked on lays ths winter. Discovery and a few claims adjoining are owned and operated by some men whose reticence suggests nothing but Its literal meaning. On Mint Gulch. entering at 3 above on the right limit. sev­ eral claims are be'ng prospected. and from the reports of those at work on 5. 6 and 8 It will probably be a producmg creek next season. One of the feRtures of the creek Is the number of mas­ todon bones found. and on seven a great number of what are supposed to be musk ox horns have been uncovered so near each other as to suggest that a whole herd of the anmals h"d perished at this spot. Above D;scovery but little work was go­ ing on until No.8 was reached. although the ground intervening is very valuable. One claim. at least. was worked w some ex­ tent. and lost money. through poor managemem: but the ground generally surrers because of the reputatIOn of tnese Imported managers. Nos. 8. 8A. 9 and 9A compose a group of clams owned by the Klondike Consols. with W. O. Young. a popul"r sourdough. as resident manager. 'l:hese Claims have been worked In a most minerlike manner and on a large scale. From tnirty to forty men have been continuously employed In the development of these claims. and they will be worked on this extensive plan until exhausted. The ground Is only from sixteen to twenty feet deep. and an up-to-date plant makes the handling of the pay ground an easy proposition. A. A. Lisker has a few men at work on his property. NOB. 13 and 13A. Nos. 16. 17 and 18 are the property of Atto Sembenlk and Stn­ tos Glamln!. This group has been worked since 1898. although sixty-five feet at the lower end and 450 feet at the upper end Is virgin ground. Only thr£e men were employed Jast summer. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 41 A ~o. 1. Is the property of the Ballantine Brothers-Messrs. R- ., . W., J. E. and J. N. They have worked contmuously since the fall of 1900, and give employment to ten men. The ground Is from thirty to thirtyfive feet, with eight feet of gravel five feet of which carry pay. ' J. P. Montgomery, John Mason and F. de Journel own 19 and have been working the ground for three years. lL is 'from elghLeen to twenty-seven feet deep and has from five to twelve feet of gravel. Coarse gold In small deposits is found at times from five to six feet above bedrock. The bedrock seems to be a mixture ?f schist and pay Is found in it to a depth of two feet at tImes. Hunker Creek forr{s at No. ~O, and although twenty-three holes have been sunk on various claims the best prospect ob­ tainEd, as far as known, is 23 cents. Nos. 21 and 21A are owned and operated by Walter Seward George T. Cale, Henry Ralph and Ernest P. Jackson, who hav~ worked the ground continuously from November, 1897. until September. 1901. The ground is twenty feet deep and contains from three to twenty feet of gravel, and. while not making for­ tunes for Its owners. they seem to be satisfied, as may be In­ ferred from thier continuous labor. No. 22 Is owned by William Kleinberg and .1J. DOig. The h.londike Consols have a group of claims wHich they have been operating for two years-Nos. 26. 27, 27A ana 28. The g~ound is only six to ten feet deep and is easy to work. the wIdth of the paystreak being only fifty feet. The only complaint made from this point to the head of the creek is as to the shortage of water In July and August. which is a great detri­ ment to the proper and speedy working of this shallow ground. M. A. Harding and John K. Hepdrlck have in No. 29 the only deep ground on the upper end of Hunker. but nevertheless they have Installed a plant. and sunk five holes to bedrock. The bedrock Is twenty-four feet deep. and the owners found that t~o to eight feet of the gravel is valueless and that the pay be­ gms In from one to two !eet of the decomposed schist bedrock. This. however. Is sufficient to induce them to put on a small force for working this winter. Last summer the owners of No. 31. Joseph W. Grieve. James Laug.lton and Hugh Morrison. touched their claim for the first time and worked assiduously In ground slUicing and otherwise preparing to open up the ground In the spring. This claim Is the las.t one of any considerable w'dth going UP. the creek becoming qUIte narrow at the upper end of 31. The next claim. No. 2. is owned by T. L. Sagar. Cornelius Greenberg and the estate of Prter Wyborg, and lias been oper­ ated for two seasons with marked success. The ground is ten fpet derp. all of which with two feet of bedrock Is shoveled In. The pay h3s a width of thirty-five to forty feet. Mr. Sa!!"ar cl'n".~ to an Australian mining license which was Issued to him In 1864. Mr. Wm. Ganderson has almost worked out 32A. a fraction of sixty feet. The ground was twenty feet deep. pay running to a wiiltb nf forty feet. and was mostly found In two to three feet of bedrock. -, ~i '~~ John Dix. on 33. 2~A. 34 and 34A. had ten men shoveling In since the first run of water. it being the thIrd season the ground has been worked. The ground varies from five to twenty-five fret in depth. but the width of the pay has a happy average. being about fifty-five feet. Only two feet of the bedrock carry any pay. the gravel seldom prospect'ng anything. No. 25A has bern almost workpd out by the owners. Antone Viala and Domi­ nick Stalf. wh" h,d o"'v ~ix feet of gravel and from one to three feet of oedrock to handle. The paystreak keeps narrowing all the way up the creek and when we reach ~6. the property of James 111:eece and Joseph Nelson. we find it to be only fifteen feet wide. 'Ihis cla'm Is ten fpet deep. and last fall almost completed the work, It being the th~rd season the property has been operated. James H. Buckley and Joseph H. Marsh'lll. on 37 and 38. have worked the ground for the first lime last summer. and find It similar to 26. They will 0l!en up with full crews In the sprIng. No. 40 has been worked to a considerable extent by Its own­ ers. J. S. McIntosh, John McMillan and William Neville. for the last two years. Twelve feet Is the greatest depth to bed­ rock, which Is a decomposed quartz. The pay runs at times In from sIx feet of gravel to two feet of the bedrock. and is nicely Illustrated by Mr. McIntosh, who says the paystreak Is nervous. Lemuel Green. Cyrus Green, Robert Hyde anu !. rank Har­ cuss were highly successful In applying hydraulic methods in handling the ground on 42. and next yEiar expect to do an Im­ mense amount of work. No. 43 aboye Is the last claim worked on upper Hunker. and T. W. Marrlman and A. E. Dall will have this claim worked out next year. GOLD BOTTOM is a tributary of Hunker Creek. coming In on the right limit at 29 below Discovery. Originally Gold Bottom extended to the Klondike. but Hunker's name applying to his dlscov~ry immediately changed the name of the lower creek. How little we hear of this creek! Yet It must be Indelibly Im­ pressed upon us that It was here the first work in the Troan­ dIke was done. Had It not been for Henderson working on Gold Bottom and finding pay enough (and being kind enough) to send word to his friend. George Carmack. the chances are none of us would have been here now to enjoy the blessings which the district has poured upon us. And yet. in spite ot the result of the labors of Henderson and Carmacr{. not even. a street is named In their honor. "Bob" Henderson was working this ground in 1896. having pre'.'iously been on Quartz Creek. He found pay and sent word to Carmack. who was at a point near the present site of Klon­ dike City. familfarly known as "Louse Town." When Carmack made his discovery on Bonanza he sent no word to Henderson, and as the latter had no knowledge of the new strike. he con­ tinued work on Gold Bottom until too late to stake anything good In the new diggings. Although Henderson had worked this ground. yet he did not record it. It was none other than Alexander McDonald who staked and recorded the claim. and who owns It at the present time. Gold Bottom Is about eight miles In length. and the ero­ sion is much more marked than on the part of Hunker above the mouth of Gold Bottom. Discovery Claim Is owned by Alex. McDonald. H. J. Vackess lessee. No work had been done on this ground since 1896 un­ til this spring. It Is summer ground. nine feel deep. and the paystreak is thirty-five feet wide. The bedrock Is a glacial deposit six inches being taken up for pay. Only twelve Inches of the gravel contain pay. Last summer it was necessary to work over Henderson's workings. Water became scarce last summer on the upper portion of the creek. especially in July. and work was only done in a desultory manner until the 15th of August. On the lower portion of the creek it was scarce in the latter part of July and the entire month of August. There are several pups of considerable si7e entering Gold Bottom on the left limit. and although not thoroughly pros­ pected. what has been done has been ll1y rewarded. The fol­ lowing claims were In operation last summer: No. lA below (250 feet) and No. 1B below (49 feet). are part of Mr. Vacke~s' lease. He 'l'\'ill prospect for another paystreak this winter. which he bel'eves exists on the left limit. No. 1 above Is owned by Isaac Waxstock. and Is being worl 'ed on a lay by R. E. Pounder. John J. Block and W'lIiam W. Dowall. They were doing dpad work during the summer. and preparing the ground for wlntpr work. No.3 above is ownpd by A. H. Rlschut and James Breslin. This Is the first year It has been worked. Bedrock is reached at a depth of from twenty-two to twenty-eil!'ht fp.t. and is composed of decomposed sch'st. one to two fpet of which car­ rips pay. The gravel In th's claim Is n'ne to twelve feet In depth and carries two to fh'e feet of p:;.y. FourLeen men were employed Curing the summer. ]1'0. 4 above has not been worked since last winter. No.5 above. W. G. S. Hooley. This claim h'ts been worked since last fall. The bedrock is of a soft mlca-sch SL. thirty feet deep. and is found on slabby country rock. which carries pay from one to four fpet In depth. Most of the pay is found In the lower two and one-half feet of gravel. Eleven men worked on th's property last summer. This .,.round Is thawed by' means of cold water forced through a Worthby pump. It has the distinction of bein.,. a drifting claim. having a bedrock drain. From the present drift a drain large enou!!"h for a man to walk through runs to the lower end of the cl"'m. wherE it comes out in a cut twelve feet deep. and through this runs into the creek below. No. 5A above. Samuel Koch. This Is a 25~-foot Iraction. It has been worked continuously since last winter. The bedrock is of a .decomposed . sChIst formation. twenty-four feet below the surface of the claim. One foot of the bedrock carries pay. There are twelve feet of gravel. five _eet containing pay. Three men were employed. The ground wfll be opened up this winter and It Is the intention to fully work It In the spring. No.6. No work was done on this claim during the summer. No.7. Joe Boyle. John Falgo, Antone Noum. There are eighteen to twenty feet of gravel. carrying pay through three or four feet. The bedrock Is of a broken schist, twenty-five feet 42 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS beneath the surface, and one or two feet of this contains pay. Eight men have worked continuously for two seasons on this property. and the same number of men will commue the work th.s winter. Soap Creek Is the left fork of Gold Bottom, entering at No. 10 above. Nos. 5 and 6 Soap Creek-~'11lIam Irwin. John Sullivan, Wl\l­ iam Brooks. Albert Gaibrois and Gottleib Zanbrugg are the ownErS of th:s cla'm. which is twenty-four feet deep and has a bedrock of blue schist. A little work has been done on all the ground from 7 above on Gold Bottom to 13, and from 1 to 10 on Soap Creek. but the pay streak is so narrow and the ground of such low grade that It has virtually been abandoned by the various owners. No.2 below. Gold Bottom. belongs to John McG nty and Chas. Spann. This is the second season they have worked this claim. Ten feet deep; shale bedrock; one and a half feet taken up for pay. Sixteen feet of gravel with no pay except in pockets on bedrock. Quartz deposits are found which carry excxellent pay. One foot of Eoft and one foot of hard bedrock Is taken up for pay. Seven men w~re employed during the summer, and ten men will be employed this winter. No. 10 Soap Creek, Nicholas Graeber and R. A. Tucker­ This is summer ground. It has been worked for three years. Six to twelve feet to bedrock; two feet of bedrock taken uP. of wh :ch one foot is in pay; gravel is Irregular. E'ght men were employed during the summer and a large crew will be worked next year. No.1 below. Alex. McDonald and I. Mone-Just prospected; will probably work next season. No.4 below. James Breslin-worked in '9!!; low grade; work­ ed last wintf'r and will do some work this winter; nine to twelve feet deep. No.7 below. Ole Swanson and Jas. Messenger-Worked con­ tinuously since '99; twenty-two feet deep. An average of four feet of gravf'1 carries pay. Sch:st bearock, carrying pay for one to four feet. i ~ Nos. 8. 9 and 28. owned by J. E. Chovin. Donald McQuaig, .J. R. Murray and J . F. McCrimmins-Twelve to twenty feet deep. At times pay is found in from two to eight feet of gravel. Bedrock is a schistose. with patches of volcanic schist. From one to three feet is taken up for pay. Six men were em­ ployed. The largest nugget found on the creek came from No.9. It is valued at $21.85. No. 28-Will be prospected this winter. No. ]2 below. Porter Kruse and Nick and Gus Kiser-Twen­ ty-five feet deep; shale bedrock; three feet of gravel carrying pay; one to three feet of bedrock in pay; three men employed. Gold Bottom is mined from r to 14 below Discovery, and tram lto 30 from the mouth. No. 24 from the mouth. E. and J. A. Singleton-Staked Sep­ temper 14. 1E96. Th 's is the first work done since 1898. Twelve to twenty-eight feet d~ep . • Eight feet of gravel. two feet of wh 'ch is in pay. Bedrock is a blue decomposed schist. Inter­ spersed with clay and glacial mud. Eighteen inches of the bedrock taken up for pay. From 24 to 19-Work has been done on every claim at some time. but the creek is wide and what pay has been found Is of such low grade that more economical methods than those now employed must be adopted before they can be operated at a profit. No. ]9. lower half. D . M. Lockridge. Jos. La Vergne and J. D. de Mers-\Vorked for the first time this summer; fifteen to twenty feet deep; four feet of gravel, but the pay is not regu­ lar in it. Schist bedrock, of which two and one-half to four feet is taken up for pay. No. ]9. upper half. L . D. Champlain and Ernest Champlain­ 'Ihis ground is similar to the lower half. and while It is not rich. it has sufficient pay to admit of continuous work. The owners work both claims. No. 16, Joseph Lelievier-Owner Is prospecting his ground: No. 13. Dr. LaChappelle owner; Charles Sch:ek and William Stadleman lessN's-This is the first year any altempt has been made to work this ground. which is six to ten feet deep. What prospecting has been done warrants the opening up of the property on a large scale next sprmg. No. 12. J. E. Purcell-The first hole was sunk In July. The ground is from nine to thirty-two feet deep. The bedrock is a mica-schist. one and one-half feet being in pay. Prospecting thls fall has brought excellent results. No.9. Judge Craig. D. W. Davis. C. S. Hamlin. and J. H. Lander-This Is the first year work has been Gone on this property. The pay is found principally In the gravel. These are summer diggings. 12 feet deep. It Is the Intention to work extensively next year. No. SA-Fraction of sixty feet. owned by J. T. Wlndu, Caleb Evans. Tom Pattison, and \Vm. Smith. First work done on the ground this summer; cut 30x30; eight to ten feet deep. The owners of this cla:m touch the keynote, not on.y of the devel­ opment of Gold Bottom. but of many other creeks by declaring that "economy will be the test." No. '6A, W. J. Thompson-First hole sunk this season; twenty-eight feet det:p; will work two men this winter to pros­ pect. No.6. J. H. Lander-Twenty feet deep; three to ten feet of gravel. carrying one to three feet of pay; four men employed. Two-thirds of this claim Is worKed out. No. 5. J. C. Boson-Has worked since '93; twenty-two teet deep; six feet of gravel. three feet in pay. BedrOCK is both hard and soft schist, w:th layers of quartzite. Four men w1ll work this winter. No. 4A Is an elghty-two-toot fraction. the property of George Moore. who bought It at government auct:on. It has been worked continuously since the fall of 1900, and Is similar ground to NO.5. No. 4 Is the property of C. S. Hamlin and W. A. Hamlin. It has been worked almost continuously since 1E97. The work­ ings are twenty feet deep and disclose from four to ten feet of gra .... el. of wh'ch one to three feet carry pay. The bedrock is of a shale and schistose formation and two feet of this bed­ rock are taken up. Four men were employed during the past summer, with the Intention of employing eight this winter. Nos. 1. 2 and 3 have been worked but little SInce 1900. but the owners intend to work the properties out next summer. r A DISTANCE of about seven m'les from tne Yukon BEAR CREEK en­ ters the Klondike from the left lim­ it. Bear Creek was discovered on September 17, 1696, by Solomon Mau­ berg, whose portrait appears in this volume. In 1896. when Mr. l\Iauberg, in company With Wil­ liam Corley and Frank Johnson, polea up from Fortymile. they found Bonanza staked from enu La end and concluded ~o try for a new creek. They arrived on :::ieptember 16 on what they caUed Bear Creek on ac­ count of the constant appearance of bruin. After prospecting on several places they finally found, on what was staked for discovery. a fifteen-cent pan on rimrock. Other pans went as high as $1.25. Mr. Mauberg staked discovery, ·WiIliam Cooley 1 below, and Mr. Johnson 2 below. Bear Creek is about eight miles in length and as It runs in a northerly direction. erosion has not been extensive, and the creek in consequence is a veritable canyon. Bear Creek has been a very good producer and at the close of SOLOMON MAUBhiRG, last summer the fol­ lowing claims were in Jperation. Discovery, the prop­ erty of Mr. Mauberg .lbove referred to, Is summer ground from fourteen to twenty-six feet deep. It contains four feet o . pay grav­ el, and will be thor­ oughly openea by next year. No. 5 above. lower hulf - Edward Wilson !l.nd Alfre .... Nelson are thE' owners. and have both summer and wiri­ ter ground. the former ueing fifteen and the latter thirty feet deep. Cons:derable work was jone last summer, but It.5 in winter time that most of the work 's carried on. On 24 Thomas Chis­ holm was working ten GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 43 men shoveling in from an open cut, and the results of this work were fully up to his expectations. th:s season the following claims were in operation. Discovery, the property of Mr. Mauberg above referred to, is summer ground from fourteen to twenty-six feet deep. It con­ tains four feet of pay gravel, and wlll be thoroughly opened up next year. No. 5 above, lower half-Edward Wilson and Alfred Nelson are the owners. and have both summer and winter ground, the former being fifteen and the latter thirty feet deep. Consider­ able work was done last summer, but it is in winter time that most of the work is carried on. No.5 above, upper half-Frank Nelson, the owner, was only doing dead work in preparing for winter. On 24 Thomas Chisholm was working ten men shoveling In from an open cut. Lindow Creek Is a tributary of Bear Creek. entering on the right limit at 14 above, and attracted considerable attention last spring. A visit to the creek last tall resulted in finding but one claim, number 12, being worked. H. M. King and F. T. Griggs have been working 11 and 12 continuously for two years and re­ port being well satisfied wlth~ the result of their labor. The ground worked last summer is forty feet dep and six men were employed keeping the engineer busy. Nos. 2, 3 and 16 are also owned by these gentlemen, who intend working them this winter. There has been considerable work done on the upper portion of Bear and on Lindow prospecting, but the results were not sufficient to entice fortune hunters. No. 1 below discovery, owned by Robert Hanson and Peter Oxvlg-Until last spri1"g this claim had been only prospected. It was then opened up in an extensive manner and a cut 54x240 was worked out during the summer, which gave employment to from fifteen to twenty men. according to the water supply. The ground Is an average of fourteen feet deep, ten feet of which is gravel. One foot of the schist and three feet of the slate bedrock Is taken up for pay. Twenty-five men will be given employment next summer. No.2 below is owned hy "r. H. Harris and John SI inner. and has been worked continuously since July. 1900. This ground is thirty feet deep and all the pay Is found in three feet of bed­ rock. which Is mostly a slate. Twenty men were employed last summer and it is the intention of the owners to increase this force next year. No. 3 below. M. Christopher-This claim has been mined on a Iimted scale every winter since lE97. but it is the intention of Mr. Christopher. the owner. to work it all out next year, in con­ sequence of wh'ch he has had a 20-horsepower boiler set up on the ground and has made such other preparations as would keep two full crews continuously at work. The ground is twenty-six feet deep and pay Is found at times in five feet of gravel. al­ though It Is not g~neral. thus requiring constant prospecting to keep pace with the "streak." The principal pay is found In two and a half feet of the bedrock. 1'0. 8 below-Charles P. Larson, Oscar Gustafson. Halfdan Grotchler are the owners and did but little work last summer, prefering to work the claim in winter. The pay is found in one foot of bedrock with little or none in the gravel. No. 11 below-P. J. Baldwin. Robert Lee and J. J. Doyle were prospecting the ground that they might block It out for exten­ sive work next year and will install a large plant In the spring. It is thirty feet deep and hllt little pay Is found In the gravel, while three to four feet of bedrock carries good pay. No .. 12 below-Walter Carlyl". Allen Coster and John D. Ryan. These gentlemen are from Australia and the sIgn of "Welcome" over th"ir door Is weather-beaten. They possess a peculiar though fortunate claim In Its having a surface and an under­ ground pay~treak. The "top one" Is eight feet deep. Is easy tn work. as It Is fully thirty feet above the creek and water taken up at No. 10 makes It a ground sluicing propos'tlon. which carries excellent pay. The other paystreak Is found fifty feet depp and has five feet of go~d pay. No. 12A below. Andy Nelson-This Is a ninety-foot fraction and was merely being represe.nted. No. 15 below. Fred Nelson and James Munroe-Th's Is mostly a summer prnposltlon. the best of the grnund being only eight feet deep. although little pay Is found In the gravel, It being principally carried In three feet of bedrock. Nos. 13, 13A and 14, Charles Hilty. a pioneer of 1892. Mr. Hilty has worked this ground since 1897 and has given employ­ ment to ftfteen or twenty men every winter. The ground Is very uneven, varying In depth from two to thirty-five feet. In the deep ground from three to seven feet of bedrock Is taken up. the gravel carrying little or no pay. Asked how his pipe boiler worked, h:s reply was "It gives entire satisfaction." "Do you find good pay?" "I can·t complain," was the answer. "How long before you'll have this ground worked out?" was the next query. "Oh. It will last ten years." Here is a man's character in three answers, patience and contentment, and how seldom we find them. No. 16 below-Louis Hansen purchased the claim In 1900 and has worked it continuously since he became owner. There is both summer and winter ground. That being worked last sum­ mer is from ten to fourteen feet deep. some pay being found In the gravel, but the best pay is in one foot of the schist bedrock, which on account of its wavey character requires the removal at times of six and seven feet. The winter ground Is thirty feet deep. No. 17 below, James Butler·-There is one thing which strikes the visitor to this claim, at the first glance, I. e., the rapidity with which the great amount of dirt goes to the sluice box. Upon Investigation it is found to be one in common use, pole trlicks leading from the bottom of the shaft to the face of the drift upon which trucks carrying the buckets-whic" are whisky barrels with one-third cut off-are run back and forth. 'The secret of success of this method on this claim and one the Im­ portance of which cannot be lost. is the hoisting and lowering of the bucket. Instead of a wheezy little engine. puffing In its endeavor to wrestle the bucket to the top. it is brought to the surface with a speed that to the uninitiated looks like a start for the moon. A rope, suspended from the end of which Is a tripod, and which hangs directly and about four feet over the dump box, itself being only eight feet from the shaft. has a hook on the end which a workman hastily hooks onto the bail of the bucket. The hoist is slacked. the bucket swings over the dump box, a clutch Is loosened on the side. the bucket dumps and rights itself and with a slight tightening of the hoist Is pulled back to the shaft, the hook taken from the ball and the bucket descends-it drops. 'fhe shaft is s;xty feet deep, and the writer saw buckets hOisted, dumped and back in the bottom of the shaft in fifteen seconds. Not only is it the hoist ·and drop of the bucket that tends to make the metho:l such an admirable system, but it is its perfection in thc hands of workmen receiv­ ing the highest of wages, and who are miners by trade, not by occupation. Mr. Butier employed fifteen men last summer, and at times more, according to the water supply. From one to six feet of the black schist bedrock carries pay, and a great portion of the gravel. which at times is twelve feet deep. No. 18 below is owned by S. S. Sears. who was represented by E. Anderson last summer. Only a small amount of work was done. Nos. 19 and 20. Thomas J. Iilparks. A. D. Field and Frank Mc­ Candless-These two claims are on the Klondike flat proper. but follow the old Bear Creek channel. The ground is from eighteen to twenty feet deep and. as Mr. Sparks says. "Consists mostly of gravel and water." In fact. 30 much of the latter is found that a six-inch Snow pump is kept !ontinually going. the water being used for sluiCing. The ground is all thawed and it is nec­ essary to timber. Two boilers. one a locomotive type of 25-horse­ power. and al' upright of 15-horsepower. are in use. A 12-horse­ power Peerless engine hoists 600 wheelbarrows of pay dirt per diem. A crew of twenty men were employed last summer and it Is the owners' Intention to put at least thirty men to work next summer. The bedrock is a slate and schist. A concession on Bear Creek has retarded prospecting on the benches and in only a few places is there any development work going on. and then only on a small scale. On the upper half of hillside claim No.3 on the left limit of a pup which enters Bear at No.1 below on the left limit. Peri Traftla. Max Landreville, O. Blnlt and Narcissus Hubert have made an open cut forty feet long In an endeavor to thoroughly prospect the body of "White Channel" gravel found, but nothing suggestive of good pay has as yet been struck. On the lower half of this claim Jeffres Baril has also' pros­ pected to a considerable extent. On Discovery Pup some little prospecting has been done and the finding of a I;ood pan has caused quite a flurry on sev­ eral occasions. All in all. Bear Creek has been a good producer; yet there are disappointments recorded, but that Is an evil which exists on all the creeks In all mining countries-In life. Wood is plentiful as yet and the only features of complaint Is the lack of water In July, and the total absence of a trail, the one the non-action of the elements-the other non-action of the governmeut. 44 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS INDIAN RIVER MINING DIVISION A DETAILED WRITE-UP OF DOMINION GOLD RUN AND SULPHUR CREEKS. JA ROAD and bounteous Do­ minion Creek. No stream In the country has the demonstrated length or pay streak that is possessed by DominI­ on Creek. Commencing almost at the extreme head, ." the flanking spurs of the Dome, the pay follows the tortu­ ous windings of the creek for a known dis­ tance of t h i r t y-flve miles, ana the prospect­ ing now going on may show it to possess a greater length. Its width has never been determined with sufficient accuracy to form a just estimate, but In the opinion of those best acquainted with the creek it approximates 500 teet, sometimes following one limit of the creek and sometimes the other. In very few places can the pay of Dominion be caUed excep­ tionaUy rich, when compared with such streams as Eldorado, but It Is uniform enough and great enough to yield a handsome prof­ it on the work done and the vast extent of pay possessed as­ sures a steady and continuous supply of the precious metal. In the three years that it has been worked, Dominion has annu­ aUy produced from $2,500,000 to $4,000,000. The n"w discoverie8 along the lower reaches of the creek near the mouth of Gold Run, wUl likely augment the output considerably In anoth­ er season, as they are attracting the attention of miners from all parts of the dlstr:ct. There are two discoveries on Dominion Creek due to the fact. that the two stakers toth claimed priority In the discovery of gold and priority In staking. These discoveries are the size of ordinary creek claims, are five miles apart and are designated as "Upper Discovery" and "Lower Discovery." Albert Fortier (Hootch Albert) was the first man to find gold on Dominion. During the faU of 1896 after Cormack had dis­ covered gold on Bonanza Hootch Albert prospected on lower discovery and found prospects on rimrock. No recording was done for the reason that Albert and his party Intended to sink to bedrock the next spring. The other members of hiR party were Camille Corbeil, Frank Pljon and Max Landrevllle. At approximately the same time another party composed of Tim ConoUy. Mr. Dnieper. Louis Corkey and a few others caused a stampede to the ground around upper discovery, but Hootch Albert's party rushed to lower discovery to stake. No double claims were allowed, but discovery was recorded for both parties. ..' The first winter work was done on No.2 below Lower, where the owners had out by far the largest dump on the creek. E. Alexander. of No. 31 below Upper, was also among the first to do extensive winter work; but No.2 seems to hold the palm as to amount of work done as well as the results of the work. Pans were found which showed $5.00 and $10.00, causing great ex­ citement on the entire creek. At the present writing in view of the results of the work that has been done the best claims on the entire creek are by con­ census of opinion decided to te Nos. 3, 4, 5, 29, 31, 34, 35 and 36 below Upper and No. 10 above Lower. No. 4 below Upper was formerly owned by Harry Ash, who sold it for a yery big figure. Had there be!?n a sufficient supply of water during the past summer for sluicing purposes. the creek would have a differ­ ent .story to tell; but even as .It Is the story Is not a bad one. The upper d'scovery claims employed 159 miners, while those connected with lower discovery worked crews aggregating a total of roo men. making 525 miners on the entire creek. This force will be inrceased during the winter. as many owners will produce big dumps for the spring cleanup. having lost faith In the reliability of the water supply during the summer time. The.·clalms numbered both ways from upper discovery were no.t worked during the past summer to the extent that· was an­ ticipated In the early part of the seaEon because of the serious Jack of water. Many owners had made extensive preparations to summer sluice, and Intended employing large forces of men, but when they found that they could not even get an ordinary slulcehead along the upper reaches of the stream they suspend- ed further ettort until the winter season, and are now taking out large dumps for the early spring washup. Above upper discovery only five claims were operated to any considerable extent, but high up the stream several men have been prospecting the ground, meeting with more or less success In locating the pay. Some prospecting was alEO done along the left limit benches and It Is claimed that pay has been found In several shafts. On No.3 above Upper, owned by Alex. McDonald, eight men were employed, using a steam hoist that raises 10-pan buckets from a 2O-foot bedrock. These buckets are slu:ced as they are taken out. The pay here Is along the right limit of the stream and has been determined to be over 150 feet. On the left hillside' opposite 3 Gus Chisholm has sunk a shaft twenty-eight feet to bedrock to prospect the ground and has struck some good pay. On 2A In the creek, owned by Fred Murbach, a steam thaw­ er was used and three men employed. Winter work was Intend­ ed on this claim along the right limit. On No.4, owned by McDonald & Ch!sholm. two men were holsUng and sluicing along the right limit, Intending after the freezeup to commence winter work with an Increased crew. No. 5 Is held under a lay by George Gillespie and Harry Berry, who will work It this winter. These gentlemen had a lay on No.7, where they did summer sluicing with eight men, holst­ ID.g the gravel from an open cut Into the sluices. They used a steam thawer In the operation. On upper discovery claim Jack Cortson, the owner, Intended during the latter part of the summer to s'nk two holes along the left limit to ascertain If there Is a run CJf pay on that side of the creek. and If successful to operate during the winter. Along the right limit there Is a small section of breast left along the bank that Is still virgin ground, and which will lIIeely be worked ott next season. As distance down the creek Is attained the work becomes more general and regular. Of the first ten claims below upper discovery five were operated with big steam plants and large crews of men. Nearly all these claims are equipped with pumps to elevate their slulceheads to high flumes. so that they have .leen enabled to work continuously. where claims not so equipped llave been compelled to remain Idle. Casper Ellinger, owner of 2 below l!pper. has gone outSide, but five of his employees have repaired and relayed the big flume that furnishes the claim with water from No.1 above. H'! will probably do some winter work. but Intends slulcln!\' on an extensive scale next summer. A large area of gronnd has been stripped to prepare It for next summer's work. On 3 below three men ha,-e been hoisting and slulclno: all summer and on 4 below five men were employed, using a steam thawer. On 5, own('d by Sam B. Nichols. there were six men working In an open cut on the left limit. the paystrenk havin,!, switched across the creek just above this pOint. Mr. Nichols acquired th's claim by purchase. He Is a native of GermAny and came to the Yukon from Juneau in 1894. He was In the Birch Cr~ek dlgo:ln'I'B when gold was first found In the Klondike. In addition to No. 5 below Upper he owns No. 1 above Upper. which he worked during the summer by means of an open-cut And which he In­ tended to work thls winter. This property Is s'xteen feet to bed­ rock and carries very coarse gold. No.5 wl11 not be Worked this wJntE'r. The hlJlslde on the IE'ft.lImit oppoplte No 5 below ... t'lkE'd by Witham February 6. lF98. Is the propE'rty of Dave Stradberg, J. A. Lund and A. MathE'son. During the summer this property was worked by a crew of five men. operatIng an open cut from rimrock In. Large cars carry the dirt from the face of the Cllt over a 1OO-yard track to sluIce boxes phced In the creek bE'd. The pay Is found chiefly on bedrock. but three f~pt of the gravel be­ Ing rich enough to justify being run through the sluice boxes. The property was acquired by purchase. One of the laro:~pt. If not the VE'ry hUe'P,t nuge'pt ever found on Domlnlnn was picked up by Mr. McAlpin on the property adjolnlno: this claim. It wplah .. d $.~20.'n!!C the gold worth $16 an ounce. This hl11slde will be worked this winter. No.6 below Upper. creek. was worked all summer with an 18- horSepower boiler and a 14-horsepower en!!1ne. The claim Is owned by McGregor & Bliss, who operated by the open-cut method. On No.8 below Upper twelve men have been employed, oper­ ating systematlcaJly. by drifting and steam poInt thawlnsr. The manager of operations here was for several years In the employ GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 45 of the Selby Smelting Works and a careful examination of his nlanner of mining wOl.lld be a good object lesEon to many of the so-called miners in the Yukon. He has contrived a barrel amal­ &amator to separate all gold from the black sand, and he also uses silver platE:d copper plates and quicksilver to collect the gold after the black sand has passed through the amalgamator. A 12-horsepower bOiler operates two small engines; and a steam hoist, centrifugal pump and other modern mining appliances find a place in the plant he has install~d on this claim. Winter work was intended. On 7 below Upper elgnt men have been hoisting with a steam plant all summer, using a derrick in the operation and handling considerable ground In the course of a day. Some winter work will likely be done on this clain). Only representation work was done on NO.9 below Upper and the hillside oppos:te. A 15-horsepower boiler and 6-horsepower engine were Installed on the creek property and winter w('rk was Intended to be done. From No.9 below the pay seems to cling to the left limit hillsides. and considerable summer work has been done all along the creek at but a fE:W feet elevation above the creek claims. The hillside opposite the upper one-half of No. 10 below Up­ per, which was stakfd by Jack Cavenaugh In June, 1898, and which is now the property of Coffin, Mathiesen and Moran. has been operated all summer by ground sluicing, The water Is ob­ tained by ditching over a half mile from Remington, wh :ch en­ terl!l Dominion at No. G below Upper. The surface Is all ground sluiced, only from six to eight inches beln~ shoveled Into the DOMINIOff CRt[K boxes. By this method about i5x200 feet of ground have been worked during the summer at a cost far below the ordinary method. No work will be done this w.nter. 'l'he working is not due to the location or surroundings of the prop­ erty, but may be attributed solely to the ingenuny of the own­ ers. Mr. F. P. Matthiesen came to Dawson from Seattle in 1b97 and immediately plunged into mining. He was on UUllJ .t1 , for two years, since wlLch time he has been on th .s property. His partners are no less rustlers than he. 1 '. F. Coffin braved the Prince Albert route into the country, and after enduring almost unprecedented hardships for a year he arrived at his goal-Dawson and the Klondike. Martin Moran is a hardy Call­ fornia miner from Needles. A number of these hillside properties - from the claim just described down Domin:on are owned by McAlpin and Mrs. Wiley and are operated by the same method. '1 hey are all good pro­ ducers. But little work was done last summer, and as they are strictly summer uiggings, no winter work will be done. Creek claim No. 12 has done no work other than representa­ tion. No. 13 was not worked during the past summer, but will be operated this winter by the new owners, who purchased during the latter part of the summer. No. 14 below Upper, creek ,was worked all summer, and win­ ter work was intendE:d. Bedrock is four feE:t below the level of the water in the creek and working is difficult In summer on account of seepage. Mr. Charles Grill, the owner, will put In a water wheel and Chinese pump during the winter and thus 46 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS be prepared to contend with thp. water next summer. The pay here is far over to the left limit, and about $10 an hour to the shovel is obtained. Single pans often show from $1 to $2. Flume hose is used to convey the water to the workings. Mr. Grill, the owner, is a native of Germany, but for many years has been a citizen of the United States. He served seven years as a sol­ dier in the Fourth and Seventh cavalry, at the Presidio, Cali­ fornia. He came to the Klondike in IS9~ and has been very suc­ cessful in mining, to which he has given all his attention and endeavors. No. 15 is worked by the "~ourdough" method and is about one-half worked out. It is still the property of Judge Munney. W. Wissing, who owns No. 16, is working with a 15-horse­ power boiler. He stak€d the claim August 15, 1897, and has own­ t:d it ever since. In audition to working the property Mr. \-Vis­ sing has built a dam on the claim with a ditch by means of which he supplies the lower claims with water at a fixed price per hour. This dam and ditch have been the source of a good revenue to him. No. 17 below Upper is worked by drifting, a 10-horsepower boiler with steam points being used for thawing, and the dirt being hoisted by means of the old-time hand windlass. Five men have been kept busy all summer, sluicing in the creek bed and leaving the tailings in the creek. The owners of this prop­ uty are A. Ainaly, J . Suntala, J. Wilson, A. Nieme and John Jondla. About one-half of creek claim No. 18 below Upper is worked out, but work has been carried on all summer, using a 20-horse­ power boiler and ten men. Fifteen men will be employed all winter and a 10-horsepower engine with friction hoist, trolley and self dumper will be installed. The manner of operating is by drifting; the character of the bedrock is mica schist, decom­ posed on top; and the depth of the workings is twp.nty-five feet. Two feet of bedrock are taken up and the gold obtained is coarse, assaying $16.84. R. 'I'imm and G. Gustafson, the owners, say that the dump they will take out this winter will be tho admiration of the creek next spring. J. Mayerhofer and Henderson brothers, who have No. 19, have divided the claim between them, Mayerhofer taking the upper one-half and Henderson brothers the lower. During the summer five men were employed on the upper half while six were employed on the lower. One steam plant answered for both halves. but another plant will be installed. Both are be­ ing worked this winter. No. 20 has been operated all summer and will be worked this ' winter. No. 21 below Upper, creek claim. now the property of Stew­ art Barnes, was staked by George Moore in June, 1897. Durin/{ the past summer it has been worked on a lay by Mike Sullivall WI1'IIDLASSING ON uPPER DOMINION. Photo o)y uoetzman. and \Villiam McGonagle, who have used a 12-horsepower boiler. Mr. Sullivan expressed it to the News representative as his in­ tention to operate full blast this winter. The claim is twpnty­ five to thirty feet to bedrock. Both Sullivan and McGonagle are experienced miners and the claim bespeaks their skill in operat­ Ing. Mr. Sullivan came to the Klondike in 1898 from California, where he had spent many years In the mines. He also had experience as a miner In Montana before going to Callfornla. His partner, like himself, is of Irish birth and parentage and came to this country from Caliofrnla. 'I'heir work on No. 21 has yielded them handsome financial returns. No. 22 is owned by "Kelly the Spieler," an interesting charac­ ter, whose life Is full of sunshine and whose conversation Is fragrant with fiowery figures and bright with witty epigrams, NO. 24 BELOW UPPER, DOMINiON. Lars & Duclos Photo. James T. Kelly has the wit of his nationality. His happiness and JOViality are only reflections of hiS l:fe at home, where, with his good wife and cooing baby Barbara, born on the claim, he becomes saturated w,th happiness. His fund of funny stories and amusing anecdotes is inexhaustible, and he is a born enter­ tainer. The writer once had the pleasure of travel ing by stage from Dawson to Dominion with him, and the trip which would otherwise have been wearisome was made pleasant indeed by his reCitations, songs, stories and anecdotes-all given in his light, happy, sunshiny way. Mr. Kelly came to the Klondike from Carlonville, Maconpin Co., Illinois, in the spring of 1897, ahead of the big rush. His wife, formerly Miss Quinn, of Toronto, is with him in his home on the claim. Baby Barbara, the l;ttle one( is about a year old, and her bright eyes and happy laugh are like sunsh:ne during Mrs. Kelly, like her husband, is an excellent entertainer and the dishes prepar€d by her own hands would gladden the heart of an epicure. For all of this the writer is preparel- to vouch, he ha~ing had the goo:i fortune to dine at the family board. the dark days of winter. Mr. Kelly sometimes writes in verse and the lucky pan ($90) found the day baby Barbara was born caused 'him to pen these pretty verses:- Our darling baby still thriv~s apace, Cherubic in form, sweetly fair of face; Sunbeams aglit in her golden huir- (And a yell that makes her old daddy swear). With wide wonder eyes of azure hue, And a cooing voice with its "goo-goo-goo"­ Yea, verily, a baby is a wondrous thing, Forsooth. each one doth a blessing bring. Nothing more remains to be said of this homelike home, or of the happy three within it, except that the home is like the oasis in the desert-everyone Is happy and good-natured while there. The claim (No. 22) Is systematically worked both summer and winter. The plant consists of a 35-horsepower boiler, a hoist and a f)-inch centrifugal pump furnishing two sluiceheads. The boiler is an "economic pattern, return fiue, tubular, fire box boiler," and was purchased at a cost of $5,000. Twelve men h' been emp~oyed all summer and an equal force will work this win­ ter. The accompanying photo engraving shows the mine in foil operation. Mr. Kelly will also operate creek claim No. 21 with a steam hoist and thawing plant. It was staked originally by Pat Lynch and is now owned by Kelly and Charles Johnson. Other properties owned by Mr. Kelly are 172 below Lower, an undivided half of 249 below Lower, No.1 Steel's Fork, ODe- GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 47 ~O. 22 _~LOW UPPER. DOMINION . .r roperty of J. T. Kel. J • half of No. 4 on Mint Gulch, Hunker, and an interest in discov­ ery on Montana Creek. Mr. Kelly tells an interesting story of No. 13 above upper discovery all leading up to the famous Royal Commission. His story is as follows: ·'No. 13 was originally staked by H. J. Burt, the packer, but he having ldt the country, It lapsed by non-representation and was subject to relocation under the proclamation of Gold Com­ missioner Fawcett. Burt's title to the property lapsed at mid­ night August 31, 1E9S. and Mrs. J. T. Kelly and Mrs. E. P. Minor were on the ground ready with stakes prepared beforehand. At exactly midnight they drove their stakes, Mrs. Kelly -staking the lower half and Mrs. Minor the upper half. Alex. McDonald held Burt's note for $2.000 and it was alleged he was given permission to relocate this ground. The relocation was made by Alex's brother Donald McDonald. the staking, however. being a few minutes subsequent to the staking by the ladies. The ladies. by having provided horses near the claim and a boat at the mouth of Hunker. outstr'pped Mr. McDonald in the race for this property, he having chosen the Bonanza trail overland. Although both their staking and their appllcat'on for record were prior to McDonald·s. Fawcett refused to allow them to record. His reason for refusing being that he recognized Mc­ Donald's right to relocate. On October 11 the ladies compro­ mised with the McDonald Interests and were permitted to re­ cord. Through th's claim and through these facts came about the famous Minor Case. which resulted in the Royal Commis­ sion being appointed to examine Commissioner Faucett's case. Mr. Faucett was afterward dismissed from the office of Gold Commissioner. " No. 24 below Upper. staked by Louis Corcus July 31. 1897. Is now owned by Robert Smith, James Wilkinson. A. Sm'th and J. McNeill. They also own No. 25 below Upper and the right limit hlllside opposite No. 24. The gold along this part of the creek assays $17,25, and is fairly coarse; the depth of the workings be­ Ing t", .. enty to twenty-five feet. A small crew has been at work all summer operating a double hoist tn a single shaft. A 10- horsepower boiler is used for steam po:nt thaw ing. Drifting IS the method fOllowed and work on a small scale will progress this winter. Mr. Smith, when interviewed by the writer. said : "I came to the Klondike from Sacramento. CaLfornia. and my partners are all from the same place and arrived in Dawson with me in June. 1898. \Ve have been assoc :ated in m in ng ever since our arrival and our assoclation has greatly assisted us in our different mining enterprises. We have all done well. and have no cause to complain." Thomas Faucrault is owner of No. 27A, upon which is a 10- horsepower bo]er. No. 28. now owned by an English syndicate. is being worked to a small extent on the upper half. 'Ihis claim is the site of Caribou City. the ch'ef business center for the creeks beyond thn Dome. The accompanying engravings show Caribou City as it appeared last summer. The princ 'pal build 'ngs are the hotels mentioned hereafter. The town also has its doctor. dent :st. res­ taurants. etc. As the stage from Dawson approaches the town of CaribOll City on Dominion Creek the first sight th3.t greets one's eyes after the rough mountain ride is a large sign. painted in bold black letters which reads: "GOLD RUN HOTEL." The driver cracks his wh'p. turns a sharp corner and stops short in front of the Gold Run Hotel and stables. Tllis is where the stage "puts up." for all stage men know where to find the best treatment and where to get the most for their money. In exterior finish the lrold Run Hotel is not elegant. but when one steps inside everything Is different. Mr. Fowle. the geni­ al proprietor. is always at the door to greet you with a hearty welcome. and to make you feel perfectly at home. This he knows how to do without seeming to inconvenience himself In the least. The hotel Is bright and cheerful. and is kept neat. clean and comfortable. It contains a bunk house, and several bedrooms for the accommodation of those desiring private rooms. Three carefully furnished cabins adjacent to the hotel aro 48 THE DA \VSON DAILY NE'VS also at the disposal of guests desiring particular quiet nnd Be­ clunion. The dining room Is cheerful and the tables are laden with the best the market affords. Mr. Fowl" believes that his guests appreciate good things. and he consequently orders th~ best quality. of gcods and employs a cook who Is a master of the culinary art. The parlor though neither elegant nor gorgeous Is all th:l.t could be expected in the Klondike. In add :tion to the above mentioned features Gold Run Hotel possesses a card room. a. bath rOJm for the use of guests. a pub­ lic telephone, a feed stable for stock and a bar wh:ch dis­ penses the best brands of liquors In the market. J. R. Fowle. the proprietor. is well known throughout the whole of the Klondike country. He came to the Klondike from Portland in 1E98. In October, 1900. he purchased the Gold Run Hotel. His vast circle of friends and a nature full of bonhomme. together with his close attention to business have resulted In the Gold Run Hotel'S becoming one of the most popular resorts on Dominion. The Caribou Hotel is central in location and in structure it Is superior to any. It possesses a larger number of private rooms and the largest bunk room in Caribou. The whole build­ Ing has a floor space of 1.875 square feet and Is two stories high. It Is provided w:th bar. bath room. dining room. kitchen. card room and a well equipped feed stable. where stock are carefully provided with food and shelter .. GOLD RUN HOT~L, CARIBO .... ,-.l'Y. Ryan Photo. Several private cabins adjacent to the hotel have been nicE-Iy furnished for the accommodation of guests desiring Quiet and cozy apartments. These are rented at reasonable rates. The dining room service at th 's hotel is good. A past master of the culinary art superintends the cooking and is provided with the best supplies the market affords. As for treatment guests could not possibly fare better. The proprietors. G. M. Calligan and P. F. McDonald. are natural en­ tertainers and are always on hand ready to give a stranger a hearty welcome. The sleeping apartments are kept scrupulously clean. The bar dispenses nothing but the best brands of liquors. and the fact that Messrs. Call'gan & McDonald are the man­ agers assures the public that the bar has a large patronage. Both proprietors came into the Klondike from Everett. "'ash .. in the spring of 11)98, and are well known throughout the Klondike. P. F. McDonald may be remembered In connection with the Gold Hill Hotel at Grand Forks, where he was located for near­ ly a year. G. M. Calligan Is well known In mining circles. He was own­ er of one of the best bench claims on King Solomon Hill. oppo­ site Ko. 20 below on Bonanza. His home Is in Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin. Both of these gentlemen are representative men of the Klon­ dlke. The Driard Hotel is no less deserving of attention than tho two Just mentioned. The bulldlng Is a two-story structure with CARIBOU (;lTY. Ryan Photo. ten-foot ceilings and a floor space 70x::lO feet. Thomas H. White, of the firm of White Bros., freighters, saw the possibilides of Caribou and in 11)99 he formed a partnership with Mrs. Nita Brundage and built the hotel. Tnere are eight rooms in the main bUilding and a bunk room for twelve people. The parlor and social hall are tastefully furnished and the bath room and card room are valuable adjuncts'. 'Vithin a convenient distance of the hotb. is a commodious barn capable of properly housing sixteen horses. Also adjacent to the hotel Is a fine cabin with parlor ana three cozy bedrooms for the convenience of guests deSiring qu._t and seclusion. Mrs. Brundage came to the Klondike from Costa Rica In 1898 and opened the first bath room at Grand Forks. She and J.\lr. White es­ tablished the Driard In 1E99 and nave been the proprietors continuously ever since. The hotel enjoys an enviable patronage. Nos. 29 and 30 below Upper have only been worked in a small way during the summer. No. 29 is owned by Stewart and N. Huot, and 30. which was locatea by Charles Brennan, now belongs to Napoleon Stewart. On 31 a large crew were employed working from an open cut twenty-two feeL deep, the dirt being disposed of by being hoisted to high sluices supplied wit.l a full head of water by a pumping plant. The tailings are removed by CARIBOU CITY, LOOKING DOWN DOMINION. means of a horse and scraper and the cut is kept dry by a du­ plex pump. Two bollers do the work-the larger being I6-horse- GOLDltN CLEA N-UP EDITION. 49 power and the smaller IS-horsepower. The hoist, trolley carriage and self-oumper operate perfectly. The owners are L. Pond, formerly of California; C. De Long, of "\Vashington; Peter Davidson, of Ontario. and G. H. Baker, of Victoria. They will not work the claim this winter. Among the group of claims shown in the photoengraving elsewhere in this volume is a picture of this property, showing, among other things, the horse and scraper. the immense dump of pay dirt and the owners. The work on No. 31 uas been skill­ fully and systematically performed, and the net income re­ sulting therefrom has been large. No. 32 was originally lo'cated by Jack Brothers. who came into the Klondike as a member of the North West M.ounted Po­ lice Captain Constantine. who brought the first detachment of pol1ce to Dawson. In 1899 he .eft fo'r the outs:de and joined the forces against the .i:Soers. He was killed soon after reaching' the field of battle-I900. . . The claim Is now the property ' of A. l"arut and L. Palliard. Sixteen men have worked all summer in an open cut twenty feet deep over to the left limit of the Claim. One 10 and one 2O-horsepower boiler and a 6-horsepower engine operate a hoist with trolley and self.."oumper. and a 5-lnch or 6-inch centrifu­ gal pump, which elevates the water to a height of twenty feet. The pay Is good. Dugal McCarty. the staker of No. 33 below Upper Discovery. sold to Andy Nelson and H. N. Coleman. who have been working ten men on the left limit. An open cut 40x50x12 feet has been worked. and from it tunnels have been run. A centrifugal pump keeps the cut dry and elevates the water to the sluice boxes. The plant consists of a 15-horsepower bo!ler and an 8- horsepower engine. CARIBeu HOTEL. CARIBOU CITY. Ryan Photo. No. 34. now the property of Andy Nelson. has produced a large amount of gold. The plant by which the Claim is operated consists of a 25-horsepower boller, a 10-horsepower engine and a 10-inch pump. holst and dumpers, and sixteen men have been kept busy all summer. Lucile Ell:ott formerly owned a half interest in this property. but she sold it to Andy for $15,000. uuring the winter of 1900-1. On June 10. 1897, John .dranm staked No. 35 below Upper, now the property of Stewart Brothers and Huot. who purchased it in July, 1898. The claim is llOOx604 feet, is seven feet to bedrock at the creek, Increasing to eighteen feet on the left limit. The work done during the summer just Ilast was accomplished by drifting. but the work over on the right limit will ue open cut. In addition to this claim the owners will also work No. 29 and 30 below Upper-both good properties . . 'lhe grounu on the right limit of 35 was carefully stripped during last summer. and will be ground-sluiced as soon as the warm season arrives. The ground between the creek and the stripped ground on the right limit will be worked by open cuts. Adjoining No. 35 is a 120- foot fraction, known as No. 35A. belonging to the owners of No. 35. The work done during the past summer was accom­ plished by using an expensive and up-to-date plant. The boiler is a 25-horsepower and the engine is 12-horsepower. The shaft trom which the dirt is hoisted is double and two cages. operat­ Ing like the cages In a modern elevator. bring up the dirt in wheelbarrows. Men In the mine wheel the barrows into the cage, and others at the top of the shaft wheel the dirt to the sluice boxes In summer. and to the dump In winter. The tailings are disposed of by means of a scraper drawn by two horses. By means of the double cage wheelbarrow hoist, above delcribed. a larle amount of dirt Is elevated. Durin&, the summer an average of 600 wheelbarrows a day was attained. The cleanup, which occurred every two or three days, showed an average of nearly $1 to the wheelbarrow. The gold is coarse and is found in three or four feet of gravel, and also in a few inches of bedrock. Bedrock Is a shattered slate. The owners ot this valuable property are H. A. Stewart, A. L. Stewart and Napoleon G. Huot. and the manner in which they have worked their ground is deserving of praise. Here the numbering of the claims changes from . below Up­ per" to "above Lower." No. 13 above Lower is the property of E. A. Mizner, and has not been worked since the winter of 1900. The creek claim No. 12 above lower and the hillside opposite the upper half belong to the owners of No. 32 below Upper. The former was worked all last summer. C. W . Hall. M. E. Duffey ,C. H. Rossevind and R. Rossevlnd own No. 11 above Lower. which was first located by C. W. Hall. This claim was worked by drifting, a 15-horsepower boiler being used in the operation. Fourteen men were worked during the summer, but the intention was to suspend operations this win­ ter. No. 11A, a 250-foot fraction, originally staked by Peter Boe­ man and now owned by "Happy Jack" Phelix, has not been worked since last winter. "Dut~h Bill" (William Lachnit) staked No. 10 above Lower, which now belongs to Ames, Starke and Holst. and was worked during the past summer by a gang of sixteen men, who used a 25-horsepower boiler, a 15-horsepower engine, a 7-inch centrifugal pump, a steam hoist and points for thawing. operating . by underground drifting. The claim is forty feet to bedrock 'on the left limit and ten feet near the creek. It will not be worked this winter with the exception of a little lay work on a strip of ground between the two old drifts. . No. 9A above Lower has worked eight men all sum­ mer. ..t was first located by Powell Danehart. but is now owned by the N. A. T. & T. Company. Jewell and Torn­ ley. The depth of the workings corresponds to that of the last claim described, and the plant consists of a 15- horsepower and a 20-horsepower boiler and an 8-horse­ power engine operating a steam hoist with self-dumper. No. 9 above Lower was not worked last summer ex­ cept to sluice up the winter's dump. The owners expect­ ed to work this winter. No. 8 was staked by Henry Bernard and belongs to William Cassidy and V. Sebille. Nine men worked it last summer from July on by means of an open cut ten feet deep on the right limit of the claim. The waste is handled with scrapers and the pay is hoisted in cars up an inclined tramway to the sluice boxes. Winter work was intended. On the right limit hillside no work other than representation was done. No. 8A was worked during the summer by Mr. Pres­ wood, the owner, bUl will not be worked this winter. The summer work emplo:red sixteen men working on toe right limit in an open cut from seven to twelve feet deep. A cut 60xl50 feet was worked out. The property of Judge Dugas, a 450-foot fraction known as "7A above Lower." was worked on a small scale under a lay lease by J. A. Stone. NO.7 above Lower, creek, originally staked by Jack Dono­ van in 1897, is now the property of Joe Burke. It has been work­ ed on a lay all summer by J. A. Stone. of Pierce County. Wash­ ington, who employed twenty-one men and worked them in drfts, that being the most economcal way of operating. Steam thawing is used. Mr. Stone owns the right limit hllside oppo­ s:te the lower half of No.7 and also the four adjoning hillsides above it. They are all to be worked this winter. Pay has al­ ready been demonstrated to extend from the rim back 250 feet into the 11 ill. This, together with the width of the creek pay. constitutes the widest paystreak on Dominion. Bedrock near the rim is found at a depth of seventeen feet, but increases to thirty-five feet at the back. The gold found on the rim is fine, but as one goes back farther into the channel it becomes coarser and coarser-at times containing some very nice though small nuggets. Mr. Stone was the first man to locate pay on the right limit hillsides of Dominion. He took out $4.500 from No.7 hillside last winter and found that there are from three anc1 one-halt to five feet of pay extending two feet into the decom­ posed granite bedrock. Mr. Stone was the builder and owner of the Selah Valley Irrigation Ditch in the State of Washington. U. S. A .• twenty­ eight mlles In length, which took water from the Natches River and conducted It across the summit Into the Selah Valley. Over 600 people are now dependent upon this ditch for water. Mr. Stone came Into the country during the winter of 1897-8. 50 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS NO. 7 ABO V'E. I.-OWER DOMINION. Larss & Duclos Photo. He has two sons with him on the claim; the younger. Allan. be­ ing ten years old, and the older, William, twenty-three. The accompanying photo-engraving shows Mr. Stone and the workmen on No. 7 above. The boy with the gold pan is probably the youngest miner and layman in the Yukon. Dur­ ing the winter of 1900-1 he panned out $260 bseide paying $100 for a half interest in a claim on Ophir Creek. He took a lay on the claim shown in the picture and with two men in his employ at $8 a day he got a hole down to bedrock. Howevre, just at the time he reached bedrock his mother forced him to go out of the country with her to attend school. He cried be­ cause he had to give up the layout of which he would prob­ ably have cleaned up $2,000. Before leaving he called his father to one side and said: "Papa, in working that ground keep that little Frenchman. He's the best worker on the claim-he can handle more dirt in a day than any of them." This one quota­ tion is an index to his whole character. Although in years only a boy. in business ilnd money-making he was as wise or wiser than most men. Another little inci~ent will show the same trait. A waste dump on the claim had been undisturbed for some time and the boy one day tried a pan of dirt. He then went to his father and said: "Papa, what will you take for that dump?" "Oh." said his father, "that's no good. You can have it." The boy hired a man at $8 a day to shovel into a sluice box which he had prepaled. After a week's work the cleanup showed a net profit of over $17 a day. Allan, though a boy in every other way, is a man in money­ making. No. 6 above Lower is the property of "Ed" Lewin and was worked last winter and last summer with t!le intention of working this winter. The work has been under the supervi­ sion of Mr. Fairchild. No.5 above Lower, creek. is the property of Henry Baatz, who bought in April last. Mr. Baatz was In Seattle when the claim was offered for sale. He had never seen the property, but he knew that claims in that vicinity were valuable so he purchased on general princIples. During the past summer he has had three men at work prospecting the property with the result that good pay has been located. The gold is coarse, and Mr. Baatz showed the writer a. nice little nugget found while prospecting. Mr. Baatz is a native of G. D. Luxemburg, and is thirty-two years of age. He came to the Klondike in the summer of 1897 from Helena, Montana, where he mined both placer and quartz. Mr. Baatz at one time owned the h:Ilside righL llmi~ opposite the lower half of No.7 below on Hunker, but, after being twice robbed of his outfit he sold one-half for $500 in the fall of 1898. In 1900 he sold the remaining half for $10,000. No. 4 above Is owned by Hans Starke, James Bullard and James Menzy. The claim was prospected this summer and some sluIcing was done on the left limit. The hillside opposite No.3, formerly owned by C;. M. Carlos and G. W. Foss, has been purchased by Chris Pasquan and George Gaidos, the present owners. The claim is about half worked out. Bedrock as to depth varies from one to eight feet; the gold found Is flne; and the manner of operating Is by open cut. No.3, creek, belongs to C. M. Carlos, of California, and G. W. Foss, of Altoona, Pa. The work done last summer was principally on the hillside, but the owners intended to do exten­ sive work in the creek this winter. LOWER DOMINION, or the part below lower discovery, is showing up better tnis year than ever before. Many claims are being steadily worked amI the vast amount OJ: prospect­ ing and development that has been done offers the brightest promises for the future of this secUon. Had there been ample water for sluicing purposes last summer would have witnessed a remarkable record for Lower Dominion, but even under the adverse conditions that prevailed, there is no reason to be ashamed of it. The paystreak Is Wide and comparatively rich and, though somewhat erratic in its course, it has been fol­ lowed with sufficient accuracy to enable miners to tell just about where it lies. Sometimes it Is found on the right limit, sometimes on the left and sometimes In the creek. From 70 down there seems to be a double run of pay, the gold from the GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 51 two channels being different In color and In degree of fineness, though the channel that hugs the left limit hillsides at that place seems to be the richer and more extensive of the two. Of the thirteen claims above Lower which have been spok­ en of individually ten of them were worked during the summer. At discovery proper and for 'a few claims on each side of it the pay swings to the left, ret\lrning to the creek again about No.3 below. Down in the thirties it is found in both the creek and left limit hillsides, and in this section seems to be of ex­ ceptional width. At 69 it swings to the left and follows the hills of that limit down to below ISO, where it curves across the creek to the right limit and continues down that side for some distance. In the neighborhood of 240 to 250 pay has been found on both limits as well as in the creek and the supposi­ tion is that the Gold Run paystreak has added a new channei to Dominion below its entrance at 227. 'ihe work in that lo­ cality, has shown that several of the properties are valuable. A separate mention of several of these claims will be given further on. At lower discovery during the summer several men have been rocking in open cuts along the left limit, the gravel having been trammed down to the creek and washed earlier in the season. At No. 1 on the pup coming in at a above Mr. Johnson used a steam thawer and worked two men. On No.5, in the creek, MotTet & Co. employed twenty-five men and worked from an open cut. They used a complete equipment of machinery and pump a strong head of water into high sluices. where it is convey~d back to the diggings along the left limit. Below Lower Middleton and ot.lers worked six men all sum­ mer on No.3, using a steam thawer. Bedrock here is twenty­ eight feet deep. They will operate during the winter. On 4 Dan Meker had a steam plant and several men hoisting and sluic­ ing. On 5 and 6 Captain Donovan had two laymen at work and also operated a crew of eight men himself. Steam plants are in use on both claims. From No. 6 below Lower, down Dominion about a mile might be termed the "France" of Dominion. The claims near­ ly all belong to Frenchmen or French syndicates, and, the em­ ployes being nearly all of that nationality, it is aimost impos­ sible for one not conversant with the French tongue to obtain much information concerning these properties. The roadhouse on No.7 below Lower, owned by J. F. Yeager and wife, was established November, 1899, and has won an en­ viable patronage. Mr. Yeager has lately moved his roadhouse from its former location to the government road opposite No.7, where he has established himslef in improved style in brand new quarters. The dining room service is excellent, Mrs. Yeager being skill­ ful in the culinary art and everything savoring of home cook­ ing. The bar sells the best of liquors and cigars. The sleeping apartments are neat, clean and comfortable and private rooms are provided for those desiring them. Mr. Yeager Is from Colorado, and he and his wife came to Klondike in 1897 and are both well known throughout the Klondike. Their vast circle of friends assures them success In their new quarters. Nos. 7 and 8 below Lower, staked by Frank Pichon, belongs to Martineau, Boutin, Pelot & Co., composing a French syndi­ cate. 'rhey will work twelve men this whiter. Bedrock is twenty-six feet deep. No.9 below belongs to Nadeau' & Co., another French syndi­ cate. composed of eight shareholaers. 'i'hey worked six men during the past summer. Intending to do big work tl •. s winter. They usell a small boiler. but intended to install a 50-horsepower boller, engine and holst for future work. On No. 9A. owne ... by Fitzsimmons & Co .• a cut was opened up and some sluicing done. but the scarcity of wtaer prevented much work being accomplished last summer. Winter work will be prosecuted on this claim. No. 10. owned by Joe Revard & Co .• Frenchmen, worked eight men. using a 40-horsepower boiler and a powerful pump. hydraulicking In an open cut. Drifting will ue done this winter. No. 11 Is the property of Charles Lachapelle. No. 12, owned by Isaac Mallet. was idle during ..• e summer, but was to be worked this winter. No. 13. owned by lhe N. A. T. & T. Co., was not worked dur­ Ing the summer and will remain idle this winter. T.le hllls:de, left lim ... oppOSite t.1e lower hal, of this claim. is the proper­ ty of V. Seline. of No.8 above Lower. Five men worked dur­ Ing the summer. but as water was scarce nothing more than representation work was accomplished. The claim, however. was already nearly worked out. The next claim below No. 13 Is No. 16, in ""her wordll. Nos. 14 and 15 are omitted. No. 16, the property of Leroy Tozier, was Idle all Bummer and will be idle ail this winter as well. No. 16A below Lower was not operated during the summer but Brackington & Co., the owners. Intended to work this win­ ter. It is a four-foot fraction. Cassidy & Mervin worked No. 16B all summer. bue intended to lay otT this winter. They own the property-a full-sized claim. Fitzsimmons & Co. own No. 16C. a fraction, but the property has never been worked. The hillside. left limit. oppOSite 16B. is a goOl. property. It belongs to E. Cebiut and is from four to ten feet to bedrock. The hillside opposite the lower half 01 16B. staked by Mr. Perry in August. 1898, now belongs to Miller & Linquist. Sluic­ ing was carried on during the summer, but work has been shut down for the winter. On 17 below Lower. about five miles below the town of Cari­ bou. on Dominion. and less than two miles from lower discovery. is the up-to-date roadhouse of Harry G. West. This wayside inn was setablished August. 1900. by Mr. West. and has since been one of the most popular resorts on the creek. Mr. West built the Flag roadhouse in the spring of 1898. It was the first roadhouse on the ridge, and. in fact. the first roauhouse beyond Grand Forks. He successfully conducted the place for two years. His roadhouse on Dominion is complete in every department. The dining room service is excellent-pleasing the palate of the most fastidious. The sleeping apartments are clean and comfortab.e and the bar is "up to de limit." Mr. West. commonly known as "Hank," is well known as n roadhouse man throughout the Klondike. and his wide circle of friends insures a large and prontable business to his road­ house. which he still conducts in the same old generous way. Mr. West came to tne Klondike in the spring of 1898 from Mc­ Keesport. Pa. No. 17. creek. was staked and is still owned by Jacob Vogler. It was idle during the summer, but five or SIX men were to work this Winter. using a steam •• lawer. Bedrock is forty feet deep. No. 18 was staked by Andrew Peterson and is now owned by Ole Olsen. Carl l joblad and Al Wickstrom. This claim is worked by means of an up-to-dtae hoisting plant winter and summer. Work was carried on all summer on No. 19 below Lower by the owners. Eugene Cry anu six others-all Frenchmen. A steam thawer was used. and drifting was the manner of working. No. 20 was purchase", in Ottawa by Clark anu Yarwood. who worked the property all last summer with good results. It is one of the best claims on lower l ominion. is thirty feet to bed­ rock and is worked by driftlng. Work will be continued all winter. No. 21 below Lower is another good Claim. It was located by Wallace Gerow. and he and h:s son still own all b~_ the up­ per 150 feet which was purcnased by Yarwood. Clark and Bor­ gen. who intends to work it this winter. Gerow & Son have a 25-horsepower boiler and an 8-horsepower engine on the part of the property which w!ll be worked on lays this winter. No.2 was operated by a small crew during the summer. but did not pay wages. It was staked by Napoleon Roe. but is now owned by Mallette. Creek claim No. 25 below Lower was originally staked by Henry Gerow. who was asphixiated in a prospect hOle on the 1st of May, 1898. Another man was sutTocated by the gas at the same time. The claim reverted to the government and has S.nce been given by the government to Jack. McNealy and Louis Anderson. '1hey own the upper and lower half respectively. The grave of the deceased is on the claim and is marked by nothing but a plain headboard. The hillside, left limit. opposite the lower half of 25 below Lower, now owned by John Enland and An··f Nelson. was orig­ inally owned by Duncan McClellan. The present owners com­ menced summer work last August and worked fifteen men un­ til the freeze-up. Two bollers are employed. wiln double­ cage and wheelbarrow system of hoist. The manner 0_ work­ ing is drifting and the dirt averages nearly $1 to the wheel­ barrow. Mr. ll:nland came to the Yukon in 1896 trom Duluth. Minnesota, and came to the Klondike from Fortymlle in 1897. He was one of the discoverers of gold on Gold Hill. and is now not only Interested In this claim. _ ..It has other valuable prop­ erties. rie owns an interest in the big pumping plant on No. 34. Mr. Nelson has been spoken of before In thiS volume. Mrs. Enland came in in 1898 from Duluth. her parents. H. Comstock and wife. live in Chicago, Ill. Nos. 26. 27, 28 and 29 are omitted; in other words. No. 25 ana No. 30 below Lower on Dominion adjoin one another. Portland Creek enters at No. 30 below Lower. from the right THn DA WSON DAIL V NEWS MARCHBAXK, NO. 33 BELOW LOWER, DOMINION. Kinsey & Kinsey Photo. limit. It carries no gold. No.3" below Lower, creek, Is owned by Charles Geanner€tt and A. Varicle, but was originally staked by Perot. H has been worked during the summer with a large crew of m en working in drifts thirty feet deep, using a steam hoist and obtaining their water through ',200 feet of flume from Portland Creek. The water is ditched 2,000 feet on Portland. Laymen may work the claim this winter. On the hillside, left limit, opposite the lower half of this claim t e n men have worked during the summer, using a 35-hurse­ power engine operating a pump which elevates the water to a height ot torty-five feH anu atTor .... s a pressure su.Iicient to car­ ry the wtaer to the open cut on the left lImit. The claim will not work this winter. . belongs to Larss & Geannerec~. Creek claim No. 31 belongs to the owners of No. 30-Gean­ nerctt and Caricle. Ten men worked the claim last summer; and it may be worked chis winter. Bedrock is twenty-five feet deep and the water used is obtained from Portland Creek through 4,000 feet of 1 !-inch hydraulic nose. The hillside opposite 31, left limit, was the best producer on Domin ion last summer. It belongs one-third to Evans and Rob­ erts, one-third to Hugo and Edwards, and one-third to Mrs. Wiseman. This claim and .• Ie next three or four uelow it have been operated on a larger scale than any other properties on the entire creek. Even among these claims No. 31, hillside, is the richest. Three men shoveled in $10,000 in three days last summer. The plant used to work the ground belongs to "Cow­ Butter" .tlenderson and consists of a 30-horsepower boiler, a 15- horsepower engine and two 5-inch centrifugal pumps elevating the water thirty feet into a ftume which carries it to the open cut on the left limit. The cut is from one foot deep at the rim to twelve or more at the back. bLeam points are used in thaw­ ing and wheelbarrows are used in taking dirt to the sluice­ boxes. On 32 below Lower, creek claim, belonging to E. A. Schneider and F . A. Johnson, the paystreak is at least ;(.00 feet wide and there are from three to four feet of very good pay dirt. The plant operates with rapidity and economy. It consists of a 15- horsepower engine and a. 7-horsepower holst raising 30-pan buckets of dirt weighing about 1,000 pounds each. The work­ ings are thirty-two feet deep and the bedrock is a slabby quartz of which three feet are taken up as pay. Twelve men were employed all summer, but the claim has been idle th,s winter. E . A. Schenider, the genial manager, who is a cooper by trade, hails from Warsaw, Illinois, and arrived in Dawson in 1898. He spent the winter of lS9~ on Bonanza, the winter of lb99 on Sulphur, and in the spring of 1900 he went to Dominion where He has remained ever since. H :s partner, .F'. A. Johnson, came to Dawson from Denmark indirectly, but directly from San Francisco in the spring of 1898. Both these gentlemen are up-to-date miners and the claim is one-fourth worked out. The hillside, left limit, opposite the above claim which be­ longs to Dr. Thompson, has been extensively worked, using the Euland plant, consisting of a duplex snow or force pump with lO-inch suction and 8-inch discharge, operated by a 40-horse­ power boiler. The hillside opposite the upper half of No. 32, owned by Hoffman Benson and Mrs. Jones, has been worked all summer. Creek claim 33 below Lower has never been worked sinc-e its original staking. Laymen intended to prospect and work it th:s winter. On the hillside opposite the upper half of 33 J. W. March­ bank, the owner, has done extensive hydraulic work this sum­ mer. He worked out an open cut 2oox22.) feet, which varies from four feet in depth near the rim to twentY.feEt or more toward the back of the claim. The pumping plant near the creek ele­ vates the water to a height of nearly fifty feet, affording pres­ sure sufftc:ent to hydraulic quite rap,dly. ~ir. H . C. Crooks Is manager and foreman . Mr. MarchoanK. the proprietor. is from Prince :h.dwards Island. He came to the Klondike in 1897 and has been actively engaged in business ever since. 'l'he accom­ panying picture shows the property above described. Absolutely no creek work has been done from 33 to 38 below Lower and but little on the hillsides opposite. (.,aims Nos. 39 to 67. inclusive are o,nitted on Dominion; I. e. No. 38 adjoins No. 68. No. €9A below Lower, hillside, owned by C. Hendricks, War- GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 53 ner and Aaams, was worked all summer. It was a compensation claim obtained from the government. It is seven feet to bedroclt and has oeen worked by the open cut met.lod. Four hours' shoveling Into one rocker produced $08, demon­ strating the fact Lhat pay may be tak­ en out from that part ot the creek as well as from above. No work will be done on the claim this winter. No. 74, creek claim, was originally staked by I. J. Givens .... une 14. 1897. Morrison & Murdock now own one­ quaner and Givens still owns the re­ mainlng three-quarters-a divided inter­ est. The water used in working is ob­ tained by ditching from No. 36-a dis­ tance of a mile and a half. The gold is fine and has an assay value of $17.60. 33-34-35 BELOW LOWER DISCOVERY. DOMINION. Bedrock is thirty feet from the surface and the ground is worked by drifting. It will not be workeo tnis winter. Mr. Givens is from Skagit Co., 'Washington, anti has been on Dominion since 1897. The left limit hillsides from this point to 90 were not work­ ed much last summer because of a lack of water. These dig­ gings have been thoroughly prospected and are known to be rich, while the bedroclt is extrerr..elY shallow, its general depth NO. 33 BELOW LOWER DISCOVERY. DOMINION. being from four to nine feet. Wmter work is not practicable on most of these claims, but another season will see some exten­ sive sluicing being done. Claims between 100 to 120 are omitted; or to express the same HE ELDORADO of the Indian River Division. or GOLD RUN, has always been a favorite with the mining public. The doubts and uncertainties that have always been so freely expressed con­ cerning other creeks beyond the Dome have never been applied to tnis stream, which has ever enjoyed a large share of the general confidence. It is often. and justly. called the Eldorado of the Indian River Division; and in many of its physical features, as well as in its r e­ markable yield of gold in a limitea length, it resembles the Pac­ tolus of the Klondike. In lnegth, Gold Run traverses about twelve miles from its source to its confluence with Dominion at 227 below lower dis­ covery. It dose not rise in the Dome as nearly all the paying creeks do. but has its source in a high spur that jUlS out from the Dome a considerahle aistance and forms one of .he flanking ridges that break away toward Indian River. Both Sulphur and Dominion rise close together in the Dome, but as they radiate from it like spokes from the hub of an Immense wheel they leave an increasing margin of space between. It is in this space that GOld Run takes its rise. Gold was first struck on this stream in the summer ·of 1897, Kinsey & Kinsey Photo. idea in other words, Nos. 100 and 120 abut one another. From 133 to 143 the left limit is. owned by Stiles & Doherty. who worked a crew of thirty men all summer. 'J. hey possess the exclusive water rights to Jensen Creek, an important trib­ utary to Dominion, entering from the left limit aL No. 132, anc'l have stripped a large area of gravel tor next summer's sluic­ ing operations. Most of their ground is only four feet to bed­ rock, with very little muck to bother. The Beaver & Laurier Concession, 145 to 155 below Lower, has made extensive preparations ·for work next summer. A large dam has been built in Arkansas Creel{. which enters from the left limit at 141. A ditch extends from the dam to 1: 1.1 below. 1he owners have procured large amounts of lumber and have built a hotel on No. 14;:i. In the introductory writeup of lower Dominion mention was made Of pay found below the mouth of Gold .kun. which enters [rom the right Emit at 227 below Lower. This pay was tlrst founu on No. 243 by Lablonc in the spring of 1901. Bedrock was atta ined . at a depth of forty-five feet. and the pay dirt found resembles that on Gold Run, which leads to the conclusion that it is. but a continuation of the Gold .Run paystreak. Leblonc anti Maquen own a group of four claims in this locality-all .being extensive­ ly worked. The fraction between 243 and 244, owned by Larrieux, is fur­ nishing employment for fifteen men. Mr. Bordelau has owned No. 244 ever since 1897. The claim extends from base to base-which appears to be about a mile­ and is being worked by a crew of twelve men. No. 246 is now being prospected by T. Simard, who has two men now in his employ. Many people familiar with this part of Dominion have great faith in its future. Nelson A. Soggs claims that the paystreak is no less than 500 feet wide and that the volume of pay dirt is unprecedented. And now as a closing sentence to this exhaustive treatise on this wonderful creek it might be well to close with a repeti­ tion of the opening statement in its introduction: "No stream in the country has the demonstrated length of paystreak that is possessed by Dominion Creek." but no discovery was allowed upon It, as the authorities held that it was simply a tributary of Dominion. In consequence of this aecision the numbers commence at Its mouth and -ad­ vance by numerical progression toward its llead. The first trail up the creek was made by D. Ennis, Billy .1.1oss and rt. H. Ennis, who first pitched camp at tne mouth of \.Told Run February 9, 1898. They prospected and afterward staked 108. 109 and 110, where gold was found. but not "pay." Claims are staked up to 130, but it is a curious fact that' no pay is found above the mouth of 43 PUP. wh:ch comes in from the right limi. and has a length of perhaps three miles. The figure 43 seems to have a strange significance in this country. Eldorado does not pay above 4:1. excepting in infrequent spots; Bonanza sems to be barren above 43, at the mouth of Victoria Gulch; and Gold Run is deemed practically worthless above 43. Several shafts h3.\'c been sunk. and much prospecting done aoove that number, but no paystreak has ever been located. ~hough occasionally a small run of gravel is found that yields a fair return in gold. But while it is true that the pay seems to stop at 43. it is equally true that 43 pup does not carry tne rich run of gravel. At the mouth of the pup three claims are being worked, but the yield is creek pay. and above No.3 there seems to be nothing in the pup. 'The opinion is gradually g~.iningground that fl-om this point the run of pay lies · high on the hills and that if it is 54 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS NO. 21, GOLD RUN. ever definitely traced it will be found far above the creek channel. Many of the bset informed people on Gold Run claim on the other hand that the Gold Run gold has its source in 4J pup. In support of this they state that a recent discovery has shown gold in paying quantities over a mile up the pup. From 43 to the mouth, however, the pay has been followed and its location in the valley is well known. For about a mile it follows the right limit of the creek and then turns into the creek bed, emerging a short distance below on the left limit. Down about No. 12 it swings to the right limit aga.n and con­ tinues on that side until lost in the wide valley of Dominion. Along its upper course the paystreak is aoout sixty feet wide, but down on the lower run it has a width varying from 200 to 300 fe et . Bedrock is generally about twenty-two feet deep, with some variations due to the inequalities of the surface. On the twenty-seven claims worked last summer on Gold Run there were approximately 500 men employed-almost as great a number used in the distance of four miles as were em­ ployed on Dominion in its entire length of thirty-five miles. Nearly eyery claim operated is equipped with complete ma­ chinery. the plants comprising boiler, engine, hoist and pump­ ing apparatus for supplying the sluices with water. Gold Run was not troubled with the shortness of water last summer that so seriously restricted the work on other creeks. It is true that the water was short, only a single sluicehead flowing in the creek, but not a single claim was compelled to some variations due to the inequalities of the surface. working claim powerful pumps are operatea by steam and these, taking up the water, run it to dams capable of holding back a large supply, thus permitting the same water to be used over and oyer again before it finally passes on to the next claim. This return sluicehead method, which has been minutely de­ scribed in the write-up of Upper Bonanza (ante) is more gen­ erally employed 'on Gold Run than on any other creek beyond the Dome. The' first five claims at the mouth are numbered in Domin- ion and have not been worked this year. On No.6 some pros­ pecting was done last summer and the claim opened up for winter development. On No.7, owned by Hamilton & Co., Lay­ man Pete Bergan worked four men, anu on No.8, owned by Rutledge & Davis, a force of twelve men was employed by Lucas & l • .icGovern, who had a lay on the property. Nos. 9, 10 and 11 are the property of Chute & .I ills. No. 12, owned by Mrs. C. b. Carbonneau, has been the scene of active work all summer, fifty men oeing employed wa!hing up the big dumps taken out last winter. It is reported that this claim has been sold recently to Cute & wills. Nos. 12A and 12B, owned by Chute & 'Vills, have been oper­ ated with a force of eighty men, a heavy plant of machinery being utilized. No. 12C is the property of Mrs. Breckenridge, and No. 13 belongs to Rutledge & Davis. Nos. 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 are a group of very valuable prop­ erti€s belonging to Chute & ,{ills, upon which extensive work was done during the entire summer. On 18 eighty men were employed sluicing the big dumps taken out last winter, while new gravel was also hoisted from the drifts. The Park Hotel is the property of Mrs. J. B. Virden and was constructed in the spring of 1900 at a cost of over $7,000. Situated on No. 14 Gold Run, on the Government Road. and adjOining No. 13, the richest claim on the creek, it has secured a patronage wh:ch is the equal of any roadhouse on Gold Run . The building is a two-story structure. warmly built. and divided into dining room, hitchen. private sleeping apart­ ments and bar. The din .ng room is orignt and c!leerful and the service is excellent. The best cook obtainable has been employed and is supplied Wah t •• e first .quality of goods. The sleeping apartments are comfortable and are kept scrupulously clean. The bar carries nothing but the best brands of case liquors and A 1 Cigars. This is by far the best roadhouse un­ der indiVidual ownership on tbe creek, and the large ' patronage it bas received since its opening night w1ll vouch for its popu­ larity. Mrs. Virden is careful lO see that the house is quiet GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. and orderly at aU times, and her careful supervision Is bound to cause it to h~ld the largest patronage o..n tbat part of Gold Run, and to make of It a financial success. No. 19 belongs to Rutledge oX Davis, but, llke \.._e rest of their property, it Is under a lay to Lucas & McGovern. Bradley Bros'. claim, No. 2u, has a very complete equipment of machinery and has been working twelve men. l!;xtenslve winter work has been done on this property, the bedrock being twenty-two feet deep. No. 20, GOLD RU~, LYNCH'S. Among tne representative men of Gold Run Creek is Mr. J. .M Lynch. proprietor of the well-known roadhouse on No. 20. and owner of valuable mining property on the creek. Mr. Lynch. a native of Iowa. came to the Klondike from Br:tish Columbia 10 the spring of 1898. 10 the early days of Gold Run he established a store and roaahouse on No. 20. and his finan­ cial SUCC€sS has been phenomenal. He has been at all times wide awake and ready to grasp opportunities in the way of good Investments In mining property. As a result he now pos­ sesses many valuable mining interests. among tnem beng No.6 and No. 36 Gold Run. Mr. Lynch's success in mining is not I£ue to chance or good luck, but to good sound sense and busi­ ness judgment. The roadnouse and store on No. 20 is without a doubt one of the most popular places on .he creek. By fair dealing and kind treatment Mr. Lynch has won the favor anu good-will of all the people on the creek. The store is by no meane small. .1t consists of a good as­ sortment of hardware, grocenes. clothing. boots and shoes. l.quors. cigars, tobaccos and periShables. such as oranges, ap­ ples, lemons. etc. The price of goods Is the Dawson price with a low rate of freight added. Mr. Lynch has in his em­ ploy In Dawson a very close buyer, and this has enabled him to supply goods to the miners at a much lower price than they could get them by going to Dawson and purchasing the goods themselv('s. The roadhouse accommodations are as satisfactory as are to be found on the creek, and the meals are as good as the best supplies in the market can make them. Mr. Lynch and his em­ ployes do everything in their power to maKe things comfort­ able and to cause guests to feel perfectly at home. The number of friends continually around the roadhouse and the large patronage hIS store receives, all go LO show that Mr. Lynch is a favorite on Gold Run. No. 21 Is missing, Nos. 20 and 22 adjoining each other. On No. 22 Barnes. Saunders & Con bhort mined a.l summer along the left limit of the creelt with twenty men. Nos. 23 and 24. though very valuable claims. have not been worked during the summer, They belong to Ivlson, Rutledge and Davis. respectively. On No. 25. staked by S. M. Goodknlght. March 8. 1898. P. J. and Z. J. Jewell. the owners. worked eighteen men last surrlmer with good results. The drifts are twenty-five feet deep. and the plant employed In the work Is a 25-horsepower bOiler operating an engine, a 5-lnch centrifugal pump. a steam hoist and a self­ dumping trolley bucket. No winter work was Intendeu. C. D. ~bort and H. M. Smith own 26. upon wblch they work­ ed twenty men· all last Bummer, Intending to close aown during the winter Beason. Mr. Short was the original staker of the property. The plant used resembles the one last described. Bedrock Is reached at twenty-two feet and the gola taken out is coarse. assaying $17.67. Mr. Short came to the Yukon from Chicago in J.894 and was at Circle City when the Klondike was struck. He owns a half­ interest in No. 22 and an equal interest in the forty-toot frac­ tion between 22 and 23. Mr. Smith is even more of a pioneer than his partner. He came into the country several years before Mr. bhort. from San Mateo. California. wherE' OlS family lives anu where he owns one of the most beautiful residences in the city. Mr. Smith owns an interest in 30 Gold hun. and also in No. 34 Eldorado. No. 26A, owned by Moskelin & Wilson. Is a rich fraction. and the summer work employed eig .• ' men. On 25A Mrs. Breckenridge operated most of the summer with eight men, but was drowned out by water getting into the drifts. No. 27 is another famous property owned uy Chute & Wills, and has probably the best equipmen. of ma­ chinery of any claim on the creek. Eigh.y men were employed here. and winter work is being proceuted. Nos. 28 and 29 also belong to Cfiute ut Wills and are valuable claims. A complete description of these Chute & \-Vills properties will be found elsewhere. No. 30 is divided. Klint. Holmes and Hiltorunn own on-hal~. and Saunders & Sm ith the other. '1 he gold is rather coarse and is found in soft shale oedrock at a aepth of thirty-six feet. TwentY-live men were worked all summer with Mr. Holmes as foreman. ·.rhe plant consiStS of a 30-horsepower boiler. operating engine. pump. hoist and self-dumper. Most of the work wal5 done along the right limit. No. 31 belongs to Charles Robinson. of 42. It was not worked last summer. No. 32 was not worked. but it will be operated ex­ tensively by McGovern & Lucas on a lay this wmter. It be­ longs to Rutledge & Davis. No. 32A. owned by McGregor and Davison. employed twelve men in summer work. On ."0, 33 no summer work at all was done, the owners (the Bank of Commerce) preferring to allow it to lie idle. No. 34, staked by Robert Ellis, has oeen worked on a lay all summer by A. G. Mos:er. who employed nine men. The prop­ erty belongs to Soggs. Ellis an,J Cahill, and will not be worked this winter. It is thirty feet to bedrock and the gold assays $17.50 an ounce. The hii~S; le C!3.!tn .,n the left limit of 35, owned oy J. Mersh, G. Murdock. A. Rankin and J. l innerty. has been worked all summer with a force of twelve men, drift :ng being done under a point of land that seems to have sEd into the valley and forced the creek over. There are five feet of pay. and the gold Is the same as that found in the creek. Bedrock is sixty feet deep. Nos. 34A and 35 were idle during the summer. No. 36 is the property of Lynch and Palmer brothers. and is a good piece of property. UPPER HALF OF NO. 33. GOLD RUN. Nos. 37 and 38 belong to Rutledge & Davis. On 37 a layman worked four men. and on 38 Glbbons & Gill. the laymen. work­ ed twelve men all summer. No summer work was done on No. 39. tbe propertr of Har­ tel & Montgomery; and on 40, owned by Palmer Brothers. Abra­ hamson and Simpson, a crew of fifteen men were employed, a 56 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS -. LOOKING DOWN GOLD RU~ FROM NO. 35. vast amount of gravel being sluiced up during the summer. G. Abrahamson, the original staker, superintended lile working of the property and used a 25-horsepower boiler, hOlst. self-dump­ er, etc. In aadition to this property Abrahamson & Simpson own No. 41. which they allowed to remain idle. On fract 'on No. 41A Bennett worked a lay with six men. On 42 Charles and Andrew Robinson had an average crew of sixteen men and utilized to best advantage a fine staem plant. '1 he run of pay on this claim is wide and he mtentions were tC' worl{ extensively tnis w.inter. Bedrock is twenty feet deep. No. 43, the last claim up Gold Run containing ric .. pay, is owned by M. McConnell and others. It is a valuable property and Is under the superintendence of Mr. McConnell. The econo­ mical manner of working it toat has been adopted shows plainly tl' a t the management is in good hands. The plant c :msists of a 16-horse power boiler, operating a pump, steam noist and trol­ ley, with self-dumping buckets. Bedrock is founu at a aepth of twe nty-th'e feet , and the gold is coarse w. Lh sharp, straggly edges, and an assay "alue of $17.85 an ounce. Mr. McConnell came to the Kl ondiKe from Seattl e, \Vashmgton, in 1897. He was there when the treasure ship Excelsior arrived in Seattle, THE PROPERTIES OF CHUTE & WILLS The m ost important individual mining enterprise of the Yukon Distr ict is that of Chute & ' VilIs, on Gold Run. Their operations a re on a larger scale than those of any other indi­ vidua l oper a tors in the Klondike r egion. Some idea of the magnitude of their w ork may be derived from tne accompany­ ing engravings, showing the immense dumps taken out of their mines last winter by methods at once the m.ost advanced and economical of any in use in the mines of this region. The firm, ~"r-__ ~~-----~~"-~~ j..{' ~ . CHUTE & WILLS, NO. 12, GOLD ... {UN. and he took the next steamer North (The Mxelco)-whlch sank on the return trip. During the summer of 1900. Mr. McConnel\ had charge of the working of No. 36 Gold Run. and a handsome cleanup was the result. His success in the country Is merited. No.3 on Forty-three Pup was operatea all summer with a modern steam plant. Bedrock is thirty-five feet below the sur­ face. and the gold is coarse and straggly. Messrs. D. Ennis. R. McDonaiU and R . H . .c.:nnis. the owners of the claim, argue that the gold is not from the upper reaches of (,roid Run. but that it is from higher up on Forty-three Pup. Gold Run as a whole Is a very rich creek, but its claims are owned to a large extent by Chute & Wills, Rutledge & L'avis, the Canadian Bank of Commerce and Palmer Brother!'!. This has retarded the development of the whole cree", for had individual miners owned the claims they woulu Have been opened up and worked long ago. LOWER HALF OF NO. 36, GOLD RUN. which is composed of Mr. J. A. Chute and Dr. A. E . Wills, h 1S $1,200,000 im'ested in the property owned by tnem on Gold Run alone, and have a number of claims on other creeks not worked as yet. The Gold Run group includes Nos. 9, 10, 11, I !A. 12B, the upper half of 14, all of 15, 16, 17. 18, 19. 27, 28, 29 and 31, all of these being creek claims and several SIde hill claims. These claims have proven to be of great richness, and eight separate steam plants were used last winter in operating these claims. During the past summer four plants diu all the neces­ sary work, but next summer the entire eight plants will be in operation. The mines will not be worked this winter except for the purpose of preparing for great­ er activity next summer. but even this work will require a small army of men. Tunnels and driits are to be driven and timber and fuel pro­ cured from the woods, and alto­ gether the busy, bustling little vil­ lage that has grown up around the Chute & 'Wills property will show no diminution of activIty. '1 his vil­ lage, by the way, is composed of structurt:s almost exclusively the property of the mine owners. The magnificent hotel, a cut of which Is given in this issue, was but recently constructed at a cost of $25,000, and Is the finest outside of Dawson, and the equal of any in Dawson in point of furnishings. ac­ commodations and cuisine. In the matter of construction it can give a point or two to the Dawson caravan­ sary, for it is solidly bu •• t, is lined with asbestos, and therefore fire­ proof. and Is heated by means of furnaces .nstead of the cu.stomary titoves. The rooms are elegantly fur- nished in the most modern styl(', with approved hotel furniture, in- GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 57 CHVTE & WILLS. NO. 17. GOLD RUN. eluding white enameled bedsteads. with polished brass tr:m­ mings. Adjacent to the hotel is the bath house. provid lng for the health and comfort of the employes. It is handsomely fitted uP. and on the second floor are sleeping accommodations for the employes of the mines. The store, stocked throughout with the best the market atrords In the line of general merchandise, is a large and sub­ stantial building. The structures described, togetner with the cottages of the owners and workmen, the dormitories and mess houses of the mine employes comprise the village which bears no name, but which is known far and wide as "Twenty-Seven," because it is situated 011 the claim of that number. One hundred and fifty persons have been employed In the operation of the Chute & Wills property this past summer, and all are well fed. well housed and cared for, so that a place \'acant is Immediately applied for and filled. Mr. Chute is the manager of the mine, while Dr. 'Vilis Is the financial manager and purchasing agent for the properties. All the mines are operated by the one method, namely, by means of steam thawers and with automatic self-dut!'!ltng bucket hoists. By this means the dirt brought up from the mine is dumped directly into the sluice boxes, and is washed without being handled a second time by men. At each mine there are provided pumps, by means of which, and a return circuit. a sufficient volume of water is always obtainable, even In time of drought. During the summer an average of 6.500 wheelbarrows of dirt were taken out every day, and yet, even at that rate, it will take six years to deplete the property of its pay dirt. Six thousand cords of wood will be cut this win­ ter and stored for next season's use. Forty-two hea i of horses are employed constantly in freighting to the claim, hauling fuel. etc.. and $100,000 worth of groceries were consumed and sold on the claim last year; the machinery equipment cost another $100.000. By Impro\'ed methods the cost of operation of the mines was this season reduced thirty-three and a third per cent. over eighteen months ago, and Mr. Chute says that next season wiII show another reduction of sixteen and two­ thirds per cent. He has given constant study and attention to details and to methods, and as a result Is gradually bringing to perfection the system by which gold may be most economi­ cally extracted from the frozen gravels. "Twenty years from today," said Mr. Chute to the News man, "the Klondike wiII be producing more gold than it is producing today, by reason of improved methods. This state- ment is based on my knowledge of other countries. This al­ ways follows. After the pick and shovel miner comes the hydraulic miner, with cheaper labor and cheaper supplies. Ground wiII be worked then with better returns on the i'm 'est­ ment-ground that can not be workeu at all now. This is true. Any country. which for the first four years of its life has paid the enormous Government imposts. such as a ten per cent. royalty, the enormous prices of supplies, including $125 per ton transportation charges ; an a\'erage of $8 per day, in­ cluding board for labor, and has still paid not only a dividend, GOLD RUN HOTEL, CHU'!' .... & WILLS', PROPS. Goetzman Photo. but a surplus, without the investment of any foreign capital worth mentioning, and mined only by the crudest methods-l say such a country is beyond doubt the richest minmg country in the world." Such is the opinion of a practical miner. who has made a success of mining, and who has not only made a success, but has backed his opinions with his means, and who has continued to re-invest his earnings in the country that produced them, full of faith In the future , certain of success and amply justlfiP.ll by the resu! ts. 58 THE DAWSON DAILY NE'VS ULPHUR CREEK. In the rather torclble language ot a miner who was discussing the subject. "has been damned with the faintest praise of any stream in the dis­ trict." At times It has well nigh been forsaken by the uejected owners. The truth lies between these two extremes of feeling. Parts of Sulpnur are good and pay a fair return for eftort ex­ pended, while other parts are of so low a grade that every attempt to work them has resulted in financia. loss. There are difficulties in the way of mining on Sulphur. It is wh .. e and the pay streak Irregular, while the deptb to bedrock makes operations there rather costly. The shallowest part of the creek is twenty-five feet. while many of the claims are worked to a depth of sixty feet. The gcneral average is about forty feet along that part 01 the stream where work is being done. Several of the claims on Sulphur seem to confirm the truth of the old saying that it costs a aOllar to take a oollar out, though under a more' economical system of operating the cost need not have been so great. In the excitement over the creek that existed two years ago owners went to vast expense to procnre machinery. and in one instance a $75,\)00 plant was in­ stalled, equipped for sluicing in the winter time. Tuat claim. No. 36 above, was a good one. but it took about all the gold the ground yielded to pay for the plant and maintain current operating expenses. No. 18 below was another illustration of the same truth, be'ng handicapped from the start with a costly plant that was frequently in need of repair and that caused numerous delays at a time when gravel shoula have been rapidly taken out. Sulphur is only very rlcn in spots. Its paystreak is wide and the general average fairlY remunerative, but on streams like this economy of management is the first essential to suc­ cess. Owners are realizing the force of this fact. and as a rf'sult the creek yielded a better profit last summer than ever before. A better understand ·ng of the peculiar condit!ons pre­ vailing there and the application of more Improved methods. has restored confidence in i.S value. and in the years to come Sulphur can be depended on for a regular and pront:able yield of gold. Ri!;ing In the Dome, Sulphur Creek dows south a distance of eighteen miles to its confluence with Indian River, its bed­ rock formation being a m ica-sch '~t. intersected w·th porphy­ ritic dyl es. In its course it receives several important tribu­ taries. the best known being Green, Meadov:' and Brimstone. These tributaries are all staked, but with the except'on of Green prospecting has been barren of results. There is some pay at the mouth of Meadow. which comes in at lhe left limit ot NO. 31 BELOW, SULPHUR. Discovery. but it seems to be creek pay. as nothing is found farther up the tributary. On Green Gulch a well defined pay­ streak runs along the left limit. and tne results of the past year's· work have greatly enhanced their value. Extensive work Is being done on this stream during the p-resent winter. HillSide pay has been found along Sulphur at several points. On the upper reaches of the stream It runs along the right l1mlt. crossing a short distance above Discovery and continu- Ing along the lett limit 8.8 tar down 8.8 It bas been prospected. The hillside pay is generally small. running trom one to three cents to the pan, with occasional richer SPOts. Sulphur Creek Is peculiar In that Its valley seems to pos­ sess two separate runs of gold. One ot these follows the pres­ ent meander of the creek and Is dark In color, while the other and more extensive run winds from side to side across the valley and seems to mark the ancient course of the stream. NO. 21 Bl!;LOW. SULPHUR. 'Ide gold taken from this run is brighter. wI.h a melallic lustre. Pay on Sulphur was first found on No. 14 above Discovery. by Moore. Hunter -and Whitmore. in the early part of the summer of 1897. The discoverers having prospected unsuccess­ fully near the mouth of Quartz Creek. crossed over . the divide to Sulphur and located pay on No. 14. 'lhey returnea to Quartz and carried the sluice boxes they had used there over the divide to their new find. ,During the months of July and August the ground was sluiced with handsome results. Messrs. Moore and .Hunter have ever since been the owners of No. 12. a rich property, of which more will be said in due course. Pay was next located on Nos. 5 and 6 above. Considerable rocking was done on these claims trom September ___ till the end of the summer. The flrst cabin on Sulphur was erected on No.5; the second on No. ::S~, and the third on No. 41.1. The pay on Sulphur has now been accurately located trom the head of the creek down to ·the th'rties. and. though spot­ ted. most of the claims yield goou profIts to the operators. Considerable work was done during the summer just past. and no less than 400 men are now employed. Many claims that were Idle during the summer are being extensively worked this winter. Most ot the properties are equipped w.Lh steam thawers, and some with steam hoislS. Below DIscovery more or less summer work was aone down to No. 31. but below that no work was done, with the single exception of 37. owneu by Frank P. Slavin. of pugilistic fame. No. 31 was staked by Mr. Martin August 26, 1897, anu is now the property of E. Riley. G. Benson. S. Gravdahl. Thomas Pron­ zini and Nels Peterson, partners of equal interest. 'I·hey pur­ chased the property February 2. 1901. and worked it exten­ sively durtng the past summer. using an up-tO-date steam plant in the operation. The plant consists of a 12-horsepower boilE'r. a 10-horsepower engine. a steam hoist and points for thawing. Twelve men have been kept busy all summer. Bedrock Is rE'ached at a depth of twenty-six fE'et and the gold taken out has an assay value of $16.75. The bedrock consists of a slabby mica-schist and two to three feet of it are taken up for pay. Only two feet of gravel contain pay. The manner of operati'lg the propE'rty is above critiCism. 'l'he plant is good and the men are miners. Mr. Riley. who Is from Adelaide, South Australia. came to the Klond • .rte in 1898 and has followed mining ever s :nce. Mr. Benson is from Tacoma. Washington. a'ld came to this country with the '98 rush. Mr. Gravdahl is from North Tonawanda, New York. Mr. Pronzini is from Livennore. California. and Mr. Peter­ son hails from WilkE'son. Pierce County. Washington. The claim is prOVIded with by far the longest and best flume on Sulphur, a'ld one of the longest in the Klondike. This flume brings :wate. r from Brimstone Creek. a tributary enter­ ing from the l~tt iirnlt. · . . On 27 below. owned by Wllbur McLeod & Co .• three men worked a lay during the summer. hoisting by hand windlass. John Lee, of No. 26. used a steam plant and employed tour GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 59 men. On 25 two men were get Lng out wood during the latter part of the summer, preparatory to doing winter work, while on 24 two laymen sunk a shaft for winter work. No. 20 Is owned by Smith, Comer and Harrais, and was work­ ed extensively all summer. It is forty-six feet to bedrock, and the plant employed in its operation consists of a 4-lnch cen­ trifugal rock pump with a 20-foot lift, a 2O-horsepower boiler and a s~eam hoist. The pay is steady and reliable, Is found chiefiy in the bedrock and consists of fine particles, all of them being fiat and having an assay value of $16.63. Sixteen men found employment all summer on this claim. It is not being worked this winter. The claim was stakea August 21, 1897: by F. E. B. Smith. Martin Harrals superintends the working of the property. He is a native of Riga. Russia, and came to the United States in 1887 and attended college. He came to the Klondike with Smith and Comer in 1897, from Seattle. Mr. Harrais also owns NO. 17 BELOW, SULPHUR, STRONG, WEYMOUTH & CO. a one-fourth interest in No. 21, a one-half interest in 19, 19A and 19 hillside, and one-naif of No. 17. W. D. Comer was oorn in the States. He came into the country with Mr. Harrais in ' 91. No. 19 was extensively worked during the entire summer. Mr. Harrais employed twenty men and a large steam plant in the operation. No. 18 belongs to Humboldt Gates. Eighteen men were em­ ployed on this property during the greater part of the past summer. No. 17 below, shown in the above photo, is probably the most reliable property on the creek. The pay is evenly distributed, and It is not spotted. It was staked August 19, 1891, by A. A. Adams, who sold to W. G. Strong in September of the same year. It is now the property of Mr. Strong anu Mr. liarrals, partners of equal Interest. '1 he working of the property is under the suprevlslon of Mr. Strong, or "Billy," as he is familiarly called, and an up­ to-date plant was in operation all summer. The plant consists of a 25-horsepower boiler operating a 5-lnch centrifugal pump, which lifts a full sluice head to a height of thirty-three feet. A 24-horsepower boiler operating circular saw and steam hoist is also Installed on the property, and with this plant a large amount of work has been accomplished at a minimum cost. "Billy" says h :s aim in planning and installing this plant has been to avoid complicated machinery and secure a plant which would combine simplicity and economy. The depth of the workings Is twenty-six feet, and the pay dirt is found from two and one-half feet above bedrock to six feet in bedrock. The gold Is rather coarse shot-gold, and it has an assay value of $11:.70 per ounce. The character of the bedrock is very change­ able. In places it Is of a mica-schist formation, and in others It consists mostly of porphyry. ~r. Strong Is from Port Townsend, Washington. where his wife and children now reside. He came to the Yukon country In the spring of 1E95, and was In Circle City when gold was dis­ covered on Bonanza Creek. He, in company with Jack Horn, left Circle in September, 1895, and poled up to Fortymile. where. on account of the ice In the Yukon, they had to abandon their poling boat and finish the trip to the Klondike on snow shoes. They experienced twenty degrees below zero en route while poling and arrived at the mouth of the Klondike on October H. 1896. less than two months after gold had been discovered. In September. 1897, he bought the claim just described, and he has operated It almost continuously ever since. Among the pioneers of the country few, It any. are more widely known than "Billy" Strong. Both he and his brother­ In-law, "Mitch" Weymouth. who acts as engineer on the prop­ erty, have a large circle of friends, who are glad to see them prospering. No. 11 below. the property of Woodin & Co .• is now being worked with a steam plant. brought to the property during the summer. On No. 10 Shafer & Co. employed four men doing summer work. and on No. 7 hutmeyer & Whitmore made extensive preparations for winter work. On 7A below Mr. Morris has worked several men all win­ ter, and on 5A Mr. McMannus has also worked a small crew. Nos. 2, 4 and 5 below. which are the properties of James McBride and T. P. Crowley, are among the most reliable prop­ erties on the creek. No. 4 was staked by McBride and No. 5 by Crowley, in August, 1897. No.2 was staked by Adams and afterwards pur­ chased by Crowley & McBride. No.2 is now being extensively worked with an up-to-date plant. A 30-horsepower boiler, oper­ ating a steam hoist raises the dirt to tne surface, and from there It is carried by self-dumping gravity ore cars to the sluice box. Bedrock. which is found at a depth of fifty-two feet. is of a mica-schist formation. and is solid and well determined. The gold Is coarse in character and has an assay value of $16,74 per ounce. The plant installed on the claim is as simple and economical as circumstances will admit of. It is under the sole supervision of Mr. Crowley. Mr. Crowley, who is a native of Ireland, came to the Yukon from Australia in 1895. He was in Fortymile when gold was discovered on Bonanza. He arrived In Klondike in September, 1~96, and in August, 1E97. staked No. 5 below on Sulphur. Of all the pioneers of the Klondike probably no one is better known or more widely respected than Mr. Crowley. He is a typical frontiersman, and many a man has partaken of h is free-hearted generosity. His family is with him, a wife and two sons. James McBride is also a native of the Emerald Isle. but came to the Yukon from California in 1895, at the same time Mr. Crowley came north . He also was in Fortymile when the Klondike was struck. He came to the Klondike in 1S97 and T. CROWLEY'S PROPERTY NEAR DISCOVERY. staked No. 4 ~ulpnur. He traded a half interest in No.4 for a half Interest In No.5, and afterwards the partners purchased No. 2 below. Like his partner, Mr. McBride is well known throughout the entire country. Nos I, 2, 4 and 5 are owned respectively by Beaver & Lowry. h..enniston & Co., Charles Garoet and McDonald & Beckett. During the summer Nos. 6 and 7 operated two steam plants and employed twelve men. No. 10 was acquired · by purchase from Alexander McDonald, in March, 1900, by S. Mathison. The claim contains two sepa­ rate runs of gold, and Mr. Mathison has worked the ground almost continuously since August. 1699. employing as high as forty-five men. In the spring of 1900 he had out one of the largest dumps in the Klondike. It contained no less than 270.­ COO wheelbarrows of pay dirt. Mr. Mathison is one of Dawson's influential citizens, and it was he that flrst advocated in Ot­ tawa the reduction of the royalty and the estabbshment of an assay office In Dawson. The claim of which we are writing is a rich property. Bed­ rock is reached at a. depth of thirty-two feet, and it- Is neces- 60 THE DA \\TSON DAILY NEWS sary to take up some of the bedrock In order to get out all the pay. A steam plant is used. Mr. Math:son came to the Klondike from Vancouver In lE97. He Was born on Prince Edward Island, but spent most of his life in Washington. No. 12 was staked by F. A. Moore, and Is now the prop­ erty of J. G. Hunter and Mr. Moore. They have a 10-horse­ power boiler on the claim. and have worked it contmuously since its location. The claim is forty feet deep ,the bedrock being s :mlJar to that in the claims already described. Winter's work is now being prosecuted with s:x men employed. Both of these gentlemen are from Wyoming and came to the Yukon in 1896. They came to the mouth of Indian River and thence proceeded to the mouth of Quartz (;reek. where they mined for some time. The results of their work not be­ ing satisfactory, they crossed over the divide to oulphur and discovered p:.y there. They have oeen on Sulphur ever since. No 16 is the property of Larsen & Co., and No. 11 belongs to Mr. Roberts. Neither of these properties has oeen worked to any great extent. Nos. 19. 20. 21. 2~, 23 and 24 belong to the Klondike Develop­ ment Company, of whic.l Mr. T . A. R. Purchas is general man­ ager. They were worked under a lay lease by sixteen men dur­ ing the past summer, and extensive winter work was intendd. No. 27 is now ownd by Mr. Slater, who recentlY purchased the property from Alex. McDonald for $5,000. the money to be taken from bedrock. Slater had tne lower end of the claim let on a lay to two men, who hoisted during last summer by hand winalasses. while he operated the balance with ten men and a steam hoist. Bedrock here is forty-four feet deep. 'I he y :eld of gold along this part of Sulphur Creek has been very good. Some spots have been found to be fabulously rich and large fortunes have been tak. en out. while other spots. apparently in the direct course of the paystreak, nave hardly paid for working. On No. 28. the property of .... .lrs. John J. Healy, Mr. M. J. Kelly has been working a lay with twelve men in his employ. Up-to-date work is accomplished with a steam plant. consist­ ing of a 12-horsepower bOiler, a steam hoist .a 5-inch centrifu­ gal pump, etc. The tailings are gotten rid of by being carried into the creek through the sluice boxes. Bedrock is forty-two feet. and the pay is fine, assaying $16.iO an ounce. This is a valuable property. No. 29 is forty-five feet to bedrock. It belongs to A. W. Heinberger, who purchased from Alex. McDonald in August, 43 ABOVE, SULPHUR. MINING 45 } 'EET UNDERGROUND. 1900. This claim has been one of the best producers on the cnek. Dur:ng 1898 it was let out on lays, and produced no less than $200,000, Alex. getting one-half of the gross output. A 12- horsepower boiler and hoist are now used. No pump is neces­ sary. :Ko work was inLended to be done this winter. From this point to 37 above no extensive work was done during the past summer. No. 37, owned by Ronald Morrison, was worked to some extent last summer, and extensive work this winted was in­ tended. On 46 above, Harry Warren's famous property, considerable work was done last summer. This claim Is tifty feet to bed­ rock and has about eight feet of pay gravel. Above No. 46 no summer work was done, except prospecting and representation work, Green Gulch, which enters Sulphur from the left Umlt at No. 36, has produced considerable gold, though none of the pr(lperties are very rich. There are about ten claims on Green Gulch proper and two or three on Its left fork. On No.1 Green Gulch, owned by A. Emile Vennurler, a 24- horsepower boiler with steam holst and steam points has been Installed. and extensive work was done with a large crew of men during the whole of last summer. The claim Is fifty-five feet deep and at this depth many bones and teeth of pre··hls­ tor;c animals-such as the mastodon and musk-ox-are found ill different states of preservation. The accompanying photo ~hows Mr. Vermurler and the workmen on his property. No.6. Green Gulch, was originally staked by Tom Kinsella In September, 1599. It is sixty feet to bedrock and nuggets weighing as hgh as $10 have been found. The clam now belongs to Aaron ~ohnson and he has Installed a 12-horsepower boiler NO.2, GREEN GULCH. and 6-horsepower engine on the property. 'l'he work done thus far has been fairly remunerative. On the left fork of Green Gulch some pay has been found. No.3 is owned by Nicholson, Olsen and Hendrickson, who have worked it successfully for nearly a year. No. 2 Green Gulch belongs to J . E . Binet, of Dawson, and has been extensively worked. No.4 belongs to Finny and Evans; No.5 to Gates. Finny and Evans, but no successful work has been done on these claims. Sulphur Creek as a whole is winning the confidence of the mining people, and as the paystreak is becoming more accur­ ately determined ana the cost of operating becoming less. the amount of mining done Is constantly on the increase. Sulphur has before it a lively future which will result in a surprisingly large output of gold. HENDERSON CREEK. Ninety-five men are at work on Henen:on Creek, prospecting or developing an aggregate of thirty-eight ('laim~. Some three or four are getting out pay in small dumps. The majority are prospecting. The pay ranges as high as five cents to the pan. but the average is about two cents. Bedrock is ten to thirty feet deep. This is the substance of a report given by Harry A. Fletcher, who has just returned from a thorough round of the creek with copies of the Weekly News (Dec. 10. 1901.) "Although what has been struck on Henderson Creek," says Mr. Fletcher, "is not big or surprising, the men engaged there are all, with the exception of three or four, seemingly en­ couraged to remain for some time, and they still probe the old earth in the hope Of striking it. "In order to ascertain just what is being done on the creek on the whole I took careful notes as to each claim, which are as follows:" W. H. Going, on 29 below-One hole to bedrock; drifted ten feet; struck nothing . . J. W. Bell, on 14 below-One hole to bedrock; two cents; no definite paystreak. Olus Peterson and partner, on 8 above-Four holes down six­ teen to seventeen feet, and two-cent dirt; no definite paystreak. P. C . . Gallagher, James Boynton, William McFarlane, on 10 GOLDEN CLEAN -UP EDITION. 61 above-Four holes to bedrock; prospect of two to three cents and stlJl prospecting. Ten to twenty-four feet deep. P. Roach and partner, on No. 21 above-Four holes to bedrock, and three to five cents. Little dump of 200 buckets out. On 36 above, G. A. Gallop and Fred Berry-Two holes to bedrock; no prospect; ten feet deep. Messrs. Pickering and Anderson, on upper half of 36-Four holes to bedrock, averaging fifteen feet; two to four cents. Mrs. M. Word and son, keeping little bakery on No. 38 above. She formerly played the piano at the Committee Bar, In Dawson. Card and Kemper own 38 above; have three holes to bedrock, averaging eighteen feet; two to seven cents. James A. Robertson and James Fraser, on 43-Five holes to b~drock, twenty to twenty-two feet, and ,still sinking more holes. Have prospects in two holes. Harry Merryfield and Harry Luce, on 45--Two holes to bed­ rock, averaging fourteen feet; two to three cents. H. Knox, W. Brighthop' and O. Carrier, on No. 5{}--One hole to bedrock; found nothing; sinking two more. Orner Besbert and Eugene Besbert, on No. 53, lower half­ Three holes to bedrock; twelve to twenty-six feet deep; two to five cents. __ Wellbrum Aubrey, K. Poirier and Gideon Gudet, on No. 53, upper half-One hole twenty-two feet deep; two cents. Lower half of 54, J. Peren, Alfred Carmier and Oscar Levic­ Two holes to bedrock; twenty-six to thirty feet; two cents. Lower half of 55, J. Meslem and partner-Two holes to bed­ rock. Upper half of 56, William Jerrich and Adam Goldsworthy­ Hole down eleven feet; just struck gravel. Alex. Steward ,on lower half of 56-One hole 16 feet deep; two-cent dirt. Upper half of 57, Hans Anderson and Charles Rossland-Two eighteen-foot holes; one-cent dirt. Booth and Mattison, tent store-Putting In a single stock of merchandise taken over the divide from Conglomerate. HE building of the Government road from Dawson to Miller and Glac'er Creeks, which is now going on, w:lI, when completed, cause the gold-bear­ ing tributaries of Sixtymile to be turn­ ed into scenes of activity. Strings of sl uice boxes will once more line the creeks, and scrapers, hydraulic hose some of the new features introduced and self-dumping arrangements will be upon the old scene. Glacier and Miller Creeks were two of the earliest creeks In the Yukon country upon which gold in paying quantities was discovered. They were considered the richest creeks In the country up to the time of the discovery of Eldorado and Bonanza, in the Klondike Distr:ct, but they were abandoned in disgust by the old "Sourdoughs" when the news reached them that "Skookum Jim" had cleaned up $18.000 after shovel­ Ing In for four hours upon No.1 above discovery on Bonanza, and that Clarence Berry and big Alex. McDonald owned ground on Eldorado where they could pick pans from bed­ rock running anywhere from $500 to $1.000. The tributaries of the Sixtymile became deserted, and the old-timers, carrying their household utens'ls upon their backs, raced along the ridges and over the divide to the new Mecca of the miner. Humboldt Gates, Charley Anderson, Louis Ellis, Clarence Berry and many other old-timers were claim owners on Gla­ cier and MiJler Creeks before abandoning them for the richer ground on Bonanza and Eldorado. Before the discoveries In the Klondike, hillside and bench mining were altogether unheard of in the Yukon country, and even the knowledge that mining could be successfully carr~ed on In the winter time was In Its infancy; only in a few in­ stances In the SixtymlJe and FortymlJe country had winter drifting been attempted. Heretofore nearly all of the mining had been confined to what Is now termed "summer diggings." In most Instances a string of boxes were strung along th~ creek bed, a sluicehead of water was turned into It and a gang of men were employed shoveling the gravel into the boxes. Such a thing as sinking shafts a',ld windlassing the dirt out, and then shoveling It into the slUice boxes was then almost unknown. The discovery of the rich benches and hillsides In the Klondike bas caused tbe prospectors to turn once more to tbe Claim 0, on 60 Pup-Owned by Charles and Latele Cames­ son; two holes down; four cents. Fractional claim 0 on 60 Pup, Thomas Flahavle and D. A. Shave-Three holes down averaging fifteen feet; four cents. No.1 on 60 Pup, Victor Johnson and Albert Johnson-Two holes, seventeen feet, averaging two cents in one and the other being blank. Lower half No.2, W. H. Smith and Thomas Nordeness-One fourteen-fcot hole; two to five cents. Lower half of No.3, H. Smith and Peter St. Lawrence-One hole to bedrock, seventeen feet; average five cents. Lower half of 4, Ed. Chebut and Ed. Grammon-Have a hole twenty-two fe€t; one drifted twelve feet; taking out a dump with an average prospect of five cents. Upper half of No.4, J. F'ariere and Joseph Fariere-Four holes to bedrock; twenty feet deep; drifted forty feet; three to five cents. Upper half of No.5, E. B. Barteau, J. A. Sterling. D. Mar­ is, and J. Johnston-One hole to bedrOCk, 19 feet deep; two to five cent dirt; taking out a dump. On 5A Grant Murphy and A. L. Brinnix ana partner are building a cabin. On No.6 J. E. Arsenault and E. Bennchaine have just be­ gun to sink a hole to bedrock. On No. 6A Andrew Scott and 'William Smith have one hole to bedrock, twenty-three feet deep; two to three cents. On No.7 J. J. Wedge and S. Gallant have two holes to bed­ rock, twenty-one feet; five cent dirt; dr'fting a little. On No. 7A H. Riddle, VY'. A. Craig and R. Waddell have two holes; average twenty-five feet; nothing in sight. W. Hamilton. Dave Patterson and Duncan Patterson have built a cabin and are prospEcting on No. 10. On the upper half of No. 5 on Eleven Pup, J. Primeau and P. Lett are working hard; no hole down. Three men are prospecting on the left fork. Card and Kemper. freighters, are ro.aking headquarters at the mouth of the stream. old and partly worked out creeks. with the result that fine pay has been found along the hillsides and in the benches of a number of the abandoned creeks. Two years ago the benches along Jack Wade. a tributary of Fortymile, were found to be rich; then followed the d's­ covery of the rich bench. 17 below on Miller. anu then goocl pay was found in the hillsides commencing at 24 above dis­ covery. at which pOint the hillside pay crosses the crEek an(\ cont;nues on down the right limit as far as No.7 below. from wh:ch point no prospecting along the hillsides has been done. sides has been done. Miller Creek is a stream about seven miles long, the lower two milES and a half from the mouth being coverea by a con­ cess'on grant to the Healy Company. Up to the present time the concession people have done noth'ng towara developing their ground, although good pay has already been found on it in several places, and during the past year several men have made good wages on it "sniping" along the benches of this concession. At present there are not more than twenty-five or thirty men working on Miller Creek, but a repetition of the old,time scenes of activity is looked for when the new G )vernment road is completed. Freight rates to both Miller and Glacier will then be reduced to about one-fourth of the present rate. The ground that is now be:ng worked on both Miller ancl Glacier Creeks is nearly all bench ground. Very little work Is now going on at any point in the present bed or the creek. On Discovery Pup on Miller, Fred Meina Is taking out an ounce a day. The creek claim No.5 below was worked last winter. Benches 3 and 4 below are now being worked with good results. L. N. Demarais this Slimmer paid ro:alty on $17,000 which he took out in June and July from hIS bench opposite 17 below. He employed four men .. This .bench Is on the left limit of the creek claim from wh ',ch Miller cleaned up $50.000 in 1f96. and then turned the claim over to one of his employes. thinking that it was pretty well worked out. Si?ce that time over $100,000 more has been taken from the claIm. In the Demarais bench there are four or five feft of pqy. running from three cents on top to a half ounce on bedrock. The bedrock of the bench is about thirty feet above the creek bedrock. On Glacier Creek perhaps the best pay found in the benches so far opened up Is on George Hunn's claim, No. 6 below. He has had four men working during tbe summer, 62 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS and seems pretty well satisfied with the season's cleanup. The gold from this claim Is all very coarse; It is black looking and runs over $18 to the ounce. The bedrock is decomposed schist, and the pay is found In the first two and a half feet of it. No. 2G above discovery on Glacier Creek is the claim near­ est the head of the creek upon which work is going on. The pay Is found in the benches on the left limit. No. 25 is being worked. Nos. 19, 20 and 21, owned by Shallow & Johnson, are being worked. Two men working on this ground cleaned up $5,000 commencing in November and ending in April. - On No. 18 above-Charley Anderson's old claim-Iver, the present owner, has been cleaning up about $200 to the box length. On 11 and 12 above the best pay Is found In the creek. Ben­ nett & Scofield own this ground. They are putting in a bed­ rock drain. In three days the two men shoveled in a little over $ 00. The benches opposite 7, 8 and 9 above are considered good. They are owned by a man named Miller, ana have been averaging about an ounce a day to the shovel all summer. On 3 above the ground runs about seven cents to the pan, with between two and three feet of pay dirt. Below discovery there is a body of gravel between fifty and one hundred feet deep, composing the benches. The ground is worked by tunnelling. Considerable work Is now going on upon the first seven claims below discovery, below which point very little Is at present being done, although It Is claimed that some fairly good prospects have been found furtner down the stream. In the days of '96 claim No. 18 below was considered one of the best pieces of ground on the creek, the dirt running a8 high as $45 to the pan. "Bob" Insley then owned It, and In a small spot In the present creek bed took out $20,000. The pay­ streak was then lost, and as it was not founa again at any place In the present channel of the creek below this point, It is reasonable to suppose that when It Is again located It will be found on the benches, either on one side or the other of the present channel. The only other work now going on In the creeks of the Sixtymile country Is on Bedrock Creek, !I. stream that empties Into Sixtymile about ten miles above Miller. Here four men have been working all summer and have made better than wages.. They have one string of boxes and move from one place on the creek to another, settling only long enough to clean up some pieces of rim rock which Nature has stripped ready for working. QUARTZ, EUREKA MONTANA AND TRIBUT ARIES. Quartz Creek was the first mined creek in the K'ondike. A year before Carmack made his famous discovery on Bonanza Creek "Billy" Redford, who had been prospecting alOng Indian River, ascended one of its tributaries and discovered gold In paying quantities about eight miles from its mouth. He named the creek Quartz Creek and the discovery has ever since been ucsi:;nateu as Redford's discovery. The pay was of low grade anu so. when Carmack made his fabulously rich find and the riches of Eldorado were being revealed, Quartz Creek was de­ serted. In 1897, however, A. Macks discovered gold on Quartz at the mouth of the pup which now bears his name. This discovery iH five miles above the mouth of Quartz and three miles below Reclfcrd·s. Since Macks' discovery was made mining has been carried on stca'lily with fair results. The pay dirt is not high grade, but eo ne uf the claims have yielded their owners snug little for­ tunes, and many miners are taking out more than wages and will continue to do so for years to come. The paying properties on this creek are chiefly bench claims on the right limit, commencing at the confluence of Canyon Creek and Quartz and extending down Quartz Creek two and a half miles to the mouth of Calder. The elevation of these bench claims is 200 feet above the creek at the moum of Canyon and gradually decreases till it is only fifty feet at No. 30-the mouth 01 Calder. The pay is mostly low grade and spotted. The only pay in this part of the creek is in No. IS-the mouth of Canyoll-and even that is low grade. Little Blanche enters Canyon from the right limit at No. 11 below. It contain~ some gold, but hardly enuogh to be callea "pay." Th€' Slavin & Boyip benches near the mouth of Mack's Fork on what is known as A. Mack's Point, have been worked exten­ sively with an up-to-date plant. A long tramway was constructed on discovery by Dwyer & Heffner. They failed to pay expenses, but subsequent working of the property yielded a good return. The best bench pay found on Quartz Is in the second tier op­ pOSite No.7, owned by McKay & McGilveray. This is the claim 'hat gave w ChHrlie Johnson, a :'cotch-Ca,·.n11:n-., t11 ' "f'u1)ri­ (lniEt of "Deep-hole" Johnson. Mr. Johnson is ]'(';'~ly th" "';,­ coverer of these benches. He, assisted by Ole Yarde. wOl'ke1 nine months, and struck pay on bedrock at a depth o! -'-10 fee •. This was the first location of pay on the deep ground. Pay in the creek has been found on 33, 37 and 40 below A. Mack's discovery; and on 6, 10, 15 and 18 above Redford's dis­ covery. On 3 and 3A below Redford's good pay was discovered-prob­ ably as rich as any on the creek. The following work was going on February 12-the time of writing this article: On No.1 above Redford's A. A. Johnson & Co. are operating a thawer and have out a good dump of pay dirt. Mr. Karaal, of Redford's discovery, has recently located good pay and is taking out a dump to be ready for sluicing In the spring. Messrs. Bauer and Weiser, of No. 4 below Redford's, have recently bought H. E. Meyer's interest in that claim and are working on good pay. William Petapiece and I. Frieze, of No. 6 below Redford's, h_ave been operating all winter and report a decided Improve­ ment in their, pay the last two weeks. George Hodgins, on A. Mack's POint, reports fair pay. Wilson, Roper & Ball, of No. 15, Canyon Creek, are lOSing no time in enlarging their dump, which will tell a good story when sluiced up In the spring. - C. L. Johnson, of 6 below A. Mack's, right limit, hillside, has out a large dump and reports a well defined paystreak. The right limit bench opposite No. 7 below A. Mack's Is owned by J. D. McRae and others. Mr. McRae is making prep­ arations for and expects to do a large amount of summer work during toe coming season. McDonald and Brennan, of 10 below A. Mack's, right limit hIllside, were the last to close down summer work last year. The pay was good at the time of closing down and they have been and now are making preparations for next season. They will take out a large dump for the spring cleanup. J. J. Comeford, of No. 11 below A. Mack's, is on the outside, but Is expected to return soon. He will emp:oy a large force of men next summer. Nos. 12 and 13 below A. Mack's, right limit hillsides, are tak­ ing out dumps and doing well considering the depth of ground. The right limit hillside opposite 19 below, owned by Rice Bros., Is being operated with a large steam plant and will have a large o.ump of good dirt to clean up in the spring. The owners ex­ pect to continue work all summer. Messrs. Reynolds and Smart, of the right limit hillside, op­ posite No. 20 below, are steadily taking out pay; and so is } '. L. Anderson, of No. 24 below. Mr. Anderson's partners are spending the winter on the outside, but will return sohrtly and .egin preparations for summer work. On No. 22 below, owned by John and Charlie Carlston, a small dump is being tall:en out, although their ground can be worked to a better advantage in the summer on account of the shallowness of the diggings. This claim is from three to ten feet to bedrock, while 1,000 to 1,500 feet fart .. er up the creek bed­ rock Is not reached till a depth of from eighty to ninety feet is at.alned. Nos. 24, 25 and 26 below are taking out dumps and report satisfactory results. One might write volumes on the history of this creek alone, but with a few closing remarks we will proceed with write-ups of other creeks not yet mentioned. Quartz Creek takes its rise in the Dome between the head­ waters of Eldorado and Sulphur Creeks and flows in a souther­ ly direction a distance of about twelve miles to its confluence with Indian River. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. ()3 A KLGNDlKE MI.';ING SCENE. CONGLOMERATE CREEK is a tributary of Montana, en­ tering from the left limit at No. 19 below discovery. Its head is pillowed on the well known Dumal Dome mountain and its gen­ eral course is from west to east. In its course it passes through large bodies of gravel and a portion of the Conglomerate which has given the creek its name. Practically speaking th:s creek was boomed until its name became a by-word and consequently received a black eye. How­ ever, there were some who persevered in their prospecting, and these men can now show pay in several different places from the mouth up to No. 35. STEELE FORK has not received the attention it deserves. Only two dumps are being taken out; one on the Hox location by Box and Taylor, and one on 7 below Box location by Scott and Gane. They are men that would not waste their time, so we may presume that results are encouraging. MONTANA CREEK has had very little prospecting done on It, considering its length and the breadth of the creek. Pros­ pects of coarse gold have been found in nearly every shaft that has been put down, and many that would like to prospect fur­ l .. er nave not the means to do so. 'l'he most neede .. ~hing on Montana is a Base Line. The benches and hillsides prospect well and there would be numerous locations on benches if there was a certainty of getting the ground. EUREKA CREEK will be a surprise to many after the clenaup as the owners of property there are saying nothing, but are working .Iard and piling up the dirt. A. H. Roberts, of the left limit hillside opposite NO.1. below the forks, is operating a plant and will have quite a dump to clean up. Bell, Spooner and Cunningham, of the hillside, left limit, op­ posite 12 below the lorks, are takmg out a dump of good pay. Brothers, Glazier, Nemity and __ nderson, owners of .~o. 0, left fork, have begun makmg preparations for big summer work. They expect to run two shifts of from twelve to fifteen m(;n each during the entire summer. Eighteen Pup, left fork, of Eureka, is a busy looking- tribu­ tary. J. R. Shannon, McNaught and McLeod, of NO.2, have out a good dump, and so have Paul and Kroeger on No.3. Messrs. Paul and Kroeger expect to install a large plant in the near future. Roberts Rosebrugh and Payne of No. 10 have already a very large dump out and are contemplating a much needed vacation next summer. Last summer the drifts caved in while they were working their best pay and they will not attempt work next summer. They had expended much t :me and money in opening up the claim and unfortunately drifted too near the surface­ hence the cave-in. They are pioneers of 18 Pup. Chris OlEon, of No. 11, with two men, is taking out good pay and a lot 01' it. Young and Coughlin, of 13, are taking out pay at a depth ot four feet in bedrock-th:s gives them five feet of pay. The av­ erage depth to bedrock on 18 Pup is from ten to twenty feet. The right fork of Eureka is well represented this winter with dumps out on 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 26 and 27 above dIscovery. The width of pay varies from twenty to eighty feet. Eureka has much ground wh:ch would yield good returns if worked prop­ erly. From the source of Eureka to its mouth is about ten miles with tne forAs four miles up from Indian River. 64 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS THE MINING .OUTLOOK. By T. DUFF ERIN PUTTl'LLO, Acting Auiatant Gold Commialjoncr. It is a significant fact. at the same time a very gratifying one, that the business transacteCl at the dold Commissioner's Office during the year ending November 30, 1901, exceeded in volume the business of any previous year in the history of the office. Many of those who are familiar with the big stampedes of '97 and '98 can, perhaps, hardly realize this to be the case. There has, however, during the past year been a considerabie number of abandoned and new creeks opened up in addition to a steady increase of business in connection with nearly all the older creeks. The day when fortunes were made in a few days or weeks has gone by, and I believe that for the good of toe territory it is well that it has. Business is now down to a solid steady basis. While in the earlier days 01 the camp greater quantities of gold were taken from some of the richer claims from a smaller area of ground than touay, yet today a far larger area of ground is being developed than heretofore. Men are content with a smaller profit and the weaith of the district is more widely distributed. Of the abandoned and new creeks which have recently come before the public eye. Henderson and trloutaries, Montana and tributaries and All Gold and tributaries are tue chief. Dis. coveries have been made on a considerable number of other creeks, but I mention the foregoing because they are particular­ ly large streams covering large areas of gold bearing territory, and should they develop as it Is hoped an~ by many miners believed, an immense tract of territory will be openeu up, the p(lssibilities of which can be better appreciated when I state that already something over a thousand claims have been re­ c( rded both on Montana and tributaries and henderson and tributaries. In the outlying districts reports are encouraging. The one fact which has militated most seriously against development of the outlying districts is the fact of the excessive cost of landing food and other supplies at the case of operations. In spite of this vital drawback, hundreds of men have neverthe­ less, shown their faith in the outlying districts by penetrating to all parts of the territory for the purpose of prospecting and ex­ ploring the same. Last summer a number of men went up the Stewart River as far as Fraser Falls, but the result of their labors is not yet known. Of the Clear Creek District reports are promising; and o! Stewart River District sufficient prospecting is being quietiy carried on w:th results which warrant the belief that that dis­ trict has never been exploited in more than a desultory way. As a matter of fact I think that another very strong reason why the outlying districts have not been developed to a greater extent is the fact that the Dawson District covers so large an area with so good results and with a limited population that most miners prefer to prospect the nearer territory ral.,er than the more remote. The same remarks apply to the Big Salmon, Hootalinqua and Fortymile Districts as to the Clear Creek and Stewart River Districts. The truth appears to be that the whole of Yukon Territory seems to be an immense gold bearing area, altogether too large to be explored in the present short lif of tile camp, but develop­ ed in one small corner of '" the Dawson District-to a degree sufficient to justify expectations of something Immense. The question seems to resolve itself to this: Whether the hundreds or miles of low grade gold bearing areas can be worked prof­ itably with the cost of food and other supplies reduced to a minimum. I would answer this question in the affirmative. We will not arrive at this much desired end hurriedly, but I firmly believe it is coming. It will be seen from a resume of placer grants. renewals. quartz receipts. etc .. which have been issued in the Territory during the past Year-and which 1 give below-that quartz has been very lively during the past year. Several groups of quartz claims have been doing considerable work and the fact that two or three applications for Crown Grants have been made Is In­ dicative of faith in the quartz of the Territory. From the num­ ber of men engaged in quartz prospecting at the present time and from the manner in which a number 01 locations are being pushed. the matter of quartz should shortly be settled beyond peradventure. Meantime the outlook is most encour­ aging. NOVEMBER, 1898, TO NOVEMBER, 1899. l'ree mi ners' certificates ........................................ 14.880 Placer grants (original entries) ................................. 7.758 Renewals ........................................................... 4,358 Relocations ...................................................... .. Assignments, mortgages, etc. . ................................ . Quartz receipts .................................................. . Other documents, quartz, including certificates of work .. NOVEMBER, 1899, TO NOVEMBER, 1900. Free miners' certificates ...................................... . Piacer grants (original entries) ............................... . Renewals ........................................................... . Relocations ....................................................... . ASSignments, mortgages, etc ............................... · ... · Other documents, certificates of work, placer, etc ........ .. Quartz receipts ................................... : ............... . Other documents-quartz-Including certificates of work, etc ............................................................ . 1,030 10,370 670 395 11,198 1,426 4,761 428 7,097 3,560 832 663 GENERAL STATEMENT OF MINING BUSINESS IN THE YUKON TERRITORY, FROM NOVEMBER 30, 1900, TO NOVEMBER, 30, 1901. Free miners' certificates ..................................... .. Piacer grants (original entries) ............................ .. Renewals ........................................................... . Relocations ....................................................... . ASSignments, mortgages, etc ................................... . Other entries-placer-Including certificates of work, no- tices to work in common, etc. .. ........................... .. Quartz receipts ................................................. .. Other entries-quartz-including certificates of work, cer- tificates of partnership, etc. . .............................. . 12,400 6,330 3,700 3,800 10,150 4,800 1,290 1,105 EDUCA nON IN THE KLONDIKE. The question of education in any community shouid be the one of first importance. If the word education be given Its w.dest possible meaning this is a truth seldom quesL.oned, but it is truly pregnant with meaning when applied to the young, the training of whom In the Kiondike, as in other parts of Can­ ada, is iargely the work of the public school. The- boys and girls of today are the men and women of to­ morrow, and it is not sufficient that the schools qualify its pu­ ils only to pass examinations at school and wm honors at col­ lege. It must go farther, and develop boys and girls w;th whom, when the duty devolves. we can safely intrust the fu­ ture of our young and growing nation. The growth of the schools, like our other institutions in the Klondike, has ~een a rapid one. To have suggested four years ago to the most sanguine of the pioneers tha. the year 1901 would see hundreds of children in attendance at our schools would have been wasted energy, and yet this and much more has been done. A brief resume of the history of our schools may be of in­ terest. In 1898 several attempts were made to organize private sehools with poor success. In 1899 the expenses ot maintaining a school established by the sisters of St. Mary's cnurch was as­ sumed by the government, which thus became the first public school in the territory. The increased demand for school accommodation led to the establishment of the school on Mission street In September, 1900. Before the advent of the year 1901 the attendance at this scho: 1 had increased LO such an extent that it was found necessary to make two additions to the teaching staff nOl .ncluding the kindergarten established in Uctober, 1900. During .he present year one addition has been made to the Dawson staff and mis­ cellaneous schools established at the following points on the creeks: Grand Forks, Bonanza creek; \.rold Bottom, Hunker Creek; Gold Run Creek, and an application for a school at Cari­ bou will be granted at the first 0. the New Year. The opening of the new school building at Dawson in Octo­ ber of last year marks a stride In our educatlonal advance­ ment. Only those who experienced the discomforts and incon­ veniences of the old quarters can thoroughly appreciate the new. Suffice it to say .hat the new building is a comfortable and commodious one, having eight class rooms beslUes library, cloak rooms, etc., is handsomely finished and furnished through­ out and would be a credit to many towns of greater pretensions than Dawson. The number of school children in the Klondike. although few in proportion to the population, Is rapidly on the increase. The GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 65 eertalnty that our territory haa a great future, together with the dlspeUlng of the erroneous Ideas previously held In regard to climatic conditions ha,'e Induced hundreds during the past year to bring their famllles and make the Klondike their home. The total number of pupils enrolled In the schools In the Klondike Is two hundred and ninety, of this number one hun­ dred and ninety-seven are In the Central school, Dawson; forty In St. Mary's, and the remaining fifty-three In the creek schools mentioned. The average attendance In the Dawson schools dur­ Ing December was two hundred and seventeen, being ninety­ one per cent. of those enrolled, an exceptionally good showing, and speaks volumes for the health of the children ana the In­ terest taken In the schools. Nowhere In the world will you find two hundred and ninety healthier, happier or more Intelligent boys and girls than In the Klondike schools. "Of Knowledge never learned of schools" the Dawson boy Is an encyclopedia. He has of neces­ sity traveled not a little, and has observed much. He Is not bashful and can on occasion express himself forcibly, but wlth­ all he Is a splendid specimen of the species, just the stutr that men are made of. Illiteracy Is a word with a very limited application In the Klondike. Our population although a cosmopolitan one Is com­ posed of the best from many lands. The men and women who make the Klondike their home are not of those who waste their time In Idle dalliance. They are a practical people and education Is a practical question. We may then safely conclude that with a commissioner and council In entire sympathy 1vith the work, and a people who will demand the best the education of the young Klondikers will not be neglected. December, 1901. G. P. MACKENZIE, Principal of Schools, Dawson, Y. T. EVOLUTION OF THE DAWSON WOMAN. (AL'CS ROLLINS CRANE.) Much has been said and written about the average women of Dawson, and it is just about these same women that I am going to write a little more, and as It was my fortune to be among the first arrivals in this newly settled town anu to have resided here during the past four years of Its growth from a few wretched cabins and tents erected on a fever stricken stretch of undrained swamp to a well-drained, well built town of handsome buildings, containing most of the comforts to be met with on the "outside," It will be my endeavor to write what observation has taught me concerning the changes which have gradually been brought about In most things pertaining to my sex. In the days of 1896 and 1897 there were, of course, no female population In Dawson to speak of, for only prospectors were here In those early days and a few who nad managed to hear of the extraordinary richness of Eldorado and Bonanza, and who had rushed headlong to the Klondike, hardly daring to be­ lieve a half of what they heard. Such men did not dream of bringing wives or other female relatives with them on that hard and hazardous journey, and Dawson was essentially at that time a bachelor camp. But towards the end of '97 all the civilized world was thrill­ ed with news of the Klondike's richness, and then It was that women, as well as men, were enthused with a burning desire to struggle Into the Klondike over the Chilcoot and White passes, and to risk the terrors of dangerous rapIds In home­ made boats, In order to obtain a share of the precious metal which would, perchance, drive from many a home the gaunt wolf which had long tnreatened It. In that wl"l rush In the spring of '98 there were probably two women to a thousand men, and while many of the latter behaved gallantly and obligingly, there were thousands who acted like selfish brutes and were totally Inditrerent to the trials, troubles and dangers which befell others. Among a heterogenous mass of perhaps 60.000 men of all na­ tionalities, and many of the lowest grades of desperadoes, th~ women who ca·me to Dawson In '97 had to live. The state of the so-called roads and trailS, even In Dawson, necessitated the wearing of short skirts and masculine looking boots; consequently the women who came to Dawson to earn an outdoor living or whose occupation took them abroad on the streets or creeks were not dressed in a manner which added any outside charm to female attire. Labor was excessively dear and women had to either pay extravagant prices to carpenters. paper-hangers and dress makers or be content to live In a very rough cabin, rudely furnished, with no more pretense to "show" than the plain useful dresses they donned. The few lady clerks, typewriters and c!l.shlers required were small In number compared with cooks and housekeepers. All were well paid, but few could save, owing to the high price of living. The means of recreation were limited. The theatres were quite unfit for women to attend, both on account of the low standard· of vulgar plays put on the stage and of the almost universal custom of drinking and smoking Indulged In by the spectators. The actors appeared to look upon a Dawson audi­ ence as devoid of taste or education and consequently gave a performance which would disgrace a third-rate alme museum. Social gatherings were rare, as few possessed the means of entertaining their friends; the roads were In such a deplorable condition that driving was out of the question even if there had been conveyances and hacks In the town-but the dog then held supreme sway, and was sold at a price which one would hesitate to pay for a good horse elsewhere. There were few women to be seen; the streets were choked with men sitting along on the sidewalks. smoking and loung­ Ing about so that women were almost compelled to either stay Indoors or walk In the middle of the muddy roads. The "lords ot creation" did not appreciate a good woman, but lavished their time and money on the most lawless and vacillating of the weaker ~ex; many good and virtuous girls who came to Dawson to seek honest work in order to improve their impoverished condition from the slavish position they held elsewhere, braved to little purpose the heart-rending dangers which they nobly conquered along the trails, for unable to ob­ tain employment they drifted Into one of the too numerous dance-halls and thence to ruin and disgrace. But under what altered conditions do we now live! . In a few short years, the tent and barren cabin have given place to cosy buildings, comfortably and sometimes richly fur­ nished; the man no longer cooks his own meals after a hard day's work. or complains of chronic Indigestion; but he goes to his well-ordered home, welcomed by his wife and perhaps little children who have just returned from the public school which Is now a credit to Dawson, and finds a vast dltrerence In the year of 1902 from 1898. Women have come to Dawson In large numbers lately; their journey here Involved no hardships; fine steamers and a good railroad have brought them rapidly to their destination which their sisters only reached after months of weary and dangerous plodding. They have brought their children with them and the little ones brighten the streets and homes by their happy faces. They find the streets are no longer the trystlng places of loafers and other pests, but are fianKed with up-to-date stores. filled with goods trom which it Is easy to choose any article of food, dress or furniture needed. In passing up and down the now well-ordered sidewalks­ thanks to the deservedly popular North West Mounted Police­ one will not see a poorly or peculiarly dressed woman; in fact, women in Dawson dress with as much style and richness as the women of any "outside" town. .. there has been_an evolution In woman's dress. how much . more has her presence been the means of modifying the dress of the male sex! The man who would now appear at a party dressed In a yellow mackinaw suit or other equally ugly costume would be a "rara avis," and the woman who In '98 could be seen labori­ ously plodding over the heavy trails on her way to the creeks, looking like a dilapidated rag uoll would be a much rarer sight. Neither does one see women shoveling Into the sluice boxes alongside of men, nor working rockers In order to add to their scanty earnings. Women are now In evidence at our many churches, IIbrar­ le~, social gatherings, concerts and balls, and can also venture to a theatre at times. Dawson Is well provided with livery stables, and women are often seen comfortably riding to and from the creeks In well­ appOinted stages, which travel with ease and comparative com­ fort over the newly made Government roads. It is said that "experience is the most etrectlve teacher of the race," and it has played no unimportant part in the his­ tory of Dawson and the evolution of its women. I claim that the women have been greatly Instrumental in helping to purify the Immoral atmosphere which for a time hung over this town; by their Infiuence they have elevated the tone of the men, and are gradually winning for the place a name which will no longer be synonymous with ,we ry, thing which a woman should detest, but one which shall be on a par ·with that of any city In Canada. The critical years of hardships. trials and stormy scenes which tended to cripple the morals and dwarf the a.splrations are happily past, and Dawson women can now step out and 66 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS take their places without a blush. They can look back on their cheechaco days as one remembers a bad dream, and they can appreciate themselves, no doubt, more than others can appre­ ciate them, knowing what they have borne. To many these bitter experiences have brought out In their lives all that is best and noblest in women; let us hope that the same may be said of our men In Dawson. YUKON TELEGRAPH SYSTEM. In 1899 the need of a telegraph service was so greatly felt that work, under the direction of J. B. Charleson, was com­ menced by the Government. The start was made at Bennett and carried on with great speed till Dawson was reached, on September 23d. In the year 1900 the line was extended to the Alaskan boun­ dary, to the north, connecting with the American Govern­ ment telegraph line. Work was also commencea at Hazelton and ,"uesnel on the through line. Owing to the short season and the great difficulties of the transportation of supplies, this line was not completed, bt.. the following spring tne work was carried on and the through wire from Vancouver to Dawson was completed September 24. The Canadian Yukon telegraph line now extends from the boundary 100 miles north of Dawson to Vancouver, a dis­ tance of over 2.000 m .. es; following the Yukon River from the boundary to Tagish; thence via Atlin, Telegrap.1 Creek. Hazelton. Quesnel and Ashcro.t, with a branch line running from Hazelton to Port Simpson, a distance of 200 miles. Now Dawson's evening papers give the happenings of the world as they occur; merchants send their orders by wire, and they are acknowledged at once; anxious friends communicate without delay-in fact, the days of anxIOus waiting and tedious delays are relegated to the past. A narrow band of wire reaching from Eagle City to Ashcroft, joins the boh.en North with the East. Insignificant in itself, through it flows the magiC fluid. making the pulse of Daw­ son beat in unison whn the outside world; aistance is anni­ hilated ana Dawson brought 2,000 miles nearer the centres of commerce. While the benefits of the telegraph are suffiCientlY ob­ vious. little thought is given to the diffiCUlties of construc­ tion or the many vagaries of nature which militate against continuous connection with the East. A narrow right-of-way extends for 2.000 miles. running through the primeval forests, climbing over the highest and most rugged mountains, crossing the rushmg torrents and mighty rivers of North Pacific Slope; rivers and streams have to be bridged and trails built all the way for transportation of materials and supplies. On the new line from Atlin to Quesnel supplies were packed all the way. Many poles of a hundred feet in length were put up and often the builders of the line had to be lowered hundreds of feet down the perpendicular face of a mountains, to put in a pole and pass the wire. Frequently poles were packed high above the timber line. Crossing the river with the wire is an act of skill as well as of great peril. At Ogilvie, in 16~9. the ill-fateu steam­ er Stratton was almost capsized in attempting It. and after all failed In the performance. The crossing at Wh'te River Is about 1.400 yards and is made in five spans over the swiftest water In the Yukon. At [eortymile the wire Is 100 feet above high water. cros'ng from a pole 104 feet high to another set In an opposite bluff. ~'hese difficulties have all been overcome by perseverance an... SKill. The suppl 'es and materials have been carried and consumed. and now the proper maintenance of the line Is the work In hand, There are a great many caUSes of trouble. LIghtning or an electr'c wire may burn out the instruments; a falling tr ... e, a snow slide, an avalanche, or even the little gravel c.mtes. so common along the Yukon, may tear out a pole. Brush fires burn out miles of wire every summer; the con­ stant erosion of the river banks often drops a pole into the river, and the current soon makes a break. Wood catchers and campers are a constant source of trouble. through their carelessness In felling trees across tile wire. In w.nter. con­ traction from the cold. a tight t'e or a flaw in the wire often cause a break. and sometimes it will break without any ap­ parent cause. Anyone ot the accidents occurring anywhere on the 2.000 miles ot line cuts Dawson am from th" world completely. In building the line the greatest care was taken to put It In the safest place. and every means possible ta. en to pre­ vent accidents. Every summer a repair gang goes over the line from one end to ,the other. to counteract any new cause of danger. Repair stations are built about every forty miles from Ashcroft to Tagish. and about every fltty miles trom Taglsh to Dawson. At every station men are in readiness to start out at an hour's notice with their tools. food and bedding on their backs. When they start no privation can deter them. They must go on until tile break is repaireu or tired nature gives way. They climo Ine highest hills. through deep snow and skirt the face of mountains where a slip may bury them under hundreds of tons at snow and roc... Their work is to keep the north In constant communication with the south, and no thought of danger or expense is taken In furtherance of that object. Summer and winter the rlght-ot-way is carefu .. y patrol­ led, clearing away any dangerous trees lI.nd constantly widen­ ing the right-of-way. A great number of men are employed In the Yukon Tele­ graph service, seven being employed in Dawson alone. Prob­ ably no other line in the world of the same length has been so difficult of construction and maill(enance as the Yukon telegraph. } 'rom the beginning to the end it runs through heavy timber or over mountaIns. No stress has been la:d on the connection with the Amer­ ican Government '~elegraph Line at lile boundary. but when that line is completed there will be telegraphic communica­ tion from St. Michael and Valdes to Vancouver. While Mr. M. W. Crean. general superintendent at Van­ couver; Mr. A. B. Clegg. district superintendent at White­ horse. and Mr. C. A. Couture. superintendent of line repairers. are at the helm. the people of Dawson can rest assured that every effort is being strained to give them the "est posible service. WILLlAM rl",OWNLOW, Dawson Manager. OUR POLITICAL FUTURE. It is assumed that whatever doubt is implied In the mention as a subject of discussion of "Our Pol:tical Future." that doubt relates not to our larger pOlitical relations, but purely to local matters. The Yulton will remain Canaaian and Cana.~a will for many a year, and we trust for aye. remain British. No nation has in recent years evinced any serious desire to appropriate Canada. and our little experience with the Boers has taught us that if our Sons are as stout hearted as we believe them to be, no nation would find it an easy 'task ~o accomplish our conquest. There exists no uabger of such an attempt on the part of the United States. The good sense and humanity of the people of the United States and of the British Empire have fully recognized that peace and amity between the great Republic and the great Empire are the best guaranty of the security of progressive civilization. No Intelli­ gent American fails to recognize the serious problems of various kinds that remain to tax to the full the skill and judg­ ment of the Republic's great statesmen. The same problems. varied only in form of presentation and by difference of con­ ditions and circumstances. remain in the future LO be grappled with by Canadian statesmen. The chlei aim of file besL minds in both countries will be. not cOlllj'-:!cSt. but the accomplish­ ment of that solution of these problems which sha.. be for the greatest good of the people. As Canada has advanced and continues ,0 advance and approach more nearly the Untted States. not necessarily in wealth or population. LJUt In na­ tional dignity. the more interesting and instructive t6 the stu­ dent of pOlitical economy will become the comparative study of the same problems in their difterent treatment in the two com­ mun:ties. "Our POlitical Future" is to be regarded from the compara­ tively tame point of VIew involvea in the questions. "What fur­ ther powers in regard to Yukon alfairs shall be transferred from federal to local control. how shall the local governing bodies be const'tuted. and in what manner shall they exercise the'r functions?" The ultimate goal must be the transference of full provincial powers. the creation of an execu.,ve responsl­ be to a Single assemo.y elected by the people. and the exer.!ise by the governor. the executive and the asembly of their re­ spective powers. accord'ng to the well-recognized and estab­ lished principles of responsible government. It is a truism that the best systems of government have been steady growths and not sudden creations. Some may think the constitut.on of the United States an 1 of Canada are ex­ ceptions to this rule. and exceptions of such Importance as to materially impa'r its validity. I. would not be dlfllcult. It time. allowea. to show that they are not In reality suc .. ""cep­ tions, and that the features of those constitutions which de- GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 6'7 part most largely from the rule are those upon the wisdom of which the greatest aoubts have been cast. Steady growth today is, however, a more rapid process than formerly. In the Yukon we have all the elements from which to expect the most rapid growth. The material from which a self-governing community can be forme" with cer­ tamty of immediate success exisls in abundance. Probably it woula be difficult in any part of the world to find a more com­ petent body of citizens than is present in the Yukon today. The standard of political, literary, commercial an ... even art:s­ tic education is extraordinarily high, but even more conspicu­ ous are the practical attainments of our people and their pos­ session of knowlEdge gained not from Dooks and professors, but from hard-earned exper:ence and observation. Neither sluggards nor fo)ls find the Yukon congenial. Enterprise, energy, adaptability and a ready appreciaLon of changing sit­ uations are striking characteristics of the people. The Yukon, too, is a reading community, and one in wh:ch pubLc opinion is quickly formed and promptly expressed. It cannot be expected that such a people, largely engaged or interested in the most exciting of all occupations, will be satisfied with the slow progreEis which is sufficient for a scattered agricultural population. As soon as the period of rush and excitement has passed men begin once more to uevote some attent.on to poli­ tical matters. As division of labor and more regular business methods make work easier, men have more inclination for such subjects, and as the permanence of the settlement of the coun­ try becomes assured the subjects themselves are more deserv­ ing of considration. No time has been lost in taking initial steps in the right direction. Two flourishing towns have already been organized under the Unincorporated Towns Ordinance, and others will doubtless soon follow. Dawson is organizing under a charter of Incorporation. All these steps are of esential value in pre­ paring the Territory for ultimate control of its local affairs. "l1ienext session of Parliament will undoubtedly pass leg­ islation provid:ng for the representatIOn of the Yukon in Par­ liament, and then the Territorial representative, even if sup­ ported by no colleague, will be able upon the floors of Parlia­ ment, to give expression to the needs and requirements of his constituents. Local government will undoubtedly be gr_anted as soon as the people of the Territory are ready to assume the respon­ sib",ties and changes incident to such government. There can be no doubt that it would be w:se to reorganize the Council the moment it is ascertained that competent men can be found outside the Government serVlce, ready to spare from business and money-making the requisite time and labor. The Council as first constituted was, under the circumstances, the best that could be devised. Aparl from Government officials, It was not even known who were likely to enter the Territory or how long any would remain. \';apa,He men, ready to asume the duties of government were not to be found. All were too eager after business and to quickly escape from the country to care for otllcial honors. It may be that thiS reason no longer exists, and if so, a change should be promptly made. As long as the Commiss:oner is more than mere Governor he should be supported by some appointed members of the Council. This appears essential, but it is believed great satis­ faction would be created ir, say, three of the present appOint­ ed members of the Council were allowed to retire and their places filled by carefully selected representative c'tizens, whol­ ly Independent of the Government. This could be done without waiting for Parliamentary action. As soon as Parliament as­ sembles an act could be passed providing for the advance, step by step, toward full responsible government ana its attain­ ment within, say, two or at most three years. It might pos­ siblY be deemed wiser to delay the introduction of SUCI. an act untll Its passage through Parliament could be watched and assisted by the Yukon members. These suggestions contain no reflection either upon the Lommissioner or upon the Coun­ cil. Most people know the Commissioner and have sutncient confidence in him to feel satisfied that everything would pro­ ceed excellently well if he had complete charge, and were not even aided by a faithful Council. Constitutions are not, how­ ever, specially framed for good rulers, but must also anticipate the possibility of administrators of different types, who require to be controlled and kept right. Before the Commissioner be­ comes Governor only and passes over to a Prime Minister all but his purely gubernatorial functions, tbere are many things to be carefully thought out and settled, for which two years would afford little enough time. The distribution of represen­ tation, the measure of power to be entrusted to the new Gov­ ernment, the sources of revenue, the burdens to be born, the class of many who are ready to accept otllce and many other matters of Importance must be considered and deter- mined. The Territory is fortunate in not being forced to the necessity of a fight for responSIble Governm.nt, an ar­ bitrary and self-Willed CommiSSioner and a tyrannical Coun­ cil. we are blessed with a;oner who took part in all the stages by which the North West Territories advanced from a state of dependence to its present posit.on, who as­ sisted in every fight and aided in directing every aavance. His course since he accepted office here is sUT"cient proof that h:s great sagacity and political skill are still enhsted on the same side, and that l.lere is no posibllity 01 a con­ flict over this matter. The only contest between the people and the Commissioner, aided by the Council, Will De to see who can most a.d in devising the best and most liberal scheme suitable for the government of an intelligent, high­ minded and trustworthy people. In this contest there is no room for bitterness. Honest endeavor on the pan of all Will secure for us as ideal a sys­ tem of government as it is possible for fallible humanity to oevise. FRED T. CO.,uDON. PROTECTION AFFORDED LIFE AND PROP­ ERTY IN THE YUKON. (By Major Z. T. ,Vood, Commander of N. v,. M. P.) In 1895 the Dominion Government sent up a small force of Northwest Mounted Police to preserve law anQ order in the Fortymile District of the Yukon Territory. This Jdy of men came in via SL Michael, and subsequently, on the discovery of gold on lhe Klondike tributaries the number of men was grad­ ually increased in proportion to the great addition to the popu­ lation. At present there are two _,vis ons, or troops of police in the territory; "H" division w,th headquarters at Whitehorse is responsible for ._,e suppression of crime between Caribou Crossing and Five Fingers, and has also ... etachments on the Stickene River and Dalton Trail. "ti' division, with headquar­ ters at Dawson, is responsible for the preservation of peace from Hootchikoo to Fortymile. Each police district is divided into sub-districts or detac.,ments, and the force at each of these detachments make regular patrols in the vicin ty and re­ port all breaches of the law, arrest offenders and protect prop­ erty. In addition to .ne Stickeen and Dalton trail outposts "H"' division has eleven detachments on the river and cut-off be­ tween Whitehorse and Hootch,,{Oo, while "B" troop has seven between the latter place and Dawson, nine on the creeks in the vicin'ty of Dawson an" one in the town itself. "B" division numbers 153 of all ranks and "H" division 118. Each detach­ ment or outpost consists as a rule of a non-commissioned offi­ cer and two constables; in some cases a special constable is added as cook. In addition to a weekly patrol from outpost t·) outpost between Dawson and Wh·tehorse the non-commis­ sioned officer or constable in charge of each detachment is re­ sponsible that all roadhouses, settlers, wood camps, Indians, caches, stranded boats or scows, mines, etc., in his vicinity are frequently visited and any complaints taken note of and acted upon. A lookout has to be kept for all persons trying to evade arrest or summons, travelers in difficulty have to be as­ sisted, missing people hunted up, timber dues and royalty col­ lected and telegraph linemen accompanied on their trips to re­ pair the line. A diary is kept at each outpost in which is en­ tered a brief summary of each day's work. At tl1e end of each week a copy of the diary is sent to diviSIOn headquarters. In­ specting officers visit the detachments at irregular intervals and examine books, stores, arms, etc. Every sco,," and boat leav­ ing the upper lakes and river for Dawson, since _ ••• , has been given a number and, in a register kept for that purpose, the names and aodress of the occupants given, so .hat in case of mishap the police could teU at once who had been drowned or lost and notify the next of kin. In all cases of acciaents resulting in oeath, suiclUes, death by drowning, or from unnatural causes, the police take charge of the body and effects pending the arrival of a coroner to investigate the matter. The police officers are the only coro­ ners in the territory up to date. In Dawson proper and the neighboring creeks anu also at \\- hitehorse the force is kept ~usy enforcing the law and de­ tecting crime. As far as detective work is concerned a con­ stable is naturally greatly handicapped by the fact that he is clothed In uniform and is, therefore, easllY spotted and evaded by offenders. Owing to the semi-military character of the force, however, this cannot be helped; Not only is it the duty of the police to detect, arrest and prosecute criminals, but if sen­ tenced they are responsible for the safe keeping of offenders and for the enforcement of any sen_ence imposed. No less than 496 prisoners were confined In the jail during the past year, of whom twenty-three were long-term convicts. Up to a re- THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS C!i z S r.i ~ 00 p p 0 ~ = ~ 0 E-t a: ~ p ~ 0 0 t,) ~ ~r, 0 Il. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 69 cent date commissioned officers of the police acted as magis­ trates In Dawson and still do so on the creeks. Prior to the date of Judge Macaulay's arrival, l,lU4 cases had been heard In the pOlice court by pOlice justices of the peace and $7,534.90 col­ lected In fines. DAWSON PUBUC BUILDINGS. Previous to 1899 the Government oftlces at Dawson were smtll and of the crudest description. Valuable records In­ volving millions of dollars, were exposed to great risk of fire. In that year the Hon. Mr. Tarte, Minister of Public Works of Canada, being Informed of the condition of aftalrs and the need of better facilities for the conduct of public business, took over Into his department the construction, maintenance and control of all the public buildings In the Yukon Territory. Sums were placed In the estimates for· the erection of suit­ able buildings, with Instructions that they should be, with re­ gard to economy, fitted for the large amount of public business carried on In this rapidly advancing territory. In the summer of 1900 the Postoffice building was erected, at a cost of about $61,000, Including heating apparatus, fittings, furniture for the postoffice proper, customs crown land office,· registrar's office, telegraph office and a large battery room. The saving In rents by Its erection amounted to about $24,000 per year, without heat or light. The Dawson postoffice as It stands today is as well equipped, outside of Vancouver and Victoria, as any similar building west of Toronto, It being the wish of the Government that every facility should be given the Yukon people to obtain and dispatch their mail with as little Inconvenience as possible. In March, 1901, Instructions were given by the Hon. the Min­ Ister of Public Works for the erection of a new Court House, containing two court rooms,· with all the offices appertaining thereto, This was done to admit of two judges sitting simul­ taneously, In order to facilitate the dispatch of legal business. This building was completed and occupied by August 'C1 of the same year, at a cost of about $50,000, Including heating, lighting, fittings, furniture, etc. On July 5, 1901, the Department authorized the erection of an Admlnisttltlon building, to accommodate Commissioner Ross and his staft, together with the other departments not then provided with proper quarters, the largest of these be­ Ing the mines recording offices under the Gold Commissioner; also the Yukon Council Chamber. This building was completed and occupied December 1, 1901, and accommodates from seventy­ five to eighty officials. It covers nearly 9,000 square feet, and costs, complete, In the neighborhood of $100,000. Simultaneously with this, building orders were Issued for the erection of a residence for the Commissioner of the Yu­ kon. This building was completed and occupied November 1, 1901, It Is termed "Government House, Dawson," and cost about S3fj,000 complete. It is the official residence of the head of the Government In the Yukon. The labor upon all of these buildings, even to the finest details of finish-with the exception of a portion of the Postoffice Building-was performed by local workmen, and all material that could be obtained In Dawson was purchased from local firms. The interior of all the build­ Ings Is finished In British Columbia fir and cedar, oiled and varnished, and all the rough material Is native spruce. Roughly estimating the disbursements made by the Depart­ ment of Public Works in the erection and maintenance of pub­ lic buildings, only In and about Dawson, for the ten months ending December 31, Is In the neighborhood of $28,000 per month, of which the people In the Yukon have had the full benefit. This does not Include moneys spent by the Department of Public Works on trails, roads and telegraph lines .. T. W. FULLER. Resident Archltest. Department of Public Works, Dawson. The public buildings In the City of Dawson are the finest Government buildings In the North. They include the Post­ office Building, with the postoffice on the first fioor and the cus­ toms house and other of the Federal offices on the second fioor; the Public School Building, with four large rooms on each of two fioors; the Administration Building, the home of many of the departments of the Territorial and Dominion Gov­ ernments; the Court House, where sit the two Territorial Judges, and In which the Clerk of the Court and the Sherlft have offices; the Governor's palatial residence, and the Gov­ ernment barracks buildlngs,-a dozen or SO In number, em­ bracing two large quarters for the men, the commandant's residence, the officers' mess, the sergeants' mess, hospital, barn, store and warehouses and general oftlce&. All these bulldlnp are lighted by electricity, and all but the barracks buildings are heated by steam. The school house Is the only structure of this number erect­ ed by the Territorial Government In Dawson. It was built this year at a cost of $40,000. It comprises eight rooms, all but two of which are now occupied. One hundred and eight pupils attend the school, in classes ranging from the kinder­ garten to the ninth grade. St. Mary's Catholic School, In an­ other part of the town, has fifty other pupils in attendance giving a total of 230 pupils in attendance at the schools of th~ city. The Executive Mansion of the Governor of the Yukon Ter­ ritory has lately been finished and furnished at a cost, in round numbers, of $45,000, and the Hon. James Hamilton Ross, the Governor, has the honor of being the first of the Yukon admin­ istrators to occupy the structure. This building Is one of several which the Government has deemed it wise to build here, at a cost of something more than $200,000 for all, and to which may be added the fine new Post­ office Building, completed last fall at a cost of $50,000. The Governor's mansion is finished throughout In British Columbia fir, arranged in all fantastic architectural styles, . with panels, cornices, deep friezes and the like to embellish its appearance. The native tint of the ·wood is preserved through­ out by treating the wood first with oil, then Wh., shelac and then with varnish. This not only preservee the native tint, but also gives the wood a highly resplendent finish, which Is doubly bright and cheerful under the glow of the electric lights. The building is lighted throughout with electricity, Is equip­ ped with electric call bells, heated by hot air and has double windows and all other precautions for warmth, safety and com­ fort. Among the other conveniences are: A private office for the Governor, a billiard table, a reception room, opening to a spacious drawing room, and the complement of uedrooms, din­ Ing room, kitchen, pantries and the like. A wide and sweeping stairway leads from the first floor to the second. The furniture is of beautiful and artistic design, brought from the outside from selections made there by Governor Ross while he was absent from the Territory during last summer. LIke a fu.1 of its busy workers is the fine new public administration building of the Yukon Territory, on Fifth Ave­ nue, South, the capital building of the territory, an!l .he largest single building in the Far North. Under the roof of this structure a veritable congress of territorial officials constantly at work in their respective lines, all at the same time co-operating more or less day by day. Ev­ ery office of the government now in Dawson not already quar­ tered In the postoffice building find a home in the new adminis- tration building. . The numerous offices all have some relation In business to one another but some are much more closely allied tnan others, and in appreciation of this fact Architect Fuller has exercised his skill and tact to the greatest degree in putting together a mo­ saic of offices and halls, as It might be expressed, in a form that gives the greatest possible compactness and with the maxi­ mum of convenience and at the same time reduces t.le steps that will be necessary in communication of one branch of the whole with ano.ner to a minimum. He might be termed the federa­ tor of the dismembered offices of government which have been scattered at reckless distances from one another all over the town, In garret hall, hovel and hut. The various departments and their allied branches are so joined Ly the hallways and stairways of the new building that one may enter the front door of the great structure and go through the bu .. _mg almost In a complete round as a particle 01 blood would pursue the system of man, performing its functions as it went and coming back at last to the logical point of be­ ginning. To gather more readily-the building Is two stories high, with atL.c above and basement beneath. The main entrance is in the center with two wings reaching either way, north an~ south, and a sweeping hall leading to the second floor. To the north on the first I.oor are the quarters of the famed Yukon's most peculiarly distinctive branch of enterprise, the government min­ Ing offices. The offices of recoruer and those of _ .• e assistant gold commissioner and the c.lief clerk take up all that wing of t,le lower fioor, while jusL above Is the gold commissioner's court, and the allied offices. In the right wing are, notably, the governor's o.dce, an.· his closely allied associates of state, and other offices. Above the governor's office Is the legal adviser, also closely allied to the governor, and then the council chamber, In which the law makers of the entire territory sit, presided over by the commissioner. Various other offiCials of the govern- 70 THE DAVlSON DAILY NEWS ment have their offices clustered about the different cardinal quarters more particularly specified. Taking the building up in a systematic way and vis:ting all the offices and quarters it contains is an interesting journey. Entering the front door between the two fine Ionic pillars, and stepping into the spacious hall. Following to the right, along the south wing, one comes first to the private office of the heads of the department of public works, Messrs. T. W. Fuller and S. A. D. Bertrand. Opening from them are doors leading througn two rooms, where' are the attaches of the offices, and along the front of one of the rooms is a long counter, over which will be done the important work of paying off the numerous employees of the Dominion branch of the Government, and the transaction of other such business under the supervision of Messrs . .to'uller and Bertrand. Next is a recess in the bu:lding, which might have served as a room 10 by 16 feet, but which is neatly arranged for the con­ venience of the civilians who visit the hall, and have occasion to wait for some time. Seats are arranged all the way around the recess, and will accommodate 10 to 15 people easily. } 'rom this room anyone may be easily summoned if needed in any office. The office of the governor of the territory, 25 by 13 feet, oc­ cupying the southwest corner, is next. J.t has a private entrance from the main hall for the governor, and just before reaching this door a narrow stairway leads up to the second floor, where Comptroller's privtae office, with a door from the maIn office, thus giving a series of internal doors all the way from the Gov­ ernor s oftice to the Comptroller's private otflce, thus permitting close interior communication. ',rhe bovernor's men thus can also reach the Comptroller's vault at pleasure. From beneath the big hallway leads the door to tIle toilets at the rear, where ample accommodations are provided, and where stoves, instead of the regular steam heat plant, keep the place warm, so as to prevent a suction of air from the colder area back into the basement. The north wing is entered with a great horseshoe counter facing the visitor. High screens encircle the top of the counter, and in them are ten windows, through which the little regiment of clerks transact business with the miners who come to record placer claims or in any way deal or transfer them. Room is allowed o:ltside for many men to gather, whlle inside the horse­ shoe is ample room for the employees and tables for their books. Under the hi2:h counter are double shelves for convenient keep­ ing of blankR and records. At the end of the horseshoe, and under the b.e: staircase, is an examining room for the accom­ modation ot the people who come to examine the big record books of the office. Double doors swing into this room, and there are tables and desks for laymg down the books, while an open window twelve feet long with a coqnter across the base aftords plenty of room to hand out the record books desired, and gives the man inside a full sweeping view of the examining room dnd the " visitors there. 'J. his examining room is the nearest to the internal working of the gold office that the pub.lC can approach. The placer record­ ing office proper is forty by forty feet, and the horseshoe counter is ninety teet long. In the rear of this is a vault like that back of the comptroller's office, in which the permanent records of the gold office will go each night. Tables will be put up for the public to write on, and blaCkboards on wl1ich to post the latest official notices along the walls. No seats will be given stampe ... ers or wait­ ers. All Wlll have to line up and wnen through leave. ~~----------------~---.--- At the northwest corner, just ueyond the horse­ ~hce counter, and through a loor, one passes into a room with a straight counter across the fronL, and '.~re are the clerks 0_ the quartz an .. hydraulic de­ partment smiling through the windows. Attached to these are the rooms where the clerks of the Jepartments not appearing at the windows do their work. ADMINISTRATION BUILDlhG. the governor and others in that wing may easily ascend for com­ munication with the iegal adviser, engineer and others just over­ head, and up which the governor an l the members of the coun­ cil will have a private means of access to the rear of the Yukon council chamber, and the committee room attached. The public may enter the council chamber up the main stairway, or go to the governor's room, on the first floor, he there has a fine sunny room, with many big windows, making it altogether worthy of the purpose of the chief executive. A private lava­ tory is attached. Playing end on the full extreme of the right or south wing is the Territorial Secretary, who comes next. Walking in direct line down· the hall, the visitor will face the diligent, pleasant, Dr. John N. E. Brown, Territorial Secretary, the watchdog to the public entrance to the Governor's private room on his left. All calling on the governor first have to call on the doctor, and enter the Chief Executive's office through a door. To the right of the doctor, and in the southeast corner, are the other at­ taches of the Governor's office, associated with the Secretary, who have the files and documents there. The next, on the east of the haH, is the Comptroller's office. A long room with fine counter and desks are provided, and back of this is a large brick vault with massive doors of steel, for the private papers. The vault has a solid stone filling of eleven feet for a foundation, with a six-inch covering of concrete. The walls are of brick, with four inches of air space, and two feet of total thickness. A door leads from the room of the Gover­ nor's attaches to the Comptroller's office. AdvanCing, Is the At the extreme northeast is the private office of the Assistant Gold Commissioner, ana attached to that is the office of the chief cler..:. The chief 0lerk's o .. ice opens to the main placer aepartment behind tne big horseshoe counter, and into the As­ sistant Commissioner"s room, and both have doors opening to the hall, across from which are the quartz and hydraulic departments and an entrance way for the pUulic, and at one end of which is a waiting room for those wishing to see the Assistant Gold Commissioner, Dufferin Pattullo, now acting. A stair­ way leads from this nest of offices and from the end of .he u.g horseshoe counter r.ght to the second floor, giving airecL com­ munication with the private office and the court of the gold commissioner, on the floor above. Starting with the Gold Commissioner'S department proper, on the second floor, one enters the office of the clerk of the court, the genial Johnny Walker, who is safe behind a big counter, and has s}lelves conveniently about him. AdjOining, and il} the northwest corner, is Gold Commissioner Senkler's private office, and opening from his room on the other s.Je is the room of Mr. Feurste, the crackerjack stenographer of the court. From the stenographer's room Mr. Senkler steps into the " court room, and the bench is at h.s left. The Gold Commissioner'S court room is a fine large room, well lighted and much more commodious than the old quarters. 1t has ample room for all principles and witnesses and specta­ tors in the small gallery that is provided and be large enough inside for the lawyers, stenographer and man in the box. The bench and the witness box are fine British Columbia flr finished in native tint. The public entrance is right off from the main hall, which is reached by the big main stairway from the lower fioor, as well as by the small stairway at the rear. Corning up the main stairway from the lower floor and turn­ ing to the north one enters, on the east side, opposite the gold court, the main office of the director of surveys of the Yukon Territory. Here the big staff of draughtsmen and the surveyors GOLDEN CLEAN·UP EDITION. 71 turning In their field notes will be found. The room is forty feet long and provided with long tables for the draughtsmen. and fine tile cases for the records of survey, as well as small desks. On the extreme north end is a door opening into a pri­ vate otHce for Mr. Chataway, the director of surveys. Many big windows are provided in the main room especially for giving good light to the draughtsmen. Directly in the front of the head of the stairs one faces the tax man. Here Assessor Smith has a fine long room on the front or west side. spanned in front by a big counter. In this room Is the License Inspector, Fisheries and the man who at­ tends to the issuing of the liquor permits and the like. The room is large and with many windows and will comfortably accommodate all. Next door to the Assessor is the private otHce of Hugh McKinnon, the Chief Preventive OtHcer of the Territory. Turning to the south from the stairway one finds the full width of the building taken up with the Yukon Council Cham­ ber. the most elaborate and most pretentious room in all the building. The room is forty feet wide and almost as exten­ sive the other way. At the rear and faCing the double doors entering the place is the raised rostum on which the speaker, which here is the uovernor, will occupy. A high decorated frame is raised back of him, and by passing back of this the councilors find eXIt out the rear way. 'lhe door back there is obscured to" the publIc, and just back of It is the committee room. the rooms of the Legal Adviser, exceptionally handy, and just below by way of the stairs is the "otHce or the Gov­ ernor, the Territorial Clerk and the Comptroller. The Council Chamber is provided with fine desks of fir in native tints for each councellor, set about the room in a semi-circle, while in the middle Is a b"lg table and just below the speaker is the clerk's window. On the right SIde is the press gallery, for the news­ paper reporters, and on the lett are private seats for distin­ guished or especlalIy invited guests, whIle a row of benches run about the entire outer edge of the chamber for others who may wish to attend. Back of the chamber are lockers for the coun­ cil, and the committee room. In the extreme southeast corner Is a room for Territorial Engineer Thlbadeau, and next to him is one for David Mac­ farlane, of the local Improvements branch. This is OPPOSite the Legal Advisor's quarters, and completes all the quarters on the second floor. In the attic are three rooms _or the janitor and his wife and the watcheman. They are nicely cealed and fin.shed like the rest of the bUilding, but not so high. The remainder of the at­ tic, 90x25 feet, Is not deSigned for any use now. It Is a very large place, llghted with side windows and available for a storeroom or perhaps for temporary quarters for rushing special work of some branch. The administration building as a whole is 200 feet long, has a maximum of forty-seven feet, a minimum of forty-one feet, has the flrst story fourteen feet high, the second story thirteen ana one-half feet high; the attic, eight feet h:gh, is built with studding six by two 'Inches, has first rough boards on the out­ side, then two thlckne::ses of paper next; is celled throughout for the Interior of walIs and overhead with British Columbia fir, oiled, suellacked and varnished until the whole is resplendent. The entire building Is llghted by e~ectrlc:ty, heat­ ed by hot air, has two cellars with two hot air furnaces in each. has double wlnaows everywhere and when completed and lurnlshed wlII have cost the government $100,000 in round num­ bers. Half a mllIlon feet of lumber was used. The buJd'ng is entirely of lumber. The building was begun on July 5, 1901. The building was erected wholly by aay labor, under the direct supervision of Dominion Architect T. W. Fuller. A. P. Schroeder was foreman in charge of the fittings and e~ectlon. YUKON HISTORY REVIEWED. Since Captain Constantine, an inspector of the Northwest Mounted Police, and Sergeant Brown arrived at Fort Cudahy In 1694, In the Yukon District of the Northwest Territory, to collect some custom dues and do a little po::ce work among a handful of miners In the Fortymlle district, a marvelous revo­ lution In admln'stratlve affairs has taken place. Today we have an organized territory, the local government of which Is car­ ried on by a legislative Councll of eight members, six appoint­ e" by order-In-council trom Ottawa and two elected by a vote ot the citizens ot the Territory. Peace and order are maintained by two divisions ot the Northewest Mounted Police, some 1775 !!.rong. In the otHces ot the Gold Commissioner and In the out­ lYing recording omcea some torty men are kept employed. The revenue from this department (including royalty) amounts to over $1,000,000 annualIy. The work of the Crown Land and Timber Department requires the services of a dozen otHcials to cope with it. Some idea of the amount of work· in the Customs Department may be guessed when it is remembered that over $400,000 were received in dues last year. The survey branch is carried on by a director, who has on his staff several draughts­ men, clerks, surveyors and assistants. The work of the Comp­ troller's office keeps three or four men busily engaged, and the office of the Registrar of Land Titles requires three persons to perform the duties connected with it, Postoffices have been es­ tablished at Dawson and on the principal creeks, the one at Dawson doing a money order business probably as large as any postoffice in the world. The Department of Justice has a wel\ equipped Territorial Court in Dawson, presided over by two judges, It has two clerks of the court, a sheriff and deputy and two court stenographers, There is also in Dawson a police and small debts court, whose sittings are conducted by a special magistrate. On the creeks courts are held from time to time by the inspectors of the Northwest Mounted Police. The legal adviser to the Commissioner-in-Council has two clerks. In 1899 the Department of Public Works established a branch in the Yukon. Its otHcers erected the magnificent and commodious build:ngs in which al\ the officials of the territory are ensconsed. They attend to heating, lighting and repairing of buildings. the construction of recording offices on the creeks. and they have built many miles of road in the Territory and constructed the long line of telegraph which has put us in touch with the big outside world. The expenditure of th's department alone the past year must have been half a million dollars. Six years ago two men in a $50 shack administered the dis­ trict; today ::00 men (the number is approxima!e and include .. the police) carryon the bus:ness of the Territory in offices qu;te up-to-da teo In 1~96, the day Carmacl( and hiR Indians discovered gold ~n Bonanza creek, Mr. Constantine transferred the customs collecting to Mr. D. \v. Davis, the present collector. In 1897 when the rush was on, Mr. Thomas Fawcett relieved Mr. Con­ stantine of the recording of claims. etc. This, the first Gold Com­ missioner's OUlce, was estaul:shed under great disabilities. Paper was scarce. grub was scarce; r€cocding was done on tin can labels ;bills 01 sale were made out on brown pap~r and the back of old envelopes; miners' certificates on birch bark, and affidavits on chips. More assistance was needed, and in the fall of 1897 Major Walsh, the first Commissioner of the Yukon. arrived in the Ter­ rlto~y. Owing to the immense distance from the central gov­ ernment and the great difficulties in communication, he was given a free hand in respect to changes in the minOng regula­ tions, having more power in this respect than has b, ." given to any other administrator in the Territory. His chief otHcers were Crown Land Agent Mr. F. C. Wade, who had also to per­ form the duties of itegistrar and Crown Prosecutor; Justice McGuire, Gold Commissioner l' awcett, Accountant Bliss, Min­ ing Inspectors Norwood and McGregor and Timber Agents Willi­ son and Macfarlane. 'lhese men worked night and day and were greatly handIcapped in attending to the people l'o •• o throng­ ed their offices In June, 1898, the Yukon was, by act of Parliament. created a territory. 'I his' act provides for local government by a legis­ lative council, and in September followmg Mr. William Ogilvie, lo'. G. S., Comm'ssioner, assumea the administration of Yukon affairs. With him came Colonel Steele. Superintendent of the. 1'o0rthwest Mounted Police, and J. E. Girouard. M. P. P .. who both tco:( seats at the first Council Board. Within three or four months Hon. Just'ce C. A. Dugas, Mr. E. C. Senkler (the pres­ ent Gold Commissioner) and Mr. W. H. P. Clement, Legal Ad­ viser, arrived. They also were members of the first 'Y ukon Council. All were appointed at Ottawa. of the enactment of ordinances for the go~d govern­ ment of the young terr:tory, the first work of the Council was a.long humane and sanitary lines. During Mr. Ogilvie's regime over $100.000 were spent In char:ty. Dawson, from being a pes­ tilential hole (typhoid bring epiaemlc), has become. as the re­ sult of drainage and the adoption of strict sanitary measures, one of lne healthiest cities in the world. In the autumn of 1900 the Yukon took the first move toward responsible government, when Councillors Wilson and Prud­ homme were elected by the people to seats in the Yukon Coun­ cil. A great portion of the Council s time has been devoted to work of a municipal character-the caring for the un:ncorpo~at­ city ot Dawson. But happily within a month this duty will be handed over to another body, and the Counc:l will then be en- 72 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS abled to turn its attention more particularly to affaire purely Territorial. The complexion of the Council promises to change ere long again as the desire for a larger measure of the responsible ele­ ment In its personnel has embodied itself in the recent memor­ ial of the Yukon Council to the Governor-General-In-Council, which asks that provision be made for five instead of two elec­ tive members to the Territorial Council. In April of the present year Hon. James H. Ross, the pres­ ent Commissioner, took omce, since which many of various de­ partments of the Government have had the benefit of the super­ vision of one who has had long experience as an executive offi­ cer and the Yukon Council of one a trained parliamentarian; and under his direction the Territory is being administered with a view to the highest ofhcial efficiency and the promotion of the best interests of the cosmopolitan people who have made tbeir homes in the Golden Yukon. J. N. E. BROWN, Secretary of the Territory. BARWELL &. WHITE-FRASER. Prominent among the surveyors located in Dawson City is the firm of C. S. W . .darwell and G. White-.l 'raser. Mr. Barwell has made Dawson his home since '97, and has surveye~ property throughout the entire Klondike. Mr. White-Fraser recently completed the survey of the boundary between Brhlsh Columbia and the Yukon TerTltory, of wnich he had full charge. Both Mr. Barwell and Mr., 'Vhite-Fraser possess the advantage of many years' experience. Atten,.on is called to •• 1e advertise­ ment of this firm, which appears on another page of this volume. J. R. GANDOLFO. J. R. Gandolfo may justly feel proud of his record in Daw­ son. Along with the rush of the spring of '98 he came down the Yukon with a scow laden with fruits, cigars, candies, nuts, etc. His wide business experience in other countries, in mining camps and in meropolitan cities had taught him that such a stoclt would sell at fabulous prices in a new country like the Klon­ dike. He was not mistaken. No sooner had he landed than people were veritably falling over each other in the wild scramble to secure fresh fruits of which for so long a time they had been deprived. Watermelons sold for from $25 to $50; grapes bruoght $5 a pound, and other lines of fruit were eagerly bought at similarly large prices. Mr. Lrandolfo with the capital thus obtained brought in other goods in the same lme, and his fortune continue .. to grow. Wise investments in city property have ao.ded materially to his income, and he is now one of .he largest holaers of city property in Dawson. Nor is this all. He purchased several rich mining claims in different parts of the Klondike, anu these are being worked at a profit. Mr. Gandolfo's record is wonderful, for among all his num­ erous investments· and .-,usiness enterprises not one has been un- . wise or unprofitable. His fruit store on King street, opposite the ~'. C. Co., has assumed a metropo .. tan air. It is large, hJ).ndsomely fitted up, and contains the largesl and most complete st.ock of fruits, nuts, candies, cigars, tobaccos, stationery and generai nlck­ nacks and toys in the North. Mr. Gandolfo is a native of ltaly and his brotHer Italians are proud to call him "countryman." He is one 01 our most substantial citizens and business men. MRS. ROBERT S. HUTCHEON. Of the many women of the KlOndu{e upon whom fortune has smiled we cannot point to any with a greater degree of pleasure than to Mrs. Robert S. Hutcheon. This lady left Cnicago, her home, in the spring of '98. Travel in the Yukon country was then beset with difficulties and some dangers, but in spite of every obstacle she reached Dawson June 29th, the same year. Since those eventful days she made no less than eleven round trips. In December she will again visit the establishments of fashion in the East and Europe and return in ~'.Larch with a stock of ladies' garments that will outrival anything of the kind hitherto seen in the Klono.lKe capital. We may a ld MTs. Hutch­ eon offers her grateful thanks to her many patrons and friends whom she will always remember no . matter where her footsteps lead ber . . What more could she say? The strongest possible evidence of faith in the permanency of Dawson as a mining camp is the importation of boilers and beavy mining mach.nery by the Klondike Thawing Macbine Co. Attention is called to their ad. in this volume. A PROGRESSIVE CONCERN. The accompanying sketch represents in a measure what pluck and energy, coupled with business abuity, can acoom­ pUhs when directed along legitimate lines of tra le. Beginning with a small store on Second avenue, an l a thor­ ough knowldege of what was needed in hardware llnes in this country, the business developed .0 such .. n extent lasL season that the company found it necessary to greatly enlarge Its store and purchase the three large warehouses of the Lancaster & Calderhead Co., where a heavy reserve stock is carried. In addi­ tion to this Is a powder magazine situated at a safe distance from the city, as owing to the requirements of .. e trade the company finds it necessary to carry a much larger stock of giant powder and other explosives than is allOwed withIn city limits. They also own and operate a tin and sheet metal manu­ factory, tbus meeting Lne demands of the trade in all lines com­ pletely. Many are curious as to the meaning of the ship In the picture presented, to which only can be saiu: '1' omake your own prIces you must freight your own goods. The company is Incorportaed, with head omces in Vancouver. J. R. Grey, president of the company, is now in Dawson look­ ing after its immediate interests, while M. H. Jones, secretary of the company, is on the outside visiting the various factories, where he will make a careful selection of the Immense stock required to keep pace with the rapid growth of this enterprising concern. THIS IS AN ADVERTISEMENT. Of what Smith sells. Don't pass it by. It may be of Interest to you at some future time to know what Smith sells. Smith's store is located at 111 King street, opposite N. C. office building, and while it is known as a cigar and tobacco store, Smith's spe­ cialty is books. He acknowledges no competition in this line. He seffs books on Mining, Prospecting, Geology, Mlnerology, En­ gineering, Assaying, Art, History, Fiction, Poetry, Socialism, Biography, Dreams, Hypnotism, Fortune Telling, Palmistry, Spiritualism, atheism. Boxing, dancing, Drawing, Painting, 'Vrestling, all the Classics, French, German, ... panlsh, SwedisH and English Dictionaries and Grammars; School Books, Copy Books, French Novels, Sporting Books. Among the ltaest fic­ tion now on hand and to arrive over the ice are the "Crisls," "The Eternal City," by Caine; "Kim," by Kipling; "Trlstrum of Blent," by Hope; "Granstark," "The Puppet Crown," "Lazarre," "The Right of Way,' "Blewnerhassett," World's Almanac of 1902, "Eben Holden," "In the Palace of the King," "The Master Christian," "Corelli," "Ziska," "D'RI and I," "Alice of Old Vin­ cennes," etc., etc. Other goods sold only by Smith are: Daw­ son Souvenir Writing Paper, "Sourdough" Writing Pajer, "Va.I­ entines, Accordions, Punching Bags, Artists' materials of a.1I kinds; Tracing and Drawing Paper, 1902 Diaries. Smith also sells Toys, Dolls and Games, Tissue and Crepe Paper, Hurlbut's GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 73 Fine Stationery, Visiting Cards, Linen ~nvelopes, Music, Guitar, Mandolin, Banjo and ViOlin Strings, B. B. B., C. P. ~., G. B. D., and Louwe & Co.'s ftne Pipes. Smith's stock of Tobacco In­ cludes the famous Westover, Golden Scepter, Adam's Peerless, Bootjack, Yale Mixture, Ocean M.ixture, Dill's Best, Lone Jack, etc. Stock of Cigars, Candles, Nuts, etc., etc., as GOOD as the best. Wholesale and retail. Try Smith. If he hasn't got what you want, he will take pleasure in telling you where to ftnd it. M. M. WOODBURN. Mr. Woodburn is today the most prominent figure in the town of Grand Forks. An excellent persnolaity and unsurpass­ ed energetic progressiveness have done much towards plaCing Mr. Woodburn In the standing and position which he now en­ joys. In May, - 1900, Mr. Woodburn opened near the Gold Hill Hotel the ftrst drug store in Grand Forks. In November of the same year more space was required and location being secured nearer the center of town a larger store was erected. Mr. Woodburn was appointed postmaster August 8th, 1901, since which time he has handled the postoffice and store in conjunction. On November 30th, 1901, Mr. Woodburn had the honor of be­ ing elected overseer of the town of Bonanza and now has offices in _ the rear of his drug store. This spring extensive changes will be made, having an excel­ lent postoftice arrangement, commodious drug store and over­ seer's office conveniently placed under one roof, thus giving a striking demonstration of the progressiveness and executive ab1l1ty possessed by the subject of this sketch. THE NORTHERN CAFE. Mr. Lon Griffin is unquestionably the most popular caterer In Dawson, and a visit to the Northern Cafe will convince anyone of this fact. The Northern Cafe has been recently remodelled and the excellent service and neatness of arrangement are now better than ever, several new features having been added, such as the most expert short order cooks possible to secure in the North, who spare no pains with each short order, large or small. To appreciate the full importance of this service it is only necessary to try one single order and compare it with the best to be secured anywhere else. An excellent lunch is served from 11 A. M. to 2 P. M. at the small price of 75 cents. This Is In reality a full meal, the only difference being that the service and menu are not so elaborate and extensive as the a la carte dinner which is served from 6 to 8 P. M., and here is where Mr. Griffin's hotel positively surpasses anything north of Se­ attle. Promptly at 5 o'clock strains of sweetest music ftood the room, and this, together with the unrivalled neatness of every· thing, the polite walters, ftowers and mirrors producas an eJ;ltranclng effect, seeming more like a deliciOUS dream than such a beautlful realltl-. After visiting the Northern Cafe the miner. business man ahd epicure each realiz') that Mr. Griffin cat~rs With equal care to all. LOWE &. SICKINGER. For some time past the requirements of Dawson and the Klondike have been met in all lines of business anet manufac­ turing, with one notable exception, viz.: A well equipped house furnishing and furnhure manufactory. 'l'his business has been handled in a rather mdiIierent manner by men of more or less experience, who demanded large prices for their importations and products, until the summer of 1900, when Messrs. Frank Lowe & Martin Sickinger looked over the field. Both these gen­ tlemen having had many years of practical experience in the furniture and upholstering business, readily realized the oppor­ tunity for the setablishment in Dawson of an institution Which would turn out good, substantial furniture and a general line of house ftttlngs at reasonable prices. A suitable building was Immediately secured on Third avenue and all necessary altera­ tions made for the installment of a complete furniture and upholstering establishment. Two spacious store buildings fac­ ing the street are used for display and salesrooms; immeditaely In the rear the sound of buzzing wheels and the cabinetmaker'S hammer and saw create a confusion of noises from early morn­ ing till late into the night, turning out mattresses of every var­ iety, including the unrivaled hair mattress, which is sanitary in the highest degree, since it does not attract dirt or vermin. The comfort and ease of repose afforded by these carefully pre­ pared mattresses is a fact so well established that it admits of no argument. Meeting the demand for this one article of house­ hold comfort keeps one corner Ot the shop in constant action. For the manufacture and repairing of office furniture, tables, chairs, dressers, wardrobes, folding beets, sofas and all kinds of cabinet work this concern has an up-to-date and thorough equipment, in the hands of cabinetmakers who unaerstand the business in Its entirety, the foreman having spent years in cabinet making for some of the most extensive furniture manu­ facturers in the United States. A large and varied stock of Im­ ported raw material embracing the plainest to the best mone y will procure is kept on hand, such as hair, feathers, silk fioss, eiderdown, and a large assortment Ot covers from leather, fancy silk patterns, val ore, etc., down to the plainest quality; also lace curtains, tapestry, hardwood, varnisnes, stains, etc. In fact, a bewildering variety is here ready for the purcnasers' choice, from which they will manufacture to order articles to suit the taste and purse of anyone, thus enabling the purchaser to get any pattern, shape or size in the goods desired .0 suit the fancy and meet any particular requirement. A complete stock of ready made furnlLure is also carried, which is imported 1O •• 1e "knock­ down" shape, thereby avoiding to a large extent the high freight rates, since in this way a uozen chairs take up no more freigat space than one chair shipped intact. This holds good in proportion with all other furniture. This avoidance of high transportation and careful buying direct from the best mar­ kets enables this house to sell furniture and uphols.ered goods at a price which by comparison with others will make the buyer open his eyes in astonishment. In some instances goods are im­ ported djrect from Europe, such as Brussels carpets, rugs, lin­ oleums, etc. Mr. Sickinger is now outside buying next season's goods. His purchases wul include barber chairs, baby carriages, sewing machines and the most complete assortment of furni­ ture and upholstery ever seen in the Yukon. The ftrm employs a professional draper, wno hangs curtains, lays carpets and ad­ justs "cozy corners" to perfection. Messrs. Lowe & Sickinger realize the fact that people here neeu furniture i.O make their homes comfortable and a visit to their salesrooms on Third ave­ nue near the P. O. will at once demonstrate their ability to ftll any Qrder or furnish any home, room, office or apartment in the North. A. J, BANNERMAN. A large portion of Dawson's population remembers the fev­ erish and unsettled condition of our city during the years '97 and '98, and the many inexperienced and Irresponsible parties engaged in all classes of business. The disappearance of this class of our population was only a matter of time, however. and we have today in their stead many men of unquestioned business obility and faith in the future of oru city. Among this class of substantial citizens attention must be called to Mr. A. J. Bannerman, one of Dawson's largest mining and reat estate brokers. Mr. Bannerman uas held more property than any other man in the Yukon Territory, and since his establish­ ment In Dawson in 1897 he has had the handling of much of the most valuable real estate and mining property In the country. Mr. Bannerman conducts a general real estate and mining brokerage business, representing now residents acting as gen­ eral agent. etc., with offices In "Victoria Chambers," comer First and Second streets. 74 THE DA WSON DAILY NEWS CASCADE STEAM LAUNDRY. The accompanying photo engraving shows a large, sub­ stantial building constructed principally with heavy hewn tim­ ber. This exterior view Is a striking contrast to the interior, which is furnished with the most modern steam and electric appliances for turning out the very highest grade of work on short notice. For the operation of this extensive plant a force o f thirty employees is maintained, among whom are profes­ sional laundrymen and speciaiists for handling various delicate materials which require great care and a thorough knowledge of the business, such, for instance, as lace curtains, woolens, silks, colored and other fine fabrics whlch are ruined V';her. treated by incompetent hands and by improper methuds. Their extensive plant and thorough equipment enables the Cascade Laundry to handle large orders for restaurants, hotels and steamboats at a much more reasonable rate and far more !3atisfactorily than the same work can be done by smaller con­ cerns. Special attention is gh'en to this class of work. To promptly collect and deli\'er all laundry modern delivery wagons have been procured at no small expense and now make daily rounds throughout the city. In the front of the building on the first fioor are large and well appointed offices. The mangle room is 25x35 feet, fiannel room 12x12, strch room 12x12. The finished work turned out by the laundry is par excellence a nd the prices are not only considered reasonable here, but would not be regarded as exorbitant in much more favored local­ ities. 'Vhen one considers the obstacles to be overcome in this country-expensive labor, difficulty in obtaining wood and. water during the long frozen season. the expense of landing a com­ plete plant and installing it in this latitude-when one con­ siders these things he cannot but wonder that it is possible to do dork so well for so reasonable a price. The Cascade Laundry is an institution that the public of Dawson would greatly miss if deprived of it even for a single day. It has always been held in high esteem by the public on ac­ count of the business-like manner in which all its affairs are transacted. It has capital behind it and its obligations are al­ ways promptly met. The word of either of its proprietors is considered by all to be as good as his bond. Its capacity for turning out work is much greater than that of any other laundry in the country; in fact, its capacity is prob­ ably equal to that of all the other laundries in the Yukon Ter­ ritory combined. The Cascade Steam Laundry is owned and operated by W. A. Shinkle & Co., comprising W. H. Morrow, M. E. Olson, Gus Johnson and W. A. Shinkle. The active members of the firm are W. A. Shinkle and W . H. Morrow, both of whom are prom­ inently identified with every movement tending to advance the interest of the community. Mr. Shinkle is a native of Ohio, born in 1867; is a marine engineer by profession, and has been on the Pacific Coast twelve years. Mr. Morrow is a native of Glas­ gow, Scotland, born in 1865. He Is an electrical engineer, and is a member of the I. O. O. F. Both gentlemen are holders of vaulable mining 'property and Dawson real estate, which is conclusive evidence that they are here to stay. WHALLEY & CO.' Of all the enterprises In the North, none occuple8 a more important function in keeping the people ot the realm intormed on the affairs of the world than that of the distribution ot the periodicals throughout the realm to the thousands ot miner8 and others engaged in various pursuits. lJI all those who have entered the Yukon field in the news business on wholesale lines, none have attained so great a trafflc as 'Whalley & Co., hustling young men from Seattle and San Francisco, who have long been in the field and labored persistently to attain the splendid husi­ ness they now handle. Ernest M. "\Vhalley and Arthur 'V. "'halley. who take care of the Dawson end, and superintend the oistributlon of news matter in and about Dawson anCl along the Yukon, are the wide-awake young men who have done most to push the busi­ ness to the eminent position it enjoys. The periodicals handled by this company is almost aston­ Ishing even to Klondikers who have long .. een in the country. They receive from the outside world a ton of magazines, papers and books, mostly of magazines and papers, every week In summer and a ton every montll in winter. The matter comes from all quarters of the globe. It includes all the leading mag­ azines printed in the world, principally New York, Chicago, San Francisco, 8t. Louis, Seattle and Portland papers, and periodi­ cals from other parts of the earth. The company, in particular, is the general distributing agent for the Seattle Daily Times in Alaska and Yukon Territory. ,nth Dawson as the distributing center for the North, Whal­ ley & Co. send their matter broadcast by carriers, mail and ex- Arthur W . WhaU~y. Ernest M. WhaUey. press to dealers in al, the principal towns and mining camps in the Yukon basin, from Whitehorse to St. Michael, to Tanana. Koyukuk, tue Fortymile country, the Stewart River and the ....ig Salmon. Daily deliveries are made up the great Klon~ike gold pro­ ducing creeks of Bonanza, Eldorado and Hunker, and weekly to the numerous other gold streams back of Dawson and to Forty­ mile. The company also has the city circulation of the Dawson Daily News. the most widely read paper in the North. For two years these young men have been in the wholesale news busi­ ness and newspaper delivery business in Dawson, and have built up a trade and reputation that has instal.ed them among the reliable and most persevering firms beneath . .• e aurora's en­ chanted arch. R. I. GOLDBERG. Among the many resident tailors of Dawson there is not one who for care in the execution of his work or promptness in fulfilling business engagements is more deserving of patronage than Mr. Goldberg, who Is always to be found at Hershberg's. Mr. Goldberg,familiarly known as "Ike," came to the Klon­ dike in 1899 and has ever since acted as tailor and fitter for Hershberg, "the Seattle clothier." He will be pleased to care­ fully attend to and will skillfully execute any orders for work in the line of tailoring, refitting or conforming, repairing, etc. Special attention given to fur garments. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 75 THE STANDARD LIBRARY. The bustllng boom days ot 1897 and 1898 introduced many novel and ingenious enterprises to the Klondike. The seductive ga~bling dives, the noisy hootch joints. the glittering palaces ot sm all opened wide their gilded alurements to catch the rest­ less mass, and fleece the thoughtless multitude. Not all, how­ ever were devoted to sensual pleasure and seductive vice. Many of our present colossal Institutions and noble enterprises sprung from the necessities of those very times, and are now brilliant testimonials to the deeper thought and better nature of the cosmopolitan people who have made Dawson the, most pros­ perous, progressive, and promising city on the globe. On account of its rapid growth, its great usefulness its varied attractions, and its wonderful popularity with all' the people-not only in Dawson, but in every part of the Yukon Territory, the Standard Library, with its grand free reading, writmg and recreation rooms, splendid collection of books, maga­ zines, maps, charts, etc .. its capacious kitchen, dinn:ng and lunch rooms, and its many other accessories so useful to our miners, mechanics and homeless workmen, ranks first in the hearts of our people, and is the first place now visited by every visitor to our prosperous city. The Library and Its accessor:es now cover over 8,000 square feet of floor space and with the improvements now going on will cover over ten thousand square feet and will be worthy not only of Dawson, but of the largest city on earth. CHAS. N. BELL. Charles N . Bell, of Grand Forks, has had an interesting and successful business career in the Klondike. He came to the Klondike from Burlington. Kansas, in the spring of 1898, and though he had comparatively no capital of his own, he soon went into the newspaper and stationery business on a small CHARLES N. BELL, (Photo, Kansas City, 1902.) scale at Grand Forks. From this small beginning he has built by pluck, perseverance and business ability a business of en~ viable proportions. When he opened up business in 1900 he had nothing but an old tent shack and a few papers and magaines. He now owns his own business block and carries one of the largest stocks of newspapers, periodicals, cigars, tobaccos, fruits and candies in the country. From a condition of comparativelY no available capital he has grown Into a position of financial Independence 80 far as his business Is concerned. In the whole of the Klondike there Is probably no one who has mushed more miles than Mr. Bell. During the first year (1900) he carried the daily paper from Dawson to Grand Forks, making the round trip (28 miles) on foot every day. This fig­ ures no less than 168 miles a week or 8,736 miles in the year; and when one considers that he had to carry a heavy load or papers and had to go out of his way and stop at every cabin to leave the paper, especially when the thermometer showed iO below zero; when one considers these things, he may then have some idea of the difficulties "Charley" had to encounter in mak­ ing this trip through brush, marsh and swamp every day. Not­ withstanding these difficulties he continued the work, and his Industry tirelessness and close attention to business won for him the admiration of the people on the creek. He built up a larger circulation for his paper, his business at Grand Forks continued to grow, and he also succeeded in obtaining quite a respectabll' income from the delivery of letters, packages, collecting bills, etc. During these early times Mr. Bell had a partner and the business was carried on under the style of Bell & Gross. Mr. Bell, however, recently purchased Gross's interest and is now the sole proprietor of the entire business, including all its numerous branches. Mr. Bell spent the greater part of this winter in the States, visiting his relatives and friends; and, while there, he had the good judgment to renounce single blessedness and become a benedict. Miss Lyda Pratt, a charmipg young lady of Kansas City, Missouri, was the lucky young lady. Mr. Bell came in over the ice a few weeks ago to prepare to receive his brave young bride, who will soon leave the sunshine, frUl~ and flow­ ers surrounding the parental roof and will join her husband at Grand Forks. Every preparation has been made and Mrs. Bell will receive a warm welcome from her husband and his numerous friends. Mrs. Bell is an industrious lady and she will be, indeed, a helpmate to her husband, who is now fully established in his store, "The Paystrealt," at Grand Forks, where he acts as the Eldorado and Bonanza agent for the Dawson Daily and \Yeekly News, and for many outside papers and magazines. In addi­ tion to this business he delivers letters and packages and trans­ acts business in Dawson for people on the creeks. and on the creeks for people resident in Dawson. The utmost care and promptness is exercis€d in attending to these matters. Mr. Bell has lately established a daily stage and express ser­ vice from Grand Forks to Dawson, and this new enterprise is meeting with encouraging patronage. Altogether, Mr. Bell's business at Grand Forks has as­ sumed enviable proportions, of which he and his bride may just­ ly feel proud. AFTER-WORD. This volume is the result of an attempt on the part of the Dawl;on Daily News to bring before the public a complete, com­ prehensive, finished and faithful compendium of information relative to the Klondike. The News has spared no expense in making this work ' as reliable as possible and, though it might have ueen more com­ plete, the line had to be drawn somewhere and this line has been drawn in such a way as would make the book as compact as possible and at the same time omit nothing of any consider­ able importance. This book is distincLly and wholly a News creation. The gathering and compiling of the data contained w,thin its cov­ ers is the work of an industrious staff employed by the News for this special task. The book itself is a product of the job printing department. The beautiful photo-engravings illuminat­ ing its pages are the work of the News photo-engraving plant. Gratitude for \"aluab\e aid In compiling this work requires that mention should be made of Dr. J. N . E. Brown, Secretary of the Territory; Fred T. Congdon, Crown Prosecutor; Major Z. T. 'Vood, Commander of N. W. M. P.; T. Dufferin Pattullo. Acting Assistant Gold Commissioner; G. P. Mackenzie, Prin­ cipal of Schools; William Brownlow, Dawson Manager of thf' Yukon Telegraph System ; T. W. Fuller, Resident Architect, and Alice Rollins Crane, for the warm personal interest they have taken in this work and for the practical and valuable assist­ ance they have rendered by contributing the articles published herein. Expression of gratitude is also due to the advertisers anu others who by their financial support have rendered possible this book which has been written with an eye single to present­ Ing and augmenting the public confidence In this young and glorious commonwealth. DAWSON NEWS PlTBUSHING CO. Dawson, March 9, 1902. 76 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS The Canadian Bank of Commerce Founded in .867 The Canadian Bank of Commerce Is one of the largest and most progres­ sive financial institutions in Canada to­ day . Its growth during the past fifteen years has heen especially remarkable. In 188i the number of branches of this in­ stitution was thirty-three, confined to the Province of Ontario; today it has in all sixty-seven (including London, England) and is represented in all the principal towns of British Columbia and in the cities of New York, San Francisco, Se­ attle and Portland in the United States. The following comparison of figures give a fair idea of the rapid advance of this institution : D.pOIIII. In 1BB7 w.,..· . $10,000,000 To-d.y ... .... . . ... .. . . .. . ... 1J1,OOO,OOO Tot.I A ••• '. In 1BB7 ... . 20,000,000 Today, 0".,. ·· . .. . . . .. .. 70,000,000 In 1900 it amalgamated with the Bank of British Columbia, making the capital eight million dollars, with a rest of $2,000,000. The bank was a mong th e first to see the opportunity afforded by the discoveries of placer gold in the Yukon Territory, and w a s appointed the financi a l agent of the Dominion government, and in 1898 opened branches in Skagway, Atlin and Dawso11, and subsequently one at \Yh itehorse. In Dawson it has aided largely in the development of the country by furnishing the capi­ tal necessary at a time when the permanency of the camp was not at all assured. Its old premises, next to the Barracks, hav­ ing become entirely inadequate for its steadily increasing business; a new building, shown In the cut, another eV.J.ence of the bank's faith in the permanency of the camp, was built and finished in the spring of 1901; the old office, refitted and altered, being now used as a home for the staff. HEAD OFFIDE-DA WIIOII 1I100KYA:lDS. BRAIIOHES-'Magne/, G,..nd Fo,.k., O.,.,bou, Sulphu,., Gold Bottom. 1). A. SHI]V1)LE'R. 66The Ha,.dwa,.e Man," II--=~~~U Has in stock a complete line of 'BICYCLES Headquarters for Ouns and Ammunition. Complete Bicycle and Oun Repair Shop. Ba,. GI ••• wa,. •• OTTOZITSKA EXPERT Jeweler and Watchmaker The Adjustment of Delicate Instruments a. Specialty. Thl,.d Avenue. Olllloslte Postoflloe. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. 77 P. O. BOX 152. 'PHONE NO. 58 ALFR.ED THOMPSON PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON AUrora Building. DAWSON. Y. T. J. O. LaCHAPELLE, M. D. PHYCICIAN and SURGEON to ST. MARY'S HOSPITAL Office: Queen SI •• Nexl Bank of B. N. A. DAWSON. Y. T. H. L. HEDGER., D. D. S. DAWSON. Y. T. Denial Parlor •• Room. I. land 5 THE EXCHANGE. C. n. WOODWORTH GEORGE BLACK WOODWORTH fA BLACK BARRISTER.S. SOLICITORS. Advocates. Notaries Public. Etc. VICTOIlIA BUILDING DAWSON, Y. T. Mem. Man., N. W. T. and Yukon Rars. Establisheu 189S. JOHN K. SPARLING. M. A. BARIlISTER., SOLICITER, NOT All Y PUBLIC. Elc. Room 2, VIctoria Chambers, Dawson. V. T. iooilcltor tor Sole AgP,Dt for Yukon Gold Field., Ltd., !Eng.) Hubbell'sCollection Agency British C~n. Gold FieldS, Ltd. Credit As"o. ,. " Sterlingshire Yukon SYDd. Baggot & R.vall " R.. L. ASHBAVGH BARRISTER. Etc. Iloom 4, over Nortber" Cafe DAWSON, Y. T. J. C. Noel DAN. H. ncKinnon Auguste Noel NOEL. McKINNON t&l NOEL Barristers. Solicitors. Notaries Public. Office., Li;;elt Buildin;, Quee" SI. Wm. Thor"bum DAWSON, Y. T. M. B. O'Dell THORNBVRN fA O'DELL Barristers. Solicitors. Etc. Office. Bank Bldg., Rooms 3, 4 and 5· Telephone ,,8. p, O. Box 863. LEROY TOZIER. Officn. Aurora Block. BROKER AND CONVEYANCER DAWSON, V. T. DAWSON, Y. T. A. J. BANNERMAN ESTABLISHED leST REAL ESTATE, MINING and FINANCIAL AGENT Offices. Victoria Bldg,. Cor, 1st Ave. al\d 2d St. Estates managed. Rents, interest. diVidends, etc. collected. Pay. ments made 01 Taxes; Renewal Grants; Free ~l!ners' Certll1cates, Etc. F ALCON JOSLIN Mining, R.eal Estate, Loans and Insurance QUEEN STREET. NEAR BANK B. N. A. R. W. Cautley, D. L. S. J. L. Cote. D. L. S .. C. E CAUTLEY fil COTE 'Dom;n;on Land Jur'()eyorJ. Harper St .• Nea.r Klondike Hotel. DAWSON. Y. ,.. R. RINFRET DOMINION LAND SURVEYOR. CIVIL ENGINEER Graduate of McGill University. Montreal Office. Oandolfo Point, Cor. Forst Ave. and Harper St. DAWSON. JEPHSONfAASTLEY D. L. SURVEYORS Mining Engineers I ,speCialty of Hydraulic and Eleclric Engineering. Binet Blk., Dawson THE CANADA LIFE ASSURANCE CO. Est.blished 1~47 ARsets over S:J3,OOO,ooo Assurance In force over $81.000,000 Of all Companies doing businf'ss in Canada, native or American. the earning power 01 the Canadian Life exceeds thpm all. A policY in it is beLter than a gold mme. Reference Canadian Bank of Commerce. HARRV I. CLEGO. Agent. Dawson. V. T, YUKON SAW MILL CO. AND rlACHINE WORKS Manufacturers and Dealers In DOMESTIC AND IMPOR.TED LUMBER,. THE INTERNATIONAL HOTEL first Avenue. near 'he Old p, O. It a!tords comfortable accommodations, with warm Sitting and smok· ing room. The cbarges are moderate enough to meet the purses 01 wOrking meD. PET Ell AUGHBERGER. Proprietor. SEATTLE HOTEL EUR.OPEAN PLAN. 1st Ave .. nea.r Ca.ble ferry Tower. Mr. Alex. Ross bas spared no expense to mal,e bis botel rank amODI( tbe best In the city. Guests are assured of courteous treatment and comfort. NO ONE WILL COMPLAIN ABOUT THE PRICES. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS FOR FINE PHOTO ENGRAVING. II L ~TH::.:E..:.:BE:::.ST:..:.A=-DV:.:.:ER...:..TI..:..SI-...:.NG_M_ED_IU~M,_TH_E_DA_IL_Y _NE_W_S'--J 78 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS P:::::!a~h Best En.-ine Ever Built of the _j And its etrongee:t points of superiority are its extreme eimplicity; its oiling ar­ rangement, wherehy the cy linder is oiled every stroke of the pieton; and the very important fact that it takes ite air for the explosive mixture from a warm, dry chamber, which guanntees the en­ gine running all the time under every possible condition of the weather. The name ~LOZ/£R' stamped on an engine or launch means to it what sterling means on eihoer­ nn ab!"olute guarantt'e of superiority. The largest and finest boat building concern in America stands back of this guarantee. It was the only engine that could or did run in Nome last winter. Rememher this. The Whitford Rapid Vehicle & Motor Launch 00., Inc. Wholesale and Retail PETKOVITZ FUR - - CO. Mal\ufacturer. of-- FANCY FURS IMPORTERS OF SKINS Special Attention Givel\ Alaska Orders. 110 MARION ST., BETWEEN FIRST AND SECOND AVENUES SEATTLE, WASH. 1418 Second Avenue - - SEATTLE, U. S. A. THE SCANDINAVIAN-AMERICAN BANK OF SEATTLE, WASH. CASH CAPITAL PAID UP, $100,000 COMPARATIVE STATEMENT: Deposits May 31, 1894 ........ . $ 73,539.28 " May 31,1895. .... ... 117,216.58 " May 31, 1896 .. 152,241.16 4~ May 31,1897. . 170,594.08 II May 31, 1898 421,815.96 " May 31, 1899 557,694.44 " May 31, 1900 .... .. . 966,989.74 ~, May 31, 1901 ...... .... 1,509,315.92 "ug. 27, 1901 .. ... .. ... 1,642,154.92 Gold Duat Received for Delivery to U. S. Asaay Ofllce at Reattle and Money AdvBncf'd Thereon. GOLDEN CLEAN-UP EDITION. rlO--IlI.~JlJII----i I i i i ~ i ; SEATTLE, WASH. ~ I What Men Should Wear I ~ Fashion is a fancy that men should follow cloaf'ly if I ; they b~ of that clllss wllo .·are to appear well dre~s- I eel. !;tyle~ for men ~He as fiekle 88 those for women. He I!ure of buyin~ absolutely correct apparl-I. pat-I ronize a recol!nized authority. Oheas,y's patrons I are countt.'d by the hundreds, the traveling Eales­ mt'n, \lw touril!ls, the prospp.rous merchants of !;e- I aUle ami otllt:!r neal' bv cities find the wanted shirt ~ ~ or ti~ or hat or what-not at this popnlar haber- ~ I dashery. I I~ Dr!I~~~t1~;~~o,~~,a.!~w. a very 'I ; swt'li rain coat. and there is not a bit of rubber in it. It is a coat for ~ most every oceaaion. An overcoat I ; for fair or stormy weather. Any ~ I price {'·om ....... $20.00 to SlS.OO. I ~ Princely ~ i Bag I ~ This picture. small as it is, 1) ~ tells a complete story of the ; I bag's usefulnefs . . It is a ~ ~ , fitted genuine hOln back ; ~ alligator haJ!, carrying an ~ ~ 1. X. L. razor and strap, a flask, whisk broom and ; ; many other requisite articles for the traveler. I I The 'price is $40.00. Other tine bags at every price. Snit caees, trunks, etc. ~ I Dress Suits $45.00 I I TailoriDg bas become such ' & fiDe art that I to OWD a dress suit one net'ds oDly to ~hp out of bis 'buslness Buit iDto one ready I made. 1he workmansbip of dress suits ~ sbown at Cbeasty's rivals IlDytbiDg tbat i "Can be turned out by tbe foremost tailors. ~ I Alterations are made with tbe loss of but I Q Uttle time. Tbe suit Ulustrated bere re- CI tails for 8'500. Tuxedo [or dInner coat] I sUlts,8'2.00. Dunlap Opera Hat.:;. $10.00' I Proper Gloyee, Sbirts. Ties, etc" for Cull dres~, I A Wealth of Ties I I , ~;;~~~~; ~~~~tI~~; II Tbls picture serves its purpose poorly. It caD only give a few I . sbapes The exquIsite coloring I and blending of tho the silken threads must be seen to be appreCiated. Tbe big scart witb the Wide eDds is an "Ardsley." 83.50 to 85.00 each. Bat-I wings, Four-in-haDds aDd every otber style, SOc to Sl.60 eacb. 1lml1W8SW~~~~~1JQQJM,Q8QQM)~~~!Ii one 7Jon Marche IJ the Shopping Center of Seattle and, indeed, of the whole Pacific Northwest. Stocks are the largest and m~t varied at the Bon Marche of any Seattle Store. Gtventr-ttvo Sto,.e.s Vnde,. One 'Roof an carrying their separate 1ine~ of merchandise, make it possible for a C'JS­ tomer to fill a 'm~t every need inside the walls of the Bon Marche. Here is a list of the goods you may buy or select from at this people's favorite store: Dress Goods and Silka, \\' hite Goods, D'llneslics and Hlankets. Notions, Leather Goods, Jpwelr.v. RibhollS, Lates, Neckwear, IIi Ho~iery and ...l Underwea", .... Men 'I" and Boys' ~ l 'urllishilll!S, tIl Cloaks, Suits v: and Children's ~ J ill'ketR, u Millinery, Il:: :\Iell's alld ~ \\. omE'n 's Shoes ~1en's and ~ Women's ~ Gloves. ~ Crockery, tIl filassware, Q Tinware, Ci) \Iuslin .... Underwear, ~ Children's Il:: Drt's~f's, ~ Illfant's Wear. III Drn!!~, ~ Perfllmerv. Ii: H andkercuiefs , Dress Trimmings, CaDllies, Books, Stationery, Petticoats and f'hirt Waists, Corsets, Umbrellas, Art Needlework Goods. IT IS A WELL KNOWN FACT in WashlDgtt'n aDd !be No.rth. weH. tbat th"l lion Marche sells merchaDdise much under prIces. It Is also equally WillI knowD that tbe goods we carry are thor­ oughly up 10 date, stylish and serviceable. For tb('S~ reasons tbis !'tore is. aDd \\ ill continue to be, tbe popular bUYIDg place tor everyone that comp,"" '0 S", , WE FILL MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY and at the same pflces that we !'ell . ooas o\'er the cOlin I er. WE CORDIALLY INVITE YOU to visit the Hon Marcbe when you lOre In S~IW Ie whether you wr-h to buy anYlhiDg or DOt. The Half Tone Rerrodu~ed here is a picture or ,be Bon Marcbe. sbowing tbe Pike ~tree s 'de The Set:onr} Avenue sec tioD of tbe store is mUf'b lor ger and deeper. but we b"ve lately added tbe Pike Strt et Co' Der. and want cVl'n'one to become ta­ miliar wltb that side or our great retail e~labljsbmeDt , 7ionMA~CHE .NO'R"DHOFF «ll. CO. 1419 to 14:JS Second AoeJe. and IIS-12:J Pi1(e St. 79 80 THE DA WSON DAILY NEWS THE G. L. HOLMES FURNITURE COMPANY 1101 to 1105 Second Ave. SEATTLE. TWO STORES 923 to 925 C Street, TACOMA. T HE G. L. HOLMES FURNITURE CO. tak"l first rank as Furniture and Carpet supplyers, and are the largeet enterprise in the Northwest devoted exclusively to Home, Hotel, Steam­ boat and Office Furnishing. From two large store!!, the stocks of which represent an in­ vestment of a quarter of a million dollare, merchandise is ui~tributed throughout the entire We!!t and Alaska. The Carpets. Furniture. Rugs. Draperies and Linoleums that emanate from these "tores are the embodiment of elegance, IStyle, durability and exc\uFivenelSs We do not confine our­ selves merely to the sale of fine furniture, nor are we limited to the sale of only low priced goods; but we uo sell all grades that are worthy. Every article we show bears the stamp of honest valu~. The lowest price pieces have a superior touch in make and finish that brand them as above the or­ dinary. Every dollar expended in these stores is given its fullest purchasing power. Seekers of select and exclusive furni~hings look to the Holmes stores for newest ideas and late3t falShiom; nowhere can be found better, more trustworthy or refined goods. Take for example the Side­ board shown in the accompany­ ing illustration. It i~ a perfect triumph of the designer's and wood carver's art, made by a maker whose products are fam­ ous the world around. It is con­ structed of the very finest quar­ ter-sawed oak, and needless to say the rich golden finish is par eXCf~llence. All carvings are very elaborate, the minutest de­ tails of leaf or space being care· fully worked out in a manner that plainly shows the work of a master hand. The cabinet work and finish are of the very best. The large oval French plate mir­ ror meamres 2 feet by 6 feet. The r,ideboard ilS of unusually liberal proportions, meaeuring 6 feet 6 inches long. Price $200. China Cabinet, Extension Tables and Chairs can be had to match if desired. More than one hundred other styles are shown, prices ranging downward by easy steps to $16.50 for splendid sideboard in solid oak. On the same elaborate scale we show Parlor. Bedroom and Library Furniture and pieces for every room in the house. Our Carpet and Drapery display is an exhibit without a parallel. Every­ thing is liberally represented, trom the modest ingrain to the luxurious Wilton's; qualities that wear and last; patterns that please and brighten the home; at prices that leave the purse satisfied. You are absolutely l':afe in purchasing here by mail. Our liberal, broad gauge methods, and fair, low prices insure satisfactory, profitable buying. If you live out of town, write ue your wanta -a description and price-there is sure to be eomething in all this vast aEsortment to fit your needs. Orders entrusted to our selection will be executed in a careful, judicious manner, and packed by our experienced packers in the smallest possible space. Mitche", Lewis & Staver Co. :a;:::~:-:~: Hoh:ting and Conveying Machinery. Steam Power and Hand Pumps. Thawing Points, Phoenix Steam Hose. Tubular, Fire Box, Vertical and Pipe Boilers. Horizontal and Vertical Engines. Air COlnpressors and Drills. Self Contained Stamp Mills. Ore Crushers, S tal1dard Concentrators. Ore Cars, Ore Buckets, 'f Rails. Aerial Tramways, Wire Rope. Saw Mill and Shingle Mill Machinery. Mitchell Wagons, Buggies and Carts. Pipe and Fittings and Gen'I Supplies. Largest A ssortment on Pacific Coast. Co,.,.aspondence lloi/cHed. Mining, lVIill and Marine Machinery and Supplies, especially adapted for Alaska, a specialty. 308-3'0 Fills' Av. South, SEATTLE, WASH. -------.---.~-~-~--.-----:-------------------------- ESTABLISHED 1888. GEO. W. FOWLER 201 Equitable Bnlldlng, TACOMA, WASHINGTON. INVESTMENTS! A general Real E!!It teo InvestmeDt. LoaD, ID"UfBDce, Rent.1I1 aDd CollectlQD busincss tl'a08kted. GILT EDGE Mortgages neltlng flve to eight per cent. COJre!'poDdeDce or iDtervlew liollcited, HAYDEN' AttD CLEVELAND 201-4 Equitable Buildin_. TACOMA. WASH. ' TACOMA . G'E'CLEVELAND'I INVESTMENTS " BVSINESS AND RESIDENCE PKOPERTY p&yin~ from 7 to IS per cent. net income. OALL ON US FOR FINE BRICK BLOOKS Resident Property (Improved or Vnimproved). Tide Landi. Etc. REFERENCE: Any Bank in Tacoma. NeW'll Publishing Company, DaWBOn. Yultoo. Terr:torr. NATIONAL HOTEL R. £. ANDERSON" CO. MALTBY & SON, Proprietor.. Co,.ne,. n ... t Avenue and Oolumbla St"e.t Ent,. ... o. B08 and B'4 FI,.., A ..... Brick Buildiug, Elcctric LlI(ht!l, Special Rates by Week or Month. EUROPEAN PLAN Rooms SOc., 'iDe and fl 00 per Day. SEA TTLE, WASH. TACOMA, WASHINGTON. Choice Improved Real Esta'. for Sal. NettiD_ 6 to 12 per cel\t. 01\ price a.ked. A MOST EXTENSIVE LIST TO SELECT FROIL one 1(Iondi1(e'.s' Greate.s't ~ ~ ~ ~ .../Id-tJerti.s'ing Medium The 'Datu-ron Netu-r 'Daily and Weel(ly THE NEWS guarantees to its advertisers a circulation more· than double that of any other paper published in Yukon Territory, and all advertising contracts are made subject to this guarantee. ~~~~ (She 'Daily }lewJ is delivered on the day of publication throughout Dawson, Bonanza Creek, Grand Forks, Eldo­ rado, Hunker, La::!t Chance and Gold Bottom-the only Dawson daily delivered reg1l1ary on Hunk~r, Last Chance and Gold Bottom Creeks. ~~~~ '(She Wee1(Jy }lewJ is delivered throughout Dawson, Bo­ nanza Creek, Grand Forks. Eldorado, Hunker, Gold Bot­ tom, L~t Chance, Dominion, Sulphur, and Gold Run, and is the only Daw~on paper delivered regularly on the following creeks: Quartz. Eureka, Henderson, Montana, Steel Fork, Conglomerate, Stewart River, Bear, Forty­ Mile, Glacier and Miller. ~ ~ ~ ~ A d-cJn-t;.I;ng Ag,nt: W_ M. WILSOJII. "(She New.s," 601 :14th A-cJ, •• S,a11I,. 7)A 'WSOJII. 31. T.