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Dawson Daily News : Sourdough edition, 1896 Discovery Day, Aug. 17, 1913.

Author:Dawson NewsPublished:1913Type:Yukon Newspapers (Special Editions)MARC Record:PAC MARC RecordDownload PDF:DDN-DD-AUG-17-1913.pdf (99320 KB)
Frc-- I I ) j ( r \ \ 'r \ , \ ( \ ) / ................... .... i -·. ··. ··;. ·c. "lriri " ; ·. ~ ............ ~ ................ \ ............. I •••• 7.7.7. 7 ....... = .. ~.? ...... ~ \ THE SAFE, SURE AND DIRECT ROUTE TOTHE . , - , Shusbanaand" h'tlhile River Whil. Pass and Yukon Roul. Galeway 10 Yukon 0' ' ... Palatial Ocean Ships to Skagway, Rail to Whitehorse,Thence by I Fine River Steamer to Dawson, White River and Donjek. I. J Outfits for the New Diggings Landed by Boat Within Ninety Miles of the Diggings; Nine Days From Seattle This is the only line open every day of the year direct to those new Gold Fields and the Klondike. After Scolai Pass is closed with avalanches of snow and all other means of access to the new strike cut off, WH ITE PASS trains operate daily from Skagway to White· horse; then connect direct with the splendid WH ITE PASS auto and 1 horse stage lines to Dawson, and other connections to the head of the ' White.-Stampeders during the open season to the new Gold Fields should take this route and be sure of landing their outfits. splendid auto and hors e stages reach all points all winter, including Klondi ke and the new Gold Fields, when all other routes are closed . . ~ , Also the Great Inland Artery of Commerce, and the Too, rist Route Through the Switzerland of America to Skagway, Atlin, Dawson, Whitehorse and Fairbanks, with Connections Direct to Nome and Iditarod .. FOR FULL PARTl.Cl l LARS, 'WRII TE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING - ....... - -·'~ ~· .... A j' H ... '" # ~ :' _ _ • r.o, -" OfF IO IAl: " ... I . '" . 77 S h.' .., . \, I Hahn, Supt Rail Diyi sion .Skaguay, Alas. G. H. Miller, General Auditor .. ",a& " , . 11' vt-. h ;"':~ ;l:'" I C. J. Rogers, Purchasing Agt .. Va ncouver, B. C~ ~', . ,1 ..... .fI'- ~,_...r '~_ '.~'. ' _7 ....... :.~ , .... - .... ~ m.. ~' - Ines -y- .......... .:t.l. "l A GENTS ,1./' Herman Weig, General Ager . F , B. Wurzb acher , General Agent, G . B. Edwards, Uc .leral Agent . . Dawson, Y, T . 1016 Chamber of Commerc. . A k B 'Id' S ttl W h W H L' k G I A t F . b k Alaska Bldg, Chicago las a ur Ing .. .. .. ... . ... ea e, as . . , rn , enera gen .. arr an s, . O. L. Dickeson, President . . . . Va~c.ouver, B.C. Chrc'tgo, Illinois J. E. Dempsey, Traffic Manager . .. . . . . . . .. . .. . EXECUTIV E '"'FFICES-Va ncouv er, B. C. ; Skaguay, Alaska; Ch amber of Commerce Building, Chicago . . GENERAL INFORMATION-b .,kl ets and information as to rates, tickets, etc., promptly furnished on application to any of the above mentioned agents or Traffic De partme, .. Wh ite Pass & Yukon Rou te, Vancouver, B. C. ! ! I I , r' ( \ \ I ! i 'The traditional Virtue of eAmerica's father. In no other class of merchant is truthfulness more to he desired than in the }ew­ • eler~ on whose word e'Pery customer must rely. In whatever ~e sell~ he it or other wares~ it is the rigid policy of our store that the quality of the goods be , truthfully represented. ,This policy has paid us; ~e find our justification and re?:Pard in the appreciation and trade of our townspeople. A jewelry store is th e natural place to seek gifts of lasting vfLlue! There are many thi ngs h ere that are beautiful, useful, and that will hold their worth almost indefini tely. Numberless ,articles in jewelry, etc" that will give much pleasure to the brid p.. An engagement ring sh ould fit the finger; if too large it is ' a sign of shaHowness of purpose. If too tight it suggests that the union pinches somehow. A perfect-fit ting ring is a symbol of a perfect, har­ monious union. Start out ri ght by getting your sets of jewelry from a dependa ble store. We will meet all competition of genuine good and give every customer fu ll value for amount paid. r WALTHAM WATCHES of nil kinds always on hand ; ROOKFORD HIGH-GRADE, th p. timekeeper; ELGIN, HOWARD and HAMILTON WATCHES, and GILBERT'S CLOCKS; Sil verware, Cut Glass, Outside J ewehy, and Native Nugget J ewelry, the best in the Yuk, on Territory. ][iurrul ]Jrnrn Successor to Frank & Vesco, H as Had 42 Years of Experi en ce in J ewelry, Watches, Etc.-That I s, 22 Years All Over Europe, 4 Years in New V~¥l, .. ~ • o • o • o • o • o • o • o • ~ • 0: • (~ • ~, o '- .. ~ ./ ~ o • ~ • o • ~ • o • o ~ • + • ~ ~ • ~ o • ~ ~ ~ I I I r r / ~ • i • i • i • i • i • i • i I!I i • i • i • i • i • i • i • i • i • i • ~ • ) ; J. A. SEGBERS, Prop. First~Class, Modern, Well Furnished, Steam Heat, Light, Bath, Flush Toilets, Lobby 40 ROOMS WITH PHONES BAR AND CAFE IN CONNECTION Electric Headquarters for Commercial l'ravelers Phone No. 4 First Avenue, Dawson, Y. T. \ .' / , f j , , , I I' ,) I 1 i I I. t l l ..... --.,..;' . , --- "-- THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 3 ~~~~~~~.~~ MI~~fi.~~~.~%.~.~.~.~.~I~·IdE~~~~~ t~ " , . , I I The Pioneer Steamship Company Operating on the I· % ~ ! Side Streams of the Yukon ! % % • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ • • i The Fast, Light Draft Steamers i • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ i VID TTE i • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ iPAULINE i · " . ~ ~ • • • iNORCOM i ~ ~ • • ~ ~ · , - I Carrying Passengers, Mail, Freight and Express. i ~ ~ • • ji TO ~ ~ ~ ! ~ ~ White River, Donjek, nayo Landing and all Upper Stewart R.iver ~ ~ ~ ! Points, Pelly River, Ross River, Porcupine ! ~ ~ • ••• • i Regular Service Between Dawson and Whitehorse f • • ~ ~ • • !) , .~ ~ ~ , i Special Arrangements May Be Made for Excursion Parties i • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ ~ , ! Steamers nay Be Chartered for Any Point ! ~ ~ ! to Be Reached on the Yukon I.' ~ ~ • • · ~ ~ ~ ! We E.mploy the Most Experienced Masters and Pilots in the North ! ~ ~ • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ • • ~ ~ i Side· Streams Navigation Co. i • • ~ % ~ , ~ A. w. H. SMITH, S. C. BARRI!':'GTON, ~ ~ ~ ! Agent .~'anager ! ~ ~ . ) . ~ . : ~~~~~~~~.~~~.~~.~~~~~.~~.~~.~~~.~~fifi~~~ '\, .' 4 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS Na1.ltng BEAVER BOARD to t he 'lOflll and cei J:l7Zfl-beams 01 a n ew room. t;lu1.cklU , l7Iit williQut lillet Ot conJuofon. Same room flntshed 'in one o/ many beau l1juZ'd psi qns p()~8ible wi;ll. ,BEAYLil. BOARD waits ana c,,~ttn(Js. llEAVERDOARD takes the place, of lath, plaster and wall-paper for the walls and c~ilings of every type of building, new or remodeled. It costs less; is more quickly and easily put up; is durable. sanitary and artistic. It will not crack, chip or deteriorate with age; it deadens sound. keeps out heat and cold, retards fire, and withstands strain or vibration. Made entirely of selected woods, reduced to fibrous form and pressed into panels of uniform thickness, with handsome pebbled surface. We furnish all convenient sizes for every pur~ pose. with full directions for application. Can also, supply small quantities for making many useful and decorative household articles. APPLY TO KLONDIKE THAWING -",', We -- Are Yukon Distributors For These High Grade AND Widely Kno",n Specialties and Many Others MACHINE 'CO. THE STORE THAT SELLS MOST EVERYT H I NG r " " Pour one pint of milk into a saucepan. Place over a low fire and without 8tirring let the milk bCliI down to nW-qUarter pint. TM milk will nut be 8corched. T HAT 'S because aluminum is a better distributor and retainer of heat than other materials of which cooking utensils are made. You can cook quicker and you :therefore save fuel. "W- ear-Ever" Aluminum Utensils are made without joints, seams or soldered parts, from thick, hard sheet aluminum. They have no coating WEAR-EVER to peel, crack or blister. They can- &/;: . " Rn not rust, cannot l--1' N form poisonous ALUMINUM compounds wit h ~®r:&J acid fruits or ~~ 'foods, and they - last a generation. TRADE MARK 1 - l I DAWSO DAILY NEWS FIFTEENTH YEAR. DAWSON. YVKON TERRITORY. AVGVST 17. 19n3 DISCOVERY DAY Klondike's Gift to the WarId , 1n Virgin Gold ••••••••••••••••• • • • YUKON 'S BRIGHT FUTURE; • • MANY GREAT INDUSTRIES. • + ••••••• + •• ~ ••••• * Another decade will see Yukon far more productive than today . The area of profitable placers is being in­ creased yearly by di scovery o. f more e conomical m ethods of operation and the finding of new fields. Copper properties a1:,e being opened m the White horse and the White River countries. Whitehorse alone is shipping 500 t o 1,000 ton s of copper ore daily. )- The fur industry is being augmented by the growing of foxes and marten and the establishment of farms for the raising of fur-bearing animals. \ The agricultural possibilities of the country are just being proved and developed. Coal is being taken out at two large mines in the territory, and thousands of tons are produced annually within t.he !.erritory for use on steamers and III mmmg III the _ Klondike camp and for steaming and domestic purposes in Dawson. The vast forests affor d a great in­ Ius try in lumbe~'ing and wood-cutting, and before many year, s will be among th e lar&est sources of wood-pulp in the world. . The vast rolling hills and valleys with t heir .carpets of moss afford a natural gra, zing ground for reindeer, wild sheep and other wild and dome l­ tic animals which in time will supply a great sha~e of the meat for the mar· kets of the world. The Arctic and sub, Arctic ranges will be the last and only permanent grazing ranges of the continent. Other ranges are now be· ing absorbed for farming. The lakes and streams of Yukon contain many of the finest fish in the world, and in time will be stocke d with other lines of fish of commercial value. ... " Yukon .some .day wi11 be attache ! by railways to British Columbia, Al­ berta, and other parts of the Domin­ ion, and then \ will be but a day or two from the other centers of the D0- minion. ; Thus will this Switzerland of the North American contiQent he­ come the refuge of tens of thousands seeking the hs,lcyon land of the mid­ night sun, where heat prostrations, cyclones and ~ther violences of na­ ture are unknown. Even now thous­ 'ands of tourists dome to the border of Yukon Territory everY summe'I, and hundreds continue bv rail and pala­ t ial river steamer through the Yukon. Railways also in time .. will extend from the boundaries of Yukon Terri­ tory 'to the Arctic: where mining, trad­ ing and the whaling industries and oth er Arctic coast pursuits already attract m en. But long before Arctic 'shores , are sought the lines in. this ter­ ritory will connect with the 1iuge pe, r­ manent system of federal . railways which the American government now . -projects for the Territory. of Alaska. Automobile roads already are be­ ing built throughout the territory. Yukon's future glows with promi-E€. and in time there will be tenfi . of thousands of happy homes within her borders with multiplied thousands o, f / UYON TERRITORY has enriched the world to the ex­ tent of approxi­ mately $175,000,000 in virgin gold. This magnificent sum has come chiefly from the placers within fifty .miles of Dawson. Other rich creeks within 100 miles have contributed most of the remainder, and a small portion has come from the distant creeks, some few of wJlich are 300 to 400 miles from the famous goldopolis . . The most gratifying feature of the gold yield of Klondike today, as shown by the accompanying tabulated statem ent, is that the output is now increasing. During the first few exciting years following the rush immediately after the Klondike discovery the output went up by leaps until it bounded over the twenty-two million-doUar mark for the year. Then the richest cream was skimmed, and the discov­ ery of new goldfields els()where in .the North Ire w away many of the pros­ pectors-men always restless and eager to find something new. The lowest yield was in 1907, which marked the change in Klondike. The individual prospector then ceased to be the greatest lactor in the golden yield. and was ~Ul'passed by huge m a­ chine operations. The modern dredge and hydraulic giant came into fashion and the lower grade gr avels irrllnedi­ ately were brought within the range of profitable operation. Since then the output of the Klon­ dike has been mounting gradually, and it is estimated that within fifty miles of Dawson are placer s to keep twice the present dredge and hy­ draulic plants busy the n ext half century Thus is ' the magnificent out­ put of K londike a~sured for years to come. The fuss and the stress of early days is over, and the population of the immediate camp is smaller, but the number remaining are employed steadily, and the returns are compara­ tively certain . The Klondike gold today comes chiefly from Bonanza, Eldorado, Hun­ ker, Dominion, Gold Run , Last Chance, Quartz and Sulphur creeks, and benches along some of th e stream s. The Fortymile, the Sixty­ mile, t he Stewart, Scroggie, Li ving­ stone, Nan sen and other distri cts con­ tribute a share. The total gold shipments from Daw­ son and neigh boring creeks, including those made by the pioneer s who worked on the Stew art, Fortymile and other streams before the strike on the Klondike, are summarized as follows : KLONDI KE'S GOLD SH I PMENTS 1885- 1886 . . . . .. . ... .. ....... . . .. . ... .. . ..... . ....... ... .. . ...... $ 1887 .. . . . .... . ... , . . , ... .... . , ....... ...... , .. ,., ....... . .. .. . . . 1888 ..... . ..... . .. , . .. . ..... . . . .. . .... ....... ........... , . . ... . 1889 . .... .. .. . .... . ... . . .. .. . .. ... . . . . ...... . ..... . . , .... . . .. . . . 1890 .. . ...... .. . , ... ... . . .. . , ... . .. .. .. .... , . . .. ............... . 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910 1911 1912 . , ......... ...... .......... ......... ..... ............ ... ... . · .... ....... ......... . .... . . ... ......... .. . ..... ...... .. .... . · .. ... ... ...... .. .... .. ...... .. ...... ... ..... .. ... ..... ... . . · .... . .... ....... ... .... .... .. ...... ... ... ..... .......... . . . ..... ...... .. ........... ..... ..... ..... ........ ............. .. ... .. . ......... ... .. :- .. ..... ................... ... .. ..... . · .... .. ... .. ... ... . .. . .. . ; ... . .. .. .. .. .. . . . .. .. .. .... ... . .... . 1913, estimated Supplementary 100,000 70,000 40,000 716,000 175,000 40,000 87,500 176,000 125,000 250,000 300,000 2,500,000 10,000,000 16,000,000 22,275,000 18,000,000 14,500,000 12,250,000 9,413,074 7,162,438 5,258,874 2,.896,173 3,282,684 3,960,000 4,560,000 4,634,000 5,018,411 5,600,000 25,913,527 $174,602,411 By supplementary in the foregoing is meant the gold from the Forty­ mile, Eagle and other nearby camps on the American side tributary to Dawson which have shipped virtually all their gold through Dawson, and gold from the Klondike in early days which is generally acknowl­ edged to have escaped duty before an efficient royalty collection sys­ tem was establishe!f. hJlm3n beings satisfied to remain h er e, enjoying the vigorous climate and the many opportunities of wealth, all loyal and decla.ring blessed those who pioneered the way. Yukon already is winning the r ec­ ognition of the world. Several com­ panies with r apita1ization of one to eighteen million dollars each are oper­ ating in the country in placer, copper and coal properties. Numerous farm s are yielding their crops for man and beast, thus keeping within the terri­ tory perhaps half a million to a mil­ lion clollars aI:lllually for home pro­ ducts. ••••••••••••••••• • • • KLONDIKE CONTINUES • • NORTH'S BANNER CAMP. • • ..... ~ .......... . Klondike is not going to be backed off th e map. H er gold yield of $5,- 500,000 this year puts her in the lead of all other camps of the North, The only difference is th e other camps are working more on the individual pro­ cess, thus giving a di stribution among more men, and supportng a different class of towns, Klondike continues to ship the banner contribu tion of the yellow metal to outside cities. F ilir· banks and Iditarod are good seconds as to yield, with $4,500,000 each thi s season; Nome will have perhaps $3,- 500,000; Ruby, $750,000; Koyukuk, $400,000, and Circle, Fortymile, Ram­ part, Kuskokwim and other regions will acid perhaps a quarter to haH a million. Yukon has immense areas up the Pe lly, on thE' Hootalinqua, u p the Porcupine, in the Nasutlin region, in the Stewart valley, the W,hite, the Nansen, and the Kluan~ .c\istricts, and elsewhere that wHf ';engage the atten­ tion of aotual prospe.ctors not afraid to sink thTough muck and frost. Such there are in plenty in the North, fLt::-d in time they Jill get results. The ­ gold belt from Atlin to Nome crosses this region and ramifies east and west. No more healthful and promising pur­ suit is open to the man whose capital is br,awn than prospecting for gold. Gold' mining has many advantages. Gold is always marketable. The tight­ er money becomes in Wall Street or Lombard Street, the more desired everywher e is the virgin gold. Yukon's premier product never wants for a purchaser, . Wheat and other crops may find no buyers, but the gold pro­ ducer never faces a market so glutted that he c.annot get whaever he de­ sires in exchange for his commodity. H ence the tendency to invest in mines O r prospect new gold regions when real estate, land and industrial booms collapse. Yukon's assets are not confined to placers. Her extensive copper, coal. timber and other areas increase her . attractiveness." Railways soon will bring DawSoon and all other Yukon valley points within a day or two of tidewater , Dawson then will be no more remote than Pacific shores than is Spokane or Yakima from Se­ attle. - Dawson of today offers no field for laborer s or for more enterprises: The little community is a type of all the North. But the great, big outdoors, the immense empire of Yukon and Alaska, equal to most of Europe in area, has opportunities without limit. The land will not be won in a day, n'or bv the · shiftless. ' ¥ en · who: come must 'have ·th· e stuff in' 'them. ' They will gct on the paystreak; they will inherit the riches. Strikes made on the Shushana and near the White river are drawing many m en in that direction. with the pr-omise that they will develop much new countrv tributary to Daw- 80 n. Many other" camps will yet be op(:;ned in Yukon. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS By Dr. Alfred Thompson, M. P. t for Yukon ~ - In 1869 the Dominion of Canada purchased from the Hudson's Bay company,-for $1-500,000, the extensive region known under various designa­ tions as "RupeTt's .Land," " The Hud­ son Bay Territory" and the " No!th­ west Territories," the company hav­ ing had the right of government over that vast area by virtue of a royal charter granted in 1670 by the British crown. Out of t1Ji s purchase thcre have been created the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the Territory of Yukon, and there still remains a very large area in the north known as the Northwest Terri­ torie ' The Yukon was created a territory by act of' parliam ent in 189§...and was given a government composed of the commissioner of the territory and a council appointed from amongst the oL ficial s, of the governi}len D This coun­ cil consisted of five member s and the commi Rsi oner, who presided at the sessions. In 1900 the right was given to elect two members to the Yukon council from amongst the citizen s of the ter­ ritorv. In 19{)2 this number was in­ crea~ed to five member s elected from the people whicli with the five ap­ pointive members made a council of ten m ember. !! and the commissioner, who still presided at the meetings. In 1908 the appointive m embers were retired and the people given the right to elect the whole council. Since then the territory has had a council of ten members elected from five districts. This is the number of councillors at the present time. The council is elected for three years; and is pre­ sided over by a speaker selected from among the members. Each member receives $600 per annum. The council is convened by a pro­ clamation of the , commissioner and holds its meetings once a year, al­ though it may be called in extraordi­ nary session at any time. The Yukon council passes ordi­ nances for the good government of the territory, votes the monies of the territorial budget and advises with the commissioner .on matters withi.r. their jurisdiction. territorial government now in exist­ ence the territory would be created . a province and given full provincial powers. In the territories of Canada the public domain is administered by the federal government, and title when given is direct from the representative of the crown. Placer gold, coal, and some other minerals are mined under govern the working of deposits of sil­ ver, lead, copper, antimony, petro­ leum, and other minerals found or yet to be found within the limits of the territory. The fedeTal gov,ernment has had geological surv·eys made of the more important sections of the territory, and is gradually extending this work from year to yeaI' with a vi ew to having made finally a geologi· Except some local taxes, the reve­ nues of the territory are collected by the federal government, and the fed­ eral government votes what money is required from year to year to carry on the administration of the affairs of the territory. This money is voted annually and is placed to the credit DR. ALFRED THOMPSON. M. P. of the local government, 'of which the commissioner is the head. The com­ missioner makes up the budget show­ ing the various items for which the money should be disbursed and pre­ sents this with a message to the coun­ cil for consideratio'n. 'L'he budget also shows the sources from which the funds are derived:. In 1902 the Yukon was given the right to send one representative to the Dominion parliament · and has con­ tinued to exercise that right ever since. The Yukon 'is the only terri­ tory of Canada enjoying representa­ tion in the federal house, and it is worthy of note that the representative from the Yukon, unlike the delegate leases renewable annually. A quartz or mineral claim may be had under a grant from the crown, in whi-ch the, title is given in p 'er:petuity on the fulfilling of certain require­ ments l aid down in the regulations governing this type of mining. In either case title is secure when the gov( rnment regulations are observed. Placer mining in the territory is car­ ried on under the Yukon placer act, an act passed by the fcderal parlia­ ment and which deals with all phases of this somewhat intricate problem. Regulation6 exist to give title to and \ / cal map of the whole of the Yukon. The courts are presided over by a resident judge .of the supreme court in Dawson, and a stipendary magis­ trate at Whitehorse. The appeal from the territorial court is to the supreme court of British columbia. ,K The territory is policed by the R. N. W. M. P., and the cost of the upkeep of this force comes out of the federal exchequ eT. .. The Yukon Territory enjoys a stable government where life and property is protected and law and order ob­ served. to congress from Alaska, has the 'samE!' right to speak and vote in the Cana- dian house of commons as the pre-jf mier, the leader of the opposition, or ) How Klondike Gold' Strike Was Made any other member of that body. . The Yukon is the only territory in In 1894 Robert H endeTson and two . Canada which has an organized gov-other miner s prospected the gravels ernment to carry on its local affairs. at the mouth of the Pelly, where they The Northwest Territories are unde,r a rocked out $54 in fine gold. They comm~ssioner, Lieutenant-Colonel F . White, who resides in Ottawa and ad­ ministers from the .seat of the federal government an empire of some four­ teen hundred thousand square miles ' in extent. Should the population of the Yukon increase so as to outgrow the form of came down to the mouth of ' Indian river, which H enderson ascended alone, and prospected on Quartz andJ Gold Bottom. Having found good prospects on Gold Bottom, Hender­ son and a party of five returned to this creek in the spring of 1895, staked claims and commenced to work. During the summer of 1896 Henderson prospected on Gold! Bot­ tom creek; eventually made a trip to Ladue's trading post at Ogilvie to ob­ tain supplies, and, returning to Gold Bottom by way of the Klondike . river, he came upon a number of Indians fishing in the Yukon river at its con­ fluence with the Klondike. Living with the Indians was one George W . Garmack, whom Henderson invited to stake on Gold Bottom. A few days afterwa.rds Carmack and two Indians arrived at Gold Bottom, and staked claims near to where H enderson and pa.rty were ,Yorking. Returning across the divide by way of B. onanza, Car­ mack and the two Indians did I some prospecting, and found rich prospects on what is now Discovery claim on Bonanza creek . Carmack staked Dis­ covery and No . 1 below; "Ohadey," an Indian, No. 2 below, and "Tagish" Jim," the other Indian, N.o. 1 above. Before leaving Gold Bottom, Carmack told H enders.on that he would send an Indian to inform him if rich pros­ pects were discovered. Carm3Jek, however, did not fulfill his promise, and he and the Indians at once pro­ ceeded to F.ortymile, which was the recording office at the time, and filed . their appli cations with Inspector Con­ stantine. Up to this tim e the m a jor­ ity of th e miners in the territory h ad been working on Fortymile, but as soon as the discovery on Bonanza be­ came known all the miners in the Fortymile district stampeded to the new ,strike, and in a short time Bo­ nanza creek was staked from end to end. Meantime H enderson and his party were working on Gold Bottom, and did not hear of the new diseoverv until the whole creek had bee~ staked. Extensive prospecting at once commenced on Bonanza and its tributaries, and in a short time Inanv 'of the stakeTs began to realize th~ marvel.ous wealth which their claims contained. I A, s soon as the news of the rich . strike reached the outside world, thousands of gold seekers immedi- ately staTte d fOT the Klondike.. Prob­ ably never before in the historry of gold mining camps has there been su ch a rush of people · from almost every vocation in life as was seen in that irresistible stream of fortune­ seekers who olimbed the Chilkoot pass and pressed on to Lake Lindemann, wher e the most crude boats and o· ther flimsy craft were constructed for the journey of 500 miles. down the Yukon rjver to' Dawson. One of the saddest events in the history of this great stampede occurred one morning on the trail between the summit 01 the Ghilkoot pass and Sheep cam,! . For some distance between these two points the trail leads along the bot­ tom of a s teep mountain, a.nd a long line of gold! hunters were labo· riously toiling along this stretch of the jour­ ney, some: bearing their heavy burden of supplies in packs and some on sleds, when suddenly a huge mass of snow came sliding down the moun­ tain side, striking the line of travelers and burying between 50 and 60 men. Those who had escape.d the catastro­ phe at once commenced to dig fOT their comrades, very few of whom were rescued, and some of the bodies were not found until the snow melted in the spring. Such is an instance of the danger~ which confronted in the early days the thousands who had contracted the gold fever, and who were unaware of the innumerable haTdships to be encounteTed , on the journey to the new diggings. In the spring of 1899 nearly all the cr. eeks in the Klondike district had been staked; and in a fe~v years this remarkably rich district produced mil­ lions .of dollars. Though rich gravel, s WeTe discovered on Gold Run, Hun­ ker, Dominion and ' Sulphur, and much gold has been and is being taken from those creeks, yet no creek has been discovered that can be com­ pared in richness with Bon:; l.llza and its tributaries. Creek claim No. 16 Eldorado, a tributary of Bonanza, containing an area of four a.cres, alone produced $i,500,000. Oreek claim No. 17 Eldorado, containing an area . 00£ 6.4 acres, produced $1,300,000. 1 I I I I .~ THE DAWSON DAilY NEWS 7 AUTOMOBILIN' G IN THE YUKON It is said that isolated sections are last to ' fool the : throbbing pulse of . progress, but the irresistible tide of changing conditions is sure, sooner or later, to reach the most remote cor­ ners. For a decade .or more, the resi­ d ents of the Yukon have been indif­ ferent to the splendid opportunities for perfect ~njoyment lying within their rea,oh, contained in our excellent roads and unsurpassed summer weather. Until the present season it would appear that no one in the Klondike t hought of the automobile as a pleas­ ure vehicle, as a m eans · of conveying the family to the picnic or camping grounds, the man with rod and gun to the scene of hi s operations, or the thousand and one sources .of pleasure within reach of the automobile in this land of nightless summer, .song-birds and wild flowers. In no other part of the world can an automobile ride prove more panoramic and exhilerat­ ing than along the Klondike, for in all America ther, e is probably no oth er region in which the beautiful and the sublime blend in such a wholly satis­ fying , c·ombination of scenic effect as th ey do along the banks of the his­ toric Klondike, which is fed: from the fields of eternal snow that crown t he mighty Rockies, and whose water s h old that deep and mystic green and blue found only in rivers having t,heir source in high altitudes. Now that automobiles have found their way into the Yukon in gener­ ou s numbers, and those who have procured car s are most enthusiastic as to the possibilities of the automo­ bile, it is safe to say that the gasoline vehicle, in the n ear future, will be a very important factor in the com­ mercial and professional life of the t erritory. The busy phys~cian , whose t ime, on lllany ·occasions, is most preciou s, By Dr. Alexander Gillis V' when a few minutes may mean life commence, .. bu~, ro~ving to the, fact or death, cann W afford ·to waste time that circulation does not commence and energy traveling a-foot, or be- until the water becomes heated, it is hind fast horses, when his auto will a.dvisabl'e to use a n anti-freezing solu­ whirl him in a few minutes to his tion in the cireulation during cold destination. Nor can he afford to be weather; otherwise at 1.ow tempera­ behind the times. The bu sy merchant ture the water will freeze before it and the expressman will discard the q.ommences to circulate. present slow m ethods of delivering 1 Wood alcohol can be u sed to good wares, · and the freighter will leave advantage for non-freezing solutions Dawson with a twenty-ton load, and and t~ e ollowing gives the freezing reach his destination in on e-half the point 0 solutions containing certain time consumed at present in making peree ges of alcohol: a trip with a load of two or three Twenty per cent. solution freezes at tons; this to say nothing of the ex-~O degrees above zero; 30 per cent. pense of feeding stock during the olution freezes at 5 degrees below long periods when it is impossible to zero; 40 per cent. solution freezes at work owing to various causes. To say 20 degrees below zero; 50 per cent. so­ that the automobile will crowd the lution freezes at 55 degrees below hOI,se to the wall is to confess ignor- zero, and a 60 per cent. solution will anOe of historical facts and existing withstand any temperature that we conditions. The last quarter century can have in the Yukon. A solution has witnessed th e approach and de- composed of 70 per cent. water, 10 ve ].opment of the steam and electric peT cent. glycerine and 20 per cent cars, the gasoline and electric vehicle., alcohol is the one most generally the bicycle and flying machine, but used. Its freezing point is about the horse, the fri end of man, has 8 to ]0 degrees below zero. jogged along serenely, becoming more At the last session of the Yukon and mor~ in demand as the-e new and council a m emorial was drafted and swift m eans of locomotion grow and forwarded to the federal governm ent flourish, and a score of years hence, at Ottawa, praying for an appropria­ when n ew ideas will have superseded tion to build a highwa y to White· the present, the h orse will have in- horse from Dawson, over which auto· cre ased in value one hundred per mobiles could travel, and at the last cent., as has been the case in the session of t,he Dominion parliamen t last twenty years . the , Ilm of $50,000 was appr.opriate.d Contrary to the general belief, the for this purpose, and our representa­ cold weather does not offer any ser- tive to th e Dominion parliament, who ious obstacles to th e successful oper- was successful in obtaining this ating of automo,biles. The most of grant, has received such encourage· the standard motors ar e cooled by m ent HS leads him to hope that the what is known as the thermo-syphon, federal governi1S; nt will appropriate or gravity ~ystem , and acts ~ th e a ufficient sum ~:) complete this principle that h ot water seek s a overland r oad from Wbitehorse to higher level than cold water. Conse- Daw on, and on to the Brit'o b Golum­ quently. wh en the motor has devel- bia line, w hen th e British C(hlmbia oped sufficien t h eat to ·raise the tem- government is ready to extend ·.he perature of the water to a certain heat, road into British Columbia and on w· appr oximately 180 degrees, circulation the C'oast to connect ,,·ith the Pacific YUKON WEATHER highway. This will remove the worst h andicap placed on this young and vigorous territory, an d will enable the youngster, figuratively speaking, to take a breath of fresh air, and breath e into her nostrils the salt­ water air of the Pacific coast, and laugh to scorn the vagaries of season or climate. The benefits which will aocrue to the Yukon from such a highway can­ not be estimated, and it is surely coming. Tourists by the hundreds will come into the Yukon valley; traverse the most b eautiful glens, vales and valleys in all the world, and return home again in their automo­ b iles. Indeed, our imagination is not sufficiently strong to picture out the great possibilities of the automobile in the Far North. Half the distance from Whitehorse to Dawson automobiles now travel with great success, and tractor s and autos handle pra,cticall y all the traffic over the 180 milcs from Whitehorse to Yukon Crossing on the oveTland trail , fall and spring, a nd much of the time in winter. Th e overland r oad is 365 miles ].ong, and soon will be suitable its whole length for autos ut. a.ll times of th e year. Last winter C. A. Thomas, accom­ panied by Governor Black, made the run on th e packed sn ow of the over­ land trail between Dawson and White­ h or se. th e entire distance in 33 hoUl·s actual traveling time . That was the first car to ever make the run over the route . Later it r r turned to Daw­ son. This spring J oe Boy le drove hi" car in over th e entire trail in good time. Hundreds of miles of r oads around Dawson are among the best in the world, and are constantly traveled by autos. Dawoon has some of the finest and speediest autos m a de, and is con- ~ntly adding to the number. By Charles Payson Weatber Observzr at DaW5Jn y __ c. _ _ _________ ~ _______________ _ Nothing s.o surprises , the stranger visiting the Yukon as to find here, from April 1 to October 1, an ever­ green land, with hills and valleys carpeted with the most luxuriant ver­ dure; a land in which flower s grow in riot and profu sion from th e river edges to the mountain tops; a land of forests interminable, forests rival­ ing those of many portions of the temperate belt. To provide this condition, the cli­ mate must be mild a great portion of the vear and it is. The mildness for months ~ay be , explained by r eason of the blazing midnight sun pouring its tireless flood of light on the coun­ try for month s without an hour's ces­ sation. • .... '" • - , ~ • 0 ~ . ' ) ~ ~ • • • • • YUKON'S G LOR I OUS SUM MER. ~ . The following official observations , taken at Dawson, sh ow the warmest days and the tempe· ratures for eaCti year since 1901: 1901-Ju.~ 26, 85. 1902-Ju~ .28, 83.6. 1903-Ju~e " 17, 88.6. 1904 - August 9, 80. 1905-July 20, B3.6. 1906-June 4, 85.5. 1907-June 27 and JUly 31, 88.5. present year . 190B-June 28 and JUly 14, 84. 1909- June 30, 86. 1910- July 29, 86. 1911 - June 22, July 3 and July 5, 83. 1912- July 23, 82. H1l3- Jun e 22, 89. It wi II be seen fcm the above that t he wa.rmest dav since official obser­ vation:; have be~n taken was on the twenty-seoond day of June in the present year. Imagine a region . blessed with spring, with the happy conditions of a cherry-blossom season from April until the last days of summer blend into the beautiful Indian , summer, and you have Klondike. H ere is the vernal land of the American conti­ n ent. The fact that the sun shines 24 hours · or close to it much of the sea­ son, and that th e twilights are long and exquisite, affords an infinite quantity of daylight, and th e North­ ern location of the region on the earth m eans t.hat the un's rays fall aslant and are so modifi ed that no scorching extreme of summ er heat is known. The result is the prolonged season for growth and the consequent dominance of a green period much of the yea r . In th e winter, in stead of the moist nnd humid temperature, instead of blizzards or storm s that rack the earth, th e Yuko n t emperature holds steady below the freezing point, and the coast mountains act as barriers against the Pacific and insure dry­ ness. A temperature of from 15 to 25 be­ low zero, with a few · hours of sun­ light, may be characterized as a type of the ideal Yukon winter weather. The snow is fin e and powdery, the ai.r is dry and cris p, and the sky is clear. What may be t ermed th e m.ost wintry period of th e year is between the middle of Decem her and end of the first week in January. During this period the sun o, c'Casionally shines on the surrounding hills, un­ less ther e is severe cold, in which case the sun ma,· not be seen for several weeks. Ey the middle of F ebruary, h owever , there a re u sually a fe w hours of sunlight. The trail s leading from Dawson to the different creek are comparatively level, and by the middle of J anuary are in splendid condition for sleighing. Wrapped in furs and seated behind spanking teams, many of t he citi­ zen s of Dawson avail themselves of thi~ exhilarating form of enjoyment. With the exception of Siberia ther e is perhaps no other country in th e world in which the temperature fluc­ tuates more than in the Yukon. Owing to the dry atmosph ere it is possible to endure the extrem e temperatures with less effect than in a climate of more moderate temperatures su ch as is found in other parts of Canada, where th cre is a great quantity of humidity in the atmosph er e. The summers are beau tiful, the air is in­ vigorating and the weather, in gen­ eral, cannot be surpassed. The aver ­ age temperature for th e last St!ven years is 52 above ze,o, being a maxi­ mum of 88 above zero and a minimum of 8 a bove zero. ---- r B tween May 1-5 and July 15 ihel·e is practically no darkness, and a n ewspaper can be read at midnight without the m e of artificial light. The winter s are cold but th e cli­ mate cannot be compared with that of Eastern Canada. in that the com li­ ti on s a t any tim e during the year can b~ depended upon to be the same as thc previous year. Th e winter comm ences about th e beginning of October. a nd lusts until . - \pril 15 each yea r , and during this p !"riod practic­ all y no changes take place, excepting as to degrees of frost. It is al ways crisp, dry and invigorating. .... -................. ~ ... ,. .. • WINT ER TEMPERATURES • • • Th e winter of 1908 hold s the record for the highest minimuTTl. Only once during that year did the thermome­ ter register 49 below zero. The coldest ave r.age month wa s Jan­ uary, 1909, when the m ean was 43 be­ low. Th e mildest average month was J an­ uary, 1908, when the mean was 8 be­ low. J anuarv has seen th e coldest day every ye'a.!· except in ID08, when it was in December, and in ]910, when it was in F ebruary. A table showing the statement for the maximum, minimum and m ean for the coldest month of the respelctive years since 1900 follows, numbers with th e minus sign before th em meaning below zero, and all oth crs above zero: Yukon Winte r Records. Minimum. M aximum. Mean. JDOl .. Jan . 17 ... . _ 1902 .. J an. 1 1903 . . Jan. 26 -59 Jan. 13 -14 - 27 ]CO~ .. J an. 14 - 57.8 Jan . 6 -20 -22.2 I l)J5 . . Jan. 26 - 50 Jan . 1 - 5 - 23.8 I .C30 .. Jan. 24 -65.5 Jarl. 3 - ]3 -33 .2 1907 . . Jan. 20 -f;!.J Jan. "14 - ]8 -23.6 1908 .. Jan . 29 --4B Df;C. JI -24 - 8 1l)09 .. Jan. 24 -65 Jan . 1 - 12 -43 1910 .. Jan . Jl -54 Jan. 23 ~o - 28.8 1911 .. J a n. 25 - 62 Jan . 7 - 7 - 26.4 ].912 .. Jan. 13 - 62 Jan. 23 ~O -17 1913 .. Jan. 22 -62 Jan . 26 1 -31..5 According to the di ary of J flc k Mc­ Questen, which is now in p05ses~ion of tb e P ioneers. t,h e coldest ever known i·n thi s n orthern ('ou ntry was I~i[ar~h 14. 1885, when. at Fort Reli - I 8 ance , the thermometer r egister ed 85 below. To show he was making no mistake in his r eading, Mr. McQues- en called at,tention of , such men as Messr s. H arper, Ladue, Mayo and oth ers who were there at th e tiriJe. Their words no man would question. Although we do have a few day s of extreme cold each year, for the year through we have the most delightful climatp in the world, and this is con­ ceded bv all who lULve been fortunate enough' to dwell with us · for any length of time. Therefore, should we not~ give thank to the one \\'ho b the giveT of all, that our lot is cast in one of t,h e choicest countries and rulc:J by one of the noblest sovereign,; that ever swayed a sceptre? ••••••••••••••••• • • • TWENTY M I LLlON I N GOLD • • FROM ARCTIC ANNUALLY. ~ • The annual placer gold output of Yukon Territory and Alaska continues neaT thc twenty million-dollar mark. GO 'ld-bearing quartz is being opened more extensively, and the northern empire sends yearly a handsome trib­ ute of yellow wealth to all parts of the world. Quartz gold pl:oduction is increasing gradu ally. Some may look to the placer y ield t. o drop off, but it will be a long time before th e aurifer ou s gravels are ex ­ hausted. More extensive and modern facilities for operation arc bringing within the range of profitable opera­ tion placers which ten years ago were not to be th ought o·f as suitable for any process of mining: Applied econ omics in m ining frozen and \yet p lacers in the K orthland have given a n ew lease to the gold mining in­ dustry nonh of fifty-four. While in present-day placer camps of the North the number of men en­ gaged in the "'01'k is n ot so great as under the individual process, and while the large spectacular towns with their attendant riotou sness have given way to steady, thrifty centers of lesser population, the gold mining on t,t:.. larger scale is one of the most ~,;-."iri~ ating enterpri~es, and has bepD. re­ duced t,o a 5;:::-,m(;~. Experts have been breJught out '",ho I can estimate, after thorough prospecting . with drills, the yardage of profitable tracts, and make a commercial certainty of placer min­ ing. In the old individual days it was axiomatic that it cost a dollar to re­ cover every dollar obtained in placer m inin g. This no longer is the case. Cool-headed, ,calculating men now know the gold content of a placer tTact and estimate all costs -of opera­ t ion b efor e they tackle the property with dredge or hydrauli c plant. While the Klondike of today has all t he men and all the bu siness enter­ prises n eeded fo,r t h e placer s under immediate operati on , the remainder of Yukon Territory is inviting. Outlying creeks p~omise to prove profitable for hydraulic and dredging. Tests are under way, and in time, no doubt, many more creek and river beds and benches will be turned over with giants and buckets. YUKON 'S DRY COLD Yukon's cold is not to be dreaded as is the cold of other countr ies. In this broad valley the winds are never violent, and ther e is practically no humidity. The' h ealth of the people of Yukon always is above the aver­ age, and the least sickness is recorded in midwinter . During the p eriod of fro st, from October to th e last of March, everyone enj oys the thrill of life that comes from bracing tempera­ ture, and t h e clearest a n d best of water in th e world. The people of Yukon kn ow how to dress to fi ght tbe cold, and it is found that with proper shoes and par keys OT coats nQ exces­ sive quantity of clothing is n ecessary. ----------------- WilIie- Does your pa ever send yQU to bed before "1 when you're naughty ? Robby-Worse' n that. When I've been bad he makes me get up before 7.-Boston Transcript. T H E DAWSON ' DAILY NEWS .. The Sourdough t s Story By LEWIS DENAHAY / . :\n Alaskan boat is loauing, at the busy cro\ydecl wharf, And a tiourdough-friend is boasting of the wealth ht' made up Xorth. As his talk recall~ a picture, of the stirring clays of old, So my fancy frf.:l'ly wanders to that di~tant land of gold. I can see the silent place~-I can see that land, untrocl, - \Yher" the "ill'ncc seems to' whisper­ ever whisper-of a God. I can ~l'e a londy camp-fire, where tlw night has hid the trail, And from ,;omewherc in the darkness comes the wolf's unearthly \\'ail. Then the silent spell is broken, and I hear the mad mOOSe cra5h­ Stumbling wildly through the thicket -as h e 'ensed th e rifle's flash. Creeping, staggering-Gverburdened­ came a toiling, stTugglin g mass. Some there were who mush ed on firm­ ly, jJack-strap-laden, stern and pale, Cther'. plunging blindly forward, falling helpless on the trail, And ~OllJe others-spirit-broken- lacking but the grit to stay, Cu r~ing, raving, frenzy-stricken , throwing p acks and kits away. ]~ut the men who tamed the North­ land-tempered in a ste rneI' mould, Ci nchecl their packs, and pressed on boldl~;, to the luring land of gold. Whcr,' th e Klondiker's rippling waters nwet till' Yukon's muddy stream , And the n earby creeks, were richer A S ourdough Prospector And again the silen ce scatters ; I can h ear the rapid s roar- As the foaming waters battle, tumb­ ling by my cabin door. And behind that rough log cabin, spread along the sloping hill, There's a wild-flower panorama, all arrayed with Nature's skill. Pink an d blue and crimson colors, through ·the m ossy-carpet spun, Nodding, dreaming, witching, blos­ soms, blinking at the midnight sun . Still my wayward thoughts will wan­ der, and the picture on the screen I s a waste of snow and mountains, a dreary, desolate scene; Not a living thing is moving, nothing stirs within my scan- 'When-above the frozen ridges-comes th e figure of a Man. Dark, against tb e snowy skyline, on a treeless, rocky crest Of the Chilcoot's storm-swept summit, stands' the North's unbidden guest, Come to seek th e Yukon's secrets­ come to trace the trackless , snows, Come to wake h e silent valleys, come to lead the .sourdoughs. Then .across the heavy snowdrifts of th~ stormy Chilcoot pass, than Pizzaro's wildest dream. Where l1~e gold-born town of Dawson straggled out beneath the hill­ Ju t " patch of life and color on the land "c!'.pe's duller frill. v\']wre the g'imbling h alls were cr owd­ ed with a maddened gold-crazed throng, \Vhore t he crowds of merry-makers k ept the p ace up, night and day, Wi th the fortunes made and , s,quan­ dered by the men who found the pay . I W(I'l thtre aUlong the foremost, and I 'iaw t he KIGndike' s birth, Saw it fi se in all its splendor, as the greatest camp on earth. And I spurned a thousand hardships in my e fforts to be there­ Whcr~ 1 hoped to pick up nuggets, and become a millionaire. But I had to sink t ) bedrock, through u. hundred ton s of muck, Where I might find gold a-plenty, if I only had. the luck. And although I found the b edrock I could never find the pay. When the paystreak saw m e coming it got up and moved away. I've had my share .of the gee-pole, in front of a Yukon sled; I know the twinge of the snow-blind, when the glist'ning snow tur n s "ed , And I've haul ed and dragged an out- fit, without the help of a dog, ' Whell the trail was just a blue in front, lost in the wiv.try fog. Mimy times I've had to rough it, and to camp out in the sn o\\', When the rr:.erctiry went th e limit-to sixty or ]'uore lwlow. -\ r.c1 tile wild stmnpeclt'~ I've follo\\"ed, when I'v') } nown the hunger­ pain, .\ nd "topped l'J tizhit-n up my helt, and bjt t!E' t~'~~il again ~ A hu]!({)ecl mile:;. or a t housand, to Die it was all tilt" ,,"me- ~\nc1 the far-off fiL-ltI~ le·ok richest, when you're h uHtlillg for a claim. But I tiled of stitking 1'01.1 claims that ball everything hut 'Jolt!. From a berry-patch to rabbit-tracks, and niggerhea·cls untold, And at las.t J took a tumble, it was time to cull a h alt- For a wildcat claim will never tam e without a pile of 6alt. It was t ime to hit the hom e t.rail, and to hit it hard, you bet, When, instead of rai sing colors, I could onl y raise a ;",·eat. No I I n ever had a pa y streak that was worth a damn for gold, And when I sank a thousand boles I kind of lost my ho]'d. So I bit the trail down river, and I caught a boat at Nome, With a chan ce to work my passage to the waiting folk s at home. But they seemed to think a Sourdough sh ould be worth all kinds of wealth, And they asked m e jf I "went ther e just to benefit Illy health?" Oh! this land of p ale Cheecbacos! Say, it don't appeal to me, And I'd like to b e a-moving some­ wher e ~orth of "fifty-three." For I seem to miss the h owling of the malamutes at nights With their noses pointed ~kyward, gazing at th e n orth ern lights, And the thoughtr-it seem ; to haunt me-of another big stampede H eading som ewh ere in the Arctic with myself well in t h e lead ' So I'll back-track for the Northl~nd, and I guess I'll leave today. That boat leaves in an hour or t· wo. , I'll soon be on my way. I ve got to be in Yukon if I have to land there broke. And when you rea,d of that big stam­ pede you just watch my smoke. '*' * *" 41= '* * Then I heard my partner calling, in a hazy sor t of way , And it somehow kind of told me of the hreaking of tbe way. " H ey! Wake up! The beans is ready !" And then, when I awoke I found myself in Yuk on and I' found myself dea,d broke. ••••••••••••••••• • • • " BEYOND TH E D I V I DE " • • • • New Hymn for Arctic Brot h er-. • hood 's Impressi ve Fu n eral s • YQU have reached the en d of the high- way, Traveler H er e where the l~st camp waits; You have turned at last from the byway, Traveler, I n through the Twilight Gates. And we who kn-ow where your way has led Shall. drink tonight while the wine IS r ed To one who has only gone ahead Through lines of the phantom fate". You have come to the end of the lono- road, Traveler " H ere where th e stars gleam pale' And there's never a chance it's the wrong road, Traveler Winding through the vale. So we shou t t.o you where the many weep; "Good luck, old pal, where the shadows creep; God speed your way where the dreams are deep, Till we, too, come to the trail!" -Prince Rupert .News. r. Ifl THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS QUARTZ MINING' IN' 'THE" ~ , .- .', .',,. . , ..~ KLONDIKE-' DISTRICT':" After completing the regular sea­ son's work along the 141st meri4ian, ' the Yukon-Alaska boundary, in 1911, a few days in September were spent in the examination of a number of the more promising quartz properties in the Klondike district, 'mainly in that portion of Dawson mining district whch is situated along and between Indian and Klondike rivers an-d th eir tributaries. Con si derable interest· has of late been displayed concerning the quartz v eins of the Klondike, and special ef­ forts are being made to develop the lode mining of this district, in the hope t h at a revenue may eventually be derived from this source that will continue to fo·ster the mining indus­ try of thi s portion of Yukon when the placer deposits have beoome ex­ hausted, which it i, s thought, however, will not be for many years to come. Summary and Conclusions. Quart z veins are ' very plentiful in the schistose rocks of the Klondike district, and although the greater number of these deposits are small and non-persisten~ still the aggregate amount of quartz is very great. Oc­ casional very encouraging assays have been obtained, but with rare ex­ ceptions it is not even approximately known what average amounts of gold t.he deposits in the different localities contain. The quartz is practically all free-milling and is but slightly min­ eralized, the only , metallic- constitu­ ents apparent being pyrite, and rarely magnetite, chalcopyrite, galena, and native gold . More systematic sampling and as­ saying should be conducted to obtain a fair general idea of the gold content of . tht\ quartz, and the va'i:ious: de­ posits should be more th oroughly prospected to ascertain their probably lateraL and vertical extent. In case the results of these tests pr-ove suffi­ cifmtly encouraging, it would be par- - ticul arly a·dvantageous to have a stamp mill built at some convenient point capable of handling readi ly and quickly 5 or lO-ton samples from the vari ous deposits of the district; in this manner claim owners could ob­ tain su re and ready inf,ormation con­ cerning their properties. ThLs is vi r­ tually the only way that reliable re­ sults can be obtained from these low­ grade, free-milling deposits, as it is almost impossible to obtain perfectly satisfactory results from ordinary 8 Ssay samples, and t he expense of shipping small samples to outside points is practically prohibitive. The Quartz Deposits. A great amount of quartz occurs in the o}d schistose rocks that a re so extensively develop ed in the Klondike distri ct, and in some localities it is in , sufficient quantity to even consti­ tute a considerable portion of t he whole r{)ck mass. The quartz occurs prevailingly in veins which exhibit €onsiderable variety of form , and are 3,8 a rule small and non-persistent, but ra nge in size from mere threads to masses several hundred feet in length, but in most places less than ]0 feet in thickness ; on e vein, however , on Yukon river, below the mouth of Caribou creek, exceeds 30 feet in thickness. The most common type of vei n is lenti cular in form , the individual len ticles m ea;surillg but a few inches in thickness and less than 50 feet in le ngth; in places, however , indivi­ duals a s much as 10 feet in thickness occur, but even these a re rarely trace­ able for any considerable distances. The lenses in most places follow, in a general way at least, t h e strike of the schistosity of the containing rocks, but along their dips they frequently cu t the wall rocks at various angles. Typical bedded or sh eeted veins are By Dr D D Cairnes, Dominion GeologisJ in this type of deposit the quartz occurs interleaved with the folia of the schists , the individual quartz hands being generally but a few inches in thickness ; in places such deposits occur in zones up to 10 feet or more in width that consist entirely of alternate quartz and schist lamellre exhibiting a wide range of relative pr·oportions. _ Typical fissure veins were aleo noted, but on account of the decidedly schistose and fractured characte r of the enclosing rocks, these veins read­ ily pass into the lenticular or sheeted types, d u e to the fact that the solu­ ti ons from which the quartz was de­ poSited, were naturally frequently di­ verted in whole or in part fr, om t.he particular channels along which th ey might at an y time be traveling, on accoun t of the multitude of cleavage and fracture cracks which intersect these rocks, affording thu s numerous routes for perco-ia.ting waters. All types of veins are thus liable to bifurcate or branch out, and smaller veins freque ntly unite to form larger deposits. In places along lines of pre­ vious excessive fracturing, mineral­ ized zones occnr in which several of the vein types are represented; lenses, sheets, pockets, and various irregular depos its o·f quartz may be separated by and include varying amounts of wall rock, and the whole be inter­ sected by, or associated with numer­ ous stringers and fissure veins of quartz. A notable feature of some of the veins is the presence in them of occa­ sional feldspar crysta1 8 indicating their relation to certain pegmatites in the vicinity. In thi s connection Mr. McConnell says: "A few examples of typical :'pegmatite- veins Or dykes oc~ ' cur in th e district, and in on e case, a coarse·grained pegmatite vein was ob­ served to pas~ along its strike into a purely siliceous rock. The aqueo­ ign eous origin of th e pegmatites, and their close genetic connection with certain classes of quartz veins, main­ tained by various writers, is support­ ed by the facts observed in the Klondike district." The quartz v eins are in most places but slightl y mineralized; pyrite and more rarely inagnetite occur in places in suffi cient quantity to pr·oduce a reddi sh coloration on the exposed and oxidized porti ons of th e veins, and in a few p laces the quartz contains par­ ticles of galena, chal copyrite, and na­ tive gold. Econom ic I m portance of Quartz. Often fair and -occasionally even high assays are obtained, and in places t he quartz shows native gold, but, exce pt in possibly a very few in­ stances, it is not known even approx­ imately what average amounts of gold th e quartz contains. From the var­ ious properties that have been ex­ amined , however , the gold that ,does occur is alw ays either associate d ~ '{ith me talli c sulphides or is at or n'ear the contact between the quartz and schists ; in the latter case th e gold is generally found in both vein material and wall rock. It would thus seem possible that Hom e of t he fractured zones that have become irregularly impregnated with quartz, may prove of greater value than the more clearly defined massive veins, since the former oon­ tain a greater area of contact-surfaces in tllP same volum e or weight of m a­ teria I. H owever, the majority at le a;st of the mineralized zones that have been examined, do not appear to be sufficiently persistent to allow of their containing sufficient quantities of pay-ore to make a mine ; it is pos­ sible, nevertheless, that larger . and more richly mineralized zones may yet be found . In a number of places several veins Or mineralized zones which were n oted in close proximity to each other could be worked con­ jointly. These would yield a consider­ able t-onnage, and would become im­ portant producers if the bulk of the quartz will pay for milling. It is thought that, since the majority of the veins are non-persistent, th e suc­ cessful expl c.itation of the quartz of this di-st rict will largely depend on finding groups of veins or mineralized zones sufficiently close t-o allow of their being worked conjointly . The deposits that have already been discovered in Klondike, in all prob­ ability repreEent but a small portion _ c.f the quartz that actually exists in the · distri'ct, a·s btfdroc'K is · covei'ed by superfi cial deposits in most places, exc.ept along the summits of the hill s and ridges, and al-ong the sides of the secondsry valleys, where th e bulk of the quartz occurs that has so far bee n found; other discoveries have teen largely ' accidental and due frequently to placer operation s. It is, therefcre, probable that future prospecting and development will disclose numerou s de posits that are at present ·unknown. More development should be per­ formed, however . in connection with thc quartz dcposits of the ,district that have been already discovered, with a view to ascertaining their ex­ tent, and more systematic sampling and assaying should be performed in order to determine within reasonable limits, at least. the average values of the -materials they contain. It. seems, probable that ·at least the upper weathered 'and decomposed portions of a n umber of the deposits could be profitably milled, due to the fact that th.e district has not been glaciated, and a certain surface concentration of gold ., js to. 1 be expe))terl ( ana. 'in; places is known to occur. 'Prospectors and others interested in lode mining frequently do not suffi­ ciently realize th e importance of as­ says. and when these are made, in probably th e majority c, f instances in Klondike district, they are from samples that are not representative of the deposits from which they are taken. Two reasons seem mainly to Account for thi s condition: one is that it is not as con venient to have assays made in Yukon as in most mining districts, and, moreover. it 1S fre­ quentlv realized how difficult it is to obtain' really represen tative assav samples from fre2-milling deposits. The most reliable and satisfactorv results for su ch ore~ are obtaine~l from mill tests of at least 5 OT lOo t-on lots. A sampling mill capable of making tests of lO-ton sample· s of t he different quartz deposits of this dis­ trict would greatly facilitate the de­ velopment of the industry, and would stimulate prospectiNg throughout the d istrict. With su ch a mill situated somewhere in the vicinity of Dawscn , sufficient information c· ould be ob­ tained in a short tim e, possibly in on e or two seasons, to demonstrate whether the Klondike has or has not a future in quartz. If these deposits are not profitably workable, the 'sooner this is known the better it will be for those owning, holding, and develop­ ing such properties ; also if a number of deposits are sufficientlv rich to be­ come producers, the eariier this f.act is establi shed t he greater will be the benefits that will 'accrue to the terri­ tory in gen eral and to those most in­ terested. In the meantime, h o,wever, it is important that more definite in­ formation be obtained concerning th e extent and average value of t he var­ ious deposits throughout the district. MIN I NG PROPERTI ES. Gen era l Stateme nt . Among the more promising quartz properties in the Klondike district, also characteristic of some localities; and those {)n which the mo' st energy has been expended in development, I, ,- . , are: the Lone Star group, near th e head of Victoria gulch, a tributary of Bonanza creek; th e Violet group, sit­ uated along the divide between Eldo­ rado and Ophir creeks; the Mitchell group, on the divide between the heads of Hunker and Gold Bottom creeks ; the Lloyd 'group and neighbor­ ing claims, situated along the divide between the heads of Green gulch and Caribou gulch , tributaries re­ s pectively of Sulphur and Dominion creeks ; and sever al groups of claims on Bear creek n ear where joined by Lindow creek. Of these, the Lone Star was the only property on which a'ny work, other than the necessary asse5sment duties, was being per­ formed during the summ er of 1911. In addition to the above-mentioned properties, considerable enthusiasm has been aroused during the past two season s over a number of claims staked on Dublin gulch , a tributary of H aggart creek, which drains into the south fork of McQuesten river . This locality is not in the Dawson mining district, but is in the Duncan creek mining district; it is, n evertheless, frequently spoken of as being in the general Klonclike di strict and will be h ere so considered. The Lone 'Star Group. The Lone Star group is situllted near the head of Victoria gulch. a tributary of Bonanza creek. This property is owned by a joint stock company with head office in Dawson and having a capitalization of $1,500,- 000 ; the president, Dr. William Catto, as well as the secretary-treasurer, and the major.ity of the board of directors . a~o reside 'in---"Da'Wson . . On these claims two' main veins, or really one vein and a mineralized z·one, have been discovered, which have been, by the owners, designated respectively the "Corthay vein" and the " Boulder lode"; these occur in much metamorphosed sericite and chloriti c schists. The Boulder lode strikes N. 50° W .. dips from 70° to 80° to the S.W., and is in most places at the surface from 3 to 10 feet in width, containing 1 to 7 feet of quartz. Th is "lode" has been traced definitely alon g its outcroup for 400 feet, and quartz is exposed at various points in th e same general line of strike for 600 feet farther. indicating that thi s zone may persist for this distance . The quartz occurs prevailingly in lenses, sheets, and irregular bodies ranging in size fr om those that aTe -only microscopically observable to oth er s 3 or 4 feet in ' thickness; these are interbanded O r interfoliated with the schi-sts, and generally agree with them in strike, but along their dips cut the planes of schistosity of t h e enclosing rock at various angles up to D O °. In places masses of practically so -licl quartz as much as 4 or 5 feet thick occur, but such a cond~tion is rather excepti, Q nal. Num erous fissure veins Or stringers less than 6 inches in thickness, intersect t h e main zone in various directions. The Corthav vein strikes N. 14° W., has an almo; t perpendi cular attitude, and where it has been explored is much more regular than the Boulder lode ; this deposit also resembles more an o'rdinary compound fissure vein, and consists mainly of quartz which is in most places from 3 to 6 feet in thickness. The quartz of both the Corthay vein and the Boulder lode is but slightly mineralized, the only m etallic constit­ uents that were noted being pyrite and native gold. The pyrite occurs a s scattered particles or in small bunches, and' is in sufficien t amount in places to give the quartz a rusty appearance where weathered. The native gold o·ccurs mainly as occa­ sional grains and nuggets both in th e quartz and wall-rock, but pr~v,&~,iu-gly ' .] [ 1 2 ilear their contact, and is in places quite well crystallized. An open-cut about 70 feet long, 10 feet wide, and having .an average -depth of approximate,ly 15 feet, as .(veIl as 8 or 10 smaller surface cuts or pits have . been dug at intervals along the strike of the Boulder lode. A cross-cut tunnel 310 feet long has also been driven, from which, when examined in September, 1911, about 40 . feet of drifting had been run on the Boulder lode which at this depth of approximately 60 feet was nlUch nanower than at the surface and contained in most places less than 2 ; feet of quartz . A vertical shaft has been sunl, through the schi~ts and tapped the Corthay vein at a depth of 60 feet where the quartz was abolit 4 feet thick . Another sh aft 40 feet deep has been sunk on the Cor­ thay vein and was ccnnected with a drift from the tunnel by a 3D-foot up­ rise; a drift 70 feet long ,vas alw run from th e bottom of this shaft. A four-stamp Joshua H eIldry mill h a:, been erected on this property, and a gravity tramway 3,500 feet long has been constructed to convey the, ore fr om the workings to the mill on the ·creek about 900 feet below. A power line 4 miles long was about completed in September, which was to convey power to the mill from the pOlver line of the Northern Light and P'ower company on Bonanza creek, the cost of the power to be at the rate of three· cents per horsepower. Miners. working on this property and in the vicinity receive $4 per day (10 hours) and board. The manager of the Lone Star group claims to De able to mine and mill the ore frotu this property for $3.50 per ton. It' is not knO\\"11 what aver­ age amoun,ts of gold the quartz and adjoining rock there contain, but a number of promising assay returns have been received and the tests that h ave been made indicate that at least the somewhat decompo sed superficial portion of the Boulder lode and pos­ siblv of the Corthay vein as we ll sho~ld pay to mill. No definite in­ formation was obtained concerning the remaining porti{)ns of the deposits. T he Viol et G roup. The Violet group is situated on the divide between EJdorado and Ophir creeks, about 5 miles from Grand Forks, and consists of four claims and a fraction, all of which are CIXlwn granted. It is claimed that $60,000 have been spent in developing this . pwperty which, however, was sold by public auction in September, 1910, and acquired by the present owner, . H. H . Honnen. Three veins are reported to have been discovered on this property, but the bulk of the work has been done on one of these which strikes in a . southeasterly direction with the en­ ·closing schists, but dips across them. This vein is in most places from 3 to '6 feet in thickness, and the quartz composing it is crystalline and con­ tains considerable reddish feldspar, giving it a pegmatitic appearance. The quartz contains considerable iron which near the surface weathers and .gives the vein a rusty appearance; particles of galena were also noted. It is not known what amount~ of gold this vein contains, but it is stated to average $10 to $11 per ton. Three shafts, respectively 55 feet, 35 feet, and 150 feet in depth have been sunk on the property, and 300 feet of drifts have been (hiven ; in addition, one open-cut 50 by 12 by 15 feet ap­ proximately, and a number of smaller · cuts have been dug. T he Mitche ll Group. The Mitchell group is situated on the divide between the h eads of Hunker and Gold Bottom creeks, and consists of about 27 claims, which are owned by Mrs. Margaret J. Mitchell. A number of quartz veins occur on this property, but as the surface of the ridge on which these have mainly been discovered is in most places covered with superficial materials, it THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS is not known either how many veins may be present, nor even how many veins · the . known occurrence IO f quartz represent, as considerable .stretches of bedrock are still covered between the different exposures . Quartz oc­ curs in a number of small cuts or trenches more or less in alignment, that ·have been made on one part of the property .at iIrtervals throughout a distance o·f about 2,000 feet, 'yet his by no m eans proves that ,h h e quartz all belongs to the sam e vein; in places, trenches were sunk , 0 bed­ lock a,cross the supposed line of strike of this vein, and no quartz was en­ counter ed; and further, the exposures themselves are, in places, decidedly lenticular in form. F {)r 600 to 800 feet, however, quartz has been found a10ng a N. 5° \V. directio'n wherever bed­ rock has been exposed to view, which is at · frequent intervals; it would thus seem that for this d istance either a. fnirly regular fissure v:ein or a nearly connected line of quartz le,nses occurs. Othei· parallel lines of expo­ sures were also noted, indicating that at least 3 .or 4 veins and possibly many m ere than this number occur. Th e quartz is all deposited in seri­ cite schist, and whenever contacts be­ tween the quartz and wall-rock were noted the quartz cuts the schist folia along both dip and ·strike. The vein.l range from a few incl1es to 7 or 8 feet, but are in most places from 2 to 4 feet in thickness; the quartz generally contains almost no metallic con stitu­ ents, but in places exhibits c.onsider­ able disseminated pyrite which causes weathered surfaces t o have a rusty appearance. A few particles of ga­ lena and native gold were also noted. Only a few samples were taken from this property, but the results ob­ tained from the analysis of these few, all indicate that the white unmineral­ ized quartz rarely carries more than traces of gold, which mineral almost invariably occur s either associated with the metallic sulphides or near the contact of th e quartz and schist, and in either material. The development work p erformed on this property consi·sts mainly of a numb er of open-cuts, shallow trenches, and pits, and also a shaft 80 feet deep, from which a 50-foot drift has been driven. The shaft was filled with water when visited, but a grab sample was . taken from the dump, which 8;ssayed $5 in gold per ton; this is the highest assay obtained from the various samples taken by the writ-er from the Mitchell group, although much higher returns are be­ lieved to have been received from the Mitchell group, although much higher returns are believed to have been rec~ived from other samples taken previously. It, therefore, ap­ pears that althongh the aggregate amount of quartz on thi· s group of claims is considerable, by n o· means all the material will pay for treat­ ment. The various veins should thus all be sy8tematically sampled, to ob­ tain an estimate of their probable average values, and to determine ap­ proximately the veins and portions of these that will pay for mining and treatment. Th e Uoyd Group . The Lloyd group is situated at the head o.f Green and Caribou gulches, tributaries resp ectively of ,Sulphur and Dominion creeks, and consists of 17 crown-granted claims owned by Messrs . James Lloyd, J. A. Segbers, and William Nolan. A number of exposures of quartz 2 to 6 feeL in width occur on this prop­ erty, but in only a few places could the thicknesses of the veins, and their relations to the wall-rocks be determined;' the other known occur­ rences of quartz were either still more or less covered with superficial mater­ ials, or the various shafts, cuts, etc., that had at one time exposed the veins contained considerable water or other materials that had drained .or fallen in since the work was per­ formed. One vein, however, was well exposed in a 25-foot shaft near the cabin; this deposit has an' average . thiCKness of about 3 feet, st~ikes N. 58° W., dips at angles of 60° to 70° to . the N. E., and ; cu ts across the folia­ tion planesoL the sch:ist "mll-rook with every appearance, in the shaft at least, ,of being a typical regular fi·ssure vein. The wall-rocks every­ where' observed are sericitic or chlor­ itic schists ; The quartz outcrops on this prop­ erty are in most places from 2 to 3 feet in thickness, and _ .represent at least 3 or 4 veins and possibly .more. In c:Lifferent portions of t h e claims eX­ pO'5ures lOt quartz, a'pproximately in alignment, were noted at various interv.als extending throughout dis­ tances of several hundred feet, but until more developm ent has been per­ formed , it will be impossible to de­ cide whether thes" lines of exposures each represent one continuous vein or sever al more .or less connected lense­ shaped deposits such as chamcterize the schistose rocks of that district. The quartz is characteristically whit.e and generally but slightly min­ eralized,; however, in some places the veins carry considerable di sseminated pyrite which where oxidized gives the quartz a r eddish iron·stain ed appea. T­ ance; occasional particles of gHlena were also noted. Concerning the average gold con­ tent of tlw quartz, but little is known. The writer took only three samples from the different veins of the Lloyd group, and all yielded. merely traces of gold. However, one of the ,owners of these claims had what he consid­ ered to b e an av~rage sample of one of the veins t ested during the I was in Dawson, and this gave $10.60 in gold to the ton; a.nd other still higher assays are believed to have been obtained at different times. In this connection, however, it is to be r em embered, as previously m entioned, ho·w extremely difficult it is to get satisfactory results from assay samples of lmv grade free-milling ores; the samples taken by the writer may not be at all repTesentative of the veins from ,~hich ' they were taken. To obtain reliable information con­ cerning sueh ores either a gr eat num­ ber of assays must be tal,en, or mill tests must be made. Considerable prospecting work has been performed upon this group c.f cla.ims, mainly as follows: about 10 shafts having an average depth of ap­ proximately 30 feet have been sunk, the deepest of these being down 56 feet when visited in September ;in addi­ tion a number of open-cuts and trenche·s have been dug . Bear .Creek. A number of quartz claims, pr.ob­ ably 30 or 40 in all, owned by John Nicholas and others, have been lo­ cated on the right limit of Bear creek near the junction of this stream with Lindow creek. The schistose bedrock at different points on these claims contains deposits .of quartz impreg­ nated with more Or less pyrite, and in places showing particles of native gold that is occasionally quite crystalline. It is not known what average amounts of gold the veins in this vicinity con­ tain, but it i· s claimed that a number of pr·omising results ' have been re­ ceived. Du blin Gulch a n d Vicinity. Dublin gulch is a tributary of Hag­ gart creek, which drains into the south fork of Mc:Questen river. A considerable number of claims have been Iocated on Dublin gulch and in that vicinity, extending throughout a belt about 8 miles long. This lo­ cality has not been visited by the wTiter, but some qua.rtz \eposits near Dublin gulch were examined and r eported upon by J oseph Keele, of this . Jepartment, in 1904. During the past two seasons, espe­ cially, a number of discoveries that are reported to be very promlsmg have been made in the Dublin gulch locality, with the result that a con­ siderable renewal of activities and en­ thusiasm has been evidenced; old claims have been relocated, new claims have been staked, and pros- -p';~ti;g "ila~ }e~~ived' a ciecid~dsniD.U:­ Ius. Some of the main claim holders in the dist£.ict. are Dr, WiBi3fll Catto, J ack-Stewar't, ~md Messrs . . Fisher and Spra'gue: . " . While in Daws.on , the writer was shown a large number of specimen s of thp 0res fI'lJm Dublin gul ch. and the surrounding district; these all con­ sisted mainly of quartz carrying vary­ quantities of mispickel (arsendpyrite or arsenical iron pyrite) and occa­ sional particles of pyrite; the quartz in places was coated with a yellow ferric arsenate . A few typical samples were selected and an average assay has been made from these, which yields 3.98 ounces of gold, or $79.60 per ton. .o •••••••••••• ~ .~ • • • OPPORTUN ITI ES IN YUKON ~ · ----- . The almost limitless areas of Ull- prospected territory of the Canadian Yukon offer inducements of excep­ tional character for the sturdy pr u,.:;c pector to make his "home stake." For it is sa fe to say that in no other sec­ tion of the globe are to he found such vast areas impregnated with valuable minerals-only awaiting the finding, by' the u.ntiring efforts of the man be­ hind the pick. To su ch as are deter­ mined and will use a mod1cum . of in­ telligen ce, coupled wi th their energy, George F. Johnso n., the result must inevitably be satis- factory. . OUT earliest influx of p eople brought those with little or no experience of ylacer mining, after a year or so, de­ cided that th e Klondike was "wmked out." Yet, after sixteen years, the same territory is pr~ducing over five million and a half dollars yearly in gold, after having produced over one hundred and seventy-five millions in aggregate. The small area from which these many millions have been taken most clearly emphasizes the need · of the prospectors' efforts in other directions. Striking indueements in the way of "prospects" are to be found in many localities, in mining for placer, quart. z, gal ena, copper and coal. As an evidence of the certainty of success to be attained by the energeti:c pr· os­ pedoT is the n ew Shushana' strike, which bids fair to rival the famous Klondike strike of '96. With the protection which the Yu­ kon Placer Mining Act affords the prospector, h e can be assuredJ of re­ ceiving the benE'fits of anv values in ground he may stake, without fear of lawsuits, if staked according to the Act. This is a great boon to the prospec­ tor and one that his predecessor in the early Klondike days had not the advantage of seizing. To sum up the whole, the Canadian Yukon-enoneously understood by some as Klondike, Alaska,-presents to those with sufficient capital to pur­ cha s.e a two years' grubstake and gifted with a desire and disposition to work, opportunities seeond to none on earth for winning a "homestake." .. , ! . THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS CHILDREN OF THE YUKON It is the bQast Qf the YukQner that from his creeks has flQwed into the market Qf the WQrld a gQlden stream Qf wealth ampunting to 175,000,000 in sixteen years. Yukon als o. PQints with pride to. the vast mileage Qf ter­ ritQry which, . althQugh a s yet un­ knQwn except to. the sQlitary trail­ breaking prQspectQr, will, as time passes, resPQnd to. the ~nterprise a~d perseverance Qf the mmer and wIll surrender its untQld million s to k eep in motiQn the wheels Q f prQgress and industry. V But the pride Qf th e YukQ~ is not centered exclusively UPQn ~ts Pllist achievement and its future prQspects, althQugh these phases of its life re­ ceive the mQst gen eral cQnsidera tiQn, th e wealth Qf this NQrth cQuntry being u sually computed in terms Qf dQ llars and cents. But let n o. Qne allQ w the glitter Qf the gQld t o. blind th e eyes to. the YukQn's greatest asset, her boys and girls .. With pleasure, therefQre, we turn frQm the attractiQn Q f th e gQl d bricks t o. the human bricks which tQgeth er build up the wall Qf defense and the hQpe · Q f the future . It i,s a delight t o. the YukQner to. PQint t o. th e b Q Ys a nd girls Qf his land and to ch allenge comparisQn with th e y Q uth in Q ther cQuntries, fQr in issuing this ch al­ lenge h e is cQnfident that his yQung friends will bring credit t o. th e land l"hich rears them . -( A large number , Qf the yQunger gen- . eratiQn attending Qur schQQls are na­ tive-bQrn YukQ n er s. SQ me have not see the " Q utside" with all its WQn­ del'S. Electric cars and th e tQ wering skyscraper s, and otl;.er m arvelQus things that pertai:.~ ex clusively to. the cities to. the :':;Quth, belQ n g to. th e world Qf p .t·earns . This sam e state­ m ent m 'ly apply to. anQth er large class , who., althQugh first seein g t h e lLcrn t in the Q utside wQrld, yet in th~ir very early day s tQQk th eir jQur­ ney to. the Far NQ r th, and h ave ob· tained their cQn ceptiQ n Q f t h e great Q utside frQ m bQQks, narrative an d picture-sh Q ws. that physical equipment which most splendidly enables them to stand in their places in the wQrld of men. Sin ce a ,gound m ind is a necessary c.ompaniQn to the sound body, every effQrt is made to. place the yQung people in its PQssessiQn. Their educa­ tion is entrusted to the care of a staff of teacher s such as very few 'schoQls - of the same size can boast, and cover s work from the kindergarten to. cQ llege preparatiQn. And C Qld weather is no deterren t frQm schQQ l' attendance, fQr even when the thermQmeter r eads 60° below, the sturdy boys and girls can be , seen unhesitatingly tramping off to sch.oQl. In additiQn to the instruc­ tion which pertain particularly to schQol wQrk, the young 'people 'Teceive a brQ ader education from contact , with their older friends, among whom are men frQm all points Qf the com­ pass. Since 'this circle .of older CQm­ panions embTaces members Qf differ­ ent nationalities, and cu stoms, the young lad early le arn s the u selessn ess of natiQnal prejudice a n d imbibes his first lessQns- regarding the brotherhoQ d of man. H e listens to th eir stories, he studies their habits Qf thQught, and by this CQntact with representa­ tives Qf the different parts. of the WQrld, he prepares himself as a man of the wQ rld, even th Q u gh the place of preparation be in a lQcality . graphically retired. The Yukon child is n o angel, mischievous, spirited, and, as children, requires the curbing By Rev. R. W. Hibbert guiding of wise and experienced hands. But for the greater part his wish is for the clean outdoor sports, baseball, hill romps, and picture shows. As an entity, the boys and the girls.­ Qf the Yukon encourage the greatest confidence . Bright and intelligen t" sturdy and jQlly, always ready fQ r what comes next, they will a.dvan ce to PQsitoins of trust and responsibility su ch as will refl ect th e' greatest credit upon the land which is prQ ud to Qvm. them. ,,' Man v W Quld infer frQ m the fQ rego­ ing th- at the vi siQ n Q f th e YukQ n­ raised b Qy or girl must be cir cum­ scribed, beclQu ded\ by th e dm'kness Q f th e winter days, an d wea kened by l ack Q f stimulati ng knQw ledge ,"hich c6mes fr Qm crQwded streets and bu sy th Q rQ ughfares. But let no. Q n e be thus mi sinfQrmed. Already a su ffi cient nu mber Q f YukQ n ' s "Quth have stepped into. th e busy WQrld t o. dem­ Q n strate tbeir qu ality an d to estab­ lish t,h em se17es in a way th at justifi es the cQnfidence Q f their friends. HOME GROWN YUKONERS, KLONDI KE 'S MOSa PRECIOUS NUGGETS The tr aveler m u st cQn tinue fQr man y a weary mile befQre h e can dis­ CQver a class of boys and girls which in h ealth anC) , ig:::r can sur pass t h Q se Q f the Yukon: This ls n Qt . surprising wh en th e conditiQ n of t h eir life is understood. Born Q f rugged paren ts, th e early piQ n eers wh o. dared the hard ships Q f t h e trail, wh o possessed th e stamina to. cQn tin ue in the battle thQ u gh Qften times against overwhelm­ ing discQuragemen t, th e children mu st as a matter Q f n ecessity perpetu ate the se qualities. IndicatiQns th at the law of h eredity is still in oper ation can , ther efQ re, readily be seen . ' Vh ere else th an in t h e Yuk on will you see schQol children rQlling and Teveling in t h e sn.ow wh en th e mercury is on the shad y , & ide Qf 40° belQw, exultin g in th e keenn ess of the frQsty air ? The exh ila.rating atm Q sph er· e, the life Q n th e hills and the inherited ruggedness ali combin e to p ain t th e vou thful cheek with th e color s of health and en ergy . Thus. blessed by the absen ce Qf stifling brick ten e­ men ts blessed with th e a. bundan ce of purest OZQne, an d with a cQ n ditiQ n in which poverty is . practically un­ known ; ignQ r ant Q f that work which pallors the ch eek and ·stQQPS the shoulder, the boys and girls receive Health in Yukon Before an y countr y can be truly suc­ cessfu l th e gen eral health Q f its peo­ ple must be g QQd, and , a s t h e people Q f t he Yu kon Territory are unu sually healt hy, th e countr y shQ uld be su c­ cessful indeed. The clim atic condi tiQ ns here during th e spring, summe~ an d fall are ideal fQr perfect h ealth. We have th e m ax­ imum Qf sun shine with th e minim um Q f variatiQn s in temper ature. There are practically three mon th s Q f CQn­ tinuou s sun shin e, ver y equable tem ­ perature thrQ ugh Q u t the , s· eason , and very lit· tIe moisture in th e atmos­ ph ere . The h ealth of th e children is re­ mark a bly gQQ d. It is, indeed, rare to. h ave any sickness among th em , and n owhere in th e wQrld do the children have a better tim e t h an in the Yuk Q n , as eviden ce Q f which they aTe always loath t o. leave, and delighted t o. re­ turn. During the last year we have had n o. con tagiQu s diseases in our terri­ tory, except a sporadic case of scarlet fever. Our water supply is excellent, an d n o cases of typh Q id fever have Q C ­ curred within the territor y fQ r S Qme time. Th e white plague is very r are in th e Yukon Terri tQT y,except am Qng t h e native Indians, but at · pn isen t steps are being taken to. educate them in By Dr. N. E. C:ulbertson Chief Medical H.alth Officer for Yuk on cleanliness and better n lodes of living, an d it is h oped th t thi s disease will gradually become less am ong them . We have t hree ex cellent h Q spitals, Q n e in Whitehor se and two in Daw­ son City. They are all well equipped in every particular , a n d there is an excellen t staff Q f nurses in ch a.rge . . We have in .our mi dst SQ me Q f the Q ld-tim e prospectol's wh o cam e NQrth in t he early nineties an d are n o. lQnger able to. continue their prospecting. To th ese, also, our hospitals prQVe a .clessing in tim e Qf sickness. All three Q f th ese institutiQ ns are aided by th e governmen t. I can h ighly r ecommend th e cli­ m ate .of the Yukon t o all tQurists, and an y oth er s cQ ntemplating settling in Q u r mid st, as th ere is n o. countr y in th e wQrld where th er e is a mQre healthful climate. /~STY D~~~~N Men with mQney to. buy whisky, an d no whi sky for sale, was th e serious oondition of affairs which CQn­ fronted th e inhabitan t s of Dawson Q nly a sh ort time ago.. It wa s, indeed a sad sight to see SQme Q f t h e Q ld­ timers walk u p to th e bar and call fQr lem onade with a far-away look in their eyes , and t h e apQ logetic manner in wh ich th eir 'Qrders were filled by the accommodating b arkeeper, was en Q ugh t,o cQnvin ce an onlQQker that· un less relief arri ved S OQn seriQ u s com­ pli cation s would surely arise. ()ll MQnday nigh t, May 31, th e Opera H ou se salQ Q n was Qpened and five barrels of gQ od whisky came to light. In less th an six d ays the smil­ ing attendants would sho~k the prQS­ pective rega.ler with the rem ark : " We . h ave n o wh isky. What will you drink ?" The 16 barre los· brQ ugh t in by the May West were emptied at $1 per drink, but t he recen t arrival Qf bQats frQ m . ab Qve an d th e cargo o· f th e Weare 'h ave placed DawsQ n in her normal cQ ndition, an d we n QW h ave ' plenty Qf liquid refreshm en t an d are willing to. let the future take care of itself.- The KlQndike Nugget, J'une 16, 1898. FLING WIDE THE GOLD All parti' Q f Yukon sh Q uld rejQ ice in t he 'develQ pmen t Q f Yukon Terri­ tQry. Th e expansion of th e mineral and p lacer industries Qf th is territory means a gr e'ater cQ n sumptiQ n Q f Cana­ dian raw an d m anufactured produ cts. Every province, directly 0.1' indirectly, gets a share Q f the Yukon gold. MQ re p ubli c imprQyemen ts :ill this territory WIll hasten t he means of getting t he gQ L d for distribu tiQn to. each prQvince. Member-s of m ari ti me, central and we'ster n pr Qvinces voting fQr Yukon's developmen t are voting to. n Q urish the land Q f. t he gQlden poke wh ich scat­ t ers its wealth Qver all Canad a. Keep . Yuk Q n fatten ed ' and producing and wa.tch it sh Q ot Q ut th e wealth and fling wide t h e ,gold. • · ... THE DA.WSON DA.ILY NEWS 15 - • i6 THE DAWSON DAILY~EWS ,~, ~. Klondike .Nugg~t Jewelry and I;~ds and Demands . of . the Day L ~\ ,-, ' By, VIN~ENT , VE~-CO . , . . It is pleasing to note that the effect of past events in Yukon, which might have been expected to have had an almost paralyzing influence on jewelry have not been felt with any very great everity. For a time, undioubtedly, t interference with trade was such as 0 cause a consider­ able amount of an . ety, but this, in a great IIJea;sure, has een allayed, and although it cannot b denied that the interruption to busin ss has caused the retiring of many je "'elm's to leave Dawson, there are inc, ations that, n ow the crisis is passed, 'e may soon see the trade fully r e overed. It must not, however, be los sight of that the few years of uns tlement will require to be followed by any of real good business if the whole u ture home trade is to sh ow u p in bight c?lors. - Semi-precious stones mounted wit nugget s as sardonyx, corn elian moon­ stone, moss and striped agate, ~atseye. tinstone and mastodon ivory are used almost exclusively now. These semi­ precious stones make a beautiful con­ trast to the inorustrations of small nuggets. Nugget watch chains and n ecklaces are made of gold nuggets, -largely h'om .Jack Wade creek. 'l'hey are smooth, solid ancl..heavy, the .best quality of gold found in Alaska and the Yukon Territory. A person from vVhitehorse said that these were not nuggets, and that they looked like lumps of melte d gold. H e wouldn't b elieve they were natural nuggets. The .nuggets from Allgold, Thistle, DommJO.n a.nd Barker creeks near Dawson, are all high-grade gold and also fine specimens. The best shaped and handsomest nuggets are from French hill and Last Chance, but th e gold is of the lowest gr ade in this country . With the fashionable gown colors of th e present mode, am et hyst pendant is particularly pleasing on a nugget ne.cklace. Large and small watches incrusted all over with small nuggets make a ••••••••••••••••• • • • THE SOURDOUGHS' XMAS • • • It's forty years, Bill, Xmas; forty years. since you and I first struck the trail of gold :We've crossed its hills of hope, its vales ' of tears, o'er sun kissed slopes and :\ rctic summits cold ; We've sought for streak like sunset in the West. We' ll find it yet, on st'ream or mountain s ide, And: when " it's oUl's'-then "'e']] ao home and rest till angels pa~k u~ cross the "big divide" - But \\:hile we live, Bill , we'll spend . and give, Bill; we'll sho\\' th em Xmas if all goes well, "rAnd we strike . pay h ere-if not, why :' stay here. But-what th' hell , Bill, wllat th' hell NORTHERN TRUNK ROADS The lll'Oposed new trunk wagon road·s through Yukon are the proper thtng. This coming province, like all other vast" sections of Canada, de­ serves to be fully developed. ~ -\. trunk wagon road the length of th e terri­ tory, and one or two at Tight angles, will hasten the thor, augh penetration and exploitation more than any other public utility. Yukon's agitation at Ottawa ' through her m ember, Dr. A. Thompson, for su ch road s deserves the SUPpOl:.t._ of .. every Yukoner and every Canadian. Yukon's big increase in the output hi s year will be followed by another long leap ~pward next. A KLONDIKE NUG GET OF EARLY DAYS curiosity, especially in for­ ei countries. Watches have been set . to . nearly everything, and now come one h eld in the han dle of an umbre a. But the very newest. watch and qui one of the smallest is in a ' finger rin This isn't m eant to hide its light u er a bushel either or to stick under glove finger for it is to be wmn q 'te baldly outside the glove. It comes t in delicate enamel , encrusted with p r ls or small dia­ monds and would ke an ideai gift. Of course if money is 0 object , there are card cases and emorandum books, cigarette cases, tch boxes made of gold encrusted .w h small­ matched nuggets and studde precious stones would bring j, to any average person's heart. Or, 'f none of these meet your ideas, wh not a pendant of a pure white dia­ mond, heart shaped amethyst sur­ mounteel by an oIVal ruby? No mount­ ing is seen and is hung on almost an invisible chain . vVe must notice the awakening ef­ forts ef commercialism towards the realization of beauty which is art: W hat is called "trade finish" or "machine finish" \ve admit, is not necessarily beauty, but in its polish and in its glitter it has a charm which is far better than uncouthness an d lack of finish ot' fifty year s ago . So th e many machine-m.ade articles of daily use have a svmmetry and a balance of parts which render them pleasing and which are really better than the hurried work of slovenly and ill-tra.ined hand-workers. Handilc:raft of itself d OleS not necessarily' imply art; and, for ourselves, we _ "vould rather have for use and for ornament the productions of a carefully planned machine than the crude abortions of a workman minus all ideas of beauty and proport.ion. Thus, commercialism stretch es forth a groping hand into the higher r egions of culture, and we g . de naturally from its con sideration to e consideration of true art. Bu 1ere is the diffilculty. \Vho shall defin e -t, or in what terms shall we describe 1e IndeEcribableo Here we may have a crude piece Mystery of the Klondike Much data has been given to the world regarding the mammoth through scientific research by t he geologists, but a .close examination and study of th e fragments 0-1'.. rem.ains found re­ yeals some inteTest4Jg fact s regarding the h'uge size of th~mammoth .near ' Dawson. A bout foUl' y'e'l!.·s ago al.~ preserved carcaES of a m~moth was fe-und in Siberia and taken to St. Petersbu rg. ] t was found im bed. deLl in' a mud glacier and had a measure­ ment of six feet through the s ]1.()ul­ ders. was fourteen feet high, and e tusks measured five inches i n diamc­ t er. If this mammoth found in Si­ beria is a fail' sam pIe as to propor­ tions, some idea may b e gained as to . the size of the mammoth found- in this vicinity. I now possess som e intere:;ti'ng parts of skeletons. Ifhe la.rgest tusk that ha:; been found, to my knowledge, measured twelve inches in diameter and was twenty feet long. An animal with that size of tusk woulel h ave a tooth weighing fifty pounds, which would make the teeth and tusks alone weigh 2,200 pounds, a.nd the mammoth approxi­ mately fifty feet high. It is a peculiar fact that none have been found in this ' country excepting in ' the ~pay­ str ea. kso. f the gold streams. 'Sulphur creek, which is about ' thirty-five miles south ast oj Dawson, ha s furnished more of these tusks than any other local creek. There have been approximately four hun­ dred taken out of Sulphur creek, an d about one t h ousand taken from the gold-bearing creeks adjacent to(l Daw- 80n. The shallowest place from which they have been ,extracted is twenty­ fi ve fc :et underground, and all the way from that dept h to one hundred feet, but always on or n('ar bedrock. I have one that meaSlll'l 'S t l'il inches in diam eter , is Iourteen teet long and \\ 81g ll 5 IUlly thl'ee hundred pounds. I think that is as large as an" wh ole cmk taken out of thi ;o; region. - 1f tillS animal possessed the ordinary pro­ portions it would have be21l Ullrty feet. high. It is a popular belief th3t the mam­ plO was a carnivorous animal, and is ofte confu sed with the mastodon, the lattcl being the only animal, known to sc ' ce, Poss€ssing a tusk, that is carni vor s. It is my belief that the mammoth" ived entirely on ' timber and vegetable tter, as they possess saw-like teeth , a the con­ struction shows positively t t they lived upon vegetation. while tile teeth of the mastod on ai-e the coun 1'­ part of thOSE! of the wolf, only, 0 course, much larger. The pecu!.i."r and unvarying forma­ tion of the tusks of the mammoth fur­ nish a proaf, in my opinion, that this country has always been cold, and is. indicated in this way. The tusk s' evi­ dently have been frozen , and the sun of ' the spring warming them suddenly on the outside has caused the m to ex­ pand and check on the upper si·de, leaving on e side solid, which is in- of ir.on beaten roughly into ~hape and ornaI.llented .. with uncouth forms, and yet it . ,8h 1:11 appeal immediately to the miJ;ld ·as a work of art. Again we hav, e a vessel of gold elaborately worked and finished and yet it shall be, from a standpoint of art, utterly worthless. Wherein lies the differ­ ence? It is not in the valu e of the. material, nor yet in the amount of work best.owed upon it. It is some­ thing which emanates from the indi­ vidua.lity of the worker, something of the mind of the ar tist impressed upon the obedient material. And the asso­ ciations which cluster around the term "art-worker" are essentially ele­ vated and full of dignity. The mind instinct.ively Icalls fo· rt.h an image of the medieval goldsmith working his plastic metal into forms of beauty; or, again, the cunning arm of t h e black­ smith by sheer force beating the un- . couth mass of iron into graceful and elaborate designs; or, perchance, the view is of a m odern workshop devoted to the production of art porcelain. And in either lCase there is something beyon d m ere work; t~e!, thought and there is !if€. Brain is the domi­ nant factor; muscle is but the skilled servant.. Ever y woman now '-seeks the uil.­ u sual in ornaments, ~rid by the un­ usual is n ot m eant the Oriental and foreign designs, though tl:iese attrac­ tiv~ pieces appeal to many, but the idea is to have the original and indi­ vidual ideas ,!vorked out by the skilled goldsr:niths. Whether it is a simple nugget st.ickpin for the person of modest means or an elaborate hail' and neck ornament and corsage piece to, niatch for the wife of a millionaire, it is the thing to have an exclu sive designs. and, if possible, an original grouping of nuggets of different. shapes and quality. Hundreds of varieties in the jewelers' windows please persons of m od est m eans, but a millionaire wants a n ew design and n ew idea of his own. 'By William Norion variably on the side where t.he sun does not strike it. It is a theorv that the mammoth died on the hi"llsides, as the tmks have all been found with the p oi n t of least resistance turned down stream, indicating that they h ave been washed to theiI' present location, and it i s my opinion tbat they di'ed of starvation, their food supply hav­ ing become dl'pletcd through vol­ canic action. Their boneo show teeth marks, and great masses of bones of various ' kinds of animals have been found assl'lmbled in one place, as many as four hundred mammoth hav_ ing b een found within a radius of h,-o . miles. They seem to have congre­ gated here in numbers, and the teeth mar ks on their bones would in­ dicate that 't h e carnivorous animals lived as long as they could obtain subsistance in that way. Ther~ hav€ been at least a thous­ .and ' of these tusks taken out during the 'time the creeks within 50 miles of Da.wson have been worked for gold, and there are not many found now. nother indication that it was cold whe these animals roamed the coun- try is fact that the hair that has been foun ere and on the one found in .Siberia sH ws 'a warmer cl!lJCl ani­ mal than any w have at the present time. Ivory t rinkets ma from the tusk of the mastodon show a mi-transpar­ ency, while those made from t.he mammoth are absolutely de e. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 17 . .... .... .. 18 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS Yukon Order of Pioneers By THOMAS W. O'BRIEN The Yukon Order of Pioneers was Kammueller, F ........ , ..... . . .... 1897 organized December 1, 1894, at Forty- Kendall, H . W . . .. ......... . ...... 1898 mile, Yukon Territory. In April. Kettle, Clement ..... . . ............ 1898 1895, a large number · of the members Kingsbury, S. 0 ..... ............. . 1897 of the order joined in the stampede to Kunze, W ... . . ............... ,.". ,1897 the Circle district, According to the K enne.dy, A. M ..... , .............. 1899 constitution at that time it was neces- Kearney, DanieL ............. . .... 1898 sarv to have 'an application signed by Lamm, Phil .. . . . .. ....... . . . · .... . . 1897 ten' sourcloughs in order to start a Landreville, Max . . . ............... 1895 n ew lodge. Laning, O. S ... .......... . . .. ..... 1897 The Cirele charter was issu ed in Lanphier, R. A . ... ................ 1898 May, 1895, and the lodge in that city Labbe, J . L ... ..... .. ...... ........ 1898 was started with an enrollment of 200. Lachapelle, Dl'. J. 0 .. ............ 1898 In the winter of 1896 many of the Langevin, J . B ........ . . . . .. ...... 1898 Circle m embers stampeded to Daw- Laumeister, J . P .. ....... . .... .. .. 1895 son, and Lodge Ko. 1 eventually was Lawrence, G. H . . .. . .. ....... .. .. 1898 transferred to Dawson. The Circle Lee, Jack ............ . ....... . . .. .. 1898 10dO'~ 'was disbanded, and Sea.ttle Lennon, John ...... . .. . ......... . . 1898 lod~e No. 2 now has the old Circle Lesperance, A . ...... . . .. ... ... . .. . 1898 number. Lemontagn e, A ....... . .......... . . 1899 In 1899 there was a lodge ftaded r~evy, Ben .... . .. . .............. .. . 1895 in Rampart City, Alaska, and it is Lind, J ohn ......... . . . ......... ... 1897 still active. In 1900 another lodge was Lowe, Frank ...... . ...... ..... . .... 1898 started in Nome, but it has fallen by Lude, J ..... . . ............... .... .. 1898 the wayside. _ Lusk, Isaac ...... . ... .......... .. .. 1898 Up te January , 1913, Dawson lodge Loblcy, AI. .. . .. . ............... . 1897 No. 1 was looked on as the grand Loberg, Olaf . ... . ... .......... . .... 1898 lodge of the order, but at the meeting An Old Forty-Niner, the Hero of Many a Stampede Lee, John B ....................... 1895 h eld the first Thursday in January Lawson, Frank T .. ... . ..... ....... 1892 {)f this year a gl'aIllI lodge was or- Bossuyt, Charles .... .. ..... . ....... 1898 Eads, M. S . " ........ . .. .. . .... 1897 McAfee, A . ........................ 1897 ga:lized, to which all subordinate Boume, John ....... . .. . .. ..... . . .1895 Ellings,m, E. 0 . . . ... ..... . ... . .. . . 1898 ..... McCarter, Alex ................ , ... 1898 lodges had the right to send delegates. Boutin, J oseph ... .... ... ..... .... . 1896 -.." Engelhardt, A. F .. .. .. .. . . . . . . .... 1898 McConneH, Ed ..................... 1897 Each lodge is allowed one delegate Boulais, M. H .... ......... ........ 1897 Ei:icksc5n, John ......... .. .. ..... o.1895 McDermott, C ..................... 1898 for every ten members in good stand- Brimston, George. . . . . .. . .... .... 1897 Fahey, Edward . . . . ..... . ... ... . 1899 McDerrriott, Thomas F .. .......... 1897 ing. The work of the gr and lodge i s Burdick, E. G ....... .. . . .......... 1897 "-Fairborn, J. A . ..... ... ... . . . .. . . .. 1898 McDonald, Chas. E. .............. 1897 to form n ew constitutional provisions Bunyon, J . B .... .. ... ..... , . .. .... 1898 FaIT, J. A... . . . . .. .. .. .. .. ... 1897 McDcnald, Don R. R . .... ........ 1899 and laws to govern ' the subordinate Butler, George .......... .. .... . .... 1897 F aulkner, G. NI .. ..... ... .. . . .. . . . 1897 McDonald, J . F . ............. . .... 1899 lodges. Butler, H. W ........ . ... ....... .. 1898 Farquhson, C .......... .......... . 1897 '- McFarlane, D. R .. . ............... 1898 The grand ledge now meets once a Brownlow, Vi'm ... .... . .. .. . .... . . . 1898 Fisher, David . ....... .... .. .. ... .. 1897 M :cGill, P. R ..... .. . ........... . . . 1898 year, 011 the second Tuesday in Au- Brown, J. A ..... .. .. .. .......... .. 1897 Fisher, Rudolph C ................. 1898 McGilIevray, Angus ............... 1898 gust. The annual celebration of the " Bloomquist, Charles J .. .. .. ....... 1898 F lannery, W. E ...... ... .......... 1897 McGinnie, B. J .... .... .... .. ...... 1897 order i-s h eld (In Discovery day, Au- Bullard, James ...... .... ...... .. .. 1898 F olger, J. A .... .................. . 1895 McGui re, J oe .. ................ .... 1897 gust 17, the day on which George Car- Black, George ...... . .. . .. . ........ 1898 Francis, H arry A . .. . . . . .. . .. . . . ... 1898 lVlcKeller, Angus ... .. ....... ...... . 1895 mack a.nd associates founel gold on Booth, George .... ........ . . 11199 Freeman, Henry .. .. . .. . ... . . . .... 1897 McKinnon, M .......... . .. ... . .... 1897 Bonanza crook. The Yukon council Brownlie, J ames S ............... . 1895 Fultc n , J. T ................. . ... .. 1898 McLarthey, James ..... ........ ... 1897 has made Discovery day a legal holi- Brown, Frederick J .............. 1898 Frooks, F. D ........ ........ ... .. . 1899 McLean, J ohn W . .. ..... . . ........ 1898 day in the territory, and the commis- E ellevue, Jos("!ph 1.... ..... . .. . .,1898 Gadoua, J ...... ... .... .. . ; ....... 1897 McLennon, D. R ....... . . . .. ...... 1898 sioner so declares it by proclamation \. Bli ck, J ohn B ..................... 1895 Gage, F. H. .. ... .. ......... : .. 1897 Mc Lennon, W. K ........ ... ... ... 1897 On December 1 of each year lodge Cadieux. Joseph .............. ..... 1893 Gammon, AI ....................... 1898 :VlcLeod, James .. .. .... .. ..... .... . 1898 No. 1 holds its anniversary dance, Cameron, Angus. .1899 Gar1'l1on. J. H' .... ........ . .. . .. .. . 1897 McMaster, A ...... ............ .... 1898 which always is largely attended by Ganavan, " W. H ... ... .. . .. .. ....... 1898 Gauthier, Wm ...... . .. ............ 1898 McNeil. Robert ... . . . .. .. ......... . 1897 m embers and their wives and ~weet- Cai'lin, W ... .... . ... ....... ... ..... 1898 "-. Gillespie J R . L ............ . ....... 1897 McPhail, D . ........ ......... .... ... 1898 hearts and invited friends .: . Cameroll, J .................. . ..... 1898 '- Gillis, A. J . ........ . . . ... .. . . . .. .. 1898 McKinnon, James , .. ... ... . .... ' ... 1898 Ko. 1 lodge is not only" flourishing C,!!-rter, Dr. CJH~rles .... ; . ......... . 1898 Gilis, Angus ... ..... . ....... . . .. ... 1898 McLaughlin,Jol'ln· ......... . .. . . : .. 1897 in membership but has a good home, Carter, H enry ....... .. ............ 1895 Goden, Ouide. .. . .. .......... ..... 1898 McDowell, C" M ................... 1898 erected 'years ago, and a round bank Case, J oh n .. .. ..... .. ..... .. ....... 1897 Golelspring, S·.. .. .. .. ·.1898 McDonell, Donald ................. 1899 account. Caulombe, Al'thur .. .......... ... .. 1899 Goring, T ................... ... ... 1897 YlcInt06h, J . W ........... .. ...... 1898 Chance, W ..; J .... -:- .. ,,, ... . . ..... 1899 . Gosselin, F . X ....... ... ......... . 1898 rVrcLeod, D ... , ..................... 1898 Tl 't f t1 f . Tl oma~ Oha.rhpIin, E ....... ' ...... .. ....... . ]898 Gott, . .. ...... " ............ 1899 Mahoney, J . T ..................... 1898 . l e wp er 0 le o· regomg, .l .. 0· Cl . to ' 'F '" - , I 1897 G ' 1 'I' 1898 M 1 H G 189" Vi' O'B' . th 1 bel' left ·, etTlen~, . . n . .... ... I ...... · .... ralam, . .... .. ....... .. ..... ... ap ey, . ...... ............ .. . , . " D :len, ~s t ekon y ~em rtin Coates, D,an ... : .. \: . " , .. ...1897 , Grant, J'01m ....... ...... .......... 1898. Mo-rrison, John .... ..... .... ....... 1897 m awson v~l .0 00 d an a~J:ve fa en Corbei J, Carnllle. .. ...... ...... .. ]893 Grant, V:. G ........ . .............. 1898 Matson, C. A ...................... 1898 ?rgantllzmgj ' t llS t Dr er f · h e a SOgO'l'" Collin s, W. F.... . ............. 1898 Grant, J ames. .. ................ 1898 MerkeJey, A8a .... .. ............... 1897 JOYs .1e C I S mc lOn 0 avmg or ~. - M'1l . d I C' lId d S ttl lodge Cook, J . M. .. . .. .......... 1897 Gl'iepemau , W... .. ........... 1898 .1 er, SamueL .... , .............. 1897 lZe t le Irc e 0 ge an ea e, .' M I H N 9 d' . d es'dent Cordery, Georgf' . .. .. .............. 1898 Geo rge John ............ .. ....... 1898 onalan,' ugh ...... .. ..... .. .... 1899 o. ~, an 15 semor gran pr 1 . Costa, J ohn ........................ 1897 Gmham, ' Wm. Noble .... .......... 1898 Moodie, J . D . .. ........ .... ....... 1898 The following is a list, of the pres­ ent members of' the Yu·]ton Order of Pioneers; PRESENT MEMBERSHIP Cowan, J . S ...... .. .. ...... ...... . 1899 Galpin, William ....... .... ......... 1898-Maore, J ack ... .. ... ............. .. 1898 .QJ'l~i~, B.~X . . : ... .. ..... ... .. .. : . .... ).8~8 Greenbu~g, Comelius . . ' : ... : .... ' ... 1898 \ ~Iorlock, George W., .. , ........ . . 1898 Craig, R. 13 ....... .. ............... 1898 Guist;:, Julius F .................... 1894 "'lVlo"rwick, '-Thoma.s, ................. 1897 Cream~: " W. C ... ........ . .. . . .. . . 1898 Hagan, Lee . . .... . .. .. ... , .... . .... 1886 Murray, J ames E ..... ...... ...... 1898 Cuttie, John ...... ........ . .. . ... . . 1896 H ag,ue , A. E .. ........... : .... , '. (~ . . . 1899 j\:rurray~'.M, .. ............ , .... ... ... 1898 Cribbs, W. M. . ... ....... ... .. 1898 H ale, ' Frank ........... . . ~ ....... :':,.1898 Mi'ller,' SamueL .... : ........... . .. . 1897 Ahlert, J . H. F .................... 1898 Cameroll, Ewan. . .... .. ......... 1898 Ha!}}, Joseph ........... . ...... .... 1898 Monjini, G ........................ 1897 AlbeIt, Joseph .. ................... 1897 Cullen, Davic1 W. . .. ...... .. . . .... 1898 " HaQlrneH, IV1. A .. . ... .... ":" . . .... 1697 Moore, Chas. F . . .... . ...... : ...... . . 1897 Allmark, James .... .. .... . . ..... ~.,1~'t\ .c~arl~, ALf.c ... .... .... . . ..... 1898 Harrime.,· G ............. .... ... . .... 189S Moore, J. T , ... . .. . . '_" .~; ... , ...... 1893 Anderson, A. H ........ . .... .... . ~·1 5' ~otY"Johh ...... ... .. .... ....... 1898 ~ammo ,nd, Benjamin ...... ... .... 1897 ::vrcCown, IV1. S .................... 1898 Annabel, L. 0 ..................... 1898 COQpef,Joseph A. . ......... ... . 1887 Hardy', T .. W............... .. .1898 Nadeau, Louis ........ .... .. ....... 1898 Allen, R. L. . .. ...... .. . .. , .... ... , ... ~~\J#l'maci~;£ George ... . " ...... ..... 1880 Harrington, W. A ... .. . _ ........ .. . 1898~. Nelson, Petti . . .. ~ ... ·.,.;;.. . . .. . . . .. 1896 Armstrong, \V. H ................ 1898 Codiga, George . .. ....... .. . 1889 Harris, F. N......... ........ ..1898 '-,.Kewcomb, Capt. O. J .. ..... . · .. . .. . 1898 Atkinsol1, C. T ..................... 1898' , Carter, Dr. Charlea .............. .. Hi95 Hart, A~drew ..... .... ............ 1894 Kordstrom, Joseph .. .... : ......... 1898 Aushrot, Joseph . .. ...... .... ... ~ .. 189· 8·'- CTibb, Harry .......... .. . . ...... .. . 1897 Hatch, Hugh T . ... .... ............ 1898 Nugent. Fl'ed :\ ...... ...... . ...... 1898 , Atwood, Fred A ............ . .. .... 1898 Day, F. H....... .. .... . .. . 1898 H enry, Sam ..... _ ..... .. . .. ..... 1896 Nelson, John C." ... .......... .... 1886 Abe1. J cseph ............. ......... 1899 Day, Mike .. . .... ... . ............ .. . 1897 Hemy, C . .. . ... .. ................ . 1897 Oakden, W . ..... .................. 1898 Anderson, H enry C .... . .. , ........ 1895 Dearing, C. L .. .. ........ . ....... 1898 Henc1erson, Robert ................ 1894 Ogburn, Robert J ....... .. ... . . ... 1897 Anderson, Charles A .... ...... .... 1895 Delllpsey, S. ,J .. ............. , .. . .. 1897 Hiclding, Fre(l. ...... ............. ] 898 Oglow, James ...... ................ 1898 Bainl, Robert .......... .. • . .. . · .: .. ';1896 DesLautier , J. · E ....... · .. : .... . 1898 Honnen, · H . H ................. 1897 Olson,01af ....... .... .. . .......... 1898 Ballentine, D. W .... .............. 1898 Desjarlais, B . ....... ... .... ....... 1898 Hover , R. K ........... ....... ..... 1897 O'Erien, T. W .. ................... 1886 Bames; G. H .. . .. ... .. .... .. ...... 1897 Deetering, \V. F ............ ... ... 1898 Herdning, C. E .. ..... : ............ 1898 O'Hara, T. P ......... ... ...... .. .. 1898 BameS; WaIter .................... 1899 Diebold, J. J.. . .. .1898 Hutchison, Wm ................... 1898 O'Neil, J. M .. ..................... 1898 Balelock, Harry ............ ....... . 1898 Dillon, John H emy ...... .. .. ..... 1898 Huxford, E. A .............. .. . .. . 1898 .Orr, Alec. .. ............. .. ..... 1898 Bm'well, C. S. W ..... ............. 1897 Doo~, H .. ........... . . . .......... . 1898 Hanna, J oseph . .......... . ; . : .. . ' . . 1899 . Olsen, Anc1rew ........ . ... : . .. .. ... 1898 Barton, G. 1. C ........ ..... ... : .. . 1898 Doak, '¥ile s M ..... : ... .... ....... 1898 Hamilton, Hugh ... . .. .... .. .. ..... 1899 Osbom, G. W .. . . . . . .... . .. .. .. . .. 1898 B{tuer, D . :'" ......... . . .. . .. .... . ... 1898 Doyle, Thomas ............ ........ 1899 Iromides, E. S .. ..... ..... . .. ... .. 1898 P addock, Chas. H ... .............. 1898 Beaupre, J. N ...... . .. ......... ... . 1898 Donaldson, E. N . . ........... .... . . 1898 Johnson. F .. ' .. ...... , .. . . ... ... ...... 1898 . Palm, A. 0 . . ............ . .. ....... 1898 Beaune, N ............... . ... . .. ... 1893 Drouin, H enry ........... .. .. ..... 1 897 Johnson, Gus ... ...... . ....... ..... 1897 Panet, M .. . . : . ...... . ... .. ..... . .. 1898 Beck. James ............. ...... .. .. 1877 Drouin, PauL ... ...... ...... ..... . . 1898 J ohnson, Charles . .. .. ... .. . .... ... 1898 Patton, J . T ....................... 1898 Beerle, A ................... . . . .... 1898 Dryden, R. L. : ........ ............ 1898 Johnson, WaIter .... .......... . .. . 1897 Pearse, F. H .. ..... .... ....... . .. . 1898 Blankman, H . G .................. 1897 Dolan, Charles J ........ . ......... 1898 J {liliceur, G .... ........ ........... . 1898 PeHand,S .. ..... .. ......... ....... 1898 Bird, Arthur . .... .. . .. ....... .. .... 1898 Doody, J erry . .................... , 1898 Jones, C. F . . ...... .. .. ... .. ..... .. 1898 Peppard, E . ... ... ... .............. 1898 Boond, Thomas James .. .......... 1898 Denhart, PauL . ... .. .. ........ . ... 1893 Jorgensen , IV1. .. . . •. ........ . ...... 1898 Perro Il, J . S .. . ... . . .. ....... . . . . .. 1898 ... . 1 L, THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 19 .! THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS P eter, H . E ............. ... .. .. . .. 1895 Billy Lloyd . . .. .. .. .... .... .. ...... 1904 P eterson, Victor . . . ... .. .. ... .. ... . 1897 Capt. Thomas A. Alcock ...... . ',' .1905, Pink, W. J .. . ...... .. . ... ... . .. . .. 1898 H . E . P eter ............. ... ... ... . 1906 Pinkiert, H . ......... . .. . . . ...... . . 1897 H . E. Peter .. .• . ...... . ........... 1907 H. E. Peter .. . ......... ..... ...... 1908 Robert Henderson ... .. . .. . . . . . . .. . 1909 Pinkerton, B. B . . . . .. ............. 1898 \ .Pin-ska, Martin A ...... .... ..... .. 1898 Ponzo, J ............... .......... .. 1898 G. C, Woodward ...... .. .... ...... 1910 George Brim ston ... ..... . . .. .... .. 1911 J oseph W. Wilson ....... .. ........ 1912 P l()issant, M ....... . .... .. .... . .... 1898 .Powell, F . 0' .. ............ ........ . 1898 Parker, Ber t J .. .............. ... .. 1898 Angus D. Ross . . .. .... . ... . .. . . ... 1913 Payson ,- C. C . . .. . .. . .. .. . ... .. .... 1897 Preng, C. N .................... ... 1897 OFF ICERS DAWSON LODGE NO. I R eddy, Alf ...... . ... . . ... . . ....... . 1898 R eiste f, Wm ..... .. ...... .. . : . . . . .. 1898 en-dall, W. J ....... . . ... . .... . ... 1897 'Renzoni, A. p .. .... . ............. . . 1898 Richardson~ J ohn .... .............. 1897 Rivard, E . .. . ... ... .. ... . , .. .... ' !~97 Robinson, T. G. C .. .. ............ 1898 Rogers, Godfrey . .......... ... . .. .. 1897 Roln, H enry . . . ... ........... . .. .. . 1899 Rosbourough, Thomas . ... ...... . .. 1897 Ross, A. D . .... . .. ....... . .. .... :-,. 1897 R oy, P . . . . . . . .. .. . ... . . .. . ·· ... ·.· .1898 _ Rystogi, Andrew . .. .... . ... .. .. .... 1898 R osell e" ,Desire R .... .... . . . . ...... 1894 Savarel, L . .... ...... .. .. . . .. . .. .. ·1897 Schink , E ....... .. ... ...... ....... 1898 Scott, Wm ......... . ... · . ···· . . ·· · .1897 Segbers. , J. A ..... ...... ...... . ··· .1898 Seguin, A. J .... . ..... .... . ... .. . .. 1899 S hea, Joe .. . . ... .... . ·.· · ··· ... ·· .1898 Sidback, ~\ndre'v.. . ........ . .. . .1897 Smith, A. W. ,H .. ................. 1898 Snyder, J oseph ............. . ...... 1898 Somers, Hank . .... .. ........ ...... 1894 Spratley, J ohn . .. . . . .. ....... .. . . · .1897 Steele, L. W . . . ....... . .... . . . . · ·· .1897 Steere. Dan . . . . .... .. . .. .. .. . .. · ... 1898 Ste.wa~t, N eil. ...... ... . ... .. . ' ... 1899 Stepp, J . E ........ : . . . · · . . . · . . · · · .1898 Stingle, J . W . . .. .. ........ ... .. · .. 1898 Stone, C. T ................ .. . . · ... 1898 Strom, Ed ... . ...... ...... . ... . ·.· .1899 :Sutherland , P ........... . ....... . . 1897 'Swendsen, Swend ............ . . . . .. 1898 Sugden, L. Schofiead ..... ... .. . ~ . . 1897 Sanquay, Alphonse .. .... .......... 1898 Smith, George ...... ... ............ 1898 · Snyc1er, J . P ercy .. .. ........ ...... 1897 .st Clair, H . X ........ ............ 1898 Swecker, Dan . .. ...... . .... .. . .... 1898 'Sutherland Wm .......... .. .. .. ... 1898 Snow, Geo~'ge T ...... .. ..... . . . . .. 1888 \ 'Steit~, Albert ....... . ....... ....... 1895 Schulel', Mat .. . . .. ....... . .. .. .. ' .. 1896 Schonborn, Louis K ... ... ........ . 1894 Tabor, C. W. C .................... 1898 Tart€r, A . . . .. .... . . .. . . . ... ... . ... 1886 Thomas, W. R .. .... .. .... .... .. ... 1898 Thompson, W . E .. .... .. .......... 1897 The present officers of Da-wson Lodge No. 1 are: Presi dent .. . ...... . Charles J. Vifquain Vice-President .... . .Godfrey Rogers Secretary .. . . .... .... ' . F. W. Clements Treasurer ... . . .. . ... .. Wm. M. Cribbs Chaplain .. ... .. ...... James H. Dillon Warden ..... .. . . . .' ... George Cordere y Guard . . , ........ . ... . . Rober J . Ogburn OFFICERS GRAND LODGE President........ . " .A . D. Ross Vice-President . ... .. ... . R. L . Gillespie Secretary. . . . . F. W. Clemen ts Treasurer . . .. . . . . -:":' . . A. F. E ngelhardt Chaplain, .. . . .. ... .. . . .. .. J ohn Grant \:\larden .. .. .. . .. . . .. Rober t G. Ogburn Historian. ..'. -p;. .J oh n Grant be the latest date at which a man shall be entitled to be a Pioneer. Car­ ried unanimously. P roposed by P . Wiburg, seconded by Cooper , that the nex t meetin g be at Snow's Opera H ouse. Carried unanimously . · ::::=::::. M· oved and seconded cy Snew a nd English that the meeting adjourn until F riday, Dec . 7, 1894. Carri ed. Names of m embers 01 Yukon Order of Pioeers who sign ed at th is m eet­ ing: L . N . McQuesten. ... . . .. . . . . . . 1873 Fl'ederick W. Hark .. . .. : ...... .. . . 1873 Rudolph Newman ... . . . .. ...... .. . 1873 h·thur H al'per.. ....... ... . . . .. 1873 A. H. Mayo .. . .. ..... . .. .. . .. ..... 1873 John Marks .... . ...... .. . . ... . .. .. 1882 Wm. Haye's ... ........ . ........ . . . . 1883 Pete . :... Wiburg... . ... . .. . . .... . 1885 \Vm. H. McPhee .. ..... . .. ... . . .. . 1888 Charles Levantie . . .. .............. 1888 F , G. H . Bowker .................. 1888 J oe A .. Cooper ........ ... . . . ...... . 1887 Robert J. E ngl ish ... . ... ... . .... .. 1886 K. Piccttet ......... . . ..... . " . . . .. 1886 F red Meuni cl'. . . .. . ... .. . . .. . ' .. 1887 HeilTy Willeit . . 1888 W. R. Llcyd .. . . . .... ... . .... . . . . . . 1888 J oh n O. Don ald . .. . ..... .... .1888 On the P ay in Early Days. - _ Thrunpson, Dr. Alfred .. ........ ... 1899 ThDmpson, W. H .... .. .. .. ........ 1898 . Town-send, Turner N . E ..... .... . . 1897 ................. . Tren em an, B . R .. .. .. .... .... .. ... 1897 • • 'Tremblay, N ...... . .. . .. . .... ... . . 1886 • MINUTES OF HISTQRY • Turnbull, Oapt. Wm ...... .. . . . ... 1898 • MAKING MEETING .. Tessino, Arsene . ... ........ .... ... ] ,96 J ___ __ Venter , P .. ... .......... ....... ... . 1897 A .First meeting of Yukon Order df Vernon, George . . . . . .. .. ....... . ... 1SH 8-' P ioneers, organized at Fortymile, Y. Verreau, E ......... ... .. .. .. .. .... 1898 T ., Dec. 1, 1894. Vifquain, C. J ....... ... .. . . ....... 1898 P roposed by C. Levantie, seconded Vin nicomb , F. W .. ......... .. ..... 1898 by R. English, that G. T . Snow be W alton, Geol'ge H ................ 1898 tem porary chairma n ,and F. Bowker Way, F. T ............... ........ .. 1897 be secretl HY. Carri ed. Weinrich, L . . . . ..... . . ........ . .. . 1898 Proposed by F. DinsmDre that the Wer t, E. A . . .. .... . .. . . .. . . ...... . . 1897 chairman shall state the object of Williams, J . J . . . . . . . . ....... . . . .. . 1896 the meeting. Carri ed. Wil s.on, Arthur .. . .. . . ........... . . 1897 The chair then proceeded to explain Wilson , J. W . . .. ..... . . . ......... . 1898 the o.bject of th e meeting. Wilson, Milton F .... ..... ... ...... 1898 Nominat\ion hv C. L evantie, sec- Whi te, F . 0 ...... .. ..... .......... 1897 onded by Englisl;, that L. N. lVIcQues- White, J. I. . . .. ........ ........... 1895 ten be p resident . Carried. W ood, Frank A ............. ... .. .. 1898 Komination for vice-presid ent. Pro- W. ooliver, J ohn . .. .... .. ..... . .. . . . 1898 p osed that F. Dinsmo re b e vice-presi. Weinberg, Andrew Ernest .... .. .. . 1897 dent . Carried unanimou sly. 'Wickman, Erick M .. . .. . .......... 1898 It was mDved hy Goo. H . ::Yl atlock 'Young, David . . . .. . .... . .... . . . .... 1897 and seconded bv H arry Smi th . that 'Young, A. H . .. ...... . .... .. .... . . 1898 Frederick Washi~gton H arte besecre- -::- Zaccarelli, J ohn .. .............. . . . 1897 tary. HONORARY MEMBE RS ---- Funston, Gen. F rederick . .. ....... 1890 /"" Ogilvie, Wm., deceased ..... ...... 1896 Sloss, Louis ... .. . .. . . . .. .... . ... . . 1896 Stringer, Bishop I. 0 .. .. .. . . .. ... 1893 PAST- PRESI DENTS GRAN D LODGE l' L . N . McQuesten (JackJ ........ . . . 1895 (The er of th e Yukon .) Fred W. Hute .... ..... .... ....... 1896 J oseph A. Cooper . ... .. . .. .. . ... .. . 1897 William M . Leggett ... ...... . . ... .. 1898 Thomas W . O'Brien . . , ..... ........ 1899 Harry Smith ...... , .. . : . .. ........ 1900 Frank B8tell.ll ............... .. .... 1901 A. D. Rpss ... .. .. .. ..... ........ .. . 191n Moved by P. Wiburg and seconded by R. English that William McPhee be treasu rer. Carried. Pr· oposed by Levantie and secon ded by G. T. Snow that G. T . Cooper be guard. Carried. Pmposed by Le. e Ragen , seconded by H amiltD n , that F rank Buteau be warden . Carried. ' PrDposed that Levantie, P ete Nel­ son , and T . O'Brien be ap pointed a committee of fina nce. Appointed by the chair. Proposed that G. Snow, Fr ank BDW­ ker and Pet€ Wiburg be a committ€6 in constitutiO'n and by-laws. Appoint. ed by the chair. H . English i~ appointed additional to the comm ittee on by-laws. Proposed by C. Levantie, seconded by Hamilton, that 1888 and previously Albert Fortier ... . . . . .. . .. . ....... . 1888 H enry Carter . J • • •• • ••••• •• • •• • • •• • 1887 Henry Rivers ...... .. ..... . . .... . .. 1887 R. Lowerie ......... . . . . . . . ... . . . . . 1887 G. H. Matlock ........ ........... . .. 1887 Frank Buteau... . .. . .... 1886 F ree! Hutchin son, .. . . . . . . . ... .. . .. 1886 George T. Sn ow .... ..... .. ...... . . 1888 J oe E eaudreau ..... . .. . ... .. . .. .... 1888 Thc.s. Blake .. .... . . .. . . . . . . .. .. ... 1887 Ed Miller ......... . . ..... ... ... .... 1887 Ed Grignon... . .. . . ... . . . , . .... ... . 1887 S. S. Mitch ell ......... , .. .. ....... 1886 Matt Hall... . ....... .. . . .... .... 1887 Lre Ragen... . . ....... ..... 1886 H. Smith. . .. ...... . .. ..... . ... . 1887 Wm. Stewart . ..... . . ......... . ... . 1887 J ohn Ke180n . .. . .. ........ .... ... 188B Joe Navaroo .. . .. . .. .. . . . .. . .. ..... t 888 . T. A. Camp-bell . ....... ........ . ... 1887 Frank Seagrin ..... ............. . . . 1888 H c.ward Ham ilton Hart ....... . ... 1886 George McCue . . . .. . .. . ... .. .. .. . .. 1887 P eter Brannon .. . . . . . ..... . .... . ... 1887 Pen J . .-\ i,watpl'. . , .. .... . .. . . . . . . HlS8 T . W . O'Brien ... . .. . .. .. . .. . . . .... 1887 J oseph H . Gazerlais ... .. .......... 1886 Victor Roux ....... . ..... . . ... . .. . . 1888 L. Baptiste Leautaue .. . ..... . ... . . 1887 Napoleon H ou t . ....... .... ........ 1887 H enry Seymou r .... . ....... . . ...... 1888 I saac 1?owers .... .. . ........ .. . . . .. 1888 Louis Lavois .. . .... . . . . .... . . . . . . . 1888 F red .. . ... ....... .. .. . .... 1888 Ellis Lewis .. .. .............. : . . . . . 1886 The following were not present at th e organization , but by resolution at a meeting in the following August th e names we re added to th e charter me:lll­ hpr~hip : G. C. Bettles, 1887 ; P . I. MoDonald, 1886 ; Bernard Hill, 1886; H a ns Seals, 1888; J . D . K ennedy, 1887 ; James Bender, 1887 ; Samuel Matth ews, 1888; William Cauthier, 1888; E. lvr. Sullivan, 1887; L . G. /Stearnes, 1887; A. B. Blanchard, 1887; N. McArthur, 1888; Thomas Young, 1888. THE SOURDOUGH PIONEER \Vhen we struck th' gates of S k agway it was like th' gates of h ell, And a many poor cbeechaco tolled his own sad funeral knell; J i'st before us lay th' Eden-lay th' Northland's gelid void, Draped in gown of diamond crystals gleaming like th' crown of Oid. In th' ultra lay th' for tune that we j, oined th' guild to find- Lay th' land of waste and hard ships, wb ere we strove to build our shrine. H ac! we kn own th' demon waiting for u s o'er tb' Jrozen bourn W·e'd have all gone back to h 01n' weeds an ' pusley from th' co!·n. But th ' gold is what we wanted in th' land we didn' t kn.o, w, An' we though t we would encounter nuthin' but glare ice an' snow. Bu t with pack upon our shoulders, we th' Northland's waste did stab, Each on e greedy as a glutton, grab­ bin' all t hat he could grab. :Vl any times we felt th' hunger by th' cam p fire in th' night, And a many eat his muclu cs to' th' spark of life fan bright. E ut we fought th' demon backward­ step by step we reached th' goal; Day by day we sough t th ' fortune at th' brinl, of hell's own shoal. Fi rst we' struck it on' B011anza, then in Eld orado's bed We discovered m any ounces, !l:n ' we panned from mouth to head Every crick that's sluiced a furrow from t h ' boundary to-th ' line That divides th' starry banner from, this Union J.ack of mine. But we suffered like ' th' devil-sacri­ ficin' human pride, An' a many POOr pro-spector crossed th' mystic, lone divide. Along t he YukDn was a wasteland, with no school, n o God, n O' law. But we didn't dO' so rotten if you peDple'd Dnly think How th' sO'litude will torture 'Nhen you stand upon th' brink Of th' chasm known as future, dark an ' drear an' void as space, Over which yQU must on snowsh Des r un th ' grinnin' death a race . . But we fDught it to a finish , th ' sur­ vivors suffered most, Gazin' at th' pit before u s, from which rose th' devil's ghost. Since, to' realms o· f th' vapor many years have rolled away; On our heads ' wh ere curls Df colDr used to be is silver gray; Where · we had our min es an' cabin n DW is homes an' Dian s breast, On th ' hillside carved in mar ble are these words, " Th' Sourdough's Rest." As We wander 'bout th' city, drinkin' h ODch an' peddlin' bull With th ' comrades · of th' cycle when our pokes were always full, Live again, do we, ih' era-live again th' yester, year, An ' on bier of r€miniscence dl'op a lonesome, longin' tear . O'er th' Yukon n ow is gar, dens, an' th' steamboats dot t h ' 6tream Where we used to fight with nature, 0'1' repose in peaceful dream. O'er th' country waves a symbol hon­ ored by th' pawers of all, In its sh ade is sourdoughs resting who were D nce th' country's thrall. Down th' trail t o' happy realms move we with that caravan That is mushin' to th ' border of th' sourdough's dre?-med ~f land. P erhaps some of us dId falter, hilt we done t h ' best we could For th Yukon an' its people-for th' flag-an' for our God. --1. H AMPTON IDLES. :. • J .... , ". THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS , . . : THE DAWSO~ DAILY NEWS ~ Birds and Animals of the Klondike from it » reat storehouse of gold, and-The- extraordinary climatic '-'oonditions, thi s reglOn OffB TS to ob­ servers a wealth of bird and animal l~quite unexpected in such a north­ ern clime. To naturalists the great valley o· f the ukon has long been known as the summer hom e of mynads of water fowl; the pasture ground of moose, caribou and moun­ tain sh eep; the retreat of valuable fur b earing animals, and, as in prehis­ toric days, the habitat of immense creatures now extinct; the first ox, mastodon and others, whase remains are faund imbedded in the frazen earth . Many of the sp 3ci'cs found, LO'.h d birds and animals, are peculiar ta the country; while in many of casmopali­ tan natures we reoognize .old friends .of the woods .of home. Swallows, rob­ ins, bluebirds, sparrows and even humming birds, identical with those .of more temperate zones. Packet gaphers, red · squirrels and chipmunks, with a shade less .of calor but the same .old smile. The lakes contain fine trout and the familiar pic " er ~l. Braak tro~t are scarce, but t he :,ard­ some graying are everywhere in the swift water, affording delight to the I saac Waltons of the vicinity. r Ducks, geese, 'cranes and kindred species abaund, far this is their nat­ ural rendez ·aus; but even here in their chosen ountry they are .of lacal distribut.ian, v ry Fllentiful in the low swampy sectia where they breed, and almast unkn wn in .others except during migratian \ The maj ority of the ducks fallow uv.. the Yuk.on valley while the geese -cJ\~ose the down stream raute and fana~ . the salt water coast to California. ndhill cranes in great number, hawe r, pass Daw­ son in the fa.U gaing u~. the Yukon. They are often mistaken \ for geese owing to their habit of traveling in V-shaped flocks and columns, but can be readily distinguished from t. hem by the high pitch of their ~all not€, and from the fact that a crane's flight consists of a series .of flaps a~d a long sail on extended wings- some­ tiling not .observed with geese. Th"e varieties of ducks noticed are' mal lard, pin tail, long-tail, green wing teal, widgeon, butter-ball , bluebill, golden eye, surf duck and harlequins. Among the waders are golden plover, killdeer, curlew, turnstone, 'Vilson's snipe and four sandpiper· s· , pectoral, red backed, spotted. Grouse are well represented by five varieties-the blue grouse of the heavy timber, knawn as hooter s, ruffed grouse, incorrectly called pheasant, CanRlda grouse, sometimes called faol h ens, owing to their tame, un-suspect­ ing natures, allawing themselves at times to be actually knocked over with sticks; the sharptailed grouse, the prairie chicken .of the northwest and several kinds of beautiful ptar­ migan, a bird peculiar to cald coun­ tries, of mottled bro'wn coat in sum­ mer, changing in winter to rosy white. This rose tint, however, is mast no­ ticeable in life, since in market speci­ mens .or mounted birds the bloom fades ta immaculat€ whiteness. Quail of any kind are n ot known to inhabit the Yukon valley. Swan, white pelican and the large whooping crane are found in abund­ ance along the lower Yukon ." Three varieties of geese, .. occur, Canadian, brant and the emperor goose; the lat­ ter - oonfined to the lower Yukon. Birds of prey are numer. ou s, seven varieties of owls, the great gray, horned, ,snowy, short-eared, Rich ard­ son, hawk-owl and the diminutive pigmy owl, no larger than a bluebird. Thebald eagle is occasionally met . wit!! and .~l!e l golden eagle, a bird of ' the mouritains;-- 'i-s often seen. The osprey, or fish hawk, is found along the Yukon, identical with the ~ :" h4.d .. ~0.S;0m»l0n .. tp..+p!l Ml,W~il C9!}S~. . - ; "r :": - . . Other hawks found are 'the white gyr- pearance at a distance, is a thing of falcon, perigrine falcan-two birds beauty when more closely . observed, famous in the medieval days of fal- for what a.ppears to be a black crown conry---g ~·hawk, rough legged hawk, is one of lustrous ruby-red, and the marsh ha: k, .sharp-shinned hawk, bre.rrst and , sides a glaw of pink. Richard son lerlin, pigeon hawk and Anather bird of gay calors is the sparrow haw . Siberian rosy tlinch, breeding among Among sma ler birds can be men- the high Illountain taps and spending ioned two ro 'm f, the Am erican and the winter in the shelter . of the la\\,­ the Oregon, th latter having a black lands, about the size of tbet(white band across th breast ; two varieties snow-bunting, of rosy red bady, with of jays, Stellars of ultramarine blue, chocolate calmed wings and tail. They with a long flowi g cres.t, and the Can- are plent.iful on the Chilcaot pass, ada jay, smoke gray and restless, and are not infrequently seen along 'lrnown-as the "m ose bird" and camp the trails of the Klondike. robber. Four kind . of woodpeckers are It m.ay be ·of interest to know that . found , downy , h iry, yellow-shafted the spring arrival of birds at Dawson fiicker, and the r re Alaskan banded about corresponds ta that of the backed, three"toed woodpecker, a long nort.hern states, for a natebook re­ naTTle for an ind "triou s little chap cards the arrival of t , e fir st geese on with a yellow crow that can be found _ -\.pril 26, and on Ma 1 a golden eye in dead of winter p specting the dead duck was killed in tl e . open water .of trees for grub. Tw blackbirds, the the Klondike river. a ne,y summer red-winged and the rusty, two blue- birds then appeared until May 17, birds, the latter a li ndsome bird of when two shortbilled gulls· were seen clear blue througho t, an abundant over the Yukon just as the river species in the vicinit of 'Whitehorse opened, and followe· the ice down rapids. Five varietie stream. On May 20 song sparrows barn s'wallow, eave s 'allow, violet- were singing, and th week following green swallow, white-b lIied swallow found most of the birds in and the sand martin. I the rocks at their · old haunts. the mouth of the Klond ke is an ex- Among the game a im als can be tensive breeding spot {} the violet- mentioned caribou, TIt ase and moun­ green swallow: The fam·liar haus.e- tain sheep. There ar no goats, d€er martin and chinmev swall v are miss- .or elk in the vicinity. The caribou is ing here. A conspicuous ird of the .of the woadlands v riety; plentiful winter landscape is the ra en, whose along the foothills o~]the mauntains; sombre black figure is ofte startled travehng about dun g the fall in from among th e snow-lad en trees to large herds-the uppe Klondike being quickly disappear again like 'spectre a well knawn rang of theirs. A of the night. But with the r turn of smaller variety, kna, as the barren the warm summer sun their atures grounds caribou, inh it the Macken­ soften and they become n ois zie river country. T e moose, the frolicsome, congregating in large um- largest wild animal in North America bel'S along the Dawson waterfr t, is well known in all t e upper Yuko~ where choice morsels of the refus, e region; this section furnj,shing the heaps are divided up between theN ' largest specimens 0 taina ble. The and the malamutes with many a pow- horns of both caribou nd mo.ose pro­ wow. When the wea.ther is fair they duced in this country are handsomer Qan frequently be 'seen soaring to a afld more massive th those found great height and there turning over on in other section s. A s ·ead of five or their .backs in midair, and, with ex- oEjx feet for moose antI rs is not un­ tended pinions, sh oot dawn with great cammon, and m.ost cari ou heads will rapidity, righting themselve.s at the average over thirty points, and are of end 'of the flight, only to rise higher mast graceful contour. Like deer, once more and repeat again a nd these animals sh ed their horns y·early. again, a bit .of skylarking peculiar ta In this country they are drapped ravens alone. abou~ the first of December, and are " The summer season brings forth a fully \!eveloped again by August· . ~alf dozen varieties of sparra,\vs.' The It Way nat be out of place here to .s~te"colored snow bird is a familiar call attention to the mistak~n . idea of example, many pairs of which nest in attempting to tell an animal's age by the low ground of the Dawson town- the number of points upan his antlers, site. for it has been demanstrated r epeat- There are eight or ten kinds of edly by animals in captivity that one bright color ed warblers-probable be- in good physical .conditian, with good ing the best known. feed, will grow larger horns than one A visit to the secluded woods will under ~ore unfavorable conditions, ir­ reveal the melodious songs of the her- respectlve of age. mit and russet-backed thrushes. ' The mountain sheep of the country A'lHumming birds in the Klandike are is a very different animal than the indeed a navelty to many people, but, bighorn of th e Rocky mountains, bein!! n evertheless, rufus-l1UlIlmers are to be enbrely whlte. youngel; animals hav­ seen al ong the river banks and high ing patches of gray. They are pecu­ up on th e Sulphur dome, where flow- liar to Alaska and the Yukon country, er s grow n profusion. and, although existing here for years, ~ winter species among the small they have but recently be.en brought 'birds 'are mast interesting. The two to the attention · .of the scientific warld little chickailees that make th emselves and as yet are very rare in outsid~ a t hame around the miners' cabins collections. They are often but er­ car e., little for weather that is "cold roneously, terTTl~d mountai'n goats, enough for you"; neither are th ey the resemblance being their color, the bothered with a miner's licen se, and tleece and horns are totally dIfferent. have a grub stake in sight all the time. Even "ibex" 'and "chamoise" are Northern waxwings and pine gros- terms likewise applied t.o them. beaks frequently appear ih large Further north, in the barren flocks, th e latter kn own by their gray graunds of th e Arctic circle, i, s found and ''S'afj'rop-yellow plumage. with an the little-kno-wn musk-ax, not being accasionaC adult male in th e bunch known to extend their travels to the with red breast and head. Yukon. . , Large flacks of red crossbills ' are The country is famous for its fur- found all winter in the spruce: sw· am ps bearing animals, the m.ost important along the Klondike, a bird, th e man- of. which is the marten, while otter, dibles of whose bill crass f'ach .oth er beaver , mink, fisher, wolverine and at right angles. enabling them .. ta · tear lynx are well kn.o,wn to trapp~rs. Four apart the hard cones on which tpey k. inds of foxes are known-red, cross, feed. . : . :. SlIver-gray and black; the white var- The flocks .af smafIer ' birds that :one --·iety is further noa;th. sees along the creeks are likely t~be - ' 'Bears are met with in almost every ' pine linnets or redpolls, both ' ha'ltdy part of the country. Th€ commonest . Arctic birds. The latter of pl tiu· ap- is the small black variety. There are ". :',' .... ~ t: ..• . . .. ~;'~:~ .. :~' . .... ,. ,. .... _ . , ..... ,' . '~. , . • .• ~: . •. ' '';' ~; ~ ;"i .,+ " ; . ~~ . /' also several lacal varieties of the brown bear, and the Alaskan grizzly, which, like the moo s.€, attains a great size. Wol yes are not very plentiful. In fact, it takes an Indian to find one. The live yaung are much sought after by the Siwashes to breed with the native dogs, the result being the wolfi sh la.oking malamutes of the cauntry, who seem to have retained the dismal howl .of their wild father and few of the good qualities of th~ mather.-George G. Cantwell. ............... ~ . • • • WHITE NIGHTS OF YUKON. • • ••••••••••••••••• The white · nights of the Yukon are str.angers to other lands, Where the dusk of niglit, and the dawn's first light on the m oun­ tain hei ght cross hands. Where the shades of eve their dark COIOl·S weave, with the tints .of the galden morn, In the h eaven o'erhead-while a day is dead and another day is barn . Where the earth and sky in their beauty vie with a glory no tongue has t.old, Where the "dark" of night is but , sil­ very light, with its bordering bars of gald; Where the great clouds rest on the glacier's breast, with their aerial pinions furled, Or lingering stray, ere they fleet away like the ghosts from another world. • The white nights of the Yukan are mystical, grandly fair- And so , softly mild-as the face of a child-that the presence of God seems there, _ With each vapory ring, like an angel's wing, while the peaceful calm of the skies Would reflect the sheen of his hosts unseen, or the light of love in his eyes. Where the dark a nd green, with all tints between, paint summit of mount and hill, Where the aspen bawer and the wild­ ling flower with beauty the val- . leys fill, While afar away in the distance /Sray the grim sentinal ice p€aks stand, As to guard the line of a scene divine that woul breathe of the "bet: t€r land." MY MADONNA I haled me It woman h·om the street Shameless, but, oh , so fair! ' I bRide her sit in the model's seat, And I painted her sitting there. I hid all trace of h er heart unclean · I painted a babe at h er breast; , I painted h er as she might have been If the Warst had been the Best. She laughed at my llicture and went away. Then ?am e, with a knowing nod, A connOlsseur, and I beard him say " 'Tis Mary, the Mother of God.'; ~o I painted a halo round her hair And I sold her, and took my fee, , And she hangs in the ch'Jrch of Saint Hilaire; . 'Where you and all may see. -Robert W. Service. Th eir National Gam e "I understand the ()ffi oo bO'T, in Boston are all excited." "About what?" :'S'e~rris the·· ~ym·plionil .' r. r~!lestras have begun practice.".....:.Kansas ''';it;' J ournal. . . THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 23 24 · THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS Ho~ the Phrase Ton of Gold" uTurned the Trick" , , . , On July 16 of this year Seattle held her annual pubilee, called the Golden Potlatch, celebrating the anniversary of the arrival of t he P ortland, the first gold ship, at ·that port in 1897. Beriah Brown, the dean of the newspaper men of th e Post-Intelligencer, wrote I for the fir st page display this fascinat- ing story on how the Klondike was put on th e map: Y The winter of 1896-7 was a gloomy p eriod in the lifetime of the city of Seattle. There were indication s that the long-continued p eriod of depres­ sion was to be broken, bu t all that was seen locally in that direction was t h e rather more cheerful tone of bu si­ n ess men, f, ollowing upon the election of McKinle and the 'certainty that tanff r evision would be undertaken as soon as con gress could be call ed in special session. The lot of the local newspaper men, at the tim e, was n ot a happy one. Th ose who could , secu re and retain regular employment were under salaries about on the level ,\""ith those enjoyed now by the street­ cleaning gangs of the city . This was not the fault, but t h e misfortune, of the n ewspaper owners, for it is doubt­ ful wbether there was a n ewspaper in the city which ' was making even th e slenderest margin over operating ex­ penses, low as th e level of those ex­ pen ses was kept. During the winter t h ere came rum ­ ors out .of the North that there had been a str ike of extraordinary rich­ n ess made somewhere on the Yukon . wher e several hundred miners h ad bee.p. working for many year·s, making good wages, bu t uncovering no gr eat riches. These stories cam e by way of Juneau and Dyea, which wer e in irregular communicati.on with the Yu­ kon country, even during the winter , by the occasional coming ou t over th e winter trail by t he river, th e lakes and Chilkoot pass, of some miner for supplies. Before the ice went ou t in the spring, so that ,steamers from the out­ side could reach St. Michael, the en­ trepot of the Yukon, whence river boats took passengers into the older mining camps, these rumors became certainties. Circumstantial , stories came out to the effect that on August 17, GeOl'ge Carmack and hi s Indian associates had made a rich discovery on ' the moose pastures of the Klon­ dike. The stories had reached the established camps of Fortymile and Circle, but were passed up as fakes until they were fully confirmed; in December, when an exodus took place which practically depopulated the older camps. Before the spring fairly opened one or two men, who had wqrked in the new camp, came out over the trails . and .r eached Seattle, carrying with them considerable amounts of gold from the new discoveries. The stories which they told taxed the credulity of the listening newspapermen , but the pokes of gold which they had bore ,.' witness that they were true, at least ". ',~\ ·~l't . The arrival of the first 7 . steamships from the 'North .was eager- . Iy awaited. While most of the newspaper men were in receipt of but slender salaries, each one of them had sought to sup­ plement thi s by furni shing news stories for newspapers elsewher e. It was slim picking, and the man was in hick who succeeded in "planting" a story with some newspaper ' on hi. s "string" on ce or twice a week. But whatever h e got this way was like money from hom e, so none of them n eglected the interests of the outside paper s. Naturally, as these stories came out from the Klondike, each n ewspaper man who was acting as correspondent for n ewspapers in other cities, sought .. Remarkable Story of How Newspaper gjWen Ga'Pe Klonkike the Greatest Publicity of cAn)) Camp in a Century Million Dollars in Gold Bricks, in Dawson Bank Vault to interest those n ewspaper, s in the - Seattle was d ee.ply aroused over t h e /l'reat discoveries in the Northwestern story they brought. The local n ews­ territory, but wjthout success. They paper s "played it up" big, and hun­ would query , offering stories about dreds of individuals commenced mak­ miners thawing fortunes out of the ing preparations to start for the Yu­ gr ound, and washing out hundreds· of kon as soon a s they could get away. dolJa. rs' worth of gold with m elted The question among the local news­ snow, but n o n ews editor of any paper, paper men was how to get this story save those of the Pacific coast, could before the world. They had learned see anything in them which he con- by experience the apparently in sur­ sidered of sufficient interest to pay mountable difficulty which existed in telegraph tolls on. inducing any Eastern n ewspaper man On July 14 the steam er Excelsior to take any interest himself, or to arrived in San Franci·sco, bringing believe that the readers of his news­ out a number of miners who had bean paper would take any interest, in gold first in on the great discovery, who discoveries made in such an isolated had made a small fortunes in a few region as Alaska. weeks, and who had come out in The "bunch" around t he Post-Intel­ order to get supplies and machinery ligencer all ~orked in harmony. They for commencing work on a large always helped each other in every scale. No attention was paid else- possible way. They suggested various where than in San Francisco and Se- forms in which a "query" should be attle to the stories they told, and the framed, to catch the attention of the news sent East was meager and per- news editors at whom it was aimed . functory. It seemed impossible to, and to induce them to oroer a story interest Eastern people in the greatest of some length about the AI8i8ka dis­ gold discovery recorded since the time ooveries. Finally a ·thought suggested .of the opening of the Australi¥ itself to ' one .pf them, and that ,,:as placers. ' '" .. ... .ihe ..thought whiclf '.did the trick. '. On July 16, two Gays after the ar- The idea came from a short n ews rival of the' Exeelsior in 'San Fran- story h e had read a few days previ­ cisco, the steamer Portland arrived in ous in the commercial columns of one Seattle, having as passengers 68 of the n ew New York newspapers. miners from the Klondike, all on their This story described, in a humorous way out to secure supplies. They had way, a r ecent little flurry in the sil­ gone down the Yukon on the steamers ver m arket in New York which had P . B. Weare and Alice, and had taken occasioned a temporary 'rise in the passage on the P ortland at St. price of the white metal of several Mich ael. The stories that these men points. told cJnfirmed everything that had It appears that one of the various been said about the wonderful rich- Wall street agendes had bulletined n ess of the n ew discovery. Moreover, the fact that "ten tons" of silver had they had pr oof in the most tangible been taken for shipmen t to France. form, for the steamer Portland had on The stor y went ar ound with great boar d· more than $700,000 in gold, rapidity and created a few hours of taken ou t .of n ewly-opened p lacers in feverish interest and speculat~on . The th e brief interval during which sluic- story was promptly expanded, and ing was possible, before the first for a time it was believed that the ' steamers left. m eaning was that France was pre- paring to remonetize silver and had m!lide this extraordinary purchase in or der to be supplied with a sufficient qu antity of bullion, bought at the then low figure, in order to i:'e pre­ pared to enter upon this r emonetiza­ ti, on plan. The little bubble burst when some­ one set at work with a pencil and a piece of paper and f{)und that the ac­ tual value of t he shipment ,\'as only abou t $120,000. Then there was a laugh, and the incident W8JS forgotten. The effect of this substitution of the standards of measurement was plain. It looked as though an appeal which had m et with such instant respon se from a gang of Wall street speculators might h ave a somewhat similar effect even upon a lot of h ard-h eaded news editors . At all events the scheme was worth t rying. Th !) Portland had brought down gold to an amount somewhat in ex­ cess of $700,000. It was promptly fig­ ured out that, even at the r,ough r ate of $15 an ounce as the value, this amount would come to som ething in excess of a LOll in weight. Each man who had a " string" of newsp apers pr,o mptly wrote out a brief statement of th e fact of th e arrival of the Portland with startling n ews from the n ew discoveries and telegraph ed this statement to the vari ous n ews­ papers which h e r epresented. And each " query" thu s 'sent out had in it the magic sen tence : " The P ortland had a ton of gold aboard." The replies were rapid and start­ ling. In every single instance there was a demand for the stories which had been r ejected. all winter . The ~ditors wanted 1,000 words, 2,000, and, III some instances, there was n o limit placed upon the amount. The n eWlS editors wanted all they cou ld get at the time and all that could be got thereafter. . The following I morn ing every news­ paper which appeared anywhere in the United ,States and which had a telegraphic service, carried, as t he leading story of the d ay, the n ews about the Klondike discoveries, and devoted far more space to them tha n to anything else in the paper; and if there was any newspaper in the list which failed to carry the words " A Ton of Gold" in the headlines over the story, that newspaper was not among th08e which reached the ex­ change desk in the Post-Intelligencer office. Tha~ same phrase, " A Ton of Gold," was flashed by cable under the At- 1antic and appeared in the n ewspaper" of England and the continent. The news was four Or five months t old when it reached the rest of the world, .()utsid~ of SeattIe, but it was received with no absence 'of enthusi­ asm on that account. The world awakened to the fact that the newest Eldorado had been uncovered and. the world's adventurers of every 'race and from every , ciifl'le were soon on . .th.eir way to Sea~; ' as the entrepot·.of .ihe great discovery, the place whenCe the news went out to the world It is an idle speculation 'how long it might have taken for the world to wake up to the magnitude of t he dis­ coveries.; how long the. development of the North and its opening to the world might have been delayed. Per­ hapsth ere might have been n o " Klon­ ,dike rush " at all, in the proportions which it assumed, and a picturesque story or rather a series of picturesque stories might h ave been lost to the w :orld. This much, at all events\ is reason­ ably certain: The phrase, "A Ton of Giold," introduced Klondike to the reading pu blic of the entire world wi.trun twenty-fou,r hour s after it was coined. ------------------ THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 26 .~.~~~.0.~.~.0.0~.~.~~.0.0~.0~~~.0.0.0~ " 0 o . • • 0 I New I o • • 0 o , · ~ I House I o • . • 0 0 · ' • 0 i Furnishings i o • • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 o , · ~ o • • 0 ! The advance shipments of our New ! • 0 ! 1913 Importations from British and For= ! • 0 ~ eign Markets Are to Hand. i ~ . • 0 o • • 0 i New Carpet Floor Squares and Sofa! ~ 0 " Rugs t Ne~ Scotch and Enn/ish Linole- ~ o ~. • 0 " ums~ Floor Oilcloths~ Etc.~ New Rugs~ ~ o , · ~ " Floor fMattings~ 'Draperies and Curtain ~ o • • 0 " gwaterials# Curtain Poles and Window ~ o • • 0 Iii Shades# Etc. ~ o • g 0 o • • 0 o ------ , · ~ o • m 0 o • • 0 " If you are going to OUTFIT or REFURNISH THE HOME, OUR ~ o PRICES WILL INTEREST YOU . • • 0 o • ~ If you are going to th e WHITE RIVER STRIKE, we have what " ~ you require in HUDSON BAY WOOL BLANKETS, EIDERDOWN " • COMFORTERS BEDDI NG, PI LLOWS, SHEETS, PI LLOW CASES, ~ ! TURKISH and LINEN TOWELS, a nd everything that goes to make " • the cabin or roadhouse compl ete. 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 o • i We Can Outfit You i • 0 o • • 0 " In PERSONAL APPAREL from the most complete stocks ever shown ~' " by tany house in the North. ~ o • • 0 o • • 0 i Our Stock of Fur Garments ! • 0 o • • 0 o Is being closed out at GREATLy REDUCED PRICES • • 0 " ~ o • ~ LADIES AND CHILDREN 'S WOOL UNDERWEAR " ~ For all ages and in a complete range of sizes. Our showing is repre- • • sentat ive of the best Ca nadian and English makers. You save money 0 o • • by buying at home . 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 o • I fel. 149 SCOUGALE'S. Tel. 147 i • 0 Iii SECOND AVENUE AND QUEEN STREET ~ o • • 0 o • • . 0'i . . 26 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS ,Yukon~ the Eden of . Bloom \ By G. HARRY LAWRENCE One of Dawson's Flower Enthusiasts I Wh en t he pioneers of tlw Northland of the vintage of ]898 made up their minds to· venture into the Klondike they thought of the Yukon as a coun­ try of perpetual ice and sn ow, where man hact--t-owrest1e;\vith nature in ller sterllest moods, to 'win from aJ;1 "ice­ locked" bosom the coveted gold. they expeckd to suffer all the terrors and unkno wn.. hardships of a " frozen n orth" for a year or so, and then go back to "God's country" t o enjoy their wealth and astoni sh th e natives with the tales of t heir privations and hard­ ships. Such was their conception of our fair Northland, and the same idea still prevails to a great exten t on th e outside. The reality, however, was very different. Instead of frostbites and blizzards th e pioneers found sun­ shin e and flowers-sunshine the whole twen ty-four h ours of the day and fl·ow­ crs everywhere-flowers in the ,,'ood­ land, along the streams an d river. s, in the valleys, on the hillsides and m ountain tops, growing in the finest climate in the wh ole world, a perfect Eden of Bloom from April until late ~eptember. Before the sn ow is off the mountains, the hills and valleys with a sout her n exposure are alive with the hardy wild cr oc us, or an emone, and t he delicate arbutus closely fol· lowed in .May by th e wild hyacinth-­ natural order Ranun culacere-pushing its long spike of dark blue and royal purple bells up along the banks of th e r oads wherever a little sunshine penetrates through t· h e trees. It has f-or its cornpanion s the pale bluebell an d t.he wild Nemophila. The banks along the roads and streams a re a mass of varying hues of blue from these three flow ers alone. A little later, in a somewhat more ex posed position, 'we see th e larger yellow daisy with its brown crown , surround· ed with p etals of purest gold . The first week in June tllE' wild rose begins to bloom, and all the old stumps of trees are n ow covered with its beautiful blossoms running from pale pink to darkest r ecl. There are million s of them healing the unsightly scars th e axman h as made. ' Vhat was desolation a sh OTt time before is n ow turned into a bower of beauty-homes for the humming birds and the bees. About this tim e the knowing ones are noticing where t h e thickest patches of white are sh owing, m ental­ ly staking their blueberry patch for their winter supply. E arly in July we see a tou ch of red­ di sh pink ·on the hills, and in a few days every bare spot on the moun­ tain's side is covered with a riot of color. The fireweed is in blossom. If you are fortunate you may find an albino a mong th em . They are very rare. Possibly a white one may be :i\ound in a hundred acres of red. Here and there in the meadows are to be found the blue lupine with its strong, stiff stem and pea-like blos­ soms. If we stroll along the smaller sk eams in the shady places we find the m odest violet. H ere also grows the Yukon orchid with its odd speckled blossoms, and if we l()ok carefully along the roa.d we can find almost hidden by the grass the won­ d erful miniature daisy, only an inch or so high, its blossoms n o larger than a dewdrop, perfect in eveTY d e­ tail and having more petals than its giant prototype, the Shasta dajsy. The anemone is also close by with its white flowers standing well above its dark green foliage. These are only a few of our wild flowers. There are a hundTed different kinds to be ob­ served and enjoyed by the flower lover . What our .sunshiny day s do to our cultivated fl'owers has to be seen to be believed. The garden s of Dawson and the Yukon are full of annuals such as Ageratum, Sweet Alyssum , DAWSON ROSES Antirrhinum or Snap Dragon, Calen­ dula, Candytuft, Centaurea O r Corn­ flower, Clarkla, Casmos, Daisies, Dimorphotheca or African Daisy, Flax, --. For-get-me-not, Gypsophilia, H elichrysum or everlasting flower, Kochia or Summer Cypress, Larkspur, Linum, Lobelia, Linaria, Marigold, .Mignonette, Myosotis, Nasturtium, Nemophila, Nicotiana, Petunias, Phlox, P oppies, common Shirley, dou­ ble and Iceland, Rudbeckia Or Golden Glow, Salpiglo~lsis, Schizanthus or Butterfly Flower, Sunflower, Swe;!t .sultan, Verbena, Viscaria, ;J;innia. The California state flower , Eschscholtzea, grows to a la:ger '" ).e and a more inten se color tl:a u ill its native state. Asters of all kinds an.:! colors attain their highest degree of perfection h ere. Sweet pea vines ten feet high with five blossom s to a single . stem is a Dawson production. Mrs. P erkins had the Spencer variety "Helen Lewis" with five blossoms to a stem, a world r ecord, last year. We excel old England in sweet peas in size, color and substance. No­ where in the world do sweet peas grow as luxuriantly as in the Yukon. Stocks, both of the ten-week and Brompton varieties, grow to enormous size, with flowering spikes eighteen inches long perfectly double in all colors. P ansies grow to a large size. Single hlos.soms measuring two .inches in diameter are common . Their coloring is superb, and if planted in -~ll drained situation will stand the win­ ter, as will also seve'ral perennials, such as I celand poppy, Delphinum · or Hardy Larkspur, English Daisy or Bellis P errenis, Meadow Rue or Thalictrum, Bleeding H eart or Dielytra, Spire a, Anchusa, Aquilegias, Dianthus, Sweet William, and others. Dahlias grow to great size. Flowers ten inches in diameter are not un­ common. They h aVe to be sto· red where they will not freeze during tlw winter. Hollyhocks grow and flower splendidly. Any semi-hardy plant or bulb will grow and bloom with great cert.ainty and profusion in our glor­ ious long sunshiny days. Tulips planted out in the garden early in September will reward you with a mass of bloom the n ext spring. They are perfectly hardy and our win­ ter does not harm them . All vines except the Impomoea family-they are strictly tropical­ make a rapid and vigorous grow L h. H op and canary bird vines will com pletely cover a porch or arbor in 'four or five weeks after being set out. Cobea Scandeus, wild cucumber, cin­ namon and Maderia vines, also climbing nasturtiums grow freely and make a dense screen of leaves very shortly after being planted. The cardinal flower , a recent intro­ auction of the Impomoea family, also the moon flower-Noceura Alba-of the same genus, do well h ere ; the moon flower especially so. It makes a growth of 25 to 30 feet in a season, t he leaves forming a dense mass. The large white trumpet shaped flow­ ers being borne well out from the foliage. This vin e loves the sh ade an d will n ot do well exposed to full sunshine. P ot plants, such as geraniums, fuchsias, agapan thus, begonias, palms, sausc veria, asparagu s fern s or nanus plumosa and sprengeri thrive luxur­ iantly set out in some sh eltered spot O r kept in p o .(s on the verandas. Tea and hybrid tea r oses grow and bloom splen didly when plan ted ou t in the open groun d . Traclescantia-wander­ ing Jew-a native of the Philippines, grows p rofusely in hanging baskets on our porches, and, instead of. th e bleak and dreary countT Y we expect­ ed, we have a country and a climate in which any plant O r flower will grow and gro w luxuriantly. "Ve of Yu­ k on should th ank the Guide of our destinies that our lives h ave fallen in pleasan t p laces, for our flowers are part · of the lure of the North. ' ---- ,- ---- ....... ~ ........ . • • • HOW TWO GOT ACQUAINTED • • ON THE SKAGWAY TRAIL. • • ••••••••••••••••• Life on the Dyea and Skagway trails in 1897 wa" full of intensely interest­ ing and amu sing in cidents. No one who spent a fe· w weeks or months on the trail can look back over that period without recalling occurrences filled with hum or and not infrequent­ ly carrying with t hem a vein of pathos as well. A party of men were gathered in a cabin on HunkE'r creek on e nigh t and amon g other experiences that were told occurred the f.ollowing: It happened one cold, blustering day that a certain man, whos~ nam e for present purposes will be J ohn Smith, had gone some distance from his tent on the Skagway trail in search of wood . While prosecuting his quest h e ran across a nice little pile of dry poles which just sui his n eeds for the occasion. Glancing around and findin g np one in sight h e concluded that the wood had been left by w rneon e wh o had moved his camp further · along the trail and proceeded to load hi s sled with the wood. Having completed t he job h e picked up the sleigh rope and leisurely started off toward his tent. A hun­ dred yards down, the trail crossed a. small gully at the bottom of which ran a small stream, still open . Smith had just cTossed th e creek and h ad started u p the opposite bank when h e heard someone calling from behind: " Say, you ------, bring back that wood." The manner in which the request was addressed did not tend to put .Mr. Smith in a good hum-o·r, so h e proceeded to inform hiil pursuer that if he w(lnted th e w00d h e would have to come ancl take it. Without h esitation the late owner of the wood accepted the invita~jon and proceeded on a run for Smith. Arriving at the creek he missed his footing and one leg w(~nt i:1 to tt.·~ knee, which rlid not. incr .'rt~e hi ;; good feeling toward Smith. H owever. i-Je crossed the little stream and m .d 1 f )~ Srrith, who, by the way, ,\ll S a very much smaller man. They clinched without delay, and soon a battle royal was in progress. Backwards and forwards they tussled, every minute getting down the slope, a little nearer to the creek . Neither had succeeded in landing - very h eavily on his opponent' s anato­ my and each in hi· s anger and ,desire to have t.he other's scaJp had f-or th e m oment forgotten the surroundings. They were brought . to a realizing sense THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 27, ROOMS $1.00 AND VP F . . W.VINNICOMBE, Proprietor 314 THIRD A VEN. VE SOUTH DAwsr IN, Y. T. Hotel New and Modern Throughout. Cafe and Bar First-C' ;Jass in Every thins NOW OPEN ' GREEN TREE I " HOTEL Choice Line of Liquors , and Cigars Always - on B .and WE SOLICIT YO'/(JR P ATI{ONAGE Edwin Gustafson and Jans Olson , - Props. DAWSON, Y. T. 28 of the condition of things, however , by both falling heavily to the ground. followed immediately by a loud splash and the two m en, still clinched , were lying in the cold water . of the creek. It did n ot take long for them to ex ­ tricate themselves . H ostilities were then su spended by , mutual conse nt. Smith pi cked up his sled r ope a ncl proceeded on his way back to the tent. _ -\bout an bour later, as h e and his two partner s were eating supper, the t ent fl a p was push ed asid e and a voice was heard to say: " Boys, I fell into creek d own here a ways; Can I come in and get warm?" " Come right in," was tbe ready r e­ sponse, and in stepped Smith's late fistic oppon ent. He had been som e. time enjoying the warmth of the fire before, in the dim ligh t of the tent, h e r ealized hi s surrounding". After a few moments h e slipped over to Smith, extending his hand and re­ m arked, "If e ver there was a pair of d- fools , they' re in this ten t right no·w, " It is n eedless to say that the two were fri ends from that moment. ••••••••••••••••• • GREAT BEAR FIGHT • • IN THE RUS H DAYS. On th e shore of a snug little cove on \Vindy Arm s om e 25 t ents were stretched and 25 boats were in various stages of con struction. Axes and ham­ mers we. r e ringing and saws were mer­ rily buzzin g. It seemed as thoug h a miniature n avy yard had suddenly sprung up and that the life of a na­ tion ,vas hanging upon th e rapidity with. which those boats could be con­ struC'ted. Directly opposite th e camp and plainly within ·sigh t -of t he ,,·orkers, a huge mountain arose, the.· sides of whic h were still pretty \yell covered with snow. Suddenly on e of tbe men dropped his hamme r and gazed across the . - \rm at the m oun tain. Hi gh upon the SIlOW an object with fou r legs could plainly be seen Ill (Ivin.g leisure­ ly upwards. Th e man called the attenti on of his partner to the object, a nd both simul­ tan eou·sly yelled "bear." Axes, ham­ m ers and saws were immediat ely dropped, a rush was made fOr tents, and 25 men all armed to t he teeth were. s{)on hurrying across th e ice in h ot j)Ur suit , of the game. High up the m ountain side t he shaggy monst er climbed, and wh en a goodly altitude had been reached dr.opped behind a rock The attacking party concluded that t hey had th em a specim en of the famous , silver tip, and having h eard of the traits of the animal de­ c;ided to move cautiou sly to th e at­ tack. For mutual strength and safety they divid ed into groups of five and moved in a semi-circle up toward the place wh er e the an imal llisappeared from sigh t. After an hour's arduous climbin g the first group came within a dista,n ce of. a hundred yards of the spot. Cau­ tiously r ounding a huge crag they b eheld the object of their sear ch curled up behind th e bi g rock . A hasty council of war was h eld and it was decided th at. it would only he fair t o the other hunter s to wait their ar­ rival before actual hostilities were opened. Also in order n ot to frighten the game it was deemed best to with­ draw from sight. A half hour's d elay brought the rcmainder of th e party up, and with rifles cocl,ed and revolv­ er s and knives within easy reach a simultaneous ad vance was m ade upon t h e enemy's fo rtr ess. At 50 yards ever y man suddenly stopped and rai sed his rifl e to hi s sh ould er. Th e moster had risen and turned his face t oward them. A moment later 25 m en were silent­ ly picking their way down a m oun­ tain side and a large Newfound land dog was frisking at their heels. It was n ot safe to m ention " bear ;' in that camp for some tim e after­ wards.-The Klondike Nugget, June 16, 1898. : ! THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS musbrooms found· n~ar Dawson By NIRS. GEORGE GRAIG Speaking of mushroom s found near Dawson it is well to remark theT e are some 35,000 species of fungi known to botanists. Closely allied to the Agaricus Campestri~ is th e Agaricus A-hruptu s. Most people do not dis­ tingui sh betwee n the two varieties, but in t he latter the cap is whiter and the stern m ore brittl e and hollow. I have found both these varieties in open spaces, at the e·dges of ·woods, and in our gardens in Dawson . But I always have had my doubts as to whether these two varieties are really indigenous to the Yukon, and have­ thought it possible that the spores have traveled in here with hay im­ ported into the country. And we all know that the origin of many a good mushroom patch h as been an old, well rotted manue heap. I am inclined to room or two?" " We'll bring the mushroom patch down." We let a friend in on the " deal," who, on half shares, supplied the horse and rig, we, of course, supply­ ing the mushroom patch. And here was where we got our first lesson ·with r egard to r emoving spawn. For several years nobody got any mush­ rooms. The patch itself went out of business and there was nothing doing in our garden, either. The moral is obvious. Do Y · Our experim enting with the bricks of spawn which you can buy from your grocer s. During all this time we used to pay regretful visits to the old patch and would grow reminiscent over its past glories, but the visits grew fewer and farther between and fin ally ceased. One nfwer -to-be-forgotten day, h o.w- , Hunting Mushro oms in a Klondike Vale believe that our real " n ative" mush­ room is neither of the two for egoing, but one we have always called Rod­ man's mushroom , as it is almost iden i tical with the one bearing that name.~ I shall never forget when out berry­ ing some ye~rs ago, near Dawson, ac­ cidentallv stumbling on a piece of ground iiterally covered. wit. h splen­ did mushroom s gr.owing in bunched­ up heaps, just lik e the ones we see in our dr eams-huge ones on top, smaller onE'S proj ecting from unde r th e big ones, medium-sized ones cosilv dovetailed in between, and finally lovely baby button s ne stling all a bout. I paused in stunned amazem en t , for I had not seen any gra.wing for many a long year. H er e were t1lUshroom s incleed. But we wer e several m iles from hOlIle and Our pails heaped with raspberries. Good luck helped u s to an old gold­ pan lying in th e bus h. \ The berry pails wpre delivered over to th e t en de r mercil':; of my .small son , wh o struggled along in the r ear of a veritable triumphal procession. :For years that patch yielded its ioll, and we yisited it regularly, but a mushroom or two was all we would get at a t im e, and often none. Th en I wen t to t he outside for some m onths. The bush had grown up. Old land-marks had di&Lppear~d, and we could not r e10cate our "find." Fortune at last fa vored u s, though, as it generally does those who persevere. Ther e was our dear old patch. Evi­ d entlv no one had visited it in our abse~ce, for t he year 's accumulation of mushroom s was lying in dried-up h eaps over th e ground. About this tim e a bright idea struck me. " Why all this tramping for a stray mush- .. . ever, being in the neighborhood of th e " patch," I decided to have a peep at it once again despite the protestE , of tl:.e lord of the h ouse Who was stroll­ ing on with that superior air of one who knows all about it. And, 10, ~vhat a splendid resurrec- . tion ! There t h "lY , were as n ever be­ fore-big heans, little h eaps, great spreading fello~sin p erfect condi­ tion. Our '·'find" that day weighed about ten pounds . Since th en , al­ though occasionally we ha ve been fortunate enough t t} gather a pound or two at a time from this particular spot, we have h a d to be mostly con­ t.ent with an occasional mushr oom or two· . Now, I believe t.his species is the· real· Yukon mushroom. I t is ver y like the u sual mushroom in a.ppear­ ance, but grows larger. It does not seem to depend upon artificially en­ rich ed soil for its existe nce, but may be found in any hard, dry , stoney soil. The harder the soil the bigger t.he mushromn. Apart from our own patch I have found them along the i\-cklen ditch and Moosehide trail be­ hind the Dome. In · very youn g speci- . m ens before the veil has broken the gills are almost . white, th en a very pale gray, th en pale fawn , th en rich brown, and , lastly, almost black. The cap i s creamy in color and peels well, but th e skin is thin and papery. The ring around the stem is well· de­ fined. The true Rodm a n has a double ring, but this is the only difference so far as I can see. The spores are brown. It grows often in clu"ters on one s L em. One specimen obtained weigh ed 12 ounces. I fbund this ·,same mushroom growing in the rocky, pine­ cla d hill s of the Harz mountains in Germany. It was identical in every respect except that when peeled er brais3d it stained an orange color ; but even so it was jus t as good when cooked . It has been very generally stated that t h ere ar e no poisonous fungi i n the Yukon. Thi s is a . m istake. I myself saw and examined a splendid specimen of the Death Cup , or Whi te Amanita, which h a d been grown in a neighbor's garden in Dawson . Th e · cap was white with a few loose patches of m embrane still adhering, the r emains of the ruptured volva which had originally en closed the young plant in an egg-like envelope. The stem was white and encircled with the annulus near the top. The base wa s abruptly bulbou s and mar­ gined by the wrapper remain s. The gills were white and free from the stem. The spores were white. In gathering musJ1Toom s for the table one must be careful to get the entire stem from the ground, for a most important characteri stic , j ~1e volva, may be left behind. The volva may be membranous and loose, cup like, or may appear only in the form .of rings Or scales at the base, with perhaps traces on the surface of the cap. Ther e are about twenty Ameri­ can species of the Amanita . . Some of them a re the most pois· o'n ous fungi known; whilst others a re among the finest possible for the ta ble, as, for example, the Orange Amanit,a or Kai serling . However, it may b e Toughly stated that the Amanita fam­ ily is not fOr the uninitiated, and the amateur will do well to avoid speci­ mens which. have stalks with a swol­ len base E,urrounding by a cup-like or scaly envelope, esp ecially if the gills are white. The young plant comes up egg-shaped, elongating into a dumb-bell formation. As the plant grows the wrapper is ruptured part o· f which is carried up on to th e cap, t h e lower h alf rem aining in th e ground forming the volva. The poison ef th e White Amanita or Death Cup, O r Amanita Phalloides is said to be similar to the poison of the rattle­ snake, and acts directly upon th e blood, dissolving the corpuscles, so that the serum ·of these escapes "tWill the blood-vessels into the alimentary canal and drains the whole system of its vitali ty. I und er sta.nd th er e is n o known antidote, and a very small portion will cause death . The sm ell of the toisonous amanita i s agreeable and the taste delicious. So if you are in any doubt about t he edibility of YOu.r mu ;:;hroom take Mr. Punch's ad­ vice as t o. marriagc---:." Don't." Some years ago I ~aw a veritab le garden full of the brown-capped am­ anitas in som e ground adjoining the slough. ef course these too mav have been imported in ha~ , and may not really be indigen ous . Space \vill not allow m e to more than tou ch upon the other edi ble mushroom s growing so plentifully upon Gur hills -the Inky Coprinus, or Umbrella. musllroom, ba.nana-shaped when young, ,,·hich matures in a nigh t and perishes in a day; the Shaggy Ma n e, or Horn tail, also" banana-shaped. These belong t.o th e black-spored species . Th en there is the edible Bo­ letus, or tubular mushroom excellen t for the table when the t ubes are re­ moved .· It, like th e Amanita is close­ ly allied to one of the fillc s't kinds­ the Steinpilz, and a lso with one of t he mos t p oisonous, the Boletus Sa­ tanus. Then there are MOl·els in plenty for t hose who know 'wher e to find them , a.nd they are a most suc­ culent m orsel. Again , th ere is the genus· Hydnum, commonly known as the H edgehog m u.shroom , or fungi with teeth , and so-called because in­ stead of bearing their spores on the surface of gills or tubes they bear them on their awl-shaped teeth which proj ect downward. And when you can find no mushrooms you can sometimes find puffballs, n ot to be despis.ed, wh t' 1l properly scraped, sliced and fri ed in butter. All th e American v·arieties of these alo e said to be harmless, and I can an swer per­ sonally for their flavor when still young and firm and white all through . ~ -. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 30 THE DAWSON DAtLY NEWS By Summer Trip to the Klondike I MARTHA MUNGER BLACK It is solemnly told u s that over one hundred and fifty thousand Engli~h­ speaking tourists ea ch year visit the fiords of Norway, or wor ship at the shrine of the Swiss Alps, yet at th e very door of the great North Am eri­ can continent lies a magnificently munificent waste of blue sky, bridal­ veil fall s, verdure-clad· m ountain s, salmon streams, mighty forests, storm­ swept ocean, O r placid inland pass­ ages, abounding with fish and water fow I of all varieties, and illimitable glaciers. Only within the last few ye'ars have birds of passage from Canada:, or th e States. begun to real­ ize that this vast Northland is more than an Arctic waste, cruel, grimly waiting to ensnar~ tho~e hardy pros­ pectors ready to da. r e all for the lure of the yellow m etal. And now it is that the loven; of the beau tiful, the wonderful or the bizarre in Nature, .are coming to these shores in greater num b ers each summer . From Vancou ver to Skagway by pa­ latial Cana;dian P acific Railway steamers means five days of , scenery. Of course, one must eat, th ough t h e time spent at table seem s su ch a waste when ther e is always s p read such a wonderful scenic feast. After the first two days out from Vancou­ ver , or SeattIe, if one is taking the summer trip, ther e is 'no night, noth­ ing but the weird, dim ret. r, ospective n orth ern twilight. The shores of the inland passage are dotted here and there by small settlements made up of fi sh er folk. prQSpectors or small farmers, o, r '-!1e odd looking and strangely attractive I npian villages. .H -St. Mary's, Bella :Bella, Juneau, FOTt Wrangel and other ports are to be seen th e fam ou s totem poles, a rare combin ation of door plate and family tree; the native graveyards where the Indians place their dead above ground in queer little painted hou ses with n eat picket fences surrounding the sam e. One morning ear1y, or was it late at night, our .steamer passed within a hundred feet of a giant b erg identi­ cal in shape with a Veneti'an gbn d()la, all that seemed necessary to compli!te the fantasy was a pair of snow-clad gondoliers singing a snow song. And the colors-the clearest, deepest, bluest of apphires showed never s o many radiant beauties. The water s of the Lynn canal are fairly alive with fish of seemingly endless varieties, and it is an unique sight to watch the schoQls of dolphin sporting in the waves, and oft times leaping high in the air. As t.h e day, s pass and we near the end of our voyage many whales of the small black variety are to be seen . Skagway is a picturesque little town, surrounded ent,irely by moun­ tains, the gateway to. the interi o, r, and fr om 't her e the train i s taken for Whiteh Q r se, the route following very . closely the famou s pack trail u sed by th e Argonauts of ' 98. At th e sight of m or e mountains, mQre glaciers, m ore mountain stream s one is at a loss for adject,ives expressive en ough. From the summit of the pass to Lake Ben­ n ett is a succession of beautiful m ountain lakes of clear p ellucid water. with seemingly neither inlet n or outlet. Th e station at B ennett is at t h e h ead of Yukon navigation, and as th e train winds its way around th e. fOQ t of t he hills surrounding the lake of the same n ame it is n ot difficult to hark back to the mad r u sh of '98 and imagine the lake dotted with small craft of all varieties. The next stop of interest is at Car­ cross, where are several fl ouri shing fox farm s, while about a mile from the station is the Indian Mission school, a fine building put up by the ,gove~~.ment, but is supported by the Eritloish ch u rch . From Carcr oss, too, Marth a Munger Black Wife of C.~mmis~ i~ner George Bl ack it is that th e wonderful Atlin trip may be Rlade. It i s too beautiful an experience t.o mi ss, whether In the early spring when nature is t empting the p'a~ ,serby to linger with h er prom­ ise of unfolding beauty, in' mid-su m­ m er when the wanton Dame i s in the fullness of her glory , or in the fall when she has felt the first light caress of J ack Frost. Th en it i~ that: On mountain and hill and valley Jack Frost has laid hi.s hand , With a vivid Tiot of color Like the rug of a Kashmir Kand, \Vhen the gray of an autumn evening EnshroQud s the snow-capped peaks, . The touch of r oseate color I s the blush of m y lady's cheeks. The snow in th e fri endly hQllows So lightly fallen to rest Were fashioned by God Almighty Like th e swell of m y lady's breast. The silvery sound of th e water fall In its course d Qwn th e m Q untain side H olds all th e j oy of my lady's voice On the day sh e becam e my bride. The sh immering sheen of Atlin lake I s veiled like my l ady's face By a billowy ma s.s o, f ,mow white clouds Wrought in pattern s Q f exquisite lace. The riot of color on mountain and hill Burns in my brain like wine, And I ra.ise my arm s to my lady fair And whi sper "Be mine, be mine." Now when a middle-.aged woman, who for several decades h as written n othing but perfectly respectable prose, loses control of her pen and writes such twaddle as the above, I believe even the most severe criti c will admit th er e must have been pro­ vocation , and there was. I took the Atlin trip in September when the col­ oring on hill, mountain and --valley would put to shame the Bulgarian colors used in the n cv:' cubist gowns. If the gentle r eader doubts, I wonder why it is that th e r eader is always supposed to be gentle, let him take th e' trip :md judge at fir,st hand. From Carcross to Whitehorse is a few hours through pine forests, by river s and lakes until within a short distance of Whitehorse the roar of many water s pent up between massive granite walls t ells the travele r that tIle MilpR canyon is below where the waters are madly r u shing forward to the White h o, r se rapids, rapids t hat claimed so many lives because of un­ skillful oarsmen , yet water s that may be . Elh orn of their danger if one 's craft . is piloted by hands that are sure and eyes tI'ained to the work. Twice have I gone thrQ u gh the rapids, 'once in a s OJall boat, again on a lumber scow, each tim e to see n ew beauties and feel fresh thrills of wonder at the audacity of man. The copper mines at Whitehorse are interesting, and should always be ' vis­ ited if the time can be spared. At Whiteh or,se, tQQ, it is that so many of the big game hunter s have made their start with gu ides and pack train for the interiQr. In attractive modern stern wheel steamer the trip from \Vhitehorse to Dawson r equh'es but a short two days. Stops are made at different mining or w ood camps en route, and then it is that th e traveler gathers flower s or berries grQwing in su ch profusion in all th e country. 'fhe first sight · of Dawson must cer­ tainly cau~,e the most sluggish pulse to beat m ore quickly, fQr the mem­ ories of th e trail of ' 98 are vet fresh in the m inds of all the civiliz~d world. Dawson, t.he mirage that impelled t h e seek er after gol d to blunde-r blindly onward, never h eeding car e, 1abor or hunger , for always the golden city lured m en with her cryptic promise­ Dawson of the now, a staid microcosm of shops, banks, halls and libraries­ with h omes , surrounded by beautiful garden s and filled with bright-eyed healthy children-Dawson of the now, today t h e scene of another historic starnpede-Dawson, a necessity to the companies operating th e mammot h dredges and giant hydraulics en­ gaged in harvesting annually their millions in golden wealth . To th ose of u s wh o know th e trip, the jQ urney never palls. To those of u s who know the cQuntry the "call Qf the wild" will always draw at the heart strings. T o. thQse of u s who live h er e, there is, t r', no place li ke home, be it in summer when the midni gh t ' su n tips the far distant peaks "at the witching hour of twelve:' OT in , .. inter when the north­ ('rn lights flash across the sky like the mysterious rays from enchanted prisims of a fairy's lamp. T he Dog (This dog had to be clubbed insen­ sible befor e he would allow them n ear hi s master's i'emains and b ore the scar as evidence on head.) Tell u s, poo, r dog, the story of the storm, that night your master died; \Ve found you crQuched beside his frozen form, you li cked hi s face and tried to keep him warm , Then loudly m Q aned and cried . We h eard your wailing:3 down the wintry gale, and R ou gh t your bleak abode; \Ve saw you strive to rouse your mas­ ter pale, we saw t h e fealty that di d not fail- The human pity showed. .-\.nd how you fought, nor ne'er would let u s go, but h eld u s all at bay, U ntil with cruel club and brutal blow we stretched you seeming life­ less on the snow, Beside hi s frozen clay. Did'st see in us a form th at treason ' told to your brute mind ? Didst see thy mast er's comrades known of old, desert him help­ less in t h eir lust for gold­ And grow to hate the kind? You cannot tell, poor dog, but yet to m e that jagged soar Seems fairer than gay b adge of chiv­ alry, n obler than prince of earth could grant to thee In cross or star . For it was WQn within a dell so lone, scarce God above didst h ear thy dear loved master's dying moan . Nor note thee sentinel, fami shed and alone, And all for loQ, ve -DUNOAN A. M'RAE. To Miss Lotta B 'n s, of Seattle, b e­ longs the honor of ringing int.o th e Yukon Territory th e first ladies' bi­ cycle. S he arrived 0 the Sover eig-n and exhibited the w el at vario~s ~ints alQng t h e river. H er descrip­ tiOn of th e reception 'ven the bike by t he I ndians in the is quite amusing and manufacturer s may at ome fu ture time, for advertising pur oQses, is~ue u pamphlet filled with illu trations of the memorable trip of th ladies' '97, from 'Frisco t Dawsoll. The wheel was purchased fr m a Miss Pringle, who won it in 0 of the Examiner's c(lntests, and to ay it is th e observed of all observers \ h en on parade bu t mildly expressed e at­ ten t ion paid to. the first bicy e in Dawson.-Klondike Nugget, A u 1st 6, 1898. Water- of Lower California produce lobsters, and many tons of crustaceans weJ;e shipped to th e United States last season. :. TH: DAWSON DA I L Y rl EWS 31 I Yukon crerritory IS Stability By GEORGE BLACK Commissioner of Yukon Territory Yukon is, without uoubt, entering 'upon a long period of prosperity. Vast .area s of gold-bearing ground that the pla cer miner of the boom days could not, and would not, think of working because of their comparative low grade have bf'en discovered .and ex­ pl ored and can n OlI' be mined with great profit. The working of these . areas has but commenced. On the tributaries of the Stew art river alone there is room for an army of placer miners and opportunity t o make at the lowest estimate by indi- . "Vidual effort much more than wages .at Yukon scale. By taking aclvanl age of the im­ pr ovement that year s of experience has produced in the operation of -placer miners , profits can be corre­ sp ondingly increased . Individual min­ ing and prospecting in Yukon r eceived a serious setback when capital came into the camp some years ago and . bought up the well known gold-bear­ ing creeks that had made the coun­ try famous, including Eldorad'o, B o­ nanza and Hunker. About that time "]Jew discoveries had been made, in Alaska, and many of the miners who sold out either gave up mining and moved out to various parts of Oan­ ada a n d th e United States Ol" went to .Alaska. The then un satisfactor y state of the mining laws and the govern­ m ent's m ethod of administering af­ fair s wer e strong factors in depopulat­ ing Yukon. ' Then it wa s that reports wen t abroad tha t Yukon mines were worked out and it has taken time for the comparatively , small number of bon a fide prospectors and miner s to .demon"trate the fact that the gold­ bearing areas are not confined only to the creek s in the vicinity of Daw­ son , b ut that th e territory abounds i n min eral deposits both in rock in l)lace and in placeT. The White River district is kn own t,o contain v not deposits of copper 'ore and requires only the establishment of transportation faciliti es to become :it populou s and productive center . To aid in the opening up of the White Ri,eT country, the ].ocal govern m ent is this year constructing a trail from th,_ Yukon river to the coppt-r camp, -and the federal government is h aving the coun try examined by eminent geologists. As evidence of its faith in the fu­ ture of Yuk on, th e· Dominion govern­ m ent this year in adding to the an­ nual road grant of $50,000 and $125,­ «)()O for expenses of government made IJ preliminary grant of $50,000 t o be "Used towards the construction of a in nk road between Dawson and \\Ihik h orse to be fi't for m otor travel and op £-n f.or traffic the year round. The large transportation companies operating h ere have within the last -year greatly added to their equip­ ment, extending their lines into n ew territory in .anticipation of an in­ -creased' volume of business. One dredging company alone has --thi s yea r added to its fl eet on the Klondike river dredges costing over half a million dollars. The gold output la st year was 334,560.79 ounces, which , valued at $15 per ounce, amounted t o $5,018, ­ 'DOO over the year previous. This year th e increase in output jg certain to be m u ch greater. Yukon presents a wonderfully at­ tractive field for the profitable invest­ 'ment of capital and opportunities for 'anv n umber of men t o becom e inde­ pe~dently rich by placer mining. The Yukon Territory Act, passed by ·th e p arliament of Oanada, provides 10r the appointment of a chief exec u­ tive officer to be styled and known as the commissioner of the Y ukon Ter­ ·ritory. An administrator may also be a ppointed to execute the office and George Black, Com missioner of Yukon functions of th e commissioner during his absen ce or illness or ether inabil­ ity . The commissioner shall adminis­ t er the governm ent under instructions from timE' to time given him hy the governor general of Oanada in coun­ ci l OJ: till' minister of the interior. Th e Yuk on ccuncil is composed of ten member s elected to rep're~ent the elector al di stricts in the territory . of which there are five, and t,,-o mem­ b er s ar e elected for each d istrict. Any p e1'son \I' ho is qualified to vote is eligible for election as a member of the council. All n ahlral born Cr nat­ uralized British subjecb or the full age of 21 year s and who have resided in the t erritory twelve m onth s prior to the date of the elcction shall b e en­ titled to vote. Formerly t he commis­ sion er sat as spea ker cf th e conncil, but a recent am endme nt provides that the council shall sit separately from the commiss ioner and shall elect a speaker. A 11 bills passed by the council shall be presented to the com ­ missioner for his assent and h e may approve or disapprove of any of such bills or reserve them for the assent of the governor in council. Ever y council shall continue for th1'ee year s from the date of the r e­ turn of the writs for the general elec­ tion, but the commissioner may di~­ solv e the council and cause a new one to b e elected . The council shall be convened at least once in every year after t h e first session thereo f. The in­ demnity to each m ember of the coun­ cil shall n ot exceed $600. The commissioner may divide or change the boundaries of mining dis­ trict s by proclamation . The gold commissioner shall have iurisdiction within such mining districts as the commisgione r (~irects . Mining r ecord­ ers shall be appointed in each mining district and shall possess all the pow­ ers and authority of a mining inspec­ tor, who shall a lso have jurisdiction within su ch mining districts as th e commissioner directs. Provision is made 'fer the · appoint­ ment of boards of arbitrators to settle di sputes bC'tween ownf"rs of claims with reo pect to (a ) the di~tributio!l of \\" 1ter; (b) boundaries of claims; (c) dumping privileges, and (cl ) over­ flow cf water upon adj oining prop­ erty . T :1,' boanl of arbitrators is ap­ p oi nted as follows : OnC' arbitrator to 1 )(' appointed by each of such own­ ers, I1nd i:l the event of the total num­ ber of arbitrators so appointeel ueing an even numbL'r, th en an addi tional arbitra tor co be selected and appoin t­ ed by all of such arbitr ators appoint­ ed by the own ers. In th e event of th e arbitrator s appointed by the own­ er s b2ing an even number and being unable to agree upon the additional arbitrator, the gold commissioner , upo n being requested so to do by such arbitrators, or by anyone of th e in­ t eres ted owners, shall appoint the ad­ di ti·cnal arbitrator. The judgm ent of the board shall be fin al as to facts, but the case may te appealed to the territroial court on any question of law. In 1897 the first commissioner , or governor, of the Yukon arrived, in the person of Major Walsh . H e was succeeded sho~tly afterwards by Wil­ liam Ogilvie, if pioneer of the govern­ m ent survey staff , who first visited the country in 1887" when h e accom­ panied Dr. Dawson-after whom Da w­ son Oity is namea-on an exploration expedit ion . Mr. Ogilvie appcinted an advisory staff, or council, er the chigf officials of the governmen t service. In 1900 two elective member s of this council were granted to the people. This number was increased to five in 1!)03, wh ich, with five appoint ed mem­ bers, gave the ccmmissioner, who pre­ sided at the council, the controlling power. However, a great agitation had existed for many year s for a. wholly electi ve council and finally in 1908 th " governmen t authorized thi s furth­ er concession. The first election under the new crder of things took place the summer of 1909. This wholly elective ("ounci] holds offic2 for ihre2 years. So fa r as federal r epresentation is COll­ cerned, the territory also h as been tre ated liberally . In 1902 the first m ember of parliament for th e Yukon was elected in the person of J ames H amilton Ross, n oli' a federal sen a­ tor. The m ember for the Yukon, unlike the federal delegate from Alas­ l,a to congress, ha~ all t ) w powers and privilt'ges of the other m ember s of t he federal h ouse . Dr. Alfred Thompson was th e sec- . ond member; F. 1. Oongdon, K. 0., t Il e' third, while Dr. Alfred Thompson i s now the encumbent again. The First Cow in Dawson. The first m ilch cow ever in Dawson arrived on \Vednesc1ay. She was not very well pleased with h er surround· ings and did n t give mu ch milk, but that first milking brought, just $30 in Klon clikc dust. She will be treated t o the best that Dawson affords-flour and packing ha.y-an d is expect­ ed to do bette ' fl S the days gr ow shorter. One hv-ndred dollars a milk­ ing is not too l1"\u ch t o expect of her, as she comes cl \good family and will not do anything\ to make h er ances­ tors turn over \n th eir graves-or, more properly sp~aking, in the stom­ ach s of their pat~{)ns . H. I. Miller IS th e man who hrpught h er III along \\'ith 1!J male cOIJIP~nions . The gentle­ man is m o· r e fall"l iliarly known as " Oow" }fIiller , and ,as Oow Miller let llirn b e known from thi s on. . :.\ ll l1ail to you. Ml\s. Rovine! May YOUr shadow never gr ow less and may your society improVt~ the people-in­ ternally at least. WdcomC' you are, HUrl it i- trust ed the wel cem e will bring a stamped{' of your kind, for it is considered you are a valuable addi­ t iOll to Dawcion.- Th e Klondike Nug­ gel, J uly 2, 1838. ••••••••••• • • •••• • • DEMAND FOR • GOL D IS • • • INCR EASING. • By Jooeph 'f'. Talbert, vice-president of th e Kah cnal City Bank of New York: It is lack of protection by C(lIlC(mtration which makes the stock of gold in the United Sta tes treasury and t he banks an E'asy prey to the , necessities of l'ival n ations. This con stitutes one of the very greatest ~nd graveo,t points of o·ur financial "1.':rak n t.:'ss. India is n ow taking from London sli gh tly more th an a quarter · of th e world' s gold production . This gold is absorbed in . tr ade or is h oarded and scarcely an y r eturn s. The sam e ,is t,rue of gc.ld sent to Egypt and to South Ameri can state~, particularly of that sen t to Argentina in exchange fo r food products . and raw material s. We begin to und er stand n ow that there is n o overproduction of gold, but that if continues t o, expand a nd the demand for gold increases in th e same ratio a s during the past few years we shall be threaten ed with. if not actually confronted by a r eal sh ortage. One immediate effect of th e r educed · stocks of Am erican and European gold will be to bring about a sharp declim· in prices. Pri ces in thE' nat­ ural order of things canno t go o n in­ creasing indefinitel y:. Whether of com­ modities or of labor there is and must be a limit, and' that limit ' is de­ termined by the available supply of gold which in turn determines and limits credit supply . ------ - - YUKON'S BIG GAME Big game huntel's from all parts of i.he world inva,ded Yukon la st sum­ m er. Th ey are learning that Yukon's innumerable valleys are an10ng the best in the world for the hunter. H owever, it is well th ere 'is a limit w the number of fine specimens these f p o;rtsmen may carry away. '. 32 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS By GEO. P. MACKENZIE The Mining Laws of Yukon Gold Commissioner for Yukon Territory The mining laws in force in the Yu­ kon Territory may be classifi€d under the following heads: First. Those regarding placer min­ ing, which are embodied in an act of the parliament .of Canada passed in 1906, entitled the "Yukon Placer Mining Act," and in s€veral amend­ ments. Second. Those regarding dredging, which are embodied in an order o.f the governor-general-in-council passed on the 14th of May, 1907, and am end­ ed on the 31st of May, 1911. Third. Those regarding quartz min­ ing, which are embodied in an order of the ; g'overnQr-general-in-counc;~l, dated August 13, 1908. Fourth. Those regarding coal min­ ing, which are embodied in an order of the governor-general-in-council , dated . the 20th of April, 1910. Fifth. Those regarding petroleum and natural gas, which are embodied in an order of the governor-general-in­ council, dated March 11 , 1910. Under the said Yukon .Placer Min­ ing Act and its amendments, any per­ son over, but not under, eighteen years of age, whether a British sub­ jeot or .not, ma.y ;acqIDre, staking and applying, placer mining claims of the size described therein, nam ely, "Any person or party of persons locat­ ing the first claim on any creek, hill, bench, bar or plain, or locating a claim on any creek, hill, bench, bar O r plain, upon which there is no r e­ corded claim , is entitled to a claim or claim s respectively of the fo110,v­ ing sizps : One locator, one claim 1,500 feet in length; a party of two locators, two claims, each , of 1,250 feet in length; a partv of more than two 10- cators, two cl~ims, each of 1,000 feet in length; and for each m ember of the party beyond two , a claim of the ordinary size only, namely, 500 feet in length. Creek claim s are two thous­ and feet in width, and all other claims are one thousand feet in " .. idt.h." And person having recorded a claim (creek, hill, bench. bar or plain) within a valley or basin, has not the right to locate another claim within the said valley or basin with­ in sixty days of th e date on which h e has located the said claim. The grants which are issued for placer mining claims are only good for one year from the date of issue, but th e right to renew from veal' to year is absolute, provided the grantees thereunder, or their assigns, do or cause to be done thereon, at least two hundred dollars' worth of work dur­ ing each year of the said period. in accordance with a schedule prepared by the gold commi ~ ,sioner and approved by the commi ssioner, and file within a prescribed tim E' with the mining re­ corder, or his agent, an affidavit stat­ ing that , such work has bf'en done, an d setting out a detailed statement thereo, f, and pay the r equired renewal fee. The mining record er may grant per­ m ission, fot a term not exceeding five years, to any person or persons own­ ing adjoining claims not exceedin g ten . in number, to perform on anyon e or more of such claims, all the work re­ quired to entitle him Or them to re­ newal s. Wh en application is made by more than one person, the applicants must fil e a deed of partnership creat­ ing a joint li ability ' between the owners. With the approval of the cOHlmis­ sioner of th e Yukon Territory, any number of claim s, adjoining Or not adjoining, may be grouped in a similar way if, upon the repo-rt of the mining in~pector , it is shown to the satis­ faction of the gold commissioner that such cla ims are to be operated by a system proposed. Under the dredging regulations, leases to dredge for minera,}s in the beds d rivers having an average width of 150 feet, are issued fQr per­ iods of fifteen years for .stretches of river not exceeding ten miles in length, and these leases are r enew­ able at the discretion of the minister of the interior, provided it is shown to his satisfaction that the leasehold has not been fully mined, and that the lessee has, during the term of his lease, efficiently operated the lease­ ho, ld, and that he has otherwise fully complied with the provisions of the regulations in that behalf. The rentals called for by these dredging regulations are $100 a mile fo'! the first year, and $10 for each ad­ ditional year. The lessee under said lease is r e­ quired to install on the leasehold, and put in operation within three years from' the elate, of said lease, at least one dredge, and shall, in every year thereafter during th e continuation of his lease, d1 redge from said leasehold not less than 20,000 cubic yards of gravel. Under the Quartz Mining Regula­ tions, any person over, but not under eighteen years of age, whether British subj ect or not, who ·discovers rock in place, is entitled to stake a claim measuring 1,500 feet in length by 1,500 in width, and to receive a record for the sam e, · on making application with­ in the time specified in these regu­ lations ; but he may not locate more than one claim on the same vein 0.1' lode, or within a distance of one-half mi~. • Quartz claim s, not exceeding eigh t in number, which are adjoining one another, may be grouped together for the purpose of doing the required amount of aBsessment work called for by the said regulations, namely, one hundred dollars' worth per annum per claim. The record s which are issued for quartz clain ls entitle th e holders tlwreof to obtain crow n grants for thE'~e claim " upon performing at least one hundred dollars' worth of work per annum for five consecutivE' years, or five hunched dollars' worth of work during on e or two, years, or mort', and having a survey made thereof and properly advertised an d posted, and paying tlw surface rights at the rate of one dollar an acre. The right of the holder of a quartz record to. rem ain in posRession of the claim covered by ~aid record is abso­ lute, providecl he has performed, or cau sed to be performed, the r equired amount of work, and fi les with the mining recorder within the specified c] f'lays, proper affidavits giving an itemized account of su ch work, and the right of the holder of a quartz re ;ord to secure a crown grant i.s ab­ "olute. provided he has fully complied with th e regulation s in that behalf. Both as regards place, r mining and ' qual'tz mining, if any person satisfies the mining record er that h e is about to · undertake a bona fide prospecting trip, h e may receive written permis­ sion from the m ining recorder. allow­ ing him to record a claim within his mining dist.rict at any time within a period not exceedin g six months from t.he date of hi s staking such claim ; and if any person satisfies the mining recorder that he is about to under­ take a bona fid e prospecting trip, and fil es with th e mining recorder a power of attorney from allY Humber of per­ sons . . n ot exceeding two., authorizing him t~ st.ake claims for th em, in con­ , siderat-ioll of 'their hAving enabled him to take the trip, he nJay stake on e claim in the nam e of each such person UP o.n any creek on which he mAkes a disCOVE'I1' . Und er the provisions of th e Coal : Mini ng Regulaeions, leases to mine coal R.rE' issued to any person stak­ ing and applying faT the ~ame. The term of su ch lease is for twentv-one years, and is renewable for a fu'rther period of twenty-one years provided the lessee has complied fully with the conditions of his lease. The maxi­ mum aTea granted to anyone person i, s 2,560 acres, and a rental is charged of one dollar per acre per year, pay­ able in advance. Prior to April 7, 1913, a roya.lty of five cents per ton was levied on the m erchantable output of the mine, but, to en oourage the development of the coal mining industry, an order of the governor-general-in-council was passed on the seventh of April, 1913, provid­ ing for a period of five years from that date during which no royalty should be charged ·on coal mined in the Yukon Territory. Under the provisions of the petro- leum and natural gas regulations, any person may secure, by staking· and applying, a lease to bore for petro­ leum and natural gas . The term of such lease is for twenty-one years, and is ren ewable in the discretion of the minister of the interior. The rental called for by these leases is twenty-five cents per acre per year for the first year, for each subsequent year a rental at the rate of fifty cents per acre, payable in advance. The foregoing, while m erely a synop­ sis. will cOllvince ,anyone having ex­ perience of mining laws of other coun­ tries, that we have today, in t h e Yu­ kon Territory, as liberal, as secure and as workable a compilation of laws iI 5 can be found in any country. A Word· About Da'wson Hotels By]OSEPH A. SEGBERS F ew cities of the sam e size has as many gOQd hotels as the city of Daw­ son. A great number of the'hostelries are first class, and offer to the travel­ ing public as good accommodations as any hotel on the outside. Some of them are fire proof and up-to-date in every respect. Most of Dawson's hotels are located on First, Second and Third avenues, near the landings of al! river boats. A five-minute walk from the steamers will land one in anyone of them. During the last two a great number of improvements have bee~ made among the different hotels F or instance, lobbies and reading ~ooms have been added. In most cases Daw­ son's hotels have in connection the best of cafes. where on e can obtain anything desired. Nea, dy all of the h otels E'lectric-lighted, steam­ heate d and have nmning wate r. One of th e particular features in connec­ tion with the hoteis in Dawson is the tariff. One can be housed in an hotel in Dawson aR ch eaply a~ in Vancou ­ ver or SeattlE', and obtain ju~t about as good accommodation s for the nIoney. In connection with some of the hotels there ar E' large billiard room s whi ch many of th e hotels . on the ou~ side would be proud to have on their premi ses. All of Dawson 's hotels have te1e p}lOn e service. In fact from t119 time of entering the hotel 'until lea v, ing one is provided with all the neces. saries of life. In the botels will be found large, airy out·side r ooms, spacI. ous halls, resting room s for the ladi e& and beautiful verandas where one can sit in th e utmost comfort and enjoy th e balmy day s and long, delightful summer evenings. Thp lea,diing hote.lkeepers llIake it feature of decorating their lobbies and verandas with bea.u tiful plants and running vines, which make them a verita~le bower during the smnmer; and WIth the luxurious couch es, rock­ ers and hammocks with which the verandas are furnished, there is af­ ford ed a very dcsirable place to spend the summer months. One will see people sitting there enjoyi ng the beautiful evenings wh ich no OtlWT country under the sun can boast­ evenings llIade delightful by the never­ ending dayli ght. From the verandas unfolds a panorama, of mountain scenery, while below strctches th e mighty Yukon , winding in and out among the verdant foothills. Curving automobile r oad s are seen winding in and out, and up and down through the hills and alon g the river over naturally macadamized road s. Thus one will find Dawson a city of hotels which , offer to the tourist and the traveling public and all ye old sour- doughs every facility for making you happy during your sojourn under the midnight sun. One can give but a faint description of the scenery and a poor idea of the freedom and enjoyment afforded by a summer spent on the Yukon, as it is impossible to convey with the pen what it means to. view the · midnight sun, to be a.ble to read twenty-four h ours of the day without artificial light, and to enj o'y the endless scene of rare beauty afforded by a trip down the Yukon . Many ot' Dawson's ent€rprisin g h otel proprietors add improvements to. their establishments each year ~\Vhich s01)1e of the best hotels outside would consider extravagant. In an isolated region tlu'ee hundred miles from the Pacific tidewater, tourists naturally look for and expect inconveniences of every clescription, but from the mo­ m ent of alighting from the beautifully equipped steamers of the Yukon, the traveler is confronted with deligh tful surprises in the way of unsurpassed hotel service-rooms en suite, or single, with baths; lounging room :; for the ladies; sumptuously furnished lob_ bies, with walls and ceilings artistic­ ally decD,rated, and offices containing comforta ble leather furn1 shings. The cafes in connection with the hostelries serve not only .all the delicacies found anywhere in the world, but in addition, game not to be found in other regions. 'Fresh ganlen stuffs are obtainable in abundance from the n earby gardens, and the soil along the Yukon produces the best in the world; also the tables are supplied with luscious ra spberries, currants and blueberries. During a summer spent as a guest at oile of fam ous Dawson's hotels a rare opportunity i5 afforded the student of hum an nat.ure. One meets in the lobby, on the veran­ da, in t he billiara room or in the cafe people from every walk of life. The attraction for this historic town and the dr sire to return to it is due to an indescribable air of freedom, the lack of fooli sh conventionality, and the buoyant air and general feel­ ing of good-fellowship. .-\. summer spent on the Yukon is one long t.o be remembered and never regretted. The camera fi end is in his glory. QUARTZ 1 N YUKON Hundreds of t. housands of dollars have been put in Yukon quartz development, and plans are being made for opening many more mineral properties in the territory. Yukon's mineral resources will yet occupy a long column in the world's hard rock statistics .. .J , I 1 I I THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 33 , - .. ... 34 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS By The Future of Yukon ~ Frederick T ennyson Congdon, K. C. What an immense aid it would be to an endeavor to "foresee things to Xlme" were we possessed of better records, "declaring the former things"! How, for example, our :knowledge of the geology of the Yu­ kon would be illuminated by a map -or description showing the condition -of a small section of the land ages ago. If we knew how the regions " where the valleys like trenches gloom narrow and black" looked in prehis­ i.oric times it would h elp imagination .and reason not only to predicate fu­ iure changes, but to appreciate more fully existing conditions. A little -consideration shows that the seer who looks into the future undertakes a task ibut slightly more difficult than the iask of him who seeks to understand the past or even the present. Every thing past, present and futur e "rc)~t3 .on inscrutably d eep foundations; whIch h e is of all others the most mi~taken who fancies h e has explored to the bottom." The simplest judges ,almost as well as the wisest. It is, therefore, no presumption to m ake a sincere attempt. ..... The fervor that has prevailed in Dawson for some weeks past as a re· suIt of the gold strike on the upper Tanana indicates that the old spirit of . adven ture has not wholly departed.1 The fearless manner in which men undertake th e weaTY jouTney recalls the marvelous days of Dawson's early life. Age cannot w ither these m en nor custom stale "th eir infinite activity. . Before th em lies many a mile to, measure; the juurney ended, strife, lab or, toil, hard­ -ship await them . They all know it. They do not wince, They start as upon a summer's jaunt and! will not m Ul'mw' no matter what betides them. Dawson needed some such awaken­ ing, Y The ceaseless grind of endless ·chains of dredging buckets was begin­ ning to hypnotize u s . The big com­ panies paralyzed us. 7 The wOTld seemed bounded by the Yukon Gold -company, Boyle Concession s, Limited, -an d TTeMigold, And n ow we have learned that there are Tegion s where men may dig their own gold and get s uch qu an tities as may make them indepen dent of Guggenheims, ,and gov­ 'ernments, and free fTom the care of seekin g jobs. Years ago the humblest of them wa~ an independent man. H e worked fo, r himsdf. I t took years and -dire necessity to harness their inde­ pendent ambition to the grind of of wage earning. For, however honor­ 'able and laudable the honest work for hire m ay be, there is no wage earner who does not lon g for the day when he shall be his own master and direct and govern his own energetic work. -In this is found one of the great at­ tractions of the prospector's and miner's life. It is the freeman's life. 'The worker reaps the profit of hi s 'own intelligence, energy, skill and in­ dustTY. H e lea rns his own lessons. H e calls no man boss. The worst -that any of us wish for the adventur­ 'ers now setting forth with high h o, pes and comage is that they may all at­ 'tain the moderate fortunes necessary to perfect independence. For many ages to come mining in -the Yukon will afford attractive in­ vestments for capital, with frequ ent opportunities to humble men to achieve fortunes by bold and active . enterprise, Mining will remain .our chief industry. Yukon contains min­ -eral belts that ten thousand men could not carefully prospect in a hun­ dred years of devotion to th e task, For ages to come discoveries will be made from time t o time. Apart from ·the placers that may be developed by rea"on of th e to the ,n ew Bo­ nanza the attention attracted to the -region will n o doubt hasten the de­ velopment of th e rich copper and '(}uartz region adjacent to th e sources Freder ick Tennyson Congdon, K. of th e White river , Whiteh c.rse h as already ed enduring cOPIJer mines. Caribou has yet to come. But be~ide mining are th ere any pussible industries to sustain a popu­ lation in the Yukon ? My answer woul d be unhesitatingly, yes. Upon this con tinent, as c,n other con tinents, th ere is a growing population of people who ,vill be satisfied with less th an satisfies t he average people of America today. To be certain of shelter, of plenty to eat and drink , of firewood and a few other things is enough to satis fy the sen sible and un­ ambitious. They do not want palaces, n O r automobiles, nor yachts, nor any of th e thousand luxuries that torment the rich 'tnd enslave those wh o would be promin ent socially without Tiches. Along the cool sequestered vale of life they will ke8 P the noiseless tenor of r,h elr way. In peaceful contentment they will live and die. They will not stagnate mentally. Their children will be strong in body and clean in mind and will furni sh a splendid race of sturdy men. While the richer lands of the more southern parts of Canada are available agriculture will not largely occupy people in the Yukon, but later this territory will be farmed and ljllay in time produce a race as splendid as the Norsemen, who, from homes as cold as the Yukon and more uninviting, at one time spread over the finest regions of EUl'ope, and con­ quered as much by their virtues as by their valor. Few of us expect to farm , but all of u s know that with a little industry and care we could make comfortable h omes in innumerable paTts of the Yuk,on and live in independent peace an d plenty on th e products of the land, cultivating our minds and neg­ lecting nothing u seful. There are regions here suitable for ranching. Horses, cattle and sheep cou1d re a-dily be reared in m any parts of the territory. Yukon is the great reserve land of Canada. Dr, Dawson so declared and h e was a very wise C., Ex · of Yukon. r n d penetrating man, Yukon's poten­ tialities are enormous and will only be discover,ed as necessity presses. In fur farming th e Yukon could easily create an industry that would yield more than the mineral produc­ tion of today, For the production of cer tain classes of fur the land is sur­ passed by none. Imagine the Yuk, on sending h er foxes and h er martens to I'rillce Edward I sland simply because n o cne h ere cares to enter upon the J:.u Einess of rearing them. Fur farm­ ing is a fi !1e industry, In it a man ca;, put as much intelligence and skill as in an y known business. There is EO reason why there sh ould not be in "be Yukon prosperous fo x farms, mar­ ten farm s, mink, otter, skunk, beaver, Pe rsian lamb farm s and several oth­ ers , The d em and for fUT is increas­ ing with the increase o.f wealth and with the wider diffusion of knowledge of fashions. Everv automobile creates fresh demand fO l~ fur. A few years ago a village w,ould not learn of fur O r other fashi, en s under a decade_ Today the fa shion s are known in the remotest parts almost a s quickly as in London ur New York, so that while the pr,oduction d fur is not increas­ ing the demand and price are rapidly increaSing. No better enterprise could be undertaken than co-operative fur farmi ng. Fish and game abound to feed the animals, and large tracts for their habitations are readily avail­ abLe. Freight on skins is not prohibi­ tive. There are not at present so many industries in the Yukon that we can afford to neglect this important one, One of the drawbacks to men in the Yukon has been their desire to get rich quickly and their n eglect of sure modes of stea,dily acquiring compe­ tence. Land for peltry farms· should easily be acquired here, and in such large tracts as to avoid much 'of the expense incurred in caring for ani­ mals where land is of high price. The wide tracts would have the further advantage of enabling the ani­ mals to be furnished with more nat- Ex-Commissioner of Yukon ural habitats, thus insuring more per­ fect health and more certainly in breeding. Millions of dollars, ought to be coming into this territury an­ nually in return for its export of furs. Instead of starting industries here, men are foolishly scouring the land, seeking for animals to send to Prince Edwarcl Island to breed theTe instead of here. Looking back, we find the Yukon a few years ago shrouded in profound and impentrable mystery. Looking forward, we can unly detect a few im­ mediate possibilities, and yet no one _ can,. tell what · the developments and discoveries of a few years may dis- close in this enchanting land, It would be worth while to secure the presence in the Klondike of a number of prominent physicians. They would soon, disoover and make widely known what all of u s have known for some years, that the Yu­ kon is the healthiest land on earth. Yukon "is the finest land that the sun doth shine upon." Hither mothers will come to bear their o, ffspring when they learn of the wund erfUI health of the children h ere. The bronchially afflicted and the pulmonary weak will come h ere to repair t heiT defective or­ gans. Some day th ere may be o.een fine hotels in the lan d. One will be built upon the plateau behind Dawson and will be conspicuous all et" gay with bunting and attractive from near a n d far. Thither th e sweltering denizens of the sun-stroked cities, of the East will love tu com e and rest in pleasant joy, reveling in the summer glory of the Yukon. Golf links, tennis courts and evcn croquet lawns will help amuse them ' , Autos will bear them hither and thither, and the more ener­ getic will' mount broncos and wander over the beautiful hills or mush in healthy YUkQll fashion. After the geol­ ogists, bring the doctors, and the trick will bedon e. All that is n ecessary is to make known widely the glories of this superb land and its h eavenly climate. The prospect of pwfitable work for l'ailways and steamboats, created by development of mines, ranches and e,ther illdllstI~e~, \\i]] be irn;- :,'oH'Q. by t he certain ty of large tourist traffic. Boys and girls growing up and taught to look upon the Yuko()u as their own dear native land will wed and build their nests here, surround­ ing themselves with comfort, beauty and refinement. P eople of the class who come now only for temporary stay until they get en ough to go " outside" will ~ettle in the Yukon as they settle in other regions which furnish them with the m eans uf inde­ pendence. The presence of people content to dwell h ere during their lives will improve the character of the northern communities by remov­ ing the spirit of unrest which is dis­ turbing and distracting, and by caus­ ing men and women to settle down in the quiet routine of contented home building, INVESTMENT IN NORTH In no country under the sun does an investment yield the percentage of p])o, fit it does in Yukon. No other country produ ces the per capita wealth of Yukon , No other country produces a commodity more market­ able and of m ore sure and fixed value. Yukon's gold is not only marketable, but sought everywhere. Coops may be ruined by h eat, frost, flood, or fire -but Yukon's chief product stands th e test of all these. Reinvestment in Yukon is a safe venture for any­ one, A girl's kindness to a man is often dangerously like th e spider's polite in­ vitation to the fly. r I . - ... THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 35 r~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------, \ I 36 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS Education ' in' Yukon '~ !I 11 The first public schools in Yukon were established at Dawson in the year 1900 by the ter ritorial govern­ ment, as soon as the perma nence of the camp was assured and th e resi­ de ts could conveniently bring in their families. _ Temporary quarters for school purposes were, at first , pro­ vided in variou s buil dings, am ong others in the · old Masoni c h all and th e Salvation Army barracks, both of which stood on th e governmen t lot north of the presen t Adm ini stration building. The Dawson public school buildin g. erected in 1901 at a co~t of over $40,- 000, was undoubted ly, at the time it was built, the finest, largest and 1I1OSt -costly sch ool buildi ng north of Edm on­ t on on thi s continent, an d today is probably superior in size, appearan ce and equipmen t to any other n cr t h of fifty-four forty. Th is b uilding is equipped with a first-class steam-heat­ ing plant and wit h tungsten electric lights, so that on th e coldest an d glo miest days of January school work may be cond u cted with as mu ch com­ fort and efficiency as in the cities ()f the south. Th is sch ool building, which h a s recently been thoroughly r epaired and repainted , has eight d ass-rooms, each large enough to ac­ commodate forty or m ore pupils . On e r oom is used as a kindergarten, the fi rst and only regularly organized public kind ergarten in the North, pre­ sided ()ver by a directress specially t rained for kindergarten work in Tor­ -onto, the p ion eer city in this line of education al work in Canada. To th i::. d epartm en t children between the age,; o f four and six are admitted free. Three rooms arc devoted to work of the grades, and three to h igh sch ool work one of the latter being a well­ equipped laboratory for chemistry and physical scien ce. One room, not n ow n ecessary for class-work, is available as a recreation room for girls in cold or rainy weather, thus in a m easure making up for the lack of a basem ent which is a regular feature of all large modern schools . A Dawson school cadet corps of over thirty members, organized under th e Tegulations of the militia department, flourished for some time, being in­ 'Strutced by an able officer of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police, but the corps had to be di sbanded r. ecent­ ly owing to its rapidly changing per­ sonnel and the difficulty of securing e nough boys of the right age and size. Music and manual training are, un­ - fortunately, two branches of public school work which, owing to local conditions, it has been found impos­ sible to include here as provided for 'in outside cities. The school ordinance provides that ;8. r egular school shall be maintained in any district where there are at least twelve children of school age within an area of five square miles. 'Such schools at various times and for varying periods have been established -at Grand Forks, or Bonanza; Lower ]3onanza, Bear Creek, 2 Below on Sul­ phur, Gold Bottom , Last Chance, at the mouth of the creek; Caribou, 01' Upper Dominion; 74 Below 'Lower Do­ TIlinion, Granville and Whitehorse. Where there are at least six chil­ dren of school age in regular attend­ ance, the government has given lib­ ~ral grants for "assisted" schools, which have been in operation at Gran'ville, Bonanza; Gold Bottom, 9 13elow Lower Dominion, near Paris; Quartz Creek, Fortymile, Selkirk. Con­ rad, and Carcr.oss. the "assisted" 'Scltoo1s, professionally trained teachers with Oanadian qualifications have not always been available, but such teach­ ers 'h ave always been appointed when­ ~vef possjple, ItU ·. reg.plar governmept schOQIs only pt:ofessionally trained teachers of Tegillar qualitie&tions and successful ex~ience are appointed, For the t\\·o graded schools at Da W SOll and years the attendance has been about WhitehorsE' it ha s been the policy to tlw sam e, sometimes, though r arely, appoint speciali sts in charge of th e exceeding 50. This departmen t was various departments. regularly organized in the fall of 19u;3, A public school was esta blished at and laboratory equipment for experi­ Whitehorse in 1901, a nd a n excellen t m ental science was first secured in building, with tw o. classrooms, was 1904. Beginning in June, 1905, matric­ erected by th e go\'ernment in 1902. ulation examinations have been h eld The number enrolled a thi s sch ool every year under th e auspices o· f the during t h e past year varied from 58 to ec'lueati on department of the province 43 and the daily average attendance of ntario for entrance in to th e var­ was a bout 45 for 197 school days. All ious faculties of the University of grades are taugh t up to an d includi ng Torcnto . The stand ing which our some in junior high sch OOl work. studen ts h a ve thus an oppor tunity of There is one Rom an Cat holi c separ· securing is everywh ere recognized a te ~chool in t he territor y, St. Mary's through out the contin ent. The ques­ at Dawson. which has two recognized tion papcrs for th ese exam ination are depar tm ents in ch arge of the Sisters oet in Ontario, an d are sent ou t under of Ste. Anne. Th is school teaeh '? ii fi ll seal ; a nd the an swer papers , after be­ grades from th e primary to junior iug sealed in envelopes by the candi­ high school work an d had an enrol- dates at the close of each ex amin a­ ment during th e last year vary ing- ticn period, are sen t to Toronto by the from 69 to 4i, wi th a n average attend- presiding examint:'r and m arked by an ce of a bout 48 for 195 school days . associate ex aminers at Tor onto. The The seni or an d junior divi E ions of presiding ex amin l!r here. wh o must be th e h igh sch ool depar tm en t ef the a per~on not interested in any wil y in Daw!'on school had a total enrolm ent the instruction or pn'parati on 'of th e of 45 during the past year. I n other candid ates, is appointed by th e On- SOURDOU, GH'S P ARD A Hero of The doO' has bepn one of the chief factors i~ layi ng th e foundations of greatness of th E' empire of the North. When no other serviceable domestic a nimal could be used in thi s vast new wilderness alone, the dog was here with man, toiling daily by the mas­ ter' s side, carrying the supplies and enduring untold hardships through­ the long winte r. Even now th e faith ­ ful canine is a great h el p in th e win­ ter service in all NOl'thland camps. The esteem in which the sour­ dou ghs h old their dumb friend s and servant", their fellow-pioneers. may be gathered from the eloquent tribute sent not long ago to th e Dawson News by J . W. Park, of K lonclike Hill, on the occasion of the death of hi s faith­ ful dog last winter. The man and the dog had fought together on the trail the grim battle that meant the win­ ning of Yukon. Mr. Park's tribute follows: Poor, faithful J ack is dead. Though old and full of years, hi s master is sad and grieved that he is gone. No more will his voice be heard along the sluicebox lines in the deep, dark cu ts, to give notice that he is on guard while his m~ster sleeps. No­ longer will his voice be heard on the hill and in the Klondike vale. warn­ ing the snowsh oer ()f the trail. No more will old Jack be watchful an d the North vigilant lest some harm befall hi s­ master. "If a man di e, h e shall live again I " If a man's dog die, shall he live again ? Who shall say ? Faithful Jacl(, ere the sear and yel­ low lea.! of age had overtaken h im, made many a long trip over the Northland's winter trails. H e was a pioneer dog, having been brought to t h e Kl ondike from th e States in the earl y days. He had h elped to the best of hi s dog abi li ty in the develop­ ment of thi !' go lden Northland, and no w hi s work is done and h e sleeps peacehllly under t he snow. When the springtime come s we shall bury him on a little knoll overlooking his favor­ ite hunting ground and inscribe on his tombstone : " H ere Lies Faithful Jack, a Pioneer of the Klondike." .................. • • • NORTHLAND ONE OF • • INFINITE DELIGHT. • • The trip down the Yukon is one of infinite delight. All visitors !ire filled with wonderment at the greatness and beauty of the Northland, and see in t he early future a magnifi'cent devel­ opment of Alaska and contiguous ter­ ritQry.-Scott C. Bone, Editor · Seattle Post-Intelligence!' . By. T . G. Bragg. Superintendent of Schools for Yukon tario matriculation board, and con­ ducts the examinations under the same strict regulations regarding time_ table and other d etails as are pre­ scribed for the conduct of these ex­ aminations in Ontario. Several Dawson students have p assed ver y creditably each year, many h aving obtained honors in math­ ematic, science and various langu­ ages . A number of these have re­ ceived all their instruction from the kindergar ten up in t he Dawson school and see the " outside," for th e first time, in their recollection at least, when they go out to enter a univer­ sity. Several of our forme r students. who obtained th eir entrance qud ifi­ cations here, have either f" aduated from or are now in attendanc e at var­ ious universities, including those of Toronto, McGill, Chicago, Ann Arbor. the State of Washington an d Leland Stanford. Two are now practising law in Calgary and one in Vancouver. On e graduated last year at Toronto with fi rst class b O ll ors in classics and is n ow a lecturer in that department on th e staff of th e University o.f :Manitoba . Sever al have completed engineering courses. Th e health of sch()ol children throughou t the territory is generally excellent. We have n ot been entirely exempt fr om epidemics of children's diseases, su ch as m easles, chickenpox an d wh oo ping cough, but these h ave 'b l'en rare, and we have entirely es­ ca ped the rav ages of su ch serious epi­ c'lel1lic~ as diphth eria and scarlet fever. _ \ ttendanee has, therefore, been generally very regular, eve n th e colc h·st weather affecting th e attend­ ance of only t h e smallest ch ildren for a lew days. The edu cation of I ndians in this ter­ ri tor y is di rectly under th e control of th e departm en t of , Indian affairs, Ot­ tawa, and the work has been dele­ gated by it, under certain regulations, to the Church of England . Anglican missionaries have conducted or are conducting Indian day schools at F ortymile, Moosehide, Selkirk, Cham­ pagne Landing, vVhitehorse and Tes­ lin lake. and are to open another shortly in t h e vicinity of Carmacks. The Bishop of Yukon also maintains an Indian semi-industrial boarding school n ear Carcr()Ss, for which pur­ pose the f"derai government, tW() years ago, erected and equipped a v. ery hand some building at a cost of over $30,000, and the department of Indian affairs allows a per capita grant for its maintenan ;e. About 35 Indian childrer:, drawn from various parts of the territory, are now at tiJi~ school. The bishop has nam. ed it the Chooutla school, and has provided a staff of four members to look after it;; admini stration . The entire suppor t of schools for white children is provided for out of the consolidated revenue fund of t·he Yukon Territory, being voted annual­ ly by the Yukon council on the rec­ ommendati{)n of the commissio 'l L!r. There i absolutely no school tax of any kind whatever, nor is the amount of money available for the n::.a i.n'-';­ nance of schools governed or affected. by the am()unt received from licenses or any other particular kind of reve­ nue. The government of this territory is most liberal in making appropria­ tions which adequately meet all actual eduactional n eeds. " CALM IN YUKON Cyclones, blizzards, floods, pestil­ ence, famine, war, poverty, petty thievery, murders-all these and many more acts of violence----characterize the news reports each day from the outer world. None such in Yukon. ... Trying to be a good citizen ha.a made many a man unpopulM. F---------------~- THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 37 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS • City of Dawson and Its Fire Protection Dawson , Yukon Territory, with a population fluctuating between 2,000 an d 3,000 is a level town with the exception of the extreme ou tskirts, presenting no seriou s obstacle to t.he movement of fire apparatus. The citi­ zen s are justly proud of their streets, paTticularly of those i~ ~he m ercan­ tile district. The princIpal streets are macadamized with a cement c:ay taken from the hill back of the CIty. This clay makes a splendid surface, packing hard and sm?oth, an~ has the great virtue of b practlCa~y dustle s. All streets are electrIC lighted by the Dawson City Electric Liuht and Power company's· plant, th: service being supplied by cor:­ tract with the local government. ThIS compan y supplies light and power to the city generally, besides trans­ mitting to the surrounding cree.k~ a certain quantity of p ower for mmmg purposes. The city government has been gener­ ous in the bui:ding of streetI:', and any part of the city may be reache~ on a good board sidewalk. The salll­ tation and health of the city has been given a great deal of attention, and many thousands of dollars have been expended in providJing and maintain­ ing a first-class sewage system ·of a permanent character. One of the first questions asked by the business man seeking investment for his capital is: "What sort of fire protection do you provide?" If the town is wooden, that is, mostly of wood construction, the answer to the question would be of vital importance from the prospective investor's point @ f view. If, for various reasons, he is unable to secure fire insurance, he feels that he is at least able to minim­ ize the chances of loss by building up an efficient fire department. In the early days of the town, stock values were necessarily very high . This· condition was due largely to the lack of transportation facilities and the risk incidental to bringing goods into an entirely n ew country . Conse­ quently the stocks carried by Daw­ son business h ou ses represent€d many times th e value of corresponding stocks on the outside. This, as well as the fact that insurance companies had not as yet enter ed the field, aroused the citizens to the necessity of providing an efficien t fire depart­ ment for t he protection of their live and property. In a few h oUl-s the sum of $20,000 was raised by subscription and an engine and hose telegraphed for. This apparatu s wa s the nuclen, of the fire departm ent. This policy of fire protect.ion h as been faithfully adhered to from that t.ime, with the result that today Dawson has a mo 1 - ern up-to-date fire department second to n on e in any city of its size in America. The fire fi gh ting apparatus of the department con sists of three s team fire engines, one double sixty­ gallon Champion chemical engine, on e hook and ladder truck, one combin a­ tion chemical and hose wagon, and seven thou sand feet of co,tton rubber­ lined h ose. The fire department headquarter s, situated on First avenue, in the cen­ ter of the mercantile district, is a steam-heated, electric-lighted modern structure two and on e-half stories in height, erected at a cost of some $30,- 000. It is fitted with all modern im­ provem ents, such as automatic door openers, quick hitching harness, and slidjng poles. The apparatus and property of the department represent an expens;lit:ur~ of $Z5,000. 1;he' wa,ter ·supply for domestic and . fire purposes is obtained from the Klondike river, and is ample for a city many times the size of Dawson. It. is · always pure and cool, coming l·i . ~ ~;'I."" •. " . ... . ;~;.. . ~.;....' . . ; . ". ~~: ' : • . ::.-" : '",~" "" ;:" . , :~ I··~ :. ~ .. ; " CJ3y Am/rew Hart, Chief of Dawson' s Fire Depa.rtment as it does from the snow-clad. Rocky mountains. The water is distributed through a system of wooden, wire­ wound pipes by two compound Worth­ ington pumps and a four-stage centrif­ ugal pump, electric driven, having a capacity that will supply eight one and one-quarter-inch streams with a pressure at the hydrants of 125 pounds. Hydrants in the business portion of town are distributed ,so that hose lines three hundred feet in length overlap. The City of Dawson. hours is given in which to make sug­ gested repairs. Since the inaugura­ tion o. f this preventive branch of the service a large reduction in the num­ ber of fires is noticeable, with a con­ sequent small fire loss. For the year 1912 the total fire loss amounted to $6,685, the highest since 1907, and the property involved amounted to $300,- 000, with 'scarcely a ny insurance. Tourists and visitors come to Daw­ son with the .settled conviction that it is n ecessary for them to submit to all sorts of inconveniences. Those who have been here know that this is not the case. They are agreeably surprised to find a town modern and up-to-date as regards pub­ lic utilities, with commodious elec­ tric lighted and steam-heated! hotels, having rooms supplied with every modern convenience and luxury. And the climate, some call it the "Spell of the North," for its attrac­ tiven ess, is such that having once ex­ perienced it, they are loath to leave, and those who leave are always glad to come back. During the winter season special precautions have to be taken to pre- . ven t the system freezing. All water pumped into the mains passes through a heater supplied with steam from 500 horsepower Babcock and Wilcox boU­ el's. The temperature of th e water is raised by this means to not less than forty degrees above freezing point at the farthest point of delivery, circu­ lation being always provided for by certain regulated overflows in the systerv. As a further precaution, all h ydrallts are pro. vided with a covering having a hing· ed lid and around each hvdrapt is fitted an electric h eater. As a ' result of these precaution s there has been but one frozen hydrant since th e installation of )fle plant, seven years Yukon's Vast Conglomerates ago. The Dawson City Water and P ower company supplies the water service and assumes all r esponsibility for its pffi ciency under any and all circum­ stances, the chief of th e fire depart­ ment being t,h e judge as to its effi­ ciency. The fire alarm is au tomatic and is supplem ented by a first-class telephone service. There is a good distribution of street alarm boxes, especially in the m ercantile d istrict. Comprehensiv€ by-laws respecting fire limits, the prevention of fires and th e erection and removal of buildings, are in force. The "National Electric Code" is included in and forms a part of these by-laws. They provide also for the appointment of the chief of the fire department as fire marshal and inspector of electric wiring. E special attention is given to what is called the inspecti on work of the fire department: . E very building within the fire limits is visited at least once a month, and a written report made of its condition , particu­ larly as to the means of h eating and lighting and the class of occupancy. Every stove, furnllce and · smoke 'pipe is subject to a rigid examination and changes and alterations ordered where considered necesswy .% · 1;'vfenty-f-our Thirty miles from Dawson, directly opposite the m outh of Quartz creek, and on the left limit of Indian river , lies an immense body · of conglomerate -experts say it is similar to that in the Rand. There are miles upon miles of t his marvelou formation extending along Indian river, Banket creek, Conglom erate, Ruby, :NlcKinnon and other neigh boring creeks. J ames Grant, of Dawson, worked on this conglomerate, with J. C. Lloyd, in ' 98 and ' 99, and ran a tunnel of over 100 feet into this gold-bearing r ocl, on McKinnon creek. Since that time the McKinnon brother s have resided on the creek, and have acquired exten­ sive interests th er e. In spite of ma. ny tempting offers from experienced hard-rock mining engineers to take options on their h oldings they have refu sed to do business except on a large cash basis. Just recently the brothers have returned from the out­ side, where they have consulted som e experts who will probably examine this much-talked of conglomer ate in a short tim e. About 100 claims are h eld under the quartz mllllllg regulati on s, and al­ though no exten sive development wO Tk has ever been don e on the· prop­ erties, enough has been done with a. small two-stamp mill on discovery to prove that even ju st below the sur­ face, most promising results haye ac­ crued. In SO'me plaoes, dynamite has been u sed to ';I. depth of from ten to twenty feet, . lring l'epresentation work_ Hund·...cds of pounds of · rock have been sent to various experts in Can­ ada md' the States 1 md the assay re- ,:- ."~. ':. :. ~: '!:_:.' !.~-::: ~4';' . • ;~ . =.-.: ~ •. ' :.:': {... ." , .. . j.:: ' . . \. . . .... ~'. ,. :' I~~. :\ ~ 11.' -', 4.' . , . ... . ; . turn s have been most encouraging, it is said, proving that if the pay con­ tinues in depth, this great body of mineral will give employment to hun­ dreds of m en for generations to come. It is proposed to do exten sive wor k there during this coming winter. If the ground should prove payable, as manv believe it will, the conditions for \~'orking it are ideal-the ore easily can be conveyed to Indian river, with its abundance of water, suitable grade and accessibility from the Yukon river . Coal, too, ha been found with­ in a short distance of the deposit, and a branch of the Quartz creek electric power line coul d be easily extended across th e river. Last year the whole Indian river valley was staked from the m outh of Quartz to Montan a creek by an Eng­ lish company which is operating ' on placers on Quartz creek. SOURDOUGH. THREE GATES If you are tempted to r eveal A tale someone to you has told About another, make it pass, Before you speak, thr 8€ gates of gold. Three narrow gates-First, " I s it true ?" Then " I s it needfui ?" In your mind Give truthful an swer. And the next I s last and narrowest, " I s it kind?" , And if to .r~ach your iips at last It passes through these gateways three, . Then you may tell ihe tale, nO r fear What the r esult of. speech may be. ' !. , . " .. . " - kite and Action. "I 1 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 39 ~.011011011011011~011~0110.0.0110110110.011011011011011011011011~0110. · ~ o • • J. T. MAHONEY D. TOLM I ! o • • 0 o • i The Original Bar i • 0 o • • THE OLD ORIGI NAL IS STI LL, AS ALWAYS, THE -;, o • III NIFTIEST, CLASSIEST AN D BEST STOCKED BAR 'v ~ . . • IN CAWSON , ~ ~ 0 .- , ' A Full stock of the fin est vintages always on hand, and the boys o • ~ a re always the re to extend a Sourdo.ugh paw to the old -timer as well ~ • h Ch (. o as t e eechaco. Don't forget wh en in town to call at • · ~ o • • 0 ~ THE ORIGINAL ~ o • · ~ o • • 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 110 111,-110 110 110 110 0 40 THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS .~, : :.,/ ~ii\: '~~'. .' , . . -' , • _. ~ I' ' FURS OF YUKON CB:; Mrs. E. M. HAMMELL The world tendency toward rising prices on all lines of merchandise has not excepted furs. Prices on all fllrs have been very stiff, caused by the general world tendency toward higher , priceR and the unparalleled fashi on demand. It is generally supposed that nearly all the furs that go to the great mar­ kets of the world are brough t from the wilds of Canada, Alaska Or from the Russian steppes and other points in Europe an d Asia., but such is not the case . South Am erica, Australia, Africa ; in fact, all countries furnish their quota of fur.. From Canada and Alaska we get som e of the finest fur s produced , su ch as beaver, otter, lynx, fox, wolf, wolverine, bear, musk-ox, buffalo, groundh og, mink, fisher, marten, stoat, squirrel, musk­ rat, rabbit, raccoon and skunk, In the sea adjacent to these two especial­ ly mentioned countries we have the seal and sea otter. The trapper has a wide field for his harvest, and h e belongs to the class which welcomes a severe winter, for, as every furri er knows, the best skins are the product of severely cold weather. The biting cold of a severe winter gives g].oss and thickness t o the pelts of all fur-bearing animals. So in fitting th e animal with a pro­ tection suitable tQ the environment and weather conditions does Nature offer to man the same results . The ,;tccl trap is th e standby of the trapp,,]', but h e also uses the prImi­ tive dead-fall, an ancient device of th e trapper inh erited from the In­ dian s. Many educated men take to winter trapping, partly in answering the call of the wilds as well as for the pTofit secured wh en taking a much n eE'ded holiday from other ard u­ ous pursuits at oth er seasons of the year. The trapper must be familiar with every detail of the habits of th e animal hunted, and his SUCCI:'SS is in proportion to his kn owledge. :\ 11 fur has it" relative value. but many of the common fun: arc dyed and givt'n a higb r;ounding name . The\\·omaT). \yho \rore skunk in the past was delu cl!'rl into thinking she was \\'earing North American , able or marten . Yruch of th e store marten is in reali ty the hum hIe opos ,um , or the skunk dyed to resemble the valuable North .\ merican sable. The average man or woman may be a competen t judge of sill,s, wool ens, laces or vel­ vets, but when it comes to furs their knowl edge in general is limited to the nam e of th e fur and its beauty. Mar:n ot, the fur 6· f the groundhog, poses as mink ; rabbit as r min e, and all sorts of humble furs wear th e regal nam e of sealskin . The fur best adapted for this is muskrat, plucked and dyed to resemble seal. The land otter, when plucked and dyed with the seal dyes, is very beautiful and wear s better than seal. The Baltic seal is really mU' skrat; French and near seal a,re' Coney' 'skins, and Taupe fox is . the dyed 'smoke~co]ored ' articl'e which, by the way, promises to be in great vogue this season. Squirrels are made to masquerade as chinchilla, house cats as lynx and so on through t he gamut of the imitations. Furs, like diamonds, must be bought on the reputation of the seller. It is, therefore, very pleasant to know we are in the midst of an increased hon­ tsty in naming furs; and it is even more pleasant that this movement is being inaugurated by the furrier s thenl selves. But to turn to th e fur-bearing ani­ mals of Alaska and Canada. The musk-oxen are found in the northern intorio: of Canada, are a. large an i­ mal like the buffalo and th eir skins make beautiful rugs an d Tobes. They are not numerous. Buffalo found in southern Canada are almost extinct. Beaver and land otter are all over Canada and Alaska and are plentiful in the north . Of lynx we have the finest in the world. It is often dyed black and is very handsome, as it then slightly resembles the black fox. Groundhog is very plentiful, an d dyed brown is known as marmot. Muskrats are more plentifu l than any otheT fur and are trapped all over Alaska and Canada. Of fox there ar e E everal varieties-th e black fox, rare an d scarce; th e si lver fox, al so rare; red fox, blue fox, cross fox-which is a cross betwen th e Red and Silver gray or Black fox-and the white fox , which is found in the no-rthern por tion of Canada and Alaska. W olves are plen tiful, both th e big black timber wolves and the big gra y species. The wolverine, the torm en t of th e hun ter, trapper and min!'r. is a veritable scamp, for ]1e is very in­ genuous in forci ng an entrance to th e cabin or cach e, and destroy6 in sheer wantoness what he does n ot eat. The fUI' of the. wol verines makes beau­ tiful rugs and robE'S, and fashion pre­ dict, a fre t· URe this season of these PPlt, for milady's fur~. Stoats 0 1' weasels are plentifu l in both these northern countries , and their fur is the ermi ne so much sought for even­ ing \year. :'\[ink are plentiful. and the most beautiful found anywh ere. In thc north we have them from twenty­ t\\·o to thirty-nine in ches from nose to tip of tail; in color from a light brown to very dark, and many of them with mouse gray under fur with black tipping. The fisher is not plen­ tiful. but is found in the fiouthern part~ of both Canarta and -\!:t~iia ~orth American sable or nl:lTt · I are numerou s, and, like th e min I" v'w: in size and c010r. The fi nes t 'll'~ ,lark, silky and interspersed with white· hair amongst the black guard h air that covers the soft delicate under fur. The prices on these are yearly soaring upward as the demand in­ cl;eases and the supply diminishes. Raccoon and skunk are from the sou th ern parts. .' Squirrels are all over Canada an.d Alaska, and there are a few of the tiny black squirrels foun'cl occasion­ ally, but they are little known . We must not overlook the bear, of great size, beautiful color and ugly temper. The grizzly i~ ugly to meet, as, in fact, are all bears, but ha s a beauti­ fu l pplt. There is the polor OJ' whitc, of gTeat size ; ·t.he brown, t he cinna­ mon and also the black , the pelt of which makes such fine furs. Most furs are at their best h ere during December and January, bu t th e b:'n and the muskrat are fine r later in the spring. The Indian prizes th e woln'rine fur for its frost repell­ ing ]ualiiies. and will buy , if they C :~:l~et ~'ct t;-tC!T1 otherwise.. to t.rill! th eir fur garments, using it mo;;tiy for face trimming on th e hood of the parkas. The parkas are usually made of . caribou skins dressed with the fu r on. The caribou mi ght be called a fur bearing, as th eir skins dressed with the hair are used to make garments for the rigorous win­ ters. The furs mentioned are the ones most sought after and prized in this Nortbland, and when we t·hink of the vast territory th ey inhabit we wonder if they can become extinct. But even now the ravages (If man are lessening th eir numbers to a great degree, and care sh ould be taken to preserve them from exter:ninati on . Northland As Vie?:?Jed by Tourists Wh en the Seattle Ohamber of Com­ merce excursion visited Dawson in July, of this year, the Dawson Kews secured wtitten statements from fL numb er of prominent journali sts of America who wer e with the party on their impI'ession5 of the journey to the Yukon. Their views in th eir own words, followed by views of 'oth ers who were h ere in previous year;;, are : NORTHERN WONDER LAND _ \fter viewi ng th e won derful natural scenery of this portion of North Am er­ ica, th pre is no doubt in my mind that the inhabitants of t he Am erican con­ tinent crossed over from AR ia, only a few m ile~, to . -\laska and were so 'charmed by the natural b E'fLUty of th e valley of tl1(' Yulwn they never re­ turn ed . . Each year ,hculcl double th e number of toui'ists to a f!ountry where th E' camer a. th e artist's brush and th e \\·~iter'. pell can only gi ve to. tlw world the fain te:-t idea of tl1 ' bca lIties of nature, thl' t.reasures of the mine~, th e ]'ichnes~ of dIe wil and tlle big­ h 2Er tl'dn eES of the splvntlid white !)len anLl WOI1l t'n \\'ho have made th is country their home.- \V . B . Boyce, Chicago Ledger. HOW BIG THE NORTH! AftE'r traveling from Seattle to Daw­ son, my chief thought is: " How big t he North, h ow little we know of it." The inland passnge suggests bound­ lessness; freedom , with its islands, more than th e open sea. The moun­ l U Ting us onward, northward, far tains gu arding the Yukon and beyond ar e worth circli ng the globe to climb, and I also visioncd the toiling hordes who preceded our luxurious journey over the \Vhite pass. The river also has its mental pictures of 1898, as well as being a renaissance of old steamboat days on 'the Mississippi with modern comfort s annexed.­ Alice H arriman, San Francisco Daily Call. LAND BULGING RICH All the superlatives have been used, so what can I add! A land bulging with mineral wealt h ; a land offering magnificent opportunities for agricul­ tural purpo::es; a country whose fish­ ing industry alone is enough to sup­ port it; a country of m ajestic ruoun­ eains and magnificen t forests, through whi ch silver y strea ms laugb way to the ocean. In other words, a land of mineral wealth , agricultural wealth , scenic wealth. What more can one say ? Just this: God's own people are here, the brave, the strong, the true. :\.11 these I have found in th~s rugged (*mntry lof rom nnce and alluring reali sm.-J. D. Gortatowsky, Managing Edi tor of the Atlantil Constitution. INTERIOR NORTH LAND The climote of the interior of Alaska and Yuk on is superb. Again we finel that th e averilge man get;; his notions of th e country as a whole b :r!'ll st'ei!"'3' a S~11H lJ and ea!'ilv accel'­ "i :)lc por tio!) er it. Southeastern Alaska, as typi fi l:" I by J uneau or Sitka, if; a \\'et, m isty a '~c1 rainy tract al on g the coast that catches all' of the h u­ midit~· of thp \\'est wind from over th e sea. This excessive moisture brings verdure an d a scenic bea uty that have a peculiar charm; but it is n ot bracing to the physical part of m an , and it feeds those glaciers with which even th e well informed associ­ atp th e name .-\ laska. The southea,t­ ern coa. ot is cinctured with rivers of ice; they are splendid spectacles; but once across th e rilnge the traveler sees n o more glaciers ; he is in an arid r e­ gion, wh ere the air is as it is in Tuc­ son at 4 a. m. in March-that is, it is the air that creation breathed at the dawn of time, as free from microbes as interplanetary space; as stimulating as hope, as invigorating as youth, when "the world ws young and life an epic."-T. A. Ricard , owner of the Scientific a.nd Mining P ress. -1 l :: THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 41 Great Works- · of the Y ukQn Gold CompaJtly '. , ).. " .. -- If asked what operations in the wOI:ld today handle the greatest yard­ age of earth per month, most people would be J:eady to answer "Those at the Panama canal." And the state­ m ent would be corr ect. But if asked what operations handle the second l argest yardage per month few, per­ haps, would realize that the cr edit should come to th e Y ulron . It has been stated on good authority that the Yukon Gold company is second only to the Panama can al in th e volume of material being moved by one con­ cern. The Panama canal soon will be finished, and then t he Yukon concern will rank first. While the Panama opera.tions are first today, they are only temporary. The Yukon Go.Jd has year s of placer operation s ahead in the vicinity o· f Dawson, and a s the company has adopted the policy of extension of its holdings, its life is to be prolonged indefinitely. The pres­ ent great yardage is due chiefly to the exten sive operations of the com­ pany within a l' B!dius of twenty miles of Dawson . Some ground is b eing operated in the Iditarod, and the company is branching into California and other fields. But the yardage on which' the comparisons with Panama jg made today is to be credited to the old Klondike camp, where huge hy­ d rauliq giants and large modern dredges ar e turning over the gravels of ages in quest of gold. The company's hydraulic works are carried , on at the following locations along Bonanza creek: .. " ." Lovett Gulch, two sides If hill. ~·";.'" Trail Gulch. Solomon Hill. :Monte Crist o. Fox Gulch. American Gulch. American Hill. 0 1'0 Fino. Adams. Cheechaco. v oId Hill. Bunker Hill. The company also has hydraulic operation s under way on Hunker . They. are on Paradise Hill. On each hill are employed from two to feur giants. The nozzles are four to six inches in diameter, and the capacity of each monit(i)r ranges from 300 to 500 inches. The Bunker hill giants are supplied with water from the company's large dam at th e h ead of Bonanza creek , having a capacity of 44,000,000 cubic feet. Th e water from the darn is delivered in a ditch 'four miles long, with capacity of 500 miners' inches. The other giants ar e fed by the huge Twelvemile djtch , carrying 5,000 min­ ers' inches from the Twelvemil e river . Dredge N l. 1, now on 93 b elow on Bonanza, has worked from 105 bel lw, t h e lower end of the company' s hold­ ing , to 91, and is now working ou t the r emainder of the stretch between 93 and 91. It will take about a year to do this . She will then turn down B lnanza again, dredging all ground leit in that vicinity in the early oper ­ ation s. Cost of dredging has been re­ duced so that Imver grade properties can n ow be worked to much mor e ' ad­ vantage. Dredge No. 2 is on 50 below. She has worked from 63 below to the presen t position. She is heading up­ stream. This dredge was built on 105, and worked up to 97, where she was dismantled and move d to 63. Nos. 8 and 9 are th e n ewest dredges If the company. They are construct­ ed entirely of steel, with .the exception of the light h luses. The hulls, the gantrys and other h eavy parts are all steel. The dredges were made of steel in order to simplify moving. Instead of pulling the hulls to pieces, when going ., to another creek, they will be sawed into sections. The steel hulls wer e made accord­ ing to the d esign s of the Dawson en­ gineers of the company, and are prov­ ing a great technical su ccess. Dredge No . 7, which was built on Hunker, worked there from 41 to 29 below, and then was di smantled and sent to J ditarod , wher e sh e started last year, and h as been working most successfully. Dred ge No. 3 is on 69.-\ . Bonanza , No. 6 is on 66. Both are heading up stream. No. 5 has mined from 33 below to 16 below, where she i s n ow at work. No. 8 was built on No. 5 above on Bonanza, a t th e site of the' town of Grand Forks, and, after w lrking out that historic spot following th e re. m oval of th e ma~y buildings, has con­ tinued, u p stream to 15 a bove, wh er e she is busy. . No. 9 was built on N o. 7 Eldorado, and has worked up stream through ma,ny of the most famous of lId Eldo­ raoo claims to No. 15, where she is now working. She n ex t will eat up the gravels of Thomas Lippy's great claim , N o. 16. and then Jim H all's No. 17, the tW l richest claims ever worked in Yukon. Each pr odu ced b e­ tween one and two million dollars by old meth ods. The dl' dges get much pay left by the old-tim er s, especially in th e bed­ rock. Th e individuals seldom went into th e b edrock . Th e dredges devour IouI' to six feet of t he solid rock , . and have gon e as deep as eight feet into the rock. AJter completing the dredging on Bonanza Lhe company will send two dredges to Gold Run , to work t hat famou s str eam , lying 50 miles fm m DawsoiI. Dredge No. 6 will be taken to Gold Run this fall. The Yukon Gold company had two to three thou sand men engaged at a time during the period of con struction, and n ow hires regularly during the season of operation about 300 men in the Hyd raulic department, and 600 in the dredging service. In addition to this man y oth er s in the Yukon ar e supported by th e company indirectly in such lines as wood cutting, trans­ portation busien ss, teaming and other pursuits. PRESS O N YUKON GOLD " Editoria.l fr lm Mining and Scientific Press of San Francisco, Cal., of J une 28, " )913 : 'Yukon Gold m ade a bad start with h eavy capitalization al1d" fla mboyant P ioneer Min in g in Klond ike publicity, but the excellen t technical work of th e engineering staff is en­ abling the company to recover lost ground . We present thi, s week a sum­ mary of the report for the year , 'made by O. B. P erry. It is a pleasure to note that in addition to satisfactilry returns at Dawson. t he Iditarod ven­ ture, ann oun ced last year, is t.urning out excellen tly . In April we printed t,he n ews that th e company had taken option s upon the Alta Bert and ad· jacent placer properties in Trinity county, California, an l mor e r ecen tly it has been made public that ground has been drilled and a dredge is to be placed on the Ameri can . river. These n ew ventures are being financed ou t of earnings and the posi­ tion of the company is, accordingly, being steadily bettered. " REPORT ON YUKON GOLD (By O. B. P eny.-Report as con­ stru cting engineer H nd gen er al man­ ager for th e year that ended on J an­ uary 31, 1913.) During th e past year the company acquired control of Flat creek, the pri'nci:pal producing creek of the Idi t­ B rod district, Ala~ka. Twenty-four placer claims \\'ere secured, either b y working agreement s with th e ' own ers or outrigh t purchase . These claims are all contiguou s and in clud e alJ the dredgable groun d on Flat creek, ex­ tending from th f' h ead of the neek to th e m outh . a distance of four miles. The dredgable area contains approxi­ mately 5,500,000 cubic yards, a large percentage of wh ich is th awed . In the Klondike di~trict some few pur chases of outstanding claim s were completed on Upper Bonanza and other creeks. Equi pment The only additions to the' Dawson equipment were in t he h ydrauli c mines and consist of the installation of pipe-lines, cuts, and sluices in th e n ewly opened propert.ies on :Monte Cristo gulch Hnd hill. The No. 7 dredge completed its work on Upper Hunker creek in October, )9ll , a.nd was dismantled preparatory to mov­ ing to anoth er group of claims on the sam e creek. The Iditarod con tracts required the installation of a dredge immediately, so that the plan for r e. building the No. 7 dredge was aban­ doned. It was loaded on barges and shipped to Iditarod, where it was r e­ built on the upper end of Flat creek , on the Marietta claim. The shipments totaled 850 tons, all of which had to be transferred at Dikeman, the head of navigation on the Iditarod river, to small gasolint boats which d e- livered th e material in small lots at Iditarod after many vexatious delays. The material was handled by tramway from Iditarod to the mouth of Flat creek, and from there to the dredge site by wagon-road, a distance of four miles. This road was constructed by the company to h andle the h eavy loads. The cost was approximately $3,000 per mile. To furnish the dredge with power, a 300-kilowatt plant was erected on Flat creek, near the Bonanza claim . The installation con sists of a steam-driven turbine direct-connected to a 4,400-volt gener­ ator, boiler plant, and transmissi ln line two miles in length. The founda­ tion s were completed by the time the machiner y arrived, so that there " was n o delay in erection . The last of. the machiner y for the dredge and power­ plant arrived at Iditarod on August 5. was transported, erected, a nd .com­ pleted plant in operation on August 15. Dredge Operations The eight Daww n dredges com­ menced operation s in the first week of :May and worked continuously throughout the season until October 24, wh en they wer e forced to suspend, owi.n g to failure of th e power-supply, whIch , at the end of th e sea son, is purcha sed " from the Granville Power Co'. The average length of the dredg­ ing seaEon was 172 days, during which ihe dredges operate d 86.15 per cent. of the possible time. The material mi.r: ed totaled 5,157,280 cubic yards, whIch produ ced $3,346,026, or an aver_ age of 64.88 cents per cubic yard . The average cost wa s 30.64 cents per cubic yard . The results, as compared with last sea son, show an increase of ap­ proXImately 1,000,000 yards and an increase in gross production' of $674,- 181. The valu e per cubic yard in­ creased 0.53 cents and the cost de­ creased 4.79 cents per cubic yard. The gain in yardage and production is accounted for by incr eased capacity due to th e addition of one dredge; a hIgh er average rate of mining for all the dredges, measured in cubic yards per hour run ; and an increase of 4 per cent. in the running tim e of the en tire fleet The physical con litions were better, . a larger percentage of the material being. thawed, and both the thawing and dredging operations showed improvement. Of the arw mined, 509,544 square yards, or 73.58 per cent., was frozen and had to be thawed by steam . The thawin g method has been better developed arid is gaining in efficiency each year. Better dredging is . the result, a s the princi.pal impediment to dredging is 42 the frozen gr·ound. The two new all­ steel dredges, which were finished late in 1911, did ex cellent work under severe conditions. The Iditarod dredge commenced operations on August 15 and closed down for the winter season on Octo­ ber 29. The dredge handled 172,333 cubic yards, which produced $404,040 gross gold, Or an average value of $2.34 per cubic yard. Some. of th e gravel in the main pay produced $8.90 per cubic yard. This was on tbe Marietta, which is known as onp of the best claims on Flat creek. The total operating cost was $79,113.92, which is 45.91 cents per cubic yard. The daily average yardage was low (2,361 cubic yards), which means a correspondingly high working cost. The low yardage and high costs were due to the delays incidental to star t­ ing up a new plant, the excessive grade of the creek at the upper end, and the heavy wash which was en­ countered. These last two adverse conditions will disappear in working down the creek. Hydraulic Operations A total of 2,967,750 cubic yards of gravel was handled in the hydrauli c mines, which produced $629,043 gross gold, an increase of 842,000 yards and $195,000, approximately, in gross pro­ duction as compared to the season of 1911. The average cost for 1912 was 9.37 cents .as compared to 15.5 cents for the season 1911. This decrease was largely due to the better water conditi ons and the decrease in main­ tenance and operating cost of the main ditch system . The Twelvemile water system was in operation 168 d ays, which was 96.8 per cent. of the pos'sible time, and delivered 524,249 miner's inohes, an increase of 41 ,669 over the season of 1911 . The total cost for , operation and maintenance of the water system for the season 1912 was $76,760, as compared to $135,710 for th e season 1911. The work of pre- . vious years has put the entire s ystem in excellen t condition. With a normal water-supply the ~ydraulic costs THE DAWSON · DMLYNEWS . Testing'~Grou';d With Ke, ystone Drill should remai n in the neighborhood of 10 cents per cubi c yard for the re­ mainder of the life of the mines. The power-plant on the Little Twelvemile was operated throughout the season when water was available, without any delays · or stoppages. The Pacific, Atlin, lay operations on properties owned by the company, and winter 'driving contributed a total of $484,337.56 at a cost of $204,672, yielding a net profit of $279,665.56. Summary of Da wson (dredges) .... ..... .... .. ..... . Dawson (hydraulics) .. , ........ , . . . . . . Iditarod (dredge) .. . .. . . .. ...... , ..... . Miscellaneous operations ... . ... .... . . . Totals ........ ...... . . .. ...... · . . . . from the ·operating profit, as shown, were deducted: royalties paid, $692,- 995 .43 ; amortization and deferred charges, $577,146.27 ; interest charges, general expense, and examinations, $378,685.88; making a total of $1,648,- 827.58. The figures indicate a material gain in all branches of the company's operations durin g the past year. The work for the next season will be con­ ducted along the same lines as last, and with equally favorable physical condition s, still further impr. ovement may be expected. E-xtend-ing Holdings The Yukon Gold company has be­ gun to extend its field of operations. All the placer holdings- of the Guggen­ heims in various parts of th e world are being· embraced in the on e corpor­ ation known as Yukon Gold. The . company last year acquired extensive interests in placer in the n ew field of Idita rod, on the lower Yukon, and has a dredge operating there. The holdings of the Yukon Gold company are being extended to cover rich placer s in California. The San Francisco Examiner of June 20, 1913, tells · of recent purchases of the. com- pany there as follows: AUBURN, Cal. , June ]9.-A deal has just been con cluded whereby the Guggenheims become owners of seven miles of rich mining bars Illong the Middle Pork of the American river, near here. The bars include Brown's. Bushy, Kennebec, Little Kenn, ebec, Buckeye, Sandine, Wild Cat, Quail, Texas, Hoosier and Philadelphia. They were all famous mining spots from 1849 Operating Resu Its Prodnction. $3,346,026.79 629,043.65 404,040.01 484,337.56 Working cost,. $1,580,289.82 277,953.12 79,113.92 204,672.00 Operating gain . $1,765,736.97 351,090.53 324,926.09 279,665.56 $4,863,448.01 $2,142,028.86 $2,921 ,419.15 to 1870. Many hundreds of thousands in gold have been taken from them. The negotiations, leading u p to the deal, began last F ebruary, when Geo. V. Bell, of this city, who has been the confidential examining engineer of the Guggenheims for years in Alaska, Yukon Territory and th e Iditarod country, interested O. B . P1lrry, repre­ sentative of the Gug-genheims, in the bars. P erry ordered borings at different places along the river. A keyston e drill was put to work and run n ight and day for several weeks. The c(}res of these borings were sent to the Guggenheim's assayer, and on his re­ port of the value of the gold found therein, orders were given to buy up every claim that could be, purchased. Deeds were secured by Frank Bell and Fred Roumage, of this city, and a sum approaching $500,000 was paid to the owners, among them being Mrs. VirlJi.nia Bell and Frank Bell, Mrs. E. S. R. Davis, and H oward W. Davis, of this place; Judge M. P. Bennet, of Placerville; F . R.Schott, of Phila­ delphia., Pa.; C. J . Winkleman, of Roseville, and oth ers. In add. ition, the Guggenheims have secured an option on the property of the Placer and El Dorado Gold Min­ ing compa n y, which includes P overty and Yankee bars, a short distance up the river. The promoters of the deal say that the amount which the Guggenheims will put into the venture, including the purchase price of the properties. will be $1,500,000. This is the largest transaction ever put through in Placer or El 'Dorado counties, and the influence it will \laVe cannot be computed. The work of equipping one or more dredges on the lower portion of the property will be commenced at once, and when finished, the work of wash­ ing the rich sand and gravel of the bars will be prosecuted as long as pa.y dirt can be found . Auburn, because of it.s proximity to the scene of operations, will be the railroad point where all material and supplies for the work will be trans- --- {; 'h' ped. Four years have passed since the ukon Gold completed its giant ditch, buiLt to carry a river more than seven- ty miles over mountains and through vales, to tear down the auriferous gravels of Klondike's richest creeks· . F our years are gone, and the big ditch , not onlv has stood the test of time,' but is i n a more satisfactory condi­ ticn today than ever before. It is a commen tar y upon the Ilge in which we live that an e~terprise which fifty years ago would have startled the world, was consummated within the shadow of the Arctic Circle with scarcely a ripple of interest and no ex.c itement at all at the populous .cen­ ter. of the earth. The first of June, 1geJ, found a dispatch telegraphed briefly to th e larger newspapers an­ n ouncing that water had just been turned into the Yukon Gold com­ pany's great ditch at Dawson, Yukon Territory, Canada, signalizing the com'pletion of that concern's mastery of the novel situation s here where great deposits of gold have for ages been locked up tight in the frozen " alluvial gravels.' Not one man in a thousand 'of even those who read that dispatch understood that here again was an instance of man's twentieth century mastery of the indomitable elements; and one more triumph for humanity; another victory over seem­ ingly unconquerable Nature; another vast enterprise launched by the dar­ ing and brought to a su ccessful issue against obstacles never before en­ countered. \ A Young Panama . . How many yet know that wIthout the h erald of trumpets, an enterprise n early a tenth as big as the Panama canal, and fully as daring and novel, was consummated here? How many understand yet that commerce the world over is revived by a transfusion of new blood into the veins of the aged, a n d t his by a new flow of gold by millions yearly through the , over­ coming'" · of natural bairriers which ha ve h eld off humanity since the ex­ istence of the world? Volumes have been written and read of the Great Salt River ditch , of the diverting of t h e Colorado and kindred projects. But here was announced as modestlv as would be the building of a hous~, the completion of an undertaking put­ ting them all completely in the shade for courage, for innovation, for diffi­ culties overcome, and for prophetic vision of the engineers and faith in that prophetic vision by the men con­ trolling the necessary millions. The work meant the diverting of a river of five thousand inches, and the carrying of that river over precipitous mountain tops, across frozen morasses, through vast ravines, down stupend­ ous valleys, over mighty mountain chains, and finally delivering it by a great inverted syphon over the Klon­ di ke river to the once famous Klon­ di ke, there to do the work of tens of thousands of miners and restor e t hat region to its prestine glory as one of the most importa.nt producers of the world . Rework the Klondike It mean t the bringing into produc­ tiveness of ten s of thousands of acres of gold bearing gravel hitherto lying idle. It m eant the reworking with in­ creased profits of every inch of ground which form ed the original Klondike, with additional hundreds of square miles whi ch n ever could have been worked by the comparatively primi­ tive means at the disposal of the' argo­ n auts of 1898. It djscounts any and every undertaking hitherto attempted by an cients or moderns against, such unique and overwhelming odds, as Nature presents in the shadow of the I I I " ." I 0l , (") "'ClI ill c. " \ \ \ \ Q ~20r ~ \ \ Pole. ~ L ~ "\ The Yukon Gold Company is on e of the vast enterprises familiarly known to the public as the Guggenh eim group.. So sing ular have been the ap­ plications and adaptation s of m odern mechanical and civil engineering, and , so startling th e innovations, a few facts and figures will be particularly appropriate in this special issue of the greatest daily paper ' of Yukon. The twenty claims of Bonanza creek and Eldorado creek which offhand produced twenty-four million dollars and precipitated the greatest stam­ pede of argonauts the world ha s ever known, were absorbed along with thousands m ore bv the Yukon Gold Company. Powerful dredges and many hydraulics have been installed to work the ground, and finally a northern river, taken from far up in the Tombston e mountains, has been brought to do the work of overturning the hills, ripping out the interiors, , stripping bare of its gold the accu­ mulated gravels of untold ages. With sun and wind and steam, and n ow with great floods of water, the eternal frost in the ground is being made eter­ nal no more; is having a time limit set; is being extracted and dissipated to the four winds of heaven. Tre­ mendous machinery has been con­ veyed into the far Northland. Above timber line, at the h ellld of a jagged mountain range where always the plil- I lion-headed herds ' of caribou have hitherto been absolutely safe from even the native hunter, is to be found '" a mod el'n electrical power plant, com­ plete in all its appointments to t he smallest detail, sending its magic­ working currents along heavy copper lines down to the distant vall eys of .th e Klondike, ther e to turn the wheels, pump the 'water , elevate the gravels, saw the wood, wash the black sand , drive the dredges, illuminate th e company's works at night, and in other way s subject to man and .make docile the natural obstacles which are obstacles no longer. Panama Compared No part of the Panama canal strip is removed more than a day , Or tWD from the ' ships of the ocean. Sup- . . plies an d men can be and are landed . . there comfortably from the ocean car- . rier s almost in sight of their work. Supplies for the m en . are landed al­ most at their camps. ~Qt so with Klondike's Panama. Thousands of miles from civilization, and twice as fa r from the manufactories, men and machinery had to be assemblpd far in t he interior of a country until quite lately thought inaccessible. to all but the m05t daring Arctic explorers and adventurers. An army 'of men had to be provisioned over a trackless area many miles from even the friend ly Yukon river. New methods of road huilding had to be devised across swamps. The ways and peculiarities of King Fro r;t in h~s own home had to . be studied and master. ed. The times and habjts of rivers had to be learned. Machinery and supplies must needs . be bought. years ahead of actuaJ use 43 in some cases. And in the end we find the masterpieces . of Pi ttsburg machinery duly installed side by lIide with Germany's best products of steel; and Slavonians, Swedes, ItaI­ ian,s, Englishmen and Americans com­ fortably housed and working in their various capacities far from the mad­ ding cl'Owd. Quite naturally th e Klondike river. h eading in the distant Rockies, wa'" first looked to as a source of water and power for cheaply opening .up Klondike' s almost inexhamtible g.ra vels. But a similar suppl y of water and power to that n ow turned to use from the Twelvemile river. would have cost seven millions, would h ave been another year or two in ma­ turing, and would have required a. ditch of eighty-five miles in length, . instead of seventy miles. The Twel ve­ mile enters the Yukon eighteen mjles below Dawson . It h eads in the Tomb­ stone range, part of the Ogilvie m oun­ tains, whi ch attain an altitude of 7,000 feet and over, an d afford an inexhauE ­ tible ,supply of water through the summer melting of the heavy snow,,"_ The Great Pitch The great ditch, carrying five thous­ and inches of water, is made up of nineteen and a half miles of flume, twelve and a half miles of steel and stave pipe, and thirty-eight mnes of ditch, varying every few miles in methods of construction, in dimen­ sions, in grade, and n ature of the ground crossed. The bottom of the ditch varies from nine to twenty f~eL The fall varies from four to seven f'!et to the mile. Places where curr~nt would be fatal are slow and hig_ Where the ground is still more un­ stable, the great stave pipes of Cali­ fornia redwood have beep built, cross­ ing the swamps like some vast h ead­ less and tailless snake. The Kl on ruke is crossed b y a steel line of pipes over a s teeJ bridge specially built on con­ crete piers. And at th e end th e water is delivered 125 cubic feet per second. under, a working pressure of 359 to 850 feet, or roughly 1; 5 to 425 pounds pressure to the square inch, according to where on Bonanza creek it is used_ Before filling up t he valleys level full with the debris from the golden hills, provi ion was made for com­ pletely stripping th e valley· s of their hoard of gold. .Eight of the largest dredges in the world have been in operation for several season s. The m anner of th eir operation is similar to that in vogue elsewhere, with the t:xception that in places hundr ed s of steam point~ sixteen ' feet long are driven ah ead of th e dredges, and too \.. frost effectively extracted t h ereby_ " Nigh t fin d clay the ·dredges work, tired operators being replaced by fresh ones at intervals, the rumble of th e power­ ful machin('ry and the rattle of the gravels from th e stackers beh ind be­ i n lS all pervading over the olel Klon­ dike. Dredges Electrified The eigh t d redges are electrically driven , securing their current from the po,ver plant on the Little Twelve mile over heavy copper lines. The rPnin line i~ 36 m iles, the branches 18 miles . On Little Twclvemile a flume five and a half miles long, three by four feet in size, delivers 60 cubic feet of water per second under an ef­ fective head of 650 feet. Three gener­ ators convert the power from th e Pel­ ton wh eels into thrce times 625 kilo­ watts, th e curren t being stepped u p from 2,200 volts to 33,000 volts, and then switch ed into the No. 5 copper wire which conveys the high tension current to th e goldfields. Four sub­ stations, at various points, and trans­ form ers at every dredge, change the current baek to serviceable pressures_ Klondike Inventions Klondike has in its time introduced, modified and perfected a mul\itude of d evices for minjng . frozen :ground_ Everythlng used throughout the_ north , Hnd which. has gradually reduced tb~ cost of mining from $]5 per cubic 44 ya'rCt . to as many cents, had its genesi,s in the Klondike . . The fin~ dredges of the company making their own p onds and floating t h ereon, are similarly the ultimate of many years of e,T olution ·and exp~Ti­ ment. The dredge swings from s~de to side constantly, taking a s'.vath from the bottom of the pond, sluicing it within the dredge itself,. stacking th e coarEe gravels high in th e rear, and pumping t he sand I::eh in d the same gravel piles, t he wh ole as bar­ ren of gold as before Nature 'tarted m aking the Klondike. Modern Met hods Bu t it was on t he newer develop­ m ents to come from t he n ew flood of water in the great ditch that public atten tion in the north wa s centered. The ditch wa s. dug " 'ith powerful steam shovels, digging five m inu te.; an d then movin g ahead by their own p ower . Six su ch shovels were em­ ployed for three seasons on th e work . The m odernness of the m ethods of construction is furth er sh own by the five air compressors-electric, of course-operating the many riveting hammers for the steel pipe, thi s pipe b eing thus riveted both inside a n d out. The sub stantial steel bndge carrying the pipe over the Klondike river was built with the same aid . The concrete piers of the bridge, for whi'ch shafts were sunk throu gh river a n d, gr~vel down to bedrock, are of sufficient dimensions to WIthstand the breaking up of the ice of the Klondike river in the spring ,of the year. Sev­ eral of the piers, those through the river especially, affor ded a unique in­ stan ce of how the dreadful forces of · nature in a countTY where nature p uts on h er most dreadful aspect, can be and are utilized. By doing the sink­ ing in the winter, and by choppin g ou t ice as fast as frozen , the bottom of the river was reached through per­ fect cofferdams of ice-through shafts in the river with frozen sides, and the rushing river h eld back as perfectly as by compressed air in th e cofferdams u sually constructed by en gineers for su ch work. Ten million feet of lumber was used in the fluming necessary to carry the water of the ditch over ravines and ba,d places. This was manufactur~d to size and shape at a steam sawmlll built on the main Twelvemile river , a spot beforetime h ardly ~n?wn to even the Indians, but contammg the best piece of lumber in that country of not too great a growth of t.rees. It is cif record that in the hands of Angus Macclonald, a general foreman, th e efficien cy of the most modern plant m the great lumber center s was equaled by the little mill almost at the head of a moun tain chain in the interior of that supposed inaccessible country. Built Against Odds More particularly interesting to en· gineers would be the details of the construction of the ditch . In places it runs through what is practically a glacier, layers of ice being uncovered t h e mom en t the upper muck was re­ moved. Cribbing was r esorted to, th e sides being then lined with moss and dirt again, in this way taking a les­ son from the country itself, where pure ice is found many thousand s of years old, lying un.thawed in the hot­ test summer weather, protected by just a natural growt h of moss filled between the interstices with decayed v egetation and sand. Naturally in s u ch places current was not wanted, h ence the varying grade of th e ditch · from time to tim e, and h en ce the varying size, the bottom varying in width from nine to twenty feet . The " worat ground is that in which not only layer s of ice ,but nearly vertical veins of ice extend through the moss and muck, so as to afford a channel for seepage as the ice thaws . These per- . mit the water from the ditch to , 'es~~pe, will appear a hundred feet or more from the hill slope in the form of a geyser-if permit.ted by · the builders. But these, too, have been circumvented, and the bottoms, THE DAWSON -DAILY N .. EWS where necessa ry, have been protected , in the. same W;1y n ature would do . it if- t he bottom oLthe ditch were the surface of th e earth . Tne w~oden pipeline s . foun d h ere ~nd th ere carr\, 200 feet of . pressure. They vary in' "0iam eter from 40 to 50 incnes according to the grade. .The material is from California rnills, the staves being sh a ped where made, and being assem bled mile by mile on the ground, the wh ole held together by m alleable iron bands and steel rods. The spacing of the bands determines th e pressure th e pi pes will stand. Smaller woode n p ipe:; in use elsewhere in t he far Hortll have d.'monstrated t h e COlll1)lete:;t re liability fO T these stavepipe sections of t he grea t ditch. A few extracts from the reports of the mining t'X P l-rt, T. A. Rickard, wh o also is editor of t hl:' Mining and Scien­ tific Press, of San F ranc:isco, will dis­ close some\\'hat of t he di fficulties over- . come. " In building. the ditch m any nat­ ural obstacles were encountered. They were overcome by nl ethods suggested , for th e m ost p art, by experi en ce gath­ ered elsewh ere in the n orth. The fol­ lowing examples will prove su ggtrs­ tive: 1. Frozen muck, where there is ma- terial for constructing lower bank, is scraped by the aid of horses . so as to accumulate on the lower SIde , and again: st the bank thus' fOl'm ed poles are laid close together, th e pomts be­ ing placed two feet below th e grade {)f the ditch . Upon the poles is spread a layer of moss or sod from 6 to 12 inches thick. Then dirt or other good tamping material is scraped, forming a slope 5 feet from the top of the moss, and inclined at an angle of IX to 1. 2. F ine silt or glacial sand, which is frozen material u pon being exposed to the warm air , u pon removal of th e moss, thaws to a slime. In such ma­ terial the ditch is d ug 16 to 18 feet wide, during th e first season; the lower bank slo112'h s a.way ; the upper rank melt s , and the di tch is prac­ tically obli terated ; bu t by mai ntain­ ing open drain s th e wh ole mass is dried. In t he second 5e3:,on the ditch is dug a gain , ~ll1d t.h e stuff which filled it serves to form th e lower bank poles, moss and fill are arranged as i n No. l. When th e moss on the uoper side is thick and re­ mains unbroken , it drapes the under­ lying silt, wh ich continues to run ou t like a thin mud until it finally attains angle of the rest; then the moss pr, otects the bank from further thaw. When, however, the moss of th e upper bank is thin or brittle, the silt slides into th e cut, and must be scrap, ed by teams to t he lower side. In cases where th e lower bank is un­ even so that poles cannot be laid regularlv, two' stringer s are stretched longitudinally to ser ve as a base for the poles. These stringers are held in . place by logs placed h orizontally un­ derneath the lower bank. 3. Shattered schist is. easy to dig, but it makes leaky ground. Digging is done by the steam shovel and th e ditch is made 14 feet wide at t.he bot­ tom . The corners a re excavated by hand lauor, a.nd fill ed with ' moss to a depth of at I(,B st ]2 inches. The bottom of the d{tch is also blanketed with a foot of moss. On top of this is spread a coveri ng Ot 8 to ,12 in ches thi ck of good puddling dirt, and the sides are given a slope of I X to l. 4. A r oc:ky ' slope with n o lower ba nk offers an other problem. On th e low(-r side a crib of logs is huilt, with a base six feet wide and a top four feet wide. Thi s framework is filled with broken r ock. Moss an d p uddling are appli ed as before." The foregoing a ffords some idea of th e natu r e- of th e ground on which the engineers were called to exercise th eir skill. Nor are ditch , electric elevators, dredges, etc., all t hey were required to adjust to the n ew con di­ tion s prevailing ( ,h ere . It was decid­ ed a lso to con serve the water n atural to , some of the creeks to be worked, and , to this en d a mi gh ty dam was thrown across upper Bonanza creek, which; filled by t he thawing snows of Hydraulic Scene on Bonanza Creek spring; affords from the reservoir so made some 700 miners' inches of water for at least forty days. Nine miles of flum e, and an inverted syphon of steel across Bonanza creek far below the dam, pours thi s pre­ cious water onto the heights of Gold Hill and the hills below. Another Ditch But for the presen ce of t h e over­ sha d ow i n 7 of the great di tch , an­ other dit~h , known as the Acklin ditch, would be considered an import­ ant enterprise. Taking the water of Moosehide creek, the ditch carri ed it around Moosehide m ountain and to the h eigh ts of the left bank of the Klondikc river, opposite the mouth of Bonanza creek, where at some tim e in th e dim and di stant past Bonanza cn-ek d f posited som e of its carried g old at a level far high er than the creek at present. And so what was once known as th e Acklin P otato P aiGh , and was a magnificen t garden , now sh ows immenSe gravel pits from wh ich the ground has been removed by hydraulics. New Klond ike , The Klondike an d n earby camps have shipped a hundred and seventy­ five million s in gold dust . It is esti­ mated upon reliable data that much more rema in.s to be taken l out. The Yukon Gold Company's h oldings are of fabulous known wealth. The ex­ penditure of millions in purchasing and construction and lab or of opera­ tion becomes a m ere drop in the bucket. Upon acquiring their - prop- erties;the company for the most. part ceased operating them by the older and more expensive methods in vogue before the company's advent. Natur­ ally', . since . cheap power , mighty dredges and wonderful electric eleva­ tors were to be installed, and the wllOie supplemented with a river of cheap water under great pressure on the tops of the highest hills-quite naturally it was busines to await the advent of th e new meth ods. Now that the water is on th e gr ound, now that dams, reinfor ced power plant, eleva­ tors, and dredges are all in opera­ tion , there is a most marked rise once m ore in th e yearly amounts of gold com ing from the Klondike. As a pro­ ducer t he camp saw a new birth with the telegraphing of th e news of the ar rival of the T welvemile water D n the heigh ts far above Dawson City four years ago. And so va-st are the known gravel deposits carrying gold profit­ l bly to be worked h'j the newer and ch eaper methods, t:lere is n o way of fixing a day wh en ihere will again be a falli ng ,nff in the gold production. The arrival of t h e valuable water cheapen s the {)peration of even the machinery installed and opera ted for years. With but a por tion of the water now available th~ ' overburden of the creek gravels worked by dredge and elevator are readily mooe to dis­ appear , Water wl orks magic with the muck coveriri'g of the gravels. Then the sun and wind act, thus facilitat­ ing immensely every branch of the w{)rk of extmcting the gold . Then as the creeks become worked out, co'mes the leveling of the hills, the deep, canyon-like creeks affording unlimited dumping ground for an un­ known period. There will be no state legislation against it as in California. There are neither farm s to be over­ flowed nor , sluggish river to become blocked by the dirty water from the mines. Mountain torrents are har­ nessed for power. Mountain streams furnish the hydraulics. Rapid rivers, which made useless scores of , steam­ ers of the fir st steamboats sent to stem their torrents, insure a per petlla­ tion of their channels against any possible mining condition s. T. A. Ri ckard, him elf a m ining engineer of widest experien ce and an au thority whenever h e speak s, was an astonish ed visitor to the big works during con structi{)n . H e graphically summed up some of his impressions at that time thus : Expert Sums Up "It was no light task to take car e of the men engaged in this work; they were scattered over a line r eaching m ore than 50 miles from Dawson, th e various camps being pitched in a wilderness of scrub and soggy moss. No supplies, either of food or ma­ terial, are hauled in summer, for all the roads, except those built by the goveimfient n ear Dawson, are then TH E- tr.t.y.iSON. '.oA:II~Y NEWS ; r~~·~·~~M~~titi~~~~~~~~~~.~~~~ Dealer in ~ •• . ,,~ 0 · ~ ~ ,; . ~ General ' ~ ~ , ---- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ I i i Liquors and I' • HARDWARE 0 ~ • ~ . . ~ i Iron and Steel I1 Cig ' ars i ~ . . ~ · ~ ~ . i Combinati~~Airtightan~Cooking,Stoves i i WHOLESALE I ~ a Speciltlt . y 11 • ~ • ~ 0 • ~ I, •• ,. , ~ ! "0,'1 "I ~ ~he Largest Direct Importers of Havana I ~ ~ ~ ,' . Cigars - in the Yukon . ~ ~ "L ,. Hly' Valley" Smithing Coal ~ ~ ~ ~ • • 0 · ~ ~ . ~ . . ~ • 0 ~ • ~ ~ ~ , BEER ~ ~ . . ~ • STOVES, RANGES, SASH, DOORS, GLASS, PUTTY, ROPE, CABLE, ~ 0 • i PAINTS, OILS, ETC. !! A. B. C., Bohemian and Budweiser i • 0 ~ • !. .. ~ , ~.. . LIQUOR~ i i STEAM HOSE, HYDRAUL'IC HOSE, GARDEN HOSE, TENT~, ~ 0 v .. . ~ TARPAULINS, PIPE FITTINGS, ETC. ~ ~ THE PRINCIPAL BRANDS OF ALL COUNTRIES ~ i ! ! ~~~~~_ 1 . 00 • ~ • • 0 • ~ 0 • ~ , ~ ~ COR. QUEEN ST, AND SIXTH AVE ~ ~ TELEPHONE 21-B COR. THIRD AVE. ANP PRINCESS ST. ~ ~ DAWSON , Y . T . ~ o • • 0 · . ~ . . ~.~~.~~.~.~.~.~.~.~.~.0.~B~~.0.0.~.~.~.~~.~.0.~0~ .~~. 46 ~ impassable by heavy wagons. Haul­ ing is done exclusively in winter. The stumps and brush are cleared in a line across the marsh and as soon as the frost comes a passage is effected. A plow removes any excess of snow, and the road is then watered to give it a durable crust of ice. Logging sleds from Michigan were used. The average load is nine tons with four horses, and eleven ton s with six horses. The maximum load is fifteen tons with six horses. It cost $5,000 to set up a camp, and it cost $7,000 to $12,000 to get a steam shovel ready to work. Not less than $75,000 worth of horses were em ployed, th e price at Dawson being $800 to $900 per pair . " The magnitude of the work accom­ plish ed b y the engineers of th e Yukon Gold Compan y may be inferred from an enumeration of the task com­ pleted during the three season s since the surveys were completed-; seven dredges in commission; three mechan ­ ical elevators ; a dam and reservoir (700 miners' inches for 40 day s) on Bonanza creek, connecting ditches, fltlnle and pipe-aggregating nine miles); a powt'r plant of 2,000 h orse­ power (now increased by the addi­ tion of a third unit generator.-Ed.) . wit h 36 miles ' of li ne, 18 miles of branch, and 8 miles of second ary lint's; 64 miles of main ditch, flum e and pipe of 5.000 inch capacity. ( Jow increascd to over 70 miles.-Ed.). All thi s has been clone 3,500 miles di stant from m anufacturing cen ters ,\¥ith an inadequate supply of labor. Some of the machinery t4at arrived at th e time of my visit bad been orrlered ]8 m onth s previously. The company was carrying 1,812 men on its payroll, rep­ resentinO' from 1,600 to 1,700 m en con­ tinuously engaged . This called for an t'xpenditure of $300,000 per month . In the examination of the claims pur­ ch a ed 0 1' optioned not les than $55,- 000 was spent . ' During the season of 1907 over 7,000 tons of material were received, an d it was inevitable that om e of the parts ordered in advance, for immediat€ operation s, sh ould be delayed in delivery despite every ef­ fort. It is always difficult to operate wh en cngagcd in construction work on a large scale. Of th e fi ne large d redges, w m e are Bucyrus and some of Marion manufacture, each cou ple being of the ~ame pattern, so that the parts are interchangeable. The smaller dredges were built by the Bucyrus company.. They .are of iden­ tical design and entirely interchange­ able. A sufficient stock of parts is carried, so as to obviate delays h orn slowness of transport. Maintenonce of 8,. proper commissariat for labor­ ers scattered over an area 70 miles long by 3() miles wide . - )'eqtiired · som e gellll. ralship. etc." Th.e · stlp~1';ien· ·.of· .QU, thi~·rem8w THE DAWSON ·DAlLYNE,WS Dredging Yukon Gravels able work has been in the hands of singularly youthful men. Older men might stand appalled before the prob­ lems to be solved for the first time, or might prefer to tollow safely after established precedent. And, too, with maturer years comes often a liking for greater creatu re comforts than are to be found on an Arctic frontier. Ap- parently much the sarn e thought struck Mr . Rickard, from wh om we have p reviously quoted. H e says: "The su pervision h as been in the han ds of young men, m'ostly graduates from mining schools. The chief, O. B. P erry, is a graduate of the- Columbia Sch ool of Mines; the residen t mana, gel', Chester A. Thomas, hails from ,Stanford University; the su perin ten­ den t of dredges, E . S. McOarthy, is a Harvard man ; th e head of the h y­ draulic mining, George T. Coffey, is a graduate from the school of experi­ ence. They and their assistants con­ stitute a fine body of young and vig­ orous m en, willing to, make the most of the long Arctic day, and eager to hasten a work of which it can be said that it is th e most interesting ex­ ample of man's inva sion of the track­ le-s wilderness that border s the Arctic Circle." dreds of men went to work for the large companies. The Yukon Gold's army . of employes on construction never failed to get their pay, and this was quite a contrast to the con­ ditions which existed among many of the individual employes of previous years, when small debt courts were crowded with disappointed laborers. One of Yukon Gold 's Hydra ulic Giants During th~ earlier ~~'ys of. . this camp it was a task among many men to get what they had earned, and. oftentimes .the men were allowed the poorest fare and not. granted regular .' and considerate hours. The Yukon, Gold company never has had any labor troubles in the Yukon. The men have been suppli'ed the best of foods, and their table always is such that any choice and careful liver the largest cities may set down and enjoy the meals. The highest grades of goods are supplied the camps. The company not onl y keeps an army of men engaged in operation of dredges and hydraulics, but scores of men and m any horses aTe working constantly in the wood getting out W09d in winter, and in the summer another la.rge contingent is r equired to float the wood down the streams to. the m outh' of the Klondike, and then to load it on the cars of the Klondike Mines railway fOl: transportation to the places on the' creeks where it is Hsed for thawing. The management of the company, through its carefully organized corps of engineers, keeps a r ecord of all work performed, and the efficiency o.f all equipment, and also recor.ds all condit40ns encountered. With this data every detail is assembled from month to month, and a constant study made of the entire situation with a view to the reduction of cost of operation. This system has proved a great suc­ cess, and much ground at first unde­ sirable is now brought within the range of profitable operation. ·The Yukon Gold's advent marked the turning point in the methods of . operation in the Klondike. The indi­ vidual miners then began ' to disap­ pear from the · old cl'eeks, ' and hun- .. ··Bui Id ing Pip.e · Line " for Yukon ' Gold HydrauHcs •• -«,, ; -• ;: i t ... .. • ~~~~~~~~~.~.~~~.~.~.~~.~~.~~.~~.~~. ! ~ ! . ~ I . Home Bakery I f ~ i Lunches and Short Orders i ~ . · ~ ~ Tea,. Coffee or Cocoa with All Order 5 ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . ! ALL KINDS OF BREAD, PIES, CAKES ~ ! OLD ESTABLISHED STAND ~ iI 0 ~ . • Orders Get Prompt Attention 0 ~ ~ ~ a ! C. T~ CURTIS, Prop. ~ · ~ ~~~~.~.~.~.~~~.~~.~~.~.0.~.~.~~~.~.~~.~~.~ 41 0.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~.~~~.~0.~~. ! ~ ! When in Dawson, Visit the i o .• · ~ ~ i · 0 I M. & .N. i , ~ · ~ o • ! Barber Shop ~ ! ~ · ~ f DICK MAJOR & JOE DUBOIS, Props. ! ! ---" --'- ! o • , FIRST AVENUE 0 • • o & , '-' - THE PLACE WHERE EVERYBODY GOES ~ , , ·~~~.~~.0.~~~~.~.~.~~~.~~~~~.~~.~~.0.0 ~~~~~~.~~.~.~.~0.~.~~0.~~~.~~.~0.~~~ .~~.~.~.~.0~~.~.~~.0.~~.~~. .. • • 0' 0 00 . . i Ruby City Hotel i t TELEPHONE 22 The P.O Bon i • • 0 0 o 0 • • I, ' o. Letourneau. Prop. =.: i. Princi pal Hotel 1,: , 1 ill Headquarters for Mining Men and Prospectors. Best Accommodations ~ w ~ 0 • • • In Alaska • 0 F. H. PEARSE, Prop. 0 ~ 0 • • • .00 ~ ~ ~ Strictly First Class '! 00 . . · .00 00 . • • Accurate Information Regarding Alaska's Resources • 0 Only the Purest Liquors Served 0 00 . • • • 0 . 0 ~ 0 • • ! Ruby City = - Alaska , ~ COR. SECOND AVE. AND KING ST. DAWSO~; l'. T . . , ~ . ' .. ~ ! .;~ ~ .~~~~~.0~.0i10."0.0~.0~!IP.0" . ,: 0110.0.0.~0.~0a~.~~.01i~.0.0.0.~~0.~0. S.~.~~0. S! ,',' . T.,.E O~WSO.N .D.AI~Y, N,EW. I. ' " " L" '. • t·'" ' 1' .. J. , ,,' Klondike's Oldest · Placer Creek , ,', . Quartz creek has the. credit- of be­ ing the first gold producer in the Klondike district. In 1896 Willie.m Radford, a very young man, endowed with all the qualities which go to make an ideal prospector, made his way up Indian river to the mouth of Quartz creek, and where the Indian river roadhouse now stands, rocked out gold from the sands washed down by Quartz creek. Soon afterwards he a~ended Quartz creek, prospecting as he went, little dreaming that he was passing over ground from which more than twenty men have since taken out comfortable fortunes. At about six and one-half miles above ' its mouth, Raclford discovered gold on what has since 1896 been known as RadfoTd's discovery. But Billy's restless nature carried him away from his claim, from which others have subsequently taken over $60,000. H e went over the divide, to what is now known as Gold Run. Here he again staked a claim, since proved by others to be very rich. H e after­ wards returned to his first love, and worked many years on Quartz cr eek, named by him, The postoffice on the creek is named Radford, after the dis­ coverer. Billy may today be seen, all alone, sinking shafts on Chief gulch, cutting hi s own wood, thawing, and hoisting and sluicing without help of were induced to stake out mineral any kind-still imbued with the same claims, fascinated by the promising indomitable pluck . and perseverance, outcroppings of quartz which probably full of hope and glad to hear · of fed many of the claims on Little others' success~s on the creek he dis- ·Blanche. These mineral claims have covered. been staked and restaked, but nobody Quartz creek heads into a dome has ever put a pick or shovel into the from which, within a very short dis. _ ground in an endeavor to ascertain tance, the famous creeks of Domin- what lies below the croppings, Some ion, Hunker and Sulphur have their day the quartz miner undoubtedly ' origin. It is about twelve miles long, will open rich lodes and veins on and .. i s known to be ,gold-bearing .f.or these domes .. Up to the present, the over nine miles, .The pay streak is of ground h8:s been visit~ o)lly by the great , w~dth, alld . ;while .some spots , post and ,pencil optimist. . have been disco"ered · which were For som e years Quartz creek devel­ enorm ously rich, the pay is what is opment was retarded by the granting known' as " low-grade/" hence the long of a concession, two - and ' one-half life of this famous old creek. H ad its miles' l mg, ' to Swift\vater BiiL After paystreak beert confined to the narrow many thousands of dollars had been limits of an Eldorado, the ground spent in hauling hydraulic machinery would probably have, been 'worked out, over roadless hills and vales, the many year s ago, As it is, there' is ' concessiona'res failed to do sufficien t work, for a great mapy years to come, . work t~ ' hold their easily-acquired 101' those who are cO'nten t to acquire - ground.-; Consequently, the govern­ riches slowly. There are several ment thr ew the ground open in 1907, miners still on Quartz creek who have and there was a great stampede to the lived there continuQu sly '-'for the last - ola- cr eel;:, ~ As many as seventeen per­ fiFteen years, and are satisfied, son s staked one creek claim, There The creek bottom above ann a mile was but very little confusion, for the . , below Radford's discovery ,contains goverum ent previously issued a list .; most of the pay, but for about three of claims which ·. w· ould be ,; thrown ' .:: miles lower down the pay is found open to the public, Thi s was neces­ .. - on the hillsides and benches. Many sary because several claims were " of the shafts are from 90 to 100 feet granted as compensation to pers'ons , in depth and the great body of white who had been promised "compensa­ . channel gravel contains gold scattered tion" by the government. The con- throughout its great depth, but only cessionaires also had their first choice t,he gravel a few feet above bedrock of ' about six claims. and the bedrock itself ,yill pay the in- From these erstwhile claims several ·dividulll miner' to work, All -the wor);; ' miners have 'made fortun es, One is done by drifting; except on the claim, granted to a woman, was sold lower .. part of -the cteek, where many" by her for $1,. 500/ and next winter it miners have succe sfully ground- produced , over $100,000. Another pro­ sluiced · their claims and taken out duced $110,000; another $75,000, and small fortunes, many others have been the means of In the creek itself the bed1-ock is bestowing a comfortable fortune on at a depth of about tilirty feet, and js the lucky successors of William Gates, of a totally different nature fr, om that 'Now followed a few years oOf gJ;eat found in the adjoining hillsides, The prosperity for the miners and store­ gold, too, is of a much higher grade. keepers on Quartz creek. A school, differing as much as $2 to the ounce churches, club room, social hall, and in many places, !. , stores sprang .up and the . duil, dead At abo.ut a md~ below Radford's dis- Clay.s of concespion rule gave place 'to " covery, Quartz creek is joined by the energetic \vork scattered ahmg the combined tributaries, Canyon creek creek, and resulted .in prosperity for and Little Blanche . Both have proved many working men who had hitherto very rich on the- right hillsides near been deprived of staking ground or .. their mouths, and there ' are great even cutting timber on the hills ad- , bodies of gravel which will run forty joining the concession. cents per bucket, but which remain Quartz creek has a great advantage unworked owirig to the present high in its splendid timber areas and is cost of living, Men to this day on quite close to a bountiful supply of Quartz creek are paid $7 per day of timber of the finest quality and .size ten hours" work. ' on Indian river. ' At ,present large At the head of Little Blanche one quantities of poles are being cut for can ,see nume(ous stakes of, those. who the .power line , which it .is., intended Rock ing on Quartz· Creek to erect from the dome, down Quartz creek to Indian river, One of the finest roads in the terri­ ritory connects Dawson to Quartz creek , It is about thirty miles long and is u sed by the White Pass stage line in winter, and by the mail car­ rier and teamsters to Black Hills dur­ ing summer , To show the difference , between 1913 and 1899-1900, it is only " necessary to say that now the price of freighting to Quartz creek from Daw­ son is about one and one-half cents per pound, whereas· in the , early 4i-ys of the camp the cost was 50 cents, Today most of the mining on the creek is carried on by means of steam hoists, with large buckets of from 50 to 60 pans capacity. The output of gold :ls much ' les's than formerly, because some 'of the ground , principally the lower three miles of the creek, has been either purchased by, or optioned to, a largo ' mining company; but there are many claims still working and will be tak­ ing out gold for seyeral years to come, The output during the last winter was about $40,000, Next year it is probable that this amount will be greatly exceeded, A bout fifty men are at present working therE'. On the lower part, A. N. C, Tread­ gold has about twenty men stripping off the m oss and "niggerheads" by means of plows. The tundra and , other vegetation are piled in heaps and burned. The muck is being hy­ draulicked off. The gravel is exposed and it already has been proved that J ' gap ueLween the nald and the H ay­ st.ack mountain peaks, There are many places on Quartz creek and its tributaries where men can extract ". better than wages" dur­ ing the coming winter , It was · only last year that four men took out · a little under $20,000 from a claim which cost them les~ than $1,000. An­ other took out $5,000 fwm a claim which cost him $300, and sold it last year for $10,600, and not a tenth 'Of it is worked, Capacious ditches ' carry water near­ ly the whole length of the creek and no difficulty is experienced in wash­ ing the winter dumps. Some of these d\tcl)es are being eplal'ged, extended and ,given ·a loftier grade, so that the ' min er's inch will do much more effec­ tive work next year , One little story may not be out ~f place in showing that perseverance often brings success to the man who "sticks to it" Two Quartz creek miners sank . a shaft of 'a hundred feet, then drifted and found only a few cents to the pan ; one partner, after bravely strug­ gling against ill-luck, as he thought, sold out to the other for $50, and left the country. Like many others, he could not stay outside, but l'eturned the following year. As. h e stepped off the boat he m et his partner leaving the country, and, on asking him what he was doing, obtained the following reply: " Two days after you left, 1 put in another thaw and got $10 pans; I clean ed up my winter d um p, and. after paying all expenses, am going out with over $30,000." The partner is still here working for daily wages. jf the ground is properly drained, the sun and air of our warm summer will thaw th e gold-bearing gravel to bedrock. , To those familiar with · the costly method ' of thaw~ng , the ~ound ahead of the ,dredges, this· method will appeal most strongly where economy of working is considered. Many similar storie& can n o doubt ; be told by, men: wh'O have' made for­ . tunes in this rich 'coun try, but this is one that has come under the per­ sonal notice ' of the writer. Unlike the rich narrow paystreakS on other creeks which have , been worked over two or three times, Quartz creek has been worked but once in the known rich areas" whereas the lower-grade gravels have remained untouched . In a short time these portions will be extensively worked and will afford employmen t to many men , Quartz creek 'Often has been termed the sunny creek, for the miners resid- , ing there say they never lose the sun, Even on the shortest day of the win­ ter they ' enjoy at least two hours 'Of sunshine, for the creek runs nearly duesq:ut?, and points towar.u the great. ••••••••••••••••• • • • SPIR IT OF KLONDIK E • • • The spirit~whjch m et the fancied terrors of wilat was thought to be sub­ Arctic waste and transformed it into one of the foremost mining camps of the Dominion-the golden Klondike­ may be counted upon to carry for­ ward the con!l?lete development of its natural resources.-William Temple­ man, former Dominion Minister of Mines, . I ' • THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 49 I-CANOAHfsfi-IMPiUil ~ . ~ WE HAVE THE EXCLUSIVE AGENCY FOR THE FOLLOWING ~ ~ Ca nad ian Kodak Company ; Remington Typewriter Company; Roches- ~ 11 te r Optical Company; P arker Fountain Pens; Waterman Pen Com- ~ ~ pany; San Francisco Examine r ; Seattle Times Pub. Co.; Gil lette ~ o Safety Razor Co.; Edison Phonogr aphs and R; cords'; Zonophone Talk- • · ~ ~ ing Machines. • · ~ ~ Fountain Pens-Parker and Waterm a n 's - for ~ ~ office use and while traveling. • · ~ ~ . • W e ca rry the most up-to-date KODAK SUP- 0 ~ PLI ES in the city. 3A Kodaks, $25.00; F ilms, " ~ P a p ers , Developing Outfits and all mate ri a l for • · ~ ~ doing your own work. • · ~ o • ~ 0 ~ . ~ ~ ~ . · ~ o • · ~ ~ . • 0 o • · ~ ~ . · ~ o • · ~ o \ @ • • \ 0 o GI LLETTE RAZORS ... . .. $6.50 We handle the Remington IT • T ! ~ GILLETTE BLADES . . .. . . 1.50 ypewriters and Supplies. • ~ If you have not tried one of Carbon Papers, Typewriter .:r ~ t hese razors, you had better try Pa pers, Ribbons for a ll m akes ~ • one now. After you have tried of machines, Typewriter Erasers. 0 ~ one, you will use no other. ~ o Post Cards Statio V· B • ~ to-date P bl" . nery, lew oaks, Souveni r Goods. All leading up- ~ • 0 A· u Icatlons tor 1913 can be found at our store . ~ o Ur Im and Motto Is to Pleas e You. No Trouble to Show Goods . • • 0 o • · ~ ~ We carry the most up-to-date ~ o line of " B.B.B.", Calabash, and • ~ Peterson 's F i!)es in the city. ~ • Calabash Pipes, from $3.00 to 0 o • • $1 2.00. ~ o • · ~ ~.0.~.~.~~.~.0.0.~.~.~~.0.~.~~.~.~~~.~.~.~~.~.~ ~------~----------------------------~------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------~----------------------~ 50 THE OAWSON DAI LY NEWS Into the Golden Heart of . Yukon Over the Wonderful Scenic Route Mar'Ve[s ot the crrip up the Enchanting Alaskan Coast ami Over the World Famed Chilkoois on the Luxurious Trains and Steamers of the White Pass (3 Yukon Route This La nd of the ~iidnight Sun and North ern Light-this la, n d of snow­ capped mountains, towering into th e clouds-glaciers glinting in the sun­ light, blue, green and white-flow er s, crimson amid deep green forests­ lakes high in mountain pockets, himm ering, dancing under soft sum­ mer breezes-mighty rivers and tum b­ ling cascade5-th e rear of rapids--the song of birds-the lure of gold: Here is a lan d set apart-,a land affording new thrills, new experiences-a greater, more magnificent, more tre­ mendous Mecca for the traveler than has ever before been sung in peetry or prose. Modern Tra ve. 1 Comfort. Skagway is the gateway. And th e route which leads into the interior­ over the world-famed White Pas.s, wh ere thousands dragged their bleed­ ing feet in the mad '97 rush for gold -is the White Pass & Yukon Route, t he railway which was built some thi rteen years ago against terrific odus-one of the reall y great engin eer­ jog feats of the past century. Comfortably 'seated in a modern parlor car , you may travel through this magic region to Cari bou, when ce m odern steam ers ply th e inland waters to Atlin, the beautiful; or you may continue .on to Whitehor se, at the beginning of the mighty Yukon­ here to take the steamer for gold-built Dawson. On beyond, for those who have sufficient time-one thousand mile:; down the broad, surging Yukon, and u p th e Tanana, after crossing and recrossing the _ -\rctic circle-is Fair­ banks. From Seattle or Vancouver to Skag­ way is a marvelou sly beautiful and intpre ting trip-a winding inner pass­ age, island-sheltered threading its way through narrow channels, be­ tween green-cla-d islan ds, past gTeat glaciel'~'. stopping at Alert Bay, Pri n ce Rupert, Sitka. Ketchika n, Wrangell, Douglas and Juneau. On the voyage may be :een natives with their ba keto , bows and arrows ; tote m poles. vast salmon canneries. and g.old an u copper mines. But to go to Skag­ way and net see the interior-is like going to the thre;ohold of Fairyland and f,JJ'pgoi ng all th e inten'st and en­ cb antment to be enjoyed within the magic region. \Vhat was, but a few years since, an impenetrable region of mYR tcry­ r,Jrsonall~· known only to a handful of intrepid explorers-ha~ b,'en con­ ,"prted suddpnlv tran~fonllPd. into a land ;f ea~y a~cess . .U a single stroke-the building ef h e \~'hite Pass & Yukon Railway­ tll" va,;t interior opene(l its arms to Tec E'ive the tom·ist. Mountains, gla­ ciPJ's, lakes, tOlTt'nts, cascade~. flow­ prs, fore5ts, th e splendid Yukon, th e magic Klondike-th ere they art' for you-casily reached, at nlOdf'rate ex­ pense, an (l with b ut littl C' cost of time. A Wonderfu l Tra nsformation. Tlie day of the dog sledge has passed. 0 longer neeu the explorer and the seeker for gold toil OWl' dan­ gerou s passes-nor need they ~hoot the foaDl ing rapid s in their fra il boats. Today comfort Hwaits the traveler. H e may sit at hi s ease in a mod ern parlor car , in all tranquility . Safe from all harm h e may view the trail s which spelled 50 much ago, ny , so m uch pain and sufferin g to those who, in th eir greed for gold, rushed to the Klondike in ' 97. H e may ride in lux­ ury over those very t rails-every foot of th e way replete wi th the history of reckless daring, the memory of deeds which will stir th e blood .of men for centuries to come! E. Burton H olmes, th e famous' traveler an d lecturer, said in one of his lectures, after he had vi sited Alaska and the Klonclike: "Alaska and the Klondike as they are today a re amongst the most amaz­ ing facts of our liew century; yester­ dav a wildernes with heroes figh ting epic battles wi th the elements; today a land with towns and cities; with happy h omes and thriving business en terprises ....... Where the pion eers dmgged their bl(;eding fee.t up the icy stairways of the Wh ite pass or th e Chilcoot, we rolled in all the lUXury of railway cars, and within sight of the death-dealing rapid;; through which their boats were steered with the fear of death for pilot, we glided smoothly over rails of steel, coming from Skagway on the coast to White ­ h orse City, on the Upper Yukon. a s way "Soapy'" Smith and his gang held forth, robbin g th e geld-laden miners as they came from the "diggings" headed for the States. "'Soapy" was t h e uncrown ed king of Skagway. H e ruled with an iron hand until the bet­ ter element. in the town rose in revolt, killed him and drove out his gang. At Daw-son they gambled indo.}ff.' an d out. Vast for tunes were sifted from .the creeks-only to be lost in a nigh t at th e roulette wheel. The sound of gay music drifted on t he air from. the s~loons and dance . halls. Men- wom en-all were mad for g01d! 'roday wom en an d children travel alene fr om S);agway to Dawson as safely as they would from Boston to New York! A marvelous change! Order, thrift, tidiness h rtve usurped th e place of lawlessness. Broad, Sc en e on White Pass & Yukon Rai lway comfortab ly amI expeditiously as we could travel from New York to Bos­ ton. ""-e ha Vl' CC11H' by rail in Sl'ven hours, ] 12 mi Ie·s trom the tidewater terminal of the Whitp Pass & Yukon Route ,to this Ill'W station at White­ horse City, the head of' f'-tcamer navi ­ gation on the Yukon. " '. .. From \Vhitehorfe to Dawson we have fer highway the great, rapid flowing river, and for convl'yailcc th e comfortable Yukon steamers that pl.v all summer up and down the stream." From the deck of a steamer which provides evpry comfort of civiliOlation the tourist may witn es , t he majesty of the Yukon. H e may visit th e scen e of George Carmack's brilliant disoov­ ery of gold on Bonanza creek in Au­ gust of ]896. H e may see with his own eves th e f,our-mile stretch on El­ dorad~. which has yiel ded over $30 .- 000,000 in coarse gol'd. H e may hear with hi s own cars th i) tales of the old wild days from the lips of men who lived i n th e heart of it all. Sk agway a nd Dawson Skagwa~' ano Dawson ! These are names to conjure with ! Cities which grew from almost n ething in a night to tent cities-from tents to log cabins -to fram e houses and buildings! Lawlessness and crime r an wild. Its like haG n ever been known before and never will be known again. At Sk ag- clean , wpl1-kppt ~treets-great ware­ houses-bu,;iness e~tablishmcnts and flow er-covered cottages greet the eye . A Wealth of F lowers In Dawson theFe cottages , nestling in th e ~lopes which lead to the great "Dome. ,. arp positivply buried in ftowerF. Tl ll'~' are log cabil1f' with long sloping roefs which cover the porches . The owners have covered the roofs with parth , ' and in summer they blaz(' for th with more than a dozen vaTjetie~ of grassef' and flow­ ers. Every window has its flaming box of bloom-every garden its gay beds . And in some cases boxes are set on the sqUlHe fence posts-not in­ frequently running the entire length , c·f the fences themsel ves-the vines 'llrooping and trailing amid the flow­ PI'S below. Standing at t.he river and looking toward the " Dome," the whole ·town is a mass of brigh t col or, sloping up to the green which in turn slopes up to the blue. An d , Skagway! ' The air is sweet to enchantment with flowers. Faintly. from afar, comes the continuous mu­ sic of waterfalls. P retty cottages cov­ er the foothills, from which rise abru ptly the great mountains, their snowy peaks seemi ng to hang directly (j, ver the town. Ever ywhere are flower s. Ever y win­ dow is scarlet with its blossoms. The garden s are beyond description. And leading to the h eigllts are fiower­ st rewn paths. Many people con sider Skagway the most interesting place - on the Pacific coast . There are count­ less excursions to be taken-and at very small expense. There are canoe trips, trips on horseback and on foot into the wilds-to Mendenhall, David­ son Denver and Bertha Glaciers-to Haines, Fort Seward, P yramid H ar­ bor, Seduction Point, the top of Mount Dewey, Dewey Lake, Face Mountain , Dyea-to the hunting and fi shing grounds, where are found mountain sheep, l:)8ars, goats, ptarmi­ gan, grouse and all manner of fish . Trip in Outline Something has a lready been told of th e beauty of the "Inner Pa.s.sage" trip to Skagway. F rom Puget Sound, fiord after fi, ord comes to view in the ceaselessly changing panorama, ever increasing in splendor until the grand climax is reached in Lynn canal, at the h ead of which lies Skagway. Gla­ cier s are seen at every turn of the stean1 "r . Sno\v domes and peak s are reflected in the brilliantly blue water. Countless cascades foam , sparkling over rocky beds, or dr, op sh eer from lofty cliffs, bewildering one with their slow, rhythmic, n ever-ceasing fall. At sunset th £ sea assumes deep pUl:ple hues. And here lies Skagway- of which f n e could talk forever. The few. words Qf)description above-telling a little of th e old Skagway-the Skagway of " Soapy" Smith-and th e new Skagway -the Skagway ef flower s an d cottages -must h ere suffice. Over t h e Wh ite Pa ss Climbi n g storied White pass, even in a modern railway coach or pador car, is a thrilling experience. Jot be­ cause of the danger-you are as safe a s though at home in your own draw­ ing room-but beca use of the oon- 6tantly i ncreasing grandeur ef the mountains and canyons. Cascades, snow peaks, glacier - and overhanging cliffs make the \\-ay one of austere beauty . In places the train clings · to a lean­ ing wall of rock. A gulf of pUTp.]e ( -'ther sinks sheer on the other sidp. (Car bdow, the Skagway river roars through its narrow channel. H ere thr train overhangs its foam -w1:l;ite waters. Again, solid rock cliff jut out boldly aboye . Just before rounding R ocky p.oint­ at the seventh mile-looking back, we get a magnificent view of Skagway and Lynn canal- spread out in won­ drous panorama. The H imging Rocks, at Clifton , picturesqu E' Pitchfork falls, the fam ed Sa\\'t, ooth mountains-all pass in succession. At one point, looking down a theusand feet. we be­ h old the l;uins of White Pa~s City­ the largest tent city in th e world at one t im e during the ru s h for the Klondike. At Inspiration point the la5t g.!impse of salt water appears-far to th e rear, far below. From the great steel can­ tilever bri'dge--215 feet above, the bet­ tom of a canyon-a vast view of tre­ m endous mountain scenery opens to either side. This journey over White pass is worth a wno1 e lifetime of ordinary t ravel ! In two anI([ one-half hou rs we climb leisurely, with frequent stops, from the level of the sea to the summit of Lhe pass; and although skirting peaks of from 5,000' to 8,000 feet in height , we pass through but one short tunnel of 250 feet . Twenty miles from Skagway is a lit­ tle red station n amed White P ass­ the summit-the international boun­ dary-on one side of which waves the THE OAWSON DAILY - NEWS ~.~0.~0.0.~0.~~0.~0.~0.0.~.'~~.~~0.~.0.~0.~~ • • I Third Ave. Cigar and I ., . I Confectionery I ~ . ! Store I, o 0 • ~- T ~ o 'We Carry an Line of Cigars, 0·. ~ baccos, Pipes, Etc. ~ · ~ · ~ ~ JOSEPH AVSHROT, Prop. ~ o 0 ~ DON'T FORGET THE PLACE : ~ THIRD AVENUE, NEXT TO POSTOFFICE : ~ ' DAWSON, Y. T . : • • o . 0 ·~~.0~~~~.0~.0.~~~.~0~.0.~.0~~.0.0~ For Information About the Northland Read the DA WSON DAILY NEWS 51 I 52 stars and Stripes, on th e" other the Union Jack of England. One s tep take3 you from the protection of Un cle Sam to that of George V. Stand­ ing here you are a t the great divide, and see on on e hand water s flowin g south but a few miles to t h e P acific an d on the other lies Summi t lake-a tiny sapphire spot amon g th e great bare hills . A nd from this bit of liquid brilliance, scarcely larger than an ar­ tificial p on d in a p ark, the mighty Yukon takes its rise-flowing fr. om 'this. point, on ly twenty miles from t he Eea over 2,300 miles n orth and west, p'ast ramparts and m ountains, throu gh cany on s and plains, crossin g an d recrossing the Arctic Circle, to Berin g sea. To Caribou Leaving th e su~ ' , the way be­ COllies one of lov rather than grandeur-following , . g th e sh ores of th e river and the lakes. The salt tan er of the sea is left b ehind , and our I trils are filled ' . vith the soft sweet-. s of the lal)e and motllltalll all'­ ,gran t with pine, balsam , cott on ­ wood and flower s. Lunching at the head of Lake Ben­ nett we find ourselves O Il th e site of another great ' 97 city of tents . Thou s­ ands of men and "'omen camped here, waiting for the completion of boats and r afts to con vey themselves and their outfits down the lakes and the river to th e L and of Gold. L a ke Bennett is a lon g, n arrow sh eet of blue. border ed by m ountains of a wondr ou s old rose calor . F O r twenty­ seven miles the r oute follows th e east­ ern sh ore . Eleven miles down the lake from Bennett we pass P enning­ ton, on the boundary line between British Columbia and the Yukon Ter­ ritorv . Tl;e terrace from the train t o the wa ter i s a solid blaze of wild flower s -firewee.c1, larkspur, dandelions, monk's-hood, p llTple asters, m ar - guerites, wi1d r oses, dwarf goldenrod. Cloud fragments drift silently over the n earer r ose-color ed mountains, while in the distan ce, in e very directif)tr, reaching heavenwards , ar p. onely peak s of snow. As the train ap proac Caribou, th e tiltv~~r exr "rien the unique sen sation of -('r.6s:il1g the most north­ erly swing bridge on the America continent- o' er the outlet of Lake Beii­ nett into' "res lake. Near the ridge is Carir ~ station, where t steamer fr.}' Atlin waits. Of Attin we will pes;k later. Whitehorse Rapids aribou the train runs along t W atson river, and soon Lewi ake is reached-a lake which th 'r ailway engineers almost com­ pletely drained in an attempt to slightly lower its level. They dug a channel through the sandy hills ; and when the water started it came with snch a rush that it cut a vast canyon, lowering the lak e seventy feet instead of the intended fourteen. Numerous other lakes, shut in by hills and mountains, ar e passed_nd then-Miles can yon and Whiteh or se rapids ! The romance of ' 97 ! As we stand on the brink of th is world-famed gorge, pictures of th e old days rise befor e our eyes. Bold ad­ venturers on rafts and in ill-bnilt b oats are whirled into the swift , dan­ geTo'u s waters, in th eir m ad l'nsh to t he Klondike. Many an outfit, many a life was lost at this historic spot. Many a fondly ch eri sh ed h ope sank in these seething wa ter s . In '''hitehorse-about an h our' s walk distant-the faint, continuou s r oar of the rapids reaches the ear quite plainly on still days. White­ horse is a busy little city located on the west bank of Fiftymile river , ·which is also known as the Lewes river and sometimes t ermed the Up­ per Ynkon. Near by there are very interesting copper mines . As at Skag­ way, t h ere are excellen t hotel accom­ modations. It is the terminus of the railway division of the White Pass & Yukon Route-the point of departnre for the magnificent trip down the Y u­ kon to Dawson. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS Steaming Down Lake La berge It is of Lake Laberge that ' R obert W. Service;-th e p clPt of the Yukon , a man who lived at Whitehorse and knows th e Northland-has written h is a mu sing, yet gruesome ballad, " Th e Cremation of Sam McGee." In the old wild days Lake T "aberge played a pr ominent part, for it was through thi s lake the gold seekers m ade their way on to the Klonc1ike . Service on Yukon. Service knows the Yuk on country, and \\'e can catch much of its spirit fr om his songs : " Ther e' s gold, and it 's hau nting and haunting ; It's luring Ill e on as of old ; Yet it ian 't the gold th at I'm wanting So mu ch as just finding the gold . It's tIl e greatfi bi g, broad land ' way up yonder, It's the forests ,,-here silence has leuse; It's t h e beauty that thrill s me with wonder, It's the stillness th:lt fill s m E' with peace. river narrows to 150 vards. Five great hulks of ston e rise t~ a height of forty or fifty feet. The waters rush foam ­ ing b~tween . Our steamer, guided by its skilful pilot, gli des swiftly through, almc·st t ouching the stone walls in its pas s age. R ink rapids, six miles below, give a second experience of this exciting form of navigation. The Mighty Yukon At F ort Selkirk begins tll e Yukon river pr oper- which is formed by the union of the Lewes and the P elly. It has been said that "No one can ever trea,d the deck of a Yukon steamer and be quite so small and narrow again as he was before . The lon eliness, ~ my stery , the maj esty of it all re veals hi s own soul to his shrinking eyes, and h e gr ows in a day, in an hour, in the flash ot a th ought-out of his old self I" The ;mrging waters have cut through th E' lower spurs of a great mountain range. For a hnndred and fift y m iles the steamer plies this r out e of evpr -changing scenic gran- Famous Mile s Can\fon, on Route to Daw son " I 've stood in some mighty-mou thed ' hollow That' s plumb-full of hush to the brim ; I 've watchecl the big, hnsky sun wal­ low In crimson and gold, and grow dim, Till the moon set the pearly peaks gleaming; And the stars tumbled out, neck and crop ; And I 've thonght that I surely was d~eaming, With the peace 0' the world piled on top. " The summer- no sweeter was ever; Th e sunshiny woods all athriJI; Th e gmyling aleap in the river, The bighorn asleep on the h ill. The strong life that n ever knows h ar­ n ess ; The wil ds where tho caribou call; The freshness, the freedom , th e far­ ness- o G·od 1 b ow I'm stuck on it all. " - The Spell of th e Yukon. Giant towers a nd bastion-like pro­ jection s of T ed rock stan d sentinel along the westeTn shore of Lake La­ berge-while on the east, great, gray, rounded hills of limestone, veined and shaded with the green of sprn ce, alter­ nat e with deep wood ed valleys and th e picturesque mouths of riveTS . Flower s, strawberries, raspberries and blu eberries are 10und in abnndance wherever the steamer stops to "wood up.') Shooting Fi ve-Finger Rapids On through the splendid scenery of Thirtymile river and th e Lewes, we come t o one of th e most thrilling ex­ periences of the entire trip-the sh oot­ ing of Five-Finger 1'apids. H ere the deur. Winding ar ound and between count less island s, at times running close under the lee of huge granite cliffs-now passing the swift foaming White river, where it mingles with the Yukon-then Stew art 1'iver and Indian river-th ere is not a single m ile of the way bnt h olds vivid in­ terest. P itching quoits - music-dancing­ cards-an d aIJ the other anlUEernents p c'pular aboard ship pass the time quickly in good fellowship. The Midnight Sun And the light 0 the Midn ight Sun! At Whitehorse yon -at in y om' window at 2 o'clock in the lorning- listeni ... g throngh tIle bluish \ hite lightm--tne fa in t r·oar of the d ist nt rapids. Th e fi'n.grance or - fl owcrs 'd 'fted in and out with th e cool night ·eeze. Now-out on the vast s Neep of the Yukon-at midnight-with the sun h anging jnst below th e horizon-n o sound but the throbbing engines, the swish · of the water s as the steamer slips through. That is an experience! Shortly the sun peeps above the mountains astern-just a dip it has taken from sight, leaving a glimmer­ ing r osy light over the river, the mountains and hills . Pas,sing th e mouth of the Klondike . river, the steamer makes a landing . a.t the dock a short distance beyond. The Dawson journey is at an end . Up from t he docks and wareh ouses the city stretch es to the ·flower-strewn hills. Of this wonderful city we have already spoken. From a turbulent tent com­ munity it ha& developed in but a few years to a well-ordered, modern city with tE'legraph, telephone, electric lights, water works, daily newspaper, excellent. hotels. Near at hand, within easy side-trip distance, are the famons gold-bearing creeks-Bonanza, Eldo­ rado, Gold Riun, Gold Bottom and others . To Fairb a nks (Crossing and R f'crossing t he Arctic Circle. ) The tourist who ca n afford the time will find the trip beyond Dawson, dcwn the Yukon rive1 ', 700 miles, and up the Tanana river, nearly 300 miles, to Fairbanks, extremely interesting. En route to and from Fairbanks the Arctic Circle is crossed and r ecl'Ossed, and here the midnigh t sun can be seen in all its northland glory . Stops en route are m ade at various points, among which is F ort Ynkon, six miles n orth of the Arctic Circle. H er e, in 1846, an old trading-post was located. Som e of the log buildings er ected at the time are still standing. Various I ndian villages are passed on the way down to the Tanan a river. Thence the ascent of this river is made to Chena, 263 rn ~lcs from the mouth of the river. During the favor­ able stages of water the st eamers run between Chena and Fairbanks. Other­ wise connections are made at Ch en a with t he Tanana Valley railroad for Fairbanks and the various mining center;; in the district. Eighty miles np the Tanan. a river is H ot Spring!;, a small settlement, which takes its name from the h ot springs located h ere, and which are said to possess curative pr.operties. H ere agriculture is car­ ried on. Fairbanks is the largest city and on e of the most picturesqu e 'places in the interior of Alaska and is the chief supply point for this rich and exten­ sive placer and gold quartz milling district. Fairbanks, like Dawson, is connected with the outside world by telegraph . It has d aily newspapers, good hotels, a water system, electric lights, etc. Throug h the Lakes Fr m Skagway t o Caribou, and from t hen c through a chain of sapphire lakes, ountain and forest-girt, eighty miles to Atlin-ther e is a rare jewel of a tri p The cost is modera te and it takes I t little time-but there is more of sh er beauty packed into. that short dista e than can be found in any other pI ce in the world. Winding th ough Nares or Tagish lake the stea er traverses Wind y Arm to enter ku Arm, a b eautiful sheet of water, a ost completely ·shut in by the most SpUlllg m ountain scenery. A splene! view is afforded of Jubilee mountai its snow-crowned he thousands ot fe et into th e clouds. I ands and pro­ montories, bays and inl s are passed in rapid su ccession. After steaming througH beautiful Golden Gate and up Takn 'nlet, the boat makes a landing at Ta , wher e THE .DAWSON DAILY NEWS 53 ~~~~.~~~.~~.~~~~~.~~~~~~~~~~~.~.0.0.0.~.~0~~.~.~.0.0.~a0~.0~.~~.~! • • • ~ · ~ ~ . I The Official Grand Trunk Pacific T own site I · ~ o • I SMITHERS I • ~ . • 0 o ~ ! General Freight and Passenger Division. In the heart of the Famous Bufkley ValleYt ! o • lone of the Richest Agricultural Dist~cts in British Columbia. The Railroad Com= i i pany will spend $250,000 in SMITHERS. Large Station, fMachine and Ca Repair i ; . • Shops, Roundhouse, Etc. Will employ 200 men in shops alone arid have over 8 i ! miles of side tracks t Smithers has also in its immediate vicinity very large areas of _ o • ! Ooal Lands, immense deposits of Gold, Lead, Copper, Ga- i .~ . ~ lena and Silver Ores. unlimited Water Powers t and Billions of Feet of Mer- ~ .7 0 o . . • ~ chantable Timber. Smithers offers one of the Best Opportunities in Western Canada. i ! • • 0 • Only Passenger D;IIision Between Prince Rupert and Fort George ~ o • • 0 ~ LOcrS FOR SALE FIRST SEPTEMBER ! ~ ~ ! ALDOUS &, MURRAY, Limited i o • I CVANCOUVER, CB. C. i o • I HUGI-i T. HATCH, Sole Agent ~t{;cp · 6o~:11~~!B.ue, DAWSON, Y. T. i o • · ~ o • • 0 f0.0.0.0."~.~~.~"~.~" ~.0.~.~.~E~.~g0.0.0.~.0.: ~.0.~.~.~.~.~.0.0.~.0.0.~0.0.~.~.~.~."~.~.0.~.0.~.i. · ~ o • I I Am the Cigar and I ~ ~ i Pipe Man I i ~ i P. A. KNUDSON i · ~ ~ . • 0 o • ! • · ~ o • • 0 ~ . • 0 o -. • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 ~ . • 0 ~ . • 0 ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ u · ~ ~ . · ~ • WHOLESALE AND RETAIL ~ o • i Cigars and Tobacco! • 0 • ~ ---Dea ler I n-- • ~ ~ BERLINER AND VICTOR GRAMAPHONES AND ' SUPPLIES' ~ ~ . • ---And-- 0 ~ . · ~ ~ FANCY CANDIES ! o • ! All Kinds of Fresh Fruit.s in Season iI · ~ ~ SECOND AVENUE, ' COMMERCE BUILDING ~ o • • Telephone 57x. P . O. Box 823 ~ o • ~ DAWSON, Y. T. ~ ! . & .~~.~~~.~.~.0.~.0.0.~.0~.~.~.~.~.0.~.~.0.0.0.~ a short portage by rail aloong the bank of roa:ring ·Atlintoo river brings the tourist to Atlin lake-"Atlin the Beau­ tiful !" of which an English traveler writes: . "Atlin ;cenery is something pecubar to itself. I have seen nothing like it in all my travels and all those who have seen it agree 8 to this. There is Romething so grand and restful about it all; so soft and so peaceful, and yet so m agnificent. A tli is peaceful and in its glory, and , t complete It all, the autumn tints 'v 'e at then best , . and only seeing thes tints is to be­ lieve in the sight of nature run not in col or. . "And no two moun ains ~vere alike in th eir blaze of colo ·. In some th e .deep crimson red-in oth ers a bea uti­ ful deep green, reliev d by the Cflm­ son hues, were the do inant tone, and still in others th~ glo ving yellows of th e poplar would 0 t attract your eye. In addition to 1 thiS beauty {)f color the marveLous e ects of th e at­ mosphere were striking y lovely- soft, et as clear as crystal. Indeed , there 'ere some of the effec s of a crystal prism in this feast to th e eyes-all the coloors {)f the rainb w were there. The mountains nearest u s show their vivid red and the yell of the pop­ Jars stood ou t vivi(]ly 0 the green of th e firs .and the crimso hu es became softer in tone, and st 11 furth er on the atmosphere gave a purple softer in tone, and still furth r on, for you' can see fifty miles .of 10untains on At1in lake, the mount ns gradu ally lost their purple tint un il in the dIS­ tance they became the d epest of deep blue in color. " Words fail to describe the beauty of the scenery. I have twi been to At­ lip. before the au tumn ti ts came, and I thought it as beautif 1 a spot as there is in the world a cl unique in its own natural charms., u t now that I have seen Atlin in its real glory of color I would advise al who would like to see perfect scene .y, with per­ fect coloring , to be in . tlin toward s the end of August, w en autumn turns the leaves. On Atlin lake there are s(\m" large islands I with high mountains and peaks, 'all of which are c ,rowned with sno , and for a whole day the Scotia was at times slipping through narr passages scar cely roomy enough or it to pass through. ancl at times liding along broad channels with gr t mountains on each side ot ,u s, at tl eir best with these ceal1!iful tin o,., the through in- lets and channel s wit precipitous rocl:~, and with glacier and snow th.o~sands of fcet almos perpendi cu­ ]arly above u s, A.nd t e reflections ! From photGS which wer taken when the wind was calm, on cannot tell which way to turn the pictures and which is the real mount in and which is the reflection, and th vividness of color so reflected doubl the glory of the scene." The I deal SpGt for It is six miles by this wonderful lake to of Atlin, the base of s richest hydraulic in British Columbia . There is an indesc bable tonic ef­ fect in the Atlin cli ate that will eventually make it on of th e world's greatest summ er heal h resorts. The ai r is drv cool crisp and invigorat­ i ng. Th~ 'elevation is ust right. The scenery is man·elou s. It f'eems as though Nature p .u t t l her .Wits to . ­ getlwr" to mal,e a ~ mmer paradise wl1en ,hI? came to A in. There are numerou interesting side tri ps. A stag(' ri de of a fpw miles OV(~T a gmooth gray 1 road. up Pine creek to P ine city l' Discovery, af­ fords a n oppcr tunit, for inspecting h,,'uraulic mining op rations at close range. Within a sI ort dis.tance aTe beautiful Pine Cree , fall and Sur­ priSe l ake-a surpr se indeed in its my"tic Northland eauty. The trip to Atlin tl:l,ken b y day is gloriom-taken at ight, in the sub­ dued splendor of t e Midnigh t Sun. sUlTouncl ed by g. nt, snow-crowned peaks, leaving a urple trail acr.oss th e sapphire wate ,_ -it is beyon d de­ scripti on! THE DAWSON DA1L Y NEWS In speaking of the Atlin trip one tourist writ ' : \/,1 h aye be n to Switzerland several times and I ave been over most of this continen t and Europe, but never have I beh eld su ch an ever-changing and ever-inter sting panorama of akes. ·tka and Skag·way is certainly w. orth \ 'hile, bu t if I had gone no farth er than Skagway, I would have though my tour at least partially in vain , l' I would have missed wonderful A lin lake-where the rivalry of th e 'iss _ \lps, the J. L. Labbe Extensive Owner of Mining and Timber Properties of Yukon Wi th all her wealth of mineral, Yukon must always count hpl' great­ est a E set in her men . While th e vast North lan cl has come to be recognized as one of th e richest parts of the earth , thi~ wonderland of golden re­ turn s woult! yet be buried in obscur­ ity but for the indomitable nWII of brawn and brain wh o ~et to work to hue out an empire ill a rougb frontier. Of tlw tens of thou sands who rushed to K londi ke in th e lIlad ftampede of '98, only a handful struggled to the top, and have become eminently ~uc­ c~ssful. Still fewer r emain i'n the Yuk on . 10\-a11v devoting t heir re­ scurces ami r a" pitaJ, t heir energy and integrity to the country. Among this succes~Iul nurnile!' must be counted J. L. Labbc. of Dawf;on, promin E'nt alike in l1I iniuf flnd busi ness enter­ prises. Cr oo3ing the' forbi c lding Chil­ root pass ,,·hen it frow IYed terro)' to the h earts of tens of th ousand s who l anded at it:; base, and cau~ecl many a timid OT weak individual to turn hack, :' Vlr. Labbe proved himself on e of th ose of steel nerve and fearless lwaTt, and push ed fOl·ward. After getting over th e - trail h e has fought along the lin~s of enterprise DO less con struction, al'chitects, a shores of ch a.nting will have an d will an d th e Italian one supreme continent can be spot for spending and the White Caribou in the Yukon energetically than he assailed the mountain barrier s. Mr. Labbe came t.o Dawson, finding everything chaos, and the necessdty of each man fighting hi s own way. H e buckled to the task , and has been at "it ceaselessly ever since the begin­ ning. After an experience in mining, he became engaged in timber berths on the upper Klondike, and pursued the business of supplying Dawson and the Klondike mining camp with wood and logs for years. Hundreds o.f thousands of · d ollars passed through his hands in these big enter­ prioes, an d all the tim e h e was en­ gaged in thi s large work he main­ t.ained in Dawsoll the well known Brunswick hotel, hi s business head­ quarters. Having started in the cou n ­ try with not a . dollar in his pocket, Mr. Labbe so perse~vered that when he got well under way in th e timber bus­ iness he owned no fewer than . s,ix timber berth s, c .o'Vering no less than twenty mi les along the famou s Klon­ dike river. For the last nine year s Mr. Labbe operated most exten sively, engaging scores of men, and paying out for labor thousand s of dollar· s monthly. Floating hi s wood to. th e mouth s of Hunker and Bonanza creeks, where it was dragged on the banks b y men and horses, Mr. Labbe suppli ed some of th e largest contract-s. ever let in t he country. Thousands of cord s of h is wood have been burned a nnu ally in opening the richest of Klondike m ines . In J907 he smash ed all records by supplying the Yul(on Gold. the Guggenheim com pany, with tpn t.housand c.ol'ds for a single season. :\ s m uch as $50,000 a year has been spent 1 1y Mr. Labbe in cutting and landin g h is wood at his market. Large' crl'W~ with l1lesshouses. bunk­ houH' s and stables wer", alwavs en- gaged. " After meeting \\-i th success in the wood business thr·ough careful and astute methods, Mr. Labbe began to bran ch ou t, and to go into the min­ ing business. H e placed thousand s of dollars in th e Fortymile placer s, and now is one of th e h eaviest holders o.n that historic pioneer gold stream of th e North . H e owns n o less than half of Dom e creek and half of Alder creek, and 22 miles of Mosquito fork , hunt- and other portions along the main Fortymile, in cluding th e famous Maiden bar, where the first gold was rocked. Some of these extensive hold­ ings Mr. Labbe is n ow . selling to out­ side capitalists, who plan to operate on an extensive scale. While acquiring placer proper ties, Mr. Labbe also was nQt unmindiul of t he great opportunities in the co p­ per on th e upper White river. He bought. all the Joe Hutchings inter­ ests in copper on the Canadian and the American sides of the line, in­ cluded in which were claims in t he large groups hel.d by the N. A. T. & T., and which aTe now patented and futiy pr.otected. His o.ther holdings include claims on Upper Moraine,.·in t he Mullet group; claims adjoining the Kingston properties on lower Moraine ; and property adjoining the Bob Wiley claims. Mr. Labbe has great faith in the copper of th e "Vhite R.iver C!ountrv, and believe h e will get large ret;rns fr· o111 his h oldings in that. region. If Yukon had more men like Ml'. Labbe, men more willing to reinvest in Yukon's promising mining proper­ ties than to send t heir cash outside to speculate in wildcat towns and other 'uncertain pl'Oposi tion s, Yukon today would "be developed far ahead of what she is. While m aking h is headquarters at the Bruns)vick, Mr. Labbe leaves t he details of the work there to others, but is t he real m anager him self. Mr. Labbe is a native of St. Luce, Quebec, where h e first saw the light of d ay in ] 862. H e is one of the fear ­ less adventurers who crossed the fam­ ous Chilcoot pas' in the rush days {)f the I londikE' , and was present on the pass at the t inw the great sli de took place wh ich huried alive fifty -five men . Mr. L Hbb E' alon e shoveled five of th e victims out of deep sn ow. Pro­ ceeding later o· ver the trail to Ben­ n ett, he came down the Yukon with hi s partners. On t h e way they cu t above Stew art on e of th e finest rafts of logs landed at Dawson for lumber purposes. The business experien ce of . Mr. Labbe did not by any means begin with his coming to Yukon. "Vhen but 18 years of age h e was in the THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 55 I AM ONE OF DA WSON'S MERCHANT TAILORS MY WOR.K SPE~KS FOR ITSELF - , THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS grain business in Halifax. Later he a stake of $50,000 in the boom­ ing city of Duluth, and lost it in the crash . there in the panic of 1893. Af­ terward he engaged in exploring ·and developing in the Rainy Lake district between Winnipeg and Port Arthur, extensive tracts of mineral lands which he still holds. He also has valuable improved business. property in Port Arthur, where his brother, Phillip Labbe, formerly of Dawson, is in the concrete business, and is a city councilman and a trustee of the gov­ ernment mining school and extensive holder of property. Aside from his extensive Yukon holding" Mr. Labbe has investments in Fort George, New Hazelton, Van­ couver, Edmonton and Port Arthur, each representing thousands of dol­ lars. Some of the properties have been increasing rapidly in value, and in time doubtless will be enough in themselves to make their owner inde­ pendently wealthy. It is Mr. Labbe's intention to re­ main in the north and · a fac­ ·tor in the development of her grand resources. He loves tbe Yukon and spends his winters as well as his sum­ mers here, satisfied there is no bet­ ter place on earth. ]I Girl' s Exp~ri~n(~ in tb~ nortb By MARION HARRIS Dorothy was feeling heartsick and lonely as around the many sinuosities of the Yukon the steam er Dawson wended its \V. ay, bringing the girl nearer-too near that field where cen­ tered all her apprehensions of these last sad hours. Dorothy was a pretty " Haligonian," "a girl fr.()m Mount St. V.", which fact explains the con­ duct of a sourdough who murmured " Bluenose" when she happened to say "dawnce" and "envelope ." At no time in our lives do our am­ bitions soar so high as when we reach the charmed age .()f l om·teen, and our little Dorothy was that age. Regretfully -she regarded the clever little hands that had played so bril­ liantly before Prince Louis of Batten­ burg when h e visited the Mount, and thoughts of .pleasant recitals, gay friends and fond cousins made a lump rise in her throat. su ch a reception as bade fair to make the girl as petted and spoiled as Daw­ son childrpn invariably are. * • • * * * .. Once more aboard the Dawson , Dorothy is again thinking of some­ thing dear sh e ha~ left behind . A year has passed , a happy fleeting year, and Dorothy considers h erself' greatly advanced along the paths of wisdom and knowledge. We may judge from h er own accounts rendered to a friend and school fellow in the far East. / prodigious dimensions~slang can be so expressive-and I can b lil water without burning it. But, seriously, I d.() feel very much improved, travelin g has a very broadening effect on one's views, and I have not for one moment regretted coming to this land of golden promise. The trip across the continent was lovely, but n othing, not even Rocky mountain scenery, can compare with the bewit,ching l.()veliness of the Maritime provinces, in my partial eyes. But Dawson is gaining the stronghold of my heart. . Its inhabi­ tants, tout ensemble, are generous and lovable, with a happy disregard for the conventions. For instance, at formal affairs, they come in informal array, just as it suits. their purses. They are an independent, self-suffi­ cient people, and these qualities h elp them on w()nderfully, on thir march to better tLings. "I try to imagine what their much talked of winters will be like, but, with sunshine and flower around me, I cannot conjure u p anything very terrible." " October 1st. "Dawson is still in my good graces, but I am better able to imagine what its winters can be like. " About the middle of August, Daw­ son held one of its celebrations-the Discovery ' of Gold in the Kl~:mdike. At these, Dawson shows its true char­ acter, and unbounded generosity, and for about a week one hears nothing but words like these, 'Sourdough,' " J anuary 1st. "The Christmas festivities are over, and our little town, after its excite­ ment, is slowly lapsing into its win­ ter's sleep. " I sn't it queer the sen~ations you feel as Christmas creeps around, and we do have the merriest Christma es, and it is our due as the 'veriest' next door n eighbors of Santa Clau&. Con­ sequently we get better treatment than most of his little friends. If you could only see the parcels he drops around 'permiscus like' at the school, the hom e and the postoffice. "I have very little time to feel lonesome, for the beautiful rink holds forth att.ractions too great for me t.() resist. I h ave grown wildly enthusi­ astic about hockey, although I never cared about· it in the East. " I 'am getting to love t h e long. dark even ings, with books and cards ; yes, and even picture shows, to wile away t.h e hours plea santly, and sh ould all oth er occupations fail to exert enough influence to keep you .()ut of iclleness, J ack Frost steps in, until, in despair, you take to piling logs on the fire." " June 1st. "I never could sympathize, until quite recently, with the Spring P oet. Now I rather think I shall begin to rhapsodize myself. Everything about seems to have been granted a n ew lease of life, and the frowning old mountains, so gray and bare a few short weeks ago, seem quite smiling and coquettish in t he green of tender leaves. "Old Sol is making a quick t,rip North , and I am expectIng to m ake my return trip with him. "GDodbye, friend Dawson. I won' t" I'll not forget you, and I'll make a will, after the m anner of Bruce and O'Connell, only mine will be like this: My body in the East, my hear t in the North, and lny soul to God." Perhaps a deadly silence of this new country 'oppressed her. At any rate this little Acadian had never felt so desolate in all her short life. En­ tirely ignorant of existing conditions in the Yukon she had allowed her imagination to run away with her, and the only thing which, in a m eas- _ ure, con soled h er, was the spirit of adventure which animated her small personality, and which had sent her on this quest, as she gayly said her­ self, to find h er fortune. But even that l.()st its char m whf'n sh e found herself .r ........ ~ ....... . • • • HISTORY OF KLONDIKE • a strangE'r in a oLrange land and con­ fronted with )' Clalities. Left mot!.erless and fatherless at an early age. Dorothy had, neverthe- 1 :;;:;, enjoyed existence so far, leading the happi est of lives with a grand­ mothet into whose care she had been given, but death had claimed that d ear gray head for its own. Dorothy recalled the promise sh e had made to go to h er Aunt Kate should she pver find h erself alone in th e world, and, realizing the utter im­ possihility of ever living again in th e old familiar house. coupled with an urgent invitation from that aunt to come to her, Dorothy, carried aWAY by circumstances, had , unwillingly be it said, agreed to g.(). "We are only a few miles out of Dawson." Dorothy h eard the words with a start, and began th e perusal of a letter which she held in her hand. " My dear little Dorothy: Wh en I h eard the sad n ews of your grand­ mother's death, had I n ot been liter­ ally tied down in here, I certainly should h ave gone to you at once. How you mu st have .suffered, poor child. left all alone in a place you co-uld no longer call home . Come to us and we will give you all th e love a daugh­ ter would receive. If you shoul, d come, remember, you will be back in your beloved East in a year. My oId friend s, Ml'. and Mrs . Baird, who are visiting in Halifax, will gladly bring you safely to us. "Lovingly, " AUNT KATE." Amid the confl,l sion of landing, Dorothy forgot , to be critical, and soon found h erself wraspped in the warm embraces of Uncle and Aunt, White P ass Company's Overl a nd Winter Flyer for Dawson "August 1st. " Dear RiJ.da: Will you believe me when I tell you that in the entire month I have been here, I have never had time to touch pen to paper. There has bee n so much to see and do, so many ideas to be changed, in fact, I have experienced nothing but a serie~ of surprises. Since my ar­ rival we have had nothing but the most beauti ful weather imaginable­ days that co ver at least twenty hours of continuous light and sun shine, and I ha Ve' been enjoying it to th e ut­ termost. I am slightly bewildered as to when I am to sleep . "All gone are my visions of clay floors and bare walls. our little h.()use leaves nothing to be desired, a log cabin and miniature garden attached. " Thunderstorm s are marked by their absence; it is such a relief not to have to run every second summer day, in fear and trembling, to find refuge in a feather pillow. " I have become thoroughly well ac­ quainted and at home in Daw on. I was scru:cely in h ere until I was in­ vited to parties and picnics; certainly Dawson extends th e most alluring possibilities to the fun-lover, especial­ ly of the childlike variety. A child finds consideration everywhere in Dawson, its desires are positively studied, a method I heartily approve. " Then, too, I have made some very valuable additions to my accomplish­ ments. r am adept in the art of berry picking. My vocabulary has assumed 'Pioneer,' 'Boost' and " Ninety-Eight.' Here, as ever, the children are at the fore. Races are the order of the day, and the most subst.antial prizes are dispensed. To my great satisfaction, I carried off the trophies in two races. The , echools open f'd on the third of September , and I commenced attend- i ng, and I must say, they do fully justify Dawson's pride in them. But · to speak of the scholar s. Occasional­ ly, be it whispered , I h eard su ch words aB "Bluen ose" and " Fish­ eater" circulating in my vicinity. Imagine my disgust when I learned that it was I that was being called by these charming epit hets, and all on account of my fair "countree." When I got over a siege of shyness, I .seized the first opport.unity to reply in due form. The most fiery disputes re­ sulted, until now, I will venture to say, su ch oratory, such logic, ha-s never before been propounded since the days of Cicero-this all, of course, during recreation. While debating our classroom presents scene de­ scribed as havi ng occurred in the house of commons during the reading of the famou s naval bill, and then comes the closure, the hated closure, namely, the bell. When we get tired, that is, when we feel that our mental apparatus is being overwor.ked, the boys take refuge in football, which, they imagine, suits their manliness, and We do our part by being the ap­ prr ciative spectators." • \ . .• ~ MINES RAILWAY + · ~ . The construction of the Klollldike Mines Railway was first commenced in 1903, and was undertaken by the Dawson, Grand Forks & s.tewart River Railway Company, Limited. Thi s company let a contract to J erome Chute, who, after two years' work, discontinued operations, owing, it is believed, to difficulty in obtaining a sat.isfactory right-of-way . \Vork was, however, recommenced in the early spring of 1906, under the supervision of O'Brien & Mackenzie, as contrac- tors, and was pushed through to its present terminus at .sulphur Springs. The contractors turned the road over to the company, which w. as renamed the Klondike Mines Railway Com­ pany, on November 1. 1906. The winter of 1906-7 was the only winter in the road's history during which operations were carried on, as t,h e company founa. that, owing to t he sn ow conditions, it was impossible to do business witl:out providing equip­ ment, the cost and upkeep of which would have been prohibitive. Dur­ ing thi s time the road was under the management of J. W . ..\stley, C. E ., who was acting in the dual capacity of local general manager and chief engineer. H e retired from active service in April, ]907, and was su c­ ceeded b~' T. W. O'Brien as general manager , who conducted affairs until the fall of that. year, when he also re­ tired. The general managership th en was assumed by E. A. Murphy, who still holds the position. This company is engaged 'ch iefl~' in hau)ing wood and mining supplies on Bonanza creek, chiefly for the dredges and hydraulic works of the Yukon Gold company and the Canadian Klondyke Mining company. In the summ er months trains are running day and night, and indications are that Ilext season will be as favor­ abl e as this season. The ancients believed that the world was square-but that was before poli­ tic's were discovered. .. T HE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 57 ~~~0D~~.~0.~~~0.~~0.0~0.0.0.~~a0K~.0.0.0C~.~~. ~ -- - ~ • • ~ 0 • • ! COAL IS KING I i ! • %- · -- - - . o 0 ~ ~ • • o 0 ~ ~ I Burn Tantalus More Heat · I ' ~ ~ ! Coal. Less Coal ! o ~ i Gives rlore Heat Less Coal More Cash i • • ~ ~ o 0 ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ , I F E FI GERS CO L co. I ~ ~ • • o 0 . ! Miners and Shippers. Wllo/esa/e and Retail I o 0 • • i Dealers in the Famous i ~ , I TANTALUS COAL I i The Coal of Quality and Economy i ~ ~ ~ THIS COAL CONTAINS 12,800 B. T. U. 'S, AND UNDER FAST COKING HAS PRODUCED 76 PER CENT. OF GOOD COHERENT COKE, , , CONTAINING LESS THAN ONE-HALF OF ONE PER CENT SULPHUR, THUS POSSESSING AN EFFICIENCY OF ONE TON OF THIS , ~ COAL EQUALING TWO CORDS OF THE BEST DRY WOOD. THIS COAL IS BEING EXCLUSIVELY USED BY THE. RAILWAYS OF , ~ THE YUKON TERRITORY AND OTH ER LARGE FUEL CONSUMERS. THIS COMPANY IS NOW SPENDING , ~ , ! Thirty Thousand Dollars - I o 0 I AND ERECTING AN UP-TO-DATE WASH ERY , SCREENING AND CONVEY I NG PLANT OF T H E MOST M OD ERN TYPE K NOW N, THE r ~ ONLY METHOD WHEREBY ALL SHALE, ROCK , D I RT AND oTH ER I MPU RITI ES ARE COM PL ETELY RE M OV ED FRO M T H E COAL ~ o BE FORE MARKETING. 0 • • o 0 • • o TH IS COMPANY WI L L SOON B E I N A POS I T ION TO PLAC E ON TH E MAR K ET F ROM 0 • • ~ . • 0 ~ A New Seam~ a B lacksmith Coal : o • • • o i • WHICH. HAS BEEN THOROU G H L Y .TEST ED AND PROV ED T O CONTAI N A L L T H E QUALlTI ES OF THE NOTED BLACKSM ITH COAL OF 0 ~ MARYLAND AND WEST VIRG IN I A , A ND D ESIR ES A L L B L ACKSMI T H S AND OTH ER USERS OF BLACKSMITH COA L TO NOT E THE : ~ IMPORTANT FACT THAT THIS COAL WILL BE CR USH ED, WASH ED , SACKED A N D SO L D AT A PR ICE MUCH BE LOW THE IM- ~ ~ PORTED ARTICLE. - . ~ o • ~ WE ARE PLEASED TO AN NOUNC E ALSO T H AT T HIS SEASON WE WI L L H AV E A N ABUN DANT SUP PL Y OF LU M P COAL, ~ ! NUT COAL AND SCREENINGS, SU FF ICI ENT TO MEET ALL THE DEMANDS OF OUR IN CR EASING BUSI NESS. ~ ~ WE T H ANK THE PUBLI C FOR 'TH EIR G EN ER OUS PATRON AGE IN T H E ·PAST, AND SOLICIT A CONTINU ANCE OF THE SAME . ~ ~ ~ • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 i Five Fingers Coal Co. I • • ! lJeorge J. Milton, lJeneral Manager ! o • • 0 o • • 0 ~ P. o. Box 727 " 'QUE£N ST., DAWSON, Y. T. Phone 2B-A ~ o • • 0 o • • 0 o , • '.~0.~0~~~0.0II0. ~1I01101i101l01is.t!0.0~.0.0.S .!10110.0110110.0~.0~~1I0II~~.0.d 58 Dredging I en While th e greatest gold producing streams of early days near Dawson ,vere tribu t aries of the Klondike river, it remai ned for t h e Klon dike river yalley to later ad d its share to t he rich ou tput of th e en tire Yuk'on . The richest kno wn por tion of t.h e Kl ondike va lley comprises the ten miles from the mouth of Hu nkel' creek to the Y ukon r iver, including the lower one mile from t he Bonanza creek, "'hich is. termed t he Bonanza basin. These properties belong to th e Canadi an Klondyke eompan y, a nd in­ clude that splendid stretch of eigh t miles or mOl'e lying between Hunkcr and Bonanza which for years h as been kno\\'n familiarly as th e Boyle lease or concession . This tract was acquired in early days by Boyle a~d Slavin, and eventually went into th e hands of the Canadi an Klondyl,e , now controlled by J oo W . Boyle, presiden t an d m i.magel'. :YIr. BoyJe pf'l'sonally looks after th e extensive operations on th e pro.perties, an d is assisted by his brother , Charles Boyle, Jr. , residen t ma n ager. From th e comP !l1 Y' s initial operation s at the mouth of Bear creek, where th e pioneer modern , dredge of the camp started wor ki ng ". everal years ago, the oO· l1Ipany h as expanded its opera­ tions u ntil jt n ow ha.s con trol of practi cally all t he placers of kn o Wil yn lue along the Klondike and tribu­ tar~l to t hat stream not h eld by the other one large compa n y oper atin g within th e Klondike watersh ed . The proper ties contTolled by t h e Boyle company include, beside t h eir Klon­ dike river tracts. several m iles of ('rC'ek and hill gr,ound on Hunker, Allgold and other rich' C're?k s. ~vlany years of operation G T e ah ead of th(' company. Th '" compallY'~ No . 1 dredge is now "'orking on upper Hunker. It has a f;even-foot bucket, and is making 8teady progress. The company in 1910 erected near t he mouth of Bear creek mlCI [lut to \\'ork Oll the Boyl€' concessin" tl. ~ largest dredge in thc worlrl. It has buckets of sixteen cabi c feet capacity. Last year th e compan~' install ed two more dredges of the same capacity and of simila r type on Bonanza ba.sin , near th e mouth of th e Klondike. Both dre dges started operations this spring, and a re working splendidly. Th ese th ree mam m ot h dredges have t h e advant­ age of working in all th awed ground , and the of operations is a t th e minimum for su ch work in th e North . The cost of power has been reduced by installation of a m amm oth hydro­ electric plant on th e North Fork of the Klon dike. All fou r o, f the Boyle dredges and other utilities are sup­ pli'~d by this on e plant. The sam e plan t h as capacity to supply every dredge and all other utilities in th e Klondike camp. The Boyles also have emergency equipmen t in form of two la rge steam driven plants . The dredges of the company are .amon g t he chief attractions of vi si­ t ors to Dawson. The two n ewest, each costing nearly h alf a million dolla rs, are within h alf an h our's walk of the Dawson postoffice . When the latest of 'th e large Boyle b o.ats were designed some t hought they were t oo large to operate, but all haye worked without a hitch from the d ay of starting, and so smoothly do they run that there is so little jar or surge that .a glass of water on. th e handrail o.n the upper deck of an y of th e craft might stand th ere 10r hours and not splash out . The boat.s have many improvemen ts not on an y other dredges in the Yukon valley and, in fact, not on any other in the world. On e particularly notable improve­ m ent is the lon g overhead framework THE DAWSON DAILY N EWS the Klondike Valley W ''here World's Largest Gold Boats Opt' rate on which is a large traveling cr ane, wh ich extends welI for ward of the bO\v gantr y an d the lad der , and runs the full length of t he boat, m aking it possible to can y equipm en t to all parts of th e craft for repairs , especi­ ally t e th e center, for lowering an d h oisting in making repairs to the m a­ chinery. The company's No. 2 dredge crane~. travel onl,' OVC'r thf' boat proper. :\notil Pl' impron'lTIent on Ko. 3 is in the safely de\'i(' ,'~ for (' [\111.1'01 of th ' t' ic(· triC'~} CUlT,'nt, and the 'c il switches, located a: t he rea r ')[ :h'" pilot hO ll o': . \ ... here' the \\'ll1chman ca!l ll'tlldle "very detail of power as \1' ell as the digging anr! :11e direction of the sh i]J. T' )(·, Olle ma!J in the pilot house i -,; til(' brnins rnd th ,\ qu ickening im­ pul Ee of tlw wl,ole craft, and ollly foul' men an" on duty 'e n th e entire ;l'RH during eacll "!lift. _i.long tIll' lac\r!el' nnd th e stacker steam pi P ( ' ~ h ave been run to keep th etll frt'e fr()Tll ice \I·h en operating IH te in t h e Se(kon. The sleam is sup­ pli ed from a large boiler , located in the hull. and p ipe~ a lso keep the in­ terior of t h", dredge, ind u din g the pilot house . \"arm during the cold period , thu s ren der ing every comfor t for t he ll' l-'n aboard, and warmin g t h e mach inery a nd tlw bearings, so that C ..... • • MUS IC IN THE LAND • • OF AURORA BOREALlS. • • (By Prof. John Dines,) • • Da.wson's .si tuation in the world of music is unique. Located within a few miles of th e Arctic circle, it is too much to expect of H amm erstein or other world fam ous impresarios to allow us e ven a one night stand 0n tb e grand opera circuit, nor to have frequent visitations ' of Bernhardts. Nevel,theh',s, O Ilt' could n ot find a city in Canada, or, in truth , the whole of North America, where love of music is more prevalent. Each summer Da wson is visited by dramatic and comic oper a companies, which usually tour t he full length of the Yukon valley . Da wson 's faciliti es for staging the performances of these troupes are wholly adequate. Daww n bas two theater buildings whi ch com ­ pare favorabl y wi th opera houses be­ longing to t owns with a population many times that o.f Dawson. In addi­ tion to these t wo houses for music a.nd d'l', Dawson supports t wo pic­ ture shows of a n up-to-date class, Ull- Diggi ng Pit for Dredge it i :; kept in n lost favorab:e cond ition fo r I" ,rd ser vice. 80 wcll proi ,'c: ecl is ['It' il n'c[ge ng~ in~t fi re b.v reason of electrical ,.qui pm-ent, hose an d pUml)S, allCI spe­ cial e'di ngu i.3lw rs that a rate of on e 8.1;:: 1 a quarter Iwr cent. i." granted by tlw insurance l)P (\ pl.,. Tdd in brief. th e hg dredges have th e following intere;:;ting di l1'ension s , ; n ,[ cquip ;-]~ e~'1t : ~ Length of hull. 13G feet; lw(un . 56 feet 8 inches; deck ha, six fed ()v 'r­ h png. making (kck G 8 kf't G inches wirle ; ck-pth of llU!L 14;. ; fe"t at how , and 12 feet a t st prn ; r1i!5,ting lin (' cOLl'pr j" ", rlil'l'cl conlll'ct pc1 chain of C8 buokp't;, each of 16.1 cubic feet capacity, nnd wcigh iYlg 4,7CO pounds each; sc!·ecn . or grizzlv. i" 50 feet long and 9 f c'c,t 9 i'~1('hE'~ i;l diamete1', 2.nd dr iv 'n bv [l s i ngle thrust roller, \vith bearing-, ,; wcigiling 75 pounds . Tlw digging ladder is 98 feet teng, of plate girder type, w('ighing, with ladder, r ollers and beal'i ngs, abou t 108 ton s. Digging l adder, ",ith bu ckets and tum blers, wl'ighs over 300 ton~.; lo,ver tumble, weighs 13 tons ; upper i.u mbler \vpigh ~ 24 tons. The stacker is box girder ty pe, 11 5 Icet, weighing 30 tOll". The stacker belt is 4S i!lcilrs wide, drawn b y 50-h o1'8epower motor, ].crated on der t he abl E' Illan~gement of capable men with extensive experi ence in th e moving p icture business. Aside fwm amusements d erived fr om professional entertainments, Da wson's local talent is of su ch exten t that duri ng the win­ ter months very creditable peTform­ ances of dramatic and operati c nature are staged by local a ma teurs. The many beauti fu l hom t's in Daw­ son are not without pianos. The city has at least one hundred piano ;, and' in ,the majority of C fl ses t h e owners of :these instrum ents are excellent performer s. Dawson has a bra~s band of twenty pieces, known as the E agle Brass Band, and the leader is a man of fam e in the music world. Dawson also has an orchestra of ten pieces capabl e c, f credi tably performing orchestrations of high order. On the creeks ver y few cabins are without a musical instrument of some vari ety, with which th e miner, after It hard day's work of gold hunting, a.muses himself and hi s companions. A cheechaco i5 not a li ttle surprise d after a mush up the creeks when stop­ ping to rest at the cabin of a be­ whiskered gold seeker to beh old his outer end. 1'1 'e wa shing plant com­ prises a double bank of tab les, really a. se t of numerous par allel sluice­ boxes, wit h on e ban k su perimposed a bove t h e · other. On each side of th e dredge th e I\· ru shes thl'ough these gold catching devices. The water is supplied by a 16-in ch high (luty cen trifugal pumpp drawn by a directly connected 200-horsepower mo­ tor. vVater for the ocreen IS SUp­ plied by H, 14-inch high duty cen­ trifugal PUlll p driven by a 150-horse­ po ", Cl' motor. The motor equipment co:r~ pl'ises : }fain drive, 300-horse­ ])()w l-'r ; IS-inch pump, 200-horsepower ; 14-inch pump, 150-h orsepower; ladder hoist , 200-horsepower; screen , 150- h orsepower; stack driver , 50-horse­ power; stacker hoist, 50-horsepower. The total weigh t of machinery, steel and iron work is 2,200,000 pounds, and wood used comprises 750,000 feet British Colum bia fir, weigh ing 2,250,- 000 pou n ds. Th e total cost of each dred,ge is about $475,000. The hulls have strong compartments, and sea (Sate" by whic h the boats can be sub­ merged in case of fir e. The gold is caugh t with cocoanut mats and ex­ panded m etal, with th e riffles be­ yond. More th an 95 per cent. of t he gold is caugh t with t he mats and the expanded m etal. newly m ade bost reach for the fiddle on t h e wall of "'the room, and play from th e work s of one of the m asters, The musical sentiment of Dawson's population is well expressed in t h e following h om Moore: "Music! Oh, how faint, h ow weak ; Langua ge fades before thy spell ! Why should feeling ever speak, When theu canst breath her soul so well ? Friendship's balmy words may feign, Love' s are even more false than they ; Oh ! 'tis only music's strain Can sweetly soothe, and not be­ tray !" ••••••••••••••••• • • • POSSIBILITIES FOR FUR • • FARMING IN YUKON. · ----- . • (By Wm. Luker .) • . The Yukon is the natural home of the animals which produce th e most excellent furs in the world . The high altitude, the extreme dryness, and the Arctic temperature of several months, together with woods and streams which a ffor d an abundance of food, -', THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 59 ~~IH ~~IH .~IH IH IH IH .~E.~IH .~~~lI~IH .~IH .~IH ti~IH IH IH IH IH .~.~IH .~.~~lIi llll~'.~.~~ , The Sourdough's Favorite Beverage i f • I ~ i KLONDIKE BEER I · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . • '0 ~ . , ~ · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ B - . ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . " ~ · ~ ~ . • 0 ~ ~ • 0 ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . • 0 ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . • w ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . • 0 ~ . • 0 ~ . • 0 ~ . • 0 ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . · ~ ~ ~ ~ . · ~ ~ . • 0 ! Buy the Dawson Product and Keep the Money at Home ! ~ ~ ! ~ ~ ~ • There is a dash and snap to beer that . places it in a class by itself in the category of appealing be ~ • ~ 0 • • ~ erages. No other drink fills the bill with the millions of lovers of good beer. It is the hops flavor ii o 0 ! that appeals. The hops give it that aromatic taste that makes beer so different from any other ! ~ beverage; that renders it so much more enticing than any of the sweet drinks that try to find their ~ ~ ~ ~ way into public favor. ~ • • o ~ ~ ~ I I(LONDIKE BEER I o ~ • • ~ Is a Happy Combination of Purest Water and Choicest Hops ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ! We Also Manufacture All Kinds of Soft Drinks. Sole Agents for the I ~ ~ ~ FAMOUS LOVERA CIGAR ~ ~ ~ o 0 i O'BRIEN . BREWING & MAL TING CO., Ltd. i • • ~ ~ ~ T. \V. O'BRIEN, President ! • • ! . Telephone 145 KLONDlkE CITY, Y. T. ! • • ~ ~ .~~~.0.~.0.~.~.0.~.~~.~.~.~.0.0.~.~.0110. v.~ g~ 1I vIi01l011011~.0.~II~.0.0IfH~ 1!J0.0110.0IH ;.011l~1I011!'~ t!il01i011i0.0110!1l0!'Jl~ )1I0.~.~i0 60 make the conditions ideal. Therefore. th e Yukon is one of the best regions in whi ch to raise animals fur their .pelts. Many countries are g·();ing into the fur growing business; and taking th e northern animals away from their l"wme" to the new farms. Often times t he a nima ls go wh ere it is damp. or where ~ea air and fogs prt'vail , and there th e l' have little opportunity of gdting t l~pi r natural an d natiye di et . No anima ls will thriVt' under sllch condition :.;, and product' fur of such superi or color an a l a. ting qualities as thost' raised in t he snapp~' air of the inter io r Arcti c zone. Among th e mo~t promi sing fur-b0ar­ ing animals for rearing in this region are martens and foxes . Already ·c· ne or two fur farms have been started in SOUl hern Yukon Territory, and it is un derstood enterprisi ng Yukoners are starti ng two 0 1' three farms ncar Daw F;on . For some time fox far-m 5 have been maintain E'd on the islands of the coast of Alaska. and with marlu'd sucess. The million. invee.ted i n iox farming on Prince Ed'ward Island 0xemplify what can be done there. .\nd once tl1f' industry star t h ere it should thrive n lore th a n on t he i"}:.lllds, because of the adv.antages of dry cold climate of this region . The gov. el'l1ment will do well to en­ in every way the live animal gl'ow t' l'. Furs are incr eaEing in de­ mand and value the world over, and th e llIan launching in the business is not li kely to make a mistake as to choice of enterprise if h e is only in­ dustri ous and shrewd. Yukon bas as many varieties of wild foxes as an y other part of th e continent, and thus is fav, orably situ­ ated to start fur farming. Many live foxes have been captured in the ter ­ ritory this year, and include blacks, 3ih7er grays, crosses .and reds. Martens captured h ere this year aTe as fine in quality as to be found any­ wh ere, and are doing well, but would fl ourish and multiply much more sat­ isfactorily on properly equipped far ms. It is not Nature's law for the animals to be in close quarter s with­ out .all t he sunshine. If k ept on an ample farm they should not feel the restraint the same as confined in small places in the city. Yukon with h er muskrats, beaver , lynx, w~lverines, mink, ermine, and other valuable fur-bearing anim.als, already has a harvest of several hun­ dreds of thousands of dollars annually from pelts, but the source of supply is not protected. Pirate animals. such as wolves. thrive, and th ere is n O) -system to preserve the female of t he fur-bearing species. All these . matters should be taken up with the study ~ fur farm ing, and proper awaTds ' ven and protective laws' en­ acted. YU KON TOU R I STS F rom Skagway Alaskan , July. 1913: "It is easier to take gold ou t {Jf th e pockets of tourists than to tak f it out of the ground," is the upinion of W . H . Robinson, of the Robinson­ Roders company of Newark, N. J ., who spen t a couple of days in Skag­ way befoTe leaving for the grand t.our of Alaska this m orning. Mr. Robinson was in the Lyric t h eater in Newark a few days ago. wh en th e weather was so hot that h e nearly wilted. During the day a moving picture film showed th e win­ ter tTails and the icebergs of Alaska ; it appealed to him and h e packed up the n ext day and came here, intend­ 'ing to go to Nome, and there charter a. boat and visit Siberia and a num­ ber of points along the Alaska-Arctic coast. Mr. Robinson returned from a visit to 'Switzerland and oth er l ands of scenic interest . H e re­ marked that half the population of thOSe countries could not exist on the hills and wild places were it not for the tourists who bring their wealth to them. The 6ame might be true 01 Alaska, which has all of the European scenery discounted . THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS Individual Placer Mining the indi'vidual operators, · and several other streams of the vicinity are promising. In the Kluane region good returns also are washed from several. of the creeks t'very year . In the. Nasutlin camp, back of Atlin, and tributary to the Teslin, prospects were found last year, and a camp may be opened there in time . The A tlin camp . continues its productions on a gener- The placer operahons of the Yukon ccntinue thl' h eaviest enterprises of th'e coun try. Since t he first gold was struck on Bonanza creek, this camp' s placers have been one of the sources of th e worl d supply. Al­ .though many of th e old-time creeks, which produced their tens of milliolls the first year~ of this camp, have been bought by la rge companies, and are. being worked out by hy lraulic and dr edge methods, th e individual miner may yet be found working on som e portion of everyone of these old creeks, adding no inconsiderable sum annu ally to the cam p's total pr odu c­ tion. The Klondike camp proper ex­ tends to the creeks within fifty miles of Dawson, and tributary to th e Klon­ dike and the Indian rivers. The great bulk of Yukon's gold h as com e from these creeks, but there are oth er creeks in th e territory which have produced handsomely, and whi ch arc yet con tributing by individual pro­ cess and some two or three of them by ~h'edge and h ydraulic. Individual mining continues at cer­ tain places along Bonanza, Eldorado. Hunker, Gold Bottom, Sulphur, Gold Run, Quartz, Eureka, Dominion and certain of th eir tributaries. The nl Jst exten sive operations on Eldorado by individu als are near t he head. On Bonanza the individu al operations in­ clude t hose on th e historic site of th e old town of Grand Forks, wh_ ere Nor­ man Watt, Yukon Oouncillor Archie Martin an d Bill Irish are ground­ sluicing under the nam e of the Alymer Mining company. Near the mouth of Bonanza, several old-timers are working individually on Lovett gulch. They include Mr. Barnes, · who has there hundreds of feet of tunnels, wth tracks and tram s, pen etrating far into the hills. The bench gravels here occur in . a frozen state entirely through the mountain ,and practically no timber is used except for temporary protec­ tion of the miners in the working places. The development is typical 1'00m-and-pillar mining. The fr· ozen gravel is picked loose without thaw­ ing; the large boulders are forked out and gobbed, and the balance, contain- . ing the gold, is shoveled into cars and hauled to the outside, where it is wash ed a~ weath er a'nd water sup­ ply permit. Mr. Bames states that th p. average cleanup of material h auled has been $2 per cubic yard. runnin g very uniformly thf{)ughout t he oper.ation. About 18 inch es of bedrock and 4 feet 6 in ches of gravel are removed. On Hunker creek, several laymen fire working ground held at th e m outh of the stream by H arry Iseman, and a little above that are oth er lay crews working on ground acquired by the Yuko,n Gold. They find the individual process the most expeditiou s. The I seman claims are below the jaws of t he creek. and on the fiat. where t h e early day miners failed to locate the pay. :\ t different points along Hunker individual working may be seen und er way. On Gold Bot.tom, Joseph S. Mc­ Intosh h a number of interest s, and is the heaviest individual opera­ tor staying with the creek. Of the whole lengt h of Dominion creek, the heaviest individual workings are on th e Tweit claim, opposite the mouth of Gold Run, where Andy Taddie is working sixteen men on a lay. Severa l Gold Run properties were worke d during the winter . On Sul­ phur creek · a good many individuals are now working, especially on the upper end. One of the heaviest oper­ ators there is Charley Nagin. Yukon Councillor Eugene H ogan also is oper­ ating there. Eureka creek is one of the most energetic in the old way, and , several outfits winter there and taKe ou t good pay each season. Among tho~e work- ing on qui te an extensive scale are Oh arles Fraser Hill and partner. Am ong ' the placer stream. . whi ch have come to t he fr· ont in recent years is Black Hills, and sever al energetic miners . are engaged there. Amon g them are Marsh and Company, J elTY O'Neill, Yukon Councillor Robertson , and others. They have taken out sev­ eral fine pokes this seaso n. Black Hills carries pay for miles. Scroggie creek, a t ributary {).f Gla­ cier, has bee n pr{Jducing handsomely from certain claims the last two sea­ sons, and now promises to become on e ous scale by individual and larger methods. Many old camps on the American side, below Dawso.n , con tinue to 'end their gold tributes to th is market, and will last a long time . They include Seventymile, Am erican, Fourth of ;July and Woodchopper . Oircle also still keeps in touch with Dawson, and som e of her gold yet gets into t he dawson m arket. The new placer find on the Shu­ shana. near the h ead. of the White, has drawn many Yukon prospectors that way, an d many promising' valleys in that direction may C E' open ed in the Yukon Territory. Much indivi­ du al outfitting for that region already has developed here. of th e banner individual cr eeks of the countr y. Lee & Oompany ar· e among th e m ost successful miner-s t here. Mariposa, a tributary of Scroggie, also has developed a pay streak, .an d prom­ ises to be a good producer thi s winter . Last winter 200 or more men were on Scroggie and Mariposa, a nd many will be there again this winter. Some few aT f d oing summer work {In the cr eek . A FIVE FINGERS COAL~ INES. H cnderson and 1'histle creeks, trib­ utaries of t he Yukon, on the right limi t, sou th of Dawson, are fl lTl ong the steady producers. These s. tre.ams have been worked since t he early da. ys of t he Klondike, and promise to yield Ior many years to eome. claim s were worked steadily last win­ ter . Barker creek, a tributary of lower Stewart, not far from Scroggie, also is receiving earnest attention of several concerns, surnm el' and wi nter. Some are ground sluicing, an d some work­ ing by o·ther methods. On the Upper Stewal't, the May. o camp engages the atten tion of some­ thing like 200 m en the year r ound. 'fhe most extensively operated creeks art' Highet and Haggart . Miles of prod uctive ground have been loca!.ed there, and each creek annually yields many thousand s. Ri ch placer bench and other claims along Duncan are being developed. Several other creek s in the diE .trict continue to yield re­ turns. The old bars of the Stewart river yield grubstakes to the exten t of wages to quite a number who work there through the su mmer with rockers. ; Some grubst~lke work also is done on the F ortymile with the rockers. That creek h as fUTnished grubstakes to thousand s of men with rockers since the discoverv of the stream. Many of the tribu"taries of Fort.~'mile continUe to produce extensively. Not­ able among them are Chicken , Lost Ohicken, Wladp. and Napoleon. One to two hundred men wintered in that section last winter, and wash ed o.u t large pokes this spring. Dredges also are working succes· sfully on the Forty­ mile . Miller and Glacier creeks. the first gold producing streams in this region, tributaries of th e Sixtymile, continue among the most steady producers in the c.ountr~' . These two creeks are phenOiIIlenal in their resourcefulness. Owners are there who h ave spen t much of th eir lives right on the creeks, realizi ng steady incomes. Others made fortunes th ere and de­ parted . Tenmile. anotlwr t ributary of Sixty­ mile, has developed several paying creeks, fwm which there were several large paying dump.s taken the last winter. Nansen. a creek discovel'l'ld a year Or two . ago, west of Oarmacks, has been producing steadily ever since, and engages the attention of qnite a number of owners. Britannia and Oanadian creeks, trib-. utaries of the Yukon below Selkirk, have been worked the last few sea- . sons, and have yielded quite a little gold, indicating poBSible wide extent for dredging purposes. In the Big Sulmon country, Living­ s.tone and geveral other creeks of the locality continue to fill the pokes of Properties on the Uppe r Yukon Now Producing Thousands of Tons One 'cf the largest enterprises in Yukon Territory is that of th e Five Fingers Ooal company. GeOl'ge J . Milton general manager, n ow o perat­ ing t he rich coal deposits on th e banks of the Yukon river, abou t mid­ way between Dawson and White­ horse. The mouth of the mines opens righ t on the river, where are exten­ sive wharves, bunkers a nd other equipment. The company has been operating three years, and the proper ties are in an advanced state of development. Thirty thousand dollars are being ex­ pended this E.eason in further de­ velopment of the mine proper, in­ cluding the erection of an up-to-date washery, screening an d conveying plant, having a capacity of 800 tons to the ten-hour day. The very latest type of coal mining equipment is be­ ing installed. It includes the only known appliances whereby all slate, shale, r ock or oth er impurities can be thoroughly removed from coal. This is the first equipment of the kind in Yukon Territory {Jr Alaska. The track age ramifying through the mines an.d l eading to the wharves permits cars to handle the coal with facility in filling bunkers and -load­ ing steamers and barges for Dawson and Whitehorse. ~'Included in th e coal deposits," sa. ys General Manager Milton, "is a seam of three and a half feet of as good blacksmith coal as is known anvwhere which has been thoroughly te;ted. This coal will be mined., crushed. wao hed and sacked and of­ fered to blacksmiths and other con­ sumers of .blackesmith coal of the Yukon at a much lower price th an is paid for a quality not one whit bet­ ter which is imported from the United States at high cost and m uch inconvenience. "We have three seam s of coal opened and worka ble. One is ten feet thick; one eight and a half feet thick. and one three and a half. These seams have a pitch of 40 de­ grees. "Our total output this year will be 8,000 to 9,000 ton s. The ooal comes chiefly to D.awscn , an d among the largest consumers is t he Klondike Mines railway, which uses the fuel in its locomotives. The White Pass & Yukon railway is- making a test this year of 100 ton s on its locomo­ tives, and the Atlas copper mines at Whitehorse also will make a test of a large quantity. Many steam h eat­ ing plants and domestic establish­ m ents in Dawson use this fuel. "The Five Fingers product was tested by Dr. D. D. Cairnes, Domin­ ion geologist; the Dominion Steel & I ron company of Nova Sootia, ·and others an d found to be a high grade ooking coal. They . are satisfied the coke is fi rst class. It makes a su- THE bAWSON DAILY NEWS r-fiL~GlEANSWE~0·-1 o • ! - I HAVE DECI DED T OCLOSE O,UT AS SOON AS POSSI BLE ~ iii 0 o • • 0 i fly Entire Line.. I '. ~ 0 0 · • • Several Lots of WASH DRESSES That Are Adaptable for Both 0 ~ House and Street Wear • o ~ • I believe that my interesting lot of Dresses, from both quality 0 o • , and price standpoint, are the best that have ever been shown in 0 ~ . • Dawson . The materials are practical and popular. I advise you to 0 iii come early, in order to get full advantage of assortment. ~ o • ~ See our STUNNING STYLES. They consist of Winter's most 0 • attractive. • o o • · ~ iii An U p=-toMDate Line of Flannelettes 0 o • ! \Vhich We Are Closing Out At Cost i o • • 0 o • ~ O'ur Art Department ~ • 0 o .• ~ FANCY WORK, SUCH AS NEW EMBROIDERIES, SILKS, iii ~ LINENS, HAMMOCK AND BUNGALOW PILLOWS 0 ;' , . . e A visit to our store will make you acquainted with the LATEST • 0 o and MOST CORRECT STYLES that the out~ide has ordained for the • •• 0 o well dressed women. • ~ 0 i MRS. WrI. WALKER I ~ DAWSON'S MILLINERY I ~ SECOND AVENUE • DAWSON, Y. T. ~ , ' , ' l .~.~.0fi~~~~0II~~~1t.HI080~~0.* 82 perior coherent coke with less than one-half of one per cent. ()f sulphur, which renders the product very sat­ isfactory for smelting. "Our :company has large coal bunk­ ers and storehouses in Dawson, and will ship th()usands of tons h ere this sea son to supply the Dawson market this wint€r . " The company this year built new living quarter s at the mines for the employes, and now has comfort~ble up-to-date, ~anitary accommodatlOn s for 60 to 70 men . A fine farm of ten acres is attached where everything is r aised in the w.ay , of vegetables for the messhouse, and feed f or th e horses." General Manager Milton hails h·om St. P aul , and will return there for th e winter. BIG SALMON PLACERS Extensive Properties Being Developed for Dred·ging Purposes One of th e largest tracts of placer proper ties in Yukon suitable for dredging is that con tr? lled by ~art­ ley Williams, an old-tlme Klondlke!. The tract cover s 30 miles of the Blg Salmon vaJley from the mouth up­ ward and extends from base to base of th e hills. The valley is four to six miles wide. Mr. Williams has exten sive prospecting equipment on the concessi on now, and is making exten sive tests with plans to have dredges w orking on the ground by 1915. «- "Our tract," says Mr. Williams, IS an ideal dredging proposition from t h e physical stan dpoint, a~d we are busy testing th e ground wlth a Vlew of putting on dredges. Should we put on machines they will be of the latest and largest type, so th~t we coul d work at the minimum of cost and maximum efficiency . I shall return this fan to New York to confer with the capitalists, who are ready to go ahead with the proj ect as soon as th e drill reports and statem ents of the experts are received . " The ground is all thawed , and of a favorable depth , with' no muck or overbuf den of which to speak. " "Ve have n o end of water power for drivin g a hydro-plectric plant. "The Empire drill n ow on th e ground is a m arvel. We h ave driven it 27 feet in ten h ours . No part of it weighs over 75 pounds, and the total weight, with extras, was 2,900 pounds The cost at the factory was about $1,800. I was prejudiced agai nst the drill at first. bu t hav E' foun d it a hummer. It WJU cu t rock or anything, but we have found :no boulder s on our ground. A sprmg wi.nch i. d in operatin g the drill. Two m e t a h ole down with on e of them feet in Arizona. They are easily moved. We pulled 67 feet of casing in two hours ." The Big Salmon was the first stream worked, in 1883. Afterwards came Cassiar bar, Trapper' s bar, and bars ()n t h e H()otalin qu a. Williams' atten tion was first called to this lo­ cality in the win ter of ' 97-'98, wh en Major Walsh went into winter quar­ ter s and th e stampede was on to Waish and Lake creeks. Willi ams th en realized, h e states, that it was an ideal proposition £or large opera- tions. Williams mined in California ; was on e of the pioneers in the coastal portion of the Copper river and Prince Williams sound, leaving th ere for t h e interior in ' 97, befOl'e the rush t() the Copper river and Valdez. After TtiE D")YSON 'DAILY NEWS Great Copper Fields of Yukon .1 By]. W. McLEAN Whit€ Pass & Yukon Route May I , 1911, and after he was in the country a short time began to collect data in regard to these properti:es in order to­ interest capital and to reopen them, with a view to developing the coun­ try. In the spring of 1912 the Atlas Mining company was reorganized, For years gold was the only mineral and , a survey for an exten sion of the with Close Brothers & Company hold­ contributing to the Yukon's annual road ha s been made through Scolai ing the majority of the stock . A long , output. But t he early stampeders pass to Moraine. Now that gold has term lease was obtained on the Puebl0 found copper along the rou te to Daw- been found on ,the Shush ana, thirty mine properties, and an option taken son , and ever since have been de- miles north of Scolai, the survey may on five other mining claims in the veloping it steadily. The first fields be taken advantage of by th e corn- immediate vicinity of the Pueblo, and of promi se were located within a few pany. operat,ions were started in ,\?pril, 1912: miles of Whi tehorse. and ,are now Other extensive copper interests in Mr. Dickeson wa s elected president of yielding magnificently. Ever y day t he territory include those lying in the the Atla s Mining company late last trainloads of th e copper go to the vicinity of Williams and Merritt fall. coast smelters. creeks, near the Yukon rive· r, and During the first year's operations, Copper properties on the head of other groups on the Nordenskiold. from April, 1912, to April, 1913, 65,000 the White ri ver are perhaps the most Farther south are traces of copper in tons of copper ore, averaging a little --~----~--~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~= Th oma s W. O'Bri en, of Dawson , of whom the accompanyi~g photo is a splendid likeness, is on, of t he m()~t prominen t pioneers and publi c m en of Yukon Territory. H e came to the Yukon long before K lond ike was di scovered, and has levoted more th an a qu arter of a cen tury to the deve lopment of the n or th ern empire. Mr. O'Brien is a former member of the Yukon council or legislature, and ha s been on e of the i eading spirits in t h e Yukon Order of Pioneers. and is now th e senior past president of that order . Last winter h e organi zed a lodge in Seattle: which has a fl our ishing m(·mbprship. . coming h ere he operated on Bon anza, Gold Run , Sulphur, ·and in the F orty-___ _ mile, but since 1907, when h e was called to New York, h e has Cl voted all hi s t to the Big Salmon. He is not a stranger to the Nor th, havinc:r been connected with t he earlie; salmon canning propositions in Bristol bay, K arluk and Copper river . Mr. Williams declares the south end of th e territory has a great future for p lacer and quartz. Yukon Councillor C. W . C. Tabor, of Dawson, has been associatE-cl with Mr. \,yilliams in the Big Salmon :proposition from th e start. extensive in thi s region. and of su ch great that several large com­ pa nies are in tI ll region t hi s summer drilling and oth prospecting, arid tIll White Pass & Yuk on R ail­ way C O;llpany 1J :l~ an exper t t here now making all examinati on with a view of possibly rl'coITlmending th e exten­ sion of t he roae! to that field . The Guggenheilll railroad from Cor­ Llova, run s withi n fifty miles of Moraine creek, one of the chi ef cop­ ppr creeK ;, at t1w head of th e 'Whi te, th e Kluane and the Rainy Holl ow di s­ t ri cts. The pr, operties near Whiteh orse which are shippin g belong to the . -\tl HS ::Vlining company, of which O. L. Dir keson is presiden t, and W. D. Grrenough general marrager. Close Brother s, fiDfll1 cial agents of Chicago and London, also are connected with the Atlas. The operations on this . property were closed down In 1910. Mr. Dickeson was elected vjce~prf'si­ dent 'and gen era] mana.g~r of th e better than $10 a ton, was sh ipped· to 'facoma "IpeltElr, or about Ml average of 200 ton:; per day, which cl~mon­ strated . th e feasibility of carrying .on operations . during the win.ter . On July 1:4 '3,000 feet of diam on d chilling had been done,. which led to th e strike of the ore body. Six. h un­ dred and seventy, feet of drifting has been done on the 200-foot level , prac­ tically all of whi ch is in ore. During th e drilling opE'rations in the month of July th e ore was proved at a depth' of \. ~. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 63 ~.~0g020m090.0m0.0B0.0.0.0B0.0.~0m0.0a0B0M0m0B0.0.~~ ~ ~ • 0 o 5 • 0 i We Save i o • • 0 o • • 0 I ' You Money i • 0 o ~ • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 o • • 0 ~ . • 0 ~ THE WORST PART OF BEl NG SICK IS OFTEN THE • • 0 a MEDICINE BILLS, YOU FEEL YOU'RE PAYING TOO ~ o • • 'MUCH, BUT YOU'RE HELPLESS-YOU HAVE GOT 0 o • ~ TO HAVE GOOD MEDICINES, ~ • 0 o • • ~ 0 o LEARN NOW THAT YOU DON'T HAVE TO PAY HIGH • ! PRICES FOR HIGH QUALITY, WE ALWAYS SELL i o • • THE PUREST AND BEST DRUGS AT VERY REASON. 0 o • 1 ABLE PRICES. \; ~ · ~ ~ ~ · '~ i TRADE WITH US AND YOU CAN SAVE ENOUG'rI TO Ii '! . SWELL YOUR BANK ACCOUNT. it · • 0 ~ . · ~ o • • 0 o • · ~ ~ . · ~ I W. M. Cribbs I • 0 o • 1 7iN "~ .S'" ~ ~ ~ • 0 o • ~.0~.~~.0~~~~0~.~~~.0~~~~.~~.0 I Photo Supplies AGENTS Whitman's Huyler's Confections Bu·tler &.· Faulkner .' ,.' \ 64 430 feet below the collar of the shaft, and it is gmtifying to note that the values in the ore bodies at this depth are · greater on an aver.age than the ore mined near the , surface. A n ew skip is being installed and an upraise is being driven to relieve the main working shaft. As soon as these improvements are completed the Qutput of th e mine will be consider­ ably increased . A W . P. & Y . ROlJte Stea me r at " Quiet Sentinel," Yukon Rive r .~ .............. . • • .. • ( By S. Kawakami .) According to the census just by th e H on. 1'. Hori, th e J apanese consul at Van couver, B . C., there are ninety Japanese residing in the Yukon Territory, compl'ising 81 m en. 5 women and 4 children. Hotels. stores, restaurants, bath houses and a machine shop are being conducted by them. 'Nowhere else in either the United States or Canada is a greater privi­ lege extended to tlw Japanese than in this territor~r . The Japanese in th e Yukon are 'well contented. Racial discrimination and prejudice, which are not uncommon in the cities on the Pacific seaboard, are unknown Rocky Point Scene A lo ng W. P. & . Y. Fi oute entirdy in th e Yuk on. The Yukon i" indeed a paradise to t he :,on s of l\ipPJn. A pri vilege of naturalization lH1S long been extended to . them . with a suffrage right both in {'terri­ tori al and federal electious. . -'1 native b:;.rn Britisher indeed has no greater right or privilege than the Japanese. Tlwy are good lawabiding people, aI­ wa~'s respecting th e institutions of thi~ country. No J apan ese ever com­ mitted a crim inaJ ro ffense in tlle ter­ ritor y, and not on e ever begged for a weal frQJ1] a :'Oup kitch en. Evc'n a civil case in court agai.nst a Japan­ ese is ~ very rare occurren ce . Not one J apanef'e has eveT bpen given a " blue ticket. ' · The Jap[~nese are ("I ']ia in l~' splendid citizens. MEN W HO MAKE NORTH Th e managing editO r of Leslie's Weeld y of New York j i n d1 s great pleasure in visiting t.h e Yukon dis­ trict and in ~eeing t.1lt' men who are making till' gr, Ht ~orthwest.-Edgar. Allen Forbes. THE 'DAWSON DAILY NEWS L 1J_"'e_]j_r_ea ._d_rg_o~_d_O_p_er_ta_tl_'o_ nS_--l Among the largest placer gold min­ ing enterprises of t he Klondike and aLso of the world is that of A . N. C. rrreadgold, the prominent Yukon min­ ing organizer. Ml'. Trea.dgold organ­ ized most of the properties now con­ trolled by the Yukon Gold, an d m uch of the property later taken over by the Canadian Klondyke. His present organization work is confin ecl to the large and p1 10ductive placer creeks on the I ndian river side of the Klondike camp. The creeks include practically ·all the known rich gold bearing streams of th e Indian river side, and have an aggregate length of more than 75 miles. Included in ttlese ri ch creeks a.Te ,,-here ] ,500 feet. of ground already is opened. Further up Dominion, four miles of ditch coming out of Portland are in operation and a strip of a mile and a half is un(lovere d in thart vicinit~, . Near the mouth of Nevada a long strip is opened. The ditch work and other opera­ tions on Dominion creek now employ abou t 120 men and twenty teams, an d there are eigh t camps. Mr. Treadgold also has men operat­ ing ditches and making extensi'ons on Quartz creek. where he owns several miles: A number of miles of In­ dian r iver between Quartz and Eureka were acquired last year for Mr. Treadgold , and it is understood h e On e of the W. p. & Y. Route Steam ers on th e Yukon River at Selwyn Dominion, Sulphur, upper Gold Run , and 5evoeral mi les oi Indian rivel', and tJ"i butaries of somf' of those !'ltreams. The valleys are wide and thf' gold generally distri buted . During the process of the organiz,a­ tion of these properties, much of th e ground is being prepared for dredge, hydrauli c ar whatever mode of oper­ ation th t' engin eers later shall adopt. The chi ef pre j.lamtion comprises in rl' lll oving the overburden by means of groundRluicing. ?vlo&t of this work 110 \\' uncl er way is confined to Do­ lllinion (;l'eek, where a large force of plans to use water of Indian on Quartz eventually. Mr. Treadgold i·s an indomitable or­ g.anizer. The creek· s on which he is operating have yield ed t.ens of mil­ li· on8 in fhe aggregate in placer gold, and have vast wealth yet to pl'Oduce . Mr. Treadgo ld has electric :-'-ne8 r un­ ning over the hills fr om the Bo­ nanza valley to supply power wh en th e tim e comes. The equipping · of all of his plants l1lean~ the expendi­ ture of se veral million dolla.r s, and the operati on Qf the proper'tie~ will mean a large and steady payroll for A Fiel d of Potatoes in t h e Klond ike meri and lllany tl' fi re engag~d 'mder CI1'1rles Dolan. th e superin­ tendent. Eight and a half m iles of flitch hav E' bt'en opened from Burn­ l13nl crel-k ' to J ensen. crossi ng two RlUall er pups C'n route, and p. icking up th eir watl'I. From J ensen down­ ward anoth er ditch is opened 01) the right lim~t of Domniioll, to a point below Gold Run. From J el1'sen to tIlt' mou t h of Gold Run is nin E' mile s, and 600 inches can be carried on that stretch. Below Grany.j]] e is a local flume. to a point" opp()sitp GrHllvil!e . th e cam p . GU5 Brec/t-nbl'rg is tlw Da,wson agent of Mr. Trl'ac1goltl . A ~taff of engin E'er;;, :ouperintendents, foremen and others is enga ge' cl h ere on the ,,··arks most of the year. H ea ltll of Yukon challen ge s the world. Epidemics a re little known. Virulent diseases ~careely pver en­ cou n tt'r ec1 . Ol d an d youug thrive, ancl th e children are Uw world's most robust. Yllj,on can challenge the worl(l in tlw b]t'sf'ing of go(}d health. .~ SYNOPSIS OF T HE: Game Ordinance of Yukon Territory Under the Ordinal1ce Respeoting the Preservation of Game in the Yu­ lwn Territory and amendm ents there­ to, t.h e Close Seasons, within which the undermentioned beasts and birds Rou nd in g t h e Point, Sce ne on W . P . & Y. Route shall not be hunted, taken. killed, shot at, wounded , injured or mol sted in any way, are 3!S follows, n amely : Buffalo or Bison-The whole year. Musk-ox. Elk -or Wapiti , Moos Caribou, Deer, Mou ntain Sh8€ p or Mountain Goats-Between the 1st of March an d 1st of September. Grou se, Ptarmigan tween 15th ber. Partridge, Pheasan ts, and Prairie Chicken-Be­ March and 1st of Septem- Wild Swans, Woild Du cks, Wild Geese, Snipe, Sand-piper, s or Cranes­ Between the ] st of J une and 10th of :\ ugust. Except as hereinafte r provided n o p(']'· son shall have the right to kill Big Horn Shef "J Alon~ the W . P . & Y . Route during the open season m·ore than two elk or waJ})iti, t\\"o moose, t v;.o musk-oxen , six deer, six carib ou, 1wQ nlOunta-in sheep and two mountain goats. No females shali be killed at any tim e. Eggs Qn' the nests of any of th e birds nlt'ntioo.ned or any species of ,,·il·d fowl, shall not be taken , de­ stroyed, injured · or molested at any tim e of the year. No per son who is not a resident of the Teni tory shall h 3!ve the right 0 hunt, take, Id 11 , 'sh oot at 0 1' carry ~w.ay any of the beasts m entioned unless he has obtained li cen se from t lw Conunissioner of the Territory or a. Game Guardia.n, who shall also h avlo' authority to issu e permit for th" t'xpor t of tr.ophies. The license fe!' is $100.00, and all pel~'30nS h old- J '. THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 65 DRUGS CHEMICALS We Carry a Good Line of Parke Davis & Co.'s EUTHYMOL DaVVSOll Laundry and Baths OPEN DAY AND NIGHT Mrs. Hattie McCoy, Prop. 205 SECOND AVENUE. DAWSON, Y . T . YOU DON 'T HAVE TO BE A MEMBER OF THE MEN 'S CLUB IN ORDE R Tu PATRONIZE THE Men's Club Barber Shop THE NEATEST, CLEANEST AND COZI EST BAR­ BER SHOP I N THE CITY DA VE WILLIAMS, Proprietor ing licenses must furnish particulars under oath of the Game Guardian. Game Guardians have the right to inspect any. bag Or other receptacle, vehicle or ' ·oth er means of transporta­ tion, when they suspect that an y }J€.f­ son is illegally in the possession of game, Beasts ,01' birds may be lawfully taken , hunted '01' killed , and eggs of any birds or other wild fowl m ay be taken during the close 'season only : 1. By explorerlS, surveyors, pros­ pe~tors, miners or traveler s who are engaged in any exploration, survey or mining operations, or other exami­ nation of the Territory, and are in actual need of the beasts, birds or eggs for fOod. 2. By an y person who has a p er­ mit to do so granted under the sub­ sequent provis1ollls of th e Ordinance: (a) To whom a permit has been issued to take or kill, for scientific pm'p oses, or to take with a view to domestication, any number, to be fixed by the Commissioner, of each , of the said beasts or birds, except buffalo and bison, or to take eggs not ex~ee{)ing twelve of each of any of the said birds Or of any other , p ecies of wild fowl; (t) Hunte, rs licensed by the Com­ missi'Jner to provide sustenance for isolated camps in districts set aside by proclamation. None of the contriV1ances for taking or killing wild fowl, known as bat­ teries, swivel guns or su.nken punts, shall be u sed at any time of the year, t o tal,e, destroy o.r kill any of the birds or wild fowl. It shall be unlawful foOr an y per son to use poison or poisonou s sub­ stan ces for the purpose of taking , or killing any birds or beasts of anv l, ind, and if any person places su ch poison or poisonou s substar..('es lTI such a p osition that it m ay bt, r eached or taken by an y bird or bea,;t, it shall be proof that it W~C used for su ch purpose. ~o dogs sh all be used at any time of the year for hunting, taking, run­ n ing, killing, injuring or in an y w fly m olesring buffaloO or bison , or during the close season, OJly of th c other beasts or birds. No one shall enter into any contract or agreement wit. h or employ any Indian or other person, whether such Indian or other p erson is an inhabi­ tant of the countr y to which tIll S Ordinance applies -or not, to hunt, kill O r tame contrary to the provi­ sions of the Ordinance, any . · of the beasts and birds mentioned, or to take contrary to such provisions in th e Ordin an ce, any eggs. Any beast, bird or eggs in resi)ect of w hich any conviction has been m ade shall be h eld t o b e thereby confiscated. P ossession shall be constituted as foll ows: 1. Possession at any time {)f the ye~ of a buffalo 'Or bi son, dead or ali ve, or any part of a buffil1lo or bison; O r 2. Possession at any time of the year of eggs of a ny of the birds men­ tioned in the Ordinance O r of eggs of an y other ~,pecies of wild fowl; or 3. Possession during the CLose Sea­ son ()f any other beast mentioned i:1 the Ordinanoe, or of any part of any such bea,st, or of any birds mentio· ned in section 3, shall be deemed prima faci e evidence of the killing -or tak­ ing (I f the beast, birds or eggs, as the case may b c, contrar y to the provi­ Eions of the Ordinance. Provided, moreover, that this section shall not be oonstrued to prevent the exposure and offering fOT sale the carcasses, or any part of them, of beas. ts killed THE DAWSON during the open season, for a p Jriod of sixty days a.fter the beginning of the close season. . Any p erson who kills any of the beasts O r birds mentioned in the Or­ dinance, and does not u ::c the meat thereof £or food himself or cause the same to be used for food, or does not offer the sam e for sale in some mar­ ket within the Yukon Territory, shall }:}e li!lble to a penalty not exceedmg $500.00, and in default of payment to imprisonment for a period not ex­ C eeding three months.' For obstructing a Game Guardian DA,LY NEWS i::t th2 di ~,,!1a:-';J ef his duties, the penalty is a sum not exceeding $100.00 and costs. For violation of any of the provi­ sions of the Ordinance with regard ' to musk-oxen, buffalo or bison, elk, wa.piti, moose or deer, a penalty of n o, t n,ore than $500.00 and costs. For vio1aJiion of any other provi­ sions of the Ordinance; a penalty not exceeding $100.00 and cos1.3. In case 'bfa conviction, one-half of the fine shall be paid to the informer. A. F. ENGELHARDT, Territorial Secretary. A W . P . & Y. Ro ,:e P ascer:get· Train Th e S3w-Tooth Mount l ins-W. P. & Y. Route ~ ' Synopsis of Mining Laws Yukon Territory Creeks do not include streams hav­ ing an average width of 150 feet or more, as defi ned by the Dredging Regu lation s. Persons over eighteen years of .age may .obtain entry for a pLacer claim. Creek claims shall not eXCf)ed 500 feet in length, measured along the base line of creek (and if base line ha,s not been established, then along the general direction of the ,n alley of the' creek) and 2,000 feet in width. Placer claims situate elsewhere than on a c.reek shalI n ot exceed 500 feet in length, parallel to base line of creek toward which it fronts, by 1,000 feet.. Every placer claim shall be marked by two posts (number ed 1 and 2 respectively), firmly fixed in ground on base line at each end of claim and line shall be well cut out between the two post: . The posts shall be not less than four feet above the ground, flatted on two sides for at least one foo t from top and each side so flatted measuring at least four -inches across the fa.ce, and a dil).meter throughout oOf not less than five inches. On side of each post facing claim shall be legibly written the name or number of claim, or both, its lengtll in feet, the date when staked and full Christian and sUr­ name of locator. A stump or tree cut off ·and flatted o' ft: ced to the afore­ ~a id height and size may be used as a post. A . di scoverer shall be entitled to a claim 1,500 feet in length, and a party of two discoverers two claims, each of 1,250 feet in l, ength . The boundaries of any claim may be enlarged to the size of a claim al­ lowed by the Act if enlargement does not interfere with rights -of other per­ SOIlS ~r terms of agreemen t with the Cr· own. Locating and ~ecording. An application for a claim m u st be filed with the Mining Recorder within ten days 8fter locating if lccated with­ in ten miles of Recol'd er's office. One extra day shall be alLowed for every additional ten miles O r fraction there­ of. A claim may be located on Sun­ day or any public holiday. If not less than five miners locate claims o'{,er 100 miles from Recorder's office, t hey may appoint on e of their number an Emergency Recorder, w.ho shall at once notify the nearest Min­ ing Recorder, ,to whom recol'{ls and fees must be delivered. The Mining Recorder may issu e written perm1ssion to a bona fide prospector to r ecord 'a claim at any time within six months from the date 'of stak'ing. If any person , sastisfies the Recorder that he is about to under­ take a bona fide prospecting trip and files a power , of asttorn ey from any number · of persons not e~ceeding two, authorizing him to stake claims :fior them In consideration IOf their having enabled him to undertake the trip, h e may stake one claim in t he name of each such person upon any creek on which h e makes . a discovery. .- Any person having recorded a claim shall not have the right to locate an­ other claim in the valley or basin of same creek within 60 days of locating first claim. Surveys. The boundaries of a claim shall be defined abs. olutely, provided th e re­ turn s are approved by the Commis­ sioner or other 'offici,aI, and notice published for tw.elve .su ooessive issues in the Yuk on Gazette. Titl e. ..\. grant may be issu ed for one or fi ve years with abEolute righ t of re­ newal from year to year, provided tlUlt during each year for which such renewal is granted th e owner o.f the (' laim 'Or his agent shall perform on th e claim $200 worth of work and sll all file with the Mining Recorder wi thin fourteen days from the date of pxpiration of each year an affidavit ".ctting ou t a det ailed statement of t he work. If the wor k is not per­ form ed w iJthin the year the title of l lil' owner s hall becD'IYl e absolutely fc r fci:.eel and the claim , shall be open fOT cntry forthwith after the expira­ tion of tIll' year. ~\ grant may be i,sued to anyone rclocating' the daim, but the own er shall have the right to appl y for cancellation of r elocator's grant with in six m onths fr om the tiEll' wlw n said c1aim became due for renewal, and the Recorder sh all can­ cpl the Grant if satisfied that the work ha~ b een done, upon aid owner paying a r en ell', al fee of $30.00, if ap­ piication is made during fir st three months, or $45.00 if applicatio, n is made during secon d three month s, and als·o paying r elocator's expenses RS well a5 compensat ion for any bona fi de work that he has perfOl'med on t he claim. No title s.ha11 be con tested by , any­ one who does not claim an adverse right except by leave of Oommissioner of Teni tory . If two or more persons ·own a claim, each person shall contribute WiOrk proportionately to h is interest, and if proven to Gold Commissioner that any co-owner has not done his, share of the work his interest may be vested in the other co-own ers. Grouping. The Mining Recorder may gr'ant permission , for a term not .exceeding five years, 1;0 any person or perso ns owning adjoining claims n ot eXJoced­ ing ten in number, to perform on any on or more of such claim E . all the work· required to en title hiJm or th elln to Ten ewal. V/hen application is made by more than one person, the appli­ cants must file a deed of partnership creating joint liability between the owners Upon report of the Mining Inspec­ t'Or, and with the approval of the OO1I1miI.3lE~'Oner, claims more than ten in number and not contiguous, may be grouped for a p eriod 'Of not more THE DAWSON DAILY riI-e:WS 67 ,"fifififififi'fi'fi'fi'fi~~ ·~·~~~.~~~.0~~.jI I H. F. ~~;:ham . I o 11 • 0 o • • 0 I City Scavenger i I Garbage Promptly and Neatly I , I Removed. Lowest Rates. i o • • 0 ~ 11 • 0 o • • 0 ~ OFFICE, III THIRD AVENUE DAWSON , y , T, ~ o • !.~0.~0.~~ ~.0.~0.~0.0.0B0. • . 0 o • • 0 I O. S. CHURCHW ARD I • 0 o • • 0 i Tin Shop 1 • • o • • 0 o • ~ COAL STOVES, Largest Stock ~ • 0 i and Lowest Prices 1 • 0 o • • 0 o • , ~ • 0 o SECOND AVENUE, NEA R BANK OF B, N, A. • • 0 o • ~ DAWSON, y , T . ~ • 0 o • • ~0.0~."~.0~. 0B0B0.~0.~~~0.0.0.~0.0.0.~ • 0 o • I Vegetables ! I and Flovvers l o • • 0 ji All kinds of NATIVE-GROWN VEG ETABLES deli ve red at you r ! o • • d oo r on short notice. 0 ~ HOME-GROWN RADISHES, LETTUCE, ONIONS, RHUBARB, ! ji BEETS, TURNIPS, CELERY, CUCUMBERS, TOMATOES, CABBAGE, ! ji ROSES, PLANTS, and, in fact, all VEGETABLES and FLOWERS ! ~ th at wi 11 grow in the North la nd. ~ o • • 0 I Fi~th Avenue Nursery i o • ~ ALBERT SCHnIDT, Prop. ~ • 0 o • • 0~~.". 0 .0.~ ~ '. M I W. G. LUKER I o 0 ~ , • Dea ler I n ~/ o • • 0 I Furs i o • • 0 ~ HORN S, HIDES AND PELTS I o of All Kinds ~ ~ . ~ One of the finest and most complet e assortments of Native ~ ~ Yukon Furs ever seen un der one roof-select Mink, Marten, Bea r, ~ ~ Otter, Beaver, Lynx, Muskrat, Ermin e, Foxes of a ll kinds a nd others . ~ ~ Mail orders r eceive prompt att ent io n. . iii • Furs tanned to order unde r pers ona l di rection. ~ o 0 ~ FIRST AVENUE DAWSON, Y. T. • • 0 0 1 • .~.0".".0.0~~~.~"".0~".0".0.0.0.W ~.0.0.~.0~0.0B0B0. , . ~ . I W. E. Sprague! · ~ I Vegetables ! ~ and Home Grown Produce of All . Kinds , • 0 o • ~ KLONDIKE POTATOES A SPECIALTY-NOTHING BETTER i • ANYWHERE , ~ I o FINEST LINE OF FLOWERS ~ , • Use Dawson-Grown Products and Keep the Money in the Klondike 0 o • • TWO DELIVERY WAGONS IN SERVICE DAILY 0 o • '! ' GARDENS ON 'KLONDI KE ISLAND, AND ON YUKON RIVER , • AND ON DAWSON HILL 4 o • ! STOREHOUSE, 226 SECOND AVE. TELEPHONE II D-Y , ! , ~]0m0.~0.0.~0.~"'~ ! 0 i MIKADO LAUNDRY I o • • 0 o • ! Bath ::., Lodging I~ouse i • 0 i Porcelain Tubs. Everything Clean 1 • 0 Ii Creek Orders Receive P rompt Attention-Speci al Rates for Large ! o • ! Orders- Get Our Figures-Establish ed 1 900 i • 0 ~ . i GEORGE G. OrIURU j • 0 o • • PROPRIETOR 0 o • 11 0 o • • 0 o 220 SECOND AVE., DAWSON TELEPHONE 57-A • • 0 o • · f:iI(.'n0~~ ElSa ' 1!l0~0~0!1011101101!0110.".~.0 JAMES GCANT The Pioneer Decorator Always on Hand the Latest Stock of Up-to-Date Wall Paper STORE AND SHOP, SECOND AVENUE DAWSON , Y. T. GEM BAKERY WHEN YOU V ISIT DAWSON , DON 'T FORGET THIS P LACE We Sprve You th e Best Meals for the Price in Dawson MRS. M. BROSSEAU , Prop. V ancouver House ~i;~~~~R';;::!s Fur .. , 75 Cents and Up. MRS. DORA BENNETT, Proprietress SECOND AVENUE DAWSON, Y. T_ 68 than five . years, provided & uch claims are to be operated by , a system of m inin g on ,. a. large scale which , has a direct bearing u pon all the claims affected and render s a con sid­ erable area necessary' to succe'S:;iul operation by the system proposed ; such groupin g, h owever, to be sub­ ject to cancellation by t he Gold Com­ missioner after sixty days' n oti· ce, provided it appears, to his satisfac, tion that th .. system of mining con tem ­ plated when th e . permission to grou p was gran ted, is not bein g installed , or operated with rea?onable dilig· en ce. Gran ts of claim s grouped Or owned by on e person m ay be made renew­ able on the sam e day on payment by th e applicant o· f $2.50 for every three mon t hs .or portion ther eof for each claim during that portion of t h e year it i& necessar y to renew it to make all the cl aim s ren ewable on t h e same day; and repl'esentati.on work required for th e fraction al p o· rtion of the year l O T which each claim is ren ewed shall be allowed at the rate of $50.00 for each three m onth - or fraction th ereof, and su ch wor k sh all be per­ for med and recorded o'n O r before t he date from which all , th e claim s are fil'St m ade renewable . Dispute· s. In case of any dispute as to the lo­ catin g of a claim the title to the claim shall be recognized according to the. priority of su ch locating. Di s­ putes may be heard and determined by a Board of Arbi trators . Taxes and F ees. Roya lty at th e rate of two and one­ half per cent. on the valu e of all g· old shIpped from the Yukon Territory shall be p aid to th e Comptroller. F· ol' grant to a claim for one yea r . $10.00 F:or r en ewal of grant to a claim . 10.00 RecOl"ding an ab andonmen t .. . . . 2 .00 R egistration of an y document.. 2.00 If It affects more than one claim, F or each a ddition al c1aim . ... 1.00 For filing an y document. ....... 1.00 For grant to a claim for 5 years 50.00 . .\.b~,tract of Title- F or fir st en try . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2.00 Each addition al ent ry... .. . . .. .50 For copy of document- Up to 200 words . . ... .. ... . .. . 2.50 For each additional 100 word6 .50 For gran t of water- Of 50 in ches O r less . ... . . . . . .. 10.00 F, or 50 to' 200 inches. . . . . . . . . . . 25.00 For 200 to 1,000 inches . ....... 50.00 F or ea ch a dditional 1,000 inches or fraction thereof. . . 50.00 Quartz Mining. An y person h aving discovered min­ eral in place may locate a claim 1,500 by 1,500 feet b y marking ou t the 6ame with thr ee legal posts, one at each end of t he line of the lode or m ine, and a third at the spot wh ere the miner al in place ha s been discovered . All three posts must h ave th e name of th e claim, a d escri ption of th e ground, date of location an d locator's full name written legibly u pon them. Th e di'soovery post shall be mar ked " Discovery P ost ," and No. 1 post marked " Initial P ost." The claim sh all be recorded within fifteen days if located with in ten miles of a Mining Recorder's office ; on e additional day allowed for every, addiLion al .ten miles or fracti, on . The fee for r ecording a claim is $5.00. At least $100.00 must be expended on the cl aim. each year or paid to the Mining Recorder in lieu thereof. W hen $500 has been expended or paid, t he 10catoT may, upon having a 5urvey made, and upon complying wi th other r equirements, purchase the land at $1.00 per acre , and per­ mission may be gran ted to group a n y n umber of adjoining claim s u p to eigh t ' in n umber fm represen tation / THE DAWSON DAfI.:'v NEWS wor k, u pon taking out a certificate of partnership befoTe tile-commen cem ent of t he work. The proV IS IOns hereinabo ve m en­ tion ed regardin g permission to reco· r d P lacer Minin g Olaim s at an y time within six m onths from staking, a nd T egaTding Power of ,H torney to stake P lac:er Mining Claims apply to QuaTtz Mining Claims. N, o person is entitled t o locate mOT e than one Quartz Min el'al Claim on th e same vein or lode, O r within a distan ce of on e-half mile. Dred gi ng, A continuous stretch of river n ot ex­ ceeding ten miles may be leased for fifteen years, an d the lease may be ren ewed. The lessee shall n ot assign, tran sfer 01' sublet tire lease with ou t consen t d the Minister. The . river .. bed, which m ea.I)S tll~ ped .an d bars of the river to the foot o f the n atural banks sought to be leased m ust have an ,average width of 150 feet. 'fhe lessee shall have one dredge in operation within , three years from th e \ date of th e l.e ase, and shall furn ish proof O'f the effICien t opel'ation of the dredge for not less than forty days of ten hours ea ch in ever v veal' after the third year. Th e dreJg~ m ust · be of ~.uch capacity as t he Min ister may deem sufficien t .. Assay Offi ce. An assay office has been establish ed by the government at Vancouver, where all gold exported from this Ter­ r itory will be purch ased at the best possible rates. GEORGE P. MACKENZIE, Gold Oommission er . Dawson Route to Chisana ••••••••••••••••• • • • Shortest a nd Best- H as Only. • Supply Base-En dorsed by Orig- • • in a l Strikers and · Men Who. • Brought the Gold-What th e . • First Stakers H a ve to Say. • About t he Stri ke . • • • ................ ~ Dawson is th e natural supply base for th e n ew Chisana gol.dfields, al1d t h e r ou tes leading from this city to t he strike are the only relillJble courses to th e digg, ings . Not only can th e routes from Dawson b e trav­ eled all the year l'ound , bu t [have the only h eavy stock s of goods close enou gh for layin g 'down , rut th e camp for the coming winter. This is evi­ den ced in the fact that t h e m en who made the d· iscover y and t h eir asso­ ciates have sent ou t and ordered many tons of freight from Dawson , and have directed that goods be sent from thil s p oint. A large portion of t h e freigh t already has gone forward by steamer 'and the remainder will go ·a li tUe later . The freigh t from Dawlson is taken UIP t he Wlhite river, to the mouth of the Donjek. From that point t he trip ifrto the diggings is 90 miles, and m ost of the freight will be h auled in the winter by d oub le teams. Andy Taylo. r, the pathfinder of th e u pper Whi, te, has supplies already cach ed ,at t he .Donj ek to th e e:xJtent of for ty tons for that run, and will have more sen t th ere. Goorge Gordon 'and Tom O'Brien have opened I Rtores at t he Don jek, and others are eX1pected to open at the same place. Som e of the largest wholes'ale h ouses of say that if the river d oses before all goods desired are sent up th e Wlhite, th e goods will be landed in ,barges at the mouth of th e White, on ly 90 miles below Don­ jek. The White r iver i s a h ouleva;r.d every winter , and will be ideal for h O J:se teams, dog t.eams and -oth er vehicles, 'and possibly tractors. F rom Dawson to Stewarl City , by steamer is 72 miles; from Stewart to m ou th of White, 10 miles; mouth ()d' boats are kept at each river crossing, White to Donj ek, 90 miles ; mou th of DO J1jek to Sn ag, 25 miles ; Snag to Oh isana diggings, 65 miles, overlan d. The Canadian governm ent h a s open ed a tra~l this season from Don­ jek Landing, 'on th e n orth bank of t he White, opposite t,he' mou th · of the Den jek's confluen ce with the White. direct t [) th e mouth of Sn ag ; thence to th e boundary, on Beaver. From th e boundary to th e Chi·san a creeks is on ly a sh or t dist ance through open country . The Canadi·an governmeIllt also sent ou t a road crew early t h is season a n d impr oved the Coffee creek roa.d to the head of the White, ne, ar ·t h e ,secon d Can yon, w!here the trail crosses th e river, and ma.kes a cu t-off to the Beaver, joi nin g t h e m ain trail from th e h ead of naviga tiJon on th e White. Those preferring to land from Yukon river steamers ca.n take the Ooffee tr, ail all the way throu gh to ChilE'ana. Th is tr ail I cros~'es th e Donjek and the J en erk rivers, where boats are provided by the government , lior fr e-ighting oveT supplies, , an d t h e h orses 'always can ford or swim . Two abats are k ept at e ll:Clh river crossing, one on each side of ea ch river . Ma.ny preferring to p ack in all th e '",ay with h Ollses rather than from the head of navigation on the White, lan d ·their supphes and horses at Coff, ee. T,aylor an d Doyle, wh o br ought out t h e first gol d this year, came ou t to , Cof­ fee with horses, making the trip from th e diggin gs in tw€lve days. They returned from Coffee wi th h o,rses a few da.ys later over t h e same r oute. They r eport th e tr ail fillst cl, ass. So ,me p re, fer to take sma.!l boats and to pole up the White beyond the m out h of Donj ek. It is 23 miles by river , from Donj ek to Snag. Some clai m poling is good u p Snag m any miles at favorable stage of water, but t he old timers are n eaTly all taking ' horses beyond Snag. A good m any fr om Dawson have taken t h e governm en t trail fmjlIl Dawson to Glacier , 60 m iles ; th ence alon g the boundary I survey tr, a-il afrd boundarY ' line , to Beaver, but no on e ha6 been h eard hom wh o went over that route, and the .definite mme on th e cour"e is u n cer t1l!in. It is gen-. erally oc, n ooded to be at too h igh elevation . :lior winter. The n at llral and protected winte r route is up th e Wr hite river valley, on t he ice . The Wh:ite freezes with , a sm ooth surface, an d oId timer s freight th ere ever y winter . Ta,ylor es tim ates th e cost of freightin g u p t he White from Snag to the diggin gs J t 22 cents a pound. F-rom the m o.uth to Snag w·ill prob­ ably be two to four cen ts a pound. The overland trail from WJJi tehorse to Dawson in w,jn ter is 360 miles long, witih roadhouses every 20 to 25 miles. Roadh ouses will be open, n o doubt, all t h e way up t h e White this winter fr om D.awson at abou t th e same intervals. Som e Dawson people '31rea dy are pI aiming stage . lines for the rou te. Those desiring t.o cut off to the White from the overland trail will find the Stewart river a short con­ neotl ing lin k. Last winter th e N. A. 1'. & T., p ion eers in upper WhHe sent J . C. Griffith t o Dawson to ou t­ fit for th e hea d of Wh ite . H e freighted with h orses and a d ouble rig several tons direot fr. om th iJs poiint t o a p oint n ear Scolai pass with n o difficulties. Dominion Geologist DJ". D. D . Cairne6, just in from the head of the White, recommend s the " Thite river and Coffee rou tes as the best an d the only supply r oute s. Major Moodie, commanding t h e Royal \ Northwest . MlOunt~d . P glice . at. Da, \V­ son , says :' " The recen t di1 scovery of p lacer diggings on t he Chisan&, although on th e American side ·of t.. he interna­ tion al h oundary, will n o doubt add to the w· ork, of bhe fo rce. The best route to the new camp is via Skag­ way, Whiteh orse and the Yukon river to tJl e m ou th of the White river; th ence up s·tream t o t he Don­ jek, oi: the alteTnate 1 10u te from Coeffe creek, ten above' the White river, and th en ce by a good trail in­ lan d. Stores will be · erected this ' year at the Donjek an d m Oist prob­ ab ly abou t Beaver creek, near wh ere th e trail crosses the boundary line. There i· s .also every likelihood, from pl,ospects already obtained, of a strike on the Can adian side within a cOII1lparatively ehort distan ce of the new diggings. This will necessitate the placing of detachments in that par t of th e country." F irst Go ld Rece ived F rom Dawson Daily News of July 26, 1913: Ancly Taylor an d Doyle got in last evening from Coffee creek on the steamer P auline, brin ging with th em the poke of 200 ·o·unces of gold fr om t he n ew go1d strike at t h e head of the ChisaJ1a river, more commonly referred to a s lihe Shush an a. As the boat pulled in at t h e Aurora wharf, scores of m en gathered to welcome h er, an d t o aooompany th e 'arrivals u p town . Mr. Doyle WIl:S wel comed at t he Bonan za, his old staI}d, by scores, who eagerly listened to his rep ort. Mr . Taylor carried the big poke _ ash ore and brought it to the NeJWs office, where h e displayed it in the presen e(' ,of several Dawsonites, and gave some facts concerning t he strike. The gold is now in the city, and some is bein g exhibited in shop win­ dows. " Th e gold which we brought down," says MT. Taylor, "was taken ' from di scovery claim' on Little Eldorado creek, an d was shove led into th e slui ceboxes by four men in two days. Its exact weigh t is 197y' ounces. " The gold i s coarse, an d of high grade. It is si milar in color to gold from J ack 'Wade creek. The pie~es range . mostly from t h e size of a flax ­ seed to th e , size of an ·ordiruar y red bean, with finer dust also plen tifuL " Dis cover y on Little E ldora do is owned by Billy J ames N els NeLson and Billy J ohnson. They also IOwn other interests IOn t he same creek and on Bonanza, the , first creek struck in the vi cili i ty. and on some of the other cTeeks. Gold h llls been discovere d on m c· st of the creekl. " Bonanza creek 'seems to have pay O Il all from the mouth to the h ead. The stream is nineteen claims long. ' 'Pay also is located 0IIl t h e Chatenda, known also as J ohnson creek, from the m outh of Bonanza down, an d po sibly is also on J,ohn­ son above the junction . "Seven claims are staked on Little E ldorado, eight on Glacier , seven on Gold Run, two on Chicken, three or four '011 Coarse Money. Other creeks staked inclu de Three pup, a tribu­ tar y of Bonanza ; Skookum, a branch of Little Eldorado ; Discover y pup, off Gold Run; th e EMorado, and the Chathenda, known t here as Wilson , n a med after th e president. " Stream s flowing into Wi1son are Glacier, Gold Run and Eldorado. Th e others nam ed are . tribu tary to Bo­ n anz a " The creek s men tion ed are all above timber line, an d only wril10ws are in eviden ce. On Bonanza an d Little Eldorado the miners have to hJ.ul wood for cooking three to fou r miles. The timber belt extend s up J ,ohnson t o the mouth of Bonanza, and touch es the Im wer par t of Wil­ son, Eldorado 'and Glacier . John son and 'Vilson both flow eastward into t he Chisan a, known to some as the Shu sh an a. Th e gold bearing streams, in short, as located, lie between the Chathenda and Ch avolda, otherwise known a· s J oh nson and Wilson. These streams are old glacial m oraines, and th e gravel in t hem is t hree to four THE DAWSQNDAILYNqwS 69 70 feet deep on the average, and not frozen, and has · no m uck on its sur­ face. Considerable wa.ter flows down the streams. Little Eldorado was carrying · three sluiceheads when we left . " The gold is so coarse and rough it evidently has traveled little, and seems to have been left there as !the result of glaciers cutting through qu artz lead s on those high exposed tablelands. J ames and Nelson made the discovery when over at the m outh of Bon anza looking fool' quartz. They oon afterward located also on the other streams. "The bed · of Little E ldo.rado at dis­ covery is abou t 100 feet wide. Bo­ nanza is wider. Tomm y Doyle, while working on discovery on Little E1do­ rado, got · on e pan that wen t twen ty­ seven dollar s. " Discovery on Bonanza was 1000lted by Nelson; Carl Wh itham has num­ ber 1; 1 staked No. 2; Fred Best No. 3;. Billy J ames, Mrs. J arrnes !lInd 3JS­ sociates Nos. 4, 5 and 6 ; Best No. 7; James party Nos. 8, 9 'and 10 ; Dud McKinney, who went up this spring with Nelson, got No. 11 ; Lem Gates, who wen t with McKinney, is on No. 12; Tommy Doyle h a.s No. 14, an d some others have staked from there t o 19, the hea d. "The stakers on Little Eldora;do are the J ames party, Whith3!m, McKin­ n ey, Gates, Doyle and Taylor. " We were twelve days coming down from the s.trike to Coffee creek, on the Yukon, where we took the steam­ er for Dawson . We brought three h01'ses, and will go back that way in a few day s. The governm ent crew i~ b uilding a fi ne pack trail fu'om Coffee to the head {)· f · the White. Two boats are being made for ferrying !the Don­ jek . "The country is full of caribou , m ountain sheep, rabbits, ptarmig·an and other game, whi ch can be had near th e diggings. The fi sh are plentiful in Beaver and the Beaver lakes. Anyone goi ng in . should h ave a .22 . and a large r ifle, and fi shing tackle. No one should attempt to go ther e with out horses, 3JS iIt is a lon !:( trip after leaving the head of navig.a­ tion, and one cannot m uch m ore than get ·in and back withou t a big · ou tfit. No on e there is prepared to supply anyone else. It will be folly for a ru sh to take place into the country without everyone ,being sup­ plied . Most of the immediate creeks are staked, but th e n ew arrivals are spreading to other creeks, and m ay fi nd gold th ere. I thi n k that beyond the head of the Snag and along the ridge northward from the Sltflike it should be favorable for ,p· rospector s. I should like to have m ore hOl'ses. None can be had up the White n ow. All are engaged. There is plen ty of wild grass foQI horses r igh t to the digging.s. I am here to ship several ton s of supplies to the mouth of Don­ jek, to be hauled up over the ice in the winter . The tl'ail from th e mou th of the Snag is n ow good up Snag and Beaver . . " The warning I give is agajnst men going in to the country wit hou t su p­ plies. H orses 'are practically indis­ pensible, especially on the tableland where we loca;ted the payi ng streams, be?ause we must hau l wood." Dr. D. D. Ca ir nes on Strike F rom Dawson Daily News of Aug. 14. 1913: Dr. D. D. Cairnes, Dominion geo1- oglim ; Jimm y Kingston , ol el-time pros­ p e-ctor of the upper 'White river country; J oe View, A. Neustad de r a.nd Tom CJ.a~ l'e arrived last evening from t he' head of the White. The party came in a small boat to the mou th of the White. The pa rty brings the fr(,5h('st news received from the new diggings 'on the .Shushan a or Chisana. Dr. Cairnes left t here e igh t days before ani Vl3.1 here, and came out di rect. They were five days overloand to the m ou th of the Snag, and three d aYls com ing k) Dawson in oa sma ll boat h om Snag. Dr. Cairnes did not visit the new diggings u ntil jus· t before start­ ing for Daw ,son . H e mad e a hurried . THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS tri p there to look over the distract, and for correlation of the geology of the Canadian side, where he had been working, with that of the Ameri­ can side. H e s·tates the condition\ ;; of the formoations on thi s side about the same as on the other, and very encouraging to the prospector. Members of the party agree in con­ firmation of the discovery of gold 'on several cree ID", and that several creeks a re being worked, and some produc­ ing good returns. " I Slm gl, ad to hear the trail is to be blazed ou t at once by the crew which J1as been sen t to Snag by Cone­ mUEsi·o.ner Black. " The country needs poli. cing on both sides. Bad men are sure to go with hopes of finding something. .some few relocatio ns ha-d been made, but theJ;e was i, ittle trouble on this score. The stak i.ngs which were leg, ally p erformed, pers.onally or by power of attorney, wer e not molested. :\. '5'ort of understanding exists -that two claims are all a ma n shall stake in the camp wit h two .p o wers of at­ torney, an d the boys are not trY'ing to use m ore than th at number. Som e few fr actions wer found and relo­ cated. All the creeks were gone over by varj, ou s fellows fOT fmctions. " Benches are being staked 'mvera1 tiers back from the creek claims. Good pannings have been found on some of the 'ben ches. "The discoverers were doing well 'r .. .. ":c. James staked at the mou th of 'Bo­ naIl71a, and was wiOrkoing som e ground. " The elev, at ion of the creeks i.IS abou t 5,000 feet above sea level. The cIa, inns are practically all ahove the timber limit except those possibly staked further odJo.\vn on Johnson and Wilson of late. I understand both those creeks 'were staked to their mouths, . and practically all t heir tributaries staked. It is p erhaips six miles between Wilson and J ohnson , and probably twelve miles from the Chisana back to the upper en d m th-e stream staked . p.ay was being taken from three or foul' creeks, I be­ .lieve, includ ling Bonanza., Little Eld o­ r.ado, Coarse Money, Gold Run and Glacier . Whether or not other creeks - The accompanying sketch .~h.oWS the rou tes fr om Dawson t o t, he n ew camp via the White river, Coffee creek trail and Glacier trail, to the Chisana camp. The mouth of the Donj ek is the nearest poin t to the diggings reached by 'steamer s. SU!pplies h a;ve been landed there from Dawson by this sum­ meT. Further supplies will be la n ded at the mout h. of the Wh i,te ,bef ore fall, and Da,w on will be th e great big supply staltion for the n ew cam p all winter . in with the others, and there are ,£()me n ow S.o ,anxiou s to get to the strike th ey are robbing caches. One thousand pounds of su pplies, chiefly rice, flour .and sugar, which I had cached a long .the tr.ail at various places were taken by unkno· wn people who broke into the caches. It is a seri ous matter to rob caches when nl en are in the region dependi ng on the goods there for thei r lives. " The people in the digg.ings at the time we left, nine day.s , ago. were ,per­ haps n ot ll1:ore than 300. Some h a;d come ir. li ght, and had to return. Others were arriving at the nate of aboU!t 50 a d ay. As soon as men got there they raced over the creeks .aJ­ ready I staked, and, finding no pI, ace to get ground, disappeared, 'apparent­ ly going off to other distant streams working on Li ttle Eldorad-o, and were getting $300 to the eight-hour da. y per m an . They foun d it impossible to hire help until jU!st about the tim e we left, when they secured four m en. The w, ages is twelve dol1ars · a d ay, and the m en board the mselves. Sev­ e1'a1 tho'usand doll aT had been taken . ou t by the discoverers, who were liv­ ing in a ten t . Mrs. J, am e, s was there with .Mr . J ames. " Most of th e m en of the district were camping ·at th e mouth of Bo­ nanza . which is in t,he t imber belt, an d. abou t· three miles from discovery In Little Eklorado. " H amshoaw was there. H e had over from the copper district with his 16 m en, an d , all had staked . H am ­ sh aw took options on a num ber of cl'aims, in cluding the qu antz which h ad developed pay I do not know. As to the exten t of the pay I cannot say definite ly, .and do not care to go on r ecord, as I was thel'e such a short time. " The length of th e open seruson there i practically the same as it is in the Klondike, bu t men without supplies will have to get ou t before the storms come on, or there may be some caught unawares · and starve to death . Unmistak rubly the two gov­ ernmen. bs should have authorities sta­ tion€d at the entrances to the dis­ tricts to preven t m en withou t ample ou tfit going into the r egion . It will save no end of trouble later. " A number are advisably tak, ing in su fficient to do their assessment W'OIrk before the freezeu'P, and to rema in long enough in the winter to get out .. ~ .. ,- • • '\ THE DAWSON DAILY NEWS 71 ~~~.~.~~~lI e ~.~~~~~~~~~~~~.Y~'F ~·~·~· t~~~~·~·~~·1 a \.- '" I ANNOUNCEMENT I · ~ ~ . • We beg to announce to the Dawson public that we have ~ ~ . • shipped in during this summer barrels and crates of GLASS- ~ i WARE and CROCKERY, and also a complete line of CURIOS I • and NOVEL TI ES, and every department of our store is up-to- ~ a date and complete. ~ ~ .' ! Ioo=Piece Dinner Sets ~ ~ ~ ~ . • MIKADO PATTERN (Complete for twelve people) . . . ... . $35.00 ~ ~ . • TOGO PATTERN (Compl ete for ' twelve people) .. ....... 30.00 ~ ~ , · ~ a Bar Glasses ~ ~ . ~ Beer, Whisky. Brandy, Champagne, Peg, ~ · ~ ~ Gin Rickey. Wine, Sherry, Claret. Port, ~ ~ Pousse Cafe, Cocktail, Etc., Etc. ~ ~ . ! PATENT BOTTLE STOPPERS I ~ ARTIFICIAL PALMS ~ ~ . ~ COIYlbination Fern Sets Consisting of Solid Brass Fern Vase, Artifici a l Fern and Glass Mirror Tray per Set $3.00 Ii · ~ ~ B • BAMBOO PORCH BLINDS, IN ALL SIZES. FOUR-FOLD SCREENS, WITH HAN D EMBROIDERY ~ a LUNCH BASKETS FOR OUT!NG PARTIES ~ ~ . · ~ '" A Complete Stock of DENNIS ON'S GOODS, Consisting of TISSUE PAPER , CREPE PAPER , SEALING WAX, FANCY PAPER NAPKINS, • , ETC., IS ON ITS WAY IN jI · ~ ~ . · ~ i THE JAPANESE BAZAAR i o • · ~ jI 216 Second Ave. S. KA WAKAlVllp Prop. DA WSON, Y. T. ~ '" . · '" ~ . . • . t _ ~ 0."'.0."'.0.0a0.0.~~0.0.~.0.~B060R~B0~",m~m~g0C0Lv~~&~g~~~a",m~~m~D0.~g~m~.~.0B~.~.~.~.~~~m~.~.~g~.~.0.~.~.~.~.~.~. 72 wood, build cabins, m ak-e sluiceboxes, and other preparati'Ons for next sea­ son's work. "Th~ recorder's · office · is at the mou~ 0 Bonanza creek . Mr. WaIler is minung recorder, and H : E . Mor­ gan ls notary public. Mr. Morgan oontrfJls tL num ber of placer interests which are being prospected." I M· r ~ Kingswn in the district for a umber of day.s, and gives prac­ tically the same report as Dr. Cairnes on tp.e conditions. H e r e.ports scarce- . 1y 3Jly Dawson men in the camp at the tim e he left for nawson. Mr. Ki:qgstJon says: . " Men with no supplies surely will starve in t he country if they do not get ou t soon or have Qther s hustle in th e goods. « J ames .and parln ea-s were doing (VeIl QIll dd scovery on Little Eldorado. '1 was over in · th e same dilSltrict F ebruary, after leaving Dawson, bu, th e sn ow was too deep for me to lo­ cate anything, and I returned here until ppring. F. red Best met me on the vi&y ~p the White · this sp ring, a n d told m e where to stake, and I got in on ' Coarse Money gulch ." Dr. Cairnes on Dawson Route Dr. D. D. Cairnes, noted Canadian governmen t goologist, w as ·on the new placer creeks of the Chisana this month, and on arrjval her e prepared the followi ng for the oommis:s-ioner, or governor, of Yukon Territory: Dawson, Y . T., August 16th, 1913.­ George Black, B5q., Commissioner of Yukon Territory, Dawson Y. T.-Sir: As you requeilted, I beg to submit the following tatement concerning conditions at th e scene of the recen t discovery of gold on the tributaries of the Chisan a RiveT, in Alaska, near the in ternation al boundary line. Being engaged in an examination of the White River dilErtl'ict for the Cana­ geological survey, I visited the scene of the strike for the purpose of correlating the geology with that .on the Oanadi'an side of the boundary. The discovery is undoubtedly one of considerable importance, and the geo­ logical formations occurring in the vicinity of the strike are exteru:;. ively J eveloped in White River district on the Oanadan side of the international boundary line. The most and practic~lly only. feas­ ible route at present, during the sum­ mer season, by which to take supplies into the d~Etrict is by way of the White Tiver steamers can go either to or to within a fe'\\" miles of the mouth of the Donjek; from thence poling boats or pack hOTses may be employed to the mouth of Snag creek, and from that point to the diggings' supplies may be transported b:v pack horse~ . It is claimed that it is pos­ sible to pole up nag creek and Beaver to the vicinitv of the boun­ dary line. From the ~tealller landing at Donjek to the mouth of Snag is about 25 miles; from the mouth of Snag creek to the digl!ings 60 miles. The discoyery is 25 miles in a straight line we~·t of the international boundary. _H present all supplie5 aTe being packed by men and horses from the mouth of Snag creek. H or ses and light outfit.s can be taken in prefer·ably over the Coffee creek trail; also by way of Kluane. Unles~ horses can be taken up ~llite river by steamer the best plan is to drive them in over one of those trails, and to send supplies up by boat to be picked up by pack train at the mouth of Snag. Going by Kluane, the trail i, s to Canyon City, and from there to a .point where 1 the international bou n­ dary cro es the Beaver , at which point the trail joins the trail from Snag creek and proceeds to the he'ad of Beaver. By way of Coffee cr e'ek trail, i is abou t 70 miles from the Yukon river . to the mouth of Snag. The trail from Whitehorse via K luane to the diggings is about 320 miles lon g. I am glad to learn that v· rompt · action is bedng taken by the R. N . W. M. Police to establwh detach­ lllents at the Donjek, m ou th of Snag T .-iE DAWSON DA'ILY NEWS a nd at the boundl/.l'y, becau se of t he shortage Oi. fooG supplies there has been som{l r.ob-Ling of caches. This will .all stop now that the poli le are in rohe dilstrict. The mining operations on creeks show a number of the claims to be quite rich, and it is prob w ble that with · the large amount of pros­ pecting that will immediately be done in Jthe di'strict additional discov­ eries wU be made on the Canooi·an side IllS well as in Alask. a, I have the honor to . be, Sir Your obedient servant, . ___ D._~ . O~~RNf~ CHARLES T. STO~~ . Interesti ng Sketch of How Klondi ker H as Won Success Nothing m ore fa.scinates humanity than st.or~es of t he trium phs of man over .adversity. No land affords m ore picturesque tales of t he struggle thaill does KI« mdike. And one o.f t he mos t grilpping stories of personal achieve­ ment is that of Charles Timothy Stone, now prominen t in Yu kon · as con tractor, f· reighter, stage man, hotel man, timber dealer and . ope. ra­ tor in m an y lines. Ch arleyStone 'started withou t 0/) pair of shoes on his feet nor a hat) on his head, and today counts his assets by the tens of thou sands, and an nually turru8 iQver m ore th an one hun dred thousand dollars in hils var­ ious en~erprises . It \ms way down in the pretty little town . of Dover, Ontario, where Oharley Stone broke into the g.ame of li fe. It was one fine morning in ]866 wh en Chm'ley began to make his presence kn own to the universe. That same Chad ey hws been keepin g thin~a warm ed up pretty much ever sin~ . f"I"aY'ing marbles. eating green ap­ ples, r,ambling a.bou t the fi h banks and trimming the ur· chins of the realm kept Charley husier than a. Chisana stampeder until one memor­ a.ble day in lids hoodoo thirteenth year. That morning Oharley over­ fed an old pig -ancl her litter, and .as a consequen ce an aUlthority about the homestead tanned Charl'ey',i ep idermis with a business-like hirch. The in­ dependence of harley Stone germi­ nated in that fray, and no one ever has been wble to hold him down since . Starting on that day Charley lit ·ou t in the my-:sterious wide world, and neveT stopped until he struck Klondike, and h e promisE'S to keep going another half century . F irst he put in time in the logging camp~. of Sarnia, 'pntario, a hu stling, tireless youngster. Next he tacklE'd th e har­ vest fields. He worked wit,h the thresher6 in summer, and with the woods lIJen in " 'in er. Afterward Charley learned the making bl1:"ilH's" and when 20 yea1'3 of age was ~o active and so d E'­ ·v.eloped phY:3icallr he was earning $22 1 a. yeaI', a large sum for those days. but as old Ont' ha d .a law t.hen t!lat $300 Cl year earnings W1I1S required for a qualification to vote, Cll arley did not reach the ballot box . His iriep.c li; tried to get him up to vote against hi s wishes, and took n peculiar way of trying him out by putting him on the scales. H e weighed 130 pounds, was angular, tall and 8JE muscular as a wildcat. But the jUllges -decided tha.t his weight and his income barred him from the ballot that year, and he was satisfied to have to be passed up by politi­ cians, and has kept ou t of politics ever sin ce, t o which he attributes .h~:; suocess. Drifting westward, Charley hit V'an­ couver in '92. H e came ou t h elping attend a shipment of blooded race and draft horses, among them Belle Watts, a speedy stepper, w1hich 'was fwm Tom Eaid by J ohnny Ganon. J ohnny, the fil1:;. t whirte · child born in New Westminster, 52 years ago, is n ow h ere keeping books for Charley. . ~ Remaining in Vancouver and vticin ­ ity until '96, largely engaged in log­ gi ng, . Charley came Nonth in th e Klondike rm,h on the old Danube,\ landing at Skagway . H e worked .on the Br.ackett wagon road I severa l day's. The night the oit izens' com­ mittee went after the Soapy Smith ' gang of Qu tlaws with ropes and guns, and ordere d the desperadoes out of town, Charley was with th e vigi­ lantes. a Ild , helped establish the rep­ utation of t he town. After the burg quieted down, Ooorley wen t to Lake Bennett and located nine miles d own the shore, on the right limit, in the timbe, r belt, and built small hoa ts for ' st-ll-mpeder s, whic h he s old at good profi t. H e came through to DllIwson in a ,8mall boat in '98, stopping at the Whitehorse rapids long enough to make tr~ps -through the rapids 'l\JS pilot ,at ten aTIt ' Some days he made two t rips. Everyone was successful , and often times the boats had only 11 inches freeboard. P.roceeding to Dawson , he engaged in prospecting. He tr ied one ,, 'lintel' on the Klondike near Leota; then p u t in three months on solid r epre­ seI1ltation on 32 Sulphur, where he wrus skunked. Then he mined wit h the N. A. T. & T. on 31 llIbove on Boruan7Ja; then mined on 37 Gold Run . Nex t worked a 50 per cent. lay th ere. and, wit h h is partners, took ou t $20,000 one wi nter . His sh a· re W .8!S $5,000. After that Charley worked lays on 17, 27, 14 and 6 GQld Run, an d g.ot It v inoh of change, after wh ich he went to Hunker and built , a road­ hoUlse, whiCh. he sold befoTe the Q;,rt was on the roof. Then he went to the mou th of Arkansas, built a r.oad­ house and store, an.d 'sold everything fr om m eals to boilers. Wh ile th ere he hired Ni ck Bushman an d Fred FlumeI' to cu t wood in the hill near­ by. Charley's great experience as a woodm-an and horseman now ,,,tood hj m in h and, an d he got a pair of "skate.,;," and started hauling wood for the miner s. Dominion then was being burned day and night to open the frozen pay, and the valley was filled with fire and smoke from claims of Eddie Lewin, Spieler Kell y, P eter Rost and others who later be­ came capitalists. Charley knew jUlst how to load teams and han dle horses better than any others, and in' his eleven-mi le haul outdid all competi­ tor, and made profits. H e got more teams and m ore roadhouses, and his bw~ .iness rolled up. Next he took thr teams to grade the Klondike Minrs r ailway on contract for J erome Chute, and worked through the ~E'n ­ son; and the n E'xt season graded again for Tom O'Brien on the same roao. Ch nrley's nrxt move was to contl'ltct for oel-ivery of wood on Hunker ann otheT creeks for th e Yukon Gold. Hp hau l-ed thousands of cords of wood over th e divin cF. (· :.teh \vinter, until now hi" busin f i'S in th~ t line aggre. ngtps the handling of \\'ood im'olving $45,000 t o $ 65.00fJ. La"t winter , he haulell 4,600 (,Ol'd, of wood to the Anc1erson concession. and 1.700 to Golr l Bottom. H e fl,lso helped Boyle move the No . 1 Canadian Klondyke dredge from Bear to upper Hunker, hauled poles and other materials for various concerns, and kept up his city ervi, ce. He had 24 horses en­ g. aged. Now h e has over 40 horses. During the time he has h andled all the d etail of creek contracts, Charley has managed his l,ivery stable, black­ smith shop, and hotel, the Hotel Stone; his stage line, and ha.s kept up a fine hom e, where ]'vIrs. Stone and the two charming bairns, Char- 1ey, J r ., five, a.nd Harriet, 'seven, are the center and sunshine of his life. Mrs. Stone is a -charmin g Scotch girl, whom CharIey first met in Klon­ dike. Charley has a fine . lot of poul­ try and Pi, in connection with his hom~ garden , and he laughs when h e says those igs are never over-fed. H e , knows. h ow. This su mm er Ohar­ ley' con tracted to haul wood from AnsHe creek, on the Yu kon, over ,the divide to French gulch, and, to open the route, made eleven m iles of road in three days with eight men , surely grung some. Twelve hundred feet of cable will be u sed hauling the wood up the divide. Cha1'ley ha-s used cable befor e, and on one divide had a m ile and a half of it, manipulated with large drums, d riven by steam. He knows just how t.o equip ·and handle 1&11 t he detail, and is strong on calculation . H e builds the best roads in the land with simvle pro­ cess, and kn oWls how to dip and r1se, swing and drive the spiral -climb to get u p h ills, around saddles and to any point in such fine way that the horses will not wear to a frazzle in their work. H is strong point in busi­ nes's is ·his foresight, an d the elimi­ nation · of waste effort; and economy in feeding stock; and his ghat a.bility as a horse t~ader. 1 Oh m'l il-y made his latest dic ker last week' when he jockeyed Doc. Gillis ou t of his gaso­ line ~ horse. Doe. had just r ece.i ved the new car, ·and was proudly spin­ ning the streets. Charley hailed t.he doctor, "Say, Doc, I want that car; ho, w much?" "N ot for sale; I need a Tide my­ self," returned t he smiling doctor. " " Not much, my boy, you are the Dawson agent; here', s you r check; that car'l s m ine." " Doctor was David H arumec! H e g.ot out of Charley Stone's car, ·and n ow i's waiting for his next consign­ ment before taking a ride. I n the meantime Ch arley . is r olli· ng about in the smoke toboggan, planning other big schemes; and reducing time and distance to dollars. "Fifteen yoor-s in the Yukon for me," say Charley, "and never out­ side since the day I floated down from Bennett in a small boat with l Capt. ..§.!larkey, a sea:dog of a salt-­ water skipper. "Cap" did not like the shallow water of the river, and did not like thE' taste of Klondike water, so set sail for Frisco after one winter in Dawson . But n ot so for Charley Stone. H e kno· \\·s IGon­ dike is the best place on earth, ha ;; the mo~t pure gold, has not started to turn out h er wealth, and he \"ill Ce here for all time-wedded to the land of the paystreak." P hotog raphed at Mi dnig ht on W . P . & Y. Route Many a woman who thinks she is in love i::, merely jealous. T. A. FIRTH MINING . REAL ESTATE AND FINANC I A L AGENT Properties Managed for !"on- Resldents. Reds Collected III QUEEN ST., DAWSON. Y. T.